Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
WHITE CAP KNIGHTS.
A KK<| ULA lt HAN? OF MASKl.'l) > IO I?
1.AXTI S IN INDIANA.
Tho Law iKiiorod hy II Hand of Itu Ullina
U'lmSn ii in Make tho Punishment Kit
tho Crhn?--I)eulli lorSerlouaOII'endera.
Tito White Caps aro to Southern In
diana what tlio Bald Kuobbers woro to
Missouri. Not KO desperate in cha: actor
us tlu> lutter, their organization is ?don
tieal and they have equally tot law at
Tho headquarters o? tho W hite Caps
aro in Harrison county, Indiana, hut tito
organization extends over into Craw ford,
Jefferson and half a dozen other coun
ties in the oldest civilization ol tho
There i.s not ii more intelligent, peace
ablo or orderly community in Indiana
than Harrison county. Corydon, tho
county seat, waa tho lirst capital o? tho
State, ami its court-house, built in 1811,
was tor lour years it? capitol. Tho
country is rioh anti sohools and churches
abound. A branch railroad has been
built to Corydon, and its citizens ure
prominent in State ami nation.
In spit<? of all this, tho White Caps,
or "Knights of the Switch," as they are
i omotimcs called, have existed forsevou
teen years. The courts have beoii set
at deliance, ails have been opened u".,'
prisoners liberated or punished, Mou,
women tiud children havo been dm ?cd
out of hod ut dead of night, and theil
homes bttrucd befOMj their eyes, while
timy themselves have hoon whipped,
tortured iritli llendish ingenuity and
made ,,, ||, l0 tin* country.
InKe the Haid Kuobbcrs, tho pro
fessed motivo of tho White Caps i. thc
punishment of crime moro swiftly and
fittingly than can bo accomplished in
the courts. For tins reason there hus
been little outcry against thom, and veu
when public indignation hos boon
aroused by some unusually llagraut act,
nothing hus been a< mniphshcd.
Tho identity of Whito Caps hus been
revealed time and again, hilt UOt olio luis
over boon brought to punishment. There
havo been many atti tnpts by grand juries
to indict tho oft'ondors, but so far thoy
have boon iucfl'cctivo. For ycart! and
years liardly a circuit court i.-; hohl in 1
Harrison county that the jury i.s u | in
Struotcd to investigate some case ol re
cent occurrence, but White Cups aro on
Hie jury and in the- court room, und '
nothing has ever been discovered in this
'lhere havo been but few confessions
of membership; hut one of those furn
ishes information ol tho regular induro
of tho organization. Tho White i ips,
or "Knights," uro orgin'zed with
lar lodges. i'h?. ro arv Vigils, gi p, and
poss words--crude, ot course, hut
suiiioieut for tho recognition of and for
communication betwet membors. Thoj
moot at appointed placv J, but not often
at the same place, and Iud seldom ?U ll
house. Secluded groves are their favor
ite resorts, and hore they assemble tl poi)
notification of Hie leader of tho longo.
Councils are held, ? xpeditious il?
ined upon and punishments inflicted.
Tho .sign for tho assembling of these
.'lodges' is tho laying of crossed h nee
rails in the middle ot tho road.
Tho earliest known l und of this or
ganization MUS in Scott township, Har
rison county, seventeen yours ugo.
James N. Kean, u small farmer, accused
of petty thiovery, was tied to a tree and
severely whipped, Ho was their lir.-d
victim, but cases wore frequent after
Of late tho White Caps liavo been very
active. The latent outbreak wa ni
Jefferson county, two miles from tho
?mull village of Brooksbltrg. A band of
masked men lost friday night broke into
tho farmhouse of Stout Bronson, dragged
him from bed with Ins wife and child,
removed the furniture from the rooms,
burned tho dwelling and quietly di ip-?
tica red. Neither bronson nor his in i^h- i
K>rs eon assign any reason for tho out
rage, but it is supposed tho White Caps
wore headed by n personal enemy. That
tho party was from the organization was !
shown hy their wearing the white ina-ks !
Which have given their name.
Tho Knight? were guilty ten days ago I
of a Borious offence. At midnight o
baud of Mime twelve <>r fifteen white
masks visited tho house of Jos. Lynch,
a farmer who lives m ar Leavonworth.
Tliey broke in tho doors, seized Lynch
and his wife, entered the room where
slept his daughter Mary with her three
brothers and dragged tho whole party
into tho iront yard, Tho two younger
boya broke loose ami lied into the
Five men held Lynch ami the older
boy, and the remainder w hipped tho two
women with stout hickory Switches,
'l'hey mounted their horses when
Buflioient punishment had boon inflicted
nod quietly rude II?' y.
Tim home ni Lvncl) was visited and
Iiis wife was found at work laying a rail
fonce in front of the house. Her boys
were around tho house, aud Mary got
np OUt of bed to btare at the unaccus
tomed visitor. Very shabbily dressed
wore all. Mr. Lynch was at work at a
neighbor's, and his wife was so fright
ened that she tren hied from head to toot
when questioned, thinking tho reporter
WOS one of the Knights.
Bhe said tho Caps had been thero a
week ago mid whipped her and Mary,
but sho couldn't lelnetnber anything.
