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TRI- WEEKLY EDITION WINNSBORO, S.C., JUNE 6, 1899.
True Story of the Infamous
THE RITUAL CARI
Considerablemeation has been made
of the circImstance that all the nani
gos, the notorious criminal class of
Cuba, were members of certain secret
societies, about whose character and
aims little is known here, and not a
great deal more in the island in which
For many years it was believed there
that the nanigos were a kind of Ku
Klux Society, whose members were
banded together for the purpose of in
juring-their white neighbors. What
gave rise to this belief, arsd for a long
time supporLed it. was the circum
stance that all the nanigos were col
ored men, but for more than thirty
years past white men have been asso
ciated with them. From documents
discovered by the police, and seen by
the writer'of this article, it appears
that in 185, when|General Dulce gov
erned the island, White Lodge (yuego
de Blancos) number two was founded.
Whence it is deducted that lodge num
ber one was already in existence.
Nor are these societies political as
sociations devoted to a common end.
In the separatist conspiracies the nani
gos took no part as a body. There
were separatist nanigos, as there were
nanigos who were loyal to Spain, and
there are nanigos of Spanish birth.
That the nanigos have pursued no
common oolitical or religious aim there
is incontestable proof, which is that
each lodge is absolutely separate from
and independent of every other. There
is no hierarchy, no.species of grand
lodge or centre of action and govern
ment. Not only are the lodges not
friendly, but they are frequently hos
tile to one another. In Havana, when
it is known that there has been a mid
night brawl -in some out-of-the-way
quarter, some one will be sure to say,
"that is because the Ecori Opo Lodge
has declared war upon the Evion
Nor is it even certain that these so
cieties are recruited exclusively from
the criminal classes. The nanigos
are not, indeed, models of propriety;
but not all,or even the greater number,
are orofessional thieves, or gamblers,
or assassins, or men without settled
oceupation. Theie are nanigos who
follow a trade, and many of -them are
cooks, barbers, bag-makers and
Butchers. There have also been in
stances of young men of the upper
ra eeist or a a irit
tendency which leads certain men
culture to seek associates among the
soum. of society, have joined the
lodges of the nanigos.
There is one trait common to all
the nanigos-they are ostentatiously
courageous. To be a member of the
sodiety 'is to be accredited a brave
man. The reputation, deserved or
not, of courage, gives prestige among
the women of the lowest class, and
credit among the men of the populace.
Where no one is anyone, to come to
be a nanigo is to be someone.
But what was the origin of this in
stitution? Were its founders the
guapos--that is, the men oi strength
and brutality, in the lower classes
or the 'eriminals? Neither the one
nor the other, for it is thought that
the firstinanigos were Africans; slaves
some, others free, who banded togeth
er to practice the idolatrous rites they
had brought from Africa.
What tends in some degree to
strengthen this opinion is the African
charaeter of some of the ceremonies
and of the vocabulary in use among
the nanigos. It is said that they sac
rifice blach hens, stripped of their
feathers, and that in the places where
they hold their meetings there is a
log called the Palos Mecongo, which
is for them what the altar is for
others. This is what is said, but no
-one who is not a nanigo can declare
-positively that he has seen all this,
or that -he has any certain knowledge
of their ceremonies. The nanigos
have never been brought to public
trial in Cuba, nor has this curious in
stitution ever been thoroughly stud
ied. Nanigos have been tried by the
summary methods of the police courts,
but the declarations drawn from them
by torture or threats have thrown but
little light upon them. Not even the
origin of the word nanigo is known.
Some hold it to be purely African,
others Cuban; others say that it is
;; The nanigos have not a complete
veabulary of slang, like the argot of
the French, or the calo of the Spanish
criminal classes. They use, it may
be, a limited number of words having
a double meaning, but still Spanish
words. . Their vocabularyis restricted,
andgAlso is composed of strange, bar
barcris words that have no connection
with tie Spanish language, and that
have, in all probability, come from the
Conga or from Guinea; such as, en
cocoro, ataquenanoue, manfuanfua.
-Some os their songs are no less AE
Necan in character; and there are
-among them airs so original, of such
wild force or sach'plaintive sweetness,
th'at they would make the reputation
of a composer of foreign melodies.
