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ml WEEKLY EDITION WJNNSBORO, S.C., JANUARY 21, 1899, ESTABLISHED 1844.
Els you l year had withered in- the
h e d his were bred.
'To wa ur'ci, and, thoU;Zh lis were
ITe-r:s wined that he were ded.
&n I so wished he; for in his wearied soul
Ther was but one desire
to sli) away, to reach a strange, vague
e tine would cease to tire.
Lut on a dazy some one with grave, sweet
pl temler, skilliul hands,
,rme to his side, and bore him from the
it seemed, to far-oZ lands.
ST E E SIL El\
-: By W. L. Comfort,
der, in private
ranks, never told
just why he was
i-icked by his
never told any
thing. That ac
counts for his
being left to him
self more than is
common or judicious for one of Uncle
Sa-'s hersemen in field or post.
A troop is a family of big boys.
Somne oL them are big bad boys, and
an odd thing about it is that these
are not always the unpopular ones.
Troopers do not fall on the neck of a
new man. They treat him with pin
nacteJ dignity, like old cavalry horses
treat additions to the picket line. If
the new man, in a reasonable period.
develops no objectionable traits, he
will find haimself a member of the
family, which are other words for a
Bat he can't be a silent man nor a
sneak; neither can he manipulate a
voluminous correspondence. These
things arc fatal. Lander was a silent
He was also my "bunkie," which
means that I could put out a hand al
most any time in the night and touch
him. Naturally, under such condi
tions,my very proper prejudice against
him on account of his infernal reserve
-would either grow into an uncomfort
able suspicion, ifnot worse; or else I
would learn to look beyond this seri
ons mental derangement of his. As it
was, I began to feel for him that
* strong, wholesome respect which one
always has for physical capability,
-when it is not accompanied by mental
When I liked Lander'a face. He
s a handsome fellow-handsome
Ustride his horse, and at mess and at
grooming-handsome when silent.
Yet I have seen his eyelids droop over
a wicked pair of shining eyes, and
seen an ugly, bloodless look about his
I saw this on the hot day when
QLientenanb Mat Crim 1kicked him in
'A the back, because-I w-.shI knew my
self. I will tell you what I saw.
A couple of troops of the regiment
were out on a target range. We were
campjed in a bunch of unaspiring foot.
hills which, late in the afternoon,
rested in the huge conical shadow of
Old Baldy. The tip of Old Baldy's
icy cone punctures the sky at one of
the highest points in Arizona. We
were in that saud-stricken land where
wayfarers have to climb for water and
dig for fuel-wood. We were in that
heat-ridden laud where the lean, long
coyote scents death and trots cau
tiously thither-where the vulture
cranes his bare crimson neck from be
bind a cloud, and peers earthward for
Lieutenant Mat Crim was a little
wasp-waisted chap, who had a dirty
trick of getting mad. His West Point
days were too fresh in his mind for
him to be a good officer. He never
allowel himself to lose sight of the
fact that he was a commissioned
ofileer and that a mighty stretch of
superiority lay between him and a
common, enlisted man. Crim had
just been -transferred to our troop.
Lander had come from another regi
meut two months before. The two
men met that hot afternoon-just be
fore grooming time.
Lander saluted. Crim stopped
short, caught at his breath several
times and began to relieve himself of
a lot oZ livid English, all of which
struck me as mysterious. Lander
stood "at attention," said something
in a low voice and walked away.
Lieutenant Crim was ungovernable.
He sprang after Lander, kicked him
ithe back and said:
'Tl make life miserable for you,
Charlie Howard!" which I judge must
have been Lander's civilian name.
Lander laughed low and melodi
ously. I was thinking how wicked
Lander looked when he laughed that
way. Then the bugle sounded
Every man in the troop detested the
lieutenant, and all admired Lauder for
keeping his nerve. One of the most
unprofitable things a soldier can do is
to strike a superior officer. The same
kind of a finish awaits him as if he had
bean iena sleeping at his post.
