OCR Interpretation


The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, April 12, 1900, Image 1

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn93067705/1900-04-12/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

TRI WEEKLY EDITIG WIN NSBORO. S.C.. APRIL 12. 900. ESTABLISHED 1844
WILLE vtstrrio IN THE COCt'r.
I wish 'at I tould live out here
Where thore are hill, to climb.
Ani wherr a t no can ,liie dvwn liko
A fhash, in wiut-r tne ;
Where4hey are drift. to tumble in
And ponds to's-ate upon
I w:ish my Cousin John was mO
And I was Couin John
I'd like to have a cnt to ride
And lambs 'a' tuinrs to pet.
W,th appies it; the e-ilar. and
Drink mil;: tbat-s stearmin' yet :
I'd live to 1V w:ere t could whoop
Around wi:h all my might
Anti never have to b, . frasid
A cop wouid come in silht.
It's jolly sitting in the sled
w h.-n une"l drives to town,
And lets the horses walk u' hil!
And n:akes them g::lop d w !
it's jolay gett.rg out thiL":.
Sometimes. an.l hn:iug on
I wisi In'. Cousiu John was mo
And I was Cousi1. John i
Eat-Side Tholl
4 - STORY OF THE
BY MARGUER
It was not a pretty story, but it was
more. it was fraught w;th that prim
itive ruggedness one gets an imupre;
sion of along with cutting pm airie
winds, bucking broncos, the cract; of
a revolver, the whiz of a bullet.
. The fel,ow's name was Thompson,
and he could hand e a bunch of ttee -s
with the best of them, b t there was
an air of metro ol,tanis a about him
that assorted ill with his surroundings.
And although he went rougher than any
man of thein he had never been able
to live down his nickname of "East
Side". Thompson. Under the in in
en:e _1Qling-prairies, the ho%dless
sweep of ch.ud and sky, an intn=y
wisthe e ements and reliance upon
nothing but his own wit and courage,
'wan grows to be a strong, sagacious,
I creature, so did'erent frotan our
~cumscribed ideas of a-man that, for
want of a better term, 'we call him a
"cow-puncher."
The Three-X outfit of cow-punchers
hacd be u on the trail more than a
mgn h, and,ac ording to all precedent
sudiasofi the rains shonud have set
in weeks, before, but they had not.
The gias:thit' had sprunghp with the
first'arsishowers ha sea .,and- died
et, rainr:c .
e 'ow uggisii tle
streams of 6rackish water that crawled
along the bottom of their bels, which
the year befor h'ad been swollen, be
yond their banks, finaby gave out ut
terly. In every direction the white
alkali p'ains glisienel away to the
meeting line of the sky in an attitude
of isolation. The oldest inhabitant in
all the country could not recall a -win
ter that equaled this in dryness.
Howbeit, Nevada was then h new
state, and the population migratory.
Wilson, the boss of the outfit, had
hoped to get out of the sagebrush
F country and strike the California line
somewhere abo e Bodie by the end of
"ae first month out, but there was no
~in, no water, and the plains lay in
~en cracks. Day after day the sun
arose, smiled down upon the parched
little banch of men and cattle 14 long
hours as he sailed across a cloudless
sky,serenely unconstcioas of the male
di tions'hurled against him, while the
bare, burnitig prairie stared back in
un blinking defiance. There were gor
geous sunsets every eveni,g--momnents
when the great fiery btall seemed al
moan to stand still to give a long back
ward g'anee before dropping out of
sight, and with a Midas fouch turn ali
the world to moiten gold. But to the
played out cow-puncher sunset means
nothing but bedtime-be ltimne after a
hard, parched, hopeless day. There
aw.re clear,chaste moonlight nights - f
wondrous radiance, too, but the moon
was seen only in the ea- ly morning,
when they rose to another day, more
hard, more parched, more hopeless.
The cattle-mere anatomical charts by
this time-went staggering about in
crazy circles, too weak to need watch
ing, the three Xs oIn their flanks re
duce to half the or'ginal size by the
shriveling of the hid'e, or fe 1 head ly
to the earth to rise again, af.or many
seasons of aun and shorver, as prairie
flowers and salt grdss. Tieir bellow
in g was reduced to a moan alm st
human in its mise-y,for the one voice
common to all created th'ngs, animal
or human, is the voi e of suffering.
