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THE COMMON LAW.
A LBAIIKKO ijatFOWTlO.M W THK ?UH?
JB45T Ul MK. UISUOI*.
Th? Wrnk I'lai-fM In Our Common Law 'I'll?
i>iir?*r*<ii<'?> Between .indu?--, ?nd Jiirltti
How .Many LBW lloulm A rt- Matte
I hr OucKllun ni todllli auton.
(From tho Columbia Dully Rccortl.)
Ai 0.43 las! cvculug thc mombora <>r Hie
Uar Association assembled "t thc Senate
Chamber al thc State House.
Alter disposing ol' some routine business
ami electing two mw members, Messrs.
Paul Hemphlll aud T. E. McLure of Ches
ter, the Association repaired t- Hie Hall of
the House ot l.oprcsciltnllvcs. The mein
hers passed in by couples, the precession
iain- beaded hythe lion. Wm. ll. Parker,
the retiring Presiden1 the Association,
and the distinguished orator of thoona
sion, tho Hon". Joel Proutiss Bishop of
Massachusetts. Thoy were followed by
oilier distinguished members ot ihe Bar.
lu ll few inimit?s every chair in thc House
w as occupied, not a few of thom by ladies.
On the Speaker's platform were the
olllcers of the Association, prominent mem
bers of tho Stale and Federal judiciary and
other honored guests.
President Parker called the mool lug lo
order and lutroduccd Mr. Bishop. Mr.
Bislu p is one of the most distinguished
writers on common law iu the L'nlted
States. His oration last evening is tin
inst thai he has delivered iii forty years.
This loni; abseme from thc hustings, kow
ever, has evidently no?, impaired his power.
The following is an Imperfect synopsis ot
Air. BUItoi/i Oration.
Jlr. President and ULUUCIHCU of tlic Asso
desponding to your kind invitation lo
address you. at a period of rest from your
severe intellectual labors, 1 may seem un
grateful when 1 ask you to accompany the
thoughts 1 am lo express w ith your best
and most earnest thinking, lt would be
supcrlhious to request you further, as 1
might if you were ol arv other profession,
to lay aside prcconccpli 'US and look al the
questions before Us a.- for the HrSt tillie,
lint he who has learned and practiced Ihe
common law is familiar with the courses
of fresh investigations, and willi reform
ing his opinions whenever nulli requires.
Thc topic will be. "The Common Law
asa System of HcaSOllillg, How and Why
Essential to Good Government, What Its
Perils, and 1 low Averted."
The subject is too vast for a full treat
ment. But 1 do not forget that I am ad
dressing gentlemen accustomed to thinking
und reasoning, therefore callable of sup
plying for themselves my omissions.
Your familiarity with the common law
renders needless any defining of il by mc.
But, looking at it us a system of reason,
let mc set it for ti moment before you be
-ide the civil law*.
Mr. Bishop then showed how (he (loman
law became o system of reasoning, duter
ing from ours ill little else than tho form of
its growth ami development. As in the
countries governed by tho common law, so
iu those governed by tho Uomnn, tho
StatesmOQ and legisladas wire largely law
yers: that is, they were persons accus
tomed to reasoning upon legal, or govern
In thc economy of human Ufo and asso
ciation, we have, as thu fairest i i ts ol (Jod.
lOVO, religion and reason. J mad UOl s ty
that the last is thc greatest, for it indi. Jes
the Other two. Where reason, pure and
perfect, prevails, all other good dwells;
und tho plate whence il is banished is,
whether In this world or tho next, hell.
"Let us reason together ' is the command
of llini from whom both wu aud reason
proceeded. There is luise reasoning; bul
true reasoning condui ts to all light, to all
prosperity, to all happiness.
While Koine was controlled by mun w ho
viere accustomed to reasoning she grew
and prospered. Bul after many years, thc
. terna! longing and sighing for laziness, thc
same which has wrought immense mis
chief tn our jurisprudence, and which now
threatens lo destroy it. prevailed. Justin
Ian, whom ii ls the fashion with us lo adore,
finished thc work of mischief. Having
eolleetetl w hat ho chose lo preserve of the
writings of tho jurists, he consigned the
remainder to oblivion.
The world presents now au exact paral
lel to this. There is a little island upon
Which tho angel Of light as she Hew over it
dropped a spark. Spurning Justinian's
lolly, she accepted reason, named it the
common law, and rose ttl a power and
glory which meek the very brightest of
(toman dreams. Her navies rule the-eas,
her colonies watch Ihe sun in nil his course
around the world, her glory threw off in
. me of her Mights these United States of
America. But the longing for laziness luis
of lute taken possession of her. And she
threatens to substitute acts of Parliament
for till her common law of reason; and
make* it possible for ail sluggards and fools
te practice at her bar and preside in her
courts. If she does it, it requires no gift
of prophecy lo foresee that her encompass
ing seas will weep upon thc dripping rocks
around that little island a more mournful
requiem to her entombed empire than was
ever before sung over fallen greatness and
It you ascend the highest lower or inonu
tain-peak, and in the loudest voice ask the
eaith why it moves upon Its axis, it ran
give you no answer, lt does not know . In
the earlier ages mau did not know. Vet
from tho beginning it moved as lt docs
now. Go to the fishes and hirds, and thc
same facts reveal themselves.
Following Instinct, or conscience, or
whatever else we call it, man, while living
as all mutt in society, establishes valions
Customs and usages. Aller they heroine
universal the court lakes judicial COgui
/.anec of Hiern as law. Especially it takes
judicial cognizance of reason, and of tho
fact that directly or Indirectly it Is tho
highest guitlc of mau, lt. thus bee.os
tho highest guide of the court, so that our
law ls denominated a "system of reason."
Il accents judicial decisions :ts guide* for
future cases, because reason leaches tho ?ni
portauceof stability and uniformity.
Thc process ol' reasoning was then illus
tinted and it was show n that tho law's pro
gress consists in discoveries of its just and
true reasons and in correcting old mistakes
as to them.
In method and results tho common law
lawyer resembles tho scientist In nature.
Tho .scientist is constantly adding lo our
knowledge of what always existed, ami
ihr physical world of man ls progressing.