When any trouble came her heart bent
eo fast that it choked her and she fell
down like deiul, alni that was tho way
with her that night. She was evidently
afraid to tell anything, but after long
persuasion made tho following State
"Ivo livod hero nil my life, and I be
long to good people, but i've had a hard
time. Hr. Lynch owns a farm and I'll
got this placo from my mother. We've
hod trouble nud aickuene.
..My girl Mary got iuto trouble, but
tho young man said he'd marry her.
Thoy wore to bo married In tho fall, bul
my non Willis got indicted and the)
couldn't bo. Then they were to be mar
ried iu tho spring, but his family mude
Hitch a trouble they couldn't. His name
in Bryant ( i roon, and ho is the son ol
Wesley ( I reen, our nearest neighbor. Il
says he'll marry her yet.
"The other evening Audy Green,
Bryant's young brother, como over und
borrowed our shotgun. That night tlio
'vigilanco'canto and tlioy whipped mo
and whipped Mary. J don't know wlio
it was. Thoy whipped na in our night
olotbes. first ont? and then another
lashed us both. Mary's so awful hurt
I'm afr.'id she'll die. I guess there's
some people want our little propootyaud
aro trying to drive us away."
Mary Lynch is not more than seven
teen years old and rallier good looking.
Sli"' could tell no more than her mother.
Wesley (?reen, father ol' Bryant Oreen,
was found hy the ru porter and said that
the I yueltCS kept a had place playing
cards ;:iul 'whooping'on Sundays. The
vigilantes, he thought, had done right
in whipping them. .Mrs. Lynch was u
respectable woman, ho guessed, and the
'cutting np' had only bcon going on
seven or eight months.
Public opinion in the neighborhood is
much divided ovor tho matter, hut tho
general opinion is that tho Knight* ought
not to have done the whipping.
Tho whipping of women ia too fre
quent in the Knights to ho pleasant.
Generally their victims are charged with
unchastity, hut it. is admitted that lhere
have been CUMS win II whippings were
given as the result of disappointment or
In Dino Hiver town hip Lem Arnold
lived a couple ol' yearn ago. Ile was ap
parent l\ stout and healthy, -bid was
accused of shiftlessness and. lotting his
wife haul wood. Tl .vd winter a Land of
tin- Knights visited him at midnight,
took him OH! of bod and hauled up a
good Supply ol' firewood. Arnold dr? w
.ne sled in Iiis nightshirt, and although
he was liberally whipped to keep up the
circulation lie died a few wee'.s a tor
ward of consumption brought on by tho
In tho saine township lived Henry
Long, a lawyer, accused of hoing ii dis
turbing element, especially at elections.
Ile was brought to trial hoforo a magis
trate. While the case was in j.ingress a
Laud of masked men with their coats
turned surrounded tho house. Kong
sprang to the door, and shot dead the
lint man w ho cut? red. Tho viet im
proved to bo a respected Frenchman
named M. llenriot, whom the mob had
forced int" the ?ead. Long tried to
shoot again hut his pistol failed him.
ile made a dash through the crowd, hut
received sovoral shots, from tim ell'ects
ot which he died next day at Cory .'mn.
None of the hand was c\cr brought to
Corydon was once captured by a band
of tho* "White Cups." in May, lss:,,
there was talk ot corruption |n tho coun
ty o theos, hut to the demands for inves
tigation no attention was paid. On
Saturday ovening two men rode into
town about dark, saying they had come
to BOO the ktl-klux, Siam horsemen Le
gan tn ride into town from every road.
In half an hour between two and three
hundred hod gathered upon the publie
square The WICH hud their coala turned,
and .41 WOW y bite mni.kf;, with a .h./.en
othor forms eu disguise AU the horses
had white madu; over their heads, witli
holes cut tor, their eye., and ems. A
number of horses had white strips tied
around a lon- leg. The banu rode
through every street in the town iu mil
itary order, thou once around it, and
then disbanded. Two or throe wi re ob?
served to i nie into a I i vi ry stable and
leave their horses.
Tho next morning lottere threatening
to burn the tow?1 and kill every one of
tho ollie? rs unless an investigation was
ordered were leeched hy tho COUUtV
commissioners and several ol' the promi
An investigation was ordered tho next
week. Discrepancies woro found in the
treasurer's and auditor's oilieee. Treasur
er Bowling turned over a large sum of
money he had collected, was sued on his
bond and ?000 more was recovered. The
records 111 tho auditor'.! ellice were muti
lated one night, so a complote investiga*
lion could not he had. Auditor A. W.
Brewster, however, paul over $2,000
which it with thought ho owed the
doini Jacob Miller, a well-to-do farm
er living near Corydon, WOS brought be
t?rt! the grand jury us , no of thu mob.
Ho refused to testify and was ordered to
jail for contempt, lie secured a few
minutes' bilk with tito Judge and the
prosecuting attorney, however, and the
order was revoked, Miller went home
and nothing more was ever done 111 thc
Those instances could be multiplie I
by the score. Quoorly enough the In
dianians seem not to be much opposed
to the "White Cups" and conclude they
rarely make mistakes 111 punishments.
The more thoughtful, however, admit
that Ibo Organization is sometimes the
weapon id private malice and that great
w rong is done. Still, nothing is done to
break Up tho "Knights."
\ Irglnlu Politics.
lt is understood among tho Virginia
politicians that ox-Govcrnor Cameron
wild Senator Hiddloborgor ure acting in
elose conceit in the maturing of plans to
thwart (?enera! Mahone's ambition to
succeed Uiddlebergor in the Senate.
