AL! IN letter,, -
TRI- WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO S.C., JUNE 14,,1898- ESTABL1SHED1844
Don't Buy Show Birds.
Do not bay and pay high prices for
show birds, par tieularly if they have
been exhibited. The treatment they
v^e had ha-, not been favorable to
egg production, and has been unfavor
aole for" producing fertile eggs. They
liave bie,-n forced for size and form,
and doesed to induce glossy plumage,
until the feathters are worth more than
the rest of thea bird, excepting for a
-Hom to Cnltivate Artichokell.
Answering the inquirer who asks
how to pant and caltivate artichokes,
:Ea_n!, Field and Fireside gives an ex
tract froni a letter from a Missouri
reader. He saTs: "I reant the in
drills eighteen~to twent~y inches apart
one wah7 and two feet and six inches
the otheri, and eultivate the same as
potatoe.a ~hen the hogs root them
ut tfh roui the fall and winter,. the
roud *hourie be plowed and har
rowed in the soring and left alone, as
there ili>enough remain in the
ound1 or see:i. Should they be too
thiek". tak e a one-horse plow and plow
n tis, leaving rows from twelve
tnsixteen inches wide.''
In-ptunin t'ees the branches re
- move shoudbec sawed"off close to the
:nain trunk or limb on which they.
grew. If a long stub is left the
ond will not heal over, but remain
roe subject to the attack of disease
germs. which, when they have once
gned. entrance, a ree sooner or
?ater_to produce "black heart," -which
may e.tendS through the whole tree.
.- cutting back.small branches or
leading-in"-he cut-should be made
-ust-above a good strong bud so that
no stub is -leftodie back and invite
e sarge nds should be ainted
over-to p-o eet "checking" iac:d to
keep out g:7m2; while the healing pro
ness is goiny o.). When smaaller
rai aa been ehoued or put
not ot i4 f o.en-es germs from enter
ing the wounds, but also cheeks their
growth on other parts of the tr-se.
John W. Lld
The saw \'as first used in dehorn
~ng aad I ah~vys had an aversion ::o its
use, but when the ,knife, came I at
-once had mv herd dehorned.
Then I e3nmmenced the use of c hem
icals on my calves to prevent horn
-growth, and for years have had no
horns except in eattle we have bough!
oi wher-e we ma-de a partial failure in
stopping their growth.
. Wit neither knife nor the use of
chem eals c.in there be any charge of
cruelty or camusing suf'ering any more
than clipping a lamb or pig's tail,
which everyody believes is right.
I hav'e never had any special trouble
wit~h.horned camttle, but the dehorned
26s ar so much' more peaceable that,
especill in.a new country where ac
commodC atins for stock are so lim
iteL 1nd so much more crowding
necessary, that I very much prefer the
hornless ones, they housing together
under- the shed o - drinking at the
tr~oughL as closey as hogs.
T oul 4trongly advise that no
horas ha 0 ow1 to gen'.--J. M1.
In,'eetion,- Diz-aes .Among Poultry.
Drs.Smith and Moore of the bureau
ofia industry, Washington, D.
C. h-; madet important investiga
tions on? abov~e subject. They find
tit"lack head" in turkeys, diph
thla.cle: anud roup in fowls are
contaio.m They also .belisve that
so:ae roup -i-nfluenza and some
ti:c -hlaredifferent stages of
the one diisease--diphtheria. How
erthis my be, it is stated that
di-htheric is inectious, and it may be
trai mied tb children. Therefore,
the great i.npotanice of separating all
'sic.; fowls aind confining them to some
ontblg keeping the children
away Deeerig sick fowls is very
enernilebusness, and there is
seldom anyv reason why the fowls
shid be si priovidedt you have
doe )aa Xar.Yur pa~rt is to keep
thes ca and f es imm(Ii lice.
Gi-:e lea wate d-ly F il 'up all
Sow- 'o where water is apt to col
is iad m away all rub,bish'--urn
n--; i L, Ih po.er thing. Furnish
geriy >gitfor the fhwls, and
donaa ie paNrysa fat that. the
can e a- o l"rg.:d that ther
3. - *o-, cight andic dlry and1( pro
- wiedatig pla-:a. MaLke
c:-ie by s.eratc-hin g ini
I - i - f i1 s last. rpoint and
h :e: will go a long way
othe fowls ini good
uo kind of stock on
ate u'ore healthy than
.have proper care.
