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TR-EKY EDITION. WVINNSBOII(t S. oci["(,1 14'j,
LARGE NUMBER OF COUNTIES
The Congress Organizes and Wastes
no Timein Getting Down to
The first road congress that has been
held:in. the State, convened in the
State senate chamber at Columbia on
Wednesday, and entered upon its im
portant work. From the character of
the mtn in attendance it may be con
fidently expected that some wise re
forms in road work and in the general
system of county government will be
adopted as suggestions to the legis
The congress was called to order by
M%r. J. B. T. Scott, supervisor of Un
ion county, who -is the originator of
the movement that resulted in the as
sembling of the congress.
Mr. Scott, in calling the body to or- I
der.. said that he'had been endeavor
ing to improve the roads of his county
and had found that the county govern
ment law, whilst good in the main,
was defective in some important par
ticulars. and it had occurred to him
that it would be a good thing if the
county supervisors and all others en
gaged in the work of looking after
county affairs, should meet together
and exchange ideas; and for this rea
son; and for this alone, he had issued
the call for th.e meeting. He had no
selfish ai-ms to gratify, no political aze
grind, but was only honestly and
incerely desirous of doing what he
could for his county and State.
Mr. Scott was elected temporary
chairman by acclamation and Mr. C.
-1. Douglas temporary secretary.
U7-pon a call of counties the follow
In getlme enrolled themselves as
members of the Congress:
Abbeville-John Lyon. Anderson
--W. P. Snellgrove. Coleton-J. 0.
Griffin, ; W. Cooper.. Clarendon
-J. '. Scott. Chester-J. R. Culp,
T. J. Cunningham. Charleston-W.
P. Cant'ell. Darlington-W. S. King.
Edgefielid-M. A. Whittle. Fairfield
-B. G, Tennant, G. T. Langston.
GreenvNie-E. W. Holland. Horry
Jeremia4 Smith. Hampton-J. F.
Gooding' Keishaw-J. ~B. Phelps.
Lexington-S. L. Sniith. Laurens-R.
P. Adair. Marion-W. L. Hewlitt.
Newberry'-W. A. Hill. Orangeburg
F. J. D., Felder, P. D. Hildebrand.
Richland-W. 'W Weston, F. H.
Hyatt, W.H. Sligh, F. Nierasee, C.
- 1. Douglass. Sumter-W. S. Dinkins.
Union-J. ' , Scott, G. T. Hol
land. Wilimsburg-F. N. Blair, G.
Blair. Yor---A. H. White.
An election for permanent officers
was then entered into and the follow
ng were unanimously elected:
President--4. B. T. Scott.
Vice Presidentsz-J. R. Culp and F.
7. D. Felder.:
-secretary-C. M . Douglas.
The president appointed the follow
*On amendment to the county gor
ernmdit ll-3 B. T. Scott. J. R.
*Culp, G. . Sawyver, . W. Weston,
W. S.-Dinkins, W. P. Cazntwell, 5. B.
-Phelps, RP. Adir S L.,.Smith.
On order of.busies.s-F. H. Hyatt,
F. J. D. Felder E. W. Holland, M. A.
Whittle, C. 3L Douglas.
The following new m~embers were
enrolled: B. B. Eyans, Edgefield; W.
ii'. Cave, Barnwell: B. T. Henderson.
Mr. Hildebraind of Orangeburg, ask
ed that he-coimittee on ameinmeuts
ak the legishifureto correct thre con
fusion as to the titles oif the county
tions to the .saime coxanmittee in regard
to the prosecat'in of road defaulters
definition of disalyiity of road hands,
OTn imotion oif 3Ir iildebrand a com
miittee of tiree' wa a1pointed1 to wait
on the -judiciary comminttee ofI thc Con
stitutional:c.ovention: and iask fora
* provision huthorizig all cosUts tp sen -
tence' todhe-~cha"u-an-. Th commiit.
tee ' is .as, i .: 31. Fe~~ - lder,th
ers 'wh.," oU1~ con i'u :ad 'dopte the
aun- neratings accomit of the opecra
tin of? the syst- s.'1 ing it to be al
great imro~rvemen t on the old svstem
ou amedmtsIl. cogi.ler the advisabil
ity of rcommn-g 4" the Lb gismlatue
that townsThipslx be anrize 1 to Lote
bonds for the- nujmmeni~t of the
roads ie he uo eire. just as he
nwvote. airad bauds. and he anid
Pr*dn -Sc.iott J.L oth ade strong
specheIs Coa i-bt Iine
On niutio: of Mr Ryatt the con
gressin:tacte th committee to in-f
corpo:ate such" a eatur in its report.