I watched Lander. and Lander
watchcd Lieutenant Crim during -the
several following wveeks. And theyv
were otmpretty eyes, those stran-;
eves of adrs as theyv triled cte
movemnents of his~ superior- citiur
To a!!. he creerved his .el-bne
intensit . (:ad. in diee d. wou! i~ 1 ha.
be-en to com:e verv elose to' thei~
of this elle~nt man. hecanse 1 ean
to have eep- :eelings for him. H-e
pcsscessed the colid nerve which makes
heroes, and the great warm heart
which mnake-s friends-I was sure of
Yet, after all, 'twas bS -wliritng hour
Oat of the sme na toa'n
To wher tao shy shone withi unblemished
Omr f :ir, broad down.
And he. the crirple, whose sad Springs
Ihau one wao watched him knew.
Ha I ' r seen so much green grass be
Nor skies so big an: blue.
Hie was so softly ala1, o full of peace,
He laid hin ba:nd sihedj.
And w:ttehed the deep sky and its flvating
Dreaina that ho had di1.
-J. J. Ilell, in Chamwbers's Journal.
21-3 B 00 -5 UI
T TROOFEE. 4
Fifth U. S. Cavalry.
to cover his troubles, so he did not
confide in men. Heroes can hate well.
Why my eyes wandered to the op
oosite side of one of Lander's letters
;while he was holding it up, and there
lingered for a single disgraceful -
ond, is something more than I can ex
plain. I can only regret it. At any
rate, I saw these words:
"Oh, Charlie, do let me come to
A laly-killer is my silent friend,
thought I; but didn't mean to read
part of his letter-really, I didn't.
After five weeks the troops were
ordered to the barracks. No cne was
sorry, for life on target range in Ari
zona is tedious, putting it with studied
mildness. And then they have mos
qaito nettingin the barracks.
A tragedy was enacted on those
moonlit foothills at Old Baldy's base
the last night on range. I am not a*
handy man at tragedies. It was this
"Say, old chap," said Lander in a
light manner the morning before, "do
a little favor for me, will you? I want
you to meet a lady for me. I believe
I will have another engagement to
I "A lady in this country!" I whis
pered excitedly. Nothing but greaser
aaidens and squaws had I seen for
Reluctantly he handed me a note,
part of which is below:
"I could not help coming. I was frantic
when I learned that he was transferred to
your troop. You must meet me to-uight.
D;id you think I could forget you. Oh,
Charlie, I may be acting unwomauly, but I
am desperate. No one knows me here in
the village. I will be near the last adobe,
but on te north. Oh. why did you go
away? I thought * * Come to-night.
1 "- LSI."
"It's a common yarn," said Lander
nervouIly. "She k-new ie up North
as a civilian. Crn and I were sta
tioned there, but be did not know me.
I was only a private. She was lovely
to us both. The cueer thing sabout it
is that I won out.. Then it 0occurred
to me that I was only a common sol
dier, who had flunked at everything
else he tried, and hardly fit to marry,
so I applied for a transfer and chased
out. She woul la't have Crinm any
"Now Crim turns up again in the
attitude of my superior o~icer, which
is very dramatic, and the little wom
an is here, which is also very dramat
ic; and as I can't see them~ both, I
want you to go to her. I must keep
the other engagement. Tell har I'm a
deserter or dead or any old thing--"
For the second time I heard Lan
den laugh low and melodiously. I can
h ean it yet.
"There'll be a show down to-night,"
IAfter retreat, the lieutenant called for
his hor se and loped slowly townward.
The san was red and low, a~nd the
silken flag over headquarters was
cased for the night. A little later
Lander entered the tent, threw his
cartridge-belt about him and saun
tered carelessly out.
"Don't keep the little woman wait.
ing long," he whispered to me. I
wtched his form grow dim in the
shadows toward the village. Then I
stepped into my cartridge belt, looked
at my six-shooter and became one of
the mysterious townward procession.
Something is going to drop on the vil
lage road this night, I thought.
Lander was sitting by the road-side
a mile from camp. He smiled, but
did not speak to me. While I waited,
I iwondered why Ihadnotremembered
to shake hands with Lander that
It seemed a long time before the
lieutenant's horse was heard down
the road. I hoped that Lander would
not pick off his man from ambush. I
hated to think be would do it.
"Dismount, lieutenant!I" sang out
the man who had been kicked, and he
did not salute his superior ofzicer.
What Crim said as he obeyed is
rather important but not necessary to
this narrative. But Crim knew then
that he was only a comimon human
man, like the being before him, whom
he had kicked. He saw in the faded
twilight a private in the regular army
who in the presence of other men was
h is slave: but. wvho alone, in the foot
hills of Arizon'a, was a coo], deter
mined, smiling foe. He saw before
him the handsome Charlie Howard,
who was loved by a vwoman he loved.
