Newspaper Page Text
LAI KENS C. LIM S. C., WEDNESDAY, JULY 28, 1886.
big job of Clothing
jnr. m oi.M? UT III!' M'^MIW,:
WHAT TUK m?NICHA!. ASSKMUJ.Y Ml S I
HOON CONSI ?M.IC.
Measure* l.lkolj lo ctn mu i |> lit tho i.ni
Session-Work K?ottjjli tu Glvn tko koala
litt ure I" I fill v I <> I ><> Ito Sumo I.lllloTliu t. j
OOLVMUIA, Novoiuboi' LO.-Tho session
of tho Stato Legislature commences on
Tuesday next. Tho rm clings of ?i.i
body have, for sonn years past, njttrnol il
muoh attention from tho people ol Hu
State, lt is eafo I i say that at no timo
liss there been more douo in tho way of
mapping oui wmk for the (lenoraI As?
sombly than lins been ??ono hy write) ,
speakors and u< wi papi ra during tho i . I
six months. Of course it is not expected
that tho Logiloture ! li til consider nil the
suggestions odored, lo tho extent of '
formulating each in a ?.?ll to l>e noted on ,
in the committee room. Uut thoro are I
some mattere on which, hy goncral con- '
sent, the bod,) will he i xpeeted to pas*, ill
And theso matters, with tho miucollut*. -
otis business ineidcut to every session,!'
will keep thc two houses busy for tho
thirty-three days between Ibu day of '
meetinguud Christmas. A reassembling 1
ol the bo ly, niter a blioit holiday, i.s ?. >? , .
improbable ! r
tua AOllK CLT?ltAt UOU?KOI-:. j
Tl ie bas been muob discussion touch-1J
im Ibo establishment of uv agricultural v
coll? g , modeled on that of Mississippi, i j
and altogether distinct from tho Son rb
Cai ulina Coih jsv. TII?H Mutter waa di::-j t
cusst d i.t com i unible i<::;lij during t? e .
last session ; and tin Hoard of Agricnl- t
turo were di roo tod to procure nform>.- <
tion touching tho cost und tho < potation ,
of such au institution and report to tho (,
Legislature. This report will bring :!i.< ,
.subject regularly up for discusso n, ai d, ?
doubtless, u bill for tho cit ibliahmenl ?f \\
the c ?liege will I".' nj? b-r consideration, i
As among tho people, KO among Huir "
representatives, thorn ?ro vurions ?1 ? .. n
ions on thin matter-sonia urging thojt
curly organisation of tho proposed o< I-, 0
. ;v>, some favoring, in its uU'nd, nn e , ,,
rgoinoul of the ''annex' to Hie Soiiih ! u
trolina College, abd others still ludil 1
ig tL.d WO hbo boM ! ' our Stute in ti- ,.'
tutions Blind just ?is ,!>- y aro. Wimbi. v ^
tho conclusion, tho di ntsftion promism 'j
to bo ivs iulerestini ai tho subject-matter ?,
Tita Aontcer/ruitAi 1 KPAIITMCXT. j (I
Tho reorganisation of thc Si de Jh1'!
partment ol Agriculture \>.is urged upon : '
tho Legislature by tho farmers' Ass . H *'
lion that met li ro during l'air ?Vock of '
last year. Thc Legislature did not adopi 11
tho suggt ion of that body. The most. i?|
radical ohangO proposed is thal t1' Jj
Board of Agriuultui shall be nominaba -I
(ineffect ohos n) hy tho hi tte Faruui
Associai inn. i'iio powers of (ho I Joni d
aro to bo cnltirgod, und slops taken lo fi
increase ii> us< fului - in furthering tho j ?]
agricultural ?uteri ls. Tho friends ot v
tho oban gc maintain that it will servo io
popularize thc Department und inri,.'it "
lu closer communie dion whit thc buin- lJ
ors tliemselvci. The opponents conti nd :
that tho Board, as beivtol >ro constituted, j I
has don? good work for tho State, and . t
that tho proposed chunges will ?.ot bc .
for the bettor. ?I
These two reforms may bc said ..> 0 .. . ,
atltute the loading, if not tho only, sug
gestions now urged >>\ tho friends ?o' tho
''farmers' movement." 'Jim Farmers' ,
Association is to meet hero on tho Isl \
December, and it ?1 expected that Ibo t
body will toko stops t 1 iniike Known ?is
wishes upon both propositions,
in oonncctiou with tin Department of (
Agrionlturo it may be proper to mention 1 r
that tho term o? thc incumbent Commis. ,
sioner of Agriculture, Col. A. I'. Butler, <
is about to expire, und his successor
must bo ohoson ut tho approaching s^ 1
sion, lt is expeotod that bo will stand 11
for re election. Col. M. L. Donaldson,
of Oreen % ?Ile, bas been nominated for]'
thc position. Tho Legislature v. iii bo
called upon to decide between theso t\i
-and perhaps others also,
Tin: VAX SYSTRM.
Our lawn for tho assessment and col
lection of St.do ui.d county taxes linvi 1
commanded public attention more or
lena for len years past. Tho Legislature :.
attempted sume Improvements, hut, Und* >
lpg theso inadeqate, referred tho matter j.
tu a commission. Tho commission mado ?
un olid Hunte ie port, but the Act tuoyL
recommendi tl was nucen inoniou&ly kill? .
ed in tho Senate. Tho iiccossity lor ,
some rofdrm suggests itself in these
1. 1 be incJJloiency <>i ortr system oin
asses iug propoity for taxation a lur> 0
amount ?d property escaping taxation 1
2. The complicated procedure for pu? J
forcing tho payment of laxos rondoring
it quita suie that n<> tit I ? - to property
sold for taxes will be sustained by tho
8. Thc quantity of lands already "fi r?,
fcited" tO thc St.Ar fer nun payment of
bixos-tho defaulting owners novoTthe
lens, in numbers of oates, retuiuiug their
possession Without paying any laxes lit
all. The vaina o? theso forfeited hue. ,
yielding no revenue to tho State in nb nit
gd,0<M>,(MM) inyolving a dead lons ot
about S-k',000 tn the public treasury nu
>bo Legislature will bc urgod by tho
cutive dopait nient lo make the tnx
. ?s simple and effective, to subject thc
"forfeited ' property to taxes in futnfo,
and, if possible, tJ collect all orr. arsgi H.