So lt is under the common law. The law
yer discovers, one by one, the laws Which
always existed, though, it may be. never
before understood, pertaining to tho gov
crnment of men In communities, Should
wc abolish our common law ot reason by
merging it hi codification, as many among
os seek to th?, wo should not lie brough!
where continental Europe now ls, hut.
luther to that bulb of night which Jus
tinbin prepared for her.
Tho most familiar thing bi our common
aw is its immense and rapidly Increasing
Imass Of judicial decisions. However the
w ords of one Judge may be concurred in
by the rest, they never risc higher than
evidences of the law, us distinguished from
the law itself. Thc conscquonco is that
Judicial decisions do not, and tammi,
formally settle any abstraet doctrine, such
ns lt ls tho provlnco of jurists lo lay down,
Tho proposition that Ibo words of
Judges arc always to bc interpreted ns
qualified and limited by Ibo facts of the
t uso In hand was dwell, upon. From tho
i aillent times lu Knghind to the present in
every one of our Htatos, mid in tho tribu
nais of tho United Buttes, our Judges havo
Incn then who, with only exceptions
mough to emphasize thc rule, hail nu eye
-ingle to tho discharge of their dulles,
They have not meant to play tho jurist
While sworu to ?lo thc very different woik
We now come to the weak place lu our
common law-the place which needs to bo
mended aud strengthened. 1 can state
only approximately the number of lld
judged cases in our books ol reports. A
rough estimate piners them at half a mil
lion. Thc man docs not live who could
thus go through with the half of them;
and tuero never was a memory strong
enough to stand up under the load; or, it
there was, it would crU8k out the reason
(tig powers and reduce thc lutellcct to
Idiocy. lu every view, therefore, we need
There ate seine lawyers who clamored
for codification. The suggestion was made
thal the quarrel ever this question of codi
ticalion be suspended until our law has re
ceived such juridical culture as to lu form
us, and enable 118lo turjee among ourselves,
just what and how many are Its elementary
principles, reduced lo their smallest pro
lie urged American adv?cales of codifi
cation to proparu tuul publish what they
proposed tor (odes. TIlOU the further
question of their legislative enactment
would present Itself nt thc proper lime.
Hut I am bete reminded that we have hu
men-e numbers ot legal text hooks, and 1
am asked whether 1 deny that they pro
tixd I'n 'ii jurists, 1 reply that they are bl
dllVcriug qualities, and that no ont
cliai leteri/.atiou could properly bo applied
lo all. Tho manner of milking "yout
honored text books" was fully discusser
und lt wits shown that thc author "usually'
ilral a the work of his predecessor, edits it
(hen publishes it as entirely blsowu pro
ibu lion. This is thc "usual" legal author
honored by practicing profession, mu
howi d before and followed by the Judges
Thc noteworthy part of the matter wot
that while our copyright laws, asexpoundei
and administered" by courts smiling oi
piracy, nrc SO defective ns to seem ?limos
worthless, not so are tho laws which pim isl
cheating by false pretenses. The latter ex
ist in all our States, and the violators 0
them are shut up ill the penitentiaries, ex
copi when tho persons cheated aro lawyers
1 do not know how you do things in Soul
Carolina, bul wein .Massachusetts put int
our penitentiary great lawyers, great sent
tors, presidents of immense corporation:
clergymen, and In one Instance, we receive
one of your honored South Ca ollutt c>
governors. Why exempt your honore
authors? The only reason I can imagine i
that the men of our noble and gencroil
profession, deeming with lludlbrilS Illili
"The pleasure is ns great
( if being cheated us lo cheal
scorn to make complaint of those who ha\
been lo them the source of such profoilll
Another mut hod of producing Uga] tex
books ls for au older niau to mingle lu
work with that of hays helping, ll this i
done, noi lintier tin false pretense that th
win ile proceeded from the ostensible au i hoi
hut accompanied hy au honest slatcmet
to thc public, there IS no wrong in it. an
thc result may he, In some clrcuuistnttct
lind for uses, excellent, bul it is not a jut isl
Thu very famous law school connecte
with our oidcsi university. Mime of the pn
fessots whereof have produced books wilie
have occupied thc Inst place in o::r CStCCII
h i-; swept the whole line of toxi hi ol
away', and declared that none, wini lu
wrllh n by its former professors or other:
nie ill lo be iiKcd by persons ignorant of tl
law in acquiring R knowledge of it. Th
method is sometimes Inaccurately terme
tin* leaching of the lau by eases. And IL
brief explanations of lue reason of tl.
ehanee dem?nstrale that, while tue lin i vc
versily docs tm! choose I > pronounce i
words thc common law's utter lack (
jurists, it believes il lo have none, an
adapts its curriculum to Ibis belief.
Jurist's writings ate "original sources.
Tlivy are not tho apple which suggested I
Sir Isaac Newton the law of grnvitalloi
hui his Organen. All adjudged case is ll
tipple. And the showers of apples, ?md tl
g! irions i ti gat heit ogs of the fruit, not ni
lilly emblem the vast accumulations of oi
i cporls ol tut judged 'ases
baw is Ibo only profession which tcncln
thesorl ol reason that govern.; tig) platt
Should the cry for codification, under lt
eternal aspiration for laziness, prevail, an
il e ciom.eni of reason which thc praclii
and ndmhihitratiOD ol tin- common la
have carried into government a Ifni rs, I
banished therefrom, tho hitherto cnmmm
law nations will quickly cease to bo ll
lenders of the civilized world.
ltd governmental affairs travel in tl
p..ih of pni (dent, so Hint it is of the big]
e-i importance tor tho offcors of goveri
ment to understand bow lOSOlc?tanu appl
precedents. And lhere If no possible
In which ibis skill can he so well ocquln
ns in lie indy and practice of the comme
ia t:i." higher walks of government, tl
ile ....ne .us of ofllcc are largely lawyer
?vrikc down thc common law and Ij-.inL
ii fi .un us, ?iud "sewer justice" will beti
20IU Ul Oil flttitlCO of Ibo country. Tl
. Hieer.s who ndinhl&tor sewer justice inca
iv I. W ith nil their heart? they aspiro I
enow thc ways of duty, and they IC Hilf lld
tiuly walk by the light which thy gc
fie lr n< ighhors, thc public, do not trow
i pon them; ?iii being in the dark togetho
io otu. doubts thin thc law is ndmlrabl
ulininislcred. Vet all see timi IjljllSttco
ming done-. The conclusion lo which Inrf
lumbers arrive is, timi Hie whole system
vrong; Hint the law. from which Injustil
hus proceeds, should be put down an
i,unshed, and that government, which c
tibllsbes w hal is so wicked as J;.?w, shoul
e banished also.
