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The news and herald. (Winnsboro, S.C.) 1877-1900, October 09, 1900, Image 1

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WIMP,
TMZ WEEKLY EDITION WINNSBORO. S.C., OCTOJA L!'R 9,) 1900.4SABIHD%84
WITil YOU AND THE DREAMS.
(A Song).
The darkness is with me-my love, m
own;
The stars have lost their beams:
But I feel a touch, and I hear a tone:
I'm with you and the dreams!
And iairer z.nd dearer this sad life seem
With you aid.zhe beautiful dreamsl
II.
Here, in this desolate, ghostiy room.
1T are nemories. tokens and :;leamq
Of days that are dead, and of swee
words said:
Vm with you and the dreams!
Bow sing the birds and the sea swep
streams.
With you and the beautiful drearnsi
III.
Is life all dreaming? I know not, dear!
But whatever it is or seems.
Thankful. the bitterest cross I near
If I'm only with you and the dreams!
If I'm only with you, in the dark or th
gleams
With you and the beautiful dreams!
-Frank L. Stanton, in the Atlanta Con
stitution.
:3000000000000000000
Nora's Trust.
By Ann Devan.
~ooooooooooooooo
TELL you, Kate,
wil never believ
such a thing o
Walter, unless I se
\ / it with my owl
eyes."
Nora Everett'i
blue eyes had a:
un usua I sparkli
that morning, for I
did try her tempe:
to hear her 'cousin
Kate Marshall, cal
Walter Fielding. of all men, fickle.
As Nora stood by the table, In hei
pretty pink morning dress, her browi
hair rolled back from her face, and
rosebuds in the braids, almost any
one would have called her beautiful.
But Kate Marshall was more thal
beautiful. She was a slender. grace
ful girl, with an exquisitely fair face,
dark, lustrous hair, and dark blue
eyes, that mirrored every clianging
i otion.
ora had grown up half to love her
In her sunny moods, half to fear her
when she expressed distrust of dear
eAt friends. This morning Nora fell
38 if she almost disliked Kate for
-'spaking so of Walter Fielding. She
a ,Ost dreaded to leave home, though
to herself, again and again,
- trust
ould write to him
ery other day.
"As tor ide," he said, laughlingly, "I
shall not limit myself. I might send
you a letter In the morning, and be so
forgstful as to send another at night."
Nora- blushed. and thought it would
be a mistake she could easily forgive.
Just -then Kate passed the door.
Nora called her in, saying:
"Here is Cousin Kate, too, lamenting
that she must rtay alone. I had not
thought before that I was of so much
consequence. Now I shall put her un
der your especial care, Walter, and
.&.ou must not let her get lonesome."
~)Walter promised. and Kate thanked
him with a merry smile that glowed
into beauty on her bright face.
When he went away Nora followed
him out on the porch. where he lin
gered to bid her a tender good-bye.
Kate stood by the open wIndow un
til they parted. and she heard Nora
coming back through the hall.
She threw herself on a lounge as
Nors entered the room. and, half sup
pressing a yawn, she said:
"Well, if it takes all lovers so long
to say good-tye, heaven save me from
a lover!"
Nora hastened to explain.
"It will be two months before we see
each other again, dear Kate, and I
had so much to say to him. I didn't
think you would be waIting for me."
"Oh, that doesn't matter! You know
I always wait for you, and I had a
good comfortable place here on the
lounge. But look. Nora, y'our dress is
damp from the night air. You must
come up stairs right away."
And Nora followed her cousin up to
the pleasant little room which they oc
cupied together-.
Kate was soon nestled down among
the snowy pillows. but Nora lingered
longer than usual before the little
dressing table, taking down her hait
before the mirror.
"Isn't it strange that he can think
my face really beautiful?" she said
partly to herself and partly to Kate.
'-Men always think the women they
love the~ most beautiful on erh
saId Kate, with a little accent of bit
terness. "The only question in my
mind is how long a man will love on4
woman ?"
"Now you ni-e thinking of what]
said this morning," said Nora. 'I an
tempted to be angry with you."
