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i i WEEKLY EDITIUN, WIN:NSI3ORO S. C., JU TlY 9 ,l8 ETBIHD14
TO THE CADETS.
A'NtEL ORATION AT THE COM
3IENCEMENT IN SUMTER.
The Advantages of the South Carolina
3M1i1iary Academy to the State and
its People and the Reasons Why
it should be 31aintained by
The following are extracts from the
address of Congressman John L. Mc
Laurim to the Citadel graduates at the
recent commencement at Sumter:
Mr. C?: ;; u and Gentlemen of
Bar-d 'r i.itor.s: I am fully
sensible of the high compliment you
have paid me in selecting one not a
gcduate of the Citadel to deliver your
anunl address. I can claim, howrer,
a lineal desceut, for if I am not a son
o f the Citadel, I am a on of her daugh
ter, the South Carolina Military In
I have alw.ys felt that the four years
-of stern ailitary discipline, with its
'enorced habits of self-control, and the
*xamalc and influence of a man whose
guiding str is duty. has been worth
more to me than any scholastic traiC
inr received elsewhere.
The fir"t step towards success any
way is to imbue the boy with the spirit
of the soldier, for life is one long bat
Y1e, and it is the soldier spi-it which
wins sneces.; the timid and irresolute
are crushed and run over, and the cow
e serts thiia j tr+*Cl_ soldier.
te. it a tepeents, tact andf-reso
lute, pushes steadily to the front, until
snes crowns his efforts, or death
ces him as her own.
It would be presumptive for me, in
he presende of mek grown gray in the
service of the Citadel, to say much
.c oncernir is history and work. Per
:nit me, however, to briefly allude to
is ge-uesis, because in its original con
Cet tion it is closely related to a few
thougbts that I will express later.
Col. J. P. Thomas, in his excellent
work, gives a most interesting account
of the eariy history of the Citadel. In
822 Denmark Vesy, a free negro, or
-.uizcd a most formidable insurrec
:i-n in the city of Charleetor. He
N .s one of those bold. strong charac
ters -_,o are born leaders of men. On
s=ua- nigbt.-June 16, the negroes
:, r: to rise and suddenly seize the
Arteti, Guard House and other de
__ - tories of arms; then, reinforced by
the country negroes, were to sweep the
town 3.y fire and sword. Through
'he defection of one of the
crnspirators the plot failed, and
,sy, with several others, was tried
condemned and executed. The alarm
caused by this threatened outbreak led
to the enlargement of the Arsenal and
other military posts. Ten years later
::m the nullification excitement of
_ P,and two hundred thousand dol
i.ars was appropriated for munitions of
wa and, as a consequence greatly in
- reased the importance of the Arsenal.
A garrison was kept up until 1842,
when Governor Richardson conceived
the idea of using these military posts
as sebools, holding that as they had to
be maintained, it 'would only be a
snuli additional expense to impart in.
strtcion to the young men constitu
ting tbe garrison. Thus 'we see the
eiin and nurpose of the Citadel was
!asti eat 'graft uen the old
trunk. Therefore in purpose and
nractice the Citadel bears a close re
a!ionl to the militia system of the
country, and I desire to express a few
thoughts on this line, for in it are
som of the germs 'which must give
life oc death to us asa Republic.
There are two State West Points in
th South that should forever comn
mnand pub~lic confidence-the Virginia
Militarv Institute and the South Caro
lina Military -ACcdemy. Standing out
bold sna unique, the "military set up"
is as distinctive as that of West Point.
True nurseries of the citizen soldier,
th~e safeguarci of a republic. Long
niay they live! In every town in the
Sou!th their young men are found as
<fficers of militia, imparting scientifie
and technical knowledge as a labor of
Young men, you may well be proud
of your alma mater. Hers is a glorious
record, and it is for you to see thate the
high standard of excellence is main
tained where a Hagood, a Capers, a
Crawford and a Thomas placed it. On
one occasion, after Rome had been
sacked by barbarians, there was a
mneeting of the Senate to determine the
question of removing the seat of Em
ire to another place. The counsels
of the weak and demoralized 'were
about to prevail, when some bold old
Roman exclaimed: "Rome fore'fer!"
It was electrical in its effect. Do not
permit the seat of your empire to be
removed to another place. Her home
is the "City by the Sea," fanned by
the- gentle ocean breeze and the soft
breath of the mnagnol.ia. A~ few heroic
exclamations: "The Citadel forever!"
and she lives. Scarred by battle, torn
by earthquake and devastated by fire,
she hass survived Nall. What shame
anid ignonmy to perziit her, in this
noondav of life, to wither and dlie a
slow and sure death by starvation, ber
beautiful limbs, like the b-eggar,
stretched by the roadside.