I! codification succeeds to tito extent i
s-iissiuUing our common law, what bl
leaven can wo rely upon for thc I ul un
II the hope ol helter things, I turn froi
his picture of despair,
lt I were addressing a less Intclllgei
iidience 1 might urge upon you action t
rcvent an enormous, threatened dnngoi
ut il is unnecessary I should say more I
J have Illus laid before you thc most in
miaut subject connected with tho futui
f our Jurisprudence. Please supply m
l-ilcicncics with your own more f mit fi
ul valuable reflections,
Thanking the audience for their Lind ii
iilgenee, Mr. bishop resumed his sci
nid thunderous applause, and receive
linn rous congratulations from (lie distil
lushed men present.
At the conclusion of Mr. Bishop's on
un, c.v. Attorney General .Miles, <
ballest?n, offered a resolution thaokjo
ie orator for his able and interesting n<
ress, and requesting that bo furnish a cop
icreof for publication. This rosolutlo
as unanimously adopted and the essen
In Ile- il mrn'! Unit.
After the address the members of ti
ssociatlon and their guests essemblcd i
o Hotel .Toronto to participate In tho ai
tal banquet. About 10.80 the processioi
ailed by President Parker and M
Ishop, marched Into tho elegant, dinln
om, where a kingly feast awaited then
lie tables were arranged in Hint faultlo
plc that ls peculiar to thc Jerome and I
nial Manager, John Willis.
Several hours were consumed In pinyin
voe with thc sumptuous repast, nt tl
oclusi?n of which came tho speech mal
pf. This elicited some of tho wittiest an
DSt interesting post prandial efforts tin
has ever been our good fortune to liste
and nothing bul lack of time prevenl
r reproducing in tftenso. Thc follow
j are the
TOASTS ANO UKrtl'ONSBS.
"Our Guest"-Toasted by Henry h
>ung, of Charleston, and responded to I
exceedingly happy style by.Vr. Bisho]:
'Tho Routh Carolina Bnr Aasoclation"
A.ttornoy General Karlo ?nd respondo
by 1'resilient Parker.
'South Carolina' -lJy J. S. Vernor, o
?oonee, and r?ponded to by Governor John
Peter Richardson in that eloquent vein that
is his own peculiar loueront quality.
"The Judiciary of tho United sta!.
By Attorney General Miles and responded
t<? hy Judge Bond in an avalanche of Irre
"Thc United Statis" - By Mr. Unos Liv
lugston and responded lo hy Hon. L. P.
Voumans, w ho had been notified only live
mluutcs before lie was t ailed upou. Tho
result w as u perfect Hood ol eloquence.
"The Circuit Judges" and " The Su
pleine Court of the Slate" - By Solicitor
Jumes L. Orr and responded lo by Judge
Hudson and .Justice McGowan.
"The Bar"-By Goo. W. Croft and rc
spouded to by Spenkor Simons.
"The Other Inferior Courts"- By Gen
eral I/lar ami responded to hy lion. l. G.
B has been our pleasure lo mingle In
many festivo gatherings, but ibo entertain
meut last evening suporadded lo thu ordl
moy charms ot convivial lutorcout
tractive features never preseulcd before.
Wo trust thal the Sou.li Carolina Bar As
sociation may live le celebrate u hundred
First Day's I'i'oeeeiUiiics.
Thc South Carolin i Bui Assoi lalioii con
vcued in the Court House last night, ll
was the third animal meeting, bringing lo
gelber a number ol gentlemen who Illly
represented thc highest Intellect and karn
lng of the State.
After the usual preliminary malters as lo
roll cull, etc., President Wm. H. Barker,
of Abbe ville, delivered his address eu "The
Changes In Legislation within Ibis State, in
other Suites and in Congress during the
past year." Il was un admirablennd inter
estingt&lk, with all thai these wools sig
nify, and that tho subject was learnedly
treated and presented with eh ame- and
loree ls evidenced by thc dosi alli r.tlon ol
Atibo conclusion of thc address, Hon.
Joel Prentiss Bishop was I uv lied lo ii seal
on (lie rostrum beside the Piosldi nt.
TUB MBMIIKItSllir INCItKASKP.
The election of new members being in
orders, the following gentlemen were noni
hinted and unanimously elected: li. J,
Kennedy, A. N Bankin, Chesterfield; li.
15. Boniar, Spnrlnnburg; S. A. Blythe,
Greenville; .lohn Gary livnns, Aiken:
George II. Bates. W, lt. Keith, H.T. Bice.
Barnwell. Siuiuicl W Melton, li. C.
Ilnynsworlh, Jes. W. Muller, Columbia.
rm. oi-:NKii vb COUNCIL.
The following gentlemen wen elected ni
a Genera] Council, or Standing Committee
or nominations forollleurs, for thc ensuing
year: First District, G. Lamb Buist; Sci
omi, D. S. Henderson; Third .1 F. lt hame;
Fourth, Knox Livingston; Fifth, -lohn T.
Illicit: Sixth, C li. Silencer; Seven'h, ?.
J. Holmes; Bighill, G. G. Wells.
The report ol the Secretary was deli -ree
until lids morning.
Col. J. i? Marshall, Trcasuri r, made Hu
following report: Balance on limul De
comber i. 11380, $$21.51, collection's since
*0S1; total, il,002.51. The dfsbursi inenl
for the year ending December 7, I??W?
were $70*1 05, leaving a balance in th?
treasury of 807 80.
M c srs. W hitucr, Abney and Mi Donnie
were appointed an auditing committee.
Thc Committee on Puoflcnlioii rcportei
that they had .seemed l,000copics of Jutlgi
Thomas M. Cooky's address on "Tin In
lluence >>; hablpj of thought upon our In
IN MKMOltV OF COl.OXKI, IllON
Maj S. F Hamilton, Chairman ol lin
t Memorial Committee, reid a tribute to Hu
I memory of il;o lalo Presideut ol the Ass?
elution, Col. .lame;- ll. ttioii.
Maj. Henry li. Vonny, ol ( b?rlei
Chaiiman of the Executive Comuiiltoi
0 Ito rei I resolutions of respect to his memo
ry. Tlicy were iitituiimously ad >ptod in
tho Associai ion.
