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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WlNNSBOROS. C.,R1 ESTA BLISH E D 1844.
aOW THE PLACE WHE1FE TH1EY.
FELL LOOKS TO-DAY.
Sitc of the Little BI- Hforr. Battle
tield Turned into a Nationa!
UT in Southweztern 1ontana,
about sixty miles from Bill
ings and ten miles from Fort I
Custer, is a National ceme
terv. This death's acre is the site of
the most tragic and desperate battle
in our military history-the battle of
the Little Big Horn. Here Custer,
with the gallant Seventh Cavalry, two
hundred and sixty-two strong, met
the Indians on June 25, 1876, and not
one of those brave men wasleft to tell
the story; only 262 little white slabs
clustering about the cr:_.s that marks
where Caster fell give mute evidence
9f the heroism and bravery so vainly
displayed at that terribly fatal battle.
That the battle was fought cannot be
doubted. Custer wos leading an at
tack and had located the Indian village
in the valley of the Little B- 'Horn
and was making a -forced march in the
night to fall up )a them before they
discovered his presence. The Indians,
however, discovered this plan and
when Custer realized this he attacked
them for fear they might escape. The
battle took place n i1be brow of a high
hill, which commiands a view of the
whole valley of the Little Big Horn
It was not a massacre or ambush, for
this field stands out the most conspicu
ous in the whole valley, without trees,
shrubs, grass or weeds to conceal an
enemy, When the mutiliated bodies
-for all were mutiliated except -that!
of General Custer-were buried a lit
tVe pile of emptyv cartridge shells was
found by the side off each body. This
'issiptable evidence that they died
fighting, and- when you look at the
alignment of the marb ble slabs you will
note that they are in line of battle
the General on thie highest point, with
his brother, Colonel Tom Custer,
just behind him, . Lienrenant Reilly.
on his left, and Captain Yatesl
on his right. Other officers were!
grupd bot h comndr an
th ili rn,stece u nln
ther ll are tlated bearing that
amsof erlostnr-user banid At
Beendb the sidooungc borady Tepbew
of the Gevienerwh atccmpaniedh
fighdtin and~ we inutheoranksthe
thlders. ofTe a be ing youwil
note ofLiunat thW.ei lin ook bistl
then General on Cther andes apit,l wth
ths brther Clnel ofe Cusead
onhisn leot man cd Cformi atoe
onecise ighe Ofbtler toancers hese
groued aote etes mne, gasen ndh
the tplace were a6 bratle amer fow
ofe Cstte to hafdenb Standnb
oteronumen advfaceg thewainth
Wiest like whihkirmseTon the gton
tuhin tide tof sldas earietooe
whemo Borsto listter and Arsity-r
one,eto the leftg brother qadtepof
eipeiti ande didroupeak ofmabeen
tihesles. Theseemat bearin h
amon ie of anther. par Cof ishe
front and thatn o Cur,an ah centre tof
the battle whe aea rcould te
thse. aroun the could formch marks
whreCster ofebattl than ere sctteed
out inutie jstines, gsenmig bewh
wrightitenoo aganst plaed, oddsand
trying Cterai tet. oftanin hbll
wuhing tie faIirhaded cmef stood
whelm hi~Ls liter bn ix
Back to the letother qvnearteeast
milte il another groups of arblen
tineleslabs, sem stondin mclsngo
geodth ie sodersf anothrngr ofbows;
thme bateach adragglin arongh
therils. Thenae oths soab cobetas
thoe nareon the caloan wapticn marks
wher Cster thell name are seuteant
ouCirittne.us ahse mighte all oo ho
rersn oytrying to ganlimbo o the',
hilmong hisl rondi teomaner
Bn-Cin They othe rave in u at
off thbhl anohrde ohe savageryf tat
marblt slas,rougmte saning clod btee
ther like Csolers Tohig ere,
asomte deadand fthreitn, alo-g
gther Thsiere One oftew slabs ard
the aay fo the glanuCpstoaindieh
ad anytre to eame by ane indi
dualteneff. The mbes l oh to
hl dedtogetheroand the manber
offmbykanther peofii savand tat
swpheroughetnesttl the rainomieten
hemratinho CustersThe died. hre
ho litley plane thirt fught he
gthbter. Thear fewdslarks tered
eerawy fao, thegroup hetouh indt
here heffort. Theren fouht noe
bttler ied togethrs and the marble
wher markin theing positions ato
hoer ad setindesido el the granite
howumeheyonlannedowanf the hillhan
se batle. hisel mark abs scat
ver about wuthere the five toopnd
te feventh likevhisry he folwed
mouen on thes botl ofoght andl
dieli ln of battle. forgetting!|
neither military tactics nor duty in
fghting a horde.
