Newspaper Page Text
TRI-WEEKLY EDITIOI WINNSBORIO, S.C. 25, 1898E
THE PRESENT WORLD.
This world's a pretty good sort of world,
Taing it altogether.
n spite of the tief and sorrow we meet,
In spite of the gloomy weather.
There are friends to love and hopes to cheer
And plenty of compensation
For every ache, for these who make
The best of the situation.
A DOCTOR'S STORY.
B- Y B. MZ. Ni-LL.
When Mi. D-.was tacked to my-name,
I bowed at two shrines, my profession
and-mny Angelina. Her name was
no-t Ange'ina, but my wife being a
2modest little la:ly, desires she shall
not be dragged before An inquisitive
public. Let, thrn,Angelina represent
the real woman.
Of courie I had a rival; name,
Yitiritd omers; age. tw;ntv-six;
ra-apydaace,stricing au l ha:id
some; charater, very bad.
i'eith.r my afection for this gentle
man nor his affection for me woul,l
have aa sed a conflagration on any
fiver of which I know. We dislik ed
each other heartily from the first.
Being a much haudsomer man than
myself, he might have been a dang3r
ens ri%a!. However, he saved me all
trouble. He committed a forge,y
which was discovered sooner than be'
expectcd. He was arrested for the
ofeuse, tried and convicted. I was
one of ':ne principal witnesses against
him. Whea the sentence was passe I
J upon him, ha requested a moment's
conversation with me. I shall ne' er
forget the look of hatre:l upon h's
face as he hissed out:
"ou.have ruined my love and my
life. Renember that, and fear me!"
I attael4ed but little importance to
his threat. I thought it simply the
bluster of a self-defeated and disgraced
Shortly after, Angelina and I were
narriea, and for two years I heard
nothing of Somers. His sentence had
been a cmparatively light one-a year
and six months. After his discharge
from prison, however, I neither saw
nor hea:-d of him.
For so yo-ung a man, I had been
-ery su+ccessint as a physician, prin
cipally due to my strict attention to
practicer No matter how late, or dark
an._storny, might be the night, I
f K -ompt:y attended to all summonses
'?13: bedside of suffering.
ngt a little while before the
of rietiring, the door-bell rang,
>shortI afterward a. man entered
ogia where - we were sit
' e oaw;prepossessing. His.
4 sn'and. hick,: and the
'e ofhiaeItt$e"3 illainou's,
entlean,''he said, "had broken
thought it a pity that, if the gen
ei.an were anything- like his mes
ny r, he hadn't broken his neck. I
: not tell my wife where I was
going, for it was a distant part of the
town, and in anything but a respect
-- able ne'gbborhood. .. I did not wish tot
make the little woman nervous.
t- On our way, the unprepossessing man
was very une:>mmunicative. He anz
ewered my inquiries about the injured
gentlemnan in surly monosyllables. He
was apparently in no haste, for hie
walked very slowly-more slowly, I
thought, than was consistent with the
welfa-e. of iny patient.
At last.we arrived at -our destina
tion. It was la very dark-looking
hoase, in a very dark street.
My-'nide led me up two flights of
very dirty and rickety stairs, that
cr eaked objeztions to our weight upon
-he-n. In the third story, we stopped
before a-door, which, to my surprise,
my companion opened with a key
which he took from his pocket. Was
he afraid thtt a man with a broken
leg~ would escape? I was still more
surprised when.on entering the room,
I found it empty!
He motioned- me to a chair, and, re
marking he would return soon,left the
For-the first time I was somewhat
merr-cus andl suspicious. The empty
~~ - room---th4-last action of my guide
his carelessness,on our way, as to the
health of the supposed injured man
the lonely ho)use and neighborhood
Il combiaed to make me suspect foul
I stepped to the door, only to find
it locked from the outside-to the
wndow, only to find escape impossible
there. It was many feet from the
My sutspicions were now certainties.
I was trapped. None of my friends,
not eve:i my wife knew where I -was.
* I might be murdered in this dent and
my death re-nain a mystery.
