Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
Mil. DAVIS MAKES RETORT*
I? KIM.VIM; IO'III K Kn.lKDKttH Ol' UK fi.
\V. T. ell Kit.M \.\.
Tim Prealdent <?r Hu Coufcderac*/ Wie* lllnlorj
lu Hrfiiiiiiioii ol I he Chargei of Sherman, and
Pacta n? io the Lalo War Between il Slate?.
Thc Baltimore Sun prints a lotter, flvo
columns in length, from ox-President
Jol?crson Davis in relation to the long
standing controversy between himself
and General W. T. Sherman. Tho let*
tor ia dated Beauvoir, Miss., September
23, 1880, und begins us follows:
"At various times, und from many of
my friends, I huvo been nuked lo furnish
a reply to (len. W. T. Sherman's so
called report to tho War Department,
which tho United Stutt s Semite ordered
printed as Exeoutive Document No. 80,
Forty-eighth Congress, second session.
I have hoon compelled by many causes
to pof.tpono a reply to these invitations,
and have in some instances declined, for
tho timo being, to undertake the labor.
A continuing sense of the great injustice
dono me und the people 1 represented,
by tho Semite making the. malicious us
sault of General Sherman a publie docu
ment, and giving to his slander tho im
portance which necessarily attaches to
an exeoutive communication t<> thc Son
ate, liss recently caused tho request for
a reply by mo to ho pressed with von
ffront earnestness. For this reason I
mvo decided to finnish a reply for pub
lication in the Baltimore Sun." f bu his
tory of my public Ute bears evidence
that 1 did nil in my power to prevent the
war; that I did nothing to precipitate
tho collision ; that 1 did not seek tho post
of Chief Executive, but u.vi , .1 HIV
friends that 1 proferred not to lill it.
That history Gonoral Sherman may slan
derously assail hy his statements, hut ho1
cannot alter its consistency ; nor eau tho
Republicans oJE tho Sonato chango its un
broken story of faithful servie, to the
Union of tho Constitution until, by the
command of my sovereign State, 1 with
drew as her ambassador from tho United
States Senate. For all acts of my public
lifo as President of tho Confederate
States 1 am responsible ut tho 'our of
history, and must occopt her verdict,
which I shall do without tho least appre
hension that it will be swayed from thu
truth by the malicious falsehoods of
General Sherman, even when stamped
a? au executive document by the United
Mr. Davis then recites tho statement
made by General Sherman before ll gath
ering of ox-Union soldiers in It?fjl, that
he (Sherman) had seen a letter from
Mr. Davis to a United States Senator, in
which ho (Davis) baid that be "would
tum Lee's army against any State thal
might attempt t?> secede from tho South
ern Confederacy." Mr. Davis thoo
quotes his letter to tho St. Denis Repub
lican, printed at that time, deming the
truth of Sherman's statement und tho
interviews had subsequently by reporters
with Sherman, to whom tho Inlier said:
"This is an altair between two gentle
men. 1 will talie my time about it ulai
write to Mr. Davis my si If, Wo \. iii set
tle the matter between us."
"lt is "hardly necessary for mo lo say,"
continued Mr. Davis, "that Uenoral
Sherman did not write to mo, and wo
hud not settled tho matter between us,
otherwise than 1 settled it by denounc
ing his Statement ns tulse und himself as
a slandorer. There tho matter would
have rested, so far ns 1 was concerned.
But when tlio War Department of tho
Uuited Suites was mode tho custodian of
his slander and Republican Senators be
came its endorsers, and tho statomouts
made at Frank Blair Post were lifted
into oillcial importance, it became a duty
alike to myself and to the people I rep
resented to follow tho slanders with my
denial and to expose alike its author and
Mr. Davis reviews at length tho pro
gress of tho controversy, reciting tho de
nial of every Senator from tho Southern
States that ho had received such u letter
os that spoken of by Sherman, and ac
cusing Sherman of nrst trying to substi
tute a lotter from Alexander ll. Stephen?
