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/. C. UARLIXUTOX, EDITOR,
LAURENS, KKPT. loth, 188'..
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J. C. OAKLINGTON A CO.,
Tho Cut Must Como Before the
It appears that the political cam
paign in this State is about to
begin rather earlier than usual.
In sonic sections great clamor for
a "change in the State officers," is
being rasied. As it ls termed, "a
new deal" is demanded. Tho ex
act meaning of tIii . phrase seems
not to be definitely Axed, but va
ries to suit the taste of all.
Before, however, it is decided
that a "new deal" is needed, let us
determine what it means, for it
may be that moro importance is at
tached to the term than one would
suppose at a first glance. If at the
next election we are to make a
clean sweep of all tile officers from
thc highest to thc lowest, irrespec
tive of merit or qualifications, just
- to have a change, or for tho pur
pose of giving place to others, we
see no necessity for such a course.
While it is true that the people
have tho power to place who
ever they choose iu office, yet
it should be remembered that
this power must never bc exercised
to reward friendship, nor should a
man be placed in office simply be
cause he is seeking a situation and
is needy. A public officer is a pub
lic servant, and a public ofhce a
sacred trust. Those who perform
their duty with fidelity and aro
acceptable to the people, should
not bo sacraficcd in order that mal
content? may get their place.
Another view of the matter is
that there is a certain class in this
Stato who always manage to secure
"fat" places for themselves and
their family connection. Because
of a man's family name,-because
bin grandfather was bravo or bis
great-grandfather was a Revolu
tionary general, it docs not follow
that he is any more competent or
any more t ntitled to hold an office
than any other man. In this coun
try "every tub must, stand on its
own bottom," and it ls the man
himself; his eharcter and fitness
that should decide the question,
and not his pedigree.
Perhaps this is what is incant
when the newspapers all over thc
country speak of the "rings" iu thin
State. If this was their reason for
asking for tho new deal, surely no
one could object. It is thc only
argument that can seriously bo
urged in favor of it. AS to lhere
being such a thing as a corrupt po
litical ring, since th?5 Democrats
came in power, no one would for a
moment contend, yet lt docs seem
that family connection and influ
ence with certain aristocratic fam
ilies has outweighed all other con
siderations in South Carolina for
the past few years.
But from what we have seen
. subject, on tho we are forced to
tho conviction that some of those
who are most vehement in advoca
ting the new deal have a very dif
ferent object in view.
Underlying thc whole matter,
thc talk about a change in tho offi
cers, new deal, Ac., it docs not re
quire a Solomon to perceive that
these loud talkers cadi have a
complete set of candidates which
they have wish to push Into office.
This is a species of dcmngoguelsm
which should bo condemned by nil
lovers of good government, all fair
minded men. Nothing ls more
contemptible than to see a man
attempt, by deceiving tho public,
and by throwing out false colors, to
ride into power upon a hobby.
The main question in State poli
tics that will be before the people
In tho next election is the Univer
sity question, and it is useless to
seek to disguise the fact.
lt will at Iea?t take some more
clevor de vico than a "new deni" to
deceive the people.
A Change Needed.
If we aro ablo to Judge the signs
of tho times correctly, a chango in
tho road law of this State must Ix;
made. It is Impossible to make any
jiermanent Improvements under
the present system of working.
First, the labor required to do the
work as It should bo done, is not
given, and then nine-tenths of the
work that Ia done ls lost because it
la not complete. Kvory year wo
have the same thing repeated.
A little brush is thrown In the
washes, with here ami there a sondo
full of di rt t brou n on If, tobo washed
a Why hy the lt rsi rain, and this, tho
only work done in thc year, ls often
lost In n week. The bands Who
work, as well ?is tho overseer, mel
that tiro whole ni nt tor IM a task that
has to bo performed; a form that
has to bo compiled with; and the
sooner lt ls over, tim hotter for
them. Wo have never yid seen
much Interest manifested in road
So far as Laurens is concerned,
this is am important matter. For
live miles from this place, in all
directions, during bad weather,
thc roads arc very had. Thousands
of dollars, tn tho way of trade, ave
lost to thc town annually. All wc
need in order to control all
the county trade, ls to have better
roads. Wc have ?'very prospect
for a cotton market this season
equal to any country town, and for
thc past few years wc have success
fully competed with all neighbor
ing places in thc price of goods,
and this year tho outlook is oven
moro encouraging than ever before.
