Newspaper Page Text
THE GENERAL ASSEMBLY.
Momlny, November 30.
Although thc Senate calendar re
corded at noon to day nearly thirty
measures, all but halt a dozen were
disposed ot* before two o'clock. There
was very little speaking. Nobody
seems to hs ve been thoroughly (hawed
ont yet. Debate is at a discount.
There actually was not a word of
argument on the joint resolution pro
posing a constitutional convention.
Tho special order for the day was
thc (second rending ol Senator You
man's joint resolution calling a Con
stitutional Convention. Thc report of
thc committee had been favorable.
There was no debate. Tho yeas and
navs wore demanded, and (he vote
resulted: Yea*., 17; nays, 14; not
The Chair announced that the joint
resolution had passed its second read
Senator Smythe made inquiry wheth
er tho resolution could come up for a
third rending, having failed to secure
tho two-thirds constitutional majority.
The Chair stated that in his view the
constitutional provision applied only
to the tinal passage of thc resolution.
The yeaB and nays had not been called
to-day nuder the cotistittutional man
date, but at thc demand ol two mem
bers. On tho final rending the Chair
would order tho volo by yeas and nays
as rcqnirod by thc Constitution. In
thc view of thc Chair the requirement
of a two-thirds majority did not apply
to the votes during the transit of the
resolution through thc Senate, but
only to tbs last vote when the question
of passing it must arise.
After a short executive session, in
which tlie Governor's nomination of a
supervisor ot registration for Aiken
county was confirmed, the Senate ad
I lei si: OK 11BPRB8KKTATIVES.
Tlie entire day was spout after thc
usual formula of tho morning hour in
the discussion of the bill to utilize thc
labor of prisoners confined in county
jails and thc insurance bill. Thc first
named was passed and thc latter de
feated. Thc convict bill was taken ur
firs!. Tho bill in brief provides thal
all courts and municipal authoritiei
which under existing laws have powci
to sentence convicts to confinement it
prisons other than thc penitentiary
shall within their discretion impost
the further punishment ot herd labor
and thc convict so sentenced shall ht
required to labor upon thc highways
roads, bridges and other public work
of tho county, or upon the streets o
other public works within thc limits o
tho city, the work to be. under tin
supervision of tho county commission
ors or tho municipal authorities, as tlv
case may bo.
Mr. G. W. Brown, tho author of tb
bill, supported it in a short speech, ii
which bc showed thc advantages of tin
Then followed a long discussion am
the usual tinkering of tho bill. Mr
Douglass, of Fairfield, advocated it
passage ?n a very clever and carne*
speech, in which bc pointed out th
nccossity which existed for thc passag
of snell a law. It would give, h
urged, to thc counties and municipal!
tics an increased laboring force, and i
the House panted Hie bill he wonl
seek so to amend it that thc pe ni lc I
tlary would be relieved of quite
number of short term convicts, wh
'could bo utilized lo solve thc vexe
question of nobile roads, which had ?
long agitated thc public mind in Sont
Mr. Ansel, of Greenville, who hil
just arrived at tho capital, opposed tl
bill in his usual vehement style,
would, he said, encumber thc cou nth
with the cost ot building stockade
hiring guards, etc., and ?is predict
result a fi cr all would bc lo commit tl
State to tho principle of working ll
Ilabile roads by taxation, and he dido
iclicvc that thc people of the Sta
were ready yet to commit ttiemselvi
to the theory.
Mr. Haskell, of Columbia, said tb
tho moro bc looked into thc bill ll
more ho was convinced that it won
bo a fruitful source of trouble lo tl
State. Ho moved to recommit it.
Mr. Draw ley doubted whether tl
measure would bc of economic vail
in its practical operation ; that, bc tai
was the judgment of tho judicial
e Ullin i I lee last fCSSioil, Hlld tllllt W
_ the reason it had been reported u
favorably. With certain amendment
however, he thought tho scheine mig
bc worth trying. Tin; amendment I
suggested provided that such convie
should bo employed as labor only
those counties or tOWUS where it shu
be mndo to appear lo tho satisfacth
of ihc Court that suitable provisit
can be made for the use of such lube
The amendment was lost.
Mr. Douglass odored an nmendme
authorizing thc superintendent ot't
penitentiary to lum over to the sher
of a county such convicts as ure sc
fenced lo terms of less than one yen
upon the demand ol the county coi
missioners. Agreed to.
After some further disotisssion I
motion to kill the bill was lost, ay
46, nays ?7, and after undergoing soi
additional amendments (bc bill w
passed and ordered lo bc engross
for a third reading.
After an extended discussion,
which a number of Repr?sentatif
participated, a motion to tablea moll
to reconsider the volo was then ado|
cd-> caa f>7, nays f>.*>-Which put
Parliamentary estoppel on the vain
?mlicy bill, so far us thc House
teprcsentftlivcs is concerned, for tl
session at least.
