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mlI WEEKLY EDITION WINNSBORO. S.C.. JUNE 5. 1909.4EALSE 84
NEWS AND NOTES%
The Square Sunshade.
Smart new sunshades are square
when opened, or appear so nearly
square that the name may be applied.
-These come in brilliant carmine,
bright blue, scarlet, hyacinth' blue,
maroon and brown; and also in
crushed raspberry. They are covered
with taffeta, and nearly every one has
a woven border of white, sometimes
adorned with a design of the body
color on a white ground.
Cross Bands of Black Velvet.
Fashionable new stocks and collar
ettes of lawn and lace are often made
:up to combine ecru with pure white.
White lawn may be trimmed with ecru,
or ecru be garnished with white. The
Itouch of novelty in these confections
of lingerie is the cross-over narrow
band of black velvet or black satin
which passes around the back of the
neck and the ends meet, cross and
hang stifily down for three inches at
the utmost. Son e only cross. The
Iklends of the ribbon are bluntly squared,
The Fashions For Summer Headwear.'
UvIoubtedly the most important
change that has been made in forms
has reference to the crown. This, for
most hat shapes, is higher than they
have been hitherto,'save for capelines,
flat at the top and rather wider at the
base. Some toques :have domed
crowns, but many are shaped like hats,
the difference betwe'en them being
slight, and depending mostly on the
arrangement of the trimming and the
width of the brim.
The flat toque was merely a passing
whim. A medium width of hat brm
has been adopted pretty generally, and
it may be allowed to be flat or be
turned up at the side or in front, or
bent down over the brow. The new
models include very few picturelhats
and-capelines. On the other hand,
they number among them some very
decided novelties in the shape of a
variation of the Amazon hat, bent
down back and front, and curving up
at the sides, while no spring show is
complete without its specimen ca
potas.-Millinery Trade Review.
A Remunerative Occupation.
An occupation that has proved quite
remunerative was started recently by
a-married woman in London. Herhus
band was unfortunate, which necessi
tated the sale of their home and most
f the furnitare. The remaining far
*ifure. was placed in a small house.
The clever wife had two rooms left un
1frnishel, save for a gas stove and a
sti she intended to use in her busi
-When settldia.hernew all
dainty articles that could not be in
trusted to the usual laundress. In a
very short time she had more work
than she could undertake single
asnded, so she employed the services
a woman, whom she allowed to wash
articles and do any of the rough
c, while she devoted her spare
to the careful iraning. Very
e energetic wife was earning
a sum of money in a quiet way.
oms devoted to the occupation
t quite apart, and the family
Women "Will" Their Brains.
omen have brains and they have
vred it. They have demonstrated
at they are in commendable, ap
reciative working order. As a sub
'stance they have upheld a theory.
-But this is not all. Once when men
wore weighing brains-that is, of
-'/ course, dead men's brains-and were
expressing congratulatory "Oh's" and
/ "Ah's" with th2 dignity of masculine
superiority, the women dug up the
brain of a poor old washerwoman, and
lo! it weighed the same as Daniel
Webster's brAin! That exploded the
theory in regard to weight in its rela
tion to quality.
Women demand recognition for
their brain quality, so now they be
-queath their brains to colleges that
are making brain collections. Cornell
leads in this idea, and Helen H.
Gardiner's and Elizabeth Cady Stan
ton's brains are promised as soon as
their present owners are through with
them. In the future stone and water
'will not be the only substance upon
which to depend for the perpetuation
of merits and demerits-indeed not
while there are shelves in Cornell on
which to place jars of alcohol labelled
with names and containing the evi
dence that women have once thought
thoughts. It will be a legacy of comn
;parative value, of course, but what
values are not comparative? Women's
brains shall testify that they have
Queen Victoria's First -Visit to Ireland.
Queen Victoria's visit to Ireland is
the fourth she has paid to the Emerald
Isle. Her first visit was made over
half a century ago, in 1849, when she
landed at Quesenstown; and entered
Cork and Dublin in state.