What takes place at their cere
monies, what prayers they offer up'
before the Palo Mecongo, whether
this is for them the image of God, or
of one of their heroes, or whether it is
a mere fetish, are questions which
cannot be answered any more than
one can explain the fact that many
nanigos profess religion, or the spe
cies of mental halucination which
leads Europeans and descendants of
Eu 3peans, brought up in the faith,
to take up Africau idolatry. Re
garding these point nothing positive
rs known in Cuba.
IS OF CUBA.
Secret Criminal Society That
!d the Island.
In the localities, however, where
people of doubtfIl character live
those who in Spain are called the
chusma-thc residents generally know
who are and who are not nanigos, and
the police know also, although they
have frequently made persons appear
as such who were innocent of the
charge. According to the police, the
::anigos are known by an indelible
biae mark which they tattoo on the
backof the hand between the thumb
and index-Iinger. and Iie %. ve been
periods during which the police have
arrested hundreds ofi persons in the
streets to examine their banas. If
these had a blue nack they were put
in prison. Sailors with tattooedmarks
have sometimes beeIL victims of this
method of pursuing nanigos, although
they did not belong to any secret so
ciety whatever. The real nanigos
have declared that the blue marks
proved nothing; that they were not a
necessary requisite for membership in
societies; and that it would be a mis
'take for the nanigos to mark them
selves in a way that would serve to
betray them. The police, however,
have continued to regard with great
suspicion the blue marks, and the
plucked hens also. When one of
these is seen in the yard of a house it
is concluded that a nanigo lodge is
celebrating its rites within.
Some years ago, a Governor of
Havana, General Rodriguez Batista,
boasted of having put an end by
peaceable means to these secret so.
cieties. The heads of the lodges de
livered up to him the idols, drums
and other paraphernalia of their
worship; the press eulogized Senor
Rodriguez Batista highly, without
taking the trouble to find out what
arguments he -might have used to
produce such speedy resnIts. Bat
within a short time after the Gover
nor's departure for Madrid the
nanigos were again in the field. Under
General Weyler's rule, aided by the
circumstance that the existing state of
war permitted the condemnation of
accused persons without trial, that is,
the employment of the authority of
the police instead of the action of the
courts, measures were taken to clear
Havana of nanigos. About a thousand
persons were deported to Spain; and,
a to the declarations of the
police, there remained in the city some
71 ore. - - -
Arsons sent to
Spain, i -n
the greater part be ono
association, and there are strong
reasons for believing that many mis
takes were made. Any one who had
talked with the nanigos in the prisons
of Havana, in the vessels in which
they were transported to Spain, or in
the Peninsula, afterwards, will have
heard many cf them say: "I was a
member; but there are many here who
were not members." They also gave
the names, the occupation and the age
of the victims.
The method employed to determine
who should be transported could not
be more defective than it was. There
was no trial, nor anything resembling
one. No proofs, no defenc~e, no wit
nesses, no publicity. Every Saturday
the Chiefs of Police of all the districts
met together. Each one presented
the list of persons arrested by him as
supposed nanigos. If a magistrate
was interested in any one arrested by
order of another magistrate, he spoke
in favor of his protege, who was set at
liberty, in Havana it was regarded
as certain that the police accepted
money from those arrested. It is be
yond a doubt that the manner of liv
ing of all the police officials--in
spectors, wardens, etc., was not in
accordance with the modest salaries
which they received.
The government of Mearia has been
blamed without reason for having sent
back to Cuba the men~ thus deported
as nanigos. Having renounced her
authority over the isiand, Spain could
not retain in her prisons persons ovc
whom she no longer exercisedt any
species of jurisdiction, and who, be
sides, had not been conidemned by any
The fault was not in sending themi
back to Cuba, but in having taken
them thence solely on the-warrant of
a police that had by no mecaus the repu
tion of being over-se-ru pulous.
