Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
THE FAMOUS DK ATI I VALLEY.
t un ri: Alt\I<\TI HOI K MUN ri>o rn?;
I.O.Mi LOHT MI KUM.
Tholr WWffOai Hlirlveted und Jltrir Water lin-.
roi? Hum!-YIUMIM I'orlnhlDg llrivru lin?
M . > 111111 ; I H .> YVrru lt t-uclieil.
Los ANOKI.U.H, Oal., September 27.
There uro now in tin's city three im n who
hit ve recently crossed end recrossed the
fumons Death Valley of Southern Cali
fornia, and who bavo succeeded in solv
ing a mine of mystery which has bullied
tho most daring and skillful prospectors
for many years. Thc Gunsight placers
were located in Mil, but afterward lost,
und though repeated attempts have been
nindo to lind them, most of tile ie.cn en
gaged in tho effort have perished.
About six weeks ugo when A. [.', ,1 nil
son, A. D. Spring and Boriioy (.'niter an
nounoed that they woro going alt r the
Gnnsight trnil, 'their friends tried to
disuado thom, and chance acquaintances
laughingly bude them good-by forovor.
No ono ever expected to see them again,
.and when they set cut confidently oil
their mission they were given upas dead
mon might have been. So many such
expeditions had left this mid other towns
only to moot death in its most horrible
form that this ono was regarded us es
pecially foolhardy. '
About a week ugo tho three mon re
turned. They ?carno in by rail, ragged,
emaciated and feeble, and ono of thom,
Curter, sick abed. Jlut all were enlim'
siastic over their achievements, and each
had in his pockets nuggets to ?nove his
assertion that tho Gunfight minc had
been found. The .story of their trip
would be incredible wen? they not herc
as living witnesses to its truth, their
bodies bearing all too plainly tho proofs
. of tho sufferings which they have under
Knowing that tho discoverers of tho
'Gunsight mines crossed tho Death Val
ley, these adventurers sought, if possi
ble, to make the same trail. Once
through the Mojave desert, they soon
came to tho dazzling white Bandy plain
whore no life can oxist. Almost at the
first stop they wen? prostrated by the
berco heat, from above and below. Their
feet swelled so that they wno compelled
to rio open their shoes, and tho goggles
. willoh they had prepared Wei e but feeble
protection for their eyes.
The nico hud two wagons, inch drawn
i;y two horses, and in theco vohteles they
carried water in barrels and other sup
pin ??? After an hour or two of tho most
painful locomotion, the heat becoming
juiorc wtolornble at every step, tho party
paused a few minutes for red and ro
frcslunont. Tho poor beasts fairly
groaued in .their agony, and thc nu n
??ueniftelvoB did not dare loo!. at caph
oti.er lest they would rea l in each other's
eye? thc despair which all knew was set
tling ripon them. On every hand they
beheld tho whitened skeletons pf men, of
horses and of burros, in some places
they found the remains of what npporcd
to have lunn an expedition-?ruined
vehicles, with tile skeletons of horses
ami mon lying about. Vultures swooped
down upon them with angry c:!is, und
tither hirds of prey circled high above
their heads, following them as they
When night came they followed the
north star,Oro man trying to sleep while
tho others drove. At daybreak tlicro
was nothing to relieve tho eye. All
iiro'und them was the glcoinipg sand;
OVOr?'dd tho brassy sky, and far uwov
the roc.^y sides of mountains on which
no voge?'?ble life was ever found.
Wearily they pressed'oh, confident that
tho worst was liver, but when almost in
sight of thc eaot MlJgO Of tho Amargosas,
to which they WOre bound, the blasting
heat played them n merciless prank.
The soon hing which the nu n and
boosts were enduring with reasonable
fortitude were too much for tho water
barrels and their wagons. J in- wood of
which they wore made flhratik and
shrivelled until they fell to pieces, first
vho wagons and thon .tho'barr?is, AH
?AtiVUipU ti) keep them together were
-nsehvs.' With the water gi no the party
was VJ??J1 uigh i? defcjmir, but when the
wagons, too, fell to pieces there was a
juimito when all recognized tho proba
bility that another expedition was to bo
added to the long Hst ot those which hud
gone into that aliodo of death never to
bo hoard ot again. When things pp.
neared at their worst, Carter spied soun
ding in tho white, ?iud a rods away,
taut, Hurrying toward it, found tho
piece.i of a wagon which hfid belonged
to s '4?er whose skeleton lay close ot
hand. Wood never decays i" that at'
Biosphere, awl of tho three wrecked
wayons the men were able lo gear up
/ino vehicle that would ronvcy their re
-MiWnhig supplies and their tool*. .
