Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
TUE A?RlCW/iTUAI, COLLE?K,
CAPTAIN Tl 1.1.91 VN's UKVIKWOFTIItt
AUG UM ti NTS ON THIS qi KSTKIN.
Ho Invito? n I'IIll DIHCIINSIOII o? tin- Subject
nut] Predicts n Victory r<>r iii? Friends vi
tin? Proposed I net ll tit ton.
To tho Editor of tho Nowa and Courier:
In my provioua lottors I luwo at one timi
or another answer* d or forestalled every
argument wliieli hus ovor hoon advanood
against the separate agrioultural oollogo,
and it is dlsagrecablo to have to go < ver
tho samo ground again, But tho oppo
nents ot snell a school in South Carolina,
who realize and BOO that tito iden is gain
ing ground rapidly and sorely, enid !.m
to repeat tho threadbare aud untenable
arguments against it that have al v.i ions
timea been advanced by "Carolinian,"
Capt. Paul Hammond and others. J
tho ref oro fool constrained to nguiu bike
part in tho "controversy" or "discus?
sion," whichever it may bo called.
It is gratifying to noto tho fact that we
have driven our adversaries to abandon
their lind, mode of ultu '., in whic h ridi
onie and personal abuso wi re mainly
relied upon. "i>.," tho latest kn ig lit
who conclus u lauco in behalf of tin
waning causo of tho "agricultural nun< x"
and whosu arliolcs hu ve recently a] ipoari ti
in The News aud Courii r, i aj s tb? qt . .?
tion of tho "education of our youths
should bo approached seriously, gravi ly,
earnestly, reverently." Most u&iircdly,
aud 1 agrco with him that, iu deuling
with this question, "a blunder may Ito
worae than a erinn'.'' i contend thal the
blunder und ci mo holli have been id
ready committed, and thnt^alono has
moved meto undertake aud continue tho
agitation known ns tho "limners' move
D-lOUt," If 1 have at times OVerstO] poll
the bounds of that "n iions, cundid, dis
pitssioiiiito discussion" for which 'ii."
pleads, 1 havo had provocation enough,
as your renders well know, and I have
always noted on tho defensivo, 1 ci r ai
to huvo been aotuutcd hy aa "earui t.
pattiotic spirit," and with reason, facts
ana urgumonts to fully sustain aiy pi i
tioi. ! havo only indulged in invectivo
or sarcasm to repel personal assault, or
when 1 felt that the injustice practiced
against farm? rs required merited rob uko.
I and ull tho friends of a real farmers'
college and of agricultural advnucoun ut
in South Carolina ure ri ady and anxious
to moot our iudugo:din hur debate,
wdiot ier in the nowspnpors or bi foro the
people, alni wo challenge thom to a "joint
discussion" of tho issucti pi Bunted, Wo
havo uothing to to.-e and everything to
gr., 'i by sueli a discussion, mid win lo
their trained intellects ned oratorical
bility muy aud doe; give thom tho ad
. age, relying ou coin mou soueo mid
i justice of our cause, we court Ibo
m it. Truth dreads darkness rather
au light, aud WO reel that vc have both
'nth ami justice on oin side.
Ab Chairman of tho Executive Com*
md leo of tiie Furn.er?' Assneiuti? >n, I
hereby extend nu invitation aud challenge
to tl?" hoard of Trustees of Hie S;. li
Carolina College ami to tho Hoard of
Agriculture to appoint Speakern to rt pro
sent them, and wo will do likow i io; aud
wo will further agree to get up n
meetings of formers to le ar tho cause
and dooido who is rigid. Jt will eon.' - lo
this at hud, and it had just as well coi io
to it at once; for, as "!>.'' Bays: "South
Carolina bas always been and probably
always will bo an agrioultural st.de, aud
it |s a manifest necessity that this prob
lem bc sol ved with correctness and sol ved
Tho wiso disposition of the Hatch np
iiropriatioii, which will di volvo upon thu
jegislatuic at tiie ni ', session, renders
it all tho more necessary that uo m ire
mistakes bo made; und if tho lawyers
and "tho once lordly planters"oxpect to
watte that money a.s tho lund scrip fund
and privilege tag are nov. hiing wasted,
and as tho two experimental stations
promise to waste it, it must bo niter an
other election hus shown that tho major
ity of the farmers aro of their own wa}
o? thinking, lt \\ ill n<>t do to rely ii] on
thu esprit do corps o? the lawyer? u tb?
Senate to decide the matter contrary to
tho wishes of tho common farmers,
Many of tho "once, lordly planters" are
now common (armers, conscious ot I a
errors of their own training, aud Hour
lmnism will ?ct learn that neither olasa
partisanship nor political trickery ran
shako us oil'. Lot "1)." and hin trioods
who are lighting lo sustain tho "ainu x"
aud agricultural bureau, meet US Oil th?
?tump and allow tho whole case to bo
presented, li tho farmers tliondecido
that the South Carolina CollogO sliaii
stand as it is, wo will submit, but not
hi tho meantime, I will ondeavor to
nuswer thoargumc uta "h." has present? d
as going to HIIOW that the South Carolina
Collego is now carrying out tho Federal
law in good faith, and "iultiliing its o
quir- i' nts more fully tlian thu ?gT?Olll
W ?I lid K eolian i CO I College of .MOMS
' In tho flint place, until this
agitation begun lhere was really no Bgri
cultural or moohanioal feature attached
to tho Mouth Carolina College. Presid? nt
MoBrydo's exooutivo duties absorbed al!
his limo and ?nergie.", and net liing hie
boon dono ami no ohuiigo made in tin
curri, alum since August, 1885, except to
omph y an adjunct professor of iigricnl
turo and On ot a small machine shop in
whieii applied mechanics aro tungin bj
?ho na val ? llieer who id detailed by t i
United States Government for that pur
pose. Everything else ia on tho same
old basis, and tho wholo bias and effect
Of tllO training has bern towards tie
professions aud away from tho farm; mid
the fact cannot bc. denied thst tho nit
than tho agricultural.
