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i. W14AlEEKL Y EDITIOTi W ,NSBURO, S.C., JUNE 3, 1899. SALSE 84
A WOMAN'S WORD.
Strarze. ain't t, how a woman's word,
Her ans-.er, ses or no.
Can p'unge a L~cart by passion stirred
in ecstasy or woe?
An' that's jus' what's a-botherin' me
I'd :iva a worid to know
Jes' what her a: swer's goin' to be
11'1-bet she saN's it Slow.
I'd rather hear the doom o' death,
'Toald Le no hardor blow,
Than ies' the simplet whispered breath
r little answer, "No.'
B:t then upon the other side.
Aitho' I dare no guess.
Yet there's a hint she cioesn't hide
I b'iieve rhe'li answer "Yes."
litiWS 07 ?r l0-l 0
Flo' w $ i Bin.MO
U , Pi 4 L C !A:.t s ? r rzL Loo msn. 4S
Linlero.S Phillips had jeeni love
with Mildred ra ringt for two
years, over since he il,st mot her at"
the foll well's card nartv. H e had no
go.:d rea::on to do_btinat his love was
rem_eae ', y so fea;ial was he that
heh..il mi.aa her feelings, so much
did he ('r:al her refusal of his snit,
that had never hinted that she was
:io:a to iia, tan any o: the girls he
niet at the:,chiarch sociable-, and card
artis in cewinzto'. Inanmnaerable
chauce for a declara ion of love haid
o 'ere:l themiseives, for be was a
regular callei at ti.e Farriagton :an
siou, but this y-outh was as devoid of
spu:k as . hire, and was no nearer
the c al ot nis desires today than he
halo1en wt, a Cupid first aimed his
dart at iiL.
So nii tters stood when a snowfall
that b,ought sleighing in its wake
visited Newiugton, and Littlewood
becamie contcioas of the fact that ho
had a stualy ask.e Miss Farrington to
take a r="idi with him. Of course he
must perforc bring matters to a crisis
now. He was afraid that Judge Far
gton would be asking his inte:i
t.on,, and it would be humiliating to
have -such a question come before he
coul, refer him to tho gil for an
ausw:vr. No, beyond a doubt he must
p, u u' courage to ask her to be his
wife or else cease calling upon her
an :'ternative that was hidecus
enough to chili his hear.t.
The evezing was soon at hand. A
crescent Mc on shone in the east and
ae stars were coic1 and scintillating.
--walked to--the livev stable and
sked for the cutter, and a few min
Ps later he was driving a-handsome
ut t th3 honse where. his
vhonga ? spl most of the time. Miss
Farringtokept him waiting a good
haiiihzur, 43at he reflected that it was
,tonly made him love her the more.
-I-she had come out and plaad her
dainty foot upon his neok hi would
have beesi overcome with rapture. In
fact. in his present state, which had
a's. been his state for twenty-four
months, Littlewood was not many re
moses from a calf.
If was cold waiting, so he got out
and hitched his horse and paced in
froat of her house, her faithful sen
tinl uItntil death-if need be. Not
that there was any reason to think
that his services 'woid'be required;
but it pleased his self-love to iniagine
himself dying for this lovely being of
whom his tongue stood in such awe
that it coald scarce loose itself in her
At last she appears. The restive
hors~e siazits his ears at her and paws
the grou id iaadmiration.of her beauty.
For Mildred was as pretty as regular
features, a fair skin and m~elting eyes
coulid make her.
Littlew.:od handed her into tbe
Ssleigh, stepped in himnseli, tucked in
the robes and chiri-upeato the horse
That intelligent auimal did not move.
A flush of' mortification' o'erspread the
face of the would-be amorous swain.
A balky horse, and at the start! What
chance would he2 have to deliver his
p,re:io,us message 'hat was to make
two hearts happy? He clicked again to
the h use, bat again the horse 'con
tinued to: stand stid.
".Yon might unhitch him, Mr. Phillips.
That.would help," said Mildred in her
"Oh, ves-t-to be sure. I must
have tied him. I mean I-er-I-di
-I think I did hitch-er-"
"There seems to have been a hitch
somewhere," she answered.
He stepped out of the sleigh and
oked ovrir his shou.lder at her in a
sta-rtlet way. Could she mean any
thing? Was this encouragement? Oh,
no. It wus too soon. (Too soon,and
he had been in love two years.!) He
unhitched the horse an 1 once more
placed himself beside his.. loved one..