Ti';is delay came very near lioipg fatal
'teal! txon0orricd- ?no how died
bartie**, Carter was prostrated so
.comidetely ?bat for a time his life was
despaired of. Toiling painfully along,
now without water nud with no hope of
any until they could dear the desolate
valley, Judson and Hpviug wero at
length compelled ifi their agony to dig
deep into the sand in the hopo ol And
ing moisture with,which to queneh tjowr
intolerable thirst. A t'a depth nf a f??
foot they ?une upon water, but it waa
wdt. Tlioy drank of it, bot ? on\y
Hefved te in?rense their trttthiring, ftml
? vdu'ii tliey gavu some of it to their horses !
jtho hea*te rofused to swallow it. Willi,
a firm determination to presa od to the
utuiost limito! their atrongth, tho naen
<>oiiti 'med their journey, and, at lougtb,
moro ovad than alive, they emorged from
the valley and bogar* the ascent of tho
Ucre they foninl ?<??"? bunoh graaaon
^rhieh their hort*/ /wisted, und n spring
of water, oopious draughts of which soon
revived tho entire party. Tarrying nt
this spring for a day or two fdr ibo pur
pose o? reouporatnig, the men finally
poshed on, prospecting the country]
closely as they wont. For a week no|
i trace of gobi or the iirdvious pm?ewco of
*nan waa found, but on tho eighth,
A??t as they were digging tor water, they
IOUN npon gravel abounding in Coarse
ot the faxtfOAJed Gunfight placora, and
another datf'saovostigation brought thom
upo^ tl? voit rfipinid where m*irly
vcars ago the mines had lieon ?biked
ont. Procuring many ano apoeimona,
?hp men re^rned by a roundabout tray,
and on arriving kore made known their
discovery. Tho dilapidated appearance
of tho adventurers and tho magnificent
specimens which (liny laid with thora
brought plenty of friends to their side,
and already preparations aro in progress
for an expedition which is to have for it?
object tho opening of Hie mines.
Tin's caravan will bo supplied with
wagons with steel wheels, and it will
curry water iu barrels made of sheet
iron. The experience of tho party hos
convinced them that wooden vehicles
and reservoirs are useless in tho parching
at mosphere of Death Volley, and they
w ill run no further risks with them. It is
expected that a start will bo inade in
about two weeks, tho company this time
being larger and going prepared for a
w inter campaign.
WHAT Tl IK RIKI.tX lilli.
WAKM Bramos, N. c., September 2'2.-~
Sitting on tho broad pia/./.a of tho hotel
herc, away from tho promenaders, I lis
tened last night to a passionate, earnest
justification of kukluxism in Louisiana
and other Southern States. The story
of wrong and outrages, tho violation,
ruthless and rough, of all that men hohl
most dear and sacred, as it came pouring
in binning words from the lips of ono of
New Orleans' most eloquent divines, was
in striking contrast to the perfect peace
that wrapped tho valley in deep silence.
Thc moon was shining with a brilliancy
seen only in Southern climes, and the
clearly defined mountains were patched
with alternate light and shadow as the
clouds drifted by. The conversation had
drifted on Southern topics, and as the
preacher, whoso faith is a firm belief in
tho fatherhood of God and the brother
hood of man, warmed with his subject
his physical ills for tho time were for
gotten, and the mentality that has stirred
many a congregation w ith its lire bumed
and glowed like molten iron. "Was
kukluxism justifiable?" he said, in answer
to a question. "Yes, sir, and if the doe
trine that "the end justifies the means'
was ever correct, it was ?luring the reign
of terrorism in the Southern States when
kukluxism was rampant. Remember,
sir, that at tho close of the '.var and dur
ing tho Reconstruction period the whit*:
men in tho South were disarmed, and it
was penal offenso for them to have tire
arms in their homes. Tho negroes, how
ever, wi re armed; our streets and high
ways wen- patrolled by ncgr . soldiery,
who were but a set of barbarians and
savages, worse than are thc savages to
day in thc interior of Africa, lt gol so
that a white woman dare not cross the
threshold of her house lest she be as
saulted by one of these brutes, while
white men had to abandon the ronds to
the negroes and make their across the
held as best I hey might. To appeal to
tho law was useless, for the judges were
carpcl-1 niggers and .sustained thc negroes.
"lt was this state ol' affairs, whi n we
saw our civilization, and all tho rights
and privileges ol society being swept
away, and our dear ones exposed to a
fate worse than death, that gave birth to
kukluxism. Self-preservation is a 'ali
mentai law, and recognizing that na ;ht
but heroic measures would quell thc
growing ovil, the whito men quietly or
ganized, and in armed bodies began the
lidless of the wrongs from which they
wer. Bullering. Do not imagine thal tho
kuklux wcro recuited from tho criminal
classes. Such I know is the prevalent
Northern idea, but it is absolutely false.
The members of the K. K. K. wi re gen
tlemen of line education, struggling
manfully to retain and sustain their man
hood, and give to their children usu
heritage of tuc war a higher civilization
than perhaps they themselves had on
joyod. 1 n many instances that was thc
only legacy they had to give, for all else
hail been swept away in thc storm ol'
shot and shell that had for four years
been sweeping over the land."
"How did the bands work?"
"Negroes, like sheep, require a lead
ear, and the bands quietly noted Un
loaders and where they lived. At nights
they visited their cabins, and called thc
men out. The most brutal were cither
shot or hung; others thoroughly w hipped
and ordered to leave the country. In
thin way a reign ot terror was created
among tho negroes, and the white men
gained control. Why, sir, even thc
Fedora] troops that were sent down b>
suppress kukluxism refused in many in
stances to interfere, and in some cases
actually aided. They knew that it was
not a condition of crime and anarchy,
but a necessity born of negro insolence
?'What about tito Ford-Murphy mur
der in New Orleans?"
"Now Orleans is and lia? been since
(hp days of Warmouth cursed by ring
rule. The Spectacle of a judge adjourn
ing his court and deliberately going out
ana shooting a mnn to death ab' one
would a wild beast was simply disgrace
ful, and is a blot on the fair fame of tho
Queen City that will not soon be effaced.
