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T.il-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., NOVEMBER 7, 1895. ESTABLISHED 1
A WEEK'S WORK
A REViEW OF THE DISCUSLO3
ON THE SUFFRAGE PLAN.
Chances of the Prolongation of the
Session of the Convention Beyond
the Last of November. What
Remains to Be Done
A special from Columbia to the New,
and Courier says: The burden of pub
lie interest in the Constitutional Con
vention has been centred in the suf
f-age Ilan for the future regulation of
electiois in this State. The nembers
of ti:e convention have spent much of
th.-ir time since the day of assembling
+ver the Iroblem. Now the deed has
been done, and there appears to be no
likelihood that the plan will be materi
ally changecd. The courts or the peo
ple alone can change it. The mem
hers in this, as all along throughout
the progress of the convention, have
Sfone what they believed would be for
th;, god of the State and not of any
rticlar faction or clique --those
nho had that idea were defeated. I1
the prm isions that have ecee made
:+r fairly carried out it is guite cer
ttni that the new elec:tion system will
be infinitely preferable to that now in
As to the prospects for any change
in the plan as adopted the only one
hinted at is to add some provision fer
WOmanP11 suffrage now or in the near or
in the distant future. The woman stf
fr.anists seem still to cling to the hope
of g-. tting some reward for their hard
work, either by having woman suf
frage adopted in some way or other or
of leaving it possible for future Leg
islatures to take such action.
No doubt the anti-educational and
property qualification forces will make
another attack on the suffrage plan or
its third reading, but unless there is a
decided change in the temper of the
delegates there is less chance of r
change than ever, for the report as it
stands is stronger than it has eve:
The committee report owed its sue
cess to a large extent from the fact
that in the opinion of the Convention
there was "nothing better" presented,
and from the further fact that thc
committee was given the credit foi
earnestly and honestly trying to gel
the best possible suffrage plan out o.
what was offered the committee. The
ground work of the plan was prepared
bv Senator Tillman, but he was in
eiined to. and did, make concssion
-, .r oTmeM iiCi'nitmIee. who
had views contrary to those for which
he contended at the outset.
There was a memorable contest
ovcr the basic principles of the suf
frage plau. A struggle that is yet too
fresh in the minds of the people to
need des.ription. It started cut with
the colored inenbe4s of the Conven
tio:i making such able speeches as to
command the resp)ect and surprise of
theimemboers. True, these speeches
were regarded as made mostly for out
side consumption, but they reflected
credit on their authors.
Then in order came the woman suf
fr-age crusade, and what might, for
the want of a better term, be called
the fight for the poor man, as it was
called by its champions, but whleh
really was to leave the elections in the
-State in about as much of a tangle as
ever: then the Patton or soldier plan,
and other propositions for the settle
:ment of this much vexed matter.
[ttook a ek for the convention to
et through with four sections of the
snifrage plan. Most of the time was
spen in speech-making, but the memi
he'rs feel that the time was well spent.
Asidel fro,m the oratory that was in
oi 1 ed ini, the result of the week's
wor is s hown by the following sum
mayof the votes by which the several
gruendments to the section were de
ImmiOediate womnan's suffrage (Clay
tonl amendment, 1:21 to :2t.)
Emergency woman's suffrage (iligh
amewndmient, !I'J to 4.)
(o.ufederate soldier p)roposi tion
[5tt' u plan, 117 to :20.)
Omission of property qualitication
andl extensionl of understanding clause
i:'i endment, 129 to 10.
ieogvniti, of existmng registration
- (erWlicates (-lervey's amendment, 126
Austrailian ballot system (Dudieo's
*)n,O0 to 2:3.
To strike out property qualification
ogr'a:uendment, 75 to 48.)
To strike ont the property aud edu
cational qualitie'tion ; (Senator Irby's
General destruclion of plan fromr
* coh>red members. 1:10 to 6i.
- Cumulative' p)rop)erty p)lan (Mont
'omery's amncdmnent, viva voce vote.:
it was after all of these amendments
n p)ropositions had been defeated
that thle conIveUtion decidced upon the
fur th sectioui as repo'rt''d by the comn
mite whic hadr hobind it the strong
T an w i - an.:- had as its
a th ama ola . . no exncta
6- po-.isiin the plau j Ta ec
ofth to political p'arties cat.iLsth
U.c "ustnber ofv votet th: pre:.l
in lcion shall have representi e
- n ihoard of managers at each pr
einet and on the board of county can
vassers in each county." Some of the
delegates have expressed their opiniou
that they do not want this, 'but the
committee will contend that it is nota
rwho may be a Republican, but of the
party that he represents. It is con
tended by the committee that this pro
vision will make the suffrage plan
stronger in the public esteem, and that
it can do no harm to have Republicans
on the board, but in sonic counties it
seems to be a kind of second nature to
object to colored people having any
active part in the management of an
election. The committee. after expia
nation, and perhaps a fight. will no
doubt be sustained. It is not known
whether the plan of providing for
three managers for the first registra
tion will be fought, but as the provis
ion is so manifestly fair, oppusition to
it would probably be only for a record.
