SE TOO SMALL
T OF THE EXECUTiVE
Ssity of Improvencnti-Objec
a..u a Entirely New Struc
MakeshiftN to Reucler the
Ic Relic Safe.
news that Congress is to take
riously the subject of enlarging
White House in Washington
es not a day too soon, says the
w ork Post. The need of soic
elief has long b en plain, but
o President since Harrison has
moved in the matter. President
Cleveland preferred to set up a home
at a considerable distance from his
office, so as to be sure of refuge where
politicians and curiosity-seekers would
have no excuse for intruding on his
privacy. President McKinley, though
using the White House for domestic
as well as public purposes, finds it
spacious enough for his small family,
and has never encouraged1 proposals
to enlarge it for his own comfort.
But the question has ceased to be
one of mere personal convenience.
The great increase of executive busi
ness has made necessary a correspond
ing increase in the President's cleri
cal force, and this, in its turn, means
more furniture, more heavy books
and files, and many more persons
continually coming and. going. The
lI timbers were evidenly not laid
ith a view to such a strain, and
I breaks have occurred from
-gtain parts of the
are relics of
hidden in a
beam under one of the
rough which hundreds of
sometimes pass in a day
several years ago and had to
inforced with metal plates and
olts. An enterprising mechanic.
who attached the cold-air box to the
present heating apparatus, finding
one of the masonry arches in the cel
lar in his way, cut through it to save
a deflection, thus muking it necessary
to put in a less- satisfactory support
after his trick had been discovered.
It is an open secret in Washington
0 at the floors of the parlors and
state corridors always have to be sus
tained by rows of temporary wooden
piers when the President holds his
receptions, so great have the crowds
become. These are a few of many
facts which have come to public no
tice, showing that some form of relief
is not only desirable, but essential to
the safety of human life and limb.
Congress has had repeated warnings,
but has alwvays preferred to spend
the Government's money on other
things, and treat the White House to
a little more patching. If it, had hus
banded the fortunes which it has
'n crior works of art and
~, and devoted a!
,ement of the Presi
KANSAS'S WORST PRAIRIE FIRE,
Thouitlesel Set by an Arm iy om er
Who Ms: Since i:e-onec 'zamn::. 1\
The greatest prairi3 fire knon in
Kansas waS in the year it0, and it
was set by an officer of tihe" Uait
States Governmlent. T his ofieer is
now in Vashngti, and. diring the
Spanish War, his naie was more fr.
quently in the papers than any other.
One day in 1t;6 he and a narty o:
officers froml Fort hays were return
ing fron a wild tarkey hunt in the
cauons o. the Sail:x. The wind was
bu"rin a hurricane. and when a stop
was made o: the high prairie some I
tean miles niorthi of Hays this olecer r
deliberately touched a match to the
dry, crisp grass in order to make a I
spectaele. When the other oficers k
saw what he was about to do they c
made a desnerate eTort to stop hi i
but the deed had been done and tie e
red flnet were reeling across th, q
prairie like a frightened autelope. c
That fire swept from: where it had
been started clear across Kansas into r
what is now Oklaho:na. The streams t
and roads oCered no obstacles to it
whatever. While going foutl it had
also turned to the east, and left a trail
ot ruin across R:ce. teno, Kingman 1
Harper and other counties. Thou
sauds of settlers were burned out,
l osig their houses and their feed,
their horses and cattle. t
If the man who set that fire had
been known to the settlers all the
troops on the plains would not have t
been enough to stay their vengeance.
As it was, he suffered remorse boyonC t
descriptio'i. When the officers at
Hays would bring him papers tegling
of the damlage done he wulld groan t
and curse himtseif roundly. He left
Ha.s for some other post in the fol
loting year, and, so far as we know,
his name was never connected with
the gigantic prairie tire of 1S69.-Kau
sas City Journal.
Tienna, Austria, has a 300-year-old <
Not a single inIeetious disease is
known in Greenland.
Cairo. Egypt, has a citizeu who is
said to weigh 570 pounds.
One of the Buflao newspapers runs
its entire plant by electricity furnished
from Niagara Fais.