There is. it must be confessed.
'teep-seated and just conviction among!
the mnasses that we are spending too
much tuoney for higher education and
not enough for common schools. It
cannot be denied that our educational
sys tern is top-heavy, but there is no
insitution in the State performing the
peeniiar uork of the Citadel. 'lhere
are ww in the South so well-fitted fo
n'o,i,-r instiutns e r se Tb
E tittrary training is duplicated in mR,2
places, but the militar,y at lnw save
West Point. If I thought the destrue
tion of every State college was neces
sary to give is a cr;nlete conmon
school system I would be in favor of
doing awsq with them all, for I belim
in the greatest good to tinr ;reatest
number. This we?.d not, however,
increase one Iota the efficiency of our
common school system. Iudeed I
f think the contrar5- would be true. for+
careful study of the census will thi
that the States with the best facilitie;
for higher ?dtscation have the b'sd
common school systems, In South
Catolinra it is cerhh_ny true, for since
the building of Clemson and the 8gita
tion upon the subject of schools there
has been a marked improre.nt in
the free school sytem of ibis St-e,
and there is a plenty of rooi for w ore.
Soue superticial thinkrs imagine
that State aid for colleges d eonnuon
schoole rtest upon different govern.nt
ul principles-, becausethe; claim one is
for the few. the other for the many.
This is partly true as a fact, but the
man who uses that as an argument
against State aid for colleges fails to
comprehend the basis upon which rests
the obligations of a Government to
edu^ate its children-. He confema:s
the individual with that great complex
aggregation of individuals called the
State. He utterly confuses private
with public rights. individualiy I.
John J- IIcLaurin, have no more
righi to demand that the State pay for
the tuition of my children than I have
to expect it to pay my doctor's bill,
or other lte ns of domestic expense.
It is the public, not the iudividual,
interest in the matter which creates
the duty and gives importance to i-d.i-.
cation as a matter of governmental
policy. Viewed in this light, itis easy
to common school and college. Anoiner
has said: "State education rests upon
great public grounds. Its foundations
are political and moral, and it is only
permissible from the close relationship
which the experience of ages has de
monstrated exists between the publie
welfare and all the elements of nation
al prosperity on the one hand and the
enlightenment of the population on the
It is not for the rich that State aid
is wanted; they can get it anywhere,
either in or out of the State, but many
a poor lad has been made a great man
through a collegiate education, State
aid, when he could have received it iu
no other way. There should he ample
educational facilities in this State so
that none need go abroad .for an edu
There is something peculiar about a
regular routine, the discipline and for
malities are fascinating, and for some
natures no place will -o well develop
the best that is in them. I know I
needed just such training to hold me
in check. I often laugh now at how
much we all stood in awe of Colonel
Thomas. His formal politeness, digni
died bearing and military pro:nptvc ss
absolutely overwhelmed us. He was a
bigger man to us than the "Czar of all
the Russias." Col. Thomas impressed
two things on every boy. First, that
Col. Thomas was the greatest man on
earth; second, that the boy was the
next. How every boy that had been
up to some devilment trembled when
we were drawn up in line and "the
Colonel walked slowly up* and down
ad looked at us. I have suffered the
tortures of trial, condemnation and
exection, for I just felt he was looking
right straight at me, and knew that I
'reke garrison lewiht. What a ign1
of great relief I heaved when be passed,
and what a mental vow I swore never
to do so anymore. To tell you the
truth, I haven't got entirely over. it
et. T remember meeting "the Col
one" a few years ago in Columb,ia,
with a cigar in my mouth, and, boys,
before I kne what I was doing. I
slipped it out of my mouth. eamed it
round behind me and out into the gut
ter. Perhaps I ought to say, how-.
ever, that it wasn't a very good cigar,
but if it had been a fifty cent full Ha
vana, I would never stand up and
smoke in Col. Thomas's face, and he is
the last man on earth thatlI would wish
to know that I was guilty of a dishon
orable or mean thing, and there is no
treasure that I value more than I do
his confidence and respect. A teacher
and a school like that is what I want
for any boy.
Young, gentlemen, far e and riches
are to be desired, but if all of us in
stead of devoting our lives to their mad
pursuit would more cultivate and prac
tice those simple courtesies, humani
ties and virtues which adorn and bea;.
tify human life, we would be happier
and the world better. Fame and
riches may be secured by low cunning
and rapacity. Arrogance and perti
nacity may raise you far above your
intellectual and moral superiors, and
place one in the chiefest seat oif amubi
tion, but vulgar admiration can never
atone for the conscious lack of those
simple but grand attributes that con
stitute the ideal of the model gentle
man. These fertilize the lowest grades
of human existence and hest adorn the
Our River and Harbors.
