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?l)c Caurcns ^V?uertiscr.
P??LH?KBD IVH<Y TUESDAY.
HDBOKIFTION m.no PRR YIAK
HARD TIMES FIFTY YEARS AGO.
THF. UI'S ANI> DOWNS OF COT.
How Urn Hcvciiiii' and Financial M>n
kmiih yiVcct tho I'rleo of the (Jreal
Staples-Facts of'.Genera ir.Intereat to
Persons unacquainted with the his
' tory of the prices of cotton will be ex
cused for saying present prices are
without precedent. Those so unac
quainted might include the oxpert In
the prico ana quantity of cotton, for if
ono does not soarch for the history he
will likely not know it. Therefore, I
? think It Important that this should bo
known. In this, as in nearly every
thing, wo cannot undorstand tho pres
ent and predletthe probabilities of tho
future, unless we know tho past. Tho
narrative I shall make will uo doubt
astonish the overwhelming majority
of tho prosont generation?oven of in
In March, 183", short stuplo cotton
was worth 17 conts por pound. It sud
denly took a decline until in a short
while It got down to 0 cents por pound.
Tho lowor grades touched 4 cents and
there woro evou transactions as 3 and a
fraction. That cotton should ever
bavo been as high as 17 cents per
poucd will surprise many, and it will
no moro surprising when I Bay 1 found
umong tho papers in a law suit whero
an executor had charged himself with
20 cents a pound, sold In 181U. Sad to
say from 18117 to the summer of 1841)
cotton sold at 0 cents. It was only oc
casionally it would jump up to 7 and
perhaps to 8 cents, and just as quiekly
recede. It will bo perceived that for
t'wolvo long years cotton ruled at
in-ices that it cost to muko it und ovon
ess. In plantation and slavery times
it was the estimate of tho cotton plant
ers that it cost t> cents to make cotton,
and this whero tho planter owned his
labor and his land. Iloneo unless cdt
ton brought 8 conts there was no profit
in growing It. Tho period 1 spoak of
was ono of awful financial distress. It
was present during tho presidential
campaign of 1840 und defeated Martin
Van Burou for bis socond torm, for tho
pooplo could not help thinking it was
tho fault of his minist rat ion. The
t i nies would have defeated any party
In power. Georgia, although gonorully
a Bomocratlc Stato, went agulnst Van
-^?uron by 8,000 majority, but at tho
very next olcctlon elected tho Domo
cuatlc candidate for Governor, Charles
f. McDonald, by moro than four thou
All things considered, tho times now
are notnonr as hard us they woro dur
ing tho years mentlonod. It is now
folt almost entirely by tho laboring
classes, or those who have to depend
upon their personal oxortions for a
living. Then everybody folt it, and
nouo us much as tho property owner.
During tho "Hush times" largo in
debtedness was contracted. Judgments
for largo umounts woro rondered
against a very largo per cont. of tho
population, the banks fuilod in overy
direction and largo properties, both
roal and personal, woro sacrificed un
der tho sheriff's hammer. Neverthe
less, wheat, corn and bacon commanded
good prices. Now the.man who gots
only low wages can buy nearly every
thing he noods at lower prices than
ovor boforo. Wheat Is ovon cheaper
than corn, aud sugar is to be had at
twieo as much for u dollar than the
price it hero ut the timo I wrlto of.
Wearing apparel and the fabrics nec
essary to make uhein are lower than
ovor. Then property shrank in value
much more tbun now. A man slave
worth $1,000 would sell at sheriff's sale
at from $200 to $300, aud lauds and
plantations in proportion.
.To escape the impending calamity
some of our rich planters abandoned
their lands and ran awuy with their
slaves and five stock to Texus. Texas
was then the independent Lono Star
Stato. Porsons,\to escape the penal
ties of crimo, alsOj'un away to Texas,
and tho Stato was largely populated
by t hose who had run away from tho
States for dobt or crimo, These woro
so numerous that that element was a
i.:dor in politics. It did not hurt a
man if ho wont to Toxax to keep from
paying hisdobts. One run-away plant
er I can rocull was mado Governor of
the State, and a run-away lawyer was
made United Statos Sonator, and a
grand man ho proved himself to be.
Before he hold oflieo ho remitted back
to tho States the full a mount of bis in
Now, what was tho cause of this
stringency, and as connected with it
tho low prico of cotton ? Liverpool
controlled the price of cotton thon, as
now?that Is, if it is true that Liver
pool is tho only factor in tho prico of
cotton. But thon, as now, thuro was
troublo in tho United Statos growing
out of our tariff and our linunelal sys
tom. As to tariff, wo woro living un
der tho compromise of Ibil.'l, which was
a high tariff compared with that of
1840, under which cotton went us high
as 12 cents por pound and hardly over
fell bolow 10 cents. Wc woro also
feeling tho effects of our chnngo from
tho United States bank to what was
called tho " nat ional bank system " by
President Jackson, and the establish
ment of what was called tho "inde
pendent treasury system," in I8.T7, un
dor Van Burun's administration. It
seems from this that the tariff and tho
financial systems aro important factors
in tho price of cotton. It also seems
that tho prico of cotton is an impor
tant factor In tho prosperity of tho
people. How it is I do not know. I
only state facts. The prosont low prico
of cotton comes when tho McKinley
tariff had boon in force, and when sil
vor bnd boon demonetized, and whon
that demonetization has been intensi
fied by the repeal of tho obligation to
coin so much sllvor every month under
what is called tho Sherman law. Is It
not possible thut tho two has run cot
ton down, although " Llvorpool con
trols tho price?" If cotton was run
down, when tho tariff and currency
woro as they wero bofoio, may not
that bo the important factor in the
low prico of cotton now, although
*t Llvorpool controls tho prico?"
But, after all, what I havo writton Is
(bore for tho oncouragemont of our
people than to discuss tho questions.