"Well, we will let time show. mn:
dear Nora. I am sure I hope Waltel
Fielding will prove himself above sus
pieion, but it doesn't answer to trus
everybody too much out of sight."
"I couldn't love any one I could no
trust to the end of the earth," crie<
Nora. lIf Walter cannot be ti-ue ti
me in absence. I should not cry ove
his defection."
'-Don't get excited. Nora." Kate r"
plied, softly, "-for I may be mistakei
of course."
And ..ora kissed her cousin in toke:
of amity.
For thie first few days ot her- absene
Nora had each day a letter: then. oni
one for two or three days: then. onei
a week:. and, finally, they ensed altu
gather-.
Ent's gosinv letter referred v'er
pleasantly to Wailter. and to the pains
he took to come and see her daily.
"You see he is an obedient lover, so
y we may take it for granted he will
make a submissive husband.'
But for two weeks Kate had not
,neutioned his name, and Nora began
i to grow hcmesick.
Just at dusk, one evening, when she
had been absent a month, and was sit
ting alone in her room, the servant
came to her door to say that a gentle
man wished to see her in the parlor.
Going hastily down, she found her
t self taken and held close in her lover's
arms.
"For I could no longer wait to see
you, darling: and, besides. I am tired
of entertaining your cousin. Aren't
you almost ready to come home?"
Her Aunt Everett was so much bet
ter that she concluded to go, and, in
three days more they were at home.
Her mother met them at the door,
and held Nora in a tearfu! embrace.
"We feared everything. Nora, be
cause we got no letters. but I am quite
content to have you safe home again.
Kate showed us the letter you wrote
her." continued Mrs. Everett, "in
which you said you had been mis
taken in thinking you loved Walter,
3 and should probably be married, be
fore your return. to a rich widower.
who visited you daily."
"And she offered me a chance to re
venge myself for your faithlessness
by making her my wife," said Walter
with a queer smile. "but I preferred
to see first whether you had married
the widower."
"I never wrote such a letter:" cried
Nora. with a very white face. "I al
ways thought she meant mischief be
tween us: Where Is she, dear moth
er?"
But, when search was made. N-tate
was not to be found. She had returned
to her own home. and could not make
it convenient. six months later. to
come to Nora's wedding.-Saturday
Night.
CIRL LIFE IN PAO-TING-FU.
Description of the Daily Programme in
a Chinese School.
Among the missionaries of the Amer
lean Board at Pao-Ting-Fu, China, for
whose safety great fears are felt is
Miss Mary S. Morrill, a teacher in the
girls' school there. In a recent letter
she gives the following Interesting ac
count of a day in a Chinese girl's
school life. The first bell rings at 6.15
o'clock, and at once the work of the
morning toilet begins. The girls dress
alike, each costume consisting of a pair
of , baggy trousers, which are
ankle by a strong rib
_s nearly t'c
but
g shou an e
arm.
"One of the girls always sees that
the water In the bathroom is warmed
for the morning face washing, because
a Chinese would shiver in astonish
ment were she expected, even in sum
mer, to make her toilet with cold
water. J.reakfast frequently consists
of cornmeal cakes, cabbage stew and
the remainder of the previous night's
porridge. White flour, being a sp~ecial
treat, is used only twice a week. This
~s usually accompanied by a little
meat, which is-chopped fine with cab
bage and onions. Sweet potatoes and
turnips, fresh and salted, make a va
riety in the week's bill of fare. Sup
pers consist of porridges made of corn
meal, millet or rice. Beans are often
mixed with the millet and rice.
"The girls do their own laundering.
Instead of being ironed, the clothes
are folded smoothly while damp, and
laid upon a stone slab and pounded
vigorously with wooden pestles.
"Studying aloud, which often makes
a bedlam of Oriental classrooms, is a
thing o.' the past in our school, but the
expression on the pupils' faces while
they are silently pursuing their lessons
often reminds me of the looks that the
hack drivers wore after they were for
bidden to hawk 'Cab! cab! cab!' The
'holler' Is still there,' as a small friend
once remarked as she looked at a row
of the silenced horsemen.
