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7/ 1' J -r
THE FOURTH-OF-JU,.Y BOY.
"They:ve got a new boy
% up at Brown's,"
_ ~I read in the paper to
"A baby was born there
I suppose that is what
they would say.
I object to their calling
Fcr if be's not legless
You may. wager a bun
He is always the very
ihe biff-in-the-eye boy.
5.$ the out-on-the-fly
bov, the cunning
and-sly boy you
most always Ond.
He inherits the knowledge of years,
But begins where his father began;
His pathway is moistened with tears
In climbing his way up to man.
With the string and the club and bent pin
He invents just the same kind of pain
That the boys in the dark ages knew,
Or that Abel complained of in Cain
The fourth-of-July boy, the last-one-to
cry boy, the never-say-die boy who
drives you insane.
And in fact we don't want any change;
He's a very good sort of a boy.
He has a long way yet to range
Through a country that yields little joy,
And we wouldn't give much for the man
Who never had risked a sharp pang
For the pleasure that all through him ran
When he set something off with a bang
he pepper-box-high boy, the dirt-in-his
-eye boy-in fact, your or my boy who
loves a loud bang.
-A. T Worden, in Puck.
FIRING THE SHIP. g
A Fourth of July Celebration in C??
At the very time, -late on July 4,
1776, the continental congress at
Philadelphia was . struggling with the
Declaration of Independence, another
assembly at Elizabethtown Point was
also struggling with the men who had
planned to invade their homes. The
action of the former is well-known to
day, but the deeds of the others are
forgotten, although the early records
inform us that theirs was the first cel
ebration of the new nation.
On July 2d Howe began to land his
forces on Staten Island. This already
was a refuga of the tories and when
t .. Howe's men began to arrive.from Hali
fax, whither they had gone when they
evacuated. Boston, the alarm had
t read along the Jersey shore, for all
Men and -boys- had answered the
-call,and now on the evening of this
=amous Fourth were stationed behind
A k the cover, which hastily had been
' brown up near- the Point, and were
n ed Fm a fierce - contest with one
. ia. enemy's
~m-t anhor there l
" h the i-de intention of destroy
=: "ing the'defense and scattering the
minute men.' Nor- did the- task ap
pear to be a difficult one, for the rude
earth works were weak and the men
were - raw and inexperienced. A
all body of Captain Neil's artillery
with two twelve-pound cannon, how
ever, were present, and on these the
500 men placed their main reliance.
The contest had been going on for a
half hour now, and so skillfully had
the cannon been - handled that the
n- ast and rigging of the sloop had
been shot away, and shc was unable to
withdraw. Many of her men had fal
len, while but few of the continentals
had been harmed. But Captain Neil
-fully realized how desperate ihe con
ditions were, however, for at any me
~'-~"~.~.Lsonme of Howe's war vessels,
hearing the sounds of. the engage
--ment, might come around from the
other side of the island and if they
did the contest would soon be brought
to a close.
"Captsin Neil wants to see yen,"
- said an orderly to John Shotwell and
Joseph Swan, two boys of seventeen,
who had taken their places with the
"What does he want?" inquired
"I don't know. Come and he'll tell
The boys took their guns and fol
-iowing the orderly soon stood before
Captain Neil, whose grimy appearance
- resembled their own.
'Are you the boys who went over,
Lto Staten Island yestirday and fired
at the regulars?" asked the captain.
'Yes," replied Joseph. "We were
Sout in our skiff and fired- just to let
them know all the Jerseymen were
Snot asleep. But when a lot of regu
lars came running ont of the woods
wie made off in a hurry."
"'Tiras a foolish piece of work.
Don't try it again. And yet it showed
you had some qualities I want to use
right away. I want to set fire to this
sloop. If :ve don't help will come to
them from the island."
The boys were silent, waiting for
him to explain. It certainly would be
TiHE BLAzIN sHIP.
adesperate venture. Even while lhe
T as speaking a cannon belched anid
tereports of many muskets followed.
How could.they set fire to the sloop in
te face of such dangers? John's
heart was beating rapidly and Joseph
was trembling in his excitement.
