Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
THOUGHTS I OU THE MONTH.
HO MK BEAHONAULK " UUKSTIO.XS i HOM
mun u ? iionm.
What Work lite Uood ParmcrH Should Do in
Ihn Moillll Of Octolii r--\n liiiiTfMllii;; Ani
dlo From nu Intellliceiti \\ riler.
(W ts, Jono.1 la Hi?-1 Moler "OulttrAior.")
Tho gathering and housing of summer
crops will for tho present occupy most
of the fanners' time. Thc rewards of
hkill and labor are now his. J le not only
has tho pleasure of Booing his I ams and
store-houses well lille?!, but also the i x
quisite enjoyment of plans consum
mated, of undertakings well executed.
His estimate of his ?wwihility is possi
bly enhanced by the success of his
ventures, end he may reasonably and
properly indulge his pride a lin te.' for
H?X months ol' more lie hus lu en engaged
in an arduous campaign one culling for
unceasing attention, unflagging < uorgy
niul discriminating judgment at uvery
turn-one in which niilicultics '.vere con
stantly to bo inot und overe?me- many
a Scylla on tho one side and a Chary odis
OD tho other to bo sh tl lined one m
Which oo-opi inti oil with nature was to
l)0 assiduously courted und antagonism
with her as carefully avoicii d. Now the
hont bow may bc a little relaxed, and
elasticity restored to tho strained body
While tho plain, routine wei !, of pick
ing cotton or breaking corn is ?;omg on,
there is no strain upon tho mind, and il
cnn leisurely and tpii< Hy look '.nick und
compar? resulte with their cnn es. Liku
thc old soldier who recalls tho battles he
fought, tho farmer can now bring back
before him the "tight places" he v ss in,
the diflioulties ho had lo meet, und how
ho met thom, and calmly and judicially
disouss his mauogcuii nt, whether good
or bad. [f you had to do it overlain,
are thore Oliy changos you would make?
Would you have broken your lau I deep
er anti moro thoroughly'-' Would yon
have harrowed it more boforu punting?
"Would you have tuted the sume i,nudity
und kind of manure? Would you have '
worked your crops moro rupii iy and
oftener in spring and carly summer, und '
gotten ahead of tho grass bet?re tho !
rains sot in? ff you had known il was
going to he a wot summer, would youl
not have bestirred yourself u lilt! - more? !
Could you not have bestirred ;.ourself 1
without knowing it was going to be wet? !
Is it not un excellent i ide to ho always
prepared for tho worst, thou li Imping '
for the best? Don't you think now, in
view of yian- extended colton th ? I, with 1
their clean, kure surfaces ready lo her
washed away, and th? ir soils i .??.: ed by J '
tho winter rains, that you planb ii rallier i ;
too much cottony Svould it ll. t have i
been botter to have rosted some o? the j
land you cultivated ? lt is quin remark
nhle that in a country ni which popula
lion is so sparse, and land v.- ?<> super- 1
?.bandant, wo aro ns anxious to utilize j
.very fool of it every year as i coun
tries where population is very di . so und \
the land can hardly support il. Our [
judgment is that if half the open 'and in
tho country w;is rcsh d ? very j . (abso
luto rest, not sown in grain) ; much '
would be made on tho half euith iii d ai
is now mode on tho whole.
Have tho arrangement: you ? lopti '.
lout winter and spring lo previ nt thc
washing of your land proved sue? - ful?
Didn't you make your torraces n tin
early ?spring, just boforo tho usual big
rainfalls occur, and did not those rains I
utrikc them before they had time to get
compacted or get a growth of ony kind
upon them to bind encl hold them, and
did iud they get badly washed away? y
"Would it not ho hotter to make terraces
on laud when it is li lting or in stubble,
Ond do the work in the fall or early w in
tor, so that tho torraces may get nott lcd 1
and linn before the heavy spring rains;
and would it not be well to ow thc, ter
races in rye or wheat, as soon as they are
ruiulo, una get u growth upon thom at '
once? If torraces freshly made in stub
ble land should give way nuder heavy
min, the land would not wash, becauso
it is compact and held by roots. Hut
whoa terraces are made in spring, and
tho land between tia in ploughed, os is
generally tho case, tho washing becomes
excessive and disastrous if heavy rains
prevail. We have found that on old
fund, in which washes have already
started, it is extremely difllcolt to get
terraces well established without thc aid
of somo hillside ditches. Our practice
in such cases is to mn ditches just as
ono would do if he did not have lei racing
in view, and then lay off terraces just aa
ii there were no ditches present-ol'
course jumping over and not tilling tho
ditches where thc terraces cross them.
After tho terraces become .veli establish
ed and both incipient and oin gulla-.-, ure
entirely til led up, the ditches muy ho
filled up if one thinks ho can control the
water without them. On very rolling
laud, where thc disposition to wash is
vory great, wo lind it best sometimes to
nm short secondary ditchi s between the
regalar ditches. A secondary ditch will
nm across from one ditch to tho noXt
below, starting hist below the dam of tho
first and emptying into the om- below.
Placed just uliovo un incipient wash a
emull BOOOndory ditch will assisi materi
ally in stopping it. Wo cannot join thc
ardent advocates of terracing in whole?
