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TM-WEEK-Y EDITION WINNSBORO, S. C SE PTEMBER 2 1895
.OW N SESSION AT THE STATE
Many Important Measures introduced.
Th. Proceedings from Day
Ihe following were the most irlipr
By Mr. McWhite: "Resolved, That
no portioi_ of any fund or tax now ex
isting, or that may hereaftcr be raise'.
er levied for educational purposes
shall be appropriated to or used by or
In aid of any church, sectarian or de
Mr. E. J. Kennedy vfered the fol
1. The General Assembly shall at 6ach re
gular session after the adoption of this Con
stitution levy an annual tax of not less than
2 mills on the dollar on all property. through
out the State for the support of public
ichools, which tax shall be collected at the
same time and by the same agents as the
qeneral State levy and sh3ll ba paid into the
State treasury. There shall also be assessed
on all taxable polls in this State between the
ges of twenty-one aid sixty years, an an
aLWl tax of $1 on each poll, the proceeds of
which shall be anlied solely to the support
-f the public schools. The school tax shall
',e distributed among the several countieb iii
this State in proportion to the whole num
oer of persons bet ween the ages of sIx and
twenty-one years, to bt distributed in the
several school districts of said counties as
may be orovided by the General Assembly.
hatin addition -hereto all monies derived
trom fines imoosed for the breach of the
Deace of the penal laws of the State and from
l forfeitures which may accrue; all net in
come to be derived to the State from the sali
of spirituous and malt. vinous or intoxicat
i2g liuore. whether tie same be derived by
license < otherwise; the rroceeds of all es
cheated proprty, all licinse fees collected
under the laws of this State from plays
shows or other sources; all donations, gift
devises and grants of property to the State
,when the purpose of the gift, grant or devis6
is not specified; all the waste and unappro
priated lands belonging to the State, whicl
Terms shall inclu de the marsh and tidewater
lands; and all the income to be derived from
.said lands b leasing them, shall be set apart
and be, and remain forever, a perpetual
school fund for the support of the common
schools of this State. All gifts, grants and
donations of property to the State, all funds
devised from escheated property and all
monies derived from the sale of the aforesaid
lands, if the General Assembly should ever
deem it best to sell the same, shall be invest
ed and the interest alone shall be appropria
Mr. George Johnstone introduced
the following: "That the boundaries
cf.the several counties of this State
shall remain as they -now are establish
ed, provided, that the General Assem
bly shall have the power at any time
to organize new counties by changing
the lines of any of the old ones; but
u_ new county .shall be fiereafter
formed of less extent than 450 square
miles, nor shall any exi-ting counties
toc reduced to * less extent than 550
sur-deis. . Each county shall con
stitute an eltectio-- district."
ByX r. Austin: "That the GeneralAssem
ly provile for a license to be imposed for
I he ,:rrying f -.oncealed' weapons and the
Pnes and f.:,rei.ures for its violation to be
:a-led to the A'com;aoR schools in tbc
, un'ty iu sui-h manner as the General As
srumifv shall declare."
B-: .Mr. Au:stin: "That .there shall be ium
jx.9e I -n arlI l! itizens between the ages
.f twienty-ou' and ilfly years of age, who
are able try prfrorm ordinary raanual labor,
an annual tax of one dInlar, which shall be
applied to the free p~ublic school fund of the
- ounty, and the General Assembly shall pro
.-ide for the 'ollection of the same, and imt
;'ose the penalties, iues and forfeitures for
the non-payment of saidl tax.
"Canarv" 3illier, the colored member: of
fered the following:
1. That the Legislature shall never pass
any law, for the p'urpose of founding, main
taining or aiding institutions of learning
that are d.enommxational or sectarian.
2. That th'e Legislature shall never use the
dit of thie State, or appro
prat-any money for the payment of the
,. rt of -t ber expenses of any school or
in 'uia o higher educatiog which i
wholl or in p'art unde-r sectarian or eXele3i
T E Mi:.er presented the following
wh i was' referred -tu thet committee
a . .- :e:4 .malu I au Crside in the
-e1 .-.s- reney We recog
is. . e- ma--1 1 our Americau
1:e: s:.- :n-i:: aR + eds the pros
br r-;. h:ippes 'A al th-: l':ople of our
--. a -edor dgradd by' a vicious or im
m.,l ...- i b...te a evil, dangerous.