These arrcurages amount to about $10Q,?
000. Thc ligures tin ins-h es m o. a strong1
argument for improvement, und the
Oem. ral Assembly fsoxpootcd 11 make it.
Oi:n Jim- 1 u. SYSTRM.
Perhaps no feature of our Sint . gov?
ornment bas of late cominauded toon
attention than our courts of jurilc
from tho Supreme Court down to the
Timi .1 ie tices, in the Bnpreme ? uri
two changes will bo urgod thc inori us
of the number of Justicea ii ?ni three to
four or live, and tho requiring of them
to "rido tho circuit" ?itel tho manm 1 of
tho Circuit tliidgi M. The placo of the
Jostleo "on the rounds" would be iilbsl
by a Ciicnit .ludge.
The increase in the number <?l .Li?
tioesis urgod upon two grono IK that
tho present inonmbentsaro ovorworkid,
and that a decision by a divided oom 1 ia
uusatisfaotory as well to tho gouerul
imune tus to Migante tboinsclves. The
latter is tko nrgumoat most strongly
urged in favor of tho ? nlargcmcut ?d' the
court. On a unmbi-r of important quos
Mons .tho decision ol tho Caroni! J nd go
has boen reversed hy a divided Supremo
Court- BO tb at thcro art two appellate
iTudgt s oirono side, with ouo ciro ti? and
one appellate Judg ou tho other. Two
and two. An incienso in thu number of
Justices would obviate tins embarrass
ment, aud, ns i <e< utended bj ninny, in
orcaso thu usefulness of tho Supremo
Court in other resp? ots also.
Tho suggestion that tho Justioos ol
the Supremo Court sludl sit on tho cir
cuit bench, in proper rotati n, nrlscs
[rom tho belief that this practico would
heh. il,, m to ,!;...? helter with Hie quos
tiona thoy aro called ou to dolor mi ne,
funiilinri/.i lin m with ibo everyday prac
tico of the Courts, aud inorotise Hub
idlicienoy goner ni ly. The plan now pro
posed ior our Slate hos long been ?ti
vogtio in the Uuitod States-tho Justices
d the Supreme Couti, uot excepting tho
Ohiof JiibMco himself, sittm;-- with thu
icvcral Circuit Judges in turu. Whothor
Ihe proposed reform boro looks to the
tttiig of .tho .iustii c with thc Circuit
Iudgo, ur whether Ihe former is to pre
?ide .dom-, iloos not appenr to liavo been
lettled by I loso who advocate tho chango
n ?niest iou.
'lo moko either of (ho changes iu thc
Supremo Court will requiro an amend
ment to tho Constitution of tho St.de.
[luvh amendment must bc embodied in
. resolution of tho Clouerai Assent
>'.y. must bo adopted by a vote of two
birds of tho people, ami ntllHt then l e
?stilled by tho Legislature. Any chango
is suggested must therefore bc ino peru
ivc till the session of IS88.
Tho Ciictiit Courts of tho State more
.specially Hu Couria of Cloherol Sessions
-are too expensivo. fn tho latter
ribnnals muru ti.ee ia consumed in the
rial of ( Henees that might ns well ho
gui/.able in sonto other way, at fur less
liist to tin; taxpayers. Au examination
.I tho ? \p< luliiuri'H in tho several couu
ii s will show that perhaps tho groud l
[ruin upon tho Ircusury is found in Ibo
I rails mudo to j KI y jurors, witnesses, ai i
itber pei: ms doing duty in tho ('eur.
>( Oomial Sessions. S jaie of tile conn
ie.-, have run iu debt since thc in louting
? tho Democratic regime, and thb state
? affairs i i in almost every cuso attribut
luit to thc courl expouses. Thodillioul
y lien in thu faot that wo liavo hut two
liuiiual tribunals- -tho Court of Cl enc ral
icssii >n and Ibo ( milts ol' Trial J usiic e,
.'la se Inlier ire limited to cases punish
hie with thirty days' imprisonment or
lin) lim: ur bulli. Mau? oases go to thc
'ourt of Sessions that ought to bo tried
iy Trial .Justices; and tho larger runt
ier thut thus go might, with great help
n tin- tax* ivers, bo disposed of hy some
iiUrnndillie tribunal. Tho Cascstriable
li Ibo CoUll of Si. suions inight well be
unlined I" tho.e of crimes punishable
litii dent1, or imprisonment for Hie.
.'Iiis would re piirb ll ohaugo in thu Con
There have boen many reforms sn j
;eslcd, by .ludgo Hudson and others, II
iiir criminal ?em e lure, and the matt' i
,-i!! lillipilli s> tako some shape on tin
lour of ono or both bouses, lint tb?
irectioti ?iud extent of tho changes cai
int now oe anticipate I.
ni. em.i Mill v i w.u..
Tho question of the Slate's duty it) n
eiein-e to tito Columbia Canal was
imminent one iu tho pi ninnies of IHHt?
lt the last session tho Legislature with
hew tho appropriation, und nuspoudei
ll work except snob as was necessary ti
oe w hat bud already been dono. I'hi
nutter ?viii coino ni? formally during thi
ear's scsi-i on, upon* the fellowing poli
lon from thc citizens of Columbia;
Ph?; citizens of Coluinbln ure ImprcHsci
vim tin- he'.ii t ilmt thc development of th
!.,lumhi:i Canal is ibu only sure ineans i
?..dm bu1: prosjierlty to tho ell}'; of glyb
aipioviui ut to her laboring classes; o| ii
r. as he.? h.-r population ainl making ber
iiiiuuf.-K luring (eulie. Ilms giving Inipul"
0 val i ms industries over a largo portion i
They fm therm re are of th? opinion Mi
lie dihilon pmccss heretofore pursued I
i|i'.-ning the ennui ard thc ci station of woi
m it ?turing the pe' year have furiousl
lepieclated tho value of properly III Iii
1 y, and caused a considerable number?