As a result of a conferenee between the
President and Secretary Lamont at Wash
ngton orders has been issued by the War
Department for the immediate execution of
the provisions of the river and harbor appro
rition Act, with those sections of the law
provdng spedifically for the making of con
tracts for the continuance and completion of
the works. General ('raighill, Chief of En--I
gineers, has issued orde'rs to the officers in I
charge of the Improvements in all parts of
the country to proceed at once with, ordinary
government works in their respective dis
tricts. No action will be taken at once with
respect to the important works for the coma
pleion of which the bill authorizes the mak
ing of continuing contracts. 'Ibere are
thrty-sixitems of this character in the bill
and the authorities are now considering the:
es+ cnurs of action with reet thereto.
GLEANINGS FROM MANY POINTS.
Important Happenings, Both Hdnie
nrd Foreign; Briefy Told.
Southern News Notes.
The Louisana legislature has killed
the "Valued Policy" insurance bill.
Roland A. Tolbert, of Villa Fics
Ga., died Wednesday. le was 97
years old, and had lived under every
Near Lincolnton, Ga., Thu-sday a
negro was hung up to a limb of a tree
and riddled with bullets for an assault
-upon a Mrs. Mercier, white.
The Confederate Veterans in their
sixth annual convention in Richmond,
Va.. Wednenday, decided to hold their
next re-union In Nashville, Tend.
At Hartsville, Ala., Thursday, en
gine 280, of the Louisville & Nashville
Railroad exploded- killing three men,
,parts of the engine being blown ainile.
At Halifax, N. C., Thursday Henry
Dowden was executed for the murder
'of Engineer Dodd at Weldon on the
22 of February last. The execution
Near San Antonio, Tex., a devastat
ing prairie fire is reported. Many hay
presses and much farm machinery has
been destroyed. Residences wete saved
.by plowing around them.
In accordance with the election held
in February under special act of the
legisleture, the cities of Danville and
v..banA one Wednesday.
Greatar Danville is now a city of 20,
000 inhabitant ../
At Atlanta, Ga, esa Judge
.Newman, of the Federal'C'bt, removed
!Judge Bigby as the receiver of the
Eagle and Phoenix Mills, at Columbus,
Ga. This action was taken on the
ground that the receiver was a large
stockholder in the property and had
Eugene Spalding has been appointed
a co-receiver of the Marietta & North
Georgia Railroad Company. The
syndicate which bought the road has
paid $100,000, making $292,000 paid
on it. There is still about $650,000 to
be paid, and the decree requires that
the balance shall be paid in install
ments of $100,000 every sixty days.
At Gaalve.vton, Tex., Thursday, four
blocks of the wharf front of the Mal
lory steamship lines, twenty-six rail
a large quantity of bagging and ties
were destroyed by fire, and the loss
will probably amount to from $200,000
to $300,000. The cause of the fire was
the spontaneous combustion of wool.
Northern News Items.
Mrs. Harriet Beecher Stowe died at
Hartford, Con., Wednesday.
The National Educational Associa
tion will convene in Buffalo, N. Y.,
July 7th. Teachers from every State
are expected to be present, and many
interesting essays on educational top
ics are to be introduced.
The New Bedford, Mass., mill men
ave decided not to go into an agree
ment with theFallRiver manufacturers,
and will not shut down.
Col. Wishon, the young Ohio man
who organize.d a company of Ohio
soldiers and with him joined the Cuban
insurgents, has been killed in a skir
mishi with the Spaniards.
The Eastern National Show, whic1
is to be given by the National Cycle
Board of Trade throughout the country
has selected the Grand Central Palace,
of New York, and the time of meeting
has been set for February, 1897.
The Southern Passenger Association
met in New York Tuesday, to elect a
commission. Vice-President Erwin,
of the Plant System. occupied the
chair. Joseph Richardson, of the
Florida East Coast Railroad, was
John J. Quinn, manager of Peter
Miaher has accepted the offer of the
National Sporting Club of San Fran
cisco, Cal, to match Maher against
Joe Choyinski for eight rounds fight
for a purse of $6,000, the contest to
take place August third.
Cattle are dying from starvation in
all directions on the ranges of Arizona,
the lack of feed being due to the fail
tre of rain. The greatest loss is in the
Verde country eastward from Flagstaff
and to the Southward in the Skull Val
ley ranges, where the animals are dy
ing by the thousands.