:; s .ru . ut ::Iny r.apbl of correction
-ait4 ly frau,s or disbnenety it becomet
iu're' terribb- in its' result' than pestilence or
ar It bihhtsl wi its~ polluting touch
every stra't.o s-.y. rea-bing from the
Corruption. dIis.hnesty. per.iry and every
spec.i"s orf em.:.'eesa jest and a pa.M
"For these reios arfd many others.
equally vei;:hty and important, we humblyI
petition and respetfully aisk that your hon
orabl" b:ody to srike out and refuse to inceor
p tein the. orani law af the State that
;iorti" of petin it. of Article -, reported
fromt the comm*"ittee on corporations and
police dgultions. which reads as follows:
'0r who can ;'o:nplish the same satisfac
torily "'h.' readI to him. ' The e words con
tain ~i thm.lve tne elements of fraud. To
a b- ard, p."rhapus partis.an, it will be left to
dleeld" wh-:th'r tficu, for the right of
suffrage. - : i fatorily explains' the clause
tea-' to him,i and in the exercise of this
no-r -.1. to<'-d avt"er's quaill-artion, the
*lor:te .'r :ar: y d.irminatirn. fraud
-'W- fut~ ther repe tfull as ,.k that what
everm:lun -: i:eiposed up:'n the ex
lru:'o t-hrt of suffrage, they be of
:nif -'m.:"par'til ir' and uuchangeable
-ad "":- 'm"i ma .radgrd .And y.;ur Peti
Dr. * .1.han off-:,d th'e following.
'Tha th L.:--latur '-all in the es:ercise
th'e right~--i -mn dain, have power
prott ad Mar he oets of the State
to regulate 'h - etr-u'tion of timber and
plnigo- tree, so as to preserve the
ir-i resour.ces of te State and to pro
te favra a s-i:'natti. conditions. And
11 al " 1-'vide fr a geneoral system of
.reoerlI ibsted an --on 'tru'ted highways
Sthi nd it sial -.r- ' et . partment of
oads and for-fstr.
Oldest American Lineage.
Mrs. Mar) Batrstw 'e ' seventy-four,
:wife of Dr ..--ye 1.......ed. at 'spring
dield. Ma"s. o' b!. :-M '-'-was a
LEAN!NGS FROM MANY POINTS.
npertant Happenings, Both Home
and Foreign, Briefly ToMd.
America Wins Again.
At Centre Island. L. I., Ethclwynnn, the
-foot defender of the Seawanahaka Yacht
.ib's internationai trophy fur small boats,
ilonday dcfeatd Spruce IV, the English
lf-r-ter and lirt chalogcr for the cup, in
12-iulo and l2ward rac3 byseven minutes,
rtv--.!ven sL dS.
Newsy Southern Notes.
Alabamas cotfton acreage, reported to the
ato Dcpartment of Agriculture, is SO per
nt. lesihan that of last vear.
Bob Pvolc was hanged at Spartanburg, S.
on Friday for tIhe murd,-r five years ago
Will Lrng. Poole was firm in his demean
and bid farewell to his friends from th.
At Ocala. Fla,, on Monday eMning, Tom
icker, a negro, killed his wife. The couple
arreled and separated on Saturday.
icker asked his wife to return this evening
Le refused and he shot her dead.
By an agreent Vtween the Wheelinr
n and Steel Works Company, at Ben
)od. W. Va., and its enipoyes, an advance
10 and 15 per cent. in wages will go Into
ect at once. The advance affects 1,500
The Kentucky Distillers' Association last
turday adopted an agroe-ient to limit
iiskey production in Kentucky for the next
ree years to 55 per cent. of the average
tput during thi fiscal years of 1890, 1891
d 1892. The agreement is not to become
iding unicss 90 per cent. of the distillery
pacity of the State goes into it.
rhe President, by an executive order jus'4
ued, has extended the civil service system
a modi!ied form to all consular officeri
ioseocompensation directly or through fees
rge from $1.000 to e2.500. This will in
de about one-half of the total number of
suls who receive more than $1,000. This
ange has been gain-d by reviving in sub.
!iee an old order of 1973. Vacancies in
servi.e will be filled hereofter by transfer
i.romiotion. by appointnent of qualifled
rs formerly in tbe employ of the State
-paron.nt and by appointment of persons
te.ted by the President after passing a non
t a meeting of the congregation of the
rst rresbyterian Church. Washington,
own as tbI President's ch:rch) a call was
At to the Rev. T. DeWitt Talmage, of
o,U1-. calliu; him to the associate pas
hip with R.ev. Dr. Byron Sunderland.
j Cnditius upon which the call was
tie- arc that Dr. Sunderland is not to
thdraw. and the c,-pastor. Dr. Adolas
le. is nt to bo disturbed in his position.
t may resign at his option. and with the
sent of the church. Dr. Talmage is to
ve exclusive charge of the Sunday evening
vices, while Drs. Sunderland and Allen
to divide the services during the week.
he Spauislrforees have captured therebel
queto hospital after a severe fight in
dich 87 insurgents were killed.
A dispateii to the London Globe, from
rne, says the village of Bodmen. in the
riss canto a of Upper Valais, has-been de
oyed by fire.
The Chinese governmenthas withdrawn its
jeetion to the proposed investigation by
a government of the missionary riots that
eurred at Cheng-Tu late in the spring.
eg -Tu is one month's travel from Tien
in. Tho investigating American com
ssion will leave the latter city at once.