The ILondon Times of the next day,
in its description of the reception of
;the Queen on landing at Kingstown,
the pert of Dublin, said: "It was a
sight never to be forgotton-a sound
to be recollected forever. Ladies
threw aside the old formula of waving
a pocket handkerchief, and cheered
for their lives, while the men, press
ing so closely as to throng the very
edges of the pavilion, waved whatever
* came first to hand-hats, sticks, or
coats-and rent the air with shouts of
joy, which never ceased in energy un
til their sovereign was out of sight.
The royal children were objects of
universal attention and admiration.
'Oh, Queen, dear,' screamed a stout
.old lady, 'make one of them Prince
Patrick, and all Ireland will die for
Almost every one of those days had
a soverign remedy for Irish disaffec
tion, but few were so easy of applica
tion as this old lady's suggestion,
which the Queen accepted, and the
child born next after the Irish visit,
on the Duke of Wellington's birthday,
May 1, 1850, was named Arthur, after
that great Irishman, and Patrick after
Ireland's patron saint. The Irish as
sociation was emphasized by the young
Prince being given the title of Duke
of Connaught, and the whirligig of
time still further ordained that the
"Prince Patrick" of the old lady's sug
gestion, in his present capacity of
commander of the forccs in Ireland,
should furnisa the military escort
when his aged and royal mother made
her probably last visit to the Emer
-ald 1sle.-St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
In Chile two-thirds of the public
school teachers are women.
The Princess Beatrice is an enthusi
astic hockey player, and has organized
a ladies' team to play this game at
Sleeping with the hair pinned up
tightly is not only bad for the circula
tion, but it is said to prevent the hair
An order has been introduced in
the Massachusetts Legislature to make
women eligible to serve as Overseers
of the Poor in the city of Lowell,
Mrs. Potter Palmer is tue owner of
what is probably the finest private
collection of old china in America. It
has cost a fortune and taken years to
Miss L. White, who has for seven
years successfully carried on a real
estate agent's busines5 in Melbourne,
Australia, lately applied for and ob
tained an auctioneer's license.
Mrs. May Preston Slosson, Ph.D.,
Cornell, who has been in the habit of
devoting several hours each week to
teaching the convicts in the Wyoming
State Penitentiary, at Laramie, was
recent!y appoin'ed chaplain there.
The S iperinteudent in the Leaven
worth, Kan., public schools, Miss M.
A. Dolphin, is recognized as one of
the most advanced and d6ompetent ed
ucators in the United States. She
has been unanimously re-elected each
year since 189G.
Miss Sybil Carter three years since
opened schools at the White Earth
Reservation, in Minnesota, also at
Beaulieu, Loch Lake, Red Lake and
Birch Coulee, to teach the Indian
women the art of lace making. Ex
quisite work is accomplished.
Mrs. Blaine has purchased a lot of
seven acres adjoining the city ceme
tery at Augusta, Me., overlooking the
aid that she
Berlin now as a school omen
librarians. One of its two courses of
instruction lasts six months,and is for
the training of librarians for the ordi
nary public libraries, while the other,
of three years, prepares the students
to take their'places at the heads of sci
Mrs. Hammond, the lady of Swaff
ham Manor, Norfolk, England, who
died recently at the age of ninety
four, was the daugher of Mary Chat
worth, whom Byron loved so hope
lessly. Miss Chatworth, it will be re
mAmbered, married a Mr. Musters,
who took the family name of his wife.
Lady Roberts, Lady White and
Lady Stewart, wives of three distin
guished English officers in South Af
rica, have been decorated by the
Queen with the' Crown of India. This
decoration consists of Rer Majesty's
cypher, V. R. & I., in diamonds,
pearls and turquoises, encircled by a
border set with pearls, surmounted by
the imperial crown jeweled and enamn
eled in proper colors, and attached to
a light blue watered ribbon edged with
white and tied in a bow.
(deaning~ From the Shops.
Leno-striped batistes in the finest,
Oxidized and Roman-finished belt
clasps in exclusive designs.
All-wool French challies with figured,
floral, dot and striped designs.
An abundant-e of new ideas in plain,
enameled and jeveled beltpins.
