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rrPRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., NOVEMBER 12, 1895. ESTABLISHED 1844.
A "REFLECTIONAL" DEEATE.
Barker. of Charleston,and Tillman, of
Fdgetield. Make the Fur Fly and
then shake Hands Amid Ap
(huse Goes Through.
The c.--nvention spent the entire day
of the 1ist session on Thursday, over
the imp1'rtant measure to allow the
State" t obti4 calgtes of venue in
civil nd c'riminal cases, with a view of
hin:riri' the disei'nsary 1tw enforced
more riidly. The convention at first
r:" k out the clause. Then it turned
,":n1- an-l adopted a clause to allow
the I . i:bituire to pass laws allowing
ch:m in ases5 it would select. Now
an trrrt is being made to qualify this
tiit a grand jury must recomme::d
thlu ehitlge. There have been some
At he night session there was quite
a sensation. Mr. Barker, of Char
lesto), who had ju.t started to speak
when the hour for recess came and cut
him o 1. took the floor when the con
ventioil re-assembled and severely lan
died the dispensary law from Alpha to
Omega. relating ma ny incidents in its
enforceieut which he re:arded as out -
reous aii' tujust.i6itib!e.
en:etor Tillbnan took the floor in re
ly, a:1i. anuoncing that his adminis
tr".tio,n of the dispensary law had been
.:itick :, he went for Mr. Barker with
?f The rwhole lispensarv
;ist ,r v:a re-oounted an' the Darling
t-,; wr w,a fought all over vgain.
Untparl;:imertar lang uage was used
::1t: re tlectionll debate ensued. Things
we;"re e:t.remeliy lively for about two
Ionrs.t be runuiilg debate between Sen
ator Tillman and MIr. Barker being
dratiite at times. The debate heated
as it was finally ended by Tillman and
Mr. Jirker shaking hands. the former
drnnati-ally declaring that henceforth
Ilgeeldt and Charleston would be
counties of the same State. This took
ph:ix: amid a storm of applause and
roar 01f lmtl;iltsr that the President
c(nl1l not :luell for live minuies. Then
the :vention by a close voteadopted
Mr. enderson's measure to require a
i-ne hill to be found by a grand jury
bore a transfer could be made to an
other ColnutV. and that no case should
be tralnsf"'rre' to a county not in the
same ilstrict as the county in which it
Mr. Patton at a late hour offered a
new se:tion to the removal provision
as a povi0ion private against crime.
T.i is after another feature of the dis
neInarv law. one that has caused a man
to be impris-ued in the penitentiary
?ithont a trial by jury. Mr. Patton
mde a p:owerftl speech on the sub
j'. The convention voted down his
m.rsre.A motion to reconsider this
was petling when the convention ad
j,urned. A motion to table the mo
tion to reconsider was lost on an aye
and n' vote just before the adjourn
T"!M \'A GET$ LEFT' ONCE.
IIe Wam t he 3linority Party to HTave
I -presenta&t'in at the Polling Pre
ein,c ts, itut the Convention
Totes liimi Downa.
Th1~e onv.entioni occupied all of Fri
(1a5's session' (the 42d day) in a lively
die enll ry (dbaite. the issue being Mr.
:is pro'positioni to prevent the
i?ss:iing' of ' injnctions byv judges to
pree' the comissioni of a crime.
The' di 'e?ary liw p)ermlits a judge
up.m amdav4'it to pt a man under ii
perpi'tua'l injunction niot to sell liquor.
Tematter wa-is m(ost exhaustively
wIit" ofthe convention takn
hoo. Mr. George D). Tillmaan scath
-ngly recounted the deeds done under
this rrovision of the dispensary law.
.Senafor Tillman defended the dispen
sary law in his most pronounced style.
The- advocates of Mr. Patton's mteas
ur- argued for the preservation of the
estab'lishled priueiple of the right of
triail bly jury for a crime. The ineas
utre wits tiually killed by a vote of :37
A t the night session the suffrage ar
t tele w.as calle~d up for a third reading,
andl the most remarkable session since
the conventionl con'vention censued.
