VIWS AND HERALD.
P WJDM M TR I- W - 5
01ft lNws Am HERALD CO.
TERMs, IN ADi o t
*ms Year, - .
Sic )oaths. - - * o 0
WINNSBORO, S. C.
Tatsday. Deeember 25. 1900
THE NEWS AND HERALD wishes its
readers a happy day. The year bas
been an usually prosperous one to
most people, and on tbe whole there
should be more happiness on this
Christmas day than on any preceding
one for many years past. The spirit
of cbarity, generosity, peace and good
will to all men should characterize the
THE R. X. BONDS ONCB MORE
Xr Elliott on Legal Opinions
Mr. Ediior: Noting a reply, by Mr.
A. S. Douglass, to my recent commu
nication to your paper on subject of
railroad bonds and his opinion on legal
matters connected therewith, I pre
sume, though I have little time to
spare, I might as well take time to pre
sent this mqiter as tboroughly as I am
able, but in a suggestive rather than
I will remark in the outset, that I
am going to drive straight at the mark
with no intention to give offence, and
"naught in malice set down and naught
First, as to the matter of my friend's
legal opinion in the promises; of course
he had a right to give unsought ad
vice to the town council, but would do
well to remember that such advice is
sometimes not valued.
I have no doubt that the town coon
ci; thoroughly knows its duty and has
legal advisors of its own.
As to the matter of legal advice,
oayway, it is on ancertain thing. I
re a friend in an adjoining town
Vihas been manager of a bank for
%ething over twenty years. For the
twelve years of this period, the
legal adviser was one of South
a most astute lawyers, He
I-ry s advised my friend, that in
t old the endorser of a promis
-for the debt, the note
oribed~ the fee
c wNi entitled
had the right to
&-~gyser a. selected-able,
cautious, conservative. My I .
.lied with the utmost confiden - __.
his opinion in all matters,
with the greatest alacrity, thea.N
stipend for retaining his counsel. He has
had always counselled my friend to mil
the same effect, on the above subject, wh:
as his first legal adviser did. I am It a
sure that Mr. Douglass knew both of ails
these legal advisers and esteemed them is t!
Sometime ago, however, another imi
attorney in the same town challenged eve
the right of my friend to collect any cen
such fees; my iriend was as surprised "M
and as indignant as if' the lawfulness and
of his marriage cotntract had been e
called in question, and bending at once P
for his legal adviser was astonished toj
find, when the question was mubmitted
to hit, that he begin to hesitate, fill
and tack, reef and unfurl, bemn and T
haw, and asked for time to iarretigate dito
a matter, that my friend had been .so Jan
advised about as to consider as well for
settled as the course of the stars in tart
their orbits, for, mark you, my friend's sont
legal adviser was one of the directors cent
of his bank, and when, in the course mak
of the usual bank examinations, he tioni
came across overdue paper he was twel
very inquisitive to know if it had not to y
been protested, and caut i ned against oy
the dangers of a failure to ;' es'. turti
My friend waited for t . - h 'nrs to TI
get an opinion, and when be called up the
his adviser he begged for one~ hoar fled:
more, and finally went in to say that A
the "usages and customs of banking," Bi
he thought, would mike a good de- W
fence, but he could find no settled de- Cr
cision on the point. W
So much, for how much of law is W
settled beyond question. GI
Tbe fact is, that the lawyers, like 24.
other men, read the law accot dling to Fl
their temperament. The cautions and Lc
timid men unconsciously stres;s the Ce
prelhibiire features of law; bold and M.
sanguine men stress the permissive fea- 31.
tures of law. The one sees the lions Bi
in the way; the other sees that they Ri
are cbainted. c
Why shouldn't the town council Febr
order an election? Must everything Je>
atop until the constrnction of everv M<
lawyer on every law be settled?
Doesn't the law provide the proper
tribunal for testing what is liw anid -
what is not law? Can any damage
come of thbis save a few dollars of ex
pei-se incurred by the election, and "
that, so far as the writer is concerned,
he himself would personally pay,
rather than have self-appointed judges
declare what may'be done and what
may not be done.
Is the gentleman afraid to trust the
verdict of the community that h~e balks
so before he is spurred?
