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Ri-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., AUGUST 10, 8195. ESTABLISHED 1844
For the Railroads for March. Bettei
The State railroad commissioners
have issued their table of earnings of
the railroads in the State for the
month of March, 1895. It has beer
ready for six weeks, but because of the
delay of the Hampton and Branchville
road, which did not send in its report,
-Secretary Duncan could not issue
'his report until now The
report, of the Hampton and Branch
,ville road has not been received and
therefore does not appear in the re
The following is the report:
Asheville & Spartanburg, 1894, $4,
340.-77; 1895, $4,559.25; increase,
$218.48, per cent., 5.03.
Atlanta and Charlotte Air Line,
1894, $58,517.13; 1895, $63,828.80; in
crease, $5,311.67; per cent., 9.07.
Blue Ridge, 1895, $2,100.95; in.
Branchville and Bowman, 1894,
$468.76; 1895, $365.99;decrease, $102.
77; per cent., 21.92.
Carolina Midland, 1894, $4,557.11;
.1895, $4,199.09; decrease, $358.02;
per cent., 8.03.
Carolina, Knoxvillo and Western,
.1894, $1,029.82; 1895, $569.02; de
crease, $460.80; per cent., 45.74.
Central of South Carolina, 1894,
$11,214.31; 1895, $11,370.00;increase,
$155.69; per cent., 1.38.
Charleston and Savannah, 1894,
,65,233.73; 1895, $51.285.62; decrease,
,13,948.11; per cent., 21.38.
Cheraw and Chester, 1894, $2,025.87;
1895, $2,166.05; increase, $140.18;
per cent,, 6.47.
Charleston, Sumter and Northern,
:1894, $18,046.80; decreasc,$18,046.80,
Cheraw and Darlington, 1894, $9,
1179.15; 1895, 816,605.00; increase,
17,425.85; per cent., 80.90.
Chester and Lenoir, 1894, $1,706.
19; 1895, 2,874.35; increase, $1,168.16;
1)er cent., 68.46.
- Columbia, Newberry and Laurens,
1894, $8,020.62; 1895, $7,363.40; de
crease, $657.22; per cent., 8.09.
, Florence, 18:4, $19,622.38; 1895,
$16,655.19; decrease, $2,967.19; per
Georgia, Carolina and Northern,
894, $56,725.62; 1894, $68,132.06;
increase, $11,406.44; per cent., 20.10.
: Georgetown and Western, 1894, $4,
139.90; - 1895, $4,355.24; increase,
$215.34; per cent., 5.20.
Glenn Springs, 1895, 665.10; in
crease, $665. 1u
Green Pond,Walterboro and Branch
ville, 1894, $2,152.85; 1895, $2,254.01;
-icrease, $101.16; per cent., 4.69.
Hartsville, 1894, $812.53; dezrease,
- Laurens, 1894, $1,406.73; ,1895,
$2.175.38; increase,S768.65; per cent.,
Manchester and Augusta, 1894,
$1,116.09; 1895, $16,108.21; increase,
p 14,992.12; per cent., 1,343.2'); per
$55,663.22; increase, $20,614. 5.
Ohio River and Charleston, 1894,
Q-16,903.08, 1895, $18,503.13; increase,
1,609.05: percent., 9.46.
Palmetto. 1894, S1,329.96; 1895,
81,126.68; increase, 20,328; per cent.,
Port Royal and Augusta, 1894, $.30,
215.11; 1895, $27,936.88; decrease $2,.
278.3; per cent.,7.54.
Port Royal and Western Carolina,
1894, S36,815.82; 1895, S48,696.35; in
~crease, 811,870.53; per cent., 32.24.
South Bound, 1894, 832,284.55;
1895, $28,243.88; decrease, $4,040.G67;
per cent., 12.51.
South Carolina and Georgia, 1894,
8120,102.28; 1895, $114,058.31; de
crease, $6,345.97; per cent., 5.18.
South and North Carolina, 1894,
$1,429.94; 1893, $1,500.34; increase,
P '70.40. per cent., 4.92.