4 "'I want to fill a skill' with stuff that
wil bun and c-ome up to the sloop
imoff Yo ca ot wi,ca'
"Ys"reid John Butth
Hwt toul they apperoc the.Mae stoo
rkifthu t eing th see? and they
rere',fit woud can the deni ato
yoth.ad h apan
"es atan relidiJng thei ths
'bupt wl hordghei ttetnn.hi
ide anddo'tn they 'lacbte sooth
>othout foredngse? from the sound
weboyeut,r it, wudeantedet lyou
"My mnowte tooksdeernottebe shod
ithe acki," seaidg Joeph thaht]
angte'l choiglnd throat.to "If tits
tse doe we may' asin whell try inthase
lyoone.tWha doe yo say, on".
"Wme'll s try it, aJon, qily..u
i the hak, sa osephbi wthi a
stretter hakng an ski.-s triht. upf it
eushoe hee, wada welld ty in a
e wter ado u i at would b!
"t i oshe oythner sid. wthe the
John letd h r t the s and thent w
:o seipedrfo the percoutsaai i
es was" pied upo it. a t the
rspect as frgotftnoh
ho wer ol twiy outwith ithe Throop
agtside theirchng,e?Adi theyoc
used ot wnol ~ the deer atn os
bra oth. e ndte he ea
"It' knwiak desperatne," said
the captain," reig the thougts,
"but we'l hd t ei onion ona tis
sidark and dn'tthn ey'lle ton worke
looout for aneto fom the sopnd.
Lssidy,"s try it, haned back yo
n"quky otheod te notrangbe craft
eforhe bahem. Thysaid sphrted at
uite ae chokingeinbhis theoop andi
ute oone, tie maas wgelltr srice,
"Tyre Watmidg yupsy on?oe"
"Wse'l r tad Jo h nlitl qelatr .s
Bte nois odergnincreter.h
"es andttre' thanasife Iso right
head,"orephere, aon wse odsay ind
'he' a u and puling Tat lher
"he guierdthie atod the apain
quickly. "owy wereaemot bratis.".
Johld thbe wayend the raft onath
oop? equppe thoughe ofehils oter
tp.n A ctur of c omusbe mer
ialwa Wpuled hepoers it, aseal
Toere as artcnto teosc
houghrtsweier ast th wete Tright
inode thei otinw. Jhya clmed
pushed ou the atnd gradied the
eav casosble, anTheshng tie beade
Is ais tesrae chncf si thep.I
ordterly eitonyhe dsesired. n
"ut faith had edne. been gldis
to holde ttenrt ft the loople
tLa siden,o" H and heinder. ac t
is hands ebe othth cre
Meanhldue them Again werd swgin
and striek phed lithe butrnge caks
abeor telme Tel hamlred Wat
quitea ditnaoe th'etobe slopdb
"ear waummoing allo hscorae,
the ns of the gustr asd.itm
The Don had his will with the "Maine,"
He set off his mine with a roar.
He quaffed to our dead his champagne,
And laughed till his sides they were
And now he must settle his score,
And pay for his sport, as is right,
Our navy is brave as of yore,
And Yankee blue-jackets can fight.
Perhaps we are not in the voin
We pigs, as be's called us before
To laugh at our sailor-boys slain,
And so his brave joke we deplore.
But flashing a bolt from the shore
And sinking a ship in the night
Was murder, our blue-jackets swore
And Yankee blue-jackets can fight.
Our guns at Manila spoke plain,
And sharp was the message they bore,
As swift through the squadron -f -Spain
Our death-dealing hurricane tore;
As, riddled and rent to the core,
Each cruiser plunged down out of sight,
"One more for our sailors! one more!"
And Yankee blue-jackets can fight.
the spark fell and caught. Quickly
then the boys slid from the raft and
with strong, yet quick strokes,. swam
>ff. As soon as the cover of the dark
aess had been gained they paused and
waited for the blaze. But the flash
>f the guns was the only light that
ippeared. Another minute passed,
md another, and still no blaze was
meen. Was something wrong?
"You wait. I'm going back," whis
ered John. and before his friend
,ou1d remonstrate he was gone. Joseph
waited in a fever of excitement, not
nowiug what to do.
Meanwhile John had safely re
ained the raft and found, as he had.
'eared, that the fire was out. Again
ie took the flint and tinder and was
ejoiced when the first spark fell he
iaw a little tongue of flame appear.
iatisfied that this time there would
;e no failure, he hurriedly, slid into
ke-ater- and started toward his com
>anion. He had gone but a few yards
vhen he turned to look at the sloop.