Shall the men in the community who
want to do something, and do "with
their might what they find to do," be
restrained in laudable efforts by men
who seek rather to find what can not
Is there any thing of more Im port ance
to the public than the matter of trans
portation of the varied products com
ing in and going out ? Doesn't the
rate of transportation enter into the
cost of the crust of corn bread that
every coon cranchesi and must not the
millionaires in the multitude of his
matters remember always the cost of
freights? Must it not be estimated
whenever atchild is born into the
jworld, a marriag2e is celebrated, a
uneral takes place? Doesn't it de- ~r
bat men may not undertake with
fetv in every community?
Raise it, and luxuries must be'
>pped off, conveniences curtailed, de
res denied, effort crippled, enter
Lower it, and communities, like
'onix from her ashes, rise and double
eir population in a deca le, and yet,
,rsooth, a community that aesires to
Wst the opinion of its citizens as to
eir willingness to increase the facili
ies of import and export must be
topped by the voice of a conservative
onstructor of the law I
It becomes business men to band to
ether, to sink personal differences
6nd prejudices, and to take personal
isks, in order to forward the material
nterest of the community.
Have lawyers no duties but to doubt?
What harm can come of a communi
: taxing itself to multiply its trans
portation facilities? Whose business
is it but their own if they be willing
to tax themselves? Why should they
not have as much right to do that as
for any other public benefit? Have
we not seen, in the recent elections,
when communities desired to impose
upon themselves burdens greater than
the constitution allowed, a special vote
taken on the subject of amending the
constitution so that they might have
the privilege of doing what their own
citizens wished to do?
If, as my friend estimates, this com
munity can only issae $33,000 of ad
ditional bonds, will not their invest
meut in a competitive railroad be
moreproductive than an investment in
an electric or water plant? Will not
such an investment bring about an in
crease of taxable values that would
later- assure a basis for these other
(If he is willing to furthrr an elec
tric plant, I know a citizen who will
advance 1.8 the cost and agree to do
so without interest for five yeare.)
The freights now paid by the town
will approximate, if not surpass, $200
per day, or $60,000 per annum; a bare
saving of ten per cent, by reason of
competition, would save $6,000 per
annum. The interest at 5 per cent on
$50,000 of bonds would be $2,500. A
saving of 25 cents in freight per bale
cotton, or an export of 10,000 bales
cotton, or an aggregate export and
import of that amonnu would piy
the interest charge.
It is not necessary to enlarge on this
line The town should require, be
fore paying over the bonds, that com
petition be assured. This done, to a'
full extent as the nature of man's af
fairs will permit, the value of the in
vestment, (tor beaven knows the town
can get stock it it wants it), or bonus,
(call it what you may), is ai !elf evi
dent as Euclid's axloms.
It is not needftl to speak of the en
haucernent of the value of properiy,
should a competitive railroad be se
cured; or of the stinulating eff-c on
the activities and spirits of our people;
nor of other phases along this line.
I come to the finale: We believe the
present town council will order an
election but if not, we will elect one
that will. If the courtu decide that
there is no law to vote bonds tor this
purpose we will go to work to have
the constitution amended, and not un
til we are defeated in this effort will
we be content to continue to shrink
from a taxatile value of $600.000 in
1884 to a taxable value of $50,00
(according to my friend in 1900.
We e ferto burst toe a
ions of mother
.le teething, with perfect en ES.
othes the child, softens the gums, *j
y all pain, cures wind calic, and
i best remedy for diarrhoea it (J)
relieve the poor little sufferer
iediatel,. Sold by druggists in
ey part of the world. Twenty-five
:s a bottle. Be sure and ask for
es. Winslow's Soothing Syrup,"
take no other kind. 1-1-17 1
'ax Returns. ~
BE OFFICE OF COUNTY AU
r will be open from the 1st day of
aary to the 20th day of February
he purpose of receiving tax re- .g
. Returns to be made of all per
property A penalty of 50 per
will be added when parties fail to
e returns within the above men
ed dates. All male persons be
m the ages of 21 and 60 are liable
!! tax, unless otherwise exempt
y~, and are required to utake re
te Auditor or Deputy will be at
ollowing places on the days speci
bion, Tuesday, January 15. i
ckhed, Wednesday, January 16. ||
olling, Thursday, January 17.
osbyville, Friday, January 18.
oodward, Tuesday, January 22.
bite Oak, Wednesday, January 23.
adde's Grove, Thursday, January
nt Hill, Friday, January 25.
ngtown, Tuesday, January 29.
ntreville, Wednesday, January 30.
