Newspaper Page Text
-. 'er, who is
a cat which went away
weeks ago and returned with
LL JOINED TOGETHER.
of ittens which were all unit
oint of junction is at the hind
nteresting family was united
ut not in mind. They gen
ted to follow their heads,
could not make much head
ling against each other, it
fell out tn,at le strongest
lugging the other three
Finally one cat died, and
re chloroformed. The
Equipped with Its
ervatory at Lake Ge
-nich a view is given
ompletion, and it is
great telescope will
on in a few months.
he dome is already
o feet high and 90
d weighs. about 200
iiy on 26 sets
will be ma
and cap- I
n the tele
s soon as
ca as Borax.I
b;t one r:ial
so' Core for
r ils: easy to
to operate. 25c.
rents at Ala:
t Station shoxw
t the use of -
at dreaded plani
e resuhts of its use by actual ex
fans in th~e United States-is
hich we publisb ard wilI gladly
r in Amterica who wii writo for 1
N~ KALI WORKS.
93 N%assau St., New York,
F- atism when
you can fnd ,
sure cure lai
T M A C ID En,
Sftonni remedv for this x
ten fat.al malnd- .( youir
it send for it to the man
-obbitr Druog Co., Ral
n otees :or S:a. Cases of
veb en cured '-i h less
"ere will be many days this winter
when the fowls will have to be con.
fined to the house and shed, so be
aure to provide amusement for them
in some shape, writes D. Holmes.
Idleness is the father and mother both
of feather pulling and .egg eating,
besides allowing the fowls to get too
fat, and that means loss of eggs alto
gether, or soft eggs or apoplexy. A
handful of grain among the litter, a
cabbage hung up, or some sugar beets
or turnips on the floor, will keep them
busy. As satisfactory a plan as I ever
tried was to rake the litter in a heap,
scattering a handful or two of grain
through it and let the fowls spread it
again. This they would do several
times in the course of a day. The
same plan worked well in the brood
ing house with the chicks, when chaff
was used for litter; it was fun for me
as well as them. -New England Home
NOT A GOOD VABIETY.
Mr. Root, a well known authority
on bees, says: "I have carefully
tested Syrian bees, and I regard them
as the poorest of all bees ever brought
to this country. It would look as if
nearly every one who had tested them
is of the same opinion, for of late we
see no advertising of these bees and
scarcely a word said about them in any
way. The two great faults which make
them of little value are, first, not
breeding when they should breed, and
then breeding beyond measure when
they ought to breed but little, which
results in few laborers in the field
during the honey harvest and count
less numbers of consumers after the
harvest is past, to eat up all the few
gathered, consequently giving little
or nopr.1 a hive short of stores
for winter. o colonies I
had during the five years I was ';
ing them, not one of them had stores
enough for winter when October ar
rived. "-American Farmer.
CVT PEED FOB EOBSES.
All farmers use cut fed for horses
when at hard work, b o.ise there is
a great saving in the labor needed
to digest cut feed. If mixed with
some grain meal, and wet so that the
meal can only be got by eating the
out feed mixed with it, the whole will
be chewed suffiociently to moisten it
with saliva, which is necessary to
nicken digestion. But this economy
in feeding cut feed is also important
' s not working. If the
stalks, it should al
he cut ends of the
ay cause injury. This
.ebest also if hay or straw is cut.
particularly wheat or rye straw, which
being harder than cut hay and less
nutritious, is not 8o likely to be thor
aughly chewed. The stoma.ch of the
borse needs a slight irritation, says the
american Caltivator. This is the ad
vantage which oats have over other
grains. Its hull helps the grain to
ligest better, and this makes the horse
feel frisky and able to do his best. It
is an old saying of farmers that when
an old horse begins to act unusually
oltish he has probably "got an oat
standing cornerwise against his stom
ich, and he jumps around so as to get
it out." It is a homely illustration,
but may have much truth in it,
., a OF THE COW.
In the search for novelties the Bu
ral New Yorker reports an experiment
which it considers successful in feed
ing dried blood to milch cows. We
will not say that this is an impossible
feat, but it is certainly a misuse of the
cow which is not. at all carniverous
in nature, and whose capacious
stomach is not adapted to very con
eentrated or highly nitrogenous food.