Many new ginghams showing checks,
cords or stripes in harmonious con
Bedford cords and summer weight
wool dress materials in light and dark
Broad assortments of extremely
fine washable laces for trimming sum
Many new ideas in silk caps trimmed
with lace ruching and pompons foi
Wide and narrow-corded wash silks
and changeable taffetas in new colo.
Very elaborate dress waists made
of granite and japon crepes, libert;
satins, maousselines and all varieties
Mercerized canvas and cotton grena
dines in an endless variety of checked
striped, dotted, figured and bayader
Silk and wool crepe do chines show
ing embroidered dots or figures, a
well as fancy corded stripes in selfo0
French dress crepes adorned witl
polka dots of varying sizes arrange
in clusters, pnin ted brocade figures o:
narrow silk lines in pleasing con
New as sortments of infants' close
fitting caps made of allover em,
broidery, net or sheer-tucked, and
corded lsawn trimmed with narron
ruching or lace frills.-Dry Goodi
Their Advance in Education--How They
Hold the Land.
Wade Mountfortt writes -s follows
in Ainelee's Magazine: "How much
of a self-governor the Indian has been
is best shown in the history of the
Cherokee. He is the higbest type not
only of the five tribes, but also of the
North American aborigine. He is the
only one that can boast of a written
language. He has had schools, acade
mies and seminaries, and a higher
percentage of education than some of
the States. All the ups and downs of
the five tribes, and their melancholy
experience with self-government have
been shared by him. The Cherokee
strip, occupying the northeastern por
tion of the Territory, comprises the e.
tensive area of five million acres,
which are of the most fertile soil in
the great Southwest. The white man
has penetrated into the district, has
fixed his foot there, has smothered his
conscience and his decency so far as
to marry the Cherokee woman only
that he may become the part owner
of the Cherokee land. From the Checo
kee, as from all the others, is now de
manded that he yield his control of
his own affairs to the intruder, and
that he sacrifice his Indian nature
upon the altar of Caucasian progress.
"Ac.ording to the allotment rolls of
the Cherokees themselves, as revised
from time to time by the Department
of the Interior, there are in all, 32,800
in the nation, subdivided as follow.:
Fall bloods...... ................... 8,000
Descendants of full Ibllods (either by
narriage or direct de.ecnt)....... 18,001
Delaware (adopted)................. 93)
Negroes (by tre-ity) ................ 2.51
Whites (adopted)............. ..... 2,53
shawnees (adopted).................. 90
Total.......................... . 32,803
"The Cherokee's lands, like those
of the other nations, are owned in
common, as are their invested funds.
The Government has never placed
them upon the full basis of individual
independence, or spent much time in
teaching them by Sloyd's system.
The invested .fands of $5,000,009,
which the tribe owns as a tribe, have
been held by the United States in the
form of Government bonds, bearing
five uer cent. interest, and the lands
have been allowed to the men and
women of the tribe only in a quasi
ownership. The name of each mem
ber appears upon the allotment rolls,
and, theoretically, he is entitled to
his pro rata when the lands and the
funds are finally divided. But the
Indian cannot deed away his land.
He may acquire a sort of occupying
ownership of all he cares to fence or
improve, and he may derive rentals
from the leasing of it, but he cannot
lawfully make over the title to others."
o gh is sunshine in a house.'
attempt a n
to fail, -Lon",us
A fool flatters himself, a wise man
flatters a fool.--Bulwer.
What oneliness is more lonely than
Anger begins in folly and'ends in
Gaiety is the soul's ripple over
depths of despair.-Chapin.
The mind attracted by what is false
has no relish for better things.-Hor
Things don't turn up in this world
until somebody turns them up.-Gar
There is no genius in life like the
genius of energy and activity.
Ambition is the germ from which
all growth of nobleness proceeds.
There is no substitute for thorough
going, ar dent an d sincere earnestness.
The wisest man may always learn
something from the humblest peasant.
-J. P. Senn.
Every duty which.we omit obscures
some truth which we should have
Half the work that is done in this
world is to make things appear what
they are not.--Beadle.
Decision and character will often
give to an inferior mind commari
over a superior.--W. Wirt.