Wc want good roads, and must
Thc question is a vexed one, and
full of difficulties which wo will
not attempt to remove. Wc have
no Improvement upon thc present
system of working which wc arc
prepared to oller, but surely some
improvement can and will bc made.
When wc see President CLEVE-*
LAND jogging along over forty-two
miles of hilly road in the State of
New York, on an old-fashioned
buck-board, we have a beautiful
picture of democratic simplicity.
What a contrast when wc view thc
pomp and pageantry that over
whelms all Europe when monarchs
stop beyond thc portals of their
palaces! This is an Illustration of
the superiority of our institutions.
Thc Chief Magistrate, accompanied
only by a friend of bis carly days,
armed willi a fishing rod, can pene
trate beyond the confines of civili
zation in safety, and rest at night
along thc lakeside, under thc can
opy of beaven, conscious of integ
rity of purpose, and knowing that
ho has won thc admiration of bis
fellow-men. The Czar of Russia;
though attended by armed legions,
cannot mingle with his subjects
without fear for his safety.
Surely this is sufficient to con
vince all, that honest simplicity,
uprightness and integrity, which
ever carry with thom the love and
respect of the people, is tho surest
and safest shield.
A great many newspapers In this
State, it seems, arc scarce of some
thing to say. At least it has that
appearance when they arc willing
to devote the most valuable space
in thoir paper to controversies of a
purely personal nature, which d<
not concern thc public and can re
sult in no good. All that is accom
plished by such chat as some have
indulged in, ls, that, ono attempts
to show that bc can usc tho most
offensive language; language that
is repugnant to every rule of eti
quette and gentility, and even goes
beyond thc bounds of common de
cency; and thc other tries to beat
lt. Newspaper controversies sel
dom accomplish any good, and es
pecially personal disagreements,
should be settled without forcing
thc public to read thom.
Very St a ii .ge.
We have hoard that at least one
person in this community, having
been offended somewhat by an ar
ticle which appeared in thc edito
rial columns of tho ADVERTISER,
charged a friend of ours with Ibo
authorship of said article. Let it
be understood, once for all, that
whatever appears as an editorial in
this paper is written by thc editor,
and bc alone is responsible. When
ever wc have to call on others to
write editorials wc will surely take
our name from thc top of these col
umns, and turn tho paper over to
someone more competent; bul so
long as it remains, there need
never bc any doubt as to who wrote
Our Idea of a newspaper is that it
should speak out on all important
questions fearlessly and without
regard to thc opinions of others.
If wc happen to take tho wrong
side of an issue, why thc moon will
not stop in her revolutions, nor will
thc current of events be changed;
but thc world will "wag along just
Whatever wo say will be for thc
good of thc country, as wo conceive
it, but sundy lt is not expected that
everyone will accept these views.
Doubtless many serious charges
may be brought against us, but WO
are willing to face (hem fairly, and
wo do beg that our friends bo
spared tim necessity of carrying
our burdens. We trust that when
tho chayge of plaguurism is made,
some ?how of truthfulness may
-An Iowa woman was engaged
In giving ber husband a severe
curtain lecture tho other hight,
whon she "was seized with lockjaw
and dieri within fifteen minutes.
"A word to the wiso is sufficient."
-Hen. Beauregard and Chm. Kar
ly arc paid $(1,000 fi year each by
the Louisiana Lottery Company
for watching tho wliool turn once
a month and giving'' (heir names as
Sou< in-rn Cotton Mills.
Hard Times Ending and the Reward at
From tho Augusta Chronlclo.
Th? over-production lins hoon
worked o?r, now markets have hoon
established and American good*
have beeil placed lu active compe
tition with European manufactures.
