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TRI WEEKLY EDITIOG WINNSBORO. S.C., MAY 24. 1900E
They say of Sir Humphrey Gilbert tt
The sailors had fears of a tempest, t
"For God is as near by sea as by lan
And home through the dark to EnglI
The two ships plowed the waters, an
The clouds came over the quiet stars
And through the storm and the dark:
Watched eagerly, but Sir Humphrey
And whenever a sudden flurry drive
I think of tbt stout old sailor and k
That God Is as near by sea as by lan
When into His hand my will is given
How He had the Romar
arcissus Brown was a most esti
I ble young man of studious hab
its. His father, a tradesman, had
taken pride in giving him a liberal
educacion. At the age of 19 years,
therefore, Narcissus had finished his
education and had become a philos
But you..h is fickle. An ardent ir:
agination and restless instincts worked
their way, and three months later
Narcissus became a poet.
"Father," said he, one day, "I feel
within me the poetic instinct. I am a
"Very well, my son," said the pa
ternal Brown, "be a poet if you will.
So much the better, too," he added,
with proud fondness, "because it will
vex Green, the grocer. His son is a
writer, but he only writes prose."
So Narcissus became a poet. Every
day he wandered off to the little vil
lages near his native city, and there
communed with nature. The dusty
trees which lined the roadside moved
him to.poetry, and even the windmills
"Ab," he would sentimentally say,
"how romantic they look! See the
white sails glinting in the sun like.
those of a fair galleon gliding over
the waves to some far-off shore."
The sea! He had never thought of
e sea before. The idea suddenly
Mhed across his brain. .
"Ah," he mused, "the sea! The
bright, blue, boundless ocean! That is
theplace for a poet. What is there
poetic in this humdrum life ashore?
On the ocean man struggles with na
ture; he combats the elements; he de
fes'the storm. I shall go to sea."
'He returned to the paternal shop
and declared his intention. But his
fsher only yielded after much per
ion. At last he consented and
would self qell a
coloniesL To this he added i
e, some tears and his blessing
d Narcissus started for the neares
There he repaired to the house of
cousin, a resident of the place; hi
stated his intention and asked for ad
vice.:s The cousin was weU acquaintei
with the captain of a brig which wa.
about to sail for Martinique, and se
cured him a passage aboard of her.
kt~. Narcissus experienced a sligh
-shock when he heard the name of thi
"If it were only a little more poet
cal!" he thought. ha 4'' e, o
th emi< .-- n uke that
.At the Sarah Ann!" And he askei
the captain's namne. When told it wa:
Smith, he almost fainted. He was t<
sail aboard of the brig Sarah Ann
Smith, master. He would have wil
lingly given a larger sum if the cap
tain had had a nautical name.
However, there was no help for it
his passage money was paid. So the
next day, accompanied by his cousin
he took a boat and went on board the
Sarah Ann, to see what she looke<
like. On the way out the water wa:
very rough, the boat was small, ani
Narciss's- at once hoped and fearei
some accident-something romantie
But he only got seasick.
When he reached the deck he cas
an eager glance around upon the hard:
sons of the sea. Most of them were
swabbing the deck after getting ii
cargo, and there were several engagec
in washing and hanging out shirth
upon the rigging to dry. With an ex
clamation of disgust, Narcissus turnet
"They only need flatirons to bi
washerwomen," said he.
However, he descended to the cap
tain's cabin. That individual was talk
ing to a stout, thick-set man, anc
signed to Narcissus and his cousin t<
* seat thbemselves. They did so, an<
Narcissus immediately began to in
spect the cabin. To his disgust h<
found it was a prosaic little room, wit]
- a carpet, chairs, table and pictures oi
-the walls-exactly like a room o2
shore. Narcissus sighed and turne<
his eyes upon the captain. His idea
of the man who was to brave the ele
mente and command a turbulent crev
wras as follows: A mariner of gian
frame-at least six feet; a massiva
~9 head; fierce eyes; a voice of awe-in
spiring qualities. He looked at Cap
tain Smith and saw that he was
short, thin man about 40 years o
age; he was extremely polite in hi
n'anners; he wore a wig, and he tool
suff. It is impossible to describe th
revulsion of feeling that swept ore
Nareissus when he beheld this insig
The individual who was talking t<
the captain was, as we hiave said
6 stoutly built; he was a jolly-lookin:
fellow, and was deeply intere'ited ii
trying to beat down the rate of pas
"Come: now, captain," said he
"can't you put it a little lower?"