"For recreation there are swings,
jumping ropes and jackstones, and the
girls all enjoy weaving articles o't of
cornstalks. The retiring bell rings at
830 o'clock. The crusade against foot
binding has been waged with success
in Pao-Ting-Fu.--New York Tribune.
Protection of Dynamite Magazines.
Trials have been made in France
relative to the best method of building
dynamite magazines. One was con
structed to hold 1100 pounds of dyna
mite. A gallery of communication
fty-five inches in height and widlth
was bent twice like a hand brace and
at thle outlet enided in the safety auto
matic plugging device. This con
sited, says The Engineering and Min
ing Journal, of a pi'olongation of tile
gallery thr'otugh a mass of temeCnt
pouredl into an excav'ation mnade
around it. In~ front of this c'hanniel
the plug. which is of cylindrical sha~pe,
forty-eight inches in height and width,
is placed. Two thirds of its length is
made of cardboard. or. rather, leather
board, and the remlainder of wood.
The contents were fired by electricity;
ta dull report was heard, and after a
few minu~es smoke was obser'ved to
te issuing from the oritice, and the ex
periment was decclaredi to be suceds
Fashion Macle Easy.
The garmelnts of thle OrientaIl wot!!''Il
are not sihje('t to eh;li:;et of' fitiGU
-the shape always the sa iue from gen
eration to gen~eraItionu. and for this rea
son their wardrobe. are ver'y exten
sive.
[rAni sonstroke Ccl',r..s. ii
- To prevecnt sunstrones lats sol
he lined withI red 0or oi~ran-eOlared ma
r ttrbil
TALES OF PLUCK
AND ADVENTUREI.
Jim Watts's Ride to Taku.
Jim Watts, of Tien-Tsin, Icserves tc
live in history with Paul itever,. it
was a harder ride and ,I lomger onte.
that Watts made, and inr (angetrg
beset him. Instead of fr-ndly colon.
ists along the road to reeeive the
warning of an approwhir f enemy.
Jim Watts rode thiro-i. borde of hos
tile Chinese. Hie .allope'l the sixty
miles from Tien-Tsin to Taku, arriving
with one arm hanghing ielless by Iis
side. but otherwise none thel worse
for ;1s race to the oast.
When the Boxers, after Two days'
shelling, had almost esiintise.'-d and
overcome the foreigners in Tien-Tsin
nine men of the legations stirted down
the river in the hope of reaching Taku
and procuring assistan'ce from Itear
Admiral Keinpff for the besieped for
eigners at. Tien-Tsin. One of the men
was R1. H. MacLay. interpreteor 01 the
American Consulate. Late r In Ii. day
word came back that the boat hod
gone ashore. and that the nine men
had been killed by the Boxers. This
report proved to be untrue. although
the party had been forced to leave the
boat to escape from the Chinese.
When the first report reached Tiei
Tsin. however. .lim Watts volunteered
to rid- to Taku and deliver the mes
sage to Rear-Admiral Kempff. Watts
is a son of Captain Watts. a Taku pi
lot. and was born in China twenty-two
years ago. -Although lie knew the dan
ger, ietts -,Nas in the saddle and
ready to start alone when his friends
prevailed upon him to accept an escort
of three Cossacas. Shells were scream
ing over Gordon Hall when Watts
left, and the bullets were falling in
the streets.
Entering a village at breakneck
speed Watts aud the Cossacks would
dash through tl narrow streets or
lanes. Watts had occasion now and
then to use the lash on some China
men. who by their manner appeared
to be making an tffort to catch his
horse by the bridle. and the Cossacks
plied their whips with great effect.
At daylight Taku and the warships
beyond were sighted. - Watts hast
ened to the landing. and, securing a
boatman, he was soon on board of
Rear-Ad'niral Kempff's flagship. The
message was the first Intimation that
Rear-Admiral Kempff had received
that the Americans and others at
sin were in jany great. langer,
in lrpT ress.
Every one knows the rest of the
story, how the allied troops pushed
their way up , , Tien-Tsin. but the
dispatches did not say that the for
eigners were perhaps saved by the he
roism of Jim Watts. Refugees from
ien-Tsin brought out the news.
saved From a Cannibal Feast.
