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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, October 28, 1885, Image 4

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?GHICULTURAL DEPARTMENT.
Til K TOBACCO BXPEttZMKNT.
Precautions t? bo Taken to Make lt Suc
cessful.'
There ie 110 plant which has a wider
climat ic rango than tobacco. On this
Continent, it grows wherever planted
from Canada to Patagonia, but with
variations of types duo to soil, climate
and exposure' In tho United States
we have almost endless varieties of the
.ame diatiuct plant. Ohio tobacco
resembles Maryland, but the ono is
easily distinguished from tho other,
and both havo their chief salo in Eu
rope. Tho dark tobaccos of Virginia
aro different from those of Kentucky,
and tho tobacco of Tennessee differs
from both. Even in tho yellow tobac
co of Virginia and North Carolina dis
tinct varieties with distinct names
exist, and in western North Carolina
tho tobacco varies lu different couties,
although originally grown from tho
samo seed.
It is impossible, therefore, to predict
what the South Carolina tobacco of thc
future will bc, and in what material
respects variation from thc parent
type will be produced in thc different
localities of tho State. Liko all plant
other life on our globe, tobacco, oven
in its assisted struggle for existence,
will, in its evolution to thc most at
tainable porfoct spooies, accommodate
itself to tho influence of thc soil upon
which it feeds and the air which it
feeds, and it can only survive as a per
manent typo of thc plant family to
Which it belongs, subject to theso con
tions. Thus tho tobacco of tho Wins
ton distriot of North Carolina is rich
in flavor and substanco and of an
cv^gO and somewhat reddish color,
wr.ilo that of Western North Carolina
is thinner and a brighter yellow, and
lacks tho excellcnco of flavor of thc
former. Perhaps tho tobacco of thc
Piedmont of South Carolina will moro
nearly rcscmblo tho former than thc
latter.
I trust sincerely that your commis
sioners of agriculture will placo at thc
disposal of tho farmers carefully pre
pared instructions as to thc sorts of to
bacco best adapted to tl e several divis
ions of soil which characterise the
Stato from tho sea to the mountains.
It were a lo.s.s of precious timo and ol
mouoy for your people to embark in
Mimi experiments with seed and con
ditions unsuitable to, their several lacal
itics. Given suitable soil and climate
the acquisitio;. of thc highest attaina
ble typo of tobacco may bc greatly
hastend and assisted at thc start by a
judicious selection of seed grown on
similar soil elsewhere. With the same
care after this in tho selection of seed
nom your homo grown plant as was
exercised by your island planters in
t?ho progressive creation of sea island
cdt ton, a typo of tobacco will bo devel
oped better suited to thc soils and cli
mates of South Carolina than one
grown from continuous importation
Sf geed from Virginia and elsewhere.
Tobacco now-a-days, if wc except thc
sun-cured wrappers of Virginia north
of tho ?James, nnt\ tljo cigar loaf of
other States,, must be cured in barns,
boated by smoke-tight flues. This in
volves a largo expenditure of fuel, the
supply of which is a consideration of
primo economy and importance.
' JJL is an error generally received that
che soil of any part of South Carolina
resemble that of the celebrated Vuelta
Abijo of Cuba, of thc Valley of the
Connecticut, or of Lancaster county.
Pa. Tho Cuban, tho Connecticut ano
the Pennsylvania soils arc similar, the
formation being triassic, and of winch
formation I can discover no trace any
where in South Carolina. Doubtless
the terracos of your river lauris will
?roduco good cigar tobaeco from
Iavana seed. Certainly, if it can be
ascertained that these soils resemble
the cigar leaf soils of Gadsden county,
florida, which in the past produced
cigar leaf almost in excellence to that
of Havana. The census of 1880 gives
the profit per acre from tobacco grown
on Florida soil as thc largest in the
United States. There is far less differ
ence between the olimatcs of South
botweon the climates of South Caro
lina and of Florida than there is be
tween Connecticut and Cuba.
As in everything else, so is it in
agriculture dangerous to generalize
.from . ???61atcd results. Individual
farmers in North Carolina growing
yellow tobacco have realized $200 and
moro per acre, yet thc average price
for which the crop of this Stato sold in
the season just closed was not more
than thirteen and a half cents a pound.
At these figures an averngo of fivo
hundred pounds to the aero for the
whole State to be about $22.50 net.
It is not to discourage thc farmers of
South Carolina that f give these de
ductions from facts. It is better for
them to start their experimental crops
Uf tobacco Oll the basis Of mod?rai ely
ostimated profits than upon greatly ex
aggerated expectations derived from
exceptional and rare instrnces of cnor
mous returns. It is given only to a
few very skilled and painstaking farm
ars to achieve such remunerative re
sulta as are quoted by newspaper
writers as if they were thc general
rule. The great majority of those who
till the soil with us in tho South are
but indifferent cultivators, or else their
efforts are crippled by inadequate cap
ital. Ilowover, if thc men who take
hold of tobacco in South Carolina can,
with the altered conditions of labor, do
for this plant what theiu forefathers did
for rico and sea island cotton, then as
suredly will South Carolina become a
great tobacco State, but they have
everything to learn, and thc first steps
towards success must bo taken in a
spirit of patient investigation. Science
cannot altogether supply tho placo of
experience. Il can, nt best, only Indi
cate tho short cuts by which this richly
dowered daughter of time and experi
ment is to bo wooed and won. Tho
botanical chemist, as a rule, lins left
tobacco severely alone. Ile has anal
yzed the ashes of the dead leaf, but
thora bas been no vivisection of thc
live plant, no analysis of its snp, which
Ja tho blood whoreby it grows. A
natural born alchemist at a rough
hewn log barn discoverod in a moment
of inspiration tho temperature (record
ed by a twenty-five cont thermometer)
at which the golden yellow of trans
formation was to be caught and fixed
in the leaf aa an enduring color. The
whole cultivation and curing of to
bacco is thus more or loss a tradition.