.lo denunciations . of hillside ditches.
lb find the latter, at time*, very useful
-nay, almost indispensable. li one
starla with fresh laud, and there is no
tnienltivnwd slono above from which
water may flow down uj>on it, torraces
alone may answer, but on old kinds
whero washes havo already started tl UM
may bo arrested and pi imsimntly
Stopped by a judicious cmbinntiou of
Aitahoa ami terraces with moro ooso and
moro quickly than by terraces alone.
Terraces are sometimes made too nar
row; a strip, at least two feet walo, in
tho middle of thora should not bo dis
tnriied by tho plow, but loU Ibm aud
compact to resist tho washing notion of
water. After the terrace is well ostnb
United it may bo reduced in width il
doomed advisable. Can a good part Of
the lerfcure time between this and spring
IHJ butter spent than in devising ways
ittd potting into execution nunns to
prevent tho washing away pt our soils?
Ml admit this is the very foundation of
saoo-saafnl farming, and yet we go on
from year to year pursuing methods winch
facilitate tho washing away of tho soil
and hardly ever stopping Mid tAking
time to arrest it. What is done in this
direction is most frequently done in u
hurried and imperfect manner in tho
spring, when heavy rainfalls startle us
from our lethargy by their destructive
lu sections where grains and grasses
constitute tho prevailing crops these
difficulties ?lo not confront farmers. We
scarcely ever see an allusion to the wash
ing away of soils in Northern or W? stern
agricultural journals. At the South, the
trouble lies at tho door of cotton and
ti >! tueco-luml-tlcst roying, labor-demand
ing crops -how they have cursed and
how they still curso our agriculture!
Strange paradoxes; where the labor
prob!.m is most diilloult ami onibarrass
lug, wi* raise crops which call for most
labor; where bummer droughts arc most
disastrous, we rely chiefly on su m mor
crops; where winter rains aro most
copious mid destructive, we keep our
lands bare through the winter that they
may bo washed away and their fertility
destroyed by leaohing; in a climate ad
mitting the greatest variety of produc
tion, our crops aro few in number and
wo arc buyers of almost everything,
when wo ought to purchase almost noth
Recently we have taken advantage of
the com punitive leisure on the farm to
do something towards stopping washes.
In many places wc found little washes
started on the upper side of ditches. Our
practice for some years has been to h ave
au unplowed strip I breo or four feet
wide along tho nj.per margin of ditches
to ttop washes and tilter out the dirt
comiug down from above, lt works ad
mirably, but sometimes, notwithstanding
this precaution, little washes have start
ed. Wo had a hand with a wagon loud
of leaves follow each ditch on stubble
[and and throw leaves in each wash, and
wi ere locks were convenient, put some
of them at lower cud of wash to hold tho
leaves in placo. In thc absence of rocks
ii few slobs may bo drive n across the
mouth. Leaves not only catch and hold
dirt, but enrich the spot, and next year
grass ami weeds will spring up in the
wash and tilter out ?he dirt passing
through them. A very little work of
this kind every summer will keep a farm
in CXCOllent condition, lt should la:
ihme in summer or>antumn so as to bc
ro i ly for the winter rains; not in spring
utter those rains have ?lone their de
Wo have also been constructing some
harrioudos across a branch bottom, hav
ing considerable full, to prevent the
scouring effects of heavy freshets. The
narrowest points between converging
hills were selected for their sites. At
lino point w here a wagon road was de
sired abroad dam of rocks was built
tcross from two points of equal altitude
pn each sido of thc branch ami a high
bridge built aero s the latter. At other
point** two rows of stakes, some three
led apart, were firmly driven in thc
ground, and the since between them
lilied with brush ami logs. Our purpose
is, next spring, to drive willow stob*
dong the hue of these barricades, and
let them grow up to trocs, and tims form
living amt permanent barricades to catch
rind hold trash and dirt. Work of thu
kind must bo well done; the power ol
water is very great, and unless the stake*
ire strong and driven deeply in th<
gloUlld, the whole is hubie to lie swepl
iiivay. lt is well to have a small crow
bar and prcjMiro deep holes to receive
thc stakes, w hich is easily done by job
Iii,.':,' the bur down, shaking it back WU rd 1
und forwards, and repeating this a li v
times, lu connection with this mattel
ul* preserving the soil, wo venture to re
pint a suggestion made in the Cultivatoi
l?verai years ago: That fields la* had ol
in strips (horizontal) from twenty ti
fifty yards in width, and these alt? mute
Iv sown down and cultivated. Washc
ntartcd in a cultivated strip would bi
promptly arrested by the unoultivate<
strip below it. A vast deal could lie ac
L'omplishcd by this simple arraiigeinen
toward the preservation of the soil, mu
now that the pasturing of grain fields i
being largely abandoned, there is no ob
jection to adopting it. We cannot toi
often or too emphatically stress th
point, that, clean culture ld the mai
Omise of the red, gullied hills south e
Will our reader/, pardon ns for agar
urging thc great importance of SCOOin
down our hare fields? If they huvo n
faith in their ability to raise grass, o
have no special use for that crop, the
can sow rye, ami it is not yet too late t
do that. ( >n average land and for th
purpose now in view, a half bushel <
hoed to the acre will suffice, ?nd tli
small outlay will be returned mauifol
iu tho improvement of tho land. Wit
peas as a Bum m or renovating crop, un
rye as a winter one, we have the best <
facilities for bringing up our worn au
Towards thc last of the month wh?