There is one slab to which is at
fached a pathetic little story. it is
the one which matka the resting place
of the body of Lieutenant John J.
Crittenden, the only officer buried on
th- field. All others have been re- I
moved-Custer and his brother to
West Point, the other officers to their
homes or to other military cemeteries,
aud the privates are buried on the top
of the hill around the granite monu
ment. But Lieutenant Critteuden
les where he fell. His father. Gen
eral Crittenden, telegraphed that a
zoldier's grave should0 be on the field
where he gave his li'e to duty, and
the boy was buried where he fell an-l
a monument placed over it by his
No more fitting tribute than this
silent batallion of white slabs ar
ranged in line of battle could bo paid
to the gallant iroupeks of the Seventh
Cavalry who died on Custer's Hill,
where they showed such heroic sacri
fice; no thought of self, but duty,and
that was to brinb i- the hostile In
ians who were with Sitting Bull.
This-battlefield has made the name of
uster and his cavalry immortal; the
;labs have stamped it on the face of
time.-New York Advertiser.
A Flyin- Dormouse. e
Among the animals in the last col- s
lection sent from Cameroons by the tl
explorer George Zenker was a mam- a:
mal of an entirely new species, a flying tI
dormouse, to which the name Idiurns a
Zenkeri has been given. ffe publish n
herewith an engraving of this little a
animal, for which we are indebted to a
the Illustrirte Zeitung, and which Is
shows plainly the membrane that ex- t(
AS-IT LOOK", TO-DAY.I
tends around its body and enables it i,
to fly or jump from branch to branch. c(
Such membranes are well known s1
inong animals of certain species, but ir
it is distinguished by the peculiarities p]
[f its very long tail from all other ir
.manmals. In the cut the tail is shown al
'lghtly curvei, so that the under side G
-an be seen. At the root of the tail oj
there is the fold of skin, behind which L
ire fifteen obique rows of little horny st
KHE FLYING DOEMOUSE FBoM CAMEROoNS. in
cales, three or four in each row, short
ristles protruding from amcng the t
ceales.. On the under side of the tail,
long the middle and the sides, are
-omb-]ike hairs, and from the short,
~oft fur on the upper side-from the
root of the tail to the brush-like tip- a
projecting long upright hairs. No one a
no ws for what purpose this singularly t(
haped apparatus is intended, for as
yet nothing is known of the life of the h
little creature. Nor is anything known ~
af its origin; it has been called "fy -
ing dormiouse," because it resembles p
his sluggard in the shape of its body, bi
ts skull and its teeth; but its mem- O
.rane and the horny scales are similar g
:o dose of certain species of squirrels 6,
Lnd its skeleton shows peculiarities pl
>ossessed only by the jerboai. Prob- ai
bly the dormouse, the species of
quirrels referred to, and the jerboa B
re the last of a very large extinct as
amily. -Scientific American. p,
A New Product,.t
It is now stated that by subjecting
>ure cellulose to the action of caustic p
oda and afterward treating the Eame n
with carbon bisulphide, which has t)
>een practiced in England, a product
ossessing remarkable industrial value i.
s the result. Dissolved in water an
noluble coagulum is produced, which
ihen washed and removed from the
ater, becomes hard and compact, in
which conditio~n it is found available
or tool handles, buttons and other ar
iles ; or, if the material while still in
olution has alcohol added9o it, there
s obtained a mass which may be
tamped into a variety of objects, may
e used as a medium for pigments in
~rinting cotton goods, applied to
loth as a facing, or used as a substi
ute for leather. It is also stated tt
loth having a coating of this solution
s flexible in washing, but stiffens
hen ironed, so that shirt bosome,
:ollars, cuffs and table linen may be
ade from it advantageously.--Phila
)CCURRENCES WORTH NOTING
FRO}1 ALL OVER THE STATE.
