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PLAGUE OF CRIME,
DR. TALViAGE DISCOURSES ON LAW
i'ulle* iUporta of New York aod Ilrook
lyu More Sugg-eMlvo Than Dantw's lo
feruu~W?yM Outlluod lu whluh Cltrla
IUbi Should Work to Arrest Tola
New York, April 12.?J)r. Tal range,
la continuaneo of the course of sermons
on 4kTbo Ten Plagues of the Cities," to
day preached to largo audionces in the
Brooklyn Academy of Music In the fore
noon and The Christian Herald service
at the New York Academy of Music In
the evening, on "The Plague of Crime."
Ho took for bis text Exodus vli, 20,
"All the waters that were in tho river
were turned to blood."
Among all the Egyptian plagues none
could have been worse than this. Tbo
Nile Is the wealth of Egypt.' Its ilsh the
food. Its waters the irrigation of gar
den and fields. Its condition decides the
prosperity or tho doom of tho empire
What happens to the Nile happens to
all Egypt. An.l now in tho text that
great river is Incarnadined. It is a red
gash across an empire. In poetic licenso
we speak of wars which turn the rivers
into blood. But my text is not a poetic
licenser It was a tact, a great crimson
appalling condition described. The Nile
rolling deep of blood. Can you imoglno
a more awful plague?
Tho modern plague which nearest
corresponds with that is tho plaguo of
crime in all our cities. It halts not for
bloodshed. It shrinks from no carnage.
It bruises, und cuts, and strikes down,
and destroys. It revels in the blood of
body and soul, this plaguo of crirao
rampant for ages, and never bolder or
more rampant than now.
The annual police reports of theso
cities as I examine them nro to me more
suggestive thnn Dante's Inferno, and nil
Christian people as well as reformers
need to waken to a present and tremeu
dous duty. If you want this "Plague of
Crime" to stop, there are scrveral kinds
of persons you need to consider. First,
the public criminals. You ought not to
bo surprised that these people mako up
a largo portion in manv commuul
ties. Tho vast majority of tho crim
inals who tako ship from Europe come
Into our own port. In 1809, of tho
49,000 peoplu who were incarcerated in
tho prisons of tho country, 32,000 wore
of ioroign birth. Many of them wero
the very desporadoes ot society, oozing
into tho slums of our cities, waiting lor
an opportunity to riot and steal and
dabauch, joining tho largo gang of
American thugs and cut throats. Tlioro
are In this cluster of cities?New York,
Jersey City and Brooklyn?4,000 peo
ple whose enliro business in life is to
commit crime. That is as much their
business as jurl&prudcnco or medicine
or merchandise is your business. To it
they bring all thoir energies of. body,
mind, and soul, and they look upon tho
intervals which they spoil'! in prison as
SO much mi fortunate loss of time, just
as you look upon nn attack of influenza
or rheumatism which fastens you in
the house for a few days. It is their
lifo-tlme business to pick-pockets, and
blow up safes, nud shoplift, and ply tho
panel game, and they have as much
tiride of skill in their business as you
invo in yours when you upsot the argu
ment ot an opposing counsel, or cure a
gunshot irncturo which other sur
geons havo given up, or forcsco a turn
of the market as you buy goods just be
fore thoy go jp twenty per cent. It is
their business to commit crime, aud I do
not suppose that once in n year the
thought of tho immorality strikes them.
Added to these professional criminals,
American aud foreign, there is a largo
class of men who nro moro or less Indus
tious in crimo. In ono year the
police in this cluster of cities arrested
10,000 people for theft, and 10,000 for
assault and battery, aud 50,000 for iu
toxirattion. Drunkenness is respon
sible for much of the theft, since it con
fuses a man's ideas of property, and ho,
gots his hands on things th&t do hot
belong to him,Jtum -Hrrcsponsiblo for
puch-oi' the assault and battery, Inspir
ing men to sudden bravery, which they
must demonstrate though it bo on tho
lace of the next gentleman.
Ten million dollars worth of property
stolen In this cluster of cities in ono
year. You ennnot, as good citizens, bo
Independent of (hat fact. It will touch
your po2ket, since I havo to give you the
fact that theso three cities pay about
$8,000,000, worth of taxes a year to ar
raign, try and support tho criminal pop
ulation. You help to pay the board of
every criminal from tho snoak-thief that
suatches a spool of cotton up to somo
man who swamps a bank. Moro than
that, it touches your heart in the moral
depression af tho community. You
might as will think to stand in a closely
confined room where there are fifty pco
pie and yet not breathe tho vitiated air,
as to stand in a community where there
is such a great multitude of the depraved
without somewhat being contaminated.
What is tho fire that burns your store
down compared witli tho conflagration
which consumes jour morals? What is
the theft of tho gold and silver from
your money safe compared with the
theft of your children's virtue?
We are all ready to arraign criminals.
We shout at tho top of our voice, "Stop
thief!" and when the police get on the
track wo coroo out, hatlcss and in our
slippers, and assist in the arrest. Wo
come around tho bawling rulllnn nud
hustle him off to justice, whon ho
gels in prison, what do wo do for him?
With great gusto wo put on t'*o hand
cuffs und tho hopples; but what prepara
tion are wo making for the day when
the handcuffs and the hopples come off?
Society seems to say to theso criminals,
"VHlaln, go there and rot," when t
ought to say, "You are an offender
against the law, but wo mean to give
you an opportunity to repent; wo
mean to help you. Here nro Bibles
and tracts and Christian influences.