He saw the reckless light in Howard's
ees which boded no good. And in
site of all these things, Lieutenant
Mat Crim was game.
The moon was looking over old
Ba~ldy's icy crown now and the great
.!ome~ above and the sand below were
:iledi with its whitenessa. ltl
-You actedl the cowa-d once, ltl
',nieer-try to be at manU io.uight," I
card Landier say. "ft was imprac
ile to procure - ofuds, so von will
nave to rely upou tbe honor of a comn
zon soldier. Perhaps von never as
neiated such 1eniments with an en
:ix-shooter. I was too wft-hearted to
>ruise you with my hands."
Crim looked at his man keenly. He
hen looked over his six-shooter care
ully. He had been a clever shot at
"Who gives the signal?" he added,
:Iearing bi3 throat.
"Count three in the position of
raise pistol,'" said Lander politely,
'after which you are at liberty to fire
.s soon as you please."
Crim's tall gelding browsed uneasily
md whinnied. He wanted to get back
:o the hay on the picket line, but he
was a trained cavalry horse and did
2ot think of trotting ofT alone. I
,atched, not knowing what else to do.
Both men took position, and came
:o the regulation "raise pistol."
"Ready?" asked the lieutenant,
:learing his throat again.
"All ready," answered the silent
nan cheerifully. The moonbeams
whitened his forehead.
"One;" said the lieutenant. Both
nen were motionless.
"Two!" he screamed. His arm
Iropped. There was a noise aud an
mpty shell in his six-shooter. The
ieutenant had forgotten to say
Lander was dying in the moonlight,
mnd there was no empty shell in his
ix-shooter! Mat Crim, his super
or officer, ran to his horse like a thing
flrighted, and galloped away.
"Go and tell her, old chap," Lan
ler whispered, "that Charlie Howard
vas afraid to meet her to-night. Tell
ier that his memory is a far worthier
hrine for her worship than-a com
non cavalryman. Tell her that I was
t deserter, because old man, I think a
ot of the little witch. You needn't
elI her that Crim is a coward-just
my he is a good ihot."
And when there were no more words
[ hurried away to the village to keep
Lander's engagement. She was there
-a little thing-prettyand trembling.
rhere was a lace handkerchief in her
land and a soft perfume about her.
I told her what Lander had said.
3he did not cry, but clutched my arm
with fierce strength.
"Take me to him," she demanded.
I led the way back over the rolling
oad, and when we neared the spot
where I had left my silent friend in
he moonlight, I heard a long, low,
nournful howl, the answer mingled
with the echo.
"Let us hurry-faster!" I said.
There was no change. Lieutenant
Uat Crim hadnotreturned. The wom
in picked up the pistol wbch had
fallen by the silent man's side, and
threw open the cylinder with the ease
>f a veteran. Six loaded cartridges
'ell into her hand.
"You saw it all?" she questioned
lowly. "And he was your friend?" v
"Then vou will kill thie crord fori
rour frietd's sake!" She spoke the
words altogether too loudly.
"He is my superior officer,madame,"
"Leave me now," she ccmmanded.
"But, madame," I objected, "I
nust walk with you back to the vill
"No, no! Leave me. I have this."
he was replacing the cartridges into
As I stood watching her, a bugler in
hie camp a mile away played the last
~all a soldier hears at night-the
ournful, melancholy taps. And I
ooked down upon my friend, t'.se si
.ent man-they would sound tay.s over
aim to-morrow-and I forgot that I
vas only a private in the regular army.
"Leave me now," she repeated.
And when I had gone a few paces I
:urned. She was bending low.
The moon was high above old Bald-y
aow, and his whiteness was upon the
apturned face of the silent man.
Lieutenant Mat Crim called for his
sorse the next morning, when a guard
old him that the bodies of Private
ander and a white wvoman had been
found out in the chaparral-Detroit
The Last Days of Carlyie.
