Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
KUB1SKT K. LEE,
?KN. LOUD WOl.sKI.KY REVIEWS TUE
SOUTHERN I.C.VDMK S LIFE.
The Scene Described When 11 <> Accosted a
Commission From tho Mother of I'resi
rients-A Comparison Itetween the Amor
li nn Sohller ami England's Conquering
NEW YORK, March 1.-Of tho cables
printed in tho Now York papers tho fol
lowing special cabio from London to thc
World is tho one which will attract most
Tho leading article in Macmillan's
Magazine for March is by Ctonoral Lord
Wolseley, on General Lee. Uoferonco
is made in a foot note to tho recent ly
published memoirs of (icu. ;al Lee by
General Long und .Marcus Wright, bul
in no sonso a review of that work, (leu
oral Leo is given full ondit for tho love
ho had for tho Union, and for Hie strug
gle ho went through before Unally taking
tho decision to go with his own State.
General Wolseley describes how Lei
accepted his commission ns commander
in-chief of all tho military fo JCS of Vir
ginia in a orowdod convention of the
most eminent mon of tho ??tato, and thou
draws a parallel la tween him and the
great Marlborough: "Geuoral Loo's
presence commanded respect even from
strangers by a calm, soll-posscssod dig
nity the like of whioh I have never BI I U
in other men. Naturally of strong pas
sions he kept them nuder pi rfect control
by that iron and determined will of
which bis expression and his face gave
evidence. As this tall and handsome
soldier stood liefere .us countrymen he
was thc picture of thc ideal patriot.
Unconscious and self-posse seil ia his
strength, he indulged lu nd thoatiioal
display of feeling. Thoro waa n his
face and about bim that placid resolve
whioh bespoke great confidence in si If,
ami which, in Iiis caso, om ? tu \. i >|
how quickly communicated u.i ina}.;
influoneo to others. Ho wa then jual
lilty-four years old, tin i ol Mm
borough when ho dt tro\
army at Blonhcini. lu mi
on many points those two gaul
much resembled each othi lioth w
of a digniticd and commaudit ? exterior,
eminontly handsome, with a li ure tull,
graceful ami erect, while i muscu
square-built frame bes) oke i id activity
of body. Tho chana of mi . ivhicll
I have mentioned us vor,> liuni \j in
Lee waa possessed in tho I ij I cal di ..
by Marlborough. Holli, ul tho out el
ot their great career of vioti ry, \.< io re
garded as essentially national command
ers. Both had married young und were
faithful liusbauds and devoted fathers.
Both had in all their OaiupaigtiS tue
same belief in an over*watchful Provi
dence, in whose help they trusted im
plicitly und for whoso interposition they
prayed nt all limos. They wore gifted
with tho same military instinct, thc
same genius for war, tho power o? fasci
nating those with whom they were asso
ciated, thc spell which they cast over
their soldiers who believed almost super
stitiously iu their cortain'y of victory.
Their cont? nipt of danger and their dar
ing courage COUstitU to a paral lol that is
dimoult ttt equal lad ween any oilier two
groat men of modern times."
Befcronee is mudo as |o how Gonoral
Loo organized an army of 50,000 men in
two mouths, lind us to how in another
month ho bud gained a grout victory ut
Bull Bun und driven thc Northern in
vaders back across thc I'otomac like
herds of frightened sheep, his army be
ing supplied with ammunition, army
btores and clothing captured then-. Ile
tells tho following story: .'.Some time
afterward, when Genorol Pope and his
largo invading army hud boon sent buck
fly mg across thc Maryland border, 1
overheard this conversation between two
Confederate soldiers: 'Have you heard
thc news? Goneral Lee has resigned."
'Good God,' was tho reply; 'what for?1
.Ile hu? resigned because he says ho can
not feed ami supply \?f anny any longer
now that his commissary, Genoral l'ope,
has boen removed,' Mr. Lincoln had
just then dismissed Genorol Pope, re
placing him by Gonoral McClellan.
General Wolseley incidentally e\
Srosses un opinion, when speaking ol
nil Bun, that the Confederates did not
follow up their victory tiaro as tiny
should have donc. A rapid and duriug
advance; would have given them posses
sion of Washington, their enemy's capi
tal. Politico! considerations ut Bich
mond were allowed to outweigh tho very
ovidont military experience ol' reaping a
solid advantage from this their lirst great
success. This suggcstM thc general criti
oisni whioh follows:
"What most strikes thc regular soldier
in thew campaigns of Gonoral Leo is tho
inefficient manner in which both he and
bia opponents wore often served by their
subordinate, commander and bow badly
tho staff and OUtpOBt work generally was
Ssrformed on both sides, lt is moid
llicull to move, with .my effective pre
oision, young armios constituted o - the. o
wore during this war. 'I ho direction und
movement of large bodies of newly
raised troops, oven ?hen victorious, in
never easy and often impossible, Ovoi
and over again was tho South appin, ntlj
within a stone's throw of Independence,
and it has been many times remarked,
when from want of a thoroughly good
staff to organize tho pursuit, the ocofl
sion waa lost, and tho enemy allowed to
escape. Lee's combinations t<> secure
viotory were tho conceptions of a truly
great strategist, and when they had I i eu
effected his tactics were also most always
everything that could bo desired up to
thc moment of victory. But Ibero his
notion seemed to stop altogether. Wan
over on army so helpless at tho moroy of
another an that of McClellan, " hon hfl
began his rotreat to Harrison's landing,
after the seven ?lays' fighting around
Itiohmond? What commander could
wish to have his foo in a tighter plat?'