Christ died for you. Look, and livo,"
Vast, improvements havo been mndo
by introducing industries into the prison
but we want something more than ham
mers and shoo lasts to reclaim these peo
ple. Aye, wo want more than sermons
on the Sabbath day. Society must im
press those men with the fact that It
does not enjoy their suffering, and that
it is attempting to reform and elevate
tbem. The majority of criminals sup
pose that society has n grudge against
them, and they in turn havo it grudgo
They are harder in heart nud moro
infuriated when they come out of jail
than whon they went in. Many of the
peoplo who go to prison go again and
again and again. Somo years ago of
fifteen hundred prisoners who during
the year had been in Sing Sing, four
hundred ..ad been thcro before, in a
house of correction In the country,
where, during a certain reach of time
there had been (Ivo thousand peoplo
more than three thousand had been
there beibro. So, in ono case the prison,
and In tho other case the house of cor
rection, left them just as bad ns thoy
wero before The secretary of ono of
the benevolent societies of New York
saw a lad fifteen years of age who had
spent three years of his life in prison,
and ho Paid" to tho lad. '-What havo
they dono for you to make yon bettor?"
"Well," replied tho lad, "the llrsttimo
I was brought up before the iudgo he
said, *You ought to be ashamed o!
Again, and I was brought up before the
saino judge, and he ?aid, 'You rascal V
Aud after a while I committed some
other crime, .and I was brought before
the sumo judgo, and he said, 'You ought
tobe hausred.'" That is all they had
done for him in Uie way of reformation
and salvation. "Oh," you say, "these
people are incorrigible." I suppose
there are hundreds of persons this day
lying in the prison bunks who would
leap up at the prospect of reformation,
if society would only show thorn a way
into decency and respectability. "Oh,"
you say, "I havono patience with these
rogues." I ask you in reply, how much
better would you have been under the
same circumstances? Suppose your
mother had been a blasphemer and your
father a sot, and you bad started lite,
with a bod v stuffed with evil proclivities,
and you had spentmuch of your time in
a cellar amid obscenities and cursing,
and if at teu years of age you had been
compelled to go out and steal, battered
and banged at night if y? u came in with
out any spoils and suppose your early
manhood and womanhood had been
covered with rags and flilh and decent
society had turned Its back upon you,
and lfii you to consort with vagabonds
and whart-rats?how much better would
you have been? I have no sympathy
with that executive clemency which
would lot crimo run looso, or which
would sit iu the vallery of a court room
wcoping because some, hard-hearted
wretch is brought to justice; but I do say
that the safety and life of the commu
nity demand more potential intlucnce in
behalf of public offenders.
In some of tho city prisons the air is
like that of tho Black Hole in Calcutta.
1 have visited prisons where no air
swept through tho wickot; it almost
knocked mo down. No sunlight, young
men who had commited their first crime
crowded in amomg old offenders. I saw
in one prison a woman, with one child
almost blind, who had been arrested lor
tho crimo of poverty, who was waiting
until tho slow law could tako her to the
'almshouse, whero she rightfully belonged
but. she was thrust in there with her
child nmtd the most abandoned wretches
? of the town. Many of the offenders
in that prison sleeping on the floor, with
nothing but u vermin-covered blanket
over them. Those people crowded and
wan and wasted and half suffocated and
infuriated. I said to the men, "How do
you stand it bore?" "God knows,"
said ono man, "we. havo to stand it."
Oh, they will pay you when thoy got out.
?Where they burned down ono house
thoy will burn three. Thoy will striko
deeper the assassin's knife. Thoy are
this minuto plotting worse burglaries.
Some of tho city jails are the best places
I know of to manufacture foot-pads,
vagabonds, and cut-throats. Yale col
lego is not so woll calculated to make
scholars, nor Harvard so well calculated
to make seien lists, nor Princeton BO well
calculated to make theologians*, as many
ol our jails aro calculated to make crimi-!
nals. All that those, men do not know
of crimo after they have been in that
dnngcon for somo time. Satanic machi
nation can not teach them. In the sut
forablo stench and sickening surround
ings of such places there is nothing but
discaso for tho body, idiocy for the mind,
aud death for tho soul. Stifled air and
darkness and vermiu never turned a
thief into an honest man.
Wo want men liko John Howard and
Sir William i; lacks tone, and women like
Elizaboth Fry, to do for the prisons of
tho United States what thoso people did
iu other days for tho prisons of England.
I thank God for what Isaac T. Hopper
and Dr. Wines and Mr. Harris aud
scores of others havo dono in the way
of prison roforu; but wo want some
thing more radical beforo will come the
blessing of him who said: "I was in
prison, and yo camo unto mo."
Again, in your clfort to arrest this
plague of crimo you need to consider un
trustworthy oillcials. "Woo unto theo,
O lamb, when thy king is n child, and
thy princes drink in tho morulng." It
Is a great calamity to a city when bad
men get into pnblic authority. Why.
was it that in New York thero was such
unnarulleVctl crimo between 18CG and
^?71? It was because the judges of
police in that city, at that tamo, for tho
most part, woro as corrupt as the vaga
bonds that came beforo thorn for trial.
Those wero tho days of high carnival,
for election Inuds, assassination and
forgery. Wo had all kiuds of rings.
There was one man during those years
that got ono hundred aud twenty eight
thousand dollars in ono year for serving
tho public. In a fow years it was esti
mated that there were fifty millions of
public treasure squandered. In thoso
times tho criminal bad only to wink to
tho judge or his lawyer would wink for
him, and the question was decided for
tho defendant. Of tho eight thousand
people arrested iu that city in one year,
only thrco wcro punished. These little
matters wero "fixed up," while the in
terests of society were "fixed down."
You know as well as I do that one vil
lain who escapes only opens the door for
othor criminnlltes. When tho two pick
pockets snatched tho diamond pin from
tho Brooklyn gentleman in a Broadway
stage, aud the villains wero arrested, and
tho trial was set down for tho general
sessions, and then tho trial nevor came,
and never anything moro was heard of
tho case, tho public officials wero only
bidding higher for moro crimo. It is no
compliment to public authoiity when wo
havo in all tho cities of tho country,
walking abroad, men and women notor
ious for criminality, un whipped of jus
tice They arc pointed out to jouln
tho street day by day.