i< i-citizens lo seek homes elsew here nu
Int the State thereby has suffcro I dell
While regretting h>-t opportunities lin
ne piofouiidh convinced thal gencroi
ixisiniion, combined with tlio active c
?|ieruiioii nf ike city, can repair tho ml
ikes which may have IK en made, mid li;
n i his event a period of prosperity w
i|M i .lily .law ii on thc capital of our Sin
md (-Mend thorough* ul thc gurrotindh
To insure this grand result in ll sim
line, lo give to Collimbln and the S n
valer power unsurpassed In the cunnii
,vtll rcipilte Ibo I thor "f ?00 convicts f
wo years and a con ??hlerablc sion ol mon*
1 r the St ito will turn over Ibo canal I
ic hem tit ot Columbia, und furnish du
I iuds, WU ii Ti! of tllO opinion lluil theta
ricers < f Columbia will r? milly furnish I
m ans to ennif lete the ( an d'lov. n lo T
lhar.eh lielow Pendleton si reef, willi
:.w> y .c furnish th?: penitentiary wi
><)() horse power, and GOO nurse pow er nu
ivbbh the Statu is under conli.icl lo f*
?Uli Sullivan Kenner.
We, the undersigned taxpayers a
i.u?dre men i f the filly of Columh
[lierefore respect full J pedil?n jour hon
ihle lindie* tn pass the bill Which will
inhniltto I nt this losslon ol tho Leglslntu
jiu general features of which ard 'll
i*.. M ne shall nun over to Uve trustees
ihe hem lil Of Columbia thc ( anal, anil t
nigh the labor of 800 convicts for ;
yean That the trustees have po.vcr
mortgage tho ciiunl and I Mic bonds lo
imnunt of (900,000, Ismrlng inter?s! ai
Ida- cool . and ih.it tho oliy bo oin howe
io gnarnnteo the payment of Ibo Interest
ihe bonds. Th I .,MH> horse power
[.irnlsbtd the Htate, and timi ibo canal
RtmpleU'd from i's source lo Tar. Brai
within two yeats (rom the passage of
OTIII.lt M ATP RPS.
Ibero are, besides all those thin
. (hers that tim Legislature Must I?
after-tho homestead law, the ben l
UM usury law, the ?cliool law, tho pl
phftte interesta -all of winch have
tr.icte?! moro or less of thc publie ?tl
tum. Doubtless some changes wUI
propo*?d in cub ol thuso Mo, and
ruero proposition involves time if
a lything elso. - -J
Our lawmakers have their bauds 1
without a doubt.
Both houses como together on I
day. That day will be consumed in
liminanoe. Tho (JovoruorVs nieasago
probably bo rond on Wednesday. Thurs
day jg Thanksgiving Day. The hodics
j may come down to work' hy Friday or
I Saturday, but tlie tendency ol things
the probable outcome of tho session.
I will not be apparent for several days
< \ I'l l Kl NO CAItOlilNit.
' M. I..UM \, liraviulo und thu H?milt-il'liui- J
liing n ?HIII|?HIRII A uni inst "tlio Hour lion I
(Htlltorial of Hie Heston .1- urmo )
'J hero is au evident disposition in Ibo
N rtb to look un South Carolina ns tho
mightiest stronghold of Bourbonism in
thc ontiro country, and tho foot that
th ro is :.. st rou g and growing tndepi rid
out party in that Stale, which, sooner or
later, is destined lo hold tho reins of
power, w ill not lie accented in this region
without somo cogont proof. Snob proof
Hon. .1. Hendrix Moljane, tho ludopend
ent candidate for Governor in 1882, and
perhaps Iho most conspicuous lender ol
tho now departure, submits in another
Oolumu, to ?ho Journal rea.leis. Tho
one thing which the South Carolina In
dependent:; mest keenly feel tho m e I of
is iho generous and active sympathy of
tho Republicans of tho North, und In rc
tum for thia they aro willing t ) do all
tin y cm toward thooloctiou of a Rcpub
lican President in 1888.
Mr. MoLauo maintains, and give:; tho
figures on which his bi lief is based, that
South Carolina <-u a tree ballot und fair
count will reject tho Bourbons by an
o rorwholming vote. Without Norther.-!
!U publican assistuueo an hon.?st election
is regarded as a sheer impossibility, so
strongly uro tho Bourbons cu trenched
in power, but their very audacity is has
tening their overthrow by alienating tho
best i lc meuts of tho Democratic pur ty in
tho state, ft bj tho widespread and
sham: h ss corruption ol Bourbon rule in
S nth ( ?arolina w hich has made its di -
t'eru actually castor to accomplish th? rc
Hun in neighboring Stator, Tennessee,
Georgia aud North Carolina, mr in
stance, whoso Demoorntio iidmiuiatra
tiotis ure fur less objectionable.
li tho Republicans ?ire to make un
effort to break Iho Solid South n?-xi
year, tho State of South Carolina, in tho
light of Mr. Mci jam 's experience, would
surely M em to oller tho greatest okoUCCS
for success. One thin?, is welt wroth
noting, and (hat is that tho Indopeu lent
movement, which Mr. McLano repre
sents, spriugs from thc soil ot South
Carolina, und hus it-: strength among tho
best chusos of tho Stale, it is no di
version of Northern adventurers anxious
lo be cnn ?cd into o?lco by t!.?- negro
volo. Mr. McLano iu a few weeks re
turns to bis home after a short stay in
New i'.led ?nd. Ue 1)06 succeeded ill iti
ti lesl eg in ins e ilise several of the fore
most republicans ol thisscolion, und is
preparing '<> begin at un early ?late u
vigorous campaign, lt i^ more thar
possible that tho bourbon Gibralta] maj
be tho ll rut point iu tho Solid South tc
s ?i m i- fl JK: i >l nu n St orlon.
