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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, October 15, 1898, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067705/1898-10-15/ed-1/seq-1/

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WEEKLY EDT I.9N~BRjSO
01\~~i *C -03R 5
WOMEN TRAINERS.
ONE OF THE NEWEST OCCUPATIONS
TAKEN UP BY ThE LADIES.
In the New England States Thero Are
Half-a-Dozen Women Who Have Gone
Into the Light Harnees Horse Busi
- ness - Feminine Veterinary Surgeons.
Horse training and driving is the
newest of the occupations taken up
by women. In the New England
States there are half-a-dozen women
who have gone into the development
of the light harness horse as a busi
ness. They are Mrs. Sarah E. Cros
by of East Brewster, Mass.; Mrs.
Battie Meader of Winslow, Me.; Mrs.
May Gould Woodcock of Ripley, Me.;
Miss Leota Elliott of Danforth, Me.:
and Miss Esther A. Prescott of Pitts
fieft.
For the last two seasons these
women have trained their own horses
and driven them in circuit races.
They are all young, educated, repre
sent good old Yankee families and
have become first-class whips. Each
of tham has been familiar -with horses
from childhood. and from their affeo
tion for and the care of their favorites
they have become interested in the
development of finely bred horses.
At the circuit races where they have
driven each is accompanied by her
]iusband or members of her family.
They have been well received and
treated with politeness aL d deference.
No critical or unpleasant expressions
seem to have been heard from the
great crowds who saw them race.
Recently, at Pittsfield, Me., these
women all entered horses in the 2.24
class trotting race, and the 10,000
spectators cheered themselves hoarse
as they answered the call of the start
er's bell. It is the second race that
has ever been trotted on a 'ircuit
tiack under the rules of the National
Trotting association in which women
appeared as drivers, and it was a fair
and earnest effort for the best horse
to win.
Mrs. Meader landed the race. Her
horse, Meader Boy, is a fine bay 4
year-old gelding, which was trained
entirely b- .er. Mrs. Meeder is 28
years old, a brunette and small of
stature. Her driving was skillful and
she remained cool and undisturbed at
the fnish, whIen the crowd went wild
with excitement. Mrs. Meader wore
a costume similar to that .generally
adopted by women for bicycling
short- -skirt, high boots, shirt waist
and small, 'close-fitting cap.
J Mrs. Crosby drove Linnie G.,
trai ltby hersejf, and won second
money.7 She has th6 reputation of
being the best woman driver in Ameri
ca. She has an attractive appear
ance, weighs 140 pounds, and is tall
and graceful. On Cape CodA she has
a breeding and racing establishment,
where she has a number of first-class
iriving and trotting horses.
Miss Esther Prescott's horse w'as
third in the race. She is an expert
driver and managed her horse well.
Pretty, blonde Miss Elliott, twenty
one years-old, won fourth place, driv
ing Laay Goodwin.
Mrs. Woodcock, who drove Mollie
C., has been driving and handling
her own horses for fifteen years, and
counts them as her best friends. At
her home at Spring Dale farm at
Ripley she keeps half a dozen horses
always in training, and his also ac
quired a r-eputation as a teacher of
acting horses. After experimenting~
with many styles of dress, Mrs. Wood
cock has finally adopted a bloomer
costume-for track driving, which she
finds is suitable.
The first woman's race with bicycle
sulky in the world was started last
year on the same track. -The experi
ment was so snecessful that it was re
peated in the circuit racas just held.
Other branches of the horse busi
ness that are successfuliiv conducted
by womea ai-e stock raisi ig and veter
inary -surgery. At Rosslyn, L. I.,
Mrs. Phebe Tabor Willets has a large
stock farm and dairy, wvhich, after
years of hard work, she has devel
oped into one of the best establish
mnents of its kind. Mrs. Willets start
ed in withi butter making, then be
came interested in the br-eeding of
cows, and finally gave her attention
also to horses. She does a large busi
ness in all three departments and is a
member of the Guernsey Cattle asso
ciation.
Veterinary surgery has been prac
tised frequently by women for the
last five yeairs, and in many cases
with more thani the ordinary'degree
of suc-cess. Last year a number of
yoning w~omen entered thme veterinary
college in New York, and one of the
pupils of that institution of a few
years ag~o ias establiKned a paying
veterinary practice on Long Island.
New Yor-k Sun.
Muic an a Hair Restorer.
Last Septembler Dr. Ferriand read,
to the French academy a paper on
music. .Ie showed its effect on the:
body and mind of a patient by practi
cal demnonstrations. Dr. Betzchinsky,
the famous lUu-sian savant, told 'of
the theriipartie worth of music. He.
pointed tdu the fact that musical com
posers ustuLly have very heavy heads
of hair, and prop)osed to prove that
music is directly r-esponsible for it.