"I have only one price," replied th
Narcissus thought of the paterna
shop and shuddered.
"Well," said the stout man, af to
muc~h debate, "what must be must be
at, salling the western sea,
ut nevec a fear had he ;
d." he said with sturdy cheer,
fd he bade the helmsman steer.
I the heavy night grew black.
and hid them with their rack;
iess each ship for the other's light
went home to God that night.
my boat before the blast.
now, with the sky o'ercast,
I ; and how can I feel dismay
, and for Him I go or stay !
iington Smith, in Youth's Companion.
RES OF A POET.
ice Taken Out cf Him.
nust have air, and dampness will in
ure them. You know what they con
ain. So I want you to promise me
;hat they shall not be put in the
"All right," said the captain; "they
shall be placed ou the orlop deck."
"And I can examine them whenever
"Whenever you like."
"Well, here's your money," said
the stout man, and he placed the sum
upon the table, saluted and left.
"Who's that fellow?" asked the
"Oh, it's a poor showman. He's
going to the colonies with a lot of wax
figures, to exhibit them."
"Wax figures! Why, they'll all melt
if you leave them on the orlop deck,
"Well, that's his business," replied
the worthy captain, good-naturedly.
Then, turning to Narcissus, he said:
"Well, sir, I am pleased to meet you.
I shall make your voyage as agreeable
as possible. You will be very com
fortable-just exactly the same as if
von were on land."
Narcissus left the Sarah Ann and
did not reappear until the hour of
sailing, such was his disgust at the
unromantic character of vessel,master
When he went to the pier to engage
a boat to take him out to the brig, he
met the stout man whom he had seen
in the captain's cabin. This individual
proposed that they should hire a boat
jointly to transport themselves and
baggage to the brig, and Narcissus
consented. He bade farewell to his
cousin and tumbled into the boat. The
stout man followed him.
"Have you ever been to sea, sir?"
"No," replied Narcissus; "and
"Never, sir; this is the first time.
am going to the colonies to exhibit m
"What do they represent?" aske
"That," said he, pointing to one
they were long, narrow boxes, abou
six by tha'ee-"that contains a maC
I nificent figure of the Emperor Napt
i leon; that, a figure of his holiness th
Pope; that, an Albino," and he wen
through the list.
S"Well what do you bother me wit]
it-4on2" demanded Narcissus, glad t
find scmieone to vent his ill-humc
"I only told you Wecause you aske
me; sir," 'ieplied the man, submi:
"Well, shut up, will you!" replie
the gentle Narcissus; "you talk to
The stout man's eyes snapped at
-grily, but he said nothing.
They reached the vessel's side, an
-with unheard of precautions the show
niman had his boxes put aboard. H
made the sa'lors almost expire . wit
Slaughter at the gingerly way in whic
lhe chimi ed the ladder, and his callin
ite masts "the poles" furnished ther
l fresh food for merriment.
I At 5 o'clock in the evening th
Sarah An 1 weighed anchor and se
out on her voyage. Narcissus re
Smained on deck watching the sun sei
eand thus, as he expressed it, "re
Slighting the torch of poesy in hi
isoul." But he hadn't been there Ion
i before he became extremely seasicli
and two grinning tars took him beloT
Narcissus did not sleep. As i
tossed restlessly upon his pillow h
invokei the muses.
"O muses nine!" quoth he, "pit
me, and send us something romant!