4 Mke -r to crowd 100
~iliohuse. This not
wvea:mmher of eggs, but
e~asea well. The
by thirty feet is not a bit too large for
100 fowls. The proper way is to 6i.
vide the fowls up into smaller flocks
of say twelve to twenty fowls each,ana
separate them during cold weather at
Pegging Down Plants.
An admirable way. according to
Tick's Magazine, to grow most any of
the hybrid perpetual roses is by peg
ging them down in the garden. Plants
grown ir this way furnish many more
flowers than when raised in the regu
lar way. The young shoots of each
season's growth are pegged 'down in
the fall b.y tht ise of small sticks
plac'ed often enough to keep the
branches fastened solid. In laying
the branches down, leave none nearer
than eight or ten inches; after a bush
has been pegged down for several
years the spa^e will become crowded,
and then the old wood can be cut
away to give room for the new branch
es. The new shoots should never
be pegged down when in a growing
condition, but when the wood has
ripened off and become dormant in
the fall is the proper time to do the
Should it happen, as it sometimes
does, that some of the old wood must
be left, because too few new shoots
hv,- grown to take its place, the old
wood should be pushed back to two
eyes or buds on each branch; the
shoots will then start out in the
spring,making new wood for blossom
The reason for this pegging down
process is this: The rose bush has a
latent bud at every joint of the plant,
which is only waiting for a good chance
to grow and produce blossoms; planted
in the ordinary way only those at the
top of the bush have much of a chance
to develop, but when laid down every
one of the latent buds will stand an
equal chance with every other in the
distribution of the sap, moisture and
sunshine and few of them will fail to
grow and bloom. A bed of roses
grown in this way presents a grand
appearance, as the surface of the soil
is nearly hidden by the foliage, above
which the lovely roses are growing
thickly. These bushes need enriching
often, as they are being forced so
hard, and a good dressing of well
rotted stable manure is almost a
necesity every fall. Some of the
shoots th_Rt have become covered with
wi z e aecilly if tha-h
layering. Nature, in-her effort to heal
the place, will callous it over and then
roots are quite likely to form.
Many colonies will be reduced
down very weak fromi coming through
the winter, It is very desirable to
save every colony that is in a healthy
condition and that hive good queens.
We can very materially help out such
colonies by giving them some atten
tion at the right time and in the right
manner. A weak colony will always
do better in a small space, and this
can be arranged by fitting a board
down in the hive, one on each side of
just the number of combs the bees can
occupy, thus contracting the space,
with these division boards.
Weak colonies may thus be tucked
up in small quarters, and surrounded
thoroughly with warmi protection so as
to confine as much heat as po,ssib.ie,
and in this shape, with good food at
their disposal. it is surprising to see
how rapidly they will build up and
need more territory to accommodate
their increase of business.
Strong colonies may be drawn up to
strengtheu weak ones, and this is very
frequently done at almnost all seasons
of the year. It is done by taking a
frame of brood bees, or brood without
bees, from .a strong colony and giving
it to-a weak one. It has been found,
however, that to do this in early
spring proves more of a detriment
generally than to allow the strong
ones to keep what they have. In
building up in spring a strong colony
will rear more brood alone than both
colonies if the brood is divided, the one
being a weak colony.
It is only by good management that
we can get weak colonies built up
stron.g by the time the honey season
is on. for if they are not strong at
this time. it will be at the expense of
the honey crop that they will reach
their fullest capacity.
A good, fertile queen is capable of
producing enough .bees in a very short
period to make 'su immense colony of
bees, but she iK altogether governed
in this respect by the number of bees
in t.he hive, and she lays only the
number of eggs thant the bees are
capable of tak ig care of. Sihe occu
pies just the amount of brood combs
that the bees cover well, and in this
she does not venture too close to the
outsidie line, and as the number of
bees inease and mnore,space on the
cmbhs is occu;piel, she extends her
territory in laying egs
*A queen 1.ee is capable of laying
3000~ eggs in a single day uInder the
most favorable cicmtacs so that
f :35,000 b)ees arc a god colony she
could pro'duce it in twelve or fifteen
(ays, if it were not the case that she
is governed by ben thus limited.
