TRI WEEKLY EDITION WIN NSBOR . S.C..JUNE 7. T S00.
A rioh man's little daughter
Left her nurse and strayed away,
An ran out upon the oar track,
Where she loitered long at play,
Caring nothing tor the trolley
As-it whirred around the bend,
Enowing nothing of the angel
That was waiting to.descend.
The rich man stood and trembled
With his darling on his breast.
And the motorman was lauded
And his hands were proudly pressed!
By a hair's breadth he had saved her
He had acted just in time
And the people called him noble,
And pronounced his deed sublime.
The rich man gave him money,
Gave him land and gave him praise.
Gave him presents for his children,
Made him glad in many ways.
And, at night, knelt with his darling
And implored the Lord to guide
The brave motorman from danger
And to save him when he d led.
Young Dr. Henderson read with
surprise Miss Harrington's note ask
M: g him to call that same evening.
Only that morning the twain, agree
ing that what they had considered a
lifeengagement was all a mistake and
would. better be ended, had parted,
and the doctor was at a loss to ac
ocount for this recall.
'. "What can. she want?" he mut
tAered. "I thought we said all there
ifas to say this morning-more, too,
-maybe--and Idon't know of any more
gifts to be rt arned," and he smiled
grimly at the miscellaneous assort
meaut of packages on his centre table.
"Oan she be trying to make it up?"
ough knowing the- thought to
ros, he was conscious of
n Harrington received him in a
room, almost a den,openmg out
e library; it was here that they
their happiest hours. She
ofer to shake hands, and he
self thinking how very be
t cool little bow of hers
7ad never noticed it before.
e you were surprised at
rou to call, she began, and
for-him to deny it, which
he slightest regard for
- sake. could not do.
w* why I have sent for
ington asked, indig-.
ranger . her voice.
-* - e
strange sorrow, almost fear, at hex
evid-3nt anger; he paused a moment tc
draw in with a long whiff the warmth
and coziness of this little room-they
had spent some delightful eveningq
here; then, in answer to her question,
he made the brilliant re:nark that he
supposed she wanted to see him.
Ske looked at him scornfully.
"No," she declared, "I did not
wish to see you. I am leaving the
city tomorrow morning; so are youl,i
another direction. I have someilling
of yours,something you had forgotten,
twhich I thought too valuable to send
you by mail or maessenger,so there re
--n-ained nothing but for you to come
in person and get it."
The doctor shook his head sadly.
"i'm-I'm sorry," he faltered, apol.
ogetically, "but I can't imagine what
There is some scorn too great for
words-for a time at least.
Miss Harrington walked swiftly
across the room to the mantel, and re
turning, placed on the table4 mnall
red plush case; opened, this showed a
handsome diamond ring within. Step
ping back from the table, she clasped
her hands behind her, and looked at
him without a word.
He stared with puckered brows,
first at the ring, then at the girl.
"Our engagement r'ing!" she an
nounced finally, whet' the silence had
lasted as long as she could stand.
"Oh)l, surely not!" he auswered
quickly. "You gave xme that this
''And you thought so little of it, it
was to you a matter of such little im
portance, that you went ofT and forgot
it, left it lying here out the table," she
"I beg your p ardlon. I have a dis
tinc-t recollectis ni of taking it with me.'
To himself he was saying. "I alway~
knew y'ou were pretty. but unot thh
".'You are certiainlv miistaken," 'saw1
"'I remnember distinctly placing it ir
my right hand lower vest pocket,'
and he clasped his hand to the spoi
''That is Iimp)ossible. -
Did you ever hear two children dis
puting? "'I did.'' "'You didn't.'
"I did.' ''You d.dn't.'' 1t came t<
Dr. Henderson that they were fat
approaching that stage. He p~uile
himjself together to crush her with omi
fine masculine stroke.
*I lare too much respect, Miss Har'
rington," he said, with great 1i-.:nity.