State Press Changes Its Plai,
The executive committee of the State
'ress Association held a meeting Mon
Lay night at Columbia and decided to
hange the date of going to the Atlanta
.xposition from October 31 to Octo
er 16. The cummittee also decided
o accept for the Association an invita
ion from the Tennessee Centennial
xposition Company to visit Nash
ille. The visit will probably be made
*n the 39th and 20th, and returning
rom Nashville the Assoeiation will
pend several more days in Atlanta.
, member of the Association will re
eive a circular lett-r from the presi
ent and secretary giving full instruc
ions and all required information.
3OLL WORM1 IN BLACKVILLE.
'ew Enemy to Cotton Which Threat
ens to Further Shorten the Crop.
A Blackville special to the News
nd Courier says: While everywhere
Ise is crying "short cotton crop,"
2e bottom and uiddle erop in this
!ction has appeared but little below
ie average of the past five years, if
nv. it is ten to fifteen days later
ian usual, general picking being just
bout started. The top crop is very
ncertain; not only the contingency of
a early frost, but that the pla-it, over
imulated by the excessive rains of
Let mcnth. has succumbed to the in
,nse and arid heat since, dying out in
tany places and shedding young fruit
enerally. But a more serious enemy
as appeared. affecting bottom, mid
[e and top crop alike-a new sort of
All. worm. To the casual observer
te number of bolls shrivelled seemed
ccessive, but it might be accounted
>r by the seasons, A close observa
on discovered the intruder. Several
rmers on Monday took a round for
iles in this section and found the
st at work on every place visited.
he percentage of damage already
>ne wo.s estimated on different fieldis
10 to 33 per cent.
FLAMES AT ABBEVILLE.
Ifteen Thousand Dollars Worth oil
Abbeville had the worst fire Sunday
orning that it has had since 1873,
is supposed to have started from a
nnery that was located near the pub
c square. The flames were beyond
mntrol when first discovered and
)read rapidly to the adjoining build
igs. Hill's livery stables were com
letely destroyed, as was also a dwell
Ig house occupied by R. L. Mabry
2d the elegant residence of Dr. S.
. Thompson. By the hardest kind
work the dwelling houses of Dr.
. T. Hill and Ellis G. Graydon were
ved. The loss will reach fully $15,
)0. with probably eight or ten thous
id dollars insurance.
Death of M~r. Clarkson.
Mr. John H. Clarkson, keeper of
e State House, died at his residence
Columbia Monday morning after a
ng illn ess. Mr. Clarkson was in his
th year. He was a brother-in-law
Ex-Governor Hugh S. Thompson.
r. Clarkson was a veteran of the Con
'derate wvar, having served through it
a member of the Columbia Grays.
is funeral services were held on Fri
Ly at the First Presbyterian Church
Throughout Sumter county and par
eularly in some sections there is the
nest corn crop that has been in years,
indeed, it has ever been equalled.
he cotton crop is about two-thirds an
-erage, but the promise of better
rices compensates for the falling off
Syield. There is besides a decrease
acreage from last year of about 2.5
er cent. which area was devoted to
bacco and corn.
The receip)ts of cotton at Newberry
r the year ending September 1 were
i,100 bales. The cotton mills con
imed 7,.534 bales of these receipts,
id this year it will take about 14,700
run the mills with their enlarged
ipacity. The mills now employ 700
rnds, with a pay-rol of $11,000 a
Orangeburg is becoming quite a
mpular cotton market. Considerable
ry and forage has been made in
rangeI>urg county this year. One
entleman stated that he made about
000 pounds of hay on a two-acre
atch, and this, too, a second crop
The Supreme Court has appointed
on. C. M!. Efird of Lexington county
SSupreme Court reporter, the ap
ointment to date froma the 10th inst.,
which time Mr. Shand's resignatiou
South Carolina will take a good
lace at the Atlanta Exposition. Com-.
iissioner Ro~che is doing fine work for
be Expostion exhibit.
The cotton crop of Newberry Conn-i
y- is a great deal shorter than was esti.
iated a month ago.
The Columbia hotels are all doing a
ood businiess on account oft the Con
rrenIh So0Miera Die in MadIagascar.
O'ur 3000 French sold3iers have died in
b'"e:atear since~ the French expedition be
opertcie azainst the Hovas. The
l.-rate als-2y it is not likely that An
anu *ve h Hova capital, will be occu
*el by tre Frezeh before spring.
A Mys,terious Murder.
