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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, March 30, 1899, Image 1

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Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067705/1899-03-30/ed-1/seq-1/

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WINNSBORO. S.C... MARCH '30, 1899.ESALHD184
TRI ViE EKLY "DITIUEA
T HE AMERI
Tupir-,- from ter-- .M
Vii:er . az .ai -;rz;
L- j -rir .in tmrs . -o - t
M .im in bis lieb i.
F-l nr down theu ra .
'uin al.h lov- ehind,.
Sisbigig in where strivin: men
Pusb-bim down and never mind.
Dreams of sweet old peacclul scenes.
:-metines. i t-te rt:sh and roar;
M.-oorics of er:id:e soigs
That are sung t him n) rore;
wer 'riends und ewer h::r-s,
(iaining step bI.; step. and thez
IF--r't.4e1h(kd n: coin.
Leving al. behind a;ain.
THE OLD
A Story of
One of my dezk-nates in the office
at the mini.try of war was an ex-non
com:ssioncd o.ccr, He'nri Vidal. He
had i4st a left arm in the Italia . Can -
1,a:gn, but :ith is re-ning hand he
exect'i4tmar els of eali;raph v--down
to drawing v i: i ne pen-stroke a bird
in the ff6lir,b ol his signatt:e.
A good Ie Iow, Vida'; the type of
the npright o. soldie', barly 40, with
a s:r1fiiing of gray in his b'oude im
periali-e h:d Leea in the Zonaves.
We all ealled bin Fee Vidal, more
respe'ffllV than 1,ann lar.y, for we all
kne- his 'iono- and ei-io iou. He lived
in a cheap little lodgi:ig at Greuel:e,
wbe-e - on the money of his cross, his
reusi6n and his s:dary--he mnagd
to :n- port his wilowed sis:er aud
her th:e2 chi:d:en.
As at.that ti:ie L too, was liviag in
the sonthern sub:i-) of Pa is, I oftea
walke:*ome vi::h 'ere I i-Jal, and I
usedto i ake him tell o f eis ca paigns
as we pass:d nar th,e miLta,r scho-',
weeliig at every s;!ep it was at the
el.se of the epi:-e-the sl:ensnid uni
foruis of the I perial Guard, gre -ii
chasseurs, w;te lai-ers and the dark
and wagalIcet at: tillery omce: s,b'ac
and gold, a costume worth while get
ting kiEed in.
As we wvaIl;eJ nlong the hileous
Boulevard de Grinelee -stoppe.: srd
denly before a military cid-clothes
shop-th ere a e mn.tny like i: in that
quiarter --a dirty, sinister den. showi:1g
in its window .rusted pistols, bowls
full of buttons and tarnished epanlets;
in front were hug, ami Eordid rags,
a few o d oJicers' u,ifonns,rainrotte
and sunburne; wvith the slope-in at
the waist andl t-e padded shouilde.s
they had an-alimst- hnm=z..
Vidfaf,"seizing T ar.m with his right
hand and turning his gaze on me.
raised his stum:p to poiij out one of the
niforms, an A;ric;I oficar's tunic,
with the kilted skirt and the thre
gold braids- making a figure eight on
the sleeve.
"Look!" he said; "that's the ui
form 'of my old corps, a captain's
tunic."
Drawing nearer, he made ont the
number engra-ed on the buticus and
w ent on with e*:thusiasm:
"3Iy regimient! The first Zonaves"'
E-uddenly his hand shooi:, his fas.e
darkened; dr-opping his eyes, he mnur
murs ed, in a hr:ror-;t:ricke~n voite:
" What if it wer:e L'is!"
Then brnspzely tur ning the coat
ab)out he showed me in the middle of
the back a little round Lie, bordered
by a black iim-i>lool, of course-it
made one shadder. likme the sighf'of a
wound.
"Aiasty sh e ar,' I said to Pere
Vidl, hohad droppedt the garmdn
and was h:stening away. An:d fore
seeing a tale, I added to spur himn on:
''It's not usually 1. the back that bul
lets strike c-aptai - of th'e Zouave:-."
He appa:enit!y id not hear me: he
mumbled to uiiseli: ".w e:ull it
get there? Ii~s a lo-"' wuy fromn the
battleield of Melegnan-o to the Boule
yard of Grene!!e1 0ii, yes I know
the carrion cro-vs t.vat follow the army;~
the stripprers of te dea Bulit u'hy
just tgere, t wo steps from? the iliitary
school where the other fellow's regi
ment is oned?. He must ha;-e
passed; U s mn,ut have recognize l it.
What a gL
"See here. I'ee Vidia','~ sail I, vio
!ently interested, "stop your mutter
ing, atnd tell me what the riddled tunic
recalls to you."