"not only for your feelings, but fo:
my own, to treat so lightly as yo~
have insinuated the seai of our- en
gagemlentt. iEad I been so careless a
to forgot it, as you charge, I conced<
that you would have a right to con
sider vyourse f slighted, if not in
sulted, but if you knew the true stat<
of my heart you would instantly real
ize that your- charge is absurd. A mo
nment's consideration should have con
vinced you of this, or if your knowl
edge of me was not suffcient a simpl
examination of this ing, to desen
to material things. should have been
But, womanlike, you rush ahead, act
ing on mere impulse, and, of cour-se
He picked up the ring, a handsomn
diaxiond solitaire, to point cut to he
wherein she had been so foolish. Hi
fae wore a sarcastic, withering smile
The rich man's little diugihtor
Lay upon her bed one day.
And her lips were parwhed with fever,
And all bope had ebbed away.
But a doctor watched and waitel.
Watched through weary nights.and won
Back the little maiden's roses
Ere his trying task was done.
le had left his bed at midnight.
He had watched with weary eyes;
He had brived the fiercest weather,
Sighing when ie heard her sigbs.
And he gloried in his triumph
When he saw her smiles camo :ack,
Even as he smiled who saved her
When she played upon the track.
BErt no crowd pressed roun the doctor,
And no happy eteers w,-re heard;
lie had done a thing that's comuon.
Nothing thrilling had occurred,
Arid the ri-h mau fumed like fury
When he got the doctor's bill.
Whioh he called an outrag '-lawvers
Have the matter going :till.
-S. E. Kiser, in Chicago Times-Herald.
of a Ring.
but as he glanced at the inner surface
of the ring, his expression slowly
fro'e, for there stared him in the fae
this le;end: "A. H. --M. H."
And what did "A. H. -M. H." stand
for but "Arthur Henderson-Mary
Seeing h s surprise, his dismay, the
girl laugLe! grimliy.
"Now," she said, "I suplose even
your-shall we say assurance--will
bardly perm'it you to deny longer that
you forgot your enagenient ring."
He was still staring at the ring with
apparently nothing at all to say.
3iss Harrington took a step back
ward, and with a little bow said:
"I 1 elieve Iremarked earlier in this
interview, Dr. Henderson, that my
only purpose in sending for you was
to restore to you your property."
At this curt dismissal the doctor
ose quickly to his feet, coloring
"I am going," ho said, but he unde
no move in that direction. Instead
he leaned both hands on the edge of
the table and stared fixedly across it
at Miss Harrington. His brow was
puckered up in deep wrinkles, but
whether he was thiiking of the girl
or the ring cannot be said with cer
"I am going," he repeaid, "but
but- I don't unde-stand it I was
angry this morning,I admit,and ac-ecl
16 i "h -ycused to muttert
her"-"but when you handed me my
ring it gave me a shock,made me real
ize then, as I had not before, what
we were doing. Had I not felt that
it was too late I would then and there
have retrafted and apologized for
"You are pleading, then, I am- to
understand," she broke in, cuttingly,
"the severe shock as your excuse for
forgetting the ring, that it so be
numbed, paralyzed your senses that
you failed to think of it at all until I
showed it to you a moment, ago."
"'No.'" he coutinuted, stubbornly, "I
am not prepared to admit that I forgot
it. I remember so weli--ami so abso
lutely certain that 1 took it home--"
"Dr). Hendeison!" Her voioe in
ditied impatience, scorn, indigna
tion, exasp~erationl and perh~aps several
other strong emotions. "Dr. Henider
'-on this w~ould be anusing, rid icul ous
w;er e it not so insulting. J iound the
ring on the table, so you cannot pos
sil huave taken it with von. I think
w e ni'ght as well make an end of this
When she comuonced speaking the
doctor had stoppld.- B t he had not1
been 1:stening; lhe had b thinking.
Now he went on slowly as though
she had not interrupted 1 im:
"I took it home, str aigh't home-I
laid it on the table while I filled and
lighted my pipe-I had it in my~ hand
for almost an hour wh ile I was smuok
ing and thinking'-he wa niessive
lyvlaying off to her with his finger each
link of his chain of retro -ectio-"I
then locked it in a small safe I have in
my bedrcomn. When I started hero
this evenuing" --his face broke into a
tirimphannt smile -"'I put it in rmy
ett hand lower vest pocket. and here
shxe is, and sure enuoug~h he pulled
out a ring.
lHe picked up the ot bar, and, hold
iug them together,ecarefully camnpared
them. Th'ley were exactly altike cin
every particlar, size, shapc, setting.