Tiiesdny, December 1.
Tho dist measure up for a third rca
lng was Senator Yeoman's joint rei
lotion proposing a constitutional cc
ve ni ?on. its author made a strong a
ingenious speech in its favor. Ito e
plained that the purport of tho resol
lion was not lo call a convention, h
(ogive tho pooplo au opportunity
. say wheiher they favor one or ni
li? elevcrly appealed to tho sympathi
of those members who dosired su
reforms as have recently been propos
in tho Constitution and laws, iudici
ing to them that the formation ol
new Constitution embodying tho <
sired changes would be a short cut
the attainment of thoir desires. 1
argued earnestly against thc cont in
ance of a Const it ut ion which tho wo
people of the State bsd had no part
framing, which was n hotch-potch
the provisions of constitutions of oth
States unfitted to our people ami u
respected by them. Ho claimed th
the cost of a constitutional oonventh
would not bo oxcossive and urged th
the' Democracy of South Carolina wo
now so firmly in control of the Sta
that their induonce in the conventh
weald be transcendant.
Ahcr some further discussion I
Senators Sligh and Mnuldin, tho yeas
ami nays was called, which resulted as
follows: Yeas, 17; nnvs, 14; not Tot
All Hie other third rending bills were
passed and work was begun on tho
general orders, when tito hour tor the
joint asscutblv arrived. Tho Senate
repaired to the Hall of tho liouso of
Representatives, where tho president
of the Senato presided over the Joint
meeting. The business bet?re the
Assembly was the election of a com
missioner of agriculture, two members
of thc boatd ol agriculture, two direc
tors of the penitentiary and a registrar
of niosue conveyance for Charleston.
First came thc election of a com
missioner of agriculture:
Mr. Mciver, of Darlington, in very
titting remarks, nominated the present
incumbor, Col. A. I*. IJutlor, which
was seconded by Senator Youmans.
Senator Moody nominated Mr. II. Ls
Donalson, of "Greenville, seconded by
Mr. Hoggs, of Piekcns. The roll of
thc Scnnte was first called. Commis
sioner Butler's strength was soon
shown by thc drift of the vote. Twen
ty-four Senators said "Butler," whilo
only stven said "Donaldson." A
larger proportion ot Representatives
voted for Mr. Donaldson, but even in
the House Commissioner Butler re
ceived seventy-three votes, against
forty-two for his opponent. The total
vote was: Butler 97, Donaldson 49.
Necessary to a choice 74. President
Sheppard announced tho election of
thc lion. A. P. Butler to tho office of
commissioner of agriculture for tho
ensuing tenn of two years.
Nominations for two members of the
board of agriculture being in order,
Mr. Hutson, of Hampton, nominated
the Hon. W. D. Johnson, of Marion,
one of the incumbents. Mr. Parker,
of Abbeville, nominated for re-elec
tion the Hon. A. S. J. Perry, ol
Charleston. There wero no other
nominations, and the two gcntlemcu
received thc total vote of the Goneral
Next in order came tho election ol
two directors of thc penitentiary.
Thc nominating speeches were vcrv
Mr. G. W. Brown, of Darlington,
nominated Mr. John S. Scott, ol
Marion. Mr. Spencer, of Chesterfield
and Mr. Blue, of Marion, seconded th?
Cel. Simonton, of Charleston, norn
inated Mr. E. B. Murray, of Auder
son. Mr. Aldrich,of Aiken, seconder
Mr. Thomson, of Spnrtanburg, norn
inated Mr. E. S. Allen, of Spartan
burg, formerly an efficient director
Mr. Mas-ey, of Y'ork, seconded tin
As his name was called each mombo
voted for two of thc nominees.
There wero 142 members voting au<
72 votes were necessary to a choice
Mr. Scott received 119 voles, Mr. Allci
89 and Mr. Murray 74. Thc two high
est were elected.
The election of a registrar of mcsm
conveyance for Charleston followed
Senator Buist nominated the ?nenin
bent, Mr. Charles Kerrison, Jr., am
Mr. Burke seconded the nomination
Mr. Kerrison was unanimously rc
fleeted, receiving 127 votes.
At the dissolution of thc joint as
sembl} tho Senators returned to thci
U0U8B or REPRESENTATIVES.
At 12.16 tho special order for th
day came up, this being the bill t
provide tor the submission to thc qua
i lied electors of Abbcvilo county c
the tines'ion of license or no license i
the incorporated towns and village
of thc county. After tho first scctio
of the bbl had been read Mr. J. Ai
erinn Simons moved to amend the bl
by adding Oconce county to thc bil
This was promptly laid upon th
table. Mr. Simone then moved t
amend thc bill so as to include all til
counties in tho State, and obtaiue
thc lloor tor the purposo of urging hi
amendment. We have, he said, a la'
in this State which prohibits tho sal
of liquors outside of incorporate
towns. Ile saw no reason why Abbi
ville should be accorded this spccii
A motion to table thc ojnendinci
Mr. Kennedy, of Charleston, move
to amend thc bill so as to provide fe
the payment of election expenses I
tho comity instead of by tho tow nt
Amendment was tabled.
