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TRL-W.EEKLY EDJTIOl WNNSBORO, ESTABLISHED 1844.
TUE AVERA09 MAN.
When it comes to a question of trust
Yourseif to the risks of the road,
'hen the thing is the sharing of bur
The liftIng the heft of a load,
In the hour of peril or trial,
In the hour you may meet as you
You may safely depend on the wis
And skill of the average man.
'Tis tfhe average man and no other
Who does his plain duty each day,
Ths small thing his wiage is for doing.
On the commonpla ce bit of the way.
'Tis the average man, may God bless
Who pilots us, still in the van,
Over laud, over sea, as we travel,
Just the plain, hdy, everage man.
So on through the days of existence,
All mingling in shadow and shine,
We may count on the every-day hero,
Whom haply the gods may divine,
But who wears the swarth grime of
And labors and earns as he can,
And stands at the last with the no
The commonplace, average man.
-Margaret E. Sangster, in Harper's
A Cuban Romance.
Tat-tat-tat sound.d in a dreary
monotone from the drums, and slow
ly, in single file, the miserable prison
ersF came into view. Ragged, dirty,
unkempt, footsore, panting from the
blazing August sky, they w.ere truly
a pitiable sight, though they held up
their heads defiantly, and smiled de
risively at the insulting epithets and
grimaces -which the lower classes
heaped upon them, especially in the
iceinity of any officer's residence.
The better classes -of tlr Havanese
showed their sympathy In striking con
trast to the jeers and jibes of the
- baser sort-the men, by their sullen,
Indignant looks; the women, by fre
quent sobs and tears and smothered
The time was 1851. directly after
te capture of Crittenden, Lopez's
brave.lieutenant, in his Ill-starred ex
pedition to Cuba. He and his Spartan
Innnt were these forlorn prisoners.
When they reached the Calle de ]a
.amparilla, one of the narrow streets
the citythe guards suddenly halt
',eficolumn and reverently btared
beads. A funeral procession
Sas approaching from the .opposite
direction; and the line 'was pushed
close towards the houses jutting on
-ftie narrow footway, scarcely worth
lie name of a sidewalk.
A youth arong the foremost fris
oners, who. evidently, had not the
fortitude of his older companions,
judging by his bowed head and deep
dejection, now looked up with a wan
* smile of recognition as a pair of*
dark eyes brimming with tears gazed
through a latticed window at the piti
"Amalla," he whispered.
"Rlobercito! Is It indeed you? Oh,
how ter:-ible! I did not dream you
were with them."
"Oearest cousin,, save me," he re
plied, in Spanish as fluent as her own.
"We are all condemned to be shot in
two days,'perhaps sooner. I am too
young to die.'
"Would that I could, nine querido,
-but, alas! I am powerless as a lamb
"Amalia, dont say that! You have
friends among the Spaniards. For the
-love of my mother-"
"Forward, march!" rang on the air,
and the weary column passed on to
the dungeons of hiorro castle.
That night the Senorita Amalia de
Valdez was a dream of loveliness as
she reclined listlessly among the cush
Ions on a lounge in her ha ndsom-e sa
- l on. Tall, exquisitely formed, with
* etty tresses framing a softly rounded
"'face, wirh "midnight eyes" so large,
so liquid, so lustrous that her admir
ers exhausted the affluence of their
honeyed tongues in praising Them;
with a mouth whose twin carnations
perfect in repose. were still more en
chanting wvhen her smile disclosed the
dazzling teeth within-It was no won
der that the was considered to be the
beauty of beauties in the capital
famed for the grace and loveliness of
The young Captain Antonio de
Rtamon, who presently entered, was
so enraptured with her appearance
that only the presence of the inevi
table duenna restrained him from
t hrowing bimself at her feet in real
Ity, as well as in the formal saluta
tion with which Spanish gentlemen
greet all ladies.
"Beso a V lo pies. senorita."
She responded in the same fashion,
only kissing his 'aands (figuradively)
instead of his feet. But sne looked
pre-occupied, sad, despondent. He
seated himself near her, w'hile the
duenna. her gentle Tia Maria, retired
to a distant corner.