A. H. 1)uff.
A canal thirty yards wide and five
yards deep would not carry off one
ifteenth of all the water that runs
through the water-pipes and sewers of
Belrlin, or one-ninetieth of the of
THE WOMEN OF SPAIN.
Interesting Statistics Concerning Their
Soctal and Intellectual Condition.
A great deal has 1eeA *rifter about
apaiish tien, bitt I think one may
find a true- key to Spanish character
by taking a glimpse of the misery of
te Spanish Womei. I doubt if the
Spanish woman is any better off than
the Turkish woman, and while Ameri
can women are not clamoring for a
conflict, the fact remains that the
taking of Spain from the European
geography might prove a great step in
advance for the women of that land.
It appears from an official docuntent
which came my way the other day
that but 2,636,615 Spanish women can
read or write. This fraction is al
most as big as the male army that
kno*s its own language. It is a
pitiful showing, but it is only the be
ginning of the table of female wretch
edness. ,.The municipalities list 51,
946 professional beggars who wear
petticoats. Then there are 828,531
women who earn their living by work
ing in the farm fields. There are
329,596 women rated as day servants
who get but little more than bord and
shelter for their work, and in all the
dying dynasty there are but 719,000
girls in the schools of any kind,public
or private. There are twice as many
female mendicants as male. The cen
sus shows that 6,764,406 women have
neither professions nor trades.and are
altogether dependent upon charity.
the possibilit -6f getting married, or
hard labor starvation wages.
The s e lamentable condition of
the Spanish woman is shown by a
glance at another side. of her life.
The kingdom has but seventy-four
women classed as literary writers.
There are but seventy-eight women
physicians in the mother country and
all the provinces. The women school
teachers number only 14,400, as com
pared with 24,612 men, but this does
not include the nuns, who are classed
by themselves, and number 28.540.
Spanish women who are fortunate
live in the most magnificent homes
and seem never to bother their heads
about the poorer sisters at their doors.
The favorite resort for the grande
senoras is San Sebastian,and the lives
the careless Spaiiish women of fashion
lead there during the summer are said
to be a scandal over all Europe. There
is scarcely a pretence at propriety or
even ordinary conventionality. As in
France, a majority of the young girls
of the best families . are educated in
the convents. Their gre+..est ac
complishment is embroidery,and they
sit and sit and sit at their knitting
until some man from an ancient and
bankrupt house or a bull-raising plan
tation comes along and marries them:
Club life is. unknown. Marriages are
celebrated very early in life, and but
few people who get weary of these
early alliances erer go to the trouble
and for rl' a;x6'
ppy coup es simply divide
up the household. things and live the
balance of. their lives the best way
Spanish women, as I have found,
have very little outdoor amusement.
The bicycle is just beginning to be
admitted, but under protest. The
young women love their queen next to
pretty frocks and glittering fans and
bright ribbons. They flock to the
cruel shows in the bull rings and
laugh and cheer at the horrible spec
tacles. They show no more pity than
an American girl bestows upon the
dashing hardships which the average
tennis player or the golfer undergoes
when he performs in a broiling sun to
amuse her. -Chicago Times-Herald.
- JACK PAST AND PRESENT.
The MIan-of-War of Today and Years
The American man-o'-war's man of
today is as different in personal char
acter from his predecessor of afew de
cades ago as is the steel-clad, turreted,
mastless battle ship of 1898 from the
graceful. wooden frigate of past gen
erations. The new weapons, motive
power and other equipment of latter
day war vessels necessitate different
an~d often higher qualities in the men
that handle them. To this is due the
fact that the modern man-o'-war's man
is more of a mechanic and a soldier
than a sailor pure and simple.
But this is not all. The general
character of Uncle Sam's blue-jacket
has undergone a change since the de
velopment of the new navy, as radi
cal as his professional training. Such
familiar phrases as "Like a drunken
sailor" and "Spending money like a
sailor' no longer apply, for Jack is
today steadier, more self-respecting
and better behaved than the average
man in his own walk of life on shore.
