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SEWS AND HERALD.
ETJ.1 NIt El1 LI) (CMPANY.
TEK1iS, 1i. ADVANCE:
:o Year, - - - - $3.00 t
C aLonths. - - - * 1.50 C
2aD V &tT SIN G R A TE . A SH;cr :
I I.t,i i~ 1 qta f*rti j istinsertion ,
St c it-; , 'ts for eacht subsegant inser- t
i n-. Sjpciazl rates for contract adver
Reg'.r rates charged for obituaries.
Orders for Job Work solicited.
This newspaper is not responsible for
pin:ons and views exp:essed anywhere
se than in the editorial column.
Al articles for publication must be ac
e.tmpanned by the true name of the autnor
tid written in respectful language and
ritten on one side of the paper The true
a-n re:luiredas an evidence of good faith
All communicatsons-editorial, business
local-should be addressed to TuE
AEWS AND HERALD Co.
W. D. DourLAss, Editor.
JAs. Q. DAVis, Treasurer.
W. J. ELLIOTT, Business .anager.
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Thursday. November 14. :
OUR COTTON LETTER.
Mr. Editor: In a recent issue of your
paper you prebict that cotton would
soon bring 10 cents in the Winnsboro
market, and based your prediction on
the facts that the crop of 1839 90
amounted t' 7,307,281 bales, and that
on November 1, 1889, c>tton brought
101 cents in New York.
New let us see if a comp.tris-i of
present conditions with the cundi *on
then existing will sustain your posi
tion, not forgetting th it in a mat er of
such magnitude and extent- at t*e cot
ton business we should be careful nii;t
to rely on insufficient d:tta.
An examination of th' sLttisi ics
shows (to take figure, given by
Latham, Alexander & Co.) that the
crop of 188990 am>ni-i*ed t> 7,313,726
bales, an increase of 5.46 per c "nt over
the preceding year's crop of 6,735,082,
which was a decrease of 1.18 per cent
on the preceding 1887-88 year crop.
Now the world's consumption of
cotton in 1889-90 was 12,043,297 bales.
The crop of 1894-95 amounted to
9,892,766 bales, and increase of 31.43
per cent over the preceding year crop
of 71527.211 bales, while the world's
total.consumption in 1894-95 was 13,
839,0OO bales, whence we formulate
- -. World's
7,313,726) 5 pr et. increase, 12,04:3,273
9.872,766) 31 pr ct. increase 13,839,000
The figures for 1895-96 are fr-om your
supposition that this year's crop will
not exceed that of 1889-90. And sup
posigj. that the .increase in consump
t~~on this year over last year wiil e;nal
that of last year, 1894-95, over the con
sumption of the year before, what
then do we see? With normal cropt
conditions and a steadily increase of
consumption up to 1889 90 the crop of
that year exceeds the crop of the year
before by 5 per cent and brings 101
cents per pound. Rut last year (1894-9.5)
the crop 'exceeds that of the year be
fore by 31 per .ent, while conatnmp
tion had increased by a much smaller
percentage. Conus quently there was
a larger surpiusage of the crop of
189495 eftover, and unless you canr
show that this surplusage is much in
sufficient to make up for this year's
short crop, you will have to abandon
your* position as untenable.
~In 1894-95 tbe increased production
over 1893-94 was 81 per cent, while the
increase of consumption, was 7 per
cent, leaving a visible supply of 2,700,
000 bales. Now add this visible sup
ply to this year's crcp, and unless the ~
sa~me ratio with consumption holds, as
held, in 1889-90, prices shoold not com
We calculate to kee;> pace with the ~
increase<d demand the normnal erop of
1894-95 was 7,903,571 bales, whereas
the actual crop promnises to be about
7,300,700 bales. Whien we add to this
year's promised crop the surplus
brought over from last year we have
an actual supply 9,289,875, whbich is 14
per cent above the normal supply of
8,098,749 bales to maintain the '87 and
'90 prices. Deductinig then 14 per,
cent from the prices of '89-90, Iwe have
105 minus 14 per cent=9.03, which
should be the average price of this
year's crod (1895-96) in New York, as,
regulated by the ration of supply and
Of course, other considera' ions, as,
depreciation of currency, influence of
panics, increase in Egypt's crop might
enter to lower this estimate of 9.03
We feel safe in saying that we have
seen our highest prices for this year's
This article was written prior to
November 1, 1895.