The Missourian, a great, hulking
young fellow, was first.of the men to
show signs of weakening. That is the
most terrible moment in all like experi
ences,when the men who ha e held on
g-imly and endntred toget'uer see <ne
of their number losing his grip. This
had been an ill-assorted outfit when
they started out with the cattle across
the plains, but standing together,
nouholder to shoulde:, defying death
lgainst fearful odds'.nits a man deep
ly into the life of his feliow. Among
i -se men there was no spoken sym
pathy, no overt act of kindness, but
in their very sullenn ss was that g-imn
me- t of all.sacrifices, each man endur
ing in stoie ailence in order that he
might not ibtrn le his own sullerings
upon his alr endy overcro wded neigh
bor. The clinching of the lips to sun
presa a groan when one is thirst-mad
dened may require more heroism than
facing a cannon with Rags fiying and
dru-as 1'eating, inasmuch as "he that
rul th his 'own spirit is greater than
hbat taketh a ci'y."
A t las one'day the Mis<onr'an.gave
out utterily. 'tie was not of the cow
boy buik% in the fi st place.. hut his
splendid ~horsemash'p and enthusi
am had induced WX ilson, the bos'., or
Yankee Bill," as he was ca:led, tc
take him on. In his'dc( rim he lay
and cried for water, i. day and night
aonINZv IsT NC TI crrn.
I w!shed 'a: I lived here, where tb.ngs
Are a"l set at the door,
Ana wu.-:e you see so many sights
Yon never saw l>efore ;
I'd like to ride in nice, warm cars
Tat whiz along tue street,
In..ad of in a t>obslad. where
You nearly freeze your feet.
They never have no wood to chop,
Nor cows nor she.ep to teud;
Th.-y never havc to carrv slop
To where the pits are p"-nn-d;
They never parry water 'rom
A well that a far awav.
Nor every ni.ht and morning feed
Tse stock a ton of hay.
T never have no cows to milk,
Nor other Lhores$ to do.,
And every time they turn'around
.Thev look at something n-w ;
There's aiways lots that's going on,
The streets are never still
I wish that Cousin Will was me,
And I was Cousin Will!
ipsOll S Petitioll
ALKALI PLAINS.
ITE STABI.EI
an-i called upon the names of thoie he
had known in his chil hood. Every
man went shout his own business,
wh chvtas ltrge'y the formulating of
fe ve-t and e'oqu(;nt oaths anent the
heat, the drought and the de'ay, and
anparently no one heard his ries.
Water was the one thing he wanted,
and the dne thing they could not get,
so, af:er they had put his to >ts under
his head to make h'im comfor able, they
let him alone. Quder or inary circuni
stances a Missourian more or less was
of no great consequence to "..anlee
'il," I ut this break in the ranks
shattered the last vt stige of hope.
Whatever- may have been d ne after
Ithan in the effort to ke p up their spir.
ifs WS:s mere bravado, for each man
foresaw the end.
The Missourian had been .a quiet
sortin the camr.,a 'a no one had eve
heard him talk much, but now be
talkebd ncessaatly - in-the sof( .thick
drawl of the south. And: always. of
hime see- es, of the memories.of boy
hood -that whetted : the edge of . their
torture till it was - beyond all enbir
ance.._oaw he was.fishing along some
stredm no hve wa.4n school stxig
Alw coherent enough to call -up
memories in their own minds o'f a
youh,'mis'tpent for the most.part.
Th-y could not move farther away
becruse they were camred under the
only shade in sight. They thought of
dragging him off beyond ear-shot, but
whi e every one would have been glad
to have done it, no man could do it
himself. Their hornvhands had grown
gentle in their ministering totches.
Escape was long since out of the
question, for the horses were worse
off than the men; not one of them
could carry a sadd.e,much less a ri ler.
Fach~ ma-i had saved a last charge in
his revolver, knowing thit that per
hapn would be their only deliverance
from a de'ath too horrible to name.
All but "East-Side," who, when ad
cision had to be made between himself
and his horse, hadl led her out I ehind
a ii tie .accliv ty and put his last charge
through her ga ne little heart. Now
he.miust make his exit in some ot er
way, if he won:d let his disembodied
spirit pass on uninenmbered by a sun
parch'ed frame. The knife he ca"ri d
in his boot was a miserable hack of a
thing, fit only for sha.ing tobacco -or
chuuiking ba'on. He felt a momentary
regret as he ran his fingers alon g its
agged edges that-aman with hisrecord
should be obliged to make his end
with so mean a- weapon. The big
Swede in a moment of madness had
rai-ed his pistol as if it had been a
jug, say ng: "Wal, boys, here's to a
wetter country!" But he had not
shot. The co'd iron seemed to cool
the rashness < f his bramn, and the mir
age of hope luredl them on a day far
ther.