A Sicilian advocate chargel with
fraud was recently sentenced to 189
It is assert-ed that one hundred mil
0lion peonle lived and died in America
before Columbus's discovery.
A woman died in London the other
day from perforation of the heart,
caused by a needie which had entered
her ear four months ago.
Near Grobogaua, .Java, there is a
lake of boiiing mud about two miles in
circumferenee. I?umense co:um~ns of
steanming mud are constantly arising
A retired Mississippi steambloat cap-.
tain intends to make his will by talk
i g into a phonograph, and having the
iOMPRESSED AIRS USES.
'ARIED WORK WHICH IT IS BEINC
MADE TO DO NOWADAYS.
Inn ages Railroad Trains: Iandle.s iag
ag; Rings Cathedral Chimes: Builds
7;rldge-: Makes Baskets; Gives Sham
poo.: Dusts Carpets; Does It All Well.
All are familiar with the uses of
ompressed air in bicycle tires, in
.oor brakes, in pneumatic mattresses,
ud in the department store cash tube
ystem, to mention a few modern ap
lications, which. however, are novel
o longer. But does every one know
Lat baskets are now made by com
ressed air, that statuary is chiselled
y it, that carpets and furniture are
leaned and dulted by it, that build- I
1gs are painted by it, and that a mod
rn train service would be out of the
uestion were it not for the practical
i:iency of air under pressure? Out
ide of the engineering world how
:aiy people imagine the scope and
le multitudinous uses of airtools and
i:chinery in the building of bridges,
a the carving out of tunnels, in al
aost every branch of mining, in ship
A NECESSITY IN 1tAILnOADING.
Riding on a modern, thoroughly
:juipped railroad, did it ever occur
o you that air is used to signal and
teer the train andto work the brakes?
hat the carpets, the cushions and
he furniture of the coaches are cleaned
nd dusted by pneumatic brushes; that
he cars are painted by pneumatic
aint-spraying machines, and, to
aention the latest appliances, that
he baggage is handled by air elevators,
he bell rung by a pneumatic ringer?
After eighteen years of costly and
xtensive experimenting, the pneu
iatic interlocking signal and ewitch
vsteia has been made a success and a
ixture at the leading terminal sta
ions in this country. By its aid one
uan now does the work that would
)therwisc require the combined efforts
)f six operators, and he does the work
)etter, the chances of his making mis
akes having ' een reduced to a mini
ana. The system in use at the Bos
:on Southern station in the larget
,nown. There are no fewer than 238
>neumatie switches in operation,
leven trains may move simultaneous
y into or out of the traiu shed, 148
emaphore signals are provided for the
L0 possible routes presented in the
switch system of that terminal.
AIR AS A CLEANSER.
Cleaning car cushions and carpets
)y compressed air has lately been in
:roduced. A pipe flattened at the end
antil it is almost the shape of.a spade
.s used. The air rushes through per
'orations at the thin, wide end, clean
ng the material without touching it,
t a much swifter rate, and much
uore thoroughly than ordinary brooms
>r brushes could. Besides, thew
and tear consequent on be
tnaterial is done away wit
>f itself, a great savin~
a single pneumati'
:an do more w
three men com
pers anil so on, all of which cuter intt
the werk of modern construction, ac
celerating production immensely,whilc
improving the product. But if there 75
is any one tool that is more indispen-.
sable than the rest it is the pneumatic
hammer, which makes possible the
various and difficult forms of riveting. It
caiking and chiseling. This ham.mer ! ht
consists of a cylinder in which a piston D
reciprocates, delivering a continous hi
series of blows against the end of the "
die. The hammer is light and row- si
erful. For small rivets it can he held n
in the hand, but for heavier work it i:'
supplied with a yoke support, and pi
thus fitted it will drive and lit the W
largest size rivets in use, which are i
generally one-inch in diameter. Prob- l
ably the hardest manual labor in ship ut
and bridge building is riveting. Coin- ti
bined with this is an amount oo tech- gi
nical skill acquired only by long and of
arduous apprenticeship, and vrrying R
with the class of rivets driveu. In m
addition the necessity for Ireavier is
plating. doulings, etc., requires the 01
use of larger nd longer rivets, which Iit
cannot be properly e!sed down by n
hand. The pneumatie hammner is the P).