L. Cooper's, Thursday, January
thewood, Friday, February 1.
eay, Tuesday, February, 5. H
reb (Carlec'9 Store), Wednesday,
ikiusvite, Thursday. February 7.
ticlo. Fl iav, Fe')ruirv 8
A. F. C.
-An Elegant Line of-M
BULD AND PACKAGE Tl
BATH TABLETS, GRE
FLORIDA WATER, of
ETC., ETC. the c
in us e for o- %r
All Counterfe s, im
Experiments that tri
Infants and C - -
Castoria is a harmless szstit1
gorie, Drops and soothing 4A
contains neither Opium, Morl
substance. Its age is its guara
and allays Feverishness. It cr
Colic. It relieves Teething Tre
and Flatulency. It assinilatC
Stomach and Bowels, giving i
The Children's Panacea-Th i7
CENUINE C S!I
Bears the Si!
The KiMYu Y 11 m
In Use For.''
THE CENTAUR COMPAW
Dys a re
Digests what you eat.
It artificially digests the food and aids
Nature in strengthening and recon
structlng the exhausted digestive or
gans. It is the latest discovered digest
ant and tonic. No other preparation
can approach it in efficiency. It in
stantly relieves and permanently cures
Dyspepsia, Indigestion, Hekitburf,
Flaulene Sour Stomach, Nausea,
all otherresultsof imperfect digestion.
Prepared by E. C. DeWITT & CO., Chicago.
McMASTER C@.; Winnsboro, El. C.
I FOR YO .
IPhoto Frames and
Tea Sets (all prices).
Cups and Saucers. andr
China Plates. ."*m
1Rail roads. comb
Birds of Paradise. suital
Tostoo numerous to
Don't forget the same mul
old place. sell to
urs for a Merry Xmas, 7ou
D.H. McMASTER&CO does a
Druggists. suit 7
N STOCK. bny
DRAULIC CEMENT '
.W.Doty & Co.
--OF-- an beroi
EYIJLE 8D~ GREEWILLE, S. C., Weca
hes Lumber, Building Mat erials Sugars a
1l kinds, and are contractors sneh as
or brick or wood bouses. Buck wh4
Their representative, Raisns,
R. J. M. McR OY, Fresh
rin Winnsboro doinig work for Call to
tton mills and erecting several want. A
gs in town. .
mation will be given by Mr
at W in nabhm. 11-_13-3m. I 'Phn
6 r Oil, are
nd Wi d.
-es gul ges t
Me~x, uUral .Cee.
10 k or tract of land,
AR 1 'ng in the County
operty of South Carolina,
All that Creek, ab.ut
ing, tU the town of Ridge
e thmileWa ED ACRES,
ray, cont ing the tract of
-A. M. Logg to
of which the said
aore or and possessed.
nd devis John A. Kee vs.
ary E K SLT
Sold at t
arrie E. the bala on
One-thir y the
credit of gage
HATE- ADE A BIG CROP
ce:-- a .. price; why not
lieo p rchasing a nice horse
ne. I ha -three or four good
nation H a, np-to-date sad
nd nice d vers; aleo three nice
, ood wo kers and well bred
I for br wareE.
e buy them
er age. Come
m ry and please
iember, r horse o sale
otno me toasee mfahd I
ad et uhave oneUth will
al~~a*market, and will
y clsB~. that you have
See m& re you sell.
Winns ro. S. C.
For the ha nksgiving feast
w in our la ge stock of
Isupply the taple goods, such as
Bacon, Ida S, Molasses, Rice
od Coffees; ar the fancy things,
Mince Mea' Cheese, Macaroni,
ta. Rolled ts, Citron, Prunds,
a pples, and 'anned Goods of alla
prces whic will ena ble the lean
e just as th, kful as the fat one..
y oodsarr~vin daily and the quay.
that we offe is of the hun dred-.
see us or ' hone for what y on
lgoods deli .
. McQA LEY &CO,
ARE YOU IN
IF SO, SEN
and receive a certificate which will enti
1,ooo Cash Prizes by the PRESS PUI
ing the nearest guess or estimate of th
0.1991, which will be taken April 1.
We have made arrangements with
to participate in the distribution of the
UNTIL FURTHER NOTICE ev
AND HERALD will be entitled to on<
by paying their subscriptions tn 1st Jai
ber. You get the guess absolutely fre<
When you send in your subscript1
as plainly as possible. As soon as we
PUBLISHING ASSOCIATION, OF
prize that you may draw. We will file
subscriber will receive as many certific
>ND HERALD. If you want more
also be entitled to one guess.