The Surgical Ant.
The native Brazilian, far removed
as he usually is, from doctors anc
surgeons, depends upon a little ant t<
sew up his wounds when he is slashec
or scratched. This odd creatu:-e iu
called the surgical ant, from the usi
to which it is put.
The ant has two strong nippers ox
his head. They are his weapons fot
battle or forage.
When a Brazilian has cut himself
for example, he picks up an ant
presses the nippers against the wound
one on each side and then gives the
bug a squeeze. The indignant insec
snaps his nippers together, pierci
the flesh and bringing the lacerate<
parts close together. The Braziliai
at that moment gives the ant's body
jerk and away it flies, leaving th
nippers embedded in the flesh. T~
be sure thy~t kills the ant, but he ha
served his most useful purpose il
life. The operation is repeated unti
the wound is sewed up neatly an<
thoroughly. -St. L ouis Post-Dispatch
Gennans Teach Dogs to Fight.
German military authorities havy
een training dogs for some time pas
to take an active part in modern war
fare. The Eighth German Arm:
Corrs have a number of splendid ani
mas, who are trained to assist the re
lief parties in discovering the where
abots of wounded in battle. Severs
other commands also own packs a
war dogs, who are drilled to assist il
VALUABLE HORSE LAW.
Novel Decisions in Reard to Liability
For a Klekinz Animal.
Valuable horse law has been de
veloped by Dr. Bruce and his kicking
horse. It seems that Dr. Brucv, ap
parently a resident of Kings Cwinty,
bought of a horse company a horse
which the company warranted to be
"sound, kind, and true, and gentle
and quiet in harness, and suitable for
use by plaintiff in his profession as a
physician, to drive in harness as a
carriage horse." In the Doctor's sub
sequent suit against the horse com
pany for breach of warranty, iie Doc
tor said of his horse that the very day
he bought him "the horse, without
provocation, deliberately jumped, and
stood on his front legs, and kicked up
into the buggy, and kicked the roof
off the buggy, and ran away down as
far as Seventh street. In kicking in
to the buggy, he kicked me in the
shin in the left leg." Some three
weeks later, when harnessed to a
coupe, the horse kicked and injured
it "very greatly." It was on these
facts that the Doctor sued the horse
company. A Kings County jury gave
him a verdict of $300, of which
amount 8196 was charged to the ac
count of the coupe. From this trial
and its result the company appealed,
and it then devolved upon the learned
Mr. Justice Cullen, now of the Court
of Appeals, to do justice to the com
pany, to the Doctor and to the horse.t
This the Justice did by deciding that
the $196 damage to the coupe should
not be charged to the company, fox
the reason that the Doctor, having
tested the horse on the bugjy, madE
"this second experiment (on thE
coupe) with the horse at his own risk.
He knew the horse was vicious and
dangerous. He should have ceased
its use in any manner that would im
peril person or property." Conse.
quently the Justice thought therE
should be a new trial. As between
the horse and the company, this deci
sion obviously cuts down the liability
of the horse to the company.-Nev
The Vipers' Deadly Fange.
The fangs of th e vipers are attached
to the fore end of what may be termed
the jawbone or maxillary, in the hol
low of which is contained the poison
sac, the contents of which are emitted
through a hollow or groove. in the
fangs. At right angles to the maxil.
lary, and attached to the p'ates by
means of certain muscles, is a nirrow
bone called the transpalatig. The
fangs lie normally flat, back- nf
the palate, but whenthe 'na ."kas
a contraction of the - musel f the
transpalatine pushes the lAte inht
the maxillary, which, being le,
revolves through a quarter. o ele,
carrying the fangs with it u eJy
are erected pe ' r .
roof the mouthi. , -has -been
reently .5hown that- the erectio$ of
the fangs is not a: necessary e
e openin of the m th,
hitherto writ the s
so stated. In the case o
lance, the reptile lies in a
its tail as a "point d'appui," a
the fore 'part of its body be
upon itself in several~ coils, t
sembling the rattlesnake. S
it shoots forward its hea i ;
rapidity of lightnin wing open
its jaws at~ ai ugle of 180 degrees,
?'al-h it is seen that the fangs,
whidh are erected till they are at right
angles to the jaw, must point straight
at the object of attack, and that if
this, object lies anywhere on the line
between the commencement and com
pletion of the thrust, it is bound to
be struck fairly by the points, espe
cially as the venom-injecting snap is
not made until the victim is struck or
the thrust completed.