(.). Hendrix Mel.uno In tho llosloli .tournai
Mr, McLano was asked, "What oxcust
do tho Democrats oller tor this wliolcsah
fraud ?" I le replied :
"None nt all, except that their part'
claims that they must and will liol'
power in spite of luw or right. Tin
I huirbon used to claim that w ealth an?,
iulclligi ncc should govern tho State
that ignorant negroes should not bok
ellice uer rulo in publia a flairs. Tin
Northern people seemed satisfied witl
lins excuse, und were willing to accop
this Bourbon ?dea as sonn what of ni
exoneration for fraud in leotions. Bu
Uns wus a false promises a lio tc? bogil
with, a Bourbon dovico to deceive. Tb
colored people never did clamor fo
olheo, and usa mee arc now ami niwaj
have bern in inver of good and comp!
tei.t inen tilling Un- ulllces. Thoro wa
nevi . .?. un..-since they have been Votoi
but when Hie best white men in Hu Shit
could not have Leen elected b> ollloo b
tho help of colored votors if tho whit?
hud been wise and fair, in 188*2, who
tho g reutest frauds that ever had bec
known wi ru committed, tin y were n<
committed against ignorant negroes, bi
more i specially against native white mei
lu respect tu Um intellectual ability, pi
nial standing and financial worth, thc li
dependent nominees would not suitor 1
comparison willi tho Democratic ticke
Had it been left to tho education
ipialitication of tho voters tho number <
votes for tho Independent ticket won
have far surpassed tho number of vot
lortbe Democratic ticket. Tho voto '
tho most intelligent and wealthy man
the State is not tiny more secure und
Bourbon management than i? thc vo
of tho m )nt ignorunt and ponnile
..D i von think the Republicans cou
carry tho Stat?; in J88?''
"They cnn, and I speak advised
wbeu i sa) Hint the (udoponder
throughout thc State think thc san
South Carolina can bo curried for t
Nut ional Republican ticket next ye
taster than uiiy other State ill tho cou
try. In voting for Congressmen u
Presidential elcctois wo can prov i
against the whole frauds described iu t
ll Kirbon methods ol carrying State a
county elections. The United Sta
.statutes provide for the appointment
supervisors from each party in Congr
hiouul elections. Thus the Independe)
would have supervisera to look af
their interests .il tho polls and assnro
honest vote. Tho Bourbons, kuowi
this, have sopara tod the State from t
Federal election, and have thus abo
that they know they cannot hold t
? Stute in a national contest if thc Rcpt
beaus of tho North encourage the in
I pendents to mako a c.unpsign. 1 o
I dow n to ligures, I know Mint in that 0
i tho vote would stund about us folio
I Thc "hole strength of tho liuurh
liloes not exceed .'.(?,i)t>0 pt tho of?,
white voters, mid this is leus than o
j fourth of tho voting population. Th
are about 120,000 colored voters, nt b
100,000 of whom nun safely be conn
1 on to go with tho white Indepondei
Alloting that 20.000 negroes und ll),
whites do not vote, from various eau
you seo thoro would be an opposing t
of 100,000 negroes and 2?.00? Indop?
ont? os ugaiiifit ?d.OOO Bourbon vo
which weald ninko a clear majority
?7?,OOO for the Independ? nts. Such
......'.-whelming mojority eulin?.t b . co
. ,1 out if tho Motional Republican p
nuls by us. Tho Southern Bourl
dread tho Nortborn oyo as they d
nothing else, and if it should bec
known that tho Repnblloan party Wi
demand fair play tn Federal oiecti
.... -,C. ?
i i ? i i-.-i. ----????-la
'their atlitudo would chango from that of
bulldozing to ono of foar. J have wit
n?s eil sonto o? the worst outlawry thoy
havo e ver attempted in any elect ion, but
have ie vcr seen the mob that could not
havo been easily quelled by half ?1 dozen
bmve mon, wearing ns n sign ol' authori
ty only thu miniatura Hag of the United
Slates at ! heir lapel, il' it were known
they were earnestly backed by thc Re
publican puty ol' the North. Sucha
determined backing would, without
quc&tiou, Bcouro the electoral votent' tin
State to tho Republicans and also bring
thora several members of Congress,"
(.'Ol'HT AND ' UHNKT Sl.ATK.
lammt- 5Inj Have loan-nlty ol Coulirma
lion un Vccotlllt ol' \g?.
(Special to ?lie Pliiladqlphin Tiiut'8.)
WASUINOTON, November is. Tho slut o
ai raugi. il for tho Supremo Court and
Cabinet vaciiuoics is llamar for tho
bench, Villis for tho interior and Dick
inson, of Michigan, for tho I'ostolllco.
These nppoiutnienta bavo been detluiti ly
determined upou. Secretary I jiu tar's
nomination will not be rando until after
the. Senate con VC I es. Tho nominations
will ba withheld uni il lu; has been cou?
lirracd. Mr. Lamar's friends in thc Son
ato say that, having been ii Senator und
now hoing a Cabinet oilleor, he will be
OOO ill'nv without reference. An ofl'ort
lo this end will be mudo.
It is intimated, howov?r, thal, tin rc
?nay be sorne oppo; itiou on tho Repub
lic.tu side, on the ground that ho 1ms
passed tho nga ot maximum ofUoiency,
which the ?udioiary committee and thc
Renato doti rmiucil moro than a year ago
should bo tho rule. Mr. Lamar puts hi?
ige ai 08. Tho records of tho time of
Ino Congressional servicesboforo tho Ito
hellion Indicate that he is 08. lt tins
fact is ostublisliod it bo very diillcull
for his ?ricial. io persuade tho Senate to
ig ree to bi? conllrmation.
Winn tho Senate continued J migo
Merrick for tho United States District
fJoitrt of Ulis District tin Senators Itt
talged in a very bitter controversy on
the i pie timi of Hgt}, be, hov, ever, being
hut sixty-one, Giving to tho peculiar
'iroumfiinnccs uudt r which hu was forced
.mt of tho court ou ticcounl of Southern
tj input hies daring thu- war. au exception
ivau mndo of his cuse by Senator Hoar
ind others. Rut ?t was thou decided ou
lioth sides of tho obambor that no per
son should hq confirmed for Circuit or
District Judgeships who had passed
llfty-oight. If ibo Senate adhere to this
igrecmont it will bo dillloult for Sccrota
Lamar's friends to carry him through.
Should the confirmation fail tho present
lalo will bo broken and thero will bo no
ibangca made in tho Cabinet.
-I X.M.I.l s l.\ I'l'lll l tuv
'.linn Ute l-:\|ilorcr Intrnitcil lu Un \\ lieu l.nnt
ili lli.! l-'roiu.