I brilliancy, and in both were engraved
letters. "'A. H.-\I. H."
Hegassed thema ac-ross to Miss Har
rington, whose turn it now was to
"I1-I don't uiderstanud it,' she
"Nor I," said Dr. Henderso'n.sternI
ly. "'You seem to have a p'.urality of
eugagenmentd rings to keep a stock on
hand, as it were
The girl nushed.
"Of course you k-now that I never
ad but one engagement ring," she
She was stooping to defen~d herself,
so the doctor went ''n the moore se
''iudeed: Yet here are two. I can
not undertake to say how many more
-you rmay have with your initials 'H.
31.' in them. I suppose that even
-your - shall we say assurance --will
hardly permit you to say that I was
-the giver of both. The rather un
-usual circumstance of two of your
tiances having the same initials has
iprobably been the enuse of your mis
.take-a very naturtal one uinder thne
-circulmstauJce. 1 do not know who
,the other - shall I say luckv?-fellow
-(h'l 'A. H.' might be A b Hliggin
r''3r. IHiginson's name is Talbot,
s asvou very well know,'' the girl put
"Hum -well-maybe it i. I don't
rare. It doesn't make any difference
vho the other fellow is-or are. The
act remains that you had other en
;agement rings at the same time you
.ad mine. Why you chose to add in
mult to injury by trying to wake out
hat I was the faithless one I cannot
inagine. Such brazen --
"Dr. Henderson, your conduct is
nsufferable. I will hear your insults c
20 Longer." t
"Can you deny what I have said?" r
"Of course I can, and do. I know t
.othiag of this other ring you have
arought. It has your initials, 'A. 11.,'
u it, too, remember. How an I to
iiow that it is not ,no you intended I
or some other girl who hapi ens to r
iave my initials? Irobably you were c
>n your way to see her whlen you got I
Just here the library door opened, I
md Miss Harrington's younger 6
Drother Gus ap:eared. Cus was a c
ollega senior, a clhss of young men 1
ot often thrown off their dignity, but
he belligerent attitude of the two oe
,upants of the room visibly startled t
"I beg your pardon," ho faltered. r
"I-er - did not know P nyone was in
ere. I was looking for-- er-SO so-Le
hing I thought I had 'eft in here."
He drew back as tLough to leave.
the room, and theu his gaze falling on 1
the plush case in his sister's hand, he
"Why, that's the very thing I was
looking for," lie saidcoining forward,
I slight flush on his face, and taking
it from her unresistiu hand.
"say, Youing man," asked the doc
tor suddenly seeing a light, "is that (
Mr. Harrington drew himself up to :t
his full height and answered with dig
"Well, that's all right," I egan the t
"Why, what a, e you going to 'o
with a ring like that, Gus?" eagerly
asked his sister.
"What does a man usually do with
a ring like this?" asked Mr. Harring
ton, in reply, stretching himself 1
another inch. "I am going to give it
to the young lady I intend to marry."
'Ob, Gus, is it Mary Harbison?"
"Yes," he admitted, the dignified 1
senior disappearing in the happy, i
proud boy. "How did you know?" i
"Ihen, my dear sir," said the doc
tor, with a relieved laugh, "I suppose
the 'A. H.=-. A.' in that ring stands I
for 'Augustus Harrington - Mary
the young lady of th - brother e
temptuo ig nink u ar the
only girl in the United Stttes named
Mary?" and then, feeling that he was
not Ieing treated with proper dignity,
he salked fromi the room.
When Gus shut the dour, somewhat
loudly, Dr. Heuderson and 'Miss Har
rington were standing at opposite
sidea of the table, but before he could1
have taken two steps this was altered.