Women Housekeepers in Boer Camps.
General Gatacre has notified the
Boer commandant that it is under
stood that the wives and daughters of
the burghers live in or near the
Dutch camps. He points out that
this circumstance is very contrary to
the customs of civilized warfare, and
warns them of the danger and conse
quences. The General, naturally
enough, is providing against future
charges of having fire~d upon laager-s
sheltering women. The warning is
timely and sensible enough; but any
body who knows anything at all
knows perfectly well that the Dutch
women-folk invariably accompany, or
at least follow, the camp. Indeed,
the commissariat department is large
ly-in point of fact, chiefly
"manned" by women.
Clad in a coarse, dust-colored frock,
a gigantic apron that will serve a
thousand purposes, from handker
chief to tablecloth, or, as they often
say, "a British flag"-they declare the
BrFitish flag is white-and a huge pok~e
bonnet that will ward off the rays of
the hottest snn that ever burned, they
will help to inspan the oxen and trek
with their men to the frontier, and ex
pose themselves to all the dangers of
shot and shell and fever, and when
the fighting men come back to laager
their food is ready and their tents in
How to Catch a Husband.
''Stop him!" shouted a woman who
was pursuing a wild-eyed man through
Broome street. "He's my husband
Iand he's deserted me." But not one
went to her, assistance. The man
would have escaped had it not been
for the woman's wit. Quick as a
flash she tore at her hair and cried:
"Stop, thief! Stop, thief!"
This bate took well. Fifty persons
took up the cry, and several hunch-ed
men and women chased the man and
"Womau," remarked Magistrate
Hogan, before whom she marched her
husband, in the Essex Market Court,
"I wish to compliment you on your
common sense. You certainly did
the right thing at the right time. "
PEARLS OF THOJGHT.
The wavering mind is but a base
He censures God who quarrels with
the imperfections of men. -Burke.
Hundreds wouid never have known
want if they had not first known
The ampiesf knowledge has the
largest faith. -Ignorance is always in
Our first impulses are good, gener
ous, heroical; reflect~o:i weakens and
kills the:n.--L. A. Martin.
People seldom improve when they
have no other model than themselves
to copy after. -Goldsmith.
A true and genuine impradence is
ever the effect of ignorance, without
the least sense of it. -Steele.
Nature knows no pause in her prog
ress and development, and attaches
her curse on all inaction.-Goethe.
Mutability of temper and inconsist
ency with ourselves is the greatest
weakness of human natnre. --Addison.
The greatest of all humau benefits,
that, at least, without which no other
benefit can be truly enjoyed, is inde
A man has no more right to say an
uncivil thing than to act one; no more
right to say a rude thing to another
than to knock him down.-Johnson.
Few things are impossible in them
selves. It is not so much means as
perseverance that is wanting to bring
them to a successful issue. -Rochefou.
NEW PHASE OF COLD MININC.
Dredging the Precious Ork- From the Sea
at Cape. None.
Our government is granting all
rights to all applicauts to dredge for
gold in the sea off Cape Nome. Of
ficial authorization is necessary be
cause it is illegal to carry on any en
terprise within the three-mile limit
that may interfere with navigation, and
dredging could not be permitted till it
was certain that the work would not
be injurious to shipping interests.
