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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., SEPTEMIBER 24, 1895.184
NOW IN SESSION AT THE STATE
Many Important Measures Introduced.
The Proceedings from Day
ANOTIIER SENSATIONAL DAY.
A Newspaper's Criticism of the Pre
ciding Offleer of the Ccnvention
Causes Some Stirring Scenes.
The constitutional convention on Thurs
day, the ninth day, devoted practically ite
whole day's session to the discussion of the
Patterson resolution to denounce the editor
ial statement in thf State newspaper, and via
dicate Governor E vans. president of the con
vention. from the charge of wilfully misstat
ing the vote on a resolution Monday last,
and there was another sensational session in
consequence. Things were lively from start
to flnisb. and particularly when Se-,ator Till
man made one of his hottest speeches. point
ing his finger at Editor Gonzales, who was
on the floor of the hall until the vote had
been taken and the amended Patterson reso
Iution had been passed by a vote of 123 to 23.
It was a matter of great public interest and
the gall(:ries uere filled with spectators from
the time the day's proceedings were opened
until the final vote was taken about 3 o'clock
in the afternoon. Aside from this matter
there was no other feature of the day's ses
sic., though a great many ordinances and
resolutions -f more or less importance were
presented near the close of the day's ses
Mr. Patterson presented a substitute for
his resolution introduced yesterday, which
concluded as follows:
"Resolved, First, that said editorial state
ment is unsupported by facts. -Senator Irby
baving announced upon the floor of the con
vention that the announeement of said vote
by the president w,.s correct, and as said
editorial is a refle:tion upon the honesty and
integrity of the p:esident of this convention,
and an insult to this body, be it
"Resolved. Second that the convention
desires to express its entire confidence in the
integrity, honesty and fairness of our presi
dent, the Hon. John Gary Evans. and we do
hereby declare the statementin the aforesaid
editorial to be unsustained by the facts and
"Resolved, Third, That we consider the
editorial in question an abuse of the privilege
granted to the press in admitting itA mem
bers to the floor of the convention."
Mr. Patterson made quite a speech on the
resolution, saying it was rebuke that they
owed to the people to make. They, as a
convention, had a right to revoke the priv
ileges granted the press and could punish
for contempt, but this he refrained from
urging because he did not wish the writer
of the defamatory article to appear as r
ma'tyr. Let it not go on the world that
Theysustained the charges made against their
president. He called upon them to_reb&tek
Col. Aldrich offered ti-folowing as an
amendment to Mr. Patterson's resolutions to
-ubtituted twTe third resolution:
newspaper, the State, has
abused the privileges allowed to the press
by this convention, and that for the balance
of the session its representatives be denied.
admission to the floor of the convention.and
that the sergeant-at arms be charged with
the enforcement of resolution."
Col. Aldrich in his speech said they all
knew that the elevating influence exercised
on society by the press was gone. Tkey all
kncew that in the morning when they saw
something in a p!aper of a sensational and
defamatory nature they never even bothered
themiselves to find out if it was true or not.
A.ny honest man, particularly their president.
could afl'ord not to notice it at all. His im
pulse would have been not to notice it at all.I
Tepaper had abuised the privilege given it
ard the only legitimate thing fo'r them to do
- vas to cut off that privilege, that the e"en
vention had given it. The representatives of
the press were granted the privilege to sit
there and report the pri,oedings of the "on
.'ention for the befit of the rilblic aind for
their own financial advancemnent, so loing a:s
tion could do was to put them out.
A strong speech was made by ex-Governor
~ n which he 'tated that Col. Aldrich's resolu
t ion should not be adopted, because the re
po~rter of the paper .on the floor had de
meaned himself as a gentlemaa and fur
nished fair and full reports. He had no ob
jection to re-affirming his coniidence in the
president and thought it well. sds
Many speeches were made on both sds
some taking the position that in stating that
the second vote bore out what it was claimed
the first vote was, it was requiring them to
swear what they knew was not true,
although the president bra' been honestly
mistaken in announeing it. Many were op
posed to the convention taking any notice
of it. Mr. Aldrieh's resolution was tabled.
Senator Tillman made one of his hottest
speeches. drawing the factional lines, and
saying that it was not a personal matter,
whiere vou could go frail a man with a stick.
Ponigto Editor Gonzales : "But such
things are beneath the dignity of that gen
-tleman over there. who has dished out more
hell-fire and damnation in this State than
has come from any mouth save mine." Mr.
Gonzales smiled and bowed ironically. Fac
tional feeling was there; it was cropping out
on all sides. He jumped <n Conservative
members. Governor Sheppard later resent
ed the motives imputed to himself and other
man demanded the roll call. The Patterson
resolution was adopted byv a vote of 123 to
23, some ten or twenty members having their
reasons for their votes spread on the journal.
Later Tillman apologized to the Conserva
tive members for the language he had used
in regard to their motives, saying that their
arguments had appeared specious to him.
During the day a petition was received
from the State WV. C. T. U., asking the con
vention to raise the age of consent from 10 tc
8Mr. Kiugh. of Abbeville, offered the follow
ing: "'That the General Assembly shall make
ample provision for the maintenance of pub
lie roads and shall levy annually a capita
tion tax not exceeding one dollar and fity
cents on each person liable to road duty and
also a tax on vehicles which shall be kept
-and used exclusively for the construction
and renair of the public roads in the county
herein such tax is collected. Providedl,
at any persons so taxed shall ha.ve the
ht to commute his c:apitation -coad tax
work on publig roads."
r. G. P. McKagen offered the following:
at no Senator or Representative during
erm for which he shall have been elected
1 be appointed or elected to any civil of
of profit or trust under the State."
r. J. C. Otts offered the following: "That
hain gang shall be established in every
unty in the State; provided, That this
section shall not orevent two or more coun
ties from consolidating their respective
Mr. J. C. Ot:ts offered the following: "That
the Legislature .hall have the right to license
.1e carrying ot concealed weapons under
such regulations as may be prescribed by
Mr. Otts also offered the following: "That
Sno mn:r *-r ;"rson under twenty-one yeas
- o f age shall le required to perorod6
or be required to pay a commutation tax iS
Mr: J. 0. A. Moore offered the followingi
"That it shall be unlawful for any person,
company or corporation to require of Its
servakts or employers. as a condition of
their employment or otherwise, any contract
or agreement whereby such persons, com
pany or corporatiox shall be released or dis
ckarxed from liability or respoisilpility on
account of personal injuries received bysuch
servants. or employees while in the service
of such persons. company or corporation by
reason (.f the negligence of such person,
company or corporation. or the agents or
employees thereof, and such contracts shall
be absolutely null and void."
