ll? I jr M. .Wi ^
LAURENS C. H., S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST If), 1885.
/V l''ai?oy From Fontanelle.
Tho Hore In thc Kimicn slipped bot bud,
Ami hilo lan: li. .1 in thc pride- Ot lier % cut li I uI
AK She tlionvlit ol' the Hardener Btimdlna
"HO l? Old-BO Old I And he noon will die!"
Thc tull Hose waxed In thc wsriii June olr,
And BtlO spread, Ullll Spread, till her heart lay
And pile luuidicd 01100 moro when she hoard
'?Ile is older now. Ho will soon be doini I"
Hut tho brooso of tho morning blew mid
That tho leaven of tho blown Roso strewed
And he eenie nt noon, thal Qnrdoiior old,
Alli) ho raked Hiern softly under UK- mould.
And I wove thc thing to n riiiidoin rhyme.
For tho HOBO IK Homily, the Qiirtlciior 'I line.
- Austin Hoi son in .inly Century.
A MAN OF HONOR.
Colono! Skorrott, Major Marsh, and
Captain Pickering were silling in their
room ni tim Hotel Angiitis, Purls. They
were Americans on their travels, all
tinco rough-looking down-casters, who
had gone through the worst Uro of tho
* i vii war. Dr. Vicaire, surgeon in tho
Vronoll army, was standing in front of
mom, regarding them willi a severo
'?.I eoino lo denounce to you as voa
have insult my friend, M. le Lieutenant
Foulon. Ho demand zo satisfaction,"
said Dr. Vicaire, particularly address
ing Colonel Skorrott. "You IIKVO kick
his dog. You write apology, ver gool.
You write no apology, you ohooso zo
ne-nhl vat you call I'armo-zo."
"Woopons," said Major Marsh, com?
lng lo his assistance. Dr. Vicaire
"Apologize for kicking his darned
cur!" shouted the Colonel. "What ilia
it come snapping and harking at "??ry
heels for? I would kick Mr. I-oolo"1"
himself if ho did Hint."
"Ah!" replied tho doctor, "vcr gool
Insult additional:" ami ho blow 1
nose like a flourish of trumpets,
( loloiiol Skorrott was as brave a man as
ever stood in hoots, lint besides his con
scient ions objections to a duel, tho
catiM) of q aa rio I waa so ludicrous that
ho only answered with a burst of
"Ah!" said the Doctor, calmly, lull
reddening. "Insult troc." And |io
took a prodigious pinch ot snilU". t
Tho three friends looked at each
other. Major M a rs El look tho Word.
"My friend will allow nie to act for
Ililli. We have the choice of weapons?"
"Then I olmo.su thom that nature
'.Foosll" said the doctor, pondering.
"You mean ze-zo
-.-^U?jor Mardi explained ia panto
ni i in ?Tr1* -" j
. Sit 1" cried T.> bery doctor, "\h>u
make zo gamo ol IllOT" si-SCO .Vo" niter
my friend bavo zo satisfaction. "
"Don't get so hot, now. What do Eon
say to Bl tl Hod (dubs in a darkened
It took a long time to maka tho doc
l lie is
tor understand this proposition;
when bo did lie rejected it willi]
st antly inoroasing wrath, t*:
Pickering suggested a rung)
tuuiblo in n pit ~iek, scratcu
claw, and gouge. Major Marsh t|
an excellent way of settling tbt
Oil!ty would bo tor the two advo
to go into shallow water and seo
could draw tho other. Finally',,
md Skorrott suggested that tbirj
bring fl keg ol powder on Ibo li?
lots; and whichever lost should] inp
on tho keg and apply tho cigar ? had
just been smoking to a bole Ul llil'COg.
Dr. Vicaire toro bis hair and rolotod
one and all.
"Why," saki tho Major,
to me thal we haven't got
of WOOpOlU :it lill, f
. i ?. /. yes! Hut
weapon. Swords, daggor,
gun ZO) all Wea poll. Hat /.<
YM fecsl, /.ii ujiip rempli, or vat
v.i> stiiii'i lup-. oh. hi?nslcttrl"
wort i \ Doctor stumped willi r
?.Doctor," said th? Major
'.lb? I asl suggestion of Colonel
rett is one Hint has been acted
at least one case in one of thc
States of America. If yo"
wants un out and out ll ooo!, 1
cepi. tho oller of a barrel of p*
dor thom conditions. If ho i
only foolin' with tho mattet
blaze away flt each oilier bel
an hour and shoot nothitij,
pigs. Whoa wo du a thin.
States wo du it."
"Sir!" shrieked Vicaire wjtl
tratod rage. "Yon coward,
troon, soolrall 1 post you ?n 7?',.?ifc' zo
hotel. 1 ami my friend ?vliipfy,,,, w}(n
ZO-eb!- ze whip of zo horste? nll Q0
rushed from tho room. BwiagUg bis hat
frantically in one band and "lucking
nt his bair with tho other. I "?