After the second clay the Missouri
an's talk began to grow less,his raving
subsided in a.weak, inconerent bab
bling; at last it ceased altogether, and
he lay sta ing widd-eyed into the re
lentless sky. As they had 'one every
thing -else, they did this silently,stoio
ally. A shallow bed was scooped out
and the canvas taken off the wagon
for a winding sheet.: When, the
broken circle 'closed in a-mind 'the
open grave, the boss cleared his th'roat
and said: "Boys, before we go any
farther, some one must make a prayer,
sabe?" ..
They sa1-ed, but - although every
ma's soul might be consumed with a
vo celess cry to some p!wer above
himself for the repose of the departed
soul and release from a like fate,they
were all dumb when confronted by the
thoncht of taking the name of Cod
revdrent-ly. Instinctivrely they turned
to "Fast-s3ide."
"It's your lead, 'East-Side," they
sad. And " ast-Side," groping
blindly backward toward the me-no
rien o: his you b, tried to recall some
thing of religions import. Slowly
through his desiccated brain pereola ed
a line from a church hymn, -"From
Greeu!aud's Icy Mountains," but al
though the thought was pleasant in
this burning de<ert, the words were
not to the m oit- aesides, that was all
he kn 'w of it Fe shook his head
sorrowfully. "In the beginning,"
he thought he had struck the.right4
lead there-"Jn the beginning, God
created --" But again he was stuck
and c uld go no further.
"Lead up,'. ast-Side!'" they urged.
Then t be light broke. The I ack ward
groping hatd brought hiz dQwn to the
days of his childhood, to the wrds
his grandfather had been wont to say,
as with iowed haa. the familv. to
the third and fourth genera ion, was
gathered around his tab!e on Thanks
g viag clay. S, under the burning
sun, whose only shadow was east by
the locks o' carrion i.irds that circled
above the remunani" of the ontfit, they
stood over the grave of their deal
pon anion, waiting for a like fate, or
ceath by thdi - own hands, to be to n
by coyotes rerhans before the brea h
was out of their bodies, the six sannt
men with bowed, uncovered heads,
,,h le "Fra3t-Side" pronounced in sol
emn tones:
"Oh, Lord, for what we are about
to re e ye make us devoutly thank.ul.
Amen."
A prayer was a prayer to "Fast
Side." Anything that began with
"I o- d" in reverent terms and ended
with "a'ren" was a prayer. His
g-andfntbe had been a godly man,and
he had said it, therefore it was appro
priate on this oceaqion. The effect
was the same upon the others, for the
words s'uacked of the phraseo'ogy ci
the wandering exho,-ters they had
heard.
After the rassing of the Missou'ian
there was even less to do; the men
were mo e taciturn- w'th each othe"-,
.but the- e was noticeably less profanity
among the n, possibly beeanse they
harbored their streng'h more jealous
ly and the exertion was unnecessary,
or because their months were too dry
to articulate many nords. It was now
six weeks since they had set out across
the "sink," expectng to get the cattle
off their hands and have a little "t'me"
in the city before tartin, back to the
camn, but the wild-eyei,sorry looking
things - seemel unp ontising enough
now even for a glue fact, ry
As "East-side" lay on the ground
lookint up through the holes in his
hat-they stood uprirht and walked
no mo-e than was absol itely n~ce :sary,
f r that re .nired an expenditure of
strength-lazily watihing the flocks of
bi; ds that swooped and poised in the
air above him, - e-_discovered, or
-thought he did, that ther cast a lhsdoxv
against the sky-a tiny gray shadow
that he watched for the utter lack of
anything else to watch. When the
bi-ds flew lower, the shadow seemed
to grow larger, but when finally they
few away there was still the shadow,
larger and darker. V ith a wild whoop
he sprang to his feet, forgettin; the
value of harborin his Ft"e1gth as he
gra4ed the import of that shadow. t
was a clond! Every man sprang un
at that tiny speck and went to wo k
with white face an I nni eidy han Is.
The speck grew larger, and the men
worke l ha er; eve P hol
e basm eared for
action Qo th*-not one precions drop
n:ight be lost. Their wo ds were few
but kindly as they sera' ed away, with
one eye on the g onnd and the other
on the cloud slowly but unmistakably
growin- larger and coming their way.
Du ing the night those sun-s -orche 1
dreamers dreamed of moist winds, and
rain clouds fo egathering over the
moon, then of raindrops pattering
gent-y until they made a soaking
downpour. But they had often
dreamed that-dreamed it when their
parched tongues hang out of their
months and cra, ked for dryness. By
this timie ther- ha-l g own wary; even
in their aleep they were on t aeir guard
and not to be begiule I into believ'n 1.