The frosty night seemed to have set
a seal upon her lips, for as they spel.
over the erainching snow and left the
town behind them she was silent.
"I must have offended 'her. I've'
robably made a break'of some kind,"'
aid Littlewood to himself. "How
ntortunate. But I must tell her to
night. It is now or never. This at
tention is too marked to pass as a
mere courtesy of the winter season.
* She knows I never took anybody but
my mother sleigh riding before."
Then began the process ot nerving
himselfl'o the avowal. He groud
his knees together until the bones
ached. His breathing was fe'verish.
"Mum- Milde wed -- I mean Mil
dred." And then he stopped. He lad'
gover calJed her Mildred before. ..He
tuad never called her Mildewed, either,
hat that was accidental, and he hoped
Sthat she had not noticed the slip.
"I have soniething of the greatest
importance to say to you."
Did he imuagin'e it, or did she nestle
choser to him. He must have be"en
m'staken, and to show that be was
quite sure he edged away from her as
much as the somewhat narrow con
fee of the sleigh would allow.
"Mister" Phiu i-s. A, then she I
was olfended. 'L ,e sure she had al
ways called him that, i :t ae itiiJi
last remark it must have an added
"-e-:--do you like sleigh riding?"
"Why,. of course,or e's I wculdn't
Did sbc mean that as a sian at hi'?
Was it only for the ride and not io_
his conp:any that she had come? Oh,
he could never make an avowal o lo: e
after that. He knew his place. This
beautiful girl was not for a faiat
hear"ted caliif li!.e k.inaelf.
"\un nunu-co, to be sure not. I
-er--thought that was why you
Mildred turned her gazelle-like eyes
u-:on him. 'Tm afraid I dc;n't under
That setiles it. If she didr.'t under
stand ham whea he ta:ked of nothing
in particular, he must Lo vey blind
to his utterance, and ha corld never
trust his l.o::ge to carry such. a heavy
freight:s a decl;t:ation of love. No,
there was rotihng to do but to post
pone it. - Aftezr alher house was the
Theioorse s:Je, o 1, rat , e
m.a 0 los .c *i
of fit :e .:J i . .t, a: t _' "aii."r a
drank in the 'e a. : i ths s.:eues anA
wished that it w;re decorous _or
womea to prao: o .
The night was n::shing, the sleigh
bells jingled irmonionsiy, the horse
swept on with te dyrhyihmic stride,
and under the iafiuence of sweet su;
roundings iiidrad at last said, point
ediv "is It so that more people get
engaged in vinter than in sum:mer';"
She blushed as she spoke. It was un
maidenly, but he was such a dear
gamp. Now he would declare hia.
slf Bu' she (iid not know the cara
bilities fo: self-repre.sion of her two
He said to himself: "What a slip,
what a delightftil slip! If I were un
priucipled 1 would take advantage of
!t a:d prop.se, but I would bitterly
reproach myelf forever, whatever her
answer wa ," 'o he saia, in as
of-fact tn :s , cold master when
his heart Was i;eating his rib:; like a
frightenue. cageling: "I rej:iy can'
answer oft, but I'll look it up for
"Do. Write a letter to the news
Her tones were as musical as ever,
but Littl-wood thought he detecte1! a
sarcastic ring in them,and he thatked
his stars that he had not yielded to his
natural c?csire to propose at such an
"What was that inipo:ta.t thing
you wanted to say?" asked Miss Far
rington, after several minn+ s of
e os a the
runners and the bells.
"Oh, it wasn't of any importance.
I mean it will kee-i-er I was
thinking of so::ething else."
"I think you have gon. far enough,"
said she, innocently, looking over her
shoulder in the directioa of home.
..Maybe the retuin would loosenhis ob
His heart stopped beating and lay,
a leaden thing, in his breast. Had he,
then, gone too far? What had he
said? Oh, why hadl he come Out with
this lovely being, the mere sight of
whomi was enough to make any one
ast all restraint to the winds and de
clare in thunder ous tones that he loved
"I thick that we'd better go back,"
he said, and turnue:l so quickly that he
nearly upset the sleigh. "your mother
wiil be anxious."
. Yes, when one is ac:ountable to
one's mother one has to remember
imie.- I sup):o-e it is different when
one is accountabule to a -"
"Fa' her?" said Littlewood, asin
"Nio.that wasn't the wcrd I wanted.
