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ThI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., AUGUST 3, 1895. ESTABLISHE 1844
The Passing of the Spirit.
Tbe wind, the world-old rhapsodist,goes by
&nd inc great pines, in changeless ves
And all the towering elm trecs
thatched and plumed
With green, take up, one after one,
And as their choral voices swell and die,
Catching the infinite note from tree tc
Others far off, in long antistrophe.
With swaying arms and surging tops
So to mren's souls, at sacred intervals,
Out of the dust of life takes wing and
A spirit that we know not, nor car
And heart to heart makes answer wit:
It passes, and a moment, face to face
We dream ourselves immortal, and
-rArehibald Lampman in the Century.
A Pateful Partnership.
Even a stranger to. the big town walk
ing for the first time through London
sees on the sides of the houses many names
with which he has long been familiar. His
precognition has cost the firms those
names represent much money in adver
tising. The stranger has had the names
before himin for years in newspapers and
magazines, on the hoardings and on
boards by the railroad side, paying little
heed to them at the time; yet they have
been indelibly impressed on his brain, and
when he wishes soap or pills his lips al
most automatically frame the words most
familiar to them. Thus are the lavish sums
spent in advertising justified, and thus are
many excellent publications made possible.
There was the firm of Danby & Strong,
for instance. The name may mean
nothing to any reader of these lines, but
there was a time when it was well known
and widely advertised, not only in England
but over the greater part of the world as
Curiously enough, during the time the
firm was struggling to establish itself, the
two-members of it were the best of friends,
but when prosperity clme to them causes
of difference arose, and their relations, as
the papers say of warlike nations, became
strained. Whether the fault lay with John
Danby or with William Strong no one has
ever been able to find out. They had mu
tial friends who claimed that each one of
them was a good fellow, but those friends
always added that Strong and Danby did
not "hit it off."
. Strong was a bitter man when aroused,
and could generally be counted upon to
use harsh language. Danby was quieter,
but there was a sullen streak ot stuTmorn;
ness in him that did not tend to making up
f a quarrel. They had been past the
speaking point for more than a year when
there came a crisis in their relations with
each other that ended in disaster to the
business carried on under the title of Danby
& Strong. Neither man would budge,and
between them the business sunk to ruin.
Where competition is fierce no firm can
-stand against it if there is internal dissen
sion. Danby held his groun:l quietly but
firmly, Strong raged and accused, but was
equally steadfast in not yielding a point.
Each hated the other so bitterly that each
was willing to lose his own share in a
profitable business, if by doing so he could
bring ruin on his partner.
When Strong found himself penniless,
he cursed, as was his habit, and wrote to
a friend in Texas asking if he could get
anything to do over there. He was tired
of a country of law and order, he said.
which was not as complimentary to Texas
as it might have been. But his remnark
only goes to show what extraordinary
ideas Englishmen have of foreign parts.
strong got himsef otut there somehow, and
in course of time became a cowboy. He
grewv reasonably expert with his revolver,
and rode a mustang as wvell as could be ex
~pected, considering that he had never seen
such an animal in London, even at the
Zoo. The life of a cowboy on a Texas
ranch leads to the forgetting of such things
as linen shirts and paper collars.
Strong's hatred of Danby never ceased,
but he began to think of him less often.
One day, when he least expected it, the
subject was brought to his mind in a ma
ner that startled him. lie was in Gal.
veston ordering supplies for the ranch
when in passing a shot) which lhe would
have called a draper's, but which was there
designated as dealing in dry goods, he was
amazed to see the name "Danby & Strong"
in big letters at the bottom of a huge pile
of small cardboard boxes that filled the
whole window. At tirst the name on'y
struck him as familiar aud lie came neam
askmrg himself "Where have I seen that be
fore?" It was some moments before he
realized that thme Strong stood for the man
gazing stupidly in at the plate glass win
dow. Then he noticedl that the boxes
-wer'e guaranteed to contain the famous
Piccadilly collar. He read in a dazed man
ner a large printed bill which stood beside
the pile of 'oses. These collars, it seemed,
.were warranted to be the genuine Danby
& Strong collar and the public were
warned- against imitations. They. -were
asserted to be London made and1 linen
faced, and the gratifying informamtion was
added that once a person wore the D. & S.
collar he never afterward relapsed into
wearing any inferior brand. The price ol
each box was fifteen cents, or two boxes
for a quarter; Strong found himself mak
ing a mental calculation which resulted in
turning this notation into English money.