Piano players always have tremen
doums quantities of hair, Paderewski
being one of the many cited to prove
the theory. Harpists, violinists and
'eellists, too, usually have a fair amount
of hair, as the long-locked M. Ysaye
witnesses.
If a little experiment proves the
doctor's theory correct a well-equipped
orchestra mayv be'omte part of every
properly conducted hairdressing es
tablishtment, and floods of melody from
a big cornet nmay pour upon the cus
t.>tmer's head after the electric fan has
*done its duty. in drying the hair.
C~hicago Record.
GENERAL SHAFTER"S JOKE.
How He Gave an Exhibition of Bis Un
erring tMarksmahship.
Colonel Thomas H. Barry, adjutant
general to Major-General Otis, before
leaving for Manila told a good story of
Major-General Shafter's shooting in
the days when he was a colonel on the
Mexican border. A day before be
took ship for the Philippines Barry,
with Brigadier-General Hughes and a
Chronicle representative, discussing
Shafter's gallantry before Santiago,
said:
"I was Shafter's aide three years
ago when we both were bronzing
under the hottest sun that shines in
these states. Shafter was known as
the best shot not only in his regiment,
but in the whole country about. One
day an officer from another regiment,
not acquainted with Shafter's ability
in this line, visited the post and soc"
made it apparent to us that he es
teemed himself about 'as expert a
mai-ksman as ever pulled a trigger.
We secretly laughed at his opinion of
himself, and whispered to each other,
'Just wait till Pecos Bill'gets after
him.'
"Well, his time came. One morn
ing Shafter and I started out to ride
forty miles or more to another post,
and the visitor asked to be allowed to
accompany us. We trotted along
easily until about noon, when we
halted to eat our luncheon, which we
packed with us. At (hat time officers
carried short carbines on such ser
vice, and I had one strapped to my
saddle. The conversation drifted from
the topography of the country to
marksmanship, and the officer-call
him Smith-said: 'Say, colonel, have
you got any shots in your regiment?'
"Shaftei smiled and replied: 'flave
I? Why, I've got some men that can
discount the sharpshooter's you read
about. Offcers, too. I'm not much
mysilf, but when you get back to the
fort I'll tell a few of the good ones to
show you a thing or two.'
"Just then an antelope sprang up a
quarter of a mile away, and all seeing
it at the same moment reached for
their carbines. Shafter was qnickest,
and in a second adjusted-tbe sights to
600 feet and blazed away. Down
came Mr. Antelope,and when we rode
up to where he lay . we found a bullet
hole over his heart.
"Smith examined the wound,looked
over the carbine, and then muttered,
half aside, 'Not bad. You say you're
not in it with other officers in your
regiment, colonel?'
" 'No.' said Shafter, 'I'm ashamed
of myself alongside of them.'
."A couple of hours later another
Aitelope appeared, but farther away.
Smith fidgeted a moment and then
said eagerly, 'Colonel, may I go after
him?'-*
'" 'Pshaw. You wouldn't chase
him on horseback at that distance,'
exclaimed Shafter, seizing the weapon
and levelling it as he spoke. 'I'll pnt
lead in. his head.'
"He fied and we saw the animal
bound away. Smith was gleeful.
'A little high, colonel,'. he shouted as
we galloped on. Reaching the place.
where the game had been, we were
on a high rising piece oi ground, and..
looking down fifty feet, Shaf terpointed
to a dark ob'ect and said quietly, 'I.
guess I got the head.'
. "Sure enough, the antelope
lying dead, with a bullet hole through
his left ear. Smith looked as dis
gusted as any mgn I ever saw.
"'And the officers are better?' he
queried.
"Shafter's eves twinkled. 'Lieut.
Smith,' he replied, with assumed
sternness, 'I want you to say nothing
of this at the post. I ought to have
hit hinm in the eye, and I feel ashamred
of my poor aim.'
"Smith, who had no sense of humor.
was dumfounded. For years after
he spread the fame of Colonel Shafter
as a marksman far and 'wide."-Sani
Francisco Chronicle..
A Railroad's Th'oughtfulness.