Conld MIildred love him if he gave
many more such proofs of being an
"so, frusband is what I want.''
Littlewood's braiu swam. He had
been tempted once too often. This
naive girl had innocently played
into his Lands, and now the
Rubicon must be crossed, e':en if its
angry waters engulfed hio.
"Pardon ime, '\iiss-er--3ildred"
he did not say }Mildewed this timie
"if I twist your words in:.o another
meaning, but if you -er-did-er
wnt a husband---do you thiok that I
A head nestled on his shoulder, a
little hand was in his, and when he
passed the Farrington miansion neither
he nor she knew it. -Chaicago Reccrd.
The Rdiroid andI the Faer
The railroad is of the greatest ser
Yie to the farmner, and he:a tie pat3t
system is most intimaately (:ainecte.
with its institution and developmeat.
The railroad ships live ca:ti. aid per
ishable fruits and ;egeahble's inomr dis
tances that would be irapossible with
the old methods of transptort mtion, be
cause such prodacts wou!2d perish on
the way, and, besides carrIing more
stable produ:ts, it brings th e farmei
his implemeats anl fertilzers. In
fact, if he had to hahli all his products
by wagon,- many harge are: s in this
c'anntry could n-t be workeK. because
they, are-so far from the ma::kets that
the cost of shipme~nt in the ol.d :ay
would be prohibitive. The railroad
puts the farmer. in toneh -with the
consumer, no matte: whtat distance
may separate them. Indeed. the rail
road and steel stea-nsip eni to the
American farmer the whole world as a
market. The steel steamer is much
more economical than the wooden sail
ing vessel which it has supolanted,
because'it is several times la: ger much
safer and faster than the saimag ship,
ad yet it requires a smaller crewan
a hr.rter period of time to make a
ti, re.uiting in a great savin.g of
was. Th. farmer gets the benefit
ofthese differences in lower transporta
I. W AIIAN FOL-LQF.E
NCE THE NAT:VES C^.''E HAS
NrVER BEEN LEARNED.
:-".cts to Tise of ti3 A:e:r:-T'3
_...u ;i,":tem Lod to Str.11 Eb
_;o~ that tL3 Hkwaiian Islands are
rr of ci- own e:ntry, said 1oes
': C. T. Toy of Ha:vard college in a
ree 't lecture, it has bec:e an 1:n
i:,rinC duty to stady this group,
w:1L .tads, and evidently always
as isolated as it now is in the
water and "twio thcusandl miles ?ro.n
ar :here." There is a similarity of
c'u iions on most of the islands of
t g p and some of the chief char
a,as:Mis a:-e that there are few ani
:t ad pra.tically no fora, but a
g. e ariety and brilliance in :gard
z tencv nad uncertain climate.
':ence the natives originally came
h.s never beca learned and probably
a' :vs will be unknown.The tracii
t: ow ,:isting point to an immi
.:a fro:n Samoa, but these tr. di
a: too vazlue to be depended
a. The isolation of the people of
:.valii ha: caused an indi:idluality of
and custom , and in many re:pects
they a a unlike any other peole.
OneL ri1ing instance of this wai the
rcognition of the "Tabu,"
aad thiS practice was a distinct fea
ture of the people of the Poiynesian
is:ands. The syste:n of restriction
grewv out of the religions Conditions
and pervadcd the lives of all inhabi
Often this strange practice ie: to
serions results. Certain food was set
aside for men, other food for wonaeu.
and vet a third for children. Ac an
exmple of this rule, women wte:
forbidden to eat bananas, and it is
known that one young woman was
put to death early in the present can
tary fo: violating t is edict. The
regulations p. taining to the "Tabu,"
or t-.boo practica, were enforced by
tho kings and chiefs. The custom
alco oftea in'eoraeed with the trade of
Swhich is the chief employ
mnt of the people.
The natives were forbidden to look
at their chiefs or at theirpriests, or to
allow theii animals to do so. This
c_iused great inconvenience at times
when the chief or priests walked up
on the streets, and particularly so in
a thickly inhabited section. The in
habitants at these times must bind
cloths over the eyes of their ani,nals
as well as their vown eyes. Another
pecnliar feature of the strange taboo
custom when a regulation by which a
ohief was entitled to lay personal
claim to any obiect or piece of propei ty
upon which he might happen to set
his feet. As a result of this there wre
often great embarrassment and hard
ship, for a citizen was in danger at
any time of losing his boat, his house
or his field.