'fie doctor marched boldly round to
"None but the b, are deserve the
fair," he muttered. "And this looks
to me like an opportunity to undo m
fool n ork of this morning. I'll make
a try for it, anyhow. Mary,'' he said
aloud,taking her hau~d in his, "'I have1
acted very foolishly today; you have
been foolish; we have been very fool
is. Hasn't it lasted long enough? I
love vou-ah' until this day I did not
realize hou much I loved you; I don't
believe I could bear many such days
as this has been, dear-and you love
me, 1 know you do. Come," and he
lite 1 her hands and < lasped theum
around his nek: "'let me put this
ring hack on your finger where it be
longs before it causes more trouble."
'"Eut-how can you, with my hands
up there at the back of your neck?"
"Wel"-and he paused a moment
to look down into a p-iir of boautiful
eyes, to consider, aind t. -'well, that
is a problem; just Ce+ your hanis stay
where they are, for the present, and
we will attend to the ring later on.''
"All right," she said1.
And so it wias. -Portland Transcript.
chre Js a (e" i 2. -
Thr is no doubt that. Lharles, aged
9, will grow up to be a geius. His
family is couivin~ced of this because he
des such erratic things. Above all
things, C harles dislikes exertion
when he can see no clear reason for
i, and it is his oftenl-expressed opin
ion that lots of good time is wasted
acoplishing results which don't
last. The other morniun his mamuma
found about one cartload of mund plus
tered over the immaculate sheets of
his pretty brass bed. Forthwith was
the ~son brought to. book.
"'Tell me," insisted his amaz~ed
parent, "'how all this mul c ani into
your bed. It is disgra'eful!
Chares stood on thme other foot.
''You certainly didtt go to l.ed with
-our shoes ony" contiued his miother',
"Ij did, too!"' her son flashed back.
His mother sat dlown weakly in thel
"I went to bed with my shoes on
and my coat and all my clothee, too,"'
pursued Charles, the light of discovery
in his eve. He was not wriggling now
-he bore himself with the air of a
pioneer in the realm of thought and
invention. "'I just happened to think
if I didn't take 'em off at night I
wouldn't have tostop to put 'em on in
the morning and could get down to
le regarded her' ut of the corner
o his ev e as he a ided the tinal miolii
fvngt piirase. But to his surprise she
dd noit she-i te'a of p'ide andi ca-I
h~m her ihoun uI boy.:s not hers do
in books. Iutea'~ ne and ( har les had
a socia s. sion', 1brief bu t electri fyin g
FOR WOMAN'S BENEAT.]
It Wears Iong-er.
One sometimes hears the questioi
sked whether it is best to have '
own made up with the skirt stitche
own to the lining seam for seam, o
o have a "deep skirt' over a lini
udexrskirt. It depends somewhat o
ma : iterial used. For a crepon or
re:.adline, the silk under petticoat
oes Lest instead of a full lined skid
'hese skirts may be worn a great de
ut they are not subjected to
ough wear and tear of a regular trag
ling dress or street gown. A co
etent authority avers that a tail -
;own will last longer if the materi,
e basted and stitched to the lining
eam for se ti, whether taffeta .or
ambric be used for the purpose. A
own worn in traveling gets some
ough usage, and therefore should be
vell made and firmly lined. The seam
o seam method of lining a skirt cer
ainly keeps the cloth from drooping
oueen of Italy's Sumnwr Palace.
The foundation of the Queen of
taly's new summer palace has just
een laid at Grossony, anA the build
g, when completed, promnisea to be
uperb. It has long been a pet desire
n the part of the queen to have a
ummer home at this particular spot,
nd King Humbert has amiably con
ented to her whim. The general idea
)f the p!an is M3oorish, the several
ourts, with fountains, having the
airy like group of columns which dis
inguish the court of the Leons at the
hanbre, while the dolls' court is to
)e reproduced almost faithfully.
irms of decorato:s from all parts of
he world have furnished such an
L)unldance of sketches that the queen
aughingly said: "It would take ten
leads instead of one to decide among
o bewildering a succession of beauti
ail things." At the laying of the
oundation Queen Margherita ap
>eared in a peasant's.costume.
Itidden Ueatities of Fashion.
