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The Laurens advertiser. (Laurens, S.C.) 1885-1973, August 18, 1886, Image 1

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EMPSON MILUS.
?Htcr Hipp
Lo
YOL. ?.
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
_Baltimore Fir?.
JOHNSON'S ISLAND.
A PKS nen KB OF THU UUKAT \OUTII.
v.n\ l*ftiH02V.
The Pirate of l.nko Brie-Thc Seizure nf n
Lake Steamer >>> n llnnd oft'oiifbilcrMe s?, ni?
pathi/.ert-Tlio Failure or Their l'luus- Tin
Chief ?>r Hu- 4 rvw , Bte,
(Kr.m th? Atlanta Constitution.)
Johnson's island, now an historio spot,
lies four miles from tho city of Sandusky,
Ohio, in tho midst of as beautiful ?1
shoot of witter as cnn bo found ou tho
lake?. Soon across tho blue waves, ila
green slopes roliovcd by thc piles < f
white limestone, it prcsohts a lovely pie
ture. Thc highest is porhaps fifty feel
above tho wator level, und is near the
center of .the island, which is ono mile
long, 11 half wide, and contains 800 acres.
In tho days long sh\co departed, it vois
covered with 11 magnificent growth of
oak and ample, und was a favorite resort
of thc Indians, who thou thronged all
the lake shore. The waters which wash
its shores wore alive with Mack bass,
pickerel and perch, and continue so to
this day.
Tho soil is full of Indian relics, and in
one comer is un old Indian burying
ground. Many weird legend.; ol' Indians'
ghosts are still extant, and would bear
telling. I'm- years thc island was owned
by one Bull, and it was called aller him.
The first Olistom-houso for this port was
located on tho island nt one lime, and
tho foundations aro stUl to bo seen. Ju
1852, P. ?.Johnson bought UK* proper
ty, and still owns it. lu 18G1 ll depot
for Confederate prisoners was wanted,
and tho government leased tho island,
which at once sprang into notoriety ns
Johnson's Island. At that time but lit
tle of it WHS under cultivation, and thc
improvements were of tho mod primi
tive diameter. \V. T. West, of this
city, was awarded tho contract for build
ing quarters for prisoners and guards,
and from that time, until the close of
the war, it was tho scono of constant
activity. January 1, 1802, Company A,
of Hoffman's Battalion, took possession
for tho government; Inter Companies B,
C and 1), same battalion, \v< n? added,
und in IHM six misccllniu otis ci iinpnnics.
The virolo was erected into ono hundred
and twenty-eighth ( ). V. I., in thu lattor
part of 1803. Tho tirst posl commander
was Major W. S. Pierson, afterward
brevet brigadier gi lierai. Uolouol Chas.
W. Hill, (uncial Tarry nial .Major Leo
were successively his successors. The
troops on the island were enlisted spe
cially for this particular service, ami
some, of thom moved Hu ir families to
the prison, and soon a school 110uso and
church were oreeb d.
April 0,18G2, thc llrst installment <>f
prisouors nrvivod, Thcso men wore
nearly all privates, but us ?he great se
curity of the prison became known, only
ofUccrs woro SO?t to the island. I'min
the first arrival until tie- close of the
war there was n constantly \ar\ ing num
ber of Confederates on tho islnu I. Some
times as high ns .'bunn wero und rguard,
the total number confined aggregating
15,000. Many died, and soon iittlocomo
tery of son". : lou graves was cntublished
in a beautiful grovo on the ea'o i n end
of th?! islntComrades of thc deceased
whiled away days in carving lab?rate
wooden head boards for their dead com
nidcs, and some of them, executed with
ordinary pocket cutlery, .-.till IN main ex
quisite examples of nina tour talent. For
some rcimoii, the defenders of a lost
cans?' havo never, with two or (bree ex
ceptions, given tho nineo nny attention,
und but for tin- kindness of the < ?. A. lt.
Post, tho lonely burying spot would bc
lost in a mass of undergrowth.
As Canada Ulled up with Southern
sympathizers, it was deemed best to
bring additional troops to thc island,
und to erect, strong fortifications, tho
ruins of which still roniniu in almost
perfect Condition. Kveil thc magazines
of thc forts are in such a state of pre
servation us to admit of minute explora
tion. From time to timo rumors of an
attack 'rom tho Canadian shore were
heard, it was said that n strong lore,
would conic from Canada, release tho
prisoners, and seizing tho ammunition
and cannon of tho forts, form an invad
ing army to burn Toledo, Sandusky,
Cleveland and thc lake ports.
Thc warship Michigan was put on
guard and every precaution taken to
prevent surprise.
TUE ri it A rr; or LAKJi anns.
Thal there was a good foundation for
the variouii rumors, was subsequently
proven hythe capture und execution of
John Beal!, 101m times spelled Beale.
He was beni in Virginia, being a nativo
of Jefferson county, which was in tho
fnmous Shenandoah Valley. Charles
town, where .lohn Brown was executed,
is the county seat, lb- was a large land
owner, and possessed o? a classical edu
cation obtained at tho University ol
Virginia. At the breaking out of thc Mir
he organised C.Company, Second O. V,
hf which lateif became a pari ol Stone
wall Jackson's famous brigade.