A speciail from Ipswich, S. D., says that
e entire business portion of the city was
red Friday morning. No estimate of
~ses an! lnsurance is given.
The weavers union of Fall River has voted
t to 4rike for advanced wages.
At Gravesend on Saturday Clifford won
e Oriental handicap over Sir Walter, sec
.d, and Henry of Navarre, third. Rey del
rrerres won the Atlantic stakes.
At Herningford. Neb., last Friday the mer
y fell 40 degrees in an hour.
A evelouie itorm swept over various per.
msof Miehigan last week in which several
-s were los't and fully 150.000 worth of
.mage was done to crops 'and property.
mnilac and. ifi un counties suffered most.
During a te-r rihle storm Sunday evening
SLake Bu-lah. Wis., a summer resort, Ho
i|1izuib, was des-troyedl by fire, causing a
is of %0.000O. The' guests made their es
pei :--alv, b:ut lost their valuables. A
m~ is sui .Ise-1 to have been the cause of
HE EFFECT OF THE DROUGHT.
tton Picking Progresses Well. Dam
age to Corn arnd Fall Crops Small.
The weekly weather crop bu'letin of the
epartment of Agriculture embraces the fol
wing summaries from the various State
Virgfiia-E..xessively hot, dry weather
aking crop conditions critical: ground
ked; pastures b)urning up; no fall plowing
seeding (lone; fodder mostly saved, but
sme of it poor from firing: tobacco cutting
id curing progressing; crop generally in
ir condition; many farmers feeding and
North Ca rollina-Very abnormal unfavor
>le week, with intense hear, glaring sun
ine untroken drought, cotton opening
:ematu rely, late blossoms and small boils
edding; turnips, potatoes and peanuts
tfering from drought, and fall plowing and
edig impossible; rice harvest under way.
South Carolina-Excessive heat and no
tin favor cotton picking, but young boils
re opening prematurely, growth having
opped; good harv.:st weather for all crops,
o dry for growing crops or fall seeding.
Georgia-A hot and dry week, favorable
>r far:n work; cotton opening rapidly and
t some casesS pre:muturely, an occasional
>mplain: of ra.t. but no shedding; picking
eneral; corn still uninjured and being gath
el in southern eOounties; fodder-pulling
rer in" so.uhrn nd nearly finished Ia
>-thrn and cnlt ralI counties.
Te e-su--Excel' showers on the 16th,
. w-aimaigdogt haz prevailed, seriously
feing cotton, peanuts and late potatoes
'id delaying, plowing and fall seedings; to
io. mostly housed, bat considerably dam
ed by wormas; cotton opening rapidly, and
icki....; orgum-making, fruit-dry
ig a-i saving iate hey progressing faver
Visible Supply of Cotton.
-The total visible sr.ply of cotton for the
orld Is 2,276,895 imes, of which 2.013,695
ce American, 'e:ainst 1,911,881 bales and
548,287 bales respectively last year. Re
sipts of netton this week at all interior
wns, 81,490 bales. Receipts from the plan
tin 114 ... baes mo:~ in sight 244,889
DR1BATEDL) ALL DAY.
Over Two Sections of the Executive
Department Article and Finally
Compromised on Both.
The constitutional convention on
Tuesday. the thirteenth day, was c.n
tirely occupied with the article on the G
Executive Department of the State
government. The two sections most
vigorously fought over were those cre- It
ating a board of pardons and giving
the governor the right to summarily
suspend oon:y officials on report of
defalcation or mnalfeasance. Compro
miscs were adopted in botil cases. A 15
board of pardons was provided for,but cl
the Legislature is to name its mcpabers or
and ite decisions wiil be subject to re
vision and change- by th- Governor. In
other sections it is made the d:l-: v
the Governor to order an investigation
by the proper judicial ofiicr on receiv
ing a report of malfemace or defalca.- St
tion and to susned ' the acused oficial c
on the finding of a true bill againe ,
Z5 D :C.
him by grand jury.
-- - ------- - or
MIAIL OF THE MiLLIONS.
Annual Report ofPourth Assistant rp
Postmaster General. Tt
The annual report Of the rourth Assistant a
Postmaster General shows that the number
of post-ofli-es in operation in the United
States on June 30, 1895, was 70,004. Of these of
66,560 were fourth class offices and 3,504 et
presidential. being an increase over the last
fiscal year of 259.
During the year 2.422 post-offices were
established and 2,163 discontinued. The total
number of appointments for the year was
13,342 and the total number of cases acted
upon 17,68. The n,imber of changes made b
on account 01 deaths of postmasters was
59.546 complaints affecting the ordinary
mail were received during the year; 31,849
referring to letters and 27,697 to packages.