to Herschel V. Johnson for tho alleged
Davis letter; then of representing that
tho Davis letter was lost in the confusion
of tho rebellion archives in the War De
I>arUnont, and finally of protending that
ie hud seen tho alleged letterat Raloigh,
N. C., and intimating that it was ad
dressed to (?overnor Vance. Mr. Davis
quotes tlio published denial of ( lo vernor
Vance that lie hud ever received Mich a
lotter from him, and says:
"My alleged Raloigh lottCl luis never
been found. Sherman says ?t was Beni
to Nashville, Savannah, Washington and
St. Louis, and may huvo bei n finally
burned in Chicago ni tho gn at Oro of
1871. But in Ita travels no other person
but Sherman saw it; not a single oilier
at any headquarters boa boon produced
who read it, and it passes belief that in
the excitement of tho closing days of the
war and during my Imprisonment ?when
every lotter of mino wau carefully ex
amined to find evidence upon which to
convict and destroy nie, not un ollicor nt
all theso headquarters should have read
that letter. Every fair-uiinded man must
therefore conclude that General Sherman
stated ftt tho Grand Army PoBt a Wilful
and deliberate falsehood, and that Iiis
motive bail ita inspiration in that mean
notice which ha? characterized Iiis iicU
and writing in other rospects toward the
Southern people Tim so-called histori
cal Btatement concerning tho public
polioy of tho Executive Department of
the Confederate Suites, aa Sherman's
lotter to tho War Department is headed
in that oxecutivo document, opens with
tho following statement : 'That I (Sher
man) boil wen papers which convinced
mo that oven Mr. Davis, President of the
Southern Confederacy, had, daring thc
progress of tho war, changed Ins Suite's
righU doctrinos, and hart threatened to
uss force-even Lee's army-should any
State of the Confederacy attempt to se
cede from that government.' With the
mental process by whieh General Sher
man is 'convinced' I have no concern,
but the 'papers' in wluoh he alleged that
I 'threatened' to use force against tho
States of tho Confederacy ought to 1K>
tangible and producoable, and >? tn
'historio statement' thc Honato ought to
have demanded the production i-f proofs,
and on failure to produce them mut nfl? f
denial by the Houston who Sherman
alleged had received them, such 'b>tori
cul statement,' already branded with
falsehood and Unsupported by evidence,
ought to huvc been rejected with only
wonder how it got before tho Semite, lt
is apparent that this so-called historical
statement had been seen by Republican
Bouatois, and that they were uot igno
rant of its real character when the IIAW
ley resolution was under discussion in
tlie Semite. Those Senators then knew
that General Sherman had, in bis letter
ot* January I?, 1885, to tho Secretary of
War, changed ibo issue between us from
one of veracity to a rambling, shuttling
discussion of a 'conspiracy' and of 'eon
spinders' in the winter of 18(50- GI, and
that winch at Frank Blair Post may have
boon 'a whlto lie,' not intended for pub
lication -carno before tho Senate as 'a
historical statement,' bolstered with oth
er falsehoods equally without foundation
or support in anything written or uttered
bj me. It now survives as an 'executive
document' of picturesque prevarication.
I know nothing of any 'conspiracy' or
'conspirators.' There was no secrecy
about any of tho political affairs which
led to tho secession of tho States in
I860 Ol. It was tho opinion of thc con
ference of Southern Senators in January,
which is introduced in this historical
standout aa evidence of 'conspiracy,'
that secession "a." tho only remedy left
to tho States; that cveiy effort to pre
serve tho peace had failed mainly
through tho action of that portion of the
Republican party which refused all
propositions for adjustment mado by
those who sought in January, 1801, to
justify confidence, insure peace and pre
serve tho Union. In the same month in
which that conference was held I served
on a con mittec raised by thc Benato to
seek some possible mode of' quelling the
excitement that then existed. That com
mittee was composed of the three politi
cal divisions of tho Senate, and it was
considered useless to report any measure
which ?lid not receive the concurrence of
at least a majority of each division. Tho 1
Republican Senators rejected every
proposition that promised pacification,
and the committee reported to tho Sen
ate that, their consultation was a failure.
Was there less conspiracy in the Repub
lican Senators combining to prevent
pacification than there was in the South- '
om Senators writing in a conference to
advise conventions of their States flirt
their causo was hopeless in Wushington?
"As to tho epithets which Senator
Sherman, In debate, applied to myself,
as Ilia mode of retaliation for my denun
ciation of his brother, I have been com- '
polled to prove (louerai Sherman to bo a '
falsifier and slanderer in order to protect 1
my character and reputation fron, l.?K ;
willful aud unscrupulous mendacity, ff
his brother, tho Senator, felt the sting ,
efthat exposure, and bis epithets aro ,
any relief, I am content that he shall go i
on the record ns douounoing nie as a
.traitor,' because I have proved his '
brother to be a liar. *
"This historical statement mi . ht have '
been enlarged and extended by tho Sen
ate and made to embrace tho deliberate 1
misrepresentation by General Sherman
of a communication to hun by Col. J.