A fter several insigniticant amendments
h:ad beeni made, Senator Tillman of
fered tis amenment to section 1:
"'.ach of the two political parties
casting the highest number of votes at
'thepecedinzg election shall have rep
resentation on the board of managers
of elcetioni at each polling precinet
iind on the board of county canvassers
in eachi count." As soonI as he ptt
this in he called the previous <question
on the whole article. This was the
measure that had b)een stricken out
before after a big fight. Tillmnan made
the miost rew:rkable speech he esver
ma-de in his life. He said:
"Mr-. President: I (do not desire to
unmke a speech. I merely wish to make
a statemnt. The convention will re
maeuber that the article as reportedz by
the comnmnittee had this identicail pro
visiou iuq a dtYerent place. The other
even iio thle mot1in, I believe. of
mite. the s.-tjin w.as. itrickeni out.
The' commi?'tt' imert-esterday ane~r
non and after~- the careful considera
rion 'of the eutjire~ .bjc not in coui
-- nectionl only wi-th South Carolina. buit
in oncton. wit the matter- fromn a
naioli s-tan1poia. de (cided that this
cohn'.tio.n eaunot aMord to put itself
on recrd the rticle having been
r .ought in here with thia provision in
. hrit it wil! not keep it there. and
~he committee are unanimous in this
that it should be an integral part of
the constitution. But it is not only in
d efereuce to publlic opinion, but for
un ~own self-respect and protection
- +.., tacr to nnt it back there.
Such a provision is im almost every
constitution of the United States north
I of Mason and Dixon's line. Every
man who has been reading the North
erri papers must realize that we are be
ing watched from one end of this coun
try to another. We are already twit
'ed with proposing to perpetrate trick
ecrv and fraud and to strike down free
inerican voters by our machinatious
ttud machinery. We have openly
hvowed our purpose to do certain
things. but ? e cannot openly avow this
urpose. Wve ask von not to stultify
his body to put it <:n record that we
rpote to perpetuate the conditions
hat have existel in the past aad we
biuk yoll ought to give t, some Con
tideration. You inFitc attack from
Congress, from the Supreme Conrt of
lhe United States and from all ihe
enemie? of South Carolina and all the
enemies of the South and all the friends
of the negroes. Bit there is another
considleratioti. We have been labor
ing so long under the ncuhus of ne
gro domination that in our eforts here
to reelifv our co!,:aitution an- 1i brow
a safegard aronttal our suffr:ge and
the elections of this country, we have
Iteen oiivious to the fact that we are
snaking a constitution that is unaltern
le and we would leave it to the hanas
of every party in South Carolina that
might in the future get possession of
if the macrhinerv to cheat white men
m-t;tr eq ntis an:l our fellow eitiz.ns.
-. believe it is atlmnot inevitable,
seeing that men are born different,
that they look at things through ditl'r
cat spectacles, that we will have divis
ion among the w:hites in this State, as
there is even here. Elsewhere there
is freedom. and in the future we will
have it-- white nman against white man
--and the qaestion is, are we going to
putt it in the power of one set of white
ien to see that their votes are put in
the proper boxes and that they are
"\c are here with 30,000 odd on
the one side and 55,000 on the other
and nothing but the patriotism of the
one side has kept it from appealing to
those corrupt votes to overthrow us.
G=od forbid that we should so far di
vile as to bring in this vote as a hal
antce of power. but if weshould divide,
we should not put it in the power of
the party in oflice. We have all the
comuissioners an, mlaunagers: you may
put the votes in there. but we will
"Don't. let us who are now in power
forget that the wheels of fortune are
always turuing; that polities is the
most uncertain ground that a man eau
walk upon. See the changes in the
North. Only threryears ago the Dem
ocratic puty ept the country with
an overwh in::;ia" majority and now
they are co-."red with defeat and dis
grace. We Ruformers should put this
clause here for own protection. for tll
day may come when our own vote may
be jeopardized if we do not provide for
representation on the board of super
visors and maarnagers.
A good many of his political friends
jumped on him. and despite a power
ful speech he made later on, the c"ou
vention refused to do what he asked
liv a vote of 51 to 77.
Then the whole article was finally
adoptaud anid sent beyond the convetn
tion's reach by a vote of 78 to 4..