Mr. J. 0. A. Moore offered the following:
"That no railroad or other transportation
company shall grant free passes or tickets.
or passes or tickets at a discount to members
of the Legislatere or any State. district,
county or municipal oftleers, except railroad
commissioners. The Legislature shall enact
suitable laws for the det-,?Lion, prevention
and punishment of violations of this pro
Mr. Moore offered the following : "That
every person. corporation or company that
may commit a homieide through wilful act,
omission or gross negligence shall be respon
sible in exemplary. damages to the surviving
husband, wife or heirs at !aw of him or her,
without regard to any criminal proceeding
that may be had for such homicide."
THE DECLARATION OF RIGHTS.
Mr. Mower. from the committee on de
claration of rights. presented the following
Important article of the Constitution, which
has, it is understood. been practically agreed
to by the committee already:
An Ordinance Relating to the Declaration of
Be it ordained by the people of South
Carolina. in convention assembled, and by
the authority of the same, that the following
provisions shall constitute the declaration of
rights to be embodied in this Constitution as
Section 1. All political power is vested in
and derived from the people only. therefore
they have the right at all times to modify
their form of governmenti.n such manner as
they may deem expedient when the publio
Sec. 2. All powers not herein delegated
are reserved to the people nor shall the enu
meration of certain rights herein be con
strued-to deny or disparage others retained
by the people.
Sec. 3. Representation shall be apportion
ed according to ponulation.
See. 4. The General Assembly ought fre
quently to assemble for the redress of griev
ances and for making new laws as the com
mon good may require.
See. 5. The General Assembly shall make
no law respecting an establishment of re
ligion or prohibiting the free exercise there
of provided that the liberty of conscience
hereby declared shall not justify practices
inconsistent with the peace and moral safety
of society; or abridging the freedom of
speech or of the press; or the right of the
people peaceably to assemble and to petition
the government or any department thereof
for a redress of grievances.
See. G. The pr"ivileges and immunities of
citizens of this State and of the United
States, under this Constitution shall not be
abridged. nor shall any person be deprived
of life, liberty or property without due pro
cess of law: nor shall any person be denied
equal protection of the law. .
See. 7 All property subjecto'rtaxation
shall beta:dn.propertion' to its value.
-196e. 8. No tax. subsidy, charge, impost
tax or duties shall be establi.shed, made or
lcvied under any pretext whatsoever without
the consent of the people or their representa
tives lawfully assembled.
Set. 9. No bill of attainder. ex post facto
law. law impairing the obligation of con
tracts, nor law granting any tit,e of nobility
r hereditary emolu ment shall be passed and
no conviction shall work corruption of
blood or forfeiture of estate.
See. 10. The right of citizens of this State
to vote shall not be dented or abridged on
account of race, color or previous condition
See. 11. The ribht of suffrage as regulated
in this Constitution shall he protected by
laws regulating eie-:tions and probb..iting un
der adequate penalti.'s all undue influences
from power. i.ribery, tumult or improper
Sec. 12. All elections shall be free and
opecn and every lnhabitant of tnis State pos
seeing the qualifieations provided for in
this Coustitution shall have an equal right to
'lect olll"ers and b.e eler-ted to fill public of
Sec. 13. No property qualifieation shall be
necessary for an election t'o or the holding of
any ceficee. and no ofilee shall be created, the
eleetion cr appointml2'nt to which shall be
created, the e-tion ora ppointment to which
shall lbe for a longer term t.han good behav
ior. After the adoption oif this Constitution
whoever shall fight a duel or send or accept
a czhallenige for that purpose, or be an alder
or abetter in fighting a duel shall be deprived
of holding any oilice of honor or trust in
this State and'shall be otherwise punished as
the law enall prescribe.
See. 14. Temporary absence from the
State shall not forfeit a residencA once ob
Sec. 15. The power of suspending the laws
or the execution of the law shall only be ex
ercised by the General Assembly or by its
authority in piarticular eases expressly pro
vided for by it.
Sec. 16. In the government of this State,
the legislativs. executive and judicial powers
of the government shall be forever separate
and distinct from each other, and no person
or persons exercising the functions of one of
said departments shall assume or discharge
the duties of any other.
Sec. 1'7. Neither slavery nor involuntary
servitude, except as a punishment for crime
whereof the party shall have been duly con
vited, shall exist in this State.
Section 18. All eourts shall be public and
every per-son shall have speedy remedy
for wrongs sustained.
Sec. 19. The right of the people to be se
cure in their persons. houses, papers and ef
fects against urasonable searches and
seizures shall not be violated and no war
rants shall i'sue but upon probable cause
uported by oath or arnrmation, aud par
ticlarly describing the place and the- person
or thing to be seized.
Sec. 20. No person shall he held to answer
for any crime where the punishment extceeds
a fine of $100 or imprisonment for thirty
days. unless on a presentment or indictment
of 'a grand jury of the county where the
Trime shall have been committed, except in
eases arising in the laud or naval forces or
in the naval militia when in actual service
in time of war or public danger, nor shall
any person be subject for the same offence to
ie put twice in jeopardy of life or liberty;
nor shall be compelled in any criminal case
to be a witness against himself; nor be de
prived of life, liberty or property without
due process of law; nor shall private proper
by be taken .- public use without just com
~Sec. 21. in all criminal prosecutions the
accused shall enjoy the right toea speedy and
public taial by an impartial jury of the county
where the crime shall have been committed
and to be informed of the nature and cause
of the accusation; to .be confronted with the
witnesses against him; to have compulsory
process for obtaining witnesses in his favor
and to ha7e the assistance of counsel In his
Sec. 22. Excessive bail shall not be re
quired.- nor excessive fines imposed, nor
ruel and unusual punishments inflicted, nor
shall witnesses be unreasonably detained.