It seemus too bad that all the bean
iful frills and fabrics and colors that
orm the hidden foundation of this
easo's gowns are not se'ea by the
ppreciative public. Fancy kfrock of
lack lace over white -handsome, of
ourse, but. very demn.re and with a
ouple of knots of pale lbr-ibbqn on
he corsage as the o -
M;es, of polor.
b!ue and wi
with seif cola
-reen has a fiG
hen the frockWt
the wearer twirls a oh in
these coquettish ., .Is show just
bit for a brid 'set . But other
vise no-one would ever suspect their
For Foundation Slip.
Fir ones who do not care to go to.
he expense of taff-eta slips for ~wear
nderneath sheer summer frocks, and
who also (do not care for lawn slips,
re interested -n the new mercerized
For thos-e who use the thin lawn for
fundation dresses and draw the line
it two foundation skirts, this satine
will be just the thing-you know how
wretched a skimpy affair is.
Of course, this foundation skird
must be as long as the outer skirt,ald
its finishing ruilles should be of a
trial to suit the overdress.
In this case there will be no ak
transarent space between the reales
n the edge of the foundation skirt
ud the regulation petticoat-andthis
painful space is just what occurE too
often when an organdie is worn with
a lawn slip. Indeed, ever so ndoy of
hese sheer dresses, whcn mide by
areful drewsmakers, L-Ast two-slip
skirts, t~e inner one having lit one
ngarate Valenciennes edged ruffle.
Ihe one next to the dress is c~nate as
>e pleases, and both munst be full
length. _ _ _ _
Ethics or the Pen.
A wonman should kee-> in mind the
following rules for letter witing:
Business letters must be concise
and clear, because business people are
pposed to b~e busy.
No letter is complete without the
In writing to solicit employmaent of
ny kind, -on no acncount should per
sonal perplexities or igedls he meni
tioned. The world is fill of unfortu
naate persons, and to e stranger the
troubles of one are no 1aore than those
of hosts of others.
Letters of introdctionl are left
open when written.
Elaborately ornamanted note paper,
as well as highly prfumed notes, is
When answering letters remember:
That an amhif~uous sentence is
likely to be misintarpreted,
That friendly wrds never harm.
That a .letter written in a kindly
spiit should be suswered !n the same
way, even though the mesge is dis
That business letters sad invita
tions must be auswered atonce.
That one should acknow.ledge any
friendly offer of hosp'itiity, even
though it be not by alccePnce.-Bos
Stritly speaking, eve le ma lim
olite, but ev -ryong m. ot be we. I
bred. Giool b'oemnf nore geni
era term and umeans~ n*'ug d1e,.
er and larger thai "y ess, whing
may be only a veneerj e isgo
breeding is from th1 st naturo
prt. One may be p without be
ing well bred, but 0 who is well
bred will necessari e polite. To
describe a well br erson is to de- H
scribe one who is 1l nigh perfect.
She is kindly, u Ifisb, considering
always the comf of others before
ber own, and shrvi'l have an under
standing of the dernal order and fit
ness of things. She is never small
nor mercenaryis mindful of her ob
ligations in alV the relationships of
life, square inher dealings, generous a
to. tose less fortunate, and tender
old people and children. The
gently brel person may be trusted to
have the savior-faire, that nappy,
blds& know how" that wili make
her'fel equally at home in a hut or
EL2ectab!e people are not always
e people, bat gentlefolk are un
continual obligation to be good
an rue. Tha combination makes
"naiare's nobleinen" and God's finest
anliwork, and it comes from many
na mysterious sources-soinetiies
uherited from noble antecedents,
ometimes innate in defiance of low
irth and influences, and sometimes it
o.mes as an inspiration to one who
as a preference for the better things
life. Whatever its root, the fruit
tsgIf evident in those who have it,
d its contrast in those who have it
Ladies of the ('abinet.
It has seldora happened that there
s been so many young ladies con
cted with the oflicial circle at Wash
i ton as during this administration,
is particularly true in re
o the cabinet families. Since
3McKinley's inauguration there
j e been more than 20 young lady
daghters in these.famnilies alone, ani
i present there are 10.
The first secretary of state, the
Ion. John Sherman, had no young
hidy daughter, nor did his successor,.