In it. as in much else, wc to-day only
stand upon the threshold of future pos
sibilities.
On the SM of this month tho West
ern North Carolina Agricultural Fair
will open at Asheville. Unusually
large premiums will be offered for ex
hibits of tohaaco. and un admirable
opportunity will be afforded to any
of your> farmers interested in tho culti
vation of tobaeco to see how our far
tamed.goldoti leaf is prepared for mar
it is ?old on our vrare
Witbln a cl
few miles nrc hundreds of tob?ceo
barns, lu somo of which, possibly,
curing may still bo going on at that
timo. In conclusion, those formers in
tho Piedmont ol* South Carolina who
this your for tho first timo tried grow
ing tobacco, must not bo disheartened
if their leaf docs not como out uni
formcrly yellow. This difficulty has
been common, moro or les?, to the
whole bright tobacco belt. Even in
this mountain region, whero every
condition for making a crop of exce?
lcut color prevailed, the samo persist
ent reddening exists to somo extent
this season. J. ll. HAMILTON.
Asheville, N. C., October 10, 1885.
ein? Straw Mnunre.
(From th? Avgusta Chronicle.)
In tho Chronicle of September 25
tho following appears:
"Mr. P. J. Bcrckmans says that pine
straw renders manure almost value
less. Southern farmers should ko AV
this and bo wisc accordingly."
At thc August meeting of the Rich
mond County Agricultural Society,
tho subject for discussion being tho
"Management of Cattle," tho question
of matorial for bedding purposes was
broached, and ia my comments upon
tho very able paper of Mr. Staples,
who was the essayist for that month, 1
stated "that pi?o straw as bedding
material was undesirable, as it ren
dered tho nianaro almost valueless,
aad, if used ia large proportions, it
often proved aa injury to tho land."
Your reporter gave tho correct
words, but by publishing them has
placed you under tho necessity of re
ceiving tlie explanation of thc reasons
upon which I ba6c my assertions, and
if you seo proper to publish these, 1
will thus be enabled to reply to several
inquiries which have lately been made
upon thc subject.
In an essay upon "Manures," read
lu 18?e before the Richmond County
Agricultural Society, when referring
to animal manures. I said:
"Although this term, strictly speak
ing, means only such as arc produced
cither from thc excrements of animal!
or from their flesh, blood or bones, ii
is usually applied to manures pro
doced from thc excrements of animal
and thc admixture of straw, leaves, oi
other vegetable matter used as litter
this being commonly termed stabil
manure. The quality depends mud
upon thc food given to cattle, as wei
as upon thc nature of thc litter used
Thc riclicr tho food, thc richer will b
thc manure produced. Wheat and oa
straw, oak leaves, hay, grass, cori
stalks, and similar vegetable matter
should be freely used for litter. Avoit
pine straw, pine sawdust, or pin
shavings, all being injurious to bun
from the resinous principios tho eon
tain."
This assertion gave risc at the tim
to considerable discussion and a rcpl
to many arguments against it wa
published in the Chronicle. I canoe
better answer thc queries lately rt
coi ved than to refer to my reply.
"Pine straw asa mulch is good. A
a disintegrating medium for very st i
clay soils, impermeable to air, it ca
be beneficial, but only for that put
pose. The. leaf of the pine is con
posed of silicate (a hard mineral sui
stance) vegetable libre and rosin. Rot
silicate and vegetable base arc insoli
ble, hence not available as plant foot
Thc ashes of pine straw, submitted l
analysis, give less potash ns a resu
than thc ashes of any other vcgetabl
the proportion being 0.45 in 1,0<
parts. Wheat straw, after the grain
formed, gives 3.90 of potash in 1,0(
parto, and before thc heads are formt
yields 4.70 parts of potash; corn stall
contain 17.6 parts; cow peas from 20
to 25.0 in 1,000 parts; oak leaves 1.5:
willow leaves 2..'35; elm and map
leaves 3.90 parts of potash in 1,01
parts. Potato vines arc also rich
potash. Potash being one of thc ma
constituents of tho plants wc usual
grow as agricultural crops, lt is c\
dent that a soil deficient in it cann
be productive and pine straw cann
givo what is required, because it ca
not undergo a transformation win
would make it soluble and thus bc a
sorbed by plants.
"Referring to tho analysis of so
of different countries, it is shown tli
resinous matter is contained in soi
stcrilo soils, and in such rust attac
wheat, rye or oats.
"This is so well known in portie
in Europe where pine woods abou
and where the inhabitants arc conced
to bc thc best agriculturists in t
world, and as careful of produci
and saving manures as arc thc ('hine;
that no tiller of the soil however slit
of raw material to bed bis cow or j)
will allow any pine straw to bc us
for that purpose (this article is us
for fuel only by the poorer classcf
they well know that rust would bc I
rcstiltif used in thc manures. One
our tenants covered a part of a fit
willi pine straw, and for several yoi
afterwords could not raise cither win
or clover on it, notwithstanding bea
manuring afterwards.