.\t the 'eco-nd day' ses.sion the fol)
lwing new mlem3bers we re e-nrolled:
WV. P. Beckter.X Wo Lves Eieblaudi:
-1. . PLo. 'ard. Spurtinburg: E. D.
.wd;: ..l arindo: 1 . H,I. McK%utj.
.1Ti - co' mttee of thro to waI!it o
th-- judiciarv comititee of the Cn
thut w .-- h i ' : - :It
the report was adopted and tie
The committee of niae e' u
pervisors, charged with the preparit
tiou of amendmenk to the county
governmwent law to be submitted to t be
Legislature, through its clairmxiai!.
Mir. Scott, reported as fllows:
Your coitimittee on ameUdments to
the new county government law beg
ICAVC to report that we recomiend the
followiUr ecitie uaeiidiments to thI
original act and also subuit for your
consideration some general -Umme!
tious. WVe also rcIeommend that a
permanent co mmittee on kg-i!latio,Aj
to conist of fike members with the
president of the Congress as chairtom.
be provided who shall be charged with
the presentation of these rcsolutions
t. the proper auithorities and th:at
these r'solitions receive the ewr
meit of this congress.
Strike out section 5 and in,rt it
lieu thereof. so that ite samIIe shail
read: "That one compete'nt and dis
creet freeholder in ceach township in
the several counties of the State ::I .il
be elected by the qualified voters of
sich township at each general election,
who shall be known as the township
ommissioner for such township,
shose term of office shall be co termi
tial with that of the county supervisor
or the said county elected at ,uch
,eueral election and until his successor
ball be elected and qualified. In case
,f a vacaney or in case of refusal of
tny person so electedto serve as such
omnmissioner, the vacaney shall be till
ed by appointment of the governor upon
the recommendation of the county
lioard of comnmissionerso! said cointV.
Provided, the said commissioner shall,
.Jiring the term of his office, be exempt
rom all road and jury duties and he
shaIl recei' e such coipcnsation as
shall be provided by law, not 1o exceed
twenty (10) days in any one year, at
51.50 per day, without mileage.
Strike out section 6 and insert in
lieu thereof, the following, viz.:
"That township boards of asscssor;
ire hereby re-established and t he
township comissioucr provided for
tU sectioU 5 shall be the chairman of
the said township board of aiscssors,
and the two additional members ,f
aid township boardshall be appointed
oy the county auditor, and the same
hairman shall also be a member of
tI.e county board of equalization.
Strike out cection 7 and insert in
lieu thereof: "That county boards of
equalization shall hereafter be com
posed of the township conmissioner
I)rovided ior in section 5, Of which
Ioard she supervisor shall be chairman
and the county auditor the clerk.
Strike out sections 8 and 9 and in
sert in lieu thereof: "That the said
township commuLsion1rsand the county
supervisor shall constitute the county
board of commissioners, of which
board the supervisor shall be the chair
man. That the county board of comn
missioners shall meet hereafter on the
first Monday in January, April, July
and October of eachycar at the count v
aurt house for the transaction of bi
ness and the miajority of ~said board
shall constitute a quorum. Provided,
that the chairman mayv call an extra
meeting at any time. That at the first
meeting of said board they shall eleet
one of their number who shall be a
member of the State board of eqlualiza
tion, and who shall perform all the
[unctions of said ollice, as now pro' i
Led by lw."
Insert at sectionJ I: "Provid ed,
That the county board of commission.
ers shall have the right to emiployv
over:eers or foremen to supe-rinteiud
the working of the highways, whether
the eor-tractsysteml be adopted or not,
and providecd, further, that the conuO
Ly supervi:=or shall have the right t-.
epl 'y and use convict labor, as hie
may deem best, whether the coultoa:t
lyt eaopted or nt
Add to end of section 15: "I'rovide'!,
That all commu.utation taxes shall I
paid as herein provided, dutring 1he
colction of the State and county
taxes immediately preceding the yeair
in thichi it is intended to commnite.
That it is the sense of this colres.
that the new conty gzoveru'nment act
be revised andL auended in every
plrtiula'r as i 1I mbody the :au1end
meuts suggested by this congren: ;
as to relieve the confusion as to h
oliciail desig nation ot the countyv boa;rd.
and to correct all he grenmmatical r
ros ippe:iring in the balance of the :'et.
aused by reason of the ptrop' -ed
amendments, it being the sense of t&ii
e-ogress that the ofnicial designation
of the-county board as pro; idled f- r
shall be the county board of couninis
soner.s. and that provision should be
wade for all lands and rights of way
to be eonveyed to the conty supier
'isor and his siccessors in office.