"I'ell me, my soul," said he, "why
are you so melancholy?"
A sigh was the only answer.
'"Ah, yes! I know your tender heart
aches for the poor prisoners you have
seen to-day. Poor fellows! Theirs
Is a terrible fate. But tell me, what
Fis it you wished to ask me? Can
there be a wish of your. I would not
gratify at the risk of. my life, If need
be? I have your precious billet safe
here," and he pointed to his heart.
"You have but to comniand and I will
"Tia mia," said Amala, turning' to
her aunt, "I[ have mislald ,my pearl
bracelet upstailrs. fiRl Iou kindly
--- took for it?"'
The duenna vanished as if she had
expected the request. On tha instant
Amalia said to him,
"You have often sworn that you
love me to distraction; is it not so,
What happiness it was for him to
hear from her lips the diminutive
"ito" added to his flam , which, in
itself, is a caress in words.
"My life, with all my heart and
soul," he exclaimed. But she drew
"No, I give myself only to him who
proves his love."
"What can I do- for you, beloved?"
Dispose of me as you will for life."
"rIt is life I ask. Sit here, beside
me, dearest, and I will tell you."
She then related the scene of the
morning, the discovery that Roberto,
who had passed the previous winter
in Havana with his family, was now
among the prisoners.
"Ha is the son of my favorite aunt
so young, barely sixteen. He came
here to perfect himself in Spanish.
and I inspired him with my own en
thusiasm for the Cuban cause. He
has returned, alas! to die, unless you
will save him for my sake. Should
lie perish, I can never know another
Antonio grew pale as he listened.
"Amalia, you cannot break my
heart thus. Ask me anything else."
"Antonito moil! I love you," she
sobbed. "For you I would give up
home, relatives, country. God grant
me this one favor. Save that poor
chifd, and I swear to become your
wife in another month. You have
said that If I would marry you you
would resign your _ hateful commis
sion in the army and seek a home in
31exico. I will follow you there and
to the ends of the earth."
"You have won." he said after a
pause. "For you 1 will dare anything.
They will die day after to-morrow. I
have but a short time, and now must
leave you, dearest. If I fail, you will
forgive me, will you not? or I will not
survive my disgrace."
Roberto lay -on a pallet beside two
other comrades, who, in the midst of
their own misery, tried to cheer and
fortify the boy, exhorting him to meet
manfully a doom which they felt was
even more terrible for him than for
them. He had been one of the most
enthusiastic volunteers; had fought
well, but now the near prospect of
death szemed to make a coward of
A soldier who spoke a little Eng
lisi entered the cell at this moment
and -roughly bade him, rise and follow
to the captain's. roon. Ro~erto rose
"Courage; my boy,', said -a mid'dle
aged man, "perhaps it is good news
for you. If not, beware lest he w-i:,:
from you a word about Lopez's plans."
"Never fear," lie replied, making an
effort to control his agitation. '-I hate
to die"-here he gulped down a sob
"this way, but I'll not be a traitor.
The guard interrupted further
speech by -pushing him into the cor
ridor with his musket.
"Here is the prisoner, captain."
"Very well; you may retir:., per
Antonio locked the door after him,
and in a low tone briefly related to
Roberto the plan lhe had formulted for
the la tter's -escape.
"Each prisoner will receive three
shots. By dint of extensive. bribery,
and the co-operation of a surgeon,
a secret friend of the Cuban cause,
I have arranged that three blank cart
ridges shall be fired at you. You must,
be careful to simulate death as much
as possible until the word 'Amalia'
is whispered in your ear. Then you
may breathe freely and open your
eyes, for you will be temporarily safe.
Further detils will then have been ar
ranged and told you. The least indis
cretion on your part. the least bung
ling on that of those I have employed,
though only two are in the secret.
will ruin me as well as seal your1
1Roberto thanked him fervently, and
promised him implicit obedience.
"You must not return to your com
"Poor fellows," muttered Roberto.