"Five years ago I planted Ir
potatoes and gave thom a heavy mill
ing of pine straw, thc ground bel
well manured previous to planting
potatoes. The straw was plowed
during winter and tho ground plain
in corn the following spring, and tl
portion previously mulched prod tu
stalks two feet smaller than the otl
portion of tho field which had, he
ever, never been manured before. 'I
second year the field was sown in ot
and thc difference in tho yield be
less than half upon the mulched p
tion.
"Thc samo result has been noti
in the vegetable garden, whero sovr
classes of vegetables, especially pt
could not be grown successfully wi
indng mnnurc made with pino strai
when manure made with either
strnw or oak leaves was used tho yi
was always bottor.
"I could say more, but deem tl
remarks sufficient to sustain my o|
ion, which is thc result of perso
cxporienco, although it may cont
with that of others."
Since this was wrillon many yo
havo passed and nothing has occur
to change my opinion ns regards
lack of value of pine straw for man
material. Pine straw which has b
subjected to the drippings of cattle
doubtless shown good results in so
soils, and in some especially moist s
sons, and upon certain crops, but t
is duo solely to thc fertilizing prop
ties which were taken from tho sta
in combination with the straw i
despite the presence of tho latter
tho soil, The writer causod tho lu
lng from tho city, for several years
succession, of from three to four h
dred heavy loads of livery sta
mannie and had to discon"nno
practice, owing to the barren rest
obtained. Tho average material u
for bedding hoing pino straw and p
shavings, which, in many instanc
proved a decided injury to the soil,
yield produced thereon-especially
grain crops. Having paid dearly for
my oxperienco, by an outlay of an j
nverago of $300 a year, tor at least ten
years, besides thc cost of hauling
heavy loads a distanco of live miles
from" thc livery stables to thc tarin, 1
believe tliat 1 am entitled to thc opin
ion expressed at thc heading of this j
article; and if a careful comparison is
made with using inanuro made with
pino straw upon a given portion of a
Held, and with manure made with
wheat or oat straw, corn stalks, oak
leaves or pea V?IICB, using equal pro?
portions ot each, tho result will speak
for itself. Yours repect fully,
J. P, RliUCKMANS.
Frttitlandi near Augusta, September
30, 188?.
TUE IM 1 M M I K TO SPAIN.
"What Doctor Curry Says of tho Recent Ob
jection* to ll tn Appointment.
Thc Kev. Dr. Curry, the newly ap
pointed Minister to spain, spent a dav
last week at the State Department,
where he consulted with thc Secretary
and Assistant Secretary of State, with
his predecessor, ami with Mr. Wil
liams, United States Consul-Gciierul to
Cuba. To a reporter of the Associated
Press, Dr. Curry said ho expected to
leavo for his post on tho 51 h Novem
ber. "It is said, sir," remarked the
reporter, "that you were once in com
mand ut Andersonvillc, and wcro in
part responsible for tho cruelly prac
ticed toward the Federal prisoners."
"I never was in Andcrsouvillc in my
life," replied Dr. Curry, "and 1 never
had command of Federal prisoners in
my life, except such as I captured my
self and those I turned over at once.
1 cannot imagine how such a story got
its start. I shall be glad if you will
make my denial broad und emphatic.
"Thc critics of your appointment,"
continued thc reporter, "question tho
propriety ol sending Baptist clergy
near a court t?o strongly Catholic."
"Thc criticism is unjust," was the
reply, "lt would be a strange thing
if tho strongest denomination in thc
country-you know wc aro the strong
est-were to be disqualified for diplo
I malic oilices on religious grounds. A
luau's religion, 1 holtl, is a thing bc
' tween his God and himself, and one
with which the Government has noth
ing to do. I am a little surprised at
thc criticism too. Thc hardest strug
gle I have hud when In politics was as
a candidate for thc Legislature in Ala
bama during the "Know-Nothing" ex
citement. The issues, you remember,
were two-one a proposition to douy
to foreigners the privilege of natnali/.a
tion after six years residence, and tho
other proposition to disqualify Roman
ists from holding ollicc. My county
was a pivotal one, anti my competitor
thc ablest mau on thal side of the
Slate. My success was very gratify
ing."
"Were you an anti-Know-Nothing!"
"Yes; I was a champion, I can't say
of tho Catholics, but of thc principle of
Americanism, which is embodied in
thc Constitution, of equal rights and
privileges for all."
"Of course you anticipate no obj?
tion from tho Spaniards to your recep
tion?"
'Certainly not. Thc Spanish Gov
ernment knows my mission hus nothing
to do with religion."
"I am very mucli gratified by two
things, I may say three things," con
tinued Dr. Curry. "When I was ob
jected to on the ground Of being un
known, so strcog a Republican paper
as tho Providence Journal vouched for
me and said'l was nil right. Again,
Mr. Washburn's card was exceedingly
gratifying, coming from a Republican
leader, himselt having been eight years
a Foreign Minister. Rut thc expres
sions of approval from thc colored peo
ple of thc South have been exceedingly
hearty and pleasing'. My long connec
tion with tho Peabody fund has made
mc widely known among them and
they have taken pains to express their
approval of my appointment.