This shows an increase of 2.669 over last iz
year. Of the total of complaints received, tu
46,4 have been investigatid. No loss oc- r.
curred in 7.564 of thtse causes. Some special ra
classes of eases to which the inspectors are -h
giving much attention are those of rob- '0
beries of post-offices, burning of post-offices, 'h
wrecks of postal cars, and highway robbery :t
of mail messengers. mail stages and railway 1 :
postal cars; and the figures submitted in the vr
report show that the depredations and P
casualties in these classes of cases are gradu- P(
ally on the increase. although the increase is
not so uniform as during the preceding i
year. A gratifying decrease in the number
of postofce burglaries is noted, but high- Ij
way robbery of the mails has increased some- I k
what. Train robbers have grown more bold :
and now do not hesitate t> ply their voca- U
tions in the older States and near large cities,
oae of the most daring of last year's train j
robberies, the Aquia Creek case, having been
committed within a few miles of the City of
Under the head of foreign cases thereport U
emphasizes tbe superiority of the registry
system of one United States over that of most :
foreign countries. -l
During the year there were 2,240 arrests I
for offenses against the postal laws of which
175 were postmasters, forty assistant post
masters, fifty clerks in postofflces, twelve
railway postoffice clerks, thirty-seven letter
:arries, fl,ty-two mail carriers, and thirty
eight were employed in minor positions in
The concluding pages of the report are LE
leveted to a series of sketches of important 3V
Hottest September in 17 Years.
Excessive heat prevailed over the greatei
)ortion of the country lat week. This bot
rave was unusually severo throughout the
~entral valleys, the maximu:n tcemperaturo
ranging from 90 to 100 degre:!, and eceed
ng by from~i 2 to 10 degrees any pre:vious re
ord for the seco id ten days of September.
At Charlotte, N. C., on Thursday, the tem- rb
perature reach 96 degrees, which was a de
free higher than ever before recorded by t
he Weather Bureau during September, the
records covering a p)er;od of seventeen
The following are some of the highest temn
:eratures that have beenu reported from
ther sections of the country: On Tuesday,1
ioux City. 104: Omaha and Huron, 102. and
sorth Platte, 100. On Wednesday, Omaha,
Worth Platte and Sioux City, 100). On Thurs
l.y, Omaha and North Platte, 90; St. Paul,
3t. Louis and Cincinnati, 96.
A curious and amusing denmonstra- e
;ion of Teutonic thrift and simplicity
as been made at Charing Cross rail- Lii
way station, London. One Saturday I
2ight the officials discovered a black
ox chained to a pillar on the plat
form. It was removed to the left cm
property office, and not till Monday t.I
id a claimant turn up, in the shape er
f what appeared to be a somewhat la
custic German clerical student. He
ad gone on Saturday ev'ening to Mar
ate, and not needing his box and de
iring to save cloak room fees, had
followed this primitive mode of stor
age.--New York Advertiser. C
A Farewell sermon.
A country minister in a certamI
own took p~ermanent leave of his con
gregation in the following pat hee
manner: "Brothers and siuIerg,
ome to say good-by. I don't think b
God loves this church, becaniae nlon' o
of you ever die. I don't think you
love each other, because I never wa
ry any of you. I don't think you lIe
me, because, you havo not paid my
salary. Tour donations are mouhil s
fruit and wormy apples, and 'by thir
fruits ye shall know them.' Brother'. sI
I am going away to a better place. .1 5
have been called to be chaplain of
penitentiary. Where I go y e cann it ir
go, but I go to prepare a place fo,r a
ou, and may the Lord have mercy t
on your souls. Good-by. "-Ne w Yor
Sun sets a llouse on Fire. C
At St. Louis. 'io.. tL an :et are to thbL
residence of E. H. WV:arner. '.au.ing $10,0J00
damage. On the upper fleer was a large a
sembl-room. The windows contained :. d
number of circular glassus about six inches~ a
in diameter, with 'otvcx .-urfaces. Th -" a
acted asso many"bu!EL eye" s un: glasses,an l b
the rays of the sun were brought to a focus a
on the tioor, setting it on hr'.p
.Profesror K~oeee of the California
hrtinitural. cormmission, has diiscot'
eredi in Jar'" a beetl which feeds on
the lar'e:e i he p'otato bug. He be
hves the mitroduction of the heci> in
tis countr- wdli result in the eGr
a :m oes of maiiins of dolla.rs to t
Tho Ticker Nomiated Harmoulously.
A Fowerjfully Drawa Platform.
The New Terk State Democratic
tion met at Syracute ou WedneZday lst.
A reso!ut4.in was ado>ted making the five
itointed star as tho em'.le: of the Democeratic
party of NLw Yorll Sae for u;s on ballots.
William Sult:er. of New York, asked for
the adoptiou of the folluwing resolution:
"Res-lved. That we extend our ympathy
to the Ctuban patriots and to all people sttug
glir- against oppression and eaeavoring to
ieve their freedom aal iudepudence.