As he -stood there a new interest began
to fill his mind. Was the firm being car
riedl on under the old name by some on<
else~or did this lot of collars represent par'
of thme old stock? He had no news fror
home since he left, and the bitter though1
-occured to him that, perhaps, Danby had
got somebody with capital to aid him it
resuscitating the business. He resolved t<
go inside and get some information.
"You seem to have a very large stocd
of these collars on hand," he said to th<
maui, who was evidently the proprietor.
"Yes," was the answer, "You see, w<
are the State agents for this make. Wi
supply the country dealers."
-'Oh, do you? Is the firm of Danby d5
Nriur stim existence I understoord
"I guess not," said the man. "They
supply us all right enough. Still. I feally
know nothing about the firm cxcept that
they turn out a first-class article. We're
not in any way rcsponsible for Dianby &
Strong; we're mnerely agents for the State
of Texas. vou know," the man added, with
'I have nothing against the iirm," said
Strong. "I asked because I once knew
some members of it, and was wondering
how it was getting along."
"Well in that case you ought to see the
American representative. He was here this
week. That's why we make such a dis
play in the windows; it always pleases the
agent. He's now working up the State
and will be back in Galveston before the
month is out."
"What's his name? Do vou remember?"
&"Danby. Georgre Danby, I think. Here's
his card. No, John Danby is the name.
I thought it was George. Most English
men are George. you kno)w."
Strong looked at the card, but the let
tering seemed to waver before his eves.
He made out, however, that Mr. .John
Danby had an address in New York, and
that he was the American representative of
Danby & Strong. London. Strong placedl
the card on the counter before hin.
"I used to know 3r. D anbV. and I
would like to meet* him. Where do you
think I could find him?"
"Well, as I said before, you could sec
him right here in GAlveston, but if vou are
in a hurry you might catch him at Bron
cho junction on Thursday night?"
"He is traveling by rail, then?"
"No, he is not. lie went by rail as far
as Felixopolis. There lie takes a horse,
and goes across the prairies to Broncho
Junction-a three days' journey. I told
him he wouldn't do much business on that
route, but he said he was going partly for
his health, and partly to see the country.
He expected to reach Broncho Thursday
night." The dry goods merchant laughed
as one who suddenly remembers a pleasant
circumstance. "You're an Englishman, I
"Well, I must say you folks have queer
notions about this country. Danby, who
was going for a three days' journey across
the plains, bought himself two Colt revol
vers and a knife half as long as my arm.
Now, I've traveled all over this State and
never carried a gun, but I couldn't get
Danby to believe his route was as safe as
a church. Of course, now and then in
Texas a cowboy shoots off his gun, but it's
more often his mouth, and I don't, believe
there's more killing done in Texas than in
any other bit of land the same size. But
you can't get an Englishman to believe
that. You folks are an awful law-abiding
crowd. For my part I would sooner stand
my chance with a revolver than a lawsuit
any-day." Then the good-natured Texan
told the story of the pistol in Texas; of the
general lack of demand for it, but the
great necessity of having it handy when it
was called for.
A man with murder in his heart should
not hold a conversation like this, but Will
iam Strong was too full of one idea to
tlmIn or 1prudence. Such a talk set- the
hounds of justike 6n --tne-Trgnr tra MLwith
unpleasant results for the criminal.
On Thursday morning Strong set out on
horseback from Broncho Junction with his
face towards Felixopolis. By noon he said
to himself lie ought to meet his former
partner with nothing. but the horizon
around them. Beside the revolvers in his
belt, Strong had a Winchester rifle in front
I of him. He did not know but he might
have to shoot at long range, and it n as al
ways well to prepare for eventualities.
Twelve o'clock came, but he met no one.
and there wvas nothing in sight around the
empty circle of the horizon, it was necarly
two before lhe saw a moving dot ahead of
him. Danby was evidently unused to
riding and had come leisurely. Some time
before they met, Strong recognized his for
mer partner and lie got his rithe ready.
"Throw up your ha~nds" lie shouted.
bringing the rifle butt to his shoulder.
Danby instantly raised his hands above
his head. "I have no money on me," hie
cried, evidenitly not recognizing his
opponent. "You may search me if you
"Get down off your horse; don't lower
your hands, or I tire."
Danby mgot dowvn as well as lie could
with his hands above his head. Strong
had thrown his right leg over to the left
side of the horse, and, as his enemy got
down lhe also slid to the groumnd, keeping~
Danby covered with the rifle.