than Burnside was In after bia disastrous
attack upon Leo at I'redorioksburg? Yot
in both instances tho Northern com
mander got safely away; and othor simi
lar instances could bo mentioned. The
critical military student of tlu> war, who
knows the powor whioh regular troops,
Well officered and well directed by a
thoroughly eflloient staff, placed in the
honda of an able general and who has
acquired an intimate ami complete
knowledge of what these two contending
A morice n armies were really like will, 1
think, agree that from finit, to last thc
co-operation of oven one army corps of
regular troops would have given com
plete victory to whichever side it fought
Lord Wolseley says that Leo told him
that bo bad only .10,000 men in front of
McClellan at Antietam, with a few tired
reserves behind, while McClellan bad an
army of 100,000 men. He .states that
Leo always spoko well of McClellan,
though hu spoko bitterly of none of his
Federal opponents. In lo- reference to
the thirty-five days' IV..* lg around
Richmond just before thc irrender at
Appomattox, Wolseley says: "Leo bad
only 55,000 exhausted soldiers to op
pose 100,000 fresh men under General
In spoaking of tho faults of General
Leo be says: "One of them was too
great dread Of wounding the feelings of
others, which lead him to leave incom
petent men to lill important positions.
This softness of heart or amiability,
however good in itself, may amount to
crime in thc man intrusted with public
affairs at critical moments, Lee's devo
tion to duty and great respect for obedi
ence seems at times to have made bim
too subservient to those charged with Un
civil government of his country. Ile
carried out too literally tho orders of
those whom tho Confederate constitu
tion made bis superiors, although he
must have known them to bo entirely
ignorant of the science of war. He ap
pears lo have forgotten that ho was thc
great revolutionary chief, engaged in a
great revolutionary war; that ho was no
mero leader in a political struggle of
parties carried on within tho. lines of an
tdd, well established form of govern
ment. lt was very clear to many at the
time, as il will bo commonly acknowl
edged now, that tho South could only!
hope to win under thc rule of a military
dictator. If General Washington had
bad a Mr. Davis over him, could ho
bavo accomplished what ho did? It
will, 1 am sure, be news to many that
(huerai Lee was given the command
over 1 the Confederate annies a month
or two only before tho final collapse,
ld hat tho military policy of the South
was throughout tho war dictated by Mr.
Davi as ['resident of thc Confederate
tai is. Leo had no power to reward
soldiers or to promote officers, lt was
Mr. Davis who .selected thc men to com
mand divisions and armies, ls it to bo
; sod that Cromwell, King William
111, Washington or Napoleon could
have succeeded iu tho revolutions with
which their names are identified, ba l
they submitted to tho will and authority
-ii .i politician os Lee did to Mr. Davis?
DKt-'HNSK or UlCItMOX I).
Lord Wolseley says that "General Le?
w as opposed to thc defense of Richmond
at the last, and that ho was right, for if
he had drawn Genoral (inuit's army into
thc interior far away from its base of
supplies, be would have greatly weak
ened it. lint it wen? vaiu to speculate.
Richmond fell and Leo's army surren
dered. Who shall ever fathom the depth
of Lee s anguish when the bitter end
came, and winn, beaten down by sheer
force of numbers and by absolutely
not liing else, he found himself obliged
to surrendor? The handful of starving
men remaining with him laid down their
arms and tho proud Confederacy ceased
to bo. Sundy the ci ashing, maddi liing
anguish of awful sorrow is only known
lo the loader, who has so failed to ac
complish some lofty, some noble aim for
which ho bas long striven with might
and main, with heart aud soul in thc in
teresta of king or of country. A smiling
face, a cheerful manner may conceal the
hore place from thc eyes, possibly even
from thc knowledge ot his friends, but
then; is no heidi og for such a wound
which eats into thc very heart of him
who bas once received it."
AN ESTIMATE Of LEE.
Tho article closes with this enthusias
tic estimate of thc Confederate chieftain:
"When all thc angry feelings roused by
the secession are buried with those which
existed when the declaration of inde
pendence was written; when Americans
can review tho history of their last great
rebellion with calm impartiality, 1 be
lieve all will admit that Genoral Lee
towered far above all men 0U either side
in that struggle, i believe ho w ill bc
regarded not only as the most prominent
figaro of thc Confederacy, but as tho
groat American of the ninetci nth centu
ry, whoso statue is well worthy to shuni
on an equal pedestal with that of Wash
ington, and whoso memory is equally
worthy to bc enshrined In tuc hearts of
all bis countrymen."
Goori Rules to Follow.
First, bc honest and truthful. All de
pends upon this.
If you havo work to do, do it cheer
If you go out on business, attend to
Hie matter promptly, and then as
promptly go about your own business.
Don't atop to tell stories.
lt you have a pince of business bo
tin ie liming business bonn..
No one can get rich by sitting around
stores and saloons.
If you have to labor for a living, re
in- min r that om- hour iii the morning is
better than two at night.
I lo not meddle with any business you
know nothing of.