Now "ST" ooneedes that "South Car
olina is an agricultural State and likel,
to romain so." Shall wo then n ut con
tont with a little mcchauioal t ninia,
along with tho classical aud literal;
courues, os being tho best t i lit on
mths (10 or l? a year) for becomini
' aors? If agriculttiro is now our mail
ines*, and thom is such compctitioi
.ong tho profCHHions-alrcady ovoi
^iu?-that (here is only "room at th
top," " hy should tids agnonlt?ral tiM
devote ->d its energies io wards edooatitii
more non-producers, by giving then
andi e "?iberd" education that the;
scorn work and took to livo liv tue MI u
vi bv* . body oise's brow? llave we not
got enough bnlf-starvcd lawyora und
protieluis i;o\\ V Why grind ont any
moro? Why incre&so tho army of mor*
chanta' elerk3, who part their hair in tho
middle because of enlargement of tho
I ?rain, hut who liavcu'l sonso enough to
farm proiitahly, aud tliorcforo desert Hie
old homesteads to lind au oasior way to
If agriculture is nur principal business
why not educate fumier.-.? Why not de
vote all the mom } weean spare to train
ing fariner.: mal mechanics tho erst tu
develop our agriculture, Hie others to
establish manufacturen among us ?nd
give our farmers a homo market? Will
tho supply of law vets, preachers and
doctors run out? Not a bit of dnuger.
Wollbrd, I unnan, Ith'skiuo, Harvard,
Vale, Princeton, a thomand olafsieal ami
literary institutions id homo und abroad
w ill keep up the supply.
Hut, : ays Bomonuhorout of Dr, Thorn
well, they will not be "homogeneous."
Public nu n Hms trained will not be
united, they will not think aiiko, .vc , A c.
I I.' re would ho no nucleus for*a "ring."
I grant you; lind thora Would bea healthy
current, of new thought and diverse opi
nions brought back which might in time
< volve nemo statesman who can show us
a way h. robuild our shattered fortunes,
wi thou I depending on "Northern capital
and brains alono. I'ho only Carolinian
>vho luisa wcrld-wido fame got Iiis odie
catii n outside tl'." St de, '11111 it is COoy lo
believe that if mora o? our public men
bad been thus educated there, would be
less of provincialisms, stagnation and
self-idolatry among us. Tho ?South Car
olina College lins produced sumo great
.nen. but it is sad to see many of its
alumni and faculty opposing progress
and fighting the battle of Bourbouism.
l'!u! Kev. doini Jasper swears the ". un
do move." Some men in high plllCi ...
South Carolina are ready to say to the
Nineteenth century, "Stop, stand stili!"
But I have got switched ol? from " I ?. "
and his arguments, and I will try to gol
back, I will utily say that tho Sou: h
Car? lina College has discern led from the
high placo upon whioh Br. Thornwoll
sought to anchor it, and mixing mechan
ical and manual labor in ever so small a
degree with its purely mental training is
dragging its mantle in tho dust for mom y,
ind trying io accomplish tho clo, , !
impossibility of mixing od and water,
i i.e classical ami literary demente liavo
always overshadowed and swalloweel up
any t< clinical or practical annex in ovi ry
'nixed school e?r collego Hint hail over
t rictl it ; ?md so it has been, and will con
tinuo to bo, m this State. 1 defy "l?. "
Ol' i ny on" olso to refute the assertion.
Anel now 1 make ?not ln r, namely, that
. . live per cent, of the graduates of tho
literary colleges and universities ovor
i ii m. 1 have abundant proof if any one
lispub Ibo fact. Ibo mattel' then re
solves ?ta ll into this shape: A college
which hopes 01* intouds to educate tm ti
who v iii return lo thc farm must do two
tiling1. First, make agriculture it.-, load
ing feature, and BCCOUel, require manual
labor during tho winde cours > of study.
Now, "I?. 'wasKI rash as to claim that
ibo Su tth Carolina Collogo is carrying
OUt tho D'etloral low more fully than the
Mississippi College, boOaUSO lt lias in u
small way dev lopoil its nuchatiical nu
lli. \, and because, as he allege.-, Hie Mi i
dsaippi College does not alford a "li! 0
I5v< ry reader of Tho Nows and Courici
is familiar with tho clause of tho Act ol
1802, which describes thc kind of coll, gc
intonelod to bo established, [toxprcssly
btatcstbat its "leading object shall bo to
teach such branches of learning asan
related to agriculture und tho mcohauie
0 ts,".Vc. "Blading! li ailing! LltAOINO!"
1 write it iii capitals so "1). and all bb
brothor sophists can seo it. VS nen Hu )
.oino to construe that oft-repeated son
o u?e thoy never sec "leading" at all,
i'liey cannot attach any meaning ti
"practical," but jump with glttddouct
hoarts to the winds, "Without oxoluoint
llassical studies," and "Bil.end," al
though theco words are only un OXCroS
. euee, and not essential to umlcrstum
Then, again, they B0?Z0 on Hie word:
to "promote the education of tho indus
trial classes in llio loverai pursuits au<
professions of life"-'voveral pursuit;
mel p.-. ?fcssions." lloro in warrantcnoug)
for t ?oohing anything. Bul who is to bi
taught'. The sons of "once lordly plan
tors'.'" The sons of lawyers mid rich men
such as constitute the bulk ot tho student
it tho South Carolina College? Oh, nu
Ibo "industrial classes," says the law
Well, who aro tho industrial 0 las SOS il
South Can.lina'. "D."bas aUBWCrcd thi
question for mo. He says, "Wo aro ai
igrieultltral people and likely to round
-to in spite ol booms," AC. This Federt
iiomy wes donated to estublish a coi
u go-mark you, not au "annex" to
iniversity w hose leading object sboul
bo to t< adi tho children of the industrll
liasses to become good farmers and nu
.bailies. Tho classics were not to IJ
?.oxoludcd" if it was found practical)]
md the money held out. Military ta<
hes wi ro "included" and provision mn I
tor sending an ollioer of tho United Stab
irmv to teach thom.