Mr. Graydon the only Anti-Prohib
tion representative from Abbcvilli
moved to strike out the enacting clam
thus bringing it up ou ils merits. 1
wa; opposed to the bill because a m
jority of the voters of his county d
not desire its passage. Ile opposed
because "prohibit icu does not prohibit
and in support of this proposition, cit?
an umber of States and comities noni
nally prohibitive, but really under tl
dominai iou of men who sold liquor wit
out license. He said he wnsatempc
ance man, but believed that this lei
donny to legislate paternally and toi
ter fere with tho right? of the poop
would result In reaction, which wou
do Hie cause more harm than good.
Mr, Parker said that while he W;
not a Prohibitionist, he had mule
taken to engineer this bill, and I
would not shirk (he responsibility. I
admitted that on sale days' it was ne
essary to employ un extra police fon
to keep order when the barroon
were crowded with people. He r
viewed the course of prohibtivc legi
latlon and stated that in no case had
repeal been asked for At the close
Mr. Parker's speech the House a
jonrned till IO a. m. Wednesday.
H i IIIH MIM V . I>oc?mlier a.
Tho Senate to-day was distinguish)
more for the work it postponed thi
for (lint which lt accomplished, ai
yet there was a session.
Many new measures were iutrodu
ed in tiie Se?alo to-day, including
usury bill, a bill to giro the Charle
ton police Jurisdiction over Chariest*
Neck as far as tho county line, ttl
joint resolutions to amend the Corm
tut ion by allowing the Federal censi
to be taken for the apportionment
representation, and a bill to appr
pi late $20,000 for continuing tho wot
on tho Columbia Canal. A bill
reduce the Lieutenant Governor's BI
arv to $10 a day during the sessk
and mileage was killed by a bare m
jority vote. The Patterson bill rois
ing te forfeited lands wa*, after son*
discussion, made the special order f<
to-morrow. Only half the bills on tl
Calendar were disposed of, and tl
Sonate will hereafter meet at ll a. m
HOUSE OP RBPRRSKNTATIVKS.
A pitched battle was fonght on tl
floor of the House of Repr?sent?t In
to-day between the Prohibitionists ar
tho Anti-Prohibiflontsts. The speechi
of tho advocates of both sides wei
characterized by earnestness and v
hemenno and were listened to with
1 ll m i BtltB^feWMMi.- - JWMWLUI
closeness (hat has raroly boen soon lu
the hall, which, is an indication that
tbe members aro ?loo pl y unpressed
willi the importance of the issue bet
Core them. It is the opinion (bat th?
Abbeville bill is beaten beyond resur
rection, although the voto was criti
cally close, it is doubted if any of the
other bills will puss. 'I here scorns to
bc a growing leeliug that thcro ls al
rowdy MI AV-io m Prohibition legislation
or. thc statue books and that in having
tho privilege ot' ordering an election
in any municipal incorporation, as j
they have now, the Prohibitionists
have all that they could i easonbly expect
Thc Abbeville bill, which was under
I discussion, sought to order an election
in thc whole county to determine
i whether thc town council of Abbeville
I should bo allowed to grant licenses
after tho voters of the town had al
I ready decided by an election to license
the salo of liquors.
Thc whole day was consumed in the
discussion of ibis measure. The Abbe
ville delegation was itself divided on
Thurndnjr, Deicentbor 8.
The Senate to day worked hard to
suppress its gradually rising Calendar,
and succeeded fully. A great many
measures of minor interest were dis
posed of. On haifa dozen bills there
was a good deal of debate.
Tho tax exemption section in tho
Mason Cotton Gin Company's charter
passed by a vote of nineteen to thir
teen despite Senator Hobo's opposition.
This looks Uko a test vote on the ex
emption of manufactories from taxa
tion, but Senator Hobo is confident
thal thc Senate will later repeal thc
Thc proposition for a constitutional
amendment allowing Judges to charge
juries on questions ef fact wns defeated,
9 to 23.
J Thc stenographers' bill for ibo Third
I and Fourth circuits was unexpectedly
I successful by a two-thirds majority.
I The forfeited land bill was portpon
I cd until to-morrow.
New bills continue to pour in. Prop
ositions to amend thc Constitution hav<
I been very numerous,
j Thc Senate concurred in thc Housi
I resolution to elect Judges in join1
I assembly at 1 o'clock to-morrow.
The House devoted five hours to-da>
I to the disposition of work on ?ls Cal
j dar. No measures of public inter?s
J were considered.