He looked at me timidly, almost sus
piciously. Suddezly, wi:h a gr-eat ef
fort, he~ began:
"Well, then, bere goes for the story;
I can trust yon; you will te!l me frank
ly, on your honor, if you think my
conduct ,excusab.le. Where shall I
6egin? Ah, 1 can't give you the other
ana's surname, for he is s-till living,
but I will' call him by the namne he
went undi- in the regiment-Dry-Jean
--and he deserved it, with his 12
drinks at.the stroke of noon.
"He was ser-geant in the Fourth of*
the Second, my regiment, a good
fighter, buzt fond of quarr-el and drink
-all the, bad habits of the African
soldier; brave as a bayonet, with cold,
steel-blue eyes and a rough red beard.
on his tanned cheeks. When I en
tered the regiment Dry-Jean had just
re-enlisted. He drew his pay and
went on a three days' spree. He and
two companions of the same kidney
rolled through the low quarters of Al
giers in a cab, flying a tri-color bear
ing the wor-ds, "It won't last forever"
It did wind up with a knock-down
fight. Dry-Jean got a cut on the
head from a tring:o that nearly fin
ished him, a fortnight in the guard
room and the loss of his stripes--the
seco-:d tiu:e he had lost them.
"Of well-to-do parents and with
some education, he wonld have risen
to be an otleer long before if it had
not been for his conduct. Eighteen
months la'er he got his stripes back
again, thar.ks to the indulgence of the
old African 'dptain who had seen him
under fuce lz Habylie. Hereupon our
old captain i promoted ch,ief of bat
CAN NOMAD.
EvPr striving to utstr?p
Those that jlacr r t
Sp:irning love and apu?nen. *'
Till the last ansatisti-:
Her tolay--tomorro' where !
"iom*e" a holliow, empty name;
Happinass to give i-- trade
yor a little pelf or fame.
Still the lazy cattle graze
Out upon the Slopi-:: hill,
Ard the Snokt :: etr,-in:g 'u.
From 'he ed rejd eui:ney still;
B-ill the ru.ty crea
When they '-sin:. apart the ates,
and a little vaa:ut 104
For the rest!ess toiler wairs.
-Cleveiaud L'eader.
UNIFORM.
.he Zouaves.
talion, and t1ey send as out a captain
of . a Corcican Iamed Gentili, just
out of scho-], a coh. ambitious,clever
fellow, very exacting,ard on his men,
it iug you eight days for a speck of
rust on your gun or a bution off your
g:ters; 1o:-cover, never haviag se-ved
i Al e i:, not tolerating fantasia or
the slightest want of disciplir:e. The
two took a hat.ed to each other from
the first; result, the guardroom for
Dry-Jean after every drinking bout.
When the captain, a little feilow'. as
stitf as a bristle, with the mustaches
of an angry cat, fung his punishment
at Dry-Jean's head, adding curtly, 'I
know you, my mmn, and I'll bring
you to order!' Dry-Jeau a::swered
never a word and waled away quietly
to do pack-drilh But all the same the
capmtain :niht have come off his high
h:, a!a bit had he seen the rage that
red-lened the sergeaat'3 face as soon
as he turned his head and the hatred
that fa; ed through his terrible blue
eves.
"Hereupon the emperor declares
wxar againt the Austrians, and we are
shipped off to Italy. But let me come
at once to the day befo:e the battle of
Ieiegnano, where I left my arm, you
know. Our batta ion was ca!ped in
a little village, a-d be.ore breaking
thbe rauks the captain had made us a
specea-rightly enough-to remind us
thpt% we were iu a Irientdly country and
that the slightest injury dcae to the
izhabi-ants would be punished in an
exemrplary way. During the speech
Dry-Jean - a little shaky on his Pins
that mcrning, and for the best of rea
sz::s shrugged his shoulders slightly.
Luckily the captain didn't see it."
gged in a brawl with some peasants
and was being prevented from molest
in; a young girl when Captain Gen
tili airived. With one look--the lit
t\e Co.si.an[ aa paralyzing way--he
cowed the terrified se:geant; then he
said to himn:
" 'Dogs like you deserve to have
hCir br.:ins blown out; as soon as I
can see the colonel you lose your
tripes again, this time for goo-.
Th;er"'s to be fighting tomorrow; try
to get killed.'
"At dawn the cannonade awoke us.
Th:e olumn formed, :and Dry-.ea-I
never had his blue eves glittered more
ominousy-pJlaced himiself beside me.
'he battalion moved forward: we were
to dislodge the white conis', who with
their cannon. occarica :.elegaanio.