Cororal punishment shall not be inflicted.
The~power to punish for contempt shall not
in any case extend to imprisonment in the
Sec. 23. All persons shall before conviction
be bailable by sufficient sureties except for
capital offences, when the proof Is evident
or the presumption great.
Sec. 21. In all indictments or prosecutions
for libel the truth of the alleged libel may be
givn in evidence and the iur Shan~ be
Judges of tbe law and the facts.
Sec. 25. The privilege of the writ of habeas
corpus shall not be suspended when in cases
'of insurrection. rebellion or invasion, the
public safety may require it.
Sec. 26.- No person shall be imprisoned for
debt except in cases of fraud, and a reason
able amount of property as a homestead,
shall be exempted from seizure or sale for
the Payment of debt or liabilities. except for
the payment of such debt or liabilities as are
provided for in this Constitution.
Sec. 27. In all civil action, formerly
known as suits at common law, where the
value in controversy shall exceed $20, the
right of trial by jury shall be preserve i
See. 28. A well regulaited militia being ne.
cessary to the security of a free State, the
right of the people to koep and bear arm=
shall not be infringed. As in times of peae
armies are dangerous to liberty, they shall
not be maintIned without the consent of
the General:Wembly. The military power
of the State shall always be held in subordi
nation to the civil aut horities and be govern
ed by it. No soldier shall in time of peae
be quartered in any house without the con
sent of the owner. nor in time of war but ir
the manner to be pr- s-rib-d by law.
See. 29. No person shall in any case, be
subject to ma'rtial law or to any pains or pen
alties by virtue of that law except by those
employed in the army and navy of the Uni
ted States anl except the militia in actual
service by the authority of the General As
See. 30. No person who has conscientious
scrupples against .e;srins arms shall be com*
pelled to do so,. hei be shall pay an equiva
lent for perso:a! ervice.
Sec. 31. All navi-abl waters shall fore
ver remain publie hi:hwmys free to the citi
zensof the Stat- and the United States with
out tax. impost. or toll im posed: and no ta,
toll. impnz-t or vJ:i!uffa.' .shall be imposed,
demanded -,r recril -rvin the owner of any
merchandise e.-ownedity for the use of the
shores or any whart eeted on the shores or
in or over the waters r: navigable stream
unless the sam Lt.- :!isorized by the Gener
S... 8...T..:-r.-.-....il i C.siitu tio~n
shall [I,ua.o n aa:! .: - .!- t Le
mandator. 2n Iei..y :'i not merely
direetory ixel t whvw .go.sy made di
rectory or rtnisMer ly (it own t_inis.
MRS. YOUNG'S SP'CU
At the Constitutional Convention At
Governor Evans introduced Mrs.
Virginia D. Young, as "one of ow
own citizens." Mrs. Young made a
lengthy, strong and forcible presents
tion of the cause so dear to her. ThE
following portion of her address.-howi
its character. She spoke as follows:
Gentlemen of the Constitutional Conven
Because I believe in the inherent goodness
and greatness-or every man to a certain ex
tent, and of tIe instinctive justice that tugm
at his heart strings. I come before you with
confidence to make my plea for the uplitt o!
- As men and women we are but halves of a
great whole, and the whole suffers when in
justice is done to the half. At article in the
September -number of Harper's Magazine
findstie raison d'etre for the late horrible
Armenian massacre, in the religion professed
by those barbarians.
That religion embodied inthe false prophet
Mahomet, had for its cornterstone the degra
dation of women. This man, who in his
later years of con(uest and absolute power,
"changed his wife every day." made it a
fundamental tenet of the religion he taught
that women were to be the puppets for the
gratification of man's passions. and this atti
tude has continued to characterize the rela
tionship of men and women in Mohammedan
countries to this day.
Dr. Thompson testifies that children born
in the harem learn from mothers to hate in
tensely as the earlist of all lessons, and
what wonder that this hate incarnates itselJ
inla nation of highwaymen and assassins whc
practically deny all true goodness among
them, and are ready when oppo rtunity offers
to massacre unarmed men. wom en and chil
dren by wholesale.
I turn from this repellant picture to m-y
native State. where it has been customary to
set up woman on a pedest al to bie worshipped.
Wel-l, we are very pirstical these days ins
this Stato, and very fewv fiminis can afford
to have the woman part of it setting up on
a pedestal all day doing nothing for sef suip.
port awd h-elp of the family. The exi::encies
of the times have sent women and girls of
the most jyfined and t-eusive ideas out into
the world, where no degree of tihe "-shrink
ing." or "Clnig. or "spir'il can save
them from enco.uterin)g men on a purely
buasiness b asis.
These bunsiness men have an immsens ad
vantageC (ver be as wom-n. be-n.use they
vote and tihe women 'nonot. I b4eives every
man in this convention, when he reflects on
this disadvant: ue of working women-I mean
all who do anything, whether teachisg or
keeping house-I believe. I say. that when
von gentlemen give your minds to coLmider
ing t~his injunstie you will hasten to wipe it
Some of you h-ave daughters who are the
light of your cves. Thank heaver, it is so.
How can y'ou 'withhold from these beings.
dearer to~v-on than your own lives, what will
be to thenm a shield andi a defence in their
struggle for existeznce?
My brothers, it i.,beauise of the awful cor
Iruetion of polit"'- th.st we women (who keep
the churches gohing and the p'reacbers from
starving, and whno don' t incerease the peni.
tentiary fo: cesr uwant to 'ome in with mops
and brooms an1d atiood of pure water to
cleanse away the 'orruptiont.