There you find what aro called the
"fences," the men who stand between
tho thief and tho honest man, sheltoring
tho thief, and at great price handing,
over tho goods to tho owner to whom
they belonged. There you will find
those who aro called tho "skinners," the
men who hover around Wall street, with
great sleight of hand in bonds and slocks.
There you find the funeral thieves, tho
poople who go and sit down and mourn
with families and pick their pockets.
And thero you find the "confidence
man," who borrow money of you be
came they havo a dead child in tho house
and want to bury it, when they never
bad a house or family; or they want to
go to England aud get a largo property
there, and thoy want you to pay iheir
way, and thoy will send the monoy back
by tho very uoxt mail. Thero aro the
"harbor thieves," tho "shoplifters," the
"pick-pockots," famous all over tho
cities. Hundreds of them with their
faces In tho "Hogues gallery," yet doing
nothing for tho last five or ten years but
do fraud society to escapo justice. W.ien
these, people go unarrestcd and unpun
ished, it is putting a high premium upon
vice, nnd saying to the young crlminnls
of this country, "What a safe thing It is
to bo a great criminal." Let the law
swoop upon them. Let it be known in
this country that crimo will havo no
aunrter, that tho detectives are after it,
le the polico club Is being brandished,
that the Iron door of tho coll is being
opened, that the judge is ready to call
on tho case. Too great leniency to
criminals is too great severity to socie
Again: In your effort to arrest this
plaguo of crimo, you need to consider
tho idlo population. Of cource, I do not
refer to people who are getting old, or
to tho sick, or to thoso who cann ot get
work; but I tall you to look out for those
athletic men and women who will not
Work. When tho French nobleman was
asked why ho kept busy when ho had so
large a properly, he said, "1 keep on en*
graving so I may not hang mysolf." I
do not care who the- man is, you cannot
afford to be idle. It Is from the idle
vbJ99es that the criminal classes are made
up. Character, like water, gets putrid
if It stands still too long. Who can won
der that iu this world, where there Is so
much to do, and all the hosts of earth
and heaven and hell are plbotrlng into
the conflict, and angels are flying, and
God Is at work, and the universe Is
aquake with the marching and counter
marching, that God lets his Indignation
fall upon a man who chooses idleness?
I have watched these do-notlnugs who
spend their lime stroking the)/ heard,
and retouching their toilet, and criticiz
ing Industrious people, and pass their
d&ys and nights in barrooms and club
houses, lounging and smocking and chew- j
log and card-playing. They are not
only useless, but they are dangerous.
How bard it is for them to while away
the hours! Alas for them! If they do
not know how to whilo away an hour,
what will they do when they havo all
eternity ou their bands? Theso men for
awhile smoke tho best cigars, and wear
the best clothos, and move In the high
est spheres; but I hive noticed that very
soon they come down to the prison, the
almshou80, or stop at the gallows.
The police stations ot this cluster of
cities furnish annually between two and
three hundred thousand lodgings. For
the most part these two and three hun
dred thousand lodgings aro furnished to
able-bodied men and wqmeu?peoplo as
ible to work as you and I are.' When
they are received no longer at one police
station, because they are "repeaters,"
they go to somo other station, and so
they keep moving around. They get
their food at house doors, stealing what
they can lay their hands on in tho front
basemont whilo the servant is spreading
the bread in the back basement. They
will not work. Time and again, in the
country districts, they have wanted hun
dreds and thousands of laborers. These
men will not go. They do not want to
work, i I have tried them. I havo set
them to sawing wood iu my cellar to sco
whether they wanted to work. I ottered
to pay them well for it. I have heard
tho saw going for about three minutes,
and then I went down, and 'o, tho wood,
but no saw! They aro tho pest of socie
ty, and they stand in the way of tho
Lord's poor, who ought to bo helped,
and must bo helped; aud will be helped.
Whilo there are thousands of industrious
mon who cannot got any work, those
men who do not want any work come iu
and make that plea. I am in favor of
the restoration of the old-fashioned
whipping-post for just this ono class of
men who will not work; sleeping at night
at public expense in the station house;
during the day, getting their food at your
door-step. Imprisonment does not
scare them. They would like it. Black
well's Island or Sing Sing would be a
comfortable home for them. They
would have no *bjebtion to tho alms
house, for they like thiu soup, if they
cannot got mockiurtlo. I propose this
for thorn; on ono sido of them put some
healthy work; on the other sido put a
rawhido, nod let them take their cholco.
I liko for that class ot peoplo tho scant
bill of fare that Paul wrote out for tho
Thessalonlan loafers: "If any work not,
neither should ho eat." By what law
of God or man is it riglit that you should
toil day in and day out, until our hands
aro blistered and our arms acho and our
brains get numb, and then be called
upon to support what in tho United
States aro about two million loafers!
Thoy are u very dangerous class. Let
the public authorities keep their eyes on
Again: Among the uprooting classes
I piaco tho oppressed poor. Poverty to
a certain extent is chastening; but after
that, when it drives a man to the wall,
and ho hears his children cry in vain for
bread, it some times makes him desoer
ato. I think that there are thousands of
honest men lacerated Into vagabondism.
There aro men crushed under burdens
for which they are not half paid.- While
there Is no excuse Jbrrcrhivfnality even
in oppression, ! ata'te it as a simple fact
that'much of the scoundrolism of tho
community is consequent upon ill-treat
ment. There are many men and women
battered and bruised and stung until the
hour of despair has come, and thoy stand
with tho ferocity of a wild beast which,
pursued until it can run no longer, turns
round, foaming and bleeding, to light the
Thcrois a vast underground New York
and Brooklyn lifo that is appalling and
shameful. It wallows and steams with
putrefaction. You go down tho stairs
which aro wot and decoyed with filth,
and a( the bottom you lind the poor vic
tims ou tho floor, cold, sick, three-fourths
dead, slinking into a still darker corner
undor tho gleam of tho lantern of the
police. There has not been a breath of
fresh air in that room for five years,
literally. Tho broken sower empties
its contents upon then, and they ho at
night in the swimming filth. There they
aro, men, women, children; blacks,
whites; Mary Magdalen without hero re
pentance, and La za run without his God.