sowing will be in order in the northoi
sections of the cotton belt, lt is well
realize tho fact that our climate is n
the best for wheat, and that it shou
not therefore bo made a leuding ero
lint while this is true, by judicious ?
lection of varieties, and of suitable soil
with proper preparation and manurin
enough wheat for home supply can '
raise.;. First as to varieties. We nm
discard tho handsome but tender whi
wheats, and take those of the M?dit!
ranciui type-rod, boarded kinds, whi
seem ut hourn in warm climates. T
good housewife will havo to yield a 1
tlc on tho score of white Hour; it w ill
nono the less nutritious or palatable,
tho next place, tho highest and dryi
knobs and knolls should bo select*
No n.nl ter if poor; make up for that
manure. Thoro is very Uttlo land ri
enough to bring wheat without mani
anyway. If it bas been sown in peas,
much tho bettor; there is no liottor ci
to precede w heat than [teas, unless it
clover. Turu tho peavinos under i
very deep, and thon barrow the lo
sovorol timos. Oot tho finest tilth j
cm. If cotton seed is to bo used, s
there is nothing hotter, they catt
spread on tho land before it is turn
but it will not do to turn them un
deeply. If commercial fertilizers
cotton seed meal aro used, they can
harrowed instead of being plowed
I After tho seed is sown, roll tho land; I
will causo tho seed to como up bel
und moro uniformly. Wheat may
own from tho 20th of October to
W t of December, according to latiti
the tendency of late years has been
?ow too late.
A luau the 25Ui of the month a kill
frost usually ooours, and it is well
havo everything ready for it, peavi
forage, hny, etc., gathered and housed.
Groundpeas should . Iso bo gathered by
that timo, that flu; tops may 'OM eui od as
torago, and the gathering of tho nuts
facilitated. Alter lulling frost (ho nuls
quickly los?1 their hold on tin- vines, ami
are left in the ground when the latter are
pulled up. Sorghum cut und stowed
away under shelter will keep green and
sweet for a long time, prolonging the
period of green feed well u\? to Christ
nias. Stalks, leaves and heads cul up
together we lind to be a most excellent
feed for cattle. Om* people, generally,
have not b arned yet to apprec iate its
value as stock feed. Wo think it superi
or to Millo Mai/.o or any other of thal
class. The amber cane is tho best variety
for this purpose.
Thc; sweet pc dato vine is anothev good
bcd, liable now to i o reined by frost.
As it is almost impossible to curt? tin m.
they may bo ?either grazed or pulled oft
amt fed. Litllo damage to tho potato
will accrue if this is done after the mid
dle of Octobe r. Everything should bc
in readiness also for digging the pota
toes. After tho weather gets cool and
vegetation ceases active growth, ti.o dig
ging may take place ut any time when
thc soil is dry. Whore the vines ore not
fed off to stock, tho usual practice i.s to
pull them out of thc way with a plow.
This gather? tho vines tn heaps ut the
end of the rows and deprives the land ol
their fertilizing properties, lt would bc
better to have a turn plough with sharp,
revolving coulter, and run it on each
side of a row so OS to out off the vines
and bury them in thc middies. Then
with a plow, called a "potato digger,"
such as is used by Northern farmers foi
digging Irish potatoes, the tubers might
be lifted out of the ground with great
rapidity and without being cut and
bruised. . ig in dry weather after thc
plant has ceased growing rapidly, put in
nibs of thirty to forty bushels, keep dry.
wrap with pine straw and cornstalks si.\
lo eight inches thick, and cover with
dirt, increasing the thickness of tho lot
ter as the weather gets colder, until it is
DUC foot thick. At first lc ave an airhole
it top of hill, say for four or live weeks,
then stop it np with dirt and ont off ni!
Qommunieation with outside air. A
shelter over the hill is preferable, tllOUgl
not indispensable, if enough dirt is jail
on tho lull, and it is well sloped so OS te
-heel waler rapidly.
Hin- c.oi'i Throw a Hr Irk,
Had Paris seen Helen attempt to shoe
i COW out o? the back yard, it is safe te
-ay that the Trojan war would ne vcr have
been waged, and Homer would have
licon obliged to take1. the> Haymarket rio
for an e pic. Had Antony Been I'lcopa.tr;
jilli son street car dow 'll a dusty ovonui
r ('airo, it is safo to Btate thal bc wouh
lave. Hod disenchanted back to Octavia
md the divorce court lawyer "decid
piiotly secured; no publicity" wouh
never have mader a cont from him. liai
Don*o seen Beatrice fire a hull brick a
tho ? undid ben which prospected lo
seeds in her flower-bed ovory spring, i
?8 again safe tt> say he would have: se n
>ack her notes, her white mouse pen
ivipor, tho lava smoking >et with "Me i r,
christmas" painted across the stern, am
liscontinucd that rocky courtship whiol
lie subsequently celebrated in lus pooc
tnown os "Tho Inferno."
