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TRI-WEEKLY EDITIO c r ILi 3ED
WINiNSBORO- .: i4RIL 30, ;1898, SALSHD14
FOR LITTLE FOLKS.
A COLUMN OF PARTICULAR IN.
TEREST TO THEM.
Something that Will Interest the Ju
venile Members of Every Household
Quaint Acti-ns and Bright Sayings
of Many Cute and Cunning Children.
The Cradle Ship.
When baby goes a-sailing, and the breeze
is fresh and free,
His ship is just the queerest craft that
ever sailed' to sea!
Ten fingers true make up the crew that
watch on deck must keep,
While all a-row ten toes below are pas
And mother is the pilot deaT-ah, none so
true as she.
When baby goes a-sailing, and the breeze
- , is fresh and free!
When mother rocks the cradle ship, the
walls-for shores-slip past;
The breezes from the garden blow when
baby boy sails fast!
So fast he flies that Dolly cries she fears
we'll run her down,
So hard a-port! we're not the sort to see
a dolly drown;
:nd then, you know, we've got the whole
wide carpet for a sea
~ When.'baby goes a-sailing, and othe wind
-is fresh and free!
When baby lies' becalmed in sleep, and
all the crew is still,
When that wee ship's in port at last, all
safe from storm and ill
Two eyes of love shall shine above, two
lips shall kiss his face,
Until in deep and tranquil sleep he'll smile
at that embrace!.
- For mother watches, too, at night; while
through his slumbers creep
Dream-memories of sailing ere the breezes
Bobbing for Caramels.
Mai.ing taffy or any candy Is, to be
sure, great fun, but eating it is always
far better. In this game the difficulty
is to get the candy. Buy some fresh
caramels. They must be qu;.te soft.
'Thread a stout needle with some fine
vhite:sewing silk, tying a large knot in
- one end. Drr the needle through the
e4' ie. onteohe,ie Utra
th n.dl, evig h crae attch
ed toa-Kstayr ofsl.Te i
giving to te a aramel un teko t
The eo, aftpaing the mlt
*e engod betwen hseeth nd. hi
handsg foldehuld be fireparcceds
ivring tahea caramel ungto oth
wins the game.
Of course there Is a trick about it,
but a very simple one. Just work it
out. One little hint. Everything de
pends upon having that knot firmly
fastened in the beginning between your
It is really worth while to stop and
watch the monkey-like workings and
twisting of the other faces, If you do
get the "booby" prize yourself.--Chi
Her name was Polly Putnam, but
everybody called her Polly Putoff. Of
course, you can guess how she came
to have such a name. It was because
shre put off doing everything as long as
"Oh! you can depend on Polly for one
thing," Uncle Will would say. "You
*can depend on her putting off every
thing, but that is all you can depend
on." And I am sorry to say he spoke
"Folly, Polly!" mother would say in
despair, "bow shall I ever break you
of this dreadful habit?"
It was just three days toe Polly's birth
day, and she had been wondering very
much what her mother and father mn
tended to give her. She thought a mu
sie box.would be about the 'best thing.
but she was almost afraid to hope for
"that. A man who went about selling
'them had brought some to the nouse,
and Polly had gone wild with delight
over their beautiful musical tinkle.
"Folly," mother said, that morning
"he.re is a letter that I want you to post
"Yes, mother.' 'answered Polly. put
Sting the letter in her pocket.
As she reached the school house .she~
saw the girls playing and she stopped
"just for a moment." Then the be,l
-rang, so she could not post the letter
then. She looked at the address, 1t
was directed to a man in The next town.
Ohithasn't got very far to go; I
will pose it after schlool."
After school she forgot all about it:.
"Did you poet My letter, Polly?
asked mother, when Polly was study
ing her lessona that even!n2.
Polly's face grew very rcd, and she
put her band in her pock-t. "I will
post it in the morning," she said faint
"It is to." late," answeed mo:hor.
