Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
Cil KA l1 MUKKI TtIK UUKATKST NI-: Kl?
Ol (?I ic t'A UM KH8.
Bendy Capital Must bo Knguged in tho
Business t? Iteucb Stiucess-Tho Lion Sys
and Kxpoiislvv Lonna Won't Answer
..Views of a IMituter,
Tho following article on tho subject of
cotton planting, from tho pen of ii
Willeroo planter, appeared in tho Colum
..What man ia there, if you ask for
bread will give you a stone; if you ask
for a tish, give you a serpent V"
When tho emly Virginia colonists ap
plied to the authorities at homo for some
consideration in the matter of churches
and schools, .suggesting tho benefit it
would be to their souls, the reply of tho
profano regency that governed tho Vir
ginia planters was: "Damn your souls,
plant tobacco." ('hang?; tobacco for
cotton and you have much the same ro
ply practically given to tho poor devil
who is trying to make au honest living
by cultivating tko kindly soil of South
Carolina. ? 'Make cotton" is tho reply
to ovoiy application for advances that
aro necessary to carry on this business,
as things now stand, by those who con
trol tho money of the country. No cot
ton, no advances, diversified agriculture,
grow grasses, raiso stock, wheat, barley,
oats and rye. Von improvident, thrift
less devil, call yourself a fanner, and
?lant cotton to buy everything olso?
'rue, and pity 'tis, true; and M hy is this
thus? Simply because this power that
rules tho country absolutely linds its
intered ir? having cotton planted to the
exclusion, practically, of cvorythmg
else; and under tho pressure of that law
tho farmer has his financial lite worked
out of him as completely as ever tho
Spaniard did tim best blood of Aztec and
Inca in the mines of Mexico ami Peru.
The emancipation of the Southern
negro left nothing in tho hands of tho
planter but his land -, with little or no
market value, at least not ouough to
make it a legitimate basis of mercantil*
credit. Tho national banks ruf used to
lend money on the security of real catato,
their charters forbidding. I ho banks
found it better for their intel< .-4 to get
aa far from tho planters as possible, and
interposed the commission merchant
between them, who acted as strikers for
the bank, while making their ow li inoucj
out of it. Tho bank give- accommoda
tion to the city merchant, tho merchant
to snell llrms in tho country towns r.nd
cross-roads as suit their purposi s, and at '
last tho farmer (bo he ot num.) [dows to
tho nigger with his ox) tal t nu lu 1
can get it, with the condition precedent
of "so much cotton. " The cotton comes,
but under tins system tho j.I.inter ir.
always left. Ile drags a lengthening
ehain. Whoo ho started nf toi ibo war,
wo assume, lu? hod something loft. How
mauy of that class have anything now?
If ho has, bow long will ho k<.',? it'.' It
is but a question ol ince, ami short tim?,
Who or what is to blame for this? No
individual certainly, Ho who prospers,
while tho planter at the other end of tho
line goes to tho wall, does it in fair and
open mot ko t, taking advantage of the
soundings modo to his hands -for "the
shirs in their courses li^ht against
Bisera"-his (tim capitalists, bolds tho
cards that wins, and controls the sd na
tion, aa tho Jews did Europe in the Mid
dle Ages, by having all tho money aud
all the credit.
Tho man who gets monoy at six or
eight per cent, and lends it at lifteen or
twenty or twenty-live, (getting it often,
in tho li i instance, upon thc collateral
pledgo of real estate Ol tho man ho lends
lt to) must go up as other gen s down.
Bo, then, as far u.s we can sic, this dis
crimination in the price of money to the
planter, is the handicap that weighs him
down, ile makes Ins staple pretty much
to tho exclusion of every thing else, with
money, that costa him anything from 12
to 2f> per cent, one way or another,
whilst the man who buys it, carries on
business with money that costs in New
York or Liverpool 6 and <i p< < cont. less.
Those who handle cotton make money
out of it. (lo into the street- oi any of
the country towns in tho cotton region
in December, and every store is full,
and doing a roaring business on and out
of cotton, while every pound of it cost
tho man who made it more than it sold
for. It costs Sb.00 to pick a bale of 500
pounds. This alone pours into tin
country Cotton marts a vory large
?mount of hard cash in tho space of two
and a half months. Add to this the
seed cotton trafilo, and you havo some
thing that accounts for thc "milk in the
cocoanut." So much more can be made
by those who have money, by lending it
in advances to the man who makes tho
cotton, than by planting, that even
planters themselves, who m*y have it,
let it go that way. The tendency seems
to bo tho absorption ol all the large
eatatOH in tho country, by tho wealthy
city capitalists. This is as natural as
inevitable, and in many casca tho .sooner
this ia dono tho better for all concerned.
Thoy know how it is themselves. They
have tho means of overcoming the
diilicultics of tho situation, and may suc
ceed. We wish thom well. lt is no
/ault of theirs that tho old system of tho
Hunt h should pass away, ami the old
est?tes of tho country be carritti on by
an "ubsoutee system like a sugar estate
in British (liliana, or a toa farm on tile
slopes of the Himalayas, Proa labor rt
(pu ict, a lal go amount of Hooting capital
to move ami control it. lt was properly
said, in old times, that tho planter had
no bu* in csa H dh banks, his labor being
? part of his vested capital, making thew
necessary supi>ort as ?oil. lu ail other
business, whore a number ol bauds are
employed, a Ih.niing capital is required
while those usiug tho capital reabzo oil
it at short periods, aud are able to repay
it with advantage lo the louder and bor
rower. Not eo with the planter, for the
reasons givon. And wo know what we
say when we aOlrm lliat no more pros
perous man lived anywhere than tho
planten Upon our rivers and highlands
before tho war. There wits no com
mercial aspect about this businoss.