Forward, march! At the second kilo
meter the Au::trians' grape shot cut
:.2wn 15 of our company's men. Then
our o:licers, waitn for the order to
ebarge, made us lie down in the grain
ed,sharp-shoot er wise; they remained
sta iding naturally,; and our captain
was't the le st straight of the lot.
Kieling in the rye, we kept os firing
at te battery, which lay within range.
Sddenly' som:e one jogged~ my elbow.
I ture and saw D:y-.Jean, who was
looin~ at mte, the corner of his lips
aised lee. ingly, liftiig his gun.
" to you see the captain?' he said,
noding in that direction.
"'ies, what of it.?' said I, glancing
at the oiicer, 20) paces oili
" 'H1e was foolish to speak to me as
he did.'
"NOth a swift, precise gesture he
souldeed his arm and fired. I saw
the cap.tain -his body bent b,ackward,
his head thrown up his hands beating!
the air for an instaat - drop his sword
and fall heavily on his back.
"'Murdlerer!' I cried, seizing the
segeants arm. Buat he struck me
with the iutt of his rifie, roliing .e
over and ey:claiming:
"'Foo!' nrove that I did it!'
"I rose in a rage, just as all the
shar-shooters ro.so likewise. Our
coonel, bareheaded, on his smoking
horse, poin ted his sabre at the Austrian
battery and shouted:
"'Forward, Zonaves! Out with
your bayonets!'
"Could I do otherwise than charge
with the others? What a famous
charge it was, too! Have you ever
seen a high sea dash on a rock? Each
cmpany rushed up like a breaker on
a reef. Thrice the battery was cov
ered with blue coats and red trousers,
and thrice we saw the earthwork re
appear with its cannon jaws, im
passable.
"But our company, the Fourth, was
to snatch the prize. In 20 leaps I
reached the redoubt; helping myself
with my ritle-butt I crossed the talus.
I had only time to see a blonde mus
tache, a blue cap and a carbin3 barrel
almost touching me. Then I thought
my arm flew off. I dropped my gun,
fell dizzily on my side Dear a gun-car
riage wheel and lost consciousness.
"When I opened my eyes nothing
was to be heard but distant masketry.
The Zouaves, forming a disordered
half-circle, were shouting 'Vive l'Em
ereur!' and brandishing their rifles.
"An old general followed by his
stafI galloped up. Hie pulled up his
horse, 'waved his gilded helm'et gayly
and cried.
'Bravo, Zonaves .ou are the
first so-diers in the w..!'
"I fcund myself sitting near the
wheel, supporting my poor broken
paw, when suddenly I remembered
Dry-Jean's awful crime. At that very
instant he stepped out of the ranks
toward the general. He had lost his
fez, and from a big gash in his close
shav_,n head ran a trickle of blood.
Leati:g on his gun with one hand,
with the other he held out an Austrian
flag, tattered and dved red-a flag he
had iaken. The general gazed at him
admiriugly.
"1_ey there, Bricourt!' turni:,g to
one of his st:ff; 4ook at that, if you
please. What mei!'
"Wnereupon Dry-Jean spoke up:
'Quite so, my general. But you
know-the First Zonares-there are
only enough left for once more!'
" '1 would like to hug you for that!W
cried the general; 'you'll get the cross,
you know,' and still repeating, 'what
en!' he said to his aid-de-camp sone
thing I didn't understand-I'm no
scholur, you know. But I remember it
perfectly: 'Worthy of Plutarch,wasn't
ir, Fricourt?'
"At that very moment the pain was
too auch for me, and I fainted. You
know the rest. I've often told you
how they sawed off my arm and how I
1ragzed along in delirium for two
months in the hospital. In my sleep
less hours I used to ask myself if it
as my duty to accuse Dry-Jean pub
licly. But conld I prove it? And
then I said, 'He's a scoundrel, but
be's brave; he killed Captain Gentili,
bat he took a flag from the enemy.'
Finally,in my convalescence,I learned
bhat as a reward lor his courage Dry
ean had stepped up into the Zouaves
f the Guard andhad been decorated.
Ah! at first it gave me a disgust at my
>wn crss which the colonel had
inned on me in the hospital. Yet
Drv-Iean deserved his, too; only his
Legion of Honor ought to have served
is the bull's-eve for the squad detailed
.o put him ont of existeece.
"It's all far away now. I never
mv him again; he remained in the
service, and I became a good civiiian.
But just now. when I saw that ini
.orm with its bullet-hole-God knows
how it got there-hanging a stone's
hrow from the barracks where the
:aurclerer is, it seemed to me that the
man:ain, the crime still unpunished,
was clamoring for justice."
I did my utmost to quiet Pere
Vidal, assuring him he had acted for
the best. Five days later,on reaching
1he office, Vidal handing me a pap-.er
olded at a certaiu paragraph, mur
red gravely: "What. did I tell
Vou?" I read:
lay afternoon, on thiZou's-ard de Gr.
2eile. a certain Jean Mallet. knLown as Dry
Tean, sergeant in the Zouaves of the Impe
-ial Guard. who with two cnmpauions had
oen dr-raing freelv. was svize' with delir
am treMens while lookin: at some old uni
'orns hanging ia a second-band shop. H
1r his 1ayoaet aad dashed down i e
,trmet to the terror of all passers-by. T e
.1oe privates with hia had th3 utmost d.n
utv!m secriu;t the madma!. WhO Shouted
,e-reksy: 'I am rot a murd-rer: I to,
I Austrian Ifa at Melegnauc" it seems
hat tho laer statAment is true. Male:
was decorated for this feat; his addiction to
irink has alone prevented him from risin:
in the ranks. Mallet was condncted to the
mlitarv h:ospital of Gros-Caillon.whence he
wii soon be transferred to Charen:;on, for it
s doubtful if he can recover his reason."
As I returned the paper to Vida], he
coked at me mneaningly and con
-uded:
"Captain Gentili was a Corsican
ue has avenged hins alf!"-Translated
o~ the Argonaut Irom the French of
Fran cois Coppee..
QUAINT AND CURIOUS.
Of the houses in Paris, France,
here ar still 30.00~0 (with 200,000 in.
abitants) that use well water.
Under H{e,ry ' an act of Parlia
met ordiered all the geese in .Eng
laud o be counted, and the sheriffs'of
the counties were re-luired to furnish
six ar owv feathers from each goose.
A large tomi-cat for thirteen yea:s
made voyages on a mail stea:ne be
tween Sydney and San Fraucisco .The
Rimal died, and was buried sea,
having almost complcted 1,00,000
mies of travel.I
There are some curioisersti
tions concerning waves. Arab
sailors !eiieve that the hid )sens od
the coast of Abyssinia are enchanted,
and whenever they find themselves
among them they recite verses which
they suppose have a tendency to sub
due them.
The oldest inhabited house in Eng
land stands close to the IRiver Ver, and
about 250 yards from St. Alban's ab
be. It was built in the time oi' hing
Offa of :Mercia about the year 795, and
is thus over 1100 years c-:. It is of
ociagonrJ shape, the apper portion
being of oak. and the lo er has walls
of great thickness.
During the last dece excavations
in Egypt have added to the treasures
of ancient Greek l:tereture buried in
the sand for two thousand years
manuscripts of works by Aristotle,
Herondas, Bakchylides, Menander,
besides the Ninus romance, Gre afell's
eroti fragment, ar.d the hymns to
Ap-. T, with music.
Ch ildren or Taxes.
If you live in Madagascar you must
have ~children, or else pay a tax to the
authorities. This is the latest decree
issued by the government of Madagas
car. For some time the population
of that island has been decreasing.
The government authorities sat in
council a short time ago and decided
upon a tax to be levied, upon every
man who, at the age of twenty-five, is
unmarried,- and upon every. married
man who, (d that age, has no children.
The tax is 8.75 a year. Every girl
must payg tax of $1.80 a year as long
as she remains single after she passes
her twenty-fourth year, - and every
married ,Annan doe: the/'same until
she has likren as~ the Jesult of her
jF 0ARR"AE GAPDEH,
T'Varmth in the Ienbour.e.
A small, cool stoole set on the earth
en or cement floor!of a henhouse will
do much to keep ug the warmth that
is quite as necessar-1 as feed in pro
1ncing a large nuioer of eggs. Even
if ithe tloor bo of wd there is little
danger that the b' flfin, will burn.
The amount of c6a ed will be
much more than repaid the eggs
produced at the time of --ar when
fresh eg;s always sall high -t. When
the wfeather is fine the heni should be
left to run out of doors in! the day
tiae. Bat 'cooping them: up with
enough fire to kep frost out of the
roomis always advisable at night.
This precaution is especiakly needed
for the breets wih large combs,which
are sure to be frost bitten when freez
ing weather comes. A hen with a
sore head from fi os' bitten comb has
enough to do to repair damages to it
self without tryiig to lay eggs.
Sowing Clover in the Itun.
Farmers who grow clover seed only
for their own use often thresh it out
by hand, and sow the seed, chaff and
al!. It is rather unsafe to do this, as
it is dificult to tell while throwing out
the chaff how much clorer seed is go.
ing with it. The better way is to
clean up the seed carefally, sow that
with a good broadcast seeder, which
will distribute it much more evenly
than can be dong.y4-nd, and then
sow the clover chaff afterwards with
what seed may be in t, and make that
cover the whole -surf.ce if possible,
though as this has :o be done by
hand, the hand sowiiX cannot probably
be niada to cover.haf the piece. But
there is generally nre or less clover
seed lying in the scI on land that has
once grown clover ted, and this may
insure a fair catch ven if no clover
seed is sown. It isach land of which
farmers say, "It isaatural to clover."
It is always good lad, but the clover
does not grow-S;4vit spoutaneously;
:)n the contrary, eery clever plant
comes from a clol seed left some
time in the soil, pssibly many years
ago.
The Prctnble Dairy.
To get profit fAm the dairy in com
petition with zhproduct of the cream
ery it is necessty that the work be
done on the in.sive plan. That is
a thorough kn,edge of what each
cow is doi4 food is given to a
oua , wh ' costing, what it
herd shoul# t up by stock raised
on the farm e cows with the
best record, g a thoroughbred
sire. Do not :eed indiscriminately
from the cowso the herd and add the
progeny to thelairy herd.
Profit in thelairy can only be made
when butter istt the highest price,
and to obtain i;tter at the minim-umr
of cost the coemust be handled so
that their st.udings and feed are
as nearf5s posible as they would be
in ;Jun. The ise of ensilage will do
much in this ditbctiou providing the!
green sucelent bod contains the quan
tity cd water neided. The dairy cow
ye r, varying tli amount accorating to
eson and thf stage of lactation.
en in summel with an abundant
sture grain slbuld be fed, although
the pasture isashort the supplemen
r.v food, besidis grain, should be
dLeiy of soiling crops. In feeding
ora stalks the intion should be bai
aned by also fading oats. pes bran
and cottonseed nieal. On this plan or
any similar one a dairy herd may be
built up that wilpay a profit even in
the face of the really excellent product
of the creamieryat a low pries.
Warrn Food for Swine
An object lessen in the value of warm
Ifood, warm quarters and good care
for hogs during the winter was re
eenly seen on a small farm where but
two pigs were kept. These animals
were late spring born and were beingI
raied for breeders. The owner, a
widow, made it a daily practice in
cold weather to mnir vegetable parings.
chopped roots, scraps from~ the table
and bran in skim milk and cook the
mixtre, feeding it to the hogs warm.
The pens were dry, warm and clean,
with an abundance of clean bedding.
Once or twice a week the owner,armned
with a stiff horse brush, gave the pigs
a thorough brushing. The animals
were delightedi and came readily to
call as soon as the brush api eared,
the work being easily done from the
outside of the pen. A small yard, in
sod, was provided on the sunny side
of the barn in which the pigs were
allowed to run on bright days, being
ket busy with a fewv roots or ears of
corn. The~ result was a pair of pigs
that. would delight the eye of a breeder
of fancy stock. Their skin was soft
ad clean and the animals strong and
pump, ready, when bred, to raise a
faily of youngsters which would be
worth money. Aside from the clean
ing, possibly, the same practice could
be followed out on a larger scale with
precisely as good results. Warm food
in winter has come to be recognized
as an impnortant element in profitable
tok rearing.
To Get tho 3Tost Out of Sheep.
Jst at present breeding for mutt-on
ays better than breeding for wool,
t as there is always the possibility
of the price of wool soaring up to
higher figures, it is necessary to keep
this product of the sheep well in sight.
It was not many years ago that wool
was the first consideration and mutton
only a side issue. Naturally with this
chage, the character of the breed of
Isheep has also ch'anged. The iarge
breds, take the countr'yright through;
are not as much in general favor as
ne medium si7.8. and this is due to
the fac' that the:* give the most a
I tarn for a cer.tain amount of food
They have less fat than the large
bre-ds. and thei- meat is better mar
bled. In selling sheep for mutton the
fat, rarely brings the farmer in much
return. The butcher knows that con
sumers want good lean meat only
moderately mixed up with layers of
fat. and when he sees an excessively
fat sheep he is apt to discount the
mutton.
The medium-size breed- will. as a
rule, grow as fast as any breed on a
system of food, and along with their
tendency to make good, marbled mut
ton they are apt to produce a better
grade of wool.
This wool is also found on their
bodies in a very compact form, which
in the end gives to the medium sheep
as large a crop as that obtained from
the heavier and overgrown breeds.
A medium-size breed that is both a
fair wool produced and a good maker
of fie mutton -s always a good invest
ment. There may be seazons when
they will not add a very large profit
to the farmer's work, but in the ag
greg,ate they will yield satisfactory re
sulis. Pound for pound, the best
breeds of sheep will make more money;
than pigs, although the swine hare,
always been considered tl best in
vestment of all farram animals for thf
poor man. A good bleed of shec4
will make a pound of mutton at less.
cost for food than the best breed of
pigs. It will take the sheep a longe
time to do this, but in the end, tho
cost will be im favor of the sheep. Ot
the whole, mutton brings as much pen
pound in most markets as pork.
the price and cost of raising the me
of two animals were evenly balanced.
the favor would still be for the sheep
The wool is an item that would ur
balance the scales. and tip them d -
cidedly in favor of the sheep. Finall,
the sheep of fine breeds are alwa a
prolifi, and never fail to raise a cro >
of good, salable lambs if proper y
treated. To get the most out of the
we must consider the mutton, wo
and lamb items, all three of which ar
very profitable and impotat.-E. P
Smiih in American Oultivator.
Pruning Apph- Trees.
The best apples are grown on tree
well cultivated, well sprayed an
epecially well pruned. If the tree i.
a tangle of branches and a mat o
leaves, the spray will reach only
small part of the frnit, and where th
spray cannot be sent but few direc'
rays of sunlight will enter, and bad.
olored and poorly flavored frnit wi I
be found.
A grar number of trees bear onl
maa' l gh. hola-. J
pruned the winter-or sprmg precedin .
the bearing season. Pruning will
then be eauivalent to a partial thiuni41
of the fruit. Other trees should bc.
pruned annually.
Onuly a few branches should be re
moved at each pruning. Branches
crossing each other require attention,
as they injure each other, and (luring
a high wind brush the apples ojf each
other. Many trees are ruined by cut
ting away too much wood at one prun
in. The bala nce necessary to healthy
root action and streng leaf develop
ment will he destroyed, and sickly'
vellow leaves and a small growth of
new wood will freqnutly be the re
sult. Sometimes4 very severely pruned
trees blight, and in a few years die.
It requires more judgment to pirop
erly prune apple trees than some men
who handle a saw possess. Apple
trees should be pruned every year or,
every alternate year, with a sharp,
wide-set saw. Young trees can be
vruned with a knife. The branches
should be severed close to the triink
or large branches. Never allow one,
two, or, as it sometimes happens, six
or more inches of a stump to reman.
Such trimming is unsightly, and the
wounds, if large, never heal and are
a constant sour'ce of diseasc and de
ca. If even small branches are cut,
leaving long stubs, they will be the
starting-poinlt for suckers or "water
snrouts." If a man does not cut close
have him go over his work or have
him quit.
A man on the ground can better
flatien which branches should be re
moved Than when he is n the treeI
.ith the saw. A good plan.therefore,
is to take a bucket of whitewvash. a
brsh and a pole of suffcient length,
and pass from tree to tree. and mark
a I the branches to be removed. This
can be done on fine days. Any care
ful man can follow with a saw and re
move the marked branches. The
pruning should be finished before the
bark slips in the spring, or unsightly
injuries to the trees may follow even
at the bands of the most careful work
maae. The sprouts remaining in win
ter or early spring must be removed
close with the saw, but there should
not be any there for the saw. An
active, barefooted boy, at five cents an
hour. will remove more sprouts in
August, simply with his hands, th.in
three men with saws will remove in
an hour in the sprinxg, and do better'
work. A quick, downward pull will
remove the sprout. and with it the ad
ventitionls buds at its base, ready to
prodce a crop of sprouts the next
seasonl. The injuries, though some
times large, will nearly all be healed
before winter. -New York Tribune,
Helping the Doctor.
In these energetic go-ahead days,
we are continually hearing of some
new and curious way of making
money, but the following method is
perhaps as ingenious as any previously
devised: A little boy entered a suir
gry the other day when the village
doctor was in attendance, and, march
ing up to him whispered, cbationsly:,
"Please, sir, mother sent me to say
as how Lizzie's got scarlatina awful
bad; and, please mother wants tce
know how much you'll give her to
spread it all over the village!"-Thii
ABYSSINJAN JUSTICE
A QUEER MURDER TRIAL IN KING
MENELEK'S COURT.
This Buler. Who Clains Desepnt rron
Solonot and the Queen of Sheba. Zia%
an Odd Systemn of Jurlsprrdence-Ex
traordinary Detective Methods in Vogne
According to the legends the
Queen of Sheba was the first sover
eiga of Ethiopia. When she came
back from Jerusalem, after making
the acquaintance of Solomon, she not
only brought back him who was Men
elek I, but also several books of
magic. Today we still find traces of
these royal present,, in Abyssinia.
We ;ave Menelek IL the descendant
of this Solomonian dynasty, and
also some ancient Hebrew cere
monies and practices in -oreary which
have found their way into Ethiopian
jurisdiction. In order to get cites in
cliffieult esses ihe Ahvssin;ans resort
to eitraordinary methods. In detect
ing criminal:i they employ a young
boy whom they put into a certain cou
dition of sownmbulism. They call
him the liebacba.
The liebacha is madic to sleep at the
scene of the crime. Early iu the
morning the seance begins. Daring
the night he is .supposed to have be
come thoroughly impregnated with the
fluids which the criminal left in the
astral atmosphere; consermuently, he
has a clue which he 'ollows as one
might follow fo:tsteps upon the sand.
But before he starts out he must drink
fasting the "magie draught" This
beverage, like those employed by the
sorcerers of the middle ages, is com
posed of vegetable and animal ingredi
ents. It-is said that at daybreak they
add three drops of the blood of a male
child.
When the liebacha has taken this
strauge mioraing cock tail he becomes
extra hicid. He sets out on his jour
ney, followed by an anxious crowd
watching all his movements. Some
time ago the correspondent of the
Paris Figaro had the privilege of see
ing a liebacha started on the scent of
an assassin who bad murdered the
Abyssinian carrier -of the French mails.
The vouu somnambulist at first ran
to the camp of the merchants. There
he entered a hut and rested. The
crowd understood that the criminal
had stopped there, and, as a matter
of fact, the woman of the house, on
being interrogated, replied that a man
the day before took shelter there, but
left at sunrise, forgetting his gun.
The gun wa% examined and recognized
s the onc that belonged Ato the car
rier. Evidently the scent was good.
raiabacha rose, ran along rapidly
they fouDd that t eeassass riec
for a drink and had just left. The
iebacha set out in pursuit, but the
horsemen, anxious to seize the assas
sin and get the prize ofered by Mene
lek, dashed at a gallop along the road
Ad soon broulght back the fugitive.
Doubtless they knew where to find
bim without the aid of the liebacha.
1is real function is to intimidate the
evil-minded.
.A few days afterw~aid the umembiers
:,t the French co!ouy of Addis-.Abeba
were invited by M.enueiek to be present
at the trial. It was a spectacle nxever
to be forgotten. U. is in the open air
that Menelek holds his criminal court,
under the perpetually blue sky of
Abyssiniam. On the steps of au
immense bauquet hali the emperor
was squnatted Oriental fashion. At
his left was the French colony; at.his
ight, seated on steps covered with
:-arpets, w~as the Affa-Negus. or
"M~outh of' the King," as he is called,
die chief justice of the empire. Be
low him were the judges with their
white turbans, and all around, form -
ing a semicircle on each side of the
ribunal, were the spectators. With
their white togas bordered with red
they lookedl like ancient Roman sens
tors: anid if it hadn't been for the
olor of their faces one might imagine
that the scene was presented on the
b:nks of the Tiber. There was the
same splen.lid sky and the dinians
ills made the illusion almost com
lete. The criminal was brought for
ara. According to the Abyssinian
ustom lie was chained to two freemen.
This is a precaution against any chance
f escape or suicide. It is also hoped
that his two guards by chatting with
im may induce him to confess his
cmme.
The prisoner was a little,. lame
man. He advanced into the vacant
spot in front of the Negas. He kuew
the fate that awaited his:, but lie ap
peared to bo perfectly calrm and looked
placidly into the face of him who was
about to judge him.
"Heaven save you!" cried an Abys
sin ian.
"Keep your prayer for yourself."
replied the prisoner, "I don't want
it."
"You have committed mnurder,"
said the emperor. "Why did you do
it?"
"To rob," was the reply.
"Did your crime have 'any other
motive in view?"
"No. I am a beggar. The courier
had thalers and I wanted them."
"Well, you shall be punished,"
said the emperor. "Have you any
thing to ask?"
"Your clemency would give you
immortal renown," pleaded the mur
:erer. "If you pardon me you will
be like the good God."
Then the emp~eror turned toward
the crowd and consulted the notabili
ties. An old man advanced and de
lared that during his long life 'he
never heard of such a dreadful crime
and that the criminal deserved to be
hanged.
Another said that he should he
burned. A third spoke loud and for a
long time, mnaking furious gesticula
tons, and concluding tha~t if the as
sasin had ten lives he should be exe
cuted ten times. All were unanimous
. 1
in rolouneing the crime abomina
ble. Each one endeavored to 'be as
eloquent ns possible, so as to attract
the attention of the Negns. They were
sat lawyers, and, by the way, it is no*
safe lo c*Il a man a lawyer in Abyssinia.
because lawyer means "vender of
words." They were ordinary sub
iets wo had come to the trial, the
jnry i all its purity. They were grace
ful in tie wi ovem;eutsof sinceritv and
iudigeatLon. but,like all Orientals,they
were too emphatic and extravagant.