John W'. Lemast -r.
Ridgeway, Nov. 11, 1895.
After January 1, 1898, a man in
order to vote must pay taxes on $300
worth of property or be able to read
and write. Up to that time if he has
not the property and cannot read and
write, if he can explain and under
stand the Constitution when read to
him, or in other words, if he can stand
an examination before a beard of t wo
Reformers and one Conservative, he
will be given a registration ticket,
which agill be good for all time, and
if he loses it he can get it renewed on
the certigcate of the clerk of court.
For Over Fifty Years
Mus. WIestow-s SOOTumLo Synour has
been used for over fifty years by millions
of mothers for their children while teeth
in'-, with perfect success. It soothes the
child, softens the gums, allays all pain,
euswind colic, and is the best remedy
for Diarrhea. It will relieve the poo.r lit
tIe s.ufferer immediately. Sold by Drug.
isi every part of the world. .Tweiy
ive' .ents a bottle. Be sure- au.i as
irs. Winslow's Sou.thing Syrup." and
Columbia, Nov. 12.-The constitu
onal convention spent the day dis
ussing sections of the article on cor
o: ations A see:io:n was adopted
utting railroad employes on a plane
ith the passengers.in receiving dam
ges for injurie%received, when such
juries resulted from the negligence
, a superior officer. Knowledge by
be employe of the unsase character or
ondition of the machinery or appli
.uces used shall be no defense. No
.greement signed by the employes to
xempt the -:orporation from damages
hall be valid. The convention closed
he day considerating a proposition to
nake the stockholders of all invest
nent corporations liable for the stock
hey hold and such an amount over
Ld above as may be fixed by the Gen
At the very long night session the
onvention completed the article on
,orporations and sen; it to a third read
ng. The heaviest fights were made
n the question of the liability of
tockholdei s of insolvent banks and
)ther corporations, and on the ques
tion of refusing to allow railroads to
ship at "released" contract rates. The
eonvention, in regard to the latter
matter, passed a section prohibiting
the roads from using the :"released"
rate system. In regard to the former,
the stockholders ate to be held respot -
sible for the stock, and an amount
sufficient to cover all deposits in the
case of banks and to satisfy ail indebt
edness in the case of other corpora
Electric Bitters is a medicine suited for
any season, but perhaps more Igenerally
needed, when the languid exhausted feel
ing prevails, when the liver is torpid and
sluggish and the need of a tonic and alter
ative is felt. A prompt use of this medi
cine has often averted long and perhaps
fatal bilious fevers. No medicine will act
more surely in counteracting and freeing
the system from the nalarial poison.
Headache, Indigestion, Constipation, Diz
ziness yleld to Electric Bitters. 54c. and
$1.00 per bottle at McMaster & Co.'s Drug
From all we ean gather from the
country Senator Irby seems to have
made a centre shot in bis specch be
tore the constitutional convention on
the suffrage article. The wool hats
who are doubtful of their ability to
pass muster on the reading and writ
ing and property qualifications are
hot at the idea of having to take
chances with a supervisor on their
nderstanding of the constitution.
They have been trained to believe
their votes to be natural inherited
rights and object to receiving them as
,ifts or to being smuggled into the
allot boxes through the back door.
rhey say the' present law is bad
enough but the one proposed is worse
nd seem to have the idea that the
wicked antis has flim flamnmed or
oodooed or hornsnoggled Ben Till
Cautious politicians think this feel
*ng will wear away gradually as the
racical working of the law is seen
nd it found to bet not so bad on the
enr and uneducated as it looks.
'hey recsrl1that there was almost as
,ad'an outcry against the eight box1
aw when it was first introduced.
'hey are, however, e.gitated with
ub>t as to whether the reaction will
~ome in time to prevent Irby from
~etting on top. The tide seems to be
is way in the country iust now and.
t is doubtful *.if man:y men could go -
o the legislature from Piedmont
oth Carolina endorsing the suffrage
rticle as it stands-unless the con-i
ervatives helped to send them.