Aui Beekman was murdered ena road
wcar sonr.'rvilIe. N. .J.. and her body hidden
Lfl':': bih-:. Majrks of a fierce struggle
NOW IN SESSION AT THE STATE
Mariy Important Measures introduced.
The Proceedings from Day
resient of the Conrentiov.
The fAnal vote re.ulted as follows on the
'question of strikig out Butler and insert
Yeas-John Gary Evans, Alexander.Atstin,
Barton. Bebre. Beliuger, Bobo, Bowman,
Mradham, Dreazeale. Buist, Byrd. Cantey,
Carver, Clayton. Cooper, Cunningham, De
Ray. Denais, Dent. Douglass, Dudley, Edrd,
Estridge. Evans, W. D., Field, Floyd. Gam
ble, Garris. Gary, Glenn, J. P. Gooding,
Graham. Gunter. Hamel, Harris, Harrison,
Hemphill. Henderson. Win.; Henry, Hiers,
Rodges. Houser. Johnson, T. E.; Keitt, Low
man, McCown. McKagen. McMakin, Me.
White. Matthews. Morrison. Murray, Nieh
olson.Ohver. Ott . Parrott. Patterson,Prince,
Redfearn. RUssel. Shuler.'Singletary. Smith,
W. C.; Smoak, Sprott. Stackhouse. Stokesz.
Stribling, Talbert. Taylor, Tillman. B. R.
Timmerman. VatZon, Whipper, Wiggins,
Vice President Talbert.
Nays-Aldrich, Anderson, Atkinson, Barry,
Bates, Berry. Briee. J. S.; Brice, T. W.;Burn.
Derham, Doyle. Ellerbe. Farrow, Frazier,
Gage. J. J. Glenn. Gray, Howell, Irby,
Johinstone, George; Jones. 1.'B.; Jones, Wilie;
Kennedy, E. J.; Kennedy.' J.' W.; Lee, Mc
Caslan, McGowan. Mearas, Miller, Moore,
Mower, Nash, Parler, Patton. Peak, Bags
dale, Reed. John: Rogers, Rosborough.Row
land. Sheppa:-d, J. U.; Sloan, Sonlls, Smith.
R. F.; Sulilin. Tillman. G. D.: Waters,
Wharton. White. A. U ., White, S. E.; Wg,t
Smith. A. ,T.; Jeremiah, Wilson, Stanyarne;I
Wilson, W. B3. ---.
Mr. Burn asked to be exeused from votin,
but when the hoei dle:liu-d' to ex:cuse him
he voted agaiust "Siludi.
A slight amendlment, offe:-ed by Dr. Tim--*
merman. I T.nard to the comporlsitIon of the
new county n)ommission was agreed to. The
whole matter was tben ad..pted as amended.
A communiention w-:- read from Charles
A. Calvo acceptiupe theC termns upon which
the convention printing had been given him.
The president then anunounced the follow-- -
ing appointments: Head clerk engrossing
department. W. H. Telcdelb: lill elerk, T. H.
Mr Smoak offered the following: "Par
dons in eases of murder, arson, burglary.
rape. assault with attem pt to commit rape.
bribery and larceny shall not relieve from
civil and political disability: but the person
so pardoned may at the expiration of flve
years. be restored t,o his forfeited privileges
by a t'wo-thairds vote of the General Assembly.
Provided, he prove conelusively that his lfe
and conduft has been exemp!:bIry dnoing tha't
Tice Prt'ident JoneOs.
Mr. Gamble offered a newvsurrrage schemie,
andi Mr. J. W. Bowman submitted a plan re
organizing the judi.2iary.
Mr. D. H. Russel. ogeredl the following:
"The Governor s.hall be elected by the
electors duly qualified to vote for members
of the House of Representatives and shall
hold his office for tour years and shall be in
eligible for re-election.
"There shall be elcted in eaeb county by
the electors thereof one clerk for the Court
of Common llas, who shall hold his ofiee
for four years and until his successor shall
be electe ri and qualiti.-d, and he shall not be
eliSibl- to r--e.-:ti'!n beyond his served time.
But h,> mua be eligible after omitting one
term .1n ihe sam rule asto the length of
t--1m of omeC and as to r- eliobility ::ball
a.pply tc all other countyV omelers~ igJher pro
videld for in ti Constitution er u der laws
enacted in pursuance ofit
Mr. Buit offered the following: "That al
lands belooging to, or under the control of
the 'sat'-. iiall nvr b' donated- directly or
indireeth- to 'rivat :0 .rprtions or to rail-.
road- .:..' :or iai li uh lands be
Sloan, on Miscellany.
ess price man EnaT ror whi-e t is euUlect t6 I
ale to individuals.
