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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, May 26, 1886, Image 1

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LAURENS C. H., S. C., WEDNESDAY, AUGUST If), 1885.
NO. 3
THU SOUTHERN K KU it O.
Notifiable buck ut Pro^reuM in Um Itlnek Man
Wileri) L'lieiieuiiilivreil l?y ihr \\ hite*,
TbeAmorioan negro is an anomaly,
naya u John's Island, Booth Carolina,
correspondent of the Chicago Ti mo?.
Thousands of volumes have bceu written
about lum and ninny ton thousands
of editorials und magazine articles, and
the more we study him thc more we
don't know about some (d' his peculiari
ties. Alni now, after seeing the free
negro in the North, thc slave negro in
thc ?South, and thc freeman and freed
man both North and South, and after
coming to ?onie conclusions in regard to
them, I lind on this coast alni these
islands an entirely now variety of the
genus, necessitating a new theory.
To the best ol' my knowledge eve ry
prophecy ever made about the American
negro has been completely falsified by
foote. 1 do not, ju.i now, remember
ono guess, oven by thc wisest, (hut has
proved correct, whether thw guesser was
a friend or foe. In thc lint place. Hiero
wore those in England and the col,,nies
who said thc negro would wider away
in bondage; bul, unlike every olin r race
on tlx- globe, and unlike his own race in
other countries, the negro m tia- United
States llourishcd in slavery and multipli
ed as no other race has.
11'CAI, NCO HO KOC1KTY.
Here the colored people own Hie land
and hold tho elective od?eos. They have
all tho churches houri could wish, and
at least three preachers to the square
mile. They have p< rh et social equality,
if there he sueh a tiling, foi' they have
all tho society there i.s. Tho whiles are
so isolated thal they have none. In
?hort, tho negroes have tho land, il
climate to sui! then,, the unices, ibo
stores, the schools, thc churches, pi rfect
immunity from white oppression, and
frceeourse to run and bo glorilicd. And
with all this, what progress? Well, von
have to set stakes and take sigh I lo see
that they are moving ul all. .lames
Island presents them at their best on thc
coast; John's is noticeably worse than
.lames; WadtUillaW is worse than John's,
and each successive island from h..re to
Savannah, so the whites tell me, is worse
Dian tho Inst, although 1 lind this
to believe. The exact progress since tho
war I, of course, cannot measure, as I
was not herc Iben to take a poiul ol' de
parture; but this I insist upon, thal thc
poorer clnss could liol linvc lived worse
than now and lived at all. Thc gain has
been by those who gol laud, and the
poorest renter in Indiana lives far bettor
than thc best of them on John's and
Wadinalnw. And now, with all this
evidence, lots of people uro propia sying
ns confidently as ever all sorts of good
Mid evil for the negro's future. Instead
of follow in thia rash example, will pre
sent the tacts of my trip to this point
the render may do his own prophesying.
Yesterday morning I lofl tho hospita
ble home of thc well-to-do black brother,
George Uro WU, and traveled straight
south to Legare point. All the fields
were dotted with black laborers, a few
plows were running, but nearly all thc
work was done with hoes as large as an
average spade, in thc hands ol' brawny
men and winni n. For many hundred
yards at a time the cabins lined thc way
side thick enough for an ordinary vii
luge, but all were empty -thc whole
family were back in the fields. Thc
WOmon handled these heavy hoes quite
as deftly as thc men, and ridging foi
cotton was in rapid progress. In a last
year's cotton patch, where the ridges
were nearly two feet above the furrows,
the boys and girls wont Ural w ith heavy
baskets of "swamp trash,"--half rottotl
leaves and grass raked up at low tide -
and scattered il in tdo furrows; (he wo
men came next with hoes ?md dug down
the grass ami loose Btuflf from the ridges,
with earth enough to cover it ami flu
"trash," and then tho men with plow
and hoe put enough fresh earth on it b
make thc middle ridge as high as the oh
one. In .this tho colton is planted, am
the first plowing throws what is left o
last year's ridge to the growing plants
"It takes
rm: MOOCH ANO rm: nos
b) make tin-Sea Island cotton," is tin
proverb of the whites. .Many ol' then
have tried machinery to do this work
but have discarded it. They say none i:
laiulc suitable for it. Kverything israisci
in ridges on tho islands even thoa
vegetables we plant on a Hat in tin
North.
Li Hie abandoned cabin during work
lng he .?rs y on will timi no om-, if th
weather is mild; if it is cold you wdl so
then from three to ton children, wit)
one. girl big enough to be trusted with
lire-if then- is any. Very often titer
ia none, ami the little darkies crouch ol
thc sunny side of the cabin, theil bbc
gray-brown toes showing, like goose
feet, the ofToctS of chilling winds. Thor
isgenendly a water-bucket with a gourd
a cooking pot or pan, perhaps a doze:
dishes of various kinds, a rude table o
a box, and in perhaps half the cabins
rudo bedstead. Such luxuries as mil
rora, window curtains, stoves or picture
you will find only among thc well-to-ih
and a carpid I have yet to sen in a negr
cabin. All Uioir habits show that thc
expect (o live and take their pleasure i
the open air; the house is morely a plac
to retreat to in rainy or extremely col
weather. Southward the island gel
lower till it termin?tes in a boggy fla
but one ridge runs out to within a ba
mile of tho Htono, and thc black bo
who cabiua on the end of tho ridge rov
tho traveler out along a narrow creel
This boy can talk English tba? is, sue
Kngiish as I can understand; but h
father and mothor might ns well tal
Hobrow as far as my knowledge ol the
speech goos. Tho Stono river (thoy cn
fiji theeo passes rivors or creeks) is mo
Mian u milo wide and navigable for largo
vowels, and on tho opposite shore is
UUNCOMOB u ANDI NU,
and tho headquarters of tin? groni Soo?
brook plantation, Tho Uno mansion was
lan iu d during tho war, and near its ruins
stands a small frame house, now occupied
by tho family.
Sharks ure beginning to come np the
rivers, and a month from now alligators
w ill appear along the creeks. There is
also a troublesome plenty of foxes and
wildcats oil Ulis island, for John's luis
three or four times as much timber as
?bunes; and much of the woodland is a
dense jungle. In these woods one may
walk or rest with impunity now; two
months labu- Hie white niau is always in
danger there, and a night in them is, to
a stranger, almost equal to a sentence of
death, so deadly is tho malaria. My
host of tho post night tell", nie he bas
known a man to die from Hie offocts of
one night's exposure; and even Hie resi
dents on Hie highest and drycsl lands
near tho swamps do not escape. Many
of Hie ohlest white natives habilifallv
take a grain of (punine before each meal
from May lo November. The disease
caused by these jungles is called "low
country fever," or "twenty-one days'
fever," as many instances are know n id
continuing twenty-one days without a
break; at the end of that time conies
collapse, syncope and death. As one
goes toward tho mainland Hie disease
changes its name, but all along the road
from Charleston lo Savannah the whit?
mau is never sab? except in a pine forest
on one of those sandy ridges, which
occasionally put out to the shore. Even
then he must have quito a stretch ol
pille to the windward, between him une
the next swamp.
John's I lend is in shape much Uki
a horse-shoe, and Wadnialaw Island i:
thc "frog" coming in from thc west; bc
tween them is ('lunch creek, so nnrrov
that it is bridged near thc points of Hu
horse-shoe. Despite its large ana
John's is nowhere more than seven mile:
wide from tide to tide; but it COU tai 111
1 ld white people and uomothillg ove
0,01)0 colored.
Terrible I.OHO of I.ile Amollit, Slice?) nra] Unttlc
Major I). M. Hash, paymaster in Hu
United Stab s Army, returned to depart
ment headquarters last Wednesday fron
an extended trip throughout Southwcs
Texas, as far west as Fort Davis, ii
Presidio OOUnty. He passed tllt'OUgl
the centre of the great slice)) griizini
section of Toxas, and reports Hint terri
bio draught prevails in Presidio, Peco
and Crockett counties. These COUlltic
embrace an urea somewhat exceeding th
oercagO of Hu: State of Maine. l'util
fortnight ago thc larger part of tin
country had not been visited by a hoav
rain for eighteen months, and the recoil
rain proves to have done very littie gone
as tin- earth was so parched hat Hi
waler, instead of filling tho small stream
and reservoirs, was soaked up by th
burning prairies. Major Hash says till
for many miles, as fur aa the eye ca
renell, thc country is bare of vcgotatioi
not even weeds growing. Hundreds t
small streams ari' entirely dried up, an
water, oven for living purposes, is spa:
i Ugly dealt out at thc ranches. Ile r<
lates several instances that came undi
his observation, showing the terrill
etVeet of tile drought on sheep and Catt!
On tho MoyorhahT ranch, out of 0,01
cattle, 3,000 have died within tile pa
month, and the prairie is literally strew
with gaunt carcasses, surrounded 1
myriads of huge buzzards. On aiiotlli
ranch 3,000 sheep have died, while ol
of tile largest Hock masters was col
pi lled to kill 5,000 lambs, and a neig
boring herder killed 1,200 lambs beean
their mothers were too weak from sta
vation to afford them nourishment. Ihu
describes thc situation in this far Wc
country as terrible beyond descriptio
The shepherds told him that, unless rai
fell s! ortly every Immun liol Hg and d
mistic animal would bo compelled
vacate that district and move to t!
north of Texas.
UurOlllltlU l lilr.lv lor (Jure.
ToMOBTONR, Am/.., May IS. A COU H
just arrived at General Miles' headqui
te IN brings information that six of Cn
tain I tart field's men were killed in t
ambuscade by the Indians. ft is fear
that a raid of the country is contempl?t
by Geronimo's band, and couriers i'
being sent out to warn thc settlers.
WAHUINOTON, May 1H.-A dispat
from ( louerai Miles, dated Nogales, Ari
May 16, says:
Captain I hu t field's Fourth Gavai
struck (Jer?nimo'? camp yesterday mol
ing, and at ilrst was ipiibi SUCCOSSf
capturing camp and horses and drivi
Indians some distance in Comma Mot
tains, Mexico. About noon, in movi
five miles from camp through a di
canon, he wit? attacked, fought t
hours, lost two soldiers killed, tit
wounded, and many of his horst?? n
mules. Ile rejKirts tito Indians sevei
strong, and several were killed. Otl
troops aro in oloso proximity to thc h
tiles. It is impossible to give tho ox
number of hostiles with Geronimo. C
troops and the Mexicans have fou|
them five times within tho last twe
days, although at some disadvnntn
not without loss to tho Indians. It
quires nino-tonth? of thc command
hold iii check tho largo bodies of Indi
on reservations and to protect ox\x>
settlements.
-Tho grand jury at Belleville, Illim
last week, returned their report to
Circuit Courts after having refused
find true bills against the deputy ?hoi
who fired upon a mob in liest St. LK
during tho recent railroad striko i
killed six of their number. Au oi
was mado for their release, and they
parted to their homes.
THU AXAIM'IIIHTH l \ I MM \(;o.
t'Iinritlng tho IJraiid Jury aa lo Their Unt> in
lt emmi in Hu- Itc ri iii Illili-.
Win n tln> Chicago grand jury, whoso
duly it will l?c to consider thc Anarchist
cuses, WHS called together, the court
room was crowded willi people. Gom
ment was freely made mi the appearance
of the jurors who responded b> the cull
of their ninnes. The impression was thill
they wi re un intelligent body of men.
Judge Rodgers mude bis charge substan
tially us follows:
"Wo hear u good deal lately of what
constitutes freedom of speech. There is
no constitutional right formen to ussem
hie und engage in w ild burruugiies and
incendiary speech. These men must be
held responsible for what they incite
others to do. That ?S the spirit of the
law. tt is .only your provinco lo deal
with crimes-with acts that have boon
committed. Nevertheless, thc history of
the lust few duys will make it necessary
for nie to advert to other matters than
the actual commission of crime, as well
us the commission of offences against Hie
law. Tho bill of rights of tho State of
Illinois incorporates the general princi
ples of tho Constitution <>f tho United
Sbdes. Men may assemble and discuss
these mullers, that is the constitutional
right of freedom of speech, but they are
hold responsible for what they say. If
mon are incited to riot, arson ?uni other
unlawful nels the mell responsible foi
this muy be held answerable foe the re
sults. Moro spccuUors, mere lookers-on
ure not the only ones, hut tho linn who
advised commission of crimes ure guilty
parties as well. The principles of law
inculcate thc doctrine thal they who
I teach riot, who incite unlawful gather
ings lo incendiary neis ure responsible
for the effects of these rantings. Tho
n d ting is n public menace. It ison om
emblem that nu quarter w ill be given.
I Tho police have a righi to suppress those
people, io prevent the commission of
crime. They have the lipid to quoll all
snell disturbances, and the police and
chief magistrate of the city did their
duty when the time came ami acte 1 like
men, the noblest work of Clod."
Before quoting the law on the subject
Judge Rodgers adverted to the recent
labor troubles. Ile said :
"They huvo attracted tho notice of thc
country ut large, but I don't want to lay
tlie tronido to uny one nationality. It is
not nationalities, but individualities who
ure to Illunie, lt is not the Irish or ( ler
mans or Bohemians. As nationalities all
those love pone . Men luise tho righi to
strike They have tho right to quit
work if they please. Hut when they go
one step further and suv that others have
not tho right to work, they violate the
law and can bo punished, lt is not only
. lie principals thal muy bo lu i I respon
sible, but tho accesorios as well. Ho or
they w ho stand kilo after having advised
violence hoing committed, may bo held
equally to blame with tho principals."
x'M.n i lunn i War lliimur*.
There is sonic excitement throughout
Prussia ??vcr the alleged immense milita
ry preparations of Franco, and HlO inti
mation Hud these ure linnie with a view
ton war of revenge against Germany.
Tlie present scare was begun by tho pub
lication in Franco of tho sensational
book, "Avant Itt Batbiillo," which aimed
to show that Franco was amply prepared
for another and successful war against
Germany. Within thc last few duys,
however, thc ofllcial pupers, including
Prince Bismarck's organ, the North Gor
man Gazette, have taken up thc cry and
are daily printing 00 assortment of small
venomous oxtracts from "Avant la Bat
taille." The fact is that this war scare
is simply a little Faroe played annually
by Prince Bismarck, but forgotten when
tho next year comes round. Its object
is always to nssist the military budget
Hill ugh thc hiet. This your the gov
ernment is not only asking for un un
usual arnon! for military purposes, but
the Pension bill will also be a large ad
ditional burden upon Hie War Ofllco.
The Kplilenile ol Ulrike?,
"Heats all tho way dose working pco
plo is strikin'," said tin- porter; "'pears
as if they wus never satisfied. i hey
wants nil dey can see, un den go luckin'
fo' mo'."
"That's all right," said a ruddy-fncod
passenger, w ho another mun said was n
labor agitator; "that's nil right, porter.
Every servant is worthy of Iiis hire, or
should he. A workingman is entitled to
' something in this world besides u bit to
eat mid a place to sleep. If he doesn't
stand up for his rights nobody will, und
tlie only thing he can do when he wants
un improvement in Iiis condition is to
strike. Strikes uro nil right, I bil you."
"Guess Hud's so, boss; guess Hint's so.
Brush you off, sub? Is Hus your hat?
All rigid, sah ;sovonty*flvo coots, please."
"Seventy-livc cents?"
"Yes, sah; wo's on strike fo' higher
wages. Seventy-live cents, or Hie
slccpin' cab po'taliK will blacklist an'
boycott yo'; a 'then yo' might as well
travel in a stock car. Seventy-live cents
isriglit, uah -thanks, " Chicago Herald.
-The Senate committee on pensions
has voted to postpone indefinitely the
House Mexican pension '1 and to rc
port as a substitute tho ll rat seven sec
tions of tho bill introduced in December
hy Senator Mitchell, of Pennsylvania.
These are. substantially tho Moxican pen
sion bill passed by thu Senate last ses
sion. The ci iln 11 nt tee ?H opine ed to 0
service pension and insists upon making
dopendonco and inability necessary quali
fications of a pensioner.
-Jefferson Davis is recovering from
the nervous prostration whioh attacked
him after his return to his Beauvoir
home.
\ Ml li l( VN \ i\r..i?ii(i\\ Kit H.
The Piral \nllvnal Vllh'iiUural Convention In
Un-1 ulled HIIIICH.
The National Viticultural Convention,
tin-fust Hie vine-growers of tile United
States, lliive ever helli, mot lust week ill
(lie annex of the agricultural Department
building, Washington. Only about ton
States were represented at the opening.
Alex W. Parson, of New York, presided
temporarily. The election pf permanent
officers of tho National Viticultural As
sociation of thc United States was hold.
(Miarles A. Wetmore, of California, was
elected president, and B. l'\ Clayton, of
Florida, secretary. J. .1. Cucas, ol'
Aiken, S. C., was olcctcd a member of
the National Viticultural Council.
Ono of tho primo objects of tho Con
vention is tho suppression of tho com
pounding of so-called wines from enc ii
cnls, which operates, it is claimed, to
disgrace American products and to in
jure the interests of American wine
growers, who are leading the world in
the production of the purest and best
w ?Iles.
Tho Convontion was addressed by thc
lion. Norman J. Coleman, commissioner
of agriculture, who, in n very full and
fitting paper, detailed tho direful effects
of compounded bogus wines, both upon
the health of consumers and upon honest
American industry. Ho pointed specific
ally lo the dishonest methods practiced
in this and foreign countries, and in a
carefully prepared statement of facts and
figures showed America to 1)0 ill tito h ad
and Prance to bo falling behind iii furn
ishing tho world's supply of w ines-, Itoth
in quality and quantity.
Thc questions discussed by tho Con
vention are practical and throw much
light upon tho grape industry in all its
branches. Great developments are ho
ing made in the utilization of grapes as
food, as medicine and ns an article of
commerce. Everything shows that tho
grape-growing industry, while vet in its
infancy, is fast becoming one of enorm
ous interest and results to tho United
States. Thora are rensons that show
that Ibero is abundant opportunity for
South Carolina to step forward in tho
advance in viticulture.
MMie show of puro American w ines and
brandies by tho Convention is lim?, there
hoing over 1 wo hundred excellent .sam
ples on exhibition. South Carolina is
notas vet represented in the Conven
tion.
I lt I I.AMI ililli. VI KM lt Willi \\ MI.
Thc Oraiiiicnicii \riuliiK io llcslsl I Inuit' Utile.
Ttl rec ' I " 11 < M i - : i ml Volunteer* In I.on.lon.
Tho Orangemen of Lurgan, County
Armagh, Ireland, are enrolling them
selves in military associations organized
for tlio purpose of resisting a home rule
government, lt is stated that in the
event of an l ister rebellion a Loyalist
expedition will la- ready lo march on
huill?n, leaving strong garrisons in
Pister, and au army of observation on
tin- Shannon.
Tho Orangemen in England are also
uftbring their aid. Tliroo thousand men
belonging to the London Volunteers,
and om; hundred ofllcors of the same
force, have offered to join any army j mt
in the liehl by l ister in rebellion against
In une rule. Tho volunteers, it is stated,
oller to equip themselves and to light in
Ulster's cause without poy or reward so
long as their services may be needed,
british Orangemen are called upon to
hold a muss meeting in hond?n, under
tl io auspices of tin- Primroso Club, for
Ibo purpose of inaugurating n h ague for
thc protection ofjhe "unity of tho "em
pire."'
The. meeting w ill be devoted to effect
ing a preliminary organization, a opting
a title and agreeing upon the objects to
which the mission of the organization is
to be devoted. Catholic as well as
Protestant Loyalists arc invited to join.
One of the purposes of tlx- loagna will
be, it is declared, to "sCCUrO Hie enroll
ment of mell accustomed to service."
The Standard contains an advertisement
foran Adjutant to the league.
Owing to this warlike appearance of
things, the Belfast, Ireland, News says:
"M'he time has arrived for the National
ists to prepare to meet the enemy ami
disperso them. It is a fiction timi tho
Nationalists nie in tin- minority in
Pister. Although well disposed toward
their Protestant brethren, tho Catholics
nf lister will not submit to bo massacred
by men armed with Snyder rides."
TheHlorv Which Maxwell Telia.
M lle St. houis Post-hispatch prints a
statement by H. M. Brooks alias Max
well, on trial for the murder of Arthur
Prollor, which w ill Constitute the defence
of Brooks and whiol will be urgi d t<>
tho Utmost by his alt rneys in the trial.
M'he substance of the statement is lind
Prollor needed medical treatment, willoh
Maxwell proposed to give him and
which involved the necessity ?d' giving
him chloroform. Preller consented and
took ?io chloroform willingly, but died
from its effects. Brooks, or Maxwell,
became frightened al thc situation he
was in, disposed of Prcllcr's body in the
manner so well known and next day left
lur the West. A good many of his
actions he OXplainS is the result of his
ticing constantly drunk after the death of
his friend until some time after lie left
St. Louis.
Bartley Campbell, the actor, bas re
cently lost his mind. Ho is in a most
pitiable condition as ho is uttorly help
less and totally destitute of funds. His
friends aro endeavoring to raise money
to have him properly taken care of at a
private asylum.
-Soven Mormon missionaries from
Utah Ix'gan -a series of meetings near
Fayctto City last Sunday. Thoy made
many convorts. They wore finally driven
off by a mob, and had to seek protection
from a Magistrate.
M'IIOOLH OK L'OOKKHY.
IMOVrliix Theorien ?r French mid Biiglhtli
Cook" X i I Mini \ lilllie.
Cooks aro philosopher?. A certain fat
butcher in Jefferson Market knows a deni
about French ?uni English cooks, anti ho
says tltcy will euell taken piree o? beef
and go to work upon it xxitli tho widest
possible uim.s in view. "Batiste Dutoit,
elliot id a leading lintel, for instance,"'
says ho, "would take that roast of heel',
? r in tact any solid meat, and subject it
to a long though gradual, action ot' heat,
so thal all tho fibrous parts would bo
thoroughly cooked. That would leave
hut little work for tho digestivo organs
to perform. Au English cook, ou the
other In ml. would build a roaring Uro,
and would roast tho heel' only on tho
outside, leaving tho inside rare. Ile
allows only a little time for broiling or
rousting, because his theory is that any
other process destroys tho genuine flavor
of tho meat. The point of flavor is thc
one on which the two cooks split, und
therefore their philosophies run wide
apart.
" 'Nu llavor can bo invented,'says tho
Englishman, 'which can approach that
of meat. Tho flavor of meat must not
bc meddled with. W hether thc dish is
to bo of beef or lamb <>r mutton, thai
process is lu st which cnn keep the flavor
of ouch incut distinguishable above any
Rauco or condiment that may accompany
it.
"Nothing, in thc Englishman's notion,
can equal the llavor of tho juice oozing
from H nicely roasted joint <>r iii, when
sliced. The Frenchman my friend
Dutoit eau mako an endless variety of
flavors from the same meat, in neither of
which will thai of the original meat bo
recognized. Thal iden, enlarged upon,
makes the difference liotwocn tho two
methods of cooking. For my part. I
think the Englishman is nearest right.
Ho likes nothing artificial. The only
thiug in favor ol' the French cook is his
economy. He wastes nothing. His
ingenuity and skill transforms whal tho
Englishman would throw away into tasty
dishes. A combination of both Forms of
cooking would mnku thc bosl system."'
Hero tho fat butcher out offs picco of
smoked ham and ute it raw. which natur
ally intcrforrcd \xith any further discus
sion.
X Uno i- (Url.
About (ixe o'clock on the afternoon of
the l?th ol'last month, says tho Wash
ington Critic, every one who passed thu
corner of Seventh street and New York
avenue noticed a man lying at the fool
of a lamp post on tho corner ol Mount
Vernon square. The unfortunate slave
of tho cup was a war department clerk.
Ile hud received his half month's pay
and invested too much of il in nun.
.Mme than usual notice wah taken of Ililli
by tho passing throng on account of his
handsome, manly appearance anti ele
gant dress, None stopped, llOWOVOr, to
lend him a helping hand, and lie seemed
doomed t<> tho hiovitable policeman's
rough grasp and tho shame of ll station
house cell. Help carno ?il last and ho
was spared tho additional disgrace
through thc commiseration and courage
of a protty young lady, who had a re
markable hilt llolle tile less creditable
conception ol' ln r duty. She was also
an employee of tho govornmcnl and em
ployed in Ibo government printing oflico,
?un? never saw the prostrate torin before.
As she approached tho helpless man she
was greeted with a reproof from her
female companion. In response to lier
questions lie said he cou ld not walk
without assistance, and that ho lived at
No. Now York avenue, braving the
public ga/e, and worse than this, the
speculations and remarks of tho crowd,
she assisted him to Iiis feet, and, taking
his arm in lu i s, helped bim to his homo,
while lu r companion deserted her in dis
gust. At tho door ho h arnell her natue,
and the following evening Ito and his
xx i fe called on her to express their grati
tude nml his strong determination never
to make it necessary for any one. to lift
him from thc gutter in the ftltlll't .
Hi? Mnjortl} tor iiic Prcftlttriil.
Up to the 18th inst., tho President had
in all sent about 'J, Inn nominations for
oivil offices to tho Semite. Of these
1,700 have been coiillriueil and only
thirteen rejected. The remaining Kin
xx iii be disposed of in a comparatively
short time, und it is not expected that
tho proportion of rejections will bo in
creased. Tho Pennsylvania nominations,
it had been ant ici] lated, would meet with
much objection; bul of tho entire 160
sent in ?ill have been confirmed but two
or three, and these aro still pending and
xxiii go through, Nearly nil of these
nominations wore mado at the instance
of Mr. Randall, and Senator Don Caine
ron has taken as much interest in having
them confirmed as if (bey were his own
personal and political friends.
Ihr La I'M frivolity.
A honeysuckle ball is to hfl one ol' the
fashionable frivolities of tho Coming .sea
son, hast year it was roses; now the
passion for novelty drives us from thc
garden to tho hedgerows, und women
and walls alike will bo decorated with
trailing branolios of tlio sweetest of our
English flowors. A primrose ball was
suggested a short lime ago, in aid of thc
funds of tho League; but as it could not
take place in Loni or during the Faster
recess, it has been abandoned, und some
time between Ascot and Goodwood tho
honeysuckle ball xx iii come off. I hope
thal on this occasion no pretty young
ladies will bo excluded, as the t hree WOll
known beauties were from tho roso ball
last year.--London World.
-Tho Philadelphia Tinns speaks
tnitlifull.y ?Theil it says, "If (Hailstone is
riding for a fall, many a man will onvy
him tho fall."
THE UH ll MOM? ?OM r.HKMK.
Klcvlion t>( Pour UlHli?|iM?Drlef bketvliCH ol
Hie*? UflU*lalH?Uthcr Malton ol I ni?rent.
Conference adopted a resolution i<>
rccousidor tho notion <?f tho committee
on the board of missions, looking to aa
important ohango in its Ihianciul arrange?
monts. Action on tho subject was post
poned. Tho committee having consid
eration of tho subject concerning preach
ors whoso conduct in general is repre
hensible and who don't pay their debts,
reported against further legislation on
thc subject.
Tho report of the committee on pub
lishing interests affirmed tho principio
that tho book agent should iud decline
any advertisement that may not be
friendly to any patron of periodicals, but
thought that no additional legislation
was necessary.
Tho following Bishops were elected:
Tho Hov. Dr. Wm. Wallace Duncan, of
South Carolina; tho Kev. Dr. Charles li.
(?alloway, of Mississippi; tho Rev. Dr.
Eugene Bussell Hendrix and tho Ri v.
Dr. Joseph ll. Stanton, of Kentucky.
Tho Bishops elect were const-crated on
Thursday evening.
On Wednesday the Kev. W. M.
I'tottsnieer, of thc Southwest Missouri
Conference, presented an elaborate paper
?is a substitute for the report of the com
mittee. Tho substitute eliminated thc
word "South" from the name of (he
Church, and transposed the words
"Methodist Episcopal" to "Episcopal
Methodist." Tile substitute was rejected
and tin; report of the committee against
changing tho name was adopted. Dr.
.(. E. Edwards, o? Virginia, offered a
resolution that ministers lie excused from
rending the Discipline rules annually to
congregations, and that tin- question
whether they did or did not read thom
bo not asked at tho quadrennial confer
ence. Altera lengthy discussion, par
ticipated in by prominent members of
thc Conference, the resolution was re
jected. Dr. Kelly and JlldgO Tyler, of
Tennessee, offered a resolution authoris
ing thc establishment of conferences in
China and Brazil, and authority lo legal
izo ownership of proporty in those coun
tries. Referred.
Tho Conference consumed tho greater
portion of Thursday's session ill dis
cussing the report of tho committee on
missions. The board of missions was
increased lo twonty-livo, ?uni the Bishops
wen1 made ex-oflicio members. A paper
WHS referred to thc board of missions
suggesting stops towards unifying Meth
odism in foreign fields. Bishop Koner
addressed the Conference in opposition
to the paper, lbs. ,T. E. Cox, of Texas,
A. R. Winfield, of Arkansas, E. E.
Wiley, of Virginia, and others also op
posed the measure. Drs. M. B. Chap
man, of Missouri, Horace Bishop, of
Texas, D. C. Kelly, of Tennessee, W. C.
Black, of Mississippi, .). s. Gardner, of
Virginia, and others favored Hie propo
sition of unification and comity. Tlie
discussion was the most earnest of tlie
present session.
At the conclusion of thc debate the
committee's report, recommending no
chango in tho status of our foreign mis
sion work, was adopted by a vole of 10(1
to 87.
At 1 o'clock in the afternoon the con
secration of the four newly elected
Bishops took place in the presence of an
immense congregation. Thc sermon
was delivered by Bishop McTyeire, and
tho consecration services were conduct
ed in accordance with tin Book of Dis
cipline.
The following is a brief sketch of the
four Bishops elected by the Methodist
General Conference hi scsssou in Rich
mond, Va.:
The Kev. W. W. Duncan, D. D., was
hom Dccembor "27, 1839, in Mecklen
burg county, Va., graduated in Wofford
College, S. C., in isr.s, nnd joined tho
Virginia Conference in 1859, where he
preached very acceptably, and was lunch
beloved as a pastor. In 1K7? lie was
elected professor of mental and moral
science in Wofford College. This posi
tion lu; has lilied Up to ?Ile present time.
In his capacity of "financial secretary '
of this institution ho luis traveled through
?ind preached in every part of South
Carolina. Ile developed considerable
preaching power and gained great popu
larity. His election by BUOll il flattering
vote was a substantial proof that Dr.
Duncan's reputation had reached beyond
thc narrow confines of his own State.
Bishop Duncan is in his best years, of
robust physique, and doubtless w ill do
good work for bis church.
Dr. Charles B. Galloway was boi n In
Kosciusko, Miss., September I, 1840,
?ind was educated in the university of
Iiis State, entered the Mississippi Con
ference in 1808, and was engaged in reg
ular pastoral work till ISS'2, when ht; was
made editor of flic New Orleans Christi in
Advocate. He is probably the youngest
Bishop tho Methodist Church has hud.
The Bey. Eugene Bussell Hendrix,
D. D.. was born in Fayette, Missouri,
May 17, 1 HIT, graduated at tin Wesleyan
University in 1807, and at Union Theo?
logical Seminary, NOM York, in I8i??;
joined thc Missouri Conference in 1809,
sei veil on missions, stations, ami in thc
pl" sidoney of Centra] College, Missorni,
holding thc latter position since 1878.
I I fe accompanied Bishop Marvin in his
travels round thc world in 1876and 1877,
and upon his return published a volume
giving an account of his tour.
Thc Rov. Joseph Stanton Key, D. I).,
was born July 18, 1829, graduated fr? ni
Emory College, Oxford, Go., in 18.?8,
entered the Georgia Conference in 18,9,
and has been in the regular work of thc
Methodist itineracy ever since, Oiling
missions, stations ami serving as prend
tug older in districts. He is a member
of thc South Georgia Conference. He
was appointed delegate to the Ecumcni
,
cul Conference in Loudon, and thc Ceu
tonnial Conference in UnJtimoro, but
was providentially liindorcd fruin attend
ing eitlu-r.
Thc report ol* the special connnittcoou
tho hymn book w as recommitted, and
the two papers <>n the same subject were
ordered to bc printed. Dr. J. ll. Mc
Fcrrou, of Tennessee was elected hook
agent, receiving 107 out of 209 votes
east. I. (i. Johns, of Texas, was elected
Secretary of thc Board of Missions, in
place of I!. A. Young, of Tennessee, tho
former Secretary. I), ll, Martin, of
Louisville, was rc-olcctcd Secretary of
tho Hoard <d* Church extension.
A \ Ut?.IM V COW \ III \ M Ml,
\ III.M..iv Plein Wiih stiiiekliiK lteMitta?Ono
Man Kt lied, -c\criil DflllKOroil*l) \\ oiiinlril.
MAI?T:NS\ ii.i.I:, VA., May 17.-No
greater tra' i .ly lias occurred in Virginia
ina decade than thal which tills this
town with gb ?mi ami excitement to-night.
In a light this evening on a c.iowdcd
street many shot* were tired, and as a
result Jacob Terry, .?> young larmer, lay
cold in (hath, and tho life blood of his
two brothers i^ fast ( libing away. Col.
I'. I."). Spcnc. r. a prominent business
mau and manufacturer; 'l'arh ton Brown,
proprietor ol' Brown's tobacco ware
house; I?. L. Jones, a saloon keeper; a
clerk in a hotel and a negro are all dan
gerously wounded. All the parties aro
prominent in thc business life ?d' this
place, and well known in southern Vir
ginia. <)n Saturday night an anonym
ous circular was issued ami posted U)) all
over town. li seriously reflected oa
NV. K. 'ferry, a y oung business man and
son of tlic lalo William Terry, a promi
nent citizen.
This morning Terry telegraphed for
his brothel's, J. K. and Ben 'ferry, living
at Aiken station, twenty miles away.
They arrived at 1 p. m., and after OJ
brief consultation wenl io the printing
oflico and domanded ile author of tho
card. Tho proprietor told them if was
Col. P. D. Spencer, a nu inlier of tho
town board ami one of tho leading busi
ness men of the (own. This evening,
soon after tho tobacco factories had
closed for tie.' day and win n tho streets
were lilied with operatives returning
from fluir work, tin Terry brothers
started in thc direction ol' Spencer's fac
tory. Winn al iou! half way they were
nu l by Spelle? r with his brother and
several friends. NV. Iv. Terry addressed
a few words Lo Spencer, who told him
not lo shoot. Just lin n some one tirad
a pistol and thc scone that followed beg
gars description, i 'oi i .v shots wore fired,
and tho following is n list of tho killed
and wounded :
W. K. Terry was shot from tho rear,
thc ball entering mar tho spiuo and
lodging in bis rigid breast, -lake Terry
was sin,( through tho abdomen and fell
demi. Bon Tiny, another of tho broth
ers, was shol through the neck and in
the body. P. I >. Spencer was shot in
the hip. Tarleton Brown, Spencer's
business partner, received two balls in
thc groin and is thought to bo fatally
wounded. H. 1 J. .lillies, A saloon keeper,
seriously hurt. K. Gregory, clerk at tho
Lee Hotel, seriously hurt. Sandy Mar
tin, a colored mechanic, seriously hurt.
Thc last two were hil by stray balls.
The Terrys caine fr.-iii an old and well
known Virginia family, and occupy high
social position. None ol'them aro mar
ried. lt is believed al midnight that
Brown and thc two Terrys will not live
till morning. < bl Saturday afternoon
NV. K. Terry circulated il card ridiculing
a tax bill passed by tho town board, of
which Sprucer was a member. lt did
not justify, in popular opinion, thc card
which followed it at night and which
brought mi tho tragedy.
SrveiUi*cu O AV rn of via rrlago.
The seventeen oilers of marriage which
Mrs. Adelaide Bartlett is said to havo
received during tho lasl wcok, iu ol tiding
one from a clergyman, merely illustrate
and support thc argument of Huckle that
human actions arc as much subject to
uniform law ns tho courses of tho stars.
Such (lifers of marriage, always includ
ing one fri un a clergyman, are tho in
variable fort une of Indies w ho are accused
of poisoning their husbands or lovers.
Tho number of seventeen has probably
been increased tenfold by this time, if
wo are to judge by tho record? l experi
ence of Madelaine Smith, the hcroino of
the great. Scot (di poisoning CARO of 18?8.
Thal young lady accepted one of her
numerous suiters (the clergyman, wo be
lieve, i and lives to this day a prosperous
gentlewoman in thc immediate neigh
borhood of Bedford piare. Lot US
hope that Mrs. Bartlett may bo recom
pensed by A happy union for her past
miseries, she has tho matrimonial Ad
vantage of some thousands of pounds
and most bewitching pair ol' eyes. Hbo
is also an attentive and experienced sick
nurse, whoso experiences of the dangers
of using chloroform are sufficiently pain
ful to deter ber from practicing with that
drug upon ii second husband.-Ball Mall
Gazette.
I A I'resident Arthur is said to be
decidedly convalescent.
Tito Chicago Arbeiter Zeitung has
resumed publication, fte utterances aro
as incendiary as ever.
-A search for the Anarchist, Harsons,
disolOBOS tho fact that he is not in Flo
rida. Ho bus Hms far eluded arrest.
-The grand jury at Hillsboro, Mo.,
last week considered thc CASOS of tho
lAte railroad strikers, lifty-nino of whom
were indicted. Many of these escaped
before warrants could be served upon
them.
Dr. l>io l.euis, the noted author and
reformer, died al Ills home in Yonkers,
N. Y.. last Friday morning; after tax
illuoasof two days, from crysipohw. HQ
was ia his sixty fourth year,

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