Ten years ago a prisoner in a French
enal colony. captured by can nibalIs
and threatened witit slaughter from
hich he narrowly escaped. George
Lascelles Latrouse. a slender, wiry
ittle Frenchman. walked a-shore at
ommunipaw, N. J.. from the British
ark Balmore, which brought him
ither a few days ago.
For three (lays he had been a pris
ner on board. held by the imigra
tion authorities as a former convict.
t was because it was discovered that
Latrouse had committed only the
rime of desertion from the French
avy that lhe was r-eleased.
The hair of this man is snow white,
nd he is but about thirty-five years
ld. But his eyes are bright as ever,
and they sparkled with joy and he
walked with a springy step when he
eft the ship.
"I am in free America at last," he
said, "and I will never leave it."
There was ample reason for the
whte locks of Latrouse. lie had
passed through dangers that might
well turn the hair of the bravest. He
was conscripted into the French navy
a little more than ten years ago, but
escaped and was recaptured. He over
powered his guards and again es
caped, only to be retaken.
This time he did not get away, but
was sent to Tchio, the French penal
colony at New Caledonia, where he
served five years. and was then told
that he must p~ut in five years more
as a "ticket-of-leave" man. By good
behavior two years were taken off.
As "ticket-of-leave" man he had the
right to choose his residence within
certain limits, and he wandered forth
into the bus i, heedless of where he
went. His wanderings brought him to
the village of a cannibal tribe, andi he
became acquainted with the chief,
who received him very kindly and
gave him a hut to live in.. Soon af
ter the wily chief sought a quarrel
with the white inan and had him
bound for slaughter.
The day of execution was set, and
it was to mark a great feast, of which
poor Latrous was to form the central
dish. But before the fatal day ar
rived the chief's favorite son fell and
broke his arm. Htrouse, with some
knowledge of surgery, set the injured
member, and the delighted chief gave
him his freedom.
Not only this, but the chief. La
trouse says. presentedl him with a
magic belt which would prevent him
from being made a sacritice by any
ednibals with whom he might fall
in. This belt was made of the skirn
of frogs and bound about with the hait
of a young woman who had been of
fered as a sacrifice at a cannibal festi
val. From it depended a number 01
barbaric coins
This he preserved and soon1 aftem
aretunarl to Tr-hio settls~ment. His
term expired and he took pasage
the Balmore for America,
Boy's Fight With a Heron.
Oliver Taylor, Jr., the seventee
year-old son of a wealthy farmer.
Balls Pond, Coun., killed a monst,
blue 1 ron recently After a strugg
in which the bird came near batir
its captor. He was walking about
fish pond on his father's premis
when the bird swooped down fro
above and caught a fish which wi
iinning Itself near the surface of tl
water.
Young Taylor, unalble to resist tl
temiptation, picked up a stone anl
threw it at the bird, striking it on tl
breast. The heron dropped the fis
and wheeling with lightning-like ral
i(lity. attacked the youth. The oi
slaught was so sudden that youn
Taylor had no opportunity to secure
club or other weapon with which 1
defend himself, and he had only hi
hands with which to fight off the tierc
rush of the bird.
With claws. beak and wings th
bird rained a shower cf blows on th
boy. His clothes were torn ly t:
long trIons. his head was cut in man
places by the horny beak, and his fac
and body were bruised by the wingi
which the heron used with telling e!
feet. Striking and grasping wildl
at the bird, young Taylor at last sui
eeeded in catching it by its srend(
neck. When it felt the pressure thi
bird fought more fiercely, but th
plucky boy.sqxteezed with the strengt
of desperation, and gradually th
blows of wings and claws becai
weaker till the heron fell limp on th
ground. Young Taylor did not releas
his hold until he was sure the bir
waIs dead.
Then hie fell (own on the -groun
b"side the body of his plucky opp<
nent, .o weakened by the conflict tha
e could stand no longer. When h
recov--ced his strength he carried th
bird to his home, a short diestanc
away. where it was found to ieasur
six feet aeross 1he wings and oVe
fonr feet in height.
Escaped From a Cougar.