In speaking of the striot way in
which the "Tabu" system was car
ried out and enforced in every par
ticnlar, the lecturer said that many
persons who violated some edict, in
adre tently or otherwise, had been
k -c-:n t; l ie from fear of the in
Sosso: Vuy said that the "Tabu"
practice originated in the idea that it
was not lawful to totach certain things.
The idea may have started, ha said,
with the story that a question was
raised regarding the Book of Ecclesi
as tes. The rabbis asked if it was de
filed by a touch of the hands and the
answer was receive:l that it was. This
resulted in the book being consid
erea sacred. From this time the idea
that there was danger in touching~
many things. Where the system is
found elaborated, as it is in Hawaii,
it argues a great antiquity of the peo
ple, said the speaker.
The morals of the Hawaiians at the
time of their discovery by the Euro
peans in the eighteenth century were
not good, according to Professor Toy,
and there has been no improvemnt
as a result of the contact with civili
zation that has followed. This, he
remarked, was a strong reflection on
the condition of our own moral sys
In Hawaii four days in the lunar
month have been tabooed, the pe;ple
during these times being forbidden
to make any fire or do any work
whatever, and the king spent these
days in meditation. This same prac
tice, he pointed out, prevailed in old
Babylon. It was unlawful there for
king even to take medicine on tabood
Professor Toy said that Hawaii had
an elaborate system of. worship, with
diferent gcndes of priests and a ritual
many evi'U nces poimiing to the mect
that a long time had bern taken to
des:eop tIme system. The folk-io:-e of
tre country, he said, had the '"Tabut"
sstema as its central Plea, while the
folk-tales evidently had really gro"-n
out of the r.ligions ce:emlony,and the
meaning of them had been forgotten.
They had been observed at one timre
as a matter of absolute necessity, later
as a matter of conscience, buat fiall
they all had bee, swept away and the
spirit under which they had been fol
Iowed ha 1 vanished. The pezple give
their gods an elaborate genealogy,
leading back to a::cient timnes.
The mecst imo:ta'it of their gods
was the creat .r god, who made heav-en
and earth. Thlen, with him, were
lcal creators, who made the monn
tains a-nd rivers.
The principal goddess around whom
their t ?le4 centre was Pele, who ruled
over the voicauoes. She was brilliant
uat 1: owerinu and capable of wreak
ing great anncion. The people
twink the eruptions occur because
Pele is a'g:y ajnd they seek to pro
pitiate he-i in many ways. In folh
lore tales she is called a woman. S'
is won by a suitor andI married,
bcomes a ady bounstiful, and
god and culture hero, somewhat re.
:embling in cha"acter Hercules of the
Gree :s. He was accredited with hav
ing dived dow. into the ocean and
b ought up the industry of agricul
The religious system of the Ea
waiia's gave rise to an organic church
more elaborate than that of any other
in.nor :peeple. The theocratic idea
i3 very strong. All, this, however,
S1av came about through the ge. eral
myii ting of civilization and the over
throwal of "Tabu," which was acoom
1lishid about 1817. It came as a re
sal probably of observances among
Euro.eans, and at a time when the
people were rife for a change. When
it was found that there were no evil
retults the change was greeted with
great joy, and the idols which were
formerly worshipped were destroyed.
IRON MADE RE) HOT WiTH WATER.
Electricity Used t Ap:ar
ently Contra t.
One of the things
developed through \s treduc
ti_n of electricity So every
day affairs is a forge, made
for bench use, for the heating
of soldering irons or light pieces of
metal for working on the anvil, where
the heating is acccmplished by plung
ing tho article to be heated into a
tray of water. Nothing could be
imagined more contradictory of one's
preconceived ideas than this pro
cedure, and yet to the electrician it is
He makes the proper connections,
p1 anges his iron into the water, and
p:etty soon the iron will begin to
glw uder the water and then to
t:rn red or white hot, jtst as he de
.siei for working. When he gets
through working the iron he may
lung it into the water again and
cool i; with a "siss" as expeditiously
as he could in any other tank of
water. This curious forge is ma.e
as follows: The tank is of wood or
any other substance which will hold
waer and not form an electrical
condu:tor. One wire of the electric
circuit passes to the bottom of the
tank, where it is connectel to a plate
of metal wbich lies there. Over this
plate water, preferably saturated with
salt, fills the tank nearly to the top
and serves to conduct the current to
whatever object is to be heated. Noth
ing could be better for this purpose,
for the water naturally cio'ses all abont.
the object and fits it an every side.