"The light of hope is shining in
your eyes. and might betray us. Look
as downcast as when you entered, if
possible. Enter sergeantZ" he said, as
he entered the door, "and conduct
this prisoner to a solitary cell He
must have no communication with the
They passed out, and Antonio,
groaning deeply, murmured,
"Oh, my love, what a sacrifice!"
The courtyard of the castle was.
thronged with soldiery as Crittenden
and his unfortunate band were
marched to the death-place just as
day was breaking over the beautiful
bay. Surrounded by hostile soldiers
they still maintained a defiant air,
even when the glittering line of bay
onets faced them,-and they knew all
hope was over.
The command was not obeyed. Crit
tenden proudly. refused in the words
that have passed into history,
"A Kentuckian kneels to none but,
A struggle ensued, in which some
were forced' to their knees; perhaps
all might have been, had not the of
ficer in charge, with a touch of hu
manity, begun giving the orders.
At the word "Fire!" so deadly was
the volley that few survived it, and
they but a few moments Roberto,
happily, had no need to stimulate
deathi. The shock and strain of the
suspense had caused him'to faint, and
the surgeon, who hastened to his .side,
gave a deep sigh of relief as he per
eived Robertos rigid unconscious
"Carry this body, and this, an
this"- pointing to several-"to thi
"If they are not dead now, they wil
soon be under his knife," laughed on
of his assistants.
When Roberto revived 'he foun
himself in a carefully darkened room
With joy he heard the word "Amalia
in a friendly voice. In a day or tw
afterward, according to Antonio'
previously - concerted arrange~f
he was smuggled, in the disguise of ;
water-man, to an American ship I
the harbor and concealed in the holi
all night. Thr next day he thanke
his devoted cousin as he inhaled wit:
a glad sense of freedom, the sof
winds of the Mexico sea. He nieve
returned to Cuba, though his futur
life was replete with striking adven
The gay capital of Cuba was quit
electrified a month later to learn o
the resignation from the army of Cal
tain Antonio, and -his marriage imm
diately after, in spite. of opposition o:
the part of her family, to the supremE
ly beautiful Senorita Amalia de Va]
BURIAL UNDER FIRE.
A Striking Episode of the War, on the Shor
of Guantanamo Bay.
High on the ridge where the marine:
pitched their tents on the shore o
Guantanamo Bay, the first- Cuban so!
taken by American troops. are tb
graves of the men who were killed il
the first land fighting of our war wit!
Spain. They were buried under fin
by men who overlooked no tithe of thi
solemn ceremony, although the singlin
of Spanish bullets rose clear above th,
voice of the chaplain.
The burial squad was composed o
marines from the Texas. Wrapped i
fings, the honorable winding sheet o
soldiers killed in battle, the bodlei
were borne from a tent in which the:
bad lain to a trench dug by men whi
made it deep because their fear tha
the drenching Cuban rains would givi
their comrades to the buzzards wa
greater than their fear of the deat
they rlsked as they plied pick an
Chaplain' ,ones, of the Texas, thi
firing squad,-a few officers aind so#m
cofrespondents stood bareheaded abou
the grave. From the thick cover be
yond there came the _Irregular "puti
putt, putt" of skirmish fire and thi
regular sputter of the macbIne gun
There marines and Spanish guerrilla
were 13ghting -from-thicket to thickei
Soon there-would-be mfore dead to bur
Gently the men of. the Texas-lower
ed the-flag-wound '".oesW-"Soldie
and sailor, too," as Kipling has it
into the earth. The chaeplain stoo
v, th his back to the cover from whic]
came the rattle of musketry, and*be
gan the solemn service. Slow and de
liberately fell the words, and seldov
has their import been realized mon
fully than it was there at the edge o
the bullet threshed jungle..
"Man that is born of woman"
A bullet pecked the earth at his fee
and sent it flying. Others sang ovei
head. Some leaves and 'twigs fel
from the nearest trees. A man or tw<
dropped behind the earth thrown-on
of the grave. The Spanish were firint
on the burial party.