You are not or equails in the power of
puttini the rights, though I freely admit
your siu periority in mny things. But try
us in this eruiahl time and see if we dont
make this m nifientI State of ours such a
safe and w holesome habitation that emi.
rat will begin to flow in--those emigrants
that have heen kept out by reports of the too
ready pistol andI the prevalence of mob maw,
IGentlemen. if you knew how hard I have
'worked to get statist; ' s to piresent you as to
the amount or property owns-d and taxes
naid 'no women in Sousth Carolina you would
evmpaths:e with um' I know. I do not
'oubt. how ever, that you1r personal knsowl
edge will -onlirm whant I say about the v'ery
large proportion of tanx's paid by women in
South C arolin;', but supplement and go far
beyoend my~ owvn knowledge. Of all the men
and w omen I've written to earnestly entr'eat
ing" them to steusre figures from the auditors'
books. very few hsave responded with the
flgure-, but many have written to be excused
because of thre "greatness of the task." stat.
ing that to arrive at "the numiber of women
taxpayers and property owned by them would
reqjuire two days' hard work to the country."
I have, howev-r. a reliable list of taxes
raid by womens and property own by them
in thre" co.unties-Newl.erry. Lexington and
In Lexngton the property returned by
wome-n fo r t;sxati'n; foots usp $528.400: in
Florence county' 5550.000. or 20 per cent. of
whole. The womn's of of Ne wberry pay
68.901.42 of taxe-s on property valued at
$770.'167. I do not doub't that there is a
similiar portion. or even larger, of prop
erty owned and taxes paid by women. in
nearly every county in the State.
Toting is not a matter of physical strength.
is it? It seems to me it's a matter of judg
mnent. principle- and I '-an't se- how you can
get r'oind adnaitting our q1ualileations in
that lin. mine ve.mn have opened the doors of
the South Carolina College to women, and
blesed be heaven> recognized the value of
the State's daughtersby~ providing the Girls'
Industriail C olege as "h offset to Clemson.
From wshat I can lenN of the history of
South Carolina. ours was"-mong the very
first of the original Stat's t'MaiSe the cry:
-We will not p'ay taxes to a go&ernmlent in
whichb we are ns'ot represented." ~
And ye" roy brothers, that is the ecc of
t+e+tdnaina w-omen 9f annth Carolin.l to.
day. It was dot only in Boston harbor that
tea was thrown overboard. but also in ouz
old Georgetown and Cbarleston. This was
done in the spirit o[ resistance to the tax im
posed on those who. so far from having any
voice in the parliament of Britain. had for.
eigners foisted over i hem as governors. Men
poured out their blood resisting this tyranny.
Do you lciow that the same blood flow.
not only in your veins. but in ours, and that
we, too. think it hard and cruel "tyranny"
that we must pay taxes to support the Stat,3
governmert and have no voice in electing
the men who make the laws and administer
them? I do uot believe what the Russian
poet says: "God has forgotten where he hid
the key of woman's emancipation." I be
lieve the key of ours is in your hands, gen.
tlemen of the convention. and that you are
going to unlock with it the door of freedom
to the women of South Caro.ina.
I bope that you will not hesitate to put
woman's suffrage in the new Constitution be
cause it is a novelty. There was a time whei
tho locomotive was a novehy, when the
steamboat was a novelty.
Very few people like to take the lead H
what is new and strange. but will trot alon,
serenely according to old methods for no
better reason than because "it was good
enough for my father and mother."
BIrs. Young here cited the opposition tri
the introduction of umbrellas into England,
saying that the people were opposed to them
because it was a violation of God's statement
that he sent the rain on the just and the un
Sjust. She also related the opposition to the
introduction of locomotives, and proceeded:
So women will g> on being sweethearts,
wives and mothers, and loving to dress and
enjoying men's attentions just the same
when they vote as they do now. And I do
say that there are no finer gentlemen In the
world than right here in my native State.
If you want poecedents, however, on the
lin~s I advocate. I have a lot of testimony
from various State officials in Wyoming and
She went on to recite some data obtained
Mrs. Young continued presenting
many other points with as great force
and effect, a:ad frequevtly she display
e. considerable humor. She dwelt
very earnest.y on the point that wo
man as a taxpayer was entitled by
every sense ot right and justice to a
vote, w%hen she paiu her taxes. She
kept her audienceb in a good humor
and frequently it showed its approba
tion of her utterances.
GLEAINGS FROM MANY FONT6.
Impist a enings,- Both H(.me
and Foreiga, Briefly Told.
NewsT Southern Notes.
The Sons of -eterau!ected W. H.tRrs
sell, of Rush Centre, Ras., commander-in
chief at Knoxville.
Six negroes have died at Camilla, Ga.,
from poison in their food at a basket picni,.
It is supposed pies cooked in tin plates were
the poisonous viands.
Mr. James C. Mills, the oldest printer In
Baltimore, and who had been employed on
the Sun since 1842, died on Monday. He was
born in Belair in 1819.
At Dallas. Tex.. the Corbett-Fitzsimmons
match will come off. In the test glove con
test case before Judge Hurt. of the Court of
Criminal Appeals, held that there is no law
in Texas against prize lights.
A soda-water fountain which had been set
out in the sun, exploded at the corner of
Peachtree and Decatur streets in Atlanta.
The result was that J. A. Almand was deat
ened in his left oar and W. 0. Douglasa
stunned into insensibility.
The New Jersey Republican convention
nominated John W. Griggs for Governcr.
Its platform: -Opposition to any attempt to
impose upon this cou.ntry a debased or de
The New York State Republican Conven
tion in session at Saratoga on Tuesday re
nominated the entire old ticket on a straight
*ballot, and the incumbents will again go be
fore the people. The resolutions adopted
omit the excise plank. reaffirm adherence to
the policy of protection and demand sucn
legislation as will afford an adequate income
tax for the mainterance of the government
while giving encouragement to American
-capital and remunerative wages to American
laborers: denounced the income tax as pass
ed by Congtess; declared -belief that "the
- nation's hono.r as wellas the material inter
ests of our citizens demand the masutenance
of a national-currency, every dollar of which.
whether in gold. silver or paper notes shasli
be of equal value and equal debt-paying or
purchasing power. and we declare our un
alterable opposition to the free unlimited
coinage of silver;" the administration of
Governor Morton was hearti lyendorsed and'
he is presented as the candidate of the Re
publicanus of the Empire State for the presI
dency of the United States.