When at last in the early morning
the rain did come, with the first pat
to:ing drops every man forgot every
thing in the world but the all-counsam
as io'i to slake his burning
thirst; until their hits had caught
e. a to drai i, they sucke I their
shirt sleeves. Then, bec inse his own
need for that 'ast charge was no longer
impeative,the out fit boss drew a bead
on the li%eliest animal in the herd, and
they feasted roya ly, joyously, upro:ar
ionly on steak a ad wate . And in the
t.nberance of t .eir glee no one no.
ticed that for convenience they hal
chosen the monnd that covered the
Missourian for their ta de.
After the feast every man lay down
in.h s trench, which was now fill
with water,and a aked,soake I throngh
to the ma-row, ronsin I himself only
to drain his hat, then falling back and
soaking niore. An I wheti, a.tar 2 1
hours of so king they got up out of
their trenches, each water-logged ma i
was a tiran he'iever in the e.icacy of
prayer.-San Francisco Argonant.
The N-w Dialect.
"Anything new, Scratchard?" in
qired the publisher, as he toyed with
hadiamo-nid studded seal.
"Yes," said the author, eigerly, as
he d -ew a bulky wad of maunscript
fro n a much soiled newspaper. "I've
got, a, original story he:e that is sim
ply g eat."
"What's great about it?"
"The dialect. It's all Beer."
The, publisher slightly a arted.
*"That seems like a g od thing,"
saijl- -"Let's hear a i-e ot it."
VThe anthor moistened his lips, un
flid the mannscript, and began:
"'The bron .ed yonng uitlander
pause,d beside the sp nit, wuich was
now little more than a dusty sluit. He
had come through the kran r,aud over
toe neck, and along the poort, and pa-t
the ko. je. and straight across tie level
veldt, a d he was tired. Raising his
bo. tIe of dop to his lips he w.is dlisap
pointed to fi id it was empty. He til ed
the flask at the fontein, in the kloof,
e ese to the drift, and, moistening a
l.tie bdtoig, ate e.igerly. "I wisai I
had -some mealies," he mattered,
"but I can't expec- it until f. reach
Ithe next kraal. E den thea I donbt
Ithe wisdom of showing myself. I feel
pre.ty sure that the zarpn we e p'ut on
my track as soon as the voorlooper
recogized me"
The great publisher waved hi3
hand.
"Splendid!" he cried. "That's
just what we've been looking for.
We 11 bave it on the bookstan la in ten
days. Can you fill a se inel with so..no
more of the same rot?"
And the happy author said he
thought be 'co'd.-Cle,eland Plaio
Telr.1
ME CLARK-DALY FED,
ORICIN OF THE TROUBLE BETWEEN
THE MONTANA MILLIONAIRES.
Once They Were Partners in the M1in
inr Business, But Now They Are
Bitter Enemies - Many Stories Told
Ab 'ut the Cause of Their Quarre).
"Twenty years ago William A. Clark
and Ma -cus t aly were partners in the
mining basinest zi Montana," says a
writer in Ainslee's Magaz-ne. "The
two iad made theii. lortanes in the
i ough con.iitions of the tarly years of
that state, and hal been drawn to
ether perhaps by that peculiar sym
pathy which, the world over, unites
Een of natural bigness. Daly was
the agent and piac ical mine locator
and operator for the rich syndicate
eouds- I of J. B. Haggin, Lloyd
e.is and George Hearst (afterwards
3enator). Clark was a merchant and
banker, who hat l;een successful in
most of his operation=, and who had
Luoney to spare to invest in mines.
Clark's capital and Daly's minin.. aca
men eonibined to form a partne: ship
of unn nal efiectiveness. Montana's
early m ning developments involved
tae lark L aly movements at almost
every important turn.
"iuring the duration of the part-. {
nership the interests of the two
en extende 1 widely, participat
:ng eventually in e%ery aspect of
the progress of the community.
Their ca; ital . aided in the location
and improvement. of new mine sites,
aud hence of new tovns. They
had to do with the construction of the
tailroads. They built smelters an I
e nployed hundreds of men. They
Loaned money to ethers. They ac
quired landed as weil as mineral prop
e.ties. They sestabished and con
dncted-banks, built 'office structures,
D era:e.l street railways, and-of ne
cessity-went into politics. By the
time-he.tlquari--arose between them
there was scarcely-a' phase of the
state's activities in thich tuey were
sot, ei:her jointly fr indivilually,
eoncerned.
".7o one knows, scept Clark and
Daly themselves, w i this close as
aucia ion began to br ak. And no one
ealy knows why. The friends of
Clark do not acknowle that there
was any outward evid
anti as late'as 1488.
)als date it b.tck to t
the ;0s.
"Dily is an.Irishnl
-frC n w e oPP s
American, not
chances or to be bea,
tered .Montana with
no money, and e
arned had come h
superi.'r sh-ewdnes
other hand, was e I
made his way by a.
s ri;iaally a m nin;
had become a locator f
thro gh a remarkab
judgm nt had been abl
an minerest in the value
which he discovered.
barter:ng or these in ere
laid the foundations of a iortu
by choice as well as by in lu*
he had remained with the syn
and ultimately had bec.ame ei
manager aud representativer He
acted in thisi capa2ity all during the
private partnership wizCTark and in
whatever he did wit6 Clark the syn
dicaw s inte 'ests appt ar to have
minged. Where there were town imt
provements to be made Daly rendered
asistance on behalf of the company.
W\her e there were politics to be run
he die ated the votes of the emiloyt-s
of the co nyiany. In the narrative told
of the genesis of the quarrel, there is
ittle se)aration of Daly as r.presenta
tive of the syndicate from.Daly as in
dividual.
"According to one story, Daly. on
behalf of the syndicate, was seeking
t ac.ini e an important copper mine,
when Clark, proceeding upon inuide
k'owledge derivc .1 from close friend
ship with Daly, i'ought the property
before Daly could close.
".Another story i3 that Daly, still
acting ais representative of the syndi
cata, entered upon an extended series
of improvements in the town of Ana
coda, and was engaged in acquiring
cerra n wvater rights when Clark sawv
a cha~nce and held the syndicate up
fo" a big profit. Daly had ac inired
sout seven eighths of the nec'essary
rights for somne S10,03 to $15,010,
when Clark slipped in and bought the
remaining eighth and the iaske I
Dly 825, t00( for it. The price made
Daly's ag uts hesitate for 21 hours.
Wh n they returned with S23,00'\
Clark a ked $30,000. When they
hesitated another 24 hours, and then
returned with the $50, I tO, Clark
caried still nmore, continning to ad
vai 'ee the price with ea?h hesi'ation
of the p irchasers until untimately he
r eceived $12 ,O. 0.
"Still anoth r narrative is that
while C lark and Daly were as o..muted
in the ownership of a large tract of
land Daly or de -ed some improv-ements
du ing Clark's absence. Clark, upon
retur i, disauproved of the improve
ments, refused to hear the expense
and comp) -lIed aly to buy him out.
The price he fixed was regarded by
L ay as a de iberate extor.ion.
"i nl thb-en e of authoritative ex
plaat o ,, it is nece -sary to take the
<nariel for gra ited, as the people of
3iontana have done.
E'ectrocut ion in France.
The Freoch government may dis
continue the use of he guillotine and
a ou;t electrical execution. The head
o the criminal is inclose i in s: belmet
somewhat similar to that used by a
diver.
When the execntioner turnsion the
entrent two needles penetrate the
temles and enter the brai:n. A
poerful alternating current ricptures
ad destroys the brain cells so qufic#y
FINDING OF A LOST TRIB .
A Hermit Race Just Miscovered in Arctic
( anad :.
The Federal authorities at Ottawa
have 1 ecu not.fied of the discove y,on
a tonely isl.nd in Hudson bay, of a
lost trioe of Esquitnaux, a commnui y
which has been for centuries without
interco rse with other representatives
of the human species and whose inmen
bers never aaw a white man until a
few months ago. They arestitl in the
stone age, knowing no metals; they
grow no plants, and tiieir houses are
built of the skulls of whales.
The home of this strange tribe is on
Southampton island, a piece of water
girt land nearly as large as the state
of Maine, and situated at the north
end of Hudson bay, Apparently the
people have dwelt there since pro
Columbian times, and today they sub
sist in exactly the same way as they
must have doue then. Having been
isolated for so long a period, it is
natural that they should pcssess many
peculiarities.
Their houses of skulls,more properly
describad as hu:s,are built by putting
together the great iaws of whales and
then covering them over with sk,ns.
In the middie of the primitive dwe:l
ing is an elevated place, on which
stands the inevitable stone lamp, em
ployed for li;htin -, heating, cookinz,
melting snow, drying clothes and in
certa.n arts. The lamp i, nothing
more than an open dish of whale or
seal oil with a wick of dry moss
soaked in fat. The whale is the chief
means of subsistence of these strange
people. They use the whale.)one in a
variety of surprising ways, making
even their cup< and buckets of it, by
bending it into round shapes and
sewing on the bottoms. Many of their
implements are of whalebone, and
from the same article they mace to
boggan-like sleds. They also manu
facture sledges with walrus tusks for
runners and deer antlers for cross
pieces.