"I assure you I have only a few dollars
with me, which you are quite welcome to,"
Strong did not answer. Seeing that the
shooting was to be at short range, lie topk
a six-shooter from his belt, and, cockig it,
covered his main, throwing the ridle on thme
grass. He walked up to his enemy, placed
the muzzle of the revolver against his
rapidly beating heart,. and leisurely di
armed him, throwviug Damnby's weapons oni
the ground out of reach. Then he stoo:l
back a few paces and looked at thme tremn
bling manm. Ihis face seemed to have al
ready taken on the hue of death. and his
lips 'were bloodless.
"I see you recognize me at last. 3Ir.
Danby. This is an unexeted mneetih'g.
is it not? You realize, I hope, that Ihere
are no judges, juries. nor lawyers. nmo mani
Idamuses and no appeals. Nothing but a
writ of ejectment from the barrel of a pis
tol and no legal way of staying the pro
ceedings. in other words, no cursed
quibbles and no infernal law."
Danby, after moistening his pallid lips.
found his voice.
"Do you mean to give me a chance(d or
are you going to murder mc?"
"I am going to murder vou."
Danby closed his eyes, let his hiands
drop tohis sides, and swayed gently from
side to side as a man does on thme scalfah'l
Ijust before the bolt is dlrawvn. Stronmi
lovered his revolver and fired. shattering~
one knee of the doomed uman. Da~nbyv
dropped, with a cry thitt was dlrownied. hy
tme second rep~ort. The secondl bullet pumt
out his left eye, and the murdered manuliv
with his mutilated face tturned up to thme
A revolver report on thme prairies is short.
sharp and echoless. The silence that fol
lowed seemed intense and boundless, as if
nohere on eamth there was such a tingm
as sound. Thme man on his~ back gave an0
awvesome touch of the eternal to the still
Strong, now that it was all over. began
to realize his position. Texas, perhapm~s,
pai too little heed to life lost in fair fighmt.
but she had an uncomtortable habit of putm
tin a rope aroumnd the neck of a cowa..
nature, IT( ItteG to Invont his JM
tificatio, Be tkjna e of Danby's revo
vers and AeIikd tWo ahot4 olut of it into th
empty air. This would show that the dea
mian had defended himself at least, and :
would be difficult to prove that lie had nc
been the first to tire. Ie placed the othe
pistol :nid kuife in their places in Danby
it. le took Danby's right hand whil
it was stiI warm and closed the fingei
ar.1und the butt of the revolver from whic
he had iced. pilacing the forefinger on tb
trir~er of the cocked six-shooter. To gv
e'ct and naturalness to the tableau he wv
arranging for the next traveler by th:
trail, he drew up the right knee and pi
the revolver and closed hand on it as
Danby had been killed while just about t
fire his third shot.
Strong, with the pride of a true artist i
his work, stepped back a pace or two fc
the purpose of seeing the effect of his wor
as a whole. As Danby fell, the back <
his head had struck a lump of soil or a tul
of er.iss. which threw the chin forward o
thie breast. As Strong :.okcd at his victir
his heart jumped. and a sort of hypnoti
fear took possession of him and paralyze
action at its source. Danby was not y<
dead,!. His right eye was open and
glared at Strong with a malice and hatre
that mesmerized the murderer and hel
him there, although he felt rather tha
knew lie was covered by the cocked revo
ver lie had placed in what he thought wE
a dead hand. - Danby's lips moved, but D
sound caie from them. Strong could n(
take his fascinated gaze from the open ey<
Ie knew he was a dead man if Danby ha
strength to crook his finger, yet he coul
not take the leap that would bring him ot
of range. The tifth pistol shot rang o
and Strong pitched forward on his face.
The firm of Danby & Strong was di!
I solved.-Black and White.
Electrical Window Signs.
The manufacturer of electrical wir
dow signs is doing an active business
He has established the fact that i
an object in a store window can b
kept in motion long enough some on
will be sure to stop to look at it. A:
uptown window sign electricia:
adopt.s his own apparatus for push
in his business. In his window h
has a central disk, from which thre
arms radiate. At the end of eac:
arm is a signboard containing a le
gend commending the advantages c
window sign advertising; for instance
one board sets forth: "If your sigi
moves and attracts attention you
goods will." These boards are si
hung as to maintain a perpendicula
position as they revolve with thei
face always to the street. The mc
tive power comes from a cell batter;
seen in the window. Another nove
device which never fails to attract i
ei owd is the idea of a vender of elec
tric pianos. Over the sidewalk i
fixed a large circular case containinj
a number of white, flexible, sinuou
These are connected with the key
board and follow the motion - of thi
keys on a piano inside the store
When a lively tune is being playe<
the bewildering gyrations of th
tuinbl'ng bars in the case seem t,
have a constant fascination for th,
A Costly Fan.
