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TM -WEEKLY EDITION WINNSBORO, S.C., APRIL 8, 1899. ESTABLISHED 1844.
MEN OF THE WEST.
We sent you o'er the sunlit sea,
Men of th'. West
To carry peace and industry
To war's unrest.
No gratful bomage found ye there,
- Nor honor due:
A suli--n land with threatn'ing air
Ye faltered not at burning sun
Nor fever's might.
Nor whea ye f->und the task begun
A bitter right.
Te toiled amid a people rude
With patient zeal:
Nor lifted at ingratitude
Th' avenging steel.
A hlighted land that could not set
The proffered light;
Nor comprehend that liberty
Of truth and right.
They struck the hand that was their hope
A cruel blow
The band that had not stooped to cope
With such a foe.
Ah! bravely then ye faced the blast;
And joyful bled:
And perished, fighting to the last,
Our gallant dead!
We cannot weep at such a death;
Nor toll the bell
While with a deep exultant breath
Our bosoms swell.
We trusted and were not deceived.
Men of. the West:
Ye'fought and died as ye had lived
Your Nation's best,
And ye, who live to toil anew.
.We trust as well
As those who, faithful, toiled with you.
And. faithful, fell.
--(Charles C. Ballard. Union College.
Brichanteau leaned back in his
chair, and, Atretching out his long,
thin legs, yawned luxuriously. Then,
recovering himself with deliberation,
j, thrust his hands deep clown into
is trousers pockets.
His fingers came in contact with
some coins, and, after jingling them
for a few minutes, he collected them
in the palm of his hand, and, pulling
them out, counted them carefully.
They consisted of two francs and a
few sous. Putting them back into his
pocket, he rose, and, assuming a ma
jestic attitude, extended his arms to
heaven and spoke. His deep, rieh,
powerful voice flooded the room.
"Ye gods!" he cried, "Melpomene
smiles. *e mighty Jove is gracious.
Dame Fortune, willful jade, finding
that genius cares not for her frown,
now, womanlike, caresses that which
first she flouted. Beh rld, today the
theatre rewards its humble servant
withhat ?a.tal that sustains his
life, and he has yet two francs!
Wealth, riches illimitable! Two francs!
With a gesture of magnificent
abandon he thing himself into his
chair, and, resting his chin on his left
hand, sat for a ew minutes with his
brows knit as i' in deep thought.
"Two francs! tIlow shall we spend
them?" he muttered, tragically. "How
shall we dispose of this superfluous
bounty of the flouting dame?" And,
with a dramatic gesture, he thrust the
fingers of his right hand through the
masses of his long, gray hair. "Ha!
We have it," he cried suddenly, in
deep, stentorian tones. "The Cafe
Diane..-We will dine; taste once more
ambrosial fare, and quaff' again the
nectar of the gods. 'Tis good. The
thought is good."
Jumping fronm his seat, he took
off the old flowe:ed silk dress
ing-gown he was wearing and banging
it carefully on a nail, went to the tiny
cupboard that contained his wardrobe.
* and drew forth an old and somewhat
threadba're furlined overcoat, in which,
despite the bor June sun, he proceed
ed to clothe himself.
* Then, when he had carefully ex
amined his chin to see if it required
shaving, and readinusted his long, lank
hair, he put on a large, slouching felt
hat, and,taking a cane richl.y mounted
with polished brass, walked out of the
It was a long way down from the
attic to the street, and the stairs were
da -k and narrow. Brichanteau, who
always -arefully explained to.his few
* isitors that he preferred the attie, as
it was nearer "the flaming courses of
the whirling stars," walked down with
At last he reached the ground floor,
and stood in the dark, narrow passage
which led to the street. Here he
paused, standing for a minute in deep
meditation before a dirty, dilapidated
door. At last he made up his mind,
and, raising his hand, rapped loudly
with the knob of his cane.
"Come in," said a pleasant voice.
Br-ichanteau turned the handle, and,
flinging back the door, stood for a
moment on the threshold, hat in hand,
"Good morning, madam," he said.
The room was hot and steaming.
The ceiling, though low, was hidden
from view by numberless cords, on
which hung various articles of cloth
ing, all more or less damp. On the
opposite side of the room a plump,
comely little woman was busily em
--Good morning, Monsieur Brichan
teau," she replied, looking up for a
moment from her work. "It is a fine
"The cday indeed is fine," answered
Brichanteau,leaning elegantly against
the door posts as he spoke. "Aurora
smiles, and deigns to rain her golden
sunbeams like flowers upon her hum
Madame raised her hands with that
pretty gesture which is common to
every true-born Frenchwoman. "L~a,
Monsieur! How beautifully you talk.
You are indeed a true poet."
He smiled and shook his head with
conscious humility. "Nay, madame,
you flatter me. I am .no poet; only a
humble slave of Art. A slave who
has endured much for the Cause, 'tis
true; bnt one who is vet a 0lave."
She shook her head sympathetically.
"You have had trials, Monsieur?" she
"Trials!" he answered; I have
starved; I have played to cheering
multitudes and to howling mobs; I
have endured bombardments of vege
tables, and received showers of roses;
and yet I have played on. Genius
cannot be overcome by trities; naught
but death can quench its consuming
fire. The publi,- do not und'rstud
Brichanteau. So much the worse for
the public. They are fools. c.len
while, Brichauteaa still play. on."
He stopped, and, folding his arm s
theatrically, resumed his old position
by the door post.
"And yet there have been triumphs,"
she suggested. soothingly.
"Triumphs!" he replied, eagerly.
"Aye, there have been triumphs, too.
My Louis XI was received with ac
clamations that filled the house. The
applause was thunderous. The magic
of my sway carried everything before
it. It was victory, indeed. To be
sure, one miserable critic,full of envy,
dared to decry me; but I challenged
him, and he fell before the outslaught
my righteous fury like an oak before
"Did you kill him?" she asked, hor
ror-struck. "Kill him, the cur! Nay.
Genius can afford to be magnanimous.
He thought the victory was his; but
he had to deal with one who had
played 'Roland' and 'Bayard,' and
'Napoleon the Great,' and his skill
was unav:,iiing. I spared his life,and
ran him through the lung. But I am
retarding you. A thousand pardons.
I did but come to inquire after the
little Susette; and I have stayed to
The woman stopped her ironing.
"Thank you,monsienr; she is better,"
she replied. "The doctor says thAt
all she wants is good food-chickens,
and fruit. But. alas! sueh things are
impossible; they cost money," she
"'Tis true "answered the old actor,
shaking his head mournfully, "they
cost money. Madame, I feel for yu:',
and I hope the little one will soon be
well. Adiez.' and bowing gracefully
he walked out of the room.
The Cafe Diane, the object of Bri
chanteau's journey, was some distauce
from his lowly ab;de. Thither he
wended his way with slow and digni
fied steps,and as he walked he drooped
his head forward as if in deep medi
tation. This fit lasted until he had
almost reached his destination, when,
two doors from the cafe, he halted
outside a fruitorer's shop. He stood
irresolute for several minutes: '.ow
looking at the stores of fruit piied up
in front of him,and now casting long
ing glances at the adjacent restaurant.
At last he seemed to make up his
mind. Drawing himself up to his full
height. he stalked into the shop.
"low much are these grates?" he
asked, waving hi= hand,with a magni
ficent gesture, toward the fruit in
"iwo francs a pound," answered
the shopman, bowing politely.
The actor concealed his disappoint
ment with an effort, for he ':hoight
th rc xorbitant.
".1 will have a pound," he said,
''After all, there are still the sous,"
he muttered as he strode proudly out
of the shop.
"Madame, Dame Fortune smiles.
The gods are indeed gracious. Today
they shower their blessings like the
The woman paused in her almost
csaseless ironing. "What has
ha-ppened, Monsienr?" she asutd. sur
prisedi at the interrutionm.
"My old friend and comrade, Mon
sieur the Marquis do Morthon, one o
the few who do not forget Brichau
teau, has sent me a hamper of the
produce of his chateau," aunwered
the actor; grandly. "Among other
things, ho sent these grapes. I beg
you to acept them for the little
Susette," and he thrust them into her
She thanked him with tears in her
eyes, she knew that he was lying.
Briehantecau, t' o abscut-miaded, had
given them to her in the tradesman's
printed paper bag.--W. Poole, in
A Little Be-forehand.
A French frigate called at Aden on
its way; to the Red sea. The offcers
weore cordially entertained by the gov
ernor (Coghlan) anmd when their hearts
werCe warin'med by good fare provided,
the captain dropp2ed a hint that he
was goin to touch at Perimi for pure
ly scien1tc purposes. The governor
winked to is aide (myself. who imn
mnediately stole away, and, while the
captain was still at the festive board,
got into a manl-o- war wvhich happened
to be in the harbor, and thus antici
pated the gallant Frenchman, who
did not leave Aden till the following
Ever eince the scramLie for Africa
and other unoccupied spots on the
earth's surface took place, French
agents, official and unofficial, were al
ways trav-eling about the East in
search of strategical positions and
coaling stations.-Sir R. L. Playfair
in Chambers's Journal.
A Vegetable Battery.
IA German professor by the name of
Leipsic has discovered in India a tree
which is a natural electric battery.
When the dark green leaves of the
tree were touched with the fingers a
tiny spark was emitted and a distinct
electrical shock was felt. Professor
Leipsic found that even at a distance
of 80 feet the tree had a strong in
fluence upon the magnmeti' needle.
These magnetic variations varied ac
cording to the time of day. They were
strongest at noon, but almost entirely
disappeared at midnight. The elec
tricity also disappeared in wet weather.
No explanation of this strange phe
nomenon is attempted.-Philadelphia
THE REMARKABLE SYSTEM IN VOGUE
AMONG FRENCH FARMERS.
There Are Certain Prodncts Upon Which
They May Borrow Money - l'r.pe ty
Iternains in the 1'os%ession of the
Owner-How Criditors Ae Paid.
Advance sheet of consular reports
No.: :J contains the foll%wing trausla
tion of th:, French agricultural war
Any fariner may borrow upon
the results of his agricultural or in
dustrial products hereafter classilied,
at the same time retaining possessions
( of the same in his own buildings or in
those upon the ground cultivated. The
products .upou which warrants may
be issued are as follows: Cereals,
either in bundles or thrashed; fodder
and dried feed; dried pharmaceutical
piaits; dried vegetables; dried fruits
and seeds or roots; textile materials.
animal, or vegetable; oil seeds and
seeds for sowing; wines,ciders,spirits
of alcohol of different natures; dried
exteriors of grain; cut wood, resiu,
and tanbark; cheeses, honey and wax;
vegetable oils; sea salt. The agri
cultural warrant remains in the hands
of the bearer of the warrant until the
sums advanced are reimbursed. The
farmer or producer is responsible for
the merchandise which remains in his
custody and care without any in
The farmer or cultivator, in cases
where he is not the proprietor or re
ceiver of the income from his work,
shall, before making any loan, notify
the proprietor of the property leased
of the nature, the value and the quan
tity of produce or merchandise which
is to form the guaranty for the loan,
also the amount of the loan to be de
manded. Such notice should be given
to the proprietor, the person entitled
to the income, or his legal representa
tive designated, throu;h the ollices of
the clerk of the justice of the peace of
the canton in which the residence of
the borrower is located. The notiui
cation letter should be deposited with
the clerk, who should vise, register
and send the same under form of reg
istered letter, at the same time ac
knowledging receipt of the same. The
proprietor or person entitled to the in
come, or his legal representative, in
case payments become due and nQt
paid, should within a delay of twelve
full days, counting from the date of
the registered letter, make opposition
to the loan on the said products by a
1tter addressed to the clerk (gre ier)
of the jusice of the peace,twhich letter
should be registered.
Ihe cerk of the justice of the
pe :ce w ill write on the two parts of a
r'gISter with stub, specialiy drawn ul)
for. thi- purpose, ani in accordtnce
with ths de:laration of the borrower.
the nature, the quantity and value of
the proluets which are to serve as
guaranteeing his loan. also indicating
the amount of the loan requested. In
ctset.he borrower shall not be the i r)
p:ietor or the person entitled to the
income of the ground worked, the
justice of the peace should, beside the
conditions above mentioned, indicate
the date~ the notice was sent to the
p)roprietor' (or usufructier), the one
entitled to the income, as also the ab
sence of any opposition on his part
Iafter a delay of twelve full days fromt
the date of the posting of the regis
tered letter. The sheet detached from
this register becomes the warrant
wich will permit the cultivator to ob
tain his loan.
The borrower ioay, even before a
payment is due, pay such amount on
account of the warrant. In case the
lender ref uxes his offer, the borrower
may, in order to free himself, deposit
the sum oflered. observing the for
malities as prescribed by article 1239
of the civil code. Upon sight of the
regular and sufficient receipt of de
posit, the justice of the peace shall
issue an order indicating that the suni
shall be olac-ed to his (the borrower's)
credit against the debt consigned.
in default of payment when due,
and after prpe notice transrmitted by
registered letter to the borrower, in
which a requrst for acknowledgment
of the same should be made, the holder
of th a warrant, without further notice
and without any judicial formality, but
in such forms of publication as p)ro
vided for by articles S17 and the fol
lowing of the code of procedure, may.
eight days atter the first notice, l.ro
ceed through a ministerial officer to
the pub)lic sale at auction of the
merchandise deposited as security.
The creditor is directly paid the
amount of his advance from the sell
ing price, by privilege and in prefer
ence to all other creditors, wihout
any deduction beyond those of the
regular direct contribution (tax of the
locality) and the expenses of the sale,
and also without other formalities
than the order of the justice of the
The holder of the warrant loses his
rig;t to proceedl against the indorsers
of th9 same should he not cause the
-ae to be made within the month fol
lowing; the original notice t> the bor
rower. The holder has no recourse
as regards the borrower or his in
dorsers, exdcept after having exercised
his right upon the products or mcr
chandise placed as security. In case
the amount realized is insuGeZiient a
de!ay of a month is accorded to him
fron' the date that the sale of the
merchandise took p)lace in order to
have recourse against the indorsers.
It having been proved that lie (the
borrower) has willingly put aside, dis
sipated, or deteriorated the security
to the prejudice of the creditor, he
shall lbecome liable as having com
mitted an act qualified as "abuse of
contidence" and punished in accord
ance with article 406 and 408S f the
penal code, without in any way inter
fering at the same time with the ap
plication of article 4633 of the same
HOW A PIG "BROKE" A FARMER.
Lively Fight Over a Porker Between Two
Farmers in North Dakota.
"Up in the North Dakota town of
Grafton," said W. P. Sterling a trav
eler, at the Hoffman House, "is a rusty
axe which represents an expenditure
of $268.35. It originally cost 50 cents
and now adorns, or, did not so very
long ago, a wall in the office of the
justice of the peace, a memento of the
folly of some kinds of legal battles.
Underneath it is this legend: 'I cut
a pig and broke a farmer.'
"Two farmers lived on adjoining
quarter sections near the outskirts of
the town. Once they were friendly, but
the episode of the axebroke up all
such relations, and one was compelled
to move away.
"Farmer 'Bill' Williams had a pig
that could generally find nothing
better to do than encroach upon the
kitchen garden of neighbor Haskin.
j A post fence ran between the two
houses, and Haskin's garden was with
in a small light fence inelosure.
Haskin protested mildly at first, bat
finally relations became strained and
he warned 'Bill' one day that the next
time he found the pig in his inclosure
he would confiscate it. But Williams
laughed at him. Two or three days
later Haskin caught the pig in his
bean patch. He made for the animal
and caught it by the hind legs as it
was going through a hole in the fence.
Williams rushed out of the house and
managed to catch the squealing porker
by the forelegs. One jerk and Haskin
had it, but. 'Bill' reached over the
fence, which stood about four feet
high, and got another grip on the ani
imal's forelegs. Then began the tug
of war, both men pulling at the pig's
legs. What with 'cussing' back and
forth and the pig's squealing there
was a terrible commotion. The pi;
stretched taut was in a fair way of
being torn apart, when Haskin's son
ca ae out of the house, and, seeing
'ill*' axe on the woodpile, 'jumped
the fence and seized it with presum
ably murderous intent.
'Cut the pig, Si!' yelled Haskin
to his son. Si ran up with the axe
aloft and let flv. As luck would have
it, the porker's body was directly over
a post. Well, the blade came down
and cut the pig clean in two. The
men fell over backward,but presently,
eatch with half a pig in one hand, was
shaking his free fist at the other across
the fence and making threats. Si had
run into his father's house with the
axe. Th?u their wives came out aad
got them apart.
" Til su 'ou!' velled 'B1ll' as a
pfrting she. -
"'Sue away! Tarnation lookey!'
retorted Haskin. '1'll beat -ou, and
you don't git no pig ana no a:e.'
Now, up in that part % T)akota
every one can tell you of the-celebrated
case of Williams vs. Haskin, although
it was tried four years ago. Williams
brought suit before a justice of the
peace for the return of that ax".
Somehow the value of half at pig was
lost sight of. Haskin put in a bill
for damages to his garden. By the
time the suit passed the county court
and' had gone against Williams the
cos;ts and fees reached $2t5.35. He
had to sell ont and move away. Far
meir Haiskin gave the axe to the the
justi e, w ho nailed it on his wall, aiia
one day, soon after the trial, some
wag posted the legend."
A Joke in Two Households.
It was the head of the household
doing the talking in the direct manner
that men have with their wives. "I
like oyster soup well enough. It's
satisfying for the time and I suppose
that it's healthy, but I'm opposed to
making an entire meal of it, as I was
reuined to do for lunch."
nis wife placidly informed him that
he would be lucky if he never made a
men1 on anything worse.
That after'noon he called on a friend
to hav;e a friendly game of cribbage,
and the game became so warm that he
was invited to stay for the evening
meal in order that the exciting con
test might b,e carried to a finish. Word
was telephoned to his wife who agreed
to come in the evening.
aI knw why he stae, she began
asso sthey wrsetdfor a four
handed game. "Oh, you needn't kick
mec," as she looked laughingly at her
husband. "I'm going to tell on you.
We had nothing but oyster soup at
noon and he was so put out about it
that he thought he would stay here in
order to get a good square meal. I'm
glad he did."
The husband was blushing and the
host and hostess were laughing inor
dinately. "What in the world is the
matter "with you people?" she inquire d,
with a puzzled expression.
"Oh, nothing, nothing at all," from
the host. betwean explosions. "We
dian't have a thing this evening but
oster soup; not a thing."
Then there was a long and animated
discussion as to whom the joke was
A Fea-Going Sanatorium.
For twenty years a floating hospital
has regularly carried out from New
Tork each morning a load of infants
to breathe the pure air which it is
difiicult for them to obtain in the tene
ments in which they dwell. On this
ship are a few cots and beds for
"eases" too ill to- sit outside, but the
great mass of the patients sit or play
on deck, breathing fresh air and en
oying sea breezes. Then feeding
time comes round, and both the chil
dren and the mothers-for no infants
come without their mothers-get for
once a good meal. Bathing is another.
reat feature of these trips, and on
the lower deck of the floating hospi
tal baths of variouts sorts are supplie<l,
so thait the little ones return after
their outing with clean skins and full
stomach:., with bodies revived by the
sea air, and minds refreshed by new
sighte which they witl not readily for
The Chase of the Gingerbread Man.
Once when a baker in Fairyville
Was making cakes, as bakers will.
He made, and put by itself in a pan.
A dear little. queer little gingerbread man.
B-aud-by. when the cakes were brown
H' open.-k f.c oven: when nimbly down
Hopped the queer little man. and blinking
Culled out to the baker. who stared in sur
"Run. run! fast as you can!
Can't catek me,littlegingerbreai man!
The baker ran. his wife ran. too,
And puss started up with a brave "1Meow,
Old Rover ran with a gruff "Bow-wow!"
Followed by Brindle. the staid old cow.
The horse broke out of the barn with a
But he heard the echo from far away:
"Run. ran: fast as you can!
Can't catch mr, little gingerbread man!
Man and woman. horse and cow,
Dog and cat were after him now,
But none could run as fast as he.
And over his shoulder he called in glee:
;'Run, run! fast as you can!
Can't catch rie, little gingerbread man!"
But a wolf crept out of the woods at last,
And w'lv 's. he knew. could run s, fast,
Yet he hurried on. and bravely cried.
Just as the wolf bounded up by his side:
"Ruu. run! fast as you can!
Can't catch me. little gingerbreadl man'
The great gray wolf took a l.ite.just one.
The gingerbread man was one-fourth g.ne.
A second bite took him up to the waist.
Just half was gone and 'twas only a taste.
Still another bite took him up to the throat
And now three-fourths was gone. you'il
Then he swallowed the head,as away he ran,
And that was the last of the gingerbread
-Ella :d. White. in the La'lies' Home Jour
Sirds Taught to Buili Nests.
It is a common error to believe
that with birds the knowledge of
building their nests is innate. It is a
trade that is taught to every bird by
its parents and in just as systematic
a manner as men are trained to be
builders. Birds are born with the in
stinct to carry little twigs and the ma
terials with which nests are made, but
unless they are instructed in the art of
building they will just drop them in a
pile and never attempt to weave them
It is after the young birds have
learned to fly that the old ones regu
larly teach them the process of inter
weaving and lining thit is necessary
t,; construct nests. This is iostcoimi
piieated a4l a ir:"e gal1li:r'ly their
owu; it cannot be imitated even by
men. Tc arrange the little twigs so
t.at they will be symmetrical and
strong enough to hold the weight of
the mother bird and four or jive little
ones to a branch of a tree, requires
good engineering ability. The lining
of the nest is usually of a much softer
material than that of which the out
side is made, and to place this neatly
is also taught by the o'der birds.
'unlnting birds will often follow cows
for days to pick up their soft hair with
which t:) line their nests and they
weave it as compactly as a piece of
flannel. Birds that have always been
in eages cau never ia ke nests and are
pitiably cltusy even with cotton, weol
and material that hais bcun given to
th c n.
That nest building is taught is also
true of those that squirrels and mice
build. as well as bees, wasps and ants.
The green ant of Austialia is very
clever in the building of its nest. It
appear's to c.onsider it an irksorae duty
that can be hired out. A small spidier
is therefore traianed to do thi: work
and acts as a servaut in all thing.
The green ants pa:y the spiders for
their labors in a coin that they' enjoy.
It is by giving them to eat a portion
of the innumerable little eggs that
they, the ants, lay. This is a most
agreeable ar-rancem:ent for all, man in
cluded, as otherwise the green ants
would rival the rabbits in overrunning
Legendi of the Moon.
A queer, changeable old fellow *
the Man in the Moon. If you j
glance at him cas'.lly in a "goc~
evening-glad-to-sec-y-an" way, he nods
at you pleasantly and you are con
scions of twvo big dark eye.s, a gener
ouis nose and a w~ide, smiling mouth
the kind of a mouth that a boy would
like when he eats watermelon.
But if you sit down and look at him
very closely and wonder what he is
doing up there you suddenly cease to
see the big eyes and the broad nose,
and behold a little, weary, bent old
man toiling along with a bundle of
fagots on his back. Sometimes he ap
pears as if by magic and you wonder
where he camie tram. Old-timne people
tell how a certain wicked man. stole a
bundle of fagots from a poor widow
and left her and her little family to
shiver with cold. He was condemned
and aent to the moon, where he must
always carry the fagots and shiver
with unceasing cold. Some one has
said that he is very sorry he stole the
fagots. The shooting stars are his
if once you lock away from the
moon the fagot man is likely to slip
around to the other side-at least that
is what the old-time people say-and
first thing you know there is the Moon
Lady. You rub your eyes -strange
von never saw her before, but there
she is, like a picture on a photogr'aph
button. Of all the moon people she
is the most beautiful-a sweet face
with every feature perfectly chiseled
and a smile half parting the lips. You
have missed the most beautiful thing
in the moon if yon never have seen
And then there are the two Children
of the Moon-a boy and a girl half
way grown up. You can see them best
in the winter time, when the moon is
tipped a little farther around. A good
mahy yars! a0'o a boy and oirl wlte
were bringing a pail of water fro' the
well were heartlessly robbed b - a
bandit, and since then-so the story
goes-they have always marched in
the moon. You can see Jack and Jill
carrying the rail between them, sup
ported on a pole. A very bright, fair
haired pair they are, although at this
time of ye:tr only the girl shows
,Ir'ou haven't seen all these moon
dwellers, don't fail to look for them
the next time the moon is full.
In olden times people paid a great
deal more attention to the moon than
they do nowadays. The old Greeks
used to say the Man in the Moon was
a Greek and the Romans said that he
was a Roman, and they might have
gone to war over the matter if there
hadn't been anything else to fight
about. And the wise men quarreled
over the question as ,to whether the,
moon was an island or only a hole in
the sky. And one of them soberly
asserted that the moon was simply the
sun shorn of his rays, who came peep
ing around at night for fear something
would go wrong while he was gone.
Ancient authors also had much to
say about lunar wonders. Lucian, a
famous Greek writer, tells in his
"Voyage to the Moon" how he visited
the Man in the Moon. It reads like
some wonderful fairy story. Starting
from the smiling coasts of Italy, his
gay bark was driven beyond the pil
lars of Hercules into the unknown
ocean. Here it was caught in a fierce
storm and swept about at the mercy
of the wind for seventy days. Then
the weary voyagers landed on a bliss
ful island, where the rivers flowed with
wine and where every vine in the
vineyard-s was a beautiful maiden.
Leaving a few of his bewitched com
panions, Lucian sailed on with those
who remained faithful to him. 'One
fine day when the sun shone brightly
and the waters were blue and calm, a
sudden whirlwind arose and lifted up
the little vessel and for seven days and
seven nights it was hurled through
space, and finally landed on a large
island which hung suspended in mid
air and was brilliantly illuminated by
the suu. This was the moon.
No sooner had they alighted when
a great ccmpany of hippogriffs-- men
mountel on winged asses with three
I heads - came and carried them to the
Man in the Ioon. He at onde recog
nized them as Greeks, for he was a
countryman of theirs--Endymion by
name. It so happened that he was at
that moment engaged in a lierce war
fare with his majesty Phaeton, King of
the Sun, and the very next <ay a great
'h tle was to be fought. Lucian was
delighted with this opportunity of be
coming acquainted with the famous
Man in the Moon and agreed to help
him tight his battle.
Early the next morning the moon
army was drawn up in battle array.
It cousisted of no fewer than 61,000.
000 of men, with 80,000 hippogriffs
and an equal number of other wonder
ful creatures,among whon were 36,000
men riding fleas of the size of twelve
elephants. The battle took place on
an enormous cobweb stretched be
tween the sun and the moon,and after
a fierce and bloody struggle, in which
many decds of valor were done, both
armies withdrew, having covered them
selves with glory, and the next day
peace was declared, and the Man in
the Moon became fast friends with the
King of the Sun.
Luciau tells other marvellous things
about the Man in the Moon. He is
not born,but buds forth like a flower,
and instead of dying he passes forth in
a gentle puff of smoke. He never
su :Ters indigestion, because his stoma
nehi is nothing but a pocket in wvhich
he keenis his food. If he thinks there
is daug~ier (of hurting his eye~s he takes
them' out and slips them in his pockets.
All these things Lucian tells about,
and then cuts his story short quite
suddenly and returns to Greece.
Bc:vers choppin~ Trees.
"I had heard a good many wonder
ful stories about how beavers chopped
down trees," recently said a well
known trapper. "and. being anxious
to see how far from the truth some of
these stories were, I found where
b,aavers were at work in a piece of
celar woods through which a branch
of the Wood river flowed. I chose a
b:ight moonlight night to watch the
beaves at their tree chopping. I hid
msef efoe nightfall near the spot.
Soon after nightfall a beaver came out
of the water. went straight to a good
size:d cedar tree and began work upon
it with hi- teeth.
'While he was at work another
beaver appeCared from the river, and
as he drew himself out of the water to
the bank where the moon shone full
upon him I saw that he was as white
as snow. The white beaver selected
a tree and went vigorously to work
feling it. I don't believe a wvood
chopper with his axe could h.ttre felled
those trees any quicker than those two
beavers dlid with their ehisel-like
teeth. "--New York Mail and Express.
Superstition at Fault.
Notwithstanding the superstition of
railroad engineers, the most useful,
successful and satisfactory locomotive
on the Baltimore & Ohio system is
No. 1313. It is one of their ten
wheel locomotives with 78-inrh driv
ers, built under contract by the Bald
win company, and not only the best
of the lot, but the best on the road
for running record and for repairs.
It has been constantly in service for
nearly nine years, has never had an
accident to itself or to any car it has
ever hauled, and has been late less
times than any other engine in use by
the company and has cost almost
nothing for repairs. Whole years
have passed without having to send
this engine to the rep)air shor, al
though the other nine engines which
were built at th'e same time by the
same man and froi. the same material
are laid up frequently.
The sun gives 600,000 times as much
* ht as the full moon.
.he average weight of a nean's brain
is thhr epounds eight ounces.
Itis supposed that the average depth
of sand in he deserts of Africa is from
thirty to for feet.
It has been and that X-rays are
fatal to bacteria. u the Hygienic In
stitute of Munich, varia, they are
used as a disinfecting a'ent.
By far the greater nu er of flow
ers have no smell. Only bout ten
per cent. of the 4200 species flow
ers in Europe give forth any od
Twenty years' study has led a -
tain scientist to believe that diphthe
ria, apoplexy, and other diseases are
due to a deficiency of salt in the sys
A German biologist has calculated
that the human brain contains 300,
000,000 nerve cells, 500,000 of which
die and are succeeded by new ones
every day. At this rate we get an en
tirely new brain every sixty days.
The whirling winds of Arabia some
times excavate sand pits to the depth
of two thousand feet, the rim usually
being three times that depth in diain
eter. A sand pit thus made may be
entirely obliterated in a few hours, and
another excavation made within a short
distance of it.
A Russian offcer has been making
experiments, with very successful re
sults, in the use of.alcons instead of
pigeons as caLrers. It seems. that
they can fly very much faster. A
pigeon covers ten or twelve leagues in
an hour, whereas a falcon can do fif
teen. It can also carry with ease a
fairly heavy weight.
Balances Made Nowadays Especially for
Weighing the Baby.
Babies have been weighed from time
immemorial, but it is only withiD
few years that scales have be.e
especially for that purpose.. -
fashioned,time-honored - eigh
ing the baby was to t p in a
towel and then hook ti hook of a
spring balance into the knot; and this
way is still common. Whatever other
household les might be in use
in a house have also been used
for this purpose, as they still are, but
there are now made special infant
scales and used for that purpose
Infant scales are- made in several
styles. They all have one feature in.. -
common, however-a basket in which
to put the baby in place of a pan. An
infant scale of a design new this year
is finished in white- enamel. The
weights plate,upon which the weights
are placed in the weighing, is of iron
polished until it looks like a steel
mirror. At the other end of the
balance, where the pan would ordin
arily be,in the basket,oblong in shape,
and fashioned with a view to the con
venient and comfortable holding of the
child. The basket also is enamelled.
The base of the scaleprojects in front
to afford a place for the weights,
wvhich are of polished iron. The larger
weights are provided with handles.
There are no very small weights; the
fractional weights are taken by means
of a sliding weight on a beam attached
to the front of the scale. Such a scale
as this sells at $25. Infant scales may
be bought, however, at $6 and $8.
The scales are used not only -to
find out the weight of the infant when
it is born, but to weigh it from time
to time, maybe once a week, to note
its growth. Infanit scales are made to
weigh up to 25 or 30 pounds.
American scales are sold the world
over in every civilized land; there is
perhaps no larger foreign consumer
than. Russia, which buys American
scales of every kind, from the largest
of railroad scales to the smallest of
little scales. It is interesting to note '
that Russia buys considerable num
bers of infant seales. -Sun.
How Balloons Are Made,
| Balloons are manufactured of go&l
beater's skin, which, though small
toy ones had been made of it,
could not be produced in suaIfcient
quantities for the large balloons until
Colonet Templer invented and per
fected the process, which, according
to the Pall Mall Magazine, is briefly
IThe goldbeater's skin is made up of
quantities of a certain thin animal
membrane (30,000, of these are re
quired for a balloon of 10,000 cubic
feet capacity), which is first freed
fcomn all fatty substances and then
soaked in a solution of glycerine and
water. They are then applied to
boards cut in the form and to the size
of the gore of the balloon i-equired:
others are then superposed until a
thickness of four layers has been
reached, great care being taken that
no air bubbles remain between the- -
skins. After this fourth layer a method
of strenthening is resorted to in the
shape of a net manufactured of skin.
After this net two or three more layer
of membranes are applied. The who;e
is then allowed to dry, and a solution
of boiled linseed oil is used as a var
nish. The fabric is then quite indis
soluble, and the memb-ranes cannot
by any possible means be separated
from one another; but sometimes, to
render the homogeneity the more per
fect, a solution of bicbromate of pot
ash is sponged over the fabric.
Ground Oyster Shell Mediciue.
Ground oyster shells were.given .by
the medieval doctors to children suf
fering from rickets and scrofula. Now.
it appears that they were right. The
shells contain lime, nitrogen, iron,
sulphur, manganese, magnesia, flour,
bromide, phosphoric acid and iodine,
all excellent for feeble children. They
say that if growing children were to
atake powdered oyster shells in their