In the Province Volkynia, Russia, between
Au2:. 18 and Aug. 24 inclusive. 5,049 cases >f
* holera were reported and 2,134 deaths from
that disease. In the Province of Podolis.,
from the 21st to the 31st of August, 101 cases
of cholera and 45 deaths were reported.
The Treasury stated gold reserve Saturdia y
at the close of business stands at $95.862,3i8.
The Treasury was informed that 8150,000
was withdrawn at New York for export and
$75.000 deposited in exchange for currenny.
Peter Kiernan, editor of the New Orleans
E vening Telegram, was fined $100 Thursday
for abusing the privileges of the press in
libeling the district attorney.
.BRoss C. Van Bokelen, receiving teller of the
Merhants' Loan and Trust Company at
Chicago, is misAing with about $50,000 of the
inoney belonging to the institution. Hei
* upposed to be in Mexico.
The Pennsylvania Railroad in testing a
new engine from the company's shops made
a remarkably quick run between Jersey City
and Philadelphia. The distance between theI
two cities is 89.76 miles and the r-uz was:
made in 90 mInutes.
Richmond Tobacco Market.
Sun-cured Tobacc:o-Lugs, $2 to 8.5; short
leaf, $5 to $8: long leaf. $8 to $12; wrappers,
$12 to $20.
Bright Tobaccos-Smokers: Common, $4
to $5: medium. $6 to $7; fine,. $8 to $10. Cut
ters: Commnon, $10 to $12; medium, $16 tc
$18: flue. $22.50 to $25; fancy, 827.50 to 830.
Fillers: Coms-non. $3.50 to $4; medium.
$4.50 to $5.50; :;ood. $6 to $8; line, $10 tc
$12. Wrapi'.rs: Com mson. 812 to $15: me
dium. $15 to $20: good, $2.5 to $30: tine. $3l
to $40: fau-y. 45.00 to 50.00. Wrappers. Ma
hogany: Commnon. 12.00 to 15.00: miedinrn,
20.00 to 22.00: good. 25.00 to 32.50: fine, 35.00
to 40.00; fam-v. 45.00 to 50.00.
Dark Tob'bac.-os-Lu.s, 2.00 to 4.25; short
leaf, 4.50 to 6.50; l>ag leaf, 6.00 to 8.00; selec
tons. 12.00 to 15.00.
Prince Eitel frit::. lKaiser Wilhelm3
second eor, is t weve years old and weighs
101 oaluti, t wenty-two pounds more thai
CLEVELAND PRESSED THE BUT
TON. A GREAT PARADE.
The International and Cotton State*
Exposition is Now in Full Blast.
With the auspicious accompaninent of mil
Itary pomp and civic dignity, leading an im
mense crowd of people, and ionored by the
presence of the dignitaries of the Church and
repr"sentatives of foreign countries, the Cot
ton States and International Exposition was
f . rmally opened to the world on Wednesday
The parade was a brilliant one, lacking
the tedious encumbrance of a great miscella
neous throng. It was composed entirely of
military bodies and bands of music, headed
by the United States Fifth Infantry and the
Washington Artillery, of New Orleans, and
followed by several regiments of Georgia
The parade moved promptly from the
starting point at the center of the city, at
the .intersection of Broad and Marietta
streets, and was about an hour in traversing
the distance of three miles to the exposition
grounds, reachiug there about 3:30 o'clock
The exercises at the auditorium were im
posing and impressive. It was a gratifying
surprise that the auditorium, though crowd
ed, was comparatively cool and the acoustic
properties were almost perfect, so thdt the
spcakers could be -distinctly heard in all
parts of the building. President Collier re
ceived a great ovation when he arose to
speak. as did Mrs. Joseph Thompson, presi
dent of the Women's Board.
The speeches were all good. and the ora
tion by Judge Emory Speer, of the United
States Court, was a profound utterance.
The hit of the day'was by Booker T. Wash
ington, the representative of the negro race,
who, in a 20 minute speech. evoked greater
applause than all the others put together.
He seemed to have the ear. of the audience,
and pleased both whites and blacks.
Some ultra conservative people who have
doulted the propriety of inviting a negro to
take a prominent part in the programme
were enthisiastic in their praise of hisspeech,
and it is generally conceded that its effect
will be a happy one.
The exposition is much nearer completion
than tho public had supposed. The actual
opening revealed a series of displays nearer
completeness than any ever shown by an ex
position at its opening.
THE PRESSING OF THE BUTTON.
A great crowd of people gathered in the
Machinery Hall before the close of the ex
ereises in the auditorium, waiting to see the
majestic influence of the touch that would
come over the wires for a; thousand miles to
set the maebineryin motion. The big Frick
engine was in readiness, and a row of bat
terie s rested near the engine. Just at 5:54:20
President touched tho button, the
4Wtle sounded. the engine moved off at a
f .y-;gait and nl -the machiniry'folY6*ed
.'he great crowd sent up a shout that
shok .he roof. Almost simultaneously hun
dred- of are lights flashed out on the plaza,
and myriads of incandescent lights gleamed
and siintillated from the cornices and domes
of t1hte Woman's Building and the Govern
ment luilding. It was just dusk, and in the
gathering darkness the shouts of the crowds,
the flash of the lights and the noise of the
bombs of the Presidential salute emphasized
the formal opening of the exposition.
The transportation facilities proved equal
1 to the o-(asion and there was no confusion.
With double tracks on the Southern Railway
to Atlanta and lines of street railways, the
crowds suffered no inconvenience. The ter
minal facilities were fully adequate, and
there was every facility .for ingress and
egress at the grounds.