Often tho .successful merchant, who had
got rich upon tho chances of louie,
identified himself with the great plant
lng interest, and was dono with specula
tion. It was so in cotton, rice and
sugar. There was a stability al?>ut tho
business, from tim cause, that resem
bled the English landed interest; but
now planting is essentially a commercial
speculation. Tho cash for hands, month
by month, successful or not, must bo
paid in full, with no crop, and nothing
to pity with, thoro being no reserved
Capital, This brings things to n halt at
once. Ono who eauuot control capital
on u legitimate basis had as well under
take to work a mine, or run a factory ot
a Uno of ocean steamers on a twolvo
months' credit, as to plant successfully.
A merchant with little or no capital, but
a good business reputation, can get
goods on such time as enables him to
carry on business with sales to meet bis
credits. Ho is part of a system of
credits, und does a legitimate business
with it. There is no legitimate system
of credit in planting. Tho length of
time before he can realize and tho nu
certainty attending all it? operations
and results, put the planter out of tho
paU> of commercial credit, which means
getting monoy upon the same terms as
other men doing business with him.
Unless he doo? that, tho rest goes for
nothing, Farmers may meet and re
solve, and all the rest-may go to the
Legislature, and, if you choose, "make
Homo howl;" but unless thal difficulty
is removed they are out of tho ring.
"Faul may plant, and Apoll us may
water," but there is no increase at 2 per
cent, a month.
Tho tariffand State taxation have in a
sense nothing to do with this desperate
condition of things. As our old friend
Don Quixotto used to say to his trusty
squire: "These are but tarts and cheese
cakes, friend Sancho, to that grim giant
over yonder;'' and our giant is no wind
Fair priced money would even now
come too late io the most who have been
planting cotton since thc war. Like tho
succor sent to thc famishing Irish in
18-18, many were too far gone, though
still alive and conscious, to be helped by
it; and the most terrible duty imposed
upon tho commissioners who distributed
the provisions, was to pass by those
whoso features indicated BO hopeless i\
condition that it did not warrant giving
them, though craving for it, that relict
which would save others not so fargouo.
So, again, we say the tiling has gem
on long enough, and geno so far that,
really, thc best for the country at large
would be for the capitalists who over
shadow tho land with this, in tho aggre
gate, enormous debt to pass some soil
of an "Irish encumbered estate bill,
reali/.e, take possession of all estates,'
so perpetually burdened, and put then
fairly afloat with thc means they and 111
DUO else have, amino take a burden fron
tho shoulders of thal unfortunate (daw
of men wit . undertake to plant cotloi
on lions-and then what is goiag U
happen will happen, ami what that ii
would not, we will conies-, 1? diflioul
P* say. Cotton w di bo made, no fear
. ho middle and upper country ol Boutl
Carolina is as good a region to make i
in as any in the cotton heit, take it al
round. The labor is now well in ham
and only requires tho knowledge of Un
freedman's ways and requirements, witl
tho monoy to meet them, and oxpori
euee has taught this to the men win
have boon dealing with them (d' lat
y ca l's tu do good work. This midd!
and upper country of South CaroUn
has thc climate, soil and wealth, lyiUj
under tho shelter of tho blue Uidge Ol
tho North and Wes., with llie wann cut
rout of the Gulf Stream bal bing it
Lastern shore, it is a veritable garde
for those who are able to avail then;
selves O? iis advantages, but not upo
tho system now pursued. That i
do mied, and no baud eau save it. Th
'jooner il goes tho better. Clear th
wreck and let tho strongest hold th
ground. Out of "chaos" conies "coi
inns." Hail as thc best may bo, nothin
ls worse thiin holding on. The dry ri
fiormcatos tho whole system, and cn
nive bal Ono ending', 'i he Dutch, who
they had the monopoly of thc Efl
I nilla trade, burned tho surplusage <
their spices to keep the market at a pa;
ing standard. Let those who are ab
to plant cotton legitimately do wo. L
them bike example from the Dutch
wise people, ) reduce tho cotton crop ai
handle more money from the small CK
than thc largo one, to say nothing of i
cidontal benefits coming from oulUvatii
provisions. Mnko half a crop of coth
ono year, and it will give a healthy tot
to the market for an indefinite porto
Canillen, S. C.
A l'util.ti? I neiden! nt Hen.
Tho brief story of thc relief of ll
british ship baron Blantyre hy t
steamship Haltimoro condensos OUOUj
of incident to furnish ('lark Hassell
somo other skillful writer of son stori
thu basis for a thrilling narrative. WI
could be moro harrowing than for stat
i g men to see, as the crew of t
ninty re did, their signal of distress ii
heeded by a passing vessel except so I
BS to drop provisions overboard, whi
tlie famishing mou wore too weak a
feeble to secure, being compelled to i
thom ito.ding away on tho waves bey o
all hope of renou? In tho height
their distress tho baltimore hove
sight on her way from Livorpool to t
city, and humanely responding with
possible Speed to the appeal for as?
ai ce, sent over tho wave? of an aii(
sea a boat to their succor. Hut for
timely arrival of tho steamship the ei
of the blantyre would probably hi
perished. Their condition being agc
vated by tho knowledge Hint they 1
provisions on board which they woro
able to int because, beiua salted, tl
would only have increased the torm
of their thirst. Tho plight from wh
..bey were so fortunately rosoued jual
timo exceeds in rollnemont of tort
the most ingenious conception of
novelist-, and thc sbiiplo story of tl
rescue is full of pathos.- -Haltimoro H
~- . ? i ? K - ?