The follo-wii- nominatios were made:
P earL of :-ats. Horatio C. King; At
tcrney Ge-r--a!. Nrtun Chase: Comptroller.
rn P. i : Stat- Treasurer.D. (. Dow;
ugju~Nr. Rusil R. IS-Lart; .Tuidge Court of
Apnu%a's. Jol-.. "P. K.dIetr.
Fo!wing~ is the i?ull platformn:
"The De:nocrati-- party of New York, in
convnThIi tsseiblid. makes the followiog
ditS plincipt-i and policy:
1 iloie-rule-the first essential cond
tion uf good municipal government. local j u
risdictior and control ovor purely local af
fairs n eiati meddling.
Eco-inV:1y in public oxpense; no puo
lic money for private purposes c - political
jtb-; strick audit of offeial expenditures; a
low tax rate.
3. Honesty in public offke-no tainted
Legislature-no corrupt trafti, in legislatioa;
clean uwu and free agents; no hypocrites.
44. Equal and honesi enfore iment of all
the la %s; a proner observance ol a day of rest
and an orderly Sunday; moditication or re
peal ot laws unsupported by publip opiniom;
no unjiust suii,tuary laws; no blue laws; ra
eognition of the fundamental American rrin
ciple of free-dm of conscience; hom;) rtue in
excis a.s well as in other matters within rea
sonabie limitations established to protect the
intere.sts of tmperance and morality and an
amendmtent of the excise and other laws by
the Legislature of the State which shall per
mit each municipality expressmng its s.ati
ments by a popular vote of a majority of its
citizens to determine. within such proper leg
islative restri-tions as shall be reqaired by
the inter.sts of the entire State. what may
be't suit itc special nesessities and condi
"3. Tiae attempts of prominent Bepublican
politi,-ians in the large cities of the State to
r_pudiate their own platform are renewed
evlence of their hypocracy and dishonesty
on th. exerise questlon and their desire to de
eiv- the pe qpie.
"6. Equal taxation; no unjust discrimina
tion: no favored interests; no partial legisla
... Individual liberty: the right of all
it-izens to eq ual opportunities before the
law: equal and exaAt justice to all men.
". Honest elections; compulsory o 5le6:l
a.o)unting of expenditures by poUtical com
mittea- a'ell as ;andidates; personal regis
trat'on ()f voters as a safeguard against
".I rraob-al andi honest reform in the
-1u. Iet( ligeut and liberal promotion of
"11. 1 m proved highways of travel trrough
Iut the State in the nciir citizens
and prticuarly of the farm--rs and hieyele
.12. enficial and needed legislation iW
the interc.-) of labor.
'A. F."Jral tax:tion for revenuo only;
no governm,nt partnership with protected
onopolies: no meddling with the presad
refornied tariff. to the injury and unsettling
of business audindustrie-.
f"14. Sond money; gold and cilver the
only lgal tender; no currency inconvetibl
witi coiu; gradual retirement and exti-tion
o! the reeabai'k :irreacy; no free an-. un
I 1ited coinage of silver.
"1 Strict onstruction of the Federal
constitution; rigid maintenance of the re
'rved rilghts of the States; no force bibs.
I-1. No entangling alliance with foreign
nationz- th vigorous enforcemtnt of the
Monroe doctrins. no jingoism.
.-WI r;affirm the Democratic national
p4atform of 1592, and congratulate the lco
I le that De-no,rati_ legislation and Demo-.
Irat ic administration have suecessfully
brought the -ountry out of the disastrous
finantial nar- industrial condition into which
it was plunged by the ill-conceiVedl acts of
-We endors-. the admrinistraltionl of Presi
" T impublican t orrd
I We inpvite the' afttentiqn fl eleto- to thu
party in its rcnt restorauon to l" .~ ir
hin'State In 'all --onti l of all br hues ot
the Stat rvrnment. *. nipped witl c-l
plee Ipower t to " l.-mpish~ prOfmie" r -rm.
Ie ei3t~o th.- Populahr wvill antd its sn;nu1
lisrega r:1 f th:e puiblit: wel1fare. As :t resuI
of th-ir less thna orn year of power. S *tn
taxat ion has b)eeni increased over $4.500.000:i
he tax rate has been raised from 2.18 to
.24: mauy new and expensive state cm
mnittees n'ave b.een created. honudr'ls o'
thousands of dollars have been frultlegyl
ud on'-..ssarily expended by le,gislativ
.ommittees in su.rchitig through the Statte
tptmnits for Democrati- inijputies which
we'r n.tt foutnid because they dii not exist;
the pr1iuniple o-f h1ome rule has~ been dilber -
at'.lv a-il cont iuually violated. the elvdi ser
i r ftorm laws have been inarantly disr
gare. o,sp-ially in refe'renc to the die
~vg~ veterans; -and. the entire legislative
retrd h:U: bCen one of sca-ndal. inomit-.
t'n-r. as I extravai-ance.
p O.; su a record of faithlessness to
ub.' tr st the Pepublican party deserves
he t.,wla:nnation of the people at the poll
nd thle Uemio-sratic party invites thec
cirai of nili citizenS in restiring good
..-vern;en;t to the Empire State."
