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V 91JT+ iO 1," I JSoO ^: ' DEC V 1". i,9y' ESA LS E 1844
TLE LAW TIE PEOPLE MUST
NOW LIVE LNDER.
The Full Text of South Carolina's New
Organic Law as Adopted.
Space will not permit us to publish
the entire document at one time, but
we will give it in installments of about
three columns a week until the entire
Constitution has been printed in these
We rresent the first two articles this
We, the people of the State o:
South Carolinc, in Convention assem
bled, grateful to God for our liberties,
do ordain and establish this Constitu
tion for the preservation and perpetu
ation of the same.
TinZLARATION~ OF RIEBTS.
Section 1. All political power is
vested in and derived from the people
only, therefore they have the right at
all times to modify their form of gov
-.Sec. 2. Representation in the house
of representatives shall be apportioned
Saccording to p'opulation.
Sec. 3. The general assembly ought
frequently to assemble for the redress
of grievances and for making new laws.
as the common good may require.
Sec. 4. The general assembly shall
make no law respecting an estabi:
ment of religion or prohioung t he
free e.ereise thereof a riding the
, om of sn oof the press; or
the r-g ? of . e Ieople peaceably to
assemble "'. to petition the govern- L
me,t or any department thereof for a
redress of grievances.
See. .5. The privileges and immuni
ties of citizens of this State and of the
Lnfted States under this Constitution
sball not be abridged, nor shall an
~o_' shall any irson be denied the
4 eoLa'i urotectionL of the laws.
ec. 6. A li property subject to tax
ation shall be taxed in proportiOn to
Sec. 7. No tax, subsidy, charge,
ebiost tax or duties shall be estabnsa
ed. eI, laid or levied, under any
pzetext thtsoever, without the con
sent of the people or their represenata
tiv,es lawfully assembled.
Sec. 8. No bill of attainder.e
post facto law, law impairing the obhr
:cn of contracts, nor la grantin
a tiile of nobility or herecLtary emo
lainent, shall be passed, and no, con
victionl shall work c.rluptin of blood
or forCeiture of estate.
Sie. 9. The right of suffrage, as re
gulated in this Constitu.tion, shall be
protected by law re.gulatiung decuions
and prohibiting, under &udequate pen
alties, all undue inguences from pow
er, bribery, tault or imroper con
Sec. 10. Al1 elections shail be free
ad oen, and ev .ihbitant of this
te~uossessing the guana.tions pro
aed for in this Constitutj.on shal
ave an eqal right to elect omcers
end be elce to ti11 puAhe odce.
unless proscribe i thi ConstntuuOn,
shal be-necessryfo a election to or
theZ hold.ing of any one No Psrs0n
~hall be elected or approintea to oflice
~n this State for ife or during good be
havior, but the teirms oi all oficers
- shall be for soe spcfe per:od, ex -
cent notaries puli and ojlleers in the
militia. After the atdoptiOfl of this
Constitution any person who thailtfight
a duel or send o.r accept a challenge
for that nurpose, or be an aider or
abetter in ighting a dael, shall be de
dored holding any ogiee of honor
'trust in this State, and shall be oth
~ise punished as the law shall pro
Sec. 12. Temporary absence from
the State shall not forfeit a residencee
Sec. 13. The power of suspending
the laws or the execution of the laws
snail only be exercised by the general
assembly or by its autnority in par
t.iculr cases expressly provided for
"See. 14. Ir. the government of this
State the legislative, executive and
judcial Powers of the government shah]
be forever separate vnd istinct from
each other, ahd no person or person
exercising the functions of one. of sai~
departments shall assumeC or diseh:arg
the duties off any other.
Sec. 15. All courts shall be pablie
and every person shall have speed3
rem'edy therein for wrongs sustained
Sec. 16. The right of the people
be secure in their persons. houses, pa
pers and effects against unreasonabi
searches and seizures shall not be vio
lated, and no warrants shall issue bu
upon probable cause, supportead b
oath or afmrmation, and particularl;
describing the place to be searched an
the person or t.hing to be seized.
Sec. 17. No pereon shall be heldt
answer for any~erime where the pu'.
ishment exceeds a nine of 5100 or _in
30or days. with or -vitj
olt hai tor, UIcrs on a preK.:
aet or Indictmen of a gY:.::dJur
the coin:ty wiler e theo crim;e .1hallf h.
been committei, GxcC;t] ca es :s i i
in the lna or naval force:, or i. ti
m~i' l ii whe in~ acual service in tirj
o wo r or publicdanger; nor shil ai
person be subject for the sasuc ou'enc
to be s1ice put in jeopardy of life <
libert'-, nor shall be compelled in an
criminal case to be a witness agaim
himself. Private propertyshallnot b
taken for private use without the con
sent of the cwner, nor for publi :i
without just compensation being flr:
.oc. I. .Ln all criminal .roseeu
tious the accused shall enjoy the righ
to a speedy and public trial by an irm
partial jury, and to be fully informed
of the nature and cause of the accusa
tion: to be confronted with the wit
nesses against him, to have com2pulso
ry process for obtaining witnesses i
his favor, and to be fully heard in hi.
defense by himself or by his counse
or by both.
See. 19. Excessive bail shall not
be required, nor excessive fires 1iM
posed, nor cruel and unusual punish.
ments indicted, nor shall witnesses be
unreasonably detained. Corporal pun.
ishment shall not be inflicted. The
power to punish for contempt shall noi
in any case extend to imprisonment in
the State penitentiary.
Sec. 20. All persons shall, before
conviction, be bailable by sufficient
sureties, except for capital offenses
when the proof is evident or the pre
Sec. 21. In all indictments or pro
secutions for libel, the truth of the al
leged libel may be given in evidence,
nd the jury shall be the judges of the
aw and the facts.
See. 22. Treason against the State
hall consist alone iu levying war or in
iving aid and corn Fort to enemies
2gainst the State. No person shall be
eld guilty of treason, except upou
:eatimony of at least two v.itnesses to
Ie same overt act or upon confession
Sec. 23. The privileges of the writ
f habeas corpus shall not be suspend
cd unless when, in case o insurrectioii,
,ebellion or invasion, the public safe
Smay require it.
Sec. 24. No person shall be in
risorcd for debt except in cases of
Sec. 25- "he right of trial by jury
hall o preserve iviolate.
Sec. 26. A weil rculgd iilitia
ein_ necsssar^ to the security of a
ee State, the right of the people' to
eep and bear arms shall not be in
ringed. As in times of peace armies
e dangerous to liberty, they shall
ot be maintained without the consent
f the general assembly. The military
ower of tbe State chP11 (o~- s'
l in time~of peace be auartered in
v house without the consent of the
~ner, nor in time of war but in the
anner to be prescribed by law.
Sec. 27. No person shall in any case
e subject to martial law or to any
ains or penalties by virtue of that
aw, except those employed in the
.rmy and navy of the United States,
nd'exeyt the militia in actual service,
)t by the authority of the general as
Sec. 28. All navigable waters shall
orever remain public highways, :ree
>the citizens of the States and the
United States without tax, impost or
:all imposed; and. no tax, toll, impost
r whariage shall beimposedi, demand
d or received from.the owners of any
merchandise or conimodity for the use
f the shores or daiy w-hart erected on
the shores or'in or over the waters oi
any navigsbe stream unless the same
e authoriZad by the general assembly.
Sec. 29. r'he provisions of the Con
stittiton shijl1 be taken, deemed and
onstrued te be mandatory and prohib
itory, an& not merely directory, ex
ept whe-. expressly made directory
or permissey by its own terms.
r or' sUrrAn.
Sectiod! 1. All elections by the peo
le shall > by hailot and elections
shall nedr be held or the ballots
counted a secret.
Sc.' Every qu.alified elector
shall be?ligible to any offBee tobe vot
ed for, nless disqualified by age as
p~rescrid in this Constitution. But
no peran shall hold two ofiices of hon
or or it at the same time, except
that a person holding another offie
may e e same ti:ne be an offncer in
he m .ia and a notary pubhec.
Se .3. Every male 'citizen of ths
State d of the~United States 21 years
of ag ad upwards. not laboring un~
der t disabilities named in this Con
stt n and possessing the quahtica
tion equired by it. shall be an elec
-.4. The qualifications for suf
fra shall be as follows:
.Residence in the State for tw<
e in the county one year, in thn
PC ng precinct in which the electo:
o s to v ote four months. and then
ent sxmonths bcfore any ele
ii of any poll tax then due and pay~
4; provided, however, that minis
t.s incharge of an organized chumrci
teachlers of public schools shall i
td to vote after six months resi
ee in the State, if otherwise guahi
l) Registration, u hich shell provid
.r the enrol!h.ent of every electo
ee in' ten years and ,iso un enroll
- ent during each and every vear o
s ry elector net prev :iusly registere:
- nder the p,rovisions of this artic.
tI(c) Up to -January 1, 1898, all ma!
4ersons of voting age ppiling fo
egeistrationl who can read any sctio
Sn this Contiutoi sub~mitted to timer
avy the registratior. onieer, or ndme
,tan and explaiu it when read to ther
ithe ree-istration otilcer shall be en
ti~tled to r.egisgad become electors
3 - ,-n all persons regin
-c r -nnary 1, 15S, sworn
byth :sitatiUon o iCc . i b e !iied
..10e copy with the" olkrk of cou:; aint
g,:,ne in the oill_. of thc s retar o
ti, on or beflre _brfr.arv 1. 1SS
: tnad s'ich pjeroN%s Shall reua:in durir
y life (u.ieiidec< ii tors unless disquali
e b the other provisions of thi;
r rt cle. The Ceeiiicate of the clerk of
Y our't or seeretary of state 'hali bE
; icient eridence t establish th,
e right of said citizens io any subse
- quent rgistration and thie franch.is
e o nder the limitations herein imposed.
b An-ay person who shall apply for
registraticn after january st, 15s8, if
- ~thr ise uU::d, shall ie registered;
prov:deL, that he can both read and
rrite any section of this Constitution
tsuibritted to him by the registiation
- 1-ler. or can show that he owns and
bas paid all taxes collectible during
the previous year on property in this
State assessed at 8300 or more.
(e) Managers of elections shall re
-inire of every elector offering to vote
at any election, before allowing him to
ote. prooi of the payment of all
taxes, including poll tar, assessed
ng"icst him and collectible during the
previous year. The i-roduction of a
certificate or of the receipt of the
(:lic-e rauthorized to collect such taxi s
shall be conclusive proof of the pay
(i) The gr.^eral assembly snw:l pro
p vide for iss;: to each duly registered
elector a certificate of registration and
shall provide for the renewal of such
certiticate when lost, mutilated or
destroyed, if the applicant .is still a
qualified elector under the provisions
of this Constitution, or if he bas been
rcgistered as provided in subsection
See. Any person denied registra
tion shall have the right to appeal to
the court of common pleas or any
judge thereof, and thence to the
supreme court, to determine his right
to vote under the limitation i:nposed
in this article, and on such appeal the
hearir:g shall be de novo and the
general assembly shall provide by law
for such appcal and for the correction
of illegal and fradulent registration,
voting and all other crimes against the
Sec. 6. The following persons are
disqualiied from being registered or
First. Persons convicted of burg
lary, arson, obtaining goods or money
under false pretenses,perjury, forgery,
robbery, bribery, adultery, bigamy,
wife-beating, housebreaking, receiving
stolen goods, breach of trust with
fraudulent intent, fornication, sodomy,
incest. assaiit with intent to ravish,
miscegenation, larceny or crimes
against the election laws; provided,
that the pardon of the governor shall
aaevgd gu'rsp~po tmarsz_r.sneptfne
expense; -ia Tersonsollfined in any I
Sec. 7. For the purpose of voting,
no person shall ue deemed to have
gained or lost a residence by reason of
his presence or absence while employ
ed in the service of the United States,
nor while engaged in the navigation
of the waters of this State, or of the
United States, or the high seas, nor
while a student of any institution of
Sec. 8. The general assembly shall
provide by law for the registration of
all qualified electors and shall pre
sribe the manner of holding elections
and of ascertaining the results of the
same; provided, at the first registra
tion under this Constitution, and until
Ithe 1st of .January, 1898, the registra
tion shali Vse conducted by a boardl
of three disrcect persons in each
county, to be appointed by the gov
ernor, by and with the advice and
consent of the senate. For the first
registration to be provided for under
this Constitution, the registration
books shall be kept open for at least
six consecutive weeks, and thereafter
from time to time at least one week in
eaca month', up to 30 days next pre
cedng the first e!ccti'.n to be neld un
der this Constitution. The registra
ton books shall be public records
ope toth inspection of any citizen
See. 9. The general assembly shall
nrovide for the establishment of pol
ling p)recincts inl the several counties
of the State and those now existing
shal.l so continue until abolished or
chaged. FEch elector shall be required
to vote at his own precinct, lbut pro
vision shall be made for his transfer to
another porecinct upon his change of
See. 10. The general assembly shall
provide by la w for the regulation of
prtyi prmim.ry elections and punishing
fraund at the same.
S ec. 11. The re.gistration books shall
close at least :30 days before an eec
to, during which tine transfers and
reitration snall not be legal; pro
vied. persons who will become of age
duing that periodl shall be entitled to
regitration before the books are
Sec. 12. Electors iu municipal elee~
tons shaIIll ossess the qualifications
and~ be subject to the disqualifications5
her ein prrscribed. The production
of a cer fiicate of registration from the
reistration oilleers of the county as an
elctor at a nreinct included in the
incor')orated city or town in which
he voaer1d ir s to vote is declared a
condit.io prrequisite to his obtaining
a certificat- of re'istration for imm
einal el ections and in addition he
m anst have' been a resident within the
c- ororate limiits at least four months
bfore the election and have paid all
I taxes du1e and collectilde for the pre
*ceing4 Isa, y'ezr. Tho general as
Seml shall proide for the registra
tion oI all voters before each eletior
1in muniilitis;. provided, that noth
i herin~ eotained -hall appily to an.
- mSniici -al elections which may be beh
prior to> the gCeeral election of th
- ear 1896.
-Sec. 18. in authorizing a specia
eeo in any incornorated city o:
>0ton in thia St"e r the purpe
.boning':-. !'c . iK general assen
I bhy chij. pre.cib n, . ccnd:tion:pr
fe-ler. t th- 1l di: of sid elect:o
a pct'tionl from' av mjoity of the fre;
Kors of stid cit. l: town as show
hv its a Ou2S, and at such election
all elector' of such ciry or town wh
are duly, qualliid for voting uuder se
tion 12 of this article. and who hay
paid all t:es. t, coiunty an
inmnicipal, for the or:. is year, shal
be allowed to vote, and the rote of
majority of tho:e vet n- zaid lec
lions sb:ll be recor jo authoriz
the issue of said bonls.
See. I4. Electors sill in all case
except trerson, felony r breach of th(
peace, be p rivleged from arrest of
the days of election during their at
tendance at the polls and golog and re.
Sec. 15. No po.er, civil or military,
shalt at a-y time inteifere to preveni
the free exercise of the right of suf.
frage in this State.
c-os MED NErt" WEE.J
USEFUL AND CRNAMENTAL.
Handy and Convenient Seats Which
Arc Easitr Made.
- One of the most usefui phases of fur
niture in a well-equippd bed room is
a shoe box, a clothes box, or a recep
tacle for the childre':a toys. Every
family has them. They're as popular
as sofa cushions, and yet very few
ron CHILDREN'S ToVY.
business stores keep them, and the car
penter has to be looked to for their
A simple and neat bos Is shown in
the fist picture. It is the size of an
ordinary wooden shoe box. arranged
with the lid on hinges and covered with
some light, fancy niaterial. such as
cretonne, silkoline or denii The sec
1I ^_ tt,i
BOX Fo sF;,.
ond ;11":st_n-, _'eprs ... . -vritb
iLtton book, shoe horn mratn-erGLsue
dries pertaining to footwear.
Another suggestion fJr a combined
shoe bo:. and window seat is shown in
picture namber three, which makes a
very attractive and comfor::able piece
sUoE BOX A-: WINDOW sEAT.
c.f furniture- Ii can be made of two
small boes and one long bx. or other
equally good boxes of about these pro
portions. made ef strong b)ords: the
proportions should be carefully pre
served. Remove one side from each
small box, leaving tlhe ends, top, bot
tom and one side; place them on the
THE SWARMING OF THE BEES.
Ntoeon Reg:ined His Empire
Twen.ty Days After Leaving Elba.
At nine &'eock a mighty shout is
"The Emperor! The Emperor!"
The paln.ce echoes the cry. as across
the bridge of the palace. and along the
1 ecine embankment, in threugh the
Tuileries gote, thronged about by 3
clamor-ous crowd, and surronnded by
his soldiers and his generals. Napoleon
enters the courtyard..
Paris is wild with joy: The veterans
ing ;.bemscelves upon the Emperor'
carrlaje. They seize him in th1ir arml
They 'rag him our, and, bearing bin
on the.r shoulders, they rush with bin
throu;h the doorway. even to the foel
of the great staircase.
The palace reeks with the shouts o.
welcomne. The crowd bearing the Em
peror, an'd the throng pouring dow
the staircase to greet him. block th4
way. Prngressisimpwosslble. People an
everywhere. and Philip, standing a
the top of the noble Stair ray of Honor
laughs, as he cheers, to see Corpora
reyrolles sitting astride the great sil
ver statue of Peace, his chapeau on th
end of Liz cane, his face red with shout
lng and wet with tears or joy.
At last a passage way is brokot
through the crowd. Philip and Mlon
sieur deLIavatlette. back thi!r wa:
aloft and keep the passa;e open, ant
o. up the clamoring sta:rway. alo;:
the Gallery of Dhmna. thro-zgh the Eilu
Rom, and into the Empe-ror's'study
amid tea's and cheers and shouts. an
tossing of hzas and wat-.nz of hand
kerhefs. the Emperor comes to hi
cwn '-gain. In t wenty da7s after leas
a Ela. Napoleon has regained hi
eamire. With but a thoosand grent
ders he has conquered tbiirty million
o. neonle. The Swarming of the Bee
fM . iN BRI
3GLETANNGS FR O.1 1ANY POINTS
important Iiappenings, Both Homc
and Foreign, Briefly Told.
- ewvsy Soutn'ern Notes.
There .ere five hangin s in Soutl
The Spotts Manufacturing Company,
of Richmond, Va., makers of vinegars
and ciders, have failed for $12,000.
Rev. John E. White succeeds Dr.
Durham as corresponding secretary oi
the Baptist State Convention of North
Secretary Carlisle has accepted an ie
vitation to deliver an address on the
government finances to the business
men of Richmond, Va.
Col. W. 0. Bradley, the first Re
publican to be elected Governor of
Kentucky, was inaugurated with great
ceremony on Tuesday.
Comptroller Eckels has appointed J.
F. Flournoy receiver of the Chatta
hoochee National Bank, of Columbus,
Ga., which failed a week ago.
George Washington, colored, was
hanged at Tarboro, N. C., Wed., for
the murder of Charles Neville, a pump
hand of the Atlantic Coast Line. The
execution was public. The murder
was for robbery. The murderer con
The South Carolina Republican State
ccmmittee at Columbia have issed an
address to the people, in which the
committee refuses to accept as final
the new constitution foisted upon the
State by the Tillman faction, on the
grou;d that it is per se fraudulent,
and because it is not i be submitted
to the people for ratification.
Northern News Notes.
Dr. William J. Murray, an aged
physician of Toledo, 0., died Wednes
day, after fasting 47 days.
M. H. Gibson, the Chicago member
of the Illinois Lcgislature, who was in
dicted for boodling, has been acquitted.
Three hundred members of the De
iroit chamber of commerce helped to
I celebrate Michigan Day at Atlanta
At Kansas City, Mo.. the E. P.
Cowen Wholesale Lumber Com.,any
made an assignment. Its assets are
>30,000; liabilities $100,000.
Peter Conlin has been made chief
e-i: of oNw Yoi p ou Xq
by his father, the mi o A. 9Sster
manufacturer, C. W. Deering, Jr., en
listed in the army and is now a private
at Fort Sheridan, Ill.
The New York Reform Club's com
mittee on sound currency distributed
durirg the past year twenty-four pam
phlets, of which 1,637,000 copies were
dJisseminated where they would do the
At Cincinnati, 0., the furniture firm
of A. E. Burkhart & Co. has gone to
the wall. Attorney Louis Kramer has
been appointed receiver. Assets $380,
000; liabilities $230,000.
IAt New York the Morse Engraving
Company assignecd Monday. The com
pany did a large imsiness, especially
in iphoto-engravin.g. Liabilities are
$100,000 and nomiL'al assets the same.
IThe "Pittsburg Flyer,'' a fast train
on the Pittsburg and Lake Erie Rail
road, which left Newcastle, Pa., at 6
oclock SaturJ.y evening, collided
with an eastbouud freight train, near
Newport station. Engineer, fireman
and mail clerk are fatally injured.
Special dispatches to the Cleveland,
O,Press say that the smail-pox epi
demic has again broken ou.t along the
Ohi rie. There are now fourteen
cases at Bridgzeport and four at Mar
tin's Ferry. The epidemic was caused
by the public funer:d of a man who
died from th dsea-e
Attorney General Judson Harmno
in his report recommends that the
United States Supreme Court be re
Loved of all criminal appeal cases ex
cept where capital punishment is in
A violent storm swept over England
Belgium, Denmark and Germany.
Rivers overflowed, and great damag
A hurricane and earthquake shock
were experienced in the upper lands of
the Canton of Berne, Switzerland, oi
last Sunday and Monday.
Everett B. Pomieroy, editor and pro
rietor of the Oaklandt, Cal., Time
died Thursday night, after a brief ill
ness. He was one of the best knowi
newspaper men of the West.
New OJrleans Cotton Exchange State
TheO sn-weekly n'ov-em a n 23I~m
i dterar tas Fo"cr .-.93-receipt- Si
,3Bay.rd Has Nothingi at A11 to Say.
I n uted' States Amaaador E:Iyard st*'a
- insiv acois to be interviewed by anybol
5on tue sub:ject of the re=olution of impreaec
* xin the IHouse of Ilpr.snttives. Hfe hx
w iot exception informed all enliers th;
3 Hlerring we?r" never so plenitifz I o ! th
.da asahusetts co:tst us this 9-:WD arnd th
.ca c ~r, ha !e..n Oenomr'diY largo.
SONG CF THE AUTUMN SEA.
sin ho! sing ho! for a siirper bold!
For the white-winged cr:f: and hr jolly
ITZ.or the whistling rind eroa the n:rtl, as
Asan arclic bla .
Sing ho! once more for the faiin; shore!
For the cloudless sky and the ocean bl'e!
For the foaming wake! and the gurgling
Where the boat has passed!
,in- ho! sing ho! for the weather rail!
For tie sheet triomedt aft and the rtvr
Or the sudden flap cf the wind lashed sail,
Sin, ho! at la:t for tho s ain . ast.
For the soinnaker set to the fresh'ain;
For the waves that rise and the spray that's
On the rolling ran!
PITH A ND POINT,
Jeweler -- "An engagement ring?
Certainly ! Here is a five hundred do.
lar one." CustomLer-"What is the
price of it?"-Puck.
"There is nothing now to mar our
happiness," as Bass remarked when
his wife's mother took her departure.
"Pa, what is a trip harnmrr?" "it's
the hummer, my son, that your ma
leaves on the carpet when she hangs
up a picture."-Detroit Fre. Press.
"What kept you out?" said the thin
man to the fat man at the jammed en
trance. "Corporation influence," was
the stout response. - Philadelphia
Cooked in His Own Sance: Prison
er-"What, that man is going to de
fend me? Why, he couldn't bring an
innocent person through !"-Fliegende
Bagiey-"And bow does your
French chef suit?" Bradley-"Not at
all! I'm afraid he's an impostor.
Why. you can tell by the taste what
is dishes are made of !"-Puck.
She--"No, George, I like you, bazt
I can never be your wife." Ho (haugh
tily)-"Never mind. There are oth
ers." She-"I know there are,
George; I accepted one of them this
morning. "-Chicago Record.
Mr. Spinks - "Well, Willie, has
your sister made up her mind to go
to the concert with me?" Wilhe
"Yep. She's made up her mind and
she's makin' up her face now; Ehe'll
be down in a minute. "-Great Divide.
Assistant-"Here is a complaint oy
Q- aarainst the conductoi- of car
!a0 'were a u Z
"s?octor," said an old lady the oth
er day to her family physician, "can
you tell me how it is that some folks
are born dumb?" "Why, hem, cer
tainly," madam," replied the doctor.
"It is owing to the fact that they
come into the world without the fac
ulty of speech!" "Dear me!" re
marked the old lady ; "now just see
what it is to have a medical education !
I've asked my husband more than a
hundred times the samie thing, and all
tha; I could get out of him was, ".Be
ause they are."- -Punch.
Somc (Qaeer Bones.
The Lakeview (Oregon) Examiner
has this correspondence from Silver
I have lately returnea from a fossil
hunt on what I count the great Oregon
desert, which has become famous to
the scientific world on account of the
many fossils of extinct animals that it
contains-many of which have never
even boeen classified. On my recent
trip, in company with H. J. Rinehart,
who was my associate and helper, we
fun d some new and very interesting
fossils that I had never observed be
fore. One is a foot of the equine, not
larger than a small Shetland pony and
from the appearance of the coffin joint
the foot must have stood quite
vertically. The other foot, or part of
a foot, is hard to describe, being well
sustamned by a strong joint and deep
grooves. We also found the toes of
some animnal that must belong to the
naltor or ungalatesall. All told,
we brought in quite a lot of bones of
different animals, and among them a
beast whose bones I had found before,
but was never able to describe. The
bones were broken, but enongh were
gathered to see that he was rather a
ingular beast, as the bones are short.
and very crooked.
These fossil beds were named by
Professor Cope the eques, or equine,
beds of Oregon, because the norse
predominated in numbers. There
were two varieties o f this animal. One
was very .large and clumsy, while the
other was small, and, from his organ
ization, must have possessed greas
.The Ambition ot Our Boyhead.
"Few of us ever achieve. the ambi
tions of our boyhoo:1," s;aid a well.
known lawyer to a Star reporter.
"Now, I have a friend who, when he
was growing up, had a yearning de.
sire to be a railroad engineer. When
a mere baby, he liked no toy sc
well as a train of cars, and no game
suited him at school like that of being
:.an engine and have boys clinging to
each other's coats for cars. It was nu~
hobby by day and his dream by nigh;
but he could not obtain a railroad po
-sition when he left school, and became
a clerk, and, subseqiuently, a mer
cant. bnt ne has never felt satisfied
a not being able to follow nxis natur.!
oent ; o, -realizing that a~ was roc
at e in 1ife to ever become an ar
ner, ie wrote me a few cdays ago ta'il
ae nad& bought a raijrrnc, ana conid
de in an enzine, if iac wanted tc."
I WeinnrliDon Qtar.
VALK(R!E'3 OWNER TO TESTIFY.
Tho "Defe::der" Inve-tgation Assuming
The bitter feeling aroused in the United
States and in England by the extraordinary
charges of unfair play, made by Lord Dun
raven against the Defender syndicate, has
caused their investigation to assume an in
The special committee of the New York
Yacht Club having the matter in hand has
shown its appreciation of the gravity of the
t ask entrusted to it and, at the same time.
its determination to reach a decision which
sportsmen on both sides of the Atlantio
should accent as conclusive, by adding to
its number Edward J. Phelps, formerly Min
ister to En_land. and Captain Alfred T.
Mahan, of the United States Navy, whose
works have probably made him even more
pooniar in England than he is here.
Lord Dunraven c"bled his intenlion of
sailing from England on the Germanic to
appear before the committee wit"i sucz evi
dence as he can obtain in support of his
A statement issued by the Investigating
Committee-J. Pierpont Morgan. W. C.
Whitney and G. L. Rives-rontainedthe sig
nificant information that the Royal Yacht
Squadron had declined to take any. action in
the matter. regarding the controversy as a
personal one so far as concerns Lord Dun
raven's participation in it. Thus he is left
to fight his battle alone.
But the names of those comprising the
committee is a guarantee that he will receive
the fairest of fair play in his endeavors to
prove that ballast was surreptitiously added
to the Defender to give her an unfair advan
tage over the Valkyrie in the first race for
the America's Cup.
FOUGHT FOR LIFE.
Terrible Struggle to Escape From a Ruti
A detective switch outside the freight
yards of the New York, New Haven and
Hartford Railroad, at Port Morris. N. Y.,
derailed a locomotive containing a train's
crew, causing the death of three men and
the injury of four others. A still more seri
ous accident was averted by the presence of
mind of one of the injured men, who stag
gered up the track and flagged an ap
proahing fast freight. which was only
stopned when within twenty feet of the
The list of killed is as follows: Thomas
Fitzgerald, engineer; Frederick Maples;
brakeman: Thomas Nally, brakeman.
The panic stricken crew knew the danger
ad fouht to get out before the catastrophe
came. Fitzgerald had at last regained his
feet. and he reversed the power as. quickly
as possible. It was too late. The momentum
carried the engine to the edge of the em
bankment, and it dashed over, landing with
a crash in the swamn below. The tender
turned a comnlete sonerset falling on its
side in the mud. The encine plowed Its
way along for ten feet after the plunge be
fore it stonned.
One of the steam pipes burst at this mo
ment, deluging Maples, Nally and Fitzger
aid with boIling water. literally scalding
them to death, The body of .Fitzgerald fell
out of the cab. and as the engige settled
down on one side, finally failing over, he
was crushed under it.
KENTUCKY LECISLATURE TIED.
Louisville, the Democrats succeea r
serving the tie of the Legislature. He is a
sound money, anti-Blackburn man.
Mr. Carroll won by 452 votes over Charles
llatz. the vote being greatly increased over
that of the regular election. Carroll was a
candidate then, but some friends of his were
said to have bribed his Republican opponent,
Charles Shreve. to withdraw before the elec
tion and fail to notify the Republicans -in
time to nominate a new-candidate. Mr. Car
roll repudiated their action. resigned and
ran again, the Republicans putting up a new
The Legislature now stands on joint bal
lot sixty-eight Republicans and sixty-eight.
emocrats, with two Populists. One Popu
list is pledged to Blackburn and one to the
e publican cau.cus.'s
FAVOR MORE MILITARY CADETS
Test Point Visitors Want Congress to In
crease the Number.
The repcrt of the Board of Visitors to the -
West Point Military Academy urges Con
ress to pass an act which will permit the
ppointment of twenty cadets by the Presi
ent, one by reach Senate: and one by each
Representative and Delegate. Increasing the
strength of the corps from $71, as now au
thorizea, to 469.
The report discusses at length the low
standard for admission to West Point, as
compared with the better colleges of the
United States and the military schools of
Europe, and says there seems to be no rea
sn for committing the power of fixing the
requisites for admission to the Naval Acad
emy to the Secretary of the Navy which
cold not be urged in favor of giving the
Secretary of War the same power regardiag
American Gift to Faris.
The monumerntal bronze groupe, designed
and constructed by Augusta B3artholdi, rep
resenting Washington and Lafayette, pro
seated to the city of Paris by Joseph Pulitzer,
was unveiled. The figure of Washington
is ten feet in height, while the figure of the
Marquis de laFTayette is some inches len.
The inaugural ceremony consisted .f
sneeches, military music being interspersed.
Balard Sinith, London correspondent of the
New York World, made the presentation
in behalf of Mr. Pulitzer. 3L. Bompard.
VicePreident of the Municipal Councl,~
made the speech accepting the gdlt.
Germany's Merchant MIarine.
United States Consul Stephan at Anna
berg. Germany, has sent to theState Depart
Inent some tgures bearing upon the mer
hant marine of Great Britain and Germany
to dc.enonstrate the fact that the later coun
try is steadily pressing forward in the de
velopment of this important commercial
adjunct and becoming a formidable competi
tor of Great Britain. He shows tuat smaller
ships are giving way to larger tonage and
that this is particularly true in Germang
Died of Starvation.
Gilbert Eveleth,-an old half-witted man,
died in the town of Busti. N. Y., under sus
picious circu:nstances. A coroner's jury re
turned averdict that death was due to star
vation and the gross neglect of- a brother
Remarkable rsicycle itace.
M'embers. of the District of Coilmbia
Miitia Bicyeie Corps enga-red in a relay race
:-e:a WVas;ington. to Newi York -City with s
'--ac ir.ns Genaeral Mile.s to General
10:.,. c:r':e the 2 .8% muies in t wenTy
.:,urs. ;oty-eight ri ou;g, twelve mun
General Master Workmdu' Sovereign, ofr
tne Kn.hts of rabor, savs he wid positively
deline a re-election. He declarems that at
thle endt of his pres.nt term he will go to
arin in Arkansas.