Th? ih beale task of placing a mo
, value on a stolon kiss fell to Jus
llamohart, of Brooklyn, on Thum
in thc proceeding brought by M.a. M
i uiedooko against Ausol Vcndorbi
?rho resides with his family in tho st
hom.'- v. un the plaintiff! Hbo ass
thai Mr Vandexburgentered horro*
on the night of February 17, and
claiming that he loved her, throw
arms around her and kissed her. All
children were in thc room, and her
feelings wero sorely woum
Vanderburg denied tho wholo story
asserted that that he waa tho victim
conspiracy. The judge didn't thin!
and lined bim $50.
A Hl.l K Killel: KUA1ANCK.
Tho fc'Irst IIiiabaiMl Waives iii? < Itilui,
Hut u ltovottgofiil Neighbor Invoked tho
In nil tho South there is no move
romautio region than that beyond thc
Blue Hidge mountains, in North Caroli
na, whore tho wolf und the Indian yet
play their part, us in the days of early
settlement. In Jackson county a vast
tract of land is owned hy tho Cherokees,
the "eastern bund" of this once power
ful tribe having there their chief estate.
Heated by a cozy lire the other night,
in a committee room in the capitol,
Senator Elias related a curious story.
lie said that in 1802 a stalwart moun
taineer named Heinrick, who up to that
time had managed to avoid the war and
ita at tendant features of volunteering cv
boiug conscripted, brought a buxom
wife with him from Swain county into
Jackson county, and made his homo in
this quiet and lovely cove in tlie Indian
Ale,?lr. passed. Tho pair were de
voted. Tho young wife experienced all
tin; delights of a thoroughly primitive
existence. Jiut this was not to last.
There was a regiment of Cherokees in
tlic service of tho State, under tho com
mand of nhl Colonel Thomas. One day
an ollieer of this regiment returned and
found Uamrick in thc cove. Tho latter was
conscripted ami hurried to tlic front.
His wife next heard from him in North
ern Virginia. Lottors wei-* infrequent,
messages seldom came.
In 180M tho wife - to whom a pair ol
twins, a boy and a girl, had boen horn -
leann d that her husband had disap
peared; that after his name on tile roll
of his company was only that dreadful
In 1805 tho war ended, ami with it ;
close came to her tho news that her hus
band had deso? tod-gOUO over to the
enemy. Year after year passed. The
wife kept tho vigil of love und wearily
waited for tho missing husband, who
m ver came.
There were wooers enough, and "the
widow," as she was called in tia; neigh
borhood talk, had what were tinao con
sidered good idlers. One patient lover
named Howers, thrice rejected, perse
vered, and in lHTti won the prize of his
dovotiou. He brought his offoots lo his
wife's homo in thc cove.
Ten years mon: passed ami 188(1 camo.
Not one word ol' the long lost first hus
band had been heard since the returning
soldiers brought news in lsd,, of Ham
rick's desertion. True as thu wife's de
votion was to her second husband, sin
bad yet a wann spot in her simple heall
for the first, and in her ni.le, uncultured
way sho oven wove a half romaneo out
(d' UlO great and apparently unending
myslory of his absence.
One bright (tay last summer a stranger
cann- to Bowcrs's home in tho cove. The
pliure was in most roapccts like it was in
Lsd, for changes in tho mountain wilds
aro made slowly. Howers was not ut
home. The wife was now a buxom
woman ol' forty years, far tidier in ap
pearance and with much more natural
grace and sprightliness of manner than
tho average woman in that section. The
stranger asked who lived then-. Ho was
told "the Howers family." In u hos
pitable manner he was asked in thc
house, where presently caine lo th. ir
mother two children, one of six, and the
other of nillo year-.
At dinner time tilt.- family received two
more additions-a young man und young
woman, about twenty-three years ?d' age,
OXCOOdingly alike in face and manner.
Tho stranger asked, "Who are these'.'''
"They uro Ilamrieks's," was tho reply
of the good wife; "my children by my
lirst husband." People in the moUU
tains in many cases loved to talk-in
fuel, aro not infrequently garrulous
und in hali au hour the wife had told
tho Story of her lirst marriage and tho
deep mystery which had ended it. The
stranger listened attentively, and just as
the story w as concluded How ci s caine in.
A neighbor came in. and siam hamed
tho story, too. The wife bustled about, of
course, excited, but not in tears. Uam
rick ami Howers talked together.
The neighbors, after Hie mau nor of
neighbors all tho world over, told the
nows to people within reach, and next
day these caine to hear and see. A fow,
very few, had u remembrance of Ham
rick; not vivid, but faint, for he hud
lived in that section hut a little while, of
Presently some loquacious neighbor
Said to Bowers: "Well, what are you
going to do about it?"
"About What?" was the reply.
"Why, about that man Han.rick. Ho's
your wife's husband."