It is probable that under tkie new
rule naniguria will disappear, for it is
plain that its enviionent, both politi
c& and social, has contributed to the
preservation of the association. The
population of Cuba is composed of
three elements-the European, the
American, and the African. In the
contact of races it is not one race only
that is influenced and that undergoes
modification. The European, and still
more the American, of the voor and
ignorant classes in Cuba, has become
Afrancanized. He has taken from the
African words for his vocabulary and
music for his songs. Thme rites of the
nanigos show that he has also accepted
something of his idolatry. a symptom
which tells what would have been the
condition of the island if therc had not
been a constant and abundantini usion
into its population of other blood.
Thanks to this infusion, Cuba and
Porto Rico arc the only tropical coun
tries capable- of an orgauization simi
lar to that of the European States.
New York Post.
From an Obitnary Notice.
"He was a manm of great persever
ance and enterprise. Nearly three
years ago 'he buried his wife, with
wom he hmad been united in marriage
almocst :ity y-ears. "-New York Comn
AN4D ABY (eUR
A Hero of the Wudvor Hntei ire.
During the terrible :re chde
stroyed the Windsor Hotel, in -New
York City, on March 17, there were
performed a number of heroic deeds
a,; splendid as any ever done in war.
All these can not even ne mentioned;
but what was perhapsthe very bravest
deed of all should be recorded.
Faward Ford, a fireman of Exten
sion "rack No. 20, has the honor of
having been the last fireman to leave
the hotel, bringing down the last per
son rescued alive. The brave man
would not talk for publicationhimseli,
but a comrade who witnessed the res
cue told the story partly as he saw it,
and partly in Ford's own words.
It appears that Ford was going
home ou the elevated railroid, when
he saw the smoke of the fire. At the
Fiftieth street station, he broke from
I the train and rushed to the scene of
the conflagration. When he arrived
the smoke was pouring out of every win
dow, and the building apparentlyabout
to fall. "I pushe d my way through the
crowd," he said, "and had begun
work with the hose company, when
some one shouted that there was an
old woman in a room on the sixth
story on the Fifth avenue side. I
could not see any one at the window.
I saw one fireman up there, but he
was in theroom to the north of where
the woman was said to be, and he
could not see her, or know that she
I was there. I determined to go up my
self. There was a scaling ladder
from the second floor up to the room
where the fireman was, and I took a
thirty-five-fcot ladder and pheed it
inside the hotel railing, and started
In a few minutes he had reached
the top, and found a comrade there
named Bill Clarke. The room was
full of smoke, and the men could hear
the fire roaring and crackling outside.
Thinking to get into the next room b
means of the hall, Ford threw himself
against the hall docr and forced it
open, but a storm of Zames and smoke
busrt into the room, almost suffocating
him. He tried to force the door
closed again, but the hinges were
broken, and it fell outward into the
flames. Then he tried the windows.
"I stood on the stone lintel of the
window below," he said, "and grasped
the woodwork with my left hand.
Then I reached for the next windo ,
but it was too far off. I Stood
mny on 4W
stanig an a aump for the
other one. Fortunately I caught the
'I-Il firmly, drew my body up, and
looked in. There was a woman on the
floor on her knees. As I sprang in she
turned and grasped me convulsively.
'Save me, for God's sake!' she cried."
The brave fellow took her up and
dragged her to the window, calling to
Clarke for help. He grasped her
fhlmy around the waist and climboed
out on to the lintel of the window be
low, holding himself close to the build
ing. Clarke was already outside of
the window, and tried to reach, but
the distance was too great. The
woman was airaid that she was going
to N'_l and kept praying and' shriek
ing to be saved, at the same time grasp
ing at everything within reach, and
greatly hampering the movements of
the men. "At last," maic Ford, "I
shook her free from her hold on the
window-sill. She then became un
conscious, and was a dead weight on
my arm." All this time the tire was
eating on the woodwork of the room
toward the window, and the part to
which Ford was holdin~g began to
scorch. "I shifted my holdi,"he said,
"for another on the top of the sill,
and bent my head and shoulders be
low to get out of the range of the
fames, which were already sweeping;
out of the window. I called to Clade
Ito reach over to me, as I could not
olanv more. He leaned as far as
he coalil holid on with his left haud,
andi reac-hed out with his right. I
hlfea the~ woman toward him vwith all
the strength I had left, and he sei::Cd
hr aroundL the waist. Clarke ss a big,
powrful man, and succeeded in gel -
ting her to the top of the Ldder."