"The man to whom the letier is direct
ed went away this e;ening. and I
haven't get his ad:ress. It really eily
matters to yourself. for it was an order
for a music-box for your birthday."
"Oh, mother!" exclaimed Polly. "Is
it really too late.'
"I don't know where he is now." said
mother. "If you had not put off post
ing the letter he would have received
it before he started, and sent the music
box. It is too late now."
Wa.sn't that a hard lesson? It cured
Polly, though, and she has nearly lost
her old name.-Weekly Banquet.
Out of the Mouths of Babes.
One cold morning 4-year-old Fannie's
mamma began washing her hands in
cold water, but she drew back, ex
claiming: "That water's too cold,
mamma; please cook it some."
Little Edgar, aged 3, was very fond
of lemon drops, and one day while he
was out on the porch a sudden and vio
lent hailstorm came up. "Oh! oh:" he
exclaimed, with delight, "It's wainen'
A 5-year-old city miss was visiting in
the country for the first time, and she
happened to notice the cattle enjoying
their cud. "Say, grandpa!" she ex
claimed, "does you have to buy gum for
all them cows to chew?"
Little Mamie had heard her Sunday
school teacher speak of backsliders,
and one rainy Sunday morning, when
!ier mother thought it best for her not
:o attend Sunday school, she said: "I've
just got to gl. ,r teacher says if we
ion't come every Sunday our backs will
"You may spell 'smallpox,' Tommy,"
id the teacher to one of the juvenile
ass. Tommy made several attempts
but failed. "Well," said the teacher.
'what do you think a boy ought to get
vho fals on a simple work like 'small
)ox?'" "He ought to get vaccina-ted,"
Little Johnny was saying his prayers
Lt his mother's knee and she was help
ng him out with her suggestions.
'Bless and take care of the little lambs
>f the flock," said mamma. Johnnie
mew that he was included among the
ambs and he reasoned that parents
ihold not be forgotten. "Bless' and
,s* repea te n-a .. -
guess you had better look after the
Id sheep, too.".
A BOY CAPTAIN.
L SixteeniYear-Old Skipper Piloted a
Fever Stricken Ship.
With death walking the deck by his
ide, short-handed, officers dead or dis
Lbled with fever, for seven weeks of
Iisaster, danger and fear, a boy of six
:een years of age performed an act re
luiring--rare force of will and charac
er in the South Seas recently. His
ame Is William Shotton, and he is
he son of an English sailor.
The Trafalgar, 'his s;hip, a four mast
d bark of 1,700 tons, sailed from Ba
avia, with a cargo of petroleum for
Fever broke out among the crew even
Mfore the ship left portr~and Captain
Edgar was invalid. The command dle
olved upon the next in authority. Mr.
toberts. But scarcely had the ship
reighed anchor, when he, too, was
tricken, together with several other
,ble-bodied members of the crew. The
hip carpenter next succumbed to the
ever, and on the same day Officer
oberts leaped overboard in delirium.
he entire charge of the ship there
pon devolved upon Shotton. Luckuiy
or all concerned, he was born ofZ a
ace of sailors and had received some
ntruction in Lavigation.
For a time the winds were moderate.
>rt the fever still pursued its dead
~ourse, and on Dec. T the cook died. the
ith victim of the disease. Port R airy.
Lustralia, was the first place sighted
or mainland, but this was by no means
he end of the boy captain's trociles.
A. few days later a fearful storm broke
ut, and Shotton was of the opinion that
othing could be done but run before it.
ince to attempt to withstand it wouldi
almost cer'tainly mean destruction in
he weakened state of the crew. All of
he crew who were half fit for dnty
were ordered on deck and the neces
ary steps were taken to put the shi?
n order to carry out the decision. Day
nd night the young captain was on the~
bridge, giving his ordiets amid the aw
ful tempest with a coolnecss and calm
ess which would have moved mnany a
gray-haired skipper to envy. Finally
he wind moderated and the vessel was
able to resume its journey to the Tie
Answe:rs to Correspondents.