--a tempest, a shipwreck-anything
I have quitted the realms of pin:
needles and tape, and abandoned my
self to the caprice of the waves, on]
that my life may be:-ome exciting
IPity me then, ye gods! Blow, o]
Boreas, blow! Lash thy wave=,
It is doubtful whether either tb
muses or the gods heard him, but:
is certain that something very singuhi
took place almost upon the heeds<
The brig was not provided wit
staterooms for passengers, so th
apartment occup ad by Narcissus cor
sisted only of an old sail drape
around the place 'tween decks wher
his hammock was swung. This cat
vas he could see over, and thisi
what took place. The feeble glimme
of a ship's lantern served to illumin
the place without, and its rays fe
upon the showman's boxes, whsic
were lashed up against the vessel
side. Emerging from the darknes
Narcissus saw the Egure of the burl
1"The base hind!" thought he, "a
ways anxious for his business. Her
he is examining his tignires when b
might be watching the stars in yo
SNarcissus paused in his poetic
flight. His eyes opened widely; I
I elmost ceased to breathe. For ti
Ishowman, after carefully g ancin
e around him, had opened one of th
,b:>sos, and a man stepped out. Th
word with the showman, and began to
shake his numb and rigid limbs. 1
"This is indeed romnautic," muttere I n
Narcissus. But he felt a cold seusa- c
tion creeping up his back. I
The showman continued his task of I
opeuing the boxes. One by one the c
wax ligures stopped forth, shook them- V
selves and felt their joints. When the r
last box was opened, there were six I
of them, besides the showman. Each i
man drew out pistols and knives, e
looked to the locks, and replaced the a
weapons in convenient positions.
"Well," thought Narcissus, "that C
is the most wicked-looking gang of i
out-throats I ever set eyes on. This C
is altogether too romantic. I wish I C
But his thoughts were interrupted I
by the sound of the showman's voice:
"All ready," said he, in a hoarse
"All ready," was the whispered re- I
"Then, here we go!"
With cat-like tread they stole away
in the darkness.
Narcissus would have called out;
his tongue clove to the roof of his
montl'. He would have risen; his
head seemed glued to his pillow. A
cold perspiration broke out upon him.
He had realized the fact that the
showman and his comrades were pi
The minute3 passed on. Thy
seemed hours to him. Then he heard
an outcry; the trampling of feet on the
deck over his head; the short bark of
pistols, muttered curses, groans; then
there was a wild yell of triumph; the
sound of conversation; then he heard
at iaterva's the sound of heavy bodies
dropping into the wa.er-"Splash!
It was altogether too romantic. Nar
cissus faiated away.
When he caine to his senses he had
experienced a complete revulsion of
feeling. The ocean to him was dis
tasteful. He was enamored of grcen
fields and babb'ing brooks. He would
have exchanged the Atlantie o-ean for
the smallest brook that ever ran. His
fevered fancy carried him to the
meadows around his native city; he
thought of the flowers there; of the
smiling grain and
What was that? It sounded like a
There was a crackling sound. The
side of the vessel seemed to be burst
ing in. The planks and splinters flew,
and from the midst there emerged a
round-shot-a jolly, pudgy round
shot, which came wildly skipping along
the deck toward him. As it neared
him it made a final bound, and im
be d itseli ood
I Agaia Narcissus lost his senses. He
y liked romance, but he was getting too
ucha of it at one time.
When Narcissus recovered con
sciousness he found himself lying
upon the deck of the brig. There
were irons upon his hands,irons upon
his feet. On either side of him
e squatted a swarthy sailor, each with
a cutlass, and each watching him with
the most flattering attention.
SNarcissus turned his head. Behind
> him lay his friend, the showman, in
r the same p'-edicament as himself.
Ranged in symmetrical rows lay the
'i comrades of the showman, all ironed
- and guarded. Lying near the brig
was a large man-of-war with the Span
d ish flag flying.
:> "Sir," said Narcissus, addressing
the showman, "can you tell me what
- all this means?"
" Hallo!" was the reply, " why
d there's the little landlubber. I'd for
- got you completely. Certainly; I'll
e take great pleasure in telling you all
h about i*. Do you see the yards of
h that ship?"
g "What are the yards?" asked Nar
n ci~'sus, gravely.
"Ha! ha! Well, you see those poles
e that run across the masts?"
- "Do von see a man astride of one
,' of them at the end?"
s"Do you know what ho is doing?"
, "He's fixing a rope."
-"A rope! What for?"