Advices from St. Raul du Lonudii slate
Hint news hus been received lhere from
Henry M. Stanley, nader dato September
.-. to i he cit', et Hitit t!u expedition lind loft
thc camp that ho established about eighty
iliiys" journey 11oin the Mtihodlc?uulrj and
w:is inhuming I ?ward thc Western sJiorc
af Albeit Ny ar./.a, i h" men wore greatly
latitpie.l, ?"..! iruguli 1 willi di Ilten h y over
i distune of several kilometres. Themas!
important chiefs ol lin country through
which thc espeditioi had traveled readily
? ?lup?eil with Shin loy's request for food,
^.'.lilley h leed i i hair days lo reorganize
iheexj edition, nd then, leaving thirty moll
10 ^iiiiid t ht - - e ' ?ramp; proceded towards
Aloctt Nyanza, lb Intended to form ti
L' liup on the feltild >inpoof thc UiOttntuim
11 irdei'|i)g Alka I \y.ni/ i. and to (llbpatcli
i small nil vam ? ila rd toward Wadolai In ti
Steel wlltile-b ai, under command of I ?lou
tenant stners. imloss ho should hoar frosh
III ivs of I'.niiu Ray.
Stanley says he brid loamed thal Kn.in
Re}- was ia feud health, and thal lliocouu
try to thc . -uthwurduf Albert Nyanza had
hccoiuo inucli (piloter, lb had written II
li-t'ei to V-.imguuKa Camp requesting pro
visions to enablu him lu rcvlciutd Kinh
bey. (?wing to Ibo i vents at Sta pi? I h
md the state ol lllOC?Untry, lla ve wc- didi
unity ia (hiding portent WIto wore willin.
lu peiietintv ii.to tho unknown country he
youd Varnh;?ilka without Stanley. Stank1)
hoped to u able lo communicate direct!)
with Kulin Key hy September; I V
Tho explorer mys ho fotihtl Mn hod i i
populo is and hospitable country. Ile wa
Uoinpelli d to nhiindon hi- route along Hu
Anni ?mi Uiver, ?ovin.; tu its souther).'
[?nurse. Iledheovcrcd streams which lu
helieved to he tributaries of the (?ucllc.
Tho Pleanurca ol an A nardi lui VI I .?-.
"I have no use for a mau who is tm
big a coward to mako bombs to kill th
pulicu. If you won't make bombs l'l
leave you. ' This is what Mrs. Olar
Paech, of 1,010 Van Horn Ntreet, sui'
with all the violence of a virago, to he
husband, Rudolph, on Sunday night
At tho samo time Miss Johanna Oppitz
Rudolph s sister-iu law, dashed a hooke
of Mater in his fa?0, and old man ( )ppit
joined in Ibo m< lee and caught his ROU
in-law by the tu ck. Rudolph aworo h
would not make bonds* to pUnire ht
Anarchist wife aud her family ; that h
was a law-abiding oiti?en; that ho wu
HO coward it ; ?. I 110 Anarchist. Ile wolli
not stand moro abuse from them, so h
appeared before Justice C. J, White
Police Court and obtained warrants fa
thc three, charging bia sister-in-law wit
assault and tho others with disorderl
cundoot. They were arrested and bel
in ball ol $200 each. -Chicago Times.
\ ll. i i I umi mr? n Lu
Thal peacefully disposed young IM-I
which Thomas Strong presenti d to thc eil
i-i kepi chained in tin door paddock at tl
city p u k. Th" other I iy ft hrokc its cha:
ami started in io have n venison dinner,
ran after tho dei rilli tho young tank tuna
on it and combed i's fm si ?th its horns ar
kicked it on thc Snout and made Hie blot
inn. and tinnily lbj il >r Imitated Zacchoi
mid climlied a 'bec, w hile thc huck Blot
guard nt thc hollom w ith lire in his cy
ami (totl)ing at thc mouth willi rage. Tl
In ii 1 ,eso( iiitlon of that bear with thc pim
colony at Mell.ikahtle, it seems, did n
eradicate all ino lavage nature of Ibo Unit
Cul it will proba!) y wait till il is bigg
liefere it tries to cat that buck airain.
I Portland Oregonian,
J, l'" I'm-.toe's iMorohnut Tailor Y
t.ibli.ihmciit, Columbia, S. C., ia in fi
blast. Only a look will couvinco a
one All that want a, lirat-clasa titti
snit try bim. A full Jino of tho h<
goods on hand.
Thc cynic isa mau who has failed; 1
woman hater is aman who lins not b<
ttuceuuf ul in love,
TUE URANITK OK GRANITES.'
SOUTH CAltOI.INA'H .,i:r\i m nun
l.KA Iii M. TH I. WOHI.H.
What li llelnx liunuto tiov?l<i|i lim l-'iomm
W1|IUHI>UVU < > 11.1 II >-. 1 lie .'..?I ill
l?<|Xl^ll--Tll<- (?III llli.S ?I!, ll \<l< il illi. Ml
the Stone-Ho? O IH IIIIHUWMI.
(Carl McKinley In Tho Stows and Courier,
Tho Nowa anti Courier announced re
cently that a coinpany ?nd bceu formed
in Charkston for tho thorough dov i> p
meut ot thu famous grauih quart ios nco r
VYinnsboro, s. c. An importantfenturo
of thc new organization, i' should bc
neted, is thal it is composed entire! . i
citizens bf this State, who liavo thus
ourod tho permanent control of what
everywhere conceded io '<> . tho lint I
known deposit of granib <>:\ the conti
nent. The direction of the : lair of tin
company is likewise in local bands, a .
the capital has been sub < ribed ut home.
Thc enterprise is, then'oro. of ;i dis
tiuotly local oharaotor, and it only n
ijuires to ?M> added that it is ono ol Ll
most important of tho many now out? r
priaiiS that have been established in thc
?jude since tho war to command for any
account of iti condition and prospects
the i u ter etd of every ono who bab tho
welfare of tho State at heurt.