Thc Association then adjourned lo mci
again lids morning,
Thc Association assembled in thc ('our!
1 House nt lit o'clock this morning, Prcsl
deni Parker lu tho < hali.
Mr. F. c. \\ hither, ol Abdel on, i nb
milled the rep ut of thc Auditing Commit
tee on thc Treasurer's report. It wu
Mr. NV. C. Henel read ern Interesting nu
moria] upon Hie life of il. late John B
.Jones, ol Newberry. Mr. II li. V'omij
rend u memorial of the late Henry Buist
of Cunileston, Mr. l\ ll. Nels.m rotuli
memorial of Ute late liichard c. Bonham
Thc President announced lite iollowjnj
gentleman as a Committee on I'ubi leal ion
M. F. Ansel. Simeon Hyde. George li
Princj. ll. A. M Smith and ila Secretary
t?.r Ujii u.
IN 'I I-. lt l-> 11 N .. i . SA ya.
.Mr. lidward McCrudy, Jr., o( Charles
ton, rea I an essay on "Professional limo!
He seid Hint tho profession in this Stab
could n?.( nj imli'Verent t,( il,,, hwtensin
complaints, of litigants upon thc subject <.
co 's. He thought that tho wboje tiijbjc!
of compcnsntlon should he revised, li
some instances Hu re had been great abusi
'niiie mailer of costs between party ary
pariy. Ho regarded isycd costs ns inju
l ions to thc profesi?n and W?TC ' h s 0
barbarism. Remuneration in thc profes
sion bas become more and more precarious
and i> Is to a large extent on nccouni o
doing busings nu contingent fees An
other dllflciilty witt Mic wont of a deli nth
fcc hi!) to control charges ugaincl ciicnli
md io provenl thc const qucnl nndoi in ?din.
if some practitioner. He did not condemi
dj contillgont fees, lie urged that they hi
less thc nile and more the except ion thni
I is now
President Parker hoiag cajjod away or
luvincfis, Mr. II. iv Young presided dur
ng thc reading of Mr. Mot only fe essay.
On motion of Mr. Hohne-, Mr. Mc
'rudy s essay was referred to tho Commit
coon Jurisprudence am! Law Heform b
rame and report 8 ?mc scheme embodying
bo suggestions for action hy thc As-?< ia
.vir. Churlos L .Spei? or, Ol VorkviUe,
end an essay upon "Case Law - Is ii ai
ivilr" Ile maintained timi lt was nu evil -
m evil only so far ns ll lentis to make ( usc
,i wy ors, case-j edges mid case lexi writers
t is |}Ot of thc U.r scripta, for it comes I
is lu Hie form of reports of judicial dool
ions from every p.irto,f Hie United Sinti s
*?or was lt of thc (Vs non SOTipf? The dan
:er of becoming dependent upon casi: lav
voa grenier with lawyers (hail willi judges
t OUgllt not lo be followed lu the seme o
oliow'rg a precedent. Tito danger fron
usc btw to lawyers is twofold-Whoi
I is relied on ?. oiiu ot tho regular source
d Information; ag&'n lt greatly dlmlolshci
ondnoss nnd aptitude tor genera) study
There should he more of mi oral pr?senla
Iou anti argument. In conclusion, be salt
lint the Jratcrnity should ass-,mc as ii
ilrtlirighl the position which the fattiCI
nd sages of the profes-Jon in our Stab
invc bti piont bed, ns equal in nil things ti
hose ol the Hist State har In our grout oom
The easny of Mr. James Aldrich, o
liken, wits on "Ethics of the Law. ' lb
"lid (but. the EthlcAO? tho Baw was too coin
lex and comprehensive to bo reduced h
n exact, unchanging science, it grow
nd expanded with society. Centuries n<-<
ur forefathers laid the foundation of tba
obie syslein of legal ethics w hich we cul
to Common Law. That law basevcr hen
ie beacon light, guiding the Anglo S IN.,,
trough periods of peril and lighting bli
itb In the pursuit of knowledge mid for
me. The ethics of the profession depcm
?ion tho Bar. The object of Ibis Associa
in as defined in thu Constitution is laud
?Io. "Then let ns endeavor to realize ii:
ir aspirations and Illustrate hy our lives,
e lettor and thc spirit of that articled
ir organic law", constituting, as U doe-,
tin-Sunt h Carolina Bur's dclluitlon of Lega
AM BN OM KNTS.
Thc following amendment to Article 4
of thc,Constitution was adopted:
"Tho r\ piosidonts shall constitute ti
standing committee, with power to re
port ut any tinto any -ooh Suggestions
03 they may think Will further tho ends
and aims of the Association. The senior
e.vprcV.'ant shall he chairman of this com
Tho following was olTorcd ami adopted
as an addition lo Hie bydawss
"lu case of the death or resignation of
the President, Hie Vice Presidents shall bo
nott (led Immediately hy the Secretary to
meet nt Columbi.! on a day fixed by him,
and they ?hall select one of their number
to act as President during the unexpired
The Common e on Arrangements an
nounccd I bul ibey bad arranged fer tho
annual dinner and that ibo Association
would proceed lo the Hotel Jerome homo
dltitely after Mr. Ul hop's oration tonight.
In behalf of the Cleneral Council Mr.
Henel submitted the following nominations
for officers of Hie Association:
J. .). M dior, President.
Kir.-' Vice Picsidenl, I'M ward MoUrady,
.ie; second, .boms I!. .Moore: third, Jos.
ll. Pule; rourth, li W. lloyd; lifth. W.
A. Chirk: sixth, Giles J. Patterson; seventh,
David Ii. Duncan; eighth, B. P. Whitner,
Secretary, W. C. Benet; Treasurer, J.
Local Councils: Flrsl Circuit-Edward
M< Cindy, Jr., Isaac I layne, T. M. Raysor.
S cond- .!. W. Moore, W. P. Murphy,
Third- -Joseph II. Karie, John S. WU
9 >n, I'hos. M. Gaillard.
l o,nih - li. \V. lloyd, C. A. Woods, R,
i iftli-W. A chuk. J. c. Sheppard, J.
sixth Gilej J. Patterson, VV. B. Wil
son, -lr., cha-. A. Douglass,
Seventh I), lt. Duncan, V. J. Pope,
I hivld Johnson,
Eighth-B. V Whittier, I.. W. Perrin,
.1. W. S trihi lng.