Tammniy failed to shut out the Gra
Fihilil emcera4ts from all recoy-iut n
Iht wen t he foes of the Tiger fotund1 thatt
-uvuton would graunt them only one-aith
ofthe Novit York delegation they left Li
hal and Tam:nanly is happy tomight. l_oa
opponents took the first tramn for New Iorta
ndt sharptned. knives and groun.d ax~ s l
the wa o the p)urpose of Slayving the TiE
t November ->. Senator Hill failed in hi s
attopt to) heal thbe breach. :He also fail'-i
It)keep his slate juta.-t. for t.le --nventn
howed that it hot a mind of its own. s*n
tt.r Murphy an-d Ex-Lietenmant GovernorC
ihean reeived a decided set l!ack frttm
iC ovention,and the wise boss who stay
at home was Rlichard Croker. for bo escaped
the fate of the others.
Thel'( So;dhl Alrican ?ilan.
The pjlins here stretce in illii
blen expanse to the horizon. Far to
the west is a range of mountaus
fot goojd miles away, which in ibe
c ear maorning air stands out as sharp
ia- if but'a dozen miles dista'n.
Yo may see the dark lines nadL
athes of the time-woxn seamsad
K~razes that scar its sides. This
trrnslueenecy of atmosphere is very
ommon in Southern Africa.
The rains have lately fallen. au-d
ee-rywhere around the dry plains
ae started at the breath ot moisture
into a splendid if short-lived beauiy.
Miles upon miles flat, all glowing ain-i
blaze w;ith purple and a rich flame
ike rod, are spread around. The
wonder ful Comnpositae are in flower.
nd the barren, desertlike flats are for
a few brief weeks transformed into
crpet of the noblest coloring ai
nttrn. Look closely and you ma-s
se- the bleached rind blackened limha
et frmerg:owths of low shrubs
whih sandamid the gallant blaze,
gaunt reminders of the transitory ex
itence of African flower life.-Blackl
RAM'S HORN LASTS.
Warning Notes Caning the Wicted to Ia
NY is a robber.
- puts us he will
The faith that
stands on God's
haud to lift.
Prayer is not
prayer unt*l it be
I ~ 49 mes comn ionlla
I with God.
Imay lose his gold.
but he can uever
lose his God.
God will give us all the truth we will
jove and live.
Mlauy a-wan norships an idol with
an opeu Bible In his lap.
The devil and whisky are two of the
best friends in this world.
The devil hurts us most when he
slites us through those we love.
WVhen God puts a good man In the
dark it is to give somebody light.
God can say things in the fiery fur
nace he couldn't sp'eak in heaven.
When the mountains are cast inmo
the sea. God's hand is under them.
Job sinned not with his tongue be
cause there was no sin in his heart.
The devil is close by when the Chris
t.an worries about things he can't help.
A man must be born from above to
know for himself that God is ibove all
If church membership alone could
save. heaven would be full of hyp-i
There are people In every commuuitY,
who -.ant to be religious without
When Job's wife told him to eurse
;od and die. It hurt him more than all
There is sometimes as much venom
in the point of a pen as there is in the
lite of a dog.
Every man has a religion of some
kind, but only those who know Christ
When you go Into the closet for se
rr-t prayer be sure to take the key of
yo-ur safe aiong.
The man who can take hold of God
fPr others has to be Gne who knows him
weh fer himself.
The devil In some shape Is belng~
made welcome In every home where the
ile is not read.
When the scribe said, "I will follow
Ile whithersoever thou goest." there
was no cross in sight.
1 Let the preacher leave Christ *out of
his preaching and the devil will help
him to fill his church.
Dad surroundings do not make peo
ple bad. They only bring out the bad
that Is already In them.
A detective association has for Its
motto: "We never sleep." It would be
a. good one for a chureb.
The preacher misses it who tries to
substitute for the bread of life some
thing of his own tmake.
The church is a help to the Christian,
but it cannot do anything for the sin
nier who will not repent.
Prayer has no favor with God unless
It is prompted by a heart that either
loves his Son or wants to.
There atre people who will rend so
many chapters or verses in the Bible
and call it being religious.
There arte people wlo thirik they
could be very good Christians if their
circumrstanuces wer.e 1ba,tter.
We shall be sure to lose something
f we turn from the lion's den when
(od's band points that way.
Making the Bible a center-table orna
ment is an altogethier different thing
fromi making it a lamp of life.
The oInly fear Stephen had when he
was being stoned to deatht was that
those who were killing hitu might be
The world is full of people who be-.
lieve the Bible with their heands who
take no step toward Christ ryth their
The' man whose wife (doese E inow
that he is a Christian had better keep
his seat when at rising vote is to ken at
Plucklr.7 the feathers fr-om an eagle's
wigs may keep his body on the
ground. but his he'art wvill still tiy to
ward the sun.