Thia put a now face on tho matter.
Bowers had not thought of it in that
way, neither had tho wife. She broke
There were a dozen people in thc
house. All were listening and looking
with rude curiosity.
Tho hou.so seemed clamped. Howers
Huid: "Let's go out?loora." All went.
No sooner hud they arrived in the
yard than tho wife went to Howers and
threw her arms about him.
At this whatever manliness there was
ii. Uamrick came to tho surface and
asserted Itself, Ht said: "I'll tell you
what I'll do, people; 1 don't want to
make no disturbance and I'll go right
back where. 1 came from."
That waa all he said. The crowd half
spoke, half nodded assent to tho propo
sition und plan in one. Hight there,
undor the trees, the matter waa fixed as
if in court before a jury. Heinrick said
ho was satisticd, and declared that this
time ho would go "for good." Ho told
tho people, bia wife, his children, all
goodbye. Only tho wife cried, not
i rough any sentimentality about the
situation, but out ol' pure emotion and a
desire to do her duty in lier own simple
Thoro was, nevertheless, in the situa
tion, as in the subject, everything that
tho most ardent novelist could desire,
and yet to t hose peoplu all was a fact, a
hard fact, without possibly tho barest
suggestion of sentiment.
Tho neighbors did not spread the
nows very much out side their own oirole
and tho affair waa a moro matter of
neighborhood talk. No one thought
that the law would evor step in. But
step in it did, in a way jnst aa romautio,
though just aa real, aa everything else.
A neighbor of Bowers had what in that
country ht known as "a falling out" with
him about a cidor press. Out of these
trivial affairs grow ((narr?is, harsh
wortls, nay, blood-lettidg and even
homicides, not infrequently.
This timo Bowors's new-made enemy
was ol' another stamp of man. Ho kuew
ol the Hamriok matter, buta few months
ago settled. Ho last October he went to
the county seat and there gave to tho
solicitor or a grand juryman tho infor
mation that bowers was violating the
statute hy unlawfully living with a wo
man, and that tho woman had also vio
lated tho law in committing bigamy.
Now here was a situation. bowers
and his w ito was arrested, and Senator
Elias, a lawyor of roputo u> all that re
gion, was sought to dofor.d thom. Tho
Ino hand, w ho had given bond l'or lus
appearance at court, rode many miles
after "Lawyer Elias"and told him tho
, wind" story.
Tho lawyer, a man of culture, was
I astonished at t ho story Hms unrolled
boforo his eyes, Court mot and tho
lawyer used all his eloquonco and per?
' suasiveness. Ho told tho wholo story
I of tho deserted wife, tho long vigil of
I love, tin-giving np of tho first husband
\ for dead, tho romarriago, the return of
I the long lost hi...band, thc verbal ngree
m< nt that ho should return to the far
northwest and all remain as it was.
Tho narrative had its effect upon tho
rudest n iud; but tho law had technical
ly, unknowingly been violated; il must
bo technically enforced. So thero was a
\ technical verdict of guilty, with a recom
mendation to tho mercy of the court if
tho pubes lived separate and apart.
This was Lawyor Elias's chance, his
opportunity; ho seized it. Ho told Bow*
Ors that he and his wife had best go out
of that neighborhood, and that they
might live together; that thc verdict was
only t .conical, and the judgment a more
form, and that in thc future thc Inw
would not again disturb them.
They aided Oil tho suggestion, ro
? moved lo Macon county, and now live
thoron! peace with all tho world. Only
a few weeks ago thu son was married,
and iii tho spring thc girl will become a
So Senator Ll ?OS told the story, a true
story in all particulars, which has in it
all tho ?l?ments of thc fanciful and the
unreal, and is yet just as true as thc fact,
known of all mon, that the groat peaks
of thc Line Lodge raise themselves sky
ward in \\ estei n North Carolina.
Tho Southern Womoii in th? I rail.
lt is really a matter of i nd i tlc renee
whether or not a society leader is in
digenous to tho soil, or whether she is
imported from some foreign clime, but
usually there are certain peculiarities of
oithor complexion, .b ess ormaunors that
pivveid a dr?nge, from min: ling in
Ni v, York society l.r any length of time
without betraying hor foreign extrac
tion. New Yolk society, thal is the
ultra-fashionable, nun bo very exclusivo,
but it is, nevertheless, compost d of
heterogeneous pints. In addition to tho
foreigners who are admitted into its
charmed circle, each section of this
country contributes its quota <>i mem
bers, and tho distinctive characteristics
of each one arc as noticeable to a close
observer as the foreign and conceited
ways of tho British nobility, or thc
mincing daintiness of tho over-foppish
Frenchman. Wo have Westerners and
Soiitln mers who are easily distinguished
from the genuine Gothnmitos, although
they have beonsoeloscly couueotod with
New York society in its doings for years
past they arc generally rec gu i/.cd
throughout the country as genuine New
The Southern womou arc counted
among the most beautiful and cultivated,
and their soft voices and gentle milliners
have WOII for them much pr.iist ,t special
ly this winter, during which they have
been prominently to the front ns eiiter
tertainors. Everyone who meets .Mrs.
Algernon S. Sullivan is charmed with
her ginee of manner and beauty, al
though few know that she is Soul ?lerner.