He generally spends his mornings
ill about half past two o'clock b2
tween lying on the sofa, reading in
is easy chair and smoking an
>ccasional pipe, writes Garlyle's
iece, Mary, to his sister, Mrs. Han
ning, in the Atlantic. At half past two
be goes out to drive for two or two
ind a half hours, sleeps on the sofa t~ll!
dinner time (half past six), then after
dinner sleeps again, at nine has tea,
reads, or smokes, or talks, o'r lies ou
the sofa till bedtime, which is usually
ibout midnight, and so ends the day.
H looks very well in the face, has a
Ene, fresh, ruddy complexion, and an
immense quantity of wvhite hair, his
oice is clear and strong, he sees and
hears quite well; but for the rest, as
[ have said, he is not good at moving
ibout. In general he is wonderfully
good-humored and contented; and on
the whole carries his eighty-four
rears well. He desires me to send
you his kind love, and his good
vishs; as you know, he writes to
sobody at all. I do not think he has
written a letter, even dictated one,
or over a year.
A Straw Hat and a Contented Shark.
A Chinaman named Ah Hoi, con
victed at the Kohala Court of having
>pium in his possession, and under
sentence, jumped from the Kinau and
was probably eaten by a shark. At
my rate nothing was seen of the pris
ner after he disappeared over the
side, and the policeman who had him
in (castody has 'been discharged for
arelessness. The officer did not
notify the steamer men of the jump of
the Chinaman till the Kinau was a
ile or more away from the locality of
Lhe dive. The Kinau was put about,
ut all that could be seen was the
traw hat of the Chinaman and a large
shark swimming leisurely a'-out. The~
steamer was sevetal miles at sea whent
:he prisoner made his break.--Pacifiu,
A Terrib!e Messmate.
As I sit down to pen this little in
cident of my liFe, writes a South
African woman in the Wide World
Magazine, this is the picture that rises
before me: It is early morning in my
beautiful African home (beautiful
with a strange fascination that is all
its own). rising hastily, I throw on
a wrapper and, opening the glass
doors, step out on the stoop. The
morning is fresh and clear after the
dust-storm of the previoas evening,
and palling up the grass hiinds I look
out on tie promise of tae coming
Calling my husband, I begin to
pour oat the coffee, when the Kafir
nurse appears with our baby boy. He
is the picture of health and is clamor
ing for his porridge. I gave him a
plateful, with a generous allowance of
milk, and as one makes the most oi
the cool of the day in Africa, I tell
him he may take it outside and eat it,
thinking he wonld stay on the stoop.
Instead of this, however, the little
fellow marched off to the rookery,
which of late seemed to have become
his favorite place-a beautiful spot it
was, with its tall red and white cactus
trees and brilliant scarlet creepers.
Hurriedly finishing his breakfaqt,
my husL.nd remarked that he and the
"ooys"-as all Kairs are called, old
or young-would be late in starling
with the transport wagon to the town,
so he kissed me, and laughingly
promised to bring the child and ine
something from the town., Then he
went ont and disappearcd into the
compound, waving his hand as he
turned the corner.
Picking up my hat, I went out to find
my baby boy. He was not on the
stoop, so I walked on and turned the
corner towards the rockerF. Suddenly
I caught a glimpse of the fair carls on
his dear baby head, and I softly called
his name. The very nett moment I
beheld a sight which seemed to freeze
my blood and root me to the spot,
speechless with horror.
My child was seated on a stone,
eating his porridge, and close by his
side was a huge snake, one of the
most venomous of its species. Alter
nately that amazing pair took a spoon
ful of the porridge! All at once Isaw
the ghastly reptile raise its head, as i
to strike, but instead, gracefally carv
ing its head downwards, it took some
milk out of the plate. ]a anger the
infant strabk it with the a' con, saying
at-th ' e 'time, "No, no! Boma
Sion urn now." Ty and re
alize my onishment whew the reptile
only cowered down in the leaves,
watching the child out of its tiny
bright eyes. My precious little one
finished his porridge, and placing the
plate down, watched whilst the snake
drank up the milk he had evidently
left for it; there seemed to be a most
friendly understanding between them.
I watched them for some time as in
a dream, and then, calling my son
softly by name, I moved lorward a
step in fear and trembling. The
snake, at the sound of my voice,
raised itself and, seeing me, disap
peared from view. Rushing for ward,
I clasped my child in my arms, as
thongh he were some lost treasure
suddenly fannd again. I smothered
him with kisses, and not once again
during the day did I ev-en lose sight of
Anxiously I watched for my hus
band's home-coming to tell him my
tale of horror. When he had heard
my morning's experience, he viewed
the extraordinary incident with the
sane feelings of hiorror that I did. He
agreed that something must be done
o.1he following day.