Where in former days but few would
return on board ship on time, "clean
and sober,"~ from a day's liberty, it
is nuw the exception- for liberty to be
broken. A party of liberty men on
shore f rm an American cruiser is an
oderly, respectable body of men.
Several causes have contributed to
this change for the better. One is
the. app.renlticesystemf, which has been
in su cesdal operation now for about
tw ent-ive years, a period long engugh
to. give predominance to the American
bon seam en graduate-1 from the ap
pre'n:iee trinuing ships. This sy-stem
a.i g:eni to teservice a large num
he r neciable young Americans,
uh . a. 1islatd ai like number of
i g i" I reign'ers, waifs of for
i ,r': 'u!y inter'est in our navy
w, ic 1;y and the food, both de
eil '-iee thain they could get im
th i or merchants marines of
Marpotent cause of the good
qu itf the American man-o'war's
-m bf th resent day is more intell
i ui tetent. In the days of the
* '1-invy the men were allowed to
dran' bu t at staall fraction of their pay
wh m m, the remainder flcoumulft
paid in full at the" time of discharge.
The men, unaccustomed to handling
much money at a time, did not know
the valte of what they had received,
so they squandered their money. Quite
likely they became th8 prey of sharp
ers. In either .event they were com
pelled to ie-enlist sdon, and in dismal
When "liberty" was given in the
old days it was the custom to let a
whole 'watch"-half the ship's dom
pany-go ashore -at once, and then
only at long .intervals. Knowing that
it would be a ?ong time before they
would get on landagain, the men taus
freed would endea:or to concentrats
as much revelry as possible in the
short period given, and were usually
regardless of conseaueuces.
All that has been changed; The
crew of a man-of-war is now divided
into three' condact grades, according
to behavior. Thoes in the third or
lowest grade are permitted ashore at
long intervals, in the discretion of the
commanding~of icer ; those of the sec
ond may have liber.ty once a month,
and those of the first once a week,
while there is what is known as the
"special first class," the men ii
which are given elmdet as much shore
leave as the officers.
TELEPHONES FOR TWO LANGUAGES.
Story Told at the Expens.of a Millionaire
J. G. Nolen, 'who is an old-timer in
the electrical construction business,
tells a story on "Val" Blatz, the
millionaire brewer of Milwaukee.
"Our company had had some corre
slondence. with Mr. Blatz regarding
the putting in of a tlephone plant in
his big brewery establishment and I
was sent up to try to'close a deal.
"I took a couple' of our 'phones
with me in ordei to make a practical
demonstration should one be required,
asd I went with the intention of mak
ing a sale
"I got to talking 'with Mr. Blatz
and showed him the advantage of put
ting in our intercommunicative system
throughout his establishment. He
listened attentively and finally said:
"'Yes, that is el so: very true.
But,' and he spoke withtihe conviction
of one who was putting a poser, 'but
my men dow.yi h-althouse and
the warehouses aid cld stoiage are
ali Dutchmen. -
"'I, myself, though a (erman and
a graduate of Lespsi, and Heidelberg,
car' speak English, but what would
your.teleph.one be to my Dutch work
men, -:ho cannot -talk English at all?'
." Wei;-.I saw ho. the land lay: Old
Val could _-ot get it tlzrough his head
that the telephone wc"ld 'transmit
anything but the languaga' America.
I was bound t . make the deal, as I
said-befor so e arkedto Mrz
Blatz; ---'+- -1
"'I canput on s e Ger ai rP
on so desirt. Ihave some
"I . connected. up the' 'phnes,
made a show of changing the re
ceivers, and in half an hour Mr. Blatz
was talking to one of his Dutchmen
down in the malthouse. He was de
" 'You may put them in,' he said
'anid I shall want one German one in
the malthouse, one German one in
each warehouse, English ones in my
offiee and the business office and a
German one-in the cold storage house.'
"We closed the dcal and Mr. Blatz
was glad to pay $2 extra for each Ger
man enunciator we put in. When the
'phones were shipped from the factory
I had them labelled German and Eng
lish, respectively, and the big brewer
was perfectly satisfied.