LOft to themselves, the thrl)l frlontla
laughed heartily. As for th<| /ioctor's
lin eal of poi .son al chnstisoui
Marsh alone looked strong
horsewhip tim National C
were called out. For tho poi
catos they eared exactly mit
Chatted and smoked ami w
liing to forget Ibo wbolo albi
Hut au hour Inter tho
nuanced "M. Licutonmil F
M. Foulfin advancod into
bowed courteously to tho
dressing Colonel Skorrott
"1 havo just seen my frifno<
Possibly ho misunderstood
what ho told nie, I Und?rit?nd Hint
you made propositions ?vlik,u UOt?outlo
man ?voil h i multe. Thoref^Q *ou ar0
no gentium ia. It ronialn^ t" ^ won
if you aro ?ccoward as woj|. i nm
a?varo that your last pro>,ol,?t|on j8 a
modo of tho duello praot??oti jn IOino
>f that my
rd if it
g in till)
parts of your country,
friend Vicaire was ignoi
tho practice is IrrcguJ
consideration, r.nd I
your proposal of a kj
tho spocilind com'
?.'digo too by nan
afternoon. 1 rockou
PJossia, on tho road
quiet enough pince,
kog of pow.lor for ;
will supply Iho ono j
..Very well, dr,"'
ing. 4,I shall ir i!;
bo rigidly ndhurod I
elgor ?Thich 'ono hal
to tho opon helo Ia]
lok in (fco I
.0 wood of
lilies, is a
? and you
j! on, bow
..irocisoiy, nusworuu mo ?joionoi.
"1 presumo," said tho Lieutenant,
willi a sinister sinilo, "tliat in any
ovont tho sor vico of a doctor or sur
geon will bc unnecessary."
"1 am sure ofthat," said tho Colonel,
with a grin.
Foulon left tho room, and when ho
had gouo Colonel Skorrott said. "I'll
light Ibis boro devil, but I ain't gwino
to bo blowed to atoms, nor I ain't
gwino to let that there fool blow him
self lo atoms." Tho throo frionds took
Thc next day. nt tho appointed timo,
the. livo men, all smoking vigorously,
were on tho ground. Each party had
brought its powder-keg along. Thc
Major and Dr. Vieairo tossed up. The
boulon tttruod ghastly palo, but
walked lirmly to the keg winch thc
Americans had brought and sat down
on it. lt was au ordinary cider keg,
and Major Marsh knocked out tho
bung. All then re'.ired to a rafe dis
tance except ibo Colonel, who louiaiuod
standing by Foulon'.s sido. Tho latter,
down WUOSO livid face tho sweat was
rolling"; took his cigar from his mouth
and advanced il, still glowing, to tho
"Hold on lhere," said tho Colonel,
"that ere cigar is lit."
"Certainly it is," gasped Foulon, his
lips quivering in spite of himself.
"Well," said tho Colonel with agria,
"you be'nt such a darned fool as to put
a lighted ciliar into a keg of powder,
bc you? Win n was you boru?'
"Sir," replied tho lieutenant, vainly
endeavoring to hold tho cigar motion
less in his shaking hand. "1 havo given
my word.that il 1 losl tho loss-lip I
alumni pul this lie cigar--"
?Hold on; you tl ?dil't say lit."
"Woll.iitho cigar 1 vva?J suiokmg."
"Put lt out thon."
"Sir, you have run thc risk that I
ran. 1 have lost, and 1 but do as you
would have done. I will put this lighted
cigar into this bung-hole-"
"Put in the chawed-up end, then."
"You insult ino again, sir!"
"Hless your heart! You lire up a
darned sight oasior than this oro pow
der ever will. Do you think that I
would put tho burning end of a cigar
into the bung-bole of a keg full of pow
der? Creal Jerusalem?"
"I have tobi you again, and I repeat
it, that you arc no gentleman. Hut. I -
1 aili a mau of honor. Uah! You shall
see me die as one. 1 keep my prom
Foulon .slowly advanced- tho burning
cigar toward tho opotlhlg in the keg
"Go away here, you shall bo kill!"
shouted Vicaire to Hie Colonel; but tho
latter remained quietly bosido tho vic
tim. Vicaire covered his face willi his
hands, and waited for tho awful mo
ment willoh was lo blow his friend to
atoms, 'iluire was a dead silence, and
then a slight hiss was hoard. Vieairo
looked up. Foulon, his faco purplo
with rage, was holding lils cigar, after
repeatedly poking it into the bung-hole.
Tho ('?dono! was one broad grin.
"Is this powder r"' askod Foulon.
"Tooth powder," answered tho Co
lonel; "cost almighty."
"Hut," said Foulon, shaking with
rago instead of fear, "if you had lost
the toss-up our keg was full of gun
powder. What then ?
"Fd haye put the cigar out beforo 1
put it in," said the Colonel.
"Ah!" murmured Foulon.
"Or stuck in the ehowod-lip end. Hold
on to the terms you know.
Foulon calmly walked to his carriage,
lie and Vicaire hoisted in their keg of
gunpowder and followed it themselves.
"Sir!" shouted Foulon to tho Colo
nel, "1 said you were no geiitlemau. I
sav now you aro a coward,"
Ts~f?' ' - .
. no Colonel smiled.