Very light was my sleep that night,
and many times did I get up and look
at my s'eeping baby, thanking Gol he
was safe, as I beheld his darling
Next morning, when the usual
breakfasthonr arrived, I coaxed the
claild to have his meal with me on the
stoop, whilst my husband took a plate
of steaming hot milk down to the
rockery, trusting that the well-known
love of snakes for warm milk would
bring "Bomn Siong" out of its nest.
Nor was he deceived. Almost im
mediately the snake came gliding
aong, but seemed puzzled and some
what suspicious at not finding the
child there as usual. The smell of
the milk, however, soon proved
stronger than its suspicions, and the
dangerous reptile began to drink.
My husbaud at one raised his gun
and fired, killing the snake at one
hot. Then he carefully buried it out
of sight, telling me not to say any-1
thing to the child. Next day my boy
went to the rockery as usual, and
great was his grief that his strange
companion did no'; appear. For weeks
he fretted, and watched every morning
for his fearful pet.
A Whale's 1tevenge.
A widely known and feared devil
fish has its headquarters in the North
ern Pacitie, mostly along the America
coast, especially acrecting the Gulf o
California. This huge creatare isa
mammal, one of the great whale family,
really a rorqual of medium size and
moderate yield of oil. Only the elite
of the Yankee whalemen, dexterous~
in. daring as are all the tribe, cn
none to get "to wir dwardt" of the dia
helicaly cunning giants. It is a poe
liar characteristic of this arnimal tha
it seems ever on the dIert. searely'::
posing for one moment its broad:iel
above the sea-surface when rising to
spot, and generally traveling, nuike
il its congeners, not upon, ba fei
feet below the water. For this reasou.
and in this fishery alone, the whalers
rm themselves with iron-shafted har
poons, in order to strike with grea'er
force and certauityol' direction a whale
sone distence beneati the sar-ace. A
stauidiag or-er, too, among them is
never by any chauce to injre a calf
w',ile the mnother lives, since such an
act exposes all andi sunawry neir tic
spot to imminent and violent death.
Neglect of this mostnecessaryprccau
tion, or more probably accident, once
brought about a calamity that befell a
fleet of thirteen A'nerican whaleships
which had been eugaged in the "bow
head" fishery aaoug the ice-does of
the Arctic Pacific. In order to waste
no time, they came south when winter
set in, and by common consent ren
eezvoused in :Mlargharita Bay, Lower
California, for a month or two's "devil
The whales were exceedingly abun
dant that season, an d all the ships were
soon busy with as much blubber as
they conlId manage. The ease with
which the whales were being obtained,
however, led to considerable careless
ness and for-eiTalness of the fact that
the whale never changes its habits.
One bright moruing. about three weeks
after the opening of the season, the
whole flotilla of fifty-two boats, four
from each ship, had been lowered and
were making their way as rapidly as
possible to the outlying parts of the
great bay. keeping a bright lookout
for "fish." Spreading out fn-wise,
they were getting more and more scat
tered, when about near the centre of
the fleet some one suddenly "struck"
and got fast to a fish. Bat hardly had
the intimation been given when some
thing very like panic seized upon the
crowd. In a moment or two the rea
son vas apparent. From some cause,
never de*iuitely known, a harpooner
had in striking a large cow whale trans
fixed her calf at her side with his har
poon, killing it immediately. The
mother, having quietly satisfied her
self that her offmpring was really dead,
turned upon her aggressors like a ver
itable demon of destruction, and, while
carefully avoiding exposure of her
bodyto attack, simply spread devas
tation among the flotilla. Whenever
she rose to the surface, it was but for
a second, to emit an expiration like
the hiss of a lifting safety-valve, and
almost always to destroy a boat or
complete the destruction of one already
Every blow was dealt with an a
curacy and appearance of premedita
tion that filled the superstitious Por
tugnese, who formed a good half of the
crews, with dismay-the more so that
many of them could only guess at the
original cause of what was really going
on. The speed of the monster was so
great that her almost simultaneous ap
pearances at points widely separated
made her seem ubiquitous; and as she
gave no chance whatever for a blow,
it qertaitnly loolcid as i, all, the bpats
would be destioyed seriatim. Not
content with de.Aing one tremendout
blow at a boat and reducing it at once
to a bundle of loose boards, she re
newed her attentions again and again
to the wreckage, as if determined that
the destruction should be complete.