This reduced tho margin in Which
England could purchase cotton ad
vantageously, and she must buy
tho present crop at a figure that
Will bo a living rate for all.
And there is no doubt about tho
surplus stock having been worked
off. it lost money i but it had to
go. Our manufacturers faced jhe
music with calm determination,
and now their reward is at hand.
Nor lufve they unloaded on the
jobbers and dealers In our own
market, thus simply transferring
thc burdon, but they have dumped
their surplus stock In foreign coun
tries in tho great markets of tho
world, where it relieves us and
causes no glut.
Now our country is nearly bare
of goods-there being, In tho opin
ion of competent judges, a smaller
stock than for five years past-the
people have economized until they
lia vc exhausted supplies, and a
fresh demand ls springing up on
all sides. Crop reports from every
section are cheering and tho out
look is encouraging.
[For THE LAURENS ADVKRTISKR.]
POUT J KU VIS,
ORANGE CO. N. Y.
September 1st, 18K">.
Editor Laurens Advertiser:
Thc first number of your paper
came to mc from a mutual friend,
with these words: "Will you not
send to Mr. (tarlington a brief ar
ticle when you have time to write?
ono on agricultural matters I think
would bc of interest."
Po not suppose that a correspon
dent so far away in thc North and
unacquintcd With your modes of
growing cotton and tho other crops
to which thc planters of the South
have long given their attention,
will presume to attempt to inform
readers of your journal. They
know much more than I do regard*
ing the crops ordinarily made in
A stay of sonic time in South
Carolina, not long ago, enabled mc
to sec some things, in which change
in the direction of some of your
industries would, I think, accrue to
your interest. 1 noticed that in the
South, as at thc North, farmers, as
a (dass, arc very slow in entering
on new schemes or new modes of
working the land. They arc as in
telligent as any class, and yet they
do not seem readily to discover
that the new conditions created hy
railways and water-ways opening
up regions to markets before In
accessible, renders it practical to
commence producing all varieties
of crops made profitable by near
ness to market.
Now it is tho object of this brief
paper to speak in a general way of
what WO feel sure may bc done,
and ought tobe immediately done,
in your State. First, some sugges
tions with regard to fruit growing,
particularly grape culture. Then
of Improvements in your method
of cattle rearing and milk produc
That your climate and soil arc
both adapted to thc growth of
grapes, there is no longer doubt.
So with the production of fruit, of
which tho quantity grown is very
small, you must bc aware that the
consumption of all kinds of fruits
is very greatly on the Increase in
the United States-far beyond thc
ratio of increase in population.
I am quito certain, were you to
look upon the variety to bc found
in almost any one of our town
markets, you would bc surprised
and delighted by tho display of
applos, pears, peaches, plums,
grapes, etc., grown here in our
I will send to you shortly, u
specimen of grapes grown in half
cultivated vineyards, by inexpe
rienced farmers, and sold profitably
at live cents per pound wholsole.
From your latitude they could.
have been put in tho market hero a
nionth sooner and have command
ed fifteen to twenty cents per pound.
Arc there no suggestions from
those facts to induce your owners
of land to add to thc growing of
rice, cotton and grain, thc cultiva
tion of tho Vine. More fruit is
desirable as healthful food in your
Southern homes. There is scarcely
a yard in tho villages with us that
is not filled with fruit-bearing trees.
Plant the trees and thc vines, and
do not delay to do HO. Those will
have thc start who do so immedi
ately; others will certainly follow
when once thc example ls made.
From grape vines, two years of
tcr planting, some clusters of fruit
maybe gathered; afterward, your
by year for a hundred years, if
properly trimmed, fruit can be
taken. As to the best sorts, infor
mation can bo ascertained from
almost any publication on fruit
A few remarks only, on milk
production in your portion of the
country, which comes from the
County (Orange) noted over all
thc States for its milk and butter.