IThere is also a provision that the reg
istration books shall be closed thirty
days before an election, and the effort
is likely to be made to change this,
either for a longer or a shorter term.
PLAN Fo: A SHoRT SESSION.
When the sufYrage plan was taken up
soic thought that 1i would be finished
in two or three days, but it took %ery
much longer, and so it may be with
what is vet ahead. The Legislature
meets on'the 27th of the month, and
that would give the Convention seven
teen more working days. There are
some who think that the work will be
finished in that time, while others
think that such a thing is out of the
question. if the 'Convention insists
upon adjourning in time to make way
for the Legislature, it will have to
adopt a schedule something like this:
Untinished portiont of suffrage plan,
one day: unfinished portion of the
Legislative report. homestead, etc.,
one day; unfinished portion of finance
and taxation, one day: third reading
county and county government as to
area, one day: m:enbers' pay, couting
cut expenses, jurisprudence, etc., one
day; educational committee report,
three days: corporation committee re
port three days; judicial committee re
port, three days: order, style and re
vision, (shaping np,' three days
total, seventeen days. This is as close
as it can be figured, and, if any
thing, the-work will be longer.
Those who have been watching the
proceedings of the Convention know
that it is a very unsafe thing to
speculate as to low long it will take to
dispose of any particular matter.
When the Convention expects to do
work itis just as likely as not to break
and spend a whole day on questions of
-personal privilege. The suggestion is
made that the Convention ought in any
event to postpone the Legislative ses
sion until about Jnuary. It is further
thought that the Conventio'i has full
power to postpone or to uo away with
the scssion of the Legislature altogether.
Whether this can be done before
the Constitution is adopted as a whole
is. perhaps, questionabie. lut if the
Convention wanted to, it could pro
bably find some way of meeting any
The table that is given indicates
what matters are pendinr - efore the
The general impression is that the
legislative work will not begin until
the first of January, and will continue
for about two mouths.
The educational committee report isI
now recognized to be of .the utmost
importance. The members are be
ginning to study the merits of the re
port made by the committee, of which
Mr. Julian Mitchell, of Charleston, is
chairman, and find very much in it
that shows a well conceived plan. It
is likely th'at the com'.mittee will be a
unit on most of the important matters
before the report comes upl. Ther^
are now only tsvo on three members of
the eoiuwittee who wis any; chage
mu'ile in the committee report.
The mporanceof having a liberal
I ie is nosW the more appreciated on
accoit o theeducational <pialiiica
ion thatl has be~en incorporated in the
suffrage plu n ay ftemm
her wih o gve hecommittee every
encourageme~nt in its desire to supply
a substantial income for the schools.
Some want as much as a million of
dollars for the public school fund, and
if the desire of members regardlcss of
how the Statc would stand, or would
regardb( such action, a three mill levy
would be p,rovidled for without a ques
tion. and it has an army of friends
The co n'mittee has devised several
clever methods of increasing the
school funds, aside from the dispensa
ry profits. which it is intended to di
vert to the school fund.
The committee has arranged that
the existing educational institutions
shall be provided for in the Constitu
tion. This will meet with opyosition,
but it is likely that the recommenda -
ion of the committee will be adopted,
because of the desire to take the whole
matter of higher education out of pol
ities as muich as poss5ible, but it will
not be done without a contest.
T he general expectationis that there
wil be a lively time over the report of
the. comhmittee on incorporations. The
renort, some seem to think, is too leg
litve inl its provisions, but on the
other hand there is a desire among
maa to settle certaiu restrictions on
pe oratio:n.-. while there is a chance
to de' s. There is much in the arti
el. for discutssion.
, DA.N' !sArE.
!unoles thian two articles have two
rriesbeen inserted insisting on
hvriueinles that Church andi State
bili1 be ~kent forever distinct. The
;tofthe miatter is found in the fol
Liv erpool Cotton Sttst les.
Total sales c'f tic- ne1: -.003i: A:nr!ean
'63000: -rade tYkn" in :- orn :
The French Government annnuail
approria'es $25,000,000" for vaiu
THE FIGURES AS CouPAHI*
With Those of Last Year. Taxes
Levied. The Number of Polls
in the State.
The general public is always mnch
concerned in the annual va.lnation of
nll tbe property in the State for taxa
tion. for it is a matter of no little im
poitance to the people. This year
there has been a falling of'. The
comptroller general has at last re
ceived the figures from the several
county treasurers and they ,how that
the total valuation for taxation of all
the property in the State for the fiscal
year just ended is 19, 0,4 19,51,
against C17:1.5QS.269 last year.