Executive Committee; Henry E. Young,
Chill lesion George W. Croit, of Aiken
James I.. G rr, of Greenville; thc Secretary
and the Treasurer, ar officio.
This repot t was unanimously adopted inn
the Association adjourned to meet at tin
hail i the House ot Iteprcsciitatlvos nt 0.41
lld-* evening io hcariho address of Hon
I ! Prentiss Hishep on "The Couiuioi
I.asv System ol Iteasontug, how am
why essential io Good Government, wini
its Perils and how averted."
v TAH.KO ruiaiisTronu: MAS
Discovery nt tin Mlmtlng Link in the .llnimtoiii
One htuidred and ll fly miles cast of 1
Paso, via thc Texas anti Pacifie Hailwaj
timi in twenty live miles of the road, is th
mw mining camp named Carrizo, whet
thc ricbeal silver aud copper raines in Toxi
have rccctly lieen discovered. I m med
an ly north of Carrizo lies that famoti
m mululu range called the Diabolo i
Devil's Mountain towering over n thousun
feel above tho surrounding plain. Ncr
tho summit, which ls composed of linn
stone, un found numerous caves and tm
nels, which extend for a distance of tc
miles, und .?.noe of them penetrate Iii
mountain fully 500 feet. Indian traditio
iiccotinls for these eaves ns tho abodes i
upi i its or devils, sud tkccxtrcmcly MI|>C
sil lou V| icbcs gave thc haunted Dlabol
Mountains ii lyldo berth. Until very n
cently the dark, lorri hie ?md frownlu
mounl has never been explored by whll
men, the noinadlo cowboy not caring i
scale Its rugged heights, nor face ibo supe
slitious aw< which Mimed lo surround tl
p toi and lal? possession of thc intrude
Since the discovery of silver there, hov
eve!, th moie vcnliircsoillO miners hal
pallidly explored one long eave.
N. A Osmer, an old frontiersman, wll
ii -i lentille beni of mind, was tho first will
n n io enter Ibo so-called habitation i
Sj Irits. Willi a tallow candi:: and DrOBIlC
pi k, lie penetrated thc eave a minor?
feet, hit dill no! venture further. Ti
v\..ii; o',' tlifi (aven: bore numerous c\
di !i<-> i i former habitation, stone In
pl mints, hone net lits and pottery in o:
cellonl pieservnlloti wcroscattered hereat
. o< rei UK eaves. Carcasses of bears ni
olia i huge animals were lying near ti bet
of a ' ?-. Tho nield of ages Joy deep <
Hu lloor mid .ides of the cavrn. Burel,
he thought, this u us tho home of the ancle
cliff dweller, < >-nu r then with bis pri
pei i pick began digging in II pilo of dh
?md was re wat dod by unearthing a skolcte
ol gigantic proportions. Pirst thc sku
lin itbe vortoljraa were brought to ligli
Hm in thc meantime Ids candle had burnt
low, and lather unnerved hy thc strait;
-? tat lc und Ibo hideous moaning .stan
>l ibo Wind ns it waved through the awf
lepta- of the gloomy old cave, which
now ibo .tho Io of ibo mountain lion ai
.der Icrocious hoasfe, Psmer retreated
! i\ light, carrying with him ibo skull m
Tho skull he lound to bo that of a ma
rho undi r jaw is of mammoth size, casi
?cccjvlng tho head of ail ordinary un
Ailinn ii? sides 'P'e teeth are enorme
n irids or double teeth ail around, and in
?erfeel Intoof preservation. Tbosurprl
md gratification were great in osmer win
ie examined Ibo vertebrae. Il ls of ir
nense sl?e, QIKI tho str?nge thing about
s foal it.ste ;i 1 - i Uinunaling ahruptly,
ii thc ordinary man. it is prolonged fi
Ighl or hu inches beyond, describing
rn fol < uvi t > the rear While the ma
'ertebrac la firmly sci tho caudal appen
nc ?.. fjoxiblx! At ils juncture with tl
?nekbone prnpiv, nt tl... usijnl location i
oe c cyx, it measures four and one hs
icliCS wide, 'ml il narrows rapidly towal
he ead. Considerable of thc tail hus di
ppenrcd, probably by decomposition, b
iii ci nt remains to demonstrate beyond
ralbi ?h..I, io |asl the long sought un
i'l. a tail hus been found, in thc mysie
us old cavern of NotlllWOSt Texas. Al
i-mer rofllSOS all offers for his strange lin
nd keeps it closely guarded in his cahl
Hewing tho curious visitor to seo biso
lift-d weller friend at all limos. lisbon
u n by scientific men, mid examine
i ! p? i haps th.. Darwinian theory will
irovi i c Labi (shed beyond even the shiidi
fa dono'. And it would, hi ill prol
Illly, ho lime well spent lor * JO men
?unce to visit Curri/.o and further ex pb
n- prehistoric caverns of the Diabolos.
I. Lout* Po?t'Vispatch,
llrowII'I* I.mir .lotto.
" A'hy. Prow n, how ?hott your COat ii
lid jones one dav to'.his friend Brow
ho wittily replied: "Yes; but It will
lllg enough before I gel another." Soi
icu spend so much for medicines tl
altin r '.cl nor help them, that new clotl
villi ilium Uko angel's visits-few a
ir bot ween, internal fevers, weakness
ic lungs, sliortm f-s of breath anti linger!
nighs, hoon ylold lo tho magic loffuei
ilia! royal remedy, Dr. It. V. PIcrc
Gold n Medical Discovery."
PlatlOS SOd Organs.
AU of tho best makes. $25 cash a:
dance Novombor 1, at spot cash prie
i a- Piano. $10 cash and balance IS
. m i ie r 1, at spot ooah prices on
rgan. Delivered, freight froo, at yo
'orost depot. Fifteen days test tr
id freight both ways if notsatisfa ...i
Writo for circulars.
N. W. THUMP,
Columbia, 8. C.
"Do you know, mamma, I don't belle
lomon was so rich after all!" observ?e
nrp hoy lo bis mother. "Tho Bible mi
it 'Solomon slept with bis fallit.r*'. No
lu: bud been rich he'd had a beti to hi
IV <J. I?.