A good business habit and reputation
is always money.
Help yourself, and others will help
Do not be. in too great basto to get
Do not spend timo in idleness.
lie kind. p
Loam to say no. There is uo neces
sity of snapping it out, but say it llrnily
Learn to Hunk and act for yourself.
Help others when you can.
Keep ahead rather than behind time,
for it is oasior to koop ahead than to
catch up. _
An Kxpemtive Delfty.
Is failing to pr?vido tho proper moans
to expel from tho system those disease
Serins which oanso scrofule, indigestion,
ebility, rheumatism and siok headache.
Tho only reliable means is Dr. Harter 's
lion Tonio. *
THE I.AST ITKM.
A "Sa<i Accident" lo Ono Wlio "Was Val.
venally Liked, IlavliiK No Kiicmy lint
lt was carly evening. Tho lumps were
beginning to shine out iioi'0 and tliei'O
ann men and women who had finished
their day's work were hurrying home to
supper. The door ot* a neat little home
stood partly opon. A man was near it,
evidently just starting out to begin his
"1 am sorry you have to f?o bind; to
night work," his wife was saying. She
looked pole and troubled.
"Hoa.n 1," lie answered, "but never
mind, dear, perhaps it won't be long."
Ho kissed nor aa ho spoke and went
out through tho door. She looked after
him with ber eyes full of team. "If be
\ should begin again," she sahl, "oh, if he
"Mmmii," called a tali, slender girl
from the room, "come and tell mo w hat
pattern to choose for father's slippers; I
w ant to commence embroidering I hem
j to-night. His birthday isn't very far off,
"Hertha and I are going to club to
gether and get him that new book be
1 wanted," said another girl, evidently lier
sister; "we beard him speak of it and wc
j have money enough."
The woman turned and weat into tho
house and shut tho door.
Tlie man went on down tho street and
was soon busily engaged at bis ease,
away up in tho highest story of a tall
lliy lingers went back and forth, back
and forth, picking up tho bits Of black
metal, setting up lino after line of what,
in the nu >i ning would appear in the groat
daily, Out over thc city he could BCO
thc lights beginning to shine, and gradu
ally the hum in tho streets below him
grow loss and loss.
All about him were men working away
steadily at the bits of metal. Ile could
hear presses oliok, click, as they went on
with tin ir part ol tho work.
The gas llared. Now and then one of
tho nun spoke briefly, generally some
thing about the work.
Some td' them Weut to their coat:; oc
casionally v, here they hung on the wall
ami drunk from bottles in the pockets.
One otVi red his to tho silent worker be
side him, but ho Bhook h?8 head.
'."What," called a gay young fellow
across thc room, "you given up thu
bottle, Monson; what will happen uoxl ?"
Tho lin n laughed.
The lights in tllO houses died out uftor
awhile, the moses on tho street grew less
and less. Tho nun went to their bottles
oftener and passed them back and forth
from hand to hand. Monson was grow
ing tired. Ile Was not us yoting as Li
bad boon when ho hogan to work at the
type, and tho smell of thc liquor came
to hun OS bc worked ?iud grew more and
He longed for ono taste, just one, "to
help him out," ' to rest him." Vet,
when a lad near him took tho bottle and
began to taste the liquor he touched his
arni and said: "Don t, 1 begun at your
age; I wanted to be smart ; don't begin,"
Hut the boy laughed and drank.
The hours went by ami the presses
clicked louder and thc noises on tho
street grow less and less.
"Dire, Monson," said a man, coming
across thc room, "hore is some of tho
best French brandy. .lust taste it; I
know you are sick to-night; it'll do you
"I don't b el exactly well, ' ho said,
s i/.ing the bottle eagerly, "l il Liste it,
only taste iv."
The fumes of thc liquor had been
hulf-muddcuing him, his old thirst had
been crying out to be satisfied. Ho drunk
as eagerly OS he had seized it.
"That is good brandy,'' he sold, giving
back thc bottle.
Thc man winked slyly at tho others as
h . went back to his ease.
Monson worked on. Ho b lt bettor,
ho said to himself, thc brandy bad done
him good ; and after a w hile bc asked
for another drink.
The mau gave it and he drank as
eagerly as before. Ile bad drank a good
macy times by tho timo the last line was
set up and the nu n were making n ady
to leave It was early morning now ami
tho noises of that early time in tho eity
were beginning tc be hoard.
Monson went to got bis coat, but he
could not find it. Then ho looked for
bis hut, but ho could not remember
w here he had put it.
He stood holding on to the Lack of a
chair, vaguely, wondering what ho
should do about it, when the man w ho
had given him thc brandy came up.
"Hello, Monson," he called out, "you
look as though you were getting up a
leader. Too late now forthat. conic on."
Monson endeavored to lot him know his
"Whore's your coat?" ho said; be was
loud und noisy; "where's your coat?
West if i know."
"Oh, boro it is; lot mo help you on
with it. There you aro, come on now,
the boys have alt gone aud loft us."
They wont ovor to tho elevator. It
Was jtut coming up tho shaft. Awa\
down below them thoy could hear tho
i ie ino and at ono sido tho pros&t ,
; tamp, Stamp, as thc great daily dropped
away fresh and damp from their jaws.
"Conic on then, now my boy," called
his companion, as Monson hesitated.