''To hang us."
e "To ha--to hang us! To hang you,
e you mean."
y "Why--why-what do you mean?
c You are a pirate; I am a poet. My
name is Brown-Narcissus Brown;
~and I live--"
" 'Oh, well, tell them so, then.
yThere's an officer."
Assuming an air of dignity tem
:1 pered with submission, Narcissus ad
) dessethe oflce:-, detailing the story
of how he came to be aboard the brig.
e The offier interrupte:I him curtly in
t Spanish, by giving an order to one of
r the sailors.
f "Well," said the showman, "do you
know what he said?"
e "He said, 'Gag that cur.'"
-"Then he didn't understand what]I
e"Not a word. Neither he nor any
-of the others speak anything but
r "But you speak their language?"
'I "Weli,then,tell him, you, that-"
h "My dear boy, do you remember
a when we came out in the boat to
s gether? You told me I talked too
y much. Now I will be silent. Really,
yoa should have been more civil. But
- then you are going to be hanged in
e ten minutes, and it will teach you
n Narcissus was about to reply, but
at that moment the sailor had pre
1i pared the gag, and his mouth was
e "It's no more than right," contin
gned the showman, "that you shouia
eknoww wy you're going to be hanged,
e so I'll tell you. I've been a pi ate for
:d 20 years anl never heen nlucky. Thin
i my first mishap-I'm afraid, though,
'll be my last. Well, about six
iontha ago, I boarded a Spanish mer
bautman from Peru, and, of course,
had t. maka all the crew walk the
lank. Unfortunately, a ring that the
aptain had took my fancy, and I've
rorn it ever since. Well, this meddle
ome fellow boarded me yesterday, and
would have got off unsuspected had
t not been for the cursed ring. The
aptain of the merchautman had been
, friend of this officer, who had given
t to him. His suspicions being ex
ited, he examined the ship's papers,
rnd thus found out my last 1:tt e
,ame. That, though, you .14orail
,bout. So he's going -to hang us al.
would have been sorrier for you, my
)oy, if you bad been a little more
It was morally and physically impos
ible fur Narcissus to reply; he was
Tha doomed men were taken aboard
)f the man-of-war. One by on3 the
,irates were slowly strangled at the
rard's end. There remained only Nar
:ssus and the showman.
"After you," said the latter, with a
lendiah grin. "You are younger than
The noose was placed around Nar
:issus' neck. Stalwart arms swung
Aim up to the yard. As he drew up his
rithing limb3 in his death agony,the
howman turned away his face.
"Well, it was his own fault," he
nuttered, "but I'm half sorry for
A few moments passed, and the two
nen were again together-but not in
his world. -
QUAINT AND CURIOUS.
Metal never rusts in the waters of
Lake Titacaca. A chain or an anchor
an be left in it two weeks and will be
is clean and bright as when it came
frm the foundry, which is probably
)wing to action of some of the chemi
ical salts in the water.'
If all the dressmakers known to
exist in America worked 24 hours of
each day for a whole year, without
stopping for sleep or meals, they would
till be able to make only one dress
piece for less than seven-eighths of
the women in America.
An ascetic is living outside the Delhi
Gate at Labore, India, who, it is iaid,
has not parten his lips for the last BO
years, nor has demanded anything
ever from any person .to satisfy'the
irresistible demands of the stoshach.
Piople flock to see him in large ham
ne of the ' the
world, is Chatha ast
of Ecuador, and 6 om
Guayaquil. The island a in
black cats, which live in the c ces
of the lava formation near the t,
k and subsist by catching fish and 8
instead of rats. Other animals fiuni
on this island are horses, cattl d
goats and chickens, all of ich ar,
perfectly wild. T1 elinator crosse
In Damascus, Syria, is a celebrates
thoroughfare, the identity of which witl
'the "street which is called straight,
referred to in Acts ix., P, 11, is un
quarestioned. It begins at one of- thl
gatas of the city and extends about
mile. Form'erly it ran in a straigh
direction, but modern changes havy
converted it iuto a winding, zigzai
shape. Many localities in Damascu
are pointed out as having been con
nected with incidents in St. Paul'
life. The house in which he lived.i
said to be still in existence.