The ring did all in it? power to save the
Murderers, and |>erhaps would have suc
ceeded Jind it not been for the efforts of
the Rev. R. A, Holluud, of Trinity
Church. Hu not only published letter
after letter in tho Picayune, demanding
their punishment, but also publicly and
from bis pulpit denni in le-1 their execu
tion. His lifo was frequently threatened
by members of tho ring, but he perse
vered and won. Hod those men been
pardoned they would have been lynchod
within ?ifppty-four hours. So determined
wero tlio mcibbcrs pl Trinity parish, the
wealthiest!!! New Orleans, to rid the
city of the scourge, that J00 of p.oni
organized secrotly for the purpose of
lynching tho murderors. Among the
members of Ulis band were numbered
some of the most respected citizens of
Now Orleans, and their counsel was their
pastor, in many respects the ftiv, R
A. Holland is a remarkable mab. H.ois
,i Kentuckian by birth, and nit hough of
.small physique, is all pluck, and doe?
not hesitate to raise Ids voico in denun
ciation of wrong-doing and in favor of a
higher civilization, From his pulpit ho
fought tho frond in tho exjpu*tjoii man
agement, and alono was tho moau* of
skipping the bull fighting on the exposi
tion grounds- You may know how de
voted ho bi to principle whou I toll you
tho ?ion ho fought in tho exposition
wer<> among th" wealthiest members of
his church. Ho ic strongly intellectual,
pud lina most pronooneqij yjpws, whiob
ho never hesitates to oxpress.
-A ooopor in Exeter, Canada, built a
largo tank in tho shop and then bad to
i tear down the whole front of tho shop
' I oforo ho could get it out.
MU. CLBV?LAND'g KKW lIOL'bIS.
The Villa on Fennallytown Head IH Not Vel
Ready 1er Occupancy- What Moy he Seen
(W khinglon Loiter ' > Pittsburg Disi>-u li.)
I went out to tho President'? cottage
on the Tonnollytown road 11 xi-? afternoon
to learn tho exact condition of the novel
residence of thc chief executive ol' tho
United States and his brido, .lt is novel
because no President lia? yet purchased
n house and taken up a residence at his
own individual expenso outside of the
Executive Mansion, where expenses ai o
paid out of tho publie purse. President
Grant and President Hay? s lived for
weeks and months in summer at the
Soldier's Home, but they lived nt the
expense of tho soldiers of the regular
anny, out of whose pay is deducted
twelve cents a month each for the main
tenance of the house. The meat, they
consumed wns furnished by the private
soldiers, the milk they drank, the new
laid egg? they ute, the garden truck that
whetted the royal appetites, the vcr,
Howers that were placed at the plates of
tho distinguished guests were produced
by tho aged and decrepit soldiers, or
were paid for from the slender purses of
thc enlisted men of the army.
it was left for a Democratic President,
to purchase a private residence in tho
suburbs of the national capital out of his
own purse, where he might live with his
wife as any other American gentleman
might, at his own expense and pay for
the roof that shelters his private guests
and for the food and drink wherewith he
entertains them. The residence and its
improvements will cost Mr. Cleveland in
thc ueghborhood of $50,000, and to keep
it up with the expenses incidental to the
position of its owner not less than $10,
000 and probably $15,000 to ?20,000 a
year. President Hayes went ont of
omeo with $100,000 or more, or a saving
of half his salary. President Cleveland
will not save any money out of his Presi
dential salary. He evidently believes
that salary was given by the government
to enable the President to live like a
gentleman and pay his hills, and tho
cost of entertaining such guests us ure
worthy of the honor. His purchase on
the heights above Georgotowu includes
twenty-two and one-half acres of land.
There was an old square stone house of
the cold, old fashioned typo on this plot
of ground, it lies or lay back from the
pike about five hundred yards, a strip of
forest trees along the road hiding all but
a glimpse ?d' the manion from the vulgar
eye. To the southeast lies the capital
City, the great white dome of the legis
lative halls arising above the horizon of
green, and the sharp outlines of the
Washington Monument appearing against
the blue sky. Only a slight dip of the
great city is exposed between a bird's
eye view down thc wooded gorge. To
day, under the fierce heat of thc sun of
expiring summer, the white dome is
whiter, the monument outlines arc
sharper, mid the green is a greener
green, 'l im old stone house hus been
metamorphosed into an artistic residence
of the colonial style, the very grounds
have changed, the roads and drives ap
pear where none wen; before; nothing
Bavo tho prospect remains, and that no
art can beautify and no money can make
more lovely and picturesque A myriad
of workmen are busily engaged on house
Under the trees near the entrance is a
vacant chair, und, in the absence of the
watchmen, your correspondent drives up
tho winding roadway unchecked. A
man in brass buttons rushes hastily down
the hill from the house, waving his
hands frantically, but it is too late, the
correspondents are up on the dur side
before they can bo intercepted, Thc man
reaches us and saya we must go out, we
are not permitted there. We tell him
wo are there anyhow, and hope WO don't
intrude. He says it is against strict
orders from tho White House to come
within tho grounds. Wo innocently say
that wo are only two newspaper men
looking for an item. This sots tho man
wild. Newspaper men aro especially
prohibited. Wo ask to bo allowed to
walk around and look at the outside of
tho house. The guardian of the place
turns fairly white at the idea. Couldn't
wo look at tho oily-surely we couldn't
hurt tho city, what we would sec of it
from this lull, by looking at it without
a poss. Hut the niau is inexorable. Then
we ask him how ho is getting along.