The marines of the Texas raiset
their heads for a second and bowe<
them again. They made no other mc
tion. The officers in command, pali
ordinarily, flushed red as if angere<
by the enemy's sacrilege.
The chaplain moved a pace fron
where he was standing and turned hi
face toward the thicket ;from whicl
the bullets were coming. Then th
words fell slowly and gravely, "Mai
that is born of woman," and so on t
As lhe faced thie fire those who hat
sought she1ner stood up instantly ani
bowed their heads reverently. Tn
lire slackened, ceased. The earth fei
on the flags and covered, them and ths
heroes wrapped within. A man or tw<
dropped a tear and a tender,_ partini
word to his comrades, and the buria
party, its dJuty fittingly done, move<
seaward over the crest of the ridge
out of range.
Half way down the crooked pat]
which led to the landing two of thi
men who had stood -steadily at th<
grave were marked by a Spanis]
sharpshooter, and a Mauser bulle
"pinged" above them. They ran fo
cover like startled game, for the fu
neral was over and they had no desir
to make another.
But the men who were at the grayi
that day will remember long and wit:
a solemn sense of their great lesso1
the words, "Man that is born of we
man."-New York Herald.
Up-toDate Wedding Rings.
The wedding ring plays as impor;
ant a part in the modern nuptial cere
mony as the minister or licens<
There seems to be but one corre<
stle for this country in the matter c
a wedding ring. It Is a perfectly plai
band, with outer surface oval and 11
ner flat. It is made of 22-kara
wich is deemed the most serviceabl
The most popular ring is of mediui
size-a little less than a quarter of a
inch wide-though in effect much nal
rower because of the oval edges. Ut
less the 'buyer has some preferenc
for very narow or very broad ban<
he is advised to take a tanpenn
weight ring, this being the regulatio
weIght for the melium size. It cost
$10. The 'tiny narrow rings has
~ever been popular, for In order
wear at all the ring must be so dee
that it cuts into the other fingers an
is deeddedly uncomfortable. So, toi
are the extremely wide rings, whice
often make a callous just -between Ct
band arid the edge of the ring on t'
inner sidelef the. rixg figer.-Ghicas
FARM AND GARDEN NEWS
ITEMS OF INTEREST ON 'AGRICULTURAI
Breeding Young Sows - Restoring "Wor
Cut " Land-Blight in Pear Trees-Losse
From Sheep Scab...Stimulating Food fo
BREEDING YOUNG SOWS.
Every sow that is intended as
breeder should be bred'young. Sh
wilknot produce as big a litter then a
.he will later, but it is-important fo
all li-r future progeny that the ten
dency to milk production should b
early established. After her first 1ii
ter, for the same reasont one or two c
f her pigs should be allowed to suckl
the sow until they are ten weeks old
though both the pigs and the youn;
.sow should be fed liberally, so the
this long sucking of her pigs shoul
not be too great a strain on the sow.
RESTORING "WORN OUT" LAN]
Whether it will pay. to restore fe3
tility to land from which it has bee
exhausted by cropping, depends muc
on its original character. If it had a
first a good proportion of potash an
phosphate. it is probably rather heav
in texture, and much of this mineri
plant food is locked up in clods, i
cultivation while the soil was wet wi
inevitably make. Subdue these sod
by thorough cultivation through on
year. and the next spring give a goo
Qeeding with clover, and it will effec
a gre-at ekange. even if no manure i
.p r lied. But in all cases where lan
-upposed to be exhausted is to b
seeded with clover, some mineral fei
tilizer in available form should also b
BLIGHT IN PEAR TREES.
The first thing to be done in pea
"nlture is to subsoil and underdrai
hie land. The pear has long ta
-oots. and succeeds best in a cool
* noist. not wet, subsoil, so the rool
ay penetrate ileep, which enable
6m to - withstand drouth. A sand
-oi! is too warm and dy during sun
ner, which causes leaf Wlight, als
'oo mnch fresh horse manure wi
have the same effect. I have ha
-everal to die from the above name
ai ~e. A loamy, porous soil is we'
aapted for he penetration of pea
r , so and in such-soilthere is scarcf
y ever any blight. The roots of th
....ear penA4 tra05je'~ t~e sil~4ianc
ipportan-of ep DS
. it bard ran will -not do, as the root
I -annot penetrate deep enough so th
trees will be shortlived.-C. W. No:
ris in Agricultural Epitomist.