In tho three- situations given above th
IVOragO woman is grand, massive
l itame, incoinpic-hc nsihle. The ma
ivho witnesses these fominino mood
from tho weather side of a high boar
feneo and does not stand with bea
Dareel, bushell and awe-stricken bas n
poetry in his soul. In all BIIO is groo!
luit m tho brick-throwing act she i
greatest - and most dangerous. There i
i physiological rCUSO ll for this, lt is nc
lier fault that an ambulance wagon hu
to bo rung up after her bi ick-throw in
moods,'but that this kind of oxorois
dways creates a tinny and ail upwar
e lide ney in Hie window glass uiurkc'
She cannot help aiming at the hen an
cringing lown tho usual inoffensive cit
son in the next ward. Her shouldci
were not rightly constructed for ba
os.-ung, and in thu hurry incident upo
laying tho citizen she frequently forge
A) consult her hand book on throwini
md make . thu left band eh) all the lube
instead of th?: right, as laid down by tl
luthorities. Nor is she montally coi
itituted for a base-ball pitcher. Man
Husbands who ure not right-mindi
moor at their wives' weakness cf mont
grasp iu rot being able to distingue
hotwia-ii a mutilated and jumped-oo un
pire and a three-base hit. These nil
mbtloties of thc game may be thus lo
to her, but it is not her fault. Uer git
brain matter is not put up that wa
irohiteotnrolly spooking, any more tin
lier shoulder is built to bring confus?
iud death to cows.
lt will bo observed by all who take tl
trouble to attend a 1)080 ball game in tl
interest? of science that the best thro
ers have very square shoulders, and t
shoulders of some uro higher at t
corn, s than near the neck. In Hu
latter the clavicle tends upward as
leaves tho spinal column, a eircumstan
which allows free play of tho arm in a
direction. Whereas as is seen in a lad,
skeleton, tho shouldor-blude slopes ilo>
like a tolioggan slido and overlaps t
arm-socket in a manner which prove?
her lifting hor arm without cracking 1
shoulder-blade or bursting out a scam
her basque, either of which Ls calculai
to discourage good marksmanship,
-General Boulanger, desiring to
euro from the Fronch govornniont
appropriation for now explosive bom
recently invitee tho Budget Commit
to witness tho experiments he was car
ing on in private. Tho experimenta
was carrying on In privat?;. The exp?
ment, is made with a monster mortar,
tho desi met ion of fortifications; the n
silo oxplodes with exceedingly destr
tivo effect. It is charged with a now
plosive, of whoso nun posit ion Benian
and bis associates alone possess
secret. The compound, however, is
mitted to have all tho powors of i
cotton with nono of its defects, am
said, in addition, to be easily trnnsp
able and free from liability to ur
taneous ignition. It is stated th.it
budget and committee were u .?t <
highly aatisllcd and pleased, but proi
od to freely support tho Oonerol's
maud for a larg?* special appropri?t
A bank cashier may get himself hi vol
hut he generally comes out all right ir
long nm-that ls, provided the k>?| fi
? - v ?
WIIEUE THE PLA? WAS BURLED.
THU BLHKPY OM) Pl. M IC THAT WILL
CV CH LH ?: IV III8TOR1 .
An Ky Wit news to Hie M?irrcinler-Th? *:.>.>
Told i v Colonel IV?rn on Um HUtorlv Flrld.
(LctUrto Iho philadelphia Times.)
Appomattox Courtliouso, va.,asleopy
littlo villago, dozing its days away on
tho old stage rood between Riohmoud
and Lynobbiu'g, seems to tho Northorn
traveler to have become tired o? exist
ence away back in tho early pftft of thc
century and to have settled into a Rip
Van Winkle Bleep, from which it only
once awoke, shaken hy tho thunder of
cannon sud tho tread of armed cen,
only to relapse into moro profound
slumber. All unconscious of its world
wide fomo and thc riohncss of its local
history, the little town is content with
it? own peculiar life und calmly ignores
the roar and rush of the outside world.
Once in a while a stray tourist comes
this way, but seldom docs the old tavern
door opon to admit a stranger. Hs
binges have accumulated rust for yean;
and long sprigs of grass grow between
the broken porch-steps. Tho whole
town wears tho same passive air of
somnolency as when Generals < traut and
Lee rodo through its quiet stn -ts to
close, by a few strokes of the pen, the
most bitterly contested and bloody in
ternecine contest uvor to swell tin. pages
TUE ltOAI) TO APPOMATTOX.
This moaning two tramps from tho
borders of tito Koystouo State found
themselves 'il Appomattox Station, on
tho Norfolk and Western Railroad.
After a Walk of three miles through
sedge, Held and thicket, forests and
corn-Heidi' they reached Appomattox
Courthouse. Upon thc brow of a hill
overlooking the town a small graveyard
brings vividly ho sk to memory th" one
short but pr ginini period of civil war
which is inseparably connected with tito
place, for wi'.hin its whitewashed fences
are eighteen graves in one long row, each
with a nameli BS white pine bead-boord
of simple desi gu. Thoso graves contain
tho dust of t h. ; Con federate soldiers
killed in tho last skirmish on Saturday
night and Sunday morning before Lee
sent tho Hog of truce over tho hills to
(baut. /V small whitewashed pino monu
ment had been orccted iu tho centre of
the lot by somo lo*/al friend of thc deed,
but even it is now overturned and lien
prostrate la tero tho row of mounds.