"I can tell you a few things aboul
fans, seeing that I have been in thi
business all my life," said M. Ducol
let, a Frenchman.
"The finest in the world are mad<
in Paris. Once in a great while m:
house has an orde.1 for a very costly
one. Last year the Marquis D'Uze
ordered one as a bridal present fo
his prospective daughter in law tha
cost him 5,000 francs. It isn't oftei
that such expensive ones are pum
chased. even by the wealthy. Thi
one was exquisite, of real lace, hans
nainted, with diamond monogram
he average rich woman in Paris
however, hardly ever pays over $2
for a fan inte-nded for personal use
and I tind that about the same limi
orevails in this country. If it wer<
not for the heavy duty of 40 per cent.
imposed by this Government, w
would sell a great many more fans ni
A Gospel Trolley Car,
A gospel trolley car will soon bi
making nightly rounds of New Yor:
and Brooklyn suburbs. The ca
ma'de~ its first trip a few nights ago
lodled wit hi a melodeon and speaker
and singers, connected with th
Passir~~ S treet Mission, in Passaic
N. J. inade a round trip on the Ne'
Jersey E'lectric Railway, going b3
way 0f Paterson to Singad and back
Wh erever they sawvagroup of peopl
on tihe side walks or rural roadside
the car was stopped, and the evan
gelists sang hymns and exhorted th
bystrnders to seek salvation. Th
idea is a novel one, and while iti
dlliult to see how it could be car
red out without interfering with th
regular traffice of the line, it is possi
ble1 that some persons might be im
peledi to better living who could no
otherwise be reached.-Philadelphi;
Pneumatic Tires Not New.
Most people imagine that pnet
miatic tires are novelties of recent in
vetion, and yet they were actuall;
used oni English roads nearly fift:
years ago. We read that "at t~h
Bath and West of England agri
cultutral show, held at Guilford,
couple of carriage wheels were showr
Iitted wit~h pneumatic tires. Thes
were made by May & Jacobs, for th
Duk e of Northumberland, forty-seve
ers ago. but the carriage, provin
too heavy for the horse, they wer
disused. The tiren were constructe
1on almost entirely the same princ
pl as those in use on cycles to-day
an inner air chamber, with stronge
outer cover. When punctured the
were repaired by the same means a
s INTERESTING ITEMS FROM ALB
s: OVER THE STATE.
e Orangeburg's Crop Outlook.
The crop prospects for Orangeburg
t County this year are exceedingly fine
and there bids fair to be an abundant
yield of every crop. The cotton is be
o hind, but is promising and still* grow-.
ing; however, there is hardly so much
a cotton as usual planted this year,
r neither is there near the amount of
k fertilizers needed this year as in pre
f vious years. All these facts indicate
t that the amount of cotton made in
a that county this year will not equal
2 that of recent years, but that which isi
c planted is very promising. The side'
crops for which Orangeburg County
is especially noted bid fair to be very
abundant. The corn crop is unusually
fine and luxuriant, and your corres
pondent ventures the prediction that
there will be more corn produced in
Orangeburg County this year thau
ever before in its history. Theacreage
t is greater than previously and the
seasons have been excellent,and every
d body will have plenty of corn for next
, year provided the present conditions
t are not changed w:thin the next thirty
A Light Vote. The Reformers Will
Have a Large Majority in the
The primary election called by the
- Irby State executive committee to select
candidates for delegates to the State
f 'constitutional convention, which meets
a on September 10th, was held through
a out the State on Tuesday. The elec
2 tion was ontrolled in the different
2 counties by local issues and arguments.
- In most counties the Conservatives ab
3 stained from voting and tbp vote was
e light throughout the Stato. Several
2 counties divided their delegates equally
- among the factions. The most notable
f &elcgation selected is from Edgefield,
consisting of Senator B. R. Tilln-an,
Congressman Tal'ert, State Senator
r 1. B. Watts. Lieutenant Governor
>iTimmerman, leformers; ex-Governor
e J. C. Shep;ard, Conservative, and ex
r Congressman Gco. D. Tillman, run
uig as the representative of neither
r iaction. Governor Evans will be sent
I as a delegate from Aiken county. The
L Reformers will have a large majority
in the convention. In several counties
S the Conservatives will have tickets in
the general election.
s ~ih3 R~t- -.~A
A', Conway, John G. Bruton was
-killed b)v Constable John H. McCaskill.