At Buzzard's Bay the President receivedl
the following telegram before 5 o'clock from
cx-Governor Bullock, chairman on the com
mittee of arrangements:
''The committee on ceremonies are in
structed by the President and director for
andi by the board of directors to express to
the Presid'ent their high appreciation and
thanks for the great interest the President
has shown. both in this and on other occa
sions. and in behalf of the success of the ex
position. Under the guidance of the hand
of President Cleveland, one of the most im
portant commercial andl industrial events
ever attempted in oursection has now start
ed on its career for the upbuilding of our
material interests by closera commercial re
lations with all portions of our co'untry and
with sister republics South of the United
States. The mingling of people from all
se 'tions, made possible by the President's
a pproval and aid to our efforts, will render
future ill-will between the sections impossi
At the request of the committee, the
P'resident was asked to send his message be
fore the button was pressed in order that it
might be read to the vast assemblage. Mur.
Cleveland kindly consented and wired the
Ifollowing at about 3:30 o'clock:
"To the President and Board of Directors
of the Cotton States and International Expo
sition, Atlanta, Ga.: Fully appreciating the
value and importance of the exposition in
augurated to-day, I am especially gratified
to be related to tts inception and progress
and to participate in its opening ceremonies.
I sincerely congratulate those whose enter
prise and energy have accomplished' such
splendid results, a'nd heartily wish that the
exposition they have set on foot will be com
pletely successful in consummating all the
good results contemplated by Its promotera.
TIE ORATOB OT TEE DAY..
Hon. Emory Speer, the orator of the day,.
delivered an ~eiaborate ora ion, -which was
aprplauded all the' way through. Following
a re the most interesting portions of .Judge
"Ti;s indeed a happy day for our coun
try. Cold and dull must be the nature of
th'at mian who is insensit:le. to these convinc
ing proo;fs gathered that the world may see
the ad'van'emnent of our people on all paths
trendini: t"ward a more perfect civilization.
IThe spe'tacle is indeed naspielious. TheW as
tounding mnanifestatious of the energy of
modern untwens exalt while they amaze the
un'lerstanding. They elevate and enrich the
im agi natli and yet it is impossible for that
lively fa.-;lty to conceive the complete re'all
tv of the' wonidrous andi im~perial display.
Such is l: he unblin;e' panorama this exibi
tnof t v' posibilities of the vouing anud po
t a naion will ulace 'efore t:.e ,entient and
oleervant"', mIn.i'CeiYLable significant of
mightful natinaL i'e and' w-ighity b':yond'
est"'imat'on~ in is lesso"'s of patriotic duty to
Ithe pepleto whom. ijcordin;g to their sev
"ta ab'iliy Ias in1th p'arable of the~ talents.
I'hee r'-ti'tialjtfe" for the' advancement of
mind hav" b'een entrus-t'd ly the Master.
"The "iubstanitial mragniheenee and henefl
cert humeaness of this vast underta king a
nosiblIu1 only to the resolution and ac;tlvit'es
of a free piople. An autocr'at ight rear
v ast a-seinIIv. Au Areti"' niln -n the r
de'rs it Finliad. in summelir a hea~Ip of mi l
path'less~u fits an'd dIe:p~ meas- tin~ a
vear wa Tiled with a poplulat.ion nl 200.000't
1m. hom the Czar Pet-' hid for.ibly 's
h'e br'"- ht from thei i a,t plan 'f Central
Rus.i' . I- sandyv A-i ,2 Astrakhain. the
i-rtile r. .w alon the Iin. and the
blea m--wriswiih pirej.' into the
C.aspIiri'X1 .x Wh rIs har 4tre'ts. ialaces
and i fr' ee w'.r' e :- t''d at tIe will of the
. .sif hei'.',--"--d theQ neeromaIntie
Ilau ii ii the Arabiain -toy 'a'd \~ 'ltaire:
--T .L.r hoi" was a for' e uDOl Fdtule. Neith
JTDGE EXORT SPEER.
(Oratcr o the day at opening exercises oi
the Exposition grounds.)
or the inundation which razed his works,
nor the sterility of the soil. nor the ignorance
of the workmen. nor even the mortality
which carried off about 200.000 men in the
beginning of the undertaking, could divert
him from his firm resolution.' Thus the ma
Ierial victorics of autocracy have been won,
without rd to the agony inflicted upon
its subjects. Thus St. Petersburg was com
pleted. But that stately abode of bureau
crney and despotism is not more b!neftcent
tr. the people whos simple ancestors died un
der the knout for its construction than one
of those fantastical palaces of ice which an
nually glitter on the wintry banks - of,the
"Not so with creations as this of a. fee
people. They are enlivened by the benevo
Ienee of great and generous men. They are
encouraged by the fostering hand of sympa
thic popular government. They are symp
torms of vi.-orous national life. They are at
tended with warm demoustrations of concern
by a people uni racticed in the arts of dis
simulatiou. Whether the sagacious people
of t he British Isles provide and perpetuate
the l tiei.t glories of the Crystal Palace, or
the brilliant Frenehmen, while the soil of the
R-publc is vet scarred with hoof-marks of
- the.-Prussianhlans. by gigantic expositions
.dcmoustrate their unimpaired power, or
,irteful America lavishes her own bounty,
and bctomes trustee for a willing tribute
from mankind in reverence for that sailor
philosoph,r, whose genius and constancy
disecv' r(d half the habitable globe, or these
typical Gzorgians consecrate their disinter
;ted ' ives to demonstrate to all men the
itreiigth of Southern character, and the
plertitude of Southe a resources and the
adap-tabiliv of our country.as-a home foz
unim::gncd millions of prospe pous and hap
pv proplo, in any event. - creation of
t people's prophetic i 4fnee, <f their
resprearier.t public virtu at-ourished into
-:elerous activity .byg hand of
p!pIl ,e.ne.titumtionatg& ormeA .e
.Uere the liberal and inspring purpose is
he advancement of our country. It kindles
th- imagination of the projector when the
-,right conception dawns upon his teeming
anlY. It reminds the capitalist that econo
nv in its oroadest sense is a distributive vir
te. With free band then he' makes his
xi alh a willing servant of public honor. It
.:rates the genius of the architect and the
irv facips become a thing of beauty and
y !orevvr. It give nrecision to the trained
ve and power to t* a uervous arms of the
tifi"erM. It musien"y rings in the trowels
f th inasons. It crackles like rifle fire in
h.. hammers of the carpenters. Every deto
ation of the last which swiftly sinks the
I:nldation of the great buildings to the bed
,eck swi.-eepinz down from the mountains is
a salvo of triumph to the civilization of a
.:t people. Over the fair and mighty
t ruturvs streams the ensign of a nation's
onor. Beautiful flag of the Rep,ublic ! All
he fairedt concepitions of government, of so
iil ordcr, of human accomplishment-all
that promotes the perfectibility of .mnan are
typified by thee. Law and progress are thy
eolor gua'rd. Their reviving and assuring
presence is borne on every zephyr that woos
the mountain and tempers the vale, and
brings life and strength to the increasing
millions to whom thou art an inspiration
and a joy. But not to them alone.