Mrs. Urookhoist Cutting is ono of thc
most popular of matrons, unit is a Vir* I
gillian by birth and rearing. Mis. Bur
ton Harrison, as is well known comes
from the same State. She was a Miss
(Jury, and is connected with tho Fair
faxes and Randolphs. She represents
tho literary women of tho South. Mrs.
I'M wu ra Lees (Jolley, whoso pretty
daughter Lucy is lust nowa very promi
nent ligure in society as tho author of
a play- also hails from tho Old Domin
ion, ami Mrs. Willard Ward, of Madi
son occasionally gives suoh delightful
receptions, is tin: daughter ot the late
.bulge Lr.sk i ne, of Alabama. At ber
house Hie roprosontatives of Southern
families aro usually mot. Miss Olsland,
a friend of Miss Ward, dates back her
family traditions to the hist Spanish
Govornor of Louisinua, New York Lot
.loni v ol I lin otu.
The florida eur turned the conversa
tion ?d' the home bound Congressmen to
Jones, of Florida dones inanioratus
who kept Iiis wool and did md como
back to Washington to serve ont his
Congressional terni. "Door Jones,"
said Call, his tonner colleague, the other
day, "he will not conic back ; his politi
cal race is run." And hardly had the
bit ie marble hammer fallen in the Sen
ate when thc Governor Of florida ap
pointed his successor. The new Senator
may be a very ablo man, but be will not
at first attract tho attention which Mr.
,Iones did in thc early days of his Sena
torial career. An Irish ship carpenter,
working at the bench by the sitie ol
slaves, no gained an education by the
light of pine knots nt night, and roso to
eminence; was elected to the United
States Senate, whero he was, in fact, ono
of tho ablest of constitutional debaters.
Suddenly, without notice to those the
Dearest hun, tho light ol his public life
seems to have gone out. For months
Senators have received from Detroit
newspapers witli incoherent entonces
writtt n upon tho margin--thc purport
of which has boon that Jones has bc
lleved himself to bo the victim of a con
spiracy. These nowspapors, with other
circumstances, havo caused many Sena
tors to behove that, Uko Dean Swift,
Jones is "dying-atop." - Correspondence
Kin lcd by Her Sex.
ls tho tato of every lady with a bright,
S[lowing countenance, wliioh invariably
ollows tho uso of Dr Hartor's Iron
A health journal tell? Its readers "How
to lake cold."' What most of ns want to
know is how to lot 140 of il.
Xoiujaoroiico in the Schools.
Tho temperance education law <>r Vor
monti onaoted in 1882, with no specific
provisions und no penalty, lias proved
woak and too indefinite to secure tho do
signcd object. Tho NV. 0. T. U. of thal
.state voted to petition tho Legislature of
1880 for ll more stringent statute on lin's
subject, and engaged Mrs. M. II. Hunt
10 take ohargo ol' tho campaign, Tho
new bill wa mod. bal alter the national
law, but was amended in the Senate willi
an enabling clause. In spite ol' the
lobby combinations against it, this lull
was skillfully carried through both
houses with a handsome majority.
At thirty minutos past live o'clock
Tuesday evening the Governor returned
the bill to the Senate with a veto mes
sage based on the Senate amendment,
which he declared "unconstitutional."
Tho Legislature was to adjourn at v
o'clock 1 bc ne\t morning, but was to
have a night session. Tho irrepressible
vitality hack o? this movement evidently
knows u j defeat. Another hill leaving
ont tin unconstitutional clause was
framed and presented to the Sonate at
11 o'clock tiiat evening, and uudor a
"suspension of rules'' it passed both
hou.'es aud was signed by the Govoruor
before three o'clock the next morning.
The enemies of the hill went homo lift? r
the veto was read, thinking il wn - killed,
but .Mrs. Hunt and .'dis. Perkins, Presi
dent of Vt. W. C. T. G., stayed through
the night session; rallied the friends m
both houses to a new support of thc re
constructed measure, and tho sun rose
?ai a complete victory for the tomporanco
i duoation of ail thc children in tho pub
lie schools of thc (?reen Mountain State.
The new hill, now the law of Vermont,
is as sp?cifie as the one vetoed, with al
strong penalty for non-Oil forcement.
Mrs. Hunt gives great credit to Mrs.
Perkins for hearty co-operation in Mont
pelier and lo the NV. C. T. I . ladies who
rolled up 12,000 petitions ... signally
crowned with victory. Norfolk County
A Vermont paper .-ays, "The gratitude
of the State for this valuable legislation
isduoohioUy to Mis. Hunt. Discour
agomont with her called forth new plans.
Seeming defeat rocallcdothi r Uko scones j
that ended in victory. Ih r experience
furnished a precedent or warning in
OVOry emergency. Tireless in activity,
unshaken in faith, and invincible m
courage, she conquered defeat a* OVOry
The following i a copy of this new
AN Arr to provide lor the Study c.;
Scientific Temperance in the Public
Schools of the Slate of \ oriUOnt.
it is hereby enacted by thc General
Assembly of the State of Vermont:
SUCTION 1. In addition to tho branches
in which instruction is now required by
law lo ho given in the public schools, in
struction shall abo be given ns to tho
nature of alcoholic drinks and narcotics
and special instruction as to tie ir effects
upon thc huma i system in connection
with thc .several divisions of tlc- .subject
of Physiology and Hygiene. Ami .such
subjects shall he taught as thoroughly ns
arithmetic aud geography are taught in
said schools. Such instruction : hall bo
givou orally to pupils who arc not able
to read and shall be .??ven by the use of
toxt-books in tin- CUSO of pupils who are
able to read. And ?ich m.a ruction dial!
he given as aforesaid to all pupils m all
public schools in thc State.