Utter demoralization had seized even
the veterans, and escape was the only
thought governing all action. But the
distance to shore was great, and the
persistence and vigor of the inrious
leviathan, so far from diminishing,
seemed to increase as the terrible work
went on. At last two boats did suc
eed in reaching the beach at a point
where it sloped very gradually. . The
rews had hardly leaped over-board, to
run their craft up high and dry, when
close behind them in the shallows
foamed and roiled their relentless
enemy, just too late to reach them.
Out of the large uber of well
euipped boats tuaat left the ships that
morning, only these two escaped un
damaged, and the loss of the season's
work was irremediable. Over fifty
men were badly injured, and six, one
f whom was the uubappy origin of
the whole trouble, were killed out
right. The triumphant avenger os
her slain od-sprimg disappeared as
silently as she had carried on hei
deadly ~warfare, as far as could bt
known unhurt, and with an accumu
lated hoard of experience that would,
if possible, render her more of a
"devil" to any unsuspecting whalemen
who should hereafter have the misfor
tune to meet with and attack her than
she had proved herself tc be alreatiy.
Dejected and crippled, the fleet lost
no time in getting away fromn the spot
and fleeing north to San Francisco,
there to retit for ota- and more r
itabib fishing grounds.--Cornhill
A imnff That Worked.
"ere's a true stor-y of cold cheek,"
said a loeal real estate dealer. "Eight
years ago a New Or-leans man lost a
good job here and went to a certain
Southern city with just S2 in his
pocket. He was well dressed and had
a plausible tongue, and hearing that
the contract foi- building a cour t-house
was about to be let by a reform Board
of Commissioniers he walked in and
actually secured the job. They gave
him two days to fill a bond, and he
went str-aigat to a banker, showed him
where there there was money in the
scheme, and in thirty minutes per
saded him to become his surety.
Now, mark you, he knew no muore
about erecting a public hailding than
a soft-shell crai knows about Greek
verbs, but he teeraphted immediate
lv t a big c,>utr-acting firm in St.
Louis, and in forty-eight hours was
in consultation with their expert. As
a result he sublet the work at a figare
that lef t him about $15,000 clear protit,
a -e giving the banker a slice. All
th tmeL ion s doing this he had only
and shne.' ul ing ofi everything
e:. but h-- hal thie deal closed in
sde of the three weeks and the spoils
ate way T'hen. of course. hie was
in coer He made some lucky spec
aa~tior~ .f t:-aratin phosphat e lan ds,
nd in worth to-day at least $50.00.
-- Orns imes-Democrat
Variety of Feed For Stock.
In feeding stock of any kind it is
important that it be furnished a vari
ety of food. This is not merely a
matter of flavoi, for different kiuas of
food furnish usually diiferent nutri
tion. A great deal of the success of
auinials pastnted lies in the fact that
they are able to select their own ra
tios., and the care they will take to
do this indicates that this is a matter
of greater importance than it is
Private 31ark:t Eor Butter.
A farmer who has all the facilities
and who knows how to make the best
butter ought always to sell it to pri
vate customers, who will also take his
fresh eggs and other farm products at
prices somewhat higher than be cau
get in the open market. But if he
does this he must obligate himself to
supply what is needed throughout
theyear, and that it shall never bebe
low the standard. It is this last
condiion that prevents farmers from
making such bargains. To make the
best butter in winter requires care in
feeding, and also in handling milk and
cream, which too many are unwilling
While the roller is a good imp'ement
for .ining and smoothing tLe surfalce
soil, it can very rarely be'used effec
tively after winter grain is soen. Al
most all farmers agree that if soil is
heavy, it will produce better crops of
winter grain if the soil is left rough
after it is seeded. All the Inm~s
are dissolved by winter freezing, and
they furnish the fine rich dust that
is needed to fall upon the roots as
they have been lifted out by frost. The
only conditions when rolling is help
f al to winter grain are when the soil is
light, and liable to blow away in win
ter. In such case the rolling should
be done as soon as the grain is sown.