Yhat was that he saw? The face of
man peering over the rail. He had
een discovered. He quickly sank
ud swam under the water as long as
is breath would permit, and when he
rose .again to the surface the face
"It'll go this time," he said, as he
-ejoined his friend, and they started
'or the shore. Quickly putting on
heir clothing as soon as they arrived
hey ran toivard their cover, and just
s they arrived, a shout went up that
ounded above the noise of the
uns. They turned and looked to
ard the sloop. A long tongue of
lame was shooting up over the bow.
[t ran along the bowsprit, it spread
ver the rigging and climbed the
>roken mast. Again a shout arose
~rom the men on shore. The crew of
:he sloop were taking their wounded
mad dead, and in their yawls were
starting for Staten Island.
Not a gu was firing now, for none
rould harm the wounded, but scarcely
iad they disappeared before, with a
-eport like thunder, the blazing sloop
was blown into a thousand fragments,
md then an unbroken stillness came
:ver the sound.
"That's the best bonfire we ever.
and," said Joseph, as he and John|
were walking up the quaint old street
:oward their homes, but his friend
:aade no reply.
Just before the time when the sloop
was set on fire the congress at Phila
:lelphia was a new nation in the world.
Bells were ringing, guns were fired
und bonfires lighted throughout the
ity. News traveled slowly in those
Lays, but on the 8th the report reached
Trenton. There the provincial con
ress, the committee and the people
assembled, and guns again were heard
ad bonfives rekindled. On the 9th
the tidings reached Elizabethtown,
and the same scenes were enacted.
On the 10th New York was all ablaze,
and parades and bonfires were the
order of the day.
"I've looked the matter up," said
Joseph Swan to his friend, "and from
all I can learn, our celebration at the
point when we fired the British sloop
was just thirty minutes ahead oi the
celebration at Philadelphia. We didn't
know it, but we had the first one in
America-hurrah for the Fourth of
July and the United Colonies of
America! Likewise, hurrah for the
bys that hadl the first celebration in
all the land!"-Everett T. Tomlinsc,n,
in Atlanta Constitution.
One Beneath Old Glory.
Don't you hear the tramp of soldiera?
Don't you hear the bugles play?
Don't you .ree the muskets flashing
In the sunlight far away?
Don't you feel the ground all trembling
'Neath the tread of many feet?
They are coming. tens of thousands,
To the army and the fleet.
They are Yankees. they are Johnnies,
They're for North and South no more;
They are one, and glad to follow
When Old Glory goes before.
From Atlantic to Pacilie,
From the Pine Tree to Lone Star.
They are gath'ring round Old Glory,'
And they're marching to the war.
Don't you see the harbors guarded
By those bristling dcgs of war?
Don't you hear them growling, barking
At the fleet beyond the bar? I
Don't you bear the Jack Tars cheering,
Brave as sailor lads can be?
Don't you see the water boiling
Where the squadron put to sea?
They are Yankees, they are Johnnies,
They're for North and South no more;,.
They are one, and glad to follow .
When Old Glory goes before.
From Atlantic to Pacific,
From the Pine Tree.to Lone Star,
They have gathered round.Old Glory,
And they're sailing to the war.
Don't you hear the horses prancing?
Don't you hear the sabres clash?
D on't you hear the eannon roaring?
Don't you hear the muskets crash?
Don't you smell the smoke of battle?
Oh, you'll wish that you had gone,
When you hear the shouts and cheering
For the boys who whipped the Don!
There'll be Yankees, there'll beJohnnies,
There'll be North and$outh no more,
When the boys come marching homeward
'With Old Glory borne before.
From Atlantie to Pacific,
From the Pine Tree tqLone Star,
They'll be one beneath Old Glory
After coming from the war.
First Flag Hero-Sergeant Jasper.
When the British attacked Charles
ton in 1776, they met with a reception
no less bloody than that given the:i
by Jackson, at New Orleans in 1815
The advance guard of the harbor and
the hope of the city was Fort Sullivan,
SERGEANT JASPER RESCUES THE FLAG.
a low structure, with ramparts made
of palmetto logs and sand.. Behind
the fragile walls were thirty-one can
non and behind them 450 stanch
American patriots. A fleet of eight
British ships drew up befoi'e the fort,
with the muzzles of '300 guns showing
at the portholes.