"Shall you renew negotiations fora
treaty with Spain?"
"I can say nothing on that pubject."
Thc linty on Klee.
A delegation of Southern men,
muong whom were Sonators Ransom,
Harris and Gibson and Congressman
King, of Louisiana, was heard last
week by Secretary Manning anti As
sistant Secretary Fairchild in behalf of |
thc rice planters. They seek to have
rescinded or amended an order issued
during Secretary Folger's administra
tion under which they say food rice is
admitted in large quantities at thc ruto
ol 20 per cent., ad vulurum instead of
paying tlie specific rate Axed by law.
The order referred to relates to granu
lated rice, an article Imported largely
tor brewers. The claim is made by
planters that importations under this
order aro doing great injury to the
market for food rice. Tho Secretary
hus tho mailor undor adviscniont.
Mo You Know a Man
Whose wife is troubled with debility,
nervousness, liver complaint or rheu
matism? ?Just tell him it is a pity te
let thc lady sn fier that way, when
Brown's Iron Ritters will relieve her.
Mrs. L. B. Edgerly, Dexter, Mc, says,
"Brown's iron Ritters cured mc of
debility and palpitation of thc heart."
Mrs. IL S. McLaughlin, of Scarbor
ough, Mo-, says tho bitters cured her
of debility. Mrs. Harding, of Wind
ham Centre, in thc same State, says it
cured lier of dizziness in thc head. So
it has enred thousands of other ladies.*
Terrine Kxplonlon of On?.
A terrific explosion of gas took place
iu No. 2 slope of tho I JelaWare and
Hudson Coal Company at Plymouth,
Pa., on Wednesday morning, caused
by a miner, who entered an abnndoncd
portion of tho slope, which wns marked
dangerous, with a naked lamp on his
head. Ono man, Dennis Titus, is
dead, and fourteen aro fatally burned.
Darned to Death, and II? ito rod to Life.
I know of a man nearMaxoy'n, Gs., who
for ten or twelve years was almost a solid
soro from head to foot.
For three years, his appearance being so
horribly repulsive, he refused to let any
one seo him. Tho disease after eating his
flesh, commenced on Ida skell bonos. Ile
tried all doctors and medidnos without
lie nein anti no one thought he eould possi
bly recover. At last he began the uso of
B. R. H., and after using six bottles, his
sores were all healed and he was a sound
man.
He looks just like a man who had heea
burned to de dh and thon restored ts lifo.
Tho host mei of the county know of tbte
case, and several doctora and merchants
haro spoken of it asa most wonderful ease.
JOHN CRAWFORD, Druggist.
* Athens, us.
.????>
A?VTOK TO MOTHERS.
MRS. WINSLOW'S SOOTHIHO Svsur shonld al
ways be lined for children toothing, lt soothes
the child, softens tan gums, rOiays all pom,
eurea w?e<J collo, mut is the heei
Harria??. Twonty-tlvo cent? a botUo.
.lulyULfyl
'iiii, i ix ; i lui.i ) I.VMHIM;,
Kxtutitmt lug Statement? which uro Blade t
Iii lieluuf of tho ACCIISOU.
(Special to thc News and ''ouncr.)
AUGUSTA, GA., October 22.-Tbie 1
beautiful olly is so near to Edgeflold
luul is so intimately connccteil with
the county that no day passes that
several Edgeliold inen ure not seen on
thc umbrageous streets. It is easy,
therefore, to obtain the gossip con
cerning tho Edgeflold affairs which
rarely linds its .way i ito print. The
all-absorbing topic in Edgctlcld at
this time is tho lynching of CuIbt'Oath,
and it must he admitted that the state
ments which uro made in Augusta
upon tho subject dringe materially
thc aspect of thc deplorable affair.
It is nsscrted that Mr. Culbreath
treated his wile with thc utmost bru
tality after her lather's death, and that
his conduct was so otl'ensivc to thc
people that it is surprising that he was
not lynched nt an earlier day. Among
his other offences, lt is said that in a
drunken fit ho lushed his wife severe
ly with a buggy whip, and when re
monstrated with by her mother lashed
that lady in tho same way. As a con
sequence of his behavior, a separation
took place. Mr. Culbreath, however,
continued a stu veillunce over his wife's
actions, and without any reason what
ever was furiously jealous. As is
known, Mr. I lammond was assassinated
in tho yard of Mrs. Culbroath's house
where he had gone at the request of
her son to remain tor the night. One
of my informants says that ho knows
it to'bc a faot that Mr. Culbreath
caused [lammond to be assassinated,
and that he was as much thc assassin
as though he hud actually pulled the
trigger. This, at all evenjs, was be
lieved in the county and was thc imm?
diate cause ol'the lynching, Tho peo
ple of the county felt that such con
duct should bo tolorated no longer,
and they unwisely look thc law into
their own hands. An Edgeflold man
whom I talked willi said, with great
emphasis, that he held that lynching
was never justifiable, but if ever it was
to bc justifiable it was so in Culbroath's
case.