1 recently received a letter from
a gentleman of Greenville, S. C.,
asking me to find him a man to
take charge of a dairy near that
City. The person, with whom I
was personally ncqalntod. I knew
began improving his stock when I
was in that place some three years
ago. He is now taking tho second
wise step, in my opinion, toward
producing milk in quantity, in a
portion of the country that is not
adapted, hy reason of its not be
ing a grass-producing region. A
cow is, and must lie regarded
as a milk-machine, and mus,
bc Intelligently used for this pur
pose. Consider that yours ls not
nuturally a grass-growing country
and that much juicy food ls re
quired to make tho milk after you
having the proper machino; and
thc "scrub steel. ' which I saw ls
not tho implement with which to
produce this, though the breed bas
horn? and teats. And yet from
what I saw later in your state, milk
and butter can bo produced in
much largor quantities, and profi
tably too. You will need to adopt;
however, 1 think, a different fnode
of supplying the eow with food
suited to milk production. Your
crab grass and tho other grantees of
the lower Houtll aro insufficient.
Up hore, Where our meadows af
ford rieh and abundant feed of th's
sort, the shrewd, amid successful
farmers ttlVe In addition, green
fodder and some gratti to the milch
cows, having discovered that lt
paya to do so. I state this so that
it ioay bo seen that it is more nec
essary where tho glasses are not
so abundant nor rich as found with
With you, to furnish -tho green
fodder, as you can do by sowing
com, rye, oats and peas, and by
successive crops, furnish plenty of
green food for the cows, without
which they cannot yield, morning
and evening, the equivalent of milk.
Wide, ranging in the bot sun after
juiceless grass will not enable your
animal to bring home to the yard a
Unless the mode of feeding dalry
stock is greatly changed from what
I saw when in your State, In milk
production little eau bo done.
l*p about Greenville where I
saw tine Jersey and Ayreshlro
cows, properly supplied with pas
ture, I saw creamy milk and golden
butter. Thus was demonstrated
what eau be done in your region.
I shall simply supplement these
suggestions by what my grand*
mother used to regard as a funda
mental principle of tho dairy. It
was this: "A cow ls like a cupboard,
if you do not put victuals tn it, you
can take none out of it."
I*Iim-lSators in Africa.
Cannibals Hot So Degraded as Other Bav
age Tribes Voluntarily Abandon tho
i'? artice Work o? Missionaries.
A few hundred miles northwest
of Xaike Albert Nyanza, on tho
banks of the river Welle, lives a
great tribe whoso cannibalism is
tile most pronounced of any in
Africa. Tlicy arc the Monbuttua,
a red-skinned race, physically line
specimens of manhood, and far su
perior to the tribes around them
in arts of war or peace. They in
habit a beautiful, fertile country,
where forests alternate with rolling
grounds. They engage In agricul
ture, and bunnin Heall, though a
frequent, ls not a regular article of
food except among the wealthier
families. Schwcinfurtli, who lived
among them for several months,
says they ure not like very ninny
African tribes, childish in speech
and in their processes of thought,
but that they understand reason
able questions and give reasonable
answers. The specimens of their
pottery, decorated with ornamen
tal figures, that arc now in thc Eth
nographical museum of Berlin, aro
said to equal tho best examples of
Egyptian art. They arc ingenuous
wood-carvers, and the greatest
house-builders in Africa. One
roofed building destroyed by one
Schwclnfurg, built of timbers, was
150 feet long, CO feet wide and AO
foot high, and held an audience of
nearly 1,000 persons.
Next to Monbuttus, thc African
tribe that aro most notorious ns
men-eaters uro the natives of No
vo Redondo tn Portugese Angola,
Whom J. Moiltolro described as thc
finest race of blacks in every way
that he had met in Africa. Ile
said there was no question of the
superior physique and mental
qualities of this cannibal tribe, and
he thought their superiority might
actually be tho result of the burrill
custom by which they supported
themselves with a largor amount
of animal food than other tribes
used, lt is far more likely, how
ever, that their superiority, instead
of being the result of cannibalism,
made ii possible for thora to be can
nibals by enabling them to prey
with Impunity upon weaker tribes.