The other end of t ut conduct
ing wire is faste e'.tongs or
led to a metal fr atthe edge
of the tank on w eor tne
shank of-a sol is ir 7i when it
is to be heated. e ma4ent the ob
ject to be heated plungzd into the
water a current p fro-n the water
through the objecs and it the came
moment some of the water is decom
posed by electrolytic action. The
nitrogen of the water becomes electri
ied and adheres to the object to be
heated and forms a film of gas, which
separates the object completely from
tle water, while at the same time
this gas forms such an obstruction
to the passage of the electric enrrent
that the energy of the current is
irned into heat.
Ele-.tric forges of various designs
are comning into use in place of fires
for many of the blacksmith's opera
tions. One of the ne w ones off'ered to
the trade is arranged with one of its
electrodes mounted at the end of an
ordinary anvil, while thp other elec
tro:le is swung above, where it can be
drawn down by the pressure of a foot
upon the pedal. The arm above has
a wheel-like revolving head, and at
the end of the spokes of this wheel
are blooks of metal of varions forms
aapted to fit the objects to be heated.
The blacksmith turns down the form
that suits his work, presses his foot
on the pedal and watches- until he
has a proper heat, and then, releasing
the arm, forges and finishes his work
on the very anvil where it was heated.
iuch clever tools cannot, of course,
take.the place of the old bellows and
fire for is.dlated shops, but in factories
they are rapidly being introduced.
Climb Goo,00o Steps a Year.
You know how tiring ft is to climb up
a flight of steps, even wh:n they are
well made and nicely upholstered, but
the chances are that you ha' e never
given the 'bus conductor a thought, al
though he probably climbs more stairs
than any other individual in the
An obliging London 'bus condactor
has goine into the matter, and, being
an adept at figures, as the majority of
"o :s conductors are, he quickly evolved
the following interesting facts:
"There are," he said, "nine steps
fromn the platform to the top of the
'bas. and it is rather underrating it to
av that I climb that iight of steps
12~times an hour during the 15 hours
Ia-n on duty every day; 20 would be
nearer the mark, but to be on the sate
side we will put it down as 12.
"Nine steps at 12 times an hour, 15
hours a day, seven days a week,makes
the nice little total of 11,.340 a week,
:,3 a month, or -53i9,680 a year.
The numbei- of times I ste, off the
'*m an en again and the ineidlental
nu;ubr of steps I climblike any other
individ.aal in the ordinary course of
lfe bi::gs the annual total up, I
re3Lkos, to 000, 000 steps a year.
"Boen at this job long? Well, I've
been working this route just 21 years,
so that I've climbed quite 12,600,00)0
steps during that time. I don't no
tice it now, but I did at first go o0'."
-London Tit Bits.
Mr Sir- g
day that theres a
TO CURE CONSUMPTION.
THE UNITED STATES GOVERNMENT
OPENS A SANITARIUM.
Now Mozico Has Been feleted as the
Best Place for the Esparlntents, Which
the Natlonal Authorities Will Under
take-Novel Treatment in Dry Climate.
Consumption, or pulmonary tuber.
culosis, may be cured in a high, dry
and mild climate if the patient is given
gentle exercise in the open air.
Upon this theory a government
sanitarium, under the management of
the surgeon general of the marine
hospital servica, is to be opened in
New Mexico. Only marine hospital
patients will be treated at first, bnt if
the establishment is a success the
scone of the resort will be broadened
to take in other patients at a small
expense, sutlicient to pay the actual
cost of subsistence.
An old abandoned military reserva
tion, known as Fort Stanton, in Lin
coln county, New Mexico, is the site
turned over to the marine hospital
service for this purpose by an order
of the president. The official trans
fer of the property from the secretary
of war to the secretary of the treasury
has been made in accordance with the
statutes, and the work of rehabilitat
ing the thirty odd stone buildings on
the reservation will be commenced at
once, with the expectation of having
the sanitarium ready soon to receive
Surgeon-General Walter Wyman
I has had this snbject under considera.
tion for a number of years, and he is
now about to realize one of the ambi
tions of his life ia the establishment
of an institution where consumption
can be cured through the agency of
climatic in uences. Secretary Gage
has become greatly interested in the
subject,and he has given the surgeon
general his l:ersonal and official sup
port in securing the desired executive
order necessary to the creation of the
"I have seen the good effects of cli
matic treatment of patients suffering
from consumption," said Surgeon
General Wyman, "and I have always
been anxious to give the open air
treatment a .fsir test. More than
twenty years ago I .endeavored to
enlist the interest of Mr. Romero,
then a delegate in Congress
from New Mexico, but very little
progress was made in that direction
until I became surgeon-general.