1 am Killing all alon? tonight
In my little, lonely room.
Tho tiro ls bul lilup on tho liomin
Amt my heart 1H full or gloom.
Tho min ls pouring down wit holli
tn OeaSelt84. drenching shower.
Ami ?Uenoo hodstho inusti rv.
Tille dreary, midnight hour.
1 am thinking of tho past tonight
8o full of light ami diado,
QI vi Um; rising to tho view,
To dazzle hui io ludo
Toehooi tho heart with transient gleams
Of hopes too miro ror earth.
Tlien gUilo away. Uko rainbow hU08,
And porlKh e'en In birth.
1 mu thinking of a torin tonight
Which loved mo long a?o;
An ? ve or sweetest, clearcut imo
That llouv'n OOUld e'en bestow;
Ot clustering hair ami coral lips,
Amt teeth as pure as poarlt
Ot modes', blush und lovedlt smile -
I'll re, tender- hearted girl.
Wo may not ever meet again,
fis hotter so to be,
For love Uko minc could not but cud
In sole lilolatry.
'T s sweet to know, white vor woe
May WrlDgthis heart lor thoo,
That thou at least imy live in poaOO
And mulei' none tor ino.
And .vol it Ileav'n one boon woli'd niant
To me ol' bliss untold.
Sweeter than nil tho sweets ol' carib
And Heaven a thousand told,
'1 li it boon WOnld bo but once llgalll
Thy lorin and taco lo soe;
To hotd Hw lillie hand in UtlUO
And hear thee speak to inc.
Farewell I It may nut. cannot lie,
The will ol' UOU be. done,
And sweetest benedictions I di
On theo, beloved ono.
Above tho deep blue vault nboVO,
ITOHO by Ood'N lb ililli ? IhlOllO,
I'll meet theo willi thy crown and harp
And call thee mine alone.
W. II. O.
HOW JBPF. DAVIS WAS AKRKS?HD.
A Our lens story thal th? Noblet ot Annti
lo . aro M uni to Tell.
ANNISTON, ALA., Nov. 2(5. -Jolt'oreon
Davis baa had a good iuauy narrow es
capes, but ono of them has never beon
told iu print, and thc chiof actor in tho
allah' has never cared to talk about it.
Soniowhero along iu tho lifties thc
Nobles, au English family residing iu
Pennsylvania, decided to move south
ward. * Tliey soloctod Home, (Ja., ns
their objective point, and started on
their journey after making tho necessary
disposition of their goods.
Tho Nobles htul some family jowcls
and about &i,(X)0 in cash. Iiow to carry
tliCBO valuables safely bothered thom not
a little, but they packed tho monoy and
jowols in au old-fashioned English bund
chest and took them along. Tho travel
ers landed at Charleston and took tho
noxt train for their dostinntion. Home
extra faro was demanded, nud in paying
it they had to opon tho client aud expose
tlioir treasure. Sharp eyes woro on the
watch, and tho glitter of the contents ol
tho chest attracted nttoution.
AH a matter of precaution tho cheat
was conlldcd to Miss Mary Noble, who
sat in A secluded section of thu car witli
lier back to tho door. At Branchville,
S. C., two gentlemen boarded tho train.
One was a young, wiry niau, and the
othor was tall and slender, past thc
mci ul., i. of life, and of distinguished
When Augusta was readied tho two
strangers went ou to Atlanta, and the
Nobles discovered that their precious
client was missing. Tho couductor was
clamorously appealed to, and he instant
ly gave it as his opinion that "the one
eyed man hud stolon it."
"He's a bad looking fellow," sud thc
Thc cheat lind evidently boen su'itched
ont at the rear window of the car, as tho
suspected mau took his departure at a
moment when Miss Noble's attention
was ti ??ed in some other direction.
After a consulbition it vas decided
that Mrs. Noble and Miss Mary should
proceed to Atlanta and causo tho c rrest
of Hie supposed thief, while Mr. Noble
and tho oilu i. remained in Augusta
awaiting, not very conlideutly, tho re
Mrs. Noble succeeded in tracing the
two men to their stopping placo in At
ilinta, and Identified thom as soon a? sin:
saw thom. At her request they were
unrested and carried to police headquar
ters, where tho astonishing discovery
was made that tho "oue-cyou man" wu's
President Pierce's Secretary of War,
left'ersou Davis, and Iiis compauion waa
Iiis nrivato secretary.
Nlr. Davis was in a good humor, and
jf course the two gentlemen were at once
released with many apologies.
Before leaving, Mr. Davis told Mrs.
Solde and her daugluprthat lie regretted
heir loss, and he tendered them a tweu
y dollar gold piece as nu evidence of his
ivmpntby. Mrs. Noble declined to nc
.opt tho gift, but Miss Mary ?poko up
..yes, toko it. That is some of our
noney thai thc old luoCul took."
Mr. Davis smiled and pressed thc
noney upon Mrs. Noble, wno tinnily
ook it, and carried it to her husband iii
di gus ta.
After tho olectiou of Mr. Davis to the
'residency of tho SouLheri; Confodora
y, Mr. Noble, then a prosporons oon
rnotor, visited him at Montgomery on 1
dked with him about manufacturing
Mr. Davis asked bim several questions
nd then referred to the loss of tho
lict.t. Bo introduced Mr. Noble to Mrs.
>nvis and told tho story of tho arrest.
Its. Davis laughed heartily over tim in
?dont, and with ber husband took quito
Q interest in tho Nobles fron) that time.
Noble went to work and made httn
reds of cannon for tho Confederacy,
nitor he founded and built un thc
ourishiiig city of Annibtou, Alumuna.
a the midst of his prosperity ho is still
eviiled to tho "ono-oyed man" who was
noe supposed to be the author of his
Tho \ Irglala Debi.
RICHMOND, Dec. 7.-Governor Lee, In
!s message to thc General Assembly lo
ny, in view of the recent decision by the
tilted States Supreme Court, declaring
ic Act of M?V l-l, 1*87. constitutional
nd valid, and reversing tho dccinion of
udge I', md in regard to thc eleventh
mcmhnenl of the Federal Constitution,
rollin cals thc passage of a joint r?solu
on suspending thc legal proceedings
gainst these who have tendered coupons
i payment of laxes, as he was assured hy
ithorliy that such action would decidedly
Biietll all parlies concerned. Bethought
tat when thc bondholders considered thi
tttfton they would l>c willing to nCCepl
ich oifer ns the Slate csu make, bused
I?.?ii the surplus to bc applied to Hie pay
ent of tho interest or principal of what
ic State considers ho;- just debt.