"It was five years before I saw
Blatz again," concluded Mr. Nolen.
"He recognized me at once, and said
with a hearty German laugh: 'You
are the accommuodatin ggentleman who
put in the German and English tele
phones for me. Well, you are a good
A Rapidly Growing Plant.
A plant that grows at the r'ate of
nine inches every 24 hours without
earth or water is a curiosity in the
possession of Captain S. R. Vaughn
at No. 524 Reed street. Captain
Vaughn calls his plant a "snake lilyr."
It came to him through a friend .in
Cochin China, and when it first arrived
at a bulb it looked like a huge Indian
turnip. It lay during the greater part
of the winter in a dar'k closet, but re
cently it began to show signs~ of awak
ening from its long sleep, Mrs. Vaughn
knew the symptoms, for the bulb has
been in the family's possession for
several years now, and she had watched
its successive bloomings and witherings
during that time. Mrs. Vaughn took
it out of its hiding place and set in an
Iordinary peach basket with nothing at
all abou.t it except some newspapers.
A mottled-green.stalk pushed its way
out of the top of the bulb and grew at
the amazing rate aban mentioned,
until now it has reached'the height of
Ieight feet one inch and is just begin
ning to wilt. Of this total height the
pistil or tongue issuing from the cup
Sof the lily represents four feet one
inch. Cup and pistil are both of a
.beautiful dark maroon color. The
flower and stalk will gradually wither
away and drop off the balb. The lat
ter will then be planted in the earth
Iand in July and August will show a
great umbr'ella-like spread of foliage.
In September this,too,.will wither,and
the bulb will go to sleep for the win
-A Better Expression.
"I suppose," said Mrs. Snaggs,
"that when soldiers are said to be
sleeping on their arms the idea is that
th.ey are ready for instant service ?"
"Your idea is correct," replied Mr.
Snaggs. "How did you guess it ?"
"But woul it not be more expres
Isive"-ii's. Snaggs went on, ignoring
thei sarcasm, "to say that they slept on
their nap-secks ?"-PtbrgCrn
The Song of the Tub.
Scrub! scrub! scrub!
. ark to the Song of the Tub!
Saturday night is the time for ie!
Then is:the time th:it you chuckle with glee.
Fill up the tub with the water so hot!
Never be sparigg. but put in a lot.
Now for the soap and the flannel as well.
Oh, how delightful!- Its joys who can tell?
Scrub! scrub! scrub!
Hark to the Song of the Tub!
Hark to the song of the Tub!
How you look forwa-d to Saturday night.
Down by the fire so cosy and bright;
First you must dip in that jolly old tub.
Then you must dry yourself-rub' rub! rub!
Scrub! scrub! scrubi
Hark to the Song of the Tub!
The Big Wall.
A story of the Chinese wall was
rek.d to a class in composition. After
the reading they were expected to re
p'oduce the story in original style,
and they did so. Here is a sample:
"Once they was a man, and he was
the greatest man of any one there, or
in the United States. And he had to
build a wall, so he built it. He had
a lot of Shanghais, and he built the
wall around the Shanghais. These
were all China people. Some of the
other people wsho were not China
people tried to climb the wall, but
they didn't, cause they were afraid of
Trifles Make Perfection.
When Michael Angelo, the great
sculptor, was employed on one of his
nol2lest works of art, a friend called
to see him, and during his visit ex
pressed great surprise at finding his
statue apparently no further advanced
than when he had seen it a few weeks
before. . "Stay, my friend," said the
artist, "I can assure you that I have
been hard-at work on it since I saw
you last. I have deepened the furrow
on the brow, and slightly depres3ed
the eyelid,while I have added another
line to the mouth." "Yes," said his
friend; "I see all that, but these
things a:a only trifles." "That is
trud,":.replied the sculptor, "stilt,it
-a.these trifles which make perfection,
7r,nd doyoin call pe:-fectj0ei a"triae?"
To iake a _i,: :on Picture.