"My experience has taught me, and
I amsustained'by many of the ablest
suthorities op pulmonary troubles,
that the most desiihbte-region for an
establishment of the kind propose~
should be high and dry and the cli
mate mild. Just such conditions as
are' desired .are to be found in the
midcontinental region in New Mexi
co, Arizona, Western Texas and south
I western Ransas.
I General Wyman is a believer in the
theory that consumptives can be cured
by living in a mild, dry climate and
occupying themselves at some gentle
exercise or labor. He contends that
it is beneficial to the patient to have
his mind and also his body employed
while undergoing treatment.
His idea is to -conduct the Fort
Stanton establishment sa he would a
ranch. There are about thirty or more
old stone buildings, formerly used as
military garrison. There are several
thousand acres of splendid land on the
reservation, on the eastern slope of
the White mountains.
Having secured the anthority to es
tablish the institution1 General Wy
man proposes to run it as economi
caly and on lines similar to those
employed in conducting a ma;rine hos
pital, and it may eventually become
selfsupporting if the patients are
benefited according to his anticipa
tions and the products of the reserva
tion are profitable.
This is a novel method of treating
consumption, but General Wyman is
confident that it wvill be pronductive of
good results. Passed Assisaut-Sur
geon 3. O. Cobb was detailed to go to
Fort Stanton and make a thorough in
spection of the site, and he has sub
mitted a comprehensive report on the
subject. After a detailed statement
as to the condition of the building,the
sanitary arrangements and the rail
road and other facilities, he recom
mends that steps be taken to have
"Fort Stanton reservation and build
ings turned over to the marine hos
pital service for immne:liate use as being
the most desirable for the purpose of
establishing a sanitarium for con
Surgeon Cobb also inspected a numa
ber of other sites in that region, and
at the same time he submitted a long
report on the scientific treatment of
consumption, which is in accord with
the ideas of Surgeon-General Wy
Referring to the climatic effects on
consumptives, Surg~eon Cobb says the
very worst of all climates is the hot,
humid, saturated, devitalizing atmuo
sphere at the sea level, which saps
the strength and life of these patients
in so short a time. There arc few
climates at the s.ea level that are not
subject to rapid changes in tempera
Iture and humnidity.
It is probably true that the best
climate for the consumptive is that of
a moderately cool and dry atmosphere
at high latitudes, without wind and
great temperature changes. At pres
et there is no station where there is
a hospital that will in any way answer
the necessary climatic requirements
for the consumptive sailor. -New York
I His Interest.
'I want to see the airship an es
tablished factor in our every-day life,"
arked the skeptic.
nk it will be ag'rticularly
-e-to live that long,
ART IN AMERICA.
Growth That Promises to Make This
Country the "Louvre of Nations."
It does not seem to be commonly
realize.l that America-that is, the
United Sta es -is on the way to be
come the Louvre of the nations, re
marks a writer In the Nineteenth Cen
tury. From year to year the public
galleries have been enriched with
ziiasterpieces of all the modern schools;
and by purchase, bequest, or gift,
many valuable and some great pic
tures by the older Italian, Fl'mish,
and Snanish masters have been added
to the already imposing store of na
tional art wealth.