The conservatives are generally
atisfied. They think they understand
e law and that if the legislature
vill leave it as it stands and not try
o monkey with it the results will be
atisfactory all around.-Greeniville
THE COLORED STATE FAIR.
The management of the coming col
4red State fair announces that the fair
LOW promises to be a complete success
oh as to exhibits and attendance.]
This statement is based on the reports
f agents who are working up the]
ar in the various sections of the;
~tate. Quite a number of entries have
en made from Lexington, Laurens,]
'ewberry, Orangeburg, Fairfield,
bhester and Edgefield and the city of
olumbia. The outlook for a credi
able exhibit showing the industrial
kill of the negro in this State is good.
ll that is now requested by the
annagement is the proper accomoda
ion of visitors from sorne of the -
ections of the State.
The general comititee oni atmuse
ient will have every attracti3.. pos
ibe to re'nder the occasion pleasant to
isitors during the fair.-The State.
means so much more than
you imagine-serious and
fatal diseases restlt from
trifling ailments neglected. c
Don't play with Nature'sb
If you are feeling 0
out of sorts, weak ,J
and generally ex
WI ~have no appetite A
Bro,16~~ and can't work,
Iron medicine,which is b
Brown's .iron Bit
t-rs. A few bot- s'
- ~ tles cure-benefit i
LI LScomes from the
vuetr , andi'
Dyspepsia, Kidney and Liver
Costgaton, Bad Blood
Malaria, Nervous ailments
et only the gen uine-it has crossed red
lines on the wrapper. All others are sub'- I
stes n eit ofa Bt 2c. stamps we l
for InfantS ar
Bateman's Drops, Godfrey's Corc
most remedies for children are Cc
Do You Know that opium and morphin
Do You Know that in most countries da
without labeling them poisons ?
Do You Know that you should not p
unless you or your physician know of what it is
Do You Know that Cattoria is a purel
its ingredients is published with c :.ery bottle ?
Do You Kanow that Ca_w;Li is the pres
That it has been in use for neariy thirty years,
of all other remedies for children ecmbined ?
Do You Know that the Patent Office
other countries, have issued exclusive right to
" Castoria" and its formula, and that to imi
Do You Know that one of the reasons
because Castoria had been proven to be absol
Do You Know that 35 average
oents, or one cent a dose ?
Do You Know that when possessed of
be kept well, and that you may have unbroken
Well, these thins are worth knowin
The fac-'- ile
Children Cry for P
- SHERIFF'S SALE.
B Yvirtue of a warr ,t on iden to.
me directed, I will ofler for sale
it Ridgeway, S. C., on the 26th day of
Yovember, 1895, within the legal hours
)f sale, to the highest biddas for cash,
.he following described property, to
Seven Bales of Lint Cotton.
Levied upon as the property of R. A.
[udson at the suit of R. B. Lewis.
R. E. ELLISON,
Sheriff's Office, S. F. C.
Winnsboro, S. C., Nov. 11, 1895.
John R. Craig, Assigness, vs. T. S.
Y virtue of an execution to me
Bdirected in the above entitled
ae, I have levied upon and will sell
efore the Court House door in Winns
ro, S. C., on the
FIRST MONDAY IN DECEMBER
i-iin the legal hours of sale, the foi
wing described property, to wit:
All that certain piece, parcelor plau
ation of land, lying, being and situate
tne County of Fairfield and State
)fSouth Carolina, oontaining
FURTEEN HUN~DRED ACEES,
nore or less, and bounded by lands ot
William~ L. Rosborough, Mrs. Emneline
3rice, Samuel H. Stevenson and Mrs.
Also all that certain pie::e, parcei or
lantation of land, lying, being and
ituate in the County and State afore
EGHT H UNDRE D AND NINE
s9) Acres, more or less, and bound
d as follows: On the not th by lands
ormeriv belonging to John Monbicy,
lceased. and R-obert McBride, de
iased; on the east by lands formerlv
)longi!g to John Mobley, deceased,
d James Jonea; on the southi by
ands of W. B. Simoniton ; and on the
vest by lands of the .said Thomas S.