For three dn3's the friends walked
about Paris aud saw both Foulon ami
Vieairo several times. They were not
posted in tho cafes, tor tho Frenchmen
feared tho storm of ridiculo which a
knowledge of tho grotesque dmd would
bring upon thom. Neither wero they
horsewhipped, for Vicaire argliod that
they would probably retaliate, and in
suoli a ease the whipping would bo on
ly a modified form of tho duel a la chip
?In tho fourth day after this "duel"
tho three friends happened to bc on one
of tho large and beautiful steamboats
carrying excursions down the Seine.
Colonel Skerrett, like a consistent Yan
kee, was in Hm pilot house, watching
the working of tho wheel. He OltlUO
down afterward and sauntered hack lo
whore his two friends were standing.
Near thom wero no less individuals
than Foulon and Vicaire. Neither par
ty addressed tho other. Thu boat was
in (he middle of (ho river. For :i long
distance on either witto tho hanks were
straight, and the tido was flowing di
rectly dov. H the middle channel. Sud
denly aro.sc a cry of dru, A wild stam
pede of passengers in tho how of tho
boat was made toward the stern, and
Foulon, who was standing near an
om.'uiug in tho railing was thrown from
lils balance. An ho wai falling over
board thu Colonel stretched out his
long arm, grasped bim by tho collar
und pulied hun in aga>n< Tho French
man s hat had fallen ofT. Tho Colonol
picked it up, mid with a friendly sigile
banded it to his lato adversary. Fou
lon colored up aud said eagerly: m
Colonel Skerrett, I bog your pardon.
You are a gentleman."
In tho meantime tho panic increased.
All tho bow of Hie boat was in a bright
hinze, and Ibo lire roached Hie pilot
house, 'the pilot rnshod out with
singed bond umt eyebrows, and tho
boat slowly drifted down tho stream.
The colonel caught hold of tho pilot
and draggod him to Foulon.
"Sir, said ho, "ask this boro follow
winch t> ink is thu gufo.it lo land on,
and tell hie."
"Ho says Hie right olio," answered
Foulon. "Hut thu boat unu not bo
managed. Tim wheel must bo ob lire."
Without a word of roply tho Colonel
p!owed bis way through the shrieking
crowd, leaped up I lie steps ot tho pilot
house and soi/.od the wheel. Tbero ho
stood,.tho fiamos roaring about him, tho
crowd shrieking beneath him, steadily
steering toward tho right bank. Fou
lon shuddered at tho exhibition ot sim
pl >, superhuman courage. Tho bank
was,rcaol?od. Tho crowd, self'sh and
mu?1, rushed to land. Tno
tho burning stops of tho pilot-house,
followed hy Foulon and Vivalro. They
dragged tho Colonel out through tho
llames, boro him to tho bank, and ap
plied restoratives. Ho was loss injured
than might have boon supposed, and at
length opened his Oyos.
"Oh, Colonel Skorrottl" cried Fou
lon, with tears in his eyes, "your par
don, yoi,u* pardon! You are a bravo
man and a man of honor."
"The Colonel," said Captain Picker
ing, can swim like an otter. Ho could
have orossod tho crook n hundred
times without stopping."
'.Fists,*' said Major .Marsh, "arc no
weapons, perhaps. Well, pistols ar \
The Colonel can knock tho center of .\
live-cent pioco spun in the air at lift)
"I will never light a duel again,"
"And I never call otu; man 'AO cow
ard for not light of KU duel," sahl
"Is all tho women safe?" asked tho
Colonel.- Frederick ll'. Acor;/, in The
How Lo Induce Sloop.
Until recently I have not hoon tibia
to secure much stoop on tins (?rsi night
of a railway journey, ami ft ma}- bc an
advantage to many travelers to know
how tho inability was overcome. An
excess of blood in the brain prevents
sleep. How to remove tho surplus is
tho problem for tins unfortunates who
wish to sleep but cannot. A pump is
needed for the purpose, and it may
easily be provided a-* follows: Having
assumed thc usual position of repose,
inhale and exhale slowly and steadily
long breaths, devoting tho whole at
tention to making the inhalation ami
exhalation of exactly the sumo length.
Tho length should bc much greater
than that of ordinary breathing, al
though not SUfnciontH.o disturb tho cir
culation by working the lungs to their
utmost capacity. Any person who
has force of will enough io conc?ntralo
his whole attention on tho maintenance
oi this sly lo of bron I liing can compel
sleep iu very unfavorable circum
stances, and victims of insomnia should
The value of tho method is not solely
in its holding the mimi to one object
of thought, but tho process of breath
ing hore described is really equivalent
to tho insertion ot a pump to draw off
its excess of blood. lo convince your
self that this is so, lill your hums with
nil the air that they w ill hold, ami then
expel it, roponting tho operation three
or lour times as rapidly as possible,
tho result will bo a fooling of faintness,
unless fun are oilier tuan an ordinary
mortal, and its ea Uso will be a dell
eiency of blood in the brain, produced
by tho pumping process, ouch \ i
olont breathing will not induce Mi en,
however, a, there is ll react.on which
sends thc lifo current rushing back lo
tho soat of tho mind. Scientists say
that tho reason why fear, surprise ot
uny oilier sudden emotion often cau-.es
faintness is because it rapidly drives
the blood from lim brain, and thu fact
is siguilicant for those who wish to un
dct'?tnild how to induce sleep, whet hoi
on Hie railway train or i i their beds at
home, by pumping tim excess of blood
from their brains o\ a peculiar method
of brcalhiug. - Acic York Mail and Ex
An O'd-'i hue Rotioot-MiiHtor.