In New York preeminently, but
also in Boston, Washington, Phila
delphia, and in other large cities from
New Orleans in the south to Chicago
in the north, and from Baltimore in
the east to San Francisco in the west,
there is now so numerous, and, in-the
main, so distinguished a congregation
of pictures, of all schools and periods,
that the clay is not only at hand, but
has arrived, w;hen the native student
of art no longer needs to go abroad in
order to learn the tidal reach and
high-water mark in this or that na
tion's a:bievement, in this or that
school's accompiishment, in this or
that individual painter's work. In
time, and probably before long, the
great desideratum will be attained
the atmosphere wherein the creative
imagination is sustained and nour
ishei At present the most brilliant
American painters must follow the
trade flag of art, and that banner
flaunts nowhere steadily but in Paris
There are now in America more
training schools, more opportunities
for iustruction, more chances for the
individual young paiuter to arrive at
self-knowledge than were enjoyed of
old by the eager youth of Flanders, of
France, of Spain. even of Italy. But
the es-:ontial is still wanting, without
w%hica all these advantages are merely
as stars anong the branches. 'There
is no atmosphere of art in America at
EIn the great majority of towns
throughout the States there is no at
mosphere at all. But every few years
the radical influences at work are
transmut ng these conditions, and
though neither Boston, nor Washing
ton, nor even New . York are yet art
centres ' comparable to Lon
don, nich, the time is
edMoq aa. .aou: joa art treasures
;ue.e$ip ul eaan;Ba:ae States are al=
heja gA 1lr 'AO Jprovincial cities
tndt oue saVwhich only Liver
pool and Glasgow stand out pre
'New York; -naturally, has become
I the art metropolis of. the States. Al
ready the art wealth of this great city
is almost incalculable. Boston comes
next, then Washington. Bat notwith
standing the general idea to the con
trary, the finest private collections are
not in New York. There is no pri
vate collection in New York or Boston
or Washington to compare for a ao
ment with that of Mr. W. T. Walters
at Baltimore. Of all the "homes of
art" to be seen in America, 3Mr. Wal
ters' is pre-emiinently "the House
Within the last ten years the Metro
pohitan Museum of (Art in New York
has become the most interesting of
all national art collections.
Europe fluylna Ogr M1usical Intutets.
Till a few years ago more than half
of the musical instruments used in
this country were imported. Now we
are exporting more musical instru
ments by fifty per cent. than we im
Our exports of musical instrumenti
last year amounted to $1,383 887,
against $920,034 for the imports. .Cr
gans were the chief item, represent
ing a total invoice value of $742,963
New York contributed most of these
-9058--valued at $511,931. The
United King lomn bought 7782 of
them at a cost of $448,989. The
pianos shipped abroad numbered 987,
va u3d at $232,144. New York sent
away 429 of them for $38,568. Cha.n
plain, N. Y., was the nearest compet
itor, but a long way behind at that,
with 67 pianos, worth $22,756. Can
ada was the larges custonier, taking
365 pianos, or one a day for the entire
year, the value being $83,831. Eng
land took 124 at $31,469, and Ger
many 47 at $9515. The fact that Bel
gium paid onlyS1665 for twelve-piancs,
while France paid $4850 for ten, does
not necessarily mean that theBelgians
are closer buyers, but the Frenchman
wants the best in the market..n which
to pound out his musical tempe:.
New York Press.
Quite a Famnily.
The young Siamese princes nre hav
ing a good tiene in Nice, Italy. It
has become the fashion to invite them
to all the receptions, and to jn:ge by
their faces they enjoy being lionized.
A distinctly funny episode took place
the other day. A certain ady, after
a great deal of pains, succeeded in
getting an introduction to one -f the
dusky you ngsters. The introdu;ction
took place in a well-known drawing
room. With perfect correctness, but
rather to the surprise of those present,
especially his highness, the lady sa
luted him with a 'deep court courtesy.
The little princeling, who had been
wearing a g.;od-natured smile, looked
almost terri8edl, and it was thought he
was either going to cry or run away.
With the benevolent idea of putting
Ihim at his ease, the lady promptly
asked him how many brothers and
sisters he had, to which he replied,
quite innocently, that Le did Not ex
atly know, but that the las't time .he
had the curiosity to inquire .the nu:n
ber was in the neighborhood of eighily.
It was then the good dame's burn to
look frightened.-Ohicago News.
INTS FOR HOUSEWIVES,
Ice in the sick Roozn.
The k#ovledge of how to keep ice
in the sick room.may be of service in
saving life. 'A deep tin pan or peil
should be taken, and a piece of flan'.
nel so fastened over the top that it
will sag in the middle, but not enough
to touch the bot om of the pail. A
good-sized piece of ice can be placed
in the flannel and completely wrapped
in its folds so that no air can reach it.
Small pieces of ice can be breken off,
using a hatpin.
3liOtrope sachet -Powder.
An excellent formula for heliotrope
powder is as follows: - One-quarter of
a pound of pulverized orris root, one
quarter of a. pound of. dried rose
leaves, two ounces of tonquin (ground
fine), one ounce*of vanilla, one-eighth
of an ounce of grain musk and two
drops of attar of. almonds. By sift
ing through a -sieve the ingredients
will become thoroughly mixed. The
most practical sachet bags are made of
thin china silk and absorbent cotton.