"JLiboral" is a mountain, "practical"
aiolc lull, in "J).'s"eyes. "Beading ' I
j innot SCO, Ho is willing for the "om
lordly planter's" son to steal the po<
armer boy's chanco for an edueatioi
but "military tactics" aro beneath h
-lotice. What hus become of Hu | am
.(Hoer and his military tactics, oh "IV
is he at tho South Carolina College mn
tincturing "dudes?" "Ob, no; ho
et our military brandi in Charleston
vYhat is bo doing tin ro ami why was:
ho land scrip fund appropriated to yo
uilitary branch? Imitating my go?
friend, for 1 havo really fallen in lo
vith "D.," bc is so "candid," ami "i i
.est," and "serious," aud "reverent
.nd 'dispassionate,''and fair. (V) 1 w
'pi uso for a reply." But thou tho mi
-?ry branch may no fullllbng tho Fedoi
.aw ai.d educating tho children of t
adustrlal dusses to be como farmers a
Bot is soe. I sow uot long ago in T
S'ows and Courier a stalcniont of t
?resent occupation <?f ibo Citadel gnu
.US for 'rt? and '?t>. Only ono. is n
arming. Tho rut aro foll'wing nfl
'pursuits and protea dons ol lifo. ' Al
tiwi tho military etudeuts don't BCOttl
i ko "agrie ul turo" an. better than th
jlossical and literary brethren at Coln
?in. Only ono farmer but his train!
will not hdp him lo get a good stn
lo has everything yet to barn, BO far
tis eh . n occupation ia conoorueel, c
knows nothing of oither tho science
practice of farming, llatl ho gradua
at the Mississippi College how differ
it would 1? ! Tho boy at Columbia 1 olid
in liif Bhado of thu noble trees on tho
campus, and puts only Ins hoad to Behool.
Tito boy in Charleston puts his hoad ami
legs lo school, and his hands also b< conn:
most export in handling a riflo; bu* rillos
don't assist him to gut. a living after ho
graduates. Thc boy in Mississippi puts
lund, h gs, bunda and oyes to school.
Thc wholo boy is taught, and be is taught
how to furin on a farm by men who know
to "do what they teach," not by "book
farmers" and theorists. J li; never is al
lowcd to lose tho habits of industry ami
sympathy with labor hu brings with him
from his humble homo, but continuos
during two or three hears of each day to
hoe, to ditch, "to fork immure," to milk,
to make butter, to feed stock, to graft, to
hud, t ) pruno, and do a thousand things
or sec them done that will be of benefit
in after life.
It will have been noticed that "D."
and all of bia brothrcu never omit in
their category of labors tho "forking of
manure." Tins is too degrading in their
oyes for ney white boy to do while at
school, and should bc "taught at home."
Now, of all things on Southern farms
this thing of making and handling ami
sowing barn-yard manure is mos' ne
glected and least understood, while ii is
tho very life an cssoucoof good farming.
! he averago farmer knows nothing about
it and cannot thoroforo teach his son at
homo, 1'.nt tuc editor of the Columbia
Register, w ho is "D, V ally, bas discov
ered thal "manual labor and attention to
tho deUiils of farm work ure inconsistent
?vidi an advanced and comprehensive
airricubmi." "That thc student s cam.ot
join Uland th*3 time or nervous energy to
properly master both."
This is news indeed, and Col Thomas'
long experience as an oduoatoi gives it
great weight. Unfortunately be has Lad
io cxporience ulong that lino urn! it is
inly his opinion. Lot us Kee wdiat those
Jicn think who have been studying and
leaching agriculture. On tho 8th of July
>:ist "The National Af sedation of Teach
:rs of Agriculture and Horticulture" met
it the University of Illinois. There were
prcsont representatives ol' the land-grunt
tollegCS of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Mich
gun, Kaunas, Iowa and Missouri. Tb -y
ul< ptcd, after full discus ion, with one
lisscutiug vote, tho following resolution:
"Resolved, That wo favor regular,
tompulsory labor by students on our og
rioillturnl coll.'gc forms, but before that
t should bo required only so far as it i.s
lesigncd to be instructivo,"
The opponent* of tho separate ngricub
anal college cannot, or will U >i, under
?hind that thc labor is insisted on fortwo
.case-us-first, aa a mcauu of practica'
llustralion and instruction just as modi
:al students are taught anatomy in bu
le ' cting room, or law btudl uta practico
n the moot courts before going into ll
muri bous?-, but mainly bi cause i. tho
itudcnt nt that formative period of btv
Iocs nothing for four years bat study
looks and cultivate thc mind, not three
n a hundred will ever return to the farm,
?vhere manual labor and physical enorg]
ire absolutely cssontiill to success. Tin
s tho whole thing in n nut..bell. "J)."
mys: "ft is a question of tanto whether
l is better for the farmer's son to paj
cooney itl college to learn law than to
'oik manure, cut wodli, .vc." There is
io taste ill tito matter. To educate fat m
jrs experience has shown thai labor is us
.sscntial u part of tho curriculum as oho
nistay or vegetable physiology, und it is
nttci to even "fork man uro" thau to
loaf or play j okor and billiards, or smoko
ngarcltcB to kill tune.
i will UOtioo only one other point thal
"l-l." makes- viz: that the Mississippi
College "attracts by its ein ctpneSS as
uneb ns by iti agriculture " Wc will
grant this, ii you pienso, but il tho South
Uurolina College only turns out less than
live "book" farmers to thc hundred gril
lantes, while those of Michigan and
Mississippi cnn show fifty per emt. wini
farm, it is enough to pr ?V0 that IQ thif
"agricultural State" a college like thosi
two is moro needed and would b? ol
grouter bcnctlt than five South Carolins
Colleges. Hut tho bunns paid student
Cor tin ir labor td these two colleges it
jailed tho "meal tub that Contains tin
.lop," and wo are twitted with having Bi
np a "harrier across thc pathway ot tin
?.oath Carolina boy" because WO Wi i<
opposed to free tuition in the Sont!