LOSSES FROM SHEEP SO AB.
The losses from sheep scab i
home industry have been, and sti:
are, very severe inmost sheep raisin
t countries. They are due to the she
ding of the wool, the loss of cond
tion" and death of the sheep in vat
>numbers, annually. In the Unite
tStates some sections have been ovea
run with sheep scab, and many pei
sons engaged in the sheep industr
1 have been forced to forsake it becaus
of their losses from this disease. I
its destruction of invested capita
sheep scab is second only to ho
cholera among our animal diseases
The large flocks of the Western State
have, suffered severely, and are cox
stantly sending diseased animals I
the great stock yards of this countra
As a consequence, this marketing<
affected sheep. the stock yards ai
continually infected, and any shee
purchased in these markets are, ux
less properly "dipped," likely to d4
velop the disease after they are take
to the country for feeding or breec
ing. There is in thiis way a constar
distribution of the contagion, an
thousands of persons who know litti
of its nature or-the proper methods<
curing it find that the y have introdt
ced it upon their promises.
STIUtLATING FOOD FOR HEN:
1N2eat, red pepper, etc., fed to hei
during the winter undoubtedly e:
courages egg production, but fed
large quantities will debilitate tl
t layers, causing widespread disea
and sickly, enfeebled offspring. 01
winter I fed corn meal mush, strong
seasoned with red pepper, daily,
sveity-five hens. They had fair:
comfortable quarters-no artifici;
heat-and the number -of eggs the
produced astonished g:all. WhE
. April arrived, I had thirty-five chick
any numnber of hens setting; and we
coking forward to ani enormoi
crop of broilers. But as the weath<
grew warmer, my hens began
-droop and die, almost without war
-ing. laying hens, setting hens, broo<
mg hens-they all died, and the youi
chickens followed suit. The ne:
winter I had but a beggarly array
six hens in my chicken-house-and
- did not feed t 2m red pepper.
'Some years later I experimente
- with fresh mvaat, feeding -ali the hel
~would eat. and the result was as b
fore. An enormous number of egj
in the winter-almost total extinctic
'of the flock following in the sprin
e I am older now, and I no longer a
tempt to force unnatural egg produc
ion, contending myself with a re
sonable number of "winter" egg
Shealthy hens, and plenty. of sprix
0 chickes.-A. J. Leland in Agrict
COMMON SENSE FARMING.
h While there is no question abo
e specialty farming and intesity farm
e lg being most profitable, !there is
oways danger of -narrowingphe specin
t.es down so close .that thip.failure
a crop means using up all available
cash if not running into debt. In any
and all branches of farming the first
principle is to produce on the farm,
as far as possible, all th food needed
by the family and stock. This done,
only the money crops are to be con
sidered, and if two or three are prop
erly studied they can be managed as
well as a single specialty crop. Then.
r too, if stock is kept. the common
sense farmer will try and grow such
crops as will be readily marketable,
yet lihe some portion for stock food,
and leave the ground to be utlilized
a either for a second market crop or a
e cattle food crop. Thus, early peas
s will give a crop of vines for stock
feeding and.the ground can be put in
- turnips and afterwards seeded to win
e ter rye, which will furnish an early
- spring green crop to the stoek. As
f fast as the rye is cut the land may
e be sown to peas and oats for late
green rood if the pasture is likely to
be scant, or to fodder corn or to bar
t ley for fall feeding. The soil at all
I times kept to the highest point of fer
tility, the stock fed a variety of food
grown on the place, the family fully
y supplied with fruits and vegetables in
season and the money crop that which
is best understood and best marketed,
is common-sense and profitable farm
EASY METHOD OF BLANCHING
The common and laborious process
of earthing up and winter storage
s of celery is doubtless a great obstacle
e in the way of its culture by many
I busy farmers. This easy method of
t blanching, at least for moderate sup
s plies, is suggested, whlich does away
i altogether with the necessity of
trenches or banking. If intended for
winter blanching, about the middle
e of November the plants are taken up
on a dry day and placed in water-tight
troughs or other vessels in a quits
dark cellar, the plants standing erect
and closely together. Enough water
r is poured on the roots to cover them,
i and the supply is.-,continued through
p the winter as it faporates. Th's
constitutes the sntire labor. Th:.