?J IOU Hen not.
Tho former proprietor of Dr. Sago's Ca
rib Remedy, for years made a standing
fer In all American newspapers of ?.'ix)
ward for a case of ontnrrh thal lie could
it cure. Thc present proprietor have re
wed this offer. All thc drugglais sell
is Iteniedy, together with the "Douche,'
d all other appliances advised to bo used
connection with it. No catarrh patient
longer ahle to say "I cannot be cured."
Ml get foOO in case of failure.
A Somerville girl sayR uko never missed
rain in all her lifo She hus gol to Un
it! m frequently, she says, just ns thc
lin was going out, but she ni ways decided
;ht away that that was not thc train tho
d hoon looking for.
ni anim. th? Heavenly ? . road.
Mr. Cole, of Hit lis, a miasiouary of tho
American Board, in Eastern Turkey, in
describing a journoy from Harpoot to
??Wo travolotl for fotir doys through a
roRiou where hail newly fallen a rouiark
ablo deposit of Heavenly brcud, as tho
uativos BOmetimes call it-manna. Thero
wero oxtousi\e forests of scrubby oaks
and most of tho deposit was on tho
leaves. Thousands of tho poor peas
aute, meu, womou and ohildren, wore
out upon tho plains gathering tho sweet
substance. Somo of them pluugo into
kettles of boiling water the uowly out ;
branches of tho oaks, which washes off
tho deposit until tho water becomes so
sweet as to romind tho Yankee of a
veritable siigoriu? off in tho obi Urnuito
Htato as ho takes sips of it. Other ?qui
p?mes of uatives may bo seen vigorously
beating with sticks tho branches, that,
from having been spread on tho ground,
I bavo so dried that tho glibtouing crys
tals fall readily upou tho carpet spread
to receive them. Tho crystals aro sepa
rated from tho pioceu of leaves by a
siovo, and then tho manna is pressed
into cakes for use. Tho manna is in
great demand among the Oriental Chris
tians. As wo were traveling through a
rather dry region, tho article came in
play for our plain repasts."
Hun i:n,:?i.-, O?-, HM O, .-.I. I I. .'.
.lohn Bright was boru In 1811. Ho made
n lour of thc Holy Land at Hie ?ge of twen
ty-four, bul did not decide to pun loise U,
owing to tho cxlslcnceof n flaw in tho title.
He next began to in vent things. On his
return from the Orient he discovered that
what was m08t needed in both Europa nnd
America was a good reliable disease for the
us-) of the lietter classes. The poor nnd
humble were well supplied, hut the ?ch.
the aristocratic nnd patrician statesmen,
corned bernis nnd p?rklsts of tho two lands
languished lor n good reliable disease thal
poor people could not obtain, So he bonan
to sit up ut night nnd perfect Bright's dis
en so, ile gained thc prize ut the Caris OX?
lllblltou, and honorable mention nt thc
?.n at centennial cclobratlon)at Philadelphia
tor "meritorious and cfTectlvo disease for
Hie helter classes." Since that time he hus
been gratified to notice that the very best
people, holli in his land and in Ibis, ire
kaudllng Bright's disenso, lt las been
kept out of thc poor, nnd to die from this
ailment lins been regarded ns u proud dis
Unction.-HUI Nyc in thc Hoxton tUvbc.
Verily, Truth I? hirnn?" limn Pinion.
Wm, c. Heaton of South Carolina, while
at a hotel in Philadelphia, in 18Q5, W8II
robbed of a valuable gold watch, Ile set
iled In Qlassboro, N. Y., and on Tuesday,
the twenty second anniversary of the rob !
bery, found a package on the Moor of n j
sle d adjoining his house, Inside w as a 1
costly gold watch and a card bearing thc
following Inscription' "In this box you
will lind a gold walch to lie recognised ab
a substitute for the on,: taken frem your
room lu philadelphia in 180,5."
Now In tho parlor meet the pair
When the golden day is d'.oe.
Two forms with but one rockie;' chair.
Two benns that heal ns one.
A TONGUE IN KNOTS.
I contract? d malaria in tho swamps of
Louisiana whilo working for tho tele
graph oompauy, and used every kind of
medicino I could hear of without relief.
1 at last succeeded in breaking tim fever,
but it cost mo over SI00.Ut), and then my
system was prostrated ami saturated with
malarial poison und 1 becamo almost
helpless. I finally came hore, my mouth
so .Hied with sores thut 1 could "scarcely
cut, und my tongue raw and I', led with
little knob'. Various remedies were re
sorted to without effect. I bought two
bottles of B. ll. B. and it bus cured and
strengthened mc. All sores of my
mouth ure healed and my tongue entire
ly clear of knots and soroueas, ami I foci
like a now man.
.laekboti, Tenn., April 20, 188d.
A. F. BitrrroN.
A MOST liKMAitK.uir.K ( ASK or SOROFOXiA
I have a Utile hoy twelve years old
whoso knees havel ?eon drawn almost
double und bis joints aro perfectly still,
and be bus boen in this condition three
years, anublo to walk. During that time
Hu; medical board of London county cx
imined him and pronouuuod tho disease
scrofula and prescribed, but no benelit
aver derivid. I thou used a much ud
rert?80t1 preparation without benefit.
Throe weeks ago ho bocarao perfectly
lielpless and Buffered dreadfully.
A friend vyho bud used .U. B. B. ad
vised its use. Ho bas used ono bottle
ind ull pain bus ceased and be can now
?valk. Phis hus been a most wonderful
lotion, as his complaint bad bnllleel
iverything. 1 shall continue to use it oe
nm. MRS. EMMA ?BIPFITHS.
Uuitia, Tenn., March 2, 1880.
WEBB CITY, A BK,, BLOOD.
Having tested B. B. B. and found it to
io all that is claimed for it, I commeud
t to any and ovory ono bullering from
ilood pimon. It lins dono mo moro
rood for less money and in a shorter
ipaoo of timo than any blood purifier I
ivor unod. I owe tho comfort of my
ifo to ita usc, for 1 have lieen troubled
vith a severe form of blood poison for 5
ir 6 years and found no relief equal to
hat given by tho uso of B. B. B.