The battle opened and raged all clay.
Over 1200 shots were fired at the fort.
On the flagstaff Colonel Moultrie had
nailed the nlrst Revolutionar'y.banner
unfurled in South Carolina. It waved
defiantly until a shot cut the staff, then
fell outward uponi the beach. It was
the first fall taken out of the Stars and
Stripes, and that first crisis of the flag
had its hero. Sergeant William
Jasper, of Marion's South Carolina
regiment, acting on his own hook,
leaped the wall and ran along the
beach, under fire, the whole length of
Cutting the flag free from the fallen
staff, the gallant sergeant fastened it
to the long handle of a cannon sponge
that was handed out to him through
an embrasure. A steady rain of shots
swept over the beach and plunged into
the sand banks which answered for
walls. In the face of this fire Jasper
carried the flag to the fi'ont slope of a
bastion which looked out on the hos
tile fleet and was in full view from all
points in the harbor. There he
mounted to the crest of the rampart
and fixed the staff firmly in the sand.
The flag waved on until the battle
closed in an American victory.
On the 14th of June, 1777, the Con
gress of the Uni*ed States made the
following provision: The flag of the
Thirteen States should have thirteen
stripes alternately-red and white.
The Union thirteen white stars in a
blue field, representing a new con
stellation. -On January 13, 1794, the
form was altered by act of Congress,
which provided that after May 1, 1795,
the flag should consist of fifteen stripes.,
and stars arranged as before. By an
act of April 4, 1818, the design was re
established as thirteen horizontal
stripes. In the Union were placed
twenty stars, with one star to be ad ded
for every State admitted to the Union.
This actwent into effect on July 4,'
18fSt The new star is added on the
Fourth of July next after the admis
sion of the new State. Before the
adoption of the str'ipes and stars,
various devices were e:aployed.
One Thing He Einen -
"Benny," said Mr. Bloonunmper, "if
George WYashington is the first in the
hearts of his countrymen, who comes
"I don't know about that," replied
Benny, "but Independence day is the
Fourth. "-Harper's Bazar.
Sigrbec avenue will soon take its
Penn mn te strcI o2 'a- eheny,
THEIR DUTIES MAKE PRACTICAL
SCIENTISTS OF THEM.
This Branch of the Service is Now the
Most Important in the Armny-Ma
neuvers That Drive the Recruit to
Desperation - Mastery of Big Guns.
The heavy artillery is a great branch
of the army, and so distinct in its
studies as to make it independent of
-he other branches of the service.
Just now the heavy artillery branch
i3 the most important in the army,
and it is therefore pertinent to set
fdrth the fact that some military critics
hive for many years maintained that
too much work and too many drills
are saddled upon the heavy artillery
The light artilleryman's drills are
many and his duties are heavy, but he
is consoled for this -in the refle; tion
that he belongs to the crack branch in
the whole military outfit. Foreign
military critics of eminence have un
hesitatingly pronounced the ten bat
teries-of light artillery of the United
States Army to be unsurpassed in the
world for horsemanship and rapid and
scientific handling of the pieces. But
while the. American artilleryman has
got to be as nimble as an acrobat, and
;n absolute master of horsemanship,
he does not have tousehishead nearly
as much as his comrade in the heavy
An artillery recruit can be rapidly
fashioned into an automatic carrier of
ammunition, and in the course of a
few drills, if he be quick-witted, he
can master the duties demanded by
his one particular number on a big
gun's crew. But it takes years of
alertness and attention and consider
able study besides for the cleverest
recruit to become a good heavy artil
lerynan in the American Army. It
is zommonly -known among artillery
,men that by the'ti"ne an artilleryman
in the heavy branch has'pu-.in three
years' -enlistment he has picked-up
only. a smattering -of the small duties
and drills imposed upon him'as the
heavy artillery service is at present
.organized. But men of late -years
have been getting enough of it in three
years' experience and if they re-enlist
again a great many of them join the
"dongh-boys" in the infantry regi
ments, for the sake of the compara
tively easy "one soldier, one gan,"
adnty required of the infantry. In the
'first place the heavy artilleryman
has to become proficient in infantry
Up.to.within_ a few years ago the
heavy artillery branch *as handi
capped by the lack of modern guns
upon which to drill. Even at the
present time many artillerymen in the
heavy batteries have had no oppor
tunity to drill upon modern breech
loading rifles such as are at Fort Point
and will be at the Denver resurvey
and Bolivar Point fortifications. Tihei e
is all the difference in the world be
tween a muzzle-loading and a breech
loading great gun, and the drill upon
each gun is entirely different. It re
quires about two-thirds of an entire
battery to operate one of these big
guns. The men are drilled upon them
by numbers. The gunner gives his
commands and each man has a cer
tain work to perform, but each is re
quired to master the duties of every
member of the gun's crew, and for
this purpose he is shifted about from
one number to another.
As there are a thousand and one or
more movements to be executed in
getting a great gun served and into
firing position, the mastery of the big
gun tactics is no small matter for a
heavy artilleryman. But there are so
many auxiliary drills besides the in
fant-y formation and drills on the big
pieces. The drills called mechauical
maneuvres are the bane of soldiers in
this branch of the service. Properly,
mechanical maneuvers belong to the
engineers. They consist of mounting
tna dismounting the big guns, and
the heavy artiiler-ynman is expected to
iaster t.he uses of all the parapher
nalia required in this work-almiost
every style of gun, jack and tiekle.
It is very hard labor, and besides it
is dangerous. There have been some
serious and a few fatal accidents in
the army caused by the attempts of
heavy artillerymen, unfamiliar with
the work, to mount and dismount big!
Another maneuver that drives to
desperation heavy artillery recruits
and sometimes old timers, too, is the
instrument drill. This is sprung after
he has had time to become somewhat
familiar with a few of the other drills.
It is in this instrument drill that the
heavy artilleryman is expected to de
velop into a fair amateur scientific.
Some of the artillerymen become in
terested in the instrument drill, or,
rather, the drills on instruments, and
take to the study of mathematics for
solutions. But the majority of them
listen to the elaborate scientific ex
planations of the officers as to the*
uses of the instruments, their mnech
anism-etc., and promptly forget all
about them until the next instrument
drill. The instruments are of all
sorts-the aerometer, for example,
which is used in heavy artillery for
the purpose of ascertaining the
strength of the wind in its possible
deflection of projectiles; instruments
for measuring the initial, muzzle and
other velocities of projectiles; instru
ments for measuring the power of
powders; sighting instruments, range
finders, searchlights, eieetric firing
apparatus, and other numerous small
gear of a scientific character too var
ied to mention.
When the heavy artiulerymen have
g.t well into way svith the above sim
ple labors and studies, wvhich appear
to the average man as a life time study
in themselves, they take up the block
an-1 tackle drill. By this they are
required to learn how to rig any
,.rt o pullnn uiHng or iftina an
paratus, consisting of enough puhTe?J
and ropes to puzzle the brains even of
an old-time sailor.
FACTS ABOUT TORPEDOES.
Various Things Which Influence Their
Action and Their Form.
Torpedoes are divided into two gen
eral classes-stationary and movable.
The former consist of the buoyant and
ground mine, while the latter class is
sub-divided into the automobile and
dirigible. These terms have been
narrowed, until now the fixed class is
generally known as the submarine
mine, while the word torpedo is ap
plied to the movable class. The buoy
ant mines are exploded in contact with
or very close to the bottom or sides of
a vessel under water, while the ground
mine acts at a much greater distance.
All mines are divided into other
classes, which depend for their nom
enclature as to whether or not it is
under the control of an-operator. In
all cases the controlling agent is elec
The depth of water in a harbor has
much to t with the form of torpedo
used, and in channels where there is
less than thirty feet at high tide the
mine case. which rests on the bottom,
.has the shape of the seg.r:ent of a
sphere with a flat bottom. The elec
trical apparatus is attached to a buoy,
anchored to the case and submerged
four feet. The explosive charge is
generally about 250 pounds of dyna
mite or wet gun cotton. The buoyant
mine is a hollow sphere, constructed
of steel, having a ring at the top for
handling, and directly opposite a hole
for loading and inserting the electrical
apparatus. Over thil is fitted a cap
for attaching the mooring chain and
cable. It is generally submerged
about four feet below low water, and
the explosive charge is 100 pounds of
dynamite or wet gun cotton. A mush
room anchor holds the mine in posi
tion. Another form of sub-marine
mine is one which will explode by
contact with a ship's bottom; bat 'as
these are dangerous both to friend
or foe, they are now seldom used in
ay - echeme for defense.-Collier's
Big it c;s of St-ing.
The largest cabe-Qf modern time;s
the manila hawser whi: was usec
tow the dry dock to Havana. It is
twenty-three inches in c nmfereuce,
but it is by no means the larst that
ever has been made, although i
the reputation of breaking the records
There are at least two others of a
greater circumference. but both older.
One of these had a circumference of
twenty-three inches, and was used foi'
the- purpose df aichoring 'the ship
North Carolina in the Nay Yard'at
Brooklyn, while the other was used
as a sheet-anchor cable on the Ten
nessee when she was stationed in the
Mediterranean in the sixties.
Such an enormous rope was natur
ally found to be unwieldy, a fact
which was abundantly demonstrated
when the vessel encountered a storm
in the Bay of Naples. When the
Tennessee returned to her native
home in America the hawser was sent
to the oakum mills and made into
oakum. -Boston Traveller.
Klats Drafted Into Serice.
Tom Maguire is a genius. He is
ard foreman at the Laclede Gas
Company's plant. A sewer pipe lead
ing from one of the buildings to the
river bank, 160 feet away, became
clog;ed. The pipe was sixteen feet
below the surface. Maguire had
been thinking about a plan for several
days. One night he caught two big
gray rats, and these he determined to
put into the sewer. They were taken
to the mouth at the river bank and.re
leased. Thme op3ning was then closed
securely behind them, leaving the an
imals with only one chance of life.
That was to go straight ahead. And
they did. Several more rats were
caght and turned into the sewer, un
til a dozeni were gnawing away in the
pipe. The morning after the last de
tachment joined the main army wvater
began to trickle from the pipe. Iron
rods and steam were applied. In ten
minutes the sewer was clea5. -St.
Gold Teeth Are Bad Form.
Fashion's new fiat is that there sball
be no more gold in teeth. Gold in the
midst of a "row of pearls," the leaders
say, is horribly conspicuous, and it is
very bad form. None of the yellow
metal shoald show when a society
belle or beau laughs, and such a thing
as half a front tooth of gold must no
more be seen.
It is still allowable to use gold
where there is no possibility of its
showing, but in any other case the
new rule of fashiQn is exceedingly p)os
It is not proposed that where gold
is already in place it shall be taken
out, but the "orders" are to use other
materials from nowv on, especially in
the case of time upcoming generation.
In the place of gold the fashion-tble
dentists are now using a white metal
that hardens very qu'ekly and when
hard looks precisely like the tooth it
self.-New York Herald.
Great l5ritain's Steam 1'ower.
It is estimated that the steam power
of Great Britain is equal to the unitedI
strength of 1,000,000.000) men. The
number of persons employed in her
coal mines is but 200.000. and of these
fully two-thirds dig coal for other uses
than for engines, leaving 66,666 men
to mine the coal necessary to do the
work of 1,000,000,000. The engines
are made by 60,000 men, so that 126,
666 men furnish the means of doing
the work of 1,000,000,000, the strength
of each being thus multiplied nearly
800 times. This gives to each man,
woman and child of a population of
35,000,000 some thirty willing slaves,
born fully grown, exempt from sick
ness, needing no clothes, eating only
fire and water, and costing mecrely the
work of one man in 8000.
To (lean Tapestry and Cretonne.
Clean tapestry with warm bran, rub
bing it on with a piece of new flannel.
Clean cretonne with warm flour,
using a piece of new flannel on the
hand. When clean, brush off the
fiour with a cloth brush. Another
method is to apply a thick paste of
fuller's earth and water. Let it lie
for five minutes and then brush of.
Apropos of Greasy Soups.
Strange as it may seem, observes
Table Talk, women who claim to be
good cooks still serve greasy soups,
abominations to eye, palate and
stomach. A remedy for this is the
"soup digester," a kettle with a faucet
near the bottom by which the clear
liquid maybe drawn off without the fat.
Without the convenience of this uten
sil, grandmother's "good old way"
is always available-to let the soup
stand over night, when the grease can
be easily removed in a solid cake.
Moral: Greasy soups are without ex
cuse and in evidence of carelessness
How to Clean Glass.
For the annual work of the spring
cleaning there is nothing more im
portant to have properly done. than
the washing an: polishing of the win
dows. While bright weather is re
garded as necessary in most branches
of home cleaning, a dull, cloudy day
should be selected for the windows,
as experienced housekeepers say the
cle-ining cannot be satisfactorily done
when the sun is shining on the glass.
When ready to begin, the windows .
should be well wiped with a soft, dry
cloth to free them from dust and
smoke, then quickly washed with
warm water to which a little powdered
borax is added, and dried. To polish
the glass: After' cleaning, a small
muslin bag should be filled with
whiting, to which a little borax is
added, and the windows freely dusted
with it, then rubbed off, and polished
with old newspapers. Windows thus
treated will be c,lean and bright, and
will keep clean a long time.-Eliza B.
New House Things.
Japanese screens were never so
popular. The black ones embr'oidered
in gold are most appropriate for the
dining room or library, 'while for the
parlor very handsome -ones of white
satin embroidered in colored silk are
shown, the frame of a simple ,black
- d gold brocade. Simpler ones wijh
frames made of a thin band of plain
woo '-ed ready for use come V*
very reasona e p -
enameled or :staned at hom-#'d>' -"'s
then mounted with panelsa$o
satin, burlap, ,denim or- einoi 1 -_
Milady's dressing table, with its ,n
numerable solid silver furnishings
and trinkets, is the chief ornament in
her room these days. The old-fash
ioned mahogany tables of . our great
grandmother's day, with the addition
of severely plain brass handles and
key plates are the most desirable.
Failing this, muslin and dimity toilet
toilet tables are always dainty and
sweet and can be made .by a girl her
self. Besides, they can be freshened
The small ornamental windows
with broad sill between two rooms
lend theiuselves well to decorative
effects. A sash curtain is indispensa
ble. Striped madras in flower effects
or delicate yellow India silk are pret
ty effects for these. A silk scarf
draped gracefully over a gilt rod is
uncommon and effective. A jardiniere
with small plant put on the sill is
good. A . figure in plaster, brass
candlestick or a Moorish lamp are
other suggestions that look well. An-'
other artistic addition to these small
places is to hang over the top of - them
a small plaque, together with a half
dozen peacock feathers loosely and
Beef Omelet.-Four pounds of raw
beef, choppe.l fine; six well-beaten
eggs, five or six soda crackers, rolled
fine; a little butter and suet, pepper,
sat and sage; make into two loaves,
roll in cracker crumbs and bake about
an hour; slice when cold.
.'weet Breakfast Muffins.-Sift two
teaponfuls of baking powder with
one quart of flour; add one cup of
sugar; rub into the flour a piece of
butter the size of an egg, then stir in
one pint of milk. Beat to a smooth
batter, and bake in gem pans.
Bacon Fraze.-Beat four eggs into
a batter with one-half teacupful cream
and teaspoonful flour; fry some thin
slices of bacon and dip them in it; lay
the bacon in a frying pan with heated
lard, pour the batter over it, ar.d when
both sides are well browned lay on a
heated dish and serve hot. A good
Potato Soup.-Boil three potatoes
in salted water until tender. Scald
one pint of milk, with one tablespoon
fu chopped onion. .Drain and mash
the potatoes, add the hot milk andrub
through a sieve. Melt half a (table
spoonful of flour, half a teaspoonful
of salt and a little pepper. Pour into
the hot soup and cook ten minutes.
Baed Cauliflower.-Boil uncovered
until tender, but not until it breaks;.
split clown the middle with a sharp
knife; lay the cut sides down in bak
ing dish and pour over and around it
a large cupful of drawn . butter. Sift
tine bread crumbs on top and set in
the oven until it begins -to. brow~n.
Seve in the baking dish, with vinegar
or at lemon.
Cornmeal Puffs. -Heat one quart of
milk ini double boiler; stir in eight
tabepoons Indian meal, four table
spoon's granulated sugar, a tea
spo grated nutmeg. Heat and stir
until thickened and smooth. When
coo, stir into it six b.eaten eggs
-. med light, pour into buttered.
c M. bake hair an hour in moderate
->ven, serve hot with lemon sauce.