Among other reports is one that they
contemplate making overtures to the
Democratic managers in Virginia for a
joint combination against Muhone. Hut
although this rumor linds ready credence
in some quarters, those in a position to
know do not believe it to have tho icaht
foundation. Whatever inthn nee the two
young lenders have must ho 111 thc ranks
of their own party, und there can Ix no
Inducement for tho Democrats to make
any personal alliance with them? That
they both are resolved to leave no means
untrn d to defeat Gi neral Maheno is un
doubted. All Virginia politicians of ex
perience agree that if a Hcpubhcun Leg
islature in elected General Mahono is
bound to bu its choice for Senator.
Probably tho best course for Cameron
and ltiddloborgei mid their supporters
will bo to pursue a course of masterly
inactivity, hut they aro too much intor
esti d to adopt such a oourse as this.
Tho Virginia Dem?crata express the ut
most conlldoncc in their own ability to
carry tho L?gislature. In tho meantime
General Muhone, wbo is apparently
keeping porfectly quiet, is undoubtedly
bard at work laying his own plans und
will ho prepared to spring them in his
Dr. Pierce's "Favorite Prescription" is
tho dchillbitcd woman's bcsl restorative
INVKNTOK K li Ul, VS MOTO?.
Uta Says lt I? Nearly Pliilnhed-Konowliig
lils l'tist I'roittlSCH,
Inventor .John W. Keely lia;, just
issued a printed ear?! of instructions to
those who tuny visit Iiis workshop during
tho hour set apart for visitors. In it ho
says: "1 am now engaged in what I term
the process of 'graduating' or adjusting
my engine, by which 1 mean securing a
regulated and uniform speed or motion
of it. This, when ellet: ted, will finish
my work, which will be known as the
.Sympathetic Ethorio Motor,' and my
new loree will then bi: adapted to com
mercial purposes. Visitors will observe,
on entering my shu]), my poWOl'-devol
oping structure, tcrnn d the 'Sympathet
ic Et boric Liberator,' which hal,gs sus
pended on the second tloor in a tubular
nug, and fl Otu which a wire of : null
diameter, and made ol' tilternate sections
of platinum and silver, e xtends to an at
tachment allixed to one end of the shaft
of the engine which I am graduating'."
Ile then goes on to explain tin- ad
vantages of his "liberator," and to ex
patiate on the arduous duties lu; ll OS
been compelled to perform to rcaeh the
successful control of the motor on which
lie is working. He rept a;-, the promises
be bas made for the last ten years to ex
plain by diagrams, otc, which be shall
publish to the world, the wonderful
mechanism of his motor when he has
completed his present process of adjust
Tho Cotton Movement.
I rom thc Now York Financial Chron
icle's cotton article of last week Hie fol
lowing ligures are gathered relative to
the movement of the staple during the
past week :
The total receipts reached 3,511) bales,
against -1,032 hales last week, 7,51)0 bab's
the previous week, and 0,705 bales three
weeks since; making tile tidal receipts
since the 1st of September, 1880, 6,183,
108 bales, against 5,232,830 babs for the
same period of 1885 ii, showing a de
crease since September I, 1880, of ID,
The exports for the wuikreach a total
of 8,528 bales, of w hich 2,887 were to
Great Britain, to Prance, and 5,011
to tho rest of tho continent.
The total visible s apply of cotton, as
made lip by cable and telegraph, for the
week is as follows :
Total of (dent Britain stock 870,000
bales, total of continental stocks 302,000
bales making u total of European stocks
Of 1.202,000 bales. Tin- total visible
Stipply for tho world is 1,008,070 bales;
of this number 1,210,370 are American
and 7-17,000 Hast Indian, etc.
The imports into continental ports
during tin- week were 25,000 bales.
These ligures indicate a dccretlCO in the
cotton in sight of 70,017 hales as ./ m
pared with tho same date of 1881 w&d
a decrease of 3,300 hales as cou tiri \
with tho corresponding dato of 118 ?j.
Thc rceelpn ut interior town. >?><'''/,/
week wore 2,421 hales. Old int^ #, ?
stocks have decreased 1,001 bahs, add
were 62,101 bah s less than at the same
period last year.
The receipts from the plantations,
b< iug the actual movement, not includ
ing tho overland receipts nor Southern
consumption, of cotton that roached the
market through tho outports for tho
week were 3,510 bab s. Thu total re
ceipts since the 1st September arc 5,181,
Cotton insight 0,800,203 l?alos, being
a decrease, as compared with last your,
of 110,012 bales.
Mr. Ellison's cotton ligures, brought
down to 1st dune, give the taking hy
spinners of ('real Britain 2,51-1,000 bales
and tho continent 2,027,000 bales, a total
of ?,lil,<Mii) halos, against thc total of
previous year of -1,5."?-, (il H I bales. The
average weight ol deliveries m Great
Brimin is I ld pounds, against I'd pounds
during the same time last year. < '( n 111 -
nental deliveries average 130 pounds,
against 117 pouudf last year.
In reviewing the speculation in hitares
during the past week, tho Chronicle says:
The speculation in cotton for future
delivery at this mark, t has Leen fairly
active for tho week under review, but
the course of prices has continued ipiito
Unsettled, besides again showing sollie
irregularity as between the current and
tho next crops. A feature has been the
w t alu liing of the BpCCtllativC confidence
ill September deliveries, which was at
one tune very strong. Thus on Batt!!'
1 day there was au advance lor every
mouth except September and October.
' lu Monday a general (leoline look place
tu the latter dealings, due in a measure
to sympathy with the collie market, with
w hich miniv members of our Cotton l '.\
change hold oloSO relations. On Tues
day a steadier opening was followed by
a fresh di chm-, amt then a partial recov
ery. Wednesday the market was active,
hut closed slightly casier. Ou Thursday
a better report from Liverpool and im
proved tone and values in other specula. -
tive circles gave renewed apirit to tho
speculation for the rise in cotton. Fri
day there ".:-..s a sharp decline, with the
close at about the lowest ligures, due
again, it was almost uniformly admitted,
to sympathy with the decline ia coffco.
Cotton on the spot has been quieter.
Tho purchases for Uussia embraced 2,000
halos additional taken on Friday after
'Change, making 0,000 bales in ah; after
which there was a fair demand for home
Tun PIIII.AOKI.CIIIA TIM RS wants to
know, if tho proposition to return tho
battle Hags to tho States by whose
soldiers they were carried raised Hitch an
outcry, what will bc tho Omet of thc
proposition now made by the soldiers of
thc Philadelphia Brigade to return to
tho veterans of Pickett's Division tho
Hap. captured from them at Gettysburg?
What will General Fairchild and th?
tither excitable patriots have to say t<
this? Will they declare that the soldieri
who stood at Ibo stone wall on Unit criti
cal 3d of ?Inly when tho course of history
was decided, are now no better than
"rebels" and "cowards," and tho like?
Or will they not he forced to acknow
ledge that thc real soldiers, the inen w lin
did tho lighting, believe that tho war il
over ami the Inion restored, and that il
anybody should be called bani ninnes, it
in the demagogues who will not lot in
Jbot your tnlk be always adapted carefully
to lime and place. Don't prate ftbOUl
homeopathy to a doctor of the blessings ol
celibacy U> s young lady engaged to ls
NO DANCKK OF AiN O?TBHKAK.
Tin: ItKPOUTKI) NKGltO ' 48UUUKC
TIOIN IN LAU1USN8 COUNTY,
Uolutng Meetings ?? MldnIght-*No Au
thority lor tho ? >I? <. Tin ? al? Suhl to Iiiivo
Hoon MHUe-"J>r Incl pies" <>.i iii?-' "Co
op?rai ive Workers of America."
(Prout th?; News mid Coorlor.)
LAUMSNS, J unu 20.-Colonel .). H.
Traynkam, of tho Governor's slab', and
Captain L. E. Irby, of tl io Laurena
Guards, bavo returned from Cedar
Grove, Young's township. Colonel
rrayubam refuses to bo intervie wed, but
bo will proceed to Columbia nul report
directly to Governor Hichmdson to
morrow. Captain Irby, however, is un
der no obligation to roport ollioially, and
luis very kindly furnished mo such in
formation as ho had.
There is no doubt that some of tho
negroes aro organized, and that they
oftoi) h ?ld meetings botwocu midnight
und daylight w ith tho greatest precau
tions at secrecy, sentinels hoing station?
cd at convenient distances from tho
roudczVOUS. 'I he various dire threats
that liave boon so widely circulated cnn
nul bo traced authoritatively to the or
ganization, Thoro will bo no outbreak
unless the negro lendors shall act rashly,
as tho whites preserve great caution. 1
neglected to say that the meetings are
bel l near the linos of Laurens and
(Ircenvillo counties, on tho Greenville
Tho organizations are known as the
"Co-operative Workers of America,"
and aro tho oll'spriug of the Hoover in
lluonco, and many believe they aro for
the purpose of extorting money from tho
ignorant negroes, it costs each member
one dollar and lilly-live ci lita to take all
tho degrees, and om: dollar and fifty
cents ol that amount is forwarded to
ilickon, N. C. Several packages of
money have been sent from Simpson
ville, Greenville county, and Woodruff,
Spartauburg county, to Hickory, N. C.
L have scoured some of the literature
of tho "Co-operative Workers of Am. ri
ca," issued "by order of the executive
board, ll. I'. Hoover, president; W. K.
Killian, vico-prosident; .lohn F. Llosa,
1 gem ra' seen'arv; C. !.. [lawn, treasur
or; .I.A. boich, goneral auditor; .Martin
Nobler, nelli ral committee agi nt." Un
der cover of a small pamphlet, signed as
ab.'Ve indicated, 1 glean what purports
to he the principios and objects of the
organ i /.at lou.
"lt is tho proper object of government
to malic laws that will secure tho great
est good to tho greatest number, on tito
basis of absolute justice, with an aim to
ward universal liberty.
> "Ku. m :t.y yiHIS our government luis
"I cen run to the advantage of a Cow, for
the bonofit of a privileged class -the 1
i amoved aristocracy, while tho masses,
tho usoftll peoplo, have hard burdens
hard to boor."
Thc objects of the organization un
declared to be:
"To elevate and dignify labor; to sc
ene io ibo laborer a just sharo of the I
produc?s of Ins toil; to instruot bini in a
knowledge of Iiis rights and his wrongs,
and his duty to his country and his Iel- i
low-mun; to use all rational ricans to
bettor ins social, moral und financial con- i
To accomplish these objects they dc- '
"Thc establishment of bureaus of
I labor statistics; tho abrogation of laws i
that do not bear equally upon capital
ami labor; tin- adoption of measures
providing for the health and safety of |
th iso OUgag d in mining, Ac; tho en-?
nctmont of laws to compel corporations
to pay tin ir employees weekly in lawful |
money; the enactment ol' laws providing
for arbitration between employer and
employees] tho enactment of laws to
prohibit tho hiring out of convict labor
and b> work convicts on the public
roads; that the importation of loreign
convict labor be prohibited; that the
poll tax bo repealed ; tho establishment
of a free co-oporativo school system; the
abolition of child labor in mines, work
shops and factories. "
Tliey demand of Congress: "That the
public lauds, the heritage of tho people,
lie reserved tor actual settlors, Ac; the
establishment of a national monetary
system; that a graduated income tax bo
levied so that the greater tho income tho
higher tho rate of taxation; tho enact
ment of a graduated forfeiture Act to be
levied oil the esbitcs of the rich at their
death; that tho government shall organ
I izo financial exchanges, sali: deposits,
\'C; that tho government construct pos
tal telegraph or telephone system, Ac.;
that I'tilted States Senators be elected
by the people; that tho Government es
tablish an t maintain a freo ballot in
overy Stat o of tho Union: a radical re
duction in thc Ices, salaries Wal per
quisites of govern mont officials is de
manded; ?bat the hourn of labor bo re
TllOQ they say:
"We an- opposed to war, and consider
Strikes OS dangerous to society, hurtful
to the participants and Contrary to the
interost ol good government."
They promise co-operation with tho
Knights of Labor and all similar organi
< olonel Traynham'fl Report,
After shiting that, in obedience to the
order of thc Governor, ho visited Cedar
Grove on tho 1st h instant and inter
viewed several prominent mon in regard
to tho mutter, Colonel Traynham says:
"There is no doubt OS to tho existence
of an organization among tho negroes in
that county. Tho object of it 1 could
not ascertain with certainty. Tho Ho
rr?os hold their meetings Into at night,
say from 12 to daylight. No person is
admitted to them except members or
parties seeking to become members.
i While tho object of tho organization is
not known, tho opinion prevails that it
i is in the nature of tho Knights of Labor.
, There is some excitement among tho
whites in the community, but I could
not learn of actual threats coming from
! tho negroes, although thero aro some
rumors of threats having boon made.
Some of the whites aro of opinion that
tho negroes aro not working as well as
they have been, and it is reported that
; some of them have said that thoro would
lie a chango of things about the 4th of
J.Inly, biuler this itato of foots I fool
unable to moke any definite recommen
dation and submit the whole mattor to
your better judgment.''
Altogether i? Paine Alarm.
COWMHIA, .June 21.-In aocordauce
with iiiHtruetioiiH from tho home olHoo, 1
wont to Lamons yesterday to investi
gate tho rumora which have been so
wildly circulated as to au uprising of
colored farm laborers, and 1 came hack
to-day satisfied that nine-tenths of tho
reports hr. ve boon without justification.
Thc negroes baye beeu triokod by
Hoover and mon ol Ids stamp into en
tering a labor association, which is asi
less to them and which tiic.v do aol un
derstand. Hoover holds tho fees lill :
they bold thc meetings. Tin y have u
blind idea that joining such an orgi
Mon will help thom financially, if, a is
reported, not 2 por cont, of tho ucgroos
in that section work i ir wage-, it is im
possible to boo what good a strike \.
do them. They contract to cultivate tito
orops for a share, and us tho crop is al
most laid by now u violation of ?1
contracts would Biuiply ? ave molloy to
As to tho talk of insurrection the ; o
[ilo in tho town of Laurens liuvo uo faith
m it. lt is impossible to trace
rumors to thia ollect to any authentic
source; Then* is less uucusiuess aud
concern in the town of Laurens on tins
subject than thorn i.s Lu Charleston or
Columbia, All work is goiug on quietly
in the section alleged to bo threatened
and tho Concurrent opinion of every ono
I spoke to in Laurona was that nothing
could be ascertained or seen by going
Tho sootion where the labor organiza
tions exist is near tho Greenville and
Spartnnburg lines. Thu whites are in
thc majority. There is no county in the
State where tho UOgrooa have been
longer mid moro completely w ithin the
control of the whites than in Laurens.
Au insurrection would simply mean their
own obliteration. I asides t his, liareis
HO issue w doh could SO excite them us
to make them desperate. Then is no
conflict of wages, such os lcd to the rico
field strikes of 1870. They have tue
prospect of gathering thu lineal crops
tl loy have had for n decade. Their fu
ture is full of hope for material BUC<.
Tho sum of tho whole matter ?a that
die negroes have been kept so complete
ly undor oontrol in Laurens county thal
organization of any kind is unusual to
them, and tin- fact that have now
ganized for an undefined agrarian pur
pose is enough to make some foolish oi
un reasonable people imagino vam tilings.
The people of the tow n ol Laurens are
infinitely moro concerned in tho build
ing of thoir cotton faotory than :n this
thing, which is a sensation to those at
great distances from tho scene of tho re
Your Laurona correspondent bas ten
warded so full an account that it is uu
neocssary lor mo to say moro than this.
Colonel Traynham, of tho Governor's
utah, came down to-day with me from
Lamons, tie refused to mako any state
ment for publication, but intimated thal
I bad about beard all the facts from
Captain Irby. My talk with t'aptn
Irby assisted mc in forming the conclu
sion set forth above. Colonel Tray nhain
linnie a brio! verbal report tothoGovom r
this evening and wont to bed. His Ex
cellency could not ho found ..t home,
nor would ho bc seen for a moment al
the meeting of Hie trustees of tho Uni
versity, winch ho is attending and w hich
will last for hours vet, but it may bo
confidently assumed to night that Col.
Traynbam's conclusion agrees substan
tially with those of Captain Irby, and
that neither ho nor thc (iovoriior ?81
alarmed at tho prospect.
All (Jillet in Sp;, rt i, u li II ii;.
Si'AUTANiirao, .lune 21. Further in
vestigation to-day strengthens mo in my'
opinion that tho negroes of this county]
do not contemplate n strike, or any vio- ;
lenee. They ure not fools enough, to
wait iud'' .i.i'ir crops are nearly linislii 1
with the liiiest prospects they have lin 1
for years, to begin a revolution that
would damage them in every possible
?JOHN SH KUM AN, Ills Hoi TH.
Tull? Willi ii Cincinnati NCWHIUIper?Out
lining I'lu l'i illili ni ?.il I iou i' 11 gil.
i Fruin thc Cincinnati l-".n<|Ulrer.)
"1 notice that your brother, the gon
oral, hos written an interesting lottor to
his comrades of tho Grand Army ul si.
Louis," 1 saul.
"Yes, and don't you know 1 like that
lett? r a gr. nt deal? '
"Then yon approve of tho Bcntinn ul i
".Most certainly, and all thoughtful
men will take thc same vii W of tho sub- 1
jct-t when they reibet calmly upon it.
Tho incumbent of tho Presidential ollico
is entitled to the respect of the people,
uiiltSH hu is guilty of some oflt USO
against public morality and the public
interest?. Men may very properly differ
with those in authority as to political
views and measures of public policy, bul
it will not do to carry these differences
of opinion to tho point of treating a
President with discourtesy and disre
spect, simply because then- maj bc nil n
in ii public assemblage or on a public
occasion w ho differ with him politically,
or upon tho advisability or non-advisa
bility of measuroa of public policy. Ib
is first entitled to that courtesy that is
lino to every good and law abiding citi
zen on rll occasions, and second to that
respect which belongs, under the genia;,
of our institutions, to thu position of
chief magistrate of a gnat, a prosperous,
au ctluoatutl a civilized people."
"Do you bold to tho opinion that it
thu Fe roo bill bail passed Congress thc
alleged suppression of tho ballot in thc
South would have boen prevented? '
"That is something that no man can
tell. We can form no adequate idea of
what tho result might have been. Hut
I have very serious doubts about tl?;
feasibility of tho general government
protecting individual right? or prevent
mg individual wrongs where the local
f;ovornmont is not willing to interfore In
lohalf of tho eitizons. Freu speech, a
j fruu ballot, and tho exercise of tho gen*
j oral rights of citizenship arc not what
may be termed constitutional rights, but
iahoront rights, and if they arc denied
in a community, tho general govern
mont can not intorforo, unloss tho State
authorities invoke that Interference.
Tho failure of tho Stato to call upon the
national govornmont. dubars it from in
terfering in behalf of thoso who aro
"WU1 yon ploaso illustrate that idea,
??ana i i nom.. manaaMMaamaMHaaoHBMpaaMHM
..Lot uti Btipposo u ouse boro tu Bich?
1 mond county, Suppose, tor instance,
; that a majority ol our people should
, combino together lo deprive tho Quak
ers, or the Catii . ?es, or any other re
ligious ?cet or d?nomination, o? tho
righi to worship OCCOrdillg to their re
ligion 8 tom il 1 and forms; denied them
tho freedom of specoh and the right of
assembling, and tho State toed; no ac
tion, tin loral government would have
uo righi lo iutorfero and protect them
iu thou ' igbte."
"But would lt not bc the duty of the
| .State to protect thom?"
"Undoubtedly. liol suppose tue
s? .t.: bhould nol discharge that duty,
i No appe al would lie to the gonornl gov
ernment. It could not interioro unless
the mattor sh ?uld riso to the height of a
robelli m tig : si thc law?or tho United
1 States or an invasion ot its territory f ir
i a hostil'- purpose. A community may
boin rebellion nguimit tho laws of a
State, hut the general government eau
j not interleio lo crush out that rebellion
! unless tho Stale government invokes its
[ aid and OSsistaUCO."
"How, thin, would you remove tho
wrongs which you claim oxisl in por?
\ tiona ot* the South, and how would you
; provont tile suppression ot' the ballot,
which you claim is BUppreSSOdV"
1 "I would propose a remedy, but I
doubt whether tho Bopublicau pacts
Wotlld Collie up to it."
"What is that, Senator?"
"I would have Congress enact a law
Uxiug thc time, manner and circum
stances ol "lilting members of Con
gress, donning and providing for the
j rights of every citizen at such an elec
tion, and putting it wholly with tho gol
1 eminent for tho conduct and regulation
of Congressional olections. lu olhci
words, the entire supervision of thu elec
tion ol' members of Congress should lu
with the United States government."
"But is then any warrant lor that ii
"Clearly; thal principio has bceu de
cided by the courts on several occasions,
and thc Supremo Court has laid down
tho doctrine unequivocally, and its d?'
cihioUH are in lill imo ol ?is establish
im l.t. With such a statute enforced,
there could l>e t o abridgement of tn
elective franchise, no suppression ol bal?
lots iu i lectio UH concornitig tlc interest,
of government, l in n, i! communities,
or even States, should attempt to ? e
privo oitizons of their right > franchise,
the government (... ?I-' lawfully interfere,
put an ohd to il ami rehabilitate own
citizen. Wnh Un if ':;! of i very citizen
to ?Mst Ids vote ?iud have it counted tm
mi ni1', r.-o. CCugicss atid . lectors foi
Prcsid ul clearly established ?md ti
forced, tho stum righi at Sta' . mid loen
eleolious would non loree itself, ni
though there would bu no govern meir
in ter lore: ce."
.'Then you would have the same lav
apply in the choice f Presidential olee
tor- iii;.: appli i. iu the oleetiot. ?d' mein
hers of < !i >ngV< Sb?"
"Ceiu>inly, and why not?''
I "Do you think, Senator, lind Congfef
will be callid in . siraordinnry session?
"Thal i hard i' ii i!, hui i should no
be surprised, lt is true that if th
Presiden I should cull an extra session o
Cougrcssit.wonId.be a rellection upo
himself, hut. the linaiiciul Condition o
the country demil lids an .arly usscnl
hiing nf ( trune s."
"How would Congrega i ni provo tli
financial il uafion?"
"By reducing taxation ami proyeutin
Hie accumulation ol' un niue, ivssary sui
plus in the treasury, ? tve go at th
rate ot'accumulating over 8100,000,011
ilUUllully of usehs, uni uiUlCCCSsar
revenue, and locking it up in the tiensi
ry, all our industrial and commercial ti
forests will be jeopardized."
"Bul how can taxation ho reduced?
"By a revision of the tariff and mod
llcatioit of tll? internal revenue laws."
'.Will there be n revision und modil
cation of the laritV laws?"
"There will doubtless he a red uo tm
on Humorous items. "
"Where vlo sou think the redU0t?o
should bo applied'.'''
"I think thal there si otiUT be a d.
cided reduction in tho tariff on sugii
and then a bonuty should be paitl i
American sugar sulllciontly generous t
secure the production of all the sugar l
tho United States thal our people int
consume. Wo have the best sod inti
world for tho sugar beet and sorghii
cane, covering almost limitless uren
and we have a larger area adapted lo t!
cultivation bf West India can. ns
Louisiana. Wo ought to producoall t
sugar we consume, and wc may readi
doso by II judicious tariff and libel
bouillies t.? producors."
>i..ni > Mad? in Cofl'uv.
Among thc people in Wall street wi
do not put on mourning over thc bre
in tiie pru is of coffee i" New York a
in wheat in Chicago are the followers
Ucl ry Clews A < 0. Mr, Cli WA said i
coutly that his linn li.id paid out to ot
tone 's over $200,000 in proIiis on ooh
deals, and that tho declino in wheal h
i made a dilloronco ol over ?1,000,000
the credits of he, ofllco. "Wo do
strictly commission business," said i\
Clews; "1)111 wc do not propose to alli
our customers to buy or soll thron
this house inness in our judgment til
will realize returns for the money th
will invest. A week or ten days ago t
representatives of one ol' thc. local agi
O?OS caine to me and said he had lu
deputed toget thc opinion ol the prill
pal brokers of the .street upon the sid
?ion ami prospects, 1 told him I wa
bear on everything, and told him wh
believed stocks would go lower, and w
the wheat corner and the c?lico con
lind roached annul the limit,
laughed and said I was alone, for all
men he had seen believed in higl
prices nil around. I have not seen 1;
since, but 1 fool much like laughing i
self to day, lt is md luck ; it is the
suit of close study of tho situ?t i
History repeats itself iioro as well
elsewhere, it hau donn so now; it I
do so bereufli < ; and wo have not s
the loweut prices yet. Wheat will
much lower, for the Chicago cornor j
plc aro knocked oui for at least a yea
Throw th? i"">\ 'i. ' 1 ' > - ' '.?> o 'i
Were t hrilliug words, spoken at a t
of great danger. The lives of all ou
vossol depended upon prompt act
Your lifo may bo blessed and prolou
I by tho prompt uso of Dr. Darter's J
I Tonic for that blood trouble.
LONDON'S NEWEST LION.
ll UFF A LO HILL'S AUTOBIOOBA?HV
l'Oie PATRONS OF THF. WILD WKST.
A Sample of th? Varna He i* Telling His
Itoj-al Frleud4>*IIo\i Ule Got His Title
Other Facts in Hu' Cureor ?>' Mr. Cody.