Freshman-Certainly it Is improper to
kiss a girl of 10 years: but even if it
wasn't. what's the use?
Housekeeper- -We cannot tell you
what is good for m.oths without know
n what is the matter with them.
Quaker-You lose the bet. A 'quill
>en was used in writing the declara
ion of indep~endenceC. not William
Piscatory-Tour idea of using a light
ning ro:1 when fishing for electric eels
s good, but your judgment is somewhat
Kick:apoo-We havre looked up and
down several authorities. but can find
nothig that relates to moccasins ever
having been made on the Last of the
Pennibbs-Tes. employ a stenograph
er by all means. -You have discovered
how badly you write and a stenograph
er will enable you to learn how badly
yo rhink.-ChicagO News.
SCIENTIFIC SCRA 3
The normal temperature f fish iS
Humboldt said that a sin le pound
of the finest spider webs w uld -reac
around the world.
One inch of rain falling upon one
square nile is equivalent to about 17-,
5U0,000 gallons of water.
Oats grown on humus so- contain a
much greater percentage o nitrogen
than those on ordinary land
One of the constituents the best
qualities of varnish is a re in known
as kauri, which is only fo d in New
A dog has in his upper ja six incis
ors, two canines and six mol rs on each
side; in the lower, six in sors, two
canines and seven molars on each side.
The beautiful and deli te colors
observed on the eggs of bii s are not
very fast to light, more specially
when they belong to the li ter. class
Vaticana is the name giv to one of
the latest asteroids - disco ered, No.
416; in honor of Father ecardi of
the Vatican observatory, w has com
puted its course.
Roentgen rays have pro d of great
assistance to the surgeons the Brit
ish army in dealing wi gunshot
wounds among the troops ngaged in
the luckless expedition on . he Indian
According to the recent culations
of Professor y. C. Kapteyn f Amster
dam 900,000 miles a day is e velocity
with which the sun and its lanets are
speeding through space in northerly
direction. The brightest' ar in that
part of the heavens towar which we
are going is the brilliant V a in the
constellation Lyra, a sun question
ably much greater than ou s. Every
year, by Professor Kapetyn' estimate,
-e draw some three hundr d million
miles nearer to that star.
A writer in science desc bes a curi
ous monstrosity which has- ome under
his observation. This is a cock with
no signs of spurs upon the tarsi, but
with -a couple of well-devel ped spurs
upon the head, on either de of the
comb, giving the creature e appear
ance of being horned. T ese mock
spurs are not attached to he skull,
whatever they may oi ally: have
been, but are-loose. Inst ces are on
record of. spurs being gra ted on to
combs, but, so far, no sim- ar case is
known to have occurred in ature.
LEioe n i s ea
mous "Hope" djimond. a 11 sort
of rumors ha*e been fl -ng t
lately regarding its sale. This fa
mous diamond cannot be isposed of
except by authorization o the Court
of Chancery, and persons tharge at
the cout say no applic4io has been
made for its. sale, but t e mere tict
of its being talked abon brings up
many interesting events o its history.
Few have seen this storie gem,
which, since 1870, has een in safe
keeping in a London ban Its his
ory is one of the rowa ces of great
ewels, for it was brough by Taver
ier from India .ini 1642 and sold a
uarter of a centi4@ J ter to Louis
IV, who wore it on some occasions of
reat state. In 1792 i was stolen
long with many other .reasures, to
ie hidden till 1830, when it apDeared
nysteriously in the Lo on miarket,
aEd was bought for $90 000 by Mr.
Eenry Thomas Hope,but hese figures
re not supposed now represent
aything like its real val .During
ts wanderings two pieC* s have been
ut from it-one of w 'h found its
ay into the Duke of runswick's
ollection-making its pr sent weight
4 14i carats. Experts distinguish
this diamond from sapp res, not by
olor only, but by its isometric or
ubic system of crystaliz tion, that of
the less valuable stone oeing hexa
Lifting ZedhIot Steel b Magnet.