There are now in Edgeflold (ail more
than thirty persons who aro nccuscd
of participation in tho lynching. Thc
accommodations arc altogolhor Insuf
ficient, und tho prisoners arc threaten
ed with disease by reason of thc condi
tion of tho buildings in which they are
confined. They did not apply for
bail, but have BU Ile red severely al
ready, and their Bullering is not in
their confinement alone. The nccuscd
form tho hulk of the adult male popu
lation of two or more townships in
Edgeflold county. They arc taken
from their plant?t ions at a busy season
of thc year, and in their absence it is
impracticable to control tho colored
laborers, who arc niching thc colton
from thc fields right and left, ll is
asserted in all seriousness that, many
ramilles will l?o deprived of bread and
meat by the arrest of the accused, all
of whom, it is said, arc ready to give
bail to anv amount that may he requir
ed.
1 give theve statements in order that
the publie may know what is said by
those who are acquainted with the
lynchers, and who lcd that thc act was
so nearly justifiable (hat there is no
reason to keep thc accused in jail, and
who maintain, further, that thc facts
to he developed before the grand jury
or in open Court will satisfy the pul lie
mind that no great wrong has been
done. When it. ls urged thal thc
Courts should have boon resorted to, it
is shown that the original olfcUCOS of
Culbreath could not have been made
the subject cf a judicial investigation
without a public scandal.
As regards tho assassination of liam?
mond there is a feeling, I am sorry to
suv, that whatever- the evidence, Cul
breath would md have been convicted,
and that lynch law wat the only law
that would meet his case. The accused
arc said lo he highly respectable, in
dustrious and well-behaved citizens,
who would never, save as a last resort,
be gulley of un act ol'violence of any
kind.
All ?his is given to thc readers of thc
News a nd Courier, without comment,
and in order that they may know what
I is thc opinion held by those who claim
to he familiar with thc facts of thc
case.
More Ljrncbera Commuted to Juli
Emil i ir.i.o, October 22.-.Sherill
Ouzts brought to jail last night Morgan
I Dorn, Elbert Dorn, Richard Harm
'? mond and W. II. Hammond, charged
I with being accessories to the Ctllbroath
lynching. He bad warrants for two
other parties, but could not (ind thom.
The sherill'was arrested to-day hy
Coroner Johnson under warrant
charging him with official misconduct
in permitting ami allowing prisoners
to escape. The sherill'gave bond foi
his appearance nt Court. Two prison
ers, Collier Hammond mid Reuben
Johnson, were grunted permission lust
night to go to their respective homet
under chnrgo of a constable, tho party
to return to-night. For this offence
another warrant was issued against thc
sherill', charging him with maliciously
permitting prisoners to escape. He
was nguiu arrested and again promptly
gavo bail.
Tho SalVAtlo'n Army.
The good peoplo of thc South will
learn with regret und w ith feelings ol
dread and disgust that thu so-callctl
"Salvation Army" are accumulating
what they call a "Southern fund," foi
the purpose ol' sending a detachment
here for the purpose of making con
verts. They will come with all theil
silly partido, brass bands, banners,
gaudy uniforms and pernicious prac
tices, with which they falsely ailinn
they arc doing God service and promot
ing thc cause of Christianity. They
have become a public nuisance in ail
lands, have been poltcd and abused by
mobs and driven nell mell out of cities
and countries. Now they proposo tc
invade South Carolina ami othei
Southern States, to prove to usthrougli
oyo and ear that thoy are a despicable,
unmitigated public nuisance, mid thal
thc treatment they havo rccoived by
tho populace in Europe and Amoric'n
is in many respects well deserved
What has tho South dono that wc
should bc punished thus?- Columbia
Record.
She ?Id lt 11 v. -nr.
On "Wednosdoy night MM.' Gatos
wife of John Gatos, sheriff of Mans
field county, Ohio, armed herself witt
a rawhide, and with her brother
started in pursuit of Robert Ritchio, n
young mau who was formerly deputy
sheri If. Meeting thc object of hoi
soarch, Mrs. Oates's brother drow n
revolver and ordered him to dund till
his sister concluded tho chastisement.
When she exhausted herself Mrs. Gate?
permitted Hil depart.
GKANT AM? JOUKtiON.
\u i m |> i < i lui > 11' Story of tho Karly l'orlod
of KccoiiBtructlon.
Chauncey M. Dcpcw has written to .
Col, V. D. (?rant, giving particulars of
it conversation with (?en. Grant four
years ago at a dinner. Mr. Depcw
says that after President Lincoln was
killed anti President .Johnson inaugu
rated, tin: hitter wanted to reject tho
terms given by (?rant to the Confed
eracy, and wanted all the oflicers who
had lett the regular anny lo luke sides
with the Confederacy summarily dealt
with by court-martial. President
Johnson also wauled to take extreme
mensures with nil tho leaders of thc
Confederacy. Grant determined that
the terms of the agreement should bc
adhered lo, and if there were to bc
any courts-martial, C?en, (irani would
be the first tried, us he intended to
stand bj the parole. Johnson after
wards changed his views. Cirant as
cribed Johnson's course to his hatred
of the slaveholders, tutti when the war
started, believing in the power of tho
government, he saw his opportunity to
defeat his enemies, confiscate their
property, and humiliate their pride.
Johnson's absorbing ambition hud been
to be received by thc slavo-holding
oligarchy us one of them, us he had
not been obie to break down tho class
harrier. While Johnson was looking
for means to break the agreement of
Urant, thc leaders of tho oligarchy
ctnled ou him, ami acknowledged that
as President of the United States he
became, regardless of birth, not only
one of them, but their leader. After
this Johnson became us anxious lo
save as he had been lo destroy. Presi
dent Johnson even wanted (?rant to
sustain him in n scheme to allow all
the States recently in rebellion their
full quota of Senators and Representa
tives, hut (?rant threatened to drive
such a Congress out of tho Capitol at
tho point of thc bu met.' Johnson
afterwards tried lo gel (?rant to go on
a mission to Mexico, to got him out
of thc way, hut (?runt refused and the
matter was dropped.