Clarke then took the woman down to
the sidewalk and brougift her to a
drug store. She wvas found to be Mirs.
Chishofl, a gray-haired lady of fifty
or sixty years. T his was the last 1:el
son takten from the building, and three
or four minutes later the walls fell in.
Lelpen out by a Jiear.
An odd although rather brutal story
o a man's adventure with a bear, is
tod n the "istory of Williams
Cnnitv, Ohio." John Gillet had made
up i smind, from various signs, that
thee owas a nest of bear cuba some
wer-e in his neighborhood. One day,
wen he was out hunting for them. he
grew tired, and as his good luck had
it, ear down to rest beside the very
st ' n which the nest was hidden.
Heaigthe cubs seratching inside,
he leanitt bas oa a tree against
th stmp whc' a very tail one,
cimbecd nr. lo.sked down into the
holo. Saaw two cubs about the
si- 'li-grown rat dogs." With
c tig to think, he jumped into
the hole, caught the cubs, tied their
mouths so that they could not squeal,
and fastened their feet so that they
could not seratch; but, then, Gillet
used to say, in telling the story:
I"I knew the old bear would be
along pretty soon and make it hot for
me if she found me in the nest; so I
swung the youngsters into my Icuck
skin belt, preparatory to getting out.
"Get out? Did I get out? Land~
of love! It makes me shiver to think
o it yet. I could no more get out of
that stump than I could fly. The
hanIma be-a4a larger at. the
bottom than at the top--so large, il
fa t, that I could not put my back
against one side and my feet and
hands against the other and crawl
up, as rabbits and other animals climb
up inside of hollow trees. In no way
could I get up a foot.
"There were no sticks inside to help
me up, and I made up my mind I bad
to dic, certain. About the time I
came to this conclusion I heard the
old bear climbing up the outside of
the stump. With only my hunting
1aito as a means of defence, and in
such close quarters, you may possibly
ingine my feelings.
"TChe old bear was not more than
half a minute clitbing up the stump,
but it seemed like a month, at least.
I thought of all my sins a dozen times
over. At last she reached the top,
but she did not seem to suspect'my
preseno at all, as she turned round'
and began slowly descending, ail
foremost. I felt as though my last
hour had come, and I began to think
seriously of lying down and letting
the bear kill me. so as to get out of
my misery as quickly as possible.
"Suddenly an idea struck me, ana
despair gave way to hope. I drew out
my hnnting knife and stood on tiptoe.
When the bear was about seven feet
from the bottom of the hollow, I
fastened on her tail with a viselike
grip, and with my right hand drove
my hunting knife to the hilt in her
haunch, at the same time yelling like
a whole tribe of Indians.
"What did she do? Well, you
should have seen the performance.
She did not stop to reilect a moment,
but shot out at the top of the stunip
like a bullet out of a gun. I held on
until we reached the growd. Then
the old boar went like lightning into
the brash, and was out of sight in
half a minute.
"I took the cubs to Adrian the next
day, and got five dollars apiece for
Lientenant Bernadon's classmates
:;ay that he fears nothing on earth
or water. His fearlessness overcomes
any conseiousress of self.
One afternoon in October, 1881, the
United States steamer Kearsarge,
Ctain G. B. White, lay at anchor in
Hatmpton Roads. The weather had
been stormy for a day or two, and the
Wind had kicked up a heavy sea.
There was a strong tide runting, and
tho vessel swung out on a long cable.
A seaman by the name of Christover
son, who was boat-tender in one of
the cutters swinging at the lower
booms, went out and down the Jacob's
ladder. In steppi 'a . wart
his foot i . o on deck
.-ere was a hoarse/cry -.f -man
overboard." Seaman Robert Sweeny,
who saw the accident, running out
along the boom, plunged in without
delay, just as the ma lame up the
second time. Bernad othen a cadet
midshipman, heard th e, and rush
ing to the gangway sa the terrible
struggle of Sweeny with the drowning
man as the tide sweptthemout toward
the sea. Bernadou tossed off his coat
and was overboard in an instant.