The blind postman of Filgrave
England .has just been retired on
pension. He lost his sight throngl
an accident, but Ihis misfortwdi
not prevent him from securing the
position of postman between Fi-lgravi
and Newport Pagnell, a distance c
Iabout two miles. He carried out thi:
work daily for many years, relyini
entirely on his wonderful memory, an<
seldom making a mistake. His dol
alwavs accompanied him on his rounds
and he always found many friends a
hand to tide him over any difficultie
The Geography of Nome.
The geographical position of the
Nome region is the southern face c
the peninsular projection of Alask:
which separates Kotzebue sound or
the north from Bering sea on the bonth
and terminates westward in Cap
Prince of WYales, the extent of th
North American continent. In a di
rect line of navigation, it lies abou
2500 miles northwest of Seattle an<
170 miles southeast of Siberia. Thi
nearest settlement of consequence t<
it prior to 1877 was St. Michael, 101
miles to the southeast, the startini
point of the steamers for the Yukoi
river; but during the year varioni
aggregations of mining populatioi
had bu lt themselves up in closer range
and reduced the isolation from thi
civilized world by some 60 miles. The
Nome district as settled centres aboru
the lower course of the Snake river
an exceedingly tortuous stream in it:
tundra course, which emerges from
badly degraded line of limestone, slaty
and schistose mountain spurs, gener
ally not over 700 to 1200 feet eleva
tion, but backed by loftier graniti:
heights, and discharges into the sea
at a position 13 miles west of Cap<
Nome proper. Three miles east c
this mouth is the discharge of Nom<
river. Both streams have a tida
course of seve:al miles.-Appletons
Popular Science Monthly.
An Early Start.
" That Blinkersdorf girl is th,
promptest young woman I ever ha<
the pleasure of escorting."
"She comes by it naturally. He
father was a car starterd"--Clevelant
F.OR FARM AND ADR
]Reasons tor ReepingC Bees.
The farmer should keep bees be
cause they work for nothing and
board themselves, only requiring a
house to live in. Because there is so
much surplus nectar which the bees
can convert into honey. The farmer
an exchange the honey for money
after he has set 100 pounds of it aside
for family use. Because honey is the
only product on the farm which will
not spoil if not hurried to market.
Because bees will pay a better revenue
per acre than any other department of
agriculture. Because only a little
capital is needed to make a start. The
number of hives can be increase.1 very
fast. Now is the time to get ready
for next spring. Study up during
the evenings and be ready to put
your knowledge into practice when
the time comes.
Profit in Chickens.
Chicken's are machines by means of
which grasshoppers, cut worms and
othr injurious insects are converted
into eggs and marketable poultry. Is
thete not a profit in keeping them on
the'farm, even if they do eat a little
grain and annoy us a little by scratch
ing? It is claimed that poultry man
ure, if properly taken care of, and ju
diciously applied, is worth half of the
food the fowls eat. Poultry manure
contains 2.43 per cent. of phosphoric
acid, 2.26 per cent. potash and 3.25
per cent, nitrogen- as ammonia and
organic matter. It is claimed" that
poultry manure is worth from five to
eight times as much as the same quan
tity of stable manure. A little more
attention to the chickens and other
poultry on the farms, would enable us
to considerably reduce our fertilizer
bill, or better, leave it at what it is,
and increase our yield from the farm.
Roup often causes a very sore
mouth and gattling in the throat,
which is a consequence of canker in
the-windpipe. Wash mouth and nos
trils with weak soda water, quite
warm. Take a wing featherand with
it wipe out the split in the roof of the
mouth; then dust with burnt alum and
boray. Leave it a minute or so, and
then wipe out as dry as possible; then
apply the following mixture: One part
turpentine, one part sweet oil and one
third part iodine. Shake well before
using. Drop this into the nostrils
twice a day until the. fowl is better,
then once daily fur d few days. As
soon as the eyes begin to swell, paint
the head with iodine, but do not get
any into the eyes. If the eyes_ Are the
only parts affected,just drop a little of,
the mixture into the nostrils.