Ho drew him on, ono bewildered and
confused, tho other hilarious and loud.
The elevator began to move down thc
shaft. MenSOn looked up and saw a
"Here's place," he said stepping out
His companion caught his coat. It
carno off in bis hand, and as bc stood
wildly looking at it, he beard, down Le
low him, something fall heavily.
The great daily had a little item, a
few linos crowded into its columns that
"Wo regret to relate a sad accident at
tho bnildii.F of tho Morning Chronicle,'
it said, "whioh resulted in tho death of
one of eur oldest and most popular em
"At 8.80 thia morn in;, when the
prlntors woro leaving, G. W. Monson,
being nt tho timo in a rather confused
state, owing to having taken a little
brandy for a slight indisposition, stepped
o IV tho elevator shaft at tho fourth story,
falling to the basement and being in
staidly kdied. His terrified companion
attempted to save him" but was horrified
to find his empty coat left in his hand.
"Monsell was universally liked, having
no enemy but himself.
"Ho leaves a wife and three daughters
who wore dopenden! upon hire for sup
port." Emma Harriinan, iii Union
AN INTEKUSTl Mi 111 IV
I'oHHtblo Contiii|*onolvH Wliloli May Arlno
?lui ni Ithotlo IHIHIMP? Voto.
Tli'Hi; is a prospect that little Illunie
[aland, that already lias a numerical rep
resentation in the Senate equal to that
ot' the largest State, may have an influ
ence 0? the largest character in the next
?louse of Representatives, in ease there
should bo no choice for 1'resident at thc
polls in 1888 the election would bc
thrown into the House of Representa
tives, the vote being taken by States,
COCll State having one. vote, and the can
didate having a majority of all thc votes
being solee ted. There was a contest over
the election last full in t he second Rhode
Island district which wits bottled by the
House ordoring a now election. That
election will be held April ti, and on thc
choice then made may hang the next
Presidency. Tho majority of thc States
is twenty. In the Fiftieth Congress if
the vote for President is taken by States,
cindi State voting according to thc party
proforences of a majority of its delega
tion, the Republicans will have nineteen
States and the Democrats will have
?seventeen, classified as follows:
Republican Statis California, Col
orado, Illinois, indiana, Iowa, Kansas,
Maine, Massaohusotts, Michigan, Ne
braska, Nevada, New Jersey, New York,
Ohio, Oregon, Pi nns-, b ania, Vermont,
Democratic States-Alabama, Arkan
sas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida,
Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mary
laud, Mississippi, Minnesota, Missouri,
Noith Carolina, South Carolina, Tennes
see, Texas, West Virginia.
New Hampshire ii not, included in
eithi r of these tables, as its delegation is
divided evenly, so that it would have no
vote in the emergency contemplated.
Rhode Isintu! is al ii omitted, for the
complexion of its delegation i. not yet
determined, it has two representatives
in Congress. One ol' these is a Republi
can, lind If tic other, wini is to be elected
in April, shall be a Republican, thc Ito
pllblicaus will tin .i have tho twenty
Statis necessary to a mnjoiity, and
would so elect a Republican I'resident,
ff ho shall bo a Democrat, the delega
tion from Rhode Island would be a tie,
without, a volt", and tho Republicans
would then be h it with their nineteen
States, or still one short of a majority;
while the Democrats would bo no bottoi
ol?*than they .uv now. Tho result of tin
election in April will bc a Waited with
great i ubi est, as tho tccolid district ol
bltle Kinnie I shill d le 'V have tho dis
position of the m xi. Presidency in itt
silt. I SICH A I10?AI lilt ANO.
\ \ mu?!; wu. Tc i Hoi- lloHhiuid's l.ov?
nuil Hil murs Sinn fur it.
(iroin til? Now York Worl 5.)
Annie Pfaff, tin: young and pretty will
of Saloonkeeper August Pfaff, of No. ll)}
Avenue A, wasn't quito sui - that he
husband's love was all ber own, and ii
putting him to the test she posset
through an experience which she entire!;
unexpected. Saturday ovoniug Pfai
found her moaning piteously on tin
sofa, and in answer to bis questions sin
saidtiiatiiavingaseertaineiltii.it bc dil
not love her, she had swallowed a dosi
of "Hough on Rats." Instantly tin; hus
band was on his knees beside her nm
calling her ju t names, and sin- was Ol
the point ol tolling him tim! she hm
been n i n ly joking when be dashed on
ol the house, and, meeting Policcmai
Schmidt, of the Fourteenth Precinct
requested him to ?.ng for au ambulance
as his wile had taken poison ami wa
dying. After the policeman ?md sum
moued an ambulance he went to tin
saloonkeeper's apartments ami made i
prisoner of Mrs. Pfaff on the charge o
Tho ambulance surgeon looked dowi
her throat, slapped hor on the back am
walked her up and down the lloor at th
rato of six miles an hour. Then she wa
taken down thc stairs and placed in th
ambulance, although she protested thu
she had not taken poison. At Bollovil
Hospital she screamed w hen she saw th
doctor with tho stomach pump, but sh
couldn't help herself, and tho doctor'
disgust can bo imagined when not
trace of poison was discharge.! from lu
She was discharged and slie w as goin
homo with lu r delighted husl and who
Policeman Schmidt interposed. She wi
bis prisoner Ibr attempting Btlicido, an
as he had already reported thc ease t
his captain In- was compelled to arrei
her, and use the husband, w ho had give
him the information, as complninan
.Mrs. PfalVremained in tho sitting root
of tho Fifth street station house nut
Fssox Mai kit Court was opened y es tc
day morning, w hen she was arraign?1
before Justice O'lteilly, and alter si
had told li? r story she was discharged.