It wou fbe hard to find more daring
hanters than they are; the seal, the
wa rns and. the wa'y caribou con
tributing to the game Lags. The
tribe comupris2s only 58 i ldLviduals,
about e iually dividel between the
sexes. Its members speak a dialect
peculiar to the.nselves, ad quite un
like that empl iyed by any other
Esquima ix. Straits 30 milei b-oad
from the
where
d
no
lui
s orab e ma
ttd kettles. Hen e ihe
ost tribe are o.,l.ged to
receptacl s out of ala s of
gln-d together in re,-tan u
Te with a mixture of grease
eer b'ood. In the same way
manufac:ure their lamps, an.I
is tact is an >t ier ev.dence of the
prolouire. isolation of the con.manity
inasmach as other Esqui.nanx, when
they cain ootain no soapstone in thein
own neighborhood, will make trips
lasting save ali years in quest oY this
rare material.
An ".A meric in Diei" at H.-idoiberg.
During my r-esidence in Heidelberg
a lamentable and terrible a a.r tuoi
place that threw a pro:ound gloom
over the univer-sity and the entire
tow i. Two German studeats having
quarreled decided the oathI was not
large enongh for both of the n to live
in, and resorted to the diabolical prac
tiee cal ed .he "Americamn due ." .in
a darkened room the two yong men
drew lota, having sworn that he who
drew the black ball w.>u di commit sui
ci le. The unuapl,y loser w,nt to hi.s
room and discharged a bnllet into hi s
breast, but massed his h art an 1 ljia
gered for i-everal days on his dea.h
bed; his par-ents were summonel by
telegraph and besought him on their
knee, to di close the na ne of his ani
tag nist, but he re used and die I wi.h
the secret in his bre.st 'Ihe students
not .:y en use his conucnt, hut
praised his courage, and when his re
mains were taken to the ra.Iway sta
tion to be trans;oorted to a distant
ciy they accomupan ed the fu ieral or
tege with tore'ies and music. The
stdents claimed he wvas not a sui
cide, for he was ki led.in an hou era
ble due',and the ma.ntained that his
opponent "as not accessory to his
death bec iuse he shot himself; I ha I
ma y argumtents witn tieem and ne er
could convine-e the of their extraordi
nar-y tergv'ersation. -Science.
German fintnpiinPnes at Mfania.
The German officers were bumptious
and brusque in manner. Their syza
paty for Spain was openly expressed
and plain'y shown. Their conduct all
through was in striking contrast with
the cordia .ty of the English, t he good
natured aliabihity of the Jal:anese,and
he st..diedl anzd formal conir.esy of tile
French. Car first expeditionary land
forcne entered t-he E'ay of Mauila on tne
3 th of June, 18 i, under convoy o:
the Baltimnore and th Charleston. As
we passed the qua-antinie staion at
Marivelis the German prot ectedl cru'ser
F aiserin Ansnta, the most formnida
Ible warship in the ba -, steamed ont,
a d, running c ose to the Australia,
on which the writer had h s head
quarters, followed us up to Ca' ite. I
did not suspect at the time that any
discourtesy was intended, but I found
a terward that our naval o ice *
thoght it was a disconrt. ens bit of
bra alo. Many of them expressed
the opi'nion that the -mans intend~ea
to interiere to prevegg he bombard
ment of M1anila.-- eDr Thomas M,.
AnesoD in th or-th g iericaD li
G ODS OF THE FILIPINO).
PACAN CUSTOMS CBS=RVIO IN OCR
EASTERN ISLA1D3
The Natives Believe in a Ieinarkabte
Medley of Deities and Occult I,aaences
- Creation Myths Simitar to TIose of
Ceylon - The Egg Shell Ordeal
American missionaries. who expect
to carry on evangelieal work in the
lhilippine Islands will find no dearth
of native Pagan religions and re"
ligious custo as to -combat. In the
various large islands comprising the
archipe ago many odl rites are prac
tised and many strange.gods believed
in.
During the past quarter of a cen
tury the investigations made by inde
fatigable trarelers and Spanish priests
who have dwelt among the natives
have brought to light some carious
and interesting facts concerning the
religions of the different tribes. The
Pagan natives be-ieve in a remarka3le
medley of gods-and occult intluences,
investing the.piroductions of the earth
as well as the celestial bodies with
sacred and mighty powers, eithei
good or malign. It js also imnortani
to note: that, while o?ten.eurile,there
ha; been found in their vague and
jnmbled pantheistic system aremarka
ble rese:nblance in seve-al instancet
to the several religions of Egypt and
India.
Some of the least savage tribes hold
ve y pronounced beliefs concerning
the progeuitor of the human race.