A hun Ired and fifty yours ago. among
the German settlors of Pennsylvania,
there was a remarkable old school
mast or, whoso name was Christophe!
Dook, for three days he taught school
at a little plato called Skippaok, and
then Jeetho three next days he UUIgbJ
Whenever one of his younger sonni
ira succeeded in loaming his A B ( ',
ibo good Christopher Doe!; required
ibo father of his pupil lo give his sou a
lion ny, and also ask oil Ins mot her ta
30ok two eggs for him as a treat in
lionor of Ilia diligence. To poor ollll
Jron in a new country these wein linc
rewards. At various oilier points in
iis progross, nn industrious child In
mc of Dock's schools received a po ll ny
Tri.ni his father and two eggs cooked
L>y his mother. All this time ho was
not counted a member of tho Behool,
[jut only as on probation. The day oil
willoh a boy or girl bogan to read wa
lbo great day. If tim pupil had b on
liligent in spoiling, tho master, on thc
morning after tho first reading dny,
would give a ticket carefully wrlttoi
jr illuminated with his own hand
Phis read: "Industrious - ono penny.'
Phis showed I hat the scholar was now
really received into tho school.
Thero woro no clocks or watches
.ho children cunio IQ school one uftci
mother, taking thoir placo.* near tin
master, who sat writing. 'Ibey spca
thoir linio rending out of the Tesla
mont until all woro there. Hut ovorj
mo who succoodod in reading his vcrsi
without mistake stopped reading, am
ionio mid sat at Hm wriling-toblo l<
write. Tho poor fellow who rcmuinci
asl on tho bench was called a lu/.;
Tho funniest of DockVrowards wa
.hat which ho gave to those who madi
io mistake in their lessons. Ho mnrkci
t largo O with chalk on the hand o
.ho porfoot schedar. Fancy what
.imo tho boys and girls must have \m
rying to go home without rubbing ou
.his Ol-Edward Eyylcston, in Si
Nicholas for July.
Tho superstition which associate
ho dog's howl w ith ibo approach c
le*th is probably derived from th
Iryan mytnolo^y, which represents
log HS summoning tlio departing soul
Throughout all Aryan mythology th
louis of tho dead uro supposed to rid
>n tho night wind with thoir howlin
logs, ualhoring into their throng th
iou!? bf tiioso jiLst dying BS thoy pas
>y their house.
? "'' ''r .' **
I know an old fellow out Wost wli
and mortgages on A wholo town
imall town - who inado il a corni
lion of Ids loan that the bu i Idhi JJ
ihoul.l bo painted rod. That was
[unny-iookfng village Thoro wei
?bout thirty houses and stores and
largo factory and a bridge all rei
Ihn people iii m i-f'?boring towns mut
tots of fun over t and tho place WI
tinnily known as lludlowu
Conclu luna of I,Itoi ary Mfa In KlItrlMtlQ
The conditions of tho literary lifo in
America arc less determined lunn they
aro in Knglaud. Thc only organization I
within which authorship may bo said ?
to Hud substantial dicier is journalism, !
and this profession ls so oxaeting and i
so inimical to most forms of literature,
that those who have most serious
thoughts of the. literary lifo aro rather
desirous of osonplng from journalism
than of usine; ii as a vantage-ground.
Il might seen, at fi rs t blush as it tho
universities and col logos would oller a
dosirablo fastness from which lo send
out VOlltUt'OS ill literature; but tho
acad?mie lifo is a sOmowhal sterile one;
it is with us so idontlllod with thc peda
gogic that the onoi'gios of tho profes
sor, if they inovo tim prod net ion of
books, are most likely lo be occupied
with tho tools of the profession. Text- j
hooks in abundance issue every year
from colleen faculties, but vcr}- fow
contributions to humane literature.
The academic lifo again is so special
ized that even tho professor of Knglish
literature rarely produces work upon
Willoh Iiis successor or associate may
common). His attitude toward tho
subject of his loncliing is too critical to
allow him much freedom of mind, and
he is besides so conscious of his posi
tion that he is undermined in Ids reso
lution, and rendered abnormally sensi
tivo lo tho criticism of others as well ns
The constitution of the English uni
versities, on tho other hand, directly
oncouragOS and sustains the literary
life. This is not to say that literature
in its freest expression is not there, as
here, outside thu wails of thc COllcgO,
'nut that a man of literary tasto and
ambition may deliberately possess him
self of acadoroio situations which will
make it possible for him to lead a
literary life, free from fret and carking
care; and also that tho prizes for
scholarship oftorod by the. universities
distinctly suggest to tho student liter
ary occupation. A man, in other
words, with fortuno enough lo secure
him a university education, may hope
to win Fellowship which will demand
only slight acad?mie, duties, loavlng
him free to devoto himself to literature;
and a student devoted to loaming who
falls into such a place will, by tho very
forco of his own nature, bo urgod into
literary production. Thus the univer
sity, by a provision which enlarges the
scope of university life, is more than ix
training-school for Immaluro minds; it
is a society of scholars, and as such,
directly oncouragOS and sustains tho
The university, however, is not tho
only English organization which fosters
literature and makes a vantilgo-grouud
for tho man of letters. ^, it is demon
strably more oliloiont ni this respect
than its American congo nor, so tho
civil service of Kurland has o Ile rod a
nmre convenient si 'dior for tho littera
teur than the .same scrv.ee in America.