-* o??, i - --
Tho Ohio Klcetlott.
COLUMBUS, October 22.-The head
quarters of both parlies have practical
ly closed and tho Democrats concedo
the Legislature to t Lo Republicans by
a majority of three on joint ballot. As
tho Democracy have control of tho
Senate thc Republicans will he pre
vented from passing any party meas
ures or reorganization laws. The
criminal manipulation ol'thc election
returns in this eily continues to be the
absorbing topic, of conversation, but
tho excitement has abated since the
filial action of tho Board of Canvassers
has bocoino known. An additional
rev a rd has been o flt; red for thc arrest
and conviction of thc guilty parties.
li is believed tho complete official count
will stand: Republicans, .r>s, and
Domocrats, 62, in tho House; und 17
Kopulioaiis and 20 Democrats in thc
Senate.
Tho official count of Hamilton coun
ty ns doohircd shows tho election ol the
ont ire D?mocratie Legislative ticket.
LCffoiiS arc being made to have the
Courts change thc results 08 announced
on tho ground of fraud.
A iiiu'Kiro lu Darlington.
At Darlington last Wednesday night
lire was discovered In tho restaurant
of Houston A* Woodhull), ami before it
could bo chocked, caused a loss of $00,
ooo, distributed among the following
named business men: J. A. Peuce.
J. C. While, A. Naehinan, S. Marco
md M. Ninloy. Their loss is on stock.
Hey ward & Josey an.I lloilStil) &
Wood ha m lost buildings ami stock.
BROWN'S
IRON
BITTERS
WILL CURE
HEADACHE
INDIGESTION
BILIOUSNESS
DYSPEPSIA
NERVOUS PROSTRATION
MALARIA
CHILLS AND FEVERS
TIRED FEELING
GENERAL DEBILITY
1>AIN IN THE BACK & SIDES
IMPURE BLOOD
CONSTIPATION
FEMALE INFIRMITIES
RHEUMATISM
NEURALGIA
KIDNEY AND LIVER
TROUBLES
FOR SALE DY ALL DRUGGISTS
The Centiine has Trade Mark and crossed Ked
I Linc, on wrapper.
TAKE NO OTHER.
THE ALMIGHTY IK) I JAR
How thc i;ni?UNi?cctaiig arc Often
Ct ailed.
CAPITAL VERSUS MERIT,
[tis possible that money dippedIr?tdt
OOUIltcoUS supply nf printer's ink, is to y*
usod to teach raise Ideas.
Why is it that such persistent anathemas
, HllOllld ali at once be hurled against thc usc
<?f "Potash and Potash Mixtures?"
Those who insist that Potash isa polSOll
<io so because that ls tho way they have ol
fighting it. H. B" as thc latter contain!
potash properly combinod.
Opium, morphine, strychnine, aconite,
whiskey, etc., arc ali deadly poisons, anti
are daily destroying the fives of people,
and why do not these men cry out against
them? lt is because, there ls no money In
sight to do so. Potash ls not regarded as *
poison, timi very seldom harms any ono;
but those who abuse lt are nsinga vegeta
ble poison ten Hines as violent, loti lue of
Potash, In proper combination, ls regarded
j hythe medical profession as the. quickest,
grandest ami most powerful blood remedy
i ever known lo man. Those who believe In
revealed combinations and Indian foolish
nesg arc surely In a condition to become
, rallier "cranky" in their hie ts at any lime
i We assert itiitlei..Undlngly that Pot?sit, ar
used in the manufacture of JJ. ?J. H., LI not
a poison, anti the public need v\ot place an)
confidence ht assertions to tfie contrary
I Why is it that in one thousand leitet?
I which wc receive wrg payer hear a won
: against Its usc? Thc truth Is; D, JJ. ft. ll
wm king such wonders In the cure of al
blood poisons, scrofula, rheumatism, ca
, tarrh, etc., that others uro trembling lr
their boots, and cry aloud, "poison,*
j "fraud," because tin y fear Its tr lampoon I
I march. Lot any man or woman ask ?nj
respectable doctor or druggist if wo art
not right Do not he deceived, but gt
j right alon" ami call for P>. ll. ll., and Ct
Cared, il ls making flvo times more ( inc
In Atlanta than all other blood remedie
combined. Wo don't say that others art
! poisons or frauds; wo aro not that casllj
I alarmed, but wc say ours ia the best, anti
we have the proof. Semi for our 32-pagt
book, free, ami tm convinced.
FOR COUGHS AND CROUP US*
fiET
Tht tweet toa, u g athen 1 from ? Ire? of lb? ?ms name,
growing alone tho ?null ttreanit In the Routhtrn B ta tot,
contain! a atlmulailng eipcoloranl principle that loottnt
the phlegm producta? the eailj mernina: cough, and ?timo.
latet the child to throw ott the falte memhraue lo croop and
whooping couth. When combined with the healing moot
la/ttnout principle In tho mullein plant of the old Haidt, pre
teeta In Tavioa'e C?a*o*ae HIMIDT or 8warr (lt M ara
Mnnti th? flneat koowa remedy for Cough., Croup,
IVhooiilng-Ceugh ead Coutumptlon ; and to palatable, any
child lt iili aaed tn taVe lt. Aaa jour itrugctat for lt. Price,
85o. *nj $1, WA1TKR A. TAYLOR, Atlanta, Qa.