- fumanity with all its fears.
With its hopes for future years.
Are all with thee. arc all with thee.'
"Here o'er the mountain waves of the
ocean have been brought the treasures of
other lands. From the Gulf of Mexico to
the Straits of 31agellan our sister repubhes
roudly come.bringing with willing hands of
the bounty the God of nature has bestowed
pon them~. Comes the Argentine Republic.
her territory greater than all Central and
Western Eu rope. stretching from the Atlantic
-to the summits of the Andes. which guide
the mariner who sails the distant Pacifle, in
latitude exceeding our own. whose beautiful
-eity is the Paris of South America and whose
galant people have twice ea .tu red invading
B~ritisa armies larger than those surrendered
by Burgoyne at Saratogo and Cornwallis at
Judge Speer then referred in glowing
terms to the wonde.rful physicial resources
of Venezuela. Costa Rica. Salvador and
Of the educational.effect of great expo si
tions he said:
'Besides who can doubt the educativa
cfect 'of such proofs of human advancemert
a this Exposition? A lad can walk through
these halls and acquire knowledge of which
Sir Isaae yewton or Sir Francis Bacon were
ignorant. He may behold dainty products
.f all lands for which Lucullus might have
sighed in vain. He may watch the noiseless
operations of edgines at Watt or Stephenson
could not eveni 'onceive: models or shipt
vInch would have been deemed impossibie
v Nelson. e-r Rlodney. by Bainbridge or De
-tur; arms and munmtions of war the mnen
'ton of which 31arlborough or Frederick,
Wlngton' or Nanc-l'eon would have pro
noinn'ed the dreams of a madman. 'Home
keepng youths. ' said Shakespeare, -hav4
1yrhml wits.' The powe- of the brair
'ar lie te frein the~ flint.' A 'oithsion witl
bigh 'jt stel o jf othe'r mminds is e- .tial t<
evoke the salbrd spark. This Expositiet
-areu lly st md-ld will ibe a liberal educatio;
ir thousamis w ho attend it. To beattaiced
knowldge nn:st be sou-.:ht. and what joy i
imparts! What mmetlers to the igno;ant mat
th clear and lueet glorie's of the dawn, th<
ephyvrs whi'ch atteud it and scatter incens
to d'elighted natrure& Wh.at the mysteriou
*domeof heaven infad with patines of pur
.gold, what the rolling billows of the deel
Iand dark blue ocean. what the might:
grandeur of the storm. the life-giving breeze
the green fields, the placid intelligence o
" 'Apriros bya river's brim
And it is nothing more.'
"But to him whose mind is stored witi
knowedge every suggestion of natu re bring
its joy and fills his heart and ineffable charm
"But the utility of this Exposition to ott
State and our section is especially signitleanm
and especially oppOrtune. Th"' prophCer 0
the gener ous Bishop Berkeleo, the friend an'
associate of Ogleehorpe. has been comn
Westward the ec-.rae of empire takes i
waou ieacts al.readv ypast:
The fif th shall close the dramra with the day-.
Time's no,blest offspring is the last.'
'"I hear declare that the so-ealled 'raea
Iquestion' does not exist. There are milbi)n
of colored people who live and who will h,v
among many more millions of whic peopit
whysben S0vanh forre a race issue? Hon
est ind eeceiit men will accord to the ne r
that just measure of favor as a member of so
ciety the laws afford him, and which his
conduct deserves, and the long processes 9f
time will determine whether his presence is
a benetit or an injury to himself and to the
land to which he is now as warmly attached
as his white neighbors. No process of re.
soning. no fertility of conjecture will afford
any other solution of the socalled question.
Nyhy agitate it then? Its unnecessary djcus
;on has withheld from the resources ofthese
States the fructifying hand of the industrious
white me'. whether farmer or artisan who
'arnin; a bare support elsewhere, could in
th!s geiai clime. win an abundance of which
h:1 nver dreamed. It is, moreover more
- ruvl to the negro than it is detrimental to
:.,! white mn for the prejudice it awkens
.:I:es lie idle, ignorant and lawless to be
Smnie the suspicious enmies of the negro.
is, ind. 1. a::-ouree of alarm to those in
Smeuio'us and rcspectable negroes wh se in
t-ih:-et la.,or and self-denying habits
;:,v! slupprted their families educated
thir children and . added millions
mI:,: vi to the taxable value of
: nes: There is one thing since his
' ipaltion the South has ever guaranteed.
t. *,: negro. that is no matter what histrade
1r n-vuipation, the priviloge of earning his
It is a. commo- spectacle upon
structures of every character to behold num
bers of white and negro mbohanics working
side by side. -I have regretted to learn that
this is not true in the Northern States. I
was informed by th' pWsident of atechnolo
gical school from Philadelphia, a man of
great intelligenie and greSt benevolence,
that they yearly turned out numbers of col
ored youth trained, skilful in the trades they
had mastered. but that if one of these men
should be employed as a skilled laborer on
any work. every member of the tiade unions
would quietly gather up his tools and quit
the job. No such feeling has existed here.