During tho totter part of 180! all thc
cities on Lake Brio were greatly ngi
tnted. Tie streets wero patrolled, nnd
every possible precaution taken against
un invasion from tho North. Tho whole
border wu? convulsed, Ohio hud sent
thousands of soldiers moro than her
quota to thc front, and none wero left to
guard lier unprotected lake front. lt
seamed a practicable scheme to scud an
expedition from Canada to batter down
thc lake port?, and spread destruction
throughout north Michigan, Ohio,
Pennsylvania and New York. Jacob
Thompson was in Canuda, and to his
fortilo brain all sorts of plots were
charged. Thc only war vessel on thc
lakes waa tho .Michigan, carrying
eighteen guns. Ber regular station and
winter qtt&rte?fl have always been ai thc
?lort Of Brie, lt was agreed that if she
woro captured a very small body of men
could with but little difficulty ravage
tho frontier. In tho curly part of Sop
tambor, 180-4, sho was lying between
Johnson's Island nud Sandusky. The
air was usually full of rumors at this
timo. The Knight? of tho (leiden Ott?
clo, tn Indiana, woro reported to bo in
tile plot to soi?.o tho island. Many citi
zens of Sandusky woro susjiootod. Natur
ally tho prison inland waa tho center of
all thought.
A steamer could cross from Canada in
ft few hours. Ia winter tho ice formed
-- 1 H ? ???IM?
sufficiently strong to allow an army to
marun from Sandusky to tho island.
Tho ? joly September (lays dragged slow
ly along, full of fear and trembling. The
L?th proved to bo tho day of fate. 'Tho
Philo Parsons, a passenger steamer ply
ing hotwcoil Sandusky mid Detroit,
' topping ul Put-iii-liny," loft Detroit car
I iv in tho morning. Tho first ?top on
thc Detroit river MUS at Sandwich, a
siiiiill Canadian town. Hero a quar tet
of men came on. At Maldon, a short
distance further down, a score more
boarded the steamer. Several of the
mon carried largo valises, but tho most
<. tu ipioUOUfl piece of baggage was ii gr< nt
old-fashioned trunk, secured with rofies
mid seemingly very heavy. Still there
was nothing at all suspicious about eith
er tho men or their traps. At ot hov
points down tho river passengers woco
taken up until when tho Parsons name
to tho dock nt Kelly's Island, some fotU
Icon mile.*) from Sandusky and ten mik s
from thc i sil : 11 n 1, she had an unusually
largo passenger list. Tho dork happen
ed to be in charge of thc boat, tho cap
tain being off for the day. When thc
boat bad got clear of tho island, and was
fully on ber way to Sandusky, four men
stepped up to the clerk, and at the point
of revolvers compelled his surrender.
Tho trunk was burst open and relieved
of its load of revolvers and bowie knives.
The boat carried no armament, and had
but a few hands to work her, and the
task of scouring possession was trilling.
Under tho direction of tho leader of the
conspirators, they cruised about idly for
some time, then put into Middle Bass
Island. As she lay here tin? Island
?UCOU, passenger packet, plying between
tho islands and Sandusky, ran alongside,
and threw out a plank to discharge her
passengers. Instantly she was seized hy
tho plotters, who tired volley after vol
ley, but did no damage. Captain Orr,
of tho Queen, attempted to cast oft tho
rope, but was prevented. The engineer
refused to obey the orders of the cap
tors, and received a severe wound in the
check, from a revolver tired by some un
known party. Tho passengers, includ
ing fifty one hundred day men, on their
way to Toledo to bo mustered out, were
put in thc hold. Captain Orr was oloso
iv questioned ns to tho situation in San
dusky, tho numbers of strangers in tho
city, and tho excitement existing, but ho
absolutely refused to talk. The number
of people on board was too great, and
it was decided to put the wolmai and
children ashore, together with tho ono
hundred day nu n, who were, paroled.
Tho QuCOll was then taken several
miles out to sea und sunk. From the
unsettled conduct of tho raiders it was
evident to Captain Orr that some part of
tho plan bad miscarried, Tho man in
command was Heall. His appearance
was such as to excite remark, moro espe
cially as his followers were a particularly
mean looking sot. This was strikingly
Ibu caso in the person of .lohn Purley,
who was second in command. Tho fol
lowing programme is outlined from u
document ill tho Confederate archives,
prepared by Jacob Thompson. * *
Heall was to lead tho water part of thc
Bohemo while a man named Cole had
ohnrgo o? tho land end. Colo was to
either overpower tho officers of tin
.Michigan, or to throw thom oft* theil
guard. At a given signal Heall was tc
steam rapidly in and capture tho ship.