Christoverson, in his fierce struggle,
carried Sweeny down with him, the
latter only breaking away to be carried
Bernadou by this time was within
reach, and catchingthe drowning man
from behind managed to relieve
Sweeny until a line was thrown him,
and they were finally hauled aboard
in an exhausted condition. For this
act both Bernadon and the sailor re
ceived the recommendations of their
captain and the thanks of William H.
Hunt, then Secretary of the Navy.
A Cool-rrended Girl of Twelve.
T u-dve-year-ol d Bessie Kinney lives
in L's Angeles, Ca!. The other day
her miother sent her to the market for
meat. Moanted on her pony. she was
returning from the market when arun
away horse dashed past, dragging an
eapt~y carriage. Bessie gave chase.
Her pony is a fast one, and she was
soon able to catch hold of the bit of
the runaway with her left hand, all
the while tightly clasping the meat
and the pony's reins in her right.
Gradually pulling back on the fright
ced runaway and quieting it with
othing words, she finally brought it
to a standstill, after a chase of fifteen
blocks. Then she went home, leav
ig the bystanders to publish her
brave deed. The papers of her town
tell it with words of praise.
Attacked byva Wild Cat.
Richard Wheeler, a Binghamton
sewing machine agent, recently had a
thrilling experience near Melrose, says
the New York Press. He was riding
a horse along an old log road, on his
way to see a castomer, when a wildcat
sprang fronm the bushes with a growl,
gave two or three leaps and seized the
horsa by the neck. Wheeler kicked
at it as hard as he could until it let go
and then dropped in front of the run
ning horse. He didn't hear any more
from~ the wildcat, and, after he had
quieted the horse and hitched him to
a tree, he went back, struck some
matches and searched for the savage
beast. It lay in the road with a
crushed skull, the horse having ap
parently trod upon it as it fell.
A New Guard For Watch~es.
Watches een be securely held in the
pocket by a new guard, fcrmed of a
two-piece snap button, having one
ortion of the button sewed in the
fabric to the pocket and the other at
tached to the cbain, a slight pressure
on the paits locking them so that the
chain cannot be pulled out easily.
The Substitute For Trees.
The latest in the building line is the
alminumi hut for Klondike miners.i
When packed for carriage it weighs
110 ponnds. It is composed of four
Isides and a roof of thin sheets of
aluminum, and when put up it con
tains 190 c______ feet
NEWS AND NOTS
FOR WOMEN. 9
Flowers For Sealr.
if you are artistically inclined a
very pretty and novel way of sealing
your letters is to form flowers with
various colors of wax, thus doing
away with the old-fashioned mono
gram. Pansies are very easily formed
by flest using violet wax, giving slight
carves to the outer edges, and then
wAit or yellow in the centre, twirling
ii around a few times to produce a de
ciaed pansy effect. Roses are easily
made by using the different shades of
pink. If the seal is brought to a
thin, shar; etem whea finishing the
effect will be greatly heightened.
Daintily Perfurned Lingerio.
Sachets of lavender and of violet
nowder are popular to lay in drawers
among clothing. Perhaps even nicer
are pieces of pumice stone saturated
with some perfume. A delicious
scent for this purpose is made of half
an ounce of whole orris root and two
oances of spirits of wine.
Be sure-that the orris root is the
real thing, and that it is fresh. Pound
and break it up into little pieces, and
let it remain in the spirit several clays.
Then use it to 'saturate the pumice
stone, and place it among your cloth
ing. It will fill your room with the
delicious odor of fresh violets.
Advice to Stout Wonen.
It has often been urged, but it
seems well to emplbasize by much
repetition that women of generous
proportions should invaribly renounce
all of these round-waisted styles, no
matter how beautiful they appear on
some other slenderer figure, or how
universally the rage for them in
creases. Adoptingthese waists is not
a matter of age, for the young, the
mature, and the elderly find them
comfortable and useful. It is simply
a matter of figure, and, for women in
clined to stoutness, there are many
close, trim, ard attractive models
which make them look better and
slenderer than any of the "rcund"
styles, festooned with net, draped
with lace, and finished with circling
ribbon, bells and bows, which cut off
the apparent length of the waist by
two or three inches.