Xl ll. (1.1.1 Kl.AMI IN 18S!>.
Ho "Will UH i IT to Private I.lie in Alhai
or NOM Yuri? City.
(Prom the New York Killi )
"What :M tho President do win n 1
returns to private lifo?" asked ono Nt!
York man of another to-day. "I cr
tell you precisely," said the other. "1
will not go back to Buffalo, but wi
make his home in Albany or New Yoi
city, more likely thc latter, from li
saving's while in the White House. i
will purchase a huge, handsome hon
in tho emile idly i espectable, and n
too fashionable part Of the city, pcrbaj
Gramoroy Park. Mrs. Cleveland w
continue ber social can er in a mann
not enjoyo*! by any wife of an ex-Prei
dent, since tho days of Dolly Madison.
Mr. Cleveland will fit up for hims?
down town an excellent law ollicc,
which ho wiil Spend very little time, ol
really do vet y little work, ns he will on
deairo a nommai place at tho bar. 1
would not expect very much of
lucrative practice. Rut what is hogoii
to live on? That is the rub of the ste
to which I was about to como. Ile w
l>o made the president of one or tw
possibly moro, birgo new business c<
Iterations, to wInch bia name, his bab
of industry and reputation for go
common senso and strong will pov
will easily 1K> worth anywhoro fr<
310,000 to $25,0( 0 a year. In short,
will i - i 'i,it on a little larger scalo wi
Sec rel ai y Manning has been asked to .
A post-masUT-The superintendent
FACTS ABOUT THE CZAR.
INCIDENTS I N Ul-- STOIOIY I.I li: NOT
(I KNICK A LIA KNOWN.
Ultu Ills Liking lor |-'l'UIIOO IMsploiiBOil His
Vni her-Ho l a vue* t ho .Strongest Kimi of
llovwrnmonl-- nu Wile tho Idol <.> II Ix
Home-A Uovolod ItUHlmnil,
(Kroni tho Now York Mall ami Kxprcsa j
While tho private and publia lifo of
ovevy othor European nionareh bus fre
quently givou tho journalist's pen occi
si?n to cover a ream of paper, mun: or
less, Alexander Aloxandrowiteh ol' Kas
sia, bas kept the modern hicrophanto, lo
whom every BCOl'ot is known and who
aro initiated into tho mystory of lifo,
pretty v.oll at liny. What has crept into
print about him, oil" and on, bas
uniform'';, been marred by inaccuracies.
This is easily explained, Tuc present
Czar is not readily approach! d, and since
bis advent to tho throne especially bas
hu hedged about so thoroughly timi
even thu intrepid gatlioror of news has
often lost scout buforo reaching him.
Alexander 111. saw tho frosty sun of
tho Nova first Mandi lo ( february 20 by
thc Hussian calendar), 1815, n thu sec
ond son of Alexander If., ami was edu
cated with his elder brother, tho heir
presumptive, Nieidas, by two years bia
senior. Tho education ol' those two
princes was put into thc bands of Count
D. Strogonow, but their real "gouver
neur" was Privy-Councilor Titow, re
called for the purpose from his post as
Hussian ambassador at tho court of
Stuttgart. [ll Titow's place State
Councilor von (oimin was appointed in
1858, when Alexander was lu years of
ago. From that time on tho boy drank
daily deep from tho fount of Gorman
learning, as nearly all his tutors wen;
professors of that nationality. Grimm,
however, ill spite of his Gorman name,
was nu arch-Kmsian by heart, and tho
early influonco of Titow, a Muscovite of
the old school to thc linger tips, bad j
sunk into tho youthful prince's soul. ?
Grimm, twenty years bet?re, bad guided
the education of tho Prince Constantino !
Nicola io wi tch. The military training
was intrusted to an adjutant gem ral re
siding in tho winter pallico, tho religious
instruction to a learned old pope, and
State Secretary baron Modest KoilV,
author of several books on Russian Iiis- 1
tory, taught tho high born twain ail of j
Hussian Btatuortift, history and law thoy
Woro desirous to learn.
April "Jl, 1805, tho death of thc
ozarowitz intorvencd at Nico, and Alex
ander, thou just attaining bis majority,
was solemnly declared tho heir to tho '
throne. In the following year, Novem
ber 1800, llO Wedded With much pomp
thu Danish lady who had been his laic,
brother's UtlUCCC, 1'rincoss Dagmar,
King Christian IX.'sdaughter, Rapt i'/.ed
in tho Co cci; orthodox faith, she received :
tho names Marie Fcotlorowua in ex
chango for her former om s-Marie ;
sophie Fivdcrika Dagmar. This prin
cess, as amiable and accomplished as ..lu
is beautiful, was born November 20th, j
1817, and was consequently lier spousi's 1
junior by two years and eight months.