"What you see in the newspapers is
nonsense," says he. "The house isn't
near completion. See the workmen out
Hide?" We saw the workman outside.
They were swarming on the unfinished
verandas, and spread out among the half
finished drives about the grounds.
"Thoro are aa ninny as can he ad
vantageously employed," continued thc
superintendent, "inside they lia ve just
begun to lath. Tho house will not bo
ready for occupancy before the 1st of
November, though tho President lins
boen pushing us all summer."
And things in Hight bore out this
?.tat.-m.-nt. A dozen laborers wcro
grading the now drive up to the porte
Cochero; out in tho rolling field another
driveway was being built, leading to
Woodley laue, a lovely road tliat leads
at right angle? from tho turnpike down
into tho Hook Creek gorge, ' while the
sound of the hammer inside and out of
thc mansion woko tho echoes of the hill.,.
Thore waa another gang of men with
carts pecking away at a gravelly knoll
which lies by nature a little higher than
tho foundation of tho house, and in
direct line of vision between tho veranda
and tho domo of tho Capitol, four miles
away, l'art of tim. hill lias already been
carted away, the gravel being deposited
to build tho roadways. Along Woodley
S ; i ?i,' on tho south luiotber gang of men
are at work on a high barbed wiro fonce.
It is six feet high nt least, mid appears
to lie especially designed to keep nows
paper mon out. No pair of journalistic
pantaloons eon ever stand that climb.
We took a hasty glimpse of all these
signs of preparation and turned our dog
cart toward tho road again. From Wood
ley hmo a finer view of tho mansion is
obtained. 'J'!"" irregular high pitched
curving roof bf rod tilea )f) the main
artistic feature of tho now house, though
it is the broad verandas over whioh this
roof extends whioh give tho air of oom
f or I to tho place. Tho workmen look nt
us suspiciously as wo pass, but go on
v, it h the hammering and digging and
grading sud iGrfpHng, at whioh we leavo
?hox? to (\\}\ jiilo lii? gorge. P? eypry
side aro great yellow niid white signs in
big black letton announcing "Villa
sites." Tho names of real estate men
crown every elevation and linc every
picturesque vide, and tho seductive title?
ure enough to make the mouth water.
Bvory hare knoll covered with weeds
and bowlders, every clump of 80rub oak
lined with golden rod und every rock
ribbed run luis been gobbled up ?md ?fl
ou suie by speculators.
THU LA HOI! PLATVOHM.
Platform Adoptod by tito Wot kinsmen ol' ?Vow
fork-Mr. Henry Ueorga tho Nominee lor
(l-'rnm tili h.\!t.iiiore Sn-".)
It has aiready been announced in tin
Sun that tho labor campaign in New
York city waa opened Thursday ovoning
by the adoption of ii platform and the
nomination of Mr. Henry (?iorgo for
mayor. Over 400 delegates were present,
representing, it is claimed, 0,000 organ
ized men. The following ia thc phi tfo rm,
which was adopted with groat uuauimi
The delegates td Hie trude und labor
organizations ol' the city of New York,
in conforenco assembled, mako this
Holding that the corruptions of this
government and the impoverishment of
labor result troiu neglect of the self
evident truths proclaimed by the found
ers of this republic, that all men ure
created equal ?md ure endowed by their
Creator with inalienable rights, we aim
at. the ubolitiou ol' tin1 system winch
compels men to pay their fellow crea
tures for the use of (led's gifts to nil,
and permits monopolizers to deprive
lid.or of natural opportunities for em
ployment, tims Idling tho hind with
trumps and paupers and bringing about
?ni unnatural competition, which tends
to reduce wages to starvation rules and
to make tho wealth producer thc indus
trial slave of those who grow rici, by his
Holding, moreover, that the advan
tages arising from social growth and im
provement bolong to society ut large, we
aim ut tho abolition of tho system which
makes such beneficent inventions as rail
road and telegraph ii means for the op
pression of tho pcoplo and tho aggran
dizement of an aristocracy of wealth and
power. Wo declare tho truo purposes ol
government to bo tho maintenance of
that sacred right of property which gives
to every one opportunity to employ his
labor and security that he shall enjoy its
fruits; to provont tho strong from op
pressing tho weak and thc unscrupulous
from robbing tho honest, and to du, for
the equal benefit of all, such things 08
can bo better dom; by organized society
than by individuals; and we aim ut the
abolition of all laws w hich give to am
class of citizens advantages, either judi
cial, financial, industr ul or political, thai
ure not equally shared by all other citi
Wo furthor declare that tho people of
New Yuri; city should have full control
of their own local affairs; that the prac
tice of drawing grand jurors from ono
class should cease, and the requirement
of u propel ty qualification for trial jurors
should lie abolished; that the procedure
of our courts should be so simplified and
reformed that tho rich shall havo no ad
vantage over the poor; that thc oOioious
intermeddling of tho police with peace
ful assemblages should ho stopped; that
the law for tho safety and sanitary in
spection of buildings should bo enforced;
that in public work thc direct employ
ment of labor should be preferred to the
system which gives contractors an op
portunity to defraud tho city while
grinding their Workmen, and that in
public employment equal pay should bc
accorded for equal work without dis
tinction of sex.