Trial Jus4ice Cooper's Court had just
a4djourned, and Bruton attacked one
Johnson who had testified against
him. The trial justice ordered his
constable, McCaskill, to stop the row
that followed. E-rniton refused to be
arrested. and bystanders were called
on to asst the constab1.e. WX. H.
B'ruton, the father of .John G., inter
hire sond pm~-hed McCaskill away from
hi on fhe batter, having drawn his
'nife, struck McCaskill in the back,
'nly cutting his clothes, and continued
to advance. McCaskill drew his pistol
and~ fired two shots, one entering the
left side and canus:ng death in a few
a mninutes. McCaskill surret dered to the
e sherif', and has engaged counsel to
b aipply for bail. The verdict of the
1 corouer's ja'ry was that the killing was
Another Glassy Mountain Mutrder.
News reached Greenville of another
shooting and killing in the Dark
5 'Corner. The trouble occurred about
thirty miles from the city, snd the
a ncounts are meagre. The story is
a that T hos. Ho .vardl was shot through
,the body and killed, and William
a Liudsay had his leg broken by a gun
1 shot wound. Howard and Lindsay
were friends, and were together. They
had land troule the day before with
some of the Lindsay family, but it is.
not yet k oown who did the shooting.
SThe af'air took place a short distance
c from the celebrated Glassy Mountain
r Chnureb. where two of the brothers of
,Howard were killed in a free fight
s while service was in progress on Sun
B dlay, four years ago.
r One Thousand Pounds to the Acre.
M:-. T. E. Ellinge.x warehouse
-man. Florence, S. C., was visiting this
a market Friday. We understand Mr..
s Ellington estimates the 1895 crop at
- I35,000,000 pounds. He says he bases
3 his estimate upon the number of acres
e reported at thie meeting of the Farm
E ers' Association, to be in cultivation,
- on a basis of 1,000 pounds to the acre.
3 -Danvi.lle, Va., Tobacco Journal.
bA White Boy Foully Murdered.
A special from Summerville to the
bews and Courier says: Rumors are
current here of a white boy having
been foully murdered by a negro, near
~Mt. Holly. The boy's clothes, which
were found in the possession of his
-suspected murderer, have been
- brought here. Searobing parties are
t out trying to find the boy's body and
Scapture the alleged murderer, who, it
e satd ha8 taken to the swamps.
a A Fatal Fall From a Dizzy Hecight.
William Williams. an expert rigger, was
e 1led while working upon the City Hal
tower at Philadelphia, Penn., which is over
| 500 feet from the ground. Mitssing his hol.
g e fell from a scafrold to a pilt form in mid-.
e ir, forty feet below, and was deadr when
The Record on the Pacifie.
rThe second vessel of the Portlan..-China
steamer line, the Asloun. just arrived at
sVictoria. British Columbia, made the voyage
in the record-breaking time of filtta~m days
bhem Vokoham, Jaan.n
THE REGISTRATION FIGHT.
Judge Goff's Latest Order and the
Outlook. What Attorney General
The Columbia State, says: There
are some features of the new registra
tion law test case, brought by Messrs.
Doaglass & Obear before Jouge Goff,
which are liable to have quite an effect
upon the coming Constitutional Con
vention, and the prediction is now
made that a good many of the super
visors, if not all, will be jailed for
contempt of court, assuming, of
course, that Judge Goff will grant his
injunction. If the injunction is grant
ed, there'will necessarily be more or
less of a cloud over the convention. .
This fact stands out very clear-that if t
Judge Goff grants the injunction re- :
straining the supervisors from turning i
the registration books over to the man- t
agers of election, there is no possible 1
way for the case to be gotten before
any higher tribunal before the general.
election is held. None of the higher c
courts will be in session, and there is
no possible scheme by which the in
junction can be set aside. It mightbe 1
stated just here also that the State ex-;
pects that the injunction will be grant
Now, this being so, there will be i
nothing else to do but for the State I
authorities to obey or refuse to obey i
the order of injunction. It is safe to I
say that they will refuse. This being
done, the books beiig turned over to r
the managers, the only way the clec- c
tion con be conducted will be for the -
order to be disobeyed, and then no f
doubt the supervisors will be jerked s
up and punished for contempt of court <
in disobeying the order.