H ad some modern church pillars been
In Job's place they wouid have rent
their robes and put ashes on their heads
when the first messenger camne im.
Out or Love for His Mother.
A notable es~ e of filial love camne to
liht in Pittsburg a few days ago,
says tile New York Sun. when a 7G
ear-el d son came to the office of an
d society to claim his mother, who is
t wo years past the century mark. from
whomt be had been separated by the
l'na illness of both. It was shown
h ' man had remained a bechelor
a 1 hi ie in order to care for his
moh-r. Trhey caiue from Ireland thir
ty- yars ago. and had lived together
since that time, as they had pirevi ously
'iu the r.ll 'tustry. Util ti;-e itonths
a.go wb. ha o1 were tak 'u sick andi
Iind 1 s', e.red to an hospitel.
Tread.inmg 'WP ter.
*t informiation cannot be reteated
t,: t 1 tat1 one can kep alleat fo
T., ;o- what to dto wvill pritit you'
node unlessyou know how to do it.
A .IDL$000 COITAGE.
nd One That the ow:nr Can Build
by Day's Wor!k.
The greatest mIj"rt.v Inust
.r .nS 1ht1mto. BWl art. cantu
in.i hvuty uni Uity of design to
ma.ao uuedoei not: Nefuse
y or neat them wi th vines and
arround tio-im with lowers a nd 'J
So far as tlhe ex.terior ap
carantcs are concerned small cot- A
ges of good dezigi with well kept i
aIrroumlings, maty be very pleasing
idlced, often viEing in attractiveness t
ii thcir lare,r and more preten
Thore tire more valid reasons for
eii di.ssa ed with the interiors;
hie number of rooms must be limnit
d and ti,ey miust be of smail, or, at
nlost, of clymoderate slze; theref
an be no plumbinig to speak of. no C
ardw,ood floors or finish, no high
eiig.no large cellars.
A 1"-r::e cellar under a low cost
ouse is where the owner often buries
,disproportionate sum. Excavat
no, walls of brick or stone and a
ment bottoi are costly, ad i
hould be bjorne in mind that a ec-lar
loes not provide living roobe. i mi
ess a cellar -e well built.of is a ted
iv se o of danger to health. n'or
ow co-it cottagres it may be safely
tated afs a rule tP.-t wh:ere Llhe *oil
ias wood natural drainage a himl
:allar or no cellar is preferable. A
:eaply built largendella will be
lamp and therein lies the danger.
A description of the cottage which
s illustrated in this artice. will be
Size of st-ructure-width (over all) i
7 feet, depth 30 feet. Materials for I
exterior walls-foundations, stone
r brick first story, clap boards; see
2nd story, shingles; roof, shingles.
[eight of stories--cellar, 6 feet
nchles; first story, feet incles
lseco) nd sthre 8iethe dnzesroom
Aescriptobo the rtpans tee wis a
oelrunderwthe alad alr
Sizeialstruature-wthi (ml otteral
d7fet,g inotedeptd t. Maeril "str
interiit wafoudtinS,a tstoe to
arelitcu firttr, uch bas; grace
fud stoortinls; of, singles.f
mulihtof storiws-lar, tont pro
jcinchg gable, sorSfet by icants
ecodshty Svet. fromein orom
m honlace t or h asth erei ofI
displayin uno thehail and pawrlvr
tiemins, notinde toike "stried
iwork. wol e nba aset
arcenitecmteralseatre seuchi re- n
theio windcan bed wel ront Pby me
cinge obe ordinartedkill cBut. the
eav eri a thve eigro bing odin
thentercr. Her hasrte mit ooms
dspaying no chrieap eaond n tadr
trimminge, nothing lie joininethe
enralhimney issta,tihla butan
xa ndi atpericlsets rcuied with
he work ha coran e one[ iny
chaic squdiaryt Thell amatu the
ealnerwill ofinhedsign isnteredtin
tue ito rerne the sxrooms,n
adderaingle irc sioe teacoennmoa
ainso pasaal cottge jiig e
etral by iing sacuttl wi a s
way an ampe cletslinoe withnd
inoo wassa thcoereyctn an air ol
Lovere willdows ith altesWen
study te romsran ether foors are
add ah sule i eteo t.hemoa
tIons nyb this co est iath
hetiromteepae and efetv ctlte kich
escre by rasiaetitte whirm th
wa endsflieny wamtescn
laedi ohe ocebiling vrthesconag
aour pasg,0.Ofre therebycet n are
aurr: wich psems bit theoph
attima ot toueclare esmall
nooumae widws theales. absre
ever the romsk other declaron
w ith ther eyestshue wicerthut oin
nth any at haclde -lmtet
STTERESTING ITEMS FRO31 ALL
OVER THE STATE.
Smashup in Greenville.