Our government, indeed, has not hi en
slow to recognize authors, but it has
been childly in the way of rewards in
diplomatic service for those who have
already won a certain distinction. Now
and then, notably in tho caso of tho
Now York Custom House, govorumont
otil?os have served as means to hard
working literary men, but tho general
insecurity which has hitherto attached
lo this employment ami thc peril to
one's self-respect in socking appoint
ments havo hindered such men from
Counting upon this resource. Ono ol'
the probable results of a service organ
ized upon tho merit system is thu at
traction to it of men capable of clerkly
labor, but cliiolly ambitious of |ilejcajc.v
latllO. The freedom' "tiotu concern
which enables one to lay aside his busi
ness mind, like an ellice, coat, when
tho clock strikes three, and don tho
literary habit, is especially necessary
to tho calm and cheerful pursuit of
literature. Such a state of things ex
ists in London to-day, and may bo con
fidently prod lc tod Ol Washington, New
York, and other cities, in tho near fu
turo- /u!y Atlantic.
A Donkey Goos Up With a Balloon.
"If I wore to tell you that 1 saw an
?inmenso balloon once go up on Chest
nut street, with a live donkey hanging
below tho car and a man or tim back
of tho animal, you would probably
tliink I was yarning it," said a bald
headed friend to me yesterday. "Tell
it to mo for tho present generation,"
I replied, "lt was nearly thirty years
ago. Balloon ascensions were quita
common then in Philadelphia. Wo
had a number of local (oronauts -tho
Wises, Pll80ys, Kings and Donaldsons
-and every once in a whilo a foroign
professor would arriv? in town and
make things lively. Where Prank
Shh! al now has his office on Chostnut
stroot, above Teni li, was located Park
inson's famous gardens, and it was
from thero that Ino balloon ascended
with a live donkey attachment. Tho
long-cared lillie fellow never kicked as
tho balloon slowly ascended. Ho was
strapped around tho body very secure
ly and OS ho i roso tho band played,
tho people shouted nnd laughed, and
tho mau on his back, who, I think, was
ono bf tho Pusoys, took off his cap and
waved lt to tho crowd, o thousand foot
below. His donkoyship was ovhtcntly
frightonod almost to (loath. Ho arched
his hoad and neck to ono sido and look
ed downward whilo ho went heaven
ward. He sailed away to Wost Phila
delphia somewhere and came down all
right with his ridor after roaching au
altltudo of 8,000 too\."~l'hi(a<ie7i)hia
Tho Now York Times says that (ion.
Sheridan's little accident while out
driving lately recalls another narrow
escape ho had during tho lalor days of
tho War, whon suddenly tripped up
ono day he stumbled and foll beneath a
stallion's feet in camp and was (iorcoly
kicked, narrowly oscaping death. Tho
horse's hoof scraped his coat und rip
nod tho cloth, lt was a docidodly In
formal rolling over tho ground in a
hurry that ho saved his lifo, so his sol
diers say, for tho kick wits' viciously re
peated. " Thero wasn't anything vory
heroic in tho Cc no ral'? retreat, hut that
other experience vv il lt hoisollosh which
Buchanan Bead has sung to aiioh pur
pose was scarcely of moro consequonco
to Puillip himself.
A correspondent of tho Brooklyn
Eagle, travoling in Cormany, writes:
It was a wann, still, summer Sun
day It often sooms ns though naturo
waa more peacefully disposed on that
day than on others -when wo sallied
forth to scale tho Appolinarisberg.
This hill is crowned with a four-tow
ered (?Otilio church adorned with fres
coes. Some sort of religious feast day
was hoing observed on ttin Appoliuaris
borg, Pilgrims, who haunt tho place
and have dono so since Appoliuaris's
head was buried herc*, wove ascending
ihu road in-their host attire, and bow
ing and kneeling at thc stations of tho
cross placed besido tho way.
Kings Unlit ted about tho terrace that
tho chinch stand-; on, and crowds were
entering tho edifice. Wc stepped in,
glanced at the lino frescoes, beard tho
organ, and would have attended a lilt Ie
of tho service il a man had not cropttip
lo us anti expressed tx determination to
have lees. Wo concluded then lhaltho
Rhine was belier worthy of our atten
tion. Feos everywhere. Oh, tho curso
ol' thom! In ( hun hes. in galleries, hi
palaces, in liiUtiClims, in railroad sta
tions, ill restaurants-foes! fees! foo-,!