In extrem.e cases, where there was
scarcity of vegetable food, farmers on
the coasts of Norway and Iceland
have fed dried fish to their co-s to
keep them from starving. The salt
ness of the fish doubtless made it
easier to teach the -cows to like this
strange food. Dried blood would be
much more nitrogenous than dried
fish, and it would not be salty in taste
unless salted especially for that pur
pose. Nobody will ever find it profit.
able to feed blood to milch cows.
Hogs and fowls are the only domestic
animals that can be made to like dried
blood,a.nd we have a prejudice against
either pork or poultry fed in this way.
Nether does it pay to feed ground
bone to cows. If th.ey are properly
spplied with. wheat bran and wheat
middlings to furnish phosphate, the
supply can much better come from
these vegetable products adapted to
cow's digestion than from any animal
SEAsoNABLE POUnTR'Z DIRECTIoNs.
Close the openings in the henhousE
and see that no crevice allows.the cold
wind to blow across the fowls on the
roost. ,Glean and disinfect with ]ime
and carbolic acid. Pat in a load o.
fresh dirt, making the floor highei
than the .ittside, to prevent againsi
dampness Clean up the nests. Ii
the nesting places are in the same
house as the roosts, move them out,
leaving only enough for laying pur
p.ss. The winter windsI and snov
ooring there, before the nests are
again needed for hatching purposes.
Bring the fowls in from their snm.
mer roosting places and coops, and
confine them a few days in the hen.
house. If the scratching shed, that
should be attached to every henhouse,
is lathed up on the south side, the
chickens can be confined until they
are used to their new roosts. Remove
the old ones. Do not put old hens
and immature chicks in the same
house. The chicks will be crowded,
are liable to get roup-and may infect
the flock. Fatten and sell every sur
plus cockerel and every cull. If any
are late molting, fatten them, as they
will not lay and are liable to become
diseased. Mix coal oil and lard and
grease any scabby legs, as the trouble
is causel by mites of some kird,which
will be destroyed by the application.
If the roof is high and cold, nail poles
or scantiling about 6 1-2 feet from the
floor. Lay boards or poles, anything
that will hold up straw, across these
supports and pack straw in above. Tar
paper is the best lining for a hen
house, as it is healthful, cheap, and
mites never go near it. Keep the
roost greased if you still fear mites.
REMOVING UNPIUITFu TBEES.
While it is true that all fruit trees,
however carefully treated, will some
times fail of.a crop, there are others
in which non-bearing is the rule
rather than the exception. Accidents
of untimely frosts or a bad season,
making it impossible to form fruit
buds the previous year, will account
for the occasional failures. If the tree
for years together fails to make a
crop, dose it with mineral fertilizers,
but no nitrogen, and try it ancther
year. If it then fails, the tree has
probably gone too far to be reclaimed.
Quite often these unfruitful trees are
in the middle of a bearing . orchard.
-so, that is another reason for their
peedymovaL All our earlier or
chards we lanted too closely. As
they grow u trees crowd each
other. In a recent visit. with fruit
growers of Concord e noted the fact
that some of the 1aaest, finest fruit
was borne on isola 1 trees where the
'large rocks prevente close planting.
These trees had plent of room, get.
ting more sinlight al- thus securing
larger au better-coldred fruit. The
trees plar.ced in mass5 had as many
apples, but the fruit gas smaller and
not so well colored. Give the trees
more room and we shall have better
apples, thus lessening jhe chances of
glutting the market. - There is far too
largely comes fromt planting the trees
too closely. Twenty-five apple trees
:o an acre will in a long series of
years produce fruit that will sell for
more money than forty or fifty apple
trees per acre, as we have often seen.
The larger number of trees will pro
duce most fruit while young, but the
crowded trees wvill run out early,
while those given sufficient room will
be at their b,est.-Boston Cnltivator.
naLM Arn GADERs sorEs.
The necessity of milaing out clean
is shown among 9tier things by the
first and last milk. The average of
the former-is 89.42 per cent of wa
ter, wTie that of the strippings is
ofy~ 80.6 per cent.
To show the comparattve~- feeding
value of sour and sweet skim milk for
pigs, the Vermont Experiment Sta
tion has done some work in this line.
So far as experiment goes. the sour
milk gave the best result .