It will pack the light soil around the
roots, and thus cause the wheat to
make enough gi owth so as to partially
protect itself from winter killing, and
will lessen the eleets of winds in blow
ing away the surrace soil.
Threshing Field Pea%.
Field peas were successfully
threshed he-e this fall in a small grain
thresher. The threshermen change
the pulleys so the cylinder will run
slowly and the rest of the separator
ran fast to carry off the straw and
halls. With this arrangement the
peas are not cracked and the crop can
be run through the same as any grain
crop. The yield of cleaned peas has
been ten to fifteen bushel; per acre.
The straw is invariably blown into the
barn and makes excellent stock feed.
When not injured by rain it it eqnl
to tie best clover hay, with aslrge a
yield and is grown in one season. And
farther, on land that will not grow
clover a fair crop of peas can be se
cured and the soil improved. As is
well known, any legaminous plant has
a beneficial effect on the soil, and
when rightly used the cowpea will
prove a boon to farmers with run
down soil.-Hallock Shearer, Illinois,
in Orange Judd Farmer.
Heaves .Not curable.
That troublesome disease of horses
known as heaves cannet be curel
-when once it become.s well established,
hut in its earlier stages the difficulty
is simply a bad cold combined with in
digestion and freqnently gives way to
proper feeding. In any stage of the
difficulty only the best quality of food
should be given, mainly sound oats,
coarse wheat bran and sweet cut hay,
once a week adding a pint of flax seed
meal to the grains mentioned and mak
ing a mas'h of the whole including the
hay. Water should be given a full
half hour before meal time and never
directly after eating. What hay is
given should be chopped fine and fed
with the bran and oats the whole be-*
ing slightly moistened. This care in
feeding and watering will often cure
what is considered a bad case of
heaves, showing that it is only neces
sary to give the horses proper atten
tion as soon as any indication of the
trouble is noticed in order to ward off
what may prove to be a disease thatI
will make the horse almost valueless.
As colds are often at the bottom of the
trouble, especially with young horses,
ood care should be taken to blanket
the animals when warm and have
stables free from draughts.--Atlanta
Sorting and Storing Potatoes.
Where potatoes are grown upon a
large scale some ,of the one horse di;
gers with metal point and rod1s for
moldboard can be profitably employed.
The large diggers drawn by four
horses work well and should be con
sidered by commercial growers. The
tbers are brought to the surface
where they can be easily picked up.
An attachment for rnuning the pota
toes diretly into the sack or wag n is
not practicable, for the reason that
they must dry for a little while beforeo
puting together in bulk.
Without question the best plan is to1
Isor t before storing. Remove all the
small or unsalable potatoes and store
Iby themselves. If seale or rot is pres
ent throrz ont all atrected specimens.
Some recommend dusting the pot:atoes
with air slacked lime to prevent rot
ting in storage, but this plan has not
been Thoroughly tested anid s.houldi
not be tried except on a smai! eale.
A home made sorterecan be easily con
structed by taking the bottomn out of
a long narrow box and substitute siats
an inch wide sunaiciently far apart to
allow the small potated h> PEas
through. Cylindrical sorse ent ha
urchased and are satiin-corv. .-N
The oil wells of Sumatra are assum:
ing commercial importance in the
East. Last year a simgle co:npauy
put 600,000 litres of petrolefnm on the
As ordinarily arranged, sofa boxes
are not very successful. If the top is
padded sufficiently to make a com
fortable seat, then the lid becomes so
heavy as to require the brawn of a
giantess to raise and lower it. The
box part can rarely be visited, and is,
therefore, of little practical use. An
English woman overcame the diffi.
culty by making her lid solidly fast,
so that it could not be lifted, and mak
ing the front face of the box into cup
board doors, concealed by the usual
frill of cretonne. Behind these low
doors the box itself was divided into
compartments, each filled with shelves
on which lived the boots, hats, old
magazines, and the other hard-to-be
kept-tidy articles of the room. The
top of this box was padded most lux
ariously, and on many occasions furn
ished one of a crowd with a comforta
To Remove Stains From White Goods. -
In the case of acids tie up a bit of
washing soda in the stained part,
make a lather of soap and cold soft
water, and boil until the spot disap
ears. For anilines, wet with acetic
,cid, apply dilated chloride of lime,
lad wash out carefully. Paraffin takes
out apple and pear stains. Blood, if
Iresh, is removed by soaking for
welve hours in cold water. then wash
ing in tepid water; this failing, the
ark is covered with a paste of cold
water and starch, and exposed to the
sun for a day or two. Old stains suc
zumb to iodide of potass'im dilated
with four times its weight of water.