It is very necessary to good, stund
food. Do not feed corn to roupy hens,
ut give wheat, oats and v etables
co eme< with wheat ra:
until quite dry. Salt the feed as yox
s do your own. See that the poultr;
house is clean and dry. Keep th
fowls in during wet weather.
To prevent the spread of the die
Sease, take a shovelful of lire coals t
the poultry house when the fowls ar
on the roost, pour on some tar, an'
hold the shovel wvell under the perche
efor quite a while. Do this on thre
tsuccessive evenings, and again smiok
for three more evenmngs. Be sure t.
a give clean wate t rik
. Summer Treatment of Asgnragus.
, Summer treatment is an importan
* part of asparagus culture. After has
ing finished planting, if the weathe
is very dry, give a good watering o
two, and in May and June, when yol
mow the lawn, spread portions of th
Sgrass between the ridges, so as to fi1
Sthe hollow spaces nearly level. Thi
~ bject of this application, which inns
a be rene wed once a month or oftener
Sall through the summer, will at onc
b e evident. It is for the retention .o
'mboisture and the production of vegeta
Sble food. The slight fermentatio:
that accompanies the decompositio:
*of the grass greatly accelerates th
gotofthe asparagus. After th
t soot hae begun to come up, loo:
s regularly and carefully to the thix
nling. When plants have grown tw
or more heads each, the weakes
should be regularly cut away, so the
Sat theend of the first season not mor
than two or at most three shoots ar
aleft to grow to maturity on each plani
Proper attention to the thinning c
'asparagus during the first and secon,
a years, and afterward in cutting fo
euse, is of the very greatest importanc
toward the future welfare of the plani
I spoiled a nice beil by simply cuttin
the largest stalks. The weakest wer
thus left, with the inevitable resul
that our supply of asparagus the nes
year was of much smaller stalks, an
it will take much time and attentio
to bring that bed back to its forme
s excellence.-The Epitomist.
Shall Stubble Be Turned Under.
BThe answer will depend on the cor
t ditions of the stubble land, an
amount of stubble, and whether it ca
be turned under early enough to se
scure rotting before the drouth of mid
summer sets in. Generally turnin
under the stubble proves the bee
thing that can be done, but th
writer has known cases where
proved the worst thing that coul
have been done. Que man in Mich:
gan turned under his stubble on
spring only a few years ago, and afte
properly harrowing and preparing th
ground, planted it to corn. Th
spring was exceptionally dry, and th
summer that followed was not muc
better. The corn crop on that fiel
of turned stubble proved vet y unevei
SWherever the corn came in conta<
with the bottom of the furrows th
stand was as fair as could have bee
r expected in a dry year. But wher
mass of turned down corn stalks or
:orn stubble the plants wilted and
lied, and, on investigation, the soil
around the roots of those corn stalks
was found perfectly dry, with not a
particle of soil water in evidence.
The stalks and stubble below the
turned earth had not rotted but had
reated and held a space that pre
vented the capillary water in the soil
below from reaching the soil above.
Perhaps the land in question was
not plowed till after the spring rains
had ceased. The .me question to be
considered is whether the stabble and
stalks plowed under will mix with the
soil and rot or whether conditions are
such that the furrows will simply lie
free from the subsoil, being held up
by means of the dry condition of its
top and the presence of the stubble.
In ordinary years the conditions are
such that the turning under can be
done with safety, but in occasional
years it is best to burn.-Farm, Field
The Dairymen's Mistakes.
Probably the first and greatest mis
take is that the dairyman fails to make
the best of his environment. Possibly
he does not have as good cows as his
neighbors, but he should make the
best use possible of iWhat he has. He
should keep them better and raise
more grain, thus lessening the ex
pense of maintainig his herd. Grain
is very costly in this part of the coun
try and ought always to be raised if
possible. He should not make the
mistake of keeping too many cows.
Discard the poor ones of the her' and
give the remainder better staales,
better feed and use more care in hand
ling the milk. I do not believe with
many that the profits of the dairy are
smaller than they used to be. We
have gotten into the habit of shipping
milk, which may be more profitable
for the time being, but I am afraid of
the final outcome. In my'section we
have a condensing factory which pays
well formilk and consequently sup
plying liisietffy- js a paying busi
Ancther mistake is that dairymen
depend too much upon buying cows to
replenish their herd, instead of rais
ing them. I can raise a good calf on
middlings, water and oil meal, and
have raised calves on bread and water.