MAiss Lois Drake, the ninefeen-yeai
old telephone girl who was killed I:
the street - wreca at Tacomt
Wash.. on July 4; had a narrow e
cape from death eleven years ago a
South Prairie. She was felled by .
cougar's paw and afterward dragge
into the woods by the ferocious beasl
Her escape at that time was marvel
ous. W. P. Sargeant, of Buckley,whil
visiting Tacoma. told the story.
"It was eleven years ago when th
Drakes lived at .-South Prairie. Cmi
gars were thlcd about Buckley- ani
South Prairie ,at that time. The;
then they have -riven mek, an
are now practica rmiated.
"Lois Drare w t berrying on
day, about thir -of a mi
from town. The toopin
over picking fri uga
sprang -uon !.-,I
singla blow of his powerful paw,
irl sank to the ropud.- scions.
he beast took the girl up n his
eeth a.id starte<V of! towari the
oods. iie dragged her a shoit dis
ance ansd placed the body beneith a
tree.
"'Jte cougar carefully coverel the
ucoscious girl' with the fallen haves
ad tie-1 hurnted off, evidently t> call
his mr te. Wfhether it was the 'xpe
rience of being d'-agged or the con
tact with the cool earth that hal its
effect is an open question. but gndu
lly consciousnless returned to the
hild. She sat up, dazed and woxler
ug. Suddenly a realization of allthat
ad befallen her came over the girl
odn~ she scrambled to her feet. 'hen
she took to >er heels and ran to twn.
She was badly lacerated, but no se
riously injured by her experience.
Under Water.
Strange acquaintances are to be
made under water. H. Phelps it
arsh, who. f r a time adoptedthe
alling of pearl-fisher in Austraan
aters, tells this story of meetinga
submarine monster:
It was a muddy day, and everythm
in atnsequence looked blurred and :
aggerated. In the yellow distanced
saw an immense dark object movig
slowly toward me. As It came netmr
made out a central body with sevet$
great arms or feelers waving rhythmi
cally. My heart was in my mouth.
I felt sure it was an octopus. Tier
whn I was about to stir up the n
at my feet to avoid being seen I di:
covered that the enemy was nothin
'more 'than a fellow-diver. The feelet
I had imagined were his arms. leg
and lines.
A shadowy giant about twelve fet
high, with huge hands andl a head lik
a small barrel, was approaching. Hl
walked slowly, his heavy boots raisin
the mud behind him like a cloud
dust. and his great centras eyegleame
darkly. Although I knew him to be
man it was with dIfficulty that I ri
franed from taking to my heels. j!
sight of me, he. too, was startled. bi
quickly recovered, and we shoc
hands. Then we nodded. grinne<
showed each other tihe state of oi
bags and parted.
An Ideal Companion.
Among the various qualifications
a successful touring companion.
obliging disposition must be placi
first. for without it no two persons ci
expect to cycle together in an agre
able way. One who is continual
wanting to do this, and objecting
do that, is by no means an ideal coi
~anion. A pleasant fellow, who w
accommodate himself to a reasonal)
extent to the inclinations of his col
panion will make a ride enjoyable.
mare who will get off and assist
mend a tire and not ride on and wi
for you a mile up the road is the sty
of companion the quiet rider wants.
r Weeds In the Strawberry Beds.
le Strawberry plants may be worked
ig until the rows are full of runners, and
a should any weeds or grass appear in
is the rows pull them out by hand, as
[n every weed that goes to seed in a
Ls strawberry row means a hundred or
C more next spring. The beds will last
two or three years if kept clean th'e
le year.
d
Ce Shade For the Hog.
h With shade in which the hog en be
. in 'omnfort during hot weat.er m.eans
. not only better health for bi. but an
actual gain of a pound or mote per
a day with the same ration, that the
o ho. without. such arrangement actu
s ally loses a pound or more per day.
e One of the most perfect hrrangements
for this purpose is made by placing
e posts in the ground reaching about
four feet above the ground upon
e which a platform is built of poles or
y cheap lumber, and such platform ar
e rangement covered over with a thick
covering of straw.