The strike at Brown Hoisting Comn
any's works, Cleveland, 0., has
eached a point where the authorities,
as well as the strikers are in no mood
for trifiing. Strikers stoned a non
union workman Thursday, and he fired
into them. Cleveland soldiers charged,
them with bayonets and held them at
Frederico Errajuriz has been elected
President of Chili.
At London, Eng., Wednesday, the
Irish land bill passed its third reading
in the House of Commons by a vote of
292 to 140.
The indication5 now are that the excess of
government expenditures over receipts for
the fiseal year ending .Tane 30, will bc about
$2,500,000 an compared with a deficit of
about $33.000,000 for the fiseal year 1895.
The receipts for the present month will ex
eeed the expenditures by about $1,400,000.
Sniggs (breathlessly)--Phew! I'm all
out of wind. Briggs-It seems to me
that the wind is all out of you.--Phila
rlhia North American.
T1HE DAYIS 3Q.UMENT.
The Designing Artist Desbribed Hie
Ci'e tid'i Ii 3Iaiae.d
In submitting his plans for the Davis mon
ument, which, it is estime.ted, will cost
$200,000, the architect thus describes its con
structionand finished appea::ance:
"1 strongly suggest that y7ou should de
part frem the ordinary sta;ue monument,
wnici might be doniposed of groups of stat
uary around a central figure, for it seems to
me that if a monusnent be built: which is In
itself architecturally good,. graceful and
massive, of stone work, that we can aceom
plish a result for more digniged and appro
priate and even more interest'ng than would
be obtained by a singlnfigur: tanding either
alone or with its surroinding groups; in the
fnidet of your park.
"Above the trees will riss. the dote with
its golden top giving a bright crown to the
monument. From all sids will it look
equally well and iay ls entefed from four
directions. In. the centre will stand the
statue of Mr. Davis directly beneath the
dome, and in spaces at the toar corners may
be placed battle flags, or else statues of gen
erals who were identified with the cause.
"I propose building the monument of
Tnakahoe marble, which is most durable in
its character, and a stone v.hich shows to
the best advantage good carving and mould
I would introduce a fine freiie di color
beneath the roofs of the porches. afid behind
the columns under the dome; using a quanti
ty of gold leaf in the latter place to give a
tone of warmth and color to the exterior. A
judicious treatment of colors on the interior
which rhakes a sukrounding for the statuA
which are 'n keeping with the architecture,
will be both appropriate and beautiful.
Added to this coloring there would be the
light falling from the centre of the dome and
through the colored glass windows below it.
"Would not these surroundings be far bet
ter for such a monument than to place it in
the centre of the park, exposed at all times
and to all weathers
"The monument would stand on a concrete
foundation and all the construction to be in
masonry and not of iron. The- marble inside
and out to be 'Tuckahoe,' 1 would suggest,
and the flo,)re to be of marble mosaics. The
estitnat;s which I submit are as follows: Ma
son work and marble work. 125.000; statuary
and bronze work, 855,000; decoration; $20;
000; total, $200,000.
"The color scheme for the interior may be
made stunning and beautiful in its treat
Second Meeting of the Southern As
sociation to be Held in
Asheville, N. 0:
The second annual meeting of the Associa
tion of Southern Hospitals for the Insane
will be held at Asheville, N. C.. on Wednes
day, September 16. The second article of
the constitution of the Assodation declares:
'The objects of this Association shall be
the study of the habits and conditions of so
eiety and of individuals that induce insanity;
the study-of pachlogical. defective and dis
turbed conditions of the brain and other or
gans that constitue the cause or basis of in
sanity; the discussion of methods for the
cure and treatment of th'e.4pane; the presen
tation of ways for the best construction,
maintenance and managen;ent of institutions
for the care of the insane; :;-ace dissemina
iA f v^or)ucuar .:he 41 t -
several States of t1U'n.
Article III (of the see ?ttion). Any hos
pital or asylum, for t t .e of the insane, in
the Southern portion he United States,
which is a State, munici or otherwise pub
lc.institution, can send one or more mem
bers of its medical staff; or (f its board of
trustees or manage:s, as de.legates. who will
be members of this Association in any of its
This Association, thus constituted, can also
elect to its membership any physician, of
other person, who has become dist:guished,
or who has exhibited marked interest in the
lines of work that relate to insanity, either
by attainments in neurological or psycholog
ical medicine, or by philanthropic work ia
the interests of the insane.
The success of -he first meeting of the As
sociation held in Atlanta last November has
encouraged its members in the work they
have uudettaken, and they look forward to a
wide field of usefullness for their organiza
A Decision Wuich in Effect Seems tc
The Supreme Court of'Wisconsin has just
handed down a decision which in effect
seems to invalidate the corporate rights ol
most of the vil!age governments in the State.
The court holds that the act authorizing cir
cult courts to incorporate villages is invalid,
inasmuch as a corporation can be created
only by legislative enactment. If the decis
ion is sustai..ed It is estimated that nearly
every village government in Wisconsin is
without standing in the law, and the boncis
it has Issued are worth nothing unless the
various village residents are moved by civIc
pride and honor to stand good for them. The
whole case is a remarkable instance of the
fallibility of human law and the majestic
blunders which are possible in the conduct oi1
public affairs. Until the matter is finally set
ted some of the Wisconsin villages will be
puzzled to know whether they are villages or
not and whether their claims for taxes are
not sourlous. They have been going along
seren~ely under what was supposed to be an
authorized government, and suddenly a
court decision shows them that they are
without government, and that their organi
zation has been nothing more than a com
mon pact, based upon the false notion that
that pa.t was authorized by law.
SNAKES BROKE UIP THlEDANCE.
They Swarmed Through Knot Holes
in the Barn Floor.
The Woicroft girls, Grace and Jennie.
daughters of Mr. and Mrs. Peter Woicroft of
near Gree-ley, Pa., gave a dance in honor of
the remodelling of their old home on Thurs
day. The paint was not dry and an old barn
on the premises was used Instead. The floor
was loose and full of knot holet, but a
thorougn cleaning had made it presentabJe.
The orchestra was composed of two ac-cord
ions and a violin. The players occupted a
platform on a wagon.
Dancing soon became general, and was at
Its height when a scream from a set composed
of Misses Woleroft and Messrs. Gebhart and
Scharff stopped proceedings. An investiga
tion showed the heads and parts of the bodies
of several black snakes crawling out from
the knot holes in the floor. The girls :led,
and the men, headed by Peter Major. made
an onslaught on the snakes, killing thirty-six
before the slaughter ended. The knot holes
seemed to be full of snakes, which evidently
had a den beneath the barn floor. The dance
was broken up. and the party went to the
house and lawn for the rest of the evening.
No one was bitten. but one or two women
fainted. Some of the snakes were six feet
Weekly Bank Statement.
The weekly bank statement shows the fol
lowing changes: Rteserve, decrease. 21,.58O.
50; loans, increase, $1.200,000: specie. d'o
crease, $149,000; legal tenders, decrease.
$,922,000: deposits. incre -
hold S20,328,275in e.
t'here Are 120 Banking Institution!
Doing Business If the State.
The Columbia Register in a receni
All things considered, the amount of
.spital emp} nTed in banking in South
varolina is lai:ge, and it has increased
ilmost ap rapidly in the last ten years
is have the investments in cotton man"
ifacturing plante. The Bank Eiami
aer when elected will have plenty o1
work to perform. That such an office]
is needed has been demonstrated by
recent ev.ents. There are in the State
sixteen national banks, with an aggre
gate capital of $2,000,000 in round
numberz; seventy-seven State banks,
with an aggregate capitalof $4,300,00(
in round numbers, and twenty-sevet
private banking rirms, with at individ
nal responsibility ' of $625,000. A:
most of the banks have large sur
pluses and undivided profits, th<
total amount of capital available foi
banking purposes is several millior
dollars greater than indicatad by the
-bove figures. Of course the Bant
Examiner would have no authority
over the national banks, whi. re un
aer the control of the Federai 6overn"
ment, nor *ould he have control ovei
the private banking firms, as the laa
under which he will officiate is onl3
applicable to banking corporation:
created by the State. The election o:
this officer will probably not occur foi
two or three weeks. As the duties o:
this officer will be delicate and intricati
it is fortunate that among the candi
dates are se'eral men whose experienc
and ability guarantee that if electei
they will satisfactorily perform thi
responsibie duties of the offie.
HUMAN LIFE CHEAP.
A Greenville Minister Shows Up
Bloody Record for That County.
Recently in Greenville, Dr. C. S
Gardner preached a sermon in the
First Baptist church on the cheapnes3
of human life. He gave a strong re
view of the number of murders com.
mitted in Greenville coun y' in ti
past three and a half years. He got the
records from the clerk of court, show
ing that 33 murders had been - commit
ted in that county in the time men
tioned. He was severe in his review o
ind created a sensatioi
ctl oof facts. j He at
tackeit~e apree ,...--.,...
said that the intelligent man was ex
cluded from the jury in murder cases
He paid his respects to the lawyers
and detailed their work in defendins
President Woodrow has issued th
following circular with reference, ti
normal scholarships in the Souti
South Carolina College, June 29.