Jiea D'ay; the present incumbent o
tWrytTersonian chair, John Hay, has
'tio very charming ones--Miss Hay
a d Miss Alice. Miss Hay is follow
izgg in the literary footsteps of her
dstingnished father, and is already
qite widely known by her interestind
book of poems, which she published
last.year. Her talent is an inherited
one, as it has always been natural foii
her to write in verse. Miss Alied
Hay, therefore, often laughingly de
clar4s th'at her sister has all the
" s".of the family, but those whO
er best do not agree with her
6 She is quite as bright and as
1 .social favorite as her sister,
h of them are of great assist
the' mother in making the
0 seVOe+ rc tat9, the
heve no unmarried ne
gh their beautiful home on
husetts avenue is most always
ith a gay house party of youn'g
Secretary Alger's daughter
his t re of the'
office, the we <a eing on
the most brilliant social events' of
years. The secretary and Mrs. Root
have ono young lady daughter, a tall,
graceful girl with clear olive skin and
dark, expressive eyes. .Miss Root iis
thoroughly enjoyed this, h~ -ea
sen in Washington, ans-very popu
lar. She is an end-of-the-century girl
in her devotion to outof-door sports,
an excellent horse.toman, and very
much at home on the golf links and
tennis court. -She is, besides, an
Lil/'his predecessor, Justice Mc
Kemfa, the present attorney general,
Jyg Gi-iggs, has two young lady
daughters. Miss Griggs came out in
society las) winter, and Miss Lsila
was to have been formally introduced
this season; but owing to the long ill
ness and subsequent death of Mrs.
Griggs' mother, this event had to be
omitted, and Miss Leila came out
without any formality.
Miss Lsng, the eldest daughter of
the secretary of the navy, has been a
student at Johns Hopkins university
for several years and does not care for
society, whire her sister, Miss Helen,
who took a prominent position so
cially during the first administration,
is now in poor health. Secretary
Hithcook, who succeeded Secretary
Bliss in the interior department, has
two attractive daughters. Miss Wil..
so, the daughter of the secretary of
the africultural department, is her
father's hostess, and has made his
home a brilliant social centre of the
capital. -Harper's Bazar.
Seeni in the Shops.
Grecian gold scarf rings in citrious
Many gold and silver embroideries
characteristic of the Louis XIVI pe
Superb collections of taffeta and
fancy ribbons in millinery and sash
Handsome noveity nets in effective
patterns connected by intricate hand
Wide straw nets and Swiss chip
braids in all the newest shades and
Poplin -aud other light shades
trimmed with black velvet bows and
A large variety of white net and
muslin costumes finished with lace
Satin soleil, Swiss mulls and cham-.
bays in solid colors, polka dot and
neat figured patterns,
Beautiful pana.e velvets in effective
combinations of cerise, blue, pink,
bla:k and violet with white.
Iace trimmed p1lumnet is, orgaudie,
mercerized bfthise and embroidt red
o'e. ini white and light colo s.
'My varieties of beo-ih pius9 rep
ese~tig iloral sprays, leame, fri
n1 raons in silver gilt and enamel.
'HE HORSE'S C(iA1AUThR!
IS EARS ARE A TRUE INDEX TO HIS
t Is 31isleading to Thinsk That the Eve
Always Tells the Tale-The A-titude
the Ear Assuines Under Certain Con
ditions -Many Claim Color Is an Index.
Many persons in forming opiaions
a to the character of a horse .:egard
he eye as the feafture above all others
vhich tells the tale, but our investiga
ion of the subject, writes E. A. A.