A cannon hall sent screaming aorosi
tho i-lan I was to l>o tho signal for tin
?3,000 prisoners to rise and ovorpowoi
their guards. Sandusky was to be sacket
and Toledo, Clovolandand Buffalo wen
to sidle i a like fate. Tho prisoners wen
to go to Cleveland and from that point
sh nliug horses wherever they could
dash across the State to Wheeling, W
Va. But Cole failed, and so ?lid tho plo
to capturo Johnson s Island. Heall a
last saw tho ginini was ni? and started fo
tho islands. The boat was urged foi
ward at a terrific rate. She stopped loni
enough to lund her captain and crci
and then proceeded to tho Canadiai
shore where she was sent to thu bottom
Many of tho islanders, fearful that th
phd would succeed, had, during tito da\
destroyed much of their property. Th
oxoitemcnt which next day followed th
exposure of the plot was wonderful, an
for tho time overtopped the President!)
campaign which was then at white heal
Three months later Heall was capture
m ar the Suspension Bridge, at Magai
Falls, and locked up. ft was disoovere
that an attempt was being made to bril
tho turnkey, $',000 having boon oficie
him to ro'enso Bcall, Tho prisoner wi
then placed in confinement at Fo
Lafayette. One.I. S. Bra?ly uppcan
for Heall at his trial. The defemlai
was charged with being a spy; with a
tempting to wreck a Lake Shore trail
for tho purpose of robbery, and with tl
felonious seizure 0? vessels. Heall's il
fonso was weak, he admitting very nun
that was charged against him. One
tho features of the caso was a inanifes
from Jefferson Davis, declaring that tl
acts ou the border were committed 1
his orders, ami should ho recognized
lawful acts of war. Dooli was dec?an
guilty, and General Dix approving tl
sentenco, tho prisoner was ordered to
executed on Governor's Island, tho re
dence of the late General Honcoc
February 1H, 18(>.r>. Tho night liefe
the dav set for his death, Heall wrote
touching letter to his brother, in wlii
ho claimed that ho was unaware of hr
iug committed any erimo against sociel
President Lincoln at tho last inonu
grunted n respite until February i
when tho prisoner was executed, withe
showing tho slightest sign of fear.
The plot pertaining to the shore v
entrusted to Major C. II. Cole, who, t
better to conceal his purpose, waa fig
big as a Titusville, Pa., oil morchn:
His first step was to obtain an introdi
timi to tho o?ie.as of tho Michigan.
This done, the rest was an easy m
ter, na ho was furnished with plenty
money hy Thompson, and tho onie
were always willing to ?pond a ploow
evening after tedious daily lifo ou {
steamer. Night after night tlioy gath
od in tho parlors of tho West Hou
whore they onjoyed, at .Colo's oxpeB
the most elegant suma/rs, tho olioic
wines and cigars, omi no guests wcro o
more loyally entertained.
Foi a timo everything wont smoot
until ('ole, thinking his plans wore
perfectly mode oud so noor Slice?
grow careless and in a short timo
suspicion of Sandusky per plo
nroused and his movement., ?fore oloi
watched.
When tho 10th of Hoptomlicr ai rh
tho officers were once moro invited
supper and everything was prepared
tl ion?. Tho wine had boOQ ll rugged ami
when by this means they hod boon ren
dered helpless, a signal had boon arrang
ed to notify Heall that the time for the
attack laut como and everything was
ready.
But in the meantime Colo's actions
and movements had been so olosoly
watched that suspicion had grown into a
certainty, and in the very moment of
BUCC0S8 lie was arrested by order of the
commander of the Michigan. Captain
Carter.
Among Cole's accomplices in Sandus
ky was a woman named "Annie Davis,"
who was a "most captivating creature."
In order that he might mako good his
escapo at his examination. Cole impli
cated some of the most prominent citi
zei < of Sandusky.
For some timo Colo was held us a
prisoner on board the Michigan. Ib
was then removed to the island, where
after petitioning a number of times for
pardon, ho was transferred to Fort
Lafayette. In September, 18(55, ho was
granted a role HBO, and is now supposed
to bo resident iu Texas.
Onto the island there caine during ibs
occupancy about 1 ?,000 prisoners, most
?f whom were exchanged, while others
took tho oath of aliog"ianco. Two, Car
bin and McGraw, wen? shot in retalia
tion for executions in th .> South. Nich
ols was hung as a despera do and a spy.
Duo was shot in an attempt with others
to seale thc stockade, with la dders made
)f boards taken mun their quarters,
pno, by ono of the guards, for getting
?vcr tho "dead line." Two hun.'red and
Avon ty died of disease. One, a Union
lesertcr, was shot, and six, incl.'iding
Major Styles anti Captain Ousmun, for
roi using to take the oath. Lieutenants
McBride, liohins and Cole, together
vith H. H. Estops, a Union deserter,
vero also shot. Tho prisoners romain
ng September 7, lHli.j, were sent by
mlor of tho war department to Fort
Liafayctto, and tho island was directly
ibandonod as a military post, tho.dis
charge of both prisoners' and troops hav
ng been constantly going on from tho
lurrondor at Appomattox.
TUB roNKi-.nr.itATr. I IIKASI IIK.
in Interesting Kvcnl Thal Followed Hie Pall
<)f ll iel.mut.,I.
l-'rorn an Art'flo by Qsn. Iv-kt? in Auiont Bivouac
on thc F .Ul ot Ktclt'comi.)
lt was determined that we should re
ni?e our mareil that night for Washing
on. Ga., om- or two days' march dis
ant, ami orders wen* issued by General
dreckinridge that wo move at midnight.
Vbout 10 o'clock I received a message
rom General Brockinridge that be do
li red to seo mo imraciliately. I went t<>
lis quarters, and ha Informed ino that
he treasure which had boon brought
rom Richmond was at tho railroad sta
ion, and that it was necessary to pro
ido for its removal aud transportation.