The greatest excesses of cannibal
ism have always been found among
tho higher savage trills or nations
Uko tho ancient Mexicans and Pe
ruvians. The most encouraging
fact with regard to peoples ad
dicted to this custom is that as
U?ey rise toward the Jiilddle and
Upper levels r>f civilization they
voluntarily abandon the ?ractlco.
If thc missionaries have accom
plished nothing more among thc
islands of the pacific, lt would bc
to their lasting credit that they
have induced many thousands of
the natives to give up this prac
Starved to Death.
John Smith, a son of I'ink Smith,
nour Holt/.houser's, died on Wed?
nesday night, thc 2d inst. His age
was about 22 years and he died
alone in ids fathers house after
four weeks' sickness. Dr. Russell
bad attended bim and dismissed
the case as convalescent Thc tes
timony of the neighbors is that thc
father, Pink Smith, and Iiis wife,
the stepmother of John, failed to
feed 1dm properly, and that be died
for want of attention and food.
Coroner Evins held an Inquest and
tho evidence before bim was suffi*
Olent to arrest Pink Smith and his
wife for causing the death of John
Smith by luck of proper attention.
They are now in Jail.-Carolina
-We regret to sec the affairs of
tho Citadel discussed in such acri
monious temper by ?onie of the
newspapers. Unless this crimina
tion ami recrimination aro stopped
much harm will lie done loth to
tho Institution and to Individuals.
There is no necessity for washing
dity linen in public, nor for dis
cussion when, as is patent, ail the
facts aro not and cannot tts yet bo
known. Above all things, let not
this time-honored institution be
come tho shuttlecock of politics.
-An American scientist says the
ivory of Africa will give out in ten
or fifteen years.
-"William Wirt was foolish
enough to bo n nomlnoo for the
Prosideney on tho anti-Masonic
platform; Greenbnekor Weaver
and Prohibitionist St. John have in
our day followed suit with equal
success. And yet some of our con?
temporaries would persuade tliut
excellent und otherwise thoroughly
qualified gQntl'?man Col. II. W. Ed
wards, of Darlington, to be the can
didate of the denominational col
leges as opposed to the State Uni
versity, in the next election for
Governor. Verily, in name, if not
in principles, the Know Nothing
parly hus been revived.-Berkeley
While Frank Calhoun was in Bot
ton, lie saw an order there for ti
pair of shoes that were such mon
sters that he took a copy of the
measure of the stockinged foot.
Thc measure is of the foot of Hew
J. M. Farnham, colored, of Char
lotte, N. C. The measurements
are sis follows: Length, 20 inches;
width across heel and toe, 5 inches;
across hall of toot, S inches. The
proprietor of this monster founda
tion stands 0 feet !> indies in his
socks, and weighs CIO pounds. Thc
shoe is size il-M.
- A moll on Sunday night visited
tho Pike ('(?linty Jail at Murfroes
borough, Ark., and made an attempt
to shoot tho Folk boys, who were
confined for murder, but not being
able to get them In range the mob
bullied n load of wood to the jail,
piled it around tho cell, saturated
the wood with coal oil, and liter
ally roasted both prisoners alive.
Nothing Is standing but thc brick
Wall of the jail. The Polks mur
dered a peddler last year und have
had several trials. This was thc
third effort by mobs to kill them.
-The fattest man that ever lived
.n Ohio died recently at Mansfield,
in that State. His name was Norris.
Ile weighed 1 l? pounds at the time
of bis death. His collin was made
to order, und in dimensions was <?
feet 1 inch in length, L'S. inches
wide and 22 Inches high, inside
measurement. The casket was 2
inches wider than tho largest
hearse in tho city, and his remains
were drawn to tho cemetery in a
- In tho Northern part of Ne
braska un Irish colony, called
Jackson, bas been settled for twen
ty-nine years, six of tho colonist of
which are worth from $40,000 to
$00,000 euch. They were very poor
j when they arrived there, and were
! so discouraged by the desolate np?