Carolina College except to indigen
Tho bill drawn by mo last winter t<
establish an agricultural und mcohanica
sollogo in this Stale, but uot introduce?
for good reasons, called for tuition fot
"not to OXCecd forty dollars," but allow i ?
fr. u tuition to those unable to pay. 1
is natural to suppose that tho collog
would be practically "free," except tor
tow students. Supposo wo shall doman
that it be absolutely "ire?" to all, wi
tho churgO of inconsistency and chis
legislation bo thrown at us? of coursi
hut with how little reason. There wold
ho no competition between the agrien
taral and mechanical college aud thc dt
nominational colleges, und conscquontl
no injustice. Tho class ol'stu? lents poi
farmers' nous--win? would mainly lill ti
the agricultural college would novur thin
of trying to go to tho South Curolii
College or to tho deiiominationnl co
loges, and if mon who aro ablo choose t
-end their sons there lot them pay for
us they do nt Columbia.
"IV saves his best shot for the la
and winds up ns follows: "Yet how is
public sentiment that would not tolera
free tuition only in tho South Carolii
College going to be brought to the poi
of teaching a youth free u .d paying hi
bosides? I pause for a reply." Yt
diull huvo it, my trieud, w Ith u veiigennc
You huvo forgotten something. Sou
( tarolina docs some queer things at tim?
I Hd you ever heur of a school culled tl
i'itndcl located in Chatlest..n? Do y?
know thut in order b> educate sixty-etg
poor hoys this ht tlc State of South Cai
tina spends jf'-?O.ooO u your, and not on
dvos them free luition but boards ai
.lothea them besides'/ Whether "pub
to).titaeut" endorses it or not hos mu
?eon ami may never be tested, but wi
his fact i.taring him in the 'oe -, and t
knowledge which I now furnish bim fi
if charge, that wibi a similar sum apt
or student labor iu an indie trial collei
the State can help four hundred pr
boys to cducnto themselves, wo will i
lespair of bringing "public soutiraoi
o e.-tublish and sustain such a soho
A'ith or without freo tuition, wo need
Jidth or without thc consent of "D." ?
us "lordly" allks wo aro going to hi
t, or "fight it out on that lino darin
lb R, TILLMAN
Kopor'a, S. C., September 7, 18b7.
i UKJ1 l iol s I8KAKI.ITKS.
Their Adaptability to All *. Minutes wini
Cond ll IOIIH.
if hosfrequently boon remarked, soy?
tboJowisb World, tintt tho Jewish nice
has a wonderful power of adaptation to
all chin?tes. Jews arc found in all parta
ol* the globe, i i:d seem to possess a very
temarkablo faculty for acclimatization,
even under tho most unfavorable circum
stances. Mesopotamia is considered tho
mother country of the Abrahainic family
?XS well ns tho cradle of the human race,
ftomo years ago a small colony of Jews
were found in the ancient city of Bonner,
in tho South of Mesopotamia, and in the
vicinit y ol ancient babylon. Of tho se
venty families composing tho colony, ono
claimed to bo descended from King Joa
ohim, tho rest from tho houso of Ii? vi.
A. colony of Jews appear to have settled
iu China about tho beginniug of tho third
century of tho Christian era, under tho
ilymisty of Hun, In 170-1, Father Con
?ami, allon an Catholiomission?:ry, found
-even .Jewish families near Pekin.
Ju 1686a Portuguese Jow of Amster
1am, named Del'avia. discovered a ?cet
if Jews in Cochin China. According to
i tradition preserved among them, they
-.ere descended from a tribe af .lews who
md quitted Palestino on tho destruction
if tho si corni templo. From their long
"OSidonce in Cochin they bad become
iomplotoly bronzed. These are not the
lame OH tho Malabar Jews. The Jewish
reveler bonjamiu, sometimes called Bon
iimiu tho Second, discovored a colony of
b ws, evidently of Porsian origin, in
lindoatau. They were known as MJJab
rloniau Jews, ' on account of their having
uignited from Babylonia, They ob
erved tho OKS? ntial rites of Judaism, and j
trit tly avoided intermarriage with other
cct.s. lu tho beginning of tho .seven- '
couth con tur j a Jowiah colony settled !
n Cay on no, lu tho VVesi Indies, one of 1
bc most inhospitable climates in South
.marica, Cayenne was subsequently j
on tj tiered by the Fronch, who ni ado ita
ional Bottlomout, and tho Jewisli colony
ins forced to retire to Surinam, 1
Notwithstanding tn (piont porbccutioua 1
ews are still found in Persia, more cs- 1
iccially to tho fBoutll of the Caspian Sea, 1
diere tho soil ia very fertile, but tho eli- !
nate vciy unhealthy. Tho principal city 1
s Dalprosb, whereabout lol) Jewish fa- J
idhi a resido in almost completo isolation, 1
I'hoy trude with their brethren in Urea! 1
tartary, and uro ougaged Ut thc wool
ud silk trade or iu tho salo of citrons. ?
['hoy, too, trace their origin from tho j
fahy Ionian captivity; ior, according t.>
tradition still possessed among thom, 1
heir ancestors settled In Persia in thc 1
Imo of Nebuchadnezzar, and did not rc- 1
poud to tho appeal of ?'./.ra to return to '
.turn t i Palestine. Their mode of lifo '
oscmblea that of tho Persiana iu general. '
L'hoy hold bu- beard in high csteom and '
rcrr long bowing reins. They have '
CVLI.I1 sj uagoguos, ami obtaiu scrolls ot '
ho law from Bagdad. The celebrated
Lfricau travclor, -Mungo Park, found a
(do:?y of Jowi?h famiUea in the heart of
Urica, about H00 miles trom th*: coast,
t is, uo doubt, thia peculiarity of tho
lowish rate which inducid a French
i nter on ".Medical Geography" to ox- ,
irosa tho opinion that "it ia questionable |
du Ua r tho crossing of human varieties ,
enters on tho issue constant advantages (
a relation to till species, tor tho Jewish
ace Seems in a wonderful manner cape- (
de of adapting itself to every chango of ,
b?nate, tvuilo Others Bro scarcely able to !
lear the least chango."
The .mw is found in every part ol' tho |
vorld in Kuiope, from Norway to Gib? .
altar; in Africa, from Algiers co the .