Timhs it is seen thai; it was by mecars the
huanimoius vote of the conventio't that
a:h.pted the scheme.
(ver 3) i'ersons K ied in the !)etrolit
Th- w rkm of- r ;-tin-; h ib i t h .itim s~:
(f W* ln.i . - Ies pheleni thev '' Jornal r
'l.rtotinto ni1 re ht ::e1.-: t rv
1:f' the bijlers wa;s uh.' caus-e of the dliast,-r.
The' bmlins or the fotlowing were re.,-vered
to tay: Adiolp FSch reiber. -r.. boiokbini,-r in
Ev-nin; .Jeurnah: Kitti'- L(Inard. IWsa 3ior
gat. Johnd i Br-iten Iseh'ar. Jentil" N-ih:tur.
16 y.ears old. empiltoyed in Hl ilb:r's bidry:
]::rthia W'-idtis"b. 1:9 y-ears old: Ernest Par
kins. a5,.:.tt maiing (-erk Journab: Emat
Lit-oenb"rg, emidrAye of Hiller's bld,ory:
lI..i Utm remarins frightfully biurnad ad
ind Cnnp;any: Annaii Weidhuseh. employe'
Hlier's hind-ry.: .b n F. Dterby. -arp:-nter:
Jest-pth Bradley. .-arpe-nte-r: George 1. Hi)
]ers.~ pr)pritor Itillr-s hindr.
Six Persons Burned to Death.
Six members of one family perished by
fire in their home on the top floor of the
four-story tenement house at 311 Van Brunt
street, Brooklyn, N. Y., at 1 o'clock Friday
-morning. The names of the dead aire: Chais.
Bvan, his wife. Ellen. and their daughters,
Johanna. 20 years old: Sarah, 17: 3Iaggie. 14.
and Lizze, 12. The fire started from a gas
jet in a hall cen the ground floor.
The Cotton Mov-ement.
The New Orleans Cotton Exchange state
ment gives the semi-wemekly movement at
thirteen leading interior towns as follows:
For 1895. receipts 75,553 bales: shipments
53,660- stock 297.111. For 1894. receipts
149.968 bales: shipments 120.506: stock 269.
419. For 1893. receipts 102.467 b.ales: ship
ments 92.670: stock 242.505.
An attracthve hat for a yong lady
is ma-se of plat.ings of very fine cloth.
These plaitmgs are indt fail enough to
make a rufe~ around the edge, andi
there are three oi them. one above the
other. The trimming is of velvd
roses, velvet loops and wings.
A stylish hat is cf black leghorn.
It has a l.ther wide brim, and is rolled
closely up to the crown at the back.
It-is trimmed with butterfly bows and
loops of iridescent ribbos, and has a
large cluster of full-blown roses exact
iy over the middle of the front.
Emperor Franz .Joseph, of Austria,
has granltedl amnesty to all political
THE SOLDIERS OF TIH'E 6TA'1'l'-.
Nimber of ('omtpanics Redu ed One
Half and One -i'hird.
The ainual report of the Adjutant'
and Inspector General's office is in the
State ' printer's, hands. Gen. Watts's
assistant, Col. Bruce, had some notes
left, and the following interesting facts
were derived from the notes Last
year there were on the lists 207 comu
panies. This was largely due to the
spurt incident to the racket about the
'"Darlington rebellion." The present
status of the militia a3 shown by ihe
oflieial record is : Active militia com
paMies, 9.5, reserve militia companies,
16: totall, !ill.
Tltn distinction between tv active
:mI1l. r."serve forces is that the tietive
contingent. is Itaid by the State. (nc
condition precedent to being classedin
the active militia is that the command
mu.t have been enlistel for twelve
months preceding the 31:"t October of
Ithe -ear in which the record is inade.
The following are the commands
that are put. diown as being in the
active militia :
Cavalry-Troops A, B, C, D, E. F.
G. If. J, Hagood Guards, Allendale
(aids. Elgefieldl Light Drago ons,
)ibl'le Light )rngoons. Simpson
Ilagers, Sweet Water Light lragoons.
(:orlon l ight Dragoons, Santee ('av
:ilrv. 1Jaric,n's Men of Winiah, Was
s:utasaw Cavalry, Iorry Hussrs.