Tho Courthouse, a toll, square, red
brick building, resembling more tho
residence of a solid old Virginia farmer
than a public stvueturo, stands within a
small square OL* "green" in tho conter of
the town. Tho Old .st. ige road coming
over thc eastern hilL; doh rontinlly turns
to one side anti passes around thc Court
house in a .semi-circle, to resume in
front its onward course again, .inst
north of tho public building and lion
the road is tho tavern, a gloomy-looking
structure of ancient architecture A
mass of matted ivy leaves el in;* to mic
damp wall, while near by thc old-timo
well-sweep rears its mo-sny head. Vory
rarely does a guest insoribo his name in
tho musty register, or climb tho creaking
Btairs with his tallow ci indio to seek re
pose. '1'he county jail, is southeast of
tho Courthouse about twenty yards away.
Two small stores, ono of which enjoys
tho additional dignity ( if being the post
ellice, a blacksmith sJiop and ti .1 or
twelve dwellings constitute tho remain
der of the town, which contains, by'
actual count, one hundred inhabit iiits. j
Tho nearest church is two miles away.
The people of Appomattox are vory kind
and hospitable, and without questioning]
the in tont and purpose s of tho stranger
at their gates, recoivo him courteously,
minister to Ids wants quietly, unostenta
tiously, bul with a kin.d-hcurlediu ss be
neath all thal is genni ne and ehcoriug.
A number of Northern visitors stray hero
in the COU1S0 of the. year; in fact, curi
osity is tho motive inducing strangers
to come at all, but there is no cool
ness in tho welcome of these people.
The veteran who fought under Meade ot
Oottysburg and followed Hooker ii to
the \S ilderness linds boro one of .lack
son's "foot cavalry" ready to grasp his
o md and share his humble home with
his late foe.
COI.ONK1. PKBRS's STORY.
Agnat man here is Colonel G. T.
Leers, clerk of the county court, an
ellice he has held uninterruptedly for
eighteen years, and altogether for near
ly a quarter of a century. Colonel Peers
is tho only white man now living ot
Appomattox Courthouse who was here
at the time of the surrender of General
Lee. He is tho friend, counsellor and
leader of tho little community, and his
kindly blue eyes and flowing white beard
give him a patriarchal appearance His
otliee in the basement of thc Courthouse
is crowded with musty old papers, many
hearing dab) early in tho last century
and concerning the estates and fortunes
of many proud F, I1'. V's. Colonel
Poora is piobobly better acquainted wi tl)
tho local event? transpiring at the time
of Leo's surrender than any man in thc
South. With great kindness he pointed
out thc scenes of the memorable inci
dents of the 8th and '.?th of April, 1866.
"I remember well," ho said, OH, stand
ing on tho Courthouse "green," ho gazed
thoughtfully at tho woods skirting the
wohtem sky, os though catching again
in memory's eye the glimmer of hostile
bonners through the trees-"I remenv
ber as though yesterday the day when
the Army of Northern Virginia posscd
into history. There Wore [OW men in
Appomattox that spring. Somo were
with Leo around Richmond, others with
.loo Johnston in tho South, and other?
again were sleeping on the Holds of
( ?cttysburg, Antietam and Chancellors
ville. There wen' anxious wives,
broken-hearted widows and childless
mothers among UH, and tho few who re
mained could easily seo tho dark clouds
gathering eloser over tho Confederacy.
Lee, driven out of H ?ch mond and up
rooted from Petersburg, was hurrying
his woary Hoops toward tho wosteru
mountains, with tho sleuth-hounds ol
(irant and Sheridan pressing hard bc
hind. On Saturday morning, April H, a
few strogglora reached Appomattox willi
the information that Lee was close ai
band, whilo terrified country people
from tho west carno ?u [with tho intelli
gence that Sheri :an !>:ul como up tho
railroad track and was across tho road in
Lee's front. Iii tho aftoruoou Loo ar
rived and cuotunped "ii tho brow of n
bill about a mile from town. About
half-way between, through a fortilo
meadow, nm-. Appomattox Urcekf cross
ing tlic road near un old applo orohard."
A COUKOlh OF WAU.
"I wont into the Confederate camp
that night and learned from an ofh'coi
that a eounoil of war bad ju.si been li? kl
by Oonoral Leo and bia generala, ut
which it was decided that if Sheridan's
cavalry was tho only obstruction in front
an attempt would bo inado early tho uoxl
monking to out through, bul if Ord'a
infantry should arrive during tho night
there would !>'. nothing left but surren
der. Lee's pickets liad been thrown
through and about a milo west of tho
town, mid a sharp cue linter occurred
about dusk between them anil tho 15th
New York cavalry. Tho picket lino tell
back through the town, followed hard
by tho ? iieiny, and ii was in len ling tili?
pursuit that tho comm iud r of Ibo caval
ry, Lieutenant Colonel Hoot, was killed
in thc centre of tho village. Tills vas
the last lifo lost at Appomattox. On
Sunday morning a battery ?vas planted
in my yard one hundrt d yarda from the
Couithouso, and un artillery duel with
tho Fodorals bogati. From this battery
tho last shots were fired by the Army ii
Northern Virginia. About '.; o'clock that
Sunday morning '.void was brought
(leneral Lee, who had riddoil up under
ono of tho applo trees on tho banks of
the creek, that tho infantry was in his
front several thousau I stn 'ii;'. Accord
ing to tho decision of tho council tho
night before, he imm?diat ?ly sent for
ward from this point thc tilg of truce.