'. Scatt-r lime and salt on the ground
y plentifully under this shed. The salt
b. draws damp and prevents dust from
r accumulating under the shed, and the
e lime is one of the best disinfectants
c that can be used about hog lots, and
h also destroys all unpleasant odors.
e The absence of side walls allows
e perfect ventilation. One upon trying
e this plan will be surprised to find how
a comfortable and pleasant i. is for the
1 hog beneath the shed during the hot
test of the weather, and how much he
L receives frmn the extra growth for the
small outlay of labor in constructing
t such shade.
Plenty of pure water for drinking
e purposes should be kept at all times
e within ensy access of the bog. espe
V cially during hot weather.-Farm,
r Field and Fireside.
Growing 'arsnips in Winter.
The common parsnip is a root that
always brings a good price in market.
2 It can be grown as -cheaply as any
other whe . the proper conditions are
observed, and these are not nearly so
t difficult as many are apt to suppose.
I Yet the price remains high, and there
I are times' nearly every winter when
the demand cannot be supplied except
at rates which if the grower could get
e them would make this the most profit
able crop grown. In such cases it is
0 the fact that parsnips are held back
by the difficulty of getting them to
i market that makes them scarce, rather
r than any real deficency In the supply
m sumer. The parsnip is so hardy that
1 It is often left in the ground all winter,
and thought it must be frozen it thaws
e out in contact with the soil and its
a flavor is not injured. There is a diffi
rulty with. those parsnips that are
- wintered where they grow. The plant
atarts to grow so soon as the ground
's, and after the first green sprout
appea. Ie
?at. For this reason most growers
put the parsnips in underground pits.
rovering them well with earth and
thr~on ing some water on this to pre
rent taem from drying out. From
these pits they must be removed earlyt
In spring an tplaced in close proxim
ity to ice so that they will always be t
kept at near the freezing temperature. e
Drying Fruit in the House.
Fruit ean be dried in the house with a
such a home-made device as is shown ~
in the cut. The 1 1x has a-bottom of
sheet iron, with a wooden bottom twot
a
Under side
* * * e d
h
tl
t]
-~ -
b
- a b
A FRUIT DRYER.a
inches above this perforated with
holes. Air is admitted to the two
inch space through holes in the sides
~of the box. A small one-burner oil
stove beneath causes a constant cur-d
root of warm air to pass up throught
tihe box (in which the fruit can be
dplaced on Tiers of slatted shelves.amd
a~ut at the top through the small open
.ngs in the sides. The whole of the.
.r ottom of the box is covered by the
t heet iron.-New York Tribune.
k Early Breeding of Sheep.
Good treatment has of course much
ido with the earlier breeding of all ki
peep. If they are poor and thin b
ey will not show much desire for
~ ting, and sometimes it is impossible is
nbring them around with any kind oi
success. Ewes intended for early
.eding should not be made to live m
a in the hot sun without any shelter th
iv2n it i-i the middle of the day ex
t such as they can tind ontheshady
ft of a fence. Provide them with
I cient shade, good pastuire and
eIlty of clean water through the
smer, and then before you want to b4
Abd thle.n feed them liberally on Ci
to o This will often help to bring
tht around and give the desired re- th
e ' s Always have a thoroughbred in
Sbteat the head of the flock, but the es
flock itself should consist of grades.
As they have better constitutions they
will rustle oetter and prove more prof.
itable. It is the early flocks of lambs L
that pay the best, and early breeding
is quite neeessary- for success. The
ewes must be fei ilberally and Intelli
gently until the 'nbs are -born and
ready for market. We cannot afford
to be niggardly Jr. this respect. The
little lambs relish roots in the fall and
winter, and i'. pays to have a stock
of tbese o-, haad. On the whole the
rcots reem to ,a them good, and they
require less of more expensive food.
The roots also help to keep the ewes
in good condition, but otherwise can
not say they are of any particular
value.
Forcing the Egg Sopply.
Forcing the hens to lay eggs is sim
ply assisting nature to perform its
work in the highest degrie. We sup
ply them with the needed elements to
make eggs. All the so-called tonics
and stimulants do little or no good un- r
less food of the right kind Is supplied.