LCke City Dragoons. Hampton Itape
rial Giarls. Haskell Mointain Rifie
men, Edisto liountec liiilemen, (4.'r
marn Hlussars. Troop>s A, B, C.
Fifth Regiment of Infantry--Green
I ville GInards. Butler Guards, Mauinii
iliiiles, l'iekens Guar:-Is, Afrietta
(iti'-as. Pickens .+1iil".
First Battalion of Infantry- Ger
ma in Fu11sili'rs, frish VoInnuteers, Mont
Secon<d Battillitn of [infantry- --Srn
ter Gtarasi, Carolina i ihi':, Palm ttto
W. L. T. Battalion-Cominuy B.
First Regiment of Iofalntrv--Edge
ield Ititles, Palmetto itle, Bctmberg
(uhards, Edisto Guards. Gary Evans
~olaunteers, Richardson Guards, Sally
Riliks. Sautee Rifles, Capers Light T.iu
fautry, Tillmnan Volunteers, Edisto
Seconrl Regiment- -Ii"hl,nd1 Volun
teers, Lee Light Infantry, Fairiel:1
Rifle Gutrds, 1idgew-ay Rilles, Greeni
brer Rii-les, York County Volunteers.
1A:'zehevood Rifles, Peak Guards, Pa
miarit itiHes, Fort Motte Guards.
First lRegiment Infta1Ctry--La:r,'ns
Gnards. A bbeville Ritfe. Ga<-v W,ttt
Guar,", Morgan l ifles, Mxwell
G7urls. Pea Ridge Riifles, Johuson
Fourth Regiment - Darlingt.on
( nartis, Georgetown Rifle Guards,
Manning Guards, Elene Guards,
('bCestrfield Rifles, Liberty Hill Rifles.
"B. 1. T." Guards:
Last year there were 1,66 7 members
in th. m iiitia., while this year's returns
show 3,13:,, all of whom are enlisted.
The State has appropriated $10,000
for the support of the militia. Of
that anount $300 is used for general
p'urpo~ses, leaving a lit-tle over $3 for
each man enlisted in the service.
ln addition to the regular cavalry
awl infantry service there are:
Naval Reserves--Lafayette Artillery,
(Chicera Rifles, Beau fort Volun it ee.r Ri
ties. German Artillery.
National Gu'ard, (Colored)---Caroli
na Light Infantry, Douglass Light In
iantry, Hunter Volunteers, Mi shaw
Rifle Gnardls, South Carolina Volun
teecr', Garrison Light Infantry, Bean
fort Light infantry. Sumner liftle
Guards, Capital City Guards, Carolina
Guards, Governor's Rifle Guards.
NEW SOUTTHE~RN ENTERPRISES.
Thme Manufacturers' Record Reports a
Week's Industrial Dev'elopmuents
in the South.
A Disr,att"h to the Manufa"turers' Record
ro.rts the organizatio:n of a construotion
ompainy in Charleston. S. C.. with $200.000
sbserihed capital,. to secure th'e building of
a railroad from Charleston to) Knoxv'ille, or
somle pointwhr ree't onnletionls ecntld
T ra"tion Compary has pla'ced $500.000 or
b"onds and will press the construction of its
el"ctrie line in Jic'hmond. A dlispateh fromt
Fo1-rt Payne. Ala .. states that the two furnas
at that pla'e anzd the stee-l mill. c'onstrueted
aa large' "ost several years a.go. but which
haur' sin'e been idle. w~ill be started up
sortly. A new company has prrchased an
lIe platnt in Birmingham and will mianutaet
or bolts atnd nuts.
.\mon'g other ente'rprises reported wi're a
50.000-latushel grain elevator -projected. neid
-:'tmers in contnectio)n with a fertilizerI
p.t, 'and an electrie plant in Alabama: a
'00.000 c'otton mill company at Atlanta: at
'0,000 mill company proposed al Rome: a
kitting mill, fertilizer f e'tory, etc.. in other
art" in that State: a $100.000 sugar refinery
to hadl 1.000 tons of sugar a day.: ait0.