The following is the valuation by
Am viler " ........... C.:'U. 7.-4''.!IG
A ir l - ;.......i ;. '
B 'anfort ....... ... 1
l1;rur"l.. .. .. . . ) t J.;-5 ;O
C-i: riel . .........
Ch r . . ..........
ChIe: ter..... . . . ;r ,i a ;7 . I
C ie.ter:ield........ I.172"I) :31)
C!arei1"lnt ......... 2.70450 t;12 1)
t "o ittot........... 111.
Iarlin ton... . . 6I 71 :.s15
E ;:'l" 'el. .. .. . ~ 11 1 S
i irfi l.I . . . . . . . ..
ltI ' "i . 1:. 1;J ''
F(r r -.. . . I. '$7
llirgeow .D....... ..
1"'' III;I "il... :.. ,5312.5::2( : 5.32.8
J~I1D '(.2 .2I05.07: I ,i0'.78
1[il')';T. . .. .. .. 4.32;i. '1 1 :'I . 14
....... ::.7 ;.bj :J. :7 i
l)J ..2 700.41 ..; 3.7I:
i igerg .... .79.45 ..0 , 02
Ii" : s .. . 1.9:3.11:y 4.0O5 7.
. . t9.752 7:.54.J:15
'i)rta:i r- . .. .. ' 1.170,231; JU.7:1,1;55
uinn............. 3 4.15 : .0t i. 70
\ViIliitni 1urg.. 2.72,1.033 A755.57ti
ToJtal.........$1 69,441.o251 _173.'i..2L1I
On this property a total State tax of
L8751.34 w s levied last year as
L1-inst 7215. 0 this year.
Trhere has lieen a slight iacase in
the n-w er of polls, as the following
I.gwres showing the num.er in each
P.I..- ................179[ 4.5":
\.b ........................4.2(1 4.110
t 1p rtn.bu...................
.... ............. .. . IS
Un in t........................ .
" ,;1 D'1 , ; ) . . . . . . . . . . ' . ,
C ol ........ . . . . . .. . . .:ter 2 1I
;' aw. h... 1........ ........... i); ..
(;....1':1 .. .. .............;,1 SI 1;51
( illiair........ .....
1)rll:_i t i .................7 1. :;g ;. : '~
. . i . . . . . . . . . . ..l o r t- :. . e;. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. I 3 '
I'a rJi_I........................".(;,: 7
I( Lt!: :t..tv.................. 2 S1; 3 5I) I
( :!"ir111i.!..................5371 :)7
......... .2.II 72
llorr r................ .l. : :.75
4.:325.0 'it. 7. . 14
'Iiiarnl,u'.:...6.....0 2.D .0
o.\ d...... .. ........G...... 0;01.50
On ths prpert a toal Sate ax o
cuty irin ica
j'1 D- 1 1115.
. -~-:'............. . 348
.\I-es . ..~DD4 ........1 511:I
1 '' n el............ .5.5. .19
:h r.. ;'.i. ... .. ..... ..... . .. . .
i' 4 re - . . . . . . . . :.0 1 -.3 02Dl)
Ge laseor.tn ex...a..ge..stat.ement 2.ot
twor on thl O to ere.t ......... .... e7 is557
ollorPrt .ec.............5 li.7.
La .:a ter.......... ...... .... .-781 ye .rh0t
L Di caur n d..... ...:.... ......h . % 0t t1 .1 7~
LR's).(D-.;In to............a .:)'5 3.5
M ~ a o.......... ...........1 .1 : a .j. no
1o "and 1rg... .............. .9 0 " 5,:
15;.: I Stan d 1r....... . .. .3 i.t9
Willi; m ontr .. . . O..2.'':1.DG4
Thvemn frowiu tab'. rvs h oa
st incusie assessed ag"oanst. eah-'I
to vn hdSate:~Os a- 3 64
Ab'eii l ................ o. . .. . Coe .ti ..
.\ ie :- 1 . . . . . . . .. . . . 2 .
OVER SIX TII4ES
cAPArrL PUT IN COTTON MILL%
TRIS YEAR AS LA T
South Carolina's Remarkable For
ward Stride in the Industrial
World During the Fiscal
Year Just Ended.
Soutih Carolina seems, (says thc
Columubia State) from the oilicial rec
ords. to have been ni,akiug great
strides in an industrial way during the
past tc::l year-greater strides than
she has ever made before, particularly
in the matter of the erection of cotton
mills. Enterprises of various kinds
have been started in the State during
the past !cal year with alnost double
the amount of capital invested than
was inv eted during the precceding
year. In this State when a corpora
tion secures a charter, it must ile a
return certifying that a fixed portir.n
of its authorized capital stock has been
paid in and that a still larger portion
has been subscribed. The secretary
of State, who keeps these records, has
about complted his annual report and
it shows that enterprises have been
started :i the past fiscal year with an
a eregat3 capital of i5,267,700, as
ngainst S5.910,700 for the preceding
TE r-orroN Mr1T.s.