'ape of Good Hope; in Asia, from Co- \
inn to tho t ?uucaaua, from Jaita to Pekin. |
lo bili peopled Au.str.dia, and lias given
?roof ot hu powers of acclimatization
indcr tho tropics, when people of Euro? .
>can origin have constantly failed to j
lerpotuato themselves. ,
. I \ O lisK V5I \/.O.Ns.
i Klug'* Military Dod) Uuaril Composed
. nt Irelj <>l Women,
(landon ? or. i hicago Trthuuo.)
Among tho other visitors to tho cxbi- i
litiou has been thc Prlnco of Siam, bro
iler to the King. He ill a little man, has
tn cine complexion, black eyes, speaks
'nglish porfcctlyand hasohaiming man
lera. Aa au oxamploof one of the good
esults of the American exhibu'on, dur
ng his visit ho made a oaroful ms; oction
>f the goods iu tho main building and
ipont thousands of dollars on the usoful
lungs bc saw which were up to thc pre
cut time unknown to Siam. Uo gavo
m order for lou type writers to ono
a ami facturer, a large order for wifes to
motlier, ordered a steam engine, four
lozou carpet Bweepors and a number of
?tiler ingenious things which attracted
ns attention: so that these exhibitors
lave tho satisfaction of knowing that
hey have opened a market for thom
lelves in Siam ;.t no grcah r expense than
going to the American exhibition. The
asl ion having been set by the Prince,
argo orders for all thosogooda ho assured
hem would follow, lt would therefore
ippeai that tho peoploin his country,
ffhioh very few ot us stop to realizo is
Avico aa largo in its aroa as France, and
ins a population of about 15,000,000
jooplo, arc all making rapid strides to
ward modern civilization.
Ho gave us some curious information,
lowovor, about tho icing's amazons, thc
Ltoyal Guard being composed entirely of
ivomon, This battalion consists of hit),
ihoson frcru among tho handsomest and
cost robust gills in thu country. They
roooive excellent pay and their discipline
?8 perfect. They aro admitted to serve
lt tho age of 18, and ure placed in the
iriny of reserve at the ago of 26. Prom
that period they no loiigor servo about
thc King's person, but oro employed to
[guard tho royal palaces and crown land?.
Du entering thc army the nma/.oiis make
I vow of cbiu-tity, for which there is no
ixomption unless any of them should
ittniot thc King's attention and be ad
mitted among Ins legitimate wives. Thc
King'f choice seldom fulla on tho mott
beautiful, but on thu most skilled in
military oxercise. Tho costume these
tvomon wear is very rich. Tho full dress
is a white woolen robo embroidered with
gold, the cloth is extremely lino and de
ei nils as far aa tho knee; it is covered
A Uh a light coat of mail and gilt cuirass.
Tho arms uro freo, and tho head covered
vith a gilt e.eiipie. When wearing t In ?
I ress en shite occasions t In ir only mu
,>on is ft lance, which they llanillo with
wonderful dexterity. With their undress
hey aro armed with a musket. Thc
i ittalion is composed of four companies,
ach company ol 100 women commanded
ny a captain of their own BOX. Hhauld
tbp taptain elie tho company is drilled
during three days by tho King, win
points tho most compotont to sue cece!
TL o King ol Siam cover uodertakos
tiny expedition without '? ing uccornpu
uioil by his female guard, nor doo? tic
over hunt >r cvon ride without an o ci
of the sumo guard, who aro dovotodl*,
attaohed to his person. Every mcmhor
of tho battalion hus live negressesattai '<>?
od to her sorvioe. au?l, having thus no
domo8tio occupation, shooan iii v ?to hi r
8olf oxolusively to tho duties of her pro
fession, There is u parado ground near
tho city, whore one company is shit icu il
two days every week, to exoroiso them
selves in the use of the lance, pistol and
lille. Tho King attends ouoe a month nt
those exercises, accompanied by bis
brother, who sharos in some degree tho
sovereign power, and distributes prizes
to those most ?lesen ing. When the death
of one of the partios ensues, tllO dcCOHSl . I
re?oives a maguiiicent funeral, and Ute
high priest pronounc . a paucgyrio, de
claring that tho deccasod by her valor
has merited eternal rest in the abode of
the blessed. The survivor receives- tho
congratulations of hor companions; but, '
as a measure of disoiplilio, is Bentonced >
to paso t.vo mouths away from her <.? ;.
puny in fasting ami prayer. Tho military
organization Of this battalion is iBO per- .
feet that tho entire army enelcavorr to
A M A l> K.*?5<?l \ KKK
Uoes ni ;i Terrible Speed mid Want* l<?
I .cap II DIM a Window.
DES MOINES, IOWA, Sept. 29.-Fireman
Huberts of thc Wabash toad arrived here
yesterday on bis train, and tolls a thrill
ui story of his experience with a mad
.ngineer. When tho train drew out of
thia placo Tuesday, ?ugiueer IJotsworth
ippeared to be all right, but before they '
lind gone fur Koborta noticed that his (
companion acted queerly. At Harvey I'1
lie should have stopped for water, nu 1 1
[he fireman backed tho train down tu tho I
[?roper place, while tie ongiuccr neted in '
i dazed manner. Once again on tin v
road IJotsworth bogan to travel faster 1
iud laster until thc train was running '
Iffy milos an hour, 'then Hoi nit.- leal- 1
ized that IJotsworth was deranged, and -'!
inst in tune grasped th? lever at Knox- 1
lille and saved tho tn.ia going through a
in open switch. Faster dew tho engine, v
IJotsworth standing hy with a vacant '
anile, and as tiley thuudorcd through d
Bacon the maniao gave a yell and tarte I 1
.?> spring from tho ?:ab Window. The t
ivatobful ?reman caught bim by tho legs 1
md while ho balanced him on the win- !'
low led?o he managed with his foot to ! t
.top the train. Tin conductor bel pi ?to J'
jot Botsworth back lo tho baggage oar -1
iv boro he was oarofully guarded to ^t-i0!
umwa and there turned over to ti um- "
horities. lt ia bolioved to bo pi-rulysij ' 1;
>f the brain that ail: him. I OH
Spry OUI People.