Von pay thom lo tho army ami tho
navy, tho clergy reach for thom, no
bility and even royalty sends ?ts lack
eys after them: guido.', porters, dorks,
landlords, loungers, train hands, po?
lieonion, drivers, customs oflicors
confound tho beggars! Peasants were
gossiping about tho tor race, looking so
picturesque and so like ligures out of
tho grand opora in their Sunda}' dress
that wo half unconsciously put our
hands in our pockets to pay for that
exhibition, loo, but WO were not as
On the contrary, they made way for
us bosnia thom ou tho wall that pre
venir. 1 visitors f$om rolling down thc
steep hill into town, and thou stared at
our modern clothes as curiously as we
looked at their quaint, unhandsomo
costumes. There was a .spring np
there, too, amt nobody on hand to ool
lect fees from tho drinkers, so tho Un
daunted who thought it Appoliuaris
water, and who surmised that, tho bar
keeper in attendance bad stepped in lo
hear muss and was liable to ClUOl'gO at
any moment and chargQ him hali a
dollar, drank himself almost into au
illness. There was a reason, However,
for tills seeming abnormal thirst, in
Kurope Hie wa'.er is generally bad, and
too is to bo had by none except thc
rich, so thal beer and wine, being good
and cheap, are common drinks, aa ton
is willi us; but for real thirst there is
no such paliativo as water, and beor
and wino scorned only to ntigmont our
Whenever we lound water thal was
not grcon with stagnation, yellow with
drainage, or gray with mud, wo im
bibed it with the tremulous eagerness
of topers. Thora is good waler in tho
Scotch hills, tho Weleh mountains, tho
daglish biko district, sonic of tho
Khonish highlands and tho Alps. Wo
found il bad elsewhere, and no trouble
SO' ms lobe taken to purify thc supply
of tho towns. Among the things that
wo tenderly dwolt upon when, far from
holm; and friends, wo talked of joys
that awaited our return, were ice w ater
and pie. Water is regarded by tho
European-not every European, either
as good for washing purposos, wliilo
as to pio<, he is as ignorant of that so
ductivo viand as lia is of buckwheat
oakes, sherry cobblers, or political lib
The Kline of a I'b.viV
yy&r,' ia undeniable thal women
aro mighty deceptive. They had an
adventuress hi Ihc Tombs. She had
robbed n man of his pocket-book. Her
lawyer loki her of lils fear that her rec
ord as a professional thiel would bo
produced in court by thu police, in
which caso it would j;o hard with her,
although tho direct evidence against
her in tho present casu was slignt, tho
loser of Hie money having boon so be
fogged by intoxication at tho timo of
tho robbery thal ho could remember
nothing distinctly. Tho thief look tho
hint. She sent away tho fashionable
clothes in willoh silo hail boon arrested,
and pul on tho cheap and plain cos
tume of a working girl. Mic knew tho
habit of magistrates in New York, be
ginning with tho once famous Justice
Joe Howling, of looking at tho hands
of prisoners for marks of honest toil by
which they might profess to got a liv
ing. So she obtained sonic frosh leaves
of tobacco, stained her soft, white
hands with tho juice, and also Impart
cd to her clothes tho aroma of tho
"lids gentleman is mistaken," sho
Whimppurod when arraigned; "I aman
honest, hard-working girl."
..( 'onie up herc!" commanded Justieo
Dutl'y sovorely. Show mo your hands."
Shu obeyed, with a manner of being
astonished by tho proceeding. lier
yellowed hands were reluctantly ox
tonded ncrnqs tho desk. Tho scent of
"I work every day rolling cigars,"
"Prisoner discharged!" was tho do
cision.-N. Y., Cor. Jht/f'alo Expr?s.
Tho light of tho sun is ostimatod to
equal in quantity 1,670,000, OOO, OOO,
OtO, OOO, OOO, OOO, OOO candles, the light's
In tensity al tho sun's surfaco hoing
180,000' that of candle llamo, 6.300
times that of metal in a Hosscmor con
verter, 111 times that of a calcium
light, or 9X4 times that of an cioctrio
are. 'Tho temperature, according to
Kosotti, ls about 18.000 degrees Fahr.
The mechanical equivalent of tho solar
radiation, continually acting, is nearly
10,000 hor?c-po\vor per squaro foot of
As Sam Jordan, a colored man, was
exploring around tho foundation of tho
ob! Spanish lighthouse on Anatas!?
Island, nour ?St. Augustino, Fla., a few
days ago, ho discovered, whilo digging
away some rooks and earth, tho skele
ton of a man, apparently woll-proserf
ed, and standing In an upright posi
tion, looking seaward. As this light
house was creeled by tho Spaniards
about 17.?5, ami this man's bones woro
found M.nir twenty or moro foot bolow
Hi .ari.nv, or directly under tho foun
d.liotl, tho question is, how'-.did it git
Hiern UM! in lh\s orcct position?
GENERAL NEWS ITEMS.
I .ni- ?f Int.rt'Ht, CliithorcU from Various
-Tin; smallpox ls on the increase ill
Montreal and is spreading to adjacent
-Queen Victoria and the Princess
Beatrice and Iver husband have gone
-Tho King of Bavaria is to bc
placed under guardianship, as bo ia
-An expulsion of Polish subjects
from Austria bas been begun. All
classes alike are expelled.
- Kx-Govornor Reuben E. Fenton,
of New York, died suddenly at his
desk in B?llalo, on Tuesday.