1 >. Stevenson in regard to Albert Sidney
Johnston's command in San Francisco. ;
In a letter to Col. Wm. H. Knight, of '
Cincinnati, Ohio, dated October 'is,
Issi, General Sherman asserted that
Col. .). 1>. Stevenson, now living in Sun
Fiaucisco, has often told mo that he had
cautioned the government as to ;.. plot or
conspiracy through department com
mander Albert Sidney Johnston to de
liver possession of tho forts, etc., to men
in California sympathizing with tho
rebels in tho South, and he thinks it waa
by this advice that President Lincoln
sent ( ?ela nd Suiter to relieve Johnston
of his command before tho conspiracy
wns consummated. That statement of
Sherman, tho veteran, Col. J. J). Ste
venson promptly and emphatically de
nied. General Grant himself has not
been exempt from Sherman's malice.
To Colonol Scott Sherman wrote: 'If C.
J. Smith hail lived Grant would have
disappeared to history.' The remarka
ble statement was published by General
Pry and pointedly and emphatically
denied by Genend Sherman. Prompt to
slander, ho is equally quick to deny his
language. The letter of Sherman dated
September 0, 188d, waa written to Colo
nel Scott, now of tho war record ellice.
Tho denial of Sherman has caused the
publication of thc letter and the exposure
of his hypocrisy in his recent laudation
of the dead chieftain.
"The deliberate falsehood which Sher
man inserted in his official report that
I ?i neral Wade 1 lampton was afterwards
confessed in his '.Memoirs' to have been
'distinctly charged to General Wade
(lampton to shake tho faith of his peoplo
in him.' 'Even when confessing ono
falsehood ho deliberately eoiiicd another,
and on the same pago of his 'Memoirs' '
said that the tiro 'was accidental,' when
he knOW from tho letter of General
Stone, who commanded tho provost
guard in Columbia, that tho lire was not
accidental. How much more ho know
he may in futuro 'Memoirs' or 'suito
inent' reveal. Can any man imagine a
less moral diameter, less conception ol
truth, less regard for what au official re
port should contain than is shown by
Sherman deliberately concocting false
hood for tho dishonorable purpose of
shaking the faith of tho people ol South
Carolina in their fellow-citizen General
Wade Hampton? I have in this vindi
cation, not of myself only, but also of
the people who honored mo with tho
highest oftioial position in thoir gift,
keon compelled to group togothor in
stances of repeated falsehoods deliberate
ly spoken and writtou by General Shor
man the Blair Post slando, of myself,
the defamation ol character of General
Ubeil Sidney Johnston, tho disparage
ment ot the military famo of General
Grant and thc shameful and corrupt
charge against General Hampton. ? have
only because tho Senate of tho United
States has giveu to Sherman's slander
tho endorsement which gives it whatever
claims it may have to atton and of power
to mislead in tho fuiure. Having spociti
cally stamped tho statement as false,
having proved it? author to bo an habit
ual slanderer, and not having a partisan
Soi into to make pkice for this nutioo of
personal tirado, which was neither
official report or record mado during thc
war, so as to entitle it to bo received at
tho olfico of archivos, I submit it ko UM
public through tho columns of ? news
paper which discountenanced foul play
,md misrepresentation, and which was
L ind and just to mo in its issue of Jan
uary a*, icm"
TWO COTTON MIUACLKS.
TUM MIAMI'S IIAHVKSTUlt AMI lilli
MASON <> l.\.
An Interesting Kxhlblllon ol Hie N<\> Unclitnei
nt Sumter Yraterdny -Picking Two Thousand
Pounds n liny.
(N* VtH unit Courier, OctoVer ll.)
A practical test of tho Milson Cotton
Harvesting machine was iniulo in Sumter
yesterday before a committee of three
from tho Now York Cotton Exchange,
aud committees from the Charleston
Cotton Kxchnnge, tho Agricultural So
ciety of South Carolina, tho Stute Agri
cultural Society and the Slide Board of
Agriculture. The committees were ac
companied by the board of directors of
thc Mason Cotton Harvesting Company.
The Now York committee arrived at
Sumter at 1 a. m., by the Wilmington?
Columbia and Augusta Railroad, and tho
other committees arrived at it.30 a. m.,
hy tho Central Railroad of South Caro
lina. About 10 o'clock tho whole party
drove out to the shops of tho Alasen
Cotton Harvester Company, which ?re
located about half a milo Hom the hotel.