I The Phohibitionists evidently realist
I their defoat and to day made ? formn
J surrender by withdrawing tho bill t(
I provide for a Prohibition election ii
J Aiken county.
j Thc judiciary committee of the Stat?
I last night answered tho Governor's re
I commendations in regard to the mun
j ber of Circuit Judger, aud agreed ti
I report a bill increasing the numbc
I from eight to ten. A sub-committe
I was appointed to draught a bill. Ii
I some way the House resolution prc
I vidiug for an election of Judges tc
I morrow was concurred in by tb
J Renate before the sub-committe coull
I arrest action. The Senate bad pic
I vlously declined to enter into an elec
I tion until thc Governor's recommend*
I tiona us to an increase of Judges uhoul
j bo considered by that body. Tb
J election to-mwrrow will bc for Chi?
I Justice and for Judges of the 1st, 2t'
I 4th, 7th and 8th circuits, now preside
lover by Judges Pressley, Aldricl
I Hudson, Witherspoon, Wallace au
I Cothrau. No opposition is manifeste
I to thc Incumbents in any of the ci
I cuits except the 2d, where dud)
I Aldrich will have au honorable cou
I petilor in Gen. James W. Moore, th
I Senator from Hampton. Gen. Mooro
I friends think that he will have a lurg
I vote, and arc hopeful. It is imposs
J ble, however, to suv what is thc rel;
j tive strength of tho candidate, bccuui
j members arc, as a rule, very reticen
I and many have not niado up the
I Tho following bills received tho
j second reading: To prescribe tl
I width of public highways (twen
j feet) ; to change tho date? flrod for tl
I meeting of boards of equalization
Ins to conform to the time of Italit
I property for taxation; amending tl
I General Statutes relating to rsi I rot
I corporations by adding a section ;
I authorize defendants in uctious tor
I cover land to set up claim for improv
I mont; relating to thu formation ai
I proceedings of the Col leg o of Elector
! joint resolution to amend tho Count i i
J lion relative to justices of the pea?
land constables; to repeal Section 3'
jami amend Section 311 of the Code
I Procedure with respect to lien of jud
I ments and executions and tho mode
I enforcing thc ?ame.
J The concurrent resolution to adjou
J sine die December 19 was postpon
I temporarily-yeas 18.
I Unfavorable reports were made
I the bill to re-establish the usury la
I the bill to establish the office of couti
j solicitor, the bill to abolish the depo
j meut of agriculture, and the Hoi
I to utilize the labor ol'jail and muni
I pal convicts, and they were placed
I the Calendar.
I I ol'SK or HKIUIKSKNTATIVBS.
I Thc House devoted five hour?
I work and managed in that time to ;
I rid of four page? of tho thirteen-pn
I Calendar which now confronts
I Thcro were no debates of a startli
I character and no measures of gn
j public interest passed.
I Mr. Massey presented the preiei
I ment of thc grand jury of Lsncusi
I cornily on thc subject of tho sale
I liquor in thc town. The report at
I that either tho ?nie of liquor by dri
I gists be stopped or that the Prohib? ti
I law be repealed. A bill will be inti
I duced shortly repealing tho law, t
I people of Lancaster having evlden
I found that Prohibition does not pi
I Iiibit. A p?tition was also present
I from thc citizens of the town of Ch
I ter praying the repeal of the Act pi
I bibi ting the sale of liquor in that tow
I Thc following were among tho tm
[important new bills introduced:
I Mr. Popo, bili to repeal tho Act rt
ulating the hiring out of convicta.
Mr. Richardson, bill to charter I
Chadbourn and Conway Kail road
Mr. Donaldson, bill to provide I
an election in Greenville county on I
prohibition ot the sale of spliltuc
Mr. Thompson, bill to apportion a
distribute the school tax between t
school? for whit? and colored childi
of the school districts.
Mr. Brown, bill prescribing a mc
of devising tho right of dower of
sane married ?women.
Of tho bill? on the Calendar dispoi
of those of public Interest were: A1
to charter the Greenwood. Abbevi
and Elberton Railroad; to Incorpon
the Troy Cotton Seed Oil Com par
to incorporate the town of Waterli
In Laurene connty; to ?harter (
? Savannah Valley and Elberton Ri
road, and to prescribe the priorities
No doubt, ?re lonjf, "peanut flour"
will bo an important product of tue
Soul h. Virginia is set down thin year
for 2,100,000 bushel*, Tennoesee for
260,000, and North Carolina at 135,000
bushels, thone being the chief States
engaged in their cultivation, and (hose
in which it was first introduced from
Africa. In Virginia they are called
"peanuts;" in North Carolina, "ground
peas;" in Tennessee, "goobers;" and
tn Georgia, Alabama and Mississippi
"plndors." Virginians are beginning
to turn the peanut into flour, und say
it makes a palatablo "biscuit." In
Georgia there is a custom, now grow
lng old, of grinding or pounding the
shelled peanuts and turning them into
nail rv, which has somo resemblance,
both ni looks and taste, to thatof cocoa
nut, but the peanut pastry is more oily
and richer, and we think healthier and
better overy way. If as somo people
bcliovo, Africa sont a curso to Amer
ica in slaver?, she certaiuly conferred
upon her a blessing in the 'universally
popular peanut, whicli grows so well
throughout tho Southern regions that
we shall soon bo able to cut otT tho
now large importation altogether.