We rquest the Legislature to deinii
in iuebj terms as shall be clear an um
ai-takable what shall constitute :m
b.:-iodied male citizen, and :-N:.
that ithe1 nr.e for road duty b1 lixe -
fr to .Wt years. That ue 1-el:
all 1 .rsons no:t ;tudent and i- t c'
oft tchols~ and colleges in actuial
tdance thereon, and who are .
paulerVS, or who ai e not suffering from~
l flmb1 or limbs, should i.e -
quired to wo;k the public Uoad.-.
em:pting only the p)ersens afore;ail
r .d1d. T hat :mch co-unties T .n I
ieire esu'.cial age and other T:-An!
ton be -iven the samec upon the -
Coml'endtio1cn of the county b ar.
and that nou physician's certilieula
iisaility should be regarded ink.
thes. mc 1M anly sworn to 1h.. r' on
Ua u Ide%l' tb ConstitutiU1nal Cou
i ui a Lu Leiatut:re as shall -iv.;
k1th ' ho ldvri f i tLwnship the
Ii::h )to at'' and diecido upon th e1
ni"tion fI i.ui4 buicks for the cou
.truction and1 improvelent of its high
wa anld to i--t Such reVltion a
W further recon?unend that a tact
b asi;,a- ri-quiringL all persoLs CL;1tm
i:. to huld cunituttvn tax receipts
to e hLibit the saUme tU the warner, ial
tih't an aet be passed providing at ver
d1,0 r wiitteni ntice left at the re,i
. o "f .-Liv prson liable to road
u r aCdi vered to hin in person be
q1eJ.1q1dN a1La:l notice to work ou high
Th rep o"rt o.f the conunii.teu wats
iat uap by scti, it being first or
d, rdl ihat the elrnuaueint curmmittee
f a e. on li'lation, parovided for iu
the t pambit. to th report, should bc,
~a(pintP.1 1ay the p)resident at his
" A., al "i Lh,- sCectiols were
"kl te 'thviiut debate. the ulv one,
;?' ' b0ich there iatele.1 to be conflict
OJ apinin bi),- th 1M relating to the
emp"1 tio of4 the cu~anty tjoarIs anu
t . t a.;e Lf those liale to road duty.
Som"' memb'ers of the co'ne;ress living
in cuntite: in which there are at large
inUbev f townships, were of the opiu
ii that the pro-ision making each
toa whi) Coillissioner a member U1
the county board would tend to create
too unw%eldy a body, but the majority
seleml to think that to limit the mea
bfrdhip to four or sis, as originally
prp..oe:11 byV the comm11ittee, would be
tu tli-ciinate a1gainst~ those towi.
h t directly represented on the
'orat anda the section referred to was
finally adOptcd as it is given above.
I ' rIgart'd o the section fixing the
agi of thu. liable to road duty from1
1l to . .-rs, there was consideraAle
dliscus1in, manity memb ters 'aushing to
ni tht'"g from 21 to 60 years, but Its
it wv.as pInted out that the section
I cuAtainetd a proviso that would enaule
each conuty to regulate this matter for
Sits1 the section was finally adopted
as it sttud above.
ou motion of Mr. F. H. Hyatt, it
WIs reSolved that the congress should
me't anuaitllv in Columbia on the call
of the preiAdent during the first we,4
of th . ession of the legislature.
The convention then took a recess
uuil S p. i. and the members were
iivited tio witness the road machine
cilnt' nt at rkers Hill in the after
L'k;oWn 1d the pr1.sident was requested
tc. ap!o int a coniittee of tive to judge
A' Lrin'g to announcement, at roa
1(ma1L'hi;e co,,test was held at Barker's
l I ,ij the Camden road. betAeeu the
W'tr-n Whetled Scraper compan%.
th- Anivrican Road 3Machine company,
mauf*actuurers of the Champion road
mtebitne,. and the Fort Wuyne .ma
1i Grecr & LRice, of Union,
represetted the Western, Mr. J. T.
Ga;itt the Fort Wayne, and Mr. F. H.
Wells the American Road "Machine
company, and these gentlemen for at
period of two hours or more worked
Itheir mnachinees in the presence of
Iquite at number- of the gentlemen in
attendance on the congress. But un
fortunately the phiace selected did not
admtit of as fair a test . as was desired
by the exhibitors and those witnessing
the exhibition. Sonme good work was
done by tall of them, however, anti it
was clearly demonstrated that t:he
road nauchinies atre a great lbor saving
invention, anad calculated to do road
work cetter and far more rapidly than
cana be doine by the pick and shovel.
At the aight session the committee
of1 judges of the :oatd machine contest,
consi&ting of th:. county supervisoars
present, stubmitted' the following re
;ort. which was unanimously adopt2d:
"Wheacaas, the test of the road mia
ch ine made bif(I efcrc this congress this
taftirna byf la the the Wcsteri Wheeled
Serlaper comupany and the Americ:an
ad For,t Wayne ma::hine companies,
whJile they were iutecresting and in
I truc"tive, but not: of ouch a nature as
to enal aus to determine the relative
mterats if the machines on e'xhibition,
til of which were the best of their
a atd: thcre fore, he lt
b.Resoaved, That this rongress die
eli a'pt ecide between the different
mac'h:s, and that we return our
ttauks: to them for the exhibition."
3laj. . Nieruasec of Columbia, who
h -ien much careful study to the
:bjec't of r'oadwo"arking, read by re
aue'i un say SiL on reads, which was
la.stae h, Li with marked attention. aind
at a' ela: a vote of thanks was teaa
d'a'reda taol him. The essar is an ian:true
ta' ii e ;'and~ will lie paublishe.d in full
the' presidea'nt oft the congres to give
l he enadorsemenuat of the b)odyl to the
aordinance intr'oduced in the Constitu
tioa'l convention by MIr. IIenderson
af Aiken,~ which provides means for
ruingti' county governments on a caish
A vote of thauks to the paresident
.ud secret.trv and to Sea geant-at-Arms
Sta".si' '1or p.re'paring the seniaite
"lh':anber lair Tbe use of the eeugress
was' p,: sea. and the congre'e theu ad
a'aarn'" 'ta inlie.
"'A'tprops of the cxtlictio of h
ti. aa',' exea.nu thle New; YorA:
T 'ribu'. ''e" ca have aahe griat:.:
fatw th'a .at the l3nti.a, who'ar'e re
sponsible for the 'iestractiaon of the
L rd. a'mai l e the larinc.ipasl sull'ercrs
arom th~atause. Thk parepainig andi
dyeius of scIi.ku' is ana important
E nglaih in dutre. and the bullk of the
supyas 8well as thct iuest skins havo
ea,mi. 1r "a eringi'Sea. Thme Cani'.dian
lu'oacher~Is h will iluad their' occu'pa
tin gone, andL wai i fii life h'ardcr
qOW IN SESSION AT THE STATE
Many Important Measures Introduced,
Fhe Proceedings from
Day to Day.
SMALL'S A3IEND3ENT FAILED.
Xanufaeiring Establishments Ex
v,-pt Vor 5 Y.-v.--Adjourn
TE TWENTY-FIRST DAY.
When the constitutional convention
was called to order Thursday morning
an effort was made to limit all speeches
in the future to teL minutes, but it
The section on police and municipal
corporation was amended on motion
of Mr. Patton, of Richland, after a
sharp fight, so that for five successive
years from the time of their establish
ment, municipal corporations can ex
empt all manufacturing establishments,
When section 34 of the legislative
article reading, "the marriage of a
white person with a negro or mulatto
or person who shall have any negro
blood, shall be unlawful and void,"
was called up, Dolegate Robert Smalls
presented a sensational amendment to
add the words: "And that any white
person who livEs and cohabits with a
negro or mulatto, or person -.::ho shall
have one-eighth or more of negro
blood, shall be disqualified from hold- I
ing any office of emolument or trust
in this State, and the offspring from.
any such living or co-habitation shall
bear the name of the father, and shall
be entitled to inhert and acquire pro
perty the same as if they were legiti
After an all-day battle thi! amend
ment was killed and the original sec
tion was adopted, with this amendment
by Senator Tillman attached: "And
the parties to such marriages shall be
punished as the General Assembly
The only imporcant action of the
convention at the night session was
agreeing to a resolution offered by
Senator Tillman, that when the con
vention adjourns to-morrow it take a
recess until noon on fuesday, October
15th. This was adopted by a vote of
83 to 38. The reasons given for tak
ing recess were that a number of the
members were sick: a number of law
yers would absent themselves for sales
day, whether they were .e.ensed or
not and that the business of many
farmers at this particular time de
manded their presence at home. The
convention devoted the remNinder of
the night session to hearing arguments
for and against eliminating the right
of dower in any and all lands aliened
by the husband during the coverture.
ADJO)UNED FOR A Wj-EEK.
Recsoi:tLoons of Sympathy With thie
Cuiban Patriots Adopted.
At noon Friday, the twenty-second
day of the convention after a two hours'
session with but little more than a
quorum in attendance, the constitu
tional convention took a recess till Oc
tober 15thi. The q;ucstion of abolish
ing the right of dower was debated at
length. It was finally decided by a
vote of 83 to 18 to retaiu the right of
dower in the coustitution.
The following resolutions offered by
Mr. Patton were imimediateJy consid
ered and adopted:
"Resolvcd, That we, tho delegates
of the peoplc of Souith Carolina,assem
bled in convention for the purpose of
forming a constitution for a free and
indepeudent peop)le, extend our hearty
sympathy to the Cuban patriots, now
str'ing for the same pree:eus
"Rlesolved, Second, That:. we call
upon the Federal government to re
cognize the Cuban~s as belligerents as
soon a: the rules of international law
A resolution looking to thec doing
away with the session of the General
A~ssmbly this- winter was offered by
Kir. -Elierbe and will be acted upon
wen thec couvention re-assembles.
Ne'arly ali the delegates have gone
to their Lomes.
Whe*n the convention reconvenes,
the report on legislative department
will have the right of way.
In tlhe report of Thursday's pa
eedinigs, it appeared that Mr. Pat.ta
son's. time limnit. :esolution was antd
It was~ killed.
Figures Furnished by the New Orleans
Secretary Hester's New Orleans Cotton
Exchange statement: Actual average weight
of 392.066 bales of the cotton crop. embra!
ing port receipts and overland for the month
ending Sept. 30, 517 23-100 pounds per bale
agaizn t 52 21-100 pounds per bale last. year.
Detailed averages are as foUows: Texas.
533 81-100. deere use under last vea r i3 7e-100;
Le-uI.iaua .524 3.-100. decreaie 78 6-100: .ma
.a 5 M.-21. decrease 8; (; .rgia. 19'2_03
decase 11 5-109: Seu'h Caro,znn. .0.
I . -> 100. incrjfea7:n8-100: en
e'. -:for h'ol as comp!ared
tecl: f....iamJer last year, 7 -0
VBalue of Foreign Silver Coins.
Un.ited StatM.. :Mint Director Preston makes
Ihe nao;e~" price of silver p'er fine ounce for
ih ure ust ended. 67.18 cents,as aginst
071 cnts for the anarter ended June 80th.
Th: T.i renc wais a slight that the changes
i th' valu'... 'f foreign eoi were few. They
mr ann.onced3 as 1. ilo.ws: Tael of China
< Tin->ii ('.7e2. ngainst 0,7tl1 JIuly 1,
jM"5: tael *t China i - Fooi. -90.752 against
GLEANIn-GS FRO3I MANY POPT5
Important -Happenings, Both Home
and Foreign, Briefly Told.
Newsy Southern Notes.
A heavy frost in the Owensboro, Ky.. dis
trict has practically ruined tobacco.
In the 'Iavsville. Ky.. country, owing to
damage by frost, the tobacco crop will suffer
a loss of fully one-third.
The Court House at Andalusia, Covington
county, Ala., was burned Tuesday night, to
gether with court papers and county
Marshal J. P. Lamb. of Welaka, Fla.. was
assassinated by .known parties-on Monday
afternoon. He had bcen energetic in enforc
ing the law against gamblers.
At 3Iontgomery. Ala.. William Lile shot
and n'rhaps fatally wounded Orange Lar
kin, a negr) who ow-l him for soie goods.
The merchant demuande pay jul a .ol (li
At Mount Vernou. iCy.. the jury.,i lter f. uri
hours eeliberatiom'. gamv Rev. W. G. Calf
two years in the 1enitentiary for .0hootirg
his wifr Hve times some three months agQ
She had applied for divorce on account 'i
At Union Springs. Ala.. Friday. fire de
stroved the ginnery, etc.. with several thous
and'dollars worth of machinery of the Bul
lock County Manufacturing Company. Ten
th.-usand dollars worth of hulls and 1,00C
tons of cotton seed were lost.
On Friday at Raleigh cotton went to
cents for Iiddling, fair and other grade
ranged in price from 8Y4 to 8%. Some cot
ton men have predicted that the price wil
reach 12 1-2 cents. Anyhow, there is eve:
now a profit iu it for the farmers. for it wa5
made at a 6-ent cost. .
The ofleial returns in the Black-Watso
congressional election in the Tenth Georgi:
distriet, show a majority for .T. C. C. Black
of 1.602 vots. Black. Democrat. receive
J0,312 vntes and Watson.. Populist. 8,710
makin;- tl, total vote Tolled 19.022 ii tb- en
tire district. The total vo pond in 1M.
was 30. 102.
The Nebraska Rupublican Ccnvention al
Lincoln dclar.-d in favor of sound mone;
and Cuban independence.
At Shelbyville, Ills.. the eighteenth dh.trie
Democratic Congressional Conventiona
nominated ex-Cougressman Edward Lane
of Montgomery. to fill the vacaney cause(
by the death of Gregory Mann last fall. Mr
iane take. his position on a free silver plat
There was a $20.000 fire at Cambridge. 0.
on Wednesday. Frank Law. 25 years old
was roasted ahve in a livery stable.
The Rambler Bicycle Aca-emy. Brooklyn
N. Y., was burned. A .>out 500 bicycles, val
ued at 60.000 were destroyed. Total los
Gen. Mahone. of Virginia, is lying. danger
n.uly ill at Iis residence in Wasiungton
with little hopes for his recovery.
The order of the Secretary of lei ar detail
ing General Miles to command the army wa
issued at Washington. Major General Fran
cis H. Ruger is assigned to the command o
the Department of the East.
United States Consul Horace Lee Washing
ton, stationed at Cairo. reports to the De
partment . f State that during the past tw
months the prospects have improved, an
that Egypt expects a good average cotto.
John Czeoh,. alias " Fish John,."
haged in the Hudson county .jail: Jerse
City, for the murder of his wife Mary.
At Mount Ternon. Ind.. Albert Wade. ai
sstant cashier of the First National banl
Iwho disen peared Monday. took with hm
7.00 in Mid and 86.000 ini silver and pape
1,clonging to the bank's depositors. Wade
bondsmen will make his shortage good.
Harry Wright, the veteran baseball mani
ger died at Atlantie City on Friday.
*The use of antito~xine in the treatment<
diphteria in the BostonCity hospital has r
duced the mortality there ab)out 20 per een
The President and P'riva.te Seeretary Thu:
ber. who left Bluzzard~s Bay. Mass.. Mo.
da. for a two days' tishing trip, have ri
Iturned. Mr. Cleveland is in splendid healt]
da reports a delightful outing.
Large bills to the amount of $j165,000 wer1
on Friday. deposited in the sub-treasury
ev York for a transfer of a like amount<
-~all bills to New Orleans to move the cc
ton. Exchanges of large bills for small on
came over the treasuiry.
Will Cotton Go to 10 1.-2 Cents
Mr. Hector D. Lane, who urged the farn
ers twenty days ago not to make a hasty di
position of their erops, has written anoth
letter to the cotton growers of the Sout
Iadvising them that they are masters of tl
situation and begging them to hold the
cotton until they get ten and one-half en
The New Orleans Picayune gives the fC
"It is to be hoped that the cotton prod
cers, while determined to sell their cott<
at te best possible price, will not become
fatuated with the notion that there can1
Ino limit to the improvement, and cons
quently, stubbornly hold their cotton off t
market. Such a policy would be extreme
foolish. As long as a good price is in sig
it would be wiser to ship regularly so as
feed the demand without glutting the mar
et. The accumulation of a vast supply
held cotten on plantations would ha
*a disastrous effect later on. The advan
which has taken place is a most excelle
thing, andthe producers owe much to t
speculative excitement which has aided t
Iimprovement: but they should not allC
themselves to~be carried away by It and ne
lect a favorable opportunity to market th<
orops to good advantage.
"Opinion as to the probable size of t.
crop, of course. differs considerabl" b
there has been a'general disposition toion
-estimates. Conservative people now appe
ito pin faith tc a crop of 7,000,000 bali
while not a few expect as low as 6,500,0&
Sbales, and one prominent operator is cred
-ed with having expressed the belief that
would not surprise him if the yield were
4rop below 6,000.000. Here is certainly
'jvariety of views to choose from ; but
crops go nowadays, it must be admitted ti
he largest of the estimates calls for a t
"The neW woman," said the cc
ervative boarder, "is mostly talk
"Thn I am to understand," said il
Cheerful Idiot, "that she does n
differ materially from the old style
woman. eh?" The bachelor board
admitted the truth of the concentic
but the married boarder said nothin
I am the doll that Nancy broke!
Hadn't been hers a week.
(c little squee:c, and I s.weetly spoI*;
lFsy and fair was my cheek.
New ny head lie in a corner far,
31y b--y lies here in the other;
Aud if this is what human children are,
I never will live with s2other!
I aw the book that Nancy read
For 11fecn minutes together;
Now I aa standing here on my head,
While she's gonet. look at the weather.
'.Ny leavs are crushed in the cruellst way,
There's jam on my opening page;
And I would not live with Miss Nancy Gay,
Though I shouldn't Ne read for an age!
I am the frock that Nancy wore
Last night at her birthday feast.
I ani the frock that Nancy tore,
IV secenteen place at least.
My lttons are scattering far and near.
31:y trimming is torn to rags;
A -d it I wer Miss Naney's mother dear,
I'd d rs ber ii calico bagr!
We arc Ih-, words that Nan said
When these things were brought to her
All of us ought to be painted red,
And some of us are not true.
We splutter and mutter and snarl and snap,
We smoulder and smoke and blaze:
And if sbo'd nct meet with some sad mishap,
Miss Naucy must mend her ways.
-Laura E. Richards in St. Nicholas.
A KINGS ABODE.
In the ctirious miniature city of
I Ztandam,Holland, there is no spotso
curious as tho little hat where Peter
the Great spent six days as "Peter
MiebaCloff, an artisan." It is a well
known fact that when Peter the great
Czar of Russin, entered himself on the
list of ship's carpenters in Amster
dam. he made an attempt to fix his
I abode for the purpose of stndy in the
humble lotlgiug of a poor blacksmith,
who lived in Z.ndaw, a little town
situated on the riv:r Zaan, about an
hour's voyage from Amsterdam.
PLetur rented for -the sum of seven
florins weekly the back part of the
blacksm ith's premises, consisting of
a room and a small adjoining shed
Bat the Zaaudamites are proverbially
curious. The brave attire, the de'i
e5te haW ds, and above all, the well
filled -urse of the blacksmith's tenant
and his companions so excited their
- wonder that Peter became harrassed
an dan 1 . lnuoyeT13V J>in_ertinent --
obtrusive questiolns. In sheer disgust
he packed up his small belongingii
f a retired to Amsterdam.
After Peter's departure the house
passed from hand to band. On a cer
tain memorable day Paul the First of
R ussi, joseph the Second of Austria,
aud the King of Sweden made an ex
cursion to Ziandam on purpose to
visit the czar's old home. This event
set the fashion to rolalties and lesser
luminaries to make pilgrimages to the
ilittle hut. In 1814 Emperor Alexan
rder visited it in great pomp anid cir
cumstance. A fleet of three hundred
yachts and innumerable barges gayly
. decked with flying pennons awaited
his retua n in the waters of the Zaan.
Four yearsa later, William the First of
t. Holland paid a delicate compliment to
SIhis Russian daughter-in-law, the prin
cess of Orange, by purchasing the.
property and presenting it to her on
,' her wedding day. It is to her care
that the building owes its present
t- state of preservation. She had it in
cased in a strong wooden frame, and
| lacing a Waterloo invalid in charge
ave orders that it should be kept
Iin the same state as when ocen
pied by the czar, and thus it can
r1b2 seen by the visitor of today.
SThe chief apartmenlt is entered by the
r 1ne door; the projec'ug roof covers
sie room probably occutpied.by Peter's
1srvant, and on the left of the larger
r~om is thc cupboard in which Peter
sept. The fuirn ishings are of the'
e simdet, a rude deal table, a few tri
a- auglatr armchairs, and a three-legged
lystoo in the inglenook of the deep
to ebiney. Many royal and illustrious
fnunes mlay be read on the walls of the
ye pricipie cha:nber an-t in the travel
*-r' boo k. In Pet:r's diay the rear
e e-dow looked upoun a mass of low
ras nd ci:uy -,buttoday,
thirogh the open~! svt'hes, the eyes
irrest upou a gardeu of swcet-scented
wesadwaviug trees--a tribute
Samidst thr: mDmorles of Russia's stern
emeror to the gentle princess who
~Zprtcted this m:emcint of the im-.
Itpeial artisan. --New York Observer.
taA singular Centenary.
it There is somae talk in Berlin of cCle
Sbrtg a so.newhat singula: centen
aIy -that of thes origin of the num
beng of4 houses. According to a
' Gman paper, this convenient method
Iof indication was quite unknown,
e eeven iu La,udon or Paris, until a cen
tottury ago. In .179 the practice of
of .mberinpir.ite houses was begun
r Berlin. Tienna cliims the honor
o. a-n~ g fn ugurate,, in 1802, tt.
-*etod oA pl:iuso the odd numbera
ou onre side -of the street and the even
o n teother.-New York JonaL.
- ,i !- ING ITE3IS FRO31 ALL
OVER THE STATE,
Half of Brookland Burned.
H1lf cF Erookland. Columbia's
across the tiver suburb, was destroyed
by tire manesdar last. The loss wil
ec ir the neighborhood of *10,000.
Ilh lire originated in the stable of Dr.
lury D. Kendall, which was soon de
tlevd with all its contents. Two fine
irses belongiug to Dr. Kendall were
aWrned to death in the stable. The
t*rc s-on sprcad to the neighboring
uildiDns on the north side of the
towii and was not extinguished until
teu of the largest buildings of the
town w cc -onsumed. The Columbia
tire denartment were sent for and early
responded, but because of the scarcity
of water, Brookland having no water
works, little could be done by the en
gines. But the bucket brigade worked
manfully and saved the whole town
from being consumed.
The following named persons had
their buildings burned: Dr. Henry
D. Kendall, G. D. Ernhardt, Dr.
Robert Stockton, J. W. Ernnardt, W.
H. Witt, George Librand, John.Shuler.
Mrs. Dempsey, L. Thompson. The
only persons having any insurance
were Mr. W. H. Witt and Mr. John
Shuler, who were insured for small
amounts, but not at all sufficient to
cover their losses.
COTTON OUTLOOK IN HARION.
Latta Farmers Sell Their Cotton as
Soon as it is Ginned.
The Latta correspondent of theNews
and Courier says: The roads and
streets are beds of dust. There has
been no rain since the last of August,
and the unseasonably hot weather has
had a disastrous effect on the cotton
crop, causing the young "fori-s" to
dry up and the bolls to open prema -
turcly. The rotton crop of this sec
tion is conse,-uently cut shortez than
the most hopeful imagined, and in
many pldces the crop is all aboutopen,
and if the weather remains good for
the next two weeks all the crop will be
gathered. It is being marketed as
fast as it is ginned, as the farmers are
afraid to risk the chance of better
prices as those that have held hereto
fore have generally lost. Cottonis sell
ing at 8.40 per pound. Large quanti
ties of peavine and crab grass hay
h4ve been saved during the long spell
of dry weat her. Altogether the larg
est crop of forage has been put up
than in several years.
The citizens of Woodruff are mak
ing great preparations for their agri
cultural and stock show, which comes
off Oct. 24, 26. Tho fair this year will
perhaps be far ahead.of those hereto
fore held. There will be a grand iis
play of the products of the field, forest
and of cattle. horses and poultry.
The bank of Laurens organized last
we-k with $50,000 capital under the
State laws, E. M. Caine, prcsident; 0.
B. Simmons, vice president: JT. 3.
The stockholders of the Lauirens
cotton mill have agreed to enlarge the
cptlothe company from 5200,00'
At Allendale, the house of tlhe Hon.
C. Rt. Hires, occupied by P.J. Zeigler.
was totally destroyed by fire on Friday.
Senator Irby's friends intend to es
tablish a new local paper at Laurens.
BUSINESS 15 BETTER.
The Higher Price of Cotton Having
Its Effects in the South.
Reports to the Manufacturers' Record
show that the high ,rice of cotton is gener
ally stimulating the business interests of the
South; and while purchases of goods do no
yet show any very large increase, mrorhant
and business men generally are anticipatin~
a great improvement in all directions. It i
estimated that the higher priee of Cotton a~
compared with last year. and the inc-rease i
grain production will make a net differ.n:
to Southern farmers of over 3100.000
compared with 1894...
In iron interests there is considerab,i
tion in Birmingham over the sucs il
use of pig iron made in that distri4t i;t
manufacture of basic steel. The p.r.-h -::
of the Sloss Iron and Steel company. .f r
mingham. in a letter to the ManIu0- f:n-r
Reco:d' says: "I think the sessful n::u;'
facture of basic pi;g and its sale and' u I.
the best steel manuraeturers in the CL'
States in the best thing which has lapp.
to this district since my connection with t!n
iron business. While all of us who ka
our business felt confident that we woul'
Ihave no trouble in making basie pir. it 1:1
not been demonstrated. Its (cmplIeteog
monstration will in: my judgm'ent cu
the early future the buildi:: f a lar:ge i-.
Plant here and I feel couilent that ew
demonstrate that Birmingham caunmarnnfw
ture basic steel more cheaply than a,:v
point in the world. just as we havy :.:n
srated that we could beat the wocri i m Ie
mnufacture of pig iron for Zuue:: u
Te list of industrial enterprir-: -
for the week. while covering at -.u a I 'n
range and diversity, is not so nn:as
preceding weeks. It inude a ')50.000 '*i.
ton mill in South Caro'lina: ai $i10000 :jWr
mill in Arkansas: a furniture fa't"y..i:t
light and water w.orksin Ge;ra: a - 11
lumber mill in .Ilssissip p: . - N
rying company in Nort Caruina:a
plant and a twine milI i': S,uth (arl::
Tenn-see: arranemet-' rte :
ment ofa suphurtmine.i Te:a U
coal company and . 50.000 eetto Vj -
I mill companyv in the! s:nne~ stt a =.I
I furniture company. 10'0 co1e .ovey- -"
I$100.00 gold mi11in1g cc:nlvn' u \ : -
In Thie Fornui E!V lAt-u
mys that Ithe litOPa ofhe t. nile1
'atat.r tb:c 'iebtest inei fur 'N.
:ual -urposes ei ay maeiv?ue-usiU.