Wo have seen that although cotton
ruled from 4 to 7 conts?mostly (5?for
twolvo yearn, afterwards it ruled from
10 to 12 cents. It suroly will advance
aguin unloss the supply should continu
ously largely oxceod thodoraand. This
1b improbable, because cotton is con
stantly extending itself to other for
eign nations und is boing moro and
more used as a Sllbstltllto for wool, silk
aud Max. It will bo perceived that
chronologically tho Incroaso In the
price of cotton in 1840 was after the
tariff of 184(1 had had timo to havo its
effect, and aftortho independent treas
ury system had bad timo to show its
otfeots. Slnco then wo had tho long
' war, and slnco the war the tinkering
on both tho tariff and ourrency by
I will clo80 by rolatlng an Interest
ing episode of tho rise of cotton In
.1810 within my own knowlodge. Whon
tho news camo in July or August that
cotton had gono up to 0 conts, whoro it
had not been In twolvo yoars, I was at
the Indian spring. Also was thoro
<;.)veroor Troup. Ho was a rctddont
ruf Laurena County and a largo cotton
plante-, having aovoral plantations.
There would bo quite a company sur
i .and tho ox-govornor at Intervals in
v. hat wo then called tho pla/./.a, now
t he varanda, to hear hlrn talk. Ho
'? h very m'W -tb.g- * dkor,i nn|l
uortant ovcnts that had taken place at I
Washington city which ho would re
late. Tim glorious news of the rise in
cotton ctktno during one of those con
ventions. 41 Well, says tho governor.
" it comes in a good time for mo. I
have two crops ?n hand, besides the
ono growing.' General Hartwell H.
Turvof was present. Who was a largbr
planter thau tho governor, his planta
tions being iu Twiggs and Bakor, hut
tho gcdoral was always a roachor out
for moro lands and slavos and did not
hold his cotton, lie sprang up from
his chair as suddon as could be and
said : " By tho eternals, I always said
vou wore the wisest man in Georgia."
'There is no doubt we have fallen upon
"hard times," and the future looks
dark, but in this, as In other things, I
take consolation from tho good old
wife who had a disconsolate husband
who could see nothing but disaster in
tho futuro. She would console him by
saying: " Never mind, old man
somehow wo will get along." I have |
confidence that " somehow wo will get
along." Hichakd H. Clark.
Atlanta, Ga., October 20, 1804.
TO COTTON GKOWKR8.
A Call for a Meeting Next Month to
DlactiHS the Causes for Depressed
Hector D. Lane, commisslonor of ag
riculture of Alabama, has issued a call
for a mooting of Southern cotton grow
ers, to convene at Montgomery, Ala.,
November 13th, to discuss tho causes
leading to the present depressed con
dition of tho cotton market. The call
begins as follows:
" To the Cotton Growors : It Is a mat
ter of the utmost Importance to the
farmers of the South that the reports
now being sont out by cotton manipu
lators should bo refuted. That the
present low prices aro based upon floti
tlous reports no Intelligent mau doubts;
that tho ' private estimate ' sent out
from Now Orleans to tho olTect that
tho prosont cotton crop would excood
10,000,000 bales has had a depressing
tendency is genorally admitted, al
though not supported by any provious
statistics or predicato to go upon, but
uu unprocodonted delivery up to date,
which urgumonTean bo answered with
tho undeniable, fact that WO have the
most propitious season ovor known for
gathering the staplo throughout tho
out ire cotton bolt. I vouchsafe tho
prediction that if tho samo wonthoc
continues two weoks longer that ovory
halo of cotton grown in Alabama can
be j; a the red.
?? My calculations aro based upon per
sonal observations, having travoled
through North Alubama by privato
conveyance for tho lust ten days, and
Its value isonhanced by tho well-known
fact that cotton raised In that section
is about tho last to mature."
He then urges the farmers to hold ns
much of their cotton as possible with
out det rimenf to their cieditors, and
? holds that it will bo advantageous to
all concerned ultimately. Ho concedes
that resolutions without action aro
valueless, but cites tho farmers' con
gress hold ut Memphis, January, 18!?2,
whlchdeereasod tho aeroago that year,
[ and consequently gave the farmers
j good prices for their cotton. His prin
| cipul tight will be upon false estimates
sent out by tho cotton exchanges and
cities and tho 10,000,U00-balo estimate
econtly sont from Now Orleans, mark
ed "private." Tho cotton interests
of the South, he holds, can only bo
protected by concorted uctlon.
Tho call closod with jho following
" Now, in view of tho mooting named
and the Imperative demand upon tho
Southorn farmer to undertako protec
tive measures along these lines, I in
voke tho assistance of tho pross of tho
South in culling a meeting of tho cot
ton raisors at Montgomery, Ala., Tues
day, Noveuibor 13, 181)4. By that time
I will have gathored tho olliciul statis
tics through the agricultural bureaus
that they may bo presented publicly,
not privately, for the benefit of those
Interested. I hopo ull farmers who aro
able to do so without doing an injus
tice to creditors will hold their cotton
until aftor tho meeting, whore wo can
doliborato ovor tho situation and de
vise some means to give ' a fight to tho
finish,' inviting the he ?ty co-opera
tion of the press and asking that the
farmers will give this important mat
tor u consideration and send intelli
gent representatives at the time and
The New Orleans Cotton KxchaiiRe
simply Furnishes Facts.
New Orleans, Oct. 26.?In re
ference to tho circular lottor of Hon.
Hector Lane, commissioner of agricul
ture for tho Stato of Alabama, in re
lation to the causes of tho depression
of cotton, tho reporter of tho Southorn
Associated I'ross interviewed Presi
dent Laboulsse and Secretary Hester,
of tho Now Orleans Cotton rJxchange,
President Lubouisse said that, "In so
far as tho Now Orleans Cotton Ex
change is concerned Commissioner
Lane is certainly in error : that tho
Now Orleans Cotton Exchange had
never at this season or in any past
season put forth an esthuato of any
kind relating to tho eotton crop ; that
the business of tho exchange was to
obtain information of tho facts aftor
they had occurred, aud not to muko
forecasts or estimates of any kind ;
that tho New Orloaus Cotton Kxehango
had nothing to do with, nor doos it in
any manner aid or countenance tho
making of either privato or oOicial
estimates on the probbulo production
of cotton; therefore, the statoment
that the principal light In tho conven
tion called by Mr. Lane would bo on
tho false estimates sent out by tho cot
ton exchangos and cities could not in
any way refer to tho Cotton lOxchancro
of New Orleans." Mr. Hester fully
concurred in this statement.