Peanuts produce ns well lu Missis
sippi and Alabama as anywhere, yet
we import from other States nearly all
the peanuts sold by venders in these
two Slate?. Tn thc aggregate, ii? sum
paid out in large. Peanuts ai ri rely
raised in tho section? named, sec )t111
very small patches; very rare do wc
hear of a? much as an acre or even a
half acre being planted. Thc crop can
be raised at little cost and with profit,
upon land that is too poor to make
cotton in paying Quantity. Why not
raise more peanuts? Why should
Tennessee. Mid Virginia mid North
Carolina monopolize the peanut busi
ness 'I Let us nt least raise enough for
home consumption, ami a few bushels
to sell. In those small crops, proper
ly managed, there is moncv, sud it is
money we aro all striving for.
Try an aero in peanuts and sec if
you cannot find a nice protlt in this
crop.-E. Si. in Live Slock Journal.
The Kout h ni ii I ?ul i-) .-.<-< -lion.
Northern people have never yet got
au accurate conception of the possi
bilities of the South. This may bo
partly owing to ibo prejudices which
the war engendered, and which make
it next to impossible for those who en
tertain such prejudices to lorm a can
did investigation of thc resources of
that really fertile section. There have
appeared in our columns from time to
time, letters from the South extolling
it as a dairy region. Then we have
bud letters which rather ridiculed thc
iden. The fact is that tho South is en
tering upon a now life. Things have
changed since tho war. The people
have been compelled lo adjust them
selves lo the new order of things, and
in a measure they have had their prog
ress retarded because their surround
ings were new ami strange. It hus
been a very natural thing for many of
them to feel irritated over the emanci
pation of their ?laves ?nd no doubt
that many of them have spent valua
ble lime in chafing when they should
have devoted themselves to improving
their condition. Hut they have made
improvement notwithstanding, and
art making moro every ?J*?y. The im
poverishment of thc South, us thu re
sult of the war, liai not been au un
mixed curse to them ai they will yet
seo, if they have nut already sees it.
Their section is neutrally fertile Nat
urally they have a great deal of good
land, but much of it has been abused,
and it has not been made to produce
itu beit. Cotton and tobacco have been
tho ruin of lite South. That u a curious
remark to make in view of generally
recognized facts, but we hellevo it is
true. And further many in the South
have been led to iee ii. They have
Hccu that general farming will pay
them better than eternal cotton and
tobacco growing More will see it,
and the live ?tock of the South will im
prove greatly in the next twenty-live
years as a consequence
Among the industries that are to
prove prof table in that section u thc
dairy. They have all the surround
ings to make dairy profitable; and
haying a climate that favors uluxurous
ff row ttl of grass, and a soil which can
>e mude to grow it luxuriantly even
though in scctionu it may now be run
down, why should the diary not find a
ci un tu i tuttle home there? It is assort
ed that there is now better grass there
than there is at thc North. There crab
grass grows well, grows every where
that it has tho chance, and makes ex
cellent pasture and excellent hay.
Clover and timothy. Henry Stewart
recently said in the American Agricul
turalist, do better than they do in the
North. Oat grass flourishes. Enough
Im? been said to show why the dairy
Should do well in that section. Choy
can grow all that is needed to feed the
cow ; she can run out in the larger
portion of the section, all tho year
round ; food can be produced cheaply
and if the business of dairying cannot
bo made to pay there, If properly mau*
aged, it cannot be made to pay any
where, lint tho South, taking it alto
(rether, must get better Htock, und
tere will be one of tho most lucrative
fields to operate in that our breeders
have ever found.-So. Lire. Stuck
"Whai'1 th? Mnttor Willi You."
"Well, not much in particular. Hut
I'm a little ailing all over. I don't
sleep well, and my kidneys aro out of
order, and I cuu'tenjoy my meals, mu)
I've a touch of rheumatism, und once
in a willie a twinge of neuralgia."
Now, neighbor, you seem to want a
general fixing up, and the thing to do
il ieJJrown's Iron Bitters. Mr. A. J.
Pickrell, of Ennis Texas, says, "I was
a sickly man. Brown's Iron Billers
mude mo healthy and strong." * ,
-Ferdinand Ward's work hhs been
lightened in Sing Sill}.'. ImMcad of
grinding ?tove castings he acts as an
errand boy or porter, carrying cast .
lugs from place to place in the build
A ?Um* *?4Wan???.