This once done the State can get the i
Case heard on its merits, before the 1
time for the assembling of theconven- <
tion, before a competent court, by in- s
stituting habeas corpus proceedings in
the cases of the imprisoned supervi- u
Now, if the order of injunction is
subsequently dissolved by the Court t
of Appeals or the United States Su- v
preme Court, then there can be no a
cloud on the convention. But if the c
injunction- assuming that it will be a
granted-is sustained by the higher t
courts, then there will be a pretty ket- t
tle of fish, and it would appear that t
the convention will be null and void
if it be held. It is a mooted question, v
however, as to what the exact condi a
tion of affairs would be under these p
It is understood that the State is re
lying on an ultimate dissolution of
Judge Goff's injunction, if he grants
it, because Chief Justice Fuller, in
handling the jurisdictional question in
the Mills case, declared several times
very emphatically that a conrt of.
chancery could only protect civil and
On Monday Attorney General Bar - s
ber returned to Columbia and by ap- s
pointment met Gen. McCrady here, g
the two holding a consultation in re- a
gard to this new case, The attorney a
General would not have much to say s
about the case. He said that he was fi
at work on the case and would fight it. c
He would ask for no postponement,
but would be in Richmond on Monday is
morning. He will make but a brief t
He said, however, that he had been
receiving a great many letters from
supervisors of registration all over the
State asking him if they must open
their books for registration on thce
first Monday on Aug~ust. He had in
formed all that the law required them
to do so.
''But are they not enjoined by .Judge
Goff's order from doing so?" was
"No," said he, "Supervisor Green
is only restrained by Judge G~ofi-s or
der from delivering to the boards of
election managers their books, but not
from opening the books of registra
tion. ~He has issued a rule to) show
cause why they shall not be restrained
from exercising any of the functions
of supervisors of registrationf, but the
reste:a uing order goes only as far as
I have st:ited."
*Mr. Barbert deLcUined .o speaktI of the
init4o the ease i'll he had see:m t be
GRAVEYARD INSURANCE SCHEME
Ten Citizens of Beaufort, N. C., Arrested
for Complicity ini It.
Ten citionus of Piaufort, N. C. all prom.
fuent in businos and1 social circles, have
been arrested on warrants issued on the af
fidavit of J. W. Aiken, spee~al agent of the
Mut ual R eserve Futnd Life Association,
of .300 Uron-way, New York City, for de
frauing sx insu'aw-e companies. The ac
cused iae: Dr. T. B. Delamiar. ex-Treas
urer of Bleaufort and Justice of the Peace;
Medi-al Exiainer Charles 11. Hassell. Sel- (
den D -awuar. ox-Mayor of fleaufort; Ja~cob c
C. Delamar. .enerl insuzran':e agent; the
Re.StephenI J. Turner. William H. I
Turner. David W. Parker. William Fisher, I
Albert Wigial1, and Levi T. Noe.
0. D I. Baldw.in, -Supueintendlent of the
Death Claim Department for the Mutual Re
serve, said: "This swindle. while by
no means neuw. pres'nts somne features
of interos. Early in 18%~ a Mrs. Rtound- c
tree. whio, accordin.; to the application t
forwardedl to us by our local agent in Beau
fort, was a white woman in perfect health. 3
insurd with us for 62'00. In six or seven
months we reeived notii -ation of her death,
backedl by a numaber of afmdavits. On in
vestiaion we fond. that claims had been
p~resentedl to) nume~rous other companieS onl
this same death. The atTair seemed so pecui
liar that we instructed Mr. Aiken to make
"We learned.that Mrs. Roundtree was a
colored woman who has been for many months
in poor health. H.'r husband knew nothing
of her insuranoe. Her broth.er was named as
~benefliarv. Onthe strength of these facts..
all the companies refused to ray, and thej
claim never has been pressed. The evidence
has been iirestented to the Distriot Attorney,
who is proseentin-; the m-.t .>r the local
authorities, and the arr .s lb ,wed.'
Charles WV. Cam p. Soereta ryvo the M'itual
Reserve. said: "1 do~ um'' reall th-: detailsi
of the case, but we' w'rc at ceea onvinced I
that it was a fraudulent elaim. At the time|
we seriously conside~rt# withdrawintt all our
business from Beaufort. Our ager t at that
point wrs chane'd. This is hut o)ne of mauy:
fraudulent 'laiL'u which We. in e):X'non wi.th
other companies. havex be-en called upon to
WHAT GOVERNOR EVANS IS SAID
TO THINK REGARDING
Certain Changes Which May be Made
But the Changes will Likely be
A dispatch from Columbia, says: It
s given as the opinion of Governor
Evans that the constitutional conven
ion will not be in session more than
our weeks at the utmost. The gover
ior thinks that the present constitu
ion is admirable in many respects and
hat i large part of it will be adopted
About the only parts that are to be
hanged are those in relation to the
uffrage, the judiciary, the public
chools and the officers of state. It is
inderstood as coming from the gov'er
ior that the Mississippi plan has been
greed upon with the changes noted by
enator Tillman-the gradual working
o a strictly educational qualification.
dany advocate a small property qual
fication, and a fight will be made to
ave such a feature inserted.