To aid subscribers
Year. Total Population. Increa:
1871 3,689.257 ...
1881 4,324.810 635.54
1891 4,833,239 508,4!
The population for 1901 at an increase
over the population would be
(An increase of 579,9&
At an increase of 15 per cent it would
(An increase of 724,98'
At an increase of 20 per cent it would
(An increase of 966,641
At an increase of 25 per cent it would
(An increase of 1,208,3(
Address your orders to
*** Attention !
NOW IS THE TIME TO BUY
I -*t ionl
OUR STOCK OF HEAYY GROI
~eries is now complete.
We cater specially for the farmers'
rade. We know what they need, and
re prepared to serve them and a'. bot
We also carry a nice line of shelf1
Lnd everything usually found in a
grGoods delivered to our city trade.
30mne and see us.
W. R. RABB & CO0
I have a nice selection just
pened for inspection from which
a select your Christmas Presents,
cirsisting of I
SLEEVE and COLLAR
.and FANCY GOODS.
Also, nice presents in China
nd Rogers & Bros'. Celebrated
lated Wares, as cheap and reha
eas they can be bought any- L
Call ran and miake your selec-b
SM Ch ara dlie r
0 BE GIV:
I'S GREA TES
D YOUR GUESS AND SUBSCRIPl
aws and I
tle vou to participate in the distritf
LISHING ASSOCIATION OF DE'
e population of the Domin,:o' a n;
the PRESS PEU3LISHIX: .X
prizs amountinr to :L1
ery, one h sns
guess. P'r2.c::n se:'d T. ..n t
uary, 19Ql, pruvidCd such pav;.nisi iI
on you make your guess. Be sure and
receive your subscription we will se
DETROIT. MICH., contamning your
ti- duplicate certinicate with tie E
ites and have as many gueses Ieic
than one guess get your friends and
in formir.- their estimate, we furnish th
e. Per Cent.
9 11.19 To the nearest z!
of 12 per cent To the
5,413,227 To the Wd,
To the 4th,
be 5,558,224 To the 5th,
To the 6th,
be 5,799,886 To the next 12 u-.ar
be 6,041,548 To the next 42 nea
9) b, anouriting
To' e next 100 nes
each, amounting I
To the iiext 380 nea
To the v-xt 460 nea
Total, 1,000 pri
In case of a tie, o
equaliy correct, pri
THE NEWS AN]
Osntral Time at Jacksonville and Savahnahb.
Eastern Time at Other Points.
Schedule in Effect June 10th, 1060.
nnah (So.Zy..... .... 220
well............ -... 4
lackville .. ...............42
Colu~iE.... . ..7 a
Summerville.......... ...... 7 41a
"Branchiville ........ ...85a 155a
"Orangeburg........ ...923a 250s
"Kingie 0......... ...10 15a 480a
r. Columbia ....... .....11 00a, 555a
a.v. Augusta, (So. Ry. ).*' T5p
v. Granitoville . ... 2 45a 261) 10 15
i. Edgeld ........ ....10p...
v. Aiken ........S p ...
av. Trentou .............. 505 8 1100
"Johnston............. 520a 410p1120
r. Columbia,(U. D.)...........545p 210
j. Columbia (Bldg St...9 30a 6~ 6 20s
"Winnsboro ........... ...... 703p 7 25a
"Chester.............. ...... 75p $18a
"Rock Hill............. ...... 82 85S*
i~. ha l tt ....... ...... 91~
Lr. anville .......12 la 1
gr. ichmxond ........ ...6 0
" imore(Pa.RR).. ...91a1
" iadelpha ......... ......1185a 256
" ew Yor..,......... ..... 203p 613a
A~ Olumbit ............ ...... 11 40a $80 .
r. Sprtanburg ..............I 81~p 0S~ 50
'4heville............ ......I 715p 11
r. Cincinnat~i .7.......... 7 4
. Louisville . ..:.. .... ..... _7__5
. Cincinnati ........ 0O
; partanbud........ 1:.. .... 115
.Cha l .............. . 1 0 p
Rock ......-.... ... 8 55a 10
4Chester ............... ......L9 2
Winnsbor6. ............ 10 18a112 .
x.olumbia, (Bl ...... 60p1120a 116 -
.Columbia, (I.L ........ ...... 45a
~Johnto ................1u 0III I1 6826
.r.MA ken ............ ...