Ho instructed mo to procure a sufficient
mmber of wagons to remove it, and to
lotaila guard of fifty nu n under ti Held
dllcor for its protection. Ho further in
formed mo that there was between $500,
KKO and $000,000 in specie ho did not
?now tho exact amount-tho greater part
mid. 1 must, ho said, personally supor
litcnd its transfer from tho cars to tho
vagons. This was not a very agreeable
luty. I represented that if no one know
IVit what sum of money was then-, it
vould bo rather un unpleasant
'esponsibiUty to impose on tho party
,vho was to biko charge of it. 1 would
nive no opportunity to count it, nor
jossiblo means of ascertaining whether
lu; entire amount was turned over to
ne. He responded that all that had
icen considered, and bade me proceed
:o obey tho order. 1 detailed titty jocked
nen as guard, and put them under com
mand of Colonel Theopllilus Ste. le and
[our of my best subalterns. I obtained
ox wagons, and, proceeding to tho sta
lion, began tit ?mee the task of removing
be treasure.
It was in charge of some of the former
Treasury clerks, and was packed in
noncy belts, shot bags, a few .small iron
.bests, and till sorts td boxes, some of
hem of tho frailest description. In this
limpe 1 found it loaded in opon box cars.
I stationed sentries ut the doors, and,
rummaging through the cars by the
faint light of ti few tallow candles, gtitb
yrod up all that was shown me, or al'
lint I could timi. Hat her mort- than an
lour was consumed in making tho trails
tor from tho cars to the wagons, and
liter the latter had been started ol? and
ititi gotten half a mile away, Lieut, .lohn
ll. Cole, ono of the officers of thu guard,
rodo up to nie with a pine box, which
nay have held $2,000 or $3,000 in gobi,
JU the pommel of his saddle. Ht: had
remained after tho others had loft, and,
ferreting about in a oar which wc thought
ive hud thoroughly searched, hail dis
covered this box stuck in a corner and
jloaely covered up with a piece of smok
ing. On tho next day, General Breckin
ridgo directed mo to increase- the guard
to '200 men and take charge of it in per
ion. I suggested that instead of compos
ing it ontircly of men from my brigade,
it should be constituted of details from
di five. I thought, this tho best plan to
illay any little feeling of jealousy that
might arise, and insuro n moro perfect
vigilance, as 1 felt persuaded that those
letnils would all carefully watch each
other. My suggestion wa? adopted,
Nearly tho entire guard wa? kept con
stantly on duty, day and night, anti a
majority of tho whole escort was gener
ally about tho wagons at every halt,
slosely inspecting the guard.
At the Savannah Hiver, Mr. Davis or
dered that tho silver coin, amounting to
imo hundred anti eight or ten thousand
dollars, Oo paid to tho troops in partial
iliseharge of the arrears of pay duo them.
The Quartermasters of the several brig
uh-., woro engaged during the entire
Dight in counting out tho money, ami a
throng of soldiers surrounded tho little
oab'ii where they woro dividing "tho
pilo" into their respectivo quotas until
i-arly dawn. Tho sight of so much money
seamed to banish sloop. My brigndo re
ceived $32 per capita, offlcora and men
sharing alike. General Hrockinrido was
Eaul that s..m, and, for the purpose, was
orne on tho roll of tho brigade. On
tho next doy, at Washington, I turned
ovor tho residue of tho treasure to M r.
M. H. Clio ko, acting Treasurer of the
Confederate States, and experienced a
fooling of great relief.
St, Niclwla* tells of a dog thal eau count.
Hut it can't equal a cst in running np a
column.-Tera* Si?tiny?. And many peo
ple have seen a snake thal is an adder.
ALL ABOUT TUB CROPS.
The <;ro|iH in iln> Htnn?, the Coll?n Crop, mid
tin- Crops lu I he United rOnte*.
Tho State Department of Agriculture
has received 257 sp?cial reports, cover
ing every county iu tho Stat?', on thu
condition of tho crops, and furnishes
tile following summary of these reports:
COTTON.
The unfavorable seasons in Juno and
July retarded tho growth of cotton. The
excessive rains caused vigorous growth
of grass, and tire crop was greatly in
jured in removing it. Tho reports of
August 1st show that the plant is small
and poorly fruited. A slight improve
ment is noticed on some of tho red clay
lands over condition on July 1st, hut on
light, gray Bandy soils tho condition is
reported lower than for Hie previous
month. lu sonic localities tho crop lins
suffered for rain. The reports, with few
exceptions, arc unfavorable.
The correspondents generally concur
in tho opinion that a larger yield than is
now anticipated will bo realized if ihe
fall is late.
The condition on tho 1st of August is:
In upper Carolina, (52; middle Carolina,
G6; lower Carolina, 73. Average for thc
State, 07.
CO KN.
Upland corn, whore it luis been well
worked and fertilized, is reported in tine
Condition, but in sonic sections the crop
Oil sandy lands has been injured by ex
cessive rains.
In many places tho crop on bottoms
was totally destroyed by tho spring
tloods, and only a part of these lands
was replanted.
The condition is reported in upper
Carolina at 65; middle Carolina, 71;
lower Carolina, 83. Average for the
Ktato, 71.
RICE.