A competitive examination for th
normal scholarships of the South Carc
lina College will be held by the Schoc
Commissioner of each co'!uty in whici
there is a vacancy on Thursday, Jul;
30. Applicants will be examined os
English, mathematics and history, th
requiremsnts in these subjects being
the same as for admission to the scie,
tif ic course of this college. See pag
3 of the catalogne of 1895-'96. Fui
ther information, if desired, will b
cheerfully furnished by James Wood
ro w, president South Carolina college
Only a Question of Time.
Some forty years ago several thou
and dollars' worth of gold was mine
at Townville, Anderson county, an
notwithstanding the crude apparatu
used, the yield was about $1.50 per da
to the hand employed. For some ur
explained reason work was suspende
while paying at the above rate and bd
fore the discovery of the rich deposi
Ithen believed to exist. Faith in th
presence there of gold in paying quai
tities has never been lost, and recent]
Dr. W. K. Sharp, who now owns ti
land, has been prospecting in a limite
way, but with encouraging results, an
it is the opinion of experts that it
only a question of time when Townvil.
will be ablaze with the gold fever.
South Carolina Leads.
The guarterly report of new indui
tries erected and in immediate prol
pet of erection in the Southern State
during the three months ending Jul
1 1896, as compiled by the Chatt;
Inooga (Tenn.) Tradesman, shows a t<
ta of :360. The most notable featu:
is the fact that the erection of cottc
and woolen mills in the South co1
tinues 'with unabated zeal. Fifty-fis
new cotton and woolen mills were r,
prted during the last three month
South Carolina leads with 20, Georg:
huing 11, North Carolina 8, Alaban
4, Texas 4, and Te:anessee 4.
Dr S. M. Orr, of Anderson, ha
gne to New York, where he will t:
to place the $75,000 of stock neededi
hveloo Portmau's Shoals.
W1ill Drop the Negroes.
The National Repubicean party, as sug
planters style themselves, met in secret se
si.cn at New Orleans. La.. and decided
drop the word State organization. Th<
i ignore the Negroes and old tia
leders, hold a State Convention on July3
and make an active carnpaign independe
of the machine, hoping to force recogniti
from McKinley and bis man 2-,'
o youL) have any Idea how mar
f col you burn each winter
only know how much I pay for
DUN AND0 BRADSTREET.
Less Cotton 3111 Production-Doing
Bus1t ese Without Profit.
Dun and Bradstreet's weekly report of
commercial affairs are as follows:
Complete failure reports for the second
quarter of 1894, April-June 30, inclusive,
cover 2.905 in the Vnited States against
2,855 in the same quarter of last year. Fail
ures for the week have been 257 in the Vnited
States against 195 last year. and 22 in Canada
agairi t 24 last year.
Current mo'Veente have been so largely
of a temporary charace; or else purely
speculative on the day-by-day plan, that
they are not wholly instructive. Thus An ex
tensive shutdown of cotton mills is solely in
the hope that production in July and August
!nay clear a largely over-stocked market.
E*tended reviews of the half yesr's opera
tion in leading branches of manufacture go
far to explain numerous stoppages. In wool
ens they are without concert, mills waiting
for orders. the sales of wool having been not
a third of last year's for the same week.
Prices are depressed; but still depend on for
eign possibilities. In cotton goods, the clos
ing many mills, both North and gouth, for
half of July and August is in effect a recog
nition of the fact that heavy stocks of goods,
manufactured from cotton costing between
7% and 8j cents, could not be expected to
show profits if the mills go on nianufactur
tng until a new and probably heavy crop cf
cotton is ready. The reduction of prices has
brought out a large demand in many cases,
but not enough to meet the output of the
mills. A further decline in print cloths to
2K cents is signiicant, when such a decrease
in production is assured.
Comparatively few changes are noted, but
n. ost of them are decreases in either prices
or demand. Quotations for wheat, Indian
corn, cotton, oats. iron and steel are lower.
Sugar has re-acted after the decline last
week. Leather remains conspicuously firm.
with shoe factories busily employed and
petroleum and anthracite coal are higher.
The sentiment of the trade at many points is
that the Immediate ontlook for business is
not favorable. St. Louis jobbers report
iome Texas merchants countermai iing or
ders, owing to the effects of the drouth.