Hav_ ver made , conibination
.-I is a spiei4d. way to
put in long, disagreeable evenis.'A
Cluster of Babies," makes a goo.'
ject for the girls, and "FootbaT
Favo--ites" will do for the boys. The
pictures can be clipped from.the- news
papers and the magazines. After the
girls have a large collection of baby
faces the picture must be neatly
trimmed and pasted on e big sheet of
paper so that the effect will be that of
a hundred or more babies looking out
of a window frame. Some are crying,
some are smiling and some look pert
and saucy. If you are fond of birds,
make a combination picture of them.
or you can have a flower garden if you
wish. Gathering pictures of public
men is a good plan, too, for it famnil
iarizes one with celebrated faces.
The Emotion or Grief in a Dog.
Dutch was a brown retriever of ad
vanced years. Curly was said to be
a Scotch terrier, but his appearance
suggested some uncertainty in his
descent. Dutch' was chained to her
kennel, and Curly, who enjoyed his
hiberty, evinced his friendship by fre
-quently taking bones and other canine
delicacies '.o his less fortuna%' fried.
One morning Curly presented himself
at the house evincing unmistakable
signs of grief by his demeanor and his
whines. A visit to the kennel, where
poor Dutch was found lying dead,
showed the occasion of Curly's un
happiness. We buried Dutch de
corously under a vine in the garden,
and supposed that Curly would forget
the incident, but we were touched to
see him in the capacity of faithful
mourner often revisit the spot where
his old, friend was laid. taking by way
of offering choice bones, which he
carefully buried by the grave. This
practice Carly maintained fo.r two
years, when we left the house.
Two Way a -A Fable,
Two little weeds grew on a bank by
the roadside. All summer they had
drunk dew and sunshine, and had
been happy. but now autumn was
come, with gray skies, and winds that
nipped and pinched them.
"We shall die soon," s.aid one little
weed. "'I should like to do some
thing pleasant before I die, .iust to
show what a happy time I have had.
I think I will turn red, and then people
will see how I feel.
"TYou will be a gi eat fool to waste
yote strength in any suc.h nonsense!"
said the other little weed. "I shall
live as long as I can, and hug tile
brown bank here."
So the first little weed turned bright
acarlet, and was so beautiful that
every one who passed that way turned
to look at it. By and by 4here came
along a most lovely maiaen with her
lover; and, when the lover saw the
scarlet leavts, he picked them, and
et them in his maiden's hair, aad
they lent her a new grace. This made
he little weed so happy that he died
for p'ure joy.
The eccond little wed lived on,and
t-ned slewly bro'wn., like the ban,
"He wa: a foo' he-said. spe tking
of his co:maniou. "He put a!l his
sirength into turning red. and so he
"I ;as .prun:1 of him," sa:d the
brown bank. ''He di:l what he could.
and people observed him."
"Yes; but I a:: alive and stay with
you.' sai:1 the weed. -
"Much I care!" said the brown
bank.-Laura E. Eichards, in the
bo Your B:s-.
A gentleman once said td a physi.
cian, "I should think, doctor, that at
night you would feel so worried over
the work of the day, that you would
not be able to sleep.
"My head hardly touches the pil
low before I fall asleep," repliud the
physician. "I made up my mind,"
he continued, "at the commencement
of my professional career to do my
best under all circumstances; and so
doing, I am not troubled with any
misgivings." A good rule for us all
to follow. Too many are disposed to
say: "No matter how I do this work
now; next time I'll dp it better." The
practice is as bad as. the reasoning:
"No matter how I learn this lesson in
the primary class, when I get into a
higher department then I'll study."
As well might the mother in knitting
stockings say: "No matter how the
top is done, even if I drop a stitch
now and then, I'll do better when I
get further along." What _kind of a
stocking would that be? As well
might the builder say: "I don't care
how I make the foundation of this
house; anything will do here; wait till
I get to the top, then I'll do good
Said Sir Joshua Reynolds once to
Dr. Samuel Johnson: "Pray tell me,
sir, by what means have you attained
such extraordinary accuwacy and flow
of language in the expression of your
ideas?" "I laid it as a fixed rule,"
replied the doctor, "to do my best on
every occasion, and in every company
to impart wh'at I know. in the most
forcible language I can put it."