Tho reports on thc condition of rice
are generally favorable, except where
it ha .' boon injured by thu freshets. In
Geort/otown county, one of the corre
spond? 'Hts estimates that one-half of the
crop inc ? been destroyed. Thc condition
ia report? "d at 84.
OTHER CROPS.
The cond ition of tho other crops is
reported as ,'ollows: Sorghum, 85; su
gar cane, 85); peas, 80; Irish potatoes,
Ol, and sweet. .potatoes, 01.
( ott. ni In OH* --'ililli.
Tho following is tho New Orleans Na
tional Cotton KxC'hiuige ero]) report for
the month of Julyr
Rotures have becit Complete from all
parts in the belt and our revision of tho
acreage, based on county reports, is com
plete. Much field wo rk bas been accom
plished during the month of July, re
sulting, however, in tho ttbandonmont of
some lands, which were beyond re
demption, and tho thinn wig out in vari
ous localities of stands fr? un cleaning up,
but from present indications this aban
donment is not calculated to alter our
acreage basis. Uerhaps no season lias
shown to a greater extent than this
tho advantages of thorough cultivation,
for when: this has been tho case the
difference in the outlook of tho crop is
very marked.
Glancing over tho bolt, wo find that
the two Carolinas have continued on til?!
downward scale. Alabama bas made
considorablo improvement. Georgia,
Mississippi, Louisiana and Tennessee
show some advance, while Arkansas has
added greatly to her former good condi
tion. Texas, however, has just about
held her own and fears aro expressed in
this lal ter State of a threatened drought.
In sonic localities worms are mentioned.
The built of the crop cast of tho Mis
sissippi is, however, backward, ami
then fore dependent upon favoroblo con
ditions from now on for the maintenance
of prosonl prospects.
Tho condition of tho crop by States is
as follows: Virginia, KO per cent.; North
Carolina, 7(5; South Carolina, 71; Geor
gia, KO; Florida, 84; Alabama, 82; Ten
nessee, 01; Arkansas, ?7; Mississippi,
SI; Louisiana, 82; Texas, 08. The aver
age for the belt is 85.4, against Kl.5 last
month and ?I7 last year.
Crop Reports from Washington.
Spring wheat returns at tho Depart
ment of Agriculture for August I show
au improvomont in tho condition in
Iowa. A small decline in Wisconsin and
Nebraska, ami a heavy reduction in
1 'akota. The causes of deterioration aro
drought and chinch bugs. Heat has boon
excessive in many ?listrichs that havo
produced a fair yield notwithstanding.
Thc harvest is two weeks earlior than
usual, and tho quality usually good ex
cept in sections where a heavy loss from
blight has occurred.
The general avorogo of condition is
reduced from 83.2 to 80.1. At tho timo
of harvest last year Kw. average was 80.
Part of thc loss hist season occurred after
August 1. As tho present harvest is al
ready nearly over, with improving
meteorological conditions the final esti
mate cannot bo much further reduced.
Tho present average is ninety-seven for
Iowa, instead of ninety last month. No
less than twenty-live counties, each pro
ducing from two hundred thousand to
i ono million bushels, report tho condi
tion at ono hundred or over. In Min
nesota there is an incrensu from seventy
eight to eighty. Tho reduotion in Wis
consin is from sovonty-tlvo to seventy
two; in Nebraska from eighty-three to
eighty-two, and in Dakota from eighty
five to sixty-two. Winter wheat previ
ously harvested not reported this month.
COTTON.
The cotton crop bas sulforetl from wet
weather in all tho States east of the Mis
sissippi and in Louisiana. Tho average
condition luis boen rodticetl from eighty
six to ?'iglity-ono.
The avorag?i for Virginia is seventy
five, North Carolina seventy-four, South
Car..lina sixty-Rovon, (loorgia eighty,
Florida eighty-six, Alabama seventy
seven, Mississippi soventy-nino, Louisi
ana sovonty-flvo, Texas eighty-eight, Ar
kansas nim-ty-six, Tennessee ninety-five.
There has been slight advance in Arkan
sas. Tho decline is heavy in tlie Caro
linas.
CORN.
Thoro has been a hoavy ?looreaso in
tho condition of corn since July 1. Tho
avorngo, whioh was then ninety-five, is
minced to oighty-one. Tho heaviost
declino is in illinois, Wisconsin anti
States west of tho Mississippi. In the
i 'a t i i ii and M iddle States tho condition
is well maintained. It indicates a crop
not much exceeding tweenty-two bushels
per aero, though futuro conditions may
increase or decrease on til?; ultimate j
yield.
MINOK CHOPS.
Tho average o? spring rye is eighty-1
eight.
There has hoon no material declino in
oats, tho average hoing eighty-seven.
Harley luis maintained its condition,
and nearly an average crop is assured.
Tho condition of buckwheat averages
ninety-four ; tobacco eighty-two; pota
toes oighty-oight.
TIIK l'A .MO I s "lil.? K LA Vi
Something About fi.i Viiolcnl Knnrlnionln of
oi?l Connecticut.
(From thc Uoston Kee>r.l )
These laws were enacted by the poo
plc of the "Dominion of New Haven,"
and became known as the Hine Laws bo
I cause they were printed on blllO paper.