SI supp~ose I waited about an hour
be'o~e I heard the key turn in the
dIo. The 2, to my dismay, half a
do'zen men entered.
When nature made the jail-bird who
had led me into this trap, she did not
break the mould. These men were of
the same pattern. All wore the same
hang-dog, murderous look. One of
them raised the light in the roo2.
* which had been burning low. With
hardly a glance at me, they took seats
upon the floor,. n ea opa
cards. *adbgnt a
Soon the door opened, and another
-' man entered. I hardly had a hope as
I looked at hirn,for I saw the exulting
face of my enemy-Dick Somers!
At a glance he saw that I recognized
-him. With a malicious leer, he
stepped forward.and, quoting his own
words of t wo years before, said:
'You have ruined my love and my
life. Remember that, and fear me!"
I saw in his face, at once showing
~'his revenge and desperation, that noth
ing could tigrn hiin aside from his pur
"Somers," I siad, "I know that you
hiave trapped me here for the purposeI
of reve;ging yourself upon me, but
i'emeuiber, sir, that I have friends!
Remember law and justice!"
"I fear nothing," he answere 1. "I
defy man and God! IFe -enge oil you
is dearer to me than li'e; an_1 though
for me the bottoniless rit were yawn
iag, I world have it."
I-saw it wa, us:less to appeal to
hi-n, and I srllenly waited for w
At his command. ans
searched me. One o o ap
pea-:ed to be kiad of - for the
gang, secured my wat :l pocket
bo.>k. -Then th-y tied me with stout
iopes to a chair.
Somers di- not. address.ne again,
but sat upon the' floor and gambled
Wiih the rest. Prese.;tly he rose,and,
saying he would return by daybreak,I
left the ioom. Hee.idently felt I was
in his- powe .and seemead ii no hurry
tb:com ,lete his ;ecea
VfnIa he had go:ie the card-playing
was kept up for a couple of hbours.
Then the men all stret:hed themselves
upon the floor and slept. The door
opened inward, and across it was the
b,urly form of the treasure". In spite
of the apparent liopele sness of the
trial, I set about devising some plan
The first thing to do was to free
myself. I have large wrists aid small
hands. In tying me they had not
taken this into coisiderat:on. With
out much difficulty I liberated my
hands; then, of course, it was the
work of but a few minutes to entirely
free myself fro.u my b:>nds.
Taking the precantion to p!ace the
ropes in such a position, that, should
the gang waken, I would still appear
to be bound. I thou;ht upon my
chances of escape. They certainly
appeared very few and small. The
fact of the men upon the floor beiug
asleep, seemed little in my favor. I
could not move the ruIVan who was
sleeping at the door without waking
him. Es,ape by the window was itm
possible. Every plan that suggested
itself,bad insurneountable objections
to it. r-had almost given ap schem
ing in despair, and concluded to-adopt
some hopelessly desperate measure,
when I thought of the ccnteuts of a
bottle I had in my pocket.
In seirching me, the ruftians' had
not distarbed it, thinking it of no im
portance. It contained chloroform. I
also had a sponge in my. pocket. In a
moment I resolved what to do. Draw
iug the bottle from my pocket, I
soaked the sponge thoronghiy with its
Slowly, painfully (I could hear my
heart beat), with all the -caution that
a man uses w;hen his life. ay depend
upon the slightest noise, I -stepped to
the side-of the nearest-rufa'n.
I plaoed the 'stua td sge-"to. lis
iiithrene of the vapor. From man to
man I stepped. One by one they were
made senseless, helpless.
The man at the door was the last. I
drew him away, ' first securing my
wtch and pocketbook. I also found
in his possession a blackjack, which I
took the l:be:ty of appropriating.
Then, opening the door, I stepped out
into the hall.
I still moved cautiously, feeling that
all danger was not past. I thought
there might be a watcher there, but,
to my relief, I saw no one. I de
scended the first flight of stairs, and
reached the second story in safety.
I had gone about half way down the
second flight. My heart stood still,
for I heard some one enter below,
then, in the muttered oath, I recog
nized Somers' voice. I crouched down
upon the stair next the wall, hoping
he might pass me. But, as he came
up, his hand brushed my face.