Uae UR. HICIIIKKS' HI'CKI.RBKKItY CORDIAL fol
tMarrhrea. m/tentery and Children Teething. For aale bj
*?ldru?Uta.
TUTTIS
' P?LLS
25 YEARS IH^ USE.
Tho Greatest M?rA^cRl_TrjaiTigh of the Ago!
SYMPTOMS OF A
TORPID LIVER
Loa?of appetite, Dowels costlvoi Pain lu
tho boucl, ?rita n illili sensation In tho
Uncle p:irt, l'nln under tho nhouldcr
bladoi Fnllnoss after eating-, with udla
Incltnatlon to oxortlonof hotly or mind,
Irritability of tompori Low HUII-UH, with
n, fooling of having uogloctod ?onie tlnty,
W cari?ena, l)lr.7.luean, Flattering nt tho
Heart, Wot? heforotho eyes, Headache
orer tho right ere, ItoNtlcmne??, with
fitful dream?, Hhrhly colored I'rluo, and
CONSTIPATION.
TOTT'S Plltlitt uro especially adapted
to such caso?, ono tloso effects such a
chantre of fooling its to astonish tito Bunorpr.
Thoy I?crea?o tho A pprtlto.niul muse tito
Ix.?Iv to Tittie on Klfnl?, t inn tho ?v?tcin 1?
tionrialietl, ni?! bjrtholrTotllO Action on
tho muent lve OrtjiiiiK. KemiInr *?toolH na
produced. Mire aSc^t^Murray Nt..W.V.
TU?TS HAIR DYE.
GHAT HAIR or WuisKt?RB changea lo a
GLOSSY BLACK hy a Bingle application ot
tiiiM Dru. it Imparts a natural color, act*
Instantaneously. Bold i?y Druggists, or
Font by express on receipt or gi.
^ff?co, 44 Murray St., Now York.
Men Think
they know all about Mustang Lin
iment. Few do. Not to know is
not to have.
MOTHERS'
FRIEND.
NO Moro Torrorli'rh'9 Invaluable prep
. .nation is truly n tri
litni|i|i of scientific
No Moro Pain ! !sUI!'' 1,.".<1 ",<'r''in
*.w Aa,wiw * um . ,.sthn.il.||. benefit was
over bestowed on the
i j mothers of thu worin.
"9 lt no! only
Ishnrtens the time of
labor :iini lossens the
intensity <>i pain, hut,
better 'than all, it
No Moro Bangor !
Mother or Child.
The IJ rend nf
Transform?e to
HOPI
JOT.
greatly diminishes the
tl nutter to life of both
motlier ami child, nnd
loaves the mother in a
condition highly fa
vorahle to sju edy re*
covcty, mid far less
? m . , i , iia'ile to lloodhlir. col.
MothOr hOOfJ vtllslons, ami other
ttkirmlnu sy ni pt oin s
Incition! to lingering
nial painful labor, ita
truly wonderful effica
cy iii this respect en
titles the. Morn MUS*
i'm KN n to bo ranked
as one of t ho llfe-sav
lng npplinnccs glvon
to thu world hy thc
rmi dist fivcilcs of modem
science.
From tho nature of
tllO ( ase it Will Of
course bc understood
that we cannot pub
lish cortincntcs con
_ cernina this IIKMEDY
without wounding thc
Safety and KftSO delicacy ofthe wijteii
i Ot we have lumdreds
of such tosthuoiilalson
lille, ami no mother
-TO- who ba-, once nsod it
will ever again bc
? o? i ?*. WitllOUl it in her time
Sufforing Womanuf trouble,
A prominent physician lab ly remarked
to the proprietor, thal If lt wen- admissible
te nirtko publie tho letters we receive, the
"Motlters' tfrlohd" would outsell anything
on the market.
lientl for our Treatise on "Health and
Happiness of Woman," mailed free.
DltADFIBLD HEOUI.ATOII CO.,
Atlanta, Ga.
?*VJT to aa*. A earUin cor?. Not ex penal va. Tht*
jnontha- treatment In ont? pwktiro. OO<K| tor OotZ
BB toa Head
\ iriftr cacti
airsn.r*
real ment In on? paeknun. Unod toi
.d, Headaoha, IHulnnu, Hay Fever,
SB. W^gg^gg^
JOHNSON'
?^LINII
gr otras* - Dipnt nert
pin? were ? wonderful
rallovoall manner of die
?L?S?&
_-lVrlt._
Powder pl abaoltiUl
Vi??? ar.rl hlwhlwooi
cintrattd. Onaertuea
te worth . p?xM?of
r Qthar kind. It la
lotty ? mfcuof na to!
n fclvnn vrllh tood,
irfff st'stif ts kirnt, i
fcl^arMwrory
Many a Lady
5 beautiful, all but her skin ;
nd nobody has ever told
ter how easy it is to put
leauty on the skin. Beauty
?n the skin is Magnolia
Balm.
NEW ADVERTISEMENTS.