A number of companies and indi
viduals are preparing to engage in this
enterprise, which is a new phase ol
gold mining and the result- of the
novel conditions under which goli is
found in the Cape Nome region. Min
ing was successfully carried on last
year a'ong the beach sands 'for a dis
tance of thirty miles. The gold* came
.originally from the quartz veins in the
Jimestone and mica-schist mountaint
fIo~n four to five miles inland. Iar-the
cours-e of many thousands of years of
Aeoudation a great deal of this gold
biaring quartz has been broken away
and carried gradua'ly by water agency
Eown the gentle but continuous slope
f'ou the niountains to the sea. Much
6V thequi rt,'i0 th. form of coirse
gravels andy boulders, has lodged in
the tundra - that intervenes between
the mounitains and the beach and it
will pay for. working, but the neces
,ary crishing machinery has not yet
been introduced at-Cape Nome. Along
he beach, however, the rock has been
duced by wave action to fine gravel
sand, and the heavier gold in fine
'neles, h4s sunk through the sand
obtained by the -r inaryane
of placer minipg.
It was to be expected under
exactly similar conditions e gold
would be founid under the a for a
considerable distance from t e sifore
nd last year's - investigations proved
that this was the case. Dredging is
practical because the sea is shallow
for a considerable distance -nm the
beach and, in fact, the larger vesseis
cannot approach the shore, but are
obliged to discharge their carg::es by
means of boats and lighters.- The
nearest harbors for ocean vessels are
Port Clarence, Eixty miles northwest
of Nome City and Goloffin bay, the
same distance east, and there is tafk
of connecting both these ports with
Nome City by rail. Dredging, -there
fore, will not interfere with navigation
along the gold coast, and there is
every prospect that a rich harvest will
be reaped from under the waters.
New York Sun.
Caring for Kindergarten Flock.
A young woman who conducts a
kinder-garten in Chicago showed one
day recently that she is ready to meet
Every morning she starts out early
in a big 'bus and calls at the houses
of her patrons, collecting the little
ones intrusted to her care, and driving
with them to the scene of their
studies. In the afternoon they are
taken home again in the same way.
On the mnorning in question, through
some unexplained accident, the 'bus
got in fi-ont of a grip car, or a grip
car ran 'into the 'bus. Fortunately
none of the children were hurt. but
one of the hind wheels was knocked
off the 'bus and the twenty little chil
dren tumbled and scrambled out into
the street. The 'bus was useless,and
the schoolroom was half a mile away
-too far for the little ones to walk in
the cold weather. Then the teacher
showed howv kindergarten training
makes one ready to meet every emer
gency. She marshaled her charges
and let thiem into the closed car im
mediately behind the grip, which hap.
pened, fortunately, to be entirely
empty. The party almost filled the
seats on both sides of the car.
Piresently the conductor entered,
intent on collecting fares. When he
came in the kindergarten teacher
handed him five cents. The conductor
took the money and looked question
ingly at the seats crowded wi':h small
"Who's goin' to pay fer de kids?'
"My dear sir," said the kindergar
ten teacher, "these children are all
under five years old, and I a~m their
guardian. They ride free."
A nd they did. .-Chicago Tr-bne.
SCIENCE AND INDUSTRY.
It is stated that the authorities at
Scotland Yard are now engaged in
subjecting a police electric lamp to
practical tests, to ascertain if it will
stand the necessary wear and tear of
In South Africa the warmest month
is February and the coldest is July.
The temperature is not as trying as
that of Central Europe. The rainfall
for the year is light, varying from five
to 20 inches.
The German army authorities are E
experimenting on a cotton stuff a
as a material for balloons. It is t
treated with rubber before being used, I
The fabric is said to have great i
strength, and is better than silk which s
is apt to generate electricity.
Professor B. S. Woodward of Col- 8
umbia university, in a recent paper
shows reasons for tbinking that the
earth's atmosphere extends to a height
varying with the distance from thie a
equator. At the equator he estim. .
the height to be 26,030 miles L..? 1
.diminishes to only 17,000 miles at the 1
poles. But of course, beyond a few t
hundred miles above the ground, the 3
density of the atmosphere becomes so S
slight that its effects are impercep- f
The discovery of two Belgian chem
ists, Hoho and Lagrange, whereby C
iron may be broujht to a white heat
by dipping it in water, is attracting
much attention in Europe. A metal
vessel is partly 1lled with wa~or and 3
connected up to a source of electricity t
supply giving 30 amperes of current.
The other pole is attached to the iron
rod provided with an insulated handle.