In the animal kingdom there are
many strong examples of, mother love,
and the birds are particularly noted
for displaying it. A remarkable in;
stance of this maternal .. instinct was
recently noticed uear Elwood, Ind.
A mother.. pigeon whose young one
had mysteriously disappeed searched
~unceasingly for weeks for the little one,
and ohe day was seen flying violently
against the side of a frame ,uilding in
Eaatimeshevanin eontact with
the house'she chipped o a'small i
ofwoodwithher br wo
days the old birik practice
* fn4 : at . time falling ex
hausted from the repeated shocks. and
fatigae. In the afternoon .of the
second day she had pecked a hole in
the wall, the wood of which was old
and soft from the weather. This hole
was large' enough to admit a man's
hand, and through this *the mother
bird went and came.
Every time she entered she carried
grain or seeds or grass. Some curious
people investigated the hole while she
wvas absent, and there they found the
little lost pigeon, jusb below the hole,
wedged in between the weather boards.
For two days more the bird continued
to bring the little one food, and would
stay fluttering near the hole, chirrup
ing and trying to cheer the little
prisoner up. Many times it entered
and seemed to be trying to extricate
its young one, but it could pot sue
cee d in doing- so. try as it would. The
prisoner had flown into the building,
which was empty, and managed to get
between the weather boarding, near
the top of the inside.- Falling a con
sideraboe distance, it lodged in the
narrow space, which did not permit it
to use its wings in rising again. Its
plaints had reached the mother. and
she, not being able to reach it from
the inside, had cut through from the
out. .An admiring man thrust his
hand through the hole and brought
out the fluttering young thing, much
to the, great delight of the anxious
mamma bird.-Indianapolis Sentinel.
The Language of Colors.
There is a language of color as well
as of flowers. White expresses power,
wisdom, purity, cand'or. chastity.
Red is symbolic of power, passion and
riches. Kings and rulers on earth
have always worn red mantles, and so
have the executioners of old, so that
this color also stands for cruelty and
hardness. Blue denotes fidelity,
s weetness, tenderness, loyalty,a spot
less reputation. Aeriel divinities are
invariably clad in bluer The ancients
-allowed yellow to stand for glory and
fortune. Now it is called the color of
inidelity and shame. Green is emi
blemnatic of hope and joy. It is the
embles of yonth, because spring ver
dure is green. JTealousv does not have
any~ showving in discuss'ing tbis color.
Black stands for sahness, for de
ception. fo~r dlisappointed hoges. In
fernal deities ar plainted black. Le.
gnd says that Apollo turn.ed the
raven b,lack because it betrayed him.
Hence tire raven is called the bird of
misfortune. Pink denoctes health,
love, youth, pleasure. Violet is the
dnt allowed faith. Orange means
divine inspiration andi poetry. The
mues are represented as draped in
orange colored draperies. Orange
was once the color of Hymen. Brides
in olden times wore orange colored
veils cal led flammeum, and they could
not pronounce their vows unclescoy
ered with flamnmeumn. Even now
brides wear om.:e ilosom on theIr
wdding dav, iladalaiaf Ties
HELPS FOR !OUSEWiVES,
ho Kew Lamp shadeS.
Among the now lamp- shades; the -
empire effects are made of white stiff
drawing paper with. artistic desNis
painted on in black or white water
colors, depicting;beauties or scene$ of
the empire. Louis XV shades hare
scalloped f!ounces,- and are turned
back near the top. the upper part near t g
the glass being caught 'with bunclies
- Sash curtains of. surah insolid color
are' gaining ground, es' cially for
cold weather .hangings. They are
placed next the window, are dap
to have two broad hems, -somretimea
hemstitched, sometimes not : Pink
seems to be the- favorite shade, 'al
though a pair. of enipire green ones
seen lately were very handsome, and - s,
' oredurable than the pink.
A Cure for Mildew.