3rice, 'Mrs. DeBrule and Mrs. Nancy
Levied upon as thc property of T. S
rice at the snit or J:hni R. Craig,
Trn-ah.R. E. ELLISON.
Sheriff's Odice. S- F. C.
Viunsbor', S C., Nov mber 1, 18%,.
STATE OF' SOUTH CAROLINA,,
cOUNTY OF FAIRFIELD.
COURT OF COMMON PLEAS.
Janie K. Brice vs. Jamecs A. Brice.
N pursuance of an ordetr of th.e
be above stated case, I will offer I .or
ale, before the C- urt llouse door u
Vinnsboro, S. C., on the
FIRST MONDAY IN DECEMBER.
ext, within tbe legal hours of ;ale, at
ublic outcry, to the highest bidder,
be following described property, to
"All that certainl piece, parcel or
act of land, lying, being and situa:e
the County of Fairtield a-,d State o~
oth Carolina, containing
FOUR HUNDRED AND FIF LY
crcs, more or less, b i'g ne Whidte
ak, in said County anid Sate, an zd
ounded on the north by the track of~
e Charlotte, Columrbia and .Angasta
Airoad; east by lands formnerly
wined by Mrs. IIatrie Ketchin and
M. G~alloway; south I>y lands of
M. Galloway. and wvest by ]atat- (of
TERMS OF SA LE.(
Die-t'rd of the purchase money to
Spaid in cash upon the day of sati
Le, ad the ba: in two egnal ::n
l itstalmnt fr om dty of -!c. .
secu'ect by\ the bond o'f toe Iur
iaer, n ith ilmteI est therCon i- im tay
te prei-s s.)->d
the purch.st-r to pay for. al: iees
Rt. Ii. . ENMNGS, C
Clerk's Ofie C-. C . C . F. .
CR SURVEYING, TERRA GING
Leveling, Drawing, Etc.,
A~py T. M.BO(ULWAF ~E,
4 -1it1l Woo,d ward, 6. G,
(ou Know that Fargcric,
ai, many so-cailed Soothing Syrup3, and
mposed of opium or morphine ?
Sare stupefying narcotic poisons?
uggists are not permitted to sell narcotics
;rmit any medicine to be given your child
vegetable preparation, and that a list of
-ription of the famous Dr. Samuel Pitcher.
and that more Castoria is now sold than
Department of the United itates, and of
r. Pitcher and his assigns to use the wcrdc
,ate them is a state prison oQcnse ?
or granting this government protcetion was
doses of Castoria are furnished for 35
this perfect preparation, ye=: childrea may
They are facts.
STATE OF SOUTH CAROLU
COUNTY OF FAIRFIELD.
IN THE COURT O)F PROBATh.
T. L. Johnston, as iisitor of
the estate of J. L"lian F', de
ceased, vs. J. A. I J, R. M. -'i e,
Mrs. Willie Swas a, Pi eb.' Gib
BY vii tue of a deer order maide
and filed in Ih: office of the
Judge of Probate t, r the County and
tate aforesaid, I will offer for sale
before the Court House door in Winns
boro, S. C., ,n the
FIRST NIONDAY IN DECEMIBER
next, at public auction, between the
legal houin of sa.le, the following de
3cribed premises, to wit:
All that certain piece, parcel or trs.ct
f land, lying, oeing and situate in
he Con.ty and State qforesaid, COn
TWO L1UNDRED~ AORES,
more or less, bounded oni the north byv
ands of T. W. Rtawls anid Charlotte
evans; east by lands of U. G.. Des
portes, T. WV. Ra~wis and F. A. Neil;
yoath by lands of U. G. Desportes and
3en. J~no. Bratton; west. by lands of
en. Juo. Bratton.
Terms of Sale--Cash. Purchaser to
ay for all n'ecessary papers.
S. U. JOHNSTON,
11-dJudge of Probate.
STATE OF SOUT H CAROLINA,
COUNTY OF Am~IEVILLE.
IN4 THE COURT OF PROBATE.
~obert S. Galloway, as Executor of
L. J. Galloway, decased, and in his
own right as Devisee and Legatee,
Plaintifl, vs. W. D. Stone, M1. J.