The tonics may increase the appetite.
and the stimulants may force the ays
tem to more active work, but the gain
is only temporary, and In the end a a
reaction is more than likely to follow. f
If the right foods are given the tonics
and stimulants may. on occasions, do
good, but as a rule a healthy hen needs
neither. It is only when she is run
down an nit in good condition that
she requires either a tonic or stimu- t
lant.
All this being taken for granted, the
work of forcing the egg yield resolves
itself into careful methods in feeding a
the hens. They must be given food
that will not al. go to fat, and if in
spite of the selection of the food the
birds show a tendency to fatten up too
rapidly they must be forced to take
more exercise. Keep the laying hens
busy in scratching a good part of the a
day, and they will eat more and lay
more. Feed them plenty of ground, P
green bone, puiverized shells, grit and b
green tuings. All of these, including
scraps of meat, contain the elements
needed by the laying hens. Be more t
careful in feeding corn, which is sure v
to produce more fat than eggs, and the
bread, meal and similar fattening ar- c
ticles. After one has fed the birds lib
erally, forced them to take plenty of
exercise, and attended to their gen
eral- nealth, there is little more that
can be done. That is about all the E
forcing that will pay. There are
other artificial methods, but their util
Ity is rather doubt!2jz-nne C. Webs
ter, in American Cultivator.
Reasons For UnproducUve Orehards.
Observations and studiea lead the
Illipojs eperiment stiton_ to. ofai
taellring as sdine of the many'easo-fs
why orchards are often unproductive:
First-Too many growers areexpect
Ing a crop to be given them without
putting forth any efforts themselves
after the trees have been set. The ap
ple require the same careful attention
as do other farm crops. .
Second-Lack of moistu ~com- ' i
mon caujip allure to the apple
'ni'n Illinois. This is because
trass and other crops are allowed to I)
ompete with the trees for the mois- uti
uire supplied by rains. Water is just <
s essential to the apple tree on a hot has
ummer's day as It is to the laborer in -
be harvest field.
Third-Injuries resulting from at
acks of insects or of fungous dis
ases are a very common cause of
tilure. These depredators will prob- as
bly always consider that they have
s much right t:o the products of the rot
irm as does th~e farmer himself. For i
uis reason he must get his artillery
nd ammunitiot. and fight the enemy.
Fourth-Lack of fertility is a very net
ommon cause of failure in southern,
'estern and soraie sections of northern wi]
linois. The t.pple orchard cannot
roduce a profitable crop unless pro- cal
idedI with an ample supply of nitro- tin
en, potash and phosphoric acid. De
Fifth - Some orchards in the State
'hich have conie to the notice of this
tation are unprofitable because of
nproper pruning or lack of pruning.
,ight and air are essential for thevi
evelopment and! ripening of the apple.
Sixth-Many varieties of apple treesco
ave been p:anted without any
aought given to their adaptability to D
ie particular soil or climate. Loss
iapple growing is often wholly a
atter of varieties.
Seventh-Trees propagated from un- Wa
roductive stock have been responsi
le for many failures. Scions should Nf
e selected from bearing trees or 0
iose which have demonstrated their re
bility for productiveness. fht
Eighth -Sterility as a result of
lanting an orchard of only one varn
y is a common cause of failure, in *
trt at least. Cross fertilization isgi
~sirable with all fruits. ln
Ninth - Excessive climatic condi- lotl
ons, as the February freeze of 1899,
the killing or the blossoms by t
.ost, are ofter times respionsible for car
aproductiveness. cor
Poultry Notes.
Boiling the m 1k that is fed to fowls
ssens the risk of disease. Fo1
Warm washed boiled potatoes, with
tehen scraps, make a very good coin
nation.
co,
Ordinarily her s and fowls should be
ttened at the expiration of the sec- an<
ud year. .
Poultry is the cheapest, best and
ost cor 7enient meat grown upon the
e farm.
To raise poultry successfully you
ust have suitable buildings and give
tur fowls good attention. his
Fowls often learn to eat eggs by a
lug fed the shells nearly whole. ei
-ush them before feeding.
Sitting hens can be trained to leave pmZ
e nest of their own accord by hay- of
g the door open at a regular time
ch day. era
)JUR BUDGET OF HUMORe
.AUCHTER-PROVOKING STORIES FOR
LOVERS OF FUN.