. gefleid............... ......1
. Granitevilla...........tT TIE
-r. Augusta .............*0at 250 800a
' ngvUie ............. 4 p, 2382a
' Ora ebur . ........... .... 8 45a
'Orangville.............. ..... 25a
'Summerville ....... ...7:59 552a C
.r. Charleston ........ .... 815 700
T. Columnbia (So. Rly.).. 1i:5 jT0
r.Sall . .....................12' 282a
' S rin fied ............ ...24.-p~ 240s
'Barnwell ..... . . ...... 1 1 315a
' na annah .: ..... ... . 3's'; 5103
.r. . Jks nvlle (P. S.). .. .. .. 7 4J 9 25
*Trains .43 and 44 (mixed except Snndany) (e
rrivo and depart from Hamnburg.
fD.aiy except Sundaty. -
Sleeping Car Service.
Excent daily passenger servico Letween
oria. and New York.
Nos. l23 and 34-Yew York and Florida Ex
ress. Drawing-room sleeping carsa betw~een
tgsta andi New York.
Plmn drawing-room sleeping cai a b- t
ree Port Tampa, Jacksonville, Savan.ah,
ashington and Ner York.
Plman sleeping cars between Charlot te and
lchmond. Dinng cars between Cha.rlotte -
Nos. 35 and 3rn-U. S. Fast Mail. Throuh
nflman drawing-room buffet sleig carober
een Jacksonville and Neow Yor aind PullI
an sleeping cars between Augusta and 0har-V
itte. Dinn cars serve all meals enrout.
unman sleing cars between Jackso il
md Colunl . enroute daily between 'Jae tsn
le and Cininnati, via Ashenille.
BANKS. GANNON, J.M. CUIP. (
Third V-P. & Gen. 3Igr., Traffic Mgrr., g,
rashngton, D. C, Washington, D). C.
. A. TURK, S. H. HARDWICK,
Ge. Pass. Ag't.. As't Gen. Pass. Ag't., at
Washington,.D. C. Atlanta, Ga. m
U lE PO.ITiON OF iRESIDENTfi
Speia 4cr(4 of th Eq wab"
ife A.~mrIance soi fr Wh' Mor
d viciniav iN ope"ed toaut4 i
od chraralct aid, abiliv. A n~u -
e cntract, carrt nti renrewam. wv l
iven to. theC rigi t rww, Adrh.
J. RODJDEY, Mr., Rock 11lm,
on of S1o,ooo to be distributed in
lRIT. M iCI., aiong those mak
ida, as shown by the official census
I AT ION to enable our subsi rs
ar's subscription to THE NEWS
rs may take advantage of this offer
nade on or before the 24th Decemr -
write your name, address and guess
nd vou a cerfi.ficate of the PRESS
guess, which will entitle you to any
rgss Publishing Association. Eve
neigheThonte-glsucribe. They 11
e following data.
o Aw ies as Follows:
tt correct guesles, $10.00
rest caTrect guesses, $5.00
to -* 21000
rest correct guesses, $8.00
rest correct guesses, $2.00
to 760 00
,rest correct guessee, $1.00
zes, amounting to $10,000 00
r that two or more estitnators are
zes will be divided equally between
The Easy Running
The most modere Sewif
achine at the age, embrac
rig all the latest improve
ients. Unequaled for Dura
ility, Range of Work and
D3ealers wanted in unoccu
ied territory. Correspon
enee solicited. Address,
Rme, Ga., established in 1886,
w und~er one :nj.inemen:, offers
rccpti al advatages to an one
b ore':~ i. pr;'ticai busi
. . r V a iay cou.red
ii c: 'v. hfe I ::p: cy ,,ffords
nebcautcr ,*secur1ing postI
W,..\e a il gu1rartee s on a :st
fn if y'u .ke tn: gn~a ateeC course.
'le~ ro0o in I t.c sci Ools at;:e 'orge
Y~ung men!~ jf.;r v'ear.g nerIe may
iroll ins either 5chool a'* aeek day
If -.oe a stewi graptcr, boo'k
W'ta-.~ N. (- If you areC not a
engr:4phr i or hOk-k< oj e'r, -pend a
w mnonth in one of t hese er ooIk
d et yourself in shape for earnwig
1Oi. '. t o 81i --' he a expcrt in
ud 2 cent., a tam... or gilver and
t r Pocket Calculator-iust what
F *ectir and f:aihe1 inforn-a
D, M.McIVER -
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