Every one knows that: magnet will
attract and lift cold eel, but few
have hitherto been aw *e that it:will
lift redhot metal. Yet this is done
hourly at the plate mill f the Illinois
Steel company. The agnets there
are said to be capable f lifting five
tons of redhot steel, an not only so,
but each magnet will - k up half a
dozen large steel plates d drop them,
one at a time, wvith. the regularity of
clockwork. So cleverly and quickly
do they conduct themse es that they
seem endowed with al st human in
telligence. The way i esd pieces of
magnetized steel pick up the steel
plates that require a do ick to hoist
under any other cir . mstances and
place them in the desir d spot is said
to be truly marvellous-~ A keen-w'it
ted electrician has solve the problemi
of operating the magn so that the
plates can be dropped ne at a time.
-Industries and Iron.
The Appetite of Iants.
Mr. H. W. Wiley, f the depart
ment of agriculture, avs that the
mineral food consume b~y plants is
of two kinds. Some' inerals, such
as phosphoric acid, P tash, lime and
magnesia, are essenti to the nour
ishment of the plant-. . "But plants
have also a general apjtite for miner
al substances, eating reely in addi
tion to the qnantitTh essary to their
proper nutrition." 3. Wiley adds
that plants seem to trive best where
their appetite for non 'ssential miner
al food is gratified- includes soda
in this kind of plant ~ -c
A boy being asked, desbib a kit
ten said: "A kitten i emnarkable for
rushing like mad at ing whatever:
and stopping before -gets there." It
must have been the time boy who
thus defined scandal: it is Ate-no
body ain't done not - g, an some
body gesn and tells"-T ma .
Mixing Ashes With ure.
There-are only two con oas under
which ashes may proper be. -mixed
with' stable or .fh mtrogen
ous manures... Opr..is w n the ashes
have already been with -ni
trogen and their ca pioperties
have thus been nen ' The
other is when stable is: to be
plowed under the soil. stic ashes
will then greatly -haste - fermenta
tion, and will thhs idr sts availa
bility and effectiveness. ston Cul-.
To Telf Fresi.
There is no.known'm od for tell!
ing with absolute c if an egg
is fresh, but the follow ests are all
of them good, a'nd . . nable the
farmer-to know whetile ought to
market his eggs or-f them at
home. A fresh egg. wi nearly al
ways sink in water . n held. to a
strong light a iresh egg clear and
no jarring of the-conte will be felt
when the egg is shakei the hand.
A hard boiled egg fr '"which the.
shell readily peels is trict fresh
for the contents of a egg adhere
closely to the shell.
Advice Abont ure.
Don't buy stable -e unless you
can get it at-very low It is of
uncertain quality, ciallyi that
made in town or city bles, which is
-usually the only kind the market.
Professor Voorhees that 20 tons
of city stable;manur $1.50 would
cost $30, while.. odld buy an
equivalent'aaofn' actgI plant
food in chmical ferti' rs. Freight
and cartage are. much less, and' the
qiiestion is whether i: can afford to
pay the extra.prioe " y to get The
-vegetable matter-or humus in =tAe
o u s ivyi
crop. Make all the 'and u n
post possible on the fm, but when
it comes to buyingit e have the im
pression that farmer pay about twice
what the stuff is. w "In New
yersey commercial-:fe izers are rela
tively cheap and :city manures com
paratively dear."-Amherican Agricul
Reserve Store of Honey.
Frames of comb honey should al
ways be provided during the - honey
season for the purpose of having a re
serve store for the bees .in winter and
spring, if at any time they st-and in
need of it. It is an ~easy matter to
thus save out frames of sealed honey,
and they can be put to the most profit
able use in thus furnishing the ~bees
in time of need. It is equally as im
portant during early spring, at the
time the bees are breeding rapidly, to
keep them well stocked up with frames
of sealed honey, and all colonies that
have a good reserve-of stores will al
ways come out in the best condition,
and will have a good force of bees
ready for the honey harvest when it
comes.: During the breeding season,
in spring time, bees consume a large
amount of stores, and, if at any time
they get short, they will suddenly
stop breeding and will not resumo
business again until a good honey
flow sets in. The careful apiarist al
ways watches this and promptly sup
plies the deficiency.--The Epitomist.