- i j.
Christian Uechtold, IM years ol ago, i
resident of St. Collis, Was a soldier in tho
Mrs. Van Nostrand, of Millstone, N.
f., hus complot?e! her '".dh your. At her .
fete she was greeted by;i\ Ol her OWl
mildren, eleven grautlcbildrou and M V- li
..I'eei. gl.: :t grandchildren. 1 I'
Abraham Souther, a colored mau, of e
Did Cort, N. C., has in Ids possession 1
locumoilts wilioll show that he is 10," ?
years old. 1 l?i chews and smokes and is i
i devo: d Mi thodist. ! rt
Capt. W. ti, Reynolds, of Anderson-jd
,'illc, ?ndert*. County, T int., is 'X> I a
years old. Lio is halo und hearty, and is \
i hero of .our wars 1812, tho Creek, ?
tho Mexican and tho late robolii >n.
Mr.-Adolph Parent, a man ol Jo years; a
who has been acting aa bailiff at I'iorrc- c
fillet, Quobco, for tho last tit'.-, years, ?
bas just left iur tho United Stati s, with t
\ viow, he says, to porfoot his knowledge 1
A tho Kngliah language. | U
Willie Blackwell is the oldest man in 1
Kansas. 1 lo resides at (lieut Bond, anti .
lliinks ho was born in tamplin- County, | t
Y:- , in lT.So. He cati Chow two ounces s
jf tob?ceo p?-r day, but abstains from I
deoholic drinks. '
Seventy-two years ago llobort Tirrell, 1
ol Illunie Island, thon a soldier in tho t
British army, deserted andcamoto Ami
rica. Tho old niau, who is '.>d years old,
has just received a pardon from tho
granddaughter of .'1 0 king he deserted,
and is going baos u tho old country to j
die among hu, kinslolk.
Nancy Baker, ot Westfield, Nf. J., is 5
?)8 years of age. She is a widow and
lives on a farm, which sho superintends, ?
ltecontly sho found that one of her hired
men had mowtd a piece of ground very
poorly. Taking a scythe herself, Bbc
went over tho work again, cutting tho
grass close. Bho walks sovoral m .les a
?lay, and does a great deal of work.
Wliiit a ?.-ni Cao nuil Cannot Ho.
It is almost impossible to attach any
importance to ono cent, but at tho same
time it is a very important coin at timos,
say., an exohaugo.
lt will take a circular to California,
and it will make you m ulder than a
hatter and a March hare combined when
you go to pay your fare on a horse-car
und und that you have but four cents
and a ten-dollar bill.
Ono eeut is very small, but win n it is
ad dud to tho rate of interest you ri Ot iv<
on a atook, it possesses a stem magnifi
cent grandeur that carries you away io-.?
a htmin of music.
Tho penny, it seems, was tunde to put
on church plates, and, although a man
may say it amounts to nothing, he will
strike matches, lift mats and crawl about
in tho straw on a horse car to timi tho
one ho drops, lt ia so small a com that
you hftvo to tako off your glove to lake
hold of it in your pocket, and yet it is so
largo, when thu baby swallows it, tho
chances of thc baby's living "rc sume
timcn not worth a Lent.
Although ono cent is loss thau ten
couta, yot ono cent is a great deal larger
than a di mo. Many a man has goo
thirsty all day with four couta in Ins
pocket. For the want of that one cent
tho four woro na useless aa tho olesen
dien on a jut y who arc held out against
An Offendive ll rr? I li
Is most distressing, not only to the per
?i m alllictc?l if he have any pride, but lc
hose with whom ho cornea hi Contact, lt
t a delicate maller to speak of, hut il hal
.Mirted not only friend-, but lovers. Had
I ir.wth and catarrh aro iiisejierablc. Dr.
Sago's Catarrh ltcincdy cures the worst
I cases as thousands can testify.
Th? : - . ! ?j Polir}-.
Tho Volley Mutual Lifo Association,
of Virginia, hcgnn business Soptombei
?iii, 1878. Guarantee fi:ud, invested in
bonds and mortgages I irst lion uu real
ostato), sins,- uo.
Tho Vniloy Mutual Lift Association of
Virginia i tho largos! and tho leading
Liic Association in tlie South. Over
one ndliion ot' dollars hau boon paid iu
oash to tho families o; deceased nicm
?chcapuesi ot' ii* plan is demon
strated >j tl;, exp?rience of those who
arc ii..,'md in illustration of this Tact,
wo tak I olioy No. hold by Mr. W. J*.
Taue., ? ashier ot' the Augusta National
Hanl;, Staunton, Vu., --Folley issued
Sej.teinl.ei- 2'1, lbT8,- 8f,000-COOSO
qui idly it lin ?.am. -1 evvy cost that has
como against tho Company. 'Thu entire
Cost to Mr. Tl ms in eight y. and six
months, Membership Fcc, A ii mais, and
Mon ?btv paj monis, has bceu hui 870.44,
pr an average annual cost o? $8.28. Ar
Ibo dato ot thia insurance Mr. l'ums was
1" yt ars ol' age.
A policy ot oven amount and d ite in
ano of tho most popular Old Line com
[iiuiicH on tho ordii try lue plan, payable
it death i nly, would have cost bim
$102.75, or "-i 1.?i) per year-a saving oi
?122.211 u. favor of thc* Valley Mutual.
Theories ar. casi I j advanced and joni
pus rivals abouud iii thom, but roots can
u..-t bo rofalcd.
bust-class agents can get liberal cou
braots bj applying io
?. uuagt r So. Ca. Department,
.\ n 11?t <--.i lng Casu.