Commuters oni the Delawai:.eLacka
wanna & Western railroad itt New
Jersey are incelined to. .ha~lleuge a
new i-egulation which has just been en
forced on the ground..that it :smacks
of paternalism. As each braikeman2
calls a station, as,'for instance, Hack
ensack, hie does it in this fashion:
"Hackensack! Don't f-o-r-g-e-t your
b-u-n-d-l-e-s.''' Occasional passibger~i
find these- calls very amusmg and as
each stationr is announced they grin at
the brakeman, who doesn't enjoy the
new regulation, and then look around
to see the commuters pick .up -heir
bundles. Undoubtedly this new regu
lation was suggested b~y the number
of bundles which conunmuters left be
hind them in the cars and then Loth
ered the ritilroad company tojook up
for them. ."I object to' th is* .regula
tion," said &ne of the commutersa. "If
the railroads are going into this busi
ness, the first.thing.we will k'ouw thoa
brakemian will call out: 'Hackensack!
Have you forgotten to mail-our wife's!
letter?' or perhaps it' il be '31dit
clair! Remember to stop -at the butch-.
er's'. I invited a friend tp conte.. out
and spenid the night w ith me a sho~rt
timeago,indhe egan to'fidgh.hen>
the first station.was announced 'As
station after stati~ii was'resche'd .aid
the brakemnan s'uug omn monotoidy
at each: 'Don't forget yonr.n~le,,
his merrimen-t..inereased: -HS wuid
talk about nothing else ait diAhet. id
when he said - good night to 'us--*lie
added: 'Don't forget fourr bundles.'
It's kin d of -the railroaid, of couwse,
but ILdon't like it."
Vesuvi us' Output of Lava.
Ilava streams that have flowed out of
Vesuvius during the last three. years
have deposited 105,000,0..0 cubic me
tres of lava on the sides of the moun
tain. A cone of lava. 330 feet high
h is heet f.armed. out of which fresh
strea :s are fiwing. 'The valleys on
either side of the cbs rvatory peak
hwa bhan completely illed up.
GOOD ROADS FOR CUBA.
THE ISLAND IS A NATURAL PARADISE
FOR WHEELMENI
the Picttiresque Beauty of the Scenery
Is Sure to Attract the Attention of the
Americ.tn Cyclist-The Militant Apostle
of Retter Highways Is General Stone.
It might seem a trifle premature to
consider Cuba us a favorite resort fur
wheelmen. The island is not 'now
blessed with many roads available for
anything miore than iuule trains. but
the militant apostle of good roads,
General Roy Stone, has shown in
Porto Rico what a little Yankee ener
gy can do for the improvement of
highways and, of course, the same
can be done in Cuba, and doubtless
wiid -be done now that the island has
ceased to be a colony of Spain. For
o:ie thing, the picturesque beauty of
the island, enhanced by the- charm of
its semi-tropical verdure, is . sure to
.attract the attention of* American
wheelmen; and when iheelmen gdt
their'eye on a country it is certain
that the coudition of its i'oads wvill
speedily improve. Ifi "the case 'of
Cuba, however ivhdelmen will' 'find
that their task wil be not so.iuch
the iniprovement as the creation of
roads, for practically no.:roads worthy
of the name exist,. apd.even th'e.streets
of the cities and tow ns. are- i a
wretched condition.: Weto -the: pa
tient native mute endowed with-speech
like his-kinsman of the-Bakan stoiy,
he would undoubtedly e-y outagainst
what passes for-a-ste6et in a' typical
Spauish town. It will sound a little
strange to read of -entury iuns being,
mad-ii Cuba, bu the'thing may!1ap
pen, and that, too, b-efoi-e nianyin vars.
In the- winter,' vith'~the imppvQed
sanitary conditions that ivill soon ob
tain in the Cuban cities, the isiend
will become a . favorite resortfor a
multitude: 6f . Americans. The beaud
-tiful Isle of Pines will probably be.
come one of the most popular: places.
in the West Indies. Even in tiet
midst of their fierce fighting our sailor
and soldier boys were struck by the
charm of the country around Santia
go. Scattered.about in the sugar dis,
tricts of Cuba are splendid sugar plan
tations owned by Cubans and Amer-.
cans, whose owners, under a decent
and stable government, would soon.
-opeu -up the- country by good roa&s
and other improvenients. Then there
is the centre of the island, as. yet
practically unexployed. and unknown,
but said to-.conitain . great forestas- of
vahiabfe oods. -lIt- will not be long
before thiis 'terra incognita will be
opened u# under the stimulus of
American enterprise. Tbwns will
arise, railroads will' be constructed,
and then about 'that tiine along i-villL
come th'e wheelieh; not l6ng after
which we shall hear of this, that and
the other bicycle path or path, run
ning, it may be, through a grove of
palm trees, whilethe airis laden with
a tropical fragrance and the stillness
of the forest is punctuated with the
notes of strange birds: If the adven
turous American wheelman fails to
take advantage of this new and de
lightful experience, we have very
much-misjudged him.