Keeping Sweet potato vines.?a
writer in tho Texas Farm aud Uanch
gives the following directions for keop
ing sweet potato vines through winter,
to bo used In early spring for seed :
Cut tho vines closo to the hill ; takp a
knife and clip off leaves nnd loaf steams
closo to the vino, and if vines bo longer
than four feet, cut them in two or
more pieces, for convoulonco. Select
a place well drulncd. Baiso a little
mound tho size you wish your hill,
about eight inches high iu tho middlo,
sloping to edge. Now put down a
layer of vines, two inches deop : cover
with fine uurth, und so continuo u luyor
of vines, alternated with flno curth
until you form n cono shaped hill.
Cover this with corn s talks, or anything
to keep dry and keep from freezing.
Vines uro much cosier to keep than
potutocs, and in Januury or February
you will have nice vines to plant, much
earlier than sots, and they make the
nicest and smoothest potatoes. As
viuoloss yams aro vory scarce, very
much moro potato seed can bo saved
by this met hod. and at tho samo time
a hen toforo m-olofs part of plant uti
lized. 1 havo gardened several years
and never failed to savo potato vines,
white at the same timo I havo had all
my potatoes to rot.
?Wo have known women to watch
at tho bedside of tho dying, with such
loyal lovo ns to almost to drlvo back
tl.o grim messenger. Wo havo known
them to conquer in tho battle of lifo
whore strong men havo failed. We
havo known them to brace the armour
of tho soldior, and, without a tear, send
him to fight for country, with the in
junction to return with 1. <a SWOl'd Or
upon it. Hut we have novor known a
woman who could sit still when sho saw
i ho was dooply in dobt was
eiitli. " Ah," ho sighod,
'Ivo until I had paid
?A man who was dooply in dobt was
slok unto dcaj'
"if I could
off my dobts.'
EAELY DAYS IH WA8HIN0T01T.
I'll i; CAPITAL OF THR YOUNG
s?n ini bit** In the Hegliiiiing ofOnr
National KjslKtence? How it I*>okc<i
to Folcl^nei k.
Social life lu New York and Phila
delphia, while these citieB were suc
cessively the capital of tho United
Utatos does not seem to have been
altogether ploaalng to foreign visitors,
but it must have been beautiful and
luxurious compared with the first
years of Washington. Henry Loomls
Nelson, in the November Harper's,
describes some of the honest orudites
of that early period under the title
"At the Capital, of the Young Re
Kubllo." The following extracts will
o found interesting:
Lifo In Philadelphia during those
ten years?from 1790 U- 1800?must
have been as delightful as provlnolal
life can ever be to those who are bred
In capitals. There was a little gloss
of llnlBh, and there was the beauty of
tho American women, which led to
certain international marriages, but
there was the eternal montony -of a
new and small society. Outside of
this temporary capital, iu the woods
whoro tho people were beginning to
build an empire, was to be found the
real life of the new experiment.
Civilization had pitched its tent there,
but while the future glowod with
hope for tho country and |for hu
manity, tho present was crude and
uncomfortable. Tho fow Europeans
who saw the hopefulness of the experi
ment woro raon of broad and philo
sophic minds. Most of thoso who came
hither on business or for pleasure
complained only of the barbarism of
tho backwoods. The representatives
of foroign countries who were forced
to dwoll at the seat of government
found lifo almost unbearable. It was
of Turreau, whom Napoleon Bent as
mlnlstor to the Unltod States In 1804,
that Mr. Honry Adams was writing
whon he said: *' At beBt, tho position
of a French minister in America was
not agroeablo. The more dlfforonco
in habits, manners, amusomonts, and
the want of a thousand luxuri?s and
pleasures such as made Paris doar to
every Frenchman, rondered Washing
ton a pluco of exile. Porhaps nothing
but fear of tho guillotino could havo
reconciled oven republican French
men to staying in a country whoro, in
tho words of Talleyrand, thoro was no
Fronchmau who did not fool himself a
But what did JelTorson or Madison
care for Turreau?Turreau of whom
Dolly Madison wrote, " I havo heard
sad things of Turreau?that ho whips
his wifo, and abuses her dr'oadfully ";
tho wife who was sorvaut in his jail,
who rubbed out tho red mark on his
door placed there as a guido to tho
gulllotlnors. and whom ho married
because sho had thus saved hiB life?
If Philadelphia was sad, what can
be said of Washington in thoso early
days? Whon tho government moved
thoro in 1800 the journey was made
over roads that did not deserve tho
namo of highways, that woro mere
wagon-tracks biazod through the
woods. Tho wagons woro rough und
sprlngless makeshifts. Tho company
was promiscuous and democratic. Tho
inns were generally noat, but tho food
was chio?y of salted pork. Thoro
was ovorywhoro inadequate accom
modation. Europeaus complained that
they woro compollod to sloop in rooms
which contained from two to u dozen
beds, and sometimes to occupy a bod
with u stranger. The journey from
Maltimere to Washington that is now
made in an hour required a long day
a century ago, whilo tho best part of
threo days was consumed by the
journey from Philadelphia to tho new
capital. As Mrs. John Adams recullod
it, tho way was sombre, the woods
woro thick, tho swampB woro noisome,
tho ovidences of lifo woro few. Now
and then a hut was soon in a small
oloaring, and thoro were inns at tho
end of tho stages between Philadelphia
Washington itsolf was tho most un
comfortable capital in tho world.
Nothing was fluished. Tho Prosidont
moved into an uncompleted White
House, und Congress into un uncom
pleted Capitol. Pennsylvania Avonuo
was described by John Cotton Smith
as a " deep morass coverod with alder
bushes." Tho trees had boon cut from
it, sidewalks had boon made with
chips from the stone of tho Capitol,
tho black Tiber Crook which orossed
it had boon spanned by a timber
bridge. Here and there woro groups
of wooden buildings for tho accommo
dation of Congressman. Six' brick
dwelling-houses that arc still standing
on Pennsylvania Avonuo between
Twcnty-lirst and Twenty-second streets
had beon built with monoy derivod
from tho sale of lottery tickots. There
was one good tavern about forty rods
from tho President's house, but thoro
was ouormous dilliculty .n securing
lodgings. Tho members of Congress,
tho cabinet oiliccrs, and all but a fow
persons who woro compelled to keop
house lodged in tho tavern and board
ing-houses. What discomforts they
ondured is best illustrated by an entry
in tho diary of a mombor of Congress.