The water offers great resistance to
the passage of a current through the
combination, a very high electrical t
potential being thius generated in the
neighborhood of the iron rod, where
by the water is rapidly decomposed, a
and a temperature of 1200 to 1500 a
degrees is pet up within a period of 20 d
In the last 60 years the speed of t]
ocean steamers has been increased b
from eight and one-half to 22 and one- f,
half knots an hour. Ships have been f,
more than trebled in length, about s]
doubled in breadth, and increased ten- 6,
fold in displacement. The number of 0
passengers carried by a steamship has k
been increased from 100 to nearly e
2000. The engine power has been d
made 40 times as great, while the rate
of coal consumption per horse power 14
per hour is now only about one-third t1
what it was in 1840. The weight of a
the machinery.-per horse power has e
also been very gr eatlyrediieed . Wei& .1
the engines of the Campaia pidjpor- t
tionately as heavy as those in use 60 P
years ago, they would weigh about t)
14,000 tons.. In other words, machin- a
ery, boilers and coal would exceed the tl
total weight of the ship 'as she floats b
IMAGINATION AND DIl-;.
Amusing Inc~lib mih'W o'
"n "A Journalist's- Note-Bo'ok"
Frank F. Moore tejis an amnnsing and
significant4Ieff'of the influenet of
imaginatioiupon health. A 'young
civil serlva$~ in India, feeling fag~ged
from the e ssive heat and from long I
hours of rk, consulted the jeas' doc- I
tor withi reach. The doct . ooked I
over him, ounded his heart a4 augs,
and then aid gravely: "I .wi write .
you tomo ow."(
The n t day the young 'n re
ceived a letter telling him-' at his
left lung as gone and his he rt seri
Qusly affe ed, and advising im to
lose no tii e in adjusting his bvIiness
affairs. ',0f course you may for
weeks," tpie letter said, "but yhad
best not Ieraimportant mat t un
Naturally the young official was dis
mayed by so dark a prognosis-noth
ing less than a death warrant. ,Mithin
24 hours he was having difficn' ty with
his respiration, and was r6ized with
an acute pain in the region of the
heart. He took to his bed with the I
feeling that he should never arise from
it. During the night be became so
much worse that his servant sent for 1
"What on earth have you been
doing to yourselfy" demanded the
Sdoctor. "There were no indications
of this sort when I saw you yester-]
"It is my heart, I suppose," weakly]
answeied the patient.
"Your heart!' repeated the doctor.
"Your heart was all right yesterday"
"My lungs, tlhen."
"What is the matter with you, man?
You don't seem :o have been drink
"Your letter!" gasped the patient.
"You said I had only a few weeks to
"Are you crazy?" said the doctor.
"I wrote von to take a few weeks'
vacation in the hills, and you would
be all right"
For reply the patient drew the let
ter from under the bedclothes, and
gave it to the doctor.
"Heavens !" cried that gentleman,
as he glanced at it. "This was meant
for another man. My assistant mis
placed the letters.".
The young man at once sat up in
bed and made a rapid recovery.
And what of the patient for whom
the direful prognosis was intended?
Delighted with the report that a so
journ in the hills would set him right,
he started at once, and five years
later was alive and in fair health.
The children of the Berkeley, Cal.,
public schools are required to bring
their own cup, towel, and soap to school,
to insure the best of sanitary condi
REPAIRING SEVERED ARTERIES.
L Surgical FeatiTthat Was Long Thought
to Be an lIpossibility.
In the recent medical archives in
he library of St. Petersburg is an ac
ount of a most wonderful operation,
>erformedt by Kamisky, one of the
,reatest surgeons of his time, an
operation like which no other is re
orded. Poitinkosh, a rich farmer,
!attle raiser and reindeer farmer, re
iding north of St. Petersburg, suf
ered an injury to the upper part of
he right thigh, caused by being vio
ently hurled from his sieigh, the 1st
er having struck a stump. The farm
r, in falling, was jagged by a snag
rhich struck about two inches below
he fold of the flank, causing a torn,
>leeding, gaping wound of about four
aches in length, directly downward
nad in a line over the femoral artery
the large artery which supplies the
utire leg with blood), the latter ves
el having been laid bare and severely
ruised in the wreck, no large vessels
aving been torn.