range, the professor of vete:iuary
cience, in the New York Times, has
ed us to somewhat different conclu
ions, and experience with these an
nals has cause us not to place too
nauch reliance upat z olineuVin
leciding as to its vicious traits or do
:ilitv. Notwithstanding that the ex
umination of the eye is almost an in
>orn habit in judging the character
>f the creature, yet it seems that this
)articular iLature is often overesti
We have known persons to con
lemn horses on account of the ap
earance of their eyes, saying, "I
ever feel safe with a horse which is
always turning the whites of -As eyes
at me," but closer inspection would
have shown the ivory white to be the
result of absence of the coloring mat
ter in a part which is usually of a
darkened hue, and was really the
natural condition of things rather
than a vicious habit. This deviation
from the ordinary course of nature
produces a variety sometimes called
"watch eye," occasionally confused,
however, with another kind calle-l
"wall eye;" and here it may not be
out of place to explain the difference
between these two peculiar condi
The former appears as if illumin
ated by the contrast of the ivory white
surrounding that part of the eye fre
quently called the sight, which in irs
turn may I e almost black. This
somewhat singular arrangenent of
things gives the organ the appear
ance of being ever on the outlook,
watching, as it were. Some horses
have both eyes constructed on the
watch-eye plan, and it gives the aui
mal a rather wild expression, when
in point of fact it may be a very do
The wall eye, on the other hand, is
a condition due to the absence of col
oring meter, this time in the interior
of the organ, giving it a blnish or
steel-gray appearance; which is a
striking contrast to the soft brown
eyes so often noticed in horses.
It must .trot be inferred that the
ve should be entirely disregarded in
og as .to a h charac
- ia horse .4ic
s~iga&o being en inder' t(
the anim oncerned.
IOur e ei
h as- le
a e ear with
es its attitude and move
ments iaIicate quite a variety of con
ditions; borses whose ears are ever
restless- without apparent cause are
freoftlY ultra-nertvous e eat ures,
.et0 worth watching. Again, the rest
less ear will sometimes point to de
fective eyesight, which may be accom
panied with partial or total loss of
vision, while animals which throw
them closely back upon the poll are
very often inclined to nip or bite. Iu
deed, this very attitude is fre iuently
a signal for combat.
On the other hand, horses whose
ears are kept nearly in the same po
sition most of the time are more than
likely to be dull, stupid creatures, if
they are not totally deaf. Deafness
in horses is not at all a common
thing, though we occasionally meet
with cases in which the aiinial's at
tention cannot be attracted by sound.
The ear of the horse is not only a
partial index of the animal's charac
ter as far as vice and docility are con
corned, but its movements will at
times sound the keynote of danger or
warn us to be on the alert. In this
connection a somewhat remarkable
incident was related to the wiiter a
few years ago by one of tbe Union
sodiers who escaped through thait
famous hole of Libby prison, but was
afterward retaken. The officer who
recaptured the man subsequently in -
formed him that his proximity was
first revealed by the ears of his (the
The story, in brief, was that the
escaping soldier and a messmnate wer-e
concealed in a wood. One night they
were closely pursued by the Southern
offer and his men, and whmi'e steal
ing away fr-om them as cautionsly as
they coulud, the cracking of the c'ry
leaves attracted the attention of the
the captain's horse, which' somewhat
suddenly and without apparent reason
pricked its ears and seemed alarmne1.
The officer, taking the hint, erde: ed
his troopers to surround the spot,
and by the morning he hadI the two
fugitives closely corralled.
Another feature concerning the err
of a horse, and sometimes taken ad'
vantage of to illustrate the inutelli
gence of the animal, is the attitude it
assumes under certain conditions.
Thus we find trainers of trick hors es
in the circus ring present ing a mg
nificent animal to an audience, and
he tells them it will do exactly what it
is commanded without manipulation
or sign from him. To prove his as
sertion he will stand out o& sight of
the horse and command the animal to
throw its ears forward, which is im
mediately done, the horse presenting
a noble, picturesq~ue ap: ea anece at
the same time. The act is accomn
plished, however, through the assist
ance of a member of the band, who
rattles his sticks upon the snare deunm.
The horse, faring the d um, will im
mediatelv throw its ears forward.
The audiience usually applauds and
the horse gallops aro nd the ring a
time o,. t+o, bis +h trainer takes
its rear toward the band or place
where the noise is to be made, and
then commands it to throw its ears
backward when the rattle of the snare
drum or some other noise will attract
the horse's attention from behind and
the ears will be thrown backward.