At Greenville while out riding Misses
.nnie and Geritrude Parker of Charles
>n met with a serious accident and a
arrow escape fro:n death. The horse
uey were driving became frightened
:-- Miss Annie Parker was thrown out
f the bug-.y and painfully bruised,
Ld it is feared that a rib is broken.
Tiss Gertrude Parker is badly bruised
nd her left arm seriously sprained
ud it is thought one bone is broken.
ewis Houston, son of J. H. Houston,
urinerly of Charleston, was very badly.
urt. His nose is broken and his face
cry much gashed. The escape from
eath of the three young peopleiscon
dered miraculous, as the horse was
nmanageable and.madly ran through
0rove of trees, breaking the buggy
ato splinters. M\Iiss Gertrude Parker
ut entangled in the lines and was
[ragged a hundred yards.
A Convict Captured.
Wm. Kitt, an escaped negro convict,
rho was sentenced at the October term
f 1893 from Colleton county to a term
f five years in the State penitenti.ary
or housebreaking and lareeny, was
aptured at Summerville last week.
Citt escaped from the pemtentiary in
rannary, 1894, and has been tmbling
round promiscuously since. As soon
s he arrived iu Summerville Chief of
.olice 31cManus gut on his tracks and
as been watuhing him closely. Chief
IcManus claims that Kitt was iu
-ompany w7th the negro who shot at
im some weeks ago in Saw Mill,
3ranch. Kitt. before he surrendered,
vas shot in the thigh by Wm. Lesesue.
Ie was taken to Colmbia and handed
>ver to the State authorities.
Good Times in York.
Cotton is opening quite rapidly in
Cork county and is 'being gathered as
ast as circumstances willpermit. The
ield about YorkVille -will be from 25
o 33 per cent less than last year, but
he-farmers will realize a great- deal
nore profit from it than on any crop
aised in the past':atwelve or. fifteen
rears, owing to the very small expense
it which it has been produced. .As an
llustration of this point I wil'men
ioiamStance that comes und~er~my
6ersonal-observatioi.- $There is-a-far
ner who lives iear Yorkville whose.ae;
ount.for supplies for the past -several
Fers has been- from, $25% to $30Aa
ear. flo had
6 raised corn, b-.con, o
molasses and only bontsugar, coffee,*
fertilizers and tools.
A Historic Counterpane.
A counterpane bearing the date of
anuary 10. 1826, was exhibited at
Major P. H. McCully's store at Ander..
son. It is the work of Miss Teressi
Acker, who seeded the cotton, spun
and wove into a handsome counterpane
and then elAborately adorned it with
fie needlew.ork. The -centre orna
ment is an eagle surrbunded by a laurel
wreath. Under this is worked this
sontence: "Immortal be their Mem
ory who Fought and Bled for Lib
erty." This curiosity is .now the
pro~perty of a daughter of the maker
and will be on exhibition at Atlanta ini
the South Carolina ladies room.
Lynchburg people are "enthused"
with the ide~a of Artesian wells. Sev
eral wells have been bored, getting a
good flow at 150 to 160 .feet. The
value of these wells, aside from the
item of health, is. almost incalculable
on the farms. The parties boring
charge $50 for the first 150 feet and
50 cents per foot for any additional
feet, furnishing piping and: fix
tures at these figures.
J. S. Fowler, of Anderson,has ereeted
a silo, having a capacity of three hun
dred tons. Col. . . F. Crayton also
has two of the receptacles, the two hav
a capacity of three hundred tons.
These genitlemen are busy filling these
receptacles with green corn and sor
ghum cane. This green food mixed
with cotton seed meal and hulls will be
fed to stock.
Dr. J. H. Witherspoon, who lives
near Yorkville, has extensive farming
interests in Laurens County. - He -s
that one ten horse farm .the expendi
tures had for several years previous
to this year for supplies, fertilizer, etc.
averaged about $200 to the plongh,but
this year the expense would ' be less
than $40 to the p!,ough.
Owing to the fact that .the cotton
rop is about two weeks late- as com
pared with lIst year and that the price
is almost double wh'tis was last yc&v,
'some of the farmners are lamenting the
.fact that they used no commercial fer
tilizer this year. They say this is one
year of !l 'years that it would have
lae directors of the Anderson Cot
ton Mills at their last annual meeting
deided to double the capapity of the.
mills. The books will be open for sub
scriptions to the new stock January 1,
1896. When this imprdvement -is
affected thirty thousand spindles will
be in operation.
The United States Printing Of!ce i
the largest establishment of the sot
in the world. It employs more than
:3000 people, with a pay roll of neerty
o.3.00,00J a -ear., and in 1SI% turne4
gt more th'an -10,00.00Y copies e
YA. uai Indians of Mexico have
beeni demonstrating that they a
e: uncnquj~eed, by raiding ranches
t a Yaqui River valley, killing the
..,.. ... -ad driving off their stock.