(O0) water "omipany and a rice mill in Lois
ina: a $600,000 eetton mill, a $I03.000 'goldt
m!ning 'om pany, railroad sliops and aS 5000-I
sinal' rotton mill in North Ca;robutn: a 30.
NtO hutsh"l' grain elevator. a $M00.000 rope
tmau'fnetaring companty. coal mining ainti
m::trrint '.ompanie's in Texas: large glass
wo rks', a $ 100.000 oil companiliy and a' c
nant in We"t Virginia.
SI'FFiRAG;E DISCUSSJ0N ENDED. 1
The Whole 3Iatter Now Goe's to Its
'The' South fa:r''linat C onstittiolnaI C'on
v;ntoni in s"-'iont at C obytnhin los at lait
-apinted th" lis.-uts,iru ''f the' sufrag'' :ar
til" an'd th. whole thing htas now' been s"nt
to the" third readig.g. A igiorous oftert was
malh- to p'reve,nt the po Nltf fraud in
thc" laniin of the registr-'ion a ':libt a'
nr"vision i ''king" to ti' -ta kill'd. AfIter
n es:tendedi debate the ordna'"e proxi-lin
for an is-ut" of stat" bonds to e'nu"le the Mer
"iral- anis f the statett.do busine -'nl a
ThI "'"'nny-ti" t'ok up the se'ction 'f th
at.! - -: j 'ritr"eu.e allo win.g tie': tet
h-.m-ri'ht a-' is aIllow-:d' th- .:n-f':Jd" ut-.
T""- r-''miming af tbe prp.ii- is that
th- 't'a"i.-5 to try *j' n -.arged with
v i.itin of ' the dispen'rsary lawi in "ouintws''
nibdba... All tIhe lawy''rs w~ere tu rned
1 ')'.- 'n th v iitat iiustioni anud a livelyi de
(;LEANINGS FROM MANY POINTS.
Important Happenings, Both Home
and Foreign, Brie'ly 'od.
Newsy Soutnerrn Notes.
Mrs. W. W. B. Mitchell was thrown
from a buggy at Montgomery, Ala..
on Thursday and instantly killed.
Louis Hanvey, the wife murderer,
was convicted at Atlanta Thursday and
recommended to the mercy of the
T- means a life sentence in
At Baltimore, St. Tames' IIall,
owned and used by the societies of St.
James' Catholic Parish, was h,irncd.
The damage is estimated at Slr,flUU,
but the building will be entirely torn
'own und rebuilt. It was fully insur
ed. The cause is not known.
At Richmond. Va., Gentry was ig
nomiiously beaten by Joe I'atcben en
Thursdav last. Patchen won the first
two beats easily in 2:15 1-2 and 2:15.
Gentry was distanced in the secotni
heat and withdrawn. Patcbeu paced
the third heat against a running mute
in 2:11. The track was slow.
('apt. Frederick Lange and wife
were found dead in bed at their hoi;
in Gardenville, a suburb of Baltimore,
on Tuesday morning. Their skulls
had been crushed and the house rau
sicked. It is supposed that robbery
was the in".entive for the doulc mur
Tohn Colleres and John Melvin
were instantly killed and Frank and
Harry Jones frightfully injured Wed
nesday morning by a car at Manor
coal works jumping o1' the incline and
plunging into the Potamac river near
Shaw, W. Va.
William Stevenson, white, a well
known farmer, 35 years of age, at Cas
ten, Somerset County, Md., was shot
through the head, at the polls while
trying to vote, by Samuel Dickert on,
colored. Stevenson is not expected to
live. Dickerson made his escape.
Highwaymen entered the city ticket
oflice of the Texas & Pacific Railroad
Monday night at Dallas, Texas, with
drawn pistols and robbed T. P. Turner,
the ticket agent, of the day's sales of
tickets. The robbers escaped. The
amount of money taken is unknown.
Five Seventh Day Adventists, on
trial at Dayton, Tenn., for Sabbath
violation, were acquitted without the
jurors leaving their seats. This is con
strued to mean a decided revulsion in
sentiment towards these people by the
citizens of lRhea Couuty, where they
have a thriving settleme nt at Grays
Bear Admiral Slufeldt died at his
residence in Washington Thursday.