Artichokes for Hogs.
For the past four or five years one
of my neighbors has planted an acre
or two of artichokes annually- for his
hogs and I have watched his success
closely to learn. if possible, whether
or not it was a practical venture, and
as a consequen-ce I have, come to the
conclusion that they can not only be
handled with the utmost safety but
are an excellent and cheap food for
hogs, says C. P. Reynolds of Michi
gan. Tne tops are also valuable for
cattle and sheep. The stover is cut
and shocked very much as one cuts
the corn crop. Stock eat the stalks
quite as readily as, if not more so
than, they do the corn stover. Where
the ground is rich an.immense amount
-of coarse fodder can be grown on a
Some writers in speaking of the
artichoke give the imapression that
they are difficult, in fact impossible,
to exterminate. Such an idea is en
tirely erroneous. If they are sown in
a lot where hogs can be turned in on
them there will be absolutely no diffi
culty along this-line,unless, of course,
there are more tubers than the herd
can use, in which case all that is nec
essary is to turn in more hogs. If
you put p lot into artichokes under
the impression that once sown you
will reap forever, the chances are you
will find yourself very much mistaken.
-American Agriculturist. -_
Flavor in Eutter-and Cheese.
The question offlavor in butter is.
one that is contindally :nppermost in
the minds of all -manufacturers and
dealers. -Upon tis~one quality de
pends practically the value of the
pro duct in -the market and to the con
sumer. There are v:arying -theories
and practices suggested by which the
-flavor can be mprov ed; can be made
more uniforim and ean be better
adapted to the w nts of the great ma
jority of consumers.
We notice in the Country Gentle
man an article.on that subject which
we in part produce, and call the at
tention of our buttermakers to the
statements made therein. These
statements and the theories advanced
are in accordance with our own belief
that has been proven often by prac
tice. We have made statements here
tofore on sundry and divers occasions
that butter properly made is better
ten days or two weeks old than at any
other period in its history, and it
ought not to go beyond its best estate
for four weeks. This statement has
been contradicted and disputed fre
quently, but the trend of sentiment is
coming in that direction. Hear what.
the correspondent of the Country
Gentleman says: "Much is said of the
flavor of butter and cheese, but gen
erally on one side, and that on the
wrong side. The individuality of the
cow and feeding are the two main
points as the cause of fine or bad
flavor of this product. Little is said
or thought about the curing of this
product, although it is in curing that
the best flavor is developed in them.
The best butter thirty~ years ago
was made in the summer time and
pickled for winter sale. The manner
of business is now changed, doubtless
for the reason that the methods of the
dairies have changed. But what then.
The purchaser puts it away in cole
storage and keeps it until winter when
fine butter is scarce, then brings it
out for sale. There is too much fine
butter made in the summ'er, and on
this account the price is too low for
satisfactory profit. But we should
understand that butter can be cured
as well as cheese, and gain by rge,
during which an individual ripening
goes on very slowly, producing the
line flavor desired by most consumers.
The vapid fresh butter that goes to
the market in warm Weather ripens
quickly, and by the time it gets to the
consumer it is ready for the table.
'But this curing may be slowly efected
by cold storage in the dairy,and much
th ening goes on lowly nntil it
SThe qah,a en -o.
cold storage the past fall and winter
is good evidence of the fact that but
ter is benefited by a curing process,
and that it is a better 'product after
being held for a -considerable time for
general use than when strictly fresh.
-Elgin Dairy Report.
Farm and Garden Notes.
If your flock of hens is too large to
give each hen a sample of table scraps
each day, make a hash of the same in
gredients as compose table scraps and
feed the flock. It will help wonder
fully to help make the hens pay.