s stalks are gradually and liandsondy
s blanched in the darkness. -.id many
y new ones spring up during the' winter
months, especially if the apartment is
D not very cold, and these new shoots
1 are remarkable for thei'r delicacy and
I perfect freedom from any particle of
I rust, appearing like polished .ivory.
. A small separate apartment in the- cel
r lar, without windows, answers well
i for this purpose. Boxes, tubs, or- any
e vessels which will hold .a4few inches
e of ' _
, ljTs as grown in t e open ground,
a need not be earthed up at all, or they
e may be- slightly earthed to bring them
-Into a more compact form if desIred.
Probably the best way would h to
adopt the course which is sometimes
employed of setting out the plants in
summer on the level surface of delp,
I rich soil, eight oi ten inches or a foot
.1 apart each way, in order that their
close growth may tend to give them
a more upright form. They are mere
ly kept clean by hoeing through the
CARING FOR CORN
y Tf there is any objection to
e ern plan of husking corn
a stalk before cutting, it is
1 grower is apt to learve ci
gstalks too long, or cvred i
.them to leave the shceksi
s instead of carting tlem to
- shed shelter. Considerable
o best food material is r'ashet
.the fodder by this practice ol
f ting it to stand in the fe24
e wanted for use. As the valu
p shredded corn fodder becomes bette.
<known it is being more extensiveP'
Sused 'and will doubtless become uni1
nversal in sections where considerab]
-stock Is fed. One trouble in pas
t seasons was in the storing of tLh
d shredded fodder, much of it moulc
e ing. This may be avoided if the pr,
if caution is taken to have the stalke
.thoroughly dried out in the fields o.
under cover before running thmen.
tarough the machine. If shreddini
. the fodder is too expensive an.'oper
L ation. as it is in some sections. eve
1- t'he small grower will tind it a decide
n advantage to cut the stalks bafo
* feeding. This will result in the f'
e der being enten c'ean and if cut
e and mixed with a little bran or
y meal, just 'enough to flavor i'
o cattle will hardly waste a hand
y a day's ration.
y EXTERMINATING TH~E P0
sIn spite of the P'aris green a
s poisonous sprays, the potato b.
stinues to multiply in our midst.
r every season the work has to ha
oover again. If some more systematic
effort to exterminate these bugs wver:
exerted by. the farmers, it seems as if
their numbrs ought to ba kept dowr
tat least. The trouble chiefly is that
after the potato crop has been gath.
Iered no further attention .is given to
the noxious insects. They are al
dlowed to remain in the potato field,
sas a rule, and to burrow down intc
e the soil to spend their winters. If
ssomething was done to destroy all of
the old bugs in the fall w2 would have
a much smaller crop to deal with it
t the spring.
A good way is to go over the potate
field after the crop has been harvest
ed, and pick every bug that can be
-found. Then it will pay one to cut a~
lbushel or two of the small potatoes
and distribute them over the field.
Tnis, if anything will, will attract the
bugs from their underground hidina
t place. Then the field should be hunt
a- ed over morning anid afternoon. Ii
1- every hill where the potatoes were
- put bugs will be found. By destroy
f ing them diligently for a few dayi
in this way very few wil be Dermit1
ted to wtfiter in the potato field.