On arriving at the shops tho committees
and other guests passed half au hour
pleasantly in oxomic.'ng tho tools and
machinery with which tin niions ure
equipped, und in having explained to
them thc several proceses employed in
turning out tho wonderfully ingenious
mechanism which is used in tho harvest
Everything being iu readiness one of
tho Harvesters was pulled out of the
slioj), two horses were hitched to it, a
cotton field negro jumped into tho seat,
mid the machine, followed by the visit
ors, started for tho cotton held, about
one hundred yards oft*.
Ti. an observer of the machino, who
had never seen its mode of operation, it
would seem absolutely impossible to
carry it over tho cotton plants without
tearing thom all to pieces. Consequent
ly winn tho machine was driven into tho
bold and started down a row' of cotton
plants, the faces of the visitors showed
now much they were surprised in seeing
that the plants passod through tia? nia
ahinery without injury, while at tho
gamo tune they saw a constant stream ol'
notion pouring into thc bags which aro
suspended ut the back of the machine.
After running it over tho field for some
timo il was suggested by tho committees
that the operation of tho machine bo
li meed in order that they might arrive
it un idea of it? capacity. This was ac- ?
eordingly done, and OS last as tito bags
wire tilled others were substituted until
n halt was culled. Tho cotton was then
weighed in the presence of all present
mid showed a picking capacity Ol 'J,OOO
poiiHils a day. The cotton plants from
which this cotton w*s picked were not
fully fruited and it was thc general opin
ion that in the rich fields of the far
South and Southwest the capacity could
be counted upon to bc much greater,
rho mnohincd-picked cotton was then
taken to one of the Mason Cylinder
I ?ins, which was in running order on the
place, and was ginned out in the pres
ence ol'the company. The Oin worked
superbly, and everybody present was de
lighted w ith its capacity, with tho beau
tiful condition of the lint cotton turned
out, and with the perfect safety to the
grinner with willoh it can bo o po ra tod.
Several members of the dill'crciit com
mittees bundled up samples to bike home
with thom, that they might show tho
cotton which they had soon in a few
minutes picked from tho field hy ono of
Mason's machines and converted into
such beautiful lint by Mason's Gin.
An hour or two moro was spent at the
shops examining other Harvesters of
varying styles and in diflcrent stag* s ol
completion, when the party drove back
to the hotel.
At 1 o'clock tho party all dined togeth
er ut the Jervey Hotel. Among those
present wan Mr. W. Lt, Langley, of New
i'ork. This gentleman, who is u nie
olianical engineer, ami hearing that a
committee from tho Now York Cotton
E/Xehango hud been appointed to come
South und witness ii practical field test
uf thc Mason Cotton Harvester, caine,
ilown also as the representative of North
am capitalists who own large plantations
in Texas, and who for ninny years have
been endeavoring to socqro a practical
cotton harvester. In response to a toast,
Mr. Langley took occasion to say that
lie hud been more thiiu pleased with
what lie had seen; that he hud never
seen a new machine tested with such sue
-1 *wl results, aud that ho was prepared
to report favorably to the gentlemen
whom ho represented. Ho was satisfied
beyond preadventure that Mr. Mason
had discovered the correct principle, ami
that ho believed Hint he had solved the
problem that cotton could ho and would
be in the future picked by machinery.
The visiting committees woro invited
to stay over at Humter and witness a tost
of the Cotton Harvester by moonlight
in order to show thom that tho machine
can bo utilized at night as well us by
day. Tho committee, however, found it
impossible to remain over.
Tho Mason Cotton Harvester ?nd the
Mason Oy linder Gin will lio exhibited ut
tho Shite Fair of Georgia, commencing
at Macon on tho 27th inst., and at ll.
A lol .ame State I'air at Montgomery,
commencing on November 8th.
TUB HAUVKsTKIl AM) ITH IIISrOItY.
Tho exhibition at Sumter yesterday of
tho Mason Cotton Harvesting Machine,
before oomnilttoos appointed to Investi*
gato it? practical operation and report
upon its success mid usefulness, is n
signal event in Hie history of the di vel
opinent of un invention Which ranks in
importance with tlio.se great labor-saving
mach inca which have, moro than all
other influences combined, contributed
to the rapid conversion of tho vost wastes
of tho American Continent into fertile
fields and flourishing oities, and liavo
oxorted no powerful an influence in shap
ing the destinies and advancing the civil
ization of all thc count rn s of the world.