W. C. MCOAUHKY.
Webb City, Ark., May 8, 1880.
All who d?sir* nui Information auiut ino
auso and eui? <>t mood roUtQiis, Borofulaui?
?rofuloua swelling*. I leers, sore?, Kb?uuuv
ism, Kidney compl ilnls. < aUirrb, otc , can
ocnio Ly matt, fo o, a eo|.y oar fri imue. tibia
ruted HOOK of Wonders, rfllo.l will, tho moht
i-omlothil ami MIUUIHK proof ever before
mown. Address, hi.. OD HALM CO.,
OKS, OFFICE FURNITURE AND FIXTURES.
W^fio^CA??^V.Ta?' %. renn.
PITTS 0 AltM lNATIVE I
FOR INKA NTS A>D
SEETHING CH IL DREN.
An instant roliei for eolio of infanta
lures Dysentery Diarrhron, Cholera
ufantum or any ibscaaos of the stomach
nd liowols. Makos tho oritical period
f Toothing safo and oasy. Is a safo and
loaaard tonio. For salo by all druggist*,
id for wholesale by HOWAUD, Wim tn
Co., Augusta, Qa,
Tor Knuliici-ra. PA?fl?-eli
and lo 1.1 H ?J m. ii ? for yoiii
KliinorliiK, n??<olian|ea, ?n
?tri, Farmtrt mn? JtuUuit*.
. T.-lraropi,- ?Iglu*, Iron tinul I
fcetent*! ?Irrt* anil pointer,
Invalids' Hotel and Surgical Institut
Staff or I mincei. Experienced RM? HklU?
fra! t'li.voifiitiit ami Hnrceens*
ALL CHRONIC DISEASES A SPECIALTY
Patients treated hore or at their homes. Many
treated at home, through correspondence, au
successfully ns if hero in person. Come auO
seo us, or send ton cvuts lu stamps for otu
" Invalid?' Quide-Book," which gives all partic
ulars. Address: Wolli.n's Disi'ENSAKY M?J>t
CAL. ASSOCIATION, 003 Main St., no irate, N.Y.
Kor " worn-out," M run-down," debilitated
school tenoliers, milliners, seamstresses. house
keepers, nod overworked women gcnor*U>,
Dr. Pierce's Favorito Prescription ls tho be?
; of all restorative tonics, lt ls not ft " Cure-all.
but admirably fulttlls a simrlenees of purpose,
i heing a most potent Specific for all thoeo
? t'hroiilo Weaknesses and Diseases pocuuar to
I women. Tlie treatment of ninny thou laud?
i of snell cases, nt tho Invalids' Hotel ?nd Surfr
i lent Institute his afforded a Inigo oxpertenoe
I in adapting remedies for their euro, and
Or. Pierce's Favorite Prescription
la the result of this vost experience. WOW
Internal congontloii, Inflammation
and ti leoi allon, lt IN a Specific. It
is a powerful general, ns well ns uterine, tonio
and nervino, and imparts vigor lind strength
to tho whole system, lt cures weakness of
stomach, Indigestion, hloatiiur, weak b*P>*
nervous prostration, exluiuetlou, iKdmlty aaa
sleeplessness. In either sex. favorito preecrtp*
tlon ls sold by dn,g?liiU under our potrUW
Guarantee, t?eo wrapper around bottle.
-' - - m?m nm OK ">X BOTTUM
PRICE $1.00. vuu$B.OO.
Send 10 cents in stamps for Dr. Pierce's larg*
Trent iso on Diseases of Women 0^P*??f?
oaper-eovered?. A .Mri**, WOMi.o's Dipr?K
8 A HY MEDICAL ASSOCIATION, 063 Malu Street,
Buffalo, N. Y. _
ANl'K.lllMOfs and CAT1IARTIO.
mid HI lion? Attacks,
prompt Iv cured by I?V;
X'uraiUtwo I?ollota. S?
K ids a vial, by Druggist*.
ON THE FIRST OF QCTGBER, tb*
nnderyigned opened o
PIRST CLASS BOARDING HOUSE
in Charleston, for tho accommodation of
both Transient and Permanent Hoarders.
Tho Building, located on thc northeast
corner of Wont woi t'a mid Olobo streets.
is conveniently near thu business poi I ion
of King street, yet free from the noise
of the thoroughfares. It is within easy
reach from tho Academy of Music and,
from Churches ol all the dide .?ont dfl"
The house Ima boon thoroughly re
paired, and titted up in good style with
new furniture and fixtures.
For further information address
Mes. E. Vu HASELL,
or Mi BS S. H. El) WAH US,
i .ff Charleston, S. C.
I? I- X-i
Tho justly celebrated SOUTHERN
VEGETABLE PILL having been used
as a household remedy for tho past half
century, iu all the Southern and Western
Sbitcs, for tho euro of Dyspepsia, Bil
iousness, Malaria and all discosos of the
LIVER, have, by their
gained tho supremacy over all other
ITLLS on tho market. After one trial
you will join tho cry for "GILDER'S
PILLS'* with tho ton million people of
tho I nited states who arc now mung
If your merchant bas not got them,
send 25 cents in stamps to
G. BARRETT & CO..
; ii.\i;i.i)!Ti: roiAi.K INSTITUTE.
Tho current session of this Institute
doses .fa'iuary '?1st, 1888, when the
Spring Sossiou begins, which ends June
Tho jue cut session is one of the moat
nouporou i in tho history of the Insti
nto. 'J lie i e is room for only a few more
M?mling pupil?. The health o? the
ehool, thc accommodations of ita board
ng department, and tito cflloionoy of ita
orps of teachers are unsurpassed *any
ylu re in tho South. The first of Jannary
s a very convenient time for entering,
'upils aro charged only from date of
Rev. WM. R. Af KINHON,
Charlotte, N. C.
IS A LINIMENT PiHFtCTVf
HAPMLISS ANO SH?UL? BM USEO A
f&w MONTHS, Derona CONFINKMMNT.
. B*ND ron BOOK JO MOTHERS t
BRADFIEI S^EauL/vroR Cb,
rlp-wj, Kr?<l?j,l?.l ctrrlr ?n.1 *.|ii(ir f..r osvlfn.