Sometimes the most thrifty tree in
the orchard fails to fruit, apparently
too intent upon the production of
wood and foliage to have time for the
production of fruit. If this excessive
wood production is cheched the tree
will usually fruit.
Jonathan and Grimes' goldcn are
perhaps the,.most similar in behavior
of any two apples we could name; the
former a brilliant red, the latter quite
s handsome in its coat of bright, rich
yellow; each is possessed of a rich,
spicy flavor and delicious when prop
rly matured and ripened.
"Feeding back" extracted honey -to
replenish unfinished section has been
tried with va"ying success. Some
beekeepers hti. e succeeded in so do
ing with a fair degree of remunera
tion. It is well to observe this rule,
that whenever a remunerative price
an be obtamned for extracted honey it
will not pay to feed it back to the
bees to finish sections.
At a recent institute a northern or
hardist denounced the practice of
raising hay or oats in the orchard as
especially bad,for it removes from the
ground material necessary to the pro
dction or fruit. He recommended
planting plums, peaches and small
fruits between the rows as these
ould pass away before the apple
trees came into bearing.
The San .Jose scale, so called, which
s fast beconming a terror to the fruit
ro svers of the East, was introduced
into Calif ornia from Chili. But it did
not originate there. Entomologists
are divided as to whether it is of Jap
nese or South Amei-ican origin. The
parasite which has been found so do
structive to the scale is following it
p closely, and in California has in
reased to such an extent that the
scale is held well in check. It is in
reasing in numbers in the East also.
I have made a special study of the
rmer's method of raising poultry
the past few years, and have also had
onsiderable experience myself in car
ing for them and wvatching their habits
nd susceptibility to various diseases,
and have formed the opinion that up
wards of 75 per cent. of all sakness
which fowls are subject to originates
-with vermin. I have also recently
read an article in a popular poultry
journal on this subject which places
the-percentage still higher, to qu-te
their ow~n words, "Ninety per cent. of
,lldiseases found in fowls are directly
or indirectly traceable to vermin."
L. A. Spalding.
I;ength. of World's Telegraph..
The total length of the world's tele
graph system has now reached 4,908,
PEARLS OF THOUGHT.
Earth's noblest thing, a woman per
There is a woman at the beginning
of all great things.--Lamartine.
God makes and the world edacates,
but 'tis woman that finishes a man..
There are maay persons who think
tunday is a sponge with which to wipe
ert the sins of the week.-Beecher.
A woman dies twice; the (lay that
she quits life and the day that she,
ceases to please. -Jean Jaclunes Weiss.
There is a Sunday conscience as
well as a Sunday coat, and those who
1nake religion a secondary concern put
the coat and conscience carefully by to
put on only once a week,-Dickens.
We owe many valuable observations
to people who are not very acute or
profoand, and who say the thing with
out effort which we want and have
long been hunting in vain. - Emerson.
Lover, daughter, sister, wife,mother,
grandmother ; in those six words lie
what the human heart contains of the
sweetest, the most ecstatic, the most
sacred, the purest and the most ineffa
We- are never more - discontented
with others than when we are discon
tented with ourselves. The conscious
ness of wrong doing makes us irrita
ble, and our heart in its cunning quar
rels with what is outside it, in order
that it may deafen th- clamor within.
--Amiel'sJ Jr .
It is true that other people may see
as well as a painter,but-not with such
eyes. A man is taught to see as well
as to dance ; and the beauties of na
ture open themselves to our sight by
little and little after a long practice in
the art of seeing. A judicious, well
instructed eye sees a wonderful beauty
in the shapes and colors of the com
monest things, aad what are compara
-A Klondike "Clean-Up."