The Cotton Harvester did not spring,
liko Minerva, fully armed from tho brain
of genius, but bus boon slowly and pain
fully doveloped step by step, from thc.
first orado conception of th? in ven tor to
the present practical win king amohine.
lt will doubtless go on in thesame march
A progress until perfection is reached.
It ha? now boon several years sines it
was generally known in Ulis ?State, and,
in fact throughout tho Southern coun
try, that Charles T. Mason, Jr., of Sum
ter, S. C., had invented a contrivance
for picking cotton from th?' tedd hy ma
chinery, without injury to the growing
plant . or to tho immature fruit. Thia
contrivance waa the employment ot' a
pickingstom, or linger, about eight
inches long and about an inch in diame
ter, on tho surface of which wero ar
rat ged- small teeth or burbs, so pro
tected by adjacent guards as to prevent
tho teeth from coming in contact with
any material except fibrous substances.
This principio of picking cotton hy a
sense of tomb, us it were, is the essen
tial feature of the Mason Harvester,
without tho employment of which it is
self-evident to any one who has paid any
attention to the subject at all that tho
picking of cotton by machinery would
00 un impossibility.
Having tested by n number of experi
ments the correctness of this principle
of discrimination between fibrous and
non-fibrous material, the inventor gradu
ally developed tho stem from its first
imperfect and costly form of construc
tion to itu present beautiful and eflloiont
condition. The evolution of the picking
stem is in itself one of the uiost interest
ing and striking features in the develop
ment of tito Harvester us u whole. The
first stems v.voro mude of wood and were
simply small cylinders having grooves
cut In their surfaces, in which grooves
teeth wi re set, which were protected by
tho shoulders on each side of them.
These stems MTOre made by hand with
great?labor am 1 included various forms
01 tlio same pi ?iciplo. Later on tho in
ventor SilpptCll 0 metal cylinder with
elliptical pertoi. 'Hons in its surface. lu
these openings t ecti, were set so that the
points were disposed evenly with or
slightly below th? surface ot the open
ing. Then caine the style of stem which
is now in usc, bi ling constructed of ii
metal envelope, the teeth being punched
out of thc metal itself and being sur
rounded by an opening which guard.,
the teeth from coming in contact with
anything except it bo fibrous. Very
clear and perfect cubs o!' several of Ma
ison's picking stems were published in
! the April number of the Southern
j Bivouac, together wi '.h a very interesting
description of the whole machine. Tho
teeth iii tho stems uro punched by a
special machine constructed for the pur
pose by the Pratt and Whitney Compa
ny, of Hartford, Conn. This machino
is capable of punching four thousand
teeth a minute, and cost tin; Mason Cot
ton Hue astor Company foveral thousand
Having' Milvcd the problem of picking
out thc cotton from tho growing plants
without injury to plant, boll or blossom,
the inventor went to work lo apply thc
stems lo the plants by automatic
mechanism, so that when tho stems hud
picked out tho cotton from the bolls
they would at the proper moment ro
leuse it, so that it might be deposited in
sacks provided for thc purpose.