The judiciary is to be thoroughly
emodeled and a system of countyi
ourts will supplant the circuit courts,
rich hold their sessions only three or
our times a year. The trial justice
ystem is to be abolishel, and the
ounty courts will be given the juris
liction now exercised by the trial jus
ice courts. The right of appeal is to
>e very much limited, and the higher
ourts are to be relieved of the neces
ity of deciding trivial matters.
The constitutional 2-mill tax for the
se of the public schools is to be re
ained, but each' tax payer will be
iven the privilege of naming the
chool to whlich his tax is to go. This
rill enable the white peope to devote
11 of their taxes to schools for their
wn race, and the sanie right will be
fforded the negroes. It is said that
Lie governor has expressed the opinion
hat what will be done by the state for
be negro schools will be largely de
endedt upon the part the negroes play
a the approaching election. If they
ttempt to control the convention and
ause much trouble no state aid will be
iven them beyond the amount of
ixes that race pays for the use of the
eneral school fund.
The number of state officers is to be
ecreased. A fight is to be made for
e abolibion of the office of state
perintendent of edul'ation, but it
as been decided that the office of
jutant general is sure to go. The
e asked to
ate troops, and as this is the only
ervice the adjutant and inspector
eneral does,his office will be abolished
na his salary saved to the state. Many
re in favor of abolishing the office of
iperintendent of education, but the
te of this officer is not so sure as that
f the others named.
According o tohe governor these are
bout the only matters of importance
at the convention will act upon,
nd he expects the whole work to be
nished within four weeks.
THEI DE;-.ENDER'S OWNERS.
'.O'e rsetinz i e f the syn1 lite
'1 hat Iuilt the Gre~td A mer'c.xn Yacht.
Nuw that the yayht Defender ma-le such a
In' howving in its trial raee with the Vigi
it. p~a1 'i euimitCy a')out its owners wil
C. OLIVER ISELINI.
e excited]. The above portrait is that of C.
~liver iselin. head of the syndicate that
wns the recently launched yacht that is to
efend the honor of our flag against the
nglish crack that will be seat here to con
st for the America Cup.
Conversation by Heliograph.
The most successful long distance helio
rah conversation of which there is anyrco
rd took place in Oregon a few days ago be.
een Mount Hood and Portland Heights, a
istance of seventy or eighty miles. The core
ersation lasted one and a half hours.
Olject Lo~s1na for Farmrs.
Farners have a tariff object lesson
very ea:;v to learn when they buy
Iuing twine this year to biurt their
mmese crops of wheat and oaits. Last
rear it was retailed here at fro a nine
o ten cents per pound; this soaon it
s being sold at from four au.l a hl
o six cents. Last season the Mali'm
v tnridl was in force,-.to-day it is nl
nitted free under the Wilsai billh
nd, strange to say, not a twinsb fac
ore' in the coutry hia boca cloze 1
ap. bt all are rua:iin.: on fil tine
ui at hi bher wage~s th? wetP
The immigrants from the Scandi
aavian Peninsula and Denmark excee:1
1,000000 in number.
Of the South Carolina Weather and
Director Bauer;'on Tuesday issued
the following bulletin for the previous
week: While in the main the crop pros
pects continue promising, they have
become greatly diversified throughout
the State, and in a few counties are in
a critical stage owing to the roughty
conditions that prevail. During the
week just past there were no severe
damaging conditions other than want
of rain, except that in Orangeburg
County, and thence eastward there
was .a high wind accompanying the
thunderstorm of the 25th (Tjursday)
that blew down corn and shook much
unripe fruit from the trees; there was
another windatoim over the same see
Von on the 28th (Sunday), but in both
instances the injury done was com
The temperature for the entire week
was seasonable and satisfactory.
.The highest temperature reported
was 98 on the 24th at Cheraw and
McColl; the lowest 58 on the 28th at
Batesburg. The.mean temperature of
the week for the State was about 81,
and the normal for the same period
was approximately 81.