This was tho only part played lu the
closing drama of tho war by tho famous ?
'apple tree of Appomattox." Oonoral
Lee und Oonoral Grant nover mot und? r \
its boughs; in fact, the latter never got
within two huudrcd yards of tho applo
tree. He rodi- through tho villagonbout
an hour after the. Hag of truce intered
bis linos, and was mot by Oencrnl i.<e
on tho brow of a hill, half way bi tw< 0U
the town and thc apple orchard. Hero
the two chieftains convoi d awhile, then ?
turned and rodi' together into the town." !
"Meeting Mr. Wilmer McLean in I
front of the Courthouse, General Lee
asked him where tin y could do some .
writing, and tho party was escorted by
that gentleman to bis own house, \. lu re,
in tho parlor, the articles of capital dion
were drawn up and signed. Au hour or i
so Inter (lem ra! Loo passed mo on bis
return to camp, ll" v. 1 alone, and lode
slowly and thoughtfully, bis head bowed
upon his breast, tts though in deep
thought. He did not seem depres -ti, ;
but looked like one w ho, while conscious
of having dono his best, bad been com-1
pi lled to submit td the iuoVttllblc, fool
nig at tho same time tho terrible im
portance of the stop be bad tal.en. V?tor
ibo surroudor both gouerals retired to
their respective headquarters, and, if i
mistake not, neither came into town
again. Both, I think, loft on Tuesday, ;
Oonoral Graut leaviug General Gibbon
to completo tho surrender and parole
officers und men.**
During Colonel Coors's narrative ho!
pointed out many points of interest.
Thu spot where the two great leader.-) j
met is marked by a pilo of stones, while
nearly a milo np tho road, on tho brow
of the hill, stands the solitary poplar
under which the Confederate command
er stood while doliVoriug his farewell
address to his troops.
The McLean house, where the articles
of surrender were signed, is a long, com
fortablo-lookiug, red brick dwelling,
* ith a porch running its eu tiro length. ;
i)ver tho parlor door hangs a picture of
tho room, roprosenting it when tho
articles of surrender were being signed.
.Mr. Wilmer McLean, who owned tho
house at the time, wai a refugee from
the first battle of Manassas, bringing bis
family here to escape the horrors of wai.
lu lfsV,!* the old piace passed into tho
hands ol' .Mr. X. II. Uagland, its pr
owner. His son, Mr. T. 'J\ Uagland, is
a nu reliant and postma-tei in thc vil
The only tim? when thc town awakes
to any degree of life is on Court days.
They are periods of great interest to ii..
Virginia tanners and people Hook to
town fruin far and mar. Two resident
lawyers transact thc loco] Court business
ami the .Judge of the County Court is
allowed to practice before tim Circuit
A strong effort is boing made to have
the Courthouse and jail r< moved to Ap
pomattox Station, three miles distant.
This place contains more inhabitants
than its sister town and is growing as
rapidly us the average interior Virginia
town. Then several brands of whiskey
arc sold here. Tho country surrounding
Appomattox Courthouse is poor and un
inviting and there is little to attract
strangers save its rich mine of historic
Hplll TiMl-llollnr KolVN.
A new departure in tho matter of
counterfeiting money was brought to
light at the I'nited States Sub-Treasury
in Baltimore a few days ago. A some
what worn ten-dollar Government bill
was presented at the cashier's window
with u rennest for change, which was
given. The note was sont to Washing
ton as mutilated currency, and was re
turned with thc information that one
side of the note was good, but tho othor
B?dO WAS O Well OX CCU tod counterfeit ot
the original, it was found that ii genu
ine ten-dollar bill had boOQ split, the
face being separated from the back, n
seemingly impossible und? rtaking, The
original face with a Counterfeit back had
been used, and it is quite likely that the
genuino buck with a well executed coun
terfeit face has been passed in some
other quarter. More recently another
ten-dollar .'front" was presented at th?
cashier's window with A .similar request
for chango. The clerk at tho window,
suspecting tli - bill, told tho man who
handed it in to wait a inonu nt until he
consulted J)r. Bishop, the Sub-Treasurei.
Dr. Bishop recognized in the note thc
ftimiliur game, and :-aid it wm worth just
W>. When tho clerk ri-turned to tin
wintlow the ?mm lind left widiout waiting
for bis chango. Tho Sub-Treasury,
which was out :$? on the ti mt transaction,
wis evened up by thc second. I'ultimore
j .-.i as - ii uwi j . ,r,'.-A,'i xiMiicurawii
A I'LOUIDA ilEKMlT.
Tl IK . BTttAMil] ItOMAKCK THAT
< o\t;;s PHOM LA ti li Kl KTIK
Tim itt iiinrhnhto ^.nry <>? iii.- Lone h'lMheriiiaii
". KlruiiKt) < renlttr? Who Tooti Delight In
Iii ; Irrr.- gloria* ol Night,
. 11 lorn spot ?oi.- " ?f thu J lalla li Inliln Time?.)