A romarkal i damago suit was tiled in
u tho clerk', ollico of tho Citj' Court lo
lay, says liifc Atlanta Evening Journal
if J. tb. lt tb. faots alleged in tho doo
nation arc cstrtblisbod n will snow i
lovel plan by which a railroad under
ook to stave ..ii' a damage snit. D. Il
iee, tuc pit: ?loner, seth foi tb that bi
ras employed l\< ibo lliehmoud anti
. inviiic Ituilroad Company in duly.
sH-l, DH u tl,illili-.,i ona freight train, anti
hat while !. .- wus si.;:..g in tho caboose,
tis priip. r pla ie, a c^i tain day of that
mt.iii, th train run IV I lu track at Lulu
ud tho caboo ?j waa Overturned, Lot
raa injured tu tho ?nuder, Inp and
iacv und ... ...i aim . ;> pormaucutlj
babied. Uv. spiuu waa also parma
cully injured by concussion ib all. gu
nat 'ho ... litii:. tho road agreed
hat. ic ce.at ion ol ids injuries ano
' . . ... . ... , .... gath.
hero--: loi* .'...tungos, ib.-y would j^ivi
ib.i l!)-.-],t i'ma;iunt position Of conductor
.'bis p...-,..?..o i Look us u?oii iib bo rc
overe-o in ni . tit ju i. i, and oeo*?pi ?<
\\AA tao :* . lliy ct ?V pilli iss;, wini
:e- v\a?, io i.-,.urged without causo, ll
l.uius thug l.io roud kept him just lom
hough ?or ibo shit .. J ol Limitations t
'?ply in bis eHM} and tl?en turned bb
ul'. ' lb n iia .- --.odo ib.gea.
v Woman UM ? . s. Marshal.
Mr..bet:?c Mill, r, it' thc th ?tod State
uiprciiie Court, p' c itied in tho Unite.
Haters Circuit Doutt il st. Louis ou tb
norning of tho 20th ultimo, Ho au
iou tie .o thats vacancy existed in tb
>Hie*e of tho Hail L Ktates marshal i
his distric . . . -.-'?*.i,.,;. < \ by tho death v
birimul C :. -u-, and that tho Com]
rod .-. of tho Treasury had demanded lb
ppointmcut ot a Mari hal a l ?nterin:
ust<co Miller said ho ad Icterniinod t
ppoint UM Marshal ad interim l'hoot?j
<V. Cuti/.uis, tho daughter i I Ibo decease
ibirshu!.' Tho st ttute reipiircd that si
hould fjivc build m tito sum of 820,001
nd tak" tho oath e.t oillco before tl
lurk o: the Court. H. did notobser
iliss Cou/.ius in Court, and would si
hat as soon us sbo could furnish ti
?oliel sliti could qualify and at one. . nt
ipon tho dutica of tin oillco. The il
lounccmeut appeared to su-plise sovor
tteiriicj.s, who were not prepared to ho
ho appointment of a woman, but
hould be r< membored that Miss Con/.ii
ms for *i long t i: ic directed tho ex. cuti'
tlVuir.H of tho i rtlec, and she p ? : ss
ho friondship and iulhlonoo ol mou
be highest authority .it Washington.
Puntal < haiiKCM,
Thc now postal regulations recent
ircpnrcd at tho Post Oillco Dopartmo
vent into . hc-et on September b*/, ai
ht postmasters have been advised by t
.'oat Ollico Department that in accoi
nico with tho ruling of tho assistant!
wiucy general for that dopartmoi
lackugcs ot fourth-class matter (suoh
ampies and packages of morohaudii
mist not contain her, utter any writi
>r printing on tin face or surface 0XC<
be linnie and address ot thc sender, p
icdcd by thu word 'Ifrom," and tlicuu
.er ami . one of thu articles enclosi
?therwi.se tuc ontiTO package will bc si
COtod to postage at fottor rate; . Ile
oforo tho ruling of tho department 1
leon bi tho i IVool ;i at any printed m
or not having tho oharaotorof perso
torrcspondenco miglit he attached
A n IIOIICHI I >ui lo-y.
A country negro entered ono of
Iry goods storoa ot Amerious, Ga., a t
laya ugo to pu rebaso a trunk, and al
mnsiderablo park yiug with tho salean
IS to the price oskod, lllllllly shouldc
mo and left, paying 31.51) therefor,
.bout an hour he i turnt I with
trunk, saying that ho "had g.i too mi
for his money,' '1 ho trunk was tillci
Ibo top with .Mackinaw straw habt t
inn! boen pa' .sd in it for thc win
rho conk n'. s of tho trunk wore Wi
between 87? and 8100.
A Successful .Man on Atlverllililff.
P, T. Barnum ri ontly saul that
nUOCOfU was largely duo to his oxton
advertising. There are Otl -r well km
instances where this denn nt has boo:
prominently ell ivo that tho fact ii
thnab \? associated with thc name of
snooessiul tuuortLsor. AH, for exam
Kobcrt Bonner of tho Ledger; II
rlolmbold, A. T. Stewart, John W
. inker, Amos Lawrouco and a hos
others more or less noted for their f
shrowducHH amt business aptitude.
The experience of tho customs im
tress who found a BU it of mon's clot
iinilor tho skats td' u woman sho
searching in New York recently,
moro than matched by that of an in
tress in Wauhiugton Territory a few
ago, who '.onnd that tho lady alu
..-curdling wu, a man in fomalo attir.
ls UK KIA?; IIOI'KI.XH I.I
Ho lim. Hu' Hallie ?Vo*e and uiMtiniguiiiiied >Ian
Hern ul ihr Noblo William-?Th* I'oanllile
Kiit'i-t.t ol H i oiulilue lletwcen H<i|>kiuH and
Hu- i-'nir Ulaliiianl.
Tia-1 wo rei cut stories t<>ld by tiie Star lu
ic inl lo nllogcd descendants ot" British roy
ally bas created a good di ;? <d' talk among
Victoria's subjects win? an- residents of New
York. I lue of those aspirants claims to have
prout lo upset tin- succession to the Crown,
and the other to have MI clear a title to the
possession or tho property of ld, ancestor?,
now bold In this country, as to make a eon
lest for its holding worse iban useless, ling
I(sinnett profess to look at the subject us a
project started in the way of speculation,
bill do not deny that there 111113- 00 some
foundation for tho subject matter, os thc
peculiar babils of Ibo Georges und their de
scendants and well kuown facts of un
w I Ittoil history
Thc picture of (he lace of Caroline Louise
Kent, published in the Star of yesterday,
ami who has long concealed her idculi y
while resident hen,', has bul t" bo looked at
. moment to couviuco reflecting people that
tho ruling sovereign of Kngland may pos
sibly bo lier mother.