Southern Railway Co. in South
Carolina, 1894, $110,905.49; 1895,
$113,580.85; increase, $2,675.36; per
ISpartanburg, Union and Columbia,
1894, $12,297.13; 1895, $14,457.09; in
crease, $2,159,.96; per cent., 17.56.
Wilmingtou, Columbia and Augusta,
1891, SG2,499.27; 1895, $56,279.83; de
crease, $6,219.44; per cent., 9.99.
Wilmington and Conway, 1894, $2,
p75.49; 1893. 81,834.36; decrease,
62,41.13; per cent., 11.61.
SWilson and Summerton, 1894, $1,
'423.75; 1895, $727.64; decrease, $694,
,11; per cent., 48.81.
Totals, 1894, $775,163.60; 1895,
p700,219.27; increase, $63,046.09; de
Net decrease, $14,944.33.
Net per cent. dec rease, 19.27.
Total passenger earnings for the
inonthb, 1894, $166,759.38; 1895, $181,
Totsl freinhit earnings for the month,
1894, $551,899.95; 1895, $327,269.81.
Total tonnage for the month (tons),
1894, 515,775; 1895, 471,91 '.
An electrical journal has publisded
a most suggestive picture of mining
life in South America, which illus
(rates not only how electricity is rev
olutionizing the mining industry, by
making it possible .to work valuable
lodes in almost inaccessible places,
would bave been pronounced prohibi
tive, but also the extraordinary mild.
ness of the mountain regions in some
countries near the'equator. The work
is going on briskly, although the gen
crator which supplies the mo
tiro power is many miles away.
- But the singular point in the
scene is that the motors, ma
chinery, and transformers are all out
in the open air, entirely unprotected
from tbe elements, as rain is almost
nknown in the region.-New York
England now gets eighty-six per
cent, of her tea from India and Cey
THE CONVENTION BELONGED
The State Committee Swelled With
Sllverites from 15 to 34. The
The Missouri Democratic State convention
met at Pertle Springs, Mo.
The committee on resolutions sprang a
surprise by electing as their chairman Con
gressman De Armonl. of Bates county, and
they immediately began their labors.
The committee on pernaient organization
decided upon Hon. R. P. Vland for perrna
nent chairman and the temporary or;gania.a
tion was made permanent.
It was recommendled that the present State
committee he enlarged Iy the addition of
one committeeman from each congressional
district and by the eloetion by the rcnven
tion of four com mitteemen at la rge-making
'the total 31 instead of 1> as at lresent ieon
!stituted. The proposition was carried. The
resolutions committee's report was read and
adopted. The preamnble and resolutions are
"The Federal Censtitution names silver
and gold together as the money ntals of the
.United States. The first coinage bill passed
by Congress until the constitution made the
silver dollar a unit of value. admtitted gold
to free coinage at a ratio measured by the
silver dollar unit.
"From the beginning of the government.
following the policy formnulatcd ly Thomas
Jefferson and firmly esta.,lished Iby Jackson.
the Democratie party Las been the party of
bi-metallism. favorin;g the free coinage of
both silver and gold at the national mints,
and opposed to farming out to banking cor
porations the government s sovereign power
of issuing and controlling the money of the
"The act of 1873. demonetizing silver. was
surreptitiously passed. without the approval
or knowledge of the American people. and
from the time when the effeet of this aet, in
fastening upon the country the single gold
standard was, understood, the Democratic
party has consistently and persistently urged
that the grievous wrong be righted. Failure
to accomplish this object has resulted in tho
steady appreciation of gold, a correspond
ing fall in the prices of commodities pro4
duced by the people. a heavy increase in the
burden of all debts, public and private; the
enrichment of the money-lending class;
RICEARD P. BLAND.
paralysis of industry and impoverishment
of the people, and unexampled distress it
all gold standard countries.
"Experience has shown that while under
the single gold standard there may be an oc
casional revival of busness activity. accoma
panied by enhaned'. prices of a limited num
ber of commodities, such revival is duom to
artifieial and temporary causes and "annot
permanently alleviate the sufferings dlue to
falling prices, brought about by the apepre
ciation of gold and an inadequate supply of
primary or redemption money.