The controlling factor on crop con
ditions was rain or 'the lack of it.
There were showers on the 24th, 25th
and 26th, and in a few places on the
28th. The rains were generally light,
except the showers of the 25th (Thurs
day), which were quite heavy in places
and very beneficial, and extended from
west to east over the central counties
from Pickens to the coast. The -con
ditions of the crops are directly'pro
,portioned as the rainfall of the past
week, and the two may be summarized
together, as follows: In Chesterfield,
Lancaster, York, Spartanburg, Green
'ville, Anderson, Oconee, Edgefield,
Aiken, Abbeville, and portions of
Barnwell, Laurens, Union and Ker
shaw, the raiinfall was entirely n
Icient, having been generally less-than
:0.50, and in those counties the drought
is becoming a serioiis menace to hith
erto promising crops. This is par
ticularly true of Lancaster and Ches
iterfield. In Florence, Fairfield, Col
leton, Horry, Sumter, Darlington and
Bichland the rainfall was well distri
buted and varied from one to two
inches. In Beaufort, HamptonCharles
'ton, Williamsburg, Orangeburg and
portions of Colleton and Berkeley
Counties the amount of rainfall was
generally over two inches, and in the
two last named divisions the crops
were very much improved. Marlboro
County is "spotted," being too dry in
places, while sections not ten miles
distant have too much rain.
! Cotton does not appear as promidng
as heretofore, due to rut 'having ;ap
peared in places, and there re.nny
in places growing too much tr weed.
It has generally attained a reasonable
size, but there are many exceptions
over the entire State. It needs rain
over the entire Piedment region.
In the eastern portions of the State
early corn is safe, and fodder-pnlling
will soon begin. Where droughty
conditions exist, as shown by the rain
fall data given- above, corn is firing
badly and its condition has deteriorat
ed. Bottom land corn continues to
ook very promising. It is all laid
by in fine condition, except some of
very late planting.
Peas are growing well generally,
and early planting are ripening in
the more southern counties.
Tobacco curing continues, and
weever this crop was cultivated it
is said to be of superior quality.
The condition of the rice crop won
tinues very satisfactory, being report
ed better than for many years past, ex
cept in Georgetown County, where it
is possibly below an average.
Sorghum cane is generally a fair
crop, but in plates it is turning red
and apparently dying. It was not
stated whether this was due to - faulty
cultivation or dry weather-likely of
Fruit continues plentifal, but the
reports indicate that it is not'up to an
average in quality; peaches, and more
particularly apples, are small and gen
erally inferior.. Grapes are ripening
very fast, and the yield will be large.
The second crop of figs -yielding well
on the coast; not yet ripe in the iuter
Considerable plowing being done
for winter vegetables. Turnip sowing
continues. Gardens in the- interior
aout burnt ouit, but are doing well
along the coast.
TA!LORS ON STRIKE
Nerly 20.003 Coatm-ikers in New Yorke
C:ty. Brooklyn and Brownsville Out.
Ngarly 23.000 tailors went on a strike in
New York City. Brooklyn and Brownsville, a
suburb of B:oosklyn, to prevent a return to
the sweating systemr.
In New York City more than 8333 tailors
laid down their work in protest against an
aled effort - tco .fore.e themn back into the
conditions of la'yor under which they toiled
until a year ago. Four thousandI nen-and
women struck in Brooklyn and Browns
ville. and about 1000 in New
ark. N. J. Besides tliese there were- about
3000 persons in New Yo~k ind-1000 in Brook
lyn and1 Brownsvilie who were idle bedause
they could not work wit!xot'those-who were
on stri!ke. so that the total of those affected
amounted to nearly 20,00) persons..
The principal cause of the strike, accord
ing to Behoenfield, its leader. is the refuosal
of the contractors to renew last year's aree
ment, whieh-provides .that fifty-nine hours
shall consti-tute a week's work. and the .min
imum raite of wagtes shallber as folows:
Easters, 61 3- a week and upw:a prer
*1 a week and upwards bushe er. $13an
upwarU: trhimmers, 13 andt upward;
and finishiers. 89 anel upward... None but
members of the nion ai~e to be employed.
and p~riss~eion is gie by it to repres.nta
*tive' of the Brotherhoodt to exa-nni- the
cards of members; it abolishies the tenement
work symm, an pemt no settlemnen~Twith,
any eontnectc- who edploys .me-in'tene-'
WetDs or sit shops.
Bolivia sentan ci~iii~ im, de
manding satisfaction for offenses eommtta