Butter can be made at once out of
separated cream, but it is deficient in
flavor. To give it its proper ilavor it
should be let stand till lightly scar.
This souring is brought about by the
action of an organism in the milk, the
bacterium lactus. - ....
An experienced live stock farmer
not long since said: "~Yoi. can make
money with any kind of farm animals
if you are fully up to the tim'es, but
you cannot do so when they are all
left standing in the cold. It will
freeze out the profits."
While it takes much more care and
close attention to save the lambs at an
early lamibing time, yet when spring
work comes on you have the little fel
lows old enough to take care of them.
selves and there is no care or time
spent among the ewes.
The growth of young stock~ is often
checked by exposure to cold blasts,
rain and snov. Put the barns, stablee
and sheds in good condition while the
weather is favorabile, so -that all do.
mestic animals may be comfortably
houses when winter sets in.
In condensed milk there is still re
maining more than 25 per cent, of wa
ter,and there is generally 36 per cents
of ordinary sugar added.. In ricih
cream there is 55 per cent, of water,
in ordinary separated cream 66 per
cent., in skim milk 90 per cent., anc
in separated milk 90.8 per cent
About 11 qaarts of gnilk shouli
yield one qnart of cream. One quar
of cream will yield from 12 to 14
onees of batter. Cream churns bes
when yielding three pounds per gal
lou, an:1 should, it necessary, b3 di
luted down to this. Cleanliness is o,
conrse of the first necessity for mak
BTL ARP S LETTER.
WILLIAM HELS TO FIND LONG.
LOST IIELA IVES.
& Heavy M314 Attests the Philoso
Now if there is any old soldier liv
ing who was in the Indian war in Ore
gon during the years 1859 and 1860,
under command of General Joe Lane,
and knew Captain George W. Rey.
nolds, in that service, let him please
write to his widow, at Mars Hill, Mad
-ison County, North Carolina. The
poor woman is entitled to a pension
for her hu band's service, if she can
prove it. It is a long shoot and a nar
row chance, but-naybe some comrade
will see this. It would rejoice my
heart to see a little of that pension
fand coming down this way.
I am not a bureau of information,
but receive zmany letters of inquiry
about antebellum days and families
and events, and am always pleased to
.nswer them and give the information
if I can. Many of them are from old
-Georgia soldiers who removed west
soon after the war, and they or their
widows have heard that Georgia is
paying all her invalid soldiers or their
widows a pension. Please let me say
to all concerned that there is no pro
vision for non-residents in our state
pension laws. This seems hard upon
those who felt constrained to emigrate,
but it is the law, and that settles it.
Then there are many letters from
aged men who look back to cld Geor
gia with longing hearts and wish to
trace up their kindred. It is a sure
sign of gray hairs when a man or wo
man begins to hunt up their.
distant kindred or the companions of
their youth. Here is a Mr. John A.
Harris, of Pass Christian, Miss., who
wants to know about his father's rela
tives-the Harris family, of Appling
and Macon---and also about his moth
er's kindred-the Bledsoes, of Athens
and Augusta. And here is Mr. Red
wine, of Redwin&, La., who wants to
know of his kin of that name in Geor
gia. Alas, my old venerable friends,
Judge Clark is dead and so is C. 0.
Jones, the only two men whr knew all
the old families of Georgia. It would
perplex even them to identify any
branch of the Harris family, for their
name is legion, but the Biedsoes and
Redwines could no doubt be traced by
some of the octogenarians still living.
These are very unusual names and
their kinship is not so remote.
I was ruminating about the origin
of names, Anglo-Saxon names, and
find it to be a curious and interestine
study. For instance, is it possible
that the original Bledsoe was- wounded
in a Rght or by accident and bled so
much that it gave him a name? Is it
probable the Redwine ancestor had a
vineyard and made wine of that color,
or maybe did not have a vineyard, but
was much given to looking upon the
wine when it was red? It seems that
the common people didn't need but
one name us ~ong after the Chris
gan a system~to konor and distinguish
distinguished pegple. They adopted
a pre-nomen-a 1nomen and a cogno
men-as Pubiin:s Cornelius Scipio
Publius was his Christian name, as we
call it, and no doubt the boys called
him Pub. Cornelius, his family name,
and Scipio was his most notab>le char
acteristic, for he wras good to his blind
old father and led him abont with a
staff, and.- Scipios means a staff. I
have great raspeel for Scipio. Horace
was called Horatius Flaccus because
he had very large ears, and Floceus
means flop-earea. It was not till the
eleventh century that family names
were handea down to succeeding gen
erations, and this custom was adopted
because of a law regiring births and
marriages and deaths to be registered
in the ~parish boc!ks. As late as the
eighteenth century many families in
England had no surnames, and the
children were glien nicknames, as
Nosy, Soaker, Sucker, Snaggletooth,
Cockeye, Jr.mper, Bowlegs, Redtop,
As people miltipi!ied, new meih->ds
had to 'be devised to distingnish them.