The young consort of thc Russian heir
came from a court where thc loss of two ;
beautiful provinces, just swallowed up
hy Prussia, was mourned with tears of
impotent wrath, and when- pious Wil
liam by tho Spree had been daily 1
anathematized. What wonder, thou, !
that thc beautiful bride made her yoilUg
husband, Ha n in tho flush of enthusiasm
so common to hoir presumptive*, a
sharer in lier mortal antipathy to tho !
The palpable elVect of these uxorious
lessons was not long lu coining. Tho
prince within a few months wa.i the ao
knowlcdgcd hoad ->t tho anti-Goimau I
party at tin- court, at that iii.ie ami np to
the UOlir of Alexander 11.'s death divided
into tho i ld Russian and tho new Hus
sian or German parties. lu Berlin they
were well informed about this, and llis
marek, together with bis master, in
dulged in dire forebodings as to what
would happen when Alexander 11, should
close bis eyes. The war ol' 1870*71 came
und the Hames burst out afresh with re
newed vigor. The Czar and Ins immedi
ate entourage were in fu Uyrapatbv with
Gormany at that time, and especial pains
were taken to OmphasiZO this state of
feeling. Thc younger Aloxandor, on the
other band, had a wcll-orgaiii/.ed follow
ing of bis own, whose sympathies wore
strongly ill another groove. The in
evitable result was that these sympathies
and antipathies frequently cia: iu d and
that snubs and the ..cul direct" Mere
dealt out very liberally and evenly dis
tributed during tho whole duration of
thc Franco-Gorman conflict and for some
time alter to tin roprosontativos of Gor
many as well as Franco. Personal en- !
counters even and duels ensued and
Alexander II. had rather a busy time of
it trying to allay thc outraged feelings
of this ambassador and of tho attaoho or
Occasionally, however, bc, too, felt
provoked, and on one notable occasion
thc Emperor was put into a perfect rage
by his son s PmSSOphoboUS pranks, lt
was 00 tho occasion ol' a court ball. This
happened to bo given thc night when
thc telegraphic news of another disaster
to French arms had just reached St.
Petersburg. Thc Emperor Iliad bei n
speaking of this to several Ol bis inti
mates curly in thc evening and in terms
of ad m i nit ion at thc wonderful achieve
monto of German valor. Soon altor ho
had entered thc grand ballroom in thc
winter palace, Prince Alexander carno in
likewise, almost immediately followed
by bis circle of friends. Thc prince, as
well as those behind bim, bad pinned
; mall favors to thc lapels of their nw?-1
low-tails, tb oso being diminutive repr?
sentations Of the French tri-color. The
whole set of ladies belonging to them
carried simultaneously bouquets to their
lovely little noses, which exhibited even
moro glaringly tho three colors making
up the Galbo omblcm. Thc demonstra
tion was so patent thal it could not es
capo the imperial host, and he was
considerably angered. To take the edge
off thU unpleasant incident, howovor,
tho Emporor walked over to where the
wife of tho Gorman ambassador sat and,
against his usual otistom, danced a t.
or two of a quadrille with i.er. Thc
coarowitz, nothing daunted, responded
by leading the spouso of the French am
??asador to tho nia/.y whirl. Next tho
gentlemen of tho German party wont
out, ono by ono, and returned with Gcr
man coloi white, black, roil in their
buttonholes, and their ladies in au hour
or so had managed to obtain tho corro*
ispondiug Hiing in (lowers. Tin?, of
. courso, did not improve matters, und tho
ball for tho rest ot tho evening consisted
: largely in couples of different political
, alliliat ions sweeping past eocli other and
j A .similar occurrence happened the
evening ol'thc day when thc (?crniaiiH
triumphantly entered Paris. That was
I at tho opera, but tho emperor did not
happen to bo present. Remonstrances
and unpleasant scenes are said to have
been <p?de frequent just about that time
In t ween father and son. HoWOVOr, it
all blew over, and thc scenes enacted a
fow months lat? r on by thc commune in
Pari , us well as the repeated attempts
OD tho lifo of his falle r made l>y nihilis
tic conspirators considerably changed
tho c/.arow it/.'s views and held in cheek
his sympathies for Franco, though these
sympathies never wholly di 1 within
pud still exist to-day. How much of a
chango time bad wrought ill him was
obviously shown when Aloxandor lil.,
after tho assassination, of ids father
ascended thc throne. Thousands in
Russia exp? eted in his proclamation to
his people some premiso of largor liber
ties, and if not a constitution outright,
al h ast an assurance Hom him 'hat thc
nation at large, through its i\ piesenta
t i - i s, should have a voice in malting and
unmaking laws and in administering thc
ilnaucos of tho immense oiupiro. Dut
neither in thai dooumeut nor in tho pub
lished manifesto of. May ll, 1881, ?lid
tho new Emporor say a word about this.