There is a fair demand for grain, groceries
and staple dry goods at Minneapolis and Du
luth- ind in fabrics and groae;.s at St. Paul
an?' maha, while Louisville reports a bet-,
ter aemand for hardware, with collections
npioved. Similar advices "ome from Balti
more, Savannah and Charleston. These con
otitute the most favorable reports concern
Ing the state of trade. At Chicago the vol'
ime of business for six months is smaller'
than last year. At New York, Philadelphia,'
Buffalo and Pittsburg there are no character
Istics, except those of extreme dullness.
The general industrial situation shows not
Crops Have Made Rapid and Healthy
the weather bureau st Washington, D. C,
In its report of crop conditions. _fs=rsel
ended June 29th sav,
The week ing June 29 has been excep
on orable and most crops have made
' rapid and healthy growth.
Winter wheat harvest continues, in the
central and northern portion of the winter
wheat belt, but has been interrupted to some
extent by cloudy and rainy weather in some
Corn has ma) exceptional-:progress dur
Jn' the week. and the early partof th,s -erop
North as hool5as5wh-m?i 4 .*te --
Texas and portions -of Arkansas, Lo
lssissippi and' Georgia corn has n
from drought the early crop in Texas and
Arkansas being too far advanced to be saved
Cotton has improved over the Eastern por
tion of the cotton region, bnt continues to
suffer fro: drought over the western por
e tions. The complaints of injury by lice are
much less numerous than during the preced
R eportsgenerally indicate that tobacco is
in excellent condition, especially in Ohio,
Indiana and Eentuaky. Curing has begun
in North Carolina.
R fapid Progress 3lade by the South l.a
eThe total enrollment in educational insti
Stutions of all kinds in the United State3 for
the school year 1893-'94 was clearly 16.000,
e000, according to the report for that year
just promulgated by Commissioner of Educa
Stion Harris. Of these all but 400,000 were in
the regular schools, an increase of about
500 000 for the year. The percentage of total
nopulation enrolled In the schools was 20.53.
The school property gained in value during
the year $26,000,000 and 1,103 more school
houses were in operation. The report says;'
"In the past twenty years the South has in-,
creased 54 per cent. in population but its.
school attendance has increased 130 per cent.'
--more than twice as fast as the population.
In the twerity years from 1874 to 1894. the
value of the school property ini the Sonth in
creased from $16,000,000 to $51.000.000-.ani
addition of $40,000,000 or $2,000,000 a year;
SHigher education has also made a good
eDividends for Creditors of Insofvent
yThe Comptoller of the Currency has de
cldared dividends in favor of the credito--s or
insolvent banks as follows. viz.: A second
dividend, 10 per cent., in favor of the State
SNational Bank, of Vernon. Texas, making in
all 35 per cent. on claims proved. amounting
to S49,164. A final diividend of 8.90 per cent.
in favor of the creditore of the State Nation
al Bank; of Knoxville. Tenai. repiresenting,
the interest in full to July 1. 1896, and mak
ing ir. all 108.90 per cent. on clair3 proved.,
amougting to $104.682.
a National League of ColorAd Women.
r The National L.eague of Colored Women,
- the Qret national association of the kind ever
-. organmized in the U'nited States, will hold its
egrst Convention in Washington on the 13th,
14th, 15th and 16th of July, and fromu present
indications it promises to be the most impor.
~tant gathering of colored women ever assem
bled on this continent. Riepre'ntative coi
ored women from all parts of the countre
will be in attendance, as the National League
has tianches in nearly every State of the
Bets on the Elections.
The first offers of money in large amnounts
Lonthe the result of the November elections
ywere made in the New York Stock Excbange
on Thursde.y last. J. S. Bache A- Co. ofer
ed to bet $10,000 to $4.000 that M--linley will
be elected President: Howard P. Frothing
ham offered $10,000 to $5,000. an-d Jacob
Krkner $5,000 to $2,500 on the same- result.
The prevailing odds on the exchange last
week were 10 to 4 that 3IcKinley will be
oelected, but no tras.t.mio.'s have been re
0 8 ,500 Saloons Closed.
' Hugh Coyale and PresidentRenn.of 31 Park
I ow,of the Liquor DealersAssociation,of New
York,say that as a result of the Rlaines law,
which went in to effect July 1st, 3,500 sal..
and other licensed. places will be closed a n'
'about twenty-five thousand men will hi
thrown out of work in New York and Brook
When you are gone,
The rose takes on a paler hue;
The sky is of more sombre blue;
The sweetest flower seems but rae
When you are gone.
When you are gone,
The light of heaven seems but dim
And darkling night does surely lima
Its shadows o'er the days so grim,
When you are gone.
When you are gone,
To live is only to exist
'Mid cloud and shadow, storm and mist,
By naught of sunshine ever kisse:.
When you are gone.
When We Grow Up.
When we were children we were v;ont
To bitterly complain
Because our play was rudely spoiied
By what seemed needless rain.
When we grew up and came to b -
In wisdom less pervers -.
We found that was a blessing which
To childhood seemed a cure
When we grew up to our full height
What now seems undue pain
May prove another instance of
A childish view of rain.
sL. Nat Charles, in Washingt F'ost.
The Old Barn.
ow, shallow-swept and gray.
Between the orchard ani tue sprilg
All its wide windows overflowing hai
And crannied doors a-swing,
The old barn stands to-day. .
Deep in its hay the Leghorn hide.
A round, white nest: and. humtninu
On roof and rafter, or its Log-rude side
Black in the sun-shot loft,
The building hornet glides.
Along itS Corn-erib, cautiously
As thieving fingers, skulks the rat:
Or. in warped stalls of fragrant ticnd&y
Gnaws at some ioosened slat.
Or parses s.e:. 'wy.
dream of drouth made audible
Before its door, hot, smooth, and slbrli
All day the locust sing .
Shall hold it. lazier still.
Than the long day's. now tell?
DU& be cri-ket and the strain
-toad and of frog; and sturs
hat ura above th 4 rich west's rib;ed sti.
And dropping pasture bars.
And cow-beits up the lane.
ight and the. moon and katydid,
And leaf-list-of the wind-touced Dou'--'
And mazy shajows that the fire-flies thri'
And sweet be ath of the cows:
And the lone wl here hid.
Hi other'r i" yr ' - - .
Of all-the-j .
Of night'. approach' gves warntng.-- -
There's non, that springs so sviit and su
Delights 1 pure to smother.
As that whi thrills and warms the Bar
When help g one another.
If days and ghts seem born to u%
To be cons med in sorrow;
If hourly we ave vainly craved
A happi o-mxor'cow;
Iftrom ontselves 1vinagtarn
To som ,pain-strickenl brothtbr:
The soetnight finds dawn.fag br gi
~.,i~elping one another.
Tis selish gief that deadliest, clings~
But, Christ-like lessons hee-ling.
We'll fni li fe's devious, onward way
To sunnier heights still leading;
Till when these bodies, weak aind wvorn
Have sought the~ common mother.
Our souls morc joyXl sing and soar
For having hsipeteaeah other.
The wild birds sang.
Thle forest ranc
Wi;h the concert they had given;
But, by the note
.Che critic wrte
1'he singers' sou's were rivet
"The thrush,: wrote he'
"In lower key.
Would better his sustaini@ y
The blue'bird's song,
Altho' not lone. .
Showed1 lack of proper teamm:-t.
"The ro'bines voie
Seemed rather choice,
Dlut ranged quite sbort and triling
The 'son'. of Love.'
Suing by the dove
Monotonous and stifling.
"The cat bird tried
('T was c:ear lhe lied).
An aria beyond her.
And plain to te'.
The blackbird well
Bhould execution ponde..'
Ar d thus and so
And thus and so.
The rest were likewise fated,
ISome felt quite sad.
Some felt quite mad.
While all the critic hateJ -
Said they. ~'If he
K(nows more than we.
We'll let him do the singin,
And teach us tones
His method owns
TIhus stop the faults he's ainging.
So. in a rage.
They sought the sage.
Quite curic'us. you kniow -
And lo! and lo:
And 1o! and 1o'
They found the critic was a crow.
Charles Gingrich, in 3Musical blesseng'
Profits ot Dentistry.
A Fifth avenue dentist, who plugs
p the molars of the Four Hundred,
says that he hz's made $500 in a day,
but only once. A lady came to htnx
who wanted diamonds pu:t in a gold
filling of her front teeth. 'It was
evident," says the dentist, "that she
ad just come into her inheritance.
Sbe seemed so anxious to spend money..
I didn't approve of the diamo'ds, and1
told her so, but she would have them,
and I humored her to such an e:tent,
that my day's work netted me 53C0.
What do I~make ordinarily? Welb, I
charge $20 an hour, and I rarely work
more than.five hours. People don't
care to come before 10 in the morning,
and late in the afternoon the ligat .is
not good enough. One hundred dol
lars a day is about the extent of what
a dentist can make,'and it is about the
most exacting of all the professionu."
.eNe York Advertiser.