A ?I?4 OITK?. To Introduce
t\. them wo will give ?way 1000 solf
operatina Washing Machines. If you
vant one semi us your name, P. O. and
ixnress oflico at once.
TUE NA1 IONAL. CO., 91 Dey 8t,, N. Y.
rhe Magio Insect Extenninator
nuil MOSQUITO ?ITK CUBE.
iVo offer or.? fluni MU ml doll nm for 1*8
.linn l. Bead for clrculnrs.
BALLADE A CO., S Hast 18th Ht., New York.
DMA FX KN? UH < Al MK*and ?TICK,
by om- who wus drat twenty-eight years.
Treated by most or noted specialists of
tho day with no benefit. Cured himself
In three montlis, and slnco then hundreds of
Jtliera by same process. A plain, simple nnd
jucceesfttl noue treatment. Address T 8.
I'ACIK, m Kast 20th 8t" New Tork City,
PARKAS T02WIO
If you aro wastlt.g away from ago, dissipation,
or any disease or weakness and require K stim
ulant take PARKER'S TONIC at once, it wilt
Invigorate and build you up from tho first doso
but will never Intoxicate. It has savod hun
Ircds of uves, lt may nave yours.
11I8COX & CO., New Tiork.
AirANTKD-Agents In every section of tho
Vt country io sell Hon. H. H. COX ? groat
bmk. "Three l?ceadoH of Feilfi ttl l-cii
IMI??ion." Illustrated with Bte.I Plutos. Out
fits now ready. Agents ?re making $lo to t-io a
tlav Write to Ute publishers tor terms. J M.
STOL!-AKT A CO.,oS315th St., Washington,D.C.
NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING
I> AITCH Y & co.,
?7 I?i?rk Place and *?-?0 Murray Ht.,
New York.
Make lowest rites on all tewspapers In tho
U. B. and Canada. Kmnbllrahcd l*uvs\
To those Whoso purpose may bo accomplished
bv ii short advertlseiuent, or by a transient ad
vertisement, and to whom prompt insertion ls
important, wo recommend our
POPULAR LOCAXi LISTS:
1,1 ao Daily nnd Weekly newspapers, dlviilod
lut.i si-.'ll.ilis.
A'l hoine-prlnt papen?-n* co operativos In
cluded.
Till B? papen have a MONTBI.T circulation of
over
ELEVEN Td ll.LION COPIES!
Bend for new Catalogua just out. l'art lett con
templating n Uno "t adverUstng. largo or small,
ari- requested lo sena for estimait of cost.
Please name this paper.
octal MW
TUE
Columbia Music House
WILL SAVE YOU
TWENTY-FIVE FER CENT. UT HUY*
INO
Pianos aili Organs
OFTHEM.
EVERY INSTRUMENT WARRANTED
DELIVERED AT ANY DEPOT OR
STEAMBOAT LANDING IN
THE STATE.
0?
o
WRITE FOR TERMS AND PRICES
O-o
SPECIAL TERMS FOR SHORT TIME
SALES.
Respectfully,
COLUMBIA MUSIC HOUSE,
N. W. THUMP, Mann&ror,
128 MAIN STREET, COLUMBIA, 8. C.
Mason ? Hamlin
ORGANS :
Highett Hon
cr* ai all i'.ceat
World'? Skill,
h it t.. nt ?or
righlrenytart.
(.nf Imiutrrd
Siyl'-i. to
koo, I or Catii,
?Ul) l im., nu
fl Kr ut..I Cat
aloguc ?ive.
L: ,U
PIANOS:
Nc* nu.ile ol'
Munging. Do
notrr.<iu(ieon<
qyiiUr aa
tnuch tuning at
Piano? cm tko
1.1 c v a i I I n r
''tm loin"
i; ii, m. K?.
maikat.lo for
?.uilty ol ton*
and durability.
164 fremont St..Bolton. 40E.MthSt. (Union Sq.),
N.Y. 149 Wabash Av?., Chicago.
<. Pity for Ainiil?. Kloo <<> atc Ot? ?>or
Dto.mnrlcarllinaronrOratNd Nen IILIoir,
I n m o UH aaid Um lui v .? lian I, H ,,r ?li? Wui tiS
wrlti- to 4. Mt t ut <?y <k Co., diilint, iiii.i^, I'av.
an? wTTlSK YMAKFTB ?UMT
?t Imme without prtlti. BOOK
of iKirtlrtititt-it a*nt KKKK.
a. \i wooLLir, ai. D , Atuata.??.
OPIUM;
PIANOS ORGANS
Th? demand for tho
Pia HO* I
fartnry I
quarter i
prnvalltna;
tnt.
.2te,',,n *y?t<Mii. C..ll II hil (VlnloKii*, ..
Mason ft Hamlin Organ and Plano Co..
NEW YORK i BOSTON | OH1CAQO.
MSI
Mr Ith II ANov Kit's Ta 11.o ii SYSTKM you can
cut Dresses to flt, without oral ?n?ti uc
nong. Dressmakers pronounce it perfect.
I l ice for System, Rook mill Douhle Trac
inji Wheel $0.50.
. TO INTRODUCE,
A. System, Rook ami Wheel will ho sent on
receipt of li.oo. Aihlreaa
Octt?i?'* **OVKB? O
ANODYNE
nENT
?c,*ta?y v.
?aw, Biox
BLOOD.

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