Wo declare thc crowding of so ninny
of our people into narrow tenements nt
enormous rents, while half thc ?oca ol
the. city is yet unbuilt upon, to bo a
scandalous ovil, and that to remedy tin.
state ot things ?ill taxes OU buildings und
improvements should bo abolished, si
that no line shall bo put upon tho em
ployment of labor in increasing living
accommodations, and that taxes should
bo levied on lands irrcspectivo <d' im
provements, so tho.se who are now hold
ing land vacant shall becompollod oithci
to build OU it themselves or to give iq
the lund to those who will.
Wodcdaro furthermore that the enor
mous value willoh the pic- once of a mil
lion and ii half of people gives to tin
land of III?L city belongs properly to tin
wholo community; that it should not gi
to tho enrichment of individuals am
corporations, but .should be taken ii
taxation and applied to tho improvomon
und beautifying of the city ; to thc pro
motion of thc health, comfort, cducatioi
?ind recreation Of its people, and to th
providing of menus of transit common
surate with tho needs of u great metropo
bs. We also declare that existing mean
of transit should not bc left in the band
of corporations which, while gaininj
enormous profits from tho growth 0
population, oppress their employees on
provoke strikes and interrupt travel an
imperil tho public peace, but should, b
lawful process, be assumed by tho cit
and operated for public benefit.
To elenr tho way for such reforms II
are impossible without it, wc favor
constitutional convention ; and since til
ballot is tho only method by which i
our republic thc redress of political an
social grievances is to be sought, wc a
pecinlly call for such changes in oi
elective methods us shall lessen tho ncc
of money in elections, discourage briber
and prevent intimidations.
And since in the coining most imper
ant municipal election, independent pi
litical action affords tho only hope i
exposing and breaking up thc OXtortic
mid speculation hy which a sbmdii
army of professional politicians corni]
tho pcoplo whom they plunder, we ct
upon all citizens who desire honest go
eminent to join us in an effort to scon
it, and to show for once that tho will
tho pcoplo may provail oven against tl
money and organization of bandi
-A oucumbor hos been raisod in Io'
winch measures four fcot in length.
-A young man at Neebo, D. T., n<
tho Manitoba lino, wanted to marrv
girl at Qrotna, on tho other sido, ri
parents forbade ber leaving town, so ?
stood on thc Manitoba side, and ho
tho United . States, and tho minis
atood wi^h onii foot' in tho Queen's roe
and tho other in Unelo dam's, and I
two woro married. The legality of 1
performance now troubles them.
OT,l> TIMI: III KL
1 Ili lli ?t r In tho(.'ode- ltn? Hoiiiethlnt: i? v,i>
?rn I lie Duello m H V. ti?.
(From tho Nov Yolk St ir )
"Is dueling still popular among gen
tlemen?" woe asked by ii Star report
the other day of a military litan who has
been promiuont in several "affairs."
"No, times havo changed marvelously.
During Jackson's second tenn tho Dem
?crata, Hushed with victory at the Presi
dential election, were rather arrogant, j 1
Many dashing mid gallant yening i i I
had been eleetcd from the Western and fi
?Southern States, and conscious ol' tin ir 1
gn at numerical superiority wore sorao- "
what disposed to carry matters with a il
high hand. Dueling in those days \\; a j
much in vogue, and personal discussions v
in thu House were frequently brought to ' .
an abrupt termination by au intimation ? i
that injurious imputations would bo ro- '
sented elsewhere. John M. ration and ?
Henry M. Wisc, of Virginia, Bailie I'ay- '
ton, of Tennessee, (?allatin Hawes, of '
Koutucky, Jesse Uynum, ol North Caro
lina, ami many other Southerners were i
known to bo prompt with the pistol, and , a
it was understood that tt call to tho lie!.I i t
would follow any damaging personal at- r
tack upon distinguished mom bi rs o? the ? !
ruling party. Thc rude demeanor and 1
offensive vituperation by which Congress | ?
has been disgraced for sollie yours past
would have been promptly punished
forty years ago. Now it excites com
paratively little public attention and is I
inly mot in Congress by ii retort ill | ?
"How do you account for tho decline
>f tho dueling mania?"