Theso are "the dives" into which tho
pick-pocket and the thieves go, as well
as a great mauy who would liko a dilfer
cnt life but cannot get it. Theso places
nro the sores of the city, which bleed
perpetual corruption. They are tho un
derlying volcano that threatens us with
a Caracas earthquake. It rolls and
roars and surges and heaves and rocks
aud blasphemes and dies. And t here,
aro only two outlets for it: the police
court and tho potter's fleled. In other
words, thoy must either go to prison or
to bell. Oh, you never saw it, you say.
You never will see it until on the day
when those staggering wretches shall
come up in the light of the judment
throne, and whilo nil hearts aro being
rovealed, God will ask you what you did
to help them.
There is another layer of povcrt'/ and
destitution, not so squalid but almost as
helpless. You hoar tho incesssint wail
ing for bread and clothes and Are, Their
eyes aro sunken. Their cheek-bones
stand out. Their hands aro damp with
slow consumption. Their flesh is putted
up with dropsies. Tneir breath is like
that of the charnel-house. They hear
tho roar of tho wheels.of fashion over
head, and the gay laughter of men aud
maidens, wonder why God gavo to others
so much and to them so little. Somo of
tiom trust into an infidelity liko that of
tho poor German girl who, when told in
the midst of her wrotchedness that God
was good, said: "No, no good God. Just
look at me. No good God."
In this cluster of cities, whose cry of
want I interpret, thero are said tobe, as
far as I can figure it up from the roports,
about 300,000 honest poor who aro de
pendent upon individual, city, and state
charities. If all their voices could come
up at onco, it would be a groan that
would shake tho foundotlons of the city
and bring all earth and heaven to the
rescue. But, for the most part, it suf
fers unexpressed. It sits in silence,
gnashing It*teeth, and sucking the blood
of its own arteries, wa.tlng for tho judg
ment day. Oh. 1 should not wonder it on
that day it would be found out that some
of us had some things that belonged to
them; some extra garmt nt which might
havo made them comfortable in cold
days; somo bread thrust into tho ash
barrel that might have appeased their
hunger lor a little while; some wasted
candle orgaa-iet that might havo kindled
up their darkness; some iresco ou the
coiling that would have given them a
roof; Borne lewel which, brought to that
orphan girl In time, might havo kopt her
from being cro vded oil' the precipices of
anucleanlife; somo New Testimentthat
would have told them of Ulm who "came
to seek and save that which was lost."
< >U, this wave of vagrancy and liungor I
anil nakedness that kashes sadly agalast
our Iron t doorstop! If the roof of all
the houses of destitution could be lifted
so we could look down into them just as
God looks, whose nerves would be. strong
cuough to stand 11? Aud yet there they
are. The flfiv thousand sowing women
in these threo cities, some of them in
hunger and cold, working night after
night, until some times the blood spurts
from the nostril and hps. How well
their grief was voiced by t'mt despairing
woman who stood by ber Invalid bus
band and invalid child aud said to the
city misslouaty: "lam down-beart d.
Everything's against *u*; and Uioa thero
are other things." " Whatother thing?"
said tho city missionary. "O," she re
plied, "mystn." "What do you mean
by that?" "Well," she said, "I never
hear or sec anything good. It's work
from Monday morning till Saturday
night, and then when Sunday comes I
can't go out, and I walk the tioor, and
It makes mo tremble to think that I have
got to meet God. O sir, it's so hard for
us. We have to work so, and then we
have so much trouble, and then we are
getting along so poorly; and seo tills wee
little thing growing weaker; and then to
think we aro not getting nearer to God,
but tloating away from him. O, sir, I
do wish I was ready todio."
I should not wonder if they had a good
deal better timo thou we in the future, to
mako up for the tact that they had such
a bad time here. It would be just like
Jesus to say; "Como up and tako the
highest seals. You suffered with me on
earth; uow bo glorified with mo in heav
en." O thou weeping Ouo of Bethany!
O th >u dying Ono of the cross! Havo
mercy on tho starving, freezing, home
less poor of theso great cittca.
I have preached this sermon for four
or five practical reasons: Because I
want you to know who aro tho uproot
ing classes of society. Because I want
you to be more discriminating iu your
charities. Because I want your hcartf
open with generosity and you hands
open with charity. Because I want you
to bo mado the sworn friends of all oity
evangelisation, and all newsboy's lodg
ing houses, aud all children's and so
cieties, and Dorcas societies, under the
skillful manipulation of wives aud moth
ers and sistcjs and daughtors; let tho
sparo garments of your wardobes bo fit
ted to tho limbs of tho wan nud shiver
ing. I should uot wonder if that hat you
give should come back a jeweled coronet,
or if that garment that you baud out
from your wardrobe should mysteriously
be whitened, and somehow wrought
into tho Saviour's own robe, so iu tho
last day ho would run his hand ovor it,
and say: "I was naked, and ye clothed
me." That would bo putting your gar
ments to glorious uses.
But more than than that, I have
preached the sermon because I thought
In the contrast you would see how very
kindly God had dealt with you, and I
thought that thousands of you would
go to your comfortable homes, and sit
at your well filled tables, and at the
warm registers, and ]< ik at the round
faces of your children., and that then
you womd hurst, into tears at the re
view of God's goodness to you, and
that you would go to your room and
lock tho door, and kneel down, and say:
"O Lord, I have been an ingrate; make
me thy child. O Lord, there are so
many hungry and unclad and unshel
tered to-day, I thank thee that all my
life thou hast taken such good care of
me. O Lord, there are so many sick
and crippled children to-day. I thank
thee mine are well, some of them on
earth; some of them in heaven. Thy
goodness, O Lord, breaks mo down.
Take me once and forever. Sprinkled
as I was many years ago at the altar,
while my mother held me, now I conse
crate my soul to thee in a holler bap
tism of repenting tears,
"For sinners, Lord, thou carii'?tio bleed,
And I'm a sinner vilo Indeed;
Lord, l-befteve thy grace is frco,
O magnify that graco to me."
Wlioae Fault Wan It. n
New York, April 9.?The agents of
tho Fahre Liuo of steamships, which
bring most of the Italian immigrants to
this port, havo involved themselves in
serious complications with tho United
States authorities because or tho viola
tion of the immigration laws.
Tho superintendent of tho immigrant
station, Col Woher, several days ago
ordered that twenty-four Italians, who
arrived on the steamer Burgundia should
bo taken back to Italy ns they wero
deemed to have come hero ia violation
of tho laws. The steamer agents pro
tested against this action, and yesterday
Col. Weber sent an inspector to tho
steamer to seo if tho barred immigrants
wero on board, as the vessel was to sail
at 4 o'clock this morning. Tbc Inspec
tor found only three of tho immigrants
there, but ho was told by the officers
of the steamer that tho others were
lounging around somewhere mid would
turn up in tlmofor tho steamer's sailing.
Tho inspector remained aboard till tho
Burgundia sailed and then roportcd to
Col. Weber that thelmlsslng twenty-one
immigrants had not turned up and their
whereabouts is unknown. Col. Wober
will report the matter to tho Secrotary
of tho Treasury.
How many suffer from weakness.
And what a distressful ailment it is.
Always praying for strength and yet
feeling oneself growing weaker and
weaker* There is great virtue in B. B,
B. ( l Jot aide Blood Balm) as a strength
ening as well as a healing medicine.
Try it as a tonic and seo how much
better you will feel. It will improve
both appetite and digestion. It Is an
excellent remedy to use while con
valescing. It aids a natural and rapid
recovery. In cases where an Invalid
has remained long in bed and bed sores
or other ulcers break out, this remedy
will afford quick relief.
W. M. Cheshire, Atlanta, Ga., writes:
"I had a long spell of typhoid fever,
which at last seemed to settle In my
rue lit leg, which swelled up enormous
ly. An ulcer also appeared which dis
charged a cupful of matter a day. I
then gave 11. B. B. a trial und it cured
Death of a Youns Groom.
VVii.siiNQTON, Del., April 13.-Count
Keidhold A. Lewenhaupt died sudden
ly at his homo, No. 1017 Adams street,
in this city shortly alter 0 o'clock this
morning of typhoid fe?*er. His illness
was short and no ono outside of his
i iu menial e family was aware that his
life was in peril until tho sad news of
his death was announced. He was
married April 2 to Miss Ellen, young
est daughter of ex-Secretary Bayard.
He was attached to the Swedish Lega
tion during Cleveland's administra
tion, but came to Wilmington some
timo ago to learn praotlcal shipbuild
ing and iron working in the shop of
Harlan & Hollingsworth. He was
titled, wealthy and handsome and a
society favorite, but he was ehiployed
as a mechanic and had his bench
among the rest'of the employees. He
had becomo an excellent workman.
Milwaukee, W is., April IS.?Joseph
Hammen, an employee in the Schlitz
brewery, met a horrible death yesterday
by falling Into a yat of boiling water.
When he was missed the wator was
drawn off and his parboiled body found
In the bottom of the vat. How the ac
cident occurred is not known.
Rheumatism.?James Paxton, of Sa
vannah, (ia., says he had Rheumatism
so bad that he could not move from
the bed or dress without help, and that
he tried many remedies, but received
no relief until ho began the use of F. P.
V. (Prl kly Ash, Poke Boot and J'otas
sinm), and two bottles restored hint
i ? i i ' ? i iii i i !!? ? -i ? \m .??? ? ? ? ? ui ^ito
W. H. GEBBES, Jr., & Co.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
SOLE AGENTS for LIDDEL & CO.
Also Dra.i.kks In
Eaglues of ihm rial I in ike, Ijoomotlye mid Tubular B ill.irs, Traution .ml oili
er Mounted Engines of tbe best and latost improved style, Haw Milla.Uriat Mills,
Qins, Moss Cotton Presses, Sbingle Maohinea, Platnera and Wood Working Ma
chinery, Brick Machinery. Cotton Seod Oil outfits, Ac.
A large Stock or ENOIVK Ktttiims, of all kinds and hIzos, in Slock for prompt
dolivory and at Hook Bottom Pricos.
BELTING and PACKING at LOW Figures. A large atook ?.f Punipa, of ?II
si/.es and atyloa.
DEABING Mrwora, Benpera and Bakes nlwaya in stock
aTVOur Mr. K. B. BAUGHAM, Laurens, 8. C, who la fully eonipotent. will ba
ploaaed to call to aeo you. or anawor any communication directed to him, and
will s<-ii you a8 cheap as 11 you wero hero in Poraon.
Wo buy for oaah and pay our Travoling Men a Salary, thereby saving tha Con
aumer Agont'a Commission?Quick Sales and So.a! I Pro?ts la our Fort.
Write to Mr. Bauitfiam. or to us direct, and got pricos and discounts.
JH^Old Enginea traded tor.
K. R. BAUGHAM. ) W. II. G1BBES, Jr., & CO.,
Traveling Salesman, >
Laubbns.8. C. ) COLUMBIA, 8.0
NORTH SIDE PUBLIC SQUARE, - - - LAUREN S, S. C
Over KENNEDY BROS., Store.
Keep constantly on hand a large assortment of Coftins and Caskets
oth Wood andMctalic, which will be sold low down. Furnished at
ny hour day or night. Hearse sent when desired,
viyo KENNEDY BROS.. Successor to J. M Robertson.
A REIGN OF TERROR.
RACE RIOTS GROWING OU F OF THE
MURDER OF MACCA.
The Nuri-ooh Flro Upon tho Military from
a Church?Tho Solcllerd Kl.ldlo tho
llulltlliiff With llullots?Threats of
Ciiaklottk, N. C, April 18.?Char
lotto is considerably wrought up today
over a distantly murder, committed
Saturday night about lt:30 o'clock, in
an Italian fruit store on West Trade
street, near the Richmond and Danville
depot. John Macca, an Italian, and
owner of the store, while in the act of
drawing a glass of cider for a negro, was
struck on the back of the head witli a
freight car coupling pin and his skull
was crushed, and he was robbed of $230.
So quietly was tho act committed and
so stunning the blow that tho murder
was not discovered by the police until
twenty minutes thereafter, when Ser
f;eant Rigler heard the groans of tho dy
ng man "from the street and wont in
and found hini prostrated. He was car
ried to his bed upstairs, and Sunday
morning at 10 o'clock ho expired, fie
never was conscious from tue time he
receiyed the fatal blow.
The assassin's name is Henry Brand
ham, a nogro gambler, well known in
the police courts of Charleston, Savan
nah and Atlanta. This negro had beon
hanging around this fruit store all day,
and a few minutes before he committed
the murder Macca's son saw him in the
store, and identiiled him Sunday morn
ing. On his person was found a hand
kerchief, in which the pin was wrapped
before the murder. The handkerchief
was soiled with rust and a plain imprint
of the pin. Last Saturday night he sold
the suit of clothes he wore at tho store
to a porter at the Buford Hotel, and
Sunday morning, when captured, ho had
on a $7 silk hat, a fine black serge cut
away, and a handsome pair of patent
leather shoes. These clothes were in
pawn, and Saturday night he redeemed
them with the money, and only 85 was
found upon his person Sunday.
News of Charlotte's excitemont has
spread rapidly, and all trains leading in
to the city were crowded this afternoon
with people from the neighboring towns.
The streets are crowded with a lively
mass of humanity, surging back and
forth, and excitement is at a high pitch.
The negroes of the city are holding a
mass meeting to-night to decide what
they will do.
The African Methodist Episcopal
Church was tilled all night long with a
crowd of angry negroes, seemingly de
termined on mischief. About 2 o'clock
this morning a squad of negroes went to
the jail and askeel for protection, stating
that the lives of their fell owmen were in
emminont danger at the church. Col. J.
T. Anthony at once despatched a portion
of the militia to the church, and as the
men were being drawn into line, some
negroes who were in the cupalo of tho
church opened fire on tho soldiers. This
so incensed the military that tho Uro
was returned and the negro church was
riddlod with bullets. Today it presents
an appearance not unlike that of a
sifter. All the stained glasses in the
front were smashed by the Hying bu'lets,
and it is reported that several negroes
were badly injured.
Mayor P. B. McDowell issued a proc
lamation this afternoon that all the bar
rooms of the city should be closed at
5:30 o'clock, so that whiskey should not
lead tho Infuriated mob to uncalled for
An extra police force of 200 men have
just gone out from polico headquarters
to guard the jail. It is not thought ad
Visible to put the military on guard
again tonight, as they wore up all last
The hardware stores have been raided
to-day by citizens in search of any kind
of firearms, and young men, boys and all
Never before in the history of tho city
has such excitement existed as during
the post twenty-four hours. Crowds of
men have abandoned their business to
join the mobs nbout the streets. Tho
ladies of the city are frightened terribly.
The negroes say that they expect to
burn every white church in tho city but
what they will have revenge for what
transpired last night.
The minds of the whites ha\ o some
what wandered from the idea of lynch
ing, and : ow it is a contest of white su
premacy against negro domination.
Crowds of South Carolinians are
swarming into the city from all sides,
with their blood fairly boiling with in
dignation, and grave fears are appre
hended for the safoty of tho city.
The importance of purifying the
blood cannot be over-estimated, for
without pure blood vou cannot enjoy
food healh. 1*. P. P. (Prickly Ash,
oke Hoot and Pjttassium) Is a mirac
ulous blood purifier, performing more
oures in six months than all tho sarsa
parlllas and so-called blood purifiers
Rheumatism is cured by P. P. P
Pains and aches In the back, shoulders
kii.iri ankles, hips, and wrists are
THE LAURENS BAR.
H. Y. SIMPSON,
attorney at law.
_ LA JKENS, _ _ - _-_R_.JP.
VT. H. MARTIN,
attorney at law.
la Dur-. in... - - S. C
J . johnson. W.U. RICH K
JOHNSON ? RIOHKY
attorneys at law.
Offj.uk?Fleming's Corner, Northvrea
sido of Public Square.
LAURBNS, II., - - S.C.
Attorneys at Law,
Ott. 22, 3m
AY. AV. KENNEDY.
ATTeitNST AT LAW
Special atteutlen glren te the Investi
gation of tftlai.
Lauren* C. U. B. C.
THE HOME~FOR~BAPflST ORPHANS
It Will lio Located lu the Town of Or eou
COLUMBIA, S. C, April 10.?Green
wood is to bo the home of the Baptist
orphans of South Carolina, and tho lit
tle ones will soon be gathered into anjiu
stilution where they can bo clothed, ed
ucated and raised to become citizens
that the State will bo proud to own.
Yesterday morning tho committee ot
twenty-two, appointed by tho last Bap
tist Association met in the First Baptist
Church and began tho consideration of
the oilers of location they had opened
the night before. A sessiou lasting until
2 o'clock in tho afternoon was held.
After a full consideration it was decided
to accept tho offer of property at Green
Tin i oiler embraces $2,200 in cash,
ten acres ot valuable land, a mortuary
title to 470 acres, six acres on which
is located the handsome residence of Dr.
Maxwell and n bequest of other valuable
property. This offer is by far the beBt
presented, and the property is consider
ed some of the most valuable in the
A sub-committee consisting of J. L.
Vnss, W. II. Lyles, 11, M. Pratt, N. N.
Burton and J. D. Pitts was appointed to
meet at Greenwood on Monday for the
purpose of receiving the deeds to tho
An afternoon session was held aud
hirthcr details of the establishment of
the institution were dlecussed and ar
Last night the final session was held
and thereat tho organization ot the in
stitution was completed.
The following wero elected trustees of
tho orphanage: J. C. Maxwell, J, K.
Durst, J. W. Sprowles, S. P. Brooks,
Greenwood; Ed Llpscomb, Ninety-Six;
H. P. McGhee, Duo West; Itov. J. D.
Pitts, Lnurcus; liov. W. T. Hundly,
Johnston; Ucv. J. L. Vass, Darlington;
W. II. Lylcs, Columbia; B. P. Smith,
Charles ton; W. F. Cox, Anderson.
Tho oillccrs of the institution wero
elected as follows: President J. C. Max
well; vice-president, W. D. Hundley;
seecrctary and treasurer, J. K. Durst.
The Rey. J.L. Vass was elected sup
erintendent, and Ins salary fixed at$l,
500 per annum. It Is net known whether
ho will accept or not.
A resolution was passed calling on
the Bnpt-:?t denomination in the State
lor $10,000 as a building fund. Tho
homo will consist of a number of small
airy, convenient and carefully arranged
cottages, which Wilt bo erected from timo
to timo as required.
Tho executive or main committco then
adjourned to meet again at Greenwood
on next Tuesday, for tho purposo of ar
ranging for tho early opouing of the or
A Lightning Shnve.
Louisville, April 15.?During a
thunder storm, J. F. Kooinson.a prom
inent merchant, was being shaved in
Taylor's harbor shop In Jeffersonvllle.
Direct over head was an incandescent
electric light. Suddenly there was a
flash of lightning, and the customers in
the shop were astonished to see names
playing around the razor In Taylor's
hand. The barber dropped the Instru
ment, and in a flash the lights were out.
A lamn was lighted and Robinson was
found lying unconscuous in the harbor's
chair. He soon recovered, however,
and hns experienced no ill effects. The
electric light fixtures were found to>
have been burned out. It is supposed
that lightning struck the electric lights
wire and leaped from the carbon point
of tho lamp to the steel razor on the'
Negroes mm i.yucnar?.
Kansas CitV, Mo, April 9.-A crowd
of live hundred negroes lastnijfht attack
ed the county jail with tiio iutentlon of
lynching William McCoy, who brutally
murdered Nellie McGruder last Sunday
night, by beating her to a jelly with
stones. An attempt to lyuch McCoy
was made last Monday, at tho t^rae of
his preliminary trial, but the prisoner'
was so well guarded that the attempt
was aSaudoned. Tbe sheriif coucluded
that the excitement, amot g the uegro
population had subsided sutllciently to
warrant tho withdrawal < f tho extra
guards, and when tbe attack was mado
last night it was wholly unexpected.
The negroes gathered quietly about
the building and at 12.4-3 twenty of their
number, masked and other*? ise disguised,
broke in the outer door aud immediately
proceeded to that part of the building
which was partitioned oil for a jail. This
is separated - from the rest of the build*
ing by a stout irou door. Only ono guard
was on duty. He drew bis revolver aud
threatened to shoot tho first man who
approached tho door. The com mitt- e
of twenty( after somo parleying, with
drew and joined their comrades outsido.
After fUrther parleying tho eutiro mob
dispersed. The guards havo been
doubled in anticipation of a further at
Piano? and Orcana.
N. W. TnuiiP, 134 Main Street, Co
lumbia, s. C, sells Pianos and Organs,
direct from factory. No agents' com
missions. The celebrated Chickering
Piano. Mathushek Piano, celebrated
for its clearness of tone, lightness of
touch and lasting qualities. Mason &
Hamlin Upright Piano. Sterling Up
right Piauos, from 8225 up. Mason &
Hamlin Orguns surpassed by none. Ster
ling Organs, 850 up. Every Instrument
guaranteed for six years. Fifteen days'
trial, expenses both ways, if not satis*
factory. Sold on Instalments.
A complete Bedroom Suit for 810.50
freight paid to your depot. Send for
Catalogue. Address L. F. Padgett,
Before assuring your
life, or investing your mon
ey, examine tho Twenty
Year Tontine Policies of
LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY
Policies maturing in
Ib'Jt realize cash returns
to tho owners, of amounts
varying from 120 to 176 per
cent, of the money paid in,
besides tho advantages of
tho Assurance during tho
whole period of twenty
Tho following is one
of tho in an v actual cases
maturing this year:
Endowment Policy No. 04,1)25.
Issued in 1871, nt age 27. Amount, ?5.000.
Premium, 9239.00. Total Premiums Paid,
R E S U L T S
at end of 'iontlnc Foriod in 1801:
CASH SURRENDER VALUE, 98,440.45,
(Equal to 817010 for each
3100 paid in premiums,
which is equivalent to a ro?
turn of all premiums paid,
with intorest at lyi per
cent, por annum.) Or, in
lieu o cash,
A PAID-UP LIFE POLICY FOB119,470.
(Equal to ?405.80 for each
8100 paid in premiums.)
A LIFE ANNUITY of 8033.55
One fact is worth a thousand theories
Thero is no Assurance extant in any com
pany which compares with this. The
Equitable is tho strongest company in tho
world and transacts the largest business.
For further Information address or apply
to tho nearest agent of the Society, or write
W. J. RODDEY,
April 8-3ni ROOK HILL, S. C.
THE LARGEST STOCK,
MOST SKILLED WORKMEN,
South Carolina Marble Works,
T. JET. HYATT,
Is tho best placo in South Carolina or
Southern States to secure satisfaction in
American and Italian Marblo Woik. All
HEADS I ONES,
Send for prices and full-information.
F. H. HYATT,
April 8 ly COLUMBIA. S.**C.
?J-AsU for cutalofrue.
TERRY M'F'G CO "whviii- t-..
Paflptt Pays the Mill I
IA GllKAT Ohr-k? that MAY NOT \0Alf>|
?k Rgl'katkd. po do not Dkl.at,
"Stuihk Whii/uthk Iron 13 Uot."
Wiito for Catalogue now, ami **y wha*
'paper you saw this advertisement ui.
I Remember that I eoll everything that!
fwoes to furnishing a homo?manufaotur
tlng oome things ami buying others in the
[largest possible lots, which enables mo to
[wipe out all competition.
I1ERK A U ?'. A FEW OK MY STAKT
A No. 7 Flat top Cooking Stovo, full
slxo, 15x17 inch oven, fitted with 21 pieces
of ware, delivered at your own depot,
all freight charges paid by me, for
only Twotvo Dollars.
A pun, 1 will sell you a 5 hole Cooklnl
Range 13x13 inch ovon, 18x2? Inch top, fit
ted with 21 plooes of waro, for TU1R
TKEN DOITLARS, and pay the freight to
|DO NOT PAY TWO PRICES FOR
I will send you a nice plush Parlor suit,
walnut frame, either la combination or
bauded, the most stylish colors for 33.60,
to your jailroad station, freight paid.
1 will alsosell you a nice Bedrouios ult
consisting of Bureau with glass, 1 high
head Bedstead, 1 Washstand, 1 Centre
table, 4 cauo seat chairs, I cane seat and
back rocker all for 10.60, and pay freight
to your depot.
Or 1 will send you an elegaut Redroom
Jsu.lt wUh largo glass, full marble top, for
|f 30, and pay freight.
Nice window shadu on spring roller 8 40'
Elegant large walnuts day clock, 4.00
Walnut lounge, 7.00
Lace curtains per window, 1.00
1 cannot describe everything in a small
advertisement, but have an immense store
contain in;; 22,(500 feet of lloor room, wltli
waro houses and factory buildings in other
parts of Augusta, making in all the lar
gest business of this kind under one man
agement in tho Southern States. These
storoaaud warehouses aro crowded witli
the choicest productions of the best facto
ries. My catalogue containing illustrations
of goods will be mailed if you will ktudiy
say where you saw thlsadvortlsement. 1
pay freight. Address,
L. F. PADGETT,
Proprietor Padgett's Furniture, Stove
and Carpet .Store,
1110-1112 Broad Street, AUGUSTA, GA.
i Vf. 3 ? ui
mi urn WOMAN.
.?>', I' P. will purify and Tltnltze your
?': bio vi, create a uood appetlteand give your
y wbeluHystuni tone anil Btix hkiIi.
r\ A prominent railroad r.upnrintendentat
.& Buvauoah. stUTering with IValnrla, Dyspop.
?R, Bin, and Uaouinatlsnfi8a5' ' rtr*t ? .iug
Q V. P. P. lie nover r.-lt bo well In his life, and
? : feels as if he could live fc rover, if he could
< always get 1\ V. IV
>'. If you are tired out fr ..^v..?. '....?.and
V clovu coufluoMtout, take
P. P. P.
If you nro feeling !>? >!'y fu tho eprlng
CUld out of soi ls, take
1 p. p. p.
if your digestive organs need toulng up,
p. p. p.
If v >a biuTit with headache, Indigestion,
debility 11110" weakness, take
P. P. P.
if you minVr with rervoua prostrAtlou,
nerv?s unstrung ami a general lot dowu
of tho syuteni, tako
P. P. P.
For Rlood Poison, Rheumatism. Rerof.
\iln, Old Bores. Miliaria, Chronic Fumalo
P. P. P.
Prickly Ash, Poke Root
$ and Potassium.
ffl The best Mood purifier In tho world.
51 LIPPMAN Bltoa, Wholesale Druggists,
4 .^.i!'? Proprietors,
Lippuan's Block, Savannah, On,
will bo made on
TALBOTT & SONS'
ENGINES and BOILERS,
Special osttmntos on Machinery generally
at bottom figures.
CORN MILLS, - - ?ll? to 8117.-..
PLANERS ami MATCHERS, S200 to
SAW MILLS with Rope Feed, Variable
Friction or Belt Feed, 8200 to 8000.
Wo particularly call attention to these
Saw Mills. They have patent doublo act
ng set works and arc the best mills oil tho
Cotton Gins and Presses at low llguros.
V. C. BADHAM,
Columbia, s. c.
Buy the Talbott Engine, it is Hiebest.
Fob 10-ly. ,
COM I??dBT K G1 > \ s: IHK?.
UPON THE MOST APPROVED
plans, with Suction Kan or Spiked
Bolt Seed Cotton Elevator furnished; ?
COTTON GIMSnnd PRESSES of best
makers. Thomas Hay Rakes, Decring
Mower, Oorbin Harrows and Planet, Jr ,
A lar>;e stock of Portable and Stationary
Ginning and baw Mill Engines on hand.
State Agents for
O. & Q. COOPER A COS Corlis En
gines LftllO Saw Mills and l.iddcll Com
pany's complete lino.
W. II. OIBBES, Jtt? & CO..
Near Union Depot,
CohUMiHA, S. C.
RiL\l? TIIRSll P14 .1 ll I It,JP,w-.- -
Farm Wagons, complete with body etc.
2 3-4 in Tllhuble Skin.939.(10
8 in Thimble skin. 41.00
s% In Thimble skin. 42.00
Ono Horse Wagons, 124.50, 820.50 ami
$28.50. Warranted second to none.
Wrlto for Circulars.
Buggies, 'ejarrlages, Road Carts, fte? lit
10 per cent loss than regular prices. Send
for Catalogue. This offer is for only 30
days in order to reduce stock?so order at
HOLLER & ANDERSON
BUGGY ?O.. ROCK HILL, B. C.
In writing mention this paper,
sWrerewBrMsa^ ' -
LIFTMAN BB09., Whohealan"
SOU l'roorletori, Llppraaa't niock, Han