ON rm: uuoUNl). |
What the quarry is, und what may be
oxpected to bc accomplished in its devel
opment, cnn beat 'oe ascertained, ol
oourso, by a visit to the ground.-, or
rock, where it ls located. \ visit for|
this purpose was accordingly m.nb i fe?
days ago hy a number of tho olllcorsaud
directors of tho company and others, tho
party being composed aa follows: Cou.
Rudolph rhcgliog, pren? lent; Slr. Ja mes
F, Uedding, socrotary and treasurer;
Col. Henry 13. Young, Mr. Keckloy and
Mr, Cogswell, of Charleston; Col. A. C.
Haskell, of Columbia; Mr. Burnett, civil
engineer of tho Hiohmond and Danville
Railroad lines in ?Si.nth Carolina, ii ld .1
representativo of ? ho NT< wu and < loni
Leaving Columbia at nu carly hour, in
u special ear kindly provide '. by I
Haskell, a pleasant ride <<i nu hour aud a
hub convoyed tho party to a point u . ?
miles below Wiunsboro, where tho
branch railroad leading to thu quarries
lem cn tho track of the main line, lb li
the visitors were met by Moj< r Tine. NV.
Woodward, tho manager of tl < .
ny, under whoso escort Ibo n si <.f tho
trip ai I tho genoral tour bf inspection
wen. in il .
. -ir ci. II'ASY'S HA I ni to AU.
Thc rid? o- or the brauch railroad wai
not without ib; own inter? sting fi itur< ?
Tho track in ol the regulation gnu; . and
tho engine looked to bo l?;; cnoui li . ul
strong enough to drag a rook boubb 1 < ?
considerable s*zo out of its bcd of ag
or to pull n hill np by tho rc ?ts, if occu
sion required, lt is uol now employ I
for these purposes, bo wovor, its ?ole
task at preseut ociug to haul tho linont
granite in tho world from ti:.: quarries to
the Charlotte, ( olumbin ami Augu 11 '
Railroad, a distauci of about four aud
half miles. Tho branch linc inion;.;, lo
Iho quarry company, and i? somowbat 1
peculiar in respect to grade, in that
runs up hill and down hill and through
plantations in n way that alVords tho ';
oldost railroad traveler a koon sense ol !
novelty in this mode of progression. ,
Notwithstanding this peculiarity ot its
construction, however, it 1 safely und
strongly built, with a viow to thc In ..;,
traille that passes over it, and thc siglil
of some of ita former trestles tilled in 1
with a stone w hose value is reckoned bj
tho squaro inch might well excite tho
envy of tho Pennsylvania Uailroad ii olf.
Other railroads, :it an rate, that ru 1
through granito Holds of their own send
ninny miles to get tho Wiunsl oro granil
for tho const rue! iou of culverts, ?Vc , on
their lines, and it was easy to imagine
that the iron monster that drew thc
company's representatives guv- ,^ snorl
of proud satisfaction whenever ne ran
over tho masses ol' precious matorial thal
lovel his road across tho valleys.
AMONO rm: </' A OTU BS.
At the end of the linc the visitors dis
ombarked, and found themselves in Ibo
midst of tho famous rook beds and of u
scone of life and industry whoso interest
and importance cannot well bo exagger
ated. From the side of w hat may now
be called tho main track, tho narrowest
of murrow gauge railroads stinted off
abruptly and wound its way through the. ;
bushes and up the bili and around tho
over aud around tho beds and boulders
of gray stone along a route which was
probably patterned niter thal of tho
coney among the rocks in far I/.eh rn
lands and ancient times, and which re
duced tho grade of tho maiu track to a
horizon level by mero foroo "i .mt ned.
The smaller railroad, or rail path to
Speak exactly, is intended to renell tho
various quarries among tiie bills, and
notwithstanding its irregular character
it gets there, all thc .same. The ..mall
platform ears look like dining bibles OU
wheels, but they carry a load of freight
every day that, il piled together, would
tux tho capacity of the larg? Bl and
strongest teams in tho coal regions to
the north or west of us. Pushed up the
bili by baud, they receive their loads at
ami near the summit, and the only dilli
culty in their management on tho return
trip, laden or empty, is to proven! them
Hom making moro I nan a mile or so in a
minute. There in a decided suggestion
of tobogganing in their movements one
wa\, und certainly lhere could, bo no
more assured title to enjoyment for hoya
of strong nerves, or. no nerves nt all,
than that ol a free puss to rido at dis
Oretlo? oj? theso meny-go-downs among
tho labil il i 1 Ils and wood..
TJIl HAMTi: I 1EI.1I.
The visitors did not ride. The idea
was not suggested to them, and scorned I
not to occur to any of the party, all of
w hom walked instead, aud walked a good
deal. The quarry tract proper that is,
tho area where the grande crops and
bulges form tho surface of tho earth
comprises about twenty-livo acres. Re
sides this tract, however, tho company
owns a large body of land, all around
tho quarries, and w hich is so disposed ns
to alford better drainage and more
climbing facilities than can he, found in
any other one quarry-Held in the Union.
ISvory purl of thia Held was visited and
thoroughly Inspected, mostly on fro?,
and tho strong impvessiou left upon the
mind mid hotly ol a to of tho visitors wan
tl? .i Iii' oircuinferenoo und ncveral diam
eters ol Ibo company's landed posses*
sion-: would aggregate about 187 miles,
A sueebv von viva UUNDHKU VK.W.S.
Tho general ti poet of tho quam s
Koa reub admita ol satisfactory descrip
tion. Thi 'c is granito every W'horo, and
a heap ol r. Cw? nty-llvo uores ol' tho
al ?no are in light, projecting like tho
bones of Ibo wm ld, mid there is plenty
mor , of course, below. Whore thesofl
Ima bc >n wnt-h id I uni tho hillsides und
fluids, thc gray mus? protrudes in nrois
as broad u ono t . tho pinks in Charles
ton, and o;> away gradually in cv ry
?:- reoti iU) .. ;-.iii '; out again ut inter
vftls, in a way that fully confirms the
claim ? ? Miij;u Lah.ard, thai then; Is
enough ul lb i t bli Ming and paving
material lhere, exposed to tho cum;.og
hand oJ thc workman, to supply thc
ivuuti f i! oiviihscd woirld for tho uoxt
lt y<i bun In .i reit rs; of, us ho sometimos
adda eau ti aisly, for four hundred years
al has;. When thc turfuco crop ia ex
hausted, niottover, operations can bc
ext oded tl " ...> . i. and will bo <. u
tiuued in that dhuctiou until tho pro
duct becomes too ..uni to bundle with
oom f< rt.