In the Century John Sidney Webb
describes "The River Trip to the
Klondike.". In telling of his visit-to
the El Dorado mines, the author says:
i"The sluice-boxes, are made- of
b'dards, machine or whip-sawed, and
roughly nailed up into troughs - or
boxes and fitted together like stoye
pipes. Cleats are nailed into the last
boxes, called 'rises,' or, in some. in
stances,shallow auger-holes are boi'ed
into the bottom boards. - The boxes
are then set up in ' line on a gentle
slope, and the pay-dirt is shoveled in
atithe: top, and a stream of water, con
useless .gravel washes of, the gold
being caught up on the cleats or in the
holes scattered about. . In the last
boxes quicksilver is put -in to catch
the very fine gold. When the gold is
taken from the boxes it is called a
"On the day Iwas there (August1')
at No. 30 El Dorado $20,000 was
'cleaned up' in 24 hours,with only one
man shoveling in the dirt. Such won
derful results may mean, however,
months of expensive work; but 'when:
it comes it comes quick,' as the saying
is among the miners.".
K.eacued Through a Bank Note.
This siXy is .4ouched for by an
English paper called The Gentleman:
"Some years ago the cashier of a Liv
erpool merchant received a small Bank
of England note, which he held up to
the light to make sure it was genuine.
In doing so he noticed sonmeindistinct
brownish marks, as if words had been
traced on the front of the nots and on
the margin. Out of curiosity he tried
to decipher them. In a weak solution
of acid the words came out much more
legibly, and he was able to read the
" 'If. this note should fall in the
hands of John Dean, of Longhillmar,
he will learn thereby that his brother
is languishing a priscner in Algiers.'
"Mr. Dean,. when the note was
shown to him, lost no time in asking
the government for assistance and
finally secured the freedom of his
brother on payment of a ransom to the
Dey. -The unfortunate man had been
a prisoner for 11 years and had traced,
with a piece of wood for pen and his
own blood for ink, the message on the
banknote, in the hope of its being
seen, sooner or later."
X-Rays as a Remnedy.
Dr, August Schmidt of St. Louis
claims to have discovered a practical
use for the X-rays. He says that he
has had satisfactory results with the
rays in the cure of skin diseases and
also in the removal of hair from the
face. Ever since the discovery of the
X-rays, two years ago, Dr. Schmidt
has been experimenting with it and
has had occasion to use it fre'uently
in his practice. After having taken a
photograph with the,X-ray,he noticed
that a y art of the outer skin would
peel off his hands, and that numerous
small cracks would appear in his fin
ger nails. For a long time these facts
puzzled him. Then the idea struck
him that the intensity of the light
killed the epidermis,-and that, if the
hand were exposed to the light long
enough, the" skin, and perhaps the
flesh would - 'be destroyed entirely.
The question tlhen arose: If the X-ray
will- destroy healthy skin, why will it
not destroy that which is not healthy?
Thus his experiments were begun.
But the medical world is somewhat
sketical so far about Dr. Schmidt's
"Yes," said Miss Passeigh. "I enjoy
the society of Mr. Airylad. He keeps
meinterested. He is a'lways saying
something that one never hears from
"Rea;y!" rejoined Miss Cayenne.
"Has he been proposing to you, too?"
HELPS FOR HOUSEWIVE!.i
whea s ouring rise.
Cake tins and strainers that"
greasy should be first asfed in h
soda water ad then scoured
When the surface -is; perfectly cle :_:
rinse in hot water and dry- withsaclaft
cloth. Afterward.polish ta
dry whiting - and fm i wh
leather. Dish covers w aever tak
a good polisin fesss iedith i ,'
soda waterand soap frst . For the
corners and carved part use a old
.plate brush. T
T-o Prepa?e sUet
-To render"suet for cookig upUpOs
es, cut it into small pieces rhile fres==_
and cover with coldwater; le. st,n.t'
24 hours,, changing thegwater bride
during the time; this remoyest'rF
tallowy taste. Drair well "andputtsh
pieces i"to -iu iron Tietfaewith a
smooth bottom surface and add half .
teacupful of milk- to each4ounl
suet. Let- cook very. slowlya t
and moderately throughout u til 't
fat is clear and light tnrowRUand '
sound of cooking has ceased LOOSo-'
the suet occasionally ioa etW -
of the kettle, -but avoid mtirring.