The audience again applauds and the
horse gallops around the ring. On
being brought to a halt, the trainer
announces that the horse will now.
throw one ear backward and the other
forward on the word of command, but
explains that this is a very difficult
act for his pupil to perform, and so it
appears to be. It is accomplished by
having counter sounds diagonally
across the horse and on the opposite
sids of the ring, one to attract the
right ear, the other the left, Unless
the two waves of sound are in the
proper direction the act will not be
properly accomplished; but after a
trial or two the manipulators of the
di ums will eventually get into posi
tion and then the horse will throw-'
one ear forward, the other backward,
which invariably results in much ap
It may be well to say at this point
that the part we call the ear has noth
ing to do with the function of hear
ing; it is simply an appendage, one of
the duties of which is to collect waves
of sound as they pass through the air
and direct them to the internal ear,
where the essential organs of hearing
are to be found, hence its mobility.
Another feature which is regarded
by many as an index to the character
of a horse is the color of its coat,
some believing that chestnuts or sor
rels are likely to be high-strung, ner
vous creatures, while gray horses
often ge-t the credit of being very do
cile, but our investigation along this
line has not led us to believe that
there is any reliance whatever to be
placed in opinions formed upon such
a theory. It is also contended that
color has much to do with the com
fort of the animal when exposed to
the sun's rays, especially in the sum
mer season, but our observations
have not demonstrated thi truth of
this suggestion, as it has been clearly
shown time and again that dark horses
are able to do just as nuch .work
without showing fatigue as those of a
lighter color. This may be accounted
for by the fact that the coat is a non
conductor within certaii limits, so
that it probably makes little differ
ence what color it is as far as the tem
perature of the parts beneath are
In studying the character of a horse
it may be well not to jump'at conlum
sions, but obstvr its habits carefuy
I and give every link us
tion before comin
published a book upon "'The
of War in South Alriea in W
deals with the taica of bers
The essential differee _#ween En
ropean and South African w hai he
finds to be that the Boer advanced
posts are always very, weak in n
bers, and that when they are driven
in by the British attack, they rapidly
retire in a direction which aitogether
prevents the enemy from drawing any
conclusions as to the whereabouts of
the main body.
When attacked, the Boer skirmish
ers allow the troops first thrown out
by the enemy to pass through their
positions so that they can shoot them
down at close range. This has hap
pened on several occasions during the
campaign, the last beijig the affair at
Korn Spruit, near Bloermfontein. They
even engage the main body which fol
lows, until its fire becomes too strong.
In withdrawing, the Boers proceed
so cleverly that the enemy does not at
first realize that the positions against
which he is advancing have been aban
doned. Every hollow is turned to
good account by the retreating out
posts in order to conceal their move
ments. Their rendezvous with the
main body is often miles to the rear,
and if they are followed through wind
ing valleys, they have seldom any
difficulty in leading their pursuers into
The Boer trenches are generally
constructed to hold from three to
eight men, and are crescent shaped
and pr.tected by stone fences of about
half a man's height. These trenches
are often unoccupied at points which
draw the fire of the enemy, whom the
Boers await in some concealed and
carefully chosen position, as at Colen
so, whence they can concentrate a
flank fire upon the advancing lines,
even when the latter think they are
taking advantage of cover in what
they conceive to be a frontal attack.
Tfhe Boer tactics are, of course, enor
mously facilitated by the fact that they
are mounted and that they can ad
vance or retire, disperse or concen
trae, with extreme rapidity. These
advantages further enable them to ex
tend their fighting front far i-eyond
the limits necessarily imposed upon
the enemy. For the same reasons.
they are frequently able to concen
trate at some unexpected point and to
cut off and capture advanced eetions
of the enemy's forces, as they did re
centlv at Reddersburg..
The accuracy of M1ajor Von Fran
cois's observation has been so singu
larly proved during the war, that his
work should serve as a text book to
the British officers now in South
Africa. -New York Sun.
Pr. E. E. Hale's Cats,
Dr. Ed ward Everett Hale lives in a.
neighborllod of 'appy 'omes. He de
clares that he is happy because 15
ats make their home under his piazra,
while all his neighbors are happy be
ause these 15 cats are not uder
xml | txt