I was born in February, 1812, in tho
Stute o? Iowa. 1 need not go into detail
respecting my family, ami can dismiss
my youth brietly by saying that when 1
was not on a horse I waa just being
thrown oil'one. 1 noon became a pretty
smart rider, and my practice with a gun
was pretty good, too. 1 waa 12 y uara
when 1 killed my first indian, lt hap
pened rather sudden, i was waiting out
by tho river, near Port Kearnoy, ono
night about 10 o'clock. My companions
had got on ahead somehow, and I was
quito ?done, when looking up toward tho
Mull bordering the river 1 saw, illumi
uatcd by thc moon, the bend and shoul
? rs of a li vi' 11.dian, watching mo with
* vident interest, Now 1 had hoard
many stories ol" tho doings of the rod
mon, and hud also been inculcated with
a tho] ugh distrust of their ways; BO,
I nick ly coming to a conclusion a? to
what L shoutd do, 1 brought my gun to
my shoulder, and aiming at the head,
tired. The report sounded louder than
usual in tho silence of thc night, for it
waa past IO o'clock, and was followed by
a war whoop .such as could only bo built
lip by nu Indian, and thc next instant
over sis tool of dead Indian came down
splash into the river.
S ion after this I went to business. I
took to tho plums, and in the employ of
Messrs. Llussoll and Simpson, soon
!. urned tho ms and outs of tho wild life
led with horses and cuttle-driving teams,
riding express ponies, und getting to
know tho laud. Among other things, 1
somehow found out how to hunt b?llalo,
.i sport .second to DOUO, if you know
how. 1 shall never forget the faces of
live oflicors I met on the prairie once,
now ninny years ago. Thoy were after
lt herd of b?llalo. So was I, We ex
changed views. 1 gave them my idoas,
lliey gave me their sympathy, "Von
surely don't expect to catch bullido with
thal Uothic steed," said t hey.
"I am going to try," I said.
"You'll novor do lt, man alive," said
tho captain, "Itwuntsa fast horse to
"Does it?" 1 responded.
"Yes, but you can come with us, if
And 1 did like. There wore eleven
b?llalos in tho herd, and while tho
otlicors roil?; straight at them, 1 headed
th? leaders und got up to them with
ease, 'l ho hor.se which my companion
had boon dialling was the famous ling
ham, who knew as much about the sport
us 1 did; ho speedily did his part of tho
business. A lew ?umps brought us up
to tho herd, liaising "Lucretia .'orgia,"
my M usty weapon, I aimed at the lirst
animal, tired and brought him down,
Brigham, liko tho ideal animal that ho
> is, t arrying mo rapidly up to tho next
brute, not ton foot away; and, when 1
had dropped lum, hounded on to tho
next, and so on, until 1 had slain tho
whole eleven animals, and then my
horse stopped. I dismounted to regard
my work with a feeling of satisfaction.
Those otlicors rode up shortly, and 1
shall never forget their expression as
they surveyed the work of live minutos
My lu u se Brigham was an exception
ally intelligent brute. Ile took tho
keenest delight in sport, and invariably
t ?ok pains to aid mc in getting game.
All lie expected of mo was to do tho
shooting. Thc rest was his work. Ho
would always Btop il the b?llalo did not
fall at tho ut tho lirst shot, so as to give
me a .second chance; but if 1 did not
bring him down then he would go on
lt was in 1807 that the Kansas Pacific
track was in the buffalo country, and tho
eon.puny was employing over twelve
hundred men tn thc making of the road.
Tho Indians wire very troublesome, and
? t was not always easy to get sullicieiit
.supplies of fresh meat for tho men. lt
was about this time that Messrs. God
dard, the contractors to tho constructors,
made mo a hundsonie oller, provided 1
would undertake to hunt for thom. They
required i \s el Ve hull; dos per diem. Tho
work was somewhat dungi mus, owing to
the Indians, but tho terms were hand
some -"3500 por month. I took the offer ?
and in less than eighteen months, dur
ing which timo my engagement lasted.
I killed -1,280 bullalos singlc-hcmied,
and had many scrimmages with the In
dians, and hairbreadth escapes. lt was
during this period ol my oooroor that 1
had my celebrated buffalo killing match
with oilly Comstock, tho noted scout,
thoi nt bort Wallace. Tho terms wore
settled as follows; We were to hunt ono
day of eight hours, from 8 a. m. to 1 p.
m. I !.. stakes were SVihU a side, and
the nulli who killed tin most buffalo was
to be declared the winner. The contest,
(.?ok place twenty miles east from Sheri
dan, and many thousand people carno,
I rom nil parts to see the sport. Wo wovo
fortunato in Unding animals, und Lad
plenty ot sport. Wo made throe runa
each, and 1 killed sixty-nine b'uf?aloH,
my rival being content with forty-six.
Not a had day's work, a day which is an
hist? neal one for me, iuusrvmch as since
then I have invariably h'.-cu roforrod to
in all parks of the civilized world un
U, M. D,
Walking down Broadway ls very pions
ant When you feel well, and T- K
UCVCi iolt bettor IhfthWllCU his friend iihked
Min how ho got over thal severe cough of
Ills so speedily. "Ah, my 1 M>y,'' gald T-,
ti. M. I), did Ul" Ami his friend Won
dered whait!, M. I), meant. He know it
did noi mean a Good Many Doctora, for
C K-had tiicd a dozen In vain. "I
have ll," said he, Just hitting the null tm
UlO hoad, "you mean Dr. Pierce's 'Golden
Medical Discovery,' or Gold Medal De
served -s my friend J-8-alway?
dubs lt." Hold by druggists.
The ideal of the American is not yet
right. Our almighty great man ls thc al
mighty smart man. Wc need to teach
morality os much ns Greek and I, it in.
Tue most dangerous man is the smart mun
witbout good morals.