By direction of the Attorney Gener
al, the celebrated cases against Eugene
V. Debis, the olhcrs of the A. Rl. U.
and p)romlinenlt members of the order
in Milwaukee have beeni dropped.
A warrant was issued at the~ Treas
ury Department at Washington on
Tuesda.y for the refund of the income
tax to Rev. Dr. Talmage, the famns
preacher, who recently moved to that
city from Brooklyn. The only sur
prise is as to the sum paid anid tihus re
funded, namely, $42.12. It was thought
his income last y-ear was the rise of
The Virginia House of D)elegates so
far stands: Decmocrats 07: R~epuli
cans and other oppositionists 24.
Complete and semi- oflicimil retumrins
from every county in Maryland give
Lownes, (Republican) for Gloverin or,
12,018; Hurst, (Democrat) 105,905.
The vote for Governor in I1.1 was
Vanuart, (Rt publican) 78,8; Brown,
A -n Mor (~uneenIrred Thors !dayv last
thronghout the Black River Fallk s-ee.
tion of Wiami d, and abiou't f. e
a half iucihes fell. heinz the. tirist .jww
storm of the season. Thne fortst firos
are eim ph-tely q1uenchled, beingm i ri. .1
under fouvr inchesof dumpih snow. Noerr
ly am foot of heavy, wet snow f-ll at
Winonm, Iinnr. , ou Thursday. It i
the lie4t of the season.
Three more dead( bodies were inken
from the wrceked builing in Detroit
on Frimy. The death list will not
The Lemidville, Col., Sav-ings and
Deposit Bank has closed its doors. ns
signing for the benetit of its depositors
The much-talked-of wedding of diism:
Consuelo Vanderbilt and the D)uke of
M1arlborough took place in St. Thomn
s' church, New York, on Wednesday
at. high noon. The church was
t rouged with the representatives of
New Yo rk's smnartest society, gathered
to wittness the ceremony. TIhe .ebure~h
ws go'rgeously deorated for the oe
casiofi. the floral display beCing with
tut doubt the most lavish that New
York~ bas ever known.
A Negro Elected as a D)emocrat.
James C'. Matthews. 'nlord. fornrrly re
corder of deed at Wvashimgton. f). 1'.. ne
has bcean eleted .id of th . 1---.-.
Court. of Albany. N. Y.. wh itn fia 'ari
with it the powers ofaSurm e
uidge'. His mnajority is ovecr :200. He, wa
nominated and ele"ted '1n the regla Dem
erati' ticket. It is the nhhet .iidi"ial *ffiO
.vr held by a man of i ra ie in h
.Tohn L . Sullivan says tihe reason the
brisers did not fight is that somebody
NEW TAS -.i
THEY ARE RAPID, FANTASTIC
Skirts Are Immensely Wide-Sleeves
as Voluminous as Ever
Styles in Cuffs aud
S ALIENT alterations in shapes
and outlines do not take phic
in the middle of a season, and
at present changes are chietiy
seen in matters of detail. People of
ood taste who wish to be nicely
iressed and exercise a iittlc economy
ould do well to occupy their time in
renovating their dre:-ses of last ye,r
to make the:u smart enough for every
iay wear at home, or ont of doors in
Even&ug toilets, says the Sevou,
should also pass review, and may be
Ereshened up in the muost charing
styles, now that fashions arc so rapid
Sleeves appear as voluminous as
ever, and are still set out with horse
bair and other stiff stuff-, yet do not|
snswer the skirt or even the bodice of
the dress, but are made of another
stuff and color. The sleeve is sewn to
an underblouse of a perfectly difier
nt hue, or blouse shape draped in
various ways, or a round or ficha col
ar is put on. The latter form will
probably take a prominent place in
the fashions for winter, either as a
:ape with long scarf ends, wideuing
the shoulders considerably or fittiug
:lose to the same, so that the puff of,
the sleeve is slipped nearer to th) el
bow in the Mnrie Antoinette style.
A new style of bodice has appeared
for the evening. This is a slashed
blouse worn over another blouse of a
ight thin material and in a ditierent
color. Some of these elegant blouses
are trimmed round the slashings with
tiny buttons, beaded bordering, or
passemeterie, and thie.chifn, lawn o:
lace of the undierblouse puffs oat~
through the opening;.