"Tho declino datos from tho lime it
ivas mada ancillary to gambling and ' e
swindling, or to the Bcttlemcnl of dis- t
[Hites between vulgar scoundrels. Since h
lieu it has gone out of fashion rapidly. b
The gross abuse of dueling has don:'
nore to remedy its ow:? mischief than j ^
nora] appeals and legal enactments." M
"What do tho Irish think of dueling?" d
"(?ration's dying advice to his sons 1'
VOS: 'Always be ready with your pistols." n
Thc Irish arc often much too ready, h
riiere is a trait In tho Irish character ui
vhicb is considered by many to bo w
intionnlly chivalrous, and that is a gen- w
.ral dislike to seek in courts ol' law a n
nonctary compensation for honor out-1 ti
-aged through woman's folly. lu tins I11
iountry reparation for loss of service is h
ionsiderod a thing as correctly i-eclaima- '
ile as loss of profit on a broken contract d
or a cargo ol wheat or cotton, while b
inning Irishmi n, in nine cuses mil of ai
cn, thc man who works upon the weak- "
less of a wife, or trilles with thu nffee
ious of a sister, is nol subjected t<> an "
Lsscssment for damages by n jury, hal (l
mullioned to give personal satisfaction." ci
Men disinclined to make targets ol' m
hemsolvcs ill obedience to a eon vent ion- p
il codo of honor havo often got out of ol
ho difficulty by availing themselves ol ai
he right accorded to Hie challongid to ;|i
(boose thc weapons. An old whaling I k
inptain not long since declared he would ] ri
iglit with harpoons or not at all, an nl-i
crnativo declined by his adversary A al
dissourian daunted his antagonist by
usistiug upon a combat with rawhides, ni
imited to half an hour's duration, i
louerai Putnam was onco challenged by ol
, young olllcer and proposed that each :l
hould sit. upon a powder-keg, with n tl
?gb ted fuse in tho bung. As ho would, ai
lear of no other terms, the ( lonend had I"
tis way. At thc appointed time tho 1,1
iclligoronts took their seal.-, tho fuses wi
.'ero ignited, and the veteran watched Cl
he progress of tho Hame with unmoved ul
ountenanco. Not so his opponent, ?le
ook intense interest in tho fast-lessoning
natch, and when tho Hame got silggcs-l (|,
ivoly near tho bung hole .-bowed his;
losscssion of tho better part of valor by
umping oil* tho keg and making for thu
poll held till arrested by Putnam roar-;
ng out: "Hold on, my buy; it's only
Two Western editors of opposing v'
icwspapers once mado fools ol them- ; ?
Ives. It carno about though tho editor
P "t il.~ _.i ...l-!_:.. .. i.I - v.
f one of tho papers declaring in a leader
hat the editor of thc other paper was H
lignmist, and that gentleman resenting \ t
bc calumny by pulling tho libolor's "'
toso in tho public street. Tho Mayor ot' 1
he town kindly undertook to arrange '
pr tho diilloulty being settled in a prop
r way, and tho two editors were :.u .
nscouccd, lille in hand, behind thc i
rees in a wood. For two mortal hours IX?
hey dodged and peeped, neither e.iring
o lire, lest by missing he should leave '
linisoif at his enemy's mercy. Then J
he rain came down, and ono ol tho ?'
ombatants discovered that it hod Batu- '"
ated his powder. .v
" ls your powder wet?" shouted ho to j
"No," answered tho other. ! '."
"Mine's beautifully dry," continued ? 1
lint Iiis adversary, guessing how mat-1 *'
MTS were, came boldly out of cover, with .
tis weapon ready to como to tho "pro-'
"Stop!'' cried tho appalled niau
'stop! Let's have a purley. You're a ^
urned good fellow. S ppose instead of
hooting wc go into partnership."
"AU right," replied the other, and J.1
hey returned home together.
Of course both editors had to set
heinselves right with their subscribers,
.Inch they did by telling them thal their
;uns were wet, and wouldn't go off.
ii... i. wu). Three Rye?,
A wonderful freak ol nature was seen
u a child born in this city a few dur?,
ince of respectable parents which dooli."
uro hus DO pandie!. When the child
ms born it was discovered that it had
bree eyes, one of which was set directly
n the top of its head. Tho eye was per
cctly formed, with lids, and was similar
o tho two eves in its forehead, with tho
ixceptiou tl * the eye was very large
md perfectly blue, while the others wen
. luck. The Child was hideously dc
'ormed otherwise, both of its feet hoing
jrown togetlior, but were well formed,
['hero was also about two inches of thc 'l
mino missing in tho small of its back. Nv
tho monstrosity weighed fourteen "
monds, but only lived about two boura j,
liter birth. -Chattanooga Times. d
- - si
-A convict in the jail at Athens, (hi., .,
(tripped the iron hoops from his cell <]
Lab, mado thom into SSW-blodeS, sawed j
through an iron bur an inch s<piaromak
lng a bolo in thc window fourteen, inohea
Minaro, soaped bis n; !.< d ' oily, and thus j.
dipped through it, and was thou detect- o
sd hy the sheriff. Ho said h? had to get ii
(?ut of ins davk cell. I
TUB Pl.VMiHTll HOCK MILD.
Morry Mr- on ihc OM Boat During Jim I-'IHK'H
Tho fatuous ulil steamboat Plymouth
Huck, xudolcut with uiomoricti of Colonel
.hin Fini; in hin palmiest hours, <>f tho
grout l'tigu of shoddy ut Long brauch
ni 1871, of tlu' famous coaching rivalry
if lil; aral rlelinbold, of Jny Gould and
??luck Fr.'"iky, chaaij ''gao and oysters,
bun tt a ud Palmer, and mysterious
II lits BOUj MMH in giit-odgod state rooms,
las becu s ?Mfconcod to death. She was
old at mic lion on September to liut
or, Clancy aud Co., of Boston, for the
um of $5,1 (JO. They sont Captain Riley,
. crack st? suuboat skipper, and their
luiior parta cr, Mr. H. fitzgerald, here
kith a crew . vu take ehurge of ber. This
norning at 8 o'clock, in tow of thc big
ug Cyclops, tdic will move out to tho
astward tin vugh Hell Gato, und bid
aroweli to th J bay of New York forever;
or when she reaches Huston she will be
nuken np am I sold for old junk.