EusTia, PI>A., September '2'.).-lt was
I loki ruc <i l\ \v nights ag ) wbou tko beau
tiful lake ?MIS peopled with shadows und
from i'.n- dark encircling woodacarno the
plaintive innes ot' tin whip-o'-will.
faustus is Otto of a chain of lakes that
hu..: water communication with the out
?ido world by moans of the Oekliiwahe.
river. Tho latter is a narrow, crooked
) ream, hedged by swamp and hummock,
loafing lazily wherever the notion .steins
tu take it. Those lakes are beautiful
clear-wo tor streams, ami embellish and
make comfortable tho prettiest ?iud most .
delight fid portion of Florida, tim hill '
and lake region Tko kills sloping down j
lo these lakes are now dotted with tho |
handsome villus and thrifty orango j
grow s of both permanent settlors and ]
winter residents. Lakes Harris and |
Justis, in tko meeting of tko waters, aro ,
twin Hi t rs in a realm of beauty. Fish- (
iii;', boating ?ntl sailing uro pleasure*! ,
much indulged in by tho lake fronters, j
and now, with this proface to my (
strange, wierd lalo, 1 will proceed. ,
"Some low yours ago, when this coun- (
try was sparsely settled and everybody ,
Ki ? overybody oise, much speculation <
was excited hy the appearance of a ,
stranger upon those lakes. Tho only j
pince w in n. IK- was over seen, however, ,
wa. in his boat fishing or por ng over '(
soiiie tattered book. Lake Eustis seemed ;
to bo his favorito resort. .Many efforts '
were made to attract his attention and ]
to dif cover something about him, but ,
they all failed. Ho would uuswor no ,
tpiestions, nor oven look up when he was
a-lui esse.I. Ile appeared to be about i
soventy years old, of thin, but wiry j
build, his long, white hair falling down (
over Iiis shoulders, his long w hite board ,
Liing to his waist. His clothing was ,
ray, ahuost threadbare, neatly patch- ,
im places with what looked to bo the \
skin of some auimal. His boat was a
ion;.; can.ie, evidently hollowed out of
si .inc tree by his own hands of very
graceful outlines and .so light as to be
almo si transparent. This ko managed s
with consummate skill, and w hen his in- c
ipiitdtors became too troublesome he i
dd ?peed away from thom like some >
frightened bird. s
A ? mmi m THU sioirr ANO HTORM. ^
"Al night this strange creature was
more of a mystery thau ever. Then his
euv a;- rigged with a homely canvas
and would outsa.il tko fastest craft. Tho
lovers ihating idly on the shining
waves, 'Aneie tho moon showered down J
ii., diver glory, would seo oft'in tko dis
tance tho tossing omit of tko hom it. (
Plea ure boat?, morry laden with laugh
ing youth and maiden, would greet him
with song and jest. To all of those lie
made no sign. When tho long roll of
the thunder was heard and tho storm
king was s? en marshaling his black
squadrons along thc dark horizon all
other l.oais would dash for tho shore,
but he was in his glory then. Those s
hurrying from the scone, eager to escape
thu storm and danger, wonjil experience
a .strange thrill nt tho sight of this old
mun, who seemed to rove! in tho tempest.
His boat would swoop through the
blinding shoots of rain like n meteor,
sometimes almost disappearing in the
trough ol tho waves, then h ailing to
their topmost ou sts. At those timos tho
ht rmit would stand erect, and bare
headed, in his boat, wildly gesticulating,
sometimes giving vent to shrieks of
iiiaiiiac.il laughter. Evory effort was
made to track him to his hiding-place,
bul they a.i failed. Once, a party who
lind been endeavoring for a Jong tune
t.< s.dve tia' mystery, followed hun cau
tiously, ns he seemed homeward bound t
and unaware of their espionage. He s
paddled out of tho lake into the river, 1
and when a short distance out, making -
an abrupt turn, apparently disappeared
in tho -uv,-grass prairie at thc edge. The
hunting-party cotdd see no trace of him ,
tunl ri turned to their homes in greater
A week passed and tho hermit was
still missed upon the lake. Another ,
week having passed and still no sign, *
the young men who had originally fol
lowed him determined to make a thor
ough search, L'hey were prompted to .
this by the common feelings of humani
ty as weil as by curiosty. Ho might be
sick and in groat distress. Procuring a
light boat they sot ont upon their self
imposed mission. Beaching tho point
w here he had disappeared they pushed .
resolutely through the tall matted grass, \
and after a sinn t distance, to their aston
ishment, limy came to a m rrow brunch
or creek, easily navigable to small boats.
Two hundred yards from this piont was
a ol ump of hammock, and hero their
search ended, 'Jiu- hut w as bofore them,
l ying their boat to a large exposed root,
they gently approached it. Itwasabout J
oigflt foot long and lour feet wide, made
with saplings, thatched with grass, the
sides covered with dried hides of alliga
tors. Tho stench that came from the
interior of the hut was almost overpow
ering. Propping the door back with a i
polo they looked in. The hermit lay
ti? ad upon tho Moor, his body badly uo
e. inposed. Death had evidently ap
proached him very suddenly, as his
lingers still held a little memorandum
book wkioll he had boen reading. The !
party covered the body as well as they
could and, tumbling the hut down upon
it, left it to await tho final trump.
TUB STORY, ol ins nu i:.