Several ditl'crent styles ol machines
have been constructed. The particular
style of machine which was exhibited ut
work in the cotton field to-day is known
us "the Itudiul Stein Machine." In a
strongly constructed frame ot' hickory
und ash ure placed two pairs of cylin
ders, from which radiate the picking
stems above described. Tim machine is
mounted on two iron wheels similar to
those used i.' mowers und reapers. The
machine straddles tho row of cotton
plants, thc wheels passing along thc
alleys. Therefore, as the machines move
forward through the field the cotton
plants puss backwards through the ma
chine between the two pairs of cylinders
mounted with tho picknug stems. The
cylinders aro mounted on vertical .shafts
and rotate backwards around their shafts
at tho sumo rate of speed as the machine
moves forward. The steins, being jour
naled into thc cylinders, revolve back
wards with thom at the same rate of
speed as thc cotton plants move back
ward. Thus, when tho machine starts
to operate upon a row of cotton plants, thc
j horses which pull it enter tlio alleys on
euch side ot tho row, Hie steins begin to
revolve backward with tho plants, and,
while they penetrate every part of tho
bushes, they do not in any way jostle or
tear the plants. Now, in addition to the
backward movement of the stems with
the i 'lani .. they luivo an independent,
individual rotation on their own axes
ti ist in the direction of thc points of
their teeth, so inf U, catch thc cotton, und
then, us they puss out ol' the plant, in
Hie rovorse direction, so us to throw thc
cotton off by centrifugal forc<. When
the cotton is throw n oil it fulls on a con
veyor, which conveys it to a carrier belt,
which in turn picks up tho cotton ami
throws it over Hie book end ol' tho ma
chine into bags suspended in position tv
receive it. When the. bags are full they
are dropped and others aro placed in po
sition. Tho machines uro so light and
tho machinery moves so easily that they
can be drawn by either ono or two
horses. The uso of two horses hus been
found preferable, however, for tho rea
uon that tiny juill more ovouly and
Wlnlo tho machinery, in order to per
form tho work successfully, must 1)0
made with great euro and exactness, yet
it ia by no means complicated, nor easily
dorar jed, Thc public, no doubt, think
that *ne invention linn boen developed
very slowly. This, in a certain 801180. is
true, but in addition to the natural diffi
culties which have beset tho inventor at
overy turu, il should be known that tho
company has been again and again
harassed by piratical attempts to inter
fere with their patents. The company
has, however, fought out every case,
both in Hie pate ni otlieo and in the
courts, and tho result has been that it
has won every coso up to the present
time and hus now a long list of pntents
w hich cover so broadly every eusontful
.tel.ni of I lie machines that tho invention
may be said tobo thoroughly protected.
Tho following is a Ust of thc putouts
already issued to tho company in thu
No. 280,032.Oct. 2, 1883
No. 203,484.Fob. 12. 1884
No. 293.48o.Feb. 12. 1884
No. 811.844.Jan. 27, 188?
No. 819,047.Feb. 24, lsaii
No. 881,014.Dec. 1, 1885
No. 337,007.Men. 2, ISMO
No. 8 216.Illly 6, 1880
No. 84ft,813..July 18, 1888
Other patent? ore, of course, pending,
and, a? continuai improvements aro be
ing made all the i hile, new application*
for patents aro being continuously Mod.
In addition to these United States
patenta tho company has obtained
patenta on the invention in Egypt,
Brazil, Jiritish India, Turkey, Mauritius,
Cape Colony, Mexico, and indeed all the
cotton-growing countries of tlio world,
and in those countries also, such UH
(treat Britain, where agricultural ma
chinery is manufactured or likely to bo
These patents and all future improve
ments on the Cotton Harvesting Ma
chines made by Mr. Mason ure owned
hy the Mason Cotton Harvesting Com
pany, in which Mr. Mason has ii large
interest. Tho President ol the company
is Mr. Theodore 1). Jorvey, tho senior
member o? the old firm of Wm. C. Boo
and Co., and also collector of customs ut
thc port of Charleston. Thocompany,
up to the present time, has boon rather
ii close corporation, minda ring only
about fifteen stockholders, three of
whom ure residents of New York Slate,
and tho remaining twelve aro residents
of South ('andina. Among its stock
holders tho company numbers somo of
the most prominent and successful busi
ness and professional men ol' Charleston.
THU HTA lt? WI) BTIUI'BS
linn le.l Him ll Oil nil A lite, ienn \C?M-I liv Hie
Captain of a liriiliii VPMHOI HITIOUM t.'oni|>U
H A ni KA x, N. S., October ll. By far
the most serious event in international
affairs since the abrogation of tho Wash
ington treaty occurred at Shell au ne to
day, when Captain Qiugloy hauled down
the United States (log from tue American
vessel .Marion (?rimes. At midnight
Thursday the Gloucester schooner ran
into the entrance of Shelburne harbor to
I escape the filly of a heavy southeast gale.
; She anchored eight miles fruin the cus
tom house. The storm moderating ut
daylight, Captain Landry hove anchor
I and was about to proceed on his voyage
oben he was boarded by an armed guard
iroVA the cruiser Terror, and, sitbqucnt
ly, seized (OK, not reporting at customs.
Captain Lund rv '. protest-., that tho cus
tom house was eight .'.'.'hs distant, that
, it hud been closed eight ll0Ui? before be
.anchored and would not bo opCl' for
1 four hours after 1 io sailed, and that ii"
? had hud no communication with the
I shore, were of no avail ; a line of sion
I was imposed by tho Ottawa authorities.