Galloway et al., Defendants.
Compalait Po Sell Land te Pay Debts.
- WILL All :d publit outcry, at
..Witnsuom o r ourt Ilolse, Fairfield
~ounty, S. C;., on saleday in December,
S95..uext, for the payment of debts,
he folig uiscrihed real estate ae
oging TO 1 tze.tate of L. J. Gallo
-a. eese sea, situate in said State
mud County of Fairfield, to wit:
All that tract or parcel of land,
nown as the "Williian B3rice" tract,
ontaiiing Two IlIuwlted and Sixty
hree and. One-half Acre$, more or
ess, bouaded on the north by lands of
Wi iamn Brice and T. G. Patrick;
outh by lands of John Vinson; east
y lands of Mrs, W. J. Lucas; west
y the public road leading from Winns
oro to Chester.
Terms: One-half cash, the balance
n a credit of twelve months, with in
:rest from day of saie, the credit por
ni to I e secured by bond of .pur
haser and a mort gage of the premises;
,pucxaer may have otion of pay
gal ca-h. P'urchas~er to pay tor
R E. J[ILL,
Judge of Probate Abbc'il.le County.
Administrator's Sale of R~eal
BY virtue of authorix L'onferred by
the last Will and Tlestament of
arat II. McCants, decased, I will sell
in the first Monday ini Decemiber,
95, within the legal hours of sale, so
uch of the real estate of the said
arah I1. McCants, lying south of the
ow of Winnsboro, about three miles
omn the Court IIotuse, as is comprised
itbi the followiag boundarieS:
'hree - undredt and Seventy - tive A cres,
ar' or les and bounded ona the north
y la.uds of the est atC of Jas. B Mc
m ats, decersed, andT by land- of the
state of M.rs. Cm:ra Stewart, d>cen:ll;]
nthe weet by lands now or l:ie'yl be
ti-n to Frankl LPitier; on tie cast
V .jd of I 1e estate of Mr-. Martha
tib. deean-d. ad ott I . sotth be
tier lads o.f rthe said: Sarah [. MIc
o,andt by the pubili :o)e whichj
pr.ie the tract hereby iind'l to
l Ifrou- Jands or I. W. Ptoups.
$.id tract of landl to be 11 tain par
I so r s a whol: at then n of the
ter signd, exceptig the greyard
e-rms of Sale-Cash Puriichaie to
for pi apers.
Im.nit:ator with the will Anuexed.
Ki Wismants. w?isipescard. comn
E . A ~ reI.r.eanQ 853boe_m. owg
WHEN YOU VISIT
You will find a
which offers the public good board
and comfortable arrangement at mod
Every Fifteen Minutes
Street Cars pass the door for the Ex
Supper. Bed and Breakfast for
Mrs. G. B. Rcberts
No. 234 Whitchall Street,
10-15 Atlanta, Ga.
DELIGHTFUL ROOMS. IOUSE
and furniture new. Have all modern
c.mvenienc^s. Gas, Electric Bell;, hot
and cold water bath rooms on each
floor. Fare and all accommodations
first-class in every respect. Conveni
ent to all places of amusement. Im
mediately on car line to Exposition.
Rates, $1.00 and $2.00 per day.
Special rates to parties of six or more.
MRS. J. J. BARNq,
283 Whitehall St., Atlanta, Ga.
11S GARNETT ST.,
Be:ween Loyd and S. Pryor Streets.
Wi bin half block of two car lines
leading to Exposhion.
By the day, week, or month.
MRS. E. R. TURNAGE.
IN PRIVATE HIOUSE
238 West Peachtree,
TIIIRD iDOOR FROM LINDEN
STREET, ON CAR LINE, midway
between Car Shed and (uear) Exp:osi
DR. A. B. PA TTERSON.
AM) SALE STABLES.
All Drsons indebted to the under
signed 17 note falling due on the 1st
and 15t. of October will prepare to
meet sare as full pay ment will be re
I have few
for sale chap for cash. Also a few
A couple oisecond-hand
in good ruming order, and ene p'ir of
Will sell tem for cash or o,i twe'.ve
A. VILLIFORD, 1
Wmsboro, -8. C.b
in bicy cle. ildi: .;-. n them
the le~ast asil weLight of
the greate :neogth. 'here*
ae no we. spots uayet~
thr isno fU o:mce of supcr- b
Ifluous metal They are made .
for se:-vice a.t eedj, and are
fully guarani c,1. All styles
are thcs.rme:ice-.8103. A~
handsom- d cariptive catalo ~
may bc 1.: fr the asking. '
GO TFr CF. c I.,
? NOW READY. ***
We Lave received and are now ready to show our Fall and Winter goods.
Ve have the largest and most complete stock we have ever shown.
Our stock of Dress Goods is magnificent, cmprising a fine line of 'ookrs,
erges, Flannels, Henriettas. Also the latest novelties in Mohair, Silk and
Vool mixtures, and an eleat:t line of Dlack Goo:ds. The prices are fully o:c
outth lower than ever before.
Beautiful stytes in Silks for Waists, Silks for Trimmicgs, Velvets, Jet Or
aments and Gymps.
We have a very large stock of all Domestic Goods, Satteens, Prints,
7inghaos, Bleaching, Cauton Flannels, etc. All e >tton goods are advancing,
mt we can give you low prices for we BOCGHT EARLY, and BOUGIT LAZ'.LT.
We have the eciapest F:anuels, Blan:;e-, V. oul Underwear, etc., you have
een since tue w ar. See them and you will he convinced.
There has been i big trust forned to put up, the prices cf leather and shoes.
Ye bought our "hoes ear,v and b.ugni a : large stoek, consequently we
:an ll ir you a great variety, and at luwesi ri:es.
Our stock is now ready for insptetion. Miss Ketchin has been North and
3an give you the latest styles. We have a large stock of the newest and most
ie-, able goods. We offer you the best work and lowest prices.
We want your trade and know that we can make it to your interest to
rade with us. We otTor you the greatest variety to select from, polite and
,apablc a!tention and the lowest prices. Come and see us.
CALDWELL & RUFF.
RIDE A STEARNS.
Ask any STEARNS rider
what he thinks of his
STEARNS riders are satisfied riders.
Join_the ranks of STEARNS enthusiasts.
E. C. STEARNSr& CO.,
Syracuse, N. Y.
SOUTHERN AGENTS :
W./ D. GAS H~ CO., m n .a
r. Miles' Ner vine.
Worth Its Weight in Gold.
wor an wak an/iaiyitalw b.Tebanfrei
,/ ekndadteitleta oesdle.Cuaei ot
th idbcms ioosadmeacoi aespsssin
'edgsieognfaltfulpefrthifucti, te. eatscto
Dohe Ras Marh,anE jstafe NR I REsE tEA Wen donw the ereve rer
wecaeorn ahsan.ek an fialitym iscuat a nd ebb ave up,rtinkreig
nvrwoleketer. ant ntellyou ower uled. Csufrerer Is lost,
tseea fits, boeomes toroure anday,anoliaaesse feelinsthogh
yhedgsti oras ato fulit perforta efntionsl scarel htstnd on
paent, and irreulall theable oodbcmtin walkaoe ovntera tlghtentideo
>odtwouldsigest.aynerve itnuh collpenderteiondiin thar coul nothite,
kd Dr was re to r tegsto myeormrthlf
I feeaw my advetymeto inr yuchadbttl our ries' oesorate.
ervie benanfot fin rsti an oti nge for ine yer. In os mynth's
meothere as Marh granut fteroent In was lokn dow with a my erener-Th
ursse trouble, winychestdull entrely worsae,redtwithstandigesteds mude
ecatte aI pscian. wal iallyortm discouragi oed and gaeon,thnng
inee wuld beal bieter. I camnhapp telouo ra am sufereha I waaveIbeen
rtwo yhes an was trutbeihnnigton felnikdm could srel; and one all
Iswadetis emetondpuchsu abotlo Dr. Miles' Restorative Nrie ti ybs red fe
ake the remwsareat itmisrovet ints weight as elld. feigs h
96te Paind St. coulneylk e R. shor ditnc. It27, ve two mots. o RArandI
) og T911L1 Restores
)r. Miles'BVl Health