Kther Chances-One or the Other -Old
Friends Are Best . Bargain Figures.
Doing Penance - A Type - Me LIkng
For Danger-Much Needed, Etc., Etc,
'Tis heard in, t
In accents w,
The old sad wr4s,
"I told you so!"
But pluck will answer,'
E'en 'mid pain,
"You wait awhile
And guess again."
One or the Other.
"What is an international episode,
"Well. it is either a wedding or a
var."-Indianapolis Journal.
Old Friends Are Best.
Snarley-"Old friends are the best."
Yow-"They are if they don't get
ch before you do."-Syracuse Herald,
Bargain Figures.
"Please send me a check," she wrote;
I want.to-get a few bargains."
And he, away up in the north woods,
ent her a check for $199.-Chicago
'ews.
Doing Penance.
"What are you reading, Max?"
"Papa's poems."
"What! Have you been doing any
hing naughty again?"-FlIegende
laetter.
A Type.
"Ethel is the kind of a girl who
ever awakens envy in any other wom
n."
"I see. Brilliant, but homely."
farper's Bazar.
No Liking For Danger.
"Sammy, gran'ma *ants you to be
preacher when you grow up."
"Well, gran'ma, mebbe I'll be a
reacher, but I tell you now I won't
e a mish'nary."-Chicago Record.
Novellst Pat to sNWe.
"They say.that your friend bids faIr
> become a writer. Has he ever
rritten any fiction?"
"Well, yes; he's in China as a war
arrespondent."-Indlanapolis Sun.
Xnc Needed.
First Glrl-"I thought that young
an was going to be here two wek"
Second Gil-"Oh. he's coming back.
Ee's only gone t town over Sund16
P get a little rest."-rarper'smBsr
Unaessataho e Omtuien
"What are you look g gl
t, The 0
raised youV last W1.
"Yes, but not one
Edith-"As the clock
e sad, he proposed."
Ethel-"And I
so .
50 0
M t "No; she aidbe e oo s
pping."-JyUdge.
Walters;
luest-"When will I get y steak?
have been waiting here fifteen ada-.
)ld Walter-"That ie nothing, air. I
e been waiting hed fifteen years."
hicago News.
Hew He Got Out.
justodian-"So you changed' your'
nd about taking that flat as soon
you were Inside."
>ortly-"Change nothing. Wm't
m nthre even to change my mn4;
ust backed out."-Denver N(ews.
'The Automoebne Outranked.
irst Horse-"Well, thank. good
econd Horse-"Thanik goodness for
irtHose"When we ge iek wa
1iin adoctor we don't have to be
kered with a monkey wrench."r
troit Free Press.
Pals Keet.
Hands up!" commanded the high
yman..
But I'm a plumber," protested the
tim.
'Ah, pardon me for a seeming dis
irtesy to the profession," apologiasul
highwayman, as he backed off.
ner TImes.
Etabilshlng a Neptaemnm.*
I suppose you told her that she
s the only girl you ever loved."
Well, I should say not. What kind
a fool do you take me for, anyway?
you suppose I wanted to ruin my,
>utation for truth and veracity at
very outset?'-Chicago Evening
Another Chinese Outbasak.
Yes" the witness declared, "I could
e further evidence against the pris
yr; but, as Kipling says, 'That's an
Never mind what Kipling say.," in
rupted the Magistrate, "the Chinee
itestify fur himself when his turan
es."-New Jersey Law yournal.
Totnmny's Ley Ignoranee.
Tommy," asked the teacher, "dea
iever read the newspaper?"
Yessum."
Can you tell me the name of the
>e where such surprising gold die
eries have been made of late?"
'ommy racked his memory in vain
i gave it up.
No'me," he said.
That's right," approvingly rejoined
teacher.
No Change.
Glad to see you, Mr.-Mr.-let mE
," said the affable host, extending
hand. "Your name Is-I have such
i-etched memory for names-Smith
,is t not?"
~ow this had happened three or four'
es, and the guest had grown tired
Yes, sir," he replied. "Still Smith.
"-hic-mm 't'ribune.

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