I Thev were as follows:
Tim Govornor and Magistrates con
vened in General Assembly are tho su
premo power under God ol' this indo
I poudont dominion. From the determi
nation of the Assembly no appeal shall
bc taken.
No one shall he a freeman or have a
vote unless he is converter1 md member
of one of thc churches a owed in Hie
dominion.
Kaeh freeman shall swear by Hie
blessed God to bear true allegiance to
this dominion, and that Jesus is tho only
king.
No dissenter from thc essential wor
ship of this dominion shall bc allowed
to give a voto for electing of magistrates
or any other ofllcor.
No food or lodging shall la; offered to
a heretic.
No one shall cross a river on the Sab
bath but authorized clergymen.
No ono shall travel, cook victuals,
make beds, sweep houses, cat hair Ol'
shave on the Sabbath day.
No one shall kiss his or her children
on the Sabbath or fasting days.
Tho Sabbath day shall begin at sunset
Saturday.
Whoever wears (dotic s trimmed wit!,
gold, silvia- or bone lace above 1 shilling
per yard shall bo presented by the
Grand Jurors, and thc Selectmen shall
tax the estate cu???.
Whoever brings cards or dice into the
dominion shall pay a lino of .<-'"..
No ono shall eat mince pies, dance,
play cards, or play any instrument of
music except thc drum, trumpet or jews
harp.
No gospel minister shall join people ?
in marriage. Thc magistrate may join!
them in marriage, ns ho may do it with
less scandal to Christ's Church.
When peoplo refuse their children
convenient marriages, tho magistrate
shall determino tin- point.
A man who strikes his wile shall be
tined XK).
A woman who strikes her husband
shall bo punished as tin; law directs.
No man shall court a maid in person
or by lotter without obtaining tho con
sent of her parents; JC5 penalty for the
first offense; .Clo for tin second, and for
tho third, imprisonment during Hie
pleasure of the ( dint.
O ol ll/i m n Itoufs,
Thc roofs of New York are very inter
esting. Much that would never have
been suspected by a stranger in thc
streets goes on upon thc aerial platforms
above the heads of the masses. Prom
thc Brooklyn brid?e I have seen that
topmost stratum of the city fairly alive
with people on a line autumn evening.
On one roof were to be seen sonic shop
girls waltzing to the music of a concer
tina in thc hands of a young man scated
on tin; raised wall top between that
house and tho next. On another was a
merry party of children filling tho upper
air with the melody of their singing.
( Iver Minder were two lovers, hand Ul
hand, ta'.king earnestly, and so in ono
plata; after another were to bc seen per
sons wiser than their fellows, socking
the quid and comparatively pun. air
above tho uproar and stagnant asnios
phoro of the lower stories and tho streets.
A year or two ago being invited to dine
with some Cubans 1 had mot in their
own land, 1 went to their address in tho
neighborhood of tho Central Park, and
was show n up by the servant -where do
you suppose? To the roof.
Thc Cubans understand tho scionco of
taking every advantage of tho open air.
If they do not do SO Oil their native isle
tiley woidd all cook, like so many loaves
in a baker's oven. I fo ind tho roof
whore this family had gathered a place
unique among tho housetops of New
York. An iron frame work enclosed the
great sheet of tin, and from its posts
was hung a pretty aw ning of blue and
white striped canvas. In hanging bas
kets and in great pots were broad leaved
tropic plants, and two or three birds in
pretty cages swung among the Howers.
A completo set of furniture all of cam
or wicker work, except tho table, com
pleted tho appointments. Thoro "<TC
rockers and easy chairs and settees of
split cane in w hich to loll and lounge
and read and sew. There, in a delight
ful breeze that kept the. ribbons of the
lathes all a fluttering, was eaten a dinner
that I would not have exchanged for any
that was served in any hot and stilly
dinning room in tho city on that night.
What H m Hanging on nu Leg,
"Say, mister!" exclaimed a newsboy,
os he stood on the shady side of Third
street and addressed a well-dressed
young man who passed along the street;
"(lore's something hanging to vine log!"
The young man stopped. With his cane
he brushed down ins trousers. Not find
ing the expected article, a tincad, or
Something of a similar diameter, he
nervously drew Ins hand over thc gar
ment and eyed tho trousois' leg very
suspiciously. "ls it still there, my
boy?" askod tho young man. "Bet yuro
Ufo it is, don't you see it hanging to
yuro leg?" "No," replied the young
man; "what is it?" "Why, it's yuro
foot; ain't that hanging to yuro leg?"
St. Paul Globe.
Uaiitr I,nw.
It is unlawful for any person in this
State between the first day of April and thc
Ural day of November to Catch, kill or in
juro or pursue with such Intent, orto sci
or expose for sale any wild turkey, purl
ridge, dove, woodcock or pheasant. 1'inc
or imprisonment for violation.
Tho deer season opens on tho first of \
.September.
lt r.< <>l.l,i;< TIONH OF Mil. TILDEN.
, li\ Ito Wn? Not Popular in South I'nrollnii
Borne Kai ls Vboul the Oamualgo of HsvMily*
Six.
(I-. W. I), ni Tlii> Sunday News.)