SBC, 2. The text hooks Used for the
instruction required to bc given by the
preceding section shall give lit least one
fourth of their space to thc considera
tion of the nature ami offccts of alcoholic
drinks and narcotics; and tho books
used ill tho highest grade of graded
schools shall contain at least twenty
pagOS of matter relating to this subject.
IVxt hooks on Physiology in use in tho
schools nt the timo Ibis act takes effect,
which are not in accordance with tho
requirements of this section, shall be
changed for hooks satisfying the re
quirements of th.s section, except when
previous contract^ as to such t< xt hooks
are now in force,
Sr.c. :!. I'.ach teacher of a public
school lu this State shall, before bulging
tho school register with the district
clerk as provided hy .section 020 ol the
Revised Laws, certify therein whotlu r
instruction has been given tin tho school
or grade presided ovor hy such teacher)
as required hy this Act; aud HO public
money shall bc paid OVOrtotllC ticasiuci
of a union or other district unless the I
register of such district contains tho
CerlitieatC of the teacher that instruction
has boon given a.-. roquirod by this Act.
SKI'. I. All Act? or part., of Acts here
tofore enacted referring to tho study ol
Physiology and Hygiene, which -hall
give special prominOUCO to the elici ts ol
stimulants and narcotics upon the human
system, or t<> the sch dion ol text books
to be used in tho pursuance ol thatstndy
are hereby repealed, except tllOSC re
lating to the examination Ol teachers in
HBO. "?. This Act shall tnko effect from
its passage, hut shall not apply to tho
division of the public school moneys
made in 1887.
LRVI K. Pl u.r.ic,
Prosidont o? ihe Senate.
JOSIAH < hlOUT,
Speaker House, of Repr?sentatives.
API'IIOVBD: November 24th. 1880,
Km M V.I U J, Onusir&E, Governor.
? ? ?.
Thc National drill which is to take
place at Washington May 2TJ to HO,
promises to ho a grand success. The
secretary of the drill committee says the
total number of organizations corre
sponding at this time with regard to
entry and transportation is tWO hundred
and twenty-six. These are divided
among thirty-six diiToront Sh.tes. TllOV
comprise ono brigade, nine regiments,
sixteen battalions and ono hundred and
forty-live companies of infantry; ono
battalion, fifteen light batteries and
live machine-gun platoons in artillery;
six cavalry companies, seven of zouaves,
thirteen corps school cadets, live regi
mental banda and three drum corps.
An important occasion will ho Gov
ernors'L>av, when Ihe chief magistrates
of the di Ocrent States represented v. ill
roviow tho troops. Favorable replies to
tho invitations liavo been received from
the (iovei inns of Minnesota, Goorgia,
Ohio, Delaware, Maryland, Louisiana,
Now Jersey, Iowa, South Carolina,
North Carolina and Mississippi.
The thermometer, liken mat), rises hy
'-. r T f~~ i M i ? ii i i i.i UBI II II i iiwm -MB aa?faBBB?m?i
DI lil l ? I. i noll I < I KS.
Itovoltitlons, Wu ix, liui'tli<|itukOH in tin'
Nc\i Thirteen Vears--Tlicii COIIIUH Hie
?II 11 len 11.
(Kl'OlU Hie Haiti moro Still,)
Tho Kev. Mr. linster, editor ol thc
Now ?urk Christian Herald, preached
three times lust Sunday at Harris's
Museum on tho "(Joining of Christ and
the Beginning of tho Millenium.'' Large
atldioucos were prest nt. Mr. Baxter has
hoon spoaking on tito .same subject
throughout tho country. Ho is about
i>0 years old, rather tail, and 1ms bushy
(hui. huirtiud hoard. Many of his hear*
< rs, particularly womon, wont away look
ing serious or frightened.