Dark woolen dresses are made up in
the same way, only that the founda
tion bodice must be of light colored
silk, and the slashes trimmedl with
black or dark braid set on plain, a-s
also in a small fancy design; indeed,
the idea is excellbut for remodeling
corsages of all kinds to be worn with
plain skir te.
Eton jackets have made way for the
half-wide-open jacket with smadl
pockets, and close-fitting backs fin
ished off with a very short circular
basque, the top of the shoulder bemg~
eut out in a long or rather epaule.
A dainty model of this kind has the
back and epaulets made entirely of
one piece stretched across.
Another plainer jacket is embroid
dakclo en ni clerwso
nented etoth aswerv with ordrf a
The ~ashionable skirts which are
cut so immensely wide are.beginndar
to lose their plain appe:.rance, tn"
hem-is stitched out two or three tiunez
with silk in a contrasting color, or a
border answering the triu? m?ug o:n
the bodice is worked in ehxda atid
fancy stitches halfway up to. tue jinee.
Tile skirts of hand5some wai:ug
,- c.su~e also trimed to mnatch
th ir'.v i pointed epamiets and Iowei
tight-fitin part of th0e sleeve. A
pretty co',tume for young married
Indics to be worn in the country is
m:ade of dark cloth, and has the shirt
and loose, double-breasted jacket
ornamented with appliques of light
cloth of the same color.
Young girls may adopt the same
style by choosing a tigt.fitting jacket
with sailor coll:r instead of the sacque
r"nsat"aNs i:. AN: .-. C LLAR3.
Among the many things so small A
yet so signiticant which help to m^-'"3
a plain toilet a very ottractive one
are thbe white collars and cuffs which
at present are in such high favor.
They are worn all the year round?
So;neti:nes there is only the narrow
edge of the cutf showing from under
the sleeve, but the wide ones; tarned
back over the seieve are worn the
mast. They are nude of the plain
w hite linen~ or the yellow, and some
are edged with different colors, and
others are in stripes or figured.
Daintier ones are of linen and edged
with embroidery and rows of insertion,
and others are of the finest cambric
and the most costly lace. With all of
these they have collars to match, and
all of them are turned over. We have
not yet come to the plain little stand
up collar, which shows just the edge
above the neck of the dress. No,
they are wide and deep. The sailor
collars are very popular and are maae
in a dozen different ways. There are
square ones in the back and front,
square ones in the back and pointed
in the front, and those that reach
clear to the belt, and some formin 1
wide revers, and then some -etit -i
points all around and cut square in
the back and front, and with points
on the shoulders and extending over
the sleeves. Some of them have ruf
lies around the edge and some have
lace. and embroidery and insertion,
and some are scalloped and button
hole stitched. Then there are others
which are entirely of lace, varying
romi verypretty but quite cheap ones
to tho :e of Irish point and Duchesse
lace, costing a fabulous amount and
only to be looked at by the little wo
ran with an unlimited amount of pin
HATS OF' ELT OR vELvEr.
Hafs of felt or velvet are to be at
most exclusively worn this winter.
The shapes are large or else quite
amall toques. Picture hats of black
velvet are profusely trimmed with os
trich feathers- Black cocks' plumes
are ve'r; fashionable. They are pret
t. too, with their shimmering gleamns
o'f dark green, besides being suitable
in all weather..
A charming blaek velvet hat for the
a tumn is raised at one side with a
bandeau of steel studded with emer
aid cabochons, while knots of black
satin ribbon rest apon the hair.
A new cape is made in three sections,
asan extremely high collar, extend
u, in 'fact, almost to the top of the
ears. Tihis turns back from a plain
inner collar that fits around the
throat. This cape is made of cloth,
and the three sections are cut in
scallops and bound with wide braid
stitched on and pressed flat; the lin
iug is of tartan silk and is bound in
AN O'EN LETTER TOTHECOTTON
PLANTERS OF THE SOUTH.