The suminer Shirt-Wa*sts.
Some pretty shirt-waist moJels.
have been designed for the summer,
some of them showing a deep esilor
collar, joined to pointed revers that
reae...4h lilt in front; the entire
piece of woven guipure lace, with
cuffs and girder to match. These
trimmings adorn pique, linen and
duck waists,; as well as those of
taffeta, foulard, or wash silk; other
styles are trimmed with very hand
some Swiss or Irish point em
broideries. Again waists aro seen
ith removable vests, stock col!.rs
and girdles of Liberty satin. Besides
these are countless morning vests
formed of India linen, percale, dimity,
bishops'lawn, fine qualities of dotted
and cross-barred muslin, plain and
facy swivel silk and zephyr gingham.
The majority of these resemble as
nearly as possible a boy's shirt-waist,
wihasingle pla down the front, a
few gathers on each side of this plait
and on the shoulders, and a double
pointed yoke on the back, The regular
shirt sleeve is shaped with but little
fulness con the shoulder, and the
entire model is email and eztremely
The cloualikc nilk muslin that prom
ises o be the most fashionable sum
mer ball gowns have full-blown roses
in two shades of pink or in yellow and
red on their faint blue, deep cream or
lemon-tinted backgrounds. Zephyr
ginghams and piqnes, with damask
stripcs or flower patterns, are going
to have t'he first choice in wash goods,
while all the colored cotton goods
from Scotland show small plaids in
two colors with shirred stripes.
Soft sashe~s of ganzes, with ruffled
ends, appear on some of the new
gowns, falling in front or at one side,
which is prophetio of Empire styles
again, and gauze scarfs. It is prom
ised, too, that the skirts of the thin
summer gowns shall be elaborately
ruffed or ruched in the form of an
overdress or tunic variously shaped
at the bottom and rounded up over
dress fashion at the sides. Other
hints reveal the double and triple as
one of the features in thin gowns.
Lace insertions, arranged in various
sauiming designs, and the lovers'
knot in particular, with the material
cut out underneath, will be lavishly
used to decorate organdies, batistes
and other thin fabrics. Narrow rib
bon, both gathered and plain, bids
fair to eutend its popularity as a
trimming through another season.
The Southern Girl.
In concluding an editorial inspire'd
bya outhern girl's regret that she
cannot go to college, Edward Bok. in
te Ladies' Home Journai, has this to
sa of the girls of th- Southland:
"he Southern girl is surrounded by
a life far truer and more conducive
to self-development than girls living
in other sections, because social con
dt ns aire more normal. Her life is
he.thier because it is saner, and her
m~ind, by reason of it, is clearer and
more constantly at rest- The rash of
life of the NTorth and West is not so
stimulating as many Southern girls
sunose. On the contrary, it wears
woen out as often as it develops
them. In no part of our country do
wo nen look younger at maturity than
i the South. To the Southern girl,
too, nature blooms in a profusion as
she does nowhere else. The natural
historv whichi the )orthern girl must
get out of books the Southern girl
gets direct from nature's own hand.
She is born of a soil as rich and
- ' >s :n --m hwncr as is the
literature of Spain. This she receives I
as a natural heritage. - Her parents
are, and her ancestors were, among
the best types of American chivalry
and Aierican womanhood. She hears
but ode language spoken. and thit is
her own. If there is the introduction
of another tongue it is French, and
with these two she can travel the
world over and rever be at a dis
advantage. The religion which she
learns from her mother is the highest
and best because it is untainted with
modern 'revclations.' The truest
friend and safest teacher in 'highest
living' a girl can have is her mother,
and in the South mothers have a way
of finding time for their daughters
and being companions to them. The
Southern father is fond of his children,
and proves it by his presence at the
domestic hearth after his day's busi
ness is over."
Xelba's Excuse For Being Late..
When Mme. Melba went to the
Grand Opera House the other night,
not as a performer but as a listuer.
there was a slight delay about her ar
rival. She did not reach her box in
time for the opening bars of "I Pa
gliacci," and everybody wondered.