Kiss Minnie Wallace, of Atlanta, lost
her hearing, her sight and sens? of last?-.
Hore* ?orered her body and limbs, lier
Joint? wftro swollen and painful, her limbs
paralysed, appetite lost, and she wan oking
out a miserable life. Six battles of H. B. ll.
raitoiod ker tight and haarlng, relieved all
aehes and pains, added flesh and strength
and sit? ls new a well woman. Writ? lo
A prominent Alabaras physician said:
"A patient who wa? almost dying from lim
affect* mt Tertiary Syphlllis and who had
keen treated hy several noted physicians
without b?t?flt, used one dozen bottles of
B. B. B. and was entirely cured. He had
u leers en his arms and the bones protruded
through the flesh and skin at th? elbow,
and death seemed inevitable." .
I>KPA RTMtKNT A?. UKPOHTS.
Vntereatlnp; Kxtrnote from DooitrueiitH Pre
imrotl for tUu UNO of Congres?.
Tho annual report of the (hird ns
sistnut postuioster-guierul show? that
thc totul revenues during the year were
$12,060,813, expenditures, uotutti and
estimated, including compensation to
Pacific Railroad, $00,842.416, leaving
an excess of the estimated cost of tho
service over the gross receipts ol $8,
S81,n71. Tho estimated doflolooov for
the next flscul year ?R $7,418,1/14. Tho
gross rece ipts ai e $7(55,114 or 1.7 per
cent, less than tho year cutting Juno
SO, 1884. A pan ol' the decrease is
attributed to Hie increase ot the mdt of
weight on second class inattnr from
two ounces to four ounces without
change in thc rate of postage; but tho
more potent factor was tho stagnation
of business throughout tbe country,
Tho amount required for the compen
sation of postmasters during tho year
exceeded tho amount appropriate*!, by
$2411,818, which must bc provided for
in thc deficiency appropriation bill,
while in other items there were ex
cesses of appropriations over expendi
tures aggregating $1,074,861. Tho
loss that will result from tho reduction
of postage un second-class matter
("mailed by publishers) during the next
U6cal year is estimated at $1,200,668.
SHU A lt Mil.UKO.
Thc annual report of tho commis
sioner of agriculture states that the
experiments undertaken willi tho pur
pose of chocking thc present enor
mous waste of sugar-fully one-half
in the milling process, met with high
ly gratifying results so far au thc di
rect purpose was concerned, ninety*
eight percent, of the sugar present in
the plants subjected lo experiments
having been seen rfd.
An important series of In vestigatioui
in food adulterations has been com
menced. Tim work so far han been
chiefly with butter Mid honey, but it is
proposed to extend it until uniform
methods of examination and standards
of comparison are established.
THF. IMITATION BUTT Kit KU AOL'S.
The commissioner describes tbe re
sults of the work of microscopical di
vision in thc discovery of a method of I
detecting counterfeit butter, and in
this connection says: The unparalleled
increase in thc past few years of the
manufacture and salo of various com
pounds of animal fats, vegetable oils
and other substances, which aro fi aud
ulontly represented to thc public as
butter, threatens tho destruction of the
legitimate dairy interests, which arc
of the largest inagniludo and aflccts all
sections of tho cauutry. lt is not, he
says, competition with dairying that
?R deprecated, hm the stimulation of
true dairy products, the deception of
a misleading name, the use of impure
substances nial the dishonest Kale at
high rates of products othcrwiso of
little value, practices which demoral
ize trude, dclraud honest industry and
deceive thi buyer. To protect thc
public from these deceptive practices
he earnestly recommend* the prompt
passage of n stringent law by Congress
to prevent the cont i nuance of this bus
iness, except under Mich regulation as
thc necessities <?t the caso demand.
The enforcement of this law, if thought
advisable by Cungrosv, is io be placed
under the control of the internai reve
roKKloN MEDICINAL PLANTS.
The commissioner, referring to tho
request of the American Pharmaceuti
cal Assentation that the commissioner
of agriculture take meas uros fur *iho
introduction into cultivation in this
country of such important foreign med?
cilia! plants ns would be adapted to
our climate in order that they might
bc readily obtainable in a fresh state,
and thal another industry might bc
be-added to our country's resourcos,
says there is no doubt that many of
thc most important medicinal plants
are adapted to our climate and could
be cultivated in perfection; ami it
would seem well that means should bo
taken to give them a proper trial.
Fears are expressed, he adds, that
some of these plants are becoming ex
terminated in their nativo stations, and
in respect to some of them, as for in
alance the gi using plant, thc time hat
come when they univ probably bc
madn objects of profitable cultivation.
OH! MY BACK
KT.TJ ?tra?a or Mid attarka that weak back
.sd nearly proa trat?*) yon.
BEST TONIC P
K> rrncrthrn* tile Mnaclea,
H tc .dira the Nerve?,
! nrlchri tile Blood, ?Ivre New Vigor.
DB J. I.. MT EB? V.lrfloM. low?, aa/a:
"Brown'* Iron ilutara la tho boat Iron medinina I
hara known la mv 90 rear*' practica 1 bare foond
ll .pool al tv ben.fl i-lal In nanoo! or pliyalcal eihaua
lion, and In all datillluting allman!, that hoar ao
heavily on the ayatem.Uae it freely lu ray awn family."
Oentlina ha* trade mark andrroaaed rfd UM. a i n
wrapper. Take no other. Mado only by
ll MOWN CBKMICAt. CO., llAl.TIMOKK, Kl?.
IjtDira' LU?D BOOR-oaeful and attractive, con
taining Hat of prire* for raoipae Information about
cuna, et?., given away by all dealer* in medicine, ur
mailed to aa/ eddroet on receipt of to. ?tamp.
25 YEARS IN USE.
rho Qreettert Mtdlcal Triumph of the Ag?!
SYMPTOMS OP A
LoeaofftppeOt*, Ilnwrle mai Ivo, Pata la
the head, with n doll avtoantlon la tho
hnrb Mrti Pain ?ador the ehoaleVr
Made, Pa If noaa after online;, with -*d!a
Incllaallon te exertloB of body or miad.
Irritability nf temper, I .OTT ?pirita, with
a feellaajof harlnt? neglected ?orno detr,
\V'o?rlnr<it?, I) I/.al noaa, Flulterlag at the
Heart, Dot? before the eyce, Headache
ave/ the right eye. Reetleaaaeae, with
.Ufad drenan?, lllghf y colored Urine, ead
TUTTP'B PIIaLK aro CRi>eotnUy adapted
to euoh eaaea, ono doge ctToots anoh a
.Jiange of feallngM toagtonleli the sufferer.
rOH GOUGHS AND CROUP UM
Tho j ?tit raT, u fathered fro? ? UM of td* ?.ow rn nv?,
fr?wlo| ?K.n? th* ?malt ilnui ID <M Snthara Bul?,
wMilii a iJmaUUof .ipeolorant prto. I pk (hat toeaea*
tk??hUf>a prowMlag th* ?arly moral.f celt?, ?ai aUtoa
lau? th? atilt to throw off th? fal M raimbrm (a troop ?a?
whooplac coath. Whoa eomMaod wit* tho atolla, mod
lajlnom prinelpl. In th. mullel, plaal of lilah! tutea, pr.*
.??ti lei Tttwa i Cauom RmariT ov flwawr flow ABB
Winiam th? ?nut koowa rt rae-? 7 foi Coaihi. Crvaa,
Wbo.nlof-Co.ih and Conmmptlon ; aa? a? palautl?, aa jr
child ll pleated to la*, lt. A ?a tour dr antill (hr ll. FTtM,
WfefafiBS WALTyK A. TAYXOK, Attaat?, Qa.
UM UR. HiaaiRS' HUCK LCR BRR Y CORDIAL rot
PUrfhca. D/MoMrr and CMldt.n lMtblaa. ff VT MO. bj
".^ dr ali li ta.
They Need Your Immediate At
HERB'S A CASK.
For six IOIIK. dreary years I luwo been a
Bufferer from a complaint of my kidney?,
which failed to he cured hy physicians or
1 began to feel i could never secure re
lief, as I haditpent two hundred mid fifty
dollars without success.
The disease was so excruciating that lt
often prevented lae from performing my
dally duty. I was advised to try the effi
cacy of ti. H. H., and one Bingle hettie,
eostlnt?$t, gave me more relief than all
thc combined treatment 1 had ever re
Its action on thc kidneys is simply won
derful, and any one wno needs a real,
speedy and harmless kidney medicino
should not hesitate to give H. Ii- H. a trial.
One hollie will convince anyone.
C. ll. RODERTS.
Atlanta Water Works.
I am a merchant of Atlanta; and am
near iii? years of agc. My kidneys have
been inactive and irregular for many years,
attended with excruciating pall? in tho
small of the hark. At times 1 became too
nervous to attend to business. My case
hud all the attention that ninney could
secure, but only to result in a complete
15. ii. H. was recommended, and to say
that us action on inc. was magical would
he a mild tenn. One bottle nuule nie. feel
like a new man-just lil'?; 1 was young
again. In all my I i fu I nev ' used so pow
erful and potent a remedy. For the blood
and thc kidneys it is the best I ever saw,
amt one bottle will force any one to praise
lt. A. L. 1).
Sold by all druggists.
is a secret aid to beauty.
Many a lady owes her fresh
ness to it, who would rather
not tell, and^tfiV cant tell.
SHOW CASES. : CEDARCHCSTS
ASK FOR ILLUSTRATED PAMPHLET
T ERR Y SH OW ?ASE CO. ?
XM/UtoM. A oartain eura. Nolaxprnil**. Throw
treatment la on? parkacc. Goori for Osl?
>ad*che, DUilDOM, liny KoT?r, aka.
By ?11 OrurrUta, or bjr niall.
M. T. uXzk?Tii<x tv .hmo. na
?ad WHISKY II A ll ITH ?ara?
ul hmm-without |>*)ln. BOOK
r |>itrllrii)i\r? amit VIIKK.
. I*. WOOLLBT. af. D . Atlanta,Oa.
ott ai alic.
Sirle?. |??. lo
i. ,: -i ('??.
ORGAN ANDPIANO GO.
164 Tremont St..Boston. 461.14th St (Union Sq.),
N.Y. 149 Wabash Ave., Chicajo.
Tiie Soluble Guano is a highly concentr?t
Crude Fertilizer for all crops.
AS il LEY COTTON AND COHN COMI
two crops and also largely usi d by the True
ASHLEY ASH ELEMENT.-A very ela
tili/.er for Cotton, Corn and Small ttrain Ot
ASHLEY DISSOLVED BONK; ASHLI
Gr&dcS-for use. alone and in Coiii]>ost hear,
For Terms, Directions, Testimonials, Bnd
publications of the Company, address
THE ASHLEY I Ml OH I
fa wortS a> po-a?d .
??yat h ar klori, lt I
^a?4aS ^aaRwawBf ?^Jr wilylvMB? ^rWW^k9m\%?^ WWW M
Man and Beast.
Mustang Liniment ls older than
most men, and used more and
more every year.
Pianos and Oreaos
WORLD'S BEST MAKEBS,
FACTORY PRICES ON TUE EASIEST
TERMS OF PAYMENT.
EIGHT (JRANI) MAKERS AND OVER
THREE HUNDRED STYLES TO
MASON A HAMLIN,
RENT A ARION.
MASON A HAMLIN,
and BAY STATE.
Pianos and Organs delivered, freight
paid, to all railroad points South. Fifteen
days' trial and freight both ways If not
tiPOrdcr and test In your own homes.
COLUMBIA MUSIC HOUSE,
LUDDEN & BATES' 8. M. H.
N. W. THUMB, Manager,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
TP f ITT Pl V IM With any disease pe
1 AX\) U ELLI J .s \ J cullar to your gent?o
lt so, to you we h? inga tidings of com
fort and great Joy. You can
and restored to perfect health hy using
It is a special remedy for all diseuses
pertaining to the womb, and any Intelli
?ent woman can cure herself hy following
he directions, lt is especially efllcaeious
In cases of suppressed or painful menstrua
tion, In whites and nartiul prolapsus. It
affords immediate relief and permanently
restores the menstrual function. As u
remedy to he used during that critical
f>erlod known aa "CHANOK OK LIKU," this
ll Valuable preparation has no rival.
SAVED HER LIFE.
RIOOK, MclNTosn Co., GA.
DH. J, BRADFIELD-Dear sir: I have
taken several bottles of your Female Regu
lator for falling of the womb and other
diseases combined, o' sixteen standing,
and I really believe 1 am cured entirely,
for which please accept my heartfelt
thanks and most profound gratitude. 1
know your tS'dielne saved my life, so you
soe I cannot speak too highly In its favor.
\ have recommended it to several of my
friends who are suffoiug as 1 was.
Yours very respectfully,
MRS. W. E. STEBBINS.
Our Treatise on the "Health and Happi
ness of Woman" mailed free.
BBADKIEL1) REGULATOR CO..
Th? Aamind for Ul? Improved MAS?? * HAWUM
PIAHM lt MOW ?a larc* that a> ?coon? addition to th?
fattorThMfcOCoaMftnporaUro. l*o not rtqulra on*
qoarUr M mach t uni ag aa nan ?j OD tho pit vallina;
wrut-pln tratan. Conant! Catalogua fra?.
_ loo ?Ty Ua i,t OM?H, Stt to DOO. For Cub. E?*r
Mason A Hanlin Organ and Piano Co.,
KKW TOaC \ BQSTOK ; OHIOAOO.
??MM? PMJT fWr Arenla. SISO to S'iOO n?r
Mo. annal. . ?ell Ins our < J rn nit Kr ir ll la torr,
rauiuu.nnd Oeelalr?. Hat ?lonnri IwtVOA'M
Writ? lo J. C. Mot'unlr a% Co., I'biluitrliiiila, fa.
ed Antinoniated (luauo, n complete High
?GUND -A complete Fertlllter for these
kera near Charleston for vegetables, etc.
np and excellent Non-Amuionlaled Fer
eps, and also for Fruit Trees, Grape
IV ACID PHOSPHATE, of very High
for the vurioun attractive and Instructiva
?HATE CO., Charleston. S. C.