The must remarkable showing is.
madle by tfe cotton mill enterprises.
Mills have been started since last No
vember - - one year ago-- -which have
more than six times the capital inves
ted than did those started the preced
ing year. In the preceding year the
cotton mill enterprises showed an ag
gregate capital of $865,000. In the
last 12 months mill have been started
with capital to the amount of $1,765,
300. These figures do not include
the enterprises to which commissions
were issued, but made no returns.
The enterprises included have nearly
.lI been put into active operation util
izing the capital quoted. It is a show
ing that any State might feel proud of
and Colurnhia, it may be said, has
about as good a showing in the matter
of cotton mill building as any city in
the whole country for the period re
ferred to. Let the good work go on.
Surely the mills are coming to the
cotton at last.
COTTON'S RAPID RE:COVERY.
Many Rea;ons That it is Being Held
Back by the Planters.
R. G. Dun & Co.'s weekly review of trade
for last week says: Failures in October thus
far reiorted sho w liabilities of 11.120,48
against 8.20(;,892 last year an' -18.905.494
in 78t93. Failures for : he week have bec
278 in tis Tuited S:atcs against 210 last year
and 53 in Canada against 50 last year.
The rapid recovery in cotton and the rise
in sterling exchange to the point at which
the last exports of gold were made have not
increased conlidence. Whether coton i
kept back b. y preent planters. as many
reason, or b.y speculators, makesno practical
difference if mercbandise imports (for the
past four weeks at New Y arkc 32 por cent.. o
$10,20.000 larger than last year), so far ex
eeed merchandise exports (for the past four
weeks at New York 10.2 per cent., or $2,600,
000 larger than last year). as to cause snip
men ts of gold.
Cotton has risen to 9 cents again. Specu
lation turns for the moment on the disposi
tion of holders to keep hack their cotton,
which may compel higher prices, some say,
however large the ultimate supp,iy may be.
Reejpts are at present very small compared
with last year's, and it is stated that banks
here have moure mnon'.y loaned on cotton, to
enable holders to keep it without ma rketing,
than ever beforc. Exports and takings of
siners are smoall. and stocks abroad: and
h~ere are so large that e..nusumers may be bet
t r able to wait than borrow from banks.
The tendency to realize onl a mnode.rate ad
van'e was shown on Thursday, though spot
prce.s rema;iin strong.
The inarger 1emnd, for inanufactured pro
d'ots Imns hldI pr-es of cotton goods andI
een adlvaii'rd somein prints, in spite of last
wee.sdeine in eottoni.
At the" South general trade among jobbers at
most poji ts is only fair and in some sections
mercantile colleetions are slower, with far
mers holdini the-ir erops. Business at New
Orlens at the chlos" of tie iiionth is .omaller
in v-lu n. as is usual. Galhvest.on reports
verv little T exas eotton remaining ini pro
ueers' ha;nds a nd ree.ipts falling oft shin rp
lv. But *'eneral I rio ho has iin provedl sonme
vhal.t at IMemphis. Athunta andi Augusta. and
t o a.greater extent at Birmingham. where
the output of coal and iron is much larger
than heretofore andi the numbler of emp)loyet
at work correspondingly inereased with the
prospets more favorable than for montht
past. St. Louis jobbecrs b elieve next sp)ring's
business at the Scuth will be the heaviest for
RAM KATA HDIN REJECTED.
Failed to Comec up to the Required
Speed of 17 Knots.
The official speed of the Ammen ram
Katahdin is 16.13 knots as reported to Sec
retary He~r at Washington by the trial
boa rd and the vessel stands rejected under
her contract, bearing the distinction of being
the first vessel of -the new navy failing to
reach contract requirements. Unless special
provision is madle by the next session of
conress. the Bath iron works of Maine,
which built the hulil and machinery. must
rely on seRing her to some foreitu govern.
ment to recoup their expenclitures. In
that ease a complication would arise. as
$400.000 worth of armor belonging to the
United States is iastened in phner- on the
vessei andi is vahlelss for cother pu rpoe-.
Naval ofil-ers adhere to the~ lior, that
under favoraNle coudition- in the tmoth~
water for which the Katahdin was designed.
she could esily ma.te the required 17 knots.
Her contractors, however. pr-fer not. tot run
the- risk of forcing her higher thian theyv did
on Thursday an'i prefer to -av' tie whole
matter to Presiduit Cleveland. relying on
his fairness to suggest a just settlemeint.
Br.,ke the Record.
That the fast trans-.to inzal train of the
Sunwt Route. S:mthbern P.1.ifle. is without a
rival is establishedl by the initial trip of the
season. Sunset limited left Nev. Orleans.
Turday mornin:. -r. 31. with ;' iull eom
lement '4o pass-:nycs. arriving at Los
A :e 10. SurIne *vening. on th.. det,.t ra
versigteaiz istan.* in wo dlay, a ine hours
and 45miroutes. S:n Fan'is :o w-as reaThed
on time in thr-;e days, two hou rs and 45
minutes. the rastest time ever made in the
Congratulating the Cubans Upon the
Fu_mation of a Government.