"Thi. however. shall not prevent the
;eneral Assembly f rum granting a right of 1
-ay not exceeding 100 fevt in width as a
nere e:sement to railroads afross State
ands. and the General Assembly shall never
lispose of the land covered by said right of
vay so long as such easement exists."
Mr. Bui-st also offered the following: "That
he General Assembly shall never grant extra
ompensadon fee or allowance to any public
fleer, agent. servant, or contractor after
ervices rendered or contract made. nor au
horize payment or part payment of any
laim under any contract not authorized by
tw. but appropriations may be made for ox
enditures in repelling invasion, preventing
r suppressing insurrections."
Mr. Buist offered the following: "That the
eneral Assembly shall not authorize pay
oent to any person of the salary of a de
eased offlepr beyond the date of his death."
Mr. Timmerman offered a plan disqualify
ng gambling oficials from holding office.
Dr. Timmerman offered a plan to pension
Mr. R. F. Smith offered a resolution for
ecording marriages, births and marriage
Mr. Tavlor offered the following: "No
erson who denies the being of God, or a
ature state of reward and puuisbment shall
old any office in the civil department of
Mr. Taylor offered the following: "The
atermarriage of white persons withnegroep,
aulattoes. or persons of mixed blood do '
ended from a negro is prohibited in tol
tate. The Legislature shall enforce this
ection by appropriate legislation."
Mr. Estridge offered the followingi "That
o attorney for any corporation shall be
ligible Eo a seat in the Legislature. If aVy
erson after his election become attorney ir
ny corporation he shall vacate his seat."
Mr. Wilson offered a reolution that the
me for the introduction of resolutions aad
rdinances be limited; that after the 28d
ast. no such papers be received. He asked
or its immediate consideration and this was
greed to. The resolution wai adopted.
Mr. Parler offered the following on the
1. All elections by the people shall be by
2. Every male inhabitant of the State of
outh Carolina, of the age of twenty-o.e
ears and upwards. shall be enti' ed to the
ight to vote.
3. Every female inhabitant of the age of
wenty-one years and upwards, who ow in
heir ..;vn right. property to the value of
bree hundred dollars. and who are posses
d of sufficient education so as to read the
onstitution of South Carolina as a whole,or
c part. and can write their names, shall be
ossessed of the right of registration and of
eleting an agent with written authority to
ast their ballot at all elections held by the
Mr. 1)idley offered the folowing:
-That the Supreme Court shall consist pt
ne ebief justice. and three associate justices,
. . lected by the General Assembly,
"That the members of the said court shall
ok1d their otlies for the term of eight years
om' the date of election and qualificatien.
--That the opinion of the circuit judge who
as tried the ease ap peal shall in case of an'
egny division of the~Supreme court, deter
aiue the decision of the court.
"At the expiration of eight years of service
b' memblers of said court shta.1 be eligib4M
c cou-t for life.
"No Supreme Court jadge shall exereje
he fun'dions of his office after he attains th'e
.e of 75 years.
"The General Assembly may provid4o
~ension for such retired member If in $ed%
ot to exc'eed one-fourth the yearly pai 6f
no activ'e member of said court.
(ren. Ilob't. Smnalls, the "GullahStatesman"
iT.red an interesting suffrage plan.
A t 4:30 p. mn.. the Convention adjoWEed
or the day.
Fraser oni Order. Style and Revisiesie
The seventh day s se.ssion of the Conven
ion was as serene and plie1d as the surfa'
f a lake on a sultry day. There was not
-en an cho of the previous day's battle oi
The convention was in secsion only about
alf an hour owing to the fa:t that none of
:he commnittees were ready to replort. A
ood of new ordinanes and resolutionas
yere tecived "nd then the cnvention took
a recezs Ei~ S r-. en fndflh o- Coldfie@
Aldrich, to liwr:.-b= fr-rn all advocates
of the cause f Ann's vffrnge who wished
to address the cvention. ColWnel Aldricb
stated that they had tle right that any citi
zen had to be heard and to present theit
grievanees. The conution agreed to it
During the day ctveral important ordi- I
nances were introile-d. Among them were v
ordinaines to regulte the suffrage in varl
ous ways: to engraft the dispensary law's
main features in the constitution: to make e
education com1pnIory; to prevent favoritism e
ia awardinig cijtraets for public printing,
etc. Gen. Roubert Smalls. the negro who was
a member of the re-constructionconvention. t
introduced an ordinanle containing the a
article on the suffrage in the present con- d
I. R. Read. colored, introduced an anti
l*nching ordinance. providing for the sum- n
mary dismissal of any officer of the law who e
allows a prisounr to suffer any bodily harm d
while in his custody.