The same operation should be re
peated in the spring when the old
bugs come forth from their winter
quarters. They are lean and hungry
then, and a few pieces of potato will
attract them. ''hey can be
off tha potatoes ar. kille , and the
pieces of tuber. be p ack for an
other crop of bugs. !B the time the
vines are up the numbe 'of old bugs
to lay eggs will be very small. Than
a ceaseless warfaie hould be con
ducted against the yougtL ones that
will of course appear. Not one of the
n w crop should be allowed to reach
maturlty. Children can do all this
work as well as men, and for a few
pennies plenty of boys can be tempt
ed to do the work systematically.
In the end this would prove better
than using Paris green, if It were hot
that some neighbor would not
form the work. The result would
that the old bugs will fly from%
field to another, and the diligent work
of one farmer will be neutralized by
the carelessness of another. Under the
circumstances it seems that some law
ought to be passed to make the killing
of potato bugs compulsory. In many
States farmers have to destroy certain
noxious weeds before they go to seed
under the penalty of a heavy fine.
Would it not be as just to compel ev
ery ond to destroy all of the young po.
tato bugs In the spring, and prevent
the old ones from wintering In your
field at the expens of your neighbors.
One of Norway's Bright Women.
Anna Hanstehn, daughter of Dr.
Christopher Hansteen, a professor in
the University of Norway, has for
many years been known throughout
Scandinavia as a champion of wo
man's rights, and she was the first wo
man to speak in public In the Scandi
navian Kingdom. Her first efforts to
bring about better conditions for wo
men were met with scorn and con
tumely, but she pursued her work
with unceasing vigor. In 1870 some
articles of hers appeared In a daily pa
per on "Women's Opinions on the Sub
jection of Women," and some years
later appeared her book, "Women Cre
ated in the Image of God," this latter
being a collection of lectures she had
delivered between the years of 1876
Her early years were devoted to
painting. She studied for some years
in Christiana, Copenhagen and Dus
seldorf, and made i namc- .for herself
as a portrait painter. -With money
earned in this way she -asable to go
to Paris, which had bie10for a long
p*meheigreat dedre-ge 6he zehi0
TteQt- ; e 3il i rilm b -d i
She the.-n took a studio in that city,
and worked diligently on several Bibli
cal pictures. Her incessant labo.s.
caused nervous prostration, and in 1854
.he returned to Norway, entirely bro
ken in health. It was ten years before
she recovered, and then, with her
same energy, she took up the cause of
the advancement of women, which she
I has worked at with all the powers of
her being. and with an utter forgetful
ness he is, next to Camilla
'on of woman's
A noyvelty in a clock is announced
wheh has no special merit except as
a curiosity. The object of new inven
tions in the clock line is to avoid
frequent wmnding, while at the same
Itime maintaining the regularity that
cnsttutes the cLief ;alt.e of a clock.
ThId device is somewhat on the hour
glass order. It registers the time ac
curately by the running of the mer
cury from one end of the glass to the
other. The clock is built In two sec
tions, and an indicator marks the pre
cise time consumed by the mercury
in passing from the~ upper to the low
er. This clock must be turned when
the lower section Is emptied, which
*is really about as much work as wind
ing the clock. The novelty, however,
may appeal to many tastes.-New
Bombay, India, is well supplied with
water, the quantity available for each
personi being forty to fifty gallons a
day, while judging by other indian
cities, ten gallons a day would he
enough for all domestic purposes.
MRS. CONDON, MITTEN CAPITALIS
The Big Industry a New Engln&W*oais
Started on 540.
At South Penobscot, Me., lives tse
mitten capitalist of the United States.
Mrs. A.C. Condon is the name of this
_althy woman and she distributes
every year from 12;000 to 15,000 dozen
pairs of mittens. She is a livingillus
tration that it pays to knit mittens, a
modern, up-to-date proof of thefact
that our grandmothers knew what
they were doing. Mrs. Condon's story
shows whatM ,brave,plucky New, Eng
land woman-n do when she setisher
mind to it. Mrs. Condon aswrfitten
this statement of her mitten industry
from its beginning up..to the. present
"I began-business in 1864 with a
capital of $40 in a - little -room about
15by5 k'2eet in size. I first made
over w'rn-out felt hats thiown-away
b men,cleaned,shaped and turned
m and then made them over into
s for women and girls. Then, as I
dyed in the country where there was
no industry, but very many willing
hands, I resolved to procure, if pos
sible, some work for those idle hands
"I went to Boston and saw some
yarn manufacturers and from them
got twenty-five pounds of yarn on
credit, this yarn to be made [into mit
tens. The manufacturers firnished'
the yarn,and I put it out at thehomes
of the people near where I lived. I
had difficulty in starting the work and
was obliged to return part of the yarn
to the manufacturers at the end. of the
year because I found it impossible to
have it all knit into mittens.