In a moment he had me by the
throat. I knew him to be by far' the
more powerful man, and it was not a
time for scrules. Quickly, it being
so dark he could not see the action, I
raised the blackack -I had held it
since I left the room-and brought it
down heavily upon his skull.
His hand left my throat, and he
rolled down stairs. I found him att
the foot, que still. I made good my
escape, not stopping to see if I had
killed him. I do not know to this day
whether he is living or dead. I never
saw nor heard of him again.
When I arrived home,I found a very
frightened little woman, but I did not
tell her till long afterward the history
of that night. I have never since been
in such a-fix, and1 if discretion and a
reasonable supply of tim-dity cau pre
-ent it,never wvill wvill be ia the future.
Mr. S. E. McMillan, who has re
entv moved to Charlotte from South
Carolina. give4 an intere.stiug account
of a matrimonial coincidence that oc
urred in his family last year.
About the first of last July Mr. Mc
Millan received a letter from his
brther in Lake End, La., saying: "I
wvill be married on the F'th of this
month. Meet us at Nashville. Tenn.,
and join us for a trip to Colorado
At the time he received this letter
Mr. McMillan was making arrange
ments for his own welding, which
ws dated for July- 9, and at this
time he sxtys lie wais living in the
sand hills of South C'arolina, the soil
t.here having become proverbial for its
On about the 10th of .July he re
eived a letter from another brother.
1. D. McMillan of Cataline Island, off
the west coast of California, saying:
"I was married on the 8th of this
moth to Miss - ."In contrast
with the sand hills of South Carolina,
Cataline Island is one of the most fer
tile districts in the world.
All three brothers married on the
8th of July and it was impossible for
them to have any concerted plans
about the date as they he.d not heard
from each other in mionthm.-Charlotte
(N. C.) Democrat.
- THE THUMB TRIGGER.
A New Device Doing Away With the
S*ervirig or A G:dd:
h ow to avoid the slight swerving of
a rifle at the moment when the trig
ger is pulled has long puzzled the gnu
maker and anuoyed the marksman:
An e:+pert gunmaker has invented a
ride that is intended to solvetheprob
lem, and, in the opinion of those who
have tried it, it does so. It is mod
eled on a principle entirelynew to gun
making, the trigger being worked by
the thumb axd placed on top of the
iide, instead of underneath, where all
triggers have been placed since guns
were first made. A one-armed man
c.an use this new rifle, the action is so
simple and the mechanism- so free
from complex machinery.
The rifle can be taken apart and put
together in a few seconds, so few are
the parts of which it is constructed.
There are no screws except the one
that joins the stock to the barrel. The
simp!e remaining mechanism fits to
gether without screws. The firing sec
tion of the gtn consists of only five
parts, The mechanism of the gun is
as follows: When the hammer is
drawn back to cock the gun the nose
of a lever is pressed upward. This
lever presses on a spring formed of a
piece of bent steel, the curved end of
-which, when the gun is cocked, rests
against the rim of the cartridge, hold
ing it firmly until the gun is fired.
The trigger,which is pressed by the
gun in order to release the hammer,
protrudes from the upper surface of
the stock and is .simply a steel plate,
which, when pressed down, does this
Into a slot that is depressed, the ac
tion releasing the hammer and dis
charging the gun. Until the gun is
cocked, this depressed "lug" pre
vents the possibility of the gun being
The shell is extracted automatically
by the drawing back of the breech
block. When the block is drawn back
the steel spring that plays such an im
portant part in the simple mechanism
of the gun is thrown by the drawing
back of the hammer against the rim of
the cartridge, and when the block is
drawn back the spring cocked,this de
pressed "lug" prevents the gun ready
It is impossible for the gun to be
fired while the cartridge is being in
serted, for, as explained, the "lug"
must enter the depression before the
hammer can be released by the nose of
the lever,and as this can only be done
by deprssiug the trigger, which cannot
be depressed when the "lug" is not
over the slot,it:will be seen that an ac
cident through the 'premature ais
charge of the shell is; imposs& *
1eitherfis itpossfi -
the cartridge; for-- as it enters the slot
through the depression of 4he trigger
it engages the rear of the slot and is
held -firmly until the gun is dis
This is all the mechanism of the
gun. It is so simple that anyone not
accustomed to the handling of firearms
might doubt its deadliness.