"Duty to the people reflures that the
party of the people continue the battle f':r
bi-metallism until its efforts are crowned
with success. Therefore be it:
"Resolved. That we, Democrats of Mis
souri, in convention assembled, demand the
free and unlimited coinage of silver and gold
into primary or redemption money, at the
ratio of 16 to 1. without waiting for the
action or approval of any other najtion; and
"Resolved. That we are irrevocably op
posed to the substitution for metallic money
of a panic-breeding, corporation-credit ceur
rency based on a single metal, the supply of
which is so limited that it can be cornered at
at any time by a few ban king institutions in
Aurope and America; third,
S"Resolve'-L That we are opposed to the
bpolicy and practiceo of surrendering to the
p olders of the ob~ligations of the United States
jhe opt ion reserved by the law to thme govern
ment of reducing such obligations in either
silver coin oi'gold coin ;fourth,
."Reaolved. That we are opposed to the
issuing of interest-bearing bonds of the
United States in time of peace,and especially
are we opposed to placing the Treasury of
the government under the control of any
syndicate of bankers and the issuance of
bonds to be sold by them at an enormous
profit for the purpose of supplying the
Federal Treasury with gold to mnaintainu the
policy of gold mono-met allism."
Additional resolutions' were adopted in
structing the State committee to catll a con
vention inot later than August 15th to) elect
delegates to the national convention; also
sendingecongratulations to Senator Black
burn, of Kentucky. The deh-gates from thc,
diffrient c'ongrcssional districts then named
their candidates for additional memnbers of
the State committee and they were unani
At the r ight the only feature of interest
was the speeoh of Senator Cockrell. At its
conclusion the convention adjourned sine
The election of the committee at large is
regarded as a victory for "Silver Dollar"
Bland, and a severe blow to the Francis and
Maffltt faction of the party. Allen and Farris
are straight Bland men, Beaton is a free
lace, while Fyke is pledged to Governor
Electrical Wee.! Eijiler.
In the American Engiacer alul IAL-1
way Journal a descriptioni is givenm of
an electrical device for the destruction
of weeds, as Used on railroad lines.
Very high-pressure current is taken
from a generator on a tramcar travel
ing on the railroad. One side of the
circn'it is connected to the ground,
and the other is conducted through a
series of tine wires to the top~s of the
weeds and vegetation along the road.
In this way the electric currenit trav
erses the roots and body of a planlt,
rupturing its cells and destroying it.
The device is thoroughly practical,
and reduces the cost of maintenance
of way $40 to S80 per year per mile.
.Tapan is diligently strengthening a ei armuy
Of the South Carolina Weather and
Mr. J. W. Bauer, Director of the
State Weather and Crop Service,issued
on Tuesday the following interesting
report for the past week: The condi
tion of cotton while not greatly changed,
is nevertheless less satisfactory than
heretofore, there being many com
plaints of shedding both leaves and
"shapes", and the plant has seemingly
stopped growing even where the
weather was most favorable.
Early peas are ripening; tobacco
curing continues and the condition of
this crop is highly satisfactory; one
correspondent reports damage by un
skillful curing. Sorghum beginning
to ripen and some syrup already made
from it; forage crops generally abun
dant; turnips growing p( ' the
whole; rice making e .ent
The following report corn
crop by counties shows- ...-argest
acreage ever planted, and its condi
tion promising except in the western
and northern counties where it has
already been seriously injured by
drought, or will be, unless rain comes
within a few days:
Abbeville County-Old corn fairly
good; late cern cannot "make" unless
rains come soon; suffering terribly.
Aiken County-Acreage one-fourth
more than an average; condition and
prospective yield at least an average;
droughty conditions in portions of
Anderson County - About one
fourth more planted than last year;
condition up to few weeks ago above
average; lately it has fallen off owing
Barnwell County-Corn crop larger
than usual, condition excellent ex
cept on light lands that were not fer
tilized or well worked; yield will be
larger than last year. Early crop
made, late promising.
Beaufort County-Corn crop very
fine, is made and is above the aver
Berkeley County-Corn crop con
sidered above the average. Much
helped by frequent rains,,noy inde
pendent of seasons for result.