'.From tho little book which I saw,"
aid Hie narrator, "for I was ono of the
patty, we loamed the following facts:
i he niau supposed to be over soventy
years old was not yet Fifty. Years ago, a
few miles out of Havannah, lived Frank
Walton ami Minnie Jeffcoat. Tho farms
ol their parents adjoined; tho two had
grown up together. Together they mas
I tored the intricacf ? of thc school-books
, They became plighted lovers. He was
twenty-thru- years old j sho was barely
?icventecn. They woro to have married
indune, 1H0I, but the tempest swung
the pino against tho palm. Frank on
listed in tho gallant Barlow's regiment
and inarched gaily to tho front. Minnie
pinned ber colors on bis bat and prom
ised to bo faithful to tho bust. In tho
springo/ 1805, ragged, dirty, half-starved
and penniless, he was paroled and started
back to Georgia to share tho fortunes of
his ruined peopled. On bis arrival in
Havannah ho met an old friend just from
his former bonn', und to his eager inqui
ries was informed that Minnie had been
married about a week before to a young
man who had escaped military duty by
'hiding outfitting most of the war. Tho
news seemed to stuu Frank aud ho turned
away without a word. That night ho
disappeaiod from friendly sight as effect
ually as if he had been swallowed up in
the fathomless ocean. His frieuds-and
he had a host of them made every offort
to trace him, but to no avail. Ho was
nover heard of again until his dead body
was found in the little hut on tho Ookla
waha river. So the evil that women do
lives after them." HAMILTON JAY.
KtndncM lo llorac*.
"Senex," in a communication to the
Barnesvillo, (Ja., Gazette, says: "Edgar
Tet" never wrote a truer sentence than
when h'- said in the Gazette last woek:
"No, we are not good enough to our
horses and mules; if wo could show to
them more kindness, they might return
Lo us more gentleness." And he might
lia ve added, and more obedienco and
netter service. A horse, kindly treated,
.viii obey his master in anything that ho
jan understand, and ho is moro wilbng
iud better able to render good and satis
factory servico when ho is well .fed and
jared for and kindly spoken to than
vhon he is half starved, either for food
>r water or both, and whipped unneces
sarily, and tm dod at without cause.
Some men n r speak kindly to o horso,
ind so neve . ive a kind horse. We
think a hon e or a mule, properly treated
ind cared for, instead of being consid
ered "dead old" at hf teen woi?d bo thou
just in his prime, and would do good
.vork till thirty, if not forty; and if tho
law forbidding cruel treatment of do
mestic animals MUS rigidly enforced, wo
should have better and cheaper horses
ind mules. But good laws, without vir
tue enough iu the people to respect
them, are of little avail. Another featuro
>f the treatment of horses is, that tho
nan who treats his horso wrong will
lot treat his wife right. Let every
roung lady make a note of this fact, and
vatch;how her sweetheart treats his horse.
'. Maine Conundrum.
The way people can mix up them
lelves and their relatives in the matter
>t marriage was perhaps nover better
I his tra ted than in the cns?? of a back
woods Maine family, of which ?. corre
A father, son and grandson married
That looks simple enough, doesn't it?
It hasn't dawned on you yet?
Well, see here:
1. Arno.*, the father, married Abagail.
2. Benjamin, son of Amos, married
8. Charles, son of Benjamin, married
Amos is brother to his son.
Amos is brother to his grandson.
Amos is grandfather to his daughter.
Annis is grandfather t?> his sister.
Amos is father to his wife.
Amos is hither to his grandson.
Amos is his own grandfather, his own
on and brother-in-law to himself.
Benjamin is brother to his father.
Benjamin is brother to his son.
Benjamin is brother to his mother.
"Benjamin is brother to his daughter.
Benjamin is the son ol' his sister.
Benjamin is the husband of his sister.
Charles is brother t?i his father.
Charles is brother to his grandfather.
Charles is brother to his mother.
Charles is brother t?> his grandmother.
Charles is grandnephew to his mother.
Charles is grandnephew to his wife.
Charles is the grandchild of his aunt.
Charles marrieil to another aunt.
Charles is the son of his aunt.
('liarles is thc husband of his sister.
Maine is responsible for a goo?l many
hinge, but tho foregoing will show that
he is still engaged in thc good work.
THE LAURENS BAH.
. T. JOHNSON. w. u. itionKY.
JOHNSON & RICHEY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
)FFICK--Fleming's Corner, Northwest
side of Public Square
LAURENS C. H., S. C.
J. C. OAKLINGTON,
A T T O lt N E Y A T L A W,
LAURENS <:. H., S. C.
Office over W. El. Garrott's Store.
V. C. I1F.NRT, v. v. M'OOWAN,
HEN ET & MCGOWAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. H., S. C.
r, W. FERGUSON. QKO. F. YOUNO.
FERGUSON & YOUNG,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. H., S. C.
I, V. TODD. W. H. MARTIN.
TOI>I> & MARTIN,
ATTORNEYS A T L A W,
LAURENS G. H., 8. C.
If, J. HOI.MK8. H, Y. SIMPSON.
HOLMES & SIMPSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
I.AURKNS C. H., S. C.
N. 3. HARRIS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, LAURENS,
C. H., S. C.
S-sT* Omeo over store of W. L. BOYD.
OFFICE OVER WILKES' BOOK
AND DRUG STORE.
Otflco days-.Monday s and Tuesdays?
LAURENS CH., S. O,