Elevating the Elevator.
"Little boy," she exclaimed, "you.
ought to be at school instead of trying
to run an elevator."
"I'm not trying to run it," was the
answer. "'Tm running it. And if
you wish to ride I will be happy to
accommodate you. So far as any
obligation to be at school is concerned,
allow me to remind you that this is a
legal holiday, and I am exempt from
attendance at,an institution where I
am pleased to say I am at the head of
most of my classes."
"iou have no business trying to
run that elevator, anyhow."
"iou couldn't very well run it for
yourself, could you?"
"i'd rather try it than depend on
'For what reason?"
"Because you are too young to know
anything about it."
"-Madam, allow me to reassure you.
This elevator is operated by hydraulic
pressure, the principle relied on being
that water exerts pressure in propor
tion to the height of a column rather
thaui in proportion to the diameter.
In making use of this characteristic,
water is admitted into a cylinder, the
pressure being regulated by the use
of valvea, and a stable equilibrium
being made possile by an ingenious
system of counterpoises. I could go
further into the minutite of this par
Iular machine, which,of course, has
its xariations from other models," he
added, as she gasped in astonishment,
"but I doubt if you could follow the
technical terms whose use an accurate
description wouldl necessitate. But I
wish to assure you that if, after what
I have said, you think you know more
about this elevator than I do, you are
at perfect liberty to step in and take
its management out of my hands. -
A Bag Full of'Breath.
The "pnumatophor," an Austrian
invenitior. for enabling miners, firemen,
'te., to breathe when surrounded by
fter damp, smoke or noxious fumes
f any kind, consists of an air-tight
rnhber hag containing a steele bottle
a pure oxygen at a pressure of 100
liters, and a metal protected glass bot
lie containi'ng a 25 per per cent so
lution of caustic soda. The oxygen
an be admitted by a hand screw into
the bag and drawn into the mouth
through a rubber tube, the nose
being closed by a clip. The turn
of another handscrew breaks the glass
bottle, allowing the caustic soda to
fow out and be absorbed by a knitted
network in the bag to absorb the car
bonic acid exhaled, allowing the oxy
gen to be rebreathed, the apparatus
being capable of furnishing oxygen
enough to last from thirty to ninety
minutes, as has been attested by nu
FIRM1 H ATERS .
FOR FIVE CENTURIES TI
G ESE HAVE LOATHED. S.
ulblic sentinent in Po) Ats
Unieflv of Dorestation Next
Door N ighbor3 - The g Is
Kept Alive Principally b en.
"I was astounded whe ' that
i alle in about Portugal to
'.iurn the Spanish fleet aw the
Cape Verde Islands," sni s o
p)olitan looker-on i i Nety a
Sun man. 'What struck so
impossible about it was t an
aliianlce between Spain a gal.
"Why, I hi e lived in d
mixed with the people, a oav
that they could stand alm
better than that.. Portu~ ti:
ment-the sentiment of th .at
large, of 'Autonio e Mar ?ists
chiefly of hatred to the d's.
They may be indifferent er
matters, or divided in fee e
of them are Migaelistas, .ti
mists, some are heartily a to
the actual dynasty; many in ies
--most of all in Lisbon-a bli
cans, but the one unifying nt.
of the people is the anti S en
"When you come to con hat
their history has been I do ow
they could have been oth ey
have altogether five gr nal
heroes, Dom Enrique, wh to
neer of all European explo the
Atlantic; Vasco da Gama, bas
tian, "the Faithful Prin is
the centre of various poe ds;
Dom Joao, and Gil Ea a.
It is safe to say that mo lain
people of the whole coun lit
tle or nothing of the first ese
beyond their na:es. As f ith
ful Prince, many of the ly,
are not quite sure whet a
real historical person nly
mythical. But every ee
'avrador,' from the Min
cent., knows Dom Joao,
drove the Spaniards all i
Aljubarrota, in Portug os;
in the middle of Spain hjk
who beat them' at Vat
same yea". Those two ne.
and the Wallacesof th e
but there is this differ
the Scotti.h and-,the.Po
worship, that the.one
ter of historici appride
is part of a'living
"fhe fact. is
$F i. Le r.,e%na o.
when they broke loose - m the .ing=
dom of Castile and. Leon in :the
eleventh century,aud ever since then,
except for a couple of generations in
the sixteenth and seventeenth centur
ies, they have existed as a nation
under the continual threat of absorp
tion into Spain. The house of
Bragauza stands to the Portuguese
people for no good thing but the re
volt of 1640, by which their country
was redeemed into independence. And
the people feel that the price of..inde
pendence is perpetual hatred of Span
iards. We can understand the feeling
only by imagining what it would have
been in our country if the original
thirteen states had been collectively
much smaller than Great Britain and
separate.l geographically from that
ctantr'y only by a line on the map.
"Nobody who has lived in Portugal
can fail to have noticed the signs of
this undying hatred on all hands. Do
you know, for instance, the true mean
ing of the saying. 'A bad Spaniard
makes a good Portuguese?' Of course,
there is the Spanish' interpretation,
which is the obvious one. But there
is also the deeper Portuguese inter
petation, and that is, that any bad
frie:nd to Spain is by that very fact a
good friend to Portugal.
"You can see evidences of the feel
ing, too, in the very langpage of Por
tugal, which its speakers seem to have
purposely developed in such a way as
to make it as unlike Spanish- as pos
sible. Written, it looks like Spanish,
but spoken it sounds much more like
Polish or C3ech. It is a curious fact
that no self-respecting Portuguese
woman would be seen wearing a man
tilla, for the mantilla is the Spanish
woman's headgear. And during the
last reign it used to bd remarked in
Lisbon that only two ladies there ever
smoked, t.he queen, Maria Pia, mother
of the present king-an Italian--and
the Dachess of Palmella-this, again,
because the habit of smoking had .long
been distinctive of the Spanish among
all other womiankind.
"I believe this anti-Spanish feeling
has been kept alive all these centuries
very largely through the perseverance
of the Portuguese wornen. Perhaps
they remember that it was a woman
who cast the die for the anti-Spanish
revolt in 1640 by pronouncing the mem
orable sentence, 'As for me, I would
rather have death as Queen of Por
tugal than a long life as Duchess
of Braganza'-although,it is true,that
woman was a Spaniard.
- "Once I asked a Portuguese girl if
she really hated all Spaniards. She
said of course she did. I reminded
her that the Christian religion com
manded us to love all men. 'Yes,'
she said, 'but that was a fong Time'
ago, before ther e were any Span
His Centle GrIef.
Ella-I see that Bella got married
yesterday. I wonder why she had
such a quiet wedding.
Stella-It was on account of a recent
death in the family of the man-she
Stella,--is fist wife.-..Town Top
IN DARKEST INDIA.
Miss Newcomb Pictures the Suffering of
The following dreadful picture, of
India was given by Miss Helen New
comb at the Women's Baptist Foreign
Missionary convention in Syracuse the
other (lay :
When I went through Bombay over
half the population had locked their
doors and fled,and the desolation alone
of the streets was terrible. The plrue
which raged in India is supposed to
be that which attacked the Philistines
of old, and shows many symptoms of
that dread disease. The natives have
a dread of the foreigu hospitals, and
- believe that they are carried to them
in order that their livers may be ex
tracted, to be used in some foreign
I was told not long ago by a wom. .
that she was sure the terrible pictures
which had appeared of the Iudian
famine were not true to life. Suffer
ing by famine cannot be exaggerated.
The horrible picture of skeletons of
children lying along the roadside, de
sorted by parents who crawled on per
haps only a few yards before they, too,
were overtaken by death-this even
the camera cannot do justice.
You wonder why India, with its fer
tile soil and under British rule, should
come to this condition. In the first
place the people work one day and
rest three. They do not prepare for
the future. In the >econd place, we
must remember that the crops are en
tirely dependent upon the rainfall.
Should the rain fall once it place;
them in bad condition. Should it fall
a third time famine is inevitable. Thu
government relief work reaches some,
but cannot reach all. The native mer4
chants, too, are a set of rascals. If
a scarcity of food is hinted at they
go out to the fields and buy at mod,
erate pri*es from the unsuspecting
farmers what they later refuse to sell
except for fabulous prices. The mis
sionaries themselves often buy what
they can at such times to sell at low
prices or give away later, as: the casd
After six years spent in India, in
which time I have made a study par
I ticularly of the women, I cannot bring
to you the brightness I would desire.
The idol worship and the hundredd
of dan ing girlis plunged into degra
dation from which there is no escape
*. orma sorrowful picture. If the
:,-voen of this country are
se, they may
arn :in a
of istene,.- hich 'she must
er for hereafter.- The more she
suffers here the less tiere is to come,
so that the- hard labor, insults and
degradation she endures are almost
unlimited. There is no possible es
cape for her to anything happier or
better. The pariahs are another set
of unfortunate wom'n, who labor f:om
early morning until late at night to
provide for the family and buy their
husbands opium. -New York Tribune.
--The Wild Cattle of Char.ley.
Some account is given in Nature
Notes (English) of this famous, herd
of cattle, which belongs to the Earl of
Ferrers. The theory that the breed is
indigenous appears to be supported by
their h'bits at the present dhy. When
alarmed they start off at a full gallop
for a short distance, then turn and
face their foe in a semicircle, with the
bulls in front, the cows behind, and
the younger animals and calves still
further in the rear. If further ap
proached, these tactics, which are
clearly those of wild animals, are re
peated, or the adversary is charged
and attacked. Again, they conceal
their young in fern or long rushes,
and the cows, when calves are bo,rn,
become exceedingly fierce and dan
The food of the Chartley herd con
sists of the very coarsest graeses, n
ini winter of the coarsest hay, rushes,
and dried bracken, provided for them
in open sheds, which afford a slight
shelter from the cold winds which
blow across the open park. The home
of these cattle is situated on high
ground which wvas enclosed about the
year 1200, and forms a portion of
Chartley park, some five miles from
Uttoxeter, the nearest town. -The ex
tent<f this wild tract of table-land is
about 1000 acres, covered with coarse
grass, rushes, stunted bilberries, and
heather, and p)atches of luxuriant
bracken fern, with a few clumps of
old weather-beaten Scotch firs. and
birch. Among the other denizens of
this wild primeval tract are herds of
red and fallow deer.
Hinmdoo Pursuit of a Treasure.
The following incident occurred re
cently in.*one of the largest hotels in
Calcutta. It appears that an officer
of the Gordon Highlanders arrived
in town on his way home. He had a
large sum of money with him-about
2000 rupees-and the usual jewelry of
an English gentleman. These were
all locked in oiie of his trunks, Rie
turning from the dining saloon to his
room one evening, he was just in time
to see some suspicious-looking natives
bolting down the corridor. On enter
ing his room he found, on examina
tion, that all his trunks had been
forced open and the contents thrown
about; but strange to say, not a piece
of his money was missing nor any
item of jewelry. He believed that the
burglars were Afridis, and the object
of their cupidity a copy of the Koran
belonging to the Mad Mullah, which
they somehow learned was in his pos
session. The book was rolled up in
an old singlet and thus escaped the
searchers, who appear to have tracked
the officer from the front.-Londog
What May Be Looked For.
Blne, gray and yellow are among the
most prominent colors in the summer
goods. Blue with black crossbars ap
pears in sash ribbons by the hundred,
and the ribbons are made to go with
blue muslin gowns.
Tilt of the Hat.
The tilt of the hat counts more than
the hat itself at present. Every elab
orate piece of millinery is meant to be
worn in a particular %vay, and it is
seldom that a woman gets anything
like the intended effect without com- c
petent instruction. Be sure you know-:
how or else stick to the pretty,straight -
brimmed shapes trimmed with ribbon
and clusters of flowers.
Sweet Bags for Scenting Linen.
Every self-respecting housewife
likes to have her table and house linen
smelling of sweet aromatic odors, so I
am giving a recipe for making these
scent bags economically. Take equal
quantities of powdei-ed cloves, -mace, 1
nutmeg and cinnamon. Powder the t
dried leaves of mint, balm, southern
wood, ground ivy, laurel, sweet mar- ]
jo:-am, hyssop and rosemary, so that 1
they form an' equal weight with the i
above. Then add half as much of c
chips of cassia, juniper, sandalwood 1
and rosewood, also powdered root of
angelica orris. The mixture will be I
'completed by quarter as much amber- s
gris and musk. All these things i
should be well mixed and then put up ]
in little bags of sateen, which should t
be placed between the clothes in the i
clothes press.._ _
Sashes in High Favor.
Sashes are in high favor this season. f
Nothing adds more grace to an already a
graceful, slender figure .than.a sash t
tied around tie waist, with long ends i
at the side.or back. The hand 4t.
lace set -in 'straiigh: p and ,
straight across or zig zag, aDd' .ra
finished with accordion plated ciiffon.
White surah 'sashes with ends .o
Roman stripes are also much need,
and so are those'of taffeta in delicate a
shades. A surah sash has oie distinct b
a jvantage over all others-it washes i
beautifully and takes dye better than s
any other silk. (
. 'The Princesses of Spain.
The daughters of the Queen Regent
of SiPain are brought up much more
simply than was formerly thought
right for Spanish infanfas, and they ,
are allowed more liberty. Their royal
highnesses are often to be met walk
ing on the public promenade in Mad- C
rid, with their attendants, among the
other frequenters of that favorite I
walk. The princesses are almost al- 3
ways accompanied by their greatest
friend, the Donna Sol, the only i
(laughter of the Duke and] Duchess i
of Alba. The duke and duchess, who I
have precedence of all Spanish nobles,
take their place immediately behind
the princes and princesses of the
bl~ood royal, and their children have
always been the favorite companions
of the little king of Spain a,nd his sis
ters. The Duke of Aiba is a nephew
of the ex-Empress Eugenie, his
niother having been the sister of her
majesty. The present Duchess of
Alba, who is a great sportswoman,has
the reputation of being the proudest
woman in Spain. She holds the post
of lady of the palace to the Queen Re
gent, and has unbounded influence I
with her royal ,mistress. .
Selecting Kid Gloves. ]
In selecting a kid glove for wear]
chioose a fine, but not too fine kid.
Examine the inside of a glove. It is i
important that the glove be dyed
on the outside only. Wherever
the color of the dye has struck
through the leather there the glove
will be found tender. This is because
the strength of the dye necessary to
color leather is always strong enough
to make it tender if it strikes through
it to the inside. Sometimes the leather
will only show the color at the seanm
on tire inside. Such a glove will pull
out at this seam, It is wise to select
a glove of nentral dark tint. Black
.gloves as a rule do not wvear as wvell
;as dark colors. Browns wear well; so
do dark grays and the pretty putty
and erru tints now so fashionable.
In. mending a glove, avoid using
silk exeept to darn dlown a piece ofj
dress silk the colorof the glove on the
inside of the glove to hold a rent
together. In this case, darn the
parts together with invisible stitches
on the outside. Always -sew over]
ripped seamis with cotton the color of I
the thread used in making the gloves.i
Do not use silk to sew ripped seams I
of to dlarn withi except when it is i
stronger than cotton. ~ i
Etique.tte of Mourning.
English mourning, considered by i
smart mantnamnakers to be in the best i
taste, is heavier than before, but is 1
worn for a shorter time. A widow I
should wear her crape. henrietta cloth t
or bonibazine and 'her widow's cap
for n yar. After ihat +ime she will t
tssume all black without crape of
!ap, and at the end of the second year
>ut on- whatever eolor she-may desire. e
A daughter wears "crape mourn"
ng" for six months, all black' for .8ix
nore, and then, if she wishes, pat- on
olors. The same rule applies to a
sister,while a distantrelativeor friend'
rears "complimentary mourming," all _
>lack, for three months.
The stiffly crimped net which at one.
ime was worn at the neck and~ wrists
>y widows is- no.longer used. In. ite
tead fine lawn cuffs and collars,quite'e,tecfsavg.hmsmaui
ng half an inch, whilethe hem- of the
ollar is a litfae less, are basted.in-the_ =
4leeves and neck after the fashion "f
>ld "turnover" 'collars and cuffs:i
Chese, it must be remembered, . area -'
yorn exclusively by widows, and- the.:
hree-cornered cap is made. to match..
'f course, the friends andaquaint-,
ies of the bereaved- should cleave.
:ards at the door with their condol ;'
nces written upon. them, but only=
hose connected by ties of blood.r
he most intimate friends should ev "
ask to see those in grief. -Thef aet
tome,- and many women, restrined
y their acruples of truth and our
esy, are forced to s ee thoughtless
allers, when it is far from pleasant, if
tot absolutely painful.
All cards of inquiy are recoginzed
ry a return card, black. bordered, .and:
hould be sent within ten days aftery
he recetion of the card of ainqu3o. - '.
etters of condolence have al-mosten
irely given way to personal crds
hose in grief are "notexpected "or
nswer sech letters ecept by-tshe
arn of pasteboard. ,English nus 4 ;
equfres a special black bordered - c .
oi- this purpose engravedso w re ?
s follows: -"Mrs.' Blank w
ank you for ithr kini o''
aggnquirien u on hem, u o
h cours s of b
hile crape o n
yomei ndiony wmea ,re gi
yteir -culs ftrt n cu
When erai is far p a
ltered paper.goes fitnfi .
as regular numbers; brthad e,ands
aughters and sisters rs known nque-. x
tationers as No. 1, by a mothe -:
nof as l jeowrdis wiof -tss f
Daintys rpibb ick garde rders~
oe tis purpose, eree colo'rs. -
Checklos: "ppear tobei th leadin
tayu for-ess silks,swelaso
Boiqre fabrie, y he yard or
bnortin rb ati erns regea
Whviencrae mon sumerres.ma
asriegulainuhmbs;regreatl used; fo
ayadteresps and larsids inon rib
taons a sho.1 inylarg monte,the
nowne for go.n and whie attero for'
re - fahoal,his Paclor semngt
ashifontawmn hasaewo- wt -
Dainty rirdbons wilthe goods orderd
rom wholale firett ios,lanf
tys, forc dress augls arell fors for
upeckti siks th-alo a- ut
voerwldsed fbrcsn.yeel yardhe
oinotd n roematters,iabe grealr
evurene aoen sumrdrs a
Paigeablandnpish opls, dhipa
oriped glingharmsure etsed foete
eiap dePrsadpai aqad.I
xtree seties ae plaids inyade
onds, a silade woolcltis,wth
aise siok gonsridk and othe trso
Cordeduro and cuedtsi raya
re fsionble,n tis foor seeing to
Lavt toont nwa ito tale popuar aos
Oret. Thiert ofl the oodsghrdere
rosu which that auroais -wllhfor,ath
uprb cy the aen lin ad uit.r
vrmay wel dresed won feln, one
o,fid tafeta,ihalnofial -drin
eoret n and pern. coa wilp
luc the ewe mefrcl. shw -
hne ae and pain popeline,iwthe
odes, plin rmre. eimprovedr ou te,.
s[not de Prsead platin eaycuard.r1
atSpai howeve n wol cho it
npanse positond braerk nd oter
ha rinen fe ofgline shaerso
ni o itre. lies.-Ti
Shadced,tlyvried and igurtyedtfe
e stil frwle edingslsfferelns,h
imyd and rn isntie inga
ouned The maer of therdel
rmmings uof the Oly -fo pdlin,oe
uepe dsikey ernform its