Charleston County-The finest for
Chesterfield County-Severe drought
has ruined upland corn 50 to. 60 per
cent., lowland corn seriously but to
less extent as yet, but every day with
out rains lessens the crop; some fields
ivill not produce one bushel to the
acre. .Rains badly needed.
Clarandon County-Never a better
average crop; some badly cultivated;
very poor. Crop safe now and above
Colleton County-Condition ranges
from 90 to 110. County made corn
enough for local use last year. Will
have 10 per cent. more planted this
Darlington County-Early planting
very fine and safe; late also good; en
tire crop estimated at double an aver
age one, exceeding that of any former
year. Small tenant farmers have fine
croo -being exceptional.
Edgefield County -Fully 30 per
cent. increase in ac. ge; condition
above average; more rain needed; corn
firing in plaices.
Fairfielti County - Largest crop
planted in history of county. Condi
tion variable, being about ruined in
places; in o)thers standing the drought
fairly well; must have rain in next few
anyvs or crop will be irreparably in
Florence County-Corn damaged
some b~y dry weather, but with rain
le planting may yet make a good
crop. Early corn safe, and a few
more showers will insure the rest.
Greenville County - Upland corn
needing rain badly; bottom land corn
as fine as can grow, but all corn must
have rain soon or be much damaged.
Hampton County-Increase in acre
age from 25 to 35 per cent., and pros
peetivec yield double the average. The
crop safe; fodder stripping has begun.
Horry County -The corn crop is
good throughout the county, and if
seasons continue good there will be a
Kershaw County-Old corn safe,not
afull crop everywhere; late planting
needing rain in places, but looks very
promising; big crop) prospects fine.
Lancaster County-Crop badly
damaged by drought-fodder dead up
to the ears; ears not filling well; late
corn tasselling, but will soon be ruined
unless it rains.
Laurens County-Old corn bholding~
up) very well, but a few more dry day~
will cut it very short; with timely rains1
will have big crop).
Legington County-Early corn safe
-a line crop; late planting in a critical
state, needing more rain badly; fodder
Marlboro County-Early corn on
light land cut short by dry weather is
beyond help; late planting may do bet
ter; its condition variable; may mako
as big a crop as ]astyear.
Newberry County--Acreage never
~o great as the present year; condition
up to an average: early corn safe; late
needs rain badly, or it will be serious
point to a heavy crop of corn; acreage
10 per cent. larger, and prospective
yield 20 per cent. greater than last
year; early made; late very promising;
some bottom land too wet.
Union County-~Drought still on;
some early corn burnt dead; with rain
now will make half a crop; without
rain none. Late planting looks bet
Williamsburg County-Corn not up
to last year, being late, although a
good crop is assured.
York County-Unless it rains soon
corn will be cut short; is suffering
.in TVenice, Italy, one of time sighi
of the Zoological Garden is a horse.
INTERESTING ITEMS FROM ALL
OVER THE STATE.
Constables Lafar and Wright Released
A dispatch from Columbia, says:
Constable Lafar has been released
irom the Richiand county jail, where
he was sent by Judge Simonton in th6
.contempt proceedings that were
rought about by the general seizures
y the constables. Constable Wright,
who was also jailed on the same charge,
was released on Wednesday. Con
stable Lafar had to give bond for $400
and the sentence is still pending. The
release of the constables does not by
any manner of means indicate that
Judge Simonton has receded from his
,pgaition, but the action was brought
about by an agreement between coun
On Wednesday night of last w!e
Assistant Attorney General Townsind
and Mr. J. P. K. Bryan had a confer
ence in Charleston about the Donald
case, in which the inter-State case was
discussed, and it was decided to trim
'the case of all its frills and consent to
such a case as could be considered by
the United States Supreme Court in
October. It has been agreed that tb
case is to be docketed at once and its
advancement in tso docket is undei
Tudge Simonton in his order releas
ing Lafar on bond says that "under
lagreement between counsel a final
Idecrec will be rendered in the above
case and an appeal will be taken from
said decree, and it is considered as
THE FERTILIZER ANALYSIS.