stand until partly cold, thet-,,
into eups:to. becom-e cold. This'f y
as sweet and nice s butted
be used- in: the piace :
cooking purposes. The
'seraps" can be presse4 t
fo.frying. It is nc, of courss= ::;
as nice as the first. When
piecrust of suet rbl-theid i
warm water. .For' -.-minoe. p
"fror the table, suet is a
ening. If 'is' very nice -or
doughnut' if they are heat
being sdrved.-Sarah E. '
New England Homestead.
The following measures 4'f
-,ay be found useful _to .-a.,
kitchen for easy refeere
writer in Good HousekPebp
Four even teaspeons
on'e even tablespoonfuL- ?
Three veii feaspoonfils -
teiial equal one even tabl& x 'n
Sixteen tablespoziul 4 -
Welve tablespooiful ? m ,
equal one cupful.-,
Two -l I
Four capfnIs qn on
Fonr eoupfuls O r O
TwdInd one- cu
sugar equal one pound.
One pint milkor ater eqm ti
pound. r - '.
One dozen eggs shouldweigh- I'14
pounds. e -
The following table of proe
is alsovaluable: -:
One teaspoonful sdda to neupf
molasses. . : L'.
One teaspoonful soda do .:oe pin :
Three teaspoonfuls' baking o
to one quart flour.
One-half cupful yeast or one-quar. 4
ter cake compressed yeas*'to one pint ~
.One teaspoonful extract to pa eio
One teaspoonful salt to two gqads
IOne teaspoonful. salt tO"cohquart
soup. - ..
IOne scant1cupful of liquid.tgQthree
fulcupfuls of flour for muffins.
One scant cupful -of liquid 'to, to at
full cupfuls of flour for batters.
Four peppercorns,: four:e loves' o a
teaspoonful mixed herbs ~foro- eaab
quart of water for soup stock.'e
Chicken Gelatin-Slice cold roast
chicken and lay in a moId' with i.lten, -
nate layers of cold boiled ton;gue and
occasional slides of hard-boiled egg,
and season with celery salt. Dissolve
half an ounce of gelatin in a- pint of
clear brown gravy and pour it over -
the.meat. - It must stand for. welve w
hours to harden before cutting.. It is
a most appetizing dish, and a very
nice way of preparing .cold meat foi
ILight Soup-Put a can of -peas (re.
serving half a cupful), a small"onion,
one bay leaf, a sprig of parsley and
teaspoonful of blaok pepper'in a-small
stewpan and simmer for half 'an hour.
Mash and add three cupfuls of good
stock and let boil up. Strain,- add.
one tea.ipoonful of -cornst-arch. dis
solved in a little cold water, one large
teaspoonful of butter, and ,boil for ten
miutes. Add -'one cupful of rich
milk, hal a caipfail of peas, salt to
taste and oerve.
Prune Pudding--Beat upjthe yolks
of six eggs and the whites of three;
thin with a few spoonfuls of milk and 1
stir in 'four spoonfuls'of flour.' Stone
a pound of mashed prunes,and mix
them in with the othe' ingredients;
also add a very small pinch of salt and ,:
two spoonfuls of grated .giniger.
Moisten the mixture with the. greater
part of a quart of mnilk and.tie the
puding in a buttered cloth' and bol
Ifor two, houis..- Serve with a' sweet
Fricassee of Beans-Soaltovermight
one cup of large dried' lims 5jua;.
drai,put on thefi e ion,*quitaot
salted (one tablespoonful) watle-an& -
simmer for two-hours,,or uiiUi.thoz .'
oughiy done; butmbrnke4.WEeon -
they are cooked,ianothespaeau
puttwo tailespoonfulb>f 1buta j~.
thejuice' of a letanb hen-h but<
has quite melted thro in.e
gents. Serve ina b 4f
boled rice, ve
ter l -