But the great songstress. was ar
ranging a happy event for a bedrag
gled young girl who had blocked her
entrance to the Opera Hous3. Just
as she alighted at the canvas awning
she caught sight of the upturned face
of a girl standing in the pouring rain
waiting for a glimpse of her. She
was only a poor factory girl; who lived
somewhere in the unfashionable
neighborhood of the Grand Opera
House. Even for her class she was
not very well dressed, nor very well
bred; but she had the divine love of
music in her heart and in her eyes,
and Melba caught the gratifying light
of true hero worship.
The great singer did not ask the
management to pass in this stray'ad
mirer, as she might have done, and so
have gained for the girl an uncom
fortable hour in the back row of the
well-dressed orchestra .chairs. She
had too much consideration, even for
such a lowly guest.
With a softly spoken, "Come with
me," she led the girl up to the box
window of the gallery, and procured
her a seat, for which she herself paid
witir two big Eilver dollars. Then
Melbs quickly sought her own pro
scenian box, from a corner of which
sje sniiled softly to herself several
I times daring some of Chalia's best
songs, as she recalled the look she
had brought to the eyes of her damp
and 'hedraggled protege.-San Fran
. i ~ sGossip.
Miss Con,* is an Alderman of the
London Co6ty Council.
Miss Leigh Spencur of Brtis
Columbia, e riis
There gie twenty-three English
women practicing medicine in India.
In Ausdio-Hangary about 3,000,000
women are engaged in industrial pur.
Sar.h Bernbardt was once intended
for a milliner, and came very near to
being sent to a shop to learn the
When the Empress of China travels
she carries with her 3030 dresses,
filing 600 boxes, in charge of 1200
Women in Great .Britain are well
represented in 4he professions and
trades, and, about 4,000,000 earn their
A successful firm of tea merchants
in London is composed entirely of
women. The blenders, tasters and
packers are also women.
Miss GwendoinNi. D. Kelley, of Col
umbus, Ohio, is at work on a minia
ture of Mrs. McKinley, which is in
tended by the sitter as a gift to the
There are twenty women who are
pastors in the Iowa yearly Friends'
(Quakers') meeting, and they are r-e
orted to be doing good work, and
are well suited to'their: feld of labor.
Mrs. Leonard Wood, the wife of
General Wood, interested herself in
her husband's work when he-was an
army surgeon, and under his direc
tion read medicine to such good pur
pose that it is now said she could eas
ily secure a diploma from any medid
Gleanings From tha Shops.
Satin-bordered squares of soft, light
wool snitings for summer.
Sashes of varionaly colored crepe de
chene with long fringed ends.
Every variety of untrimmed hat
shapes in chips and tuscan braids.
Embroidered swiss muslins showd
ing fancy stripes of colored figures.
Summer gowns trimmed with nu
merous flounces cut in deep scallops.
Golf score-books made of Ioather in
various colors and prettily decorated.
N ew style blaser coats with white
reers and blacg satin braid trim
Linen lawns in conventionai pat
terns on a white, blue or black found
Sailor suits for children, appropri-,
Iatey trimmed with gilt braid and em
Pompadour pekin taffetas showing
ricliy colored stripes on various dark
Delicately colored chiffonettes
showing clusters of silken cord in
White silh parasols covered with
black velvet appliques cut in the form
Ready-made sleeves of net ap
pliqued with lace or lace alone in
some striking pattern.
Pretty cameo-striped chiffons in
combinations of blue, nile, mauve and
yellow with white.-Dry Goods Econo
The Torture of the Unfortunate G
To the ardigary man and wom
eonoeotion'of the torture to whic
poor, unfortunate goose is put
possibly, be imagined.
The geese, when about nine mon
old, are taken from the pastures
placed in' an underground gel
where broad, slanting stone sla
stand in rows, and assaboun -fast
the tables. They are-' literally
Feet, wings and bodies are apr
out and bound by bands, so that oni
the neck is left free.' As may be i
agined, the animal struggles with alt
its might against this stretching, till,
after days of vain endeavor to free it
self from the bands and its position',
its powers of resistence are overcome;
and a dull resignation, broken only:
by its low cries, takes possession of
it. Two months must pass away be
fore diath brings relief.