" Spoaker Sedgwick," he wrote, was
allowed a room to himself: tho rest of
us In pairs." Tho Northern members
who had novor favored tho removal of
tho capital to tho banks of tho Potomac
bogan to talk about their expatriation,
and to grumble at the loss of luxuries
they had en joy od in Now York, and
especially in Philadelphia. Attempts
to repair tho mistake and to movo
back to Philadelphia, woro ut onco
begun. Thoso falling, an effort was
made 1804 to remove tho capital to
Baltimore. Tho two wings of tho
Capitol wore not comploted until
1811, and so slow had beon tho progross
of Washington that after the public
buildings had burned by tho British
IT'S DANOJJIi O US GR O UND
that you stand on
??with a oough or
a cold, and your
blood impure. Out
of just theso con
ditions comos Con
You must do
something. In tho
earlier stagos of
in all the condi
tions that lead to
.it, Doctor Piorce's
Discovory is a cer
tain remedy. This
\y of the lungs, liko
O every other form
+ '? ?* of Scrofula, can be
oured by it. In severe, lingering
Coughs, all Bronchial, Throat, ana
Lung Affections, and evory disease
that can bo reached through the
blood, it is tho only medioine so ef
fective that it can bo guaranteed.
If it doesn't boneflt or euro, you
havo your money back. Nervous
prostration and debility aro con
quered by it.
SOMKTlflNQ IS LOST Wlie 11 yOU URS
Dr. Sage's Ca
Tho worst cases
yield to its
cleansing, and healing properties.
No ms'ter how had your oase, or of
how long s'mding, you can be oured.
Incurable eases uro rare. It's worth 1
?500 iyoujiavaoo*. ? I
lo 1814 thero was a strong party in'
Congress opposed to an appropriation
for their repair.
The people who dwelt in the " Fed
eral City" in 1800 were poor. Idle, un
clean. Mr. Wolcott said. "They live
like ?sbes, eating each other." Somo
of them were white, and some of them
woro negroes. Tho most considerable
pe 1*0008 in tho sottlemont were Mr.
Iaw, an Englishman who had gone
thoro to spoeulato in land, and Mr.
Burns, upon whoso farm tho White
House and other public buildings were
erected. It was as difficult to pro
cure laborers or to find tradesmen as It J
was to secure comfortable lodgings.
Both were to be had no nearer than,'
Georgetown, now part of Washington,
but then a distant port, to be reaohel
only after an arduous journey overt
oxoorable roads, muddy or dusty, a 1
the weather was wet or dry, and'
through a swamp which crossed what
in now one of the main avonuee in the
fashionable part of the oity. Gouvc
neur Morris, writing to the Princess
de la Tour ot Taxis, in 1800 said,
" We want nothing here but housos,
cellars, kitohens, well-informed men,
amiable women, and other trifles of
this kind to make our oity porfoct."
Vrujo, the Spanish Ministor, said that
it was impossiblo " to produce a decont
I dinner at tho now capital without
sending fifty to sixty miles for the
There was social material, howover,
within visiting distance of the capital,
as Sir Augustus Fishor, an attaeno of
the British Legation, discovered.
Tho country families of Pensylvania,
Virginia, and Maryland had preserved
muny of tho customs of thoir English
ancestry, and among them tho sport
of fox-hunting. The Gloucester Fox
Hunting Club of Philadelphia and tho
South River Club of Anno Arundol
County In Maryland woro formed early
in the eighteenth century, that thoir
members might enjoy periodically in
groups what Was thoir almost dally
pastime on thoir lands. Tho early
British ministers and their secretaries
and attaches (found much to umuso
them and to remind them of homo on
tho lurge estates in the immediate,
neighborhood of Washington. Sir
Augustus Fishor wrote admiringly of
the " rich Maryland population,"
especially of the Carrolls, Lloyds, and
Taylors. Ho was enthusiastic over
the pretty girls of Georgetown, whoro,
ho said, society was centred. Indeod,
Society controd thoro for many yours.
But If tho men took pleasure In chasing
tho fox and In admiring tho Southern
beauties, tho women must havo found
time hanging very hoavy on their
bands ; and the men themselves must
havo longed for a littlo variety in
thoir occupations, for an occasional
now faco or a fresh Bubjoct for con
versation. News was making very
fast in Europo in tho days whon
Napoleon was toppling ovor tho
thronos of kings, and much of it was
news in which tho government of tho
United States was intensely interested,
but it was a month old whon it reached
America, ttnd it doubtless seemed pure
idleness to discuss issues that must
have boon settled boforo the Presldont
and tho members of tho Diplomatic
Corps had heard of them. Society at
tho capital was a good deal like life at a
frontier post in tho present day *, and
men thon, as now, found relief from
ennui in guining?which 1b said to
have beon "rife"?and in drinking,
whioh is said to havo boon tho national
Passing or the Compass.?Tho
compass may disappear from the sea,
says tho Philadelphia Bocord. Tho
littlo needle, by tho aid of which In
trepid marines havo for centuries
chartered tho vast ocoan develop
ed a sudden fickleness to tho polo
as soon as tho compass was placed
aboard the Iron and steel ships of this
ago. So crustic, have been the needle's
deviations that, without frequent
comparison with some known standard,
tho helmsman would havo been afraid
to trust tho instrument as a nautical
guide ovor tho trackless waters. For
the first tlmo in tho history of naviga
tion an appliance has been invented
which seems to bo absolutely accurate
and trustworthy In tho determination
of tho course of ships at sea. Liouten
ant W. H. Bnecher, of tho United States
nuvy, appears to have achieved this
triumph in his delicato and beautiful
solarometer, tho teloscopo of which is
so floatod upon successive layers of
quicksilver, in a vessel hung upon gim
bals, that the hoaviest soa will evi
dently bo unable to disturb its dead
lovol. Tho authorized doop Bea trial
of the steamer Weimer will decide tho
futo of tho old style compass.
-T> ? ? . -tim -
??"A now way has boon found out
make an ugly girl beautiful and at
"How is that?"
" Why lot lie" go off visiting and thon
get the paper to note hor arrival."
U YOUNG ~?
We Offer You a Remedy Which
Insures Safety to Life of
Mother and Child.
? Mothers' Friend
Robs Confinement of Its Pain,
Horror and Risk.
After using ono bott ? of "Mothers'
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nut experience that woakness afterward,
usual in such cases.? Mas. Ahnib o auk,
Baxter Springs, Kan.
CVScnt by Mall or Express, on receipt of price,
11.50 per bottlo. Book to Mothem mailed
Free. Sold by nil nrUKgUti.
BRADFIELD REGULATOR CO., Atlanta, Ga.
SURE CURE FOR
Corns and Bunions,
Burns and Old Sores,
Scald Head and Ringworm,
Caked Breast and Sore Nip
ples, Weak and Sprain
A special ointment is made 'and sold
for Itch and Itching Piles, which is
guaranteed to give satisfaetion.
Every box of SMITH'S VULCAN
OINTMENT is sold with tho under
standing that tho money will bo re
funded If not satisfactory.
Highest testimonials furnished as to
its efficacy in Piles, Rhoumatism, Nou
Sold by dealers in modicino ovory
wboro at 26 and 50 oonts per box, or
?nailed to any address on receipt of
price hi postage stamps or currency.
Sample boxes free.
W. j. Smith, Solo Proprietor,
ti^Mentkm thia paper fa ordering, ' I
Highest of all in Leavening Power.?Latest U. S. Gov't Report
THIS MISSISSIPPI CONSTITUTION.
The Qualifications for Suffrage Under
tho New Plan?Details in Regard to
The uew constitution of Mississippi,
adopted November 1st, 1890, is quite
lengthy, containing 285 sections. Tho
most Interesting article is that regulat
ing franchise. It provides that all
elections by the people shall be by bal
lot. Tho qualifications of a voter are
that he must have beon a rosidont of
the Stato for two years and of the elec
tion district or incorporated city or
town in which he offors to vote for ono
year, that ho is duly registered, that
no has nover been convicted of bribery,
burglary, theft, arson, obtaining money
or goodB under falso pretenses, perjury,
forgory, oinbe&zlouiont or bigamy, and
that he has paid on or before tho first
day of February of tbo your in which
he shall oiTer to voto all taxes which
may havo boon logally required of him,
ana which ho has had an opportunity
of paying according to luw, for tbo two I
preceding years and shall furnish satis
factory evidence to tho officers holding
the election that ho has paid said taxos.
Ministers in charge of an organhtod
church shall bo entitled to voto after
six months residenco in tho election
district, if ot herwise qualified. A uni
form poll tax of two dollars is imposed
on every male Inhabitant of tho Stato
between twenty-ono and sixty years,
to bo used in uid of the common schools.
Deaf, dumb, blind persons and thoso
maimed by loss of hand or foot uro ex
empt from poll taxes.
In addition to tho foregoing qualiQ- I
cations ovory oloctor shall bo ablo to
read any section of tho constitution of
that State : or ho shall bo ablo to un- |
d?rstend tho same whon read to him,
or give a roasonablo interpretation j
Registration is declared to bo an os-'
sential and necessary qualification to
voto at any and all elections. All elec
tion otticors are to hold offico for terms
of four years. The Governor is ineli
gible to immediate ro-oleotion for a
Tho oloetion ordinance provides that
tho ballots shall contain the names of
all candidates who havo boon put in
nomination not less than fifteon days
previous to tho day of election. The
printor shall bo sworn undor penalties
of law to keep socret said ballots. Tho
siso, print and quality of tho official
ballot is left to tho souud judgmont of
the ofllcorB chargod with printing said
For the elections tho sheriff of each
county shall procure a sufficient num
ber of voting compartments, shelves
and tables for tho use of electors, which
shall be so urranged that it shall bo
impossihie. for one voter at ono table,
shelf or compartment to see another
voter who Is preparing his ballot. Tho
number of sueh voting shelves, tables
or compartments shall not be less than
ono for every hundred electors at each
voting precinct. Each shelf, tablo und
compartment shall bo kept furnished
with a card of instruction postod in
euch compartment, und proper supplies
and conveniences for marking tho bal
Tho deputy commissioners of elec
tion having tiio ofiiciul ballot in chargo
shall remain at a placo convenient to
tho tallies, shelves and compartments,
and whon requested by each of tho vot
ers shall huud him an oflicial ballot.
On receiving it tho voter shall go Into
ono of tbo compar' ... its and prepare
his ballot by marking with ink in tho
appropriate margin or place, across (X)
opposite tho name of tho candidate of
bis choice, for each office to bo filled.
Before leaving the compartmont tho
voter shall fold his ballot without dis
playing tho marks thereon and then
east it in the manner providod by law.
Ho can take It) minutes to make his
ballot if other voters uro not waiting,
not longer thuu 5 minutes in cuso
others uro waiting. No ballots can bo
taken from a polling placo before tho
eloso of tho polls. 141 iml persons are
to bo helped by tho person or persons
having tho ofiiciul bullets in charge.
If more names are marked than there
uro persons to bo elected the ballot will
not ho counted. As to education it is
made tho duty of tho Legislature to es
tablish u uniform system of free public
schools, by taxatiou or otherwise, for
all children botweou 5 and 21 years,
and, as soon as practicable to establish
school.-, of higher grados. Tho com
mon school fund shall consist of tho
poll tax and an additional sum from
tho general fund In the State Treasury
sutlioient to maintain the common
schools for tho torm of four months in
each scholastic your. But any county
or soparato school district may levy an
additional tax to maintain its schools
for a longer timo than tho four months
torm. A public school shall bo main
tained in each school district in the
county at least four months during
each scholastic year. Soparato schools
shall bo maintained for children of the
white and colored races.
HURiiOD Tin: WRONG MAN.
A Confederate Soldier Escaped by
Changing Places With a Deud Com
W. C. Nixou writes from Dyorsburg,
Tenn., to the Confodorato Votoran as
Tho question Is often asked about
why It is that 1 have a tombstone, and
am still alive. I was wounded aud cap
tured at Mui freesboro on tho 2nd of
January, 1805, was carried to Nashville
with others and put in the penitentiary,
from which place I made my escape
tho 22d day of February; but being
too weak from my wounds to truvol, I
was recaptured near Trulno, at Mr.
William King's I was regarded as a
suspicious character, and was sont to
Camp Boylo. utLouisvillo, tho meaner t
district prison In tho Unltod Statos.
After being robbed of everything I had
(which you know must huvo beon a
groat deal), 1 was photographed and
placed undor striet guard ponding ex
amination. I was so seared that I de
termined to escape or dlo in tho at
tempt. I fuddonly got so sick (?) that
I had to be sent to tho hospital, hoping
that some othor Idea would present it
self. The hospital ward was a long
ball with a door at each ond : the bods
or bunks wore placed on either sido of
the walls, perhaps forty on oach side.
There was put on tho hcudbourd tho
numo, coimauy and regiment of ouch
patlontT * .y bunk was next to Ruf us
I lawk ins, of Georgia, who was very
slok and died the night of tho second
day after I was sent thoro. Tho dead
wore takon out only in tho morning ;
so after the ward master had loft, and
everything wusquiot, by tho assistance
of my old friend, Jack Glimp, I moved
Hawkins from his bunk to mine.
Thoro wore no windows, and only
two doors, v/hlob woro burred and
guarded on the out side. The slop chute
was a square hole cut in the lloor and
boxed up from tho ground, muklng a
passago about 18 iuohos by 0 foot
through which all tho slop was emptl
od. When everything was still, and
tho timo hud come, I told Juok. I
went Into tho holo foot foremost. My
foet struck tho ground fl t, nnd 1
slippod so far and bo fast thut I foarod
I would si nie through the L. and N.
depot befoi e 1 could stoy. I was not on
my feet when I had finished my greasy
slide. Thoro was no ono present to
laugh with mo, but it was very funny.
I wont to tbo ho?BO of Mr. Burns, who
had clothing ready 4or mo. After
had washed and dressed, Mr. Burns
ami two young ladies held a council
and decided that Lnhould, romain'oon
cealed in the house. Mr. Burns wus
to act spy at headquarters, one of the
young ladies watch the servant w ho only
oatno to prepare meals, and tho other
young lady to attend tho burial of Haw
kins. My namo was used instead of
his. So tho noxt morning both the
guards wero locked up for neglect of
duty, and dotoctlvos glvon tho descrip
tion of Hawkluft. After the war tho
Ladies' Monumental Sooioty erected
at Hawkins gruvo a slab, and copied
tho inscription on tho pino board at his
W. C. NIXON,
(Jo. G., Ith Teun. Bog., Strail's Brig.
Died Makcu, 1804.
Hawkins has the Kruvo, but I havo
Smith's Vviloan Ointment for Rheuma
Rend tho following testimonial from
Hon. W. L. Muuldin, of Greenville, as
to tho grout merits of Smith's Vulcan
Ointment, which is advertised in
another column :
Mr. W. J. Smith : In rosponso to
your Inquiry, 1 tako this oceosion to
say that I huvo on soveral occasions
used your Vulcan Ointment, and al
ways with satisfaction. I am satisfied
that it is a very valuublo remedy In
aeuto attacks of rhoumutism and if
used freely and porsistently willbridg
Sroat roliof. 1 trust you may get this
lntment generally introduced to the
peoplo, as 1 know it has groat morit,
and ui.liko many of tho nostrums im
posed upon tho nubile by oxtensivo ad
vertisements only needs to bo used to
convince one of its suporlor ofheacy.
Yours truly, W. L. MAUL.DIN.
Wo aro ploasod to announeo that
Carpontor Bros., Greenville, S. C, our
ontorprislug druggists havo soeurod j
tho ugency for the Japanese Pile Cure',
a most wonderful discovery for tho
Cure of Piles of ovory k'nd, which thoy
will sell with a written guarantee to
rofund tho monoy if it does not cure.
It is said to bo a specific for that terri
ble and dungorous disouse. Got a free
samplo and try it.
?Guinees make more fuss than tur
keys, but thoy lay a heap smaller egg.
?Senator Butler is now quietly rest
ing at his homo in thosuberbs of Edge
WILiIj farmers combine?
Tho Salvation of Cotton Planters De
pends oil Their Independence of
Northern Speoulators and Combina
To tho Thinking Farmers of tho
For tho past two years I liavo mado
"cotton commissions " my business and
daily havo I witnessed tho downward
tondcncy of your product. If you will
think for a moment, you will rculiio
tho fact that though you arc tho pro
ducers of this country and should bo
the most independent, yet you are tho
most dependent people of America.
Why ? Because there are combinations
on nearly every article you uso. Tho
manufacturers of the North combino
on everything and say what it shall
bring, while you sell your products for
whatever they are willing to pay you.
Why cannot you protect your cotton
in tho same way ?
I should like, if it meets your ap
proval, to organize a trust company
called tho Southern Farmers' Trust
Company, for the purpose of protecting
your products from the depressing in
fluences of speculators, spinners and
capitalists, and provide a means by
which you can name the price for your
products, instead of having tho prico
dictated to you, us is now tho case. I
feel satislied this can ho done by form
ing a trust which would bo ablo to
bundle most of the cotton von grow.
Let the capital stock be $50,000,800 to
$100,000,001), subscribed entirely by tho
farmers of the South and divided into
as many shares as may bo necessary
and small enough for every cotton
planter to subscribe. Lot ouch farmer
take stock to his utmost capacity and
support the trust In every possible way.
incaso you receive 10 cents for your
cotton, instead of 5 cents which you uro
now receiving, von save on a crop of
8,000,000 bales about $200,000,000, at
least twice as much us the capital
stock of tho trust company. In euso
speculators should become frightened
oven at the mention of the trust and
advance the price of cotton, so much
tho better for you, but very likely thoy
would attempt at first to bluff you.
I think it is now time to act. What
benefits the farmer or laborer unques
tionably benefits all classes. If such a
plan should moot your approval, I would
bo more than glad to meet a represen
tative cotton grower from each Stato
or Alliance, either in New York or in
some Southern city, to see If something
cannot be done to bring about some
benofit to the South. S-.mcthing must
bo done or your lands will not be worth
John T. liODDBY,
80 Broadway, Now York.
''''^^kI nit '
Tho War I? Over. A Well-known Sol
dier, Correspondent and Journal
ist Makes a Disclosure.
Indiana contribute* he* thousands of bra re
soldiers to the wer, and nostate bean a )>??(
ter record In that re?p<vt than It does. In
literature it la rapidly acquiring an
enviable place. In war and literature
Solomon Yowell, well known as a writer ay
"Hoi," has won ata bonorublo position, lin
ing the late war he waaa uietnl>crof Co. M,
2d- N. T. Cavalry and of the Wth Indiana In
fantry Volunteers. Regarding an linporiuut
circumstance lie writes as follows!
"Several of us old veUsrnns here are u*.lnfr
I>r. Miles' 1'e.ntorntlvo Nervlno, Heart Cure
and Nerre and Llvor Pills, all of them giving
splendid satlsfactloa. In fact, wo have newr
u*od remedies that compare with them. Ol
the Pills we must say they are the best coin,
hlnation of tho qualities required in a pivp
aratlon of their nature wo have ever known
We hare none but words of pralso for ihcrn.
Thor are the outgrowth of a new principle In
medicine, and tone up tho system wonder
fully. We say to all, try thrne remedies."
- Holomon Yewell, Mario?, Ind., Dec. 5, ISM.
Those remedies are sold by all druggists on
rpositive guarantee, or sent direct hy tho
>r. Miles Medical Co., Elk hart, Ind.. on ro
tolpt of prlco, ft per bottle, six bot t los *6, ex
press prepaid. They positively contain neitMt
Igt? tux u<* qiutecaoui ?iu?s.
Sold by Carpi i.tor Bros., Druggists
Green-flUb, ?. C,
?Secretary Huke Smith has request
ed the Seoretary < > f War to seed troops
to the Indian Territory to suppress
lawless bands wbiuh have been operat
ing there and iu the adjacent country.
Accompanying the request was a com
munication Secretary Smith had re
ceived from Indian Territory detailing
the deplorable coudition of affairs
AU dheasesof the skin cured, and I
lost complexion restored by Johnson's
Oriental Soap. Sold by Carpenter
1 hcs., Greenville, S. C.
Johnson's Magnetic Oil kills all pahis
whether internal or oxternal. Solu ut
Carpenter Bros., Greenville, S. C.
Japaneso Liver Pellets are small,
but great In their ellccts ; no griping ;
50 doses 25 ots. Sold at Carpenter
Bros., Greenville, S. C.
Itch on human, mango on horses
dogs and all stock, cured in .'10 minutes
by Wolford's Sauitary Lotion. This
never fails. Sold by Sloan Bros., Drug*
gist, Greonvlllo. S. C.
English Spavin Liniment removes
all hard, soft or calloused lumps and
blemishes from horses, blood spavins,
curbs, splints, sweeuey, ring-bone,
stifles, sprains, ull swollen throats,
coughs, etc. Save $50 by tho uso of
ono bottlo. Warranted tho most won
derful blomish cure over known. Sold
by Sloan Bros., Druggists, G eenville,
?' Bitch up the mule, John !"
" What air you a-goin' to do now,
"I'm a-goin' to go to town an' swap
two bales 'o' cotton lor a sido o' bacon
an' u coffee pot !"
Instant Klllerot Pain.
Internal and External.
Curos RHKUMATI8M. NKUi;.\l,
OIK, 1 .M11if It.irk Siu all]'., )!ri;i c ?
BweUlom, Kliff Joints. COLIO and
UtAMl'B iiiKUintly. Qbolera M. r>
us, Oroui),l)lptlu'rli\, Boro Throat,
HKADACHK, ns It by magic,
EUflPQF RRAHft Especially proparod for
flUnOL DtlAnU, atook, Doublo 8tronRUi,
thomoRt Poworful and Penptrntlnitl.lntniontfor Man
or Boast In existence. Largo $1 olzo 76c, 60?. elzo 40c.
JOHNSON'S ORIENTAL SOAP.
Modloated and Toilet. Tho Great Skin Cure ana
?hob Beautifler. Ladles) will fltul It tho most
delicate and highly perfumed Toilet Hoop ou
the market. It Is absolutely pur?. Makos tho
uklneoft and velvety and rootoros the lost coin
pioxlon; Is a luxury for tho Bath for Infante.
It alays ltchini?. olonoxes tho scalp and B'Otuotce
the trrowth of hair. Prloo 25o. For solo by
Carpenter Bros . Greehviele, S C
Wood Working Machinery.
Brlek and Tile "
Barrel Stave "
Grain Threshing "
Haw Mill "
n N G I N B B AND B OI L E 118.
State A?etioy lor Talbott it Sons' Hn
gines and Boilers, Saw sod Grist Mills;
Brewers' Brink Machinery, Double
Screw Cotton Presses; Thomas' Dirool
Acting Sieam (no bolls); Thomas' Sued
Cotton Klovators; IIhII ?fe Lumtnus'
Gins; Enfrloliorn Rico Hiillors; II. B.
Smith ?V Co.'s Wood-Working Maohln
?ry, Planers, Band S*W8, Moulders, Mer
tiseru; Teneuora' comprising complete
equipment for Sash, Door and WsK?n
Factories; DeliOSohs's Plsniiition Saw
Mills, variable toed.
BELTING, FITTINGS AND MACHIN
gtV~ Wrlto me for prices.
V. C. ha DI 1 am. Manager,
Columbia, M. C.
THE LAURENS BAR.
H. Y. 8IMPSON. O. 1). BARKSDALE
SIMPSON & BARKSDALE,
Attorneys at Law,
LAURENS, SOUTH CAROLINA
ttpeolal attention given to the invest!
Kation ol titles and collection of claims
? . W. BAM.. 1.. \V. SIM KINS. \V. w. ball
BALL, SIM KINS & 15ALL,
Attorneys at Law,
Laukkns, South CAROLINA.
Will practice in all Statu and United
States Court. Special attention givon
J. T. JOHNKON. W. It. ItK'SIT
JOHNSON ? ltlCHEY,
ATTORNEYS at law.
?kfice?-Fleming's Corner, Northwes
side of Public Square.
LAURENS, - SOUTH CAROLINA.
W. II. MARTIN,
Attorney at Law,
LAURENS, - Soctii Carolina.
Will practice in all Courts ef this blate
Atientiea uivnn te colleetieas.
POBT ROYAL & WESTERN CAB
olina Railway. J. B. Cleveland.
Receiver. (Quickest rou'o to Florida. Sched
ule taking effect July 1st. 1898.
Except K xcept
11 lOntn .. 00pm
li 87aiu ? npm
u 65am ft 27pm
Lv Greenville ..
I.v Fountniu Inn . |12 12am ft .".spin
bv Owinga . ! I- sWiini f> ?upiii
Lv Grfly Court. 13 -Main, 5 58pm
Lv Bnrksdulo . 112 60am u DOpin
Lv Lnurons. i iftani u Mptn
Ar Uroonwootl . 2 28pni] .
Lv MoCormick. I 8 80pin
Lv Augusta. j ft Iftpm!
I.v Savannah . | U oopm
Lv Jacksonville. i 85pin|
. r St Augustine . . '?'< -fpia.
STATIONS. , Daily. Sunday
? no;in ....
<! 8<>pui .. ..
I 23n in I.
ft 23a ml.
<; 24pm| ?_' OOnm
?i IjOpm] 2 ''liani
ti ?Spml 2 RO ?
7 Plpm Si 42nm
7 13pm I ;> 03am
7 23pinl ;i 20nm
7 8lipin 3 :!?<.?
7 R0ani| l 05am
Sunday trains leave tlieenvhlc at 12 Oft
)> in and make connections for AugtiHta nun
For rules or Information apply to unv
agent of the company, or to
W.J. CRAIG, GOO. Pnaa. Agent.
a 11"iimi n. Ga,
It. L. TODD, Trav. Paea. Agent.
Room No. 104. Dyer Building.
Lv Pnvannnh ...
i.v Md ortniok ..
Lv Greenwood ..
i.v Barksdalo ..
Lv Gray < ourt .
Lv < iwings
Lv Fountain Inn
Ar Greenvillo ..
SOUTHERN RAILWAY CO.
<r:??t?ri> System )
l/ontfexiseri Pchodulo, In Kfreet September
Trains run by 75th Meridian Time.
Ar. ?Clinton .... (ftx Sun)..
" L*urene....(Ex Sun).
18.65 p tu
1.10 p m
2 :>-'> i> in
4.05 p m
4 S3 pm
5.40 p m
" Soneca .
Ar. Donalds ...
Cv. Abbeville 77
?' Hodges . ...
9 35 nm
Hp Ml um
.11. !.r> am
Enureus < Ex Sino ? ?
Clinton I Ex -Sun)...
71 it 5 pm
?' Nowberry. 2,3fl
" Prosperity. 2iA<>tu
Ar. Columbia._ . .... 4.16pm
" CharUi.?ton.. 8.15 pm
ltetwet.il Auderson, Iti-lton und Oreonrlllo.
j.08 p. m l.v.Anderson .Aria or pu?
4.05 p. mi " .nolion ." ill 4S um
4.V5 p. ui| ".Wllltaineton." 111.0.1 am
4.11 p. m ".Pol/.or." 11.03 nm
6.16 p. inlAr.Greenville.IA|10.I6 am
1 Ii i w i ch < 11111 in I'l l und AhIicvIUk.
I No. 14.
7.18 a. ml..,.|LvOn arloalonArj,.
. Alaton... '
Union. ... '
.lo u s.MI'o ?
Pacolet ?? '
p\r Spo#t'b if l.v
Lv Simrt'b it Ar
Ar AsliuvllV l.v
IV.1m; . 1 . . .
8 l:i|>ii^ ..
?i iipin ..
Nos. II and lttnro solid trains between C uirloa
ton and Walliu:l I.
Trains leavo Sparta Un rig A. andO. division,
aortbbound, 1 01 a. m., 111 p in.. 0.321> m., < v?s
tlliuli'd i.iiiiito.ll: southbound. MAT a. ui..tt..'0p
in. 11.37 :< in.. (Vostibulod Limited): west
bound. W. N O. Division 3.t<?p. m, forllondor
no.1 viiii' in.11 Asl.ovlile.
Tialns loavo Greenville, A. and c. Division,
if rthbouud. 8a m H Oin.tn., mid 6.?o puv.iVee
Uiiuled i.iniliodi', Boutlibound, 1.62a. ni.< 4.10 p.
in 13.28p m., iVesilbulod i.iinitodi.
Trains 1 n o Sonovn. A. ntidC Division, nunu
bound 1.4)... in.inn! 1.35p. m.: soutnbound, V.01
a. in. and 5.4? p. m
Pullman Palace Sleeping curs o* Trains 35
and at), and :w, on A*"und C. Division.
W. II.UKfclEN. - J.M. GULP. _
Gen 1 Mn'r. Tranlo.NfKi7
Washington, D. rur ? ?
K. BKKKKLUY, Supt.. c:oliiml*s^SP?.'*.
W. A. TUUK. S. U. (1AHDWI0K,
Gon'l Pass. Ant., Ass i UOu'l Pas?. Axt..
Washington. D. C. Atlanta. Ge.
???THEKN RAILWAY CO.
(PIEDMONT AIR LINE.)
Route of the Groat Veetibuled
?ONDENHBI) 80HBOUTJI OF PASSKNOKB TBAIMB,
In Kffcct Auk nut 1st, 1804.
ivop. LimiF'st Mail
No. 38 No. 80
Daily I Dally
Atlanta ctimo l'J?O N'n
Allanin 1 t imeI 1.00 pm
GnfTnnys. . .-.
Lv now York P.R.R
" ltaltlmoro ..
*__ "lUri.in<iti.i. t2j50a*."m
" King sXIount'n
" Spar inn hurg.<
' Nor. ross . .
r Atlantik K time
r Atlanta 0 ihn
8 s" pm
.! 9.J?.? pm
f,.?o am I'uvi t
640 in: !) ,t0 |>nj
Pullman Car Service: N>>s. 85 and 30, Rich
mond and DanvilloFast Moll, Pullman siteplng
Cars hotW00n Atlanta und .\*ow York.
Nos.37 ami Washington and southwestern
Vt;stUrnloil Limited, between New York nnd
Now Orleans. Through Pullman Sleepers be
twoon New York and Now Orleans, via Atlan
ta ami Montgomery, and also bot wenn Washing
ton and Memphis, via Atlanta and lllrinlugham.
Nos. 11 and 12. l'nllinan Stooping Car between
Richmond, Danville and (Jroonslioro.
For dcinllod Information as to local and
through lime tables, rules und Pullman Stoop
ing car reservations, confer with local agents,
or address -
W. A. TURK, 8. H. HARDWICK,
Uen'l Pass. Ag't, As?'l Cionoral l'ass Ag't
Wasiiinoton, D. C. Atlanta, OA.
j. A. DODSON, Superintendent, Atlanta, (in,
r. II. GREKN.
(Jen I M gr.,
Washington, D. O.
I M HE OLA v I
T. C. GOWIiR & SON,
City Warkhol'hk ? - - Green?! le. h. f>