Prefixes and afllxes were resorted to.
The word son was allded to distinguish
the father from thephildren, as John,
Johnson, Will, Wilson, Tom, Tomson.
The word Fitz was a prefix~ to Norman
names and came from fi:s or film, a
son. Fitch in the Russian language
has the same meaning, and so has von
or van in German, and Mac in-Scoteh
and Irish, as MacDonald, the son of
Donald. 0 is an Irish prefix and
means grandson,as O'Connor, O'B.irr,
O'Halleran, etc. De or Due is the
French prefix for son and Ap men
the same in Webbh. These affixes ar.d
)refixes will classify a great number of
.tames, for from John came Jonson,
Tohnson, Johnston and John.stone.
?he Smith family name had a peculiar
>rigin. The old Anglo-Saxons were
sver on the lookout for invasionls of the
island, and hence they kept a large
force of men on the hills near the coast
to look out for the invaders and to
smite them when they came. These
men had but a single namA, 'es John or
Tack or Will, but they were known as
inhah the Smiter or Jack thc Smiter,or
Will the Soiter, which was V aon
ibridged to John Smiter and %tau to
T ohn Smiither, and finally to John
Smith. A smith is a smiter-a gold
smith smites gold, a blacksmith smites
iron. And so all these soldier on the
highlands became Smiths by name, and
were good patriotic fighting stock.
Hurrah for~ the Smiths-including
John. The Jones family are of Welch
extraction, and no doubot had a simiir
:>rigin for the original name was Jane,
and the S wap added for a plural.
But names were still scarcer than
ioople, and so they had to resort to
acenpations to distinguish them; hence
cdme the honest uames of Farmer,
Derpenter, Mason, Baker, Gardner,
l'anner, Weaver, Taylor, Draper,
Gooper, Miller, Porter, Joiner, Sadler,
IBrewer, Barber, Turner, Dymber,
Thrasher, Carter. Currier, Granger,
Cook, Bridgman, Bowmen, etc. Scores
of others could be added that indicate
trades ana occupations.
Not long after. as the people multi
plied, they were named for the places
where they lived or son e natural ob
ject near by, as 'Hili, ale, Forest,
Wood, Grove, Foun~Tain Lake, Pool,
Ri vers, Brooks, Branch, :b, Grubb,.
Xrea.Ramui Banks, S ore, ..each.
iircb, Waters, Wall, Cliff Peak, Seay,
Lain, Rainwa'Pr, Timberlake, Rice,
Wh at, Corn, Allcorn, etc.
They even appropriated the names
If animals, birds, etc., as Lion, Lamb,
[tog, Colt, Fowl, Bull, Bullock,
Beaver, Bear, Buck, Deer, Swan,
Eawks, Dove, Crane, Bird, Herring,
Bass, Trout, salmon.
And next the fruits- and flowers, as
Apple, Orange, Lemon, Plum, Cherry,
Berry, Haws, Cofee, Turnip and Tar
nipseed. Colonel Tarnipseed was col
:nel of the Ninth Georgia regiment.
Of flowers and trees, there. is Rose,
Violet, Primrcse, Chestnut and Holly.
Then they had to encroach on the
nobility and clergy, and so we have
tCing, Queen, I'rince, Esrl, Lord,
Duke, Knight, Page, Stewart, Cham
berlain, Pope, B:sh->p, Priest, Abbot,
Prior, Deacon and Bailey.
And on the heavenly bodies and
heavenly things and preci us stones,
as Sun, Moon, Star, Cloud, Wind,
Gale, Sky, Angel, Diamond, Pearl,
Gold, Glass, Jewell, etc.
And on parts of the body, as Head,
Heart, Beard, Hair, Arms, Legg, Foot,
Shinn, Back, Hipp, Hand, etc.
And on colors, as White, Black,
Brown, Green, Redd, Blue, Gray,
Eoar and Violet.
Some were named on account of per
sonal peculiarities-as Long, Long
ellow, Stringfellow, Short, Small,
Strong, Meek, Lightfoot, Good, Best,
Bliss, Wise, Witt, Wisdam, Fite and
But there are enough for the young
folks to build onto and make a very
good catalogne of nnme4. Charles
Lamb says that the original name of
Bacoa was Ho-flesh, who was a very
wealthy and clever gentleman, but hia
girl wouldn't marry him because she
couldn't brar to be called Mrs. Hog
flesh. It would be awful. And so be
applied to parliament and had his
,iame changed to Bacon. He cou!dn't
give up the whole hog, but took is
cured. Many names were abridged or
changed from circumstaeces. John at
the Moor was changed to Atmore, and
t the Wood to Atwood and Peter at
the Seven Oaks to Peter Snooks.
Will, the taylor, had a sign of a.
peacock over his shop, and got to be
called Will Peacock. Anslem, the
pawnbroker, had a sign of a red shield,
which in the Jewish language was
Rothschild, and so he and his brothers
were called Bothschilds, and became
the richest men in the world. The
old story of 1he firm of I. Ketchum
and U. Cheatham may have never e.
isted, but before the war there was a
6rm in Rome of Wise & Goodman. and
close by was a Wit and a Wisdom.
There is a Fcute, and a Fite in Car
tersville, and some years ago there was
. Fitten. The poet asks vhat's in a
FR E Bastness coarse to one pereon
nevery countv. Pleas- rni
ri ess College, .Macon. Ga.
SUFFERINO IN SIL.ENCE.
Women are the real heroes of the:
world. Thousands on thousands of them
endure the dragging torture of the ills
peculiar to womankind in the silence of
home. They suffer on and on -weeks,
inonths, years. The story of weakness
and torture is written mn the drawn
features, in the sallow skin, in the list
less eyes, in the lines of care and worry
Inborn modesty seals theirlips. They
prefer pain to humiliation. Custom has
made them believe the only hope of
relief lies in the exposure of' exan
tion and "local treatment."
Take ten cases of "female weakness"
and in nine of them "local treatment"
is unncessary, There is no reason why
modest, sensitive women should sub
mit to-it. MIcELBEE'S
WINE OF CARDUI
is avegetable wine. It exerts a wonder
fully healing, strengthening and sooth
ing influence over the orgas of woman
kind. It invigorates and stimulates the
whole system. It is almost infallible in
curing the peculiar weaknesses, irre
gularities arid painful derangements of
woman. - Yrear after year, in the prvacy
of home-away from the eyes of every
body-it effects cures. ?
wDsz or canDnI Is sola tor $1.00 a
mote. Dealershnmedlisne selits. Wive
noUies usuallyeure the worst cases.
The only gent
celebrated for x
S age, is put up i
Label and ow
* THE MOST WONDERFUL
iMEDICINE e EVE
ple anadbokleth&. Ad. sTBGRED
name?- There is a good d&al, .and if I
was a pretty girl, and bad a pretty
namP, I would&t change it for a Hogg
or a Sheep-hanks.-EILL Ai in At
One safeguard of th-- country Is a
judge who refuses to grant naturalizas
tion papers t.'ap licants unable to com
prehend our form of government or to
read English. The Supreme Court of
the District of Columbia is reported to
hare set an admirable example in re
^"ent naturalization cases. One appli
cant frankly admitted that he did not
understand the Constitution, and the
judge refused to admit him to citizen
ship. The safety of the republic de
mands that naturalization tests should
be made more rigid. rather than easier.
The time is past when the subject can
be dismissed with the careless assertion
that our body politic is proof against
poisonous material - the form of citi
zenshtp indiscriminately conferred on
ignorant irnmi::rants. -
Put a pill in. the Pu
r; : preaching for the phys
'J p:il in the pillory if it <
preaches. There's a
Sugar Coated Pills; a
"4 and light." People use
as they did their reli
The more bitter the do
'We've got over that. U
'g- gospel or physic-now'
please and to purge ai
may be power in a ple
5 Ayer's Cat
More pill particulars in
Sc=t free. J. C. Ay
\t have 'e
out c7 IL COMAiot'S NO-co Co%T'IWToND 7OO '0.
