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DR. TALMAGE'S SERMON.
SAVING WISDOM COMPARED TO A
HelliCloii Superior to a Crystal In Kxact
nssa, in TrnoBr>ar?n?7. In Symmetry
ami In Jlenuty?Souls of Sinners tht
Crystallisation or Meroy.
New Yomc, April 19.?Tho eager
ness to hear Dr. Talmage's sermons
at tho Christian Herald scrvicoson Sun
day evenings in this city continues un
abated. As usual there was this oven
tag a dense mass of peoplo waiting out
side the Academy of Musio long beibro
the hour for commencement and every
seat in the huge building was occupied
in a few minutes after the doors were
opened. Dr. Talmage had preached to
au immenso nudicaco in tho morning in
the Brooklyn Academy of Music. His
text was: ''Tho crystal ennnot equal it"
Job. xxvlli: 7.
Many of tho precious stone of tho Bibles
have come to prompt recognition. But
for the present I tnko up the less valua
ble crystal. Job, in my text, compares
saving wisdom with a specimen of topaz.
An infidel chemist or mineralogist
would pronounco tho latter worth moro
than tho former, but Job makes an in
toligont comparison, looks at religion nud
then looks at tho crystal and pronounces
tho former as of far superior value to
the latter, exclaiming in the words of my
text, "Tho crystal caunot equal it."
Now, it is not a part of my eermonie
design to doprcciato tho crystal, whether
it bo found in Cornish m'ue or Hartz
mountain or Mammoth Cave or tinking
among tho pendnnta of tho chandeliers.
Tho crystal is tho star of tho mountain;
if it is tho queen oi tho envc; it is tho enr
drop of tho hills; it finds its licnvcn in the
diamond. Among all tho pages of na
tural history there is no pago moro in
teresting to mo than tho pngo crystallo
graphic. But 1 want to show you tiiat
.Tob was right when, taking roligiou in
ono hand and the crystal in tho other,
ho declared that tho former is of far
moro Yoluo and beauty than tho latter,
recommending it to nil peoplo and to all
ages, declaring: "Tho crystal cannot
equal it." In tho first placo I remark
that religion is superior to the crystal in
exactness. That shapeless mass of crys
tal against which your accidently dashed
your foot is laid out with moro exact
ness than any earthly city. Tlioro are
six styles oi crystallization nud nil of
them divinely ordained. Every crystal
has mathematical precision. Cod's
geometry reaches through it, aud it is
. a square or it is a rectangle, or it is a
rhomboid or in some way it hath a math
ematical figure. Now, religion beats
that in the simplo fnct that spiritual ac
curracy is moro beautiful than material
accuracy. God's attributes arc exact.
God's decrees exact. God's manage
ment of the world exact. Never count
ing wrong, though ho counts tho grass
blades aud tho stars and tho sni ds and
tho cycles. His providences never deal
ing with us prcpcndiculnrly when those
providences ought to be oblique, nor
tntornl when they ought to lie vertical.
Everything in our lifo arranged with
out any possiblity of mistake. E \ch
lifo a six-sided prism. Born nt tho
right time; dying nt the right time.
Thero arc no "hnppcn-so's" in our the
ology. If I thought this was a slip
shod universe 1 would go crazy. God
is not nn anarchist. Law, order, sym
metery, precision, a perfect square, a
perfect rectangle, a serfect rhomboid, a
perfect circle. Tho edge of God's robo
of government never Irays out. There
nro no loose screws in tho world's ma
chinery. It did not iuat happen that
Napoleon was attacked with indiges
tion nt Borodino so that lie became in
competent for the day. It did not just
happen that John Thomas, tho mission
ary, on a heathen island, waiting for an
outfit nnd orders for another missionary
:our, received that outllt and those or
ders in a box that lloated ashore, while
tho ship nud the crew that carried
tho box wcro never heard of. The bark
ing of F. W. ltobcrt8on's dog, ho tells
us, led to a Hue of events which brought
him from tho army into tho Christian
ministry, where ho served God with
world-renowned usefulness. It did not
merely happen so. I believo in a par
ticular providence I bolicvo God's go
omclry may be seen in all our lifo moro
beautifully than in crystallography.
Job was right. "The crystal cannot
Again I remark Hint religion is supe
rior to the crystal in^trnnsparency. Wo
know not when or by whom class was
llrat discovered. Beads of it have becu
found in tho tomb of Alexander Severus.
Vnscs of it arc brought up from tho ruins
of Horculaneum. There were female
adornments made out of it 3000 years
ago?those adornments found now at
tached to tho mummies of Egypt. A
great many commentators believe that
my text menus class. Wha*. would wo
do without tho crystal? Tho crystal in
tho window to keep out tho storm and
let in tho day?the crystal over the watcli
' defending its delicato machinery, yet
allowing us to sec the hour?the crystal
of the telescope by which the astrono
mor brings distant worlds so near ho can
inspect them. Oh, the triumphs of tho
crystals in tho celebrated windows of
Boucn aud Salisbury? But thero is
nothing so transparent in a crystal as
in our holy religion. It is a transparent
religion. You put it to your cyo and
. you see man?Iiis sin, Iiis soul, his
destiny. You look at God and you sco
something of the grandeur of Iiis charac
ter. It is a transparent religion. Infidels
tell us it is opaque? Dey?u know why
they tell us it is opnquer It is because
they nro blind. Tho natural man rcceivoth
not tho tilings of God becnuso they aro
spiritually discerned. Thero is no troublo
with the crystal; tho trouble is with the
eyes which try to look through it. Wo
pray for vision, Lord, that our eyes
mioht'bo opened. When tho oyo-snlvc
cures our blindness then wo find that
religion is lnan6parcnt.
It is a transparent Bihlo. All the
mountains of the Biblo come out; Sinni,
the mountain of the law; Tisgali, tho
mountain of prospect; Olivet, tho moun
tain of instruction; Calvary, tho moun
tain of sacrifice. All tho rivers of tho
Biblo come out; Hidckel, or tho river of
paradisaical beauty; Jordan, or tho river
of holy chrism; Chorith, or tho rivor of
prophetic supply; Nile, or the river ot
palaces; and the pure river of liic from
under tho throno, clear as crystal. While
reading this Bible nitor our eyes hnvo
been touched by grnco, wo find it all
transparent nnd tho earth rocks, now
with crucifixion agony nnd now with
judgment terror, and Christ appears in
8omo of his two hundred nnd fifty-six
titles, as far as I can count them?the
broad, tho rock, tho captain, tho com
mander, the conqueror, the star, nnd on
and beyond any capacity of mine to re
hearse them. Transparent roligionl
The providence that scorned dork bc
foro becomes pol lucid. Now you find
God is not trying to put you down. Now
you understand why you lost that child
and why you lost your property; it was
to piepnro you for eternal tronsures.
And why sickness came; It being tho pre
cursor of immortal iuvonescenco. And
iiow you understand why thoy lied about
you and tried to drlvo you hither and
thither. It was to put you in the glori
ous company of such men as Ignatius,
who, when ho went out to bo destroyed
^ by the lions, said: 4,I run tho wheat and
& the teeth of wild beasts must first, gn
|amo before I can becomo puro bread
HnIcBU? Christ;" or tho company of su
men as 1'olycarp, who. when standing
In the midst of the amphitheatre waltinjk
for the hone to come out of their care,
and destroy him, aud the people in the
galleries jeering and shouting, "The
hons for Poiycarp," replied: "Let them
<?> H in: on," and then stooping down to
ward the cave where the wild beasts were
roaring to get but, "Let them come on."
Ah, yes, it Is persecution to put you in
glorious company; and while there are
many things that you will have to post
pone to the future world for explanation,
I tell you that it is tho whole tendency
of your religion to unravel and explain
and iuterprct and illumine and irradiate.
Job was right. It is a glorious trans
parency. "The crystal connot equal
I remark ngaiu that religion surpasses
tho crystal iu its beauty. That lump of
crystal is putunder the magnifying glass
of tho crystallographer and he socs in
it indescribable beauty?snowdrift aud
splinters ot hoar-frost and corals and
wreaths and stars and crowns and cas
tellations of conspicuous beauty. The
fact is that crystal is so beautiful that I
can think of but one thing In all the uni
verse that is so beautiful, and that is
tho religiou of the Bible. No woudor
this Bible represents that religion as tho
day-break, as tho apple-blossoms, as tho
glitter of a kiug's banquet. It is tho joy
of tho wholo earth.
People talk loo much about their cross
and not enough about their crown. Do
you know tho Bible mentions a ci Ods
but twenty-seven times while it men
tions a crown eighty timea? Ask that
old man what ho thinks of religion. He
has been a close observer. He has been
culluriug au (esthetic taste. He has seen
tho 6un rises of a half a century. He
has been an early riser. He has been an
admirer of cameos and corals and all
kinds of beautiful things. Ask him what
he .!iinks of religion and ho will toll you.
'?It is the most beautiful thing I over
saw." "The crystal cannot equal it."
Ho iiitiful in its symmetry. When it
presents God's character it does not
present Him as having love like a great
protuhoranco on ono Bido of his nature,
but makes that love in harmony with his
just ire.?a lovo that will accept all those
who r 01 ne to him, and a justice that will
by no means clear tho guilty, Beautiful
religion, iu tho sentiment it implants!
Ih-autil'iil religion in tho hope it kindles!
llcauliful religion in tho fact that it pro
poses to garland and enthrone and em
paradise au immortal spirit. So'omon
says it Is a lily. Paul says it-Is a crown.
The Apocalypse says it is a fountain
? kissed of the sun. Ezckiel says it is a
followed cedar. Christ says it Is a bride
groom come to letch home a brldo.
While Job Iu tho text takes up a wholo
voso of precious stones?the topaz and
the sapphire and the chrysoprasus?and
lie takes out of tli's beautiful vase just
ono crystal and holds it up until It;
gleams in tho warm light of tho eastern
sky, and he exclaims, "The crystal ;an
not equal it."
Oh, It Is not a stale religion, it is not a
stupid religion, it is not a toothless hag
as 8omo 8ecmto have represented it; it is
not a Lieg Memlos with shrivelled arm
como to sc are, the world. It is the fairest
daughter of God; heiress of all his wealth.
Her cheok the morning sky; her voice
the dance of tho sea. Come and woo
her. The Spirit and the Biblo say ccmo,
and whosoever will let him como. Do
vou agree with Solomon and say it is a
lily? Then pluck it and wear it over
your heart. 1 )o you agree with Paul and
say it is a crown'/ 'Then lot this
hour bo your coronation. Do you
agree with the Apocalypse and say
it is a springing fountain?" Thou como
and slaku the thirst of your soul. Do
you believe with Ezckiel and say it is a
foliagcd cedar? Then como uudor its
shadow. Do you believe with Christ
ami say it is a bri.lc-groomcomo to fotch
homo a bride? Thcustrike hands with
your Lord tho King while I pronounce
yon everlastingly ono. Or if you think
with Job that it is a jewel, then put it on
your hand like a ring, on your neck like
a bead, on your forehead like a star,
while you look into the mirror of God's
word you acknowledge "tho crystal can
not equal it."
Agaiu, religion is superior to tho
crystal in its transformations. Tho
diamond is only a crystallization of coal.
Carbonate of limo rises till it becomes
calci to or aragonitc. Red oxide" of
copper crystallizes into cubes and
octachedrons. Those crystals which
adorn our persons and our homes and
our museums havo only been resurrected
from forms that wcro far Irom lustrous.
Scientists for agc3 havo boon examining
theses wondcrfurtransformatlons. But
I tell vou iu tho Gospel of tho Son of
God thcro is a moro wonderful transfor
mation. Over souls by reason of sin
black as coal and hard as iron, God by
his comforting grace stoops and says:
"They shall bo mino In tho day when I
make up my jewels."
"What," say yon, "will God wear jew
elry?" If ho wanted it, ho could mako
the stars of heaven his belt and have the
evening cloud lor tho sandals of his foet;
hut ho does not-want that adornment.
IIo will not have thatjowolry. When
God wants jewelry IIo comes down and
digs it out of the depths and darkness of
sin. These souls are all crystallizations
of mercy. IIo puts them on and He
wears them in the presence of the whole
universe. He wears them on tho hand
that was nailed, over the heart that was
pierced, over tho temples that were
stung. "They shall bo mino," salth
tho Lord, "in the day when I make
up my jewels." Wonderful transform a
tionl "The crystal cannot equal it"
There she is, a waif of tho street; but
she shall h s a sister of charily. There
he is, a sot in tho ditch; but ho shall
preach the Gospel. Thcro, behind the
bars of a prison, but he shall roign with
Christ forever. Whero sin abound ;d
grace, shall much moro abound. Tho
carbon becomes tho solitaire. "The
arystal cannot equal it."
Now, I have no liking for those pooplo
who aro always enlarging in Christian
meetings about their early dissipation.
Do not g into tho particulars, my broth
ers. Simply say you wcro sick, but mako
no display of your ulcers. The chief
stock in tratdo of some ministers and
Christian workers seems to bo their
early crimes and dissipations. Tho
number of pockets you picked and the
number of chickens you stole make very
poor prayer meeting rhetoric. Besides
that. It discourages other Christain peo
ple who novor got drunk or stole any
thing. But it is pleasant to know that
those who were farthoatdown have been
brought highest up. Out of infernal
serfdom into eternal liberty. Out . of
darkness into light. From coal to the
solitaire. "Tho crystal cannot equal It.''
But. my friends, tho chief transform
ing power of the Gospel will not be seen
in this world nnd ;not until hoaven
breaka upon tho soul. When that light
falls upon the soul then you will seo tho
crystal. Oh, wh it a magnificent setting
tor theso jowels of cteruity 1 I Some
times hoar people representing Heaven
in a way thaPis far from attractive to
mo. It seems almost a vulgar Heaven
as they roprcsent it wild great blotch
os of color and bands of music making a
John represents Heaven as exquisite
ly beautiful. Throe crystals. In one
place he says: "Her light was liko a
precious stone, clear as crystal." In
another plaeo ho says: "I. saw a pure
river from under tho throno, clear as
crystal." In another placo ho says:
"Boforo tho throne there was a sea of
gloss deer ascrystal." Threu crystals!
John says cryatal atmosphore. That
itit. Manu of eternal June.
.7 hat weather after tho world's cn>it |
wind! No ruck of storm clouds. One
breath of that air will cure tho worst
$bbercle. Crystal light oo all the leaves.
Crystal light shimmering on the topaz
of the temples."'Crystal light tossing
In the plumes of the equestrians of heav
en on white horses. Hut "the crystal
cannot equal it." John says crystal
river. That means joy. Dee.) and
ever-rolling. Not one drop of the Thames
or the Hudson or the Hhino to soil it.
Not one tear of human sorrow to embit
ter it. Crystal, the rain out of which
It was made. Crystal, the bed over
which it shall roll and ripple. Crystal,
Its infinite surface. But "tr* crystal
cannot equal it.'' John says crystal
sea. That means muttltudinously vast.
Vast in rapture. Rapture vast as the
sea. deep as the sea, strong as the sea.
ever changing as the sea. Billows of [
light. Bill lows of beauty, blue with
sides that were never clouded and green
with depths that were never fathomed.
Arctics and Antarctica and Mediterra
neans and Atiantics nnd PaclQcs in
crystalline magnificence. Three crys
tals. Crystal light falling on a crystal
river. Crystal river rolling into a crys
tal sea. But "the crystal cannot equal
Cli, says some one, putting his haud
over his eyes, "con it be that I who have
been In bo much sin and trouble will ever
come to those crystals?" Yes, it may
be?it will be. Heaven we must have,
whatever else wo have or have not; and
we come here to get It. "How much
must I pay for it?'' you say. You will
pay for itjust as the coal pays to become
the diamond. In other words nothiug.
The same Almighty power that makes'
tho crystal in the mountain will chango
your heart, which Is harder thau stono,
for the promise is "I will lake away your
stony heart and I will give you a heart
"Oh" says some one, "it is just the
doctrine I want; God is to do everything
and I am to do nothing." My brother,
It Is not the doctrine you want. The coal
makes resistance. It hears the resurrec
tion voice in the mountain and It comes
to crystallization, but your heart resists.
The trouble with you, brother, Is the
coal wants to stay coal. I do not ask
you to throw open the door and lot Christ
fn. I only ask that you stop bolting and
barring it. Oh, my friends, we will bnve
to got rid of our sin. I will have to got
rid of my sins and you will have to get
rid of your sins. What will wo do with
our sins among tho three crystals? The
crystal atmosphere would display our
Pollution? ? Tho crystal river would bo
befmled with our touch. Tho crystal
sea would whelm us with its glistening
surgo. Transformation now or no trans
formation at all. Give sin full chance
in your heart and the transformation will
be downward instead of upward. In
stead of a crystal it will be a cinder. In
the days of Carthage a Christian girl was
condemned to die for her faith, and a boat
was bedaubed with tar aud pitch and
tilled with combustibles and sot on fire
aud the Christian girl was placed in the
boat, and tho wind was od' shore and the
hoat floated away with its precious treas
ure. No one can doubt that boat landed
at the shore of Heaven. Sin wants to
put you in a fiery boat and shove you oil
in an opposite direction?ofi from peace,
off from God, off from heaven, everlast
ingly off; and the port toward which you
would sail won 1-1 be a port ol darkness,
and tho guns that would greet you would
bo the guns of despair, and tho 'flags
that would wave at your arrival would
bo tho black flags of death. Oh, my
brother, you must either kill sin or sin
will kill you. It is no wild exaggeration
when I say that any man or woman that
wants to be saved may be saved. Tre
mendous choice! A thousand people
nro choosing this moment between sal
vation nnd destruction, between light
and darkness, between heaven nnd boll,
between charred ruin and glorious crys
Mucli Ado About Nothing.
Laubens, April 15?Senator Irby's
irritation at tho invitation extended by
Prof Evans to Col Haskell to ranke a
literary address before his school in June
has uot been previously mentioned in
this correspondence because it was
thought that subject might injure
Laurens's chances for getting tho girls'
In a conversation this morning Col
Irby stated to me that his sympathies
had boon enilsted with the town to get
the industrial school and that he had in
tended to work for it; that the town had
asked him to use his intluence nnd that
ho was doing so, but, feeling that tho
town endorsed the notion of Mr. Evans,
he had given notice that he had with
drawn his Influouce and would have
nothing more to do with it. He further
said that he does not intend to fight the
efforts to get the school, and that all
differences between the town and him
self in regard to the matter had been
healed, deciining, howover, to state the
grounds of the treaty.
It is presumed, therefore, that Senator
Irby will work with the citizens generally
to get the school loc tted here.
While politics will of course fee en
irely ignored, Col. Haskell has hosts of
friends who will give him an enthusiastic
welcome when he comes to Laurcns.
Nows and Courier._
M0004 Killed Nine Men.
ItocKiNOHAM, N. C., April 10.?This
morning a rather startling story comes
to light about John B. Mocca, the Ital
ian storekeeper, who was murdered in
Charlotte Saturday night. The story
was told by Dr. J. D. Westervelt, Jr.,
of Gaffney City.
Mocca lived there for several years,
and consequently Dr. Westervelt knew
hint well some years ago. Mocca told
him?in fact, he made no secret of it
the reason he came to America was be
cause his hands were stained with the
blood of nine of his countrymen, nrd he
came to America to seek rest and quiet
Mocoa said that twelve years ago he
was a merchant in Italy, and late one
night, when the streets were almost de
serted, ten men came in his store to rob
him. He defended himself with his stil
ltdt<>, and killed nine of them in the
roora,where they attacked him, the tenth
one fourtunately escaping.
Mocca said that the sight of ninedead
bodies lying in blood upon one floor was
such a horrible sight although ho killed
them to save himself it was ever before
him. There was no case made against
him and public sent iment generally en
dorsed and applauded him for ridding
the country of the murderous thugs, but
he closed oat his business as early as pos
sible and left the scene.
Beats His Wife to Death.
White Plains, April 16.?Jesse
Lockwood is one of tho oldest residents
of Purdy's Station, nnd during his three
score years hero he has been greatly re
spected. He has been afflicted with the
grip of late, which is said to liavo made
him temporarily Insane. On Saturday
last he took a club and biat his wife so
severely as to cause her death. Bolicv
>ng 1 hut he was commanded to do so by
the I /ml. She is sixty-one years of age.
L'ickwood Is sometimes called a religi
ous crank. He is said to have rung tho
church bell of tho Methodist Church a
few days ago, at the same time pro
claiming that the Lord desired him to
make a human sacrifice of life by killing
Mills for Seaator.
Princeton, Ky.. April 16.--Roger Q.
Mills, of Tftaas, while visiting friends
i here, stated that ho would not^and for
I re-election to tho lower house oV Con
?r?es that he was serving his last torm.
towerer if the people of his Swo de
I sire to keap him in public lifi, they
must b? m Mr., to the Hidr/V States
A BLUNDER OF THE LAW.
ONE MAN HANGED FOR ANOTHER
On hU Deathbed lllrU Conf?a?e? that he
Killed lUwkln?, for the Murder of
whom White waa Hanged Iu Spartan
Ashville, N. CM April 16.?The
Imaging of Tom White, a white man, in
Spartauburg about twelve yeara ago for
tho murder of Pet Hawkins, a colored
man. will always be remembered as a
remarkable execution. It happened just
at a limo when tho whito and colored
races were decidedly at daggers' poiu ts,
but which had no influence or bearing
on the case. The Idea of a white man
being hung for the killing of a negro was
rather repulsive to a great many people
who had suffered under negro domina
tion and misrule, but the law took its
course and tho man was executed in the
co unty jail. Hut he sufletcd tho penal
ty of a crime with tho commission ot
which he had nothing to do, aud which
was laid to his account by the man who
did tho kllllug.
The facts of tho case were about as
follows: Pet Hawkins aud Tom White,
both of whom were under tho influence
of whiskey, had a quarrel, which result
ed in a row. This was qulotcd, how
ever, but tho two antagonists were still
angry. White was of a rather wauder
msr disposition, possessing nothing but
an abundanco of "shreds and patches,"
and lived around the bar-rooms. Pot
Hawkins, the colored man, was of a sim
ilar disposition. For somo reason an
other white man, named Dick Bird, be
came involved iu the quarrel, and, as
will bo seen later, played a prominent
part in it. Shortly after tho tirsi. row
the two white men went Into a bar room,
which thou stood in Church street, nnd
afterw-irds Pet Hawkius aud a crowd of
colored satellites came into the same bar
room. Tom Whito was rather druuk,
perhaps In that peculiar condition when
whiskoj' has Iho effect of deadening tho
senses, although tho man can still stand
up and fight.
It is believed that Whito was too drunk
to know anything when the shootiug oc
curred. Hawkins and tho whito men got
into a row, and during tho incleo Haw
kins was shot and killed. A pi9tol was
found in White's hand, and ho was ar
restod as tho murderer. When the trial
came on Bird was tho principal witness
against White. The circumstantial evi
dence was so strong ? that White was
found guilty, and was sentenced to bo
All along White professed his inno
cence, and declared that ho had not
killed Hawkius. When tho execution
took place, just before tho cap was put
over his face, Whito said: "1 am an in
nocent than, aud I am now to suffer
death for another man's deed." He was
executed, aud there was a good deal of
talk about his last words; but nothing
was over done to ferret out the other
of whom White -pokoon tho scaffold.
Dick Bird soon afterwards loft Spar
tanburg and wont over to Polk County,
in this State, where, he got into somo
trouble nnd then weut over into Mc
Dowell County. Last year he sijkcncd
and died. While, on his deathbed ho
made a fell confession of his crimo in
permitting Tom Whito to bo hanged for
tho murder of Pet Hawkins. Bird went
on to say that ho killed Hawkins, but
put the blamo on White; that the evi
dence, taken altogether, was against
White and that ho had permitted him to
be hauged lor tho murder, although ho
had nothing to do with it.
This will startle some people in Spar
tanburg, perhaps, but there aro somo
who heard of the confession somo time
ago. Whether the confession was writ
ten out I have not been ablo to learn,
but the facts above wcro obtained
from an excellent source. My inform
ant is ono of tho best known men in
Polk, in this State, and Spartauburg and
Greonville counties in South Carolina.
IIo is a detective and knew Bird and
Whito, well, and Is sure of his facts.?
Governor Hogs Very Mad,
Austin, Texas, April 17.?Bad blood
has generated between Governor Hogg
and several members of the Legislature.
It is all because the Governor went home
to Tyler to vote last Monday, instead of
voting at the Capital.
Yesterday afternoon a resolution was
passed, with a preamble setting forth
that the Constitution requires the Gov
ernor to reside at the Capital during the
session of tho Legislature; that this
made the Governor a legal resident of
Austin at the late election; that, instead
of voting here, he voted at Tyler, and
he was therefore subject to prosecution
for illegal voting. The resolution itsolf
Is as follows:
"That his Excellency, Governor Jas.
Stephen Hogg, be aud is hereby author
ized to reside at the city of Tyler during
the term of his oflice, and his said resi
dence there shall begin and date from
the 6th day of January, 1801, and that
his residence at said place be, and the
same is hereby validated from the said
?th day of January, 1801, and that this
resolution take immediate effect."
This was meant to be insulting, nnd
is so considered by the Governor. He
has not i Med Senator Johnson, who wrote
the resolution, and Senator Harrison,
who introduced it, that he "holds thorn
personally responsible." The interven
tion of friends only prevented a person
al encounter last night, and it is gener
ally believed that there will yet be seri
Preparing for War.
St. Peteushukq, April 16.?In spite
ot the peaceful utterances of govern
ment ofllclals everybody knows that
Kussia Is making extensive preparations
for war, and that her rivals are. on their
side, making counter preparations for a
great struggle which must sooner or
later take place. Russia has been spend
ing enormous sums in construction of
strategic railways, and in this and other
ways arrangements for the transporta
tion of large bodies of Russian troops to
the Austro-German frontier is almost
completed. This movement of Russian
forces towards the frontier of Germany
and Austria would, four years ago have
required six months' time, while by the
use of the new strategic railroads a
month's time is all that is necessary for
the vast concentration of troops, which
is looked forward to In possibly the near
A Frightful Collision.
Cleveland, O., April 18.?A fright
ful wreck occurred ou the Lake Shore
Railroad at Klpton station, about forty
miles west ot Cloveland, early this
evening, in which six postal olerks and
two engineers were killed. The fast
mail, No. 14, bound east, collided with
No. 21, Toledo express, just as the
latter train was about to pull on to a
siding to let the fast mail pass. Tho
fast mail was running at full speod
and the force of tho collision was so
great that Loth engines, three mall cars
and one baggage car were completely
Nearly All Recovered.
London, April 15.?It has boon an
nounced that up to date there hnd been
recovered tho bodies of 451 of the pas
engors of the British steamer Utopia,
whioh ou March 17, while on a voyngo
from Italian ports for New York with
700 Italian Imtnigranteon board, ran in
to the bow of tho British ironclad Rod
ney, lying at anchor In Gibraltar bay,
and sank soon afterward. , There are
ntlll sixty-four victims of the dhaster to
be a i for,
W. II. G1BBE2S, Jr., & Co.,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
SOLE AGENTS for LIDDEL & CO.
.\ i " Dkalkrs In
Engines of near lull make, Loomoti ye and Tubular R >-.l ;, Traotlon aud oth
er Mounted Enginos or the beat and latest improved style, Saw Mills, iirint MtUs,
Qlns, Boss Cotton Presses, Shuttle Machines, Plalners and Wood Working Mi
ohinory, Brick Machinery. Cotton seed Oil outilta, Ac.
A large Stock of ENGINE Fittings, of ull kinds and ?Izes, in Slock for prompt
delivery and at Hook Bottom Prices.
BELT1NO and PACKINO at LOW Klguros. A largo stock t.t Pumps, ofsll
sixes and styles.
BEARING Mowers, Reapers aud Rnkes always in stock.
?V?Our Mr. K. R. BAUGHAM, Lnttrons, S. C. who Is fully competent, will !>?
pleased to call to see you, or answer any communication uirocted to him, aud
will sell you as cheap as it you were hero in Person.
We buy for cash aud pay our Traveling Men a Salary, thereby saving tha Con
sinner Agont's Commission--Quick Sains and Small Profits Is our fort.
NN'rite to Mr. Hausham, or to us direct, and get pricos and discounts.
?V-()lil Engines traded lor. . "
K. R. BAUGHAM, \ W. H. GIBBUS, Jr., & CO.,
Traveling Salesman, >
LAUREN8.S. C. ) COLUMBIA, 8.0
NORTH SIDE PUBLIC SQUARE, ? - - LAURENS, S. C
Over KENNEDY BROS., Store.
Keep constantly on hand a large assortment of Coffins and Caskets
oth Wood and Mctclic, which will be sold low down. Furnished at
ny hour day or night. Hearse sent when desired,
viyo KENNEDY BROS., Successor to J. M Robertson.
Growth or Urbnn Poimlntlon Shown hy
Washington, April 10.?Tho Cen
sus Offico 1ms issued a bulletin giviug
tho population of cities iu tho country
containing 8.000 inhabitants or more.
Tho total urban population m 1890 was
18,235,070 or 29.2 per cent, of the total
population. In 1880 the urban popula
tion was 11,318.547 or 22.57 percent,
oi whole. Tho proportion of urban popu
lation has increased gradually during
tho post century from 3.35 up to 29.12
per cent., or from one tlurtceuth up to
nearly one-third of the total population.
Tho increase has been quite regular
from the beginning up to 1880, while from
1880 to 1890 it has mad9 a leap from 22.
57 to 29.12 per cent. This illustrates
in a forcible manner the actual tendency
of our population toward urban life. The
number of cities having a population of
moro than 8,000 inhabitauts have in
creased from six in 1790 to 280 lu 1880.
whence it has leaped to 443 m 1890. Iu
1880 thero was but one city. New York,
which had a population in excess of 1,
000,000. In 1890 there wero three,
Now York, Chicago and Philadelphia.
Iu 1870 thero were but fourteen cities,
each coutninning more than 100,000 in
habitants. In 1880, this number has in
creased to twenty and in 1890 to twenty
eight. Tho North Atlantic division
contains nearly once-half of the urban
population of tho country, while the
North Atlantic and North Central
divisions, together contatn nearly live
sixths of it. In tho South Atlantic nud
South Central divisions the proportion
of urban population is comparatively
small, being in the first named but 10.
04 per cent, of tho entire population or
less thnn one-sixth aud the second but
10.45 per cent.?tho proportion oi urban
to tho total population in all the South
ern States bomg loss than 13 per cent.
The industries of thoso States are mainly
agriculture, and while manufacturing and
mining are making some progress, tli cy
aro still iu their iufnncy. Iu 1880 the
urban element numbeacd 101,G95, and
constituted less than 10 pc>' cent, of (lie
population. In 1890 itnumbercd 2.507,
002, having increased 58.88 per cent,
while tho total population had increased
but 20.07 per cont.
I Onicora Scalded.
Uniontown, Pa., April 10.?Sheriff
McCormick and his handful of deputies
clashed with tho strikers at Tortter
works near Connellsvllie this afternoon
and a riot ensued. Ho urrived there
about noon and began the work of
eviction. He had put out several
families without encountering any
resistance, until he came to the house
of a Giant polander named Fred Strou
sack, which he attempted to enter to
carry out the furniture. Strousack
rushed forward, but was thrust aside.
Then the women of the household
rushed on the olllcer. One seized a tea
kettle, and, pouring some boiling water
into a pan threw it in the odicer's face.
Others struck at him with whatever
they could reach.
The excitement meanwhile had
spread to the crowd outside, which
numbered fully 200. They attacked tho
deputies at the door with stones, and
several of tho deputies were struck.
McCormick, seeing that his force was
powerless iu the taco of such a mob,
cameo utand drew his men oft', amid a
shower of stones. Strousackwas after
wards lodged in jail here. Deputy
Crawford, with a posse, will go to Lei
seuring, No. 2, in tho morning, to ov'.ct
a dozen or so fainllies there. The riot
ous element Is in tho ascendency thero
now, and serious trouble is apprehend
There U No Shortage.
OamdBn. S. O, April 10.?The buga
boo of a "shortage" in the school com
missioner's office has proved to be a
farce, a? predicted iu this correspond
ence. Spe vouchers in tho ofllce of tho
clerk have all been compared with
warrants or school claims, paid by the
treasurer, and everything has boen
found correct So if thero is anything
wrong up to date it is the complica
tion which havo been in existence for
several years, and which aro said to bo
nothing more than that tho school
funds were not kept strictlv separate
from other moneys. Thero is no "short
age" anyhow. It is pretty hard for a
y< nog ofllcor, who has always tried to
do his duty, as ex-Commissioner Clark
has, to be accused unjustly of having a
shortugo In his office, und the accusers
should be more particular next time.
Middled with nullet?.
Greenville. 8. O, April 10.?James
Holllday, a white man, instantly killed
John Crews, colored, four miles from
Central, in Plckens County, yesterday.
The two men had a dispute at a sawmill,
which Crews had been operating well,
and refused to give possession to Ilolll
day, who had leased it. Crows struck
Holliday with a monkey wrench nnd
threw a weight at hiiu. Holliday had a
shotgun loaded with buckshot and fired.
Crews was riddled with bullets. Tim
cm oner's Jury exonerated tho slayor.,
wh>/rurrondcrod himself to Uim ahertjf
Rekens County. State. '2LWBSM
THE LAURENS BAR.
H. Y. SIMPSON,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
Li A J KENS. _- _*_'JL
W. II. MARTIN,
ATTORNEY AT LAW.
J t. johnson. w..r. kichb
JOHNSON Ai HICIIKY
ATTORNEYS AT LAW.
Ofkick?Fleming's Corner, Northwes
side of Public Square.
LAURKNS, Hm - - 8.c\
Attohxkti at Law,
LAURKNS, - - - -S.O.
Oat. 22, Sin
W. W. KB5NNBDT.
iTI'OiniT at law
Special attention glrcn t* the inraatl
Laurena 0. H. >. C.
Opposition to Hill's Appointment Una
bnteri ?Threats of Lynching.
Jackson, Miss., April 10.?The con
ference of prominent citizens of Vicks
burg and Jim Hills, the. recently ap
pointed colored postmaster of Vicksburg,
did not take place today as oxpecled.
Hill asked lor such a contercncc, hoping
that some arrangement could be made,
and expected the committee lo meet hiui
hero today. From prominent citizens
of Vicksburg it is learned that it wa3 uot
deemed advisable to hold such a con
ference, as nothing could come of it, and
that the ouly thing to do under the cir
cumstances was to let affairs take the
regular course. Many prominent peo
plo of Vicksburg regret the unfortunate
condition things have assumed, but could
not, with tho deep feeling of the popu
lace, guarantee that Hill would not be
harmed m case ho undertook to take
charge of tho oflicc. Ou tho contrary,
gicat fear was expressed that he would
bo. Hill was seen today by a United
Press reporter, and asked what ho in
tented to do about tho matter. He re
plied that he did not know, but felt dis
appointed that the conference meeting
he asked for hud not been held, and
could not undcrstaud why his communi
cation had not been answered. Ho still
has hopes of such a meeting, and thinks
all differences could bo reconciled in
some manner satisfactory to all parlies.
Ho said he had no desire to thrust him
sell upon the public of Vicksburg against
their protost, but believed many of tho
best citizens there thought the only prop
er thing now wa9 a peaceable submis
sion. Ho said ho had no desire to call
ou tho United States Govornment lor
protection und sincerely hoped that a re
sort to such measures would not bo nec
essary. Mayor Booth, of Vicksburg,
called on Governor Stone today and per
sonally acknowledged receipt of the
Governor's lotter counselling modera
tion on the part of citizens, advising
against extreme measure of any kind
being resorted to, and suggesting a com
mittee of tho cooler heads to talk tho
matter over with Hill. It was reported
that Booth would present the Governor
a petition to sign asking Hill to resign,
hut it is not thought ho did so or that the
Governor had anything new to add to
his letter. ^
Senator Pekker denies that he said
he would vote at Washington with the
Republicans. He agrees with the Re
punllcans on all but three things
money, tariff and railway policy. But
ho is no longer a Republican, nor is he
a Democrat. "I do not expet," he says,
"to pay any attention to the politics of
my fellow-members. 1 have grown4
bigger than party ha turners.
Rheumatism.?James Paxton, of Sa
vannah, Ca., says he had Rheumatism
so had that he could not move from
the bed or dress without help, and that
he tried many remedies, but received
no relief until he began the use of P. P.
P. (Prickly Ash, Poke Root and Potas
sium;, and two bottles restored him to
Rheumatism is cured by P. P. P.
Pains and aches In the back, shoulders,
knees, ankles, hips, and wrists are all
attacked and conquered by P. P. P.
This great medicine, by its blood
cleansing properties, builds up and
strengthens the whole body.
A complete Bwiroom Suit for 910.60
paid to your depot. Send feV
ue. Address JL. F. Padgett,
Piano* and Organ?.
N. W. Thump, 18* Maiii Street, Co
lumbia, s. C1 sells Pianos ami Organs,
direct lrom factory. No ajrrnts' com
missions. The celebrated Chtckeriug
Piano. Mathushek Piano, celebrated
for its clearness of tone, lightness of
touch and lasting qualities. Mason A
Ilamlln Upright Piano. Sterling Up
right Plaues, from $226 up Mason &
Ilamlin Organs surpassed by none.Ster
ling Organs, 850 up. Every Instrument
guaranteed for six years. JFiftcen duyo'
trial, expenses both ways, if not satis
factory. Sold on Instalments.
tii.o Cotton Fire.
Memphis, April 9,?At 11 o'clock to
night the cotton sheds of Hill, Fountain
& Co. caught fire it is supposed, from
the Spark ot a locomotive. At midnight
the fire is burning fiercely, and the entire
sheds, in which aro stored between 8.
000 and 10,000 bates ot cottou, will prob?
ably be destroyed. The loss will reach
$325.000. Insurance uuknown.
The importance of purifying the
blood cannot bo over-estimated, for
without pure blood vou caunot enjoy
good healh. P. P. P. (Prickly Ash,
Poke Hoot and Pottasslum) is a mirac
ulous blood purifier, performing more
otires in six months than all the sursa
parillas and so-called blood puritlers
INTO TICK !
Before assuring your
life, or Investing your inon>
ey, oxamlno tho Twenty
Year Tontlno Policies or
LIFE ASSURANCE SOCIETY
Policies maturing in
1891 realize cash return?
to tho owners, of amounts
varying lrom 120 to 170 per
cent, of tho money paid In,
besides tho advantages of
the Assurance during tho
whole perl od of twenty
Tho following is ono
of tho mnnv actual cases
maturing this year:
Endowment Policy No. 04.925.
Issued In 1871, at ago 27. Amount, ?5.000.
Premium, ?239.90. Total Premiums Paid,
at end of '1 online Period in 1891:
CASH SURRENDER VALUE, ?8,449.45,
(Equal to ?17010 for each
?10o paid in premiums,
which is equivalent to a re
turn of all premiums paid,
with interest at l\i per
cent, por annum.) Or, in
lieu o cash,
A PAID-UP LIFE POLICY FOR?19,470.
(Equal to ?405.80 for each
?100 paid in premiums.)
A LIFE ANNUITY of ?033.55
One fact is worth a thousand theories
There is no Assurance extant In any com
pany which compares with this. Tho
Equitablo is tho strongest company in the
world and transacts tho largest business.
For further Information address or apply
to tho nearest agent of the Society, or write
W. J. RODDEY,
April 8-3in ROCK HILL, S. C.
THE LARGEST STOCK,
MOST SKILLED WORKMEN,
South Carolina Marble Works,
t. H. HYATT,
Is tho best place In South Carolina oi
Southern States to secure satisfaction in
American and Italian Marble Woik. All
Send for prices and full information.
F. H. HYATT,
April 8 ly COLUMBIA, S. C.
CHILD BIRTH ? ? ?
? ? ? MADE EASY!
" Mothers' Frif.no " is a scientific
ally prepared Liniment, every ingre
dient of recognized value and in
constant use by the medical pro
fession. These ingredients arc com
bined in a manner hitherto unknown
? FRIEND" ?
WILL DO all that is claimed for
It AND MORE. It Shortens Labor,
Lessens Pain, Diminishes Danger to
. Life of Mother and Child. Book
to " Mothers " mailed PREB, con
taining valuable informatipn and
Sent by express on receipt of price f 1.60 per bottle
BRAOFIELU REGULATOR CO., Atlanta, 0a. ?
BOLD 11Y A i.i. DR?OOIAT0. '
.JTA SUK?.CURE POR r
f Chills & fevER
0UMB AGUE & MALARIA.
UPPMllf BROS., Wholetmle nranrltt*,
loU Proprietor*, Llppmin'a Block. BarannaJi,Ok.
^flhAVY for catalogue.
Pallien Fays tie fMttt. g
A GHKAT OKVKH THAT MAT NOT AOAIK
uk Kbpkatkd. so do not dklay,
"Strikr Whii.btub Iron is Hot."
Write for Catalogue now, and say whsv
paper you saw tbls advertlsctnentln.
Remember that I sell everythitig that
goes to furnishing a home?manefactur-1
nig some things and buying others to the
largest possible lota, which euables me to]
wipe out all competition.
HKRK ARE A FEW OP MY "START
A No. 7 Mat top Cooking Stove, full
slie, 15x17 inch oven, fitted with 21 pieces
of ware, delivered at your own depot,
all freight charges paid by ift, tor
only Twelve Dollars.
. Again, 1 will sell you a 5 hole Cookm?
j Range 13x13 inch oven, 18x2? Inch top, Ht f
[ted with 21 pieces of ware, for THIR
TEEN DOLLARS, and pay the treiitht to
your depot. i
DO NOT l'AY TWO PRICES FOR
l'OUR GOODS. j
Twill send you a nice plush Parlor suit,'
walnut frame, either in combination or
banded, tho most stylish colors tot 33.00,
to your jallroad station, f rolgbt paid, i
I will also sell you a nice Bodrouios ud1
consisting of Bureau with glass, i Idgi
head Bedstead, 1 Washstaud, 1 Ceutre
table, 4 cauo seat chairs, 1 cane ueut and
back rocker all tor 16.60, and pay freight
to your depot. 1
Or I will send you an elegaut Bedroom
suit with largtydass, lull uiarblu top, lor
|30, and pay tRslght. I
Nice window shade ou soring roller 9 40
IElegant largo walnut 8 day clock, 4.00
Walnut lounge, 7.00
Lace curtains per window. 1.00
1 cannot describe everything In a small
advertisement, but have an Immouso store;
containing 22,000 feet of iloor room, with
ware houses and f aotory buildings In other
parts of Augusta, making In all the lar
gest business of tills kind undor one man
agement in the Southern States. '1 hose
storesand warehouses are crowded with
the choicest productions of the best facto
ries. My catalogue containing illustration*
of goods will be mailed If you will kindly
say where you saw this advertisement. 1
pay freight. Address,
L F. PADGETT,
?Proprietor Padgett's Furniture, Stove
I and Carpet Storo,
|U10-1112 Broad Street, AUGUSTA, OA.
A Spring W
\ m AND WOMAN.
I* ' i' wtli purify and vitalize your
bin >.., !?.?;? 11? a good ftppetlteand giro your
,,v whole HVutviii tone win strength.
}> A proitiu'.'in railroad rujierintena'entBl
? SnvHlt.'tll?,8Htr?llllg With K'"' ?n:.. Dvuppp '.:
.f. >tn, ttinl idioiiitiittlsm sa* inn I
?i I'.r t he never felt so well In his lite in \
k f>i toi v .'? heeo'jld Uvoftix.fr, If h<.-.1 '
alwoyi, / t !?. V. I\"
j; If you art* tired out fk . n.^. .. .?.?n?>
close eon Uneatent, mko
1 P. P. P.
3 If you in e feeling ividly In the spring
: und out of sorts, tuko
P. P. P.
If your digestive oiyt.ne need toning up,
P. P. P.
If v Ml suffer with hoadaeho, Indigestion,
debility ami weakneus, take
P. P. P.
If you Buffer with rorvous prostration,
nerves unstrung anil n goueral lot down
of tho system, tako
P. P. P.
For Wood Tolson. KhoumatIsm, Scrof
ula, Old Soros, Malaria, Chronic Feinalo
P. P. P.
Prickly Ash, Poke Root
The best blood purifier in tho world.
victory run Till] sabi.oi:
Exhibited side by side with its lending
competitors at the State Fair, 181)0.
The Superintendent and Committee of
the Mechanical Department, in inspecting
those features not included in the Premium
List, deem worthy of special mention the
Sailor Seed Cotton Elevator. Distributor
and Cleaner exhibited by W. II. Gibbes,
The system operates most efllelently, and
much Improves the sample, facilitates the
ginning of wet cotton, and saves largely in
labor and cost of handling.
Tha Committee recommend to the farm
ers of the Stats an investigation into the
merits of these devices.
[Signed.] D. P. DUNCAN,
W. u. G1BBES. Jr.. & CO..
oolumria, S. C.
Stato Agents and Dealers in first class
Machinery, Buggies, Wagons, &c.
Special ?To test tho advertising value
of THK Statu, we will sell to any farmer
referring to that paper one of tho best Dow
Law Cotton Planters made tor 4.K5, cash.
The usual price is S.'i.oo.
W. 11. G1BBES, Jit., &CO.
WHY NOT USE OURS ?
MURRAY'S IRON MIXTURE
GENUINE BLOOD TONIC!
MURRAY'S SAB SAP A It ILL A
is a Blood Purifier and Spring Medicine:
Wo are the Manufactures and Solo Pro
prietors of both.
This Is the time of tho year tho system
requires a tonic and the blood a purifier.
Our stock of Drugs. Medicines. Chemi
cals and Druggists Sundries is complete.
Our facilities for lining your orders cannot
be excolled, We solicit your patronage.
The Murray Drug Co,,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
First Olass "Work.
Very Low Prices.
Buggies, Cairlages, Road Carts, Wagons,
etc., Warranted Second to none.
Inquire of nearest dealer In these goods,
or send for Catalogue?Mentioning this
HOLLER & A N D E Px S 0 N
BUGGY CO.. ROCK HILL. S.C.,