"This was not very encouraging for
a year's work, but I persevered -and
at the beginning of the second 'year
one family insisted on having some
yarn to knit into mittens. So I tried
it over again and after it once got well
started I could-not supply the demand
for yarn. Tons of yarn were sent to
me and my business grew until I paid
the steamboat company the- largest
freight bills of any one who did bi
ness on the Boston and Bangor route.
From 10,000 to 15,000 dozen mittens
were manufactured yearly, an besides
making mittens we made ladies' and
misses' hoods and caps, toques, etc.
"I had 1500 names on my booksAi o
people who were at work for me, and. -
many more that were really working,
as on my books there woula be only
one name from-each house though..
perhaps two, three dr
of the house66odagere
timesAs A44jiO rer
by hand gradualy decressednma
chines camin to takethe p1Iee t
kiitting. .In 1882 Ibegan to buy ma
chines andkept adding. to my -stoek
until now I have eighty-two mannes.
We makefrom 12,000to15,00Adozes -
in one year on the machines. Oie of
my girls has-made 104 pairs of mt
tens in one day, - small single mittens,
and eightf-five. pairs of boys' double
lined mittens. 'Nearly all the machines
are run at the homes of the knitters,
for in that way they make more
"Girls on an average make about
our dozen of cheap mittenis or two
zen of lined mittens in aty: We
o a great many fine 'fancy-backed
us of ailsizes of these the
make fro .e to two dozen a
The of knitting used to
4 a pai. Then it dropped
d it is about that now."
A New Kind of Headacpe.I
Jepartmental headaches are a din
-t malady," remarked a well-known
'sician, "and it is somewhat of a
prise how many sufferers there are
.ong departmental clerks from this
uble. The thing seems to grow
~ng them, and they have their
daches as regular as they have
~ir work. All kinds of remedies
used, and while the .variouns pro
tary medicines and ten-ngnaute
s so called cure for a :whi ~ $hey.
n to lose their power to relieve
frequent use. Lack of'ventila.
'a majority of cases is probalily
ause, but this does not explain
ie cases, for the reason that in
v of the rooms in the departments
entilation is as perfect as it can
avided by human ingenuityg and
, advantage of the science of yen
*on is taken. Of ' course the ar
,ement for lighting the room's has
iderable to do with it. The light
d never be admitted to a deek
ctly. It should come from the
of the clerk, if it is possible to
ye it so. This prevents a strain on
e eyes, which in many cases results
'n headaches. A simple remedy which
is worth trying is to put a rubber
bina around the head just above the
ears. 'ie-ad should not be tig'ht
enough to .stop til's circulation of the'
blood. The band known as the string
band is usually sufficientlyheavyforthe
purpose. It should be applied just as
soon as it is iioticed that the headache
is setting in and taken. off' the moment
the pain ceases. In mnany cases the
rubber band works nicely, though it
affords no relief when the headache i.
the result of stomach troubles or bil
iousness. -Washington Star.
Queer R~est of a Cycle Accideas.
At Sydenham, Christchurch, New -
Zealand,a cyclist named William Hir
per, when riding home after attending
a dance, ran full speed into a night
cart whieli was stauding parallel withn
the footpath, resulting in .his ^almost
instantaneous death. No evidence of
eternal injdry .was apparent about
the deceased, but an autopsy revealed "
the fact that hislirer was complete* .
torn in two. Beinga member oftb.h
Cycling Volunteer .company, he waiK
accorded a military funeral, a
over ten thousand people vi
eut-Cycling Gasome.. '