At New York. Senor Tomas Estrada Palna,
pienipotrntiary delergate of the Cubau revo
litiotuary iarty, announecel on Saturday that
he had just re':eive'il the proela:nation of
Gtneral 31aximo (;omoz. which :onfutes the
statement that he (Gumez! intends to with
draw from the field. The pro<-lanatie:n is as
"TO lt ' th:fil<'er and :eIdl!"rs ef the Armvy
of r rt c : W1. hav_ in-t :-:hiiee'el a rvat
work. a in'iinst:r work, ile' installation if tho
:z-r e'ain. wi--h"1 h:ts threrowti from m.':
,boul.lers ;ui " an:.. ien--" the l,irlel i of tbh
great r--:,potn=iilityr~ f b"in,; th."e"hi'f e'xe'-u
live. of IIiear:inye I i rt.
"I eeinsilder i hi. h::tlti flI work of the on
Stitu nti o f ' h .li ma n 1ituCd . awl trant:.n
:lone" th:at Ise ill it a:s assurau.-e of the life:
and ilnai estai,-htemt tf the C"uban repub
Ii-. I aiUa,- i:ti:- Ihe hope that from
lhe :-.il wh'r" th.- rm:iiis of Agretonte, lic
Wtoull e i!12 fi.rth a new Iegion of entlutsi
asti.- 'at ri.>' to ptut i:i-!n n to th' eniterlrise
start-.d in IS;;, e:rrvig it t. a ;rrrsSful
--3Iy h.pE.i ar." I,ei: r"ali l . O (f those
iatriots whol' are l:r arouiil ma: S>mt; alie
iiglting tl" S n'tri'l-l . t iit- utli'r's :1r'" fruin
liting the iiws whib'i wili guile the te'.Li-iieS
of the infnat rpintl.Ii'r. S iIl"rs.I s er-'e lb"
my sword and by miy honor to he a faithful
guardian of the eon titutietn of the republic,
its government and yir .: :ntry's interest.
"("-m. in Chi-:f of the (n:in Arfy.'
Lieutte:nauts (irar A. S-tlh, ani l lired A.
$anezi. who "Mi:im to N:'I rk ats mis-ar
ies from General ixim,) Gmezii'-x with 10.
000 for the Ciilan uinita. sai' tit the' left
(t:unral Gone, .a "t -i'br 17th at the plan
f ation of C:tit. Ty wr' ec:;:orted by:
Coel"7nel 1 iri.;;u , :rrn :50 muent to L:'i
Prineipal latnt.lei whh''r hiey h:vil a fi-ght
with the' S i.iaris thr:e' hi~ rs.
lvhvn ti':Sluetil:' tr'eet, w!'r' rolite'Il. T11'"
e:mi-sarie-S;lr 'i te re- i",.I l tLil.'o t 'e ast WIth
oilt eso.'rt a:I e i. e; it a r,r e liver's
"bat. Wh-a Ie re--e. 1 th " aha ma
l.Iands thev ni -. :g E ai,h:na n in a sma:k
'oat who t4'.k .etiia ti N:'.tai, and there
ther emtbarke. on 1o:irel ti steamnship
Antillar ior Ne ''rk.
1I-: FIGHT DECLARED OFF.
The Pugilists will Leave Arkansas if
tiey are not Prosecuted.
At Little It)ek. Ark.. the criminal eao
against Fitzsimmons and .Tulian. Brady and
Corbett. was disniss:"I on Saturday on cQu
dition that the men leave the State as soon
as they can eonveniently do so. The re
straining order preventing the men from
fighting in the State of Arkansas remains in
force. and all chance of bringing off the light
ia that State is over. even if Fitzsimmons
would be willing to light in that State. and
he stated unmistakal'ly that he would do
nothing of the kind. Thle agreement betwern
the fighters and their managers on the one
side and the- G.:virnor on the other was
r.a:hed Fri.lay. (.>vernor Clarke said he
was willing to a'telon proieedings if the
men would take themsivvis out of the State
of Arkansas and this the fighters agreed to
SCIEs1IlfJC ANh) 13)USTRlUL.
in ten?is'i1eCnth i iahoganv is net
iolancecvoo.i, -ustaining 21,00) Ilacds
per square ineb.
Some Danish naturalists in Green
land have bronht up lobters from a
depth of 1300 fathom-s.
What argon is is still a puzzie to
scientists, as al ."tep;5 to discover
its chemical nature have so far failC.
It is said thN the la:rcest craue in
the world is in the Krupp iron works,
Essen. Grmar. It lirts and turns a
weitht of 3-5) tor'.
The French makcers of horseless car
riares claim to be :LiC to propel themt
at cost for fuel or 1I ce'nts a mile,
wherc the cost of oats for horses is
about four cents 'a mile.
A naphtha spring has been opened
at Grosni, in the Tereh pr'ovinee, ln
the C'auessue, Russin, which is throw
ing jets to a great height and discharg
ing a large amont of the fluid daily.
Galton declares that the patterns ou
the linger tips arc not only unchange
able throughm life, but that tae chance
of the lnneer prints of two persons be
ing alike is lcss than one in sixty-four
Dr. G. Schwalbec, of Strasburg, Ger
nmauv. is makin;- a tour of the world to
miake a s-cientific CoijIection of the
measurements of the h?ea.ls of various
races and tribes, besides an assortment
of skulls and hair.
A committee of the British Dental
Association has exirmined the teeth of
11,422 school chilidren. One thing
shown is that the teeth of children of
the rich are -more prone to decay than
those of children of~ the poor.
Piciet, the grcat Swiss chemtis. has
foundi that a combination of sulphur
ous and carbonic acid gases possesses
remnarkable power as a disinfectant.
it not only kills disease germs, but it
also diffuses itself in suoh a wonder
fully- penetrating way thast it aeds more
rap)idly than other fumes.
The imunortition of steel wire ganze
with iircpared wood pulp has rendered
it ossiblec to employ paper for build
ing purposes. Thterigidity of the wire
counteracts tbe buckling tenldenicyof
the paper. The material is water
proofed and readily fastened with steel
bands. Itt is said to be an effective
non-conldictor, snecesduiilly resisting
eat, col asnd wet, and to lend itself
well to artistic treatmaent.
A Whale Far Abwe T''C id:Mater.
Captain .1. H. D. Gray, of Astoria,
has the petrified vertebrae of a whale,
which was found thiiny feet undier
round on one of the hils bac': of As
toria. at an elevation of 1SS feet above
the sea level. There was also a large
denosit of clam sheils arnad the
whale's bone, but the rest of the bones
of the whale were not visible. The
fact that a whale was strandel 183
feet above the present water l-el in
Astoria shows concluaiv'ely th ther.
has been a dood at Astoria in days
gone by, to which the fiood in Port
land a year ago last June w-zs not 'a
marker. Po:tlaud went through? th
flo,adis still here, bunt it is plain
that the Astoria which ce:isted whena
that whale was stranded was annihi
Over 60,000 acres of Jand in tue
mite S~tates are devcied to the culti
In van nf elers.
Glvicted of Murder:n' Bhnche La.
mont in Sari Frai,co,
JURY OUT ONLY FV MINUTES
It= Verdict Reach? I Wi'ha:t W'ndoQ
anil Applaudc: i)"y a "e:it Crto a.-:'
thetic eenc in ('o':r---!Ii- ? !uhe:- i:
eome., rys"ti -;e . T:u~- :r., t1.
Hinm. Shriekiru silI " T".:1".
Theodore Du'rant wa f:m I guilty a
San Francisc,o. Cal.. of ma ':1m; .r'a'--h
Lamont. It took the jury ')ui - inuu-e
to render a deeision.
The verdict was a surig to thia st"li'
young prisoner, his relat;v a-id
His mother, wh) sat wi:h him. .v-ry h.:
I the time since tht' trial but . ti"h:l t
the last moment th it )ne--. a' i ,:1 : , t wV.,
of the jurors would vctt f":r a'-41aitta'. "r
District Attorney. on: til e ntr:ry. r"l r.
vately before he begau his th: y :1.
dress. that he was sati?i:. ji jIr-, h- :
Each derided on c:onvi ti" a 't ni t:.
denec was all in and h'"'ar ti:
Dittriet Attorney Baru l 'lt I hi :
ment for the peple with a it -r'nl ;'' t'i
qunt ao^,ca:t for jutti ce. ,: rirt" ,!-1:
D. J. Mutiphy deliver-l I an ta'.l -. ar"
to the jury touhing t!;7 l:'r *'/' r-'u "
tial evidlene and mat tors of il:d P
ti)nS in the afternooa. Th! ha''' :
an hour and a halI.
Attorney Dichinson.for U a.
forral exception to the ch:,r;:. 'I .tt
retired at twrenty-cix minte of :I. ;
in char.re of two deputy. - "hrC. . T" w :;
I across the crowde'" corridor Io 1h" .>a C
the Grand 3ury, which ha .ljo ne ; a
The jury took sixteet 'niuiit"" to " tt'' it
self. and promptly at ten mi: '-t' I
I o'clock deliberation b. .'a-tly 'tv
minutes thereaftrr a rip vn tit', tltr a
mone. the derttie4 to lear: iC2 "'.J
AS t he j': r: liledt ' to .t' h1e, et, r r n 1
prisoner turne.l arounl in hi. t at. dt
his mother. w,hi sat nixt t. him.
were pale, and Mr. Durr'nt se,e i ta it
verge of collapse. F.'orma Wrrem 'l::
rose. wiped his tea- dirme:. e'. "'iite
his -la.-Ws and real in a clear ro':
"We. the jury. find the au l Vn - li'
Henry Theodore Durrat. t-;mity -f m-a
in the first deree."
The prisoner made a eonvisii s in
'half rose as if to a-ldre;? th . i:t 1
mother, with a .:rv that e.:e,at in : m'
sbriek and en led iu de.'p s- thr.w n
arms about his neck antl p:lul hl:m b..-n a
From the densely pa"k, '1 court ron:1 a:i:
at the sane monemt a soual that was thril.
in; in the last de.tr. It wa- rhe te'
of the crowd. Women l:nvf. ant c-i
and all strn:.gledi for a bet e- viw of th
prisoner. He sat, palO. but seemingly ul
moved, while his mother presel her edhe
against his. with her arms about h:s nee
and wept pitifully. Durrant's father, wh
had been s:'ioking a cigarette in the c"orrida
pushed his way in and helped comfort th'
The udlge qui.kly restore l or ler ast i an
nounced that on F riday. \.' e - ..
tence would be passed, and taat on thesam
date the trial of Darrant for the murder (
31innie Williams would be -et on the :lle
dar. The deputies then begaa clearing to
court room. and, in the wal' of the 'row.
Durrant and his stalwart' a;trdiau.!. l on
The prisoner's pallor had vanis'eJ. and h
was twirling the end of his small mastahi
A sensational incident wa thtt. de'anc
of the murdered girl's ralativa."s. H"r sistei
3aud Larnont. a mere se'hol)' 'irl. iu'pe
to her feet when the verdict wa aun.ounce
beat her black gloved hands togetl1:r an
gave a shrill cry of approval. The anun
Mrs. C. G. Noble. like wise eapped henr hand:
Briefly stated the prose.ution chantgedth:
Durrant decov.ed Blan-:he Lenant int' tt
Emanuel Bactist Church'. in Blartiet. te
probably assaulted 'hir. strn ne l he
stripped her b:ody and lai.d it .am: carefiul
in the belfry, hid her clothes and scho
ooks it the dark, dusty corners of the lo
and steeple, and then helped im ther scare
for the missing girl. Miss La'snt wa'
school girl, and attended the~ tuada.-sch1)
in which Durrant was a leading sonrit 5N
was en route from seaool whe'n a young m
joined harr. They weresnina.t:
car by her schoolmnate. har' t"at w:
the last time she w's -en.. abz
by pers2ns wno knew ha"r.9e
nian and a girl were s'en ' ' I .'nu_;
Church. The'idead] bo-y of .e'mi Wi
amns, another acquainin".ii'"'''
was found in tihe E-inanI C:mti'e
library on April 'l. Sh-' h:ol be.m mu:
dred the niaht beffori'.A aem
church wats thetnmade'. aid inL
belfrv was found te b 'y' oi 31ia
Lamont. Susuicion point't-l t.' liurrant.
he was conspicuous in the 'our."h w-'o'-~ ''
acquainted with the girls an.1 had aecesst
the church. He was arrestedl. and for severn
weeks the trial has been in p,roare.'a. 3ue
cirumstanftiatl ev.idencle was intro0ia:e1 an
thu positive evidece wa s tr"ng.
H ILLS OF RO31E TR E3BL E.
any 31agineeint Palaces and Publi
Buildings Damaged. Bells Tolle<l
and Clocks Stopped.
itomie was visited by violent shoeks<
earthquake at 5:40 o'cloek Friday nmorn in;
People were aroused from their slum ber
and fled to tihe elpen squa~res and thie gr. al
est c:onsternatien prevailed. The conv'ent
Santa 3Maria 3Iaggiore was gre-itly damnage.
A prtionl of the outer w..all was overthrow
and a part of the ceiling has fallen. One <
the inmates, a no ik, was injured1. TIl
shoks were conlim-di to) the proin:.': <'
toe. Thtey. were felt very str.'nely at til
Catelli Rtomaui, hut the daminage .ian' th-n
was not serious. Then ''Ilial 'nb"-rvai.ry r'
port of the dlisturbaun"s say's that th:' Ir
manifestations were slight tremb'lngs'w.vi
lasted about live Sr'.-1ids. Th' M:=
more violent for a pieriod if eight.wn
Iand then became slighter for nine -eco:.n
Two clocks ir' the obtservatoryV st' i.pe ti
moment the trembling b.egan, ".n'n indi:
ting the hour. 5::33. Th:. diretmc.' 'ft
movements was fro:n north to.U
soeks c!reatedl a great pai m''"::i
miatee of the prison mad at muuny was
Itempted by the prisones. Tr' e w
q;ikly calied to the assistan at t b: a
ers and ia a short time th mtni : s
p 'resetd and order re.-tored.Th P'in w:j
awaene 'v th' shocke. H. a 1p-4et
th news from the city.