The Aelam of the Illocom tribe is
known as Angogalo, a giant, wh<
created the world by order of a an
prewe being, a belief similar to thai
preva ent in Ceylon, where, it is de
clare i, there is on the summit of the
Mount of Adam a gigsntic footl.rial
left by Ada:n whei he sprang from
the heavens upon t earth.
The beli f in an after-life is ver3
general. Among tha northern Illo
cans the souls or shades of the de
fuuet are known as Anioaas, who re
main up.,n the earth in sadness and
darkness, fre tuenting the place where
their bodies were accustomed to be in
ide.. Sometimes they assame theii
corporeal form, and appear to th -ii
frieuds or relative.' The Tllocan'
ho d that each mortal has three dif
ferent souls -the Karlternia (tue so,l
of the liviag); the Alali (that of tha
dead), and. --ke .o #tna,oahe
bad), wh
igh tles an
t rocks. Th
is hed to be c
en to a,numbe
of Filipino gods. chief god o
tae ancient Tagals was known as Bad
hala or Bathala mev;Kapal, who wa
b-lie,e I to be personitied by the bir
Tigma.uann :in. Tue same desigus
tion is given by the irgals to comet
or c.rtain other re!3;tial phenomena
which they believe to pressage g en
events. In th religion of the native
of the island of Minan to there is
god Bad a, only son of andher grea
deity, Mansi atan, who preserves an
defends from Iraud and t--escherg c
the demons Pu lanon an i Maliw
bung. It is held that the. word Ba
tala or Ba lla is siauply avaraatio1
and abbreviation of Batura-gurn, th
title sometimes given to Siva, whc
with Brahma and Vishnu, constitut
the trinity of the Hindu religion.
A cnrious in,tance of sore,-ry knoii
as Bongat is still in vogue among th
natives on tbe island of Miadano. I
is brought into play when a ro ber;
ha< bee 1 committed and the th efi
uknown. In two hollowed can
stalKs a mysterious powder is pre
served. A bis of this powder fron
one cane is blown into a hen's egg
through a small hole in the shell an<
the e gg is then laid upon the fire
The result is astonishing and satisfac
tory. Immnediately the unhapp:
cn:glar, no matter where he may b
or how remote he is from the se n
of his depredations, is seizel with ter
rific and incessant pa:ns throughon
his body, and he promipt'y and o>)E
diently uakes known his whereab ut
andi guilt by exclaim ng in anguish
"1 am the thief!" If the robbed part;
is inexorable and wishes the lascal t
die, he suddenly smashes the poti
dered egg and the guilty man's exisi
en e is at once ei 'd. But if h
doesn't meet this dr adfal doom h
has a chance of e..c ping from hi
p sins. He must obtan some .of th
.'ler from the se co4a cane, none c
which was blown in to the eg4, ant
.tL.er it ut on water, in wh ohi h
must bathe. Having accomplishe
all this, he is at once relieved fron
his Lodily tortures.
New York's Mill Sapsly.
Despi e the nimber of devotees t
cofee, tea and stronger stimulants,
la -ge propor ion of New York's popn
i ion is made up of -mi.k drinkers
Fe -v people have any suspicion of ti
anoint of muilk to samned daily in tor
geatest cit.y in Ameri.a. For a 1 wh
teel curiosity on tnis .point here ar
the ligure.s:
Eve y day ~there ara sold in Nei
qt irts of ore im and 10,5J( quarts o
cnden-ed milk.
Five states Join forces to feed th
people of Manhittanibland with mik
New Jersey, Pennsylv nia, .Connecd
ct and even Mas,acauset s hetp Nei
ork state in con ribu.iig this i
po tant item of provisions.
Almost threa-fourLhs of the amoun
conum.:.is daily br,>u;ht to -the cit;
by train; the rest c&nes from farm
in the vicinity. Evety quart is p c
tected a.ainst conta.oination or di u~
tion, against son -ing in eu:n.nr an<
frezing in winter.
It has been estimated with muel
eactness that 18$,3 H d ows are neces
sary t) furnieh the city's daiiy suppi;
a milki -
THE PROFESSION OF SPY.
Necessary to Watf.are, and AltMough
iIazardoa It Ia Lucrative.
The word "spy" has an ugl,, soun1
owing to its many unpleasant : savcit
tiuns, yet. in war time spies affor.. an
army aid which is as valuaole as it is
highly remunerate.l, says a writer in
the London AMail. One of the maxims
for commanding officers, in a book for
their guidance written by Lord Wol
seley, is that a successful spy must
be pe.ted and made much of. The
management of spies is very .difficult.
Out of every 10 employed by the
offiter commanding a war district he
is fortunate if one gives lyim t uthful
information. It is a most important
thing that spies should not be known
to each other. Great care is generally
taken by officers that each spy shall
imagine tLat he is the only one whc is
empioyed.