General R.y Stone -has already
spent some tidie in Cuba, but - his
dutf'thereha'st been sidi?ply to advise
in the building of temporary military
roads for ths us4 of the army. But
it may w'ellbe that these temporary
roads 'Will~becomi the nuclei of per
mnanent roads, just as the poinits near
Santiago at which engage~ments with
Spanish' diops have takeli llace may I.
becoine interesting tow'ns and villages -
with Amnetidan names in the new Caba
which- is to 'lj. Indeed, it is inevita
ble that this American' invasion of the
island is going to make many..changesi
in its 'geography and topography.
While the more important placesai-Il,.
of course, retain their names, Ameri
can industry and commerce will create
newv centres of life and trade and de
velop to their fullest extent the'splen
did opportunities for growth and
progress that -liave been so' 'shanie
fully neglected-by Spain. But 're
vert to our first thouglft, Cuba' is a
natural' paradise for the 'hieelman,
and ivhen he finds'it outr he .ii'ioiig'
to .see- thatL good -roads are 'built.
New York Tribune. -
Capta in Sigsbee's Lost-Dirinery ' ]
Somebody -aboar'd the diuxiliary
cruiser St. lely 8'a fin~d dinner ta
wasn't itnntld for him, add Cat
Sigsb~e was the loser~, says the'Phila-- .
delphia Record.. Whilre the St. Paul I
was making .the- -run - frorn Montattk]
Point to --Neew . York, :th'e-.captain~s
cook prepared for him'a 'fine pair of
mnallard:ducks, of which Captain Sigs
bee is . ispenidlly'- fond. "Orders -had -
been given te'the cook to" be' par
ticularly careful-in the roasting of the
birds, and be brought them forth from
the ov-en nicely browned. The cap
taili, upon .the .bridge, had -had- his'
mouth set forthem. all inorning, nndi
o'causi~l'v fancied lie conld sm'ellI
thenm lokIng. Juist a few~ minutis -
beforue dinrrei- time,.iloiethe cook's 1'
:backr was .turned, .somebody .whisked -
those tw-o luiscious bir~as out ~of--the'
galley' and ttis'appleared vith'~ them.'
The St. Paul is a big ship,> 'nd the
thief h'td 'aniple opp<,rtunity .to hide
hiiaseif..whild he got on .the outside,
of tfe doast duck. At ~any rate, he
wa never caught, -nor was there any
clew to ident-ity. 'Captain Sigsbee was
obliged to content'-himself twith a can
-of sardities. -
- 'Falsee Report. -
'1I was very sorry to hear that you
had failed, Jones," said his next-door
neighibor.
-'It was a slander, sir. I did not
fail. It was my plans that failed, sir.
Had they succeeded I could have paid
every dollar I owe and had a hand
some fortune left=".-Ikktoit .Free
~D'-naa
TRACEDY OF CAT ISLAND.
1 Chapter From Eary: Missouri Rivez
Steamboating History.
"There used to be a place in the
-iver north of herethat Was called Cat
sland," said Billy Alford to a St.
foseph, (Mo.) News -man the other
ly. He is an old time engineer, and
nany years ago was fai-iliar with
,very mile of the Missouri river. He
vas assured that ant island bearing
he same name is still in existence.
't may be the same 'lace,aud it may
iot," said Alford. ' "The river is
;o treacherous that it mav have
vashed that island awiy. and formed
Lnother one in its plave since I knew
tnything about it. There was a big
ree on the island as I remembered it,
nd-we used it once to hang the rank
_st gambler on the river. We
olerated that man thr ee seasons, be
'ause tb river men did not want to
-esort to vildence. At first he seemed
o be square, but wen began to hear
hispers about him. -It was in 1-858
hat he fleeced- a young fellow -out of
5000-just aSplain vase.. of robbery.
le had let the young felloly win jist
o get him interested, -and then aimed
o rake in the whole -thing. Some
iow the young fellow got hold of - the
rong cards-when there was $9000 in
he pot. :
The youth reached for all the money
)n the board, but the gambler made a
rab for it, and took .as much as hil
land would hold. Stuffing it into his
ocket as he ran, he juinped overboard
md made for the shore.' y the time
ve realized what was goigg on he was
ar astern; but the ap'tain-. sent a
)oat after him, loaded with* armed
nen. They had to ahoof -hii and
)reak,:his arm before-h&iwould stop.
Ch at was near the plaq#kno*n as Cat
.land, and we headed hiHenrietta
hAt was the name of- he boat-for
he shore. The mate i'a dozeer men
lid the job, !and :ther nexperiehced
oung man from the "'east *gbt his
nney.back. The young -felow left the.