Thc surface croll ia not limited, bow
ever, to thc bctlu juat mentioned. On
ono o! these lio immense boulders of th?'
same stone, from vbiob all tho soil hus
been long since, washed away, and winch
aro readily attacked from every side, ex?
oept Ibo bottom. The appeutancc "i
these gigantic rocks ns they btand solita
ry or in groups, or trull out in totemt
preta .-.ion through tho fore:-', ear .
fail to suggest the same curious anda .
Bonn ri flection to every beholder. Tm
imp)oafiiii . i irresistible that OU0 ; i
strayed oil' from Ibo present world o
living Ibiugs and iuvadod tin; Just rotten
of H rd of tile Mist creatures with tm
long nunn. , who, tin gcologhts tell us
once . ..:. . ! rall tim Country, ai:?
wimm \v>- li ?! Loped never to see outs iib
ul itu -ri.- 1 leeka und phosphate o< m
panics ;. tn ph lot i.
iii i N ; .
In ?h" M - ut depths iii 'he autu mu
woods of old !'.MI a-ld <.'linty these .ni
pressions arti heightened almost b .
tense o? glim reality, and it wodi
/mn iv ho fe
himself for tho (irai timo in tho neigh
boihood ol (?itu ?.ft to gray and nh
backed megatheriums and things n m
l?ocktou, to . t au of them Kui iq
aguiiisc neun,ni troc . od Into 611 I In
w lido I "., muli;, brauche?, leaves int
all, :.. di -,i ur ir, in his pi*i. irco. Ti oj
do ivar yet, indeed, but they du JIU
bile; and tlmy aro very dead DOW, nm
pet ri tied bcfc'd? .>. Dealing with then
strictly in their pit si ti practical ciao io
i.'i-, they atc among t. u mo&t valuabl
p o ss i . . I ? n n y.
iv;st? have Uccij carved cul ol ll. a
(iiiuka and hun itches, ami tilt se arc ol Ut
samo toothsome tui.ility, to u q?nrrioi
as thai bi tye bc 1 foi lt ; I Iv, A gu >i
? . ? I . Dil tl
au Uli ....
Bourse, hut ?I doe u.. a-, deep a
tho hide ol ? rhinoceros. ^ few blow
m' thc ham nu ir ri ill Kin ; he olde t b< a
.UUtdig tljc?l I ? Hie eaie is.. rei 1.
to be carved up iulo lli-lgiau blooks u
dooral cps, or anything else, that Wi
stund .di t ie wcai und tear to which Ibo
may bo ; Itbjceb ; I ; in tit liri eil tu Obi -..
the ctidniing ai d m < ry way admit'
lae char, . li .i '. i . of Ititi Witlhsb?X
?i t ono ia no w li c rc bc-1 ter shown than h
nie mai Uer in whicu it baa thus Ur.st'j
tho erosive power? ?'i time add natun
uni eu:ne .? of t'; . prob ilH?d ? o'
unimpaired. Duiul i . . howey
this valuable quality is found combtm
With others ol cqind it portnhcu lo t'.
iirtiiiocr and archil o i ..... . ; men t
thu stonowovkiiig btistm m .
nu-: aritENOTii ot' i r.
Thu strougtli ol tin SV unshorn grant!
is one .d' those additional desirable qua
BulHcioutly show n i a sbigle sf?ieineri
Two tests of it- n si bi g power, lindi
pressure, ha vt been recently made wi
the United Hintes tcsling maoiiiuoat ti
Government am nul ul. Waterfowl
Mass. Ono teat waa applied lo a en1?
of tho granite, alien! tlvo inches e. .
way. 'Hie first crack appeared in r
spouse tu ? prt -. uro of 802,000 j um !
and the "onishiug strength" was foin
tu bo 102,000 pounds, ur 19,1100 punt,
per onbio incb. Tho second test, a
plied to a cube t f about the same si/
yielded still moro favorable resul'f.; tl
smi ll block showing iii ! lit. craok
1128,000 p..m.il-, .nm nut orusltiug m
the pressure was in?rensed to lin;,i
pounds, or 10,080 pounds per eu'
inch. What tliis nu uns will be best:;
deist 'fl by thi so who aro familiar wi
Slioll mal! 'i'.-, bal i:: e. popular way
may be explained Unit it shows thu'
eube of He [ninilo ol iiilie larger di ni <
sions thai) those of ono of tho tiny luin
of cd loaf sugar ?vii ich ono sits un t
breakfast table, Will SUfil tin the wei
of a railroad locomotive, or other obj
bf equal gravity, as a largo sized br
store oi residence, for instance. I?>
tests, Itsbould be noted, were made
an olllcer ol tho United States UoVi
mont, and tho results arc 11 forth o
bis oillcial signature, Tin-rue m bo,
course, no room for doubt as tu th
;. v-tt.v OANMVBD,
lt might,vory wed ba pposed, ni
this statomont of taut, tba! ft Btone
this tensile strength would bc about
most difficult material in thu world, nt
amt india rubber perhaps oxooutod,
split up into oonvouiont ami nst
furias. No mero stone breuker co
reasonably be oxpooted tu own a gove
mont stunt .splitting machine, or to
able 1.? cany one around with I
bandy, il he possessed half a dozen. !
hero comos in a marvellous feature of
stone in question, lt is as "workal
us it is strong. Uniform in texture, :
as utterly devoid of Haw? and "wi
hornes, ' aa of red-headed girla th
f elven, it splits and breaks, when it t
split and break, on pianos as true air
us tho .-ides ot u sawed log. Take,
instance, ono of the great boulders
scribed. One or two men drill a
boles in lino along its surface. Von
scarcely niBort a linger in ono of
bolos, and it ia but nfew inches in de
You can insert two small bit? of i
however, and drive a narrow we
about tho size of a tcnpenuy* nail, be
[ twoou thon. This dono, a fow atrokea
; ol a hammer ia given nu tho boucl of each
wedge, and thc great ti vss is eloft from
bottom to top, und fruin end to cud, bo
foro your eyes. if otbor holes havo
'ii drilled in thc side, and they always
ire thc procesa is promptly repeated
und ro-repeatcd, and m e. short time tho
r minns o? Unit particular mastodon dis
! appear from the face ot' tho earth, leav
ing n:ly a few basketful ol' fragments to
show where it reposed for BO many ages.