In the evening the galleries were packed
to their ute, st capacity with spectators, s
mostly ladies, to hear the speeches of the
advocates of women'z suffrage. It was one 11
of the largest audiew:es ever seen in the helL t]
Addresses were made by Miss Laura .
Clay, of Kcntukv, the noted advocate of the
cauge. Mr. Virunia D. Young, president of n
/em 'ncpoa *on. S
tS q ; aa
nii. on (',jrrn1 ior.s.i
the State I~L(p!jilit-nts .'~o!llf.and Mrs.
Vil eiloqet. the vi-ce-president of the atso
CiW- 'OD. The~y were rnoz t attentively listened ~
to: d seemed well pleased with the atten
tio, hown them by the convention. The c
6p< -es were vnsually strong. The rep.- c
so- or womans siffrage were presented in a
a cible manner.
,.overnor Evan in introducing Miss Clay b
took occas"ion to say that it was supposed 0
tWt thev were ,be sovereign power. but that b
was not so; the woman was there to speak n
for herself. He paid a high tribute to the d
great Kentucky statosmar, Henry Clay, I
introducing his relative. and said, "Who t
knows but that this relative of the famed P
compromiser may be here now to cause his- t
tory to repeat itself so far as our State is c
Bell n ier. on Jurisprudence.
The Convention's First Week.
The work of the first week of the,
Cnstitutional convention seems to
indicate that the following matters in
one shape or another~ are' pretty cer
tain to be contained in the Constitu
1. An ordinance providing for general re
duction of the area of counties, with a ma.x
imum of not more than 500 square miles.
-2. An ordinance providing for biennial]
sessions of the Legislature.
. 3. An ordinance providing for election of
all State and county officers every fourth in
stead of every second year.
4. An ordiance in one shape or another
providing for the establishments of county
courts, presided over by county judges.
5. An ordinance regulating the payment
of the school tax, so that the taxpayer shall
have the right to designate to which of the
public schools it shall be applied.
6. Such a regulation of the liquor traffic
ad manufacture as has been providing by
7. A general provision for the chartering
3. A prevision for the establishments of a
tate board of pardons.
9. That judges of all State and county
courts be elected by the people
10. The establishment of a State bureau of
labor statistics and a State labor commission
These are the things that will, it
seemsg, be nearly certain to go through
wthout encountering very much op
position or exciting very great.discus
son except as to details.
Shepp.ard. for the Comiuntte on Rule'
TXhe Aroerican Manufacturer notes
that latest reports on the movement ol
iron ore from the Lake Superior
region state that up to close of June
the shipments aggregated 3,14'2,75'7
tons, an increase of 637,345 tons over
hoce of the firs aixr months in 1894.
BUTLER SCORCHES TLL31A
Luother Hot Day in Convention. The
Whipping Post to be Re-Estab
11shed. The Eighth Day.
There was another incipient sensation on
ie floor of the constitutional convention on
rednesnay, despite the fact that the session
ras as short as that of the previous day.
be matter had its origin in the sensational
esion Monday and this time, the "State's"
1itorial expression of opinion as to the first
ote taken on the Butler county matter was
ie cause. Mr. A. H. Patterson, of Barnwell,
fter requesting that one of the vice presi
ents take the chair. brough. up a resolution
enouncipg the editorial. asking for its im
ediate consideration. Ten members, head
I by Senator Irby, objected to the imme
iate consideration of the resolution and it
'as made the special older for the next ses
When Mr. Patterson brought up his reso,
ition, Vice President Talbert was called to
ie chair. The editorial declared that the
gares of the tellers were falsified by the
resident in stating them to the convention,
taking a tie vote instead of permitting a re
ss. The resolution declaresthat this state
Lent was not borne out by the re-vote taken,
d had no foundation and further that the
:atement was "a malicious falsehood." The
ansideration of the matter will doubtless
use a lively debate. .