--Many bouses and other buildings
at Boston were damaged badly by
.lightning and rain on Tuesday.
-An earthquake shock was felt
through tho Canary Islands on Thurs*
day, hut no damage was reported. .
- There bas been a remarkable fall
ing oil in the importation of diamonds
into Hie United States within thc past
- After losing .so of their 120 men,
ll?0 Portuguese African exploring ex
pedition found thc sources of thc
-All the emblems of mourning for
General (.rant have been removed
from the public buildings in New York
-Mr. Alex. Vogelsang, of Philadel
phia, i-. about to astonish tho world
with a living machine with Ians two
feet long instead ol'wings.
- President Cleveland ba4? not. rot
returned from bis summer vacation.
Thc report that bis health was failing
turns out to be groundless.
- The Rev. Hoary Ward Beecher
Indignantly denies thc report that bc
in ver nays bis bills and that bis con
gregation tue trying to get rid of bim.
-The Pennsylvania Prohibitionists
in a convention of three hundred and
lilly delegates, nominated a straightout
Prohibition candidates for State treas
- The people of Ohio vote at thc
next election for nu amendment to thc
stale constitution changing the time
ul StalO clectious from October to
-There is no falling oil in the rav
ages of (he cholera in Spain. The
daily average; of deaths is nearly tif
tcen hundred, and ol* new cases nearly
- Col. John S. Mosbv, late United
States consul to Hong Kong, bas been
presented with a silver cup and an
address hy thc (.'hi?ese morehants of
-Tim Washington correspondent of
the No?V Orleans Times-Democrat says
that thc correspondence of president
Cleveland in reference to thc unlit
judge is bogus.
-Floral Otterings arc being sent to
the tomb of General Grant in such
profusion that it i-j thought that it will
become necessary lo pr?vido a place of
deposit for thom.
-There seems to be something In
Montreal that favors the propagation
nf smallpo :. In 1872 it broke out
lhere, and in the following niiu vears
5,000 people died of it. '
- ll. II. Dav ? Chippewa chief,
W hi lc en.rr\n'c to St. Paul last week, 1
WI- taken fruin a train al a way sta- :
ion, and -o brutally beaten thal he is
lOtCXpCC.cd to recover.
- The commissioner in lunacy re- '
mi ls Hint McCullough, the actor, is a
lecropit old man, in a condition of
lopcless lunacy, and that bis death is :
inly a question of a few months.
-The grand jury of Buncombe
.ouniv, North Carolina, have returned
rue bills against William H. ann E. P.
Iones, fal her and son, for the ntnrder
if the .lovee family of four in April
- A dispatch from Jackson, Miss.,
cpo ls thal six passengers were fatally
njureil in ?in accident, on Friday
norning, on Bayou Pierre. The
engineer, Aroman and a brakeman were
-A Philadelphia maa assorts that bo
.aw Prcller in that city in May, al
.hough he denied bis identity. Max
well's claim that the so-called murder
kvas an insurance dodge may yet bc
-John Hughes, a New York ped
llcr, who wished to commit suicide,
tdoptod the novel pinn of throwing a
lone in thc air and letting it. fall on
its bare head. The police stopped him
ie fore he succcdcd.
-Secretary Bayard wants a consul
tor St. Paul de Loando, on tho west '
;oast Africa, at a (.alary of $1,000.
Mr. C. H. Davis, tho consul, has rc- ,
;igncd and returned home. He paid j
>vcr $2,000 for traveling expensen and
lootors' bills last year. ,
-.Light frosts have fallen at Tarions
?olnts in Wisconsin and Iowa. The
latnage to thc crops is inconsiderable.
The weather is c ccptionally cold for
bc season throughout tho West. Frosts
mvo also fallen at Staunton, Va., and
n diffo**ent parts of Pennsylvania.
-Thc rush for vaccination at Mon- ,
real ls so great that policemen aro de- ,
ailed to keep back the candidates. It ,
s reported that small pox has broken ,
wt at Richelieu, some milos from \
Montreal. Tho proposed excursion
:o New York has been postponed.
- Miss McLeod has arrived In Amor
?a to lay the claims of tho Scotch
ironers hoforo her countrymen in tho
United States, and to make arrange
ments, if possible, for tho trnnsporta
liou nf several hundred fa in Hies to thia
jonntry. The immigration is oxpectcd
lo bc very largo.
-Tho New Y'ork Republican Stat?
Convention will bc held at Saratoga on
September 22. Tho State committee
idop'.cd resolutions declaring that all
rotors whot;o general intention is to
let with thc party and to promote its
uicccss at tho next election he invitod,
without regard to any so-called ..fun
ilnmcntal tests," to tako part in tho
primary elections for tho dolagstes. ?
-Mrs. Strother, of BatosbuT?*
banana treo heaving fruit.
TliK M:W9 OF THE 8TAT1".
Some of (he Latest SnylnRA ?nd Doings In
-Drought in thc upper part of
Edgcllold is materially aubcting crops,
-Thc Al)hcville Medium says this
is a most suitable year in which to
repeal thc Lien Law.
-Millcdgc Harris tba negro for
whom Hie Governor offered a reward
has been lodged in Edgcticld jail.