Consul General Phelan wind the Minis
ter of Customs tho trivial nature of the
I alleged olVensc, and nuked for a reduction
of th's, fine. This was refused. Ibu
ponding the. instructions of Dir ( donees
tor owners regarding Hie ? ay men I of the
Uno tho Marion Crimes was allowed to
! ride ut anchor under tho bow of tho
Cruiser, instead of being docked und
, placed in charge of arm d guan?-, ns is
Captaiu Quigloy's habit with captured
. American vessels.
This morning Qtliglcy observed Hie
I American Hag Hying I rom the mainmast
ol' thc (?rimes, upon which bad been
placed the Queen's broad arrow. Quigloy
was astonished ut the Yankee skipper's
audacity, and immediately sent to in
quire if hud been released '.rom tho cus
toms authorities. On receiving a in ga
tive reply he ordered tlio American skip
per to bulli down thc United States (lag,
us its display w as a gross impropriety
when the vessel was in thc custody ot
British ollieials for a breach of British
Captain Landry accordingly hauled
down his ling. Ibo American skipper
went ashore, conversed with his friends,
saw the degradation to which ho hud
been subjected, an.I immediately return. '<.
to i.is vessel, und was again in tho act
of hoisting thc Stars and Stripes when
the Canadian tar once more hailed bim,
and learning that the vessel hud not yoi
been released by tho customs depart
ment, peremptorily forbade him hoisting
Landry replied that he had a perfcel
right to liv bis American Mag over ur
American vessel and that Qnigley or m
other mun could proven! him, und lu
therefore hauled the Star.-, and Stripes ti
This greatly enraged Quiglcy, who im
mediately boarded the (?rimes with ai
armed guard and vigorously romonstrat
(id with the American skipper upon tin
foolishness of his proceedings, whiol
would probably result in the loss of iii
vessel and bring about international un
pleasantness. Quigley then lowered Hu
Stars und Stripes from the masthead, un
rove the Hug halyards of the schoonc
and caine ashore, and the Marion (?rime
Was subsequently brought toa wharf um
pliweil in ohnrgo of u guard.
Captain Landry is reticent about tin
action, but Consul Cone ml Phelan bc
caine very indignant when the telegraphi
reports reached him this afternoon, nm
regards it us tin" most high-handed out
rage yet perpetrated. He ?inmediato!
telegraphed thc facts to Secretary Bayard
WASHINGTON, October 12.-Advice
received at the Department of Stat? tin
morning corroborate thc published n
pm t of the hauling down of thc Amer
can Hug on tho American schooner Mn
rion Crimes, nt Shelburne, by Captai
Quigley, of the Canadian cruiser Torrin
Tito action ol' thc captain of tho Mario
G rim OS in running up thc colors w hil
the vessel was in the custody of Ciinudin
Ollleors is deprecated at the departmeiil
Assistant Secretary of State Porter ti
day said he had received from Const
General Phelan a dispatch narrating th
foots of the cuse, but no action hud bee
taken and ho did not know that thei
would bo. "It seems to me," said lu
"that it may be construed into a retal il
Hon against this government for th
placing of tho Stars und Stripes on Hi
topmast Of un English vessel m Bohrin
Strait? not long ago."
All Pound in Chicago'* Directory.
Did you ever look into Hie city diroi
tory with the anticipation of finding an;
thing amusing? Perhaps not. Thedrivi
thumbed the leaves of the big book tl
other day, und this is what he foum
Vicbir Hugo is an engraver on Sedgwit
street; George Washington is follow ii
the meek and lowly occupation of a hos
lor, and Andrew .hickson cuts hair jip <
Polk Htreet. John Brown's body mi
bo mouldering in tho grave, but tl
John Brown on Lake street is a pr?t
lively policeman. Cowar drives a wago
and Hrntus is all Elk drove aveni
laborer. Monko and Parrot livo on Wt:
Huron street.-Chicago Herald.
-In Prance the ninuni-r of suicides
alarmingly on the increase. in 1H
thero wore ten suicides to every 100,0
inhabitants, hut in iwi tbero wc
twenty to tho samo number, as tho tf
The Cheapest Ca
STOCK LARGER AND PRICKS
FTIUE LAHOKST STOCK SOUTH, Moque
I pets. Rugs Mats, Crumb Clothe, WI
Poles, Hatti ilga, Chroiuos, &o. Writo 1
Sept. l i, 1880.
THE GREAT SAV
$150 and Cpwards.