Inviesgation disel'res i a: b t
idaa' gione by the eartu-3i::
fmater -han was at fir. ug : F)l
ale "nd the l'ank '' Italy w".
naken un that they, are re'ndee I: :.
ocnan~y. The Palazzo Odscl 'i.<2
the fines'." l""es in loe and 11: " tt
tuct-uuelof thtchara'"e w"-.00
try ot i.nar.e': was also sli.tl d':n"" d
The auaesra.g all the 'i in theci
and doors were' ::h'e.an w.adov
Th Tr ;-'r.,: .. . . ' - .:
GLEANINGS FROM31 ANY POINTS.
Important Happenings, Both Home
and Foreign, Briefly Told.
.January Cotton Will Go to 10c.
Mr. Hec-tor D. Lane, President of
the Southern Cotton Growers' Associa
tion, was in Montgomery on Monday,
after having taken a look over the cot
ton situation,. to ascertain whether
there was any reason for the recent fall
in prices. He says he believes the de
pression in the price is only tempor
ary, and that January cotton will go to
10 cents. He says he estimates the
total crop now to be 66,000,000 bales.
He does not believe more than 800,000
bales of it will come from Texas. He
says this has been the finest season for
gathering cotton he has ever known.
Drought in the South Broken.
The great drought has been broken
in the South by copious rains in Texas,
and Wednesday evening the rain area
extended as far North as Mempbis,
Tenn., and as far East as Pensacola,
Fla. The rain area advanced north
east over the Atlantic States and broke
the drought in North Carolina Thurs
day and Friday.
Newsy Southern Notes.
The First National bank of La
grange, Tex., capital $50,000 has fail
ed. The assetts are stated at $134,000
and the liabilities at $70,000.
The Piedmont Cotton Mill company
has been organized in Atlanta with B.
U. Hardeman, State treasurer, presi
dent, Capital $200,000.
I Mr. Thomas Day, an aged citizen,
of Winder, Ga., was run over and
killed by the northbound vestibule on
the Seaboard Air-Line Railroad Fri
The Louisiana s-gar people have
about decided to test all questions
arising out of Comptroller Bowler's
action in declining to pay the sugar
bounty appropriated by Congress in
the United States Circuit Court of
At the Educational Congress in At
lanta Thursday a paper by Wm. M.
Thornton, chairman of the faculty of
the University of Virginia , on "The
Material Development of the South as
Related to'the Progress of Scientific
and Technical Education" was read.
A mass meeting of Richmond, Va.,
citizens was held Fr:ay evening *
take steps toward raising a fund to re
place the University buildings. Resolu
tions were adopted praying the Legis
lature to rebuild the Univere'y, and
a subscription of $7,930 was ^ ,ised by
r Fire in one of 4ne most poalar resi
i dence distri- s of Columbus, Ga.,
Thursday afternoon destroyed eleven
1 buildings, including several handsome
residences and the Girl's High School
building. The loss is about $35,000;
~insurance about half that amount.
SNovember 9, will be known at the
great Cotton States and Ioternational
!Exhibition at Atlanta as Confederate
SDay. Delegations will be sent from
chapters of Daughtere of the Confeder
acy, from camps of Veterans and Sons
of~ Veterans all over the South and
t from those Northern cities where
enough old -'Confeds" are resident to
compose a camp.
- The Exposition.
Fares to the Exposition from Atlan
ta have been cut to five cents.
Extensive preparationls are being
naide by the commissioner of the col
ored department looking to the great
est possible attendance upon the negro
congresses which will be held at the
Atlanta Exposition from November 11
ICuban Day at the Atlanta Exposi
tion has been postponed until Decem
b er 17th to accommodate some of the
epeakers from distant States.
The Lagonda Hotel at Springfield,
., was burned Tfuesday night. It
Iwas five stories and a very handsome
. structure with stores on the street
fronts. The loss is $100,000, partial
A double execution under the law
which pronides that murderers shall
meet death by electricity was success
fully carried out at Clinton prison,
Dannemora, N. Y., Thursday when
George H. Smith and Charles N. Da
S vis met death in the electric chair.
eThe Belfast and Glasgow ship-build
Sers have conceded the demands of their
epl)oves for an increase of 5 per cent.
in their wages. The increase is to go
-into effect February 1st.
IThe Treasury denecit for October,
from figures oilicially announced
are approximately $6,300,000. The
.receias showv $27,900.000 and thae ex
per)ndtures ini round tigures, 934.
- A t'rata's show is Prospering.
The'esurer of the Cotton States ano.
Inentoa Expcosition has deposited with
the trus:ees for tebondholders 25 per cecr
of the face of the boads and the trust
tes have given the two weeks' notice re
1quired before payment can be mad'o. The
frt 25 y r cent will he paid Novembe'r 11.
be even larger for there hans been a 50 p
cnt increase for the past two weeks, asi'
: rom the iaerease dt;e to special dlays.