The opportunity for technical education is
the greatest benefaction his friends can be
stow on the negro. The-skill of the graduate
of an industrial school is his capW
tal. He has been taught to
appreciate the dignity of labor.
He is not striving for the unattaian
ble. He is a useful citizen from the start.
He begins his lifework on a solid basis. How
incomparably superior is his condition to
that oone of his race who.Is trained for a
profession where he must depend upon the
patronage and slender means of his own peo
ple' or of one who has merely acquired a IA
tal facility of speech. If it be said tbat-the
argument would restrict the genius of the
Afro-American orator (though why 'Afro' I
do not know,) let-him bear in mind that it
took three hundred years for the white peo
pie of America to bring forth such orators as
James Otis, Samuel Adams and Patrick Hen
ry. A poor man should make sure the
means of a livelihood before he attempts the
excursions into the domain of art. Let him
remember the epigrammatic language of our
sagacious) president. 'It is a condition and
not a theoi-y that confronts us,' and the cer
tain comforts of a good home and an ample
support are worth more to him than all the,
< rations since Demosthenes thundered in
Athens, or Cicero charmed the crowds of the
Judge Speer then discussed at length the
wonderful productiveness of - Georgia lands
and their fruit andtimber,products.
Of the culture and manufacture of cotton
"Texas is the first an& Georgia the second
Ias dott6n -Statii&- In -1gqq'_A' Georgia .pt0i
4li~dced I.i25W0 bales,:TeaaadthIide
Territory 2,059.000 biles. The total crop of
that year was 7,550,000 bales, and it will be
remembered that in 1818 the entire crop of
this country was but 200,000 bales. Bat
while the production of cotton has wonder
fully increased, -its consumption increased
proportionately. In 189.3-91 thetotal con
sumption for the United States was 2,319.388
bales, of which. consumption 718,515 bales
were taken by the spinners of the South, and
in the consumption by -'Southern facbories
Georgia -is only stroassed by .9orth and
South Carolina. The consumption of cotton
throughout the wurld has doubled since the
year 1870. The av'rage annual increase In
consumption is 245.00 bales of 400 pounds
each. Of all the cotton grown in the world
the United States produces 70 2-10 per cent.
It should ever be borne in mind that cotton
is a quick money crop. It is incomparably
the chief ar iele of export from this country
It was the foundation of our national credit
and enabled us to redeem our national debt
~fter civil war. American cotton is held in
higher esteem than anygrown elsewhiere,and
it may be marketed a; less cost. I have not
spoken of that beautiful grade of cotton
known as sea island, which- is grown ini
S outh Carolina and on. the coasts of and
more latterly~ with great results in many of
Ithe inland e~ountics of Georgia. Indeed, the
chief sea island cotton marketof the :1d
is the beautiful and thriving city of Valoata
in Southern Georgia. 150 miles from the sea.
But a shipload of cotton goods is Mnitely
more valuale than a shipload of raw cotton
and the cotton manufacturers of the South
're increasing ra pidly. Some of the largest
Icotton mills in the EasternStates are moving
their plaats to the Southern States. Sue
eesful mill companies in Georgia and Ala
bama and the Carolinas are now spending
28.000.000 in increasing their equipment and
building new mills.. In 1888 the South had
180 mills, with 660 spindies and 14.300 looms.
A car.eul compilation made in the spring of
194 shows 405 mills. 2.700,000 spindles and
62.000 looms, with 597,000.000 of capital in
vested. These nigures were made in March.
of this year by Mr. John C. Latham, of
the Ne~w York Cotton Exchange, who, I
believe. is an acknowledged authority.
And wvhat shall we say of thisglorious city,
the finest type of Southern progress? Such
an ohe the Master must have had in mInd
when He exclaimed: -Ye are the light of the
w ord. A city that is set on a hill cannot be
hd. I might enlarge on the inspiration its
turdy. people gather from its bracing clime,
their indefati~ahle industry, their broad and
liberal talents. the cordial welcome they give
the tra~ngr that is within their gates, the
exemplair of municipal activity and miunicir -
~al virtu" it affords. It is American to the
core. Its every expiration is a hurrah.
Withine struture of the majestic Church
of SW. Paul's in London there is a s' le is
.srijiun in henor of .an architect, Chito
pher Wrenn, who is there sleeping-'Si me.
,u:fetumi re:puiris, circumspice.' If: you
would~ bebold his monument, look around
v'u. This was an inscription to the mighty
der. It is equally appropriate to the
in:v liviia. I[ you would behold the
mo ur.it. of this prcoud Georgia city, the
pride of the tataoe look around you. While
rc;rs :1 7- i'e!)- The death rate
r.sh a m., - '.ta te is fifteen and a
fr' f.:)i to a the.tisand. ad amnong the white
p piepl even l"*-.
The orator next sought to prove that "the
peple of th~e South are distinctively a rolL
I ods people." He told of the early labors
of John and Charles Wesley and George
hitleld, anid said :WSho can doubt that
t prei n.'e in Georgia of 151,500 Methodists
ad 6:0-) Th:,,tsts is due to the impetus to
rlmious t on:;ht imparted by these inspired
mi ionatries of Christ ?" -
Foowing is Judge Speer's peroration:
"H- has restored ouer souls and Is even
no le ading us through green pastures and
b the waters of comfort. .-And here and
ni- , not beforeouir enemies, for thank God
o;,.. 'itv' non'-, but bie0re'the people of the
ha bit able ;rlo . He spreads the table that all
mae ome nd ~- and know the bounties
am benefa41-,us He has showered on -this
favored people. Ands:shalwenot be worthy
'f His I ving kcindness. His care for our
-est and His provisioni for our future : Yes,
we shall sav with tiid psalmist of old, -Surely
gaodns.fld merev shall follow us all the
a:rs of our lives. and we shall dwell in the
Iho~use. ol th.: Lord forever.' .
The Amesrican Manni'acturer note.
that lah-st revorts on the movement of
Iiron ore from the Lake Superior
reion statte that up to close of June
Ithe shipm'nts aggregated 3,142,757
tons, an increase of 637,345 tons over
those of the first-six mods iu 1894