Messrr. Middleton and Ravenel Ad
dress an Interesting Circular to
Messrs. Middleton & Rave^el, the
well-known cotton brokers, of Cisrles
ton, have issued a very interesting cir
cular on the cotton situation. The
open letter. says the News and Courier
will be sent to all of their correspond
ents throughout the South. It con
tains many striking facts and igures,
and it wili be read with keen interest
by the cotton planters and cotton nen
in this and other States. The write:s
say in substance that the great danger
which menaces the countiy is that an
enormous crop of cottn will be plant
ed next season. They predict that if
this is done that prices will not only
go lower than they now are, but that
cotton next season will be a practical
drug on the market. The circular,
however, explains itself more fully
than it cai be explained. It is as
To the Cotton Planter: The condi
tion of cotton at the present moment
is one that should give cause for deep
thought on the part of the planter,
and he should pause before he enters
into any arrangement for planting an
other crop. To-day we see every in
dication of a small crop; receipts are
light and decreasing every day. The
great stand-by of the English spinnerc
(Mr. Neill) predicts a small outturn of
the present crop. All reports from
the aotton sections ;-how the crop is
shorter than it has been for years. and
the Government report conrms these
other reports. The business .in dry
goods is good, ad the demand is in
creasing, and everything on its face
shows that at least for this year the
cotton planter is to be rewarded for
histoil by getting a fair living price
for his cotton, but what are the facts?
We see cotton declining every day,
January contracts having been forced
down 3-4 of a cent, or Q3.75 ,per bale
within two weeks. Of course, this was
only the natural result of an overload
ed speculative market, and if it had not
affected the actual cotton would have
passed by comparatively unnoticed,
but the foreign spinners from that mo
ment seemed to have dropped com
pletely out of the market, evidently
waiting for such another move to force
the spot cotton still lower and enable
them to buy cotton at their own sweet
pleasure and pric:.
- Thus we see that the speculators in
New York are playing directly into the
hands of the natural enemies of cot
ton. The situation seems now to be
narrowed down to a battle between
the cotton planter on one side and the
foreign spinner on the other, backed
up by the speculators and geld powers
of the North. It seems that either
gold or cotton must be exported to
avoid th~e issue of bonds, and as an
other bond isue might imperil the
chances of the Demnocratic party, the
cottou planter must be sacriticed and
the price of cotton beat down until he
is compelled to sell. This is all wrong
and can be avoided by a little judg
ment and common sense.
One of the greatest clouds hanging
over the cotton market is the talk of a
treendn.ous crop next year. Some
preditions have already been made
that the~ next crop will be 11,000,000
bales. the enemies of cotton forgetting
that the cotton planter has learned a
lesson or two in the last five years. If
it was known and understood that the
cottonl planter had been fooled into
planting a tremienhdous crop for the
last time and that the crop for nlext
year would be only a nmoderate2 one,
ctton sp.inners would enter into the
market: we would see better prices for
the present crop and better prices for
the next crop. A large crop next year
means low prices for what cotton is
not already sold this year and lower
prices next year.
Let the plantor plant his crop on the
ae basia of this year's crop; plant
plenty of provisions and keep down
he cotton aere:ge. The balance of
this vear's cotton and next y':ar's cropl
andc e xi.sting circumndanes .should
:eil att 9 cents, at least, att the ports.
Keepl downa the cotton acreage and
Isave.yourselves from a repetition of 53
eents cotton and dji-:ster.
Mmou-:-Erox & R Aviex'.
Miniattura Painting an Exacting Art.
Those who knowv only tha finishelI
niniatre, andl have no aCquaintHnce
with the methols of its proiluction,
canot conceive of the labor that it
represents. Eania of these tiny mas
terpieces - these ornaments with
huan identification -these concen
trated expressions of pictorial art
staa'ds for more toi, of a peculiarly
exating~ sort, than the largest can
vas. The brushes, some of them con
taining scarcely half a dozen hairs,
mtako strokes so tine that most of t.he
pating ruust be done under a mag
nifying -giss. And thec touceae on the
rail bit of ivory miust be as. unerring
as they arc light, for the snmatlest mis
take may destroy the charaicteristiO
translucence that constittes5 the mim
jature's greattest charm.--Ladies
There are in a'ec. about 910,280
Welsh speakers and about 230,00:
oumai'-a the princiraity,.