Quito tho contrary, lie accentuated his
claims to autocratie powor oven mor?'
broadly and absolutely than l is father
had ?.ver dono. Loris Molmkow, a rc
formor of a mild j) itt? rn, was .< on given
thc godiy likowise and fguatie appointed
in Ins placo. Bouuwalofi' followed, and
now it is ovou Tolstoi, a man thai) whom
there can bo nobody bettor qua lilied to
crush every liberal aspiration and returd
every sort of progress and popular en
lightenment. Thc present Uuiporor's
foreign policy is too well known to need
comment, and thc fact that ho bas
thought u trio of such men as Tolstoi,
Do fliers, and (tourkko worthy of thc
highest honors and of his spec: il confi
dence, and that ivuulbars whom a rocout
article in this paper snlllctontly charac
terized, luis 01 late likowiso found favor
in bis eyes and has even been promoted
lo lh" grade of lioutciiaut-goiioru!, speaks
The family relations ol' Alexander III.
have boon uniformly plea nut. Ile isa
dovotcd husbuud tinda loud ai d dutiful
luther. From his nu ion with tic royal
Dam- have spuing four childi'! il-three
sons and olio daughter. Tho latter,
Princess Menin, is now nearly twelve
y? ;iis o? agc, and is a lovely, amiable
giri, with ohio eyes und fair hair, bf a
rare goldou tint. The eldest son, Nicolas,
was boru .May 18, 1" ?S, and i a line,
sturdy boy. Qoorgo, tho second, was
boru in 1871, and Michael in 1878. The
empress is still a charming woman and
wears her forty years with ?ase and
grace. Though not much of a musician
wlion she woddod tho Russian, she per
fected herself since in ordor to gratify
his taste for music. The I'jinpc or, how
over, is only fond of line Italian opera
mid of tho melancholy, simple airs and
folk-song; ?d' hi country. Dagmar sings
to him ? von to-day, w hen she wishes to
ON Till'! CA lt lt lilli: AN \.
A Title ot Modern Sluvc Trailing KXpe
rt I Hon,
(from tho Detroit 1'roo I'ross )
I propose herewith to relate tho histo
ry Ol a crime committed fourteen years
ugo in tho city ?d' Jacksonville, I la., and
ol winch 1 have bad guilty knowledge
ever since. W hen I first learned, near
Pornambuco, Brazil, of what hail aotuol
ly lie?:ii done a few weeks bofore, I was
too young to fully comprehend tko
gravity of tho affair, though 1 recollect
experiencing a certain sense ?d indigna
tion, and this has grown steadily with
tho lapso O? timo. I have not kept the
matter secret through any desire to
shield the guilty parties, but have inver
been able, nor alu I now able, to discern
how they might have been micheil and
At tho oloso of tho war, in 18tiG, all
those CoilfodoratOS who hud been light
ing on prinoplo admitted their failure,
lani down their arms ami ret uned to
tho peaceful walks ?d' lifo, to rebuild, if
possible, thc fortunes that bad bceu
wasted. But something like I?0 irrc
Iire-sibles spit upon tho amnesty offorod
them, ami, heaping imprecations upon
tho destroyers ol tho institution of
davory, loft tho country and became
0 -aleuts of Moxico. Proud, imperious
uni haughty OS these men were, ami
never having tilled a position other than
1 command, their success in tlie capital
of thc Mexicans was but indifforont, In
short, their incomes could not bo modo
lo ?'?pud their expenses, anil within live
years fifty of tho most unfortunate had
returned, broken in spirits, health and
'.'mancos, to their native stiil.
Oh tin; morning Of October I, 1872, 1
u as sitting a< op ol thc piling at thc cilgc
if thc wharf in Jooksonvillo, with note
book ami pencil in hand, scoring down
tho dimensions of certain live oak tim
bers and planks as tho scalers mensure?!
them ami called out their cubic cou
tents. Our vessel, tkobarkontinoMapk
Loaf, Wa8 being loaded With these tun
bera for uso in bridge building on tin
Panama railroad. For au hour or mon
the sailors bad been watching a smal
full-rigged brig that had appeared Ol
thc brood, black bosom of thc St. Johns,
uni waa slowly making her way to Hu
[der without the aid of a tug, ami liaviii?
DVe?y ono of ber patched and dirty sailt
set to catch tho almost Imporooptibll
brcozOi Along toward ovening tho ves
sd reached thc wharf ami tied up, ant
Line?! bill, liurdd'oatured men, each witl
<\ gripsack iu hand, carno ashore am
struck out for tho nearest hotel w ilium
uttering a word. A bl.ick, curly-hairei
man, who soomotl to command thc 1 itt.lt
brig, was loft giving orders iu Mcxicai
to bis crew of three hands.
'.Hullo, Greaser I" calle?! ont our cap
tain, who hail boon watching tho wind
proceeding; "why didn't you tako th
Lug at tho mouth of tho river and b
"Mo no sabe.''
"Don't BUI>O, oh? How would a goo
Square drink of whisky strike you abon
tliia timo of day?"
"Bi, sil Mo nairn whisky. Mo nab
"Ot course. Your knowledge of tho
English lu ngango is not very extensive,
that's certain; hat in tho small amount
that you have acquired you seem to
havo selected its brightest gems. Como
up tho ladder and toko something."
Whisky may not be in all respects tho
???pial of thc common school in calculat
ing a knowledge of the English language
but in tho caso of this "Mexican captain
it? effect was such that within two hours
after joining our captain in his cabin ho
managed to convey the Jacks that his
vc sst I had boen chartered by the thrco
gentlemen who first came ashore, and
that they had come to engage a cargo of
negro laborers to work in a tobacco fac
tory of their.; in tin: City of Mexico.
