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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, April 18, 1899, Image 1

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TRI-WEEKLY EDI"I O1~ WNNSBOR,O, &C., APRIL 18, 1899.
OVERi
E -He would not look well in a novel;
He wouldn=t be praised in a play.
His bome's ze:ther palace nor hovel;
He's only a man of to-day.
He couldn't do much with a sabre,
If carnage and riot were rite;
He merely can suffer and labor
A hero of everyday life.
He isn't delightfully.daring;
He isn't a maiden's ideal,
i: -His love and devotion .declaring
A heio of ballads and steel.
He's merely a man who is fighting
The battle of civilized times
A ballad that's withering, blighting,
Unsung In the troubadour's rhymes.
BLACK JOTSC
A TALE OF THE
o EXAS was my
home in my
" _ Jr early days, and
at the time I
am writing
about I was en
gaged many
years ago, in
-connection with
an old friend,
in stocking a
sheep farm in
Harrison Coun
ty, and was on
my way west to
purchase alarge
flcek of an old Mexican settler, with
wiom I had been in correspondence.
I journeyed along pleasantly enough
till, on reaching a settlement on the
upper- Brazos, I was somewhat dis
turbed by the report of a hunting
party of Kioways, who had followed
the buffaloes into the range, through
which my trail would lead me, my
destination being the old "Spanish
colony" on the Leon.
It was then I was forcibly re
'minded of stories I had heard of the
prowess of a famous hunter called
Black Johnson, who had often wiped
out scores of enemies, single-handed,
and.who was the most terrible man in
' all' that region of terrible men. It
occurred to me that just then would
be a good time to fall in with Black
Johnson, and have him for a traveling
companion. But I had to push on
alone.
I had passed the buffalo range in
aafety, and there was not an Indian, I
nupposed, within leagues of me, when
one evening, being encamped on the
narrow strip of timber skirting a small
spring brook, my horse broke from
1is tether, and escaped from me into
hle. open prairie. This made it nee
-sary for me to. leave my shelter is
ufillin I hadn gn iae fa
n Theard 't distant whoop, and,
ning the wide plain, perceived
ye horsemen riding.at a fast gallop
toward me, and was startled at the
discovery of their being Indians.
I lost no timee in reaching the spot
where I had 1ft -my ride and pistols,.
,and immediately proceeded to take
such hasty measures for defense as I
-ould. Where I had made my bivouac
the s ream formed a small curve, and
ran deep between its banks. I in
atantly availe d myself of this fortun
ate lay of the ground, and, snatching
up my weapons, took my position be
hind the bank, which reached above
my breast, and awaited the approach
of ,the savages. It was not long be
idie:'they were upon me. But ere
they-had discovered my position I had
leveled my trasty rifle, andJ dropped1
the foremost fudian fro:n his sadde.
Seeing this, the other painted imps,
letting fly a volley of arrows, dis
mounted from their beasts, and filling
the little grove with mad yells,
charged upon me.
Ihad now nothing but my two sin
gle-barreled pistols remaining, and no
time to reload my rifle. But as the
eavages rushed toward mec 1 gave
them a sh'ot from one of my pistols,
and snatching up my ride again, as if
it contained a charge, leveled it at
them. This ruse checked them for
an instant, and they sought the cover
of the small growth, from which they!
directed their guns upon my shelter,
waiting only for a sight of my head to
fire.
T1wice I drew their shots by the old
artifice I had somewhere read of, of
raising my hat upon the end of my
rifle. But the cunning savages soon
detected the cheat, and pressed closer
and-closer upon me. They were ex
tremely wary in their movements, and
were careful not to expose any part of
their painted carcasses to my aim. It
was at this point of the fight that I
withdrew my empty rifle, and was
-hastily charging it. while my empty
pistol. was deposited at hand upon the
bank, when I heard a cautious and
s tealthy tread along the bottom of the
brook in my rear.