The laundress is, of "courze, '.
blame for scorch or mildew. It ia
said that .when linens are badly
scorched the spot can be removed if
ireated in the following manner: Ex
'ract the juice from two peeled. onions,
and put it into an- agate or 'g' i
ves.eL Add to it half an ounce of
white castile soap, cut into small' -
pieces, and two ounces of.- iuller f
earth Mix them together, and then
stir in one cup of vinegar. Stand:the
vessel over the.fire, and: let its cof'I
tents thoroughly boil. When the mix
ture habecome cool, spread it over, . - SA
the scorched linen and let it dry upon -
the cloth. When well dried wash b14t
the linen. -
It saves a great deal 'of trouble fo
wash up the heavy bedding by degs
instead of doing it all one daY-n..%he
season set aside for it.. There are at
ways some counterpanes and. .ome
blankets that are ready to be wa!bd
and put away for the season as earl*s
March. At this season the washing
are usually light, and one or two of,
these pieces can be washe& 'on Moi
day every week without interfering
with the other washing. A windy dy
is not a good day to dry blankets biW,
blankets can be dried in a well venti-=
lated kitchen, and dried better.an
more quickly than any other way. It * '
ahlinks them to expose them t- the
suns of summer or.the frosts wn -
ter. The only objection tod r r
blankets in the house is the "-tnt:
unpleasant odor that may,be airc8d
This is obviated by ventilating he
room thoroughly while they 7 6
ing. Tbd night, when.there %s no one
in the room, is the proper time t y. oms,
the.kitchen.as.a drying-room;, ZtMW f
de th odiilr: entilated ai s a :
be mae as fresh andpure as b r
otdobrs.-New York Tribune.
ei chB9an Sa a
nto long strips and -boil" till
ain thoroughly,and allow thesn t~
hb quite cold before'putting into the -
bol. Add #o these two tablespoon
ful'.of chopped par0ley or chienvilan&
dressat the last moment withnnzegar
sat, pepper and plienty of -oiL -
Bread Cake - Separate from the '
dough,when mag commomi white,
bead,s much as is sufEicient fot' a.
quarter loaf. Knead well intothis
two ounces of moist sugar, the same.
quantity of butter and half a poui
of urants; warm the butter in t
cupful of good milk.^'When thorou~
ly kneaded, make the dough jnt9 iMe
formQof a'cake and bake in atinl.
Swiss Roll-Sift"together' a full tea
cupful of flour and 'a scanVtJhW te
spoonful of baking powder,'- add a
pinch of salt and as much sugar as
you have flour. Beat two whole eggs
till light, make a nice batter,.not too
thick, with the flour, etc., pour into a
well-reased baking. tin, not too-thick,
and bake from sir to ten minite's in a
sarp oven. Turn out the .sheet of
paste, spread thickly with any pre
ferrd- jam, roll up and dust it with
Maple Sugar Cake-Mak~e a plain
cake for three layers. -When cold,
put between~ them and on the
last. cake a 'maple sugar fro.ating:
Take two' cups of maple sugai, one
cup of water, (or two and one&half
cups maple syrup, no water); aboil un
til the syrup will fall from the spoon
in threads. Beat the whites of three
eggs to a s%jff froth, and pour the hot
syrup over, 'beating hard with a~spoon
after the egg beater has made -it'
smooth. It is very nice indeed.
Macaroni with Chopped Ham-Boil
the macaroni in salted water till ten-*
der, blanch-it and put it in a 'shallow
baking dish. Sprinkle with a cup of
finely-minced ham seasoned with mus
tard, and cover with a white sauce.
The sauce is made by cooking a table
sponful of flour in one of hot butter,
adding gradually one cup' of hot milk,
and when the ham is used, one raw
egg beaten in. After the sauce is
poured over the ham and macaromi,
moisten two-thirds of a cup of fins
cracker crumbs in melted butter,
sprinkle over the top of the mixture,
and bake till the crumbs are brown.I
n the recent Abyssinian' campaign
an Italian captain who wore- a glass
eye was accustomed to remove the'
counterfeit optic every evening and
put in his purse before retiring for
the night. Seeing this the natives de
clared that he took out one of his
eyes and left it to look after his money
and prevent anybody from- stealihg it.'
An.Ohio, wo'man .has notified, all
&-hom it may concern,. thronglh the
medium of an advertisement in a coun-a
try weekly, that. she has renounced
her marriage with hey; present husband,
aix on3eort1h po'i orgo ld el ba
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