Kamisky, with the great wisdom of.
world of experience, wisely appre
ended the possible results of this
eculiar wound, and for the next 24
ours he spent every minute of his
ime, valuable though it was, working
dith chemical fire, molten substances
nd apparatus of divers kinds, until
nally the ob'eet of his etforts was
nished, a small, hollow, elastic, col
rless tube, about five inches long,
Le composition of which is not reo
rded, therefore not known. In 12 -
ours after his task was finished care
:l scrutiny of the injured limb re
ealed a slightly bluish tint, scarcely
oticeable, on the end of the great toe.
'his was the signal for operation! .
ae surgeoi, and the stockman was
nmediately taken to the operating
Dom, where, in order to arrest com
ig grangrene, he was subjected to an
dd and experimental operation.
After the patient was anesthetized
ie wound was uncovered, carefanly
leaned and the tissue carefully pushed
ad dissected away from the' large
etery, exposing about three and one
alf inches of bruised vessel, ready to'
isintegrate. A clamp was placed on
ie artery an inch above wherq oi.;
tal sound tissue began; then, h
ie artery at the junction a
ruised and sound tissue, an care
fly drawing tfie mysterious tube
om its aseptic hiding lade he
ipped the cut, round end of de -14
d into it about an inch, isipgke
edingli careful while so dping
eep the hollow tube, collapsed "an
rapty, so as to avoid all' ger
aced by the entranceofair.
Repeating the sameProcess a
iwer end of the artery, he i t.
ie tabe into the :end of
bout the same distanc as "
id laj-in the tb )
Using th ,lowet
le tubetoa fill wit
rtion of .the.
ie final test Oame
d steadily rel
ie tube, thus le
roken chi I,.1.,
.3ht pouching of the tube
aused some fear 'as to w
ere strong 'enough to stand [''
>ressure of the heart wave of boq7l 4
he latter pulsatpad tbroughlits ep
hannel. This latter defed wiS- -
ome, however, when the. tide~~~
aid in the bed of the brue,(
leted portion and the extera
>ort of the rmuscles and tissa
t sufflcient strength to. ov
ressure of the bloodl steinm~
round was then -earefueR
ad disappeared frog i te a
oJtor of 'the skin- of the lg
rom a pale ashy toa~ink.
T wo months aftergward -the
gas attending his everyday4
ormqrly, suffering no incovei~j
rhatever from his wound, Fivsyqegn'
iterward the patient diede of a0t'
menmonia and a post aiortenieii~
ation of the seat of the voundre'T
realed a strong, firm plastico doirpoi
ion tube, immediately'in the "situa"r
>f the composition tube, the latter
aving been absorbed by the blood;
iot, however, before the lymphatics
ad so encysted in the body after
nonths of time, to the extent that
hen the tube was eaten away by the
>lood this fibrous coat answered the
>riginal plan of -circulation.
During a case recently tried in the
aassachusetts supreme court consid
ible expert medical ter,'imnony was
lard as to the common symptoms of
For instance, if the pupil of one eye
s larger than that of the other, it is a
:ad sign. Another test is to cross the
egs so that the crook of one leg fits
>ver the knee of the other,and hit the
ipper leg sharply just below the knee
map. If the leg flies up you are all
ight; if it does not, beware! Stand
ap perfectly straight, with feet close
ogether, and look at a point ten feet
way. If you sway from side to side
you al'e in a bad way. Still another
test is to stand on one foot, with the
other leg bent at the knee. If you can
stand perfectly still for five seconds
without dropping the raised leg you
are probably sound.
Since this testimony has been made
public in the Boston papers one may
see bu'siness men in their offices,
loungers in cafes, truckmen in their
wagons, policemen on their beats and
men of all avocations, balancing them
selves on one foot and going through
other maneuvers to make sure that
they are not disposed toward paresis.
Not His Fanit.
Sterene-What a chap you are,
Bounder! You never agree vanh any
Bouznder-Well, what of that? Am
I to blame if everybody else is wrongs
-Boston Transcript. I