The animalsmeanwhile are crammed
with dumplings made of a dough of
buckwheat, chestnuts and stewed
maize. Every two houirs, six times a
day, they receive from three to five
dumpling pills, which in time become
so sweet-to the tortured creatures that
they stretch their ,eeks to be
The most difficult task is to deter
mine the right moment for death.
Those who Aie df their own accord are
lost to the liver factory, therefore a
ind of study is needed to see when
the. cup of agony is brimming fall and
the liver is ripe for taking. The
bodies of such ripe ones are like
pumpkins-where ordinarily fingers
are buried -in flesh and fat nothing but
skin-and bone is found. The livers
have aborbed all the strength and
.34 Couldn't Forego That.
It was in Bradford. An old man
was about to step in front of a. steam
tram going at full speed, when a band
seized him and flung him back.. It
was a narrow shave, and as. soon as
the old man realized it he extended
his hand-to his rescuer and exclaimed:
"You have saved my life, and I can
never repay the debt!"'
"I deserve no thanks," was the
"But you deserve more than thanks.
I am a rich man, and I want to give
you some substantial token of my
gratitude. Here-.let me write you a
-I couldn't accept anything-really,
.1 couldn't," protested -the other, "but
there is something you might do for
ma all the same."
"Speak and it shall be done"
"You are a-tihzman, a I know
"on' by name. _am secretary of the
gas "comnf [Every mouth when
-'5t come in to pay your bill yoamake
a tremenduous row for half -an hour,
=nd declare that we are highay rob
bers. If you would only agree
"Not to make a row over my gas
bill. Never, sir, never! You saved
my life, and I afa ready to di-a you
a check for whatever sum yout want,
but as foregoing a privilege granted
only to freeoborn Britons, I can'tsur
render it-couldn't do it if you saved
my life a dozen times over!"-Tit
Owners .or Ennienid's Soil.
"It is interesting to observe how
many good opportunties thd thrifty
poor people, of thiis country have to ac
quire valuable property," remarked a --
prominent Englishman. "In England
the poor classes have no .such chances,
'aore than half the soil of the united
kingdom is nominally owned by some
2000 wealthy persons, who- refuse to
sell their land.- These persons are the
owners of 22,880,7565 -acres, or nearly
5,000,000 acres more than one-fourth
of the total area of the united king
dom. The mind is unable grasp what .-'
such amonopoly costs the country, but
certain features of it stand forth with
a prominence suf~ciently notable. .In
a most absolute sense the well-bemng --
of the entire population of some 2
000000 souls is placed in ths poyeer'of ~
a few thousands. For thefieth-osands
the multitude toils, an-fit may be on
"Hence it is that all through rural
England we havo continually ibe
fore us the most saddening of all
spectacles-two or threo families liv
ing in great splendor, and .hard i~y
their gates the miserably poor, the ab
ject slaves of the soil, whose sole hope.
in life is too often the workhouse
that famous device against revolution.
paid for by the middle class-and the
pauper's grave."-Wash~ington Star.
The Smallest Dwarf on Earth.'
"We've got by long odds the tiniestI
mite of humanity in the world in this
neighborhood," remarked a Sands
street (Brooklyn) druggist a day or so
ago. ~"Tomn Thumb and all those
other dwarfs of snore or less fame
would never be inT it with this pigmy
in the way of smallness. Why, this
fellow is so little lie'd get lost in your
change pocket. You don't believe it? -
Read that then,."
The apothecary fished into a drawer
and handed over agrampled and dirty
it of paper.
"A little girl of -the neighborhood
came in with that from her snother a
few days ago, and I saved it as a curi
osity," said the druggist.
On the paper was written in sprawl.
ing characters the following remark
"Please give the girl five cents'
worth of quinine' for a six-year-old
boy in a capsule."--New York Times
The Eroper Way of Breathing..
To learn to breathe properly, inflate
the lungs and walk for five, paces,
kieeping the mouth shut and breathing
through the nose, increasing the five.
aes to ten, and then to fifteen' dr
more. JFollow this up by-taking sev
eral long breaths after :gettibg up in -
the morning, ankd again before retir
ing.-Ladies' Home Journal.