LU r statement is so straightforward that,
in spite ol all the obstacles likely tobe
thrown in the way of proving its truth and
authenticity, shaking, as it docs,, tho fouu
dations of Hie throne ot one of thc most
?1 ?wt rftil empires in tito universe, many
people stand ready to take up thc cudgels
for .Miss Kent. ThCSCpeople arc uot only
inimical to the present occupant of thc
;i,rone, but afc bitterly ppposed lo the suc
tion. If her claims are established they
will not bo a How et fib bc ignored.
Toa Star reporter thc British Consul
General said yesterday tlint he had notas
yoi had an opportunity to read thc Mar's
i ? i ii le, as ho had only lately returned from
K.uropo; but had it preserved for last night's
perusal. Until he bad looked over it lie
would not express an opinion as to any
thing stated therein.
Tho tilar'a own particular claimant,
Clarence George Hopkins, is no less ont!
tied to consideration from Ibo fact of his
close resemblance to Ute same family, but
tuen is a much moro si l iking rcsomblauco
to William, his alleged maternal grand
father, than lo any other of ibo family.
Ho has the same nose, thu identical un
studied care about his dross, hut the same,
look of intelligence of the high patrician
onie; shows ju every line 0? his face. His
eye has tho glauco of one horn to command,
md although he may have used it for thc
common eyery day purpose Of selecting
type from thc ? ase for bread winning only,
its i'm is undimmed, showing that loree of
circumstances has not for a moment
'pleached tho ambition of Ids life-there*
COY. rv of his inheritance, with all its right
i'u! ?lowers, and the possession of thc vast
anns now illegally withhold from him.
Mr. ( laieuee George Hopkins, whose
?..launs tiie >Star has already sci forth, is no
: ready lo confer willi Caroline Louise
Kent, and will undoubtedly do so, as hy
joining their mutual interests they may
m i kt- a i imhiualion too strong to he rc
. led. At ..ny ralo it ls Mr. Hopkins' linn
ti mi nat ion lo make some arrangement
with Caroline Louise Kent by which their
: 11 ul uni claims caa bo prosecuted together,
instead of making il n double issue from
IWO points of departure. Its outcome no
olio can foreste, bul undi its decision it
mus! create no small uneasiness among
pcopli high in authority in Merrie Kngland.
-Aew V"ik Star, Scjit. 28.
MU: soi ins IMII NTH\ .
Vin,MIHI oi Capital Invented Xeari*, Thrice rm
urge ni in issi'..
li M UM. ., Ml)., Sept. ".".I.-The Manu
/./../"/.( rs s liccord publishes today a review
of Hu Industrial growth of the South
luring tho nine months ol lv>7. Acorn
ourison ol ibo new industries for tho first
nine months of 1887 and 1880, which in
chul?s a wide diversity of How enterprises,
-lows un increase in industrial and manu
facluring establishments from J,l?."> in
I88? lo 3,504 in 1887.
Tho amount of capital and capital stock
represented hythe li.st ot new enterprises,
thc enlargemonl of old plants and rebuild
for the first nine months of 1S87, ns
compared with the corresponding time in
I ?"1?0, is as follows:
States. ivs;. issi}.
Ala! ama. $38,107.000 $8,055,500
Alkalis,,,. 38,014,000 14,880,000
Florida. LU 17,uno 1,310,000
Georgia. 12,048,000 3,055,000
oei.tucky. 31,383,000 30, b iv!, 700
L mlslann. 0,507,000 1,055,000
Maryland. 13,034,000 0.153,000
Mississippi. .. 8,253,000 644,000
South Carolina. 2,504,000 71S.0OJ
North Carolina. 0,483,000 2,003,300
Tennessee. 83,040,000 7,040,000
l.\as. 18,508,000 4,138,000
Virginia. 21,234,000 0,874,000
Wost Virginia.. 0,210,000 5,478,800
in summing up the industrial develop
mont of the South since 1870-80, thc lier
? rd show., I bat 15,000 miles of railroad
havo been bulli, costing, together with Im
provements lo old roads, over $000,000,000:
thc assessed value of property has Increased
upwards of $1,000,000, and since 1S7?J thc
cotton eio]i alone has sold for $2,500,000,
000, oran average of $300,000,000 a year,
ami the total value of Southern agricul
tural products being tiver $700,000,000 a
Pierce'-, "Pleasant Purgative iviici?,"
Positively Popular; l'rov KC Cruise;
Provo Priceless; Peculiarly Prompt; I'er
eoptibly Potent; Producing Permanent
Profit; Precluding Pimplos and Pustules;
Promoting Purity and Peace, l'archnsc.
iv ne, cuy. Pharmacists Patronizing
Pierce Procure Pl ay.
A Drensmaker't kKempt in HmugKle.
Among the passe n ge i ' who arrived at
New Vuik on the steamship La Gascongo
Sunday was a Boston dressmaker named
Miss M. Kennedy. When her baggage hod
i icen placed on the dock she opened ano of
lier trunks, and. taking out a silk dress,
, tirelessly threw it on the lloor. Then she
quickly picked Up a box that lind been
under die dress and handed it to a man,
Who started to place it in his trunk, which
lind been passed, The move was soon by
poola! customs officers, who seized the bo*
md arrested tho woman and man. Thc
I box contained four bandsomo hand-em
hroidorcd dresses worth several hundred
? lullars eacli. The tiros? that had boen
thrown i,side was found to lie lined with
costly laces and ?ilk and satin dress goods.
An inspeclress lound thal Mus Kennedy
inid lines, silks, "tc., to the va?uo of HOV
end thousand do. .rs com-calcd on her per
son. Her other baggage, three trunks anti
packing case, were se i /.ed, luit not opened,
The goon? discovered are valued at $7,000.
Il is thought that thc other baggage will
yield as much more.
Usc the groat specific for 'Void ju hoad"
and carlarrli-Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy.