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PUBLISHED EVERY TUESDAY.
IPTKON tH.no PKIi YEAR
UPON A TIME."
by mary k. miller.
luly in February, there came
g the Cutakills a marvellously
.tiful snowstorm. It gave the
. sleighing of the winter. It dls
ed all out-door tilings so comically
t not only all the country boys and
Ig woro laughing, but the busy |
otTTeiV and grandmothers wont out
f-doors to see the masquerading.
Annpa lor instance, looked like men
?tuck fast in the snow, with towering
caps, and one arm oxtendod for help.
Gateposts were. capped like sentinels
standing guard over pathways lost
under the snow.
There was not a uu of wind, and as
the sun came up and "chores wore
done," sleigh-bells jingled along the
country roads, and it seemed a& if
everybody who owned a "team," or
even a "nag," was out enjoying the
A great deal of visiting was done,
and the postmistress at Springlake
said that every letter was taken out of
David Burnot, a farmer, had taken
his wife and two little sons, to visit
Grandma Burnet, near the Forgo.
The long ride was a merry one, tho
strong arm of tho drlvor reselling for
the heavily laken boughs and shaking
snow down upon tho boys as thoy rode
through tho woods. After dinner he
had a snowballing frolic with thorn,
making Grandma laugh till she cried,
\tohing them, and declared that
?vid was only the biggest boy of tho
At last they started for homo, and,
of course, thoy came around by the
Papa tossed the papers to tho boys ;
put some lettors In his inner pocket;
Save a dainty lettor to his wife ; took
is seat, and tucked in tho big buffalo
robe around tho boy bosido him, and
his own clumsy arctics; picked up the
reins, and away the pet horses sped
down the hill, away and uway home.
After supper, before the cheerful
fire, Mrs. Burnet read hor lotter, which
"As soon as wo hoard Mrs. Rugor
was coming, we wishod you to como
to New York to stay during hor visit.
It is fifteen years since we wero togeth
er last; do say you will come."
Y?B> certainly," at onco said Mr.
?mrnot. ^'^?Boy?? wo can spare Mamma
o visit two old schoolmates, can wo
" Yes, oh, yes !" tho boys agreed.
Mrs. Burnet did not seo how she
could leave her little family. But
Bertha, the smart German girl, suid
they would bake some extra " things,"
and prepare the "buttery" for tho
raids of hungry boys upon cruller and
cooky crock, and she would risk all tho
That Saturday accomplished a great
deal, besides carrying tho lotter which
accepted tho invitation.
Sunday it rained, and mamma half
hoped she noed not go on Monday.
But oh, the brightness und beauty of
that morning ! Tho wholo out-door
world was sheathed in tho ice, that
crystal day. Tho rising sun dazzled
across fields, that wore liko frosted
wodding cakes, Bertha said.
The trees were transparencies, und
gave forth all the prism colors ; drops
of violet, orange or green pendent at
the tips of tho boughs.
It was decided the boys should ride
to the station to see mamma sturtod
upon her journey.
Never did tho homely earth look
more like fuiryland.
To be sure tho sleigh "slewed" in
an exciting way at every turn in the
road, but tho horses wero sharp-shod,
- and nothing mischievous happened.
Every insignificant roadside trillo
was tricked out in spangles; stono
walls overgrown with clematis, weedy
patches in damp hollows, wero in all
the soft shades of olive and brown, and
like tho tall evergreens, glace.
The telegraph poles were iced up to
thoir tops; and thoir wires were
strung with irridoseent beads, that a
princess might covot.
As the vista changed with tho over
winding road, through that hill coun
try, down towards tho ruilroud, tho
happy Burnots exhausted their descrip
tive adjectives and ejaculations in
spasms or delight.
" Too bad, mamma, you have to go
away when everything uso beautiful,"
said Robert, tho older boy.
" I think so, too," said mamma,
kissing him for good-by ; und thinking
that papa and his boys had never
looked so handsome bo fore.
"And in New York, snow is only a
nuisance," said papa. " But wo will
writo mamma all about our sleigh
rides ; say good-by, Richard, the train
The train came and went, and purtcd
this happy family.
Those who rode back through tho
ravines, winding around tho hills, up
and up, home aguin, were not half so
chatty as when tho bright oyos of
mamma had holped them to spy out
tho beauties of tho frost.
In the first week of her rare visit,
letters tlew back and forth. In the
second week Mr. Burnet wrote :
" Do not hurry home ; tho boys say
so ; and Bertha says sho ean keep houso
well enough for another week."
The city was charming tho Wiscon
sin lady and tho Catskill guost; and
their host and hostess found, euch
day, new sights that really ought to be
At the ond of tho second wook, Mr.
"If you will stay contont till tho lif
toonth of March, our wedding day, I
will spend it with you, and have a
wedding journoy homo."
Mrs. Burnet was half provoked and
really dropped a toar, feeling for the
moment as if homo wero not missing
her as much as she missed homo. But
she was quickly ashuracd, and her
friends said her family woro unsolfish
and self-denying ; and this extension
of hor furlough was delightful all
A few mornings lator, there befell
at the breakfast tublo, one of thoso
wretohed blunders that no mun cun
foresee, and " all tho cake was dough "
for our dear friend.
It was the arrival of a lottor from a
country neigh bor, asking Mrs. Burnet
to make a small purchuso for her,
"supposing you are coming soon, al
though it is not half so bod as we ex
> peoted. You must havo boon seurod
when you saw tho papers."
Half-crazed, Mrs. Burnot began to
pack hor trunk, but grew so faint, she
submitted to lio down, und await an
answer to a telegram already sent.
She could not, however, conceal her
"Oh, did you telegraph? What
could you say ?"
" I askod," said her host:
" 'Something alarms Mrs. Burnet.
Any one 111 V Shall she return V"
in a few hours' time tho answer
"No ono la ill. Do not como. Lotter
by noxt mail. David Burnet."
That afternoon was spent at tho
Historical Society, where tho horror
of suspense was partly lost among the
pictured eoenos of centuries behind us.
Not until tho good dinner was over,
did tho letter como, for wblcn tho
whole company wero oagorly waiting.
??Dear Wife?When I was driving
'**to tbe village this morning, I met
out with the
telegram, which will explain why you
received its answer so quickly. Ia was
going to consult with the doctor, and
yet, as I telegraphed, no one Is 111,
On Washington'? Birthday I went
away for a few hours. It way very
cold, so Idid not take tho boys. As I
came in sight of tho house, returning,
to my surprise (and the colts') a salute
was flred, on the small cannon Cousin
Rob brought down last Fourth of July.
The raport was about as usual, but I
saw at onoe that something had gone
wrong. The colts dashed down tho
Inno. Herman came to their heads,
and I hurried to the boys. Of course
the one who was not hurt, was orying
bitterly; that was Richard. Robert
must have left some powder on top of
; the cannon, although they think it was
loaded and fired precisely as they
loaded aud fired In July, J3ut there
was an explosion, as quick as a wink ;
for his oyeballs wore full of powder,
and tho lids besides. The doctor was
hurried horo. Your boy was a hero.
As long as daylight lasted wo worked
at the powder blotches, and again the
next day. I took the little man in my
bed. and had uot loft him, night nor
duy, until this morning. His only
wall has been: "Do not let mamma
know." " Oh, mamma must not see
"The doctor aud Bertha agreeing
that you wore not really needed, we
thought it no harm to keep the bad
news from you. We are curious to
know what alarmed you. When you
come, 1 think you will forgivo us for
trying to boar our own troubles: we
did not wish to spoil your visit. Will
you stay for the wedding day ?
"The boys send love, and Robert
will bo himsolf again before you see
him. " DAVID."
Oh, no, infleod ; no furthor plans for
onjoymont could keep the grieving
Tho visit ended as in a dream. She,
hardly know how her trunk was
packed, and tho loving frionds were
left, whon she was on her homoward
"Will he be blind. David?" was
tho first question she asked at the
"Oh. no, not blind. Wo hope the
eyes will bo all right. Do you forgivo
Mrs. Burnot could not say yos.
Oh, tho bonnlo lads ; how glad they
wore! How merrily mamma talked
of tho beautiful things she had seen,
and gave them tho presents which
But tho strangely mottled face, aud
tho bandaged eyes?oh, what a sad
"So you celebrated Washingtons
Birthday, my darling?"
" Yes, mamma, with my naughty
"And not one of tho bravo men 'vho
crossed tho Icy Dolaware, showed
moro forUtudo," said Papa Burnot,
proudly. " Not ovon our dear Wash
ington could at ten years of age havo
been moro of a hero in bearing pain,
without a moan, repeatedly, day after
day, begging that his mother should
not sco him. And yet nothing on
earth is so dear as mamma, hoy, my,
" Nothing quite so dear, papa," said
Robert, holding his mother's hand,
while tears mot his simle, trickling
from tho closed eyes.
"Oh, David," cried tho sad little
woman, when by thomselves, he had
told her tho painful details?" Oh,
David, thoro was Washington's forti
tude : but do you think thoro was
Washington's truth in tho sorry scheme
of keeping mo away ?"
SUPREME COURT BEJEOTIONS.
REMINISCENCES OF FORMER AD
President Grant Met shook Opposi
tion in His Day?Cleveland's Recent
Experience lias Been the Fate of
A. W. II. in Augusta Chronicle.
President Cleveland's strenuous ef
forts to appoint a successor to tho lato
Samuel Blatchford as Associato Justice
of the Supremo Court, recalls tho simi
lar efforts of President Grant to ap
point a successor to Sulmon P. Chaso
as Chief Justice twenty years ago.
Kaoh made two nominations that failed
of confirmation, and a third that was
confirmed with difficulty. In each case
the President's party was in tho ma
jority in tho Seuato.
Chief Justice Chaso died in New
York on May 7, 1S7J. On the first day
of tho following December President
Grant nominated George B. Williams,
of Oregon, an ex-Senator, and then At
torney General, to the vacancy. Thoro
was instant and widespread objection
to tho nomination. Mr. Williams' pro
fessional ability was called in question
by his brethren in tho law, and tho
great Bar Association of New York
adopted formal resolutions in opposi
tion to his confirmation. A largo num
ber of the principal newspapers of both
political parties condemned tho selec
Unfortunately for Mr. Williams, his
management of his oflico had involved
him in scandal. For Instance it was
charged that ho had bought for Mrs.
Williams a landaulet, and had paid ft?*1
it out of tho contingent fund of tho
Department of Justice Ho had in con
sequence been nicknumcd in tho public
press " Landaulet" Williams.
Moreover, Mrs. Williams was not
popular with the other wives of Cabi
net officers, and a great many detri
mental stories concerning her wore
circulated. To some extent tho light
against Williams took on tho form of a
" ladies' quarrel." To illustrate faintly
this phase of the contest, tho following
paragraph is quoted from tho regular
correspondent of a New York paper at
"Mrs. Williams'carriage blocks tho
way. Politically and socially that de
partment landaulet has beon in tho
way of ovorybody and of ovory salon,
and 1ms used a weok of tho precious
timo before Lent. Tho ladies of tho
cabinet had each agreed to givo a
' gernmn ' to to Miss Nollio Grant after
her month of mourning for Grundpa
Dent, hut hopes had been entortained
that Mrs. Williams would havo beon
out of tho set bo fore tho invitations
wore sent out."
As early as Decombor 0 reports be
gan to be circulated that Grant would
withdraw Williams' name, but days
grew Into weeks without such action.
Finally tho holiday adjournment wus
had, with tho nomination still ponding.
On January 5, 1874, Congress having
reassembled, President Grant visited
the Capitol. Ho sent for tho Republi
can members of tho Judiciary Commit
tee. Kdmunds, Frolinghuysen, Conk
ling, and Wright and Carpenter, all of
whom, except Conkling, woro under
stood U> DO opposed to Williums. This
gave rise to ruinous that Williams'
name would be withdrawn, and Caleb
Cushing's name bo sent in.
On tho morning of January 7, Hamil
ton fish, Secretary of Stato, callod on
Attorney General Williams at tho lat
tcr's office, and roprosontod to him that
his continued candidacy was seriously
embarrassing President Grant, and
that ho (Williams) ought to send to tho
President a note asking him to with
draw his (Williams) name from tho
Senate, adding that this was tho only
way in which President Grant and his
administration could bo relieved from
ombarressmcnt in tho matter. Wil
liams yloldod to thoso representations,
and that afternoon sont a noto to tho
President in accordanco with the nug
jfcstlon of Mr. Fish. The noxt day
Williams' name was withdrawn.
On the following day, January 0,
1871, Calob Cashing was nomiuated to
tho vacanoy, and tho samo day tho
nomination was favorably roportod
back from the Jedlolary Committco,
despite tho faot thut- Mr. Cashing was
within a woek of his 74th birthday. Ho
would have beon confirmed that day
had not Morton, of Indiana, objected
to an executive scss on. This enabled
the opposition to Cushing within the
Republican party to organize. The
Republicans who opposed Gushing did
so because he had presided over the
Charleston convention, and had cast
his vote with the Breckinrldge wing
of tho Democratlo party in the cam
paign of 1809. They recalled the fact
that Governor John A. Andrew, of
Massachusetts, had declined to em
riloy Mr. Cushing in a military capacity
n 1801, despite his excellent record in
the Mexican war. It was also claimed
that be hud denounced the reconstruc
tion legislation of Congress as uncon
stitutional. The contest grew vory ani
mated, and finally a cauous of Repub
lican Senators was called to consldor
the matter. Cushing's cause was ad
vocated by Sumner and others, who
vouched for his loyalty during the
I war, and for his sympathy with the re
i construction legislation of Congress.
Had matters rested there he would
have boon confirmed, but they didn't.
Senator Sargent, of California, rose
and read the following letter :
Washington, March 20th, 1801.
Dear Sir : Mr. Archibald Roane,
for the last six or seven years a olerk
in the Attorney General's office, de
sires from me a letter of introduction
to you, and he deserves it, not in the
view of anticipating administrative
favors, but that he may have the honor
of your personal Intercourse. Of this
I take pleasure in assuring you he Is I
eminently worthy. A Southern man
by,birth, family and affection, ho has
carefully studied and ably discussod in
Mr. DeBow's Review, and other South
ern works, tho lamentable events
which have boon gradually undermin
ing, and have at last overthrown, tho
American Union. While a practical
man, he is u rlpo and accomplished
scholar, with, indeed, predominant lit
erary tastes and habits. In tho dis
charge of his official duties, he has
continued in a singular degree the
purest integrity and most enlightened
mtolligonco, with modest contontmont
in his Tot. Having more than once de
clined offices of more conspicuous em
ployment in tho public service, he now
rosigns his present office from sentl
monts of devotion to that whieh alono
he can fool to bo his country, namely,
tho Confederate States, from one of
which (Toxas) he was appointed. I
most heartily commend him as a gen
tleman and a man to your confidence
and esteem, and I am, with tho high
est consideration, your obodiont sor
vant, C. Gushing.
Hon. Jefferson Davis, President of
tho Confederate States.
Tho reading of this lotter put an end
to all ehaneo of Cushing's confirma
tion. Senator Sargent explained that
that morning he had received an an
onymous letter calling his attention to
tho existence of the letter he had read,
and tolling him it was among the Con
federate archives the Government had
bought, and which woro thou in its pos
session. Ho had gone at once, ho said,
and examined these archives, finding
the letter ho had just read, and of
whieh he had mado a copy. He had
shown his copy to President Grant,
and then had gone to tho caucus loaded
for boar. Grant had the original let
tor sent him for inspection, and im
mediately decided to withdraw Cush
ing's name. Gushing, learning tho
turn matters had taken, sent the Presi
dent a note asking that his name be
withdrawn. It was a superfluous acton
his part. His name was withdrawn on
Jan. 0, having been before tho Senate
just six days.
P 'evious to his nomination for Chief
Justice, Cushing had been nominated
and e firmed as minister to Spain, a
miss, j ho filled with great credit to
himself and advantage to his country.
In connection with this appointment an
interesting story is told. Tho Virginia
affair was still pending.
President Grant sent for Cushing and
said to him :
'? Mr. Cushing, I want you to go as
I minister to Spain."
" Do you speak as a military man or
a civil official, Mr. President? In
other words, sir, is this an order or a
"This is an order, Mr. Cushing," re
plied Grant with a smile.
" Very well," said Cushing, " I will
bo ready to go whenever the Senate
confirms my nomination."
After Cushing's numo was withdrawn
that of Morrison B. Waito, of Ohio,
was sent in for Chief Justice on Jan
uary 10, 1874, favorably reported on
tho 20th, and confirmed on tho 21st.
Cushing's lotter was compared to
that whieh caused tho expulsion from
tho Senato on Fobruaiy 5, 18(52, of
Jesse d. Bright, of Indiana. Mr.
Bright's lotter was as follows :
Washington, March i, 1861.
MY dear Silt: Allow mo to in
troduce to your acquaintance my friend,
Thomas B. Lincoln, of Texas. Ho
visits your capital mainly to dispo.se of
what ho regards a great improvement
in firearms. I commend him to your
favorable consideration as a gentleman
of tho first, respectability, and reliable
in every respect.
Vory truly yours,
Jbsse d. Bright.
To His Excellency, Jefferson Davis,
President Confederate States.
It is something of a coincidence that
both tho gentlemen who brought Bright
and Cashing to grief hailed from
Texas. And it is another that Aaron
A. Sargent, who discovered tho Cush
ing letter, was horn in Newport, Mass.,
where Cushing, then a man of 27, lived
and practiced law and which, at the
time of Sargent's birth, ho represented
in tho State Senate.
Another of President Grant's nomi
nees for tho Supreme Court who failed
of confirmation was B. Rockwood
Hoar, as he called himself, or Kbenezer
B. Hoar as ho appears in the records
of tho Senato. While ho was Attorney
General bo was on December 15, 18(15),
nominated for Associate Justice and
on February 3, 1870, rejected. There
was no question of disability, integrity,
or loyalty. He was defeated because
ho had an acrid temper and had quar
relled vigorously with Republican ben
So far as can bo gathered from tho
published records the following is a
comploto list of nominations to the Su
premo Court which failed of confirma
tion, except those named above and
Hornblowor and l'eckhnm :
Judge Rntledge, of South Carolina,
appointed Chief Justice by Washington
in I7P."> during tho recess of Congress.
Ho presided at tho August term of the
Court that year. In tho following De
cember Iiis name was sent to tho Sen
ate. That body rejected tho nomina
tion. By some accounts because ho
opposed the Jay treaty with Kurland,
and by others because his mind had
John J. Crittcndon, of Kentucky, As
sociate Justice, named by John Qulnoy
Adams in 1828. The nomination was
Roger B. Taney, of Maryland, Asso
ciate Justice, by Jackson in IK\~>. 'Phis
nomination was indefinitely postponed
on motion of Daniel Webster. A few
months afterwards, the Senate having
changed from Whig to Democrat.
Taney was nominated for Chief Justice
vice John Marshall, deceased, and, on
motion of Jamos Buchanan, confirmed
by a vote of 2? to 1S>. It is an interest
ing fact that John G. Calhoun voted
John C. Spencer, of New York, Ron
be n N. Walworth, of Now York, and
Bdward King, of Pennsylvania, all by
Tylor in 1844, and John M. Read, of
Pennsylvania, by Tyler in 1846. All
failed to bo confirmed, Spencer being
tho only ono actually rejected,
Goorgo W. Woodward, of Pennsyl
vania, nominated by Polk in 1815, and
E. A. Bradford, of Louisiana, nomi
nated by Fillmoro in 1852, and never
Jeremiah S. Black, of Pennsylvania,
nominated by Buchanan in 18(1*1.
Henry Stanbory, of Ohio, nominatod
by Johnson. Never reported from tho
Judioiary Committee.! 1
In all, Including Hornblower and
Peckhain, there bavo beeo sixteen per
sons nominated to the Supreme Court
of the United States who have failed
of confirmation. In other words, about
25 per cent, of all the nominations to
the Supreme Bench have failed to be
confirmed. Usually the cause of the
failure to confirm has been a political
one, but this has not always neon the
SOMETHING AUOUT HOGS.
HARDWOOD ASH KS FOR HOGS.
' Corn is deficient in ash or bone-mak
ing constituents, so thut pigs fed ex
clusively upon it have weak or brittle'
bones. In Wisconsin experiments, tho
effect of tho hard wood ashes and bono
meal fed to pigs with corn was to save
about 28 per cent, of tho corn in pro
ducing 100 pounds of gain, livo weight.
By feeding tho bono meal the strength
of tho thigh bono was doubled : ashes
nearly doubled the strength of tho
bones. Those oxporimonts point to tho
great value of hard wood ashes for hog
feeding, and show that thoy should bo
regularly fed. Bone meal is even bet
tor than ashes, but tho latter aro suffi
cient, and do not usually cost any
I MORE VARIETY FOR HOOS.
Tho fattening hog has usuully less
variety in his food than any other ani
mal. What is worse, its nutriment Is
concentrated iu small bulk, and when
this feed Is corn, as it usually is, there
is too littlo other nutrition. The ro-\
suit of such feeding is that tho hogs
become surfoitod and their digestion
is injured. They may increase fat. but
it is not good healthy pork, and thoy
will not gain so rapidly as if thoy had
greater variety. Thoy will eat cut
clovor hay iu considerable amounts if
It is steamed and wheat middling put
on it. Hogs thus fed will continue to
grow, and may bo fattened until a year
old with profit. It is indigestion ?aus
l&d by poor feeding more than anything
1 olso which makes It unprofitable to
keep hogs after thoy weigh 150 to 200
FOOD FOR YOUNG PIGS.
Prof. Henry, of tho Wisconsin sta
tion, says : " Wo fool warranted in
maintaining that tho kind of food sup
plied to young, growing pigs bus a very
marked olTect upon the animal carcass ;
that foods rich in protein (shorts, bran,
skim milk, peamoal, etc.) tend to build
up strong, muscular frames and largo
individuals with amplo blood and fully
developed internal organs; that ex
clusive corn feeding with pigs, oven
after they havo obtained a good start
on proper food, tends to dwarf tho ani
mal in si/.o and prematurely fatten if,
that, owing to tho largo amount, of ash
contained, and perhaps for other
causes, pigs recoiving tho usual nitro
genous feeds havo stronger bones than
those of pigs fod on corn, and that tho
bones of pigs fod on corn contain tho
least mineral matters. It is a rule,
with somo farmers ,that tho manure of
fattening animals pays lor the time
used in taking caro of tho stock. If
this is true, and it is without doubt,
tho ono who feeds shorts instead of corn
meal, gets double the pay for his
THE COMING HOG MUST BE A CLEAN
A writer says : Tho future hog must
be a rustler, by which is not meant a
' razor back," or " hazel splitter," but
ono that has the get up and grow to
him; an animal of line proportions,
with extra top line, broad, deep hams,
clean-cut, smooth under line, freo from
flabbiness Of jowl or belly, with deep
bacon sidos and deepness extending
well back to Hank and forward to
shoulder, not uneven, and deep in cen
ter, having a tine out head, smooth
and broad between tho eyes, jaw broad
and tapering well oven to muzzle, eyes
cloar and prominent, with ears stand
ing out well from the head, breaking
ovonly and smoothly towards tho point,
but would even prefer a standing up
oar to a drop or Hop ear, us a drop or a
Hop, flabby jowl and under lino, in my
experience, are not rustlers, and are
more inclined to disease from their
natnro of slothfulness, und these
had habits aro generally found to
gether. Tho bone should not be too
largo, but ono of lino and strong tex
ture, legs firm, standing erect in their
pens and tapering well from arm down
to tho feet.
FEEDING YOUNG SOWS.
There is one thing that should al
ways bo kept In mind in feeding a
brood sow, and that is that she should
bo kopt growing, says Farm and Dairy.
She will bo kept busy enough taking
caro of her litter next spring, anil will
not be able to do any growing from the
time the litter comes until the pigs are
weaned. Consequently the time be
tween now and farrowing should bo
busily improved in growing and laying
on a supply of flesh to draw on when
she needs it after farrowing. There is
no danger iu overfeeding the young
sow if tho right kind of food is given.
There is daugor in getting tho old sows
too fat before farrowing timo. Whon
an old sow is fat she becomes lazy and
will not got up when a pig is caught
under, no matter how lustily tho little
fellow may squeal. A young sow is
more careful, and wo never had ono
too fat at farrowing timo if the fat was
put on with tho right kind of food.
She should have some oats, bran, shorts
and the like, foods that niako bone and
muscle, along with her corn. A good
deal of bone producing material is nec
essary in order to make a strong lit
tor. If some of these foods are used
with corn, there is littlo danger in
feeding the young sow too much, or at
least in getting her too fat, after sho
is once safe with pig. Many BOWS, and
othor animals, for that matter, aro fod
too littlo instead of too much. Tho
brood sow needs a good storo of flesh to
draw on after tho litter comes. If sho
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nor the benefit more Insting, than
that to bo derived from the purchaso
of a bottle of this faniouB "Prescrip
tion." Its success in curing all the
functional derangements, painful dis
orders, and chronic weaknesses of
women, warrants its makers in guar
anteeing it. What this medicine
lias dono for thousands of dolicato
women, it will do for you. At the
two critical periods in woman's life,
the change from girlhood to woman
hood, and, later, tho "change of
life," it's an invaluable tonio and a
soothing nervine, which can produce
only good results. It cures nervous
prostration, insomnia, or inability to
sleep, and many nervous disorders
duo to derangement of tho functions.
An invitation to
what a had ease
of Catarrh means.
Don't tako tho risk I The
makers of Dootor Sage's
Catarrh Remedy agree to
eure your Catarrh, or they'll
pay you $500 in caAh.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.?Latest U. S. Gov't Report
does not have it sho almost inevitably
becomes stunted, boeauso she cannot
oat enough to keep a good strong litter
from pulling her down to a mere
skeleton. Sco that she gets plenty to
1SN1> OF A MONOPOLY.
The Prospect ft>r Cheaper Telephonen
in the Future.
So goneral is the use of the telephone
in our thriving cities and villages, that
we shall doubtless render our readers
a service by placing before them the
situation at the present time.
Perhaps we shall not supply unneces
sarily elemental information in re
marking at the outset that tho two
principal features of tho telephone
covered by tho patent laws aro tho
transmitter into whieh the messugo is
spokou, and tho receiver, by placing
whieh at tho ear, the message is
As wo havo said, the patents bear
especially upon tho receiver and tho
j transmitter. But the patent on the re
ceiver expired on tho last Wednesday
of January. This might leave the im
pression that half the telephone was
free to tho public, and the other half
covered by patents, thus insuring tho
continuance of the monopoly a while
Hut right here two Important facts
aro to be noted. First, tho receiver
can be used us a transmitter, as any
ono can discern by making the experi
ment. Tho Hell transmitter is prefera
ble ; but supposing that to bo protected
by a patent the receiver can be made to
serve as a transmitter. Theso receiv
ers are now offered for sale at less
than two dollars, and will doubtless
soon be sold cheaper, the batteries,
wires, und other equipment being also
offered at reasonable rates. Tho re
sult is that any ono can buy a pair of
receivers, put up a private wire be
tween rooms In his house, or between
his houso and office, or his oflieo and
stable, oi" between his own houso
and that of a friend.
It is evident we are about to witness
lively competition in tne matter of
telephone extension. Of course, tho
Hell Company's exchange facilities by
which it maintains such extensive
connections as its central offlcos afford,
give it a great advantage 'at the start,
but two companies aro already ad
vocating the setting up of independent
lines, and tho maintenance of exchange,
systems. Right here it would seem as
if a law should be passed requiring
tho Bell Telephone Company to re
ceive and transmit messages from
other systems on the general plan of
exchange required of the various tele
graph and railway companies : proba
bly we shall have such a law before
Another matter to be noted is tho
fact that it is by no means certain that
the patent of tho Bell transmitter still
holds. Without going into tho pur
oiculai'S of this matter, it is sufficient
to say that the question is now in the
courts. Indeed one of the independent
companies offers to supply a long dis
tance transmitter : and it publishes a
lotter from tho President of the Bell
Company notifying tho company that
probably no suit will bo brought
against it until a decision on tho mat
ter, now pond'ng, it reached in the
United States Circuit Court.
It wilhbo seen, therefore, that the
prospect for cheap telephones is ex
ceedingly good, and tins cities are tak
ing the matter up. A large company
has been formed in Chicago, and in
Philadelphia it is known that the
Clamond Telephone Company has de
cided to light the Bell monopoly for
tho business in tho Bast. Contracts
are now being made by this company
for towns and cities ill Pennsylvania
and New Jersey. Both these cities
have granted permission to tWO in
dependent companies respectively to
put up lines.
During the past six years, the Bell
Company havo paid average dividends
of over $2,8IH),000, in surplus earnings,
and $2,200,000 regular dividends, on an
average capital of $11,209,000, making
an average dividend of of over forty
live per cent.?Christian at Work.
Inflamed itching, burning, crusty
and scaly skin and scalp of infants
soothed and cured by Johnson's
Oriental Soap. Sold by Carpenter
Bros., Groonvillo, s. C.
The Japanese Pile Cure is the only
proper application for internal piles
and is guionntood in every case by
Carpenter Bros., Oreenville. S. C.
Recommend Johnson's Magnetic Oil
for rehumat istn, neuralgia, sprains,
bruises, lame back, it quickly relieves
pain. Sold by Carpenter Bros,,Groon
villo, s. c.
Kits, dizziness, hysteria, wakeful
ness, bad dreams and softening of the
brain quickly cured by Magnetic Ner
vine. Sold by Carpenter Bros.. Green
ville. S. C.
Is sold with wrlltor
guarantee (o cur<
tlon, Flto, Dizzi
fulness,enured Ii v i'x ?
Tobacco mid Air.i
?before - Ar-ffcrV S,?ninK';;i
(Ii? Qrnin, enupliu,' iVUnory, Insanity und Death;
Barrenest, Impoteney, Lout Power in either net
Premnture Old Ann, fnvotuntni> Lossos, cnunod
by over-indulgence, over-exertion of the Brain m?:
Errors <>f Youth. Itfflvosto w? uk Organs thru
Nrtturnt Vltfor find double* tho Joys of life; eure:
I. ueorrh'eii und Femi.lo Wonknosi. A month's t in ?
nient, hi i.iuin pnekngo. by mnll, lo any add re . N
rerbox.i. boxestft. with nvory$1 order trn ?Ivo ;
written Ouarnntoo lo run- or i ofund the money
circulars free, ouarnntoo issued oulyby our o:
Carpenter Bros . Greenville, s c
THE LAURENS HAK.
II. Y. simpson. C\ i). IIAI'.Ksh.m.i
SIMPSON ?V B A It KS J> A LIC,
Attorneys at Law,
LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA
Special attontion given to tbe Investi
gation of tit u s and collection of claim*
B. W. BA I.f.i I.. W. SIM li INS. W. W. It \ I.I.
It A 1.1-, SII\I KINS & ISA IX,
Attorneys at Law,
Laurens, South Carolina,
Will practice In nil State and United
States Court. Special attention given
/. T. Johnson. w. it. BIOtoRY
JOHNSON & RICH I V,
ATTORNKYH at law.
Offick?Fleming's Corner, Northwi a
Hido of Public Square.
L/fURENS, - SOUTH CAROLINA.
W. 11. MARTIN,
Attorney at Law,
Laukkns, - South Caholina.
Will praotlcotn all Courts of tin, Stulo
Attontion given to collections.
How to Kill Nut Grass.?i havo
seen several inquiries lately for a
method of killing nut giuss. 1 usod to
think the only way to get rid of it was
to move off and leave it, but havo
found a hotter method of treating it. i
had about ono uere of very rieh garden
land thoroughly seeded down with it.
I could raise a whiter or early spring
crop, but it would ohoke out any corn
or eotton erop I could plant.
Five years ago 1 raised a erop of
Irish potatoes en it. then planted it in
corn. Before it was large enough to
hoe, it was a mass of green nut grass,
and to get it out of the hill pulled up
nearly all tho corn. It was very dry at
j tho time, and by the time 1 wns through,
my corn was nearly all dead, but tho
grass was doing finely. I concluded to
I try heroic treatment on it. So I took
a Planet (Jr.) cultivator and tore up
I every blade of corn and grass in the
l Hold, using a hoe around the fences.
In about four days a new crop came
? up. Then I cultivated It tho other
! way, ulways in tue hot sun. Tho fourth
I time I plowed it deep, and 1 got an
I other pretty good erop of grass started,
which 1 cultivated as before.
In out; month, I think, I hud sprout
ed and killed every vestige of it. as not
a stalk has appeared since, and it has
been planted to corn or sweot potatoes
every year since.
You can take this for what it is
worth, but the only way to get rid of
it is to keep it from seeding, either top
or root, and cultivate and germinate
all dormant seed and kill them by cul
tivation in tho dry hot weather of
May and June.?John Axtell.
Weber's Shortage paid.?Tho
Stute authorities have been informed
I that George H. Walter, the County
, Treasurer of Charleston,'has been paid
i *l.li!ii>.S:i, the amount of the shortage
' of .lohn \j. Weber, ex-School Cominis
I sioner of Charleston, the story of whose
I crime has been published. The money
1 was paid by 1,eland Moore, a brother*
Ill-law of Weber, but one of the best
! and most honest men in Charleston.
? For him and the other innocent ones
! there is the deepest sympathy.
No news has recently boon received
' as to the whereabouts of Weber, but he
is supposed to bo still at Trinity Col
lege. Much has appeared in North
Carolina papers about him since his
exposure. The most of these papers,
it is said, havo charged the exposure
to political persecution, and have been
trying to exonerate Woher. They
have stated that he handled over
$100,000 a year in school funds, und
' that it is a wonder that his shortage
was not greater. The State authorities
say that Weber never handled tho
funds of the Charleston graded schools
except in bulk and that the money
from that source merely passed through
his hands, as is the case with the
graded schools in other cities. Tho
amount of money which ho bandied for
the county BChools and over w hieb he
had complete control was about $3,300
a year.?Columbia Register.
*it<? tlie Inadine and mutt successful specialists and
'111 give yuu holp.
Young and mid
dle aged men.
? Dill have folio*
ed our in-Bin,cm.
Many year* of
vki lud and success
In llio use of cura
tive methods l bar
control for ?II dls
have wok. undtv
iTi-lopud or dis
eased organs, or
[who >rc sufferlnf
ifroni error*, of
outh nnd excess
[?r who aro nervous
? lie morn of their
?liiiws an d i ti ?
contempt of their
friends und com
panion*, lend! ut
to guarantee to all patient*, if they can possibly
be restored, our own oxcluslvo trcutmsut
will urt'oi'? M cur?.
WOMr.VI Don't you want to c*t cured of that
w*ukn?io with n treatment that Toil can Uta at
home without Instrument*; Out- wonderful treat
ment Urn cured olliois. Why nut you? Try It.
CAT.ir.nn, and diseases of tho Skin, Blood,
Heat.. Liver and Kidneys.
? VPimtT.W-The most mpM. safe and effective
remedy. A < omplrto Cure Ouaranteed.
? RIX OISEAflE? of all kinds eured where
many others havo failed.
VXXATtl.Ui 1118(11 A ?OK? promptly
earoitlnarew days, i. ml It, aure and eat*. Tbl*
Include Gleet ?.n I OonorlKoa.
TRUTH AND FACTS.
We have cured cases of Chronic Diseases that
bnvs .viel lo i?'-> cured at tho baud* of other spsclal
litsand medi.-al inei'tutp*.
_UEM KMBRlt that there 1* bop*
for You. 0 insult no other, an you may waste valuable
time. OhtAln our treatment ut once.
Jlewure of free and cheap treatments. We give
thel't ri, und most Scientific treatment at niodertts
price? "si iw i< chii ho done f..r ssfe and ak<V!ful
treatment, rilKK couaultntlou at tboofll.uoi
by mall. Thor itifrh - ? : ?? .. and careful
souls. a home treatment can be given In amatonit
[>f caf i'n. send f,.r Symptom lllaulc So. 1 for Men
(to. 9 for Women t No. ftforSkln Diacasea. All com
ipon it iu'o answered promptly, Buslnsss ?trictiy eon
Sciential. Entire treatment sent freo from Otiser??
Uoii. ltefor to our patient*, bank? and business u.eu.
Address or call on
OR. HATHAWAY & CO
?* i-3 South Uroed Street. atlanta. o'
In these days of sharp competi
tion and progress, it. is well to be
cautious in purchasing any
article of merchandise, on the
spur of the moment, or, upon the
rccoinmondatlon of others, who
lire not thoroughly postod. Es*
peeially is it so, as rogards pur
chasing a sowing mnchlno.
Friends ami nolghbors all think
theirs till lu st, ami do not hesi
tate to say mi, w hen the fact may
be, they have never soon tho
"Davis." liefere buying a sow
ing machine, wo advise ovory
one to examine the Now High
Arm Davis, im.I wo are sure
they will lie repaid for tho ef
fort. It seems almost Incredible
,1 at. at this lute date, so much
improvement were possible. If
the present evidences of popu
larity conti no, this new, model
machine will have tho greatest
sale of any ever placed on tho
Ai/ioxANDKR, Bros. & Co.,
Greenville Music Mouse.
Pianos, Organs, Sewing Ma
chines and Sheet Music.
IT and III Washington Street Croon
v.lie. S. C
11 i. 11 tYSN WORTH. L. W I'AKtlB
flAYNSWORTH & PARKEB,'
ATTORNEYS AT LAW,
601 Main St - - Grssnvillo, S.C ,
HIGH GRADE FERTILIZERS.
>SliAS'o x ?:? op. - i,s94.<r.:;
TIIF ENCOURAGING REPORTS PROM THE USE OP THE GREEN
villo Fertilizers tho past season in every seotlou whore they have boon used,
have induced the Company to address a few thoughts to the public, desiring
simply to inform the farmers and dealers that our facilities, both for manii
fucturing and shipping, are unsurpusscd by any manufacture In the State. Our
plant is complete in every respect with all tho modern improvements. Wo
manufacture a complete Fertilizer from the raw matei ials with the latest, im
proved mills. Our material is ground to a dust, making our dissolved bone and
acid phosphate almost entirely soluble, and in the very best possible condition
to get good results from the land. To know of our several brands of High
Grade Ammoniated Fertilizers is only to read the testimonials from some of our
most practical farmers in our pamphlet.
A trip through the Northwest will convince one that in this country n .
one farmer in ton plows his field as well as it should be plowed : not one in tejJ
harrows as well as it should be harrowed; not one in fifty takes sufficient
care in the quality of seed used, and not one in one hundred uses fertilizers
sufficient to supply the wants Of his crop.
Tho only royal road to make farming succeed is to strive to produce your
cotton, corn, wheat and other producta cheaper than your neighbor. Then you
can compete with him in any market. Prepare a sufficient, amount of your
best land to make your living at home. After this, plant every acre in cotton
that you can cultivate thoroughly. Use liberally the GREENVILLE FERTILI
ZERS. This will not only guarantee your success, but the whole Country will
prosper. With twelve months supply in the smoke-house and a bulged out
com crib, every farmer is independent.
Wo keep always on hand the following brands and will make special
brands to order:
Cherokee Acid Phosphate : Cherokee Soluble Guano, 2 to 2* per cent.
Ammonia; Cherokee High-Grade Guano, 24-to 3 per cent. Ammonia: Small
Grain Specific, 2 to 2* per cent. Ammonia : Cherokee Alliance, .'I to l per cent.
Ammonia; Kainlt, K2degrees; Agricultural Lime, l per cent. Potash; Cal
cined S. C. Marl; Nitrate Soda : Muriate Potash ; Pure Ground Blood.
We have a large stock on hand, and are ready to supply all our customers.
Send in your orders, and they shall have our prompt attention. Address
The Greenville Fertilizer Co.,
Or eenville. ? ? ? js?. o
COLUMBIA & GREENVILLE R. R
Co. Samuel Spencer, p. w
huidekoper AND reuren poster,
lteoi'i vors. Condensed Boedule in effect Dec.
24, 1S93. Truius run by 7?ih Meridian
Betwocn Columbia, So.neoa aud Waliiulla
No. ll.i S l'ATl?NS^ "" No." 1
7 loam Lv
11 20? III l.v
12 54 pm
? 80 pn?
. Charleston ...
. . Coluini>iit...
.Honen I'm h.
... . Hi lton.
.. . Helton.
3 i ipm
12 35 p m
12 08p in
?' 1? ?haw
Lv ; 10 UUum
Lv ' 9 O?ani
Betwien Anderson, Helton and Green
No. 12.1 STATIONS. No. 11.
3 08am Lv_Audorson .... Ar 12 07pm
3 10pm Ar_Helton.Lv , 11 15pm
4Ji0pm Lv_Belum. ..Ar 111 30pm
?I 20pm Ar.... Willlamnton... Lv 1109pm
4 2?pmi Ar_Pelzer .Ar [11 03pm
4 10pm: Ar_Piedmont ..... Ar i Hi ISpm
6 15pm'Ar_(irecnville.Lv . 10 lnpm
Between cluirlestou, Jacksonville, Mivan
nab, Columbia, Alston und Spartanburg.
7 lOum l.v ... Cli'urle8ton
7 00am Lv ... Jacksonville
11 ."lOniii Lv .... Sa\ aiuiub
.. Columbia...... At
.. . Sntiiue.
Spart anhorg,... Lv
Between Bodges and Abbeville
> 05 pm Lv
3 25 pm; l.v
3 40 pm, Ar
12 40am I Ar
1 i hli 111
1 l.'i.llll l.v
LV 12 .V> i in
Lv 2 :;. ) i * in
Ar 2 20 pm
Botweeii Nowbnrrv, Clinton and Lntirons.
11 20pm l.v
2 50pm IA r
. Clinton .
Connections via K. c
Ar i oPimbia
Lv Jacks uvil o .
No. 3ft I No. 87
12 85am 12 37iim
4 85ain I OOplll
ii Souiii !' OOj in
No 88. No. 10
3 Doptnl i i o&pm
11 ftOuiii 7 20pm
7 OOlillll 2 25pm
A through coach is run between Green?
rille und Charleston, leaving < liar lest on at
7 20 ii. in., arriving at (irecnville at ? no p.
in. Leave (irecnville at ?3D a. in., and ar
rive at Charleston 8 35 p. in.
Pullman Palace Sleeping Car on Train
35, 80, 37 and 3s on A, ? C Division.
Nun 13 aid II are solid trains between
< bnrlCBtOtl and Walhalla.
I'ralns leave Spartanburg, A. ?V 0? Dl
?'iHion, Northbound, 12.15 a m, 5.21 p m,
8.12 p m (Vest I billed Limited); South
bound, 12.57 a in. 3.00 p in, 11.37 a m
iVestibuled Limited); Westbound, W, N.
C. Division. 8.15 p in for Hendelsonville
?V . A. Tuuk, S. II. Hahdwick.
Gen, I'liRH. A(.'t., Ass. Den. Pass. Agt,
Washington, D. ('. Atlanta, On
V. K. McBrb, Sol Haas.
Gen'l Sept., Traltlo M'g'r.
Columbia, S, 0. Washington, l>. c.
W, II. GitKKN, General Manager, Wssh?
inj,'ton. D. (J.
Wood Working Machinery.
Itrick und Tile "
Hurrel Stavo "
Uriiiii TliroHhlnS "
Rlcn Hulling "
R N <; I N R S AND BO I L R It s.
Stale AffOlicy for Tilllmtl ?V Sons' Rn?
uriin-H hiiiI nolfor?,Snw und ?rlal Mills;
itrcwiTH' Brick M ?tolitnorj'i Don l do
Sorow Cotton Pri'ftHens, TlioritH*' Direct
AotingHioain (no ln-lis ; Thomnft' Mefd
Cotton RievfltorMi Il.tii A Lummu*'
Gins; Engloborir Ki<? lltiliorfl; M. B,
Smith it Co.'* Wood*Working Maohln*
ory, I'lHiiom, Hand s, Moiiiderx, Mor
tisnrn; Tfinmiorn* comprlftlng comnlotti
erpilpnwnt 8?*h, Door and \Vnp?>n
PaotorlOHi Dnl/fKOhfl'ti Plantation s<w
MIIIh, variable |oed.
BRLTINO, PITTINOS AND MACHIN
Kflf Write mo l<?r prices.
V. C. HADH AM, Manager,
Columbia, 8. C.
RICHMOND & DANVILLE R. R.
Samuel Spencer, P. W. Huide
I koper and REUBEN poster, Ro
| oeivers. Atlanta & Charlotte Air Line
Division. Condensed schedule of Fasson
ier Trains In ettcot Dee. 24, 1803. Trains
run by Eastern time.
Northbound, j No. 38 j No, 3? No. 12
12:00n'n] B :16pm I
. i u:6ojim]
. b8 :16pm I
. 1H 4;>pm
. SO :08pm'
4:88pm lu :18pm
j B :30pm 11:18pm
[so :22pm sl216am
?s:'jn tmi 2:61)uni
I : inpm
SOUTUWAKD. No. 37 I No. B5| No.lt
I Spartanburg ?
Greenville . .
: Ens ley
12:28pm ?1 :B2am
Seneca . . :01am
Toccoa .1. h!i :404m
Mt. Airy.1 .
Gainesville . 3:33pm
Flowery Branch .!.
Be lord . I.I.
NororoHs.I.. .. .
Ar. Atlanta. 4:66pm 0:20pm
I'ullman Car Service: Nns. 3.'> anil 30,
Rich 111 Olm and Danville Fa-t Mail. Plllllllllll
Sleeper hetween Mlanta und Now York
Through Pullman bleopors hoi ? oen Sow
York and No* Orleans, and Washington
ami .Memphis, via Atlanta and Birinillghitm,
For detail,.-II information as to local a mil
through time tables, rates and Pullmnr.i
sleeping Car reservations, confer wltli
local AKunta,or iiddresa
W . A. TURK, >
Gon. I'nss. Ax't,
Washington, I). C.
J, A. DODSON,
s u per Im total on t.
. 11. UAUDW1CK,
Ass't.Gen. Pass, \.,'L
SOL IIA AS,
Washington, l?. < .
11. G RE ION, Gcn'l Mtwi'g'r, n
inulcn, D. C.
AATLANTIC COAST LINK,
senger Deponent. Wi n ?
N. C. .Ian. 14, I8II4. Fast Line !?? n
Charleston and Columbia and ?? >r
South Carolina, and Western Nur:,, i mo?
Una and Athens and Allautu, Condensed
(. i 11111 u
* a m
Lv .I a it es .
Lv .Sum tor. ...
Ar.New berry. ... Lv
Ar. Athens. Ia
Ar.Wlnnsboro. . Lv
Ar_ C harlotte, N.C.. .. Lv
Ar.Anderson . L\
Ar .Greonvllle. Lv
Ar .Walhalla. Lv
1 in 08
I 1 Um
| 1 42
?Daily. Noh. 62 and 63 ?olid trains
between Charleston ami t Union, s. c
IL M. KMF.R-ON, Asss. Gen. Pas?. Au'l;
J. lt. KENLY, T. M. KMKRsON.
Gnn'l. Manager, 'rrafiic. Manage/.
tlonder'vllle, N.c... Lv
ll 20 Ar Ashevlllo, N.C.Lv
SOUTH CAROLINA RAILWAY,
I). II. Chamberlain, Receiver, Com?
mencing Dec. 3rd. 18011. Passenger irains
will run as follows, 76tli Meridian or fast
I kam |_ ; WKS1
r.\ AugiiHtn 12 I6piil Ia Charl'i?n
\ i \ Ikcii i i 27nin, < olninblii
t olliniblii 11 l?am
< ImiTaton 7 16ain
; w v> i
3 40pm Lv < luirPstoii m 4.">|Vm
4 -27pm Lv i olmnblii l uopm
8 I7pin Lv Khigsvlllo 6 (Mi. in
0 lopin Ar Alkoil I J7p'ii
.\i > liiiroston K46pmlAr ?ugustn
CAM DEN BRANCH.
: xoRTf _ j_ soi rn,
\.\ KlngsvlllclOiHaiu i.v 1 itimlcn I '.'ftpm
Ar< Hindoo I'i 0*11111 I ApK hgavlll* ft 07|>ni
' A1KHN ACCOMMODATION.
I.v August a U i"i. i.n ?TkT'ii . Kn\?ifri
Ar Alki"i 7 iMpiii I Ar August 0 30a in
c. c. G. A C. k. k.
i.v AiUi Ii 7 Iftjim i i.\ Kdgeiiolri 7 2"nin"
Ar fidpcntU'ld k -_?*>pm | \r a ikon Btfftam
? a = ~-? ? ?'?"?? '
; Daily. * Dally receipt ftuidny.
Through ticket oati be i iM' iiii-t <i, hI< < o
iii<r cur reservat inox scoured. bugga'*
clicckcd 10 <!? htiiuilin i, and all oilier in'
mntion obtained by (n>plyiiig to
Jam. It. Tindai., Pieaengor Agent,
0. M. Ward, General Mannger?