When the Mexicali had returned to his
brig, and I had finished writing up tho
day's log after supper. Captain Ellsworth
turned to mo and said:
"Steward, there's something all-tired
strange about this thing.''
..What thing?" 1 asked.
"Why, this rotten little brig, with its
dirty anils, its dirty crew, and tho th roo
shabby aristocrats who have chartered
her they aro not over-clean themselves. "
"Probably engaged in a dirty busi
U0S8?" 1 suggested.
"Correct," said he. "If they wanted
niggers for factory hands why didn't
they stop al New Orleans tho Frouch
niggers uro tho smartest of all, and can
be had by tho, cargo. Or, why didn't
they stop at Pensacola? Why did thoy
come clear around herc to Jacksonville
for a load of country hucks, tho laziest
and dullest of tho whole caboodle? An
other thing, "Mexicans can bc hired
cheaper than niggers can bo boarded,
and will ?lo twice thc work. What do
you make out of it?"
"1 make this out of it," said I, "that
Mexican captain has lied to you."
"No, he hasn't. Those fellows may
have lied to him when they chartered his
brig, but he was straight enough with
mo, that's sure."
Next morning Captain Ellsworth called
nt tho hotel, but tho three men had
gone. "I used to know one of thoHO
mon before tho war,'' said the landlord,
"Ile was n big planter up here, in Ala
bama, just over the line, and when I
recognized him last night he said ho said
ho was going back to get some of his old
slaves to go and work for him in Mexico."
in three days the Maple Leaf waa
loaded and ready to sail, hut the evening
U lolo wo wore to sail Captain Ellsworth,
tttended a fandango, got into un alterea
tiiin, was arrested and released on his
personal parole to appear ono week from
thc day of arraignment for trial. lu
vain ho pleaded with tho local magistrate
to set tho trial for the next day-tho
boniplainnut know the captain's anxiety
to sail and insisted upon his "rights."
Tho week passed tediously away, and
Ellsworth remarked that ho wished ho
had gone to jail instead of being released
on personal b.ti!. "As il is," said ho, "T
am bound upon honor to stay and pay
HIV line. Il I had gone to jail I could
have kicked the old rattletrap to pieces
tho lir.st night and been half way to
Aspinwall by this time."
On tho second day of our delay tho
Ihne charterers of tho little .Mexican
brig returned, accompanied by some
thirty negroes. They immediately wont
DU board; n couple ol dray loads of pro
visions were taken in, and in less than
m hour th*' br ' ad casi off and was
Moating down . ' tho current and tho
lido. A clump leaning cypress trees,
with long gray mosses streaming from
the limbs, hui tho ragged sails from
sight at last, and ubout the saine moment
the hymn which tho colored people hud
been singing ceased to reach the car.
There was certainly something singular
about tho whole transaction.
Wo had left Aspinwall nearly a week,
having discharged our load of timber,
find were ra)>idly nearing PoruombuCUO,
where it was designed taking in a cargo
d' hides and horns, when thc lookout in
the foretop called out:
"The Immaculate Mexican!"
This was the naine tho TOW had ap
plied to the unclean brig that had loaded
he negroes at Jacdsonvillc, and ali
lands were soon looking at tho patched
ails and black pennant of their old ad
putintanco, as she rapidly approached
"What in Sancho is that brig uoiug
town hore?" saul Captain Ellsworth.
"There's something wrong, by hokey.
Make signals for her to heave to and
no'll speak her."
In half an hour tho Mexican captain
was in our skipper's cabin drinking clear
whisky by tho cupful, At tho omi of
mother hour ho was lowered to his boat
ind both vessels resumed their coarse,
"lt's about as 1 expected," said Ells
worth at tho supportable "Those chaps
took thc negroes to Brazil, landed at St.
kynthia, 80 tho Mexican says, sud he
hdn't daro refuse to obey their orders."
"And w hat havo they done w ith thom?"
' lather sold them into slavery and
rocketed tho cash, or else they intend to
;eep 'om themsehos and become plan
Kew,oe tin I'OUOOOk leather.
This lady says that she onco warned
Prosidont Arthur not to keep it, us it
ivius tho most unlucky thing ho could
nive about the house, but he laughed at
nor, and said ho was not .superstitions.
When he left tho White ."ouse ho pro
lontod the hird to Mrs. John Davis, and
the ladj of the legation called ray atten
tion to tho fact that Mrs. Davi ? ' ad mot
with many misfortunes sinco foi which
hu peacock was responsible. I had
lover heard of thia superstition boforo,
mt upon inquiry found that it was quito
'levaient in Europe, and tho French
Minister told mc that thu ill fortunes of
he EmpreflS Josephine were attributed
o tho fact tliat she was excessively fond
>f peacock feathers us ornaments and
iciuly always woro thom.-Washington
A no HIT I.IO- Saved.
About two years ago a prominent citizen
. f Chicago w as told hy his physician? that
lie must duo. They wild his system wa? so
Ichiliuited Unit lhere wa? nothing left to
build on. He made up I ' mind to try a
"new departure." Ile goi some of Dr.
pierce's "(?olden Medical Discovery" and
took it according to directions. Ile liegan
to Improve at once. He kent np tho treat
ment for some months, and 1H to day a well
man. Ho say? tho " Discovery" saved his
An oil well, unlike n dude, gutbc* Vj
. : ve light to tho world.