Only Two Brands Fall Short on This
The South Carolina Agricultural Ex
perimental Station has issued its bul
letin giving the analysis of commercial
fertilizers for the season 1894-95. Pre
liminary to giving the tables, the bul
"In the following tables are given
the analysis, the calculated commercial
values and the manufacturers' guaran
tees of the official samples of fertilizers
'collected this season. Two hundred
and six brands of goods have been
sampled and analyzed. Of these eighty
seven are ammoniated fertilizers, sixty
.one are acid phosphates, thirty-three
are cotton seed- rfeals. .nineteen. are.
kainits, and six are miscellaneous sam
"The act of 1893, 'To further regu
late the manufacture and sale of com
mercial fertilizers,' provides: "That
if any fertilizer or commercial manure
offered for sale in this State,shallupon
analysis, prove deficient in any of its
ingredients, and if by reason of such
deficiency the commercial value shall
fall three per cent. below the guaran
teed commercial value of said fertil
izer, such fertilizer shall be deemed
"It will be seen from the tables that
the commercial values of two samples
are three per cent. below the commer
cial values calculated from the guaran
"While some other brands aro short
in one or two ingredients, the shortage
is compensated for by an excess of
other ingredients, and the commercial
values are up to the commercial values
based on the guarantees, or within the
limits of the law."
LOCATED AT LAST.
Revenue Officers Find a Still They
Have Long Looked for.
For several years p~ast the revenue offi
cials have been aware that a moonshine
still was in operation not far from Co
lumbia, but their best efforts had failed
to uncover it. In the meantime many
thousands of gallons of liquor have been
made and distributed in the country
round about, not a little of it finding
Its way to Columbia. At last the still
has been found and the owners arrested.
Deputy Collector Richardson, Major
Hollins of the revenue service, and
Deputy Marshall Thornton set out the
first of this week with the determina
tion to go over every foot of ground in
the section in which the still was sus
picioned -to be. Their efforts after
three days' search resulted in the find
ing, near Seneca, in the middle of a
dense swamp, the illicit still. At the
still was found several thousand gallons
~of mash but no whiskey. The still was
~destroyed, the mash poured into a
creek and four white men, J. I. and E.
0. Harsey, N. J1. Neece and Fred Bach
man, and one negro, Henry Glover,
were arrested. The only path leading
to the still was down the bed of a small
creek, the waters of which washed out
all tracks as soon as they were made.
The work of constructing a branch
road from the Ohio River and Charles
~tn Railroad depot to the Camden
Cotton Mills, a distance of about half
a mile, has b~een commenced. Mr. F.
Hammond is in charge of the work.
The machinery for this mill will be de
livered right at the factory. As roon
as this branch road is completed the
achinery will begin to arrive, about
~te 20th of August.
Big Production of Ginseng.
Traveling men from up the Big
Sandy valley report that there will be
a larger production of ginseng up that
way this season than ever before. All
the natives have learned that the sang
digging business is a paying one, if it
can be worked to advantage, andI they
are giving it greater attention thani
ever before. -Louisville (Ky.) Courierr
For midsammer bargains e. wt
DEATH OF MRS. TALMAGE.
Wife of the Celebrated Divine Died on
At Dansville, N. Y.. the wife of Dr. T.
Dewitt Talmage. the celebrated minister of
Brooklyn, died at 5:30 Monday morning. She
had been ill some time. Her husband and
son were at her bedside.
Her death was the result of nervous pros
tration, brought on by the burning of the
The fire broke out while the Doctor was
holding his usual Sunday reception, and a
large number of parishioners and visitors
were in the church when the fire broke out.
They all made good their escape but Dr.
Talmage went back into the burning edifice
for something he had left behind. During
his absence Mrs. Talmage, who, with other
members of the family, was outside awaiting
his re-appearance became greatly excited
and alarmed for the Doctor's safety. As
soon as she was informed that he was all
right she broke down completely, her over
wrought nerves being unequal for such a
While Dr. Talmage was absent on a lectur
ing tour in the West last week he received a
telegram summoning him to his wife's bed
side. He at once cancelled all his engage
ments and hastened back to find that there
was very little hope for the patient's recov
ery, and he remained with her until the end
came this morning.