-The joint council of thc Lutherans
of Lexington have, extended a call to
Kev. Mr. Hahn, formerly of August*.
-Tito Teachers' Institute of Lex?
ington county closod on. Friday last,
aller a highly successful session of (wo
-Mrs. Claudia M. Fishburne him
been appointed postmistress at Sum
merville, vice Ahrens, au obnoxious
-Adam Williams, tho. fifth victim of
t!?e female poisoner in York, is recov
ering. Ile did not cat so much cake
as thc others.
- Lucien Douglas, of Abbeville, IIM
one stalk of cotton containing 439
blooms and bolls. Il covers 86 square
leet of ground.
--Collector Bradley has removed
a lot of Revenue officials cf tho old
Republican crew and appointed good
men in their places.
-Mr. Jacob Kelstler, ene of th?
oldest, and most respected citizens of
Lexington, died on thc 18th. His age
was nearly ninety.
-Mrs. Martha Gable, of Lexington,
has a curiosity in thc way of a doubl?
cgg--two perfect hen eggs joined to
gether al their cuds.
-The first bale of new cotton in
Sumter was bought on Thursday, 20th
ult., by O'Donnell & Co., from' E.scx
Taylor, for 104 cents.
-The BUj.po8Cd murderer of Txnnax,
in Union, for whom a reward is of
fered by the Governor, has been lodged
in jail for identification.
-B. F. Welsh, who killed W. C.
Moore at Lancaster on Saturday be
fore last, applied to .lodge Witherspoon
for hail last week, but it was refused.
-A partridge in York hits taken
charge of two young chickens, ?'id
whoa an att npt was made to captive
thc chicks thc usually wilv bird show
- An itinerant sleight-of-hand per
former has been imposing on th*
people of Marion. Dis ao-o&llcd en
tertainments were "thin," and th*
auditors were wroth.
- Hickson Jackson, a colored man,
Injured by * locomotive during th*
storm in Charleston, died o? Thursday.
Joseph Grant, colored, was struck iu
the head bj' a fis ?HR brick and badly
-A large water moccasin Was killet
about ten feel from a pond near Bates
burg. Tt was attcmptng to swallow
a trout weighing a pound, and the fish
wriggled and squirmed after thc snake
-Mrs. Clara 8. Cook, of Aiken, last
week attempted to jump from a buggy,
which thc frightened horse was backing
into a ditch, when shcfeil between tho
wheels and wa? seriously injured by
Jiving kicked in the head.
-?trYtt Abncv^forea; Wno -f ea
on Mr. Mat. "Coleman's place, in Hie
Saluda section of Edgeflcld, was bitte?
by a dog last May. (Jil th? t-tth ult., li*
was attacked by hydrophobia, and after
SU tiering great, agony died the 16th.
-A negro girl employed by Mr.
Monroe Shealy, of Langley, to look
lifter ids infant danfhter, becoming
angry at Mrs. Shealy, took the child iu
Hie. woods and beat" it terribly with .
stick. The hrnte was lodged in jail.
-Mr. M. C. Longshore, of Silver
Street, who is in his sixtieth year *nd
is thc father of about a doren children
and ot seventeen grandchildren, was
made happy last Thursday by th*
arrival of twins at his house-* boy
and a girl.
-Thc widow of Col. .Tuck Barris*,
of Edgcflold, died recently, nnder mys
terious circumstances. A bottle con
taining a preparation of morphine and
strychnine was found near her hons?,
which she bs supposed to hare tasted
With fatal results.
-A dog took a flt in tm Edgefleld
Baptist chnrch n few day? ago,?nd th*
congregation, mistaking it for hydro
phobia, were in a state of ?onstema.
lion. Order was finally restored, th*
dog was removed, and tho sermon wa*
concluded before a demoralized Audi?
-The 18-ye*T-old son of Jesse John
son, living about sit miles e?*t of
f'rccnvillc, was killed by ft Irai* o?
th? Air-Line railroad on Thursday
last. Tho young man ?ad bi* tw?)
brothers were walking on the track?
when thc train upon them unaware?.
Thc two brothers escaped by jumping
from the track.
. -An Egyptian mammy ha* bee*
received at Due West, which U ft
present from tho ROT. John Griffin tm
Erskine Cdlege. This mummy wa*
thc daughter of a priest and la record
ed to bo between three and fonr thou,
pnnd vcarB old. It has croated ?oui*
sensation in this vacation rillag*. R
will not bo opened entirely befor* tb?
scf-sion begins. A mummy I? rather .
curiosity in the South.
- A handsome monument ha* bee*,
erected in tho Spartanburg cemetery,
to the memorv of thc late Coairessmari
Jno. IL Evins. It is made of Abord?e*
Ifrnv Scotch granite, highly polished,
whilo tho base ls of Winneborp granite.
Tho woight is 12,600 pounds. Th#
design of tho monnvnentUlft good t*st*
and in keeping with tho cht*ract?rof
the man to whom lt 1* ewe tod. Whf
workmanship ls excellent.
- Mr. Thomas Fltepfttrick
chant of Lancaster, is o*
trip to New York, '
town alone, atr~
a drink, w
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