His text was Daniel's vision of thc
tour beasts ont! of which, he said, ropro
; scuted thu babylonian empire, ono the
Modo Porsiau empire, ono tho Grecian
ompiro, and tho other the Hom an em
i pire. Mo predicted the formation, by
groat M.us and revolutions, of all tho
countries ol' Closer's original Hornau em
pires Into an allied confederacy of ten
kingdoms ruled hy ton sovereigns, as
represented by tho ton horns of tho wild
beast in tho seventh chapter and t SVOUty
fourth verso of Daniel, und tho subse
quent rise anning tho ten sovereigns of
an eleventh sovereign, who will be the
little horn as represented in til . boast
and who will li rsl appear in Syria. Tho
allied kingdoms will ho Britain, Franco,
Spain, italy, Austria, (?reece, Egypt,
Syria, Turkey and Bulgaria, in tho
meantime Uormnuy will have been coy
quered by Franco and will bo a part of
that kingde which will then be ruled
by a kin, in conquering (lorinauy
f rance w aided by lUtssin or by a
socialistic revolution in Gcrmnny. She
will be h u by Boulanger, who is a niau
of destiny. When tito len kiugdi ms arc
formed ino sovoroigu represented by the
little boru will gradually ?nen ase ins
powor until ho becomes king ?it ti.e ton
allied nations, ami dually the imperial
anti-Christ, Ho will bc a representative
of tho Napoleon dynasty, thu greatest
warrior that ever lived, tho c attiest
statesmun and tho most successful loader
of men. Ami rica will bo subject to Iiis
dominion. ile will not conquer this
country by bringing vast armies hore,
but will succeed liv menus of his fasci
nating genius, winch will win him count
loss adherents, such ns socialists, bibil
i.sts. bpiritiiaiists ntid Homanists, who
will eventually gol control of tin whole
Mr. Baxter prophesied that all these
thing:, will como to pass during (ho next
thirteen yours, afb r winch will conic tho
milloiiium of a thousand years. Tho
great wars lind r?volutions and earth
quakes will begin In a w ar Or two, and
will be iln uio.,t horrible, tho must do
vastutiug, t!n world lias known. By
I8'.t() tho ton kingdoms will havo boon
allied. As all countries outtiido Closer's
original Hornau empires will !>.. sepa
rated, at least legislatively, fruin tho ten
kingdoms inside tho Bunnin ompiro,
ireland and India and thc colonies will
bo separated from England legislatively,
if not outiroly. L'ho eleventh king will
Hrst attract attention by it SOVOll years'
covenant with tho dews, and in about
two and n half years thereafter ho will
advance Hom being merely bing of
Syria to ho hoad of I'rauce, and then bo
tho uipromo sovoroigu of tito world. Ho
will be the anti-Christ during the last
three and a half years.
With regard to his reasons ?or ?i\ing
tho tune for thc grout crisis, ho said thai
whatever dill'cronces of opinion have ex
isted among expositors as to the mere
details ut prophetic interpretation, more
thau a htiiutrcd of them have foreshown
in 1 heir boohs Unit it will probably take
placo between now and 1000. Having
arrived .it thc threshold of tins crisis, wt
behold their prophetic anticipations sig
nally voritlcd ami con fir mod by thc
startling signs of tho times poli teal,
social and religious clustering arouin!
lu view of these predictions, Mr. Bax
tortola his hearers that they will ht
living in fool's paradise if they do not
prepare for approaching ovouts liy saV'
lug their souls by so living that may bi
among the elect. L'hat dono, ali they
will haVO to do Will bc to wait tO see il
what in says will not como true.
Along tho sides of the museum gulle
rios wero vivid paintings of thc propho
eic:I, and ovor tho stage was a map o
Europe Mr. Baxter illustrated Iiis rc
m.irks by pointing to tho piottiros ant
tracing un thc map thc dominions ul' tin
allied nations. Collections were takci
un to pay fur tho museum, and copies O
Mr. Baster's book were sold and th
price ut his paper was aunouncod.
Kianinni' Kot|ulnltloii in lllault.
Before Govornor Gordon loft for Nm
York application Wits made, to liim t
issue a warrant for tho arrest of M. i
Closo, a former citizen of Indiana, an
declined oi: the ground that it vis a
effort to use tho process O? thc law t
collect a debt. lt was strongly CO?
tested. After the (inventor left a reg?
lar requisition fruin the Governor (
Indiana came tor Cluse. lt was nt
regularly presented, but thc counsel lt
tho prosecution were notified that tl
requisition would not bo honored bi
cause tho Govornor waa absent and t l
requisition was contested. Aller til
Governor left a requisition W08 made ll
Governor Gordon on tho Govornor <
South Carolina for W. s. Bnyde
charged with au oilbnCC in Augusta. (J
a blank previously signed, (Iuvenil
Uiehardson, of South Carolina, made
requisition on Governor Gordon, aft*
he had loft, for a party in Colli e count
and it was refused on tho aaino groiiui
that the one from Indiana liad been, b
causo tho Governor was absent and tl
requisition was contested, lt han bc?
the custom of the Governors of ( ?corgi
in anticipation Of emergencies reqtiirh
dispatch to sign blanks, so that they Ci
be used without delay. Take tho colin
officers of tho State elected in Januar
Justices Of the Peace, etc. During th
month alone, thif year, 2,?on blau
were examined ami tilled out, all sign
by tim Governor beforo the oloctic
The law of rcquiaitions, being ombrac
in tho Federal act, is uniform. Atlai
Cor. Augusta News.
Kor weak lungs, spliting ol blood, sin
ness of bicalh, consumption, night swi
ami all lingering coughs, Dr. I'icu
"Golder. Medical Discovery" ia it sovcre
remedy, Huporlor to cod liver oil.
Thc two cent stamps now in use coat
government niue couts a thousand.
I . ,j..-l?
WOMUK IIOVNU TO VOTE.
Tin y Will Demand that the Militia he
< ?iii?>?i out if Necessary.
(From tho Now York star )
Tho women's sufirago couamitteo of
Brooklyn modo oublie tho following
open lotter to Govoruor Hill:
Hon. David Hill, Governor of Now
But:--At a mass meeting of tho
women's auftrage OOinmitteo, thia eve
ning, il was unanimously resolved as
"That wo request the Governor of
Now York to recommend that u law bo
enacted during this BOSSion of tho Legis
lature to protect tho women in this State
iu exercising their right to vote on next
election day. During tho last eleetici
day wt; were intimidated, threatened
with imprisonment and bodily harm. If
tho Legislature fails to mukc a law for
our protection, we havo resolved to de
mand you to call out thc State militia to
protect us at tho polls, thereby prevent
ing riot and bloodshed."