Caring for the Teeth.
Many faces that are otherwise beau
tiful are spoiled by decayed and dark
colored teeth. Brush them thorough
ly after every meal, using lukewarm
water in which a little powdered borax
bas been dissolved. The borax hard
ens the gums, -cleanses the mouth and
arrests decay of the teeth; in fact, itd
merits as a dentifrice have long been.
known. Get a piece of sheet rubber
such as dentists use, slip one edge be
tween the teeth and draw it back and
forth. It will. remove any foireign
substance much better than a tooth
pick, thread, or other device.
Tooth-powders innumerable are
manufactured, and doubtless some of
them are very good, but many are in
jurious, and it is" always better to
know the ingredieifts of those we use.
It is also better on' the score ~of econ
omy, for an excellent tooth-powder
ay be prepa1ed at 'home at very
smali expense. Mix ten teaspoonfuls
of precipitated nlalI, three teaspoon
fuls of powdered borax three tea
spoonfuls of powdered' o and
one-half teaspoonful of powde
myrrh. The odor- is- delightful, and
it ihitens the tee li beantifully.--The
The New Sofa PItow.
A brand new idea in sofa pillow cov
ers is the old. fashioned worsted
worked danvas cover. The design.
varies. The swellest is considered to
be one's'family coat of arms ,or crest,
if foi'tunate enough to possess one.
This may be sketched by an artist in
the proper colors and done over with -
worteds in thi" pe tchs
with whiclour grandmothers'used to
work their .samplers, oombii'ad with
newer and more elaborate 'ombina
tion8 to obtain the desired shadings or
accentuate the lin'es of the design.
Those who have no right. to use a
coat of arms or crest, and very few
there ;re who cannot scare up some-,
thing to which be may p.auage to lay
claim in a forty-second cousin-sort :of
way, may use his monogram. Cr :if
the pillow is'for the college boy, is
cllee colors, pennant or yell m-ty.be
portrayed in dashing design and ap
propriate 'oolors in the same manner.
Of course, the colleg e yell has rather
been lost sight of nowadays .for :the
warwhoops of the recent a2d present
unpleasantness with the nation which
claims to have discovered ~us -'and
wishes it hadn't.
The flags of all countries, or the
flags of our navy, or a combination of
the stars and stripes with the Cuban
fag, or any and all of themo, are
worked out in the same cross stitcnes
on canvas an~d aiorned abont 'the
edges with immense heavy ropes or
cords made to order and containing
threads of every color in the body pf
The easiest pillow cover, however,
and the most popiular of the present
moment, is the simple flag-each side
a complete flag, and instead of the'
shape being square, the pillow is made
the shape of the flag, so that Old
Glory need not be changed or mutil-.
ated by the new use.-N~ew York
Splitte'rs-Four cups oiflocur, two
cups of cold water, three-fourths cup
of sho6rtening-butt~er and lard-two
heaped teaspoonui.ils baking powder, -
saltspoonfali salt. Roll into a sheet
less than one-half inch thick; cut into
rounds size of a bowl, bake on a well
greased griddle to a light brown. Split
and butter while hot, and serve& at
Cranberry Dumpliags-Make a good
rich dough as for apple dumplings er
baking powder biscuits. Cut in
squares and put in the,centre of each
a half-cnn of cleaned cranben-ics and
two heaped teaspoonfuls of g:anniated
sugar. -'Pinch the edges of the dcughi
together, and steam one hour.. Serve
with a good boiled saue. They can
be baked, if so preferreid
Parsnip Balls-Mash fine one pint
of boiled parsnips,add two tablespoon
fuls of melted butter, a high season
Iing of 'salt and pepper and two table
spoonfuls of cream.- Stir over the
fire until very hot, take off and add
one well beaten egg. When cold
make up into .small balls, dip into
beaten egg, roll in breadcrumbs and
fry golden brown in smoking hot fat.
Plain Cake-Cream together in awn
earthen bowl two cupfuls, of sugar,
and one-half cupful of butter. MAA
the yolks of three eggs beaten light;
Ithree cupfuls of flour which has -bee;
Isifted twice with.two .teaspoonfuls 9
cream of tartar, -one cupful of sweet
milk iu which one teaspoonful of sod
has been dissolved, and-a teaspoon:'ul
of lemon or vanilla. Bea' thoroughl,
then fold, in lightly the whipped.
whites of the eggs, .and bake iD