So startled was I at this unexpected
addition to my enemies, that in my
agitation. I let the powder fall from
theipalm.of my hand to the ground. I
knew that four Indians were still in
front of me in the thicket, for they
could not have reached the stream un
perceived by me. Nearer and quicker
approached the steps behind me, and
1now was about to leap upon the
bank,.- and, giving all up for lost,
throw myself upon the fire of the sav
ages in front. I had sprung upon a
decayed log for that purpose, when a
powerful grasp was laid upon my
shoulder, and I was borne to the
ground.
Before I could perceive my new as
sailant a voice whispered in my ear,
"Keep down, stranger, or them var
mints'1l make daylight shine through
yer brain pan. 'I reckon you and I'll
be good for them i-ed cusses!"
And before I could recover from
this sudden surprise the new-coiner
raised a long, double-barrelled rifle
and fired twice in quick succession,
and I knew from the mingled yells of
*rage and pain that followed that each
*hot had takqs effet
.00KED:
His smile is a ruse to keep hidden
From those to his heart ever dear
The phantoms that greet him unbidden,
The future he's tempted to fear;
His life Is a constant endeavor
To keep their eyes turned to the light,
To seem to be happy whatever
The praspect of darkening night.
He's really but one of the many,
Determined and patient and bold,
Whose struggle's as noble as any
By poet or novelist told.
And later, when Time writes the story
Of those who've been valiant in strife,
A page will be due tv the glory
Of herces of everyday life.
E. F., in the Chicago Evening Post.
)T, THE SCOUT.
rEXAS FRONTIER.
The next instant the stranger leaped
past me up the bank, and was en
gaged in a hand-to-hand struggle with
the remaining two savages. He made
short work of it, for before I could
reach the spot he had them at his feet,
and was in the act of stripping their
paint-beclaubed scalps from their
skulls. This done, he turned to the
wounded savages he had shot from be
neath the bank and served them in the
same way, and then made a finish of
them with his knife.
"I reckon, stranger, that 'ere other
scalp of right belongs to you," said
he, as he pointed his dripping blade
toward the body of the savage I had
dispatched before his opportune ar
rival.
"Are there any more of the var.
mints about?" inquired my rescuer.
as he deliberately proceeded to wipe
out and recharge his rifle. "Here's
one, two, three, four, five on 'em; is
that all?"
"Yes," saiL T; "there were but five
of them. And now, my friend, I must
thank you for your timely aid, without
which I am sure I should not be among
the living."
"What would you thank me for,
stranger? Why, it's my bis'ness to
kill the red varmints. I've followed
it all my life, and I reckon I'd rather
do it than eat any time. Cuss 'em!
they wiped out my poor father and my
only sister, and I owes 'em a grudge
all their scalps can't satisfy. I seed
the varmints making a dash for the
bottom here, and I knowed they wan't
arter no good. I reckoned they'd
ecented you out-for I'd diskivered
yer trail two days ago-and I knowed I
a lone traveler'd be sure to draw the
varmints out, and so I followed arter
yer."
I had now leisure to take a survey
e? .my preserver. He w;s ia
idokag~iaivisuT,~inouTHiiddl&aged,
with a tall, muscular person, which
was clothed in awell-greased and shiny
suit of buckskin that had evidently
seen much rough service. About his
waist was a broad leathern belt, in
which were a couple of heavy cavalry
pistols, a keen, long-handled hatchet,
and the scabbard of the heavy bowie
kuife he had just been using so skil
fully. These, ,with his long two-bar
relied rie, costituted a very efficient
armament for one person to carry con
tinually about him, To one unaccus
tomed to them they would prove a
rather heavy burden. But the stran
ger appeared not the least incommo
ded by them, and moved with all the
lightness and grace of a young Indian
warrior beneath his quiver of arrows.
In place of a hat the stranger wore
on his head a sort of turban, made
from folds of a piece of figured calico,
which, confining his sandy locks upon
the top of his head, brought his bold
and rather handsome features into
strong relief. But the most attractive
features about his face were a pair of
large, prominent gray eyes that seemed
to take in every c'bject about him at a
single glance. In their calm, yet
penetrating gaze I can compare them
to nothing but the eyo of a half-do
mesticated eagle. Such was the ap
pearance of this man, as with one foot
resting upon the breast of the savage
he had last scalped he was leisurely
recharging his weapons.
"I reckon, stranger," commenced
my new companion, as he returned the
last pistol to his belt, "yer'd better
gather up yer traps and jine me at my
camp to-night; and in the morning we
can ride in company-that is to say as
if 'twould be agreeable to you."
I assured him that nothing would
give me greater satisfaction.
"Bat,' saidlI, "perhaps our trails
don't run in the same direction."
"~Where mought yer be bound?"
"To the Spanish colony," Ianswered.
"Ah, that's fortunato! My frill runs
through the same settlement. So
we'll catch that runaway nag of yourn,
and put out to my camp. It's but a
little way from here in this same creek
bottom."
In another half hour we had arrived
at his camp, and after a relishing sup
per of "hump" and marrow bones I
spread my blanket, and was soon for
getful of the exciting incident of the
day. Whether my companion slept
or not I cannot say, for when I awoke
at dawn he was already about, having
changed the feeding-place of the
horses, and prepared a fragrant roast
of buffalo fish for an early breakfast.
Partaking of the repast, we were soon
on our way to the Leon, the belts of
timber which skirted the river being
plainly visible from the swells of the
prairie as we rode along.
I found my fellow-traveler, though
not very loquacious, a very sensible
and pleasant companion. He was
familiar with every foot of the ground
over which we traveled, and said that
he had camped on every water-course,
river and spring branch between the
Red River, of Louisana and Mexico.
But in all his conversation he never
used an egotistical remark. His
modesty was remarkable, and, beyond
what he had taid of killing Indians
atr tht skirmish At my 4aJma he
made no reference to his ever befor
being engaged in a fight.
The sun had scarcely passed th"
meridian when we came in sight of th
settleme,t of the old Spanish colony
and my companion pointed out to me
in the edge of the river bottom, th,
thatched roofed rancho of Don Panch
Diego, the Mexican with whom I ha
contracted for a thousand head o
yearling ewes. Soon we had passed th
extensive corrals, in which large flock
of sheep were nightly driven, and rod
up to the low porch of the Mexican'
dwelling. No persons were movin
about, and it was evident the oc
cupants were enjoying their post
prandial siesta.
"Good-evening, friends!" shoute<
my companion; and his voice arouse<
a pack of shaggy shepherd dogs, who
gathering from the numerous out
buildings, quickly called the peon
and their master to the door.
"Down, down, dogs!" cried an ol<
leather-clad Mexican, as he kicked tl.
noisy animals from his path, and ap
proached us, still rubbing the sleel
from his eyes.
"Ah, it is you, my good friend
Don Thomas?" said the old man
grasping the hand of my companion
who had not yet dismounted, coverini
it. with kisses, and expressing the ut
most delight at seeing him.
While the Mexican still clung to th<
Texan's hand an old matron rushed
from the house, and with a cry of un
bounded joy seized upon my friend',
other hand, and hugging his leg
gave vent to the most extravagant ex
pressions of satisfaction. Nor wer(
they satisfied with this demonstrativ(
welcome, for when the Texan at lengtl
released himself from their embrace.
long enough to dismount, they agair
renewed the charge, and throwinn
themselves upon his neck, almos
smothered hiu with their warm sa
lutes.
After these transports were ove;
the Texan introduced me to the 3yex
ican, and informed him that I was the
Harrison County gentleman who ba
been in corresponder.ce with him it
relation to purchasing a flock of shcp.
I also received a kin<<ly welcome, aud.
peons taking our nimals, we were
led into the house.
"Ah, Don Thomas!" exclaimed the
old lady, after we had been seated,
"we are so happy to see you again."
And then botl she and her husband,
speaking toget}.er, commenced a lon;
story, how the Texan had saved iheii
ives a few years before, when theit
:anche had been attacked by a thicv
ing band of Comanches. According
:o their account, he, with a small
party of rangers, had performed won
ders of valor, for, coming upon the
eettlement after the savages had al
ie1ittacked more than ten times nis
own numbers, and slaying more than
half of them, saved the lives of the
entire settlement, since which the In
dians had not ventured to return.
During this recital I observed my
companion sat uneasily in his chair,
and seemed impatient of his own
praises.
"Tut, tat, my good friends, you lay
it on too thick!" said he, as they con
.luded their earnest talk. "Yer see,
stranger, I and some of the boys hap
pened along here a few years ago,
when we discovered a party of red
kins plundering the ranohes, ani
what could we do but drive 'em off
that's ali. To be sure it was a pretty
warm fight, and some of the boys got
hurt, but after all 'twa'n't nothing t
brag on."
"And he saved my life yesterday,'
said I to the Mexicans; and then]
repeated the occurrence of the previ
ous day, adding that I had not ever
yet heard the name of my preserver
"You cannot have been long ii
Texas," said Don Pancho, "if yoi
have not heard the name of Thoma:
ohnson, usually called Black John
son. Then let me introduce you
gentlemen."
"Black Johnson," I repeated. "C
yes; I- have indeed heard his nam<
before." And then came freshly t<
mind the anecdotes I had heard o
this brave Texan.
LiTTLE SERMONS FROM DiCKENS
Let there be union among us.
Philosophers are only men in armo:
after all..
Ride on over all obstacles and wit
the race.
A man never knows what he can di
till he tries.
Energy and determination? have dont
wonders many a time.
There is aprovidence in everything
eerything works for the best.
In journeys, as in life, it is a grea
deal easier to go down hill than up.
You must expect to go out, somi
day, like the snuff of a candle; a ma
can die but once.
Among men who havG hund an<
sterling~qualities, there is nothing s
contagious as pure openness of heart
Niagara's New Bridge.
From the materials which com
prised the old suspension bridge a
Niagara Falls, which has recentl:
gven way to a larger and more pre
tentions span structure, anothe
bridge will be reared over the sam
stream some distance below.
'Ihe cowers and approaches of th
new bridge have been completed an
all is ready for the stringing of th
cables and the erection of the iron
The site will be on the spot near th
village of Lewiston, N. Y., and thr
quaint old town of Queenston, Out.
where in 1850-51 a suspension bridg<
was built to connect the Laewisto:
Mountain with the historie Queens
ton Heights, into the soil of ghiel
the blood of the brave Canadian, Gen
eral Brock, soaked when he fell moi
tally wounded. The old bridge we
manyyears ahead of the profitable de
mands of the times, and when it wa
destroyed it was never after ward re
knila.Philadeinhia Reord
LOST THE PH IPPINES.
HOW PORTUGAL WAS: DEPRIVED OF
THE ISLANDS.BYSPAIN.
l n:unantic Voyage of Magellan Which
I;e:t.lted in Their Discovery- But for
an Accident. They . Dight Have Fallen
3nuo the 7Iands:; of Great Britain.
We who see Portugal.ij the period
of her decay and almost,total eclipse
s cannot uncerstand hd*-, so small a
l nation, occupying so "isignificant a
portion of .Europe, "onlf a' veranda "
- a- one of her writers has said-should
cut so important a figure in the
I w rld's history as shra,id in the fif
J teenth and sixteenth cenilries.
Early in the eleventh century Prince
- Henry, "the navigator,' of Portugal,
9 obtained from Pope 'ugenius IV a
buli which gave to Portugal all dis
1 coverios between Cape Hun, in Mo
rocco, and India. In 1472, St.Thomas
Aunobon and Prince'.islands were
alied. When the equator was passed
and Fernando Po gave his name to an
island in the Bight of Biefra he seized
50.) leagues of the African. coast and
the King of Portugal took the title of
"Lord of Guinea."
Very early in the days of discovery
and conquest, toward the; end of the
liftecnth century, the ihost Catholic
sovereigns of Spain, Ferdinand and
Isabella, and his equ'ally Catholic
mac sty, John II of Portugal, fell out
about the ownership of land yet to be
-discovered.
Like faithful children of the church
they referred the whole matter to the
Holy Father at Rome, Pope Ale-.an
der VI, a Spaniard, who cut the
Gordian knot by giving th:n the earth
and setting the limits of their respec
t.e possessions. An imaginary line
was to br drawn from pole to po:e,100
degrees west of the Azores or the
Cape de Verde Islands; all west of
this islatd was to belong to Spain,
and all east of it to Po.rtugal. King
John was not satisfied, and the treaty
of Tordeselhas was made in 1494, giv
ing to Portugal all lands east of an
imaginary line drawn: 360 leagues
from the most western point of the
Cape de Verde islands and all .south
of the Cape of Good Hope. To Spain
was allotted all lands west of this line,
ignoring completely all other nations.
Fernando de Magalbaes, or, as we
as we write it, Ferdinand Magellan,
and Buy Faleiro, both Portuguese sub:
jects, who had differentes with their
king on account of som-e petty pen
sions, offered their services to Spain.
Both had served two years with Al
buquerque, and knew all about, the
Portuguese possessions in the est.
Magellan represente, a fsxL-M -
paim, tnat he-t
was sure the world was round-a
theory then credited by few. He de
clared his ability to find a shorter
pasrage to the East than any known
to the Portuguese, and would prove
that the Moluccas, rich spice islands,
were within Spanish te-ritory. Charles
t had a small fleet fitted out and sent
Magellan with his companion in
rharge, vrell equipped for those days.
He went south against the express
sapulations of the treaty and discov
ered the straits which bear his name.
di; decet crossed the b'oad southern
1reau. patssd the Ladrones, and the
the unknown ?'hilhppines, inspected
the M.o uceas and returned by way of
* ape of Good Hope.
. agellaa lost his life, and out of
odvce esels which comprised his fleet,
ouir one0 returned, under the comn
m.t.d of Sebastian del Cano, who
b ought Magellan's written report of
the expeditionl and a map of the route,
show'ing that all of the spice islands
and the wuole of the Indian ocean
were within the 180 degrees belong
ing to Spain under the treaty of Tor
deseihas. In the map Magellan bad
- dliibe:atecly ent 40 degrees of longi
tude and bronght the whole archipela
go within Spain's half of the world.
He concealed the fact that the number
of miles in a degree of longitude de
creases towards the pole.
Por tugal protestea a'nd declared war,
which continued two years, when the
celebrated "Congress of Notabilities"
was held in a small frontier town to
discuss the matter and discover the
real facts. Portugal was at a mani
fest disadvantage. Magellan was the
first and only man who had sailed
around the world, and his map of the
southern seas was the only document
extant. Spain refused to give up her
alleged rights and Portugal held on to
the islands. Ihe matter was finally
.compromised by an indemnity of 250.
'000 cruzados of the gold of Molucca,
which Portugal paid to Spain for the
tspposed 47 1-2 degrees of Span[.h
sea which sho held. A newv line was
Sdrawn frome pole to pole, starting
ifrom the La irones. This division
gave to Portugal all west and south of
t ae line, which was supposedto be 180
2 deg ees from the other'line drawn,
.36 ) leagues wvest of Cape de Verde.
This treaty was approved by Pope
Julian II in the bull, Ea quo pro bono
- paci.x, and the matter was set le.l
t Years afterwards a Spanish expedi
Stiou dliscovered the Philippines, so
-nmed after Philip U1, who *as then
e King of Spaiu. These islands. though
*'mauv degrees witbin Portugal's line,
wer tae possessiou- of by Sp;ain.
B P:tugal protested, and would un
I doubtedly have obtained possession
Sof them had it not been for the dlisas
-ter to the Portuguese arms in Africa,
a which threw Portugal into the hands
of Spain, where she remained for
,sixt.y years. This period is known in
SPortuguese history as the "Sixty
1 ears of Captivity."
- When Portugaljinalg regaiined her
1 idependence she was much weakenced.
- and was more interested in settling
- the bminudaries north and south of her
s valuable South Ame:iean colouies, so
- Uhe Philippines remained with Spain
ibrought laches rather than by right.
*Had Portugal retained them~ it is more
i .na 1lake that thbar-lika many othes
of her Eastern possessions, would
have fallen into the hands of the Eug
lish, and the-r whole history would
have been chinged.
BOYS IN THE NAVY.
Naval Apprentices anti Their Life at a
Training Station.
"Apprentices of the United States
Navy" is the title of an article in St.
Nicholas that is sure to be read with
attention by every boy who thinks of
a life at sea as an attractive alternative
to a career on land.
Almo t every boy by this time knows
of battleships and cru sers of torpe
does and torpedo-boats, and of the
gallant odicers and jolly Jack Tars who
man the f:hips; but it is safe to say
that there are few indeed who hare
ever heard of the young naval appi ea
tice, the work which he has to do, and
what his chances are for the future.
It is enough at present to say that he
is an entiste t boy, who by means of a
great .deal of drill and training de
ve.ops gradually into a most efficient
and useful man on board of our mod
ern ships.
Although, as already sta ed, the
apprentice can never hope to become
a commissioned officer, there are wa .y
positions of trust and honor in the
service that are open to him, if he but
applies himself to the tasks assigned
to him day by day, and is awake to
the opportunities that are sure to
turn up for him.
The boys at the truuiuig statio:
truly may be said to live in a little
world of their own, for they do not
need to go outside of their own
circle to find any of the needs of life.
At certain hours of the day they frmv
a well regulated school in which thes
are taught all the elements of science.
English, and matheutatics-enoagh
to enable them to understand thor
ougaly and to handle intelligently the
various fittings and armament of a
modern man-of-war.
Well informed and thoroughly prac
tical odicers are stationed there to in
struct the apprentices in all the dril:s
and maneuvers used by seaman atloat
and ashore, including infantry, ligut
artillery, seamanship in all its forms
both theoretical and practical -the
several kinds of signaling used in the
service, the handling of boats under
steam, oars and sails, and the use of
sword and gun in the arts of fencing
and of bayonet exercise.
At Newport is the only important
torpedo station of our governneut,
and it is therefore convenient for the
apprentices to be taught, while there,
the mode of constructing a torpedo,
and the proper care and handling of
the -same.
regularly for duty among the boys,
and to look after the:a in any way he
may think most coud:tcive to their
highest moral improvement. Every
Sunday the boys are assembled on
deck to join in a regular church wor
ship, presided over by the chaplain,
and it is a most interesting sight to
see several hundred boys of tender
age, all in the same biue uniform,
joining heartily in the service. Those
with voices worthy of any cultivation
are assignel t > the choir, and they
en.oy this honor quile as much as any
of the several privileges that fall to
thcir lot. At eertain other ti:nes,
in the evenings, during recreation
periods, they are permitted to assem
ble for any kind of innocent amuse
ment, and one of the most popular
pastimnes among them seems to be
dancing.
The spacious deck is cleared, and
there, to the music of an orchestra
formed fr-o~m their own number, they
trip together the "light fantastic."
It is well that there are some such
pleasures for the young boys, for
otherwise the hardships and discipline
cf the service would become most
irksome.
Every spring and summer the ap
prentices are taken aboard some of the
oldler vessels of the navy and are sent
abroad for a cruise, during v.hichi,
under effcient ollicers, they are taught
the full duties of seamen atloat. All
the theory of seamanship and gunuery
is :hen reduced to practic ,and the
apprentis es are put through the evo
lutions of furling. reefing, and loos
ing sail, of abanducing ship, and of
aiming and firing the guns on board,
antiquated thongh they may be.
Deltas and Early CivilizMion.
A solution of the problem why
the earliest known civilizations
those of Babylonia, Egypt and China
-should all have made their appear
ance in the deltas of great rivers has
at last been suggested1. It has been
shown that clay, which fo: p)ractical
purposes is insoluble in water, will
nevertheless combine with it to a cec
tain extent, remaining in a state of
suspension known as colloidloi or gel
atinous. In this condition it has the
carious property of ab:so bing like a
sponge any crystalizable salts, as, for
instam. e, those of nitrogen. But if
into the water containing this colloidal
clay a salutio'n of common salt be
pauired, tu:e clay,with the nitrogenous
saits that it holda ;ike a trap, will in
stantly be thrown down as a woolly
precipitate. Now,this is exactly what
happens wi L a great river like the
Ni:e. During it3 yeriodic floods it
holds in solution a large quantity of
colloidal clay. This clay in its turn
attracts from the air quantities of the
nitrogen, which is, as Sir Williatu
Crookes has lately informed us, tine
life of plants. On meeting the salt
water of the sea this clay, with its im
prisoned nitrogen, is thrown and re
mains behind as a delta composed of
the idleal soi! for the raising of cereals.
And that the introduction of cereals
has always boeu the first condition of
civilized life needs no demonstration.
Thme traditions of every nation have al
warvs made their civilizer or "'culture
goi" the i.eron who tirst tanght thm
'RUNNING THE GAUNTLET
TREATMENT OF PRISONERS AFTER
THE FORT DEARBORN MASSACRE.
rhe Pecital of Simon Pokagon, Son of
the Chief Pokaron, Who Was Present
-The Terrible Trials of a Young Mother
-Her Rescue and Return to Her Home.
One special feature of Harper's
iaazine is an article entitled "The
Massacre of Fort Dearborn at Chica
go. Gathered from Traditions of the
Indian Triues Engaged in the \Jas
sac e, and the Published Accounts."
The article derives exceptional inter
est from the fact that it is written br
Cuief simon Pokagon who is a son
of the Chief Pokagan who was pres
ent at. the massacre. The author ob
tained most of the material for his
article from an Indian of his tribe
who was present at Fort Dearborn,
and who died two years ago at the ad- I
vanced age of 110 years. After de
scribing the massacre, he says :
Nearly all the rest of the prisoners
were taken north to Green Bay, Wis
consin. In order not to shield my
own people fcom blame, I give the
followi:g account of their usage and
fiaal disposal. We must fancy our
selves at the Pottawatomie village on
Green Bay, Wisconsin, two handred
mles from Chicago. Ten days have
Iasscc since the battle. There comes
along the winding trails from the
south a long line of dusky warriors
on their return home. They have in i
guard several white prisoners. Among
them is a fair young pale-faced moth
er, carrying an infant child about five
months old. The inhabitants of the
viilage have been informed they are
com ing, and are swarming out to meet
them. They learn from them that
many of their friends have been
kiled on the warpath. Hark! hear
their tiailing and cursing; and see
they nov: seek revenge by pulling the
prisouei s' hair and cuffing them. The
The women and children of the vil
lage come marching out of the camp
with sticks and clubs. They are form
ing in two long single lines, facing
each other a few feet apart. They
have ordered the prisoners to run the
gauntlet. One by one they rush down
between the lines of the women and
children,while savage blows are rained
down upon them thick and fast, amid
lauguing, yelling and cursing. There
stands near the head of the tines, ap
parently unmoved. the young mother
with her chiid. Is it possible they
will compel her to run the gauntlet,
too? Yes, see, they are ord,ing her
forward now! Sne looks down be
tween the long lines of uplifted sticks
and -clubs, folds her blanket close
si en. prayer. en s ., -
ning between the lines while the
blows :.ll thick upon her head and
shoulders. The race is run; she passes
the goal bruised and bleeding, but the
child, thank Heaven! remains un
touched. There she stands, without
a sigh, without a tear, expecting no
pity and asking no mercy. But look
once more! An elderly Indian woman
goes running towards her, puts her
arms about her, and whispers in her
ear, "Come, go with me." They go
into a wigwam; the Indian feedsther,
binds up her wounds, kindly cares for
her and saves her life.
During the fall and winter that
young mother, carrying her child, ac
companied by several other pirisoners
and the Indian warriors, set out from
the village on Green Bay with the
promise of being delivered over to the
Americans under the regulations of
war. They went south around Lake
Michigan, then north through theA
wilderness of Michigan to Mackiumr
Islaud, which she found inthie hands of
the English and I::dians. From there
she was taken through deep snows,
half starved and less than half clothed,
still carrying her child, to Detroit. To
her disappointment, that place was
found in the bands of the English, the
race to whom she belonged. Instead
pf receiving and taking care of her,
the.y allowed her to go away with the
Indians to Fort Meigs, where General
Harrison was in command of the
United States troops. She was de
livered to him, and was finally sent
home to her parents in Ohio. This~
young mother and the other prisoners
traveled over nine hundred miles on
foot, carrying her child through a
wilderness of deep snows and fierce
blzzards. No reasonable excuse has
ever been given by the English at
Mackinaw for forcing her to be
dragged three hundred miles through
the woods; and, again, no reasonable
excuse has been given by those at
Detroit for suffering her to be dragged
to Fort Meigs. She was held as a
prisoner of war by the allies of the
English, and should have been r es
cued and taken care of at the first
English military station. It does not
seem possible that an, wpman could
live through what that mother en
dured.
Giris in Greece.
In Greece girls are betrothed at a
- .ery early age, and their dowry con
sists of household furniture and linen
rather than money. Although most
Greek girls are naturally very pretty,
they hegi: to paint and powder from
a very carly ap -the cheeks bright
rea, the eyebrowvs and lashes deepest
black and veins delicately blue. The
result is that they are withered old
women at 40, and thus nowhere are
ulier females to be found than be
neath the blue skies of this classic
land. Every Greek family who can
aTord to do so keeps a French nurse
or maid, for French is almost univer
sally spoken in society. Painting and
music are quite unnecessary, but girls
ae carefully trained in dancing and
drilled to conduct themselves with
elegance. Lastly, household duties
are taught how to make rose jam,
Turkish coffee and varigus delicate
wee,atn
Painless Suicle
A man with coat off and long hair
fyng in the wind,mounted atelegraph
poe at Cottage Grove avenue and
Tenty-sixth street one day the other
ek. From his waist dangled a
log rope. He attached the loose end,
oone of the iron climbing spikes and
thimself dow 2. Releasing his hold
nthe pole he dangled in the air, sus
peded by the waist. A policeman
frm the Cottage Grove avenue sta,
ti rushed across the street and out
tman down.
"What did you do that for?" he
deanded of the long-haired individ
'I wanted to commit suicide," was
ecalm reply.
If you wanted to commit suicide,
y didn't you tie the rope around
yor neck Instead of about your
ist?"
"Why, I couldn't breathe that way,"
swered the coatless man, as though
aounded at the policeman's igno
rce.
['he officer called the patrol wagon,
and the man with the foot-ball hair
s sent to the station. He proved to
ea demented patient from one of the
spitals in the vicinity..-Chicago
urnal.
JuBt a Eint.
"Father," asked Tommy, the other
la, "why is it that the boy is said
obe the father of the man?"
Mfr. Tompkins had never given this
bjer't any thought and was hardly
epared to answer offhand. -
"Why, why," he said, stumblingly,
"t's so because it is, I suppose."
"Well," said Tommy, "since I'ni
urin father, I'm going to give you a
iket to a theatre and half a crown
sides. I always said that if I was a
aher I wouldn't be so stingy as the
et of them are. Go in and have a
god time while you're young. I
ever had a chance myself."
"Mr. Tompkins gazed in blank as
tishment at Tommy. Slowly the ~
rnificance of the hint dawned upon -
i. Producing the silver coin, he
Take it, Thomas. When you1
relly do become a father I hope it -
on't be your misfortune to have a
a who is smarter than youirseU."-,a
t ita

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