A. C. ll AI.!., Secrenuy.
S. TwrrciU2i.iL, Oh'n Ex. Com.
Mrs. Twitched said that a bill was to
have boon presented in tho Legislature
last night, making it tho duty of election
officers to register and receive the vote
0? every woman of 21 years or over who
shall present herself for that purpose.
Woman SiiirrtiK*' Wyoming.
( ?ni of thc pretties! ami most prominent
members of fashionable sociol) here this
winter is a haly who has thc proud distict
i.ai ol having voted for her husband when
he ran for Congress. The lady in question
Is Mrs, Joseph Carey, wife of Ibo delegate
hom Wyoming Territory. Mrs. Carey,
while in no tensen "slrong-mlndcd" woman
is an ardon) believer in female suffrage.
She has seen Ibo practical working of the
lystein in Wyoming, und pronounces as
absurd tho common argument that the
righi of mil'rage uhsc.vcs a woman.
Al an evi nhl}" party recently where Mrs.
(Jorey was giving utlcraticc lo these senti
ments. Senator Wade Hampton blandly in?
tcrjcctcd the remark : -
"But, of course, you always voie as your
liushnnd Instructs you?"
Mrs. Carey's black eyes snapped merrily
is she replied.
' Indeed we do not. The lirSt lillie my
iitsband ran for office I voted ngami him
ind my mother supported him. The next
hue we both opposed him In each case
.ve though! thc other mau would make the
?otter officer, I mention this to show you
lia! in our family, ni leas!, tho women use
heir righi of s nil rage about as they please.
Moreover, the conferring of this power
i pon women has a good moral effect, cs
.eeially upon those whose husbands arc
?oliiieiaiis. You may believe that where
jvcry wont.oi te .permitted to vote the wives
>f politicians are very chary about unduly
;rilicising thc caber women. HQ do so
means Hie creation of enemies for your
linsband, who can work luina great injury
If Ihev choose, li is a powerful cheek:
upon tito longue; 1 assure you."-Wash'
!.iif/to it Li Ker.
I.uveriior Tilden'? Bitter,
The sister of (belate Governor Tilden,
if Nen York, Mrs. Man P. Pelton, died
in Saturday, without cv., receiving a cent
if her brother's bequest. Mrs. Pelton was
?H \ cars of age, and had boon enjoying fairly
rood health until within the last ten days.
\ special request to thc executors lo hurry
ip ibo execution of thc trust, so that she
might enjoy il during her life time, was
made some lime ago and met with no re
mouse. Mr. Andrew Green called upon
Mrs. Pelion a sholl time ago and o fte red to
loan her some money to meei any pressing
i c e - Miles, hut Mrs. Pelton replied that she
di<l no! ? are lo borrow any money, but
would like to have what her brother had
lett her Mr, Samuel J. Tilden, Jr.,
r ailed upon the e> editors a short time ago
?md urged them to arrange the trusts of his
Aunt Mary, Aunt Lucy and his mother, all
if w hom wen- old and SOW'CWhal feeble, in
Miler thai the might enjoy titelt brother's
bequests during their life time, lie said:
"Nevi r mind about the younger folks: wc
an shift for ourselves, ' Thc old ladies were
vi ry much disappointed to ''link they have
Inen treated so shabbily by the executors.
Thedeithof Mrs. Pelton may possibly bring
Ihem IO their senses. The friends of thc
family sa}' the heirs have been treated hy
the executors more as mendicants than as
sister-, nieces and relatives of the dead
statesman and millionaire.
Sol His Motlier.
Washington society has boon grinning
over tho blunder of ono of its number
a woman not unaccustomed to blunder
ing, howovor. She made a call on tho
newly-made wife of thc Secretary of tho
Interior. The servant ushered ber into
a salon, w here a stately person in sombre
miment and of austere mien received
ber. After tho usual exchange of social
amenities the visitor glanced around ex
pectantly, as if looking for some ono;
then turning to the hostess, she said:
"I presume you aro Mr, lamar's
mother, and 1 would like also to see tho
"Madame," replied thc stately dame,
"1 am Mr. Lamar's wife.*'-Detroit
s,,ui h Cn roi I nu Alica?!.
The l all llivi r News says: Who would
havo [supposed that print cloths made
m South Carolina would bo used by tho
American Print Company in this oity?
Vet snell is the fact. It is heavy doth
that is called for in tho tracie, thorofore
it must be used. ( >ne of tho mills in tho
mills in tho city ia now propnring to
make this class of goods, of which nono
is made here at present. Tho woight of
the cloth i.; four yards to tho pound.
A 1 biston newspaper tolls how thor
oughly the young won.en of the Hub
. ?njoy the Hholle.y readings, and appreci
ate tlio poetry, "(io thou to lvorno,"
bogan tho reader. "Don't 1 wish I
could." was the remark of a moml>or.
"I think those lines are delightful, don't
you?" "Ho goes right to tho heart."
After a long silence in tho comer, while
tho melodious voice of tho reader seemed
to bring a forgetfulness of all earthly
things to tho club: "Say," whispored a
young lady, "isn't ho lovely?" "Who,
the reader?'* "No." "Shelley?" "Why,
no; tho young mau with tho primrose
necktie. I'm just longing to know him.
He's a daisy."
It is said that the peculiar sunsets arc
i caused hy the Him trying lo sot by tl . new
stand nd Hmo.