The Affa-Negns came down from the
steps, and, turning t ward the empe
ror. delivered his address in a "loud
voice. "One might go," said he, "to
Djibo::ti, to Massaoua, and even to the
Whit e N ile. without encountering any
trob;le. Even a woman can travel
fronm the land of the Kaffa to Gondar
wit hoti being molested, and yet this
little, hic!kly and lame man (at these
w . ' he assassin rose up and looked
t h Iedge with an air of defiance)
killeri this courier while he was calmly
sleepng. The crime was great; the
p.1uishment must be terrible. Let it
be applied.
oher:" judge brought the book of
the law, the "Fetha-Negest," from
wbil h read as follows: "He who
commits a murder and wbo by his
crime brings scandal upon the city
shall be burned alive."
But the king of kings of Ethiopa -
whc!r Christian generosity has qo
frequently attracted the attention of
Enrcre,would notpermit the sentence
to be (arried ont according to the an
cient laa.
"Let him be hanged!" said he.
They took away the prisoner, and
in a corner they removed his chains.
Then he was pinioned. The execa
tioner, a big fellow with a brutal face,
was fully a head taller than the pris
oter. 'the crowA followed fiim. On
the way the women came out of their
little huis and uttered lugabrious
cries. The prisoner chatted with his
guards all the way to the marketplace,
where he was hanged. At twenty.
minntes to 10 o'clock in the morning
the seutence was pronounced, and at
five minutes past 10 the law was Tin
dicated.
POSSIBILITIES OF HAWAIL
E x-Y'r.1dent Dole Writeg Abot the Is'
dustrial OpenIigs.
Upon the consummation of annexa
tion the cultivation of sugar under
the conditions of rainfall and irriga
tion by gravitation had materially
reached its limit. Stability, as a fea
%ure both of the government and of ,
the magar market, caused by a
measure has greatly promoted e
p. ise in the direction by means o
water artificially raised. - -This
casts a considerable addition to the
rliable.
For a generation or more wild cof
fee trees have furnished the local sun
py. Within seven or eight years the
-ultivation of this crop has been taken
t. and carried on with much energy.
As three or four years from the nursery
are required for the trees to reach full
>earingit is as yet early to speakwith
certainty iA regard to the prospects
';r snecess. There is no doubt, how
ver, that in suitable localities it 'will
he a reliable and profitable crop. Far- -
-be-- data are required as to soils, +
eather, elevation, and other mattera
2f environment in relation to its sue
-e4nl cultivation. This product is
wto materially affected by annexation,
i?:cept as that event raises land values
and promotes the immigration of per
ons who want to plant coffee, thus -
-asi ing both favorable and unfavorable.
nfuences over the prospects of this
udnustry.
Toba.cco has long been raised by
hef natives in small quantities for
heir own use. Both soil and climate
favo;' its growth in sheltered and ele- 2
rated localities in many parts of the
rong. It freely grows wild in sueh
paces. Plants from foreign seed
to;rish. What place Hawaiiantobac
:o is entitled to in the markets of the
o-ld is as yet unknown, as it has
:ever yet been properly cured. We
tnry expeet that tobacco will be pro
iured in Hawaii of good, if not first- -
:ias's quality, and that the extension.
& the American tariff to these islands
will be the signal for exhaustive ex'
periments in its culture and prepara- -
tioni.
A considerable part. of the grazing
:iea of the islands is fair arable land
:td under annexation will be in die
raud for the cultivation of some crop
"n other. This will reduce the extent of
gazing lands and will dinmish stock- t
rd;ing in the old Hawaiian way,which
will be a direct benefit, ats it will tend
to promote a more intelligent and sci- '.
etific system of stock-farming than
as been the case heretofore. Quality
ill fake the place of quantity as the
paranmount object, becaue . it will pay4
etter with the diminished pastures
;nd the necessity of relying to a large
etent on forage crops. -Ex-President
~aford B. Dole, in Harper's Weekly.
Coat U'n.d by the Rlomans.
It is believed by some historians
hat coal was used by the Roman.s on
te continent and by the Britons on the -
sland before the arrival of Caesar.
s early as 12.34 Henry III grinted a
icense to dig coal near Newcastle,but
few years later the use of coal was
forbidden in London,the smoke being
eemed prejudicial to the publie
health. -
.in 1306 the. Loudon gentry peti
tioned the king against its use, de
:aring that, in spite of his royal-or
er, certain malicions persons .pera
ssed in burning it. Coals began to
be brought from Newcastle. to London
in 1383. during the reign of Bieharut
I. Anthracite coal, which, excp~
the diamiond, is the purest form of '
cabon known, was first used' by a
Connecticut blaeksmith named Gara
in 1 76, and as a domestic fuel b6y
Judge Jesse ' Feli - o Wilksflarre
penn., in 1808.t

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