The deceased was the second wife of Dr.
Talmage, his first wife was drowned while
boating in 1862. leaving a daughter, Miss
Jessie and a son, who has since died. With
in two years afterwards the Doctor married
Miss Susie Whittomore, of Brooklyn.
GLEANINGS FROM MANY POINTS.
Important Happenings, Both Rome
and Foreign, Briefly Told.
Newsy Southern Notes.
The Athens, Ga., knitting mill has started
up. The capacity is 2,500 pairs of hose per
At Eustis, Pla., Joseph Wremicle was bit
ten by a moccasin snake. He died in eight
The Georgia negro Baptist Sunday school
convention advised negroes to stay away
Miss M. G. McClelland, the well-known
writer, died at her home. Elm Cottage, near
Norwood, Nelson county Va., Friday.
The collector -of Internal revenue for the
district of Florida reports the values of cigar
and cigarette and tobacco stamps during the
month of July to be $44,569.55.
At Houston, Fla., while Mr. Joe Hogan's
son, a boy about 12 years old, was riding by a
pond, the horse shied and threw the boy into
the pond, where he was drowned.
All the business portion of Berlin. Md.,
Worcester county, together with many resi
dences, were completely destroyed by fire.
Total loss is about $200,000, with only $25,
At Nashville, Tenn., Alfred Thomas shot
and killed Thomas Davis Monday afternoon.
The parties were cousins and about the same
age-19 years. They quarreled about the
ownership of a bone collar button.
The Southern Pine Company, of Georgia
with a capital of $1,250,000 was organized at
Savannah, Ga. It is composed of manu
facturing plants, lands, timber and pro
perties. Henry P. Talmage is president.
To show the great development of milling
interests in North Carolina it may be stated
that between Durham and Charlotte there
is not a railway station at which some new
factory is not being built or an old one en
*Kentucky stands first in tobacco, having'
274,587 acres, producing 221.880.303 pnounas;
Virginia is second, with 110,579 acres aind
48,522,655 pounds, and North Carolina is
third, with 97,077 acres, producing 36,375,258
*A desperate and tragic duel occurred in
;Woodford Hotel at Versailles. Ky., on Mon
day. In a dispute while drinking, Win.
Newton Lane. of Versailles, Ky., shot and in
stantly killed James Rodenbaugh and mor
tally wounded the young man's father, H. C.
Rodenbaugh, proprietor of the hotel.
Martha Gray, colored, living on the Kenaai
p lace, near Portland, Ala., locked her two
h'ar-old child in her cabin and went to n
frolic. She returned in the evening to find
the cabin in ashes and the charred remains
of her child in the middle of them. This is
the flifth negro child which has lost its life in
that county since Christmas.
Disasters, Accidents, Fatalities.
John Hartmnan, Joseph Whitkey and
Alexander Whitkey, the infant son of the
latter, was drowned in Little Hell Gate. N.
Y., by the capsizing of his yacht. Mrs. Hart
man andl son were saved.
Sprague, Wash., the county seat- of Lin
coIn county. aud the division point and loca
tion of the Northern Pacille car shops, and
having a population of 3.000. was almost
destroyed by fire Sunday. A high wind,
amounting almost to a hurricane, was blow
ing at the time and the llre swept over the
town with resistless fury, destroying over
$1,000.000 worth of property in two hours'
time. ~No lives were lost.
Exhibtits for the Cotton States and interna
tional Exposition are rapidly coming in. and
the chiefs of departments are busy in assign
ing the allotted space to the diff-'>cnt exhibi
oi-s. Work in the United Staies Giovern
menti Building is particularly active. Sever.
al carloads of the exhibit have been recived,
andl are now being placed in the Government
Building. The Naval exhibit, including the
torpedo boat, models of famous vessels of
tile Navy, past and present, rapid-fire guns,
and heavy guns. is being installed in the
space allotted to this department.
Free Silver Scintillants.
The three principal silver organizations iL
Colorado have agreed upon consolidation
upon a non partisan basis.
Democratic county conventions in Kansas
have generally selected delegates to the State
silver convention at Pertles Springs next
Tuesday. favoring a 16 to i ratio.