For coffee and chocolate, pour soft
boiling water through the stains and
while wet hold over fumes of burning
ulphur. Fruit stains can be treated
in the same way. Grass stains yield
to alcohol. Ink is removed with milk,
Lhe spot should be soakedandrubbed;
in old stain maf require soaking for
welve hours. Iron mould is to be
teld over a basin of boiling water and
rubbed with braised sorrel leaves,
ifterwards washed with warm suds;
>r cover the spots with a paste of
emon juice, salt, powdered starchand
-oft soap and then expose to sunlight.
Vildew is treated in the same way, or
y covering with powdered chalk and
Aleaching on the grass. Paints are
lisposed of with turpentine, tar with
etroleum. Tea yields to boiling
vater poured from a height, or to
;lycerine. Wine stains, if old, the
ame treatment as for old fruit stains.
)ther stains will frequently yield to
>oiling milk.-Dyer and California
A Comfortable Trunk.
The newest combination piece of
raveling furniture is a desk, b
md wardrobe trunk for the Comm
ial traveler. -
When open a - 4 tunk
Atands one e top drawer pulls
ut an s 7rms a rest for the desk lid.
t is -.artitioned off into compartments
stationery. The lid of the desk
ens down and forms the writing
le. The upper part of the desk is
vided into the usual lot of pigeon
les for letterheads, envelopes, let
:e 's, contracts, billheads, blotters and
:h like, similar to an ordinary office
es -on a small scale.
Al the desk part is finished in oak,
Lfd t e drawers faced with dark red
eathe and fitted with brass handles
Ld hi des, so put together that the
lefecy snally found in a combination
runk are done away with.
The see ndl drawer is divided up
nto compat ments for underwear,
eckwear, coll 's and cuffs, and a hat
box lined with q ilted satin. The third
irawer is for suir , and the lower one
~or wearing apparel
In the lid of this markable trunk
ir a clothes rack and .raps arranged
ike a lower tray in an or ~ary trunk,
bt long enough to carry tro rs and
oats without folding.
There is sometimes an interchang
ible arrangement made to fit a place\
>f the two iower drawers, and this is
a single section in drawer form fitted
vith cleats to carry a typewriter.
Strange as it may seem, there is no
tolding bed tucked eway in any cor
er, nor a cooking stove, otherwise
:he traveler would not need a hotel.
Spiced Damsons-Seven pounds of
Erit arter it is prepared, three pounds
vhite sugar, one and one-half pints
strong vinegar, one tablespoon each of
loves, mace, allspice and cinnamon.
Boil slowly until done. The damsons
~hould keep their form and the juice
be thick and of fine flavor.
Good Fritter Batter-Four ounces
of flour, one gill of water, one table
;poonful of salad oil. Make this all
to a nice batte:-, let it stanifor an hour
3r two, then, just as you want it for
ase, stir in lightly and quickly the
yhites of two eggs beaten to the stiff
st possible froth. This makes a de
icious hatter, but of course its light
aess must decpend greatly on the fat in
hich it is fried.
Baked Spanish Onions - These
cnions are more delicate flavored than
he common sort, and well repay the
care in cooking. First put enough for
&ch to have one uskinned in a kettle
of boiling salted water, boiling one
hour, then r'rain and wipe dry, lay in
greased paper, twisting the ends, to
keep in the steam, and bake frcen one
to two hours. Then remove the papers,
peel, serve with butter, pepper and
salt, or hot seasoned cream.
Pulled Cream Candy--In a good-- .
sized saucepan put two pouads of
granulated sugai-, one tablespoonful
of butter, one-half of a cupful of
ereami and one and one-half cupfuls of
water. Boil slowly but steadily until
spoonful, dropped into cold water.
au be rolled into a firm ball. Add
me-quarter of a teaspoonful of soda,
ake from the fire; sad one teaspoon
al of vanilla and pour on a greased
platter. Pull as soon as cool enough.