Aside from this matter the session was
ery uneventful, although two vitally impor
nt articles of the new constitution were
ktroduced.by members of the committee hav
ig them in charge, and a flood of new or
nances providing for the establishment of
court of errors; providing for the keep
Lg of separate records of the taxes paid by
Le whites and the negroes; providing for the
;tablishment of a State reformatory for the
mnAement of youthful criminals; providing
>r the re-establishment of the whipping
st system of punishment for certainoffenses
troduced by ex-Congressman George D.
ilman; providing for the prevention of
rize 11ghts within the borders of the State;
ad providing for a plural system -7f voting.
Mr. Mower, of the committee on dedlara
on of rights, presented the article of - the
)nstitution on that subject, which the co.V
tittee has practically decided to recommend.
bere is an important section: "Excessive
ail shall not be required. nor excessive Anes
aposed, nor cruel and unusual punish
Lents inflicted nor shall witnesses be unrea
ynably detaisL4 Corporal punishment
allnot be inflicted. The p-wer to punish
>r contempt shall not in any case extend to
prsonment in the State penitentiaty."
Mr. Stokes, chairman of the committee on:
>rporations, submitted the full article on
)rporatious, which has been practically
greed to in committee. It provides against
ie acceptance of free passes by office-'
olders; against the consolidation of parallel
r competing lines of railroads: that it shall
e unlawful for any corporation doing busi
ess in this State to combine. directly or in
frectly. or for their trustees, assigns or
gents to combine to fix the Drice or regulate
ie prohibition or the consumption of the
roducts of the soil. or of the mines, or of
ie factories of this State; that social and
vil rights of employes shall not be inter
ared with. etc.
During the day the convention received
d adopted the report of the committee on
affrage in the matter of the contest from
illiamsburg county, dismissing the contest
resented by the negro delolzation
Veekly Bulletin of the State Weathr
The following encouraging weekly
mlletin of the condition of the weather
d the crops was issued by State
Veather Observer y. W. Bauer:
Cotton picking is general, and in the
ower portion of the State well ad
anced. In the western counties only
airly begun. In the lower and east
rn portions the plant is dying rapidly
ith scarcely any but open bolls on
he stalk, most of the top crop having
een shed. It is said a killing frost
ould not materially hurt the crop.
~fany half grown boils are openmng.
kst is apparently present- in every
eld and accounts for.the poor condi
ion of the top crop. Even in the
estern counties where the plant is
till green, the top crop is shedding
~adly. The weather was generally fa
~orable for picking, except along the
~oast, where numerous showers inter
ered, and in the north central coun
ies where the general cloudiness pre
rented rapid opening of the boils. In
Barnwell county the bulk of the crop
vill be gathered in the first picking.
Bol worms have been notiged in
arnwel county, making the third
ounty (the others being Aiken and
)rangeburg) where boll worms heve
ajured the crop.
Quantities of fodder was stripped
~rom late corn in the upper counties
uring the week, and this work is .
ractically finished. Some corn being
oused in the lower portions of the
state, but it has not yet become gen
sral. Late bottom corn is a very fine
During the first of the week fine
luent showers interfered with rice
arvet., but during the latter portion
he work progressed rapidly. The hot
eather and late rains improved up
:nd rice very much.
Sorghum mills in portions of the
itate are runniug day and night, and
arge quantities of molasses are being
ade in all portions of the State.
Pease are fruiting very well, and
;omne being gathered. The late rains
wre highly benenciial to this crop,
md in a fey l laces more rain is
Much pea-vine hay, as well as other
iav, was gathered the past week,.and
he dry weather was favorable for cur
Turnips, pindars and sweet potatoes
ire generally doing well, but the lat
er crop will be a short one, owing to
he unseasonable weather during the
Ground being prepared for rye and
all oats. It is said that oats sown
rom this time to the middle of Octo
ber will stand the most severe winter
Late fruit is plentiful in portions of
he State: pears and grapes in the
north and northwestern counties and
apples in the western counties.
The excessive rainfall on the coast
was not sufficient to injure winter
truck; vegetables and berries are grow
ing nicely and cabbage and bean
planting still being done.
On the whole the week was favorable
for maturing and gathering crops, as
well as for farm work in general.
The ta contaiselan110 Swedes.