SAt Carrolton, Mo.. the case of the Tayloi
brothers, charged with murder in the first
degree for the killing of the Meeks family,
brought je a verdict of guilty.
There was an earthquake at Gloversvilles
N. Y., Monday night, followed by a thunder
The number of American vessels officially
reported as lost during the fiscal year ended
Juno 30, 1895. c!omprised 85 steam vesseis and
276 sailing vessels, barges. etc.
Sam Small's PaperConltin~ues.
The Pilot newspaper, organ of the Prohi
1ition party, Norfolk. V'a.. which recently
made an assignment. has been sold by the
trustees to Frank Dusch and others and wvill
be continued, but will be reduced in size and
othei- means adopted for reducing the ex
In Spain more hands are employed in the
cotton industry than any other save agri
A DESIGN IN SWISS STYLE.
Adapted Only-to Raral Surroundings
and Best Suited to a Mountainous
It is t he intention of this series of
articles to treat of the various styles
of architecture in a perfectly honest
There are some styles that are pa
ticublirly fitted to American climate
and !ocial conditions. There are
others that can seldom be used with
good elect, but inasmuch as there
are occasional calls for the construe
tion of houses in these styles it is
fitting that they should be consid
CO8? L6/Nf PL4A54
A RCITECT N..
The design illustrated herewith is
tOat of'a Swiss cottage, a style that
is not fitted for this country in gen
Swiss architecture is the out
growth of the needs and con-litions
of the inhabitants of Swizerland, and
like all national institutions is most
appropriate to its natural surr->und
ings. The life of the Swiss peasant
is divided by his occupations into
two seasons: the summer, when lie
is watching and tending his cattle on
the high Alps, and the winter, when
he is forced to find shelter from the
rigorous climate with it's fierce
storms, in the low lying secluded
Swiss architecture, as built in this
country, has been, shall we say,
somewhat Americanized, and the
accompanying sketch shows a struc
ture that would be effective and
pleasing if erected in a suitable ho
cation. The latter point is one upon
which an architect, versed as well
in the technical points of landscape,
should be consulted, as many a man
spending his ' money freely. but not
discreetly in the erection of a house,
has found too late thatAe has made
a serious mistake-im trusting too
confidently to his own .taste. It may
be found necessary Jorshim to sell a
house that has. cost' him. thousands
fdolro -nd ie'tis, fi
ing too s rongly s own i ividual
ity finds he will not be able to realize
a third of his investment. It is the
proper duty of the architect not only
to draw plans but to advise with his
client upon the general style, ac
comumodation and arrangement o
the house to be chosen, as well as.
and perhaps above all, to see that it
harmnonizes with its surroundings
and suits the artistic d emaunds of the
Exterior materials: Foundation,
brick; first story, clapboards; sec
ond story, gables and roofs, shingles,
Interior finish: Hard white plaster ;
laster cornices in hall, parlor. din
ing room and three chamnbers; soft
wood flooring and trim; ash staiir
way; panels under window in parlor,
hail and dining room ; bathroom an:l
kitchen wainscoted; interior wood
work finished in hard oil.
Suggestion~s for colors: Clapboards.
andl sashes, olive; trim, dark green;
outside doors, dark green with olive
panels; blinds, rain cornductors
and brick work Pompeian red ;
veranda, floor and ceiling, drab;
underside of rodi overhang,
medium drab; panels o:1 side
of brackets and over bay windows.
Pompeian red: wall shingles dipped
and brush c-oated with Indian red
The principal rooms and their
sizes, closets, etc., are shown by the
The design illustrating this article
tYul b much out of place by the
seashore, but for a country residence
or the suburbs of a city, where the
land is not flat but rather mountain
ous-er hilly, its tasteful and striking
appearance would be most appropri
ate. A brief description is given as
General dimensions: Width (over
odl), 36 feet, including veranda, 48
feet, 2 inches.
Heights of stories- Cellar, 7 feet;
first story, 10 feet; second story, 9
Cellar under kitchen and pantry.
Fireplaces with hardwood mantels in
hall, parlor, diningroom and one bed.
room and kitchen range included -in
estimate. Hall designed to be used
as a sitting room. The attic is
floored for storage.