The Best in the Wot
UUY OF us AI
T. HARRY OATES & CO,,
-(J KO. O. ROBINSON'S OLD I
shoot Muslo, Muslo So >ks. Out tars. Violins. Uar
( '.i ; or write for t'nUlugues, l'rlce.., etc l'uinos
tontletl to prom ptly.
New Fall and
Merchant Tailor, H
Gutf ISmi?w Goods, I
7IS 13KOA 1? Silt!
tvctioli) . Novel les nlwaya on liaml, ano A'I Or
A t liolee lol nt OVERCOATS of tiur own mu
Atta Btu, On., rent, vs, l^sn.
DM & Tn
Coach Materials, Sntldl
Tho Finest anti Most Varied Assor
Brought to the Ci
Tidings of Cc
To those who have been wrenched and j
now oller yon thc most delightful voil lc
Try ono ?inti save your health. Every tr
i colt, should have one, a. tho price IS w
BAY A TA NN A II
W. I. E
SO. 831 BROAD STREET,
-Wholesale and J
Cook Stoves am
OF BLEST i
In Stock, Mantels, G
T> Car Loads COOKING and HEATING !
600 CRATES, Plain and Knamelod.
2 Car I.nails FIRE BUICK.
2")0 box"? "CHARCOAL" TIN BOOKIN
100 bundles SURKT DION.
2 Casks - UKI.i ZINC,
GAI.VANIZKD IHON, SOLDER, Ero., ET
TINWARE, Stamped am! Pieced, In gi
ty Buy the "EXCELSIOR" COOK i
"or vears, giving satisfaction.
C?;- HEATING STOVES-for COAL oi
tij*Send for Circulars and Prices.
Augusta. Ga., Sept. 28, 1880
THE LAURENS BAB.
> T. JOHNSON. W. U RICnRY.
JOHNSON & RICHEY,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
HKKK-Fleming's Corner, Northwest
sitie of Public Square,
LAURENS C. IL, 8. C.
J. CG ARLINGTON,
A TT O RN EY AT LAW,
LAURItNfl c. H., s. O.
Office over W. II. Garrott's Store.
W 0. BENET, Ki P, M'GOWAN,
BENET & MCGOWAN,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. H., 8. O.
. W. FERGUSON. OEO. K. YOUNO.
FERGUSON & YOUNG,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. H., S. C.
t. P. TODD. W. H. MARTIN.
TOl>I> & MARTIN,
ATTORNEYS AT L A W,
LAURENS O. H., S. C.
: :~, : ~ .yr . . ?? 1 i I J.TITW
rpets in Augusta!
LOWER THAN EVER BEFORE,
t, Brussels, Three-Ply and Ingrata Car
Indow Curtains, Window Cornices and
G. Bailie <& Sons.
713 li KOA D STUKKT, AUGUSTA,- GA.
$120 ami Upwards.
Ul, on Easy Payments.
??? HAVE MONEY.
831 Broad St., Augusta, Ga.
STAND, OVKK W. [. DELPH'S,
ijoa, DruiiH Acconlcoax, Hurra >aloasa Strings, Ac.
arni oiv.iiM Tuncil and Kepai, ->i. All orders at
8ept. 28, '80.
atter and Furnisher,
lt ET AIL DEALER IN
Mi*, Shirts, Hate? Etc.
;I:T, AUGUSTA, HA.
tl- ri Uuarantoatl to ?ive entire Katufactton.
KC J mt mindie I.
cry, Harness, Leather,
thi?f?f'-Of Children's Carriages Ever
ty. Ata?? orl?os.
jerked about by so-called road earts. We
le. with FINEST wheels and axle? for
ian who owr.3 a horse, or wishes to train
itbin the reach ot' all.
ILL, Augusta, Ga,
totidl Dealer in
J Heating Stoves,
5-rates and Tinware.
.eat variety, very Low Prices, at whole
STOVE. This Stove has been sold by us
W. ?. DELPH.
I N. J. HOLMES. II. Y. 8IMP8OX?
HOLMES & SIMPSON,
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
LAURENS C. H., 8. C.
N. S. HARRIS,
ATTORNEY AT LAW, LAURENS,
C. H., S. C.
PoT Office over store of W. L. BOYD.
Dr. W. H. BALL,
OFFICE OVER WILKES' BOOK
ANO DRUG STORE.
Office days-Mondays and Tuesday*.
LAURENS C. IL, S. O.
- ANO -
PRINTING MACHINE WORKS,
201 Via* Street, CINCINNATI, 0.
TJ* tm iwed <m Uria paper WM Met **.