I penrance of the prairie and the
lonelillOSS und desolation, which af
fected the Irish so much, timt if
they had had the money they would
-The convicts, under their late
management, have done wonders
towards improving the roads, and
thc roads lending into Charlotte
are now said to bc the finest ever
known in Mecklenburg. They
have been really worked up to un
excellent condition and are almost
equal to turnpikes. It ls a luxury
to drive over them.-Charlotte Ob
Another Death on tho > lamond.
ATLANTA, (JA., September 0.
Samuel Wilson, while umpiring a
gamo of base-hall at Hun villi*, Ga.,
to-day was run into by a player
and so severely injured internally
that he will probably die to-night.
-While a down freight train on
the C., C. & A. Railroad was passing
Blackstock, recently, the conduc
tor's cab was fired Into by one of a
party of four negroes, the bullet
narrowly missing one of Hie train
bands who was sitting in the door.
-Tho gamblers of Omaha have
made ?1 proposition to the city that
if they are not interfered with for
one year they will pay for all street
improvements and keep up the
-The counsel for B. F. Welch,
on additional affidavit, on Wednes
day renewed their application for
bail before Judge Witherspoon, who
grunted un order fixing ball at ten
Supreme Ooart Decision.
Turner H. L. Wood vs. Wm. A.
Kee ves et al. Judgment below
modified and case remanded. Opin
ion by Mciver, A. J.
-Even the drowsiest of laggard
politicians ure opening their eyes
to the fact that the average citizen
turns Ids buck and holds his nose
when dead issues ure dragged to
-False friendship, like tho ivy,
decays and ruins the walls it em
braces! but true friendship gi yes
new life and animation to the ob
ject it supports.
-Talmago is drawing immense
congregations in Ireland. Last
Sunday be preached to 40.000 peo
ple in the streets of Belfast.
"HAVANNAH, September 0.-Fif
ty-three freight handlers at the
Savannah, Florldu and Western
Hallway freight yards here, struck
to-night for higher pay.
-There ls one tiling to lie said
in favor of cai ly marriage. It
gives the couple a few more years
to find out which ls boss.
-The brightest thoughts some
times como from tho dullest look
-Knives and daggers were for
merly part of the customary ac
coutrement? of brides.
-Perfumers now utilize the scent
of tho cucumber.
Re-opens Monday. September 14th, 1885.
Fully equipped In nil l>opartiiientn. Apply for circular?*
All kinds of Machinery repaired. Iron and Brass Casting?,
of every description, made on short notice. Work guaranteed
as good, and ju ices I/)\ver than can he had at any other Foundry.
We mean what we say. Call or write for prices.
MYERS & COLI:,
Laurens S. C.
August 5, 188.r? 1 3m.
This Apace belong? to J. K. COOPER ?fe CO.,
CHOICE FAMILY and FANCY GROCERIES.
LAURENS C. H., S. C.
OULX* Big IDrlTre.
IN order to make ROOM FOR OUR
* WIDTBR ?G00DS *
Wc aro Helling nt greatly reduced price? the following goods.
Calicos, Dress goods, Remnants of Dress goods, Table Dam*
ask, Towels, Ildfks, Edging, Laces etc., and a Great
Variety of goods too numerous to mention.
We call the. special attention of the ladies to our Stock of Fine
Shoes, every pair guaranteed to give satisfaction.
We also carry a Large Stock of men's children and Misses
Shoes, which we sell ai low as the lowest.
Come one. come all, and seo for yourselves.
GRAHAM & SPARKS.
E IVE IP ORIUM
-: o t
And see the Red Bat. without feet or wings.
Also, the Highaffin, Double Buffin, Compound
Pressing Squeezer. >
He has the
on his Stock of Staple and Faiicy Goods, Notions,
Millinery, Ac. limited to 4(j days, and during
this time will make special trices on Clothing.
Gents' Straw Hats, Parasols kid Millinery.
Wo aro compe lled to make room for the 4l| Ktock ai th? Emporium
W. 4 GILKERSON.