She ran lift? toil years on the Sound bo
oro Colonel J ail.'OH Fisk. Jr., saw her
lid foll iu lovcfi with her. lt was at the
imo whoo Fish was in his glory as a
ailroad and steamboat manager and tho
iropriotor of tho Groud Opera House,
lo was ulso Colone] of the Ninth Rogi
nent at thc ti me ho formed tho idea of
iccoming a c O ni inodoro, and he engaged
he rcgimont al band to piny on board
ho stenmor. Ho himself used to ap
?car in ber saloon wearing a yachting
up heavily trimmed with gold bullion,
blue rei 111 ifl jacket with black buttons,
ad white tl t -users, .last before reach
ilg tho city or Sandy Hook bc would
isappenr i:ofc o Iiis utateroom and prcs
atly emerge dad in bis street costume.
)n tho sumo boat traveled Dr. Helm
old, thou fit ll of wealth and ambition
( >n arriving nt the Branch the Doctor
'US alway:} nu lt by bis coach, drawn by
ix bay borsci , and whirled to bis spion
id mansion i n Chelsea avenue. Fisk
ad three co bingos on Ocean avenue,
ear Hath UV OUUO. He occupied ono
imsolf, while the other tivo wore ton
utcd by several beautiful young women
ho appeared to bo very wo? J acquainted
ith bisk. Tl lese enchanting creatures
sod to meet tho gallant Colonel ut tho
?nhl, whither they went in a handsome
?lu?an w ith gc ld trimmings, i.'ruwn by
ay horses wita gold mounted harness,
isk himself ns t tl to ride in an Ol tormous
tay drawn by a crossed team of six
lacks and grays. Ile bud a couchman
lld a tii.;? i nu tho box and two fo otmon
ii tho ramble behind.
All tho wealth and fashion of tho
ranch, fri on John I Iocy und Cburlt ? J.
born to old .Jeremiah Curtis, tho f. ?th
. of Mrs. Winslow's 'Soothing Syrup.
ld Russell Sage, tho grandfather of
nts, culls und straddles, used to travel
tithe Plymouth Kock in those duj s-,
nd with iii?' music and tho chumpagui s
lid tho gilt-edged staterooms with sprint *
ic ks, eve ry trip was n pionio, u menage-.
ic and a sideshow thrown in.
Vf I r ;i checkered oaroor stories got
llont that tho vessel was unseaworthy,
lld Sceli. ld, who thou owned her, lost
unley on ber as au excursion boat.
lieu ho built a great platform on ton
f her, put an awning over it, called lier
iloating skating rink, and ran her up
ic Hudson. But she failed to draw,
al oil November 12, last year, sin was
it up nt unction. Scoriold bought her
for ?7,875, and ownod her until she
ii-, ?old Ins! week. Her career has
nled, lait no boni ovi r had a merrier
io of it. -N. Y. Star, Sept. "21>.
DOUMAX li. TALKS ol' ?:;.i;\KI.AMI.
n Think* Hie Presiden) Will in- denominated
(rVoni tho New York Wor J.)
Dormnil F>. Raton, being in town for
few day., consented yesterday to toll n
'orld reporter something about his
ews on tho possibility and probability
"('loveland' - renomination in 1888.
"There exists no doubt," be said, 'dbut
loveland's worst appointments have
< n brought about by the willful deceit
thc politicians of Ins party. This has,
'course, hurt him, but in bis position
wards Civil Service Reform tao best
ementa o? both parties uro certainly in
s favor. Hy tho time ' is present term
ellice has expired two-thirds of the
"teen thousand people who hold ellice
aler the Civil Service rules will bc
omoemts, whose, interest it will of
mrso bo to support him. In addition
this, it'tlie Democrats nominated any
her man except Clovolnnd, he would
.obably bo defeated by the Republican
ito; w hereas if Cleveland is nominated
.. the Democrats ho would not only
irry with him tho Democratic vote ns n
litter of policy, but also that of thc
idependontsand many Republicans."
"The motto ot' tho Democrats," said
r. linton, "is 'Better Cleveland for
resident with such spoils us wc can get
mu u Republican administration and no
toils.' The consular service should
?0.0 iind. r tho Civil Service law. That
!l<t a splendid chance, too, but it was
St. Succeed? ( )t' course it would suc
!0tl. Why, Blaine was in favor of this
\il s i vice in the consular service,
lough 1 haven't nundi OOnfldonCO in
laine. Yes, sir, whichever wny 1 look
, it Cleveland's renomination scorns to
un tiling of some certainty, but not bc
IU80 his party wants him, for if eon
dorod through n privnto buhot they
ould doubtless throw him over, but
.cn use it is policy to appear favorable
\ Warning \ i.i i a.ni Writing.
Henry Clay, who was a neat, penman,
MS quito au enthusiast on tho subject of
lain handwriting andaras in tho hnbit
? tolling u st? V?MmM"d- about a Cin
minti giweTWPmiu ? wanted n lot of
nuihorrios .'.-v?i ho could get
u ni cheap i'l^wtKentucky town
0 this end how ' to n customer nt
ic place rei pating him to send him
DO hundred bushols of cmnborrioa per
immens-tho numo of his teamster
he writing was so bud that the purty to
hom the noto wns addressed could not
iake out the word ' .crnnlierries" nt nil
ut did conclude that his correspondent
id v\un? ono hundred bushels of per
immens, which were nt onoo gathered
nd forwarded, muoh to tho disgust of
lio Cincinnati num.-Bon. Porloy's Now
Tho nw At toxin y General of Tennessee
1 George NY. Rickie. Ile is generally rc
;ardcd as a w ell preserved man.-K*. Now
ot some follow gherkin a joke about hil
icing mixed up in family Jars.