I can raise a calf very much cheaper
than I can buy a cow. Up to the time
she is two years old she will coi .e
but $15, and as a rule is much berer
than a cow which is bought on the
market for $35 to $10.
Another mistake.is in having milk
shippinig stations inside.tha vi 1'
.would have them outsiJe.for the ',a
son that it is easier to keep the milk
pure if it is away from buildings.
Another great mistake is the failure
to treat the cow with kindness. Any
thing that disturbs her nervous con
dition will lessen the flow of '
Make her comfortable
and the like. New
scold or swear at a cow.-J. S. Shl
tuck in Americaa Agriculturist.
Treatment of a Lawn.
Nothing adds more to the appei
. ance of a home than a neat, well-ke
ylawn. It is within the range of pos
Sbility for every house owner to seci
Sa good stand of grass, and to keep t
Sgrowth strong and healthy by a Ii
B of treatment which is by no mea
B difficult. The first essential is to ha
Sa well-prepared-bed. A good plan
to make a compact bed of clay al
then improve this by top dressir
Nothing is better for t! :% purpc
tthan raw ground bone. This s
serve as bedding, and also furni
some of the plant food neede:d
nourish the grass. In choosing
grass one must be governed largely
local conditions, but the aim shou
Ibe to get a kind which will grow we
last well and look well throughout t
spigand summer months.
It is just as necessary to fertili
lawns as field crops. Grasses ne
the same elepments of plant foc
namely, nitrogen,phosphoric acid ai
1potash. It is better to supply such
the form of chemicals, as these a
amore concentrated and easier to ha
Bdie, not to mention that they are l1
,offensive and not unsightly in appes
.pearance. Stable manure is a sple
Sdid fertilizer for grass, but a la1
tcovered with this product in ear
spring does not look especially i
ing. Again, in using stable mann
Sthere is always a possibility of foreil
weed seeds being introduced, t
Sgrowth of which detracts from t
jappearance of the lawn and mak
r trouble in eradicating them.
The simplest fertilizer for a lawn
a mixture of ground bone and muris
of potash, say, about four parts oft
a former to one of the latte-. The mi
t ture may be applied at the rate of-fi
t pounds per square rod, and th
I worked well into the soil. After ti
Smixture has been~ applied, a simi
r after-fertilization treatment will gre.
ly improve the growth of the gra:
and give it that rich, dark green col
which is so desirable in lawn cultur
.This consists simply in light t
jdressings of'nitrate of soda, say oi
half pound per square rod, at suce<
.sive periods. The first dose can
. put on just after the grass starts
,grow in the spring, sad if used il
mediately preceding a rain, the effe<
e will be visible within 24 hours. T
tmore doses can b3 made at periodi<
Sintervals. If the nitrate be mir
. with sev.Al imes its bulk of fine,d
eearth, the distribution is greatly fa<
r itated. IRegular mowing with a las
emower is necessary, and the fertili:
Streatment recommended should
f lowed annually.-George K. 'E
son in American Cultivator.
frut.~ sidLots of Them.
t "The genealogical tree bears
a "Surely that is a mistake," repli
e Fitzjohncon; "you forget the~ date:
PEARLS OF THOUGHT.
Happiness does not -depend on
money, but it certainly prospers on it.
An air of superiority and condepeen
sion is the raw material of revolution.
When a clock or a conscience is audi
ble at midnight there is something
Where there is emulation, there will
be vanity; where there is vanity-there
will be folly.
In the darkest hour Hope used to
strike a ihatch, but now it presses the
Occupation is one great source of
enjoyment. No man, properly occa
pied, was ever miserable.
Envy is a passion so full of coward
ice and shame, that nobody ever had
the confidence to own it.
There is no dispute managed with
out a passion, and yet there is scarce
a dispute worth a passion.
Failure to the man who learns,
means experience, and experience is
equipment, and equipment is wealth.
He - is incapable of a truly good
action who finds not a pleasure in con
templating the good actions of others.