practical device whicl ias enabled
builders to surmount tLese a d other s"
obstacles. The air tool al saves W
xOLIA cN mz. th
New York may know that in the
chimes of St. Patrick's Catl dral on
Fifth avenue, the city poss3sses one
of the finest orchestras of t - kind in
the world, but does ewv Y -k knowi
that these bells are now run by com- d;
pressed air? Nineteen btis the
heaviest of which weighs bout six
thousand pounds, the light st about
three hundred pounds, con Litute the I
set, which has been plac in the
northern spire, 180 feet ahto e ground. h
Electricity is the trigger, nc com
pressed air the power in t is opera- a
tion. The largest or liestr 'icne in 1
the world is that of t chu of 5t. p
Germain L'Auxerrois : P , which t<
set was finished in 1878- Leir con
struction consumed fiftee' years, but ci
they never ran saccessfall until last t
year. There are forty-f ir bells in
the set, which, it is said, wr be onera- (
ted by compressed air to -eicome vis- M
itors to the Paris Expo-i n. b
It might bore the lay -der to de
scribe the new air-tiga system for t
pumping artesian wells. e hundred P
and one handy little iuv lions, such :
as pneumatic track sand for loco- a
motives, sand-blasting \ines for a
rmoving the scale from a.s of all1
kinds, coal cutters, etc.; t there are !
a few things in the way "air novel- r
ties" which are most' teresting.
Take the work of b: t-making.
Surely no one ever he of any of
the old machines tnr; out "18
bushel bask + b : or 1800
baskets a co resse.l air
basko'' ow doing
d is but
TlE PIANO ON ARCHEY ROAD,
Author of --Mr. Donley" Writes of it!
Agcacy as a Sec!al Factor:
In the Ladies' Home Journal is pub- I
ied tIe first of the "'Molly Dona
te" sketches by the author of "Mr.
>oley." It tells of 1"Molly Dona
le's" ambition to b-ve a piano, for
n Archey Road a iano is the one
re and visible symbu of the achieve
eut of social ambition. One may be,
iry dacint p'ople' and not own a
ano, but wne cannot be 'fine people'
less one boasts of a dark m:thogauy
x which takes more than half the
tle parlor. and is only opened Sat
day mornings. when _Miss O'Brien,
e church organist. comes down to
ye Mary Ann a lesson in the 'Child
the 1tCinu'nt.' or on state occasions
en the said Mary Ann provokes the
arelh from 'Norma' out of its weird
terior. At vther times it stands un
eued. gloomy and forbidding under
; purple pail. with its great legs
:illy en"I(a1ed inl puckered cambric
lntaluons. It is not regarded as a
ediuin for th'e expressio-n of music
much as a landmiark of progress to
ard wealth and culturo. 'The Mur
r-v- o runs like fire down ,
road, and the~i 1 s have 'ar
ed.' But w-hen th . 'pianny' conies
t. -hen the rumllO of lost jobs and
less culminiate in he wIthdrawal of
hemoth en the ioulders of swear
; G:srmaiins. than is the day of trage
The Murpl$s are down: HIopc
es out with ' ' pia'
jh'.-J)(" ' 1:pp ened in on the
on>hues on Archey Itoad and imie
ately joined the family discussion
to whethr' Mr. Donahue should
ty a piano for his daughter. "II'n,"
id IMr. Dooley. "I'm no musician,
i' th' eight iv ne enjiyment is f'r to
r a German band. consistin' iv a
kle-oo an' a bass drum, playin' 'Lis
n to th' Moekin-Bt''rd.' But, as
ary here says, whin it comes to de
din' quistions iv etiket, rm th' boy
do it a ian ti' wurruld. F'r forty
-ar l've ladled it out be th' pint anl'
ar. to il' fashlnable society iv this
ard, an' Dooley's etiket f'r man an'
ist is known fr'n wan (nd iv th'
)unthry to' th' other. An' I say this
ye, MI:lahii, that its not on'y th'
roper an' rale thing to have a pianny.
lt seemI' tha:t Tim Clan''y. th' assist
at foreman on th' North Side. an'
[ortimer Casey, th assistant foreman
:out Ii (hicago. hoth has wan it
1n't anny sure thing that whin tli
ews gits out that ye're scrapil 'long
-ithout wan ye won't lose yer job.
et a pianny. Mahnchi, an' thank
eaveu they didn't ask f'r a steam
Kharoua as a W!nter R:scrl.