The cost of this design is $3,516 as
described, not including heater, the
estimate being based on New York
prices for materials and labor, but in
many sections of the country the
cost should be less.
The nobles and swells of Japan
now nearly all wear stovepi;e hats
on solemn and dressy occasions. The
same hat is handed down from gen
eration to generation, like the Mi
kado's crown. Many of those on the
street during the festivities celebra
ting the return of the Emperor were
evidently brought over soon after
Commodore Perry came. and the rest
must have come in installments-eince
1853, for they represented every
fashion of heaigear since that date.
It is worth noting also, that in the
whole throng there was no drunken
ness, no disorder, no quarreling.
The Japanese of the ordinary sort
do not-wear a hat at all, nor does any
Jap consider a hat necessary as a
head coverin'g, but merely for the
dignity of it. And the dignity of the
dude is enhanced by wearing his
stovepipe tile at least two sizes too
large. In the army and by the-1Z
licemen neat blue cloth caps are
worn, li.ke a New York Police Cap
tain's. Women wear no head cover
ing at all, or in very cold weather
bring their shawls over their heads.
Peddlers and rickshaw men knot a
white kerchief over their locks, and
the bonzes or beggar priests wear
curious hats like inverted bread
bowls, still carrying out the idea that
a hat is a badge 3f office rather than
One of the queerest. official head
dresses is no longei seen in Japan.
The downfall of the Shoganate with
drew from view forever those queer
bats that looked-like a Belgian pa
Ing DUsui tole 1
with a string.
A'Remarkable Snake Story.
Here is a snake story with a psy
chological aspect. The Clay City,
(Ky.) Chronicle says:
Mr. and Mrs. Jeff Martin, who live
on Cat Creek, in this county, had a
thrilling experience one day last
week. Mr. and Mrs. Martin have a
bright little boy, 2 years old, who,
while undressed for a bath, desired
his mother to allow him to run and
play. He was sent .into a carpeted
room where the curtains were drawn,
and after a few minutes, with an ex
clamation of surprise and delight.
the little fellow came in to the hall
holding in his hands a hunge copper
head snake, He had grasped it near
the tali, and the reptile was writhing
and twisting, its head nearly reach
ing the floor and moving about the
feet and lower llmbs of the child.
Mr. Mart in. who had just entered the
house, was horror-struck for a mo
ment. Hecalled loudly to the child
to drop it. The little ellow obeyed
and ran frightened to his father's
arms. The reptile immediately
pursued thme child and endeavored to
strike him, coiling and darting its
poisonous tongue in the most threat
ening manner. Mr. Martin dis
pat ched the snake in less time than
it takes to tell it, to the great dis
tress of the little boy. who seemed
to think he had found a beautiful
plaything and was being deprived of
it. and was inconsolable when it was
removed from his sight.
A MIGHTY DESERT WIND.
More Deadly Than a Cyclone or a
The samiel is a hot, noxious, elec-.
trical wind, which passes over the
sandy deserts of Arabia and Africa.
It moves with the quickness of light
ning, and passes in narrow currents
for a few minutes at a time. It deals
instant death to every man or beast
ha~ppening to face it-, and it is said
that it so decomnposes them that
their limbs fall asunder. The ap
proach of it is indicated by a thick
haze in the horizon, and travelers, if
they have time. t I row themselves on .
their, faces, with their feet toward it,
till it has passed. The sirocco is an
other blighting inid, which prevails
in Italy and adjoining districts about
Aril. The West Indian hurricanes.
are of a totally different description,
being simp~le vortex( s of great force,
and they have been known to blow
heavy cannon out of a battery and
carry a man over a ten foot wall.
Different Types of Beauty.
The Sandwich Islanders estimate
women by their . -weight. The
Chinese require them to have de
formed feet and black teeth.. A
girL must be tatooed sky blue and
wear a nose ring to-satisfy a South
Sea. Islander. Afribean princes re
quire their brides to have their teeth
filed like those of a saw.
Bodices made of rijboa and inser
tion are a: great deal::wora withi col
o,-aA oton slkirts and sieve.