Nothing is so wretched or foolish
as .to anticipate misfortunes. What
madness it is to be expecting evil
before it comes.
Amiable people, though ofte- sub
ject to imposition in their contact with
the world, yet radiate so much of sun
shine that they are reflected in all
THIRST IN THE VELDT.
The Nauseating Draughts Which Brfitsh
Soldiers uats Drink.
A correspondent' of the Londoz6
Morning Post tells us that though the
British soldier "has 'thirsted in the
thirstiest 'corners of the globe, he
admits the veldt to be a fresh experi
ence. Aden, India, Egypt, the Son- -
danI But here is something, not hot
ter, not drier, not dustier, but less
endurable for some reason. It is the
army and South Africa together, no
doubt, which is the cause for men who
have lived in Kimberley, Johannes
burg, Bloemfontein, and Natal are
only now, while campaigning, aequir
ingjhe experience: the army with its
inces'sstramping and the ceasel
fog of dust tha gs about
And to that must ad
-pulsory life in the s
hottest and driest
- s-ebgam of shad
tion of the
"It will be
one's shoul .
rnot regarded * eeee an5iss
no d reverence a&el $.
ous en ,when it could be made to
ear, continuous, and unvaued,
y a turn of theinger. Here, where
d. one knows by tire# limbs the weight
er of what one drinks, the thought oV.
Lt. water flowing through pipe; seems a
dream of paradise. And such watet!
Water through which one could see,
which left no m'd at the bottom of
the mug, and did not stain what it
was spiled on. One remembers that
in England they analyze that kind -of
rwater. Why, the water we drink here
is often too thick even to fiter.
e "At Ramdam there was a big pond
e-what was left .of moisture in fhe
ye dam. One bathed in it only under
the most pressing compulsion of clean
butss The water was very shallow,
btthe mudwas black and deep. One
gsank to the knees if one tried to walk,
sand so sat getyhalf in mud and
h hlinbrown syrup, and thanked
God for- water. One rose from it-with
a the green leches hanging about one's
bbody like bits of seaweed and with a
Isprinkling of other less-known insects.
"Horses looked askance at that
Spool, but the men drank of it greedily,
eand drank of it, where alone they
could reach it, where the hor'ses' hoofs
e had churned it into a blackish-green
eliquor thick as sotrp.
"Let every one who turns today a
iwater tap in Enigland give a thought
ito those who are dipping buckets in
e South Africa and be grateful for an
A Message to KEulls.
n- "To pay practically $25 for a brief
!ten word message to the Philippines
lY may seem extravagant, but when one
Sreflects that it travels three-fifths of
e the distance around the globe in comn
S ltn he journey, passing under the
edirection of half a dozen different
e companies the cost seems far from ex
is"The ordinary course of such a
smessage would be from New York to
e Cape Breton, Nova Scotia, thence to
e Heart's Content, Newfondland, where
'it dives under the Atlantic, to reap
e pear on the coast of Ireland. From
en here it is forwarded to London, which
11. is the great centre and clearing 1-ouse
e (or the cable business of the whole
iworld. From London the message
4' will be forwarde-] either across the
r English channel and overland to'Mar
e.seilles, or by the Eastern Teleg.-aph,
P tompany's lines around the Spanish
epeninsua,stopping at Lisbon,through
Sthe Mediterranean, thence t9 Alexan
e dria, across Egypt by land, down the
0 Ried sea to Aden, through the Arabian
tsea to Bombay, over India by-land,
ts across the BEiy of Bengal to Sinapore,
o along the coast' to Hong Kong, and
:a accass the Ohina.sea to Manila. Not- .
d withstanding the many; lands and -
ry many hands thiroagh which it passes,
l- the message is forwarded with reason
n able promptness, witltperfect secrecy,
r an:1 all the- way in English. -Airalee's
What'in a hane.
Mr. Adams-My wife thd P"*ere
particular ly gratifielbver ~a letter r
no ceived from our b')y''he'othf~ -yan
nouncing that he Ieads his class.
d Coll'ege P' esident-Ah! yea. The
a" tovs march into class in alphabetcal