>oit at Omaha and came jack down the
-iver ahead of us. Whealwe Teturned
he body .of the gamller- -*as still
ianging to the tree. The other young
nan, who had been fleeced, had come
o St. Joseph and com=3itted suicide
m account of remorad-His body and
noney was 'sent back t his'father,
Lmd I heard afterwa-d that the old
nan said that the boy was worth more
lead than,'he was alive Hesaid the
routh left home with 1- aind a- new
mitudf clothes .
Sseeithar-ds
iimself,;sta xVNot~ t fhe- best
-&4 r i oinrte
ane at Cincinnati. --We used to feel
nighty queer after ~that when we
passed Cat island in 'the night. I
ever knew why it was called Cat is
and, but imagined it was- given the
ame because it was inhabited only
y cats. I know I could hear their
:ries every time we passed the place
titer that hanging, and- -it made the
:old shivers run down my back. There
s a close connection between cats and
nurders and ghosts, anyway. I have
ondered a thousand times who the
nan was we hanged on the-island that
iight with such Little ceremony. He
wa not a young man, but he was a
aan'dsome fellow, and might have had
i family -somewhere. I have wondered
.f some woman and little children did
20t wait years and years for him to
~ome back, and wonder what had be
~ome of him. They m' ht have be
ieved him to be an ho~ st man, en
aged in a legitimate ~usiness, and
night have loved him jul as well. I
lon't believe the body was ever taken
ff the island, but I don't really
inow wahat became of it. I never
1eard anything more about it."
Washing streets for Diamnonds.
Perhaps the most interesting fact
n connection with Kimberley, South
Africa, the diamond city,is the "street
vashing," which has been a recog
ii~ed" industry for some time past.
i~h lihe exception o9f .two or three of
:le iprincipal thoroughfares all the
treets' have been - subjected to the
iasiirg process, 'and s-ome .of the de
>is 'washers. have.:done very well,
[ie 'Evasliing" consists of overhaul
ng.the earth for diamonds,
At nearly every meeting of the bor
i'gh coincil applications for jermis
ii-n to .wash streets or portions of
~teeiare received. The ould-be
asher has to obtain the consent of
eronss resident in the street or, road,
o put'the latter into sound repair
gain1 andi pay- tithe to the municipal-'
tydiii the shape of 10 per cent. on his
~ross tinds. Last year $4800 waspaid
o th# municipality in that way,a good
poortion of which represented comn
nission on street finds.
-In the early 'days of the diamond
ietds 'the grouxid was washed in a very
riiniive style, many diamonds being
:hrown away in' the debtis, as it is
alled: This debr'is was subsequently
sed for street-making purposes, and
sow,years after,.with better machin~ery
it their disposal, people find it pays
o "wash the streets."
Mainy houses-built on "ma'iden" de
rs are removed in <>rder to wash the
atter, and stories of comparatively
a'ge size-are-freqidently found by the
ergetic debris washer, who literally
o-ks from morn to night, from sun
ise .till. sunset.-Pearson's Weekly.
"An Historical Quilt.
One of the exhibits which attracted
videspread attention at an historical
exhibition given in Sangerties recent
y was a quilt, the property of Mrs.
Richard Lewis of that village, who is a
lescedant of the Rev. Thomas Jud
on, a clergyman, who came over on
:he Mayflower. The figures or the
uilt were colored an indigo blut,with
die pot, in vogue at that period.
he colors in the quilt are in a good,
itate of preservation.
Bananas In Forto Rico:
Porto Rico's annual product of
>ananas is given as 200,000,000 and of
-+.an nna nnnOOO.
.FOR' MIlAN'8 BENEFIT.
An Afternobd Gown.
For an. afternoon gown, silk mons
seline is not thought too perishable
for glove sleeves,aid a sliapad flounce
skirt with lace guipure insertion at
both edges of the knee flounce; waist
of guipure of a creamy shade over
white or colored silk,and a high stock
collar of the -same, with a quaint si!
ver and enameled buckle at the back.
Sash of white ribbon with the accus
toniea buckle at the back, which now
accompanies every well tied sash.
Queen Victorla'A Maids.
The eight unmarried ladies who
hold offica as Victoria's maids of
honor have some privileges. They
are given the prefix of "Honorable"
and on marrying .receive from the
Queen. the' gift of $5000. One or two
maids of honor reside for a fortnight
at'a time at Windsor or Osborne. The
,distinctive badge worn by maids of
honor is a bow of scarlet ribbon on
tha shoulder, while the ladies in-wait
ing wear a white bow wi.th the Queen's
cameo portrait. The dowry of a maid
of honor has been given for at least
150 years, but is according to her]
majesty's pleasure, and in 1868 it was
refusedto one lady who engaged her
self in marriage without the consent
of her ioyal mistress
On'e Woman's Funerl.
Mrs. Nancy L.Ba':er, a rich wvQman
of St. Louis, Mo., who died recently,
was a woman of very strong pi1inions.
Although her death was sudden, her
funeral vas as she desi da it should
be, having long 'since given instrue
tions to her friendsthow she wished
it conducted. gte renmation the
ashes iere carriecd~r t ~uidei-tak
er's in i.small copper box. xTeia.hI
ashes were 'poui'ed into a haum
Edgeworth urn, whiclxwas hermeti
cally sealed. -The urn was then -fpt
ened to a fouidatfon of wood covqred
with heavy black velvet. Two silver
handles were on eacli side for e
pallbearers, and on one side a silvei
plate, with name and date of death.
The urn and foundation were then
put in a heavy oak box and carried
to her home in Indiana, the vase be
ing finally placed in the family vault.
Pelerine in Styl-e.
..AEai-tike df paiticnlar interest andi
promineace in-the- world --of 'fashion,
and one which, like the phoenix, has
risen from the ashes of his former self
with new glories and new endowments,
is the eape. With its form this use
ful garment has changed its name -
"pelerine" it is now called, and it is
generally made of cloth. Its shape is
long behind, reaching to about 20
inches from the ground, and sloping
in soft curves toward the front, where
it fastens with but one or two hooks
or frogs under the chin and over theJ
chest. The graceful curves are in
variably edged by the omnipresent
serpentine flounce, and the large flar -
ing Stuart collar encircles tha neck.
The modern pelerine is a garment
which appeals at once to practical as
well as to artistic tastes, as it com
bines with elegance of form all thos3
qualities which so long endeared the
cape to its wearers, besidea offering
greater protection) from in clem en cies
of the weather. -Bruss 2ls letter in tise
St. Louis Star.
A Girl's Voi'e.
A distinguishing ditference between
the Eng:ishaud the Amerfe~n girl is
in the voice, and complarison does not
result favorably for the latter. The
low tones which Shake.speare recoin
mended. and1 which are among the
most attrac~tive charms of the ]19th
century English women are the ex
ception, not the rulde, with the Amer
can.
The girl whose father's bank ac
count is sufficiently large to send her
to a school of thie "finished" type is
expected to reirrn with a certaia
amount of knowledge anid mental dis
cipline, to be sure, but to her social
abilities and charms. muuch more
thought is given. Leaist of her ac
complishments, she must dance, have
some music, perhaps sing; she must
1e perfect mistress of herself at tras,
dinners and receptions, with small
talk ever ready. But to the accomn
paniment of all she does,bher speaking
voice, how muich, rather how little,
real attention is directed. -Philadel
phia Inquirer. .
I oinance of Carneos.
It was Mrs. Freddy Gebhard who
discovered a little old genius, hidden
away in a back street in Richmond,
Va., chipping lovely profiles out ofh
agate stones.
A price was offered on the spot, and
the old fellow put to work .on a *big
and beautiful.cameo of Mrs. Gebhard
herself. -.
It proved a-striking one, the lovely
head being cut ins white against, a
background of sapphire blue stone.
This Mrs. Gebhard had framed in
diamonds. She wore it like a minia
ture brooch.
The cameo cutter's lucky stars were
out just then. Every woman who saw
Mrs. Gebhard's frooch and could af
ford one, wvent to do likewise. Orders
tumbled in and they are coming still.
The heirlooms of future generations
will be treasures of art.
From the cameo comes the "cameo
photograph," and women who cau't
afford the ,little stone cutter are going
to the photographer to get those pure
cold profile effects in a different like
ness.
One woman in a thousand can pay
for a cut cameo, but any woman can
test her profile in a dainty Friench
vignette.
The irocess for these photographs
iral American studios are turning out
xquisite results.
The "process" is really nothing
nore than a face in clear profile pho
ographed in strong white lights
tgainst a block of prepared and po!
shed black wood.
The block of wood is usually about
ix or eight inches square, with a dir
u'ar depression in the centre.
Into this the picture is thrown, and
hows like a carving of pearl against
,bony.
Every curl, every rebellious. frond
>f hair, every cloudy bit of lace, every
lower worn is outlined by the camera
n marble statelines .-Chicago Times
Eherald.
The Young Girl's Healtii.
"A young girl should be taught to
arry her body erect, holding her ab
lomen in and putting the ball of her
oot first on the ground," writes Mrs.
5. T. Rorer in the Ladies' Home
fournal. "f his is of the utmost im
)ortance to keep the organs in good
ondition. The. clothing should be
oose, light, warm and suspended
rom the shoulders. Skirts should be
nade of light material-either wool or
ilk. The stockings fastened to the
waist by means of supporters; the one
kirt worn buttoned to the bottom of
ho waist, with an outside dress sup
ported from the shoulders, should
*orm the necessary clothing. The
hoes should be made to fit the feet,
with broad soles and low, broad
eels. Gloves should be sufficiently
oose not to stop the circulatioh at the
wrists. A short walk each day may
be taken, but fatigue should, never
be produced; far better to spend most
f the day out-of-doors in the ham
alock or a steamer chair.
"Early to bed should be the first
notto. In the morning, after a sponge
bath with a thorough rub, she should
rink half a glass of comfortably hot
water. When appetite is felt, a soft
boiled egg, a piece of whole wheat
read thoroughly baked and well but
bered, a:d a little while after a glass
5f cool water, not ied, may be taken.
rhe ndonday meal should consist of a
good, clear beef soup, a broiled steak
Dr roasted beef, a little boiled rice, a
[ettuce salad with olive oil .dressing,
%nd some s4mple 'dessert, such as
whipped or -avariAn cream. After
linner.rest sh-ould be' taksa. in. the
opeu air, either in the hammock or
steamer chair, and witbotl Yeading or
heavy mental occupatimbb.!).or sup.
per, beef or mutton brotif5and good
whole-.whet.bread welbg ~r.. At
the closeof Itiliilr~ild take
slowly about two teaspoo.nfuls of olive
il and masticate it before swallow
ing.
Engliah Lace for Dresses.
In view of the extensive use of lace
for the dresses by Paris dressmakers,
a correspondent of the Ladies' Pic
torial has been investigating the sub
ject. She says: I found the lace
dress delightfully en evidence in the
practical form of beautifully shaped
overskirts of lace, all ready just to be
sewn into the waistband of the silken
underskirt, while mate.ial for the
bodice is also provided. One lovely
lace skirt in black marquise lace, and~
another in ivory tambour lace in the
loveliest of designs-a close floral bor
der, headed by festoons of flowers,
which give the fashionable flounce ef
fect- lace for the bodice being in eacb
case pros itded.
In view, too, of the Parisian popu
larity of black Chantilly lace, above
all others, let ras tell you -that there
are some skirts in this lovely lace
where the design takes the form o:
stripes, radiating outward from the
wist and then curving round sboon
the deep flounce effect.
Lace apart, there are, too, some
daintily lovely white muslin robes,the
skirt shaped and the bodice providei
with insertions of -lace alter-nating
with stripes of embroidery for trim
ming, whi't others are in fine muslin,
bordered with wee tucks headed by
the effective openwork ladderstich,
and further decorated at intervals witi
insertions of lace and a fine tracery o:
emboidery.
White chiffon flouncing, too, bor
deed with an applique of fine black
lace, headed by true lovers' knots, ic
a very desirable acquisition of the muo
ment. And then there is a delightfu
little novelty-a boa of ruflled poin
d'esprit, all edged with white satit
baby ribbon, or again iu white, edget
with black or colored ribbon. You car
aso have it in white chiffon, with
narr~bordering of black lace. It it
the most delightful finish to a summe3
costume, and it hangs with a partin~
la grace over the bodice.
Fashion Notes.
-Black and .white laces are finishei
with the narrowest satin ribbon ovei
part of-the pattern as :though it was
an embroidery.
Cina crepe and mousseline dresset
are worn over taffeta, with an inter
liing of miousseline to give them the
desired fluffy look.
A brooch that represents a standard,
useful and safe style for thiose who
buy only at rather long intervals takes
the round form, having one large een
t-e stone with others radiating fronr
The novelty in umbrella heads hiar
taken a step toward reviving the old
style of hammered silver in pom
padour designs of varions rone
shaped heads. These are mounted or
hard wood and are both artistic .ani
attractive.
Bangles are being shown at the sil
versmith's. They are made of heavy
plain or chased silver, to slide ovel
the hand in the manner of Japanes<
bracelets. When the bangle is large
only one is worn, but little silver wire
bracejets are worn in great nu-mnbers.
A newly engaged girl wears a plair
gold bangle of this 80ort, which is sol
deren on her arm
PEARLS OF TMOUGHT. .
The man is usually in the right wh4
owns himself in the wrong.
A kind heart is a fountain of glada1
ne ;S, making everything in its vicinity
to freihen.
If a man is busy, and busy abouf
his duty,. what more does he require
fro-n time or eternity?
No matter how many mistakes you
may have made. The point is-what
have you learned by them ?
What men want is not talent, it is
purpose; in other, words, not the
power to achieve, but the will to labor.
The mind requires not, like an
earthen vessel, to be kept -ull; con
venient food and aliment only will in
flame it with a'desire of knowledge
and an ardent love of truth.
Be resolutely and faithfully what
you are; be humbly what you aspire
to be. Be sure you give men the best
of your wares, though they be poor
enough, and the gods will help you to
lay up a better store for the future.
Man's noblest gift to man is his sin
cerity, for it embraces his integrity
also. -
SLOW-BURNING POWDER,
The Brown Prismatic-Powder and thl
Way It Is Loaded in iCharges.
E. B. Rogers of the Mited States
Navy in an article on "Big Guns and
Armor of our Navy" in the St. Nicho
las says:
Black powder, with its glistening,
grains, is unfitted for our moderi
guns, because it explodes too quick
ly, and when the charge is fired it
turns almost instantaneously into gasi
exerting immediately all its force,
which, of course, decreases when thd
shot moves toward the muzzle, be
cause'the gas has more room (that is.
the inside of the gun) to expand in.
But nowadays what is called "slow.
burning" powder is used. When it is
ignited the projectife at first moves
slowly; but as the powder continues
burning, the quantity of gas, and con-,
sequently the pressure, is constantly
Sincreasing; thus the speed of th#
shof. becomes greater and greater as 4
goes out of the guii. Sometimed
grains of powder still burning ar
thrown out when the gun is- id
which shows how slowly it ignites.
This new powder is brown, and
is made up into hexagonal, or siv-.
sided, pieces. with holes through
their ceptres. A mass of it lookseR-,
actly like a ~lot of rusty- iron its.
Each of' these -rAin r "risms, i
about the size of a large walnut, a4.
when the charge is made up. the
prisms are nicely piled, and over the
pile is drawn a white serge bag. q
white bag is a "powder section," and
contains one hundred and ten pounds
of brown powder; and five of thesW
make up the full or "service" cb&;
for the great thirteen-inch rifle, wh
projectile is twodhirds as tali as an
ordinary man, and is larger, ando
weighs more than many of the very,
cannons themselves with which Ad
miral elson fought the battle of Tra
falgar in 1805.
A Logging Camp.
The summer 'logging camp ordina.
rily is not a picturesque place. It is
built .>,eside the railroad, in order that
supplies need not be carried far by;
hand or by "dray," and. whatevet.
beauty it has is gained from its envi
ronment of heavy forest. The vari
ous buildings, or "shanties," as they
are always called, are clustered in a
compact little village. Nearest the
railroad-it may be-is the "cook's
shanty;" next it, perhaps, is the
T ~nen's shanty," or sleeping quarters
of
office where the camp ac n are
kept and where the foreman and scaler
sleep. The barn or :"hovel," is at'
the end of the camp, with the granary
beside it. The blacksmith's shop and
the workbench of the "handy-man",
are near by. The "root-cellar," whic14
is both pantry and cold storage room,
is built where the cook and his assist
ants hatte ready access to it.
The cook's shanty is the dining~
room as well as kitchen, while the of
fice is also a- storehouse from which
the timber-jacks can obtain tobacco
and such principal articles of clothing
as they may need. All the chief
buildings are long and low, made o
rough boards or logs, and roofed with
sheeting and tar paper. The sleeping
bunks in the men's shanty are along
the sides of the cabin .in a tier two
eep; this shanty is the loggers' ren
dezvous on cold evenings, and in it
the smell of strong tobacco donstant
ly lingers. Such is a summer logging
camp, and, rough and crude as it mal
seem, it is no bad home for men
toughened by hard out-door labor.
Lippincott's Magazine.
Promotion for the Enlisted Man.
The highest promotion to which an
enlisted man in the navy can aspire is
from petty rating to warrant raak.
In this way he may become a boat
swain, a gunner, a sailmnaker, a car
penter, or, if the Navy Personnel, bill
now before, the Congress becomes law,
a warrant-machiriist. Warrant-officers
have, no army counterparts. They
are not commissioned officers, and
they, are not enlisted men. Theytare.
something like the baronets and
knights in the British scale of p~re
cedence, though the parallel .is -not
exact. They weair a uniform ndt u*,
like that of the commissioned offiters,
gird oin the sword when on duty, are
addressed as "Mr.," adhvtei
-own mess. Their nanmes are bore on
Thei "Nayal'egister" in regular lists.C
Thi ange3 from $1200 - per an
num (when at - sea). during the- Jirst
three years of service up- to $1800 ,'
after twelve years from -date of appoint
ment. They have all the benefits of
-retirement and retired pay the same
as commissioned oflcers.-New Yor
ndendent

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