Egym~ will be the popular winter re
>t of England tourists, but not just
et. Locrd Kitchener's ideal is to have
rapid railway service to Khartoum,
e climate of which is said to be fiae.
airo) has long been a favo.rite place in
r.ch to escape the rigors oi an Eng
itwinter, buthmn ~-iv
Mirs. Winslow's Soothir.g Syrup for ealidre
teetbing,softens the gums, reducing inatn;a
t:on, allays pain.cures wintd colic 25o a bottle
After six year-'suffering I wascured by pi
eos Cnre.--M ry Tio3-os. s9;' Ohio Ave
Aleghauy, Pa.. .:t::h 19, 13894.
VITA a TY low. 1clbi!itste 1 orezhausted cure
by Dr Kline'- Ir:.':rating Toric. FREE $
trial bottle for:. %%orks' treatment. Dr. K: line
Ld., 931 Arch St., Phi 'dulphia. Founded 18r
"I have used your Hair
Vigor for ive years and am
greatly pleased with it. It cer
tainl' restores the original color
to gray hair. It keeps my hair
soft and smooth. It quickly
cure m f ikin o humor
of the scalp. My mother used
your Hair Vigor for some
twenty years and liked it very
much.' -Mrs. Helen Kilkenny,
New Portland, Me., Jan. 4,'99.
We do not know of any other
hair preparation that has been
used in one family for twenty
years, do 'you?
But Ayer's Hair Vigor has
been restoring color to gray hair
for ifty years, and it never
fails to do this work, eier .
You can rely upon it for
stopping your hair from falling
out, for keeping your scalp
clean and healthy, and for mak
ing the hair grow rich and long.
$1.00 a botile. All drug:sts. ..
Write the Doctor
If you do not obtain all the becefits you
desire from the use of the Vigor, write
the Doctor about it. Address,
Dr. J. C. Arn:, Lowell, Mvass.
Prices on Machinery and Supplies of every
descr4r.tion are advancing and now is th*
opportune time to place your order.
Engines and Boilers. Saw and Grist
Rice Hullers, Grain Drills, Wood Wor
Write us when in the market for anything
in our line. It wi!l pay yon;
W. H. QIBEES & CO.,
Headquarters fe: Machinery and Mill
SO- Gervals St., Near union Depot,
COZXBIA, S. C.
I Meet All
Will place with re
Organs or Pianos
on trial and pay
fregtg both ways
if not found as
Write for ca
ambia, S. "
?he Smith Pneumatic Suction Elevating,
cinning and Pae:king System is the Simplest
and Most Efficient on the Market; Forty
eight Complete Ontats in S^.:th Carolina;
Each One Giving absolute Satisfaction.
BOILERS AND ENGINES;
Automatic and Corliss,
My Light and Heavy Log Beam Saw Mills
Cannot be equalled in Design, Efficiency or
Price by any Dealer or Manufacturer in the
South. Write for Prices and Catalogues.
V. C. BADBAM & CO.,
1326 Main St., . -
COLUMBIAL - - - S:
Chicago fruit mc ants are prerg
to estnbiis ena.Mts fruit packing es
BOOK AGENTS WAN~ -O FOR
the gadest na fstewening boo;eer pused,
OR1 LIVING TL'CTRS FOR IIEAD AcD AE
Coaitaining 3ir. 3iu (DS""s best Sermons. i
T.1.lLL n or.ca Incidents,
By P. LOO,
an d a s I nr o dn c i on b y oev LI c i A AR
Brand new. 60l)p #ut ',f ,Z,frc'i.
ow yourself. to be talked'
ioddy job ~ ave a dollaro
st iS on sale i ery to
- Didyoueverti' k ho
Snepenpto bet i
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