WOMEN'S .VAM li H.
A Himple Device by Which Persaual Mcnilty
Moy be Ht'talned.
(dunloe Dudley Warner in "TUcir Pilgriuingo.")
i Now, however good a woman's naroo
moy be, ?she i.s in danger-except, they
wiy, in Massachusetts-of losiug it, and
commonly in the chungo she blots out
nVl traces ol' her former existence and
c\ em identity. In royal and noblo fami
lies' tiic attempt luis been mudo to pilo
so i lauy names upon the female infant
that some stick through life, and wo hnvo
to seme extent imitated this in our ro
ptlbli'o by giving girls two and throo
name s sometimesa string ot' very protty
appel) ations taken out of novels, and
especii vUy if tlic child is jioor will abo bo
rich in mimes. Thia is ail very well HO
long as Hie (.rill remains Clarissa Elvira
Euphemia Hoskins; but when it woidd
become ?'Jlurissa Elvira Euphemia Hos
kins l'on.d it is too much, and eithor tho
surname ? >r some, of the baptismal names
have to bo thrown overboard. ^Vll these
and no any other inconveniences can bo
avoided ami the personal identity of n
womat i bo secured through all changes
by a v< ry simple device.
In tho first placo givo the girl in
baptism only one name. She will bo
perfectly content with it. Her lover
never ro quires, never uses, but ono of
her nam? SS, if she has half n dozen. In
thc hoigl it of his tenderness ho never
says: "A melia Jane, como to my arms!"
He simp! y extends his arms and crios:
"dane!" In the second place, when tho
girl marri cs lot her always keep lier sur
name. Tl ion, whenever wo soo a wo
man's lunn e we ahull know whether she
is married o r single; and if ?lie is married,
we shall kn?OW what her family moue is.
If she lins earned a reputation as a
writer or a d ootor or an LL.D. as Mary
Brown, she v . ill carry that with her UH
Mary Brown Johnson; and in all cases
there will be ? pared an indefinite amount
of talk and inq airy as to who she was be
fore she was rm '.med.
This system L s essential to the "causo"
of woman. It i lay bc said that it hicks
perfection in tn o respects. We could
not tell from tho three names whether
the bearer of t? icm might not bo a
widow, and it mai'vcs no provision for a
second marriage. These are delicate
questions. In rejr? ird to tho first, it is
nobody's business t o know whether tho
woman is or is not & widow, unless abo
chooses to make tl'nt fact pi eminent,
and then she bas -wa VS enough to em
phasize it. And in ti. ie second place it
docs not at all matter what becornos of
tho name of the lirst h usband. It is tho
woman's identity that iii to bc preserved.
And she cannot bo required to set un
mile-stones all along her lifo.
.lohn ami Hit Fight Willi ft'ie IndinnH.
A number of years ago a dakota set
tler who bad recently como from Mis
souri went in a hastily formed company
to repel a Sioux outbreak. After n few
works a neighbor who bad also gone re
turned and informed the man's wife that
her husband was dead. "Was he killed
during a tight with tho Indians?" asked
the woman. "There was a little skir
aish going on, that was all." "Yes?,"
1 Wo had retreated to one side of a
ii *y ino and the Indians were on the oth
r. He ventured down into thc open
pokoo and was killed." "Do you menu
i) he?l me that John crawled out of good
over right down where the Indians
ould sec him?" "Yes, mu'ui." "I can't
loliert" it, sir; lie knew more about lil
ian fia 'hiing than that. I don't believo
io wool d risk bis ow n life that way, oven
I" be kt'OW he could kill un Indian."
'Oh, be didn't creep out to kill Indians."
'What w. us it, then?" "Why, when wo
. treated somebody dropped a bottle of
diiskoy in the bottom of tho ravine,
nd ho we*'t back to get it beforo tho
ndians did." "How large was the bot
le?" "It M as a quart bottle of good old
? hiskey, ami he got most of it drunk
icforc the In diana succeeded in hitting
im." "Well, 1 believe you now. John
as an excellent judge of whiskey, and
rould make almost any sacrifice to get
t."-Estollino Dakota Bell.
A matchless story-One in which there
re 110 weddings.
THE LAURENS BAR.
. T. JOHNSON. W. lt, RICHEY,
JOHNSON At RICHEY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
)FPICE-? Fleming's Corner, Northwest
side of Public Square.
LAURENS C. IL, S. C.
J. C. OAKLINGTON, '
A TT O BN EY AT LAW,
LAURENS C. II., S. c.
Office over W. H. Garrott's Store.
V. C. BENET, F. P. M'OOWAN,
BENET & McGOWAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAUREN8 0. H., S. C.
. W. FERGUSON. ORO. K. YOUNO.
FERGUSON & YOUNO,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. II., 8. C.
t. P. TODD. W. H. MARTIN.
TOI>I> & MARTIN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. H., S. c.
I. J. HOLMES. II. Y. SIMl'SOK.
HOLMES & SIMPSON, .
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. O., 8. C.
N. S. HARRIS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, LAURENS,
C. H., S. 0.
?aT Office over atoro of W. L. BOYD.
Dr. W. H. BAU,
3FF1CE OVER WILKES' BOOK
AND DRUO STORE.
Office days-Mondays and Tuesdays?
LAURENS C. H., B.C.