It is very necessary that all 'oonafide
spies should have about their persons
some means of proving themselves
really to be what they represent them
selves. For this purpose a coin of a
certain date, a Bible of a certain edi
tion, a Testament with tha seventh or
15th leaf torn out are generally em
ployed.
By their means a epy who was em
ployed by an officer in a neatral state,
making his way to the headquarters
of the a my in the field, could thus at
once make hi.uself known to the in
telligence department there. In some
instances it is considered that a pass
word or sign should be employed, as
it is less compromising. The putting
up of the right hand to the ear and
then to the left ear, or somie such ges
ture, is generally employed.
The more extensive the ramifica
tions of the system the better are the
chances of escaping detection. It is --'
very nece.sary that o licers of .th. in
telligence department should be pro
vided with specially prepa ed 'raper,
upon which letters can be written,.in
ink that does not berome vidble until
it has been sub ecte,3 to so.ne chemical
process. Itis also necessary thata let
ter in ordinary ink shou d invai iabFSrbe
written on the same paper continin;
the information that it is required to
keep secret.
Although a spy runs the great iisk
of imme.liate death if he is detected,
yet the serv.ee is not without gloryat .
' -times, and it is certainly extreme <j2<
e tativea -:
s baid to - those--of the Ina; pnal
which .grows on the banks of' tue
1. Amazon: They ie weh a length of froa
e 30 to 50 feet, and are 10 to 12 feAt-in
f breadth.
r
f A St. Petersburg parer has the fol
lowing intereitilg item concerning
rations in the Bri1ish army. "The
English haveplenty of food r teir
soldiers; bot, like the Mala,., they
feed-thrir men on tiger's e..e+lr to make
them more courageoas and blood.
t thirsty."
De:onshire's chief "singing man,"
SJames Parsons, a hedger by occutpa
tion, is d.ead. The "singizg men" f
I De;onshiire, -England, preserve a I
-chant the old-'West Country songs andi
-ballads. Parsons was nickn:.m:d
"The Singing- .s achiine" because one
evening he made a .set that he. could
Igo on singing till dayoreak without
Srepeating any piece and won the bet.
The small, hard shell known as the
'cowrie is still used in parts of India
and' Africa in place of coin. Whales'
Steeth are used by the Fijians, red
fe ithers by some of the South Sea
-Islanders. and salt in parts of Abys
Ssinnia. In parts of India takes of
tea and in China pieces of silk pass
as currency. Oxen still form ihe cir
culating medium among many of the
Zulus and Kaffirs.
According to D.-. Robert Munro the
eancient dwellers in Scotlaid used thus
to safeguard the:nselves against benev
tolent assimilation: After rearing a
-fortress of rongh stone blocks, they
sbuild huge brush fires along the out
side of .the wale, which partially
Smelted the surface into a crn-le glassy
subs ance and filled all the chinks,
-making the whole very annoying to
the assimila ors when they tried to
Sclimb the smooth surface.
5In Lordon just at present the fad
Sdists and the cnrio collectors are vying
'fwith one another for the nossession of
the skeletons of Dervishes that havre
Bbeen brought back from the bloody
1 lains before Omdurman. .ome..5
'tio 200 Dervish skeletons are on- the
London market, and experts in bones
declare that their suroriority over the
aver. ge skeletons of c 'mmnerce will
Scause no little stir irn anat.amiu al cir
eldes. One of the principal dealers in
-London stares that these fine, arhletie
Dervishes make the finest skeletons
Sever put on the bone msrket.
Since Will Stumphi was so ne-ady
Sele2trocute I Iast summer by co:ning
in contact with a live wire hisi system
Shas become a virtual barometer, sub
j) ect to the sligh est atm'osph'erie-al dijs
ft .ance, acco ding to the Punxsntaw.
ney (Peon.) bpiri'. Meteorolopecat
, ariatis>ns are indicated byea change in
colo: of the mn riad sc.&ra on the sur
face- o' his ana o.ny, which are the
rres,ilt of the wounds inieted by the
Iwire. Paiy weather or snow is in
dicated by redness and a slight itch
ting pain.in the scars. Clear weather
is indicated by the absene of' these.
sThe-e mani.fes:ations begin to be no
ticed.2N to 3u) thirty hours ahed of
th c c urrence, and are always accom.
ipanied by nervoasness and slight
attacks of nansea, which are inc eas
ing perce..tibly in violence. Although
quite annoying to Mr. Stumphi, he da e
rnot suyer much and is curioas to kuqw
Iwha' will bie the outcome.

xml | txt