?ov ia thin tho most .striking and cu
fiona illustration cl the facility with
which tho .stone can bo handled. A
great deal of the Wmusboro granito is
A < for paving purposes. Large ?pian
ti tics of the paving blocks are now be
rng hauled past the granite ipiurriea of
. '. irgiu ami intermediate States iu ordor
10 give lo Cincinnati tho best roadways
iu iii" v?nid, and Churlestonians drive
over others of tin Bama character every
11 ; . Tho making of the ftuniliur little
i' lu loka which are unod for thia kind
. ivi i. looks liko magic to one, who sees
tho i pcration for the first time. A .slab
as large us au ordinary valise is prized
bom thc reit side of the boulder, or
from the fttCo of the quarried block, and
hills nt tho feet of the workman on tho
'round below. His practiced eye tells
Mei at once on which side of the frag
ment thu lines of cleavage ran, and none
but a practiced eye can dob cl nyditl'er
uco between one si.ie and another.
With no earthly reason whatever, that
you can discover, for his choice, hu
turna tho block till tho right side is up
permost. A half dozen light strokes
.. i'll the sharp edge of his hammer traco
a white lino the whole length of thc
ick, Thia lino ia crossed by another
? i '. it at right angles. Tho block ia
turned bottom side up. Then ono or
two sharp blows fail somewhere near tho
? Ige, nud tue block "splits" in two.
Euell .1 tho halves receives a rap or so,
m turn, ami each "breaks," not splits,
?;; just tho right, place. Whatever tho
.-. ol' tho block, thia simple, process
soon makes fractious ol' it, and the
workman is marking new lines ou a new
valise bi foro you aro well aware that he
as piokod thu lock of thu lirst. The
performance appears to be thu < iciest
ivay of making a living that hus yot been
isoovcrcd, and all thc luborura seem
happy and con tout. A glance at their
swelling muscles, however, shows that
y a .? . Qgttj . ; iu play, and any
who migbi fool disposed to adopt
..til profession or art on the spot would
. bably ic ..lit with the advice to go
. ! practico with a sledge hammer, in a
luckstnith shop, for a year or two by
ivay (.1' primary education,
ONE ut i iii: WONDBBS.
< lue ol tiie wondora ol the quarry is to
. e the lightness and freedom with which
liie granite masses, of all si/.ea, are lilted
and turned and rim away with, aa
hough the touch of tho band discharged
thu power of gravitation and converted
boulders into beds of down, hard to lie
. .?i bu' easy to make up sud move about.
Von stand with tlc manager mid his
foreman by tho side ol om- of the great
form! U3 large us a meeting bouse, and
m Hie pit at your foot is a solid street
car. Nothing daunted, tho two experts
, .ik ?.1 cutting ap tia: one as though it
il Mere a loni ot 'Mtier s tuend, and of
raiaiug tho other to tho sui'ioeo us if it
iv er o u biscuit. And VDU cannot help
. oking at them again to set: whether
tiley ure indeed men of your own mould
or whether there is anything in their
c mntonancos to Manant the hopo that
they will be more ration.ii when thc
SX'ltl'ASSKS Al.I. OTIICUS.
They an rational enough, however.
I'ueir words are justified by tin ir works
. ait the signs of tin st aro all around you.
I'hc raw and precious material is melt
ing nwnj from toe hill tops, under intel
. ..t and skilled dn\ ebon, and is
tidily Hewing down into thu valley
iv inch is its outlet to Ibo great eitica of
tho country. Tho industry is still com
paratively i i its infant y, great ami grow
ing aa it is. The beauty of the steno
baa won it favor wherever it has been
exhibited, lt is perfect in appearance
when freshly cut, ami is devoid of tho
iron and otbor components which mar
other grauites after a brief exposure to
utmospht ric iniluonoos, lt may bo soon
to ii iv.inborn here in Charleston, in the
Calhoun monument and tlc Dragoons'
monument, and the Govemmont build
ings m Columbia and Nashville have
given it widespread renown. No other
granite in tho united States can compare
with it in any desirable particular, and
this fact is already too well known to ru
qnire much advertisement.
Tho variety of uses to which thu atone
. iii bo applietl is shown by thu State
mont of thu experts w ho have examined
it, thal it cnn be eut in plates not moro
than ono inch thick and five or moro
ti et in length, on thc one hand, while it
.un also be Quarried for delivery in
lengths of seventy-live feet, or us long
. ni large aa a railroad ear can curry, lt
ia needless to add that tho granite is BUS
optible of u fine polish, aa that follows
?rom its even texture and hardness.
TilK COMINO DEVBTJOPHBNT,
What is most noach d now is to develop
he quarry on a scale that will enable the
nipply (.> meet any domand that may bc
H le upon it. and this is tho work that
been undertaken by tho new oom
?.my, ?with tho assurance of immodiato
access. Abundanco of home capital,
imler the direction of homo capitalists
iud managers, has been enlisted in tho
nterprise, and ita future is bright in
deed. Tho whole story might bo summed
ap in a few words. South (Jarolinn lue:
linet deposit of granite iu tho
Union, and proposes now to supply tho
vindo Union with it. lt is truly a mag
iiifloont possession that bea among the
dis ol old Fairfield county, and it will
not 1)0 many months now boforo these
one stones, so long rejected of tho
farmer, will form tho head o? tho corner
MI tho proudest oditlcos fruin Maino to
George Frauds Train passed througb
bangor, Mo., on Monday en route lor
St. John, N. B,| whoro no says be ex
.>oot? to live hereafter. In tho evening
iv delivered an address to a small undi
?ncc, repeating what be hos already said
regarding the executed Chicago murder
ora ami lamenting "tbadeathof freedom
pf American speech." If he doesn't like
M. John be will build a home in tho
I te rm u dus and go there to die