Tho "Hage of Gramnierey Park" was
nola favorite in South Carolina. In
deed, so far as there was any feeling on
the subject, it was one of distrust and
aversion. This was due to the manner
in which South Carolina was treated by
Rlr. Tilden in the campaign of 187(1.
Mr. Tilden had no expectation whatever
that this State could be carried by
tho Democrats, and was averse to tho
straightout movement. There were
electoral votes enough in sight, ho
thought, to make him President, with
out any help frmn ?South Carolina, and
thoro is good authority for saying that
Mr. Tilden had no doubt of the result,
"if South Carolina wotdd only keep
quiet." But South Carolina determined
to make an heroic effort to throw off thc
political .yoke, and what, in thc begin
ling scorned impossible was, iu a short
time, well within the hounds of proba
bility. lt should have been evident to
every dispassionate observer that noth
ing was beyond thc reach of the white
people of South Carolina, united as they
were, and animated with ono parp?se
and one hope. Nevertheless, Mr. Til
den gave the South Carolina Democracy
thu cold shoulder. This caused consid
erable irritation in the State, and engcu
dered tho idea of voting for Hayes and
[lampton. By this plan a considerable
number ol' colored votes was obtained
for General Hampton, the Democratic
candidate for Governor, in exchange for
white votes for the Republican candi
date [or Prosident. The Democracy of
tho State felt that they were deserted by
the leaders of tin; National Democracy,
and made thc best bargain they could on
their own account.
Towards the end of thc canvass Air.
Tilden seemed to realize that ho had
made a mistake, and promised to con
tribute thc enormous sum of 85,000 to
tho Democratic campaign fund. A draft
for ! his amount was accordingly made,
and was discounted by one of thc
Charleston banks. Mr. Tilden, how
ever, failed to provide for the draft, and
it was ultimately paid out of money
raised il) South Carolina. This story
concerning tho draft and its fate comos
to mo from an unimpeachable source.
lt will bo remembered that General
I lampton was elected by a majority of
1,1:11, while Colonel Simpson, the can
didate for Licutenant-Governor, had a
majority of only 180, Thc majority for
thc Mopublicau electors in this State was
Shit, It is very evident from these fig
ures that tho electoral vote of South
Carolina could have been secured by
Mr. Tilden, if ho had sustained thc
Democracy of tho State iu their efforts,
and had given them, in tire canvass, thc
ibtauce they desired, and to which
they were entitled. But ho did not
realize this fact until too late.
After tia-election it was proposed to
buy one of tho Republican electors.
Thc whole history of thc negotiations
will probably never bo known, but it
ii i ins to bo reasonably certain that one
of tho lol offered to east his vote for Til
den and Hendricks for the sum of $50,
000. Uno of Mr. Tilden's agents came
to Sont!) Carolina to look over tko Held
and ascertained thal this could bo ac
complished, bul tho money was not
forthcoming. Mr. Tilden relied upon
Oregon, and lol South Carolina go. The
Republicans heard, in some way, of thc
negotiations which were in progress and
were considerably alarmed. lt is said
that, when tho (doctoral College met,
one "l tho Republican electors took a
pistol from his pocket and announced,
willi an oath, that he would blow out
the brains of any elector who ventured
to vote for any other persons than Hayes
and Wheeler. C. C. Bowen was credited
with this oxploit. At all events, thc
doctoral votes of South Carolina were
given to th?: Republican candidates.
Mr. Tilden, as I luve shown, literally
threw away the election. South Caroli
na's electoral votes would have given
him n majority, without tho vote of
Louisiana and Florida of which ho was
robbed by tho Returning Boards. Be
<i les this, ho earned tho ill-will aud dis
like ol' thc people of South Carolina by
his attitude towards them at tho time of
their succc&sful struggle for deliverance
from Radical misrule. The feeling of
tho pcoplo was well expressed, four
years later, by Gen. dames Connor, who
w is in tho thick of tho political battle of
187(5. When tho effort was made to
foist Tilden upon tho Democracy in
1880, General Connor said openly that
it was bi to r to bo beaten with Bayard
than to win with Tilden.
There was never any doubt of Mr. Til
di n's ability, especially in money-mak
ing, but in South Carolina ho had but
few enthusiastic admirers, for the rea
sons I have gi von. There was always an
iden thal Tilden lacked nerve in a politi
cal crisis, ls it to bc supposed for a
moment that Hancock would have al
lowed himself to bc defrauded of tho
Presidency as Mr. Tilden was? Not a
bit nf it. General Hancock would havo
opposed any compromise of any sort,
and would have appealed, if necessary,
to tho people of tho country to placo
him in tho ofilco to which he had huon
elected, lt was the conviction that Mr.
Tilden lacked courage that made South
ern members of Congress willing to
acquiesce in the Light to Seven Electoral
Commission Hill,
There was hope for South Caroona
and Louisiana upon tho installation of
Mr. Haves, and tho two States mado tho
most of tho situation. Much, too, as
Mr. Hayes has been abused, it should bo
remember? d that it was during his term
of office thai tho Southern States began
in earnest their recovery from tho ills
and losses of the civil war. There was
little room for improvement during tho
Grant era. When King Stork gave
placo to King Log there was assurance
of peace and order, and ..ho Southorn
State.- moved forward with a rapidity
which w as surprising to even their own
people.
- ? * --
Ileum 11, nhlr Mortality.
Within 10 months all thc Democratic
Candidates for tho Presidency since, th^ Wftr''
With the exception of Cleveland., nftv?dicd'
Qen. McClellan died Oct, Wft." 1889.
(Jen. Hancock died V'eU 10, 1880.'
Horatio Seymour died 1-Yli. 12, 1H80.
Samuel Jonw Tilden died Aug. 4, 1880.
And T Hendricks died Nov. 25, 1885.
There RM two Democrats living who
have been candidates for the Vice Presi
dency IVndlcton and Knglish.
In a CbewiBg-GUlU Factory.
A diiy or two ugo my wayward foot
carried my l)ody into tito Buburba und to
a chewing-gum factory. Thoro I got
Borne idea of an industry that thrives on
penny sales and the remorseless energy
of American jaws. In the place I saw
lialf a dozen huge blocks of niarbly gum,
or petroleum wax. Each weighed about
one hundred pounds, and was almost
like pure pcntolican stone, dear to tho
old sculptor's eye and hand. And it waa
absolutely clean and odorless. A few
weeks ago tho stuff lav in ono of thc
hugo tanks near tho oil wells of Penn
sylvania, a dirty, greenish brown fluid
with the consistency of bad mud aud tho
smell of a glue-factory. Then it waa
cnido oil, but since that it had been in a
turmoil and through "stirring times"
and chemical processes. From it had
been extracted a lot of kerosene, almost
ns much naphtha, not a little benzine,
plenty of tar and a lot of valuable, but
technically named, affairs that aro out of
reach. Anyway, the gum wax was left,
aud it was it that I saw, clean as an ideal
farmer's bed-chamber, aud as orderless
as a civil service reformer's record. I3c
foro it became tho chewing-gum of our
friends it had to bo melted, flavored,
sweetened and "put up" in fanciful
array. Then the ono hundred pound
block would appear in live thousand
penny cakes, and 1 am told that five
hundred of those one hundred pound
blocks arc used in each week of tho his
tory of Columbia, "thc gem of tho
ocean," etc. It's tough-tho fact, not
thc gum.-Cleveland Plniudealer.
Lconomy in Or<*HM.
What glorious creatures sensible women
aro iu times when business is dull and tho
times are hard! How the dear things will
scrimp and reduce their expenses to thc
minimum that their overworked husbands
I may not bo deprived of their pleasures and
recreations. An article in a New York
paper, showing that a lady can dress well
on !f:5.ri0 a year, has brought out letters to
that paper from several fair ones who de
clare that it is no trick at all to dress on
thal amount; that any lady can dress well
for much less money. That's tho way to
talk. Let economy bc your watchword,
ladies. We men can stand it.
THE LAURENS BAR.
JOHN 0. HASKELL, N. 1$. WAL,
Columbia, S. C. Laurens, S. C.
HASKELL & DIAL,
ATTOllN E YS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. IL, S. C.
J. T. JOHNSON. W. R, RICHEY.
JOHNSON & RICHEY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
OFFICE-Fleming's Corner, Northwest
side of Public Square.
LAURENS C. IL, S. C.
J. C. OAKLINGTON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW,
LAURENS C. IL, S. c.
Ollicc over W. IL Garrett's Store.
W. C. HKNKT, F. J\ M'aOWAN,
Abbeville. Laurens.
BENET & MCGOWAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. H., S. C.
J. W. FERGUSON. GEO. K. YOUNO.
FERGUSON & YOUNG,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS 0. IL, S. 0.
lt. I?. TODO. W. IL MARTIN.
TODD & MARTIN,
A T T O li N E Y S A T L A W,
LAURENS 0. H., S. C.
N. J. HOLMES. H. Y. SIMPSON.
HOLMES & SIMPSON,
A T T O R N E Y S AT LA W,
LAURENS C. IL, s. c.
N. S. HARRIS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, LAURENS,
C. H., S. C.
Sxtr Oflicc over store of W. L. BOYD.
Dr. W. H. BALL,
lU'ATISi.
OFFICE OVER WILKES' BOOK
AND DRUG STORK.
Otlleo days-Mondays and Tuesdays.
LAURENS C. IL, S. C.
SAVE
YOUR MONEY
Ry buying your Drugs and Medicines,
Fine Colognes, Paper and Envelopes,
Memorandum Book?, Face Powdors,
Tooth Powders, Hair Brushes, Shav
ing Brushes, Whisk Brushes, Blacking
Brashes, Blacking, Toilot and Laun
dry Soaps, Toa, Spice, Pepper, Ginger,
Lamps and Lanterns, Cigars, Tobacco
and Snuff, Diamond Dyes, and oti.er
articlos too numcrou". to mention at
tho NEW DRUGSTORE.
Aleo, Puro Wines|and Liquors, for
medical purposes.
No tronblo to showjgoods.
Respectfully,
B. F. POSEY!& BRO.?
Laurens C. H., S^(j.
August 6, lb??. i ly
CINCINNATI
TYPE . F0DN!MT
-ANO -
PK I UTI HG MACHINS ??0RK8,
201 Viet trset, CiMClMHATI, 0?
Tb? typ* O?KJ aa tbte p?p*r WM OM? bjr ta*
skirt iessi?ry?"-<fJs*?

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