See pbctal Ofer Zelow.
~ U3Y.AnD 1riNG. STEPKE CR
W HALt. CA. KALI G3.r
W HAR D CICOCA. . CHt GUS
For th l
N~Tm Coat?.*tos.atso anoonces for :
- tories cn Land :ad Sea, Stories for Bo)
DAib oo ur artt. Si Dobe Hody K
4vof M:sceilauy-AucCdote, Humor, Travel.
- rent Tfopics and Nature aud Science Dep
52 Weeks for S1.75. Se:
* 2-Color ""_N j
FREE. ma am
TH'E YOUTH'S COMP.
Re able Sharloite Merchants
thl on the when von o to Ca rlotte ~. C. Wto
by tnail. In anAwerinlg a ert1smtais kindly n en
ton this paper.
Wrtlo Pino, ws & icycl~ oues.
Sco01 of Siiort.a,ncI
Zo text book!s ted 't baiseas from dsy ot
ued. D ...9EHN
S. N. U.--50.
e "Bakers Chocolate," *
nore than a century as a de
us, and flesh-forming bever
Blue Wrappers'and Yel
Be sure that the Yellow
Trade-Mark are on ever1
R & CO. Ltd., Dorchester, Diass.
* Cons1ipation Kill You!I
RELIABLE AND EFFECTIVE 6
R G DISCOVERED. i
reseof cons,tipation. C:2csrets ere the Ideal Laa- A
rp r ie.bat eas nyHaxrrSflt.Sm
by loeal applications, as t
d:sesed porti"'n of the ear.
way to caro deafness, and
t:.n renedio+. )ea ness
fl ned condit:on of the mac
Estacbitn Tuou. When th
0 arnd you have a rambiing so
fect hearng, and waen it is e
Deafres is the resu:t, and unI
n.atioac.n be taken out and
rtored to i s normal cnndition, he
de<troyed forevr. Nine cases out
caused by catarrh. which is nothin
f .-:ned c,ndition of the mucous s
We will give One Hundred Do,
es-e of Deafness (cansed by ca*
int be cured by Hal's Catarrh
F. 3. CRPNZr &
'e Famir Psare the
The Modern M
Has found that her little o
ed more by the pleasant Sy
in need of the laxative
remedy than by any at
more acceptable to them.
and it benefits them.
Syrup of F1rs. is manu.
fornia Fig Syrup Comp
pit if you wan
ical man ; th
Loes not prac
d to value
so the b
US rA. GEOiRG!A.
Tehich do you prefer?
Better swap all three fe~
I i~oibyma T fo ET TlERIN
2hos rmail o5cz. In <tamps.
- J. T.SH Uiera.IE,;
. avannab, Ga.
It Cures all Skin Disoases.
Money in Chicken
For 25c. tn stamps we senda
PAGEa JOK giving theexper
'-of a practical h'ounty gaiser
* 1an anaw,ur, tant a suest WTo *
Yor dollars and coniitfrinlg
. years, It wale inow to-De
uad care iseases:' heed forJiSp
Mao (or yattening: wbIen FowIe
etors ic lsed y ev rya c0
in oroltai raj ralS.
* III (E HULLER.
The only machine th'at in one- operation,
will Clean, Hull and Polish, rough rice-~
putting it in merchantable condition, ready
for table a. Simple and easy to maan,"e.
Writeorpces and tet' Also
UORNi 3ILLS, SA MILLS.
PLANING MAC, EkI, and all
kinds of WOODAORKING MA.
Machinery Sup lies.
Talbott amd IAddell Engin$ and Bollers
on hand at Factory Prices.
V. C. BA DH M,
Columbia, -. - S
"PIE OF THE SOU
AFine, High-Grade,. 6-Cent
If your dealer does not handle it
ECKS* EIN & CO., Charlott~e,,
who will send you samp:e for 4c. In7
Indorsed and Used by the U
Iernent in the Sold!
Sailors' National H
If von arc addicted to the